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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

COURTS
(705 ILCS 405/) Juvenile Court Act of 1987.

705 ILCS 405/Art. V

 
    (705 ILCS 405/Art. V heading)
ARTICLE V. DELINQUENT MINORS

705 ILCS 405/5-1

    (705 ILCS 405/5-1) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-1)
    Sec. 5-1. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 85-601. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-2

    (705 ILCS 405/5-2) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-2)
    Sec. 5-2. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 85-601. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-3

    (705 ILCS 405/5-3) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-3)
    Sec. 5-3. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 86-1475. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-4

    (705 ILCS 405/5-4) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-4)
    Sec. 5-4. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 89-498, eff. 6-27-96. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-5

    (705 ILCS 405/5-5) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-5)
    Sec. 5-5. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 87-1154. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-6

    (705 ILCS 405/5-6) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-6)
    Sec. 5-6. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 90-402, eff. 1-1-98. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-7

    (705 ILCS 405/5-7) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-7)
    Sec. 5-7. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 89-656, eff. 1-1-97. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-8

    (705 ILCS 405/5-8) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-8)
    Sec. 5-8. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 85-601. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-9

    (705 ILCS 405/5-9) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-9)
    Sec. 5-9. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 85-1443. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-10

    (705 ILCS 405/5-10) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-10)
    Sec. 5-10. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 90-14, eff. 7-1-97. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-10.5

    (705 ILCS 405/5-10.5)
    Sec. 5-10.5. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 89-8, eff. 7-1-95. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-11

    (705 ILCS 405/5-11) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-11)
    Sec. 5-11. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 85-1209. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-12

    (705 ILCS 405/5-12) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-12)
    Sec. 5-12. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 89-198, eff. 7-21-95. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-13

    (705 ILCS 405/5-13) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-13)
    Sec. 5-13. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 85-1209. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-14

    (705 ILCS 405/5-14) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-14)
    Sec. 5-14. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 88-680, eff. 1-1-95. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-15

    (705 ILCS 405/5-15) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-15)
    Sec. 5-15. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 86-441. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-16

    (705 ILCS 405/5-16) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-16)
    Sec. 5-16. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 85-601. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-17

    (705 ILCS 405/5-17) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-17)
    Sec. 5-17. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 85-601. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-18

    (705 ILCS 405/5-18) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-18)
    Sec. 5-18. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 86-1475. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-19

    (705 ILCS 405/5-19) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-19)
    Sec. 5-19. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 89-235, eff. 8-4-95. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99)

705 ILCS 405/5-20

    (705 ILCS 405/5-20) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-20)
    Sec. 5-20. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 85-601. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-21

    (705 ILCS 405/5-21) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-21)
    Sec. 5-21. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 89-626, eff. 8-9-96. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-22

    (705 ILCS 405/5-22) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-22)
    Sec. 5-22. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 85-601. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-23

    (705 ILCS 405/5-23) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-23)
    Sec. 5-23. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 90-14, eff. 7-1-97. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-24

    (705 ILCS 405/5-24) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-24)
    Sec. 5-24. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 89-198, eff. 7-21-95. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-25

    (705 ILCS 405/5-25) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-25)
    Sec. 5-25. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 89-198, eff. 7-21-95. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-26

    (705 ILCS 405/5-26) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-26)
    Sec. 5-26. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 85-601. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-27

    (705 ILCS 405/5-27) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-27)
    Sec. 5-27. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 89-462, eff. 5-29-96. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-28

    (705 ILCS 405/5-28) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-28)
    Sec. 5-28. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 85-601. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-29

    (705 ILCS 405/5-29) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-29)
    Sec. 5-29. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 89-422. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-30

    (705 ILCS 405/5-30) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-30)
    Sec. 5-30. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 85-601. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-31

    (705 ILCS 405/5-31) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-31)
    Sec. 5-31. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 85-601. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-32

    (705 ILCS 405/5-32) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-32)
    Sec. 5-32. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 85-601. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-33

    (705 ILCS 405/5-33) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-33)
    Sec. 5-33. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 88-680, eff. 1-1-95. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-34

    (705 ILCS 405/5-34) (from Ch. 37, par. 805-34)
    Sec. 5-34. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 89-8, eff. 7-1-95. Repealed by P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 1

 
    (705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 1 heading)
PART 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

705 ILCS 405/5-101

    (705 ILCS 405/5-101)
    Sec. 5-101. Purpose and policy.
    (1) It is the intent of the General Assembly to promote a juvenile justice system capable of dealing with the problem of juvenile delinquency, a system that will protect the community, impose accountability for violations of law and equip juvenile offenders with competencies to live responsibly and productively. To effectuate this intent, the General Assembly declares the following to be important purposes of this Article:
        (a) To protect citizens from juvenile crime.
        (b) To hold each juvenile offender directly
    
accountable for his or her acts.
        (c) To provide an individualized assessment of each
    
alleged and adjudicated delinquent juvenile, in order to rehabilitate and to prevent further delinquent behavior through the development of competency in the juvenile offender. As used in this Section, "competency" means the development of educational, vocational, social, emotional and basic life skills which enable a minor to mature into a productive member of society.
        (d) To provide due process, as required by the
    
Constitutions of the United States and the State of Illinois, through which each juvenile offender and all other interested parties are assured fair hearings at which legal rights are recognized and enforced.
    (2) To accomplish these goals, juvenile justice policies developed pursuant to this Article shall be designed to:
        (a) Promote the development and implementation of
    
community-based programs designed to prevent unlawful and delinquent behavior and to effectively minimize the depth and duration of the minor's involvement in the juvenile justice system;
        (b) Provide secure confinement for minors who present
    
a danger to the community and make those minors understand that sanctions for serious crimes, particularly violent felonies, should be commensurate with the seriousness of the offense and merit strong punishment;
        (c) Protect the community from crimes committed by
    
minors;
        (d) Provide programs and services that are
    
community-based and that are in close proximity to the minor's home;
        (e) Allow minors to reside within their homes
    
whenever possible and appropriate and provide support necessary to make this possible;
        (f) Base probation treatment planning upon individual
    
case management plans;
        (g) Include the minor's family in the case management
    
plan;
        (h) Provide supervision and service coordination
    
where appropriate; implement and monitor the case management plan in order to discourage recidivism;
        (i) Provide post-release services to minors who are
    
returned to their families and communities after detention;
        (j) Hold minors accountable for their unlawful
    
behavior and not allow minors to think that their delinquent acts have no consequence for themselves and others.
    (3) In all procedures under this Article, minors shall have all the procedural rights of adults in criminal proceedings, unless specifically precluded by laws that enhance the protection of such minors. Minors shall not have the right to a jury trial unless specifically provided by this Article.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-105

    (705 ILCS 405/5-105)
    Sec. 5-105. Definitions. As used in this Article:
        (1) "Aftercare release" means the conditional and
    
revocable release of an adjudicated delinquent juvenile committed to the Department of Juvenile Justice under the supervision of the Department of Juvenile Justice.
        (1.5) "Court" means the circuit court in a session or
    
division assigned to hear proceedings under this Act, and includes the term Juvenile Court.
        (2) "Community service" means uncompensated labor for
    
a community service agency as hereinafter defined.
        (2.5) "Community service agency" means a
    
not-for-profit organization, community organization, church, charitable organization, individual, public office, or other public body whose purpose is to enhance the physical or mental health of a delinquent minor or to rehabilitate the minor, or to improve the environmental quality or social welfare of the community which agrees to accept community service from juvenile delinquents and to report on the progress of the community service to the State's Attorney pursuant to an agreement or to the court or to any agency designated by the court or to the authorized diversion program that has referred the delinquent minor for community service.
        (3) "Delinquent minor" means any minor who prior to
    
his or her 18th birthday has violated or attempted to violate, regardless of where the act occurred, any federal, State, county or municipal law or ordinance.
        (4) "Department" means the Department of Human
    
Services unless specifically referenced as another department.
        (5) "Detention" means the temporary care of a minor
    
who is alleged to be or has been adjudicated delinquent and who requires secure custody for the minor's own protection or the community's protection in a facility designed to physically restrict the minor's movements, pending disposition by the court or execution of an order of the court for placement or commitment. Design features that physically restrict movement include, but are not limited to, locked rooms and the secure handcuffing of a minor to a rail or other stationary object. In addition, "detention" includes the court ordered care of an alleged or adjudicated delinquent minor who requires secure custody pursuant to Section 5-125 of this Act.
        (6) "Diversion" means the referral of a juvenile,
    
without court intervention, into a program that provides services designed to educate the juvenile and develop a productive and responsible approach to living in the community.
        (7) "Juvenile detention home" means a public facility
    
with specially trained staff that conforms to the county juvenile detention standards adopted by the Department of Juvenile Justice.
        (8) "Juvenile justice continuum" means a set of
    
delinquency prevention programs and services designed for the purpose of preventing or reducing delinquent acts, including criminal activity by youth gangs, as well as intervention, rehabilitation, and prevention services targeted at minors who have committed delinquent acts, and minors who have previously been committed to residential treatment programs for delinquents. The term includes children-in-need-of-services and families-in-need-of-services programs; aftercare and reentry services; substance abuse and mental health programs; community service programs; community service work programs; and alternative-dispute resolution programs serving youth-at-risk of delinquency and their families, whether offered or delivered by State or local governmental entities, public or private for-profit or not-for-profit organizations, or religious or charitable organizations. This term would also encompass any program or service consistent with the purpose of those programs and services enumerated in this subsection.
        (9) "Juvenile police officer" means a sworn police
    
officer who has completed a Basic Recruit Training Course, has been assigned to the position of juvenile police officer by his or her chief law enforcement officer and has completed the necessary juvenile officers training as prescribed by the Illinois Law Enforcement Training Standards Board, or in the case of a State police officer, juvenile officer training approved by the Director of State Police.
        (10) "Minor" means a person under the age of 21 years
    
subject to this Act.
        (11) "Non-secure custody" means confinement where the
    
minor is not physically restricted by being placed in a locked cell or room, by being handcuffed to a rail or other stationary object, or by other means. Non-secure custody may include, but is not limited to, electronic monitoring, foster home placement, home confinement, group home placement, or physical restriction of movement or activity solely through facility staff.
        (12) "Public or community service" means
    
uncompensated labor for a not-for-profit organization or public body whose purpose is to enhance physical or mental stability of the offender, environmental quality or the social welfare and which agrees to accept public or community service from offenders and to report on the progress of the offender and the public or community service to the court or to the authorized diversion program that has referred the offender for public or community service. "Public or community service" does not include blood donation or assignment to labor at a blood bank. For the purposes of this Act, "blood bank" has the meaning ascribed to the term in Section 2-124 of the Illinois Clinical Laboratory and Blood Bank Act.
        (13) "Sentencing hearing" means a hearing to
    
determine whether a minor should be adjudged a ward of the court, and to determine what sentence should be imposed on the minor. It is the intent of the General Assembly that the term "sentencing hearing" replace the term "dispositional hearing" and be synonymous with that definition as it was used in the Juvenile Court Act of 1987.
        (14) "Shelter" means the temporary care of a minor in
    
physically unrestricting facilities pending court disposition or execution of court order for placement.
        (15) "Site" means a not-for-profit organization,
    
public body, church, charitable organization, or individual agreeing to accept community service from offenders and to report on the progress of ordered or required public or community service to the court or to the authorized diversion program that has referred the offender for public or community service.
        (16) "Station adjustment" means the informal or
    
formal handling of an alleged offender by a juvenile police officer.
        (17) "Trial" means a hearing to determine whether the
    
allegations of a petition under Section 5-520 that a minor is delinquent are proved beyond a reasonable doubt. It is the intent of the General Assembly that the term "trial" replace the term "adjudicatory hearing" and be synonymous with that definition as it was used in the Juvenile Court Act of 1987.
    The changes made to this Section by Public Act 98-61 apply to violations or attempted violations committed on or after January 1, 2014 (the effective date of Public Act 98-61).
(Source: P.A. 98-61, eff. 1-1-14; 98-558, eff. 1-1-14; 98-685, eff. 1-1-15; 98-756, eff. 7-16-14; 98-824, eff. 1-1-15; 99-78, eff. 7-20-15.)

705 ILCS 405/5-110

    (705 ILCS 405/5-110)
    Sec. 5-110. Parental responsibility. This Article recognizes the critical role families play in the rehabilitation of delinquent juveniles. Parents, guardians and legal custodians shall participate in the assessment and treatment of juveniles by assisting the juvenile to recognize and accept responsibility for his or her delinquent behavior. The Court may order the parents, guardian or legal custodian to take certain actions or to refrain from certain actions to serve public safety, to develop competency of the minor, and to promote accountability by the minor for his or her actions.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-115

    (705 ILCS 405/5-115)
    Sec. 5-115. Rights of victims. In all proceedings under this Article, victims shall have the same rights of victims in criminal proceedings as provided in the Bill of Rights for Children and the Rights of Crime Victims and Witnesses Act.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-120

    (705 ILCS 405/5-120)
    Sec. 5-120. Exclusive jurisdiction. Proceedings may be instituted under the provisions of this Article concerning any minor who prior to his or her 18th birthday has violated or attempted to violate, regardless of where the act occurred, any federal, State, county or municipal law or ordinance. Except as provided in Sections 5-125, 5-130, 5-805, and 5-810 of this Article, no minor who was under 18 years of age at the time of the alleged offense may be prosecuted under the criminal laws of this State.
    The changes made to this Section by this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly apply to violations or attempted violations committed on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act.
(Source: P.A. 98-61, eff. 1-1-14.)

705 ILCS 405/5-121

    (705 ILCS 405/5-121)
    Sec. 5-121. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 95-1031, eff. 2-10-09. Repealed by P.A. 96-1199, eff. 1-1-11.)

705 ILCS 405/5-125

    (705 ILCS 405/5-125)
    Sec. 5-125. Concurrent jurisdiction. Any minor alleged to have violated a traffic, boating, or fish and game law, or a municipal or county ordinance, may be prosecuted for the violation and if found guilty punished under any statute or ordinance relating to the violation, without reference to the procedures set out in this Article, except that:
        (1) any detention, must be in compliance with this
    
Article; and
        (2) the confidentiality of records provisions in Part
    
9 of this Article shall apply to any law enforcement and court records relating to prosecution of a minor under 18 years of age for a municipal or county ordinance violation or a violation of subsection (a) of Section 4 of the Cannabis Control Act or subsection (c) of Section 3.5 of the Drug Paraphernalia Control Act; except that these confidentiality provisions shall not apply to or affect any proceeding to adjudicate the violation.
    For the purpose of this Section, "traffic violation" shall include a violation of Section 9-3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 relating to the offense of reckless homicide, Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, or any similar county or municipal ordinance.
(Source: P.A. 99-697, eff. 7-29-16.)

705 ILCS 405/5-130

    (705 ILCS 405/5-130)
    Sec. 5-130. Excluded jurisdiction.
    (1)(a) The definition of delinquent minor under Section 5-120 of this Article shall not apply to any minor who at the time of an offense was at least 16 years of age and who is charged with: (i) first degree murder, (ii) aggravated criminal sexual assault, or (iii) aggravated battery with a firearm as described in Section 12-4.2 or subdivision (e)(1), (e)(2), (e)(3), or (e)(4) of Section 12-3.05 where the minor personally discharged a firearm as defined in Section 2-15.5 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012.
    These charges and all other charges arising out of the same incident shall be prosecuted under the criminal laws of this State.
    (b)(i) If before trial or plea an information or indictment is filed that does not charge an offense specified in paragraph (a) of this subsection (1) the State's Attorney may proceed on any lesser charge or charges, but only in Juvenile Court under the provisions of this Article. The State's Attorney may proceed on a lesser charge if before trial the minor defendant knowingly and with advice of counsel waives, in writing, his or her right to have the matter proceed in Juvenile Court.
    (ii) If before trial or plea an information or indictment is filed that includes one or more charges specified in paragraph (a) of this subsection (1) and additional charges that are not specified in that paragraph, all of the charges arising out of the same incident shall be prosecuted under the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012.
    (c)(i) If after trial or plea the minor is convicted of any offense covered by paragraph (a) of this subsection (1), then, in sentencing the minor, the court shall sentence the minor under Section 5-4.5-105 of the Unified Code of Corrections.
    (ii) If after trial or plea the court finds that the minor committed an offense not covered by paragraph (a) of this subsection (1), that finding shall not invalidate the verdict or the prosecution of the minor under the criminal laws of the State; however, unless the State requests a hearing for the purpose of sentencing the minor under Chapter V of the Unified Code of Corrections, the Court must proceed under Sections 5-705 and 5-710 of this Article. To request a hearing, the State must file a written motion within 10 days following the entry of a finding or the return of a verdict. Reasonable notice of the motion shall be given to the minor or his or her counsel. If the motion is made by the State, the court shall conduct a hearing to determine if the minor should be sentenced under Chapter V of the Unified Code of Corrections. In making its determination, the court shall consider among other matters: (a) whether there is evidence that the offense was committed in an aggressive and premeditated manner; (b) the age of the minor; (c) the previous history of the minor; (d) whether there are facilities particularly available to the Juvenile Court or the Department of Juvenile Justice for the treatment and rehabilitation of the minor; (e) whether the security of the public requires sentencing under Chapter V of the Unified Code of Corrections; and (f) whether the minor possessed a deadly weapon when committing the offense. The rules of evidence shall be the same as if at trial. If after the hearing the court finds that the minor should be sentenced under Chapter V of the Unified Code of Corrections, then the court shall sentence the minor under Section 5-4.5-105 of the Unified Code of Corrections.
    (2) (Blank).
    (3) (Blank).
    (4) (Blank).
    (5) (Blank).
    (6) (Blank).
    (7) The procedures set out in this Article for the investigation, arrest and prosecution of juvenile offenders shall not apply to minors who are excluded from jurisdiction of the Juvenile Court, except that minors under 18 years of age shall be kept separate from confined adults.
    (8) Nothing in this Act prohibits or limits the prosecution of any minor for an offense committed on or after his or her 18th birthday even though he or she is at the time of the offense a ward of the court.
    (9) If an original petition for adjudication of wardship alleges the commission by a minor 13 years of age or over of an act that constitutes a crime under the laws of this State, the minor, with the consent of his or her counsel, may, at any time before commencement of the adjudicatory hearing, file with the court a motion that criminal prosecution be ordered and that the petition be dismissed insofar as the act or acts involved in the criminal proceedings are concerned. If such a motion is filed as herein provided, the court shall enter its order accordingly.
    (10) If, prior to August 12, 2005 (the effective date of Public Act 94-574), a minor is charged with a violation of Section 401 of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act under the criminal laws of this State, other than a minor charged with a Class X felony violation of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, any party including the minor or the court sua sponte may, before trial, move for a hearing for the purpose of trying and sentencing the minor as a delinquent minor. To request a hearing, the party must file a motion prior to trial. Reasonable notice of the motion shall be given to all parties. On its own motion or upon the filing of a motion by one of the parties including the minor, the court shall conduct a hearing to determine whether the minor should be tried and sentenced as a delinquent minor under this Article. In making its determination, the court shall consider among other matters:
        (a) The age of the minor;
        (b) Any previous delinquent or criminal history of
    
the minor;
        (c) Any previous abuse or neglect history of the
    
minor;
        (d) Any mental health or educational history of the
    
minor, or both; and
        (e) Whether there is probable cause to support the
    
charge, whether the minor is charged through accountability, and whether there is evidence the minor possessed a deadly weapon or caused serious bodily harm during the offense.
    Any material that is relevant and reliable shall be admissible at the hearing. In all cases, the judge shall enter an order permitting prosecution under the criminal laws of Illinois unless the judge makes a finding based on a preponderance of the evidence that the minor would be amenable to the care, treatment, and training programs available through the facilities of the juvenile court based on an evaluation of the factors listed in this subsection (10).
    (11) The changes made to this Section by Public Act 98-61 apply to a minor who has been arrested or taken into custody on or after January 1, 2014 (the effective date of Public Act 98-61).
(Source: P.A. 98-61, eff. 1-1-14; 98-756, eff. 7-16-14; 99-258, eff. 1-1-16.)

705 ILCS 405/5-135

    (705 ILCS 405/5-135)
    Sec. 5-135. Venue.
    (1) Venue under this Article lies in the county where the minor resides, where the alleged violation or attempted violation of federal or State law or county or municipal ordinance occurred or in the county where the order of the court, alleged to have been violated by the minor, was made unless subsequent to the order the proceedings have been transferred to another county.
    (2) If proceedings are commenced in any county other than that of the minor's residence, the court in which the proceedings were initiated may at any time before or after adjudication of wardship transfer the case to the county of the minor's residence by transmitting to the court in that county an authenticated copy of the court record, including all documents, petitions and orders filed in that court, a copy of all reports prepared by the agency providing services to the minor, and the minute orders and docket entries of the court. Transfer in like manner may be made in the event of a change of residence from one county to another of a minor concerning whom proceedings are pending.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99; 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-140

    (705 ILCS 405/5-140)
    Sec. 5-140. Legislative findings.
    (a) The General Assembly finds that a substantial and disproportionate amount of serious crime is committed by a relatively small number of juvenile offenders, otherwise known as serious habitual offenders. By this amendatory Act of 1998, the General Assembly intends to support the efforts of the juvenile justice system comprised of law enforcement, state's attorneys, probation departments, juvenile courts, social service providers, and schools in the early identification and treatment of habitual juvenile offenders. The General Assembly further supports increased interagency efforts to gather comprehensive data and actively disseminate the data to the agencies in the juvenile justice system to produce more informed decisions by all entities in that system.
    (b) The General Assembly finds that the establishment of a Serious Habitual Offender Comprehensive Action Program throughout the State of Illinois is necessary to effectively intensify the supervision of serious habitual juvenile offenders in the community and to enhance current rehabilitative efforts. A cooperative and coordinated multi-disciplinary approach will increase the opportunity for success with juvenile offenders and assist in the development of early intervention strategies.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-145

    (705 ILCS 405/5-145)
    Sec. 5-145. Cooperation of agencies; Serious Habitual Offender Comprehensive Action Program.
    (a) The Serious Habitual Offender Comprehensive Action Program (SHOCAP) is a multi-disciplinary interagency case management and information sharing system that enables the juvenile justice system, schools, and social service agencies to make more informed decisions regarding a small number of juveniles who repeatedly commit serious delinquent acts.
    (b) Each county in the State of Illinois, other than Cook County, may establish a multi-disciplinary agency (SHOCAP) committee. In Cook County, each subcircuit or group of subcircuits may establish a multi-disciplinary agency (SHOCAP) committee. The committee shall consist of representatives from the following agencies: local law enforcement, area school district, state's attorney's office, and court services (probation).
    The chairman may appoint additional members to the committee as deemed appropriate to accomplish the goals of this program, including, but not limited to, representatives from the juvenile detention center, mental health, the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services, Department of Human Services and community representatives at large.
    (c) The SHOCAP committee shall adopt, by a majority of the members:
        (1) criteria that will identify those who qualify as
    
a serious habitual juvenile offender; and
        (2) a written interagency information sharing
    
agreement to be signed by the chief executive officer of each of the agencies represented on the committee. The interagency information sharing agreement shall include a provision that requires that all records pertaining to a serious habitual offender (SHO) shall be confidential. Disclosure of information may be made to other staff from member agencies as authorized by the SHOCAP committee for the furtherance of case management and tracking of the SHO. Staff from the member agencies who receive this information shall be governed by the confidentiality provisions of this Act. The staff from the member agencies who will qualify to have access to the SHOCAP information must be limited to those individuals who provide direct services to the SHO or who provide supervision of the SHO.
    (d) The Chief Juvenile Circuit Judge, or the Chief Circuit Judge, or his or her designee, may issue a comprehensive information sharing court order. The court order shall allow agencies who are represented on the SHOCAP committee and whose chief executive officer has signed the interagency information sharing agreement to provide and disclose information to the SHOCAP committee. The sharing of information will ensure the coordination and cooperation of all agencies represented in providing case management and enhancing the effectiveness of the SHOCAP efforts.
    (e) Any person or agency who is participating in good faith in the sharing of SHOCAP information under this Act shall have immunity from any liability, civil, criminal, or otherwise, that might result by reason of the type of information exchanged. For the purpose of any proceedings, civil or criminal, the good faith of any person or agency permitted to share SHOCAP information under this Act shall be presumed.
    (f) All reports concerning SHOCAP clients made available to members of the SHOCAP committee and all records generated from these reports shall be confidential and shall not be disclosed, except as specifically authorized by this Act or other applicable law. It is a Class A misdemeanor to permit, assist, or encourage the unauthorized release of any information contained in SHOCAP reports or records.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-150

    (705 ILCS 405/5-150)
    Sec. 5-150. Admissibility of evidence and adjudications in other proceedings.
    (1) Evidence and adjudications in proceedings under this Act shall be admissible:
        (a) in subsequent proceedings under this Act
    
concerning the same minor; or
        (b) in criminal proceedings when the court is to
    
determine the amount of bail, fitness of the defendant or in sentencing under the Unified Code of Corrections; or
        (c) in proceedings under this Act or in criminal
    
proceedings in which anyone who has been adjudicated delinquent under Section 5-105 is to be a witness including the minor or defendant if he or she testifies, and then only for purposes of impeachment and pursuant to the rules of evidence for criminal trials; or
        (d) in civil proceedings concerning causes of action
    
arising out of the incident or incidents which initially gave rise to the proceedings under this Act.
    (2) No adjudication or disposition under this Act shall operate to disqualify a minor from subsequently holding public office nor shall operate as a forfeiture of any right, privilege or right to receive any license granted by public authority.
    (3) The court which adjudicated that a minor has committed any offense relating to motor vehicles prescribed in Sections 4-102 and 4-103 of the Illinois Vehicle Code shall notify the Secretary of State of that adjudication and the notice shall constitute sufficient grounds for revoking that minor's driver's license or permit as provided in Section 6-205 of the Illinois Vehicle Code; no minor shall be considered a criminal by reason thereof, nor shall any such adjudication be considered a conviction.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-155

    (705 ILCS 405/5-155)
    Sec. 5-155. Any weapon in possession of a minor found to be a delinquent under Section 5-105 for an offense involving the use of a weapon or for being in possession of a weapon during the commission of an offense shall be confiscated and disposed of by the juvenile court whether the weapon is the property of the minor or his or her parent or guardian. Disposition of the weapon by the court shall be in accordance with Section 24-6 of the Criminal Code of 2012.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

705 ILCS 405/5-160

    (705 ILCS 405/5-160)
    Sec. 5-160. Liability for injury, loss, or tortious acts. Neither the State or any unit of local government, probation department, or public or community service program or site, nor any official, volunteer, or employee of the State or a unit of local government, probation department, public or community service program or site acting in the course of his or her official duties shall be liable for any injury or loss a person might receive while performing public or community service as ordered either (1) by the court or (2) by any duly authorized station adjustment or probation adjustment, teen court, community mediation, or other administrative diversion program authorized by this Act for a violation of a penal statute of this State or a local government ordinance (whether penal, civil, or quasi-criminal) or for a traffic offense, nor shall they be liable for any tortious acts of any person performing public or community service, except for wilful, wanton misconduct or gross negligence on the part of the governmental unit, probation department, or public or community service program or site or on the part of the official, volunteer, or employee.
(Source: P.A. 91-820, eff. 6-13-00; 92-16, eff. 6-28-01.)

705 ILCS 405/5-165

    (705 ILCS 405/5-165)
    Sec. 5-165. Minor as employee. No minor assigned to a public or community service program by either a court or an authorized diversion program is considered an employee for any purpose, nor is the county board obligated to provide compensation to the minor.
(Source: P.A. 91-820, eff. 6-13-00.)

705 ILCS 405/5-170

    (705 ILCS 405/5-170)
    Sec. 5-170. Representation by counsel.
    (a) In a proceeding under this Article, a minor who was under 15 years of age at the time of the commission of an act that if committed by an adult would be a violation of Section 9-1, 9-1.2, 9-2, 9-2.1, 9-3, 9-3.2, 9-3.3, 11-1.20, 11-1.30, 11-1.40, 11-1.50, 11-1.60, 12-13, 12-14, 12-14.1, 12-15, or 12-16 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 must be represented by counsel throughout the entire custodial interrogation of the minor.
    (b) In a judicial proceeding under this Article, a minor may not waive the right to the assistance of counsel in his or her defense.
(Source: P.A. 99-882, eff. 1-1-17.)

705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 2

 
    (705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 2 heading)
PART 2. ADMINISTRATION OF JUVENILE JUSTICE
CONTINUUM FOR DELINQUENCY PREVENTION

705 ILCS 405/5-201

    (705 ILCS 405/5-201)
    Sec. 5-201. Legislative declaration. The General Assembly recognizes that, despite the large investment of resources committed to address the needs of the juvenile justice system of this State, cost of juvenile crime continues to drain the State's existing financial capacity, and exacts traumatic and tragic physical, psychological and economic damage to victims. The General Assembly further recognizes that many adults in the criminal justice system were once delinquents in the juvenile justice system. The General Assembly also recognizes that the most effective juvenile delinquency programs are programs that not only prevent children from entering the juvenile justice system, but also meet local community needs and have substantial community involvement and support. Therefore, it is the belief of the General Assembly that one of the best investments of the scarce resources available to combat crime is in the prevention of delinquency, including prevention of criminal activity by youth gangs. It is the intent of the General Assembly to authorize and encourage each of the counties of the State to establish a comprehensive juvenile justice plan based upon the input of representatives of every affected public or private entity, organization, or group. It is the further intent of the General Assembly that representatives of school systems, the judiciary, law enforcement, and the community acquire a thorough understanding of the role and responsibility that each has in addressing juvenile crime in the community, that the county juvenile justice plan reflect an understanding of the legal and fiscal limits within which the plan must be implemented, and that willingness of the parties to cooperate and collaborate in implementing the plan be explicitly stated. It is the further intent of the General Assembly that county juvenile justice plans form the basis of regional and State juvenile justice plans and that the prevention and treatment resources at the county, regional, and State levels be utilized to the maximum extent possible to implement and further the goals of their respective plans.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 3

 
    (705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 3 heading)
PART 3. IMMEDIATE INTERVENTION PROCEDURES

705 ILCS 405/5-300

    (705 ILCS 405/5-300)
    Sec. 5-300. Legislative Declaration. The General Assembly recognizes that a major component of any continuum for delinquency prevention is a series of immediate interaction programs. It is the belief of the General Assembly that each community or group of communities is best suited to develop and implement immediate intervention programs to identify and redirect delinquent youth. The following programs and procedures for immediate intervention are authorized options for communities, and are not intended to be exclusive or mandated.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-301

    (705 ILCS 405/5-301)
    Sec. 5-301. Station adjustments. A minor arrested for any offense or a violation of a condition of previous station adjustment may receive a station adjustment for that arrest as provided herein. In deciding whether to impose a station adjustment, either informal or formal, a juvenile police officer shall consider the following factors:
        (A) The seriousness of the alleged offense.
        (B) The prior history of delinquency of the minor.
        (C) The age of the minor.
        (D) The culpability of the minor in committing the
    
alleged offense.
        (E) Whether the offense was committed in an
    
aggressive or premeditated manner.
        (F) Whether the minor used or possessed a deadly
    
weapon when committing the alleged offenses.
    (1) Informal station adjustment.
        (a) An informal station adjustment is defined as a
    
procedure when a juvenile police officer determines that there is probable cause to believe that the minor has committed an offense.
        (b) A minor shall receive no more than 3 informal
    
station adjustments statewide for a misdemeanor offense within 3 years without prior approval from the State's Attorney's Office.
        (c) A minor shall receive no more than 3 informal
    
station adjustments statewide for a felony offense within 3 years without prior approval from the State's Attorney's Office.
        (d) A minor shall receive a combined total of no more
    
than 5 informal station adjustments statewide during his or her minority.
        (e) The juvenile police officer may make reasonable
    
conditions of an informal station adjustment which may include but are not limited to:
            (i) Curfew.
            (ii) Conditions restricting entry into designated
        
geographical areas.
            (iii) No contact with specified persons.
            (iv) School attendance.
            (v) Performing up to 25 hours of community
        
service work.
            (vi) Community mediation.
            (vii) Teen court or a peer court.
            (viii) Restitution limited to 90 days.
        (f) If the minor refuses or fails to abide by the
    
conditions of an informal station adjustment, the juvenile police officer may impose a formal station adjustment or refer the matter to the State's Attorney's Office.
        (g) An informal station adjustment does not
    
constitute an adjudication of delinquency or a criminal conviction. Beginning January 1, 2000, a record shall be maintained with the Department of State Police for informal station adjustments for offenses that would be a felony if committed by an adult, and may be maintained if the offense would be a misdemeanor.
    (2) Formal station adjustment.
        (a) A formal station adjustment is defined as a
    
procedure when a juvenile police officer determines that there is probable cause to believe the minor has committed an offense and an admission by the minor of involvement in the offense.
        (b) The minor and parent, guardian, or legal
    
custodian must agree in writing to the formal station adjustment and must be advised of the consequences of violation of any term of the agreement.
        (c) The minor and parent, guardian or legal custodian
    
shall be provided a copy of the signed agreement of the formal station adjustment. The agreement shall include:
            (i) The offense which formed the basis of the
        
formal station adjustment.
            (ii) An acknowledgment that the terms of the
        
formal station adjustment and the consequences for violation have been explained.
            (iii) An acknowledgment that the formal station
        
adjustments record may be expunged under Section 5-915 of this Act.
            (iv) An acknowledgement that the minor
        
understands that his or her admission of involvement in the offense may be admitted into evidence in future court hearings.
            (v) A statement that all parties understand the
        
terms and conditions of formal station adjustment and agree to the formal station adjustment process.
        (d) Conditions of the formal station adjustment may
    
include, but are not limited to:
            (i) The time shall not exceed 120 days.
            (ii) The minor shall not violate any laws.
            (iii) The juvenile police officer may require the
        
minor to comply with additional conditions for the formal station adjustment which may include but are not limited to:
                (a) Attending school.
                (b) Abiding by a set curfew.
                (c) Payment of restitution.
                (d) Refraining from possessing a firearm or
            
other weapon.
                (e) Reporting to a police officer at
            
designated times and places, including reporting and verification that the minor is at home at designated hours.
                (f) Performing up to 25 hours of community
            
service work.
                (g) Refraining from entering designated
            
geographical areas.
                (h) Participating in community mediation.
                (i) Participating in teen court or peer court.
                (j) Refraining from contact with specified
            
persons.
        (e) A formal station adjustment does not constitute
    
an adjudication of delinquency or a criminal conviction. Beginning January 1, 2000, a record shall be maintained with the Department of State Police for formal station adjustments.
        (f) A minor or the minor's parent, guardian, or legal
    
custodian, or both the minor and the minor's parent, guardian, or legal custodian, may refuse a formal station adjustment and have the matter referred for court action or other appropriate action.
        (g) A minor or the minor's parent, guardian, or legal
    
custodian, or both the minor and the minor's parent, guardian, or legal custodian, may within 30 days of the commencement of the formal station adjustment revoke their consent and have the matter referred for court action or other appropriate action. This revocation must be in writing and personally served upon the police officer or his or her supervisor.
        (h) The admission of the minor as to involvement in
    
the offense shall be admissible at further court hearings as long as the statement would be admissible under the rules of evidence.
        (i) If the minor violates any term or condition of
    
the formal station adjustment the juvenile police officer shall provide written notice of violation to the minor and the minor's parent, guardian, or legal custodian. After consultation with the minor and the minor's parent, guardian, or legal custodian, the juvenile police officer may take any of the following steps upon violation:
            (i) Warn the minor of consequences of continued
        
violations and continue the formal station adjustment.
            (ii) Extend the period of the formal station
        
adjustment up to a total of 180 days.
            (iii) Extend the hours of community service work
        
up to a total of 40 hours.
            (iv) Terminate the formal station adjustment
        
unsatisfactorily and take no other action.
            (v) Terminate the formal station adjustment
        
unsatisfactorily and refer the matter to the juvenile court.
        (j) A minor shall receive no more than 2 formal
    
station adjustments statewide for a felony offense without the State's Attorney's approval within a 3 year period.
        (k) A minor shall receive no more than 3 formal
    
station adjustments statewide for a misdemeanor offense without the State's Attorney's approval within a 3 year period.
        (l) The total for formal station adjustments
    
statewide within the period of minority may not exceed 4 without the State's Attorney's approval.
        (m) If the minor is arrested in a jurisdiction where
    
the minor does not reside, the formal station adjustment may be transferred to the jurisdiction where the minor does reside upon written agreement of that jurisdiction to monitor the formal station adjustment.
    (3) Beginning January 1, 2000, the juvenile police officer making a station adjustment shall assure that information about any offense which would constitute a felony if committed by an adult and may assure that information about a misdemeanor is transmitted to the Department of State Police.
    (4) The total number of station adjustments, both formal and informal, shall not exceed 9 without the State's Attorney's approval for any minor arrested anywhere in the State.
(Source: P.A. 99-78, eff. 7-20-15.)

705 ILCS 405/5-305

    (705 ILCS 405/5-305)
    Sec. 5-305. Probation adjustment.
    (1) The court may authorize the probation officer to confer in a preliminary conference with a minor who is alleged to have committed an offense, his or her parent, guardian or legal custodian, the victim, the juvenile police officer, the State's Attorney, and other interested persons concerning the advisability of filing a petition under Section 5-520, with a view to adjusting suitable cases without the filing of a petition as provided for in this Article, the probation officer should schedule a conference promptly except when the State's Attorney insists on court action or when the minor has indicated that he or she will demand a judicial hearing and will not comply with a probation adjustment.
    (1-b) In any case of a minor who is in custody, the holding of a probation adjustment conference does not operate to prolong temporary custody beyond the period permitted by Section 5-415.
    (2) This Section does not authorize any probation officer to compel any person to appear at any conference, produce any papers, or visit any place.
    (3) No statement made during a preliminary conference in regard to the offense that is the subject of the conference may be admitted into evidence at an adjudicatory hearing or at any proceeding against the minor under the criminal laws of this State prior to his or her conviction under those laws.
    (4) When a probation adjustment is appropriate, the probation officer shall promptly formulate a written, non-judicial adjustment plan following the initial conference.
    (5) Non-judicial probation adjustment plans include but are not limited to the following:
        (a) up to 6 months informal supervision within the
    
family;
        (b) up to 12 months informal supervision with a
    
probation officer involved which may include any conditions of probation provided in Section 5-715;
        (c) up to 6 months informal supervision with release
    
to a person other than a parent;
        (d) referral to special educational, counseling, or
    
other rehabilitative social or educational programs;
        (e) referral to residential treatment programs;
        (f) participation in a public or community service
    
program or activity; and
        (g) any other appropriate action with the consent of
    
the minor and a parent.
    (6) The factors to be considered by the probation officer in formulating a non-judicial probation adjustment plan shall be the same as those limited in subsection (4) of Section 5-405.
    (7) Beginning January 1, 2000, the probation officer who imposes a probation adjustment plan shall assure that information about an offense which would constitute a felony if committed by an adult, and may assure that information about a misdemeanor offense, is transmitted to the Department of State Police.
    (8) If the minor fails to comply with any term or condition of the non-judicial probation adjustment, the matter shall be referred to the State's Attorney for determination of whether a petition under this Article shall be filed.
(Source: P.A. 98-892, eff. 1-1-15.)

705 ILCS 405/5-310

    (705 ILCS 405/5-310)
    Sec. 5-310. Community mediation program.
    (1) Program purpose. The purpose of community mediation is to provide a system by which minors who commit delinquent acts may be dealt with in a speedy and informal manner at the community or neighborhood level. The goal is to make the juvenile understand the seriousness of his or her actions and the effect that a crime has on the minor, his or her family, his or her victim and his or her community. In addition, this system offers a method to reduce the ever-increasing instances of delinquent acts while permitting the judicial system to deal effectively with cases that are more serious in nature.
    (2) Community mediation panels. The State's Attorney, or an entity designated by the State's Attorney, may establish community mediation programs designed to provide citizen participation in addressing juvenile delinquency. The State's Attorney, or his or her designee, shall maintain a list of qualified persons who have agreed to serve as community mediators. To the maximum extent possible, panel membership shall reflect the social-economic, racial and ethnic make-up of the community in which the panel sits. The panel shall consist of members with a diverse background in employment, education and life experience.
    (3) Community mediation cases.
        (a) Community mediation programs shall provide one or
    
more community mediation panels to informally hear cases that are referred by a police officer as a station adjustment, or a probation officer as a probation adjustment, or referred by the State's Attorney as a diversion from prosecution.
        (b) Minors who are offered the opportunity to
    
participate in the program must admit responsibility for the offense to be eligible for the program.
    (4) Disposition of cases. Subsequent to any hearing held, the community mediation panel may:
        (a) Refer the minor for placement in a
    
community-based nonresidential program.
        (b) Refer the minor or the minor's family to
    
community counseling.
        (c) Require the minor to perform up to 100 hours of
    
community service.
        (d) Require the minor to make restitution in money or
    
in kind in a case involving property damage; however, the amount of restitution shall not exceed the amount of actual damage to property.
        (e) Require the minor and his or her parent,
    
guardian, or legal custodian to undergo an approved screening for substance abuse or use, or both. If the screening indicates a need, a drug and alcohol assessment of the minor and his or her parent, guardian, or legal custodian shall be conducted by an entity licensed by the Department of Human Services, as a successor to the Department of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse. The minor and his or her parent, guardian, or legal custodian shall adhere to and complete all recommendations to obtain drug and alcohol treatment and counseling resulting from the assessment.
        (f) Require the minor to attend school.
        (g) Require the minor to attend tutorial sessions.
        (h) Impose any other restrictions or sanctions that
    
are designed to encourage responsible and acceptable behavior and are agreed upon by the participants of the community mediation proceedings.
    (5) The agreement shall run no more than 6 months. All community mediation panel members and observers are required to sign the following oath of confidentiality prior to commencing community mediation proceedings:
            "I solemnly swear or affirm that I will not
        
divulge, either by words or signs, any information about the case which comes to my knowledge in the course of a community mediation presentation and that I will keep secret all proceedings which may be held in my presence.
            Further, I understand that if I break
        
confidentiality by telling anyone else the names of community mediation participants, except for information pertaining to the community mediation panelists themselves, or any other specific details of the case which may identify that juvenile, I will no longer be able to serve as a community mediation panel member or observer."
    (6) The State's Attorney shall adopt rules and procedures governing administration of the program.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-315

    (705 ILCS 405/5-315)
    Sec. 5-315. Teen court. The county board or corporate authorities of a municipality, or both, may create or contract with a community based organization for teen court programs.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-325

    (705 ILCS 405/5-325)
    Sec. 5-325. Reports to the State's Attorney. Upon the request of the State's Attorney in the county where it is alleged that a minor has committed a crime, any school or law enforcement agency that has knowledge of those allegations shall forward information or a report concerning the incident to the State's Attorney, provided that the information is not currently protected by any privilege recognized by law or by decision, rule, or order of the Illinois Supreme Court.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-330

    (705 ILCS 405/5-330)
    Sec. 5-330. State's Attorney's discretion to prosecute. Nothing in this Article shall divest the authority of the State's Attorney to file appropriate charges for violations of this Article if he or she has probable cause to believe that the violations have occurred.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 4

 
    (705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 4 heading)
PART 4. ARREST AND CUSTODY

705 ILCS 405/5-401

    (705 ILCS 405/5-401)
    Sec. 5-401. Arrest and taking into custody of a minor.
    (1) A law enforcement officer may, without a warrant,
        (a) arrest a minor whom the officer with probable
    
cause believes to be a delinquent minor; or
        (b) take into custody a minor who has been adjudged a
    
ward of the court and has escaped from any commitment ordered by the court under this Act; or
        (c) take into custody a minor whom the officer
    
reasonably believes has violated the conditions of probation or supervision ordered by the court.
    (2) Whenever a petition has been filed under Section 5-520 and the court finds that the conduct and behavior of the minor may endanger the health, person, welfare, or property of the minor or others or that the circumstances of his or her home environment may endanger his or her health, person, welfare or property, a warrant may be issued immediately to take the minor into custody.
    (3) Except for minors accused of violation of an order of the court, any minor accused of any act under federal or State law, or a municipal or county ordinance that would not be illegal if committed by an adult, cannot be placed in a jail, municipal lockup, detention center, or secure correctional facility. Juveniles accused with underage consumption and underage possession of alcohol cannot be placed in a jail, municipal lockup, detention center, or correctional facility.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-401.5

    (705 ILCS 405/5-401.5)
    Sec. 5-401.5. When statements by minor may be used.
    (a) In this Section, "custodial interrogation" means any interrogation (i) during which a reasonable person in the subject's position would consider himself or herself to be in custody and (ii) during which a question is asked that is reasonably likely to elicit an incriminating response.
    In this Section, "electronic recording" includes motion picture, audiotape, videotape, or digital recording.
    In this Section, "place of detention" means a building or a police station that is a place of operation for a municipal police department or county sheriff department or other law enforcement agency at which persons are or may be held in detention in connection with criminal charges against those persons or allegations that those persons are delinquent minors.
    (a-5) An oral, written, or sign language statement of a minor, who at the time of the commission of the offense was under 18 years of age, is presumed to be inadmissible when the statement is obtained from the minor while the minor is subject to custodial interrogation by a law enforcement officer, State's Attorney, juvenile officer, or other public official or employee prior to the officer, State's Attorney, public official, or employee:
        (1) continuously reads to the minor, in its entirety
    
and without stopping for purposes of a response from the minor or verifying comprehension, the following statement: "You have the right to remain silent. That means you do not have to say anything. Anything you do say can be used against you in court. You have the right to get help from a lawyer. If you cannot pay for a lawyer, the court will get you one for free. You can ask for a lawyer at any time. You have the right to stop this interview at any time."; and
        (2) after reading the statement required by paragraph
    
(1) of this subsection (a-5), the public official or employee shall ask the minor the following questions and wait for the minor's response to each question:
            (A) "Do you want to have a lawyer?"
            (B) "Do you want to talk to me?"
    (b) An oral, written, or sign language statement of a minor who, at the time of the commission of the offense was under the age of 18 years, made as a result of a custodial interrogation conducted at a police station or other place of detention on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 99th General Assembly shall be presumed to be inadmissible as evidence against the minor in any criminal proceeding or juvenile court proceeding, for an act that if committed by an adult would be a misdemeanor offense under Article 11 of the Criminal Code of 2012 or any felony offense unless:
        (1) an electronic recording is made of the custodial
    
interrogation; and
        (2) the recording is substantially accurate and not
    
intentionally altered.
    (b-5) (Blank).
    (b-10) If, during the course of an electronically recorded custodial interrogation conducted under this Section of a minor who, at the time of the commission of the offense was under the age of 18 years, the minor makes a statement that creates a reasonable suspicion to believe the minor has committed an act that if committed by an adult would be an offense other than an offense required to be recorded under subsection (b), the interrogators may, without the minor's consent, continue to record the interrogation as it relates to the other offense notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary. Any oral, written, or sign language statement of a minor made as a result of an interrogation under this subsection shall be presumed to be inadmissible as evidence against the minor in any criminal proceeding or juvenile court proceeding, unless the recording is substantially accurate and not intentionally altered.
    (c) Every electronic recording made under this Section must be preserved until such time as the minor's adjudication for any offense relating to the statement is final and all direct and habeas corpus appeals are exhausted, or the prosecution of such offenses is barred by law.
    (d) If the court finds, by a preponderance of the evidence, that the minor was subjected to a custodial interrogation in violation of this Section, then any statements made by the minor during or following that non-recorded custodial interrogation, even if otherwise in compliance with this Section, are presumed to be inadmissible in any criminal proceeding or juvenile court proceeding against the minor except for the purposes of impeachment.
    (e) Nothing in this Section precludes the admission (i) of a statement made by the minor in open court in any criminal proceeding or juvenile court proceeding, before a grand jury, or at a preliminary hearing, (ii) of a statement made during a custodial interrogation that was not recorded as required by this Section because electronic recording was not feasible, (iii) of a voluntary statement, whether or not the result of a custodial interrogation, that has a bearing on the credibility of the accused as a witness, (iv) of a spontaneous statement that is not made in response to a question, (v) of a statement made after questioning that is routinely asked during the processing of the arrest of the suspect, (vi) of a statement made during a custodial interrogation by a suspect who requests, prior to making the statement, to respond to the interrogator's questions only if an electronic recording is not made of the statement, provided that an electronic recording is made of the statement of agreeing to respond to the interrogator's question, only if a recording is not made of the statement, (vii) of a statement made during a custodial interrogation that is conducted out-of-state, (viii) of a statement given in violation of subsection (b) at a time when the interrogators are unaware that a death has in fact occurred, (ix) (blank), or (x) of any other statement that may be admissible under law. The State shall bear the burden of proving, by a preponderance of the evidence, that one of the exceptions described in this subsection (e) is applicable. Nothing in this Section precludes the admission of a statement, otherwise inadmissible under this Section, that is used only for impeachment and not as substantive evidence.
    (f) The presumption of inadmissibility of a statement made by a suspect at a custodial interrogation at a police station or other place of detention may be overcome by a preponderance of the evidence that the statement was voluntarily given and is reliable, based on the totality of the circumstances.
    (g) Any electronic recording of any statement made by a minor during a custodial interrogation that is compiled by any law enforcement agency as required by this Section for the purposes of fulfilling the requirements of this Section shall be confidential and exempt from public inspection and copying, as provided under Section 7 of the Freedom of Information Act, and the information shall not be transmitted to anyone except as needed to comply with this Section.
    (h) A statement, admission, confession, or incriminating information made by or obtained from a minor related to the instant offense, as part of any behavioral health screening, assessment, evaluation, or treatment, whether or not court-ordered, shall not be admissible as evidence against the minor on the issue of guilt only in the instant juvenile court proceeding. The provisions of this subsection (h) are in addition to and do not override any existing statutory and constitutional prohibition on the admission into evidence in delinquency proceedings of information obtained during screening, assessment, or treatment.
    (i) The changes made to this Section by Public Act 98-61 apply to statements of a minor made on or after January 1, 2014 (the effective date of Public Act 98-61).
(Source: P.A. 98-61, eff. 1-1-14; 98-547, eff. 1-1-14; 98-756, eff. 7-16-14; 99-882, eff. 1-1-17.)

705 ILCS 405/5-405

    (705 ILCS 405/5-405)
    Sec. 5-405. Duty of officer; admissions by minor.
    (1) A law enforcement officer who arrests a minor with a warrant shall immediately make a reasonable attempt to notify the parent or other person legally responsible for the minor's care or the person with whom the minor resides that the minor has been arrested and where he or she is being held. The minor shall be delivered without unnecessary delay to the court or to the place designated by rule or order of court for the reception of minors.
    (2) A law enforcement officer who arrests a minor without a warrant under Section 5-401 shall, if the minor is not released, immediately make a reasonable attempt to notify the parent or other person legally responsible for the minor's care or the person with whom the minor resides that the minor has been arrested and where the minor is being held; and the law enforcement officer shall without unnecessary delay take the minor to the nearest juvenile police officer designated for these purposes in the county of venue or shall surrender the minor to a juvenile police officer in the city or village where the offense is alleged to have been committed. If a minor is taken into custody for an offense which would be a misdemeanor if committed by an adult, the law enforcement officer, upon determining the true identity of the minor, may release the minor to the parent or other person legally responsible for the minor's care or the person with whom the minor resides. If a minor is so released, the law enforcement officer shall promptly notify a juvenile police officer of the circumstances of the custody and release.
    (3) The juvenile police officer may take one of the following actions:
        (a) station adjustment and release of the minor;
        (b) release the minor to his or her parents and refer
    
the case to Juvenile Court;
        (c) if the juvenile police officer reasonably
    
believes that there is an urgent and immediate necessity to keep the minor in custody, the juvenile police officer shall deliver the minor without unnecessary delay to the court or to the place designated by rule or order of court for the reception of minors;
        (d) any other appropriate action with consent of the
    
minor or a parent.
    (4) The factors to be considered in determining whether to release or keep a minor in custody shall include:
        (a) the nature of the allegations against the minor;
        (b) the minor's history and present situation;
        (c) the history of the minor's family and the
    
family's present situation;
        (d) the educational and employment status of the
    
minor;
        (e) the availability of special resource or community
    
services to aid or counsel the minor;
        (f) the minor's past involvement with and progress in
    
social programs;
        (g) the attitude of complainant and community toward
    
the minor; and
        (h) the present attitude of the minor and family.
    (5) The records of law enforcement officers concerning all minors taken into custody under this Act shall be maintained separate from the records of arrests of adults and may not be inspected by or disclosed to the public except pursuant to Section 5-901 and Section 5-905.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-407

    (705 ILCS 405/5-407)
    Sec. 5-407. Processing of juvenile in possession of a firearm.
    (a) If a law enforcement officer detains a minor pursuant to Section 10-27.1A of the School Code, the officer shall deliver the minor to the nearest juvenile officer, in the manner prescribed by subsection (2) of Section 5-405 of this Act. The juvenile officer shall deliver the minor without unnecessary delay to the court or to the place designated by rule or order of court for the reception of minors. In no event shall the minor be eligible for any other disposition by the juvenile police officer, notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (3) of Section 5-405 of this Act.
    (b) Minors shall be brought before a judicial officer within 40 hours, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays, and court-designated holidays, for a detention hearing to determine whether he or she shall be further held in custody. If the court finds that there is probable cause to believe that the minor is a delinquent minor by virtue of his or her violation of item (4) of subsection (a) of Section 24-1 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 while on school grounds, that finding shall create a presumption that immediate and urgent necessity exists under subdivision (2) of Section 5-501 of this Act. Once the presumption of immediate and urgent necessity has been raised, the burden of demonstrating the lack of immediate and urgent necessity shall be on any party that is opposing detention for the minor. Should the court order detention pursuant to this Section, the minor shall be detained, pending the results of a court-ordered psychological evaluation to determine if the minor is a risk to himself, herself, or others. Upon receipt of the psychological evaluation, the court shall review the determination regarding the existence of urgent and immediate necessity. The court shall consider the psychological evaluation in conjunction with the other factors identified in subdivision (2) of Section 5-501 of this Act in order to make a de novo determination regarding whether it is a matter of immediate and urgent necessity for the protection of the minor or of the person or property of another that the minor be detained or placed in a shelter care facility. In addition to the pre-trial conditions found in Section 5-505 of this Act, the court may order the minor to receive counseling and any other services recommended by the psychological evaluation as a condition for release of the minor.
    (c) Upon making a determination that the student presents a risk to himself, herself, or others, the court shall issue an order restraining the student from entering the property of the school if he or she has been suspended or expelled from the school as a result of possessing a firearm. The order shall restrain the student from entering the school and school owned or leased property, including any conveyance owned, leased, or contracted by the school to transport students to or from school or a school-related activity. The order shall remain in effect until such time as the court determines that the student no longer presents a risk to himself, herself, or others.
    (d) Psychological evaluations ordered pursuant to subsection (b) of this Section and statements made by the minor during the course of these evaluations, shall not be admissible on the issue of delinquency during the course of any adjudicatory hearing held under this Act.
    (e) In this Section:
    "School" means any public or private elementary or secondary school.
    "School grounds" includes the real property comprising any school, any conveyance owned, leased, or contracted by a school to transport students to or from school or a school-related activity, or any public way within 1,000 feet of the real property comprising any school.
(Source: P.A. 99-258, eff. 1-1-16.)

705 ILCS 405/5-410

    (705 ILCS 405/5-410)
    Sec. 5-410. Non-secure custody or detention.
    (1) Any minor arrested or taken into custody pursuant to this Act who requires care away from his or her home but who does not require physical restriction shall be given temporary care in a foster family home or other shelter facility designated by the court.
    (2) (a) Any minor 10 years of age or older arrested pursuant to this Act where there is probable cause to believe that the minor is a delinquent minor and that (i) secured custody is a matter of immediate and urgent necessity for the protection of the minor or of the person or property of another, (ii) the minor is likely to flee the jurisdiction of the court, or (iii) the minor was taken into custody under a warrant, may be kept or detained in an authorized detention facility. A minor under 13 years of age shall not be admitted, kept, or detained in a detention facility unless a local youth service provider, including a provider through the Comprehensive Community Based Youth Services network, has been contacted and has not been able to accept the minor. No minor under 12 years of age shall be detained in a county jail or a municipal lockup for more than 6 hours.
    (b) The written authorization of the probation officer or detention officer (or other public officer designated by the court in a county having 3,000,000 or more inhabitants) constitutes authority for the superintendent of any juvenile detention home to detain and keep a minor for up to 40 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and court-designated holidays. These records shall be available to the same persons and pursuant to the same conditions as are law enforcement records as provided in Section 5-905.
    (b-4) The consultation required by subsection (b-5) shall not be applicable if the probation officer or detention officer (or other public officer designated by the court in a county having 3,000,000 or more inhabitants) utilizes a scorable detention screening instrument, which has been developed with input by the State's Attorney, to determine whether a minor should be detained, however, subsection (b-5) shall still be applicable where no such screening instrument is used or where the probation officer, detention officer (or other public officer designated by the court in a county having 3,000,000 or more inhabitants) deviates from the screening instrument.
    (b-5) Subject to the provisions of subsection (b-4), if a probation officer or detention officer (or other public officer designated by the court in a county having 3,000,000 or more inhabitants) does not intend to detain a minor for an offense which constitutes one of the following offenses he or she shall consult with the State's Attorney's Office prior to the release of the minor: first degree murder, second degree murder, involuntary manslaughter, criminal sexual assault, aggravated criminal sexual assault, aggravated battery with a firearm as described in Section 12-4.2 or subdivision (e)(1), (e)(2), (e)(3), or (e)(4) of Section 12-3.05, aggravated or heinous battery involving permanent disability or disfigurement or great bodily harm, robbery, aggravated robbery, armed robbery, vehicular hijacking, aggravated vehicular hijacking, vehicular invasion, arson, aggravated arson, kidnapping, aggravated kidnapping, home invasion, burglary, or residential burglary.
    (c) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (a), (d), or (e), no minor shall be detained in a county jail or municipal lockup for more than 12 hours, unless the offense is a crime of violence in which case the minor may be detained up to 24 hours. For the purpose of this paragraph, "crime of violence" has the meaning ascribed to it in Section 1-10 of the Alcoholism and Other Drug Abuse and Dependency Act.
        (i) The period of detention is deemed to have begun
    
once the minor has been placed in a locked room or cell or handcuffed to a stationary object in a building housing a county jail or municipal lockup. Time spent transporting a minor is not considered to be time in detention or secure custody.
        (ii) Any minor so confined shall be under periodic
    
supervision and shall not be permitted to come into or remain in contact with adults in custody in the building.
        (iii) Upon placement in secure custody in a jail or
    
lockup, the minor shall be informed of the purpose of the detention, the time it is expected to last and the fact that it cannot exceed the time specified under this Act.
        (iv) A log shall be kept which shows the offense
    
which is the basis for the detention, the reasons and circumstances for the decision to detain and the length of time the minor was in detention.
        (v) Violation of the time limit on detention in a
    
county jail or municipal lockup shall not, in and of itself, render inadmissible evidence obtained as a result of the violation of this time limit. Minors under 18 years of age shall be kept separate from confined adults and may not at any time be kept in the same cell, room or yard with adults confined pursuant to criminal law. Persons 18 years of age and older who have a petition of delinquency filed against them may be confined in an adult detention facility. In making a determination whether to confine a person 18 years of age or older who has a petition of delinquency filed against the person, these factors, among other matters, shall be considered:
            (A) The age of the person;
            (B) Any previous delinquent or criminal history
        
of the person;
            (C) Any previous abuse or neglect history of the
        
person; and
            (D) Any mental health or educational history of
        
the person, or both.
    (d) (i) If a minor 12 years of age or older is confined in a county jail in a county with a population below 3,000,000 inhabitants, then the minor's confinement shall be implemented in such a manner that there will be no contact by sight, sound or otherwise between the minor and adult prisoners. Minors 12 years of age or older must be kept separate from confined adults and may not at any time be kept in the same cell, room, or yard with confined adults. This paragraph (d)(i) shall only apply to confinement pending an adjudicatory hearing and shall not exceed 40 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and court designated holidays. To accept or hold minors during this time period, county jails shall comply with all monitoring standards adopted by the Department of Corrections and training standards approved by the Illinois Law Enforcement Training Standards Board.
    (ii) To accept or hold minors, 12 years of age or older, after the time period prescribed in paragraph (d)(i) of this subsection (2) of this Section but not exceeding 7 days including Saturdays, Sundays and holidays pending an adjudicatory hearing, county jails shall comply with all temporary detention standards adopted by the Department of Corrections and training standards approved by the Illinois Law Enforcement Training Standards Board.
    (iii) To accept or hold minors 12 years of age or older, after the time period prescribed in paragraphs (d)(i) and (d)(ii) of this subsection (2) of this Section, county jails shall comply with all county juvenile detention standards adopted by the Department of Juvenile Justice.
    (e) When a minor who is at least 15 years of age is prosecuted under the criminal laws of this State, the court may enter an order directing that the juvenile be confined in the county jail. However, any juvenile confined in the county jail under this provision shall be separated from adults who are confined in the county jail in such a manner that there will be no contact by sight, sound or otherwise between the juvenile and adult prisoners.
    (f) For purposes of appearing in a physical lineup, the minor may be taken to a county jail or municipal lockup under the direct and constant supervision of a juvenile police officer. During such time as is necessary to conduct a lineup, and while supervised by a juvenile police officer, the sight and sound separation provisions shall not apply.
    (g) For purposes of processing a minor, the minor may be taken to a County Jail or municipal lockup under the direct and constant supervision of a law enforcement officer or correctional officer. During such time as is necessary to process the minor, and while supervised by a law enforcement officer or correctional officer, the sight and sound separation provisions shall not apply.
    (3) If the probation officer or State's Attorney (or such other public officer designated by the court in a county having 3,000,000 or more inhabitants) determines that the minor may be a delinquent minor as described in subsection (3) of Section 5-105, and should be retained in custody but does not require physical restriction, the minor may be placed in non-secure custody for up to 40 hours pending a detention hearing.
    (4) Any minor taken into temporary custody, not requiring secure detention, may, however, be detained in the home of his or her parent or guardian subject to such conditions as the court may impose.
    (5) The changes made to this Section by Public Act 98-61 apply to a minor who has been arrested or taken into custody on or after January 1, 2014 (the effective date of Public Act 98-61).
(Source: P.A. 98-61, eff. 1-1-14; 98-685, eff. 1-1-15; 98-756, eff. 7-16-14; 99-254, eff. 1-1-16.)

705 ILCS 405/5-415

    (705 ILCS 405/5-415)
    Sec. 5-415. Setting of detention or shelter care hearing; release.
    (1) Unless sooner released, a minor alleged to be a delinquent minor taken into temporary custody must be brought before a judicial officer within 40 hours for a detention or shelter care hearing to determine whether he or she shall be further held in custody. If a minor alleged to be a delinquent minor taken into custody is hospitalized or is receiving treatment for a physical or mental condition, and is unable to be brought before a judicial officer for a detention or shelter care hearing, the 40 hour period will not commence until the minor is released from the hospital or place of treatment. If the minor gives false information to law enforcement officials regarding the minor's identity or age, the 40 hour period will not commence until the court rules that the minor is subject to this Act and not subject to prosecution under the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012. Any other delay attributable to a minor alleged to be a delinquent minor who is taken into temporary custody shall act to toll the 40 hour time period. The 40 hour time period shall be tolled to allow counsel for the minor to prepare for the detention or shelter care hearing, upon a motion filed by such counsel and granted by the court. In all cases, the 40 hour time period is exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays and court-designated holidays.
    (2) If the State's Attorney or probation officer (or other public officer designated by the court in a county having more than 3,000,000 inhabitants) determines that the minor should be retained in custody, he or she shall cause a petition to be filed as provided in Section 5-520 of this Article, and the clerk of the court shall set the matter for hearing on the detention or shelter care hearing calendar. Immediately upon the filing of a petition in the case of a minor retained in custody, the court shall cause counsel to be appointed to represent the minor. When a parent, legal guardian, custodian, or responsible relative is present and so requests, the detention or shelter care hearing shall be held immediately if the court is in session and the State is ready to proceed, otherwise at the earliest feasible time. In no event shall a detention or shelter care hearing be held until the minor has had adequate opportunity to consult with counsel. The probation officer or such other public officer designated by the court in a county having more than 3,000,000 inhabitants shall notify the minor's parent, legal guardian, custodian, or responsible relative of the time and place of the hearing. The notice may be given orally.
    (3) The minor must be released from custody at the expiration of the 40 hour period specified by this Section if not brought before a judicial officer within that period.
    (4) After the initial 40 hour period has lapsed, the court may review the minor's custodial status at any time prior to the trial or sentencing hearing. If during this time period new or additional information becomes available concerning the minor's conduct, the court may conduct a hearing to determine whether the minor should be placed in a detention or shelter care facility. If the court finds that there is probable cause that the minor is a delinquent minor and that it is a matter of immediate and urgent necessity for the protection of the minor or of the person or property of another, or that he or she is likely to flee the jurisdiction of the court, the court may order that the minor be placed in detention or shelter care.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 5

 
    (705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 5 heading)
PART 5. PRETRIAL PROCEEDINGS

705 ILCS 405/5-501

    (705 ILCS 405/5-501)
    Sec. 5-501. Detention or shelter care hearing. At the appearance of the minor before the court at the detention or shelter care hearing, the court shall receive all relevant information and evidence, including affidavits concerning the allegations made in the petition. Evidence used by the court in its findings or stated in or offered in connection with this Section may be by way of proffer based on reliable information offered by the State or minor. All evidence shall be admissible if it is relevant and reliable regardless of whether it would be admissible under the rules of evidence applicable at a trial. No hearing may be held unless the minor is represented by counsel and no hearing shall be held until the minor has had adequate opportunity to consult with counsel.
    (1) If the court finds that there is not probable cause to believe that the minor is a delinquent minor it shall release the minor and dismiss the petition.
    (2) If the court finds that there is probable cause to believe that the minor is a delinquent minor, the minor, his or her parent, guardian, custodian and other persons able to give relevant testimony may be examined before the court. The court may also consider any evidence by way of proffer based upon reliable information offered by the State or the minor. All evidence, including affidavits, shall be admissible if it is relevant and reliable regardless of whether it would be admissible under the rules of evidence applicable at trial. After such evidence is presented, the court may enter an order that the minor shall be released upon the request of a parent, guardian or legal custodian if the parent, guardian or custodian appears to take custody.
    If the court finds that it is a matter of immediate and urgent necessity for the protection of the minor or of the person or property of another that the minor be detained or placed in a shelter care facility or that he or she is likely to flee the jurisdiction of the court, the court may prescribe detention or shelter care and order that the minor be kept in a suitable place designated by the court or in a shelter care facility designated by the Department of Children and Family Services or a licensed child welfare agency; otherwise it shall release the minor from custody. If the court prescribes shelter care, then in placing the minor, the Department or other agency shall, to the extent compatible with the court's order, comply with Section 7 of the Children and Family Services Act. In making the determination of the existence of immediate and urgent necessity, the court shall consider among other matters: (a) the nature and seriousness of the alleged offense; (b) the minor's record of delinquency offenses, including whether the minor has delinquency cases pending; (c) the minor's record of willful failure to appear following the issuance of a summons or warrant; (d) the availability of non-custodial alternatives, including the presence of a parent, guardian or other responsible relative able and willing to provide supervision and care for the minor and to assure his or her compliance with a summons. If the minor is ordered placed in a shelter care facility of a licensed child welfare agency, the court shall, upon request of the agency, appoint the appropriate agency executive temporary custodian of the minor and the court may enter such other orders related to the temporary custody of the minor as it deems fit and proper.
    The order together with the court's findings of fact in support of the order shall be entered of record in the court.
    Once the court finds that it is a matter of immediate and urgent necessity for the protection of the minor that the minor be placed in a shelter care facility, the minor shall not be returned to the parent, custodian or guardian until the court finds that the placement is no longer necessary for the protection of the minor.
    (3) Only when there is reasonable cause to believe that the minor taken into custody is a delinquent minor may the minor be kept or detained in a facility authorized for juvenile detention. This Section shall in no way be construed to limit subsection (4).
    (4) Minors 12 years of age or older must be kept separate from confined adults and may not at any time be kept in the same cell, room or yard with confined adults. This paragraph (4):
        (a) shall only apply to confinement pending an
    
adjudicatory hearing and shall not exceed 40 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and court designated holidays. To accept or hold minors during this time period, county jails shall comply with all monitoring standards adopted by the Department of Corrections and training standards approved by the Illinois Law Enforcement Training Standards Board.
        (b) To accept or hold minors, 12 years of age or
    
older, after the time period prescribed in clause (a) of subsection (4) of this Section but not exceeding 7 days including Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, pending an adjudicatory hearing, county jails shall comply with all temporary detention standards adopted by the Department of Corrections and training standards approved by the Illinois Law Enforcement Training Standards Board.
        (c) To accept or hold minors 12 years of age or
    
older, after the time period prescribed in clause (a) and (b), of this subsection county jails shall comply with all county juvenile detention standards adopted by the Department of Juvenile Justice.
    (5) If the minor is not brought before a judicial officer within the time period as specified in Section 5-415 the minor must immediately be released from custody.
    (6) If neither the parent, guardian or legal custodian appears within 24 hours to take custody of a minor released from detention or shelter care, then the clerk of the court shall set the matter for rehearing not later than 7 days after the original order and shall issue a summons directed to the parent, guardian or legal custodian to appear. At the same time the probation department shall prepare a report on the minor. If a parent, guardian or legal custodian does not appear at such rehearing, the judge may enter an order prescribing that the minor be kept in a suitable place designated by the Department of Human Services or a licensed child welfare agency. The time during which a minor is in custody after being released upon the request of a parent, guardian or legal custodian shall be considered as time spent in detention for purposes of scheduling the trial.
    (7) Any party, including the State, the temporary custodian, an agency providing services to the minor or family under a service plan pursuant to Section 8.2 of the Abused and Neglected Child Reporting Act, foster parent, or any of their representatives, may file a motion to modify or vacate a temporary custody order or vacate a detention or shelter care order on any of the following grounds:
        (a) It is no longer a matter of immediate and urgent
    
necessity that the minor remain in detention or shelter care; or
        (b) There is a material change in the circumstances
    
of the natural family from which the minor was removed; or
        (c) A person, including a parent, relative or legal
    
guardian, is capable of assuming temporary custody of the minor; or
        (d) Services provided by the Department of Children
    
and Family Services or a child welfare agency or other service provider have been successful in eliminating the need for temporary custody.
    The clerk shall set the matter for hearing not later than 14 days after such motion is filed. In the event that the court modifies or vacates a temporary order but does not vacate its finding of probable cause, the court may order that appropriate services be continued or initiated in behalf of the minor and his or her family.
    (8) Whenever a petition has been filed under Section 5-520 the court can, at any time prior to trial or sentencing, order that the minor be placed in detention or a shelter care facility after the court conducts a hearing and finds that the conduct and behavior of the minor may endanger the health, person, welfare, or property of himself or others or that the circumstances of his or her home environment may endanger his or her health, person, welfare or property.
(Source: P.A. 98-685, eff. 1-1-15.)

705 ILCS 405/5-505

    (705 ILCS 405/5-505)
    Sec. 5-505. Pre-trial conditions order.
    (1) If a minor is charged with the commission of a delinquent act, at any appearance of the minor before the court prior to trial, the court may conduct a hearing to determine whether the minor should be required to do any of the following:
        (a) not violate any criminal statute of any
    
jurisdiction;
        (b) make a report to and appear in person before any
    
person or agency as directed by the court;
        (c) refrain from possessing a firearm or other
    
dangerous weapon, or an automobile;
        (d) reside with his or her parents or in a foster
    
home;
        (e) attend school;
        (f) attend a non-residential program for youth;
        (g) comply with curfew requirements as designated by
    
the court;
        (h) refrain from entering into a designated
    
geographic area except upon terms as the court finds appropriate. The terms may include consideration of the purpose of the entry, the time of day, other persons accompanying the minor, advance approval by the court, and any other terms the court may deem appropriate;
        (i) refrain from having any contact, directly or
    
indirectly, with certain specified persons or particular types of persons, including but not limited to members of street gangs and drug users or dealers;
        (j) comply with any other conditions as may be
    
ordered by the court.
    No hearing may be held unless the minor is represented by counsel. If the court determines that there is probable cause to believe the minor is a delinquent minor and that it is in the best interests of the minor that the court impose any or all of the conditions listed in paragraphs (a) through (j) of this subsection (1), then the court shall order the minor to abide by all of the conditions ordered by the court.
    (2) If the court issues a pre-trial conditions order as provided in subsection (1), the court shall inform the minor and provide a copy of the pre-trial conditions order effective under this Section.
    (3) The provisions of the pre-trial conditions order issued under this Section may be continued through the sentencing hearing if the court deems the action reasonable and necessary. Nothing in this Section shall preclude the minor from applying to the court at any time for modification or dismissal of the order or the State's Attorney from applying to the court at any time for additional provisions under the pre-trial conditions order, modification of the order, or dismissal of the order.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-510

    (705 ILCS 405/5-510)
    Sec. 5-510. Restraining order against juvenile.
    (1) If a minor is charged with the commission of a delinquent act, the court may conduct a hearing to determine whether an order shall be issued against the minor restraining the minor from harassing, molesting, intimidating, retaliating against, or tampering with a witness to or a victim of the delinquent act charged. No hearing may be held unless the minor is represented by counsel. If the court determines that there is probable cause to believe that the minor is a delinquent minor and that it is a matter of immediate and urgent necessity for the protection of a witness to or a victim of the delinquent act charged against the minor, the court may issue a restraining order against the minor restraining the minor from harassing, molesting, intimidating, retaliating against, or tampering with the witness or victim. The order together with the court's finding of fact in support of the order shall be entered of record in the court.
    (2) If the court issues a restraining order as provided in subsection (1), the court shall inform the minor of the restraining order effective under this Section.
    (3) The provisions of the restraining order issued under this Section may be continued by the court after the sentencing hearing if the court deems the action reasonable and necessary. Nothing in this Section shall preclude the minor from applying to the court at any time for modification or dismissal of the order or the State's Attorney from applying to the court at any time for additional provisions under the restraining order, modification of the order, or dismissal of the order.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-515

    (705 ILCS 405/5-515)
    Sec. 5-515. Medical and dental treatment and care. At all times during temporary custody, detention or shelter care, the court may authorize a physician, a hospital or any other appropriate health care provider to provide medical, dental or surgical procedures if those procedures are necessary to safeguard the minor's life or health. If the minor is covered under an existing medical or dental plan, the county shall be reimbursed for the expenses incurred for such services as if the minor were not held in temporary custody, detention, or shelter care.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-520

    (705 ILCS 405/5-520)
    Sec. 5-520. Petition; supplemental petitions.
    (1) The State's Attorney may file, or the court on its own motion may direct the filing through the State's Attorney of, a petition in respect to a minor under this Act. The petition and all subsequent court documents shall be entitled "In the interest of ...., a minor".
    (2) The petition shall be verified but the statements may be made upon information and belief. It shall allege that the minor is delinquent and set forth (a) facts sufficient to bring the minor under Section 5-120; (b) the name, age and residence of the minor; (c) the names and residences of his parents; (d) the name and residence of his or her guardian or legal custodian or the person or persons having custody or control of the minor, or of the nearest known relative if no parent, guardian or legal custodian can be found; and (e) if the minor upon whose behalf the petition is brought is detained or sheltered in custody, the date on which detention or shelter care was ordered by the court or the date set for a detention or shelter care hearing. If any of the facts required by this subsection (2) are not known by the petitioner, the petition shall so state.
    (3) The petition must pray that the minor be adjudged a ward of the court and may pray generally for relief available under this Act. The petition need not specify any proposed disposition following adjudication of wardship.
    (4) At any time before dismissal of the petition or before final closing and discharge under Section 5-750, one or more supplemental petitions may be filed (i) alleging new offenses or (ii) alleging violations of orders entered by the court in the delinquency proceeding.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-525

    (705 ILCS 405/5-525)
    Sec. 5-525. Service.
    (1) Service by summons.
        (a) Upon the commencement of a delinquency
    
prosecution, the clerk of the court shall issue a summons with a copy of the petition attached. The summons shall be directed to the minor's parent, guardian or legal custodian and to each person named as a respondent in the petition, except that summons need not be directed (i) to a minor respondent under 8 years of age for whom the court appoints a guardian ad litem if the guardian ad litem appears on behalf of the minor in any proceeding under this Act, or (ii) to a parent who does not reside with the minor, does not make regular child support payments to the minor, to the minor's other parent, or to the minor's legal guardian or custodian pursuant to a support order, and has not communicated with the minor on a regular basis.
        (b) The summons must contain a statement that the
    
minor is entitled to have an attorney present at the hearing on the petition, and that the clerk of the court should be notified promptly if the minor desires to be represented by an attorney but is financially unable to employ counsel.
        (c) The summons shall be issued under the seal of the
    
court, attested in and signed with the name of the clerk of the court, dated on the day it is issued, and shall require each respondent to appear and answer the petition on the date set for the adjudicatory hearing.
        (d) The summons may be served by any law enforcement
    
officer, coroner or probation officer, even though the officer is the petitioner. The return of the summons with endorsement of service by the officer is sufficient proof of service.
        (e) Service of a summons and petition shall be made
    
by: (i) leaving a copy of the summons and petition with the person summoned at least 3 days before the time stated in the summons for appearance; (ii) leaving a copy at his or her usual place of abode with some person of the family, of the age of 10 years or upwards, and informing that person of the contents of the summons and petition, provided, the officer or other person making service shall also send a copy of the summons in a sealed envelope with postage fully prepaid, addressed to the person summoned at his or her usual place of abode, at least 3 days before the time stated in the summons for appearance; or (iii) leaving a copy of the summons and petition with the guardian or custodian of a minor, at least 3 days before the time stated in the summons for appearance. If the guardian or legal custodian is an agency of the State of Illinois, proper service may be made by leaving a copy of the summons and petition with any administrative employee of the agency designated by the agency to accept the service of summons and petitions. The certificate of the officer or affidavit of the person that he or she has sent the copy pursuant to this Section is sufficient proof of service.
        (f) When a parent or other person, who has signed a
    
written promise to appear and bring the minor to court or who has waived or acknowledged service, fails to appear with the minor on the date set by the court, a bench warrant may be issued for the parent or other person, the minor, or both.
    (2) Service by certified mail or publication.
        (a) If service on individuals as provided in
    
subsection (1) is not made on any respondent within a reasonable time or if it appears that any respondent resides outside the State, service may be made by certified mail. In that case the clerk shall mail the summons and a copy of the petition to that respondent by certified mail marked for delivery to addressee only. The court shall not proceed with the adjudicatory hearing until 5 days after the mailing. The regular return receipt for certified mail is sufficient proof of service.
        (b) If service upon individuals as provided in
    
subsection (1) is not made on any respondents within a reasonable time or if any person is made a respondent under the designation of "All Whom It May Concern", or if service cannot be made because the whereabouts of a respondent are unknown, service may be made by publication. The clerk of the court as soon as possible shall cause publication to be made once in a newspaper of general circulation in the county where the action is pending. Service by publication is not required in any case when the person alleged to have legal custody of the minor has been served with summons personally or by certified mail, but the court may not enter any order or judgment against any person who cannot be served with process other than by publication unless service by publication is given or unless that person appears. Failure to provide service by publication to a non-custodial parent whose whereabouts are unknown shall not deprive the court of jurisdiction to proceed with a trial or a plea of delinquency by the minor. When a minor has been detained or sheltered under Section 5-501 of this Act and summons has not been served personally or by certified mail within 20 days from the date of the order of court directing such detention or shelter care, the clerk of the court shall cause publication. Service by publication shall be substantially as follows:
            "A, B, C, D, (here giving the names of the named
        
respondents, if any) and to All Whom It May Concern (if there is any respondent under that designation):
            Take notice that on (insert date) a petition was
        
filed under the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 by .... in the circuit court of .... county entitled 'In the interest of ...., a minor', and that in .... courtroom at .... on (insert date) at the hour of ...., or as soon thereafter as this cause may be heard, an adjudicatory hearing will be held upon the petition to have the child declared to be a ward of the court under that Act. The court has authority in this proceeding to take from you the custody and guardianship of the minor.
            Now, unless you appear at the hearing and show
        
cause against the petition, the allegations of the petition may stand admitted as against you and each of you, and an order or judgment entered.
            ........................................
            Clerk
            Dated (insert the date of publication)"
        (c) The clerk shall also at the time of the
    
publication of the notice send a copy of the notice by mail to each of the respondents on account of whom publication is made at his or her last known address. The certificate of the clerk that he or she has mailed the notice is evidence of that mailing. No other publication notice is required. Every respondent notified by publication under this Section must appear and answer in open court at the hearing. The court may not proceed with the adjudicatory hearing until 10 days after service by publication on any custodial parent, guardian or legal custodian of a minor alleged to be delinquent.
        (d) If it becomes necessary to change the date set
    
for the hearing in order to comply with this Section, notice of the resetting of the date must be given, by certified mail or other reasonable means, to each respondent who has been served with summons personally or by certified mail.
        (3) Once jurisdiction has been established over a
    
party, further service is not required and notice of any subsequent proceedings in that prosecution shall be made in accordance with provisions of Section 5-530.
        (4) The appearance of the minor's parent, guardian or
    
legal custodian, or a person named as a respondent in a petition, in any proceeding under this Act shall constitute a waiver of service and submission to the jurisdiction of the court. A copy of the petition shall be provided to the person at the time of his or her appearance.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99; 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-530

    (705 ILCS 405/5-530)
    Sec. 5-530. Notice.
    (1) A party presenting a supplemental or amended petition or motion to the court shall provide the other parties with a copy of any supplemental or amended petition, motion or accompanying affidavit not yet served upon that party, and shall file proof of that service, in accordance with subsections (2), (3), and (4) of this Section. Written notice of the date, time and place of the hearing, shall be provided to all parties in accordance with local court rules.
    (2)(a) On whom made. If a party is represented by an attorney of record, service shall be made upon the attorney. Otherwise service shall be made upon the party.
    (b) Method. Papers shall be served as follows:
        (1) by delivering them to the attorney or party
    
personally;
        (2) by leaving them in the office of the attorney
    
with his or her clerk, or with a person in charge of the office; or if a party is not represented by counsel, by leaving them at his or her residence with a family member of the age of 10 years or upwards;
        (3) by depositing them in the United States post
    
office or post-office box enclosed in an envelope, plainly addressed to the attorney at his or her business address, or to the party at his or her business address or residence, with postage fully pre-paid; or
        (4) by transmitting them via facsimile machine to the
    
office of the attorney or party, who has consented to receiving service by facsimile transmission. Briefs filed in reviewing courts shall be served in accordance with Supreme Court Rule.
            (i) A party or attorney electing to serve
        
pleading by facsimile must include on the certificate of service transmitted the telephone number of the sender's facsimile transmitting device. Use of service by facsimile shall be deemed consent by that party or attorney to receive service by facsimile transmission. Any party may rescind consent of service by facsimile transmission in a case by filing with the court and serving a notice on all parties or their attorneys who have filed appearances that facsimile service will not be accepted. A party or attorney who has rescinded consent to service by facsimile transmission in a case may not serve another party or attorney by facsimile transmission in that case.
            (ii) Each page of notices and documents
        
transmitted by facsimile pursuant to this rule should bear the circuit court number, the title of the document, and the page number.
    (c) Multiple parties or attorneys. In cases in which there are 2 or more minor-respondents who appear by different attorneys, service on all papers shall be made on the attorney for each of the parties. If one attorney appears for several parties, he or she is entitled to only one copy of any paper served upon him or her by the opposite side. When more than one attorney appears for a party, service of a copy upon one of them is sufficient.
    (3)(a) Filing. When service of a paper is required, proof of service shall be filed with the clerk.
    (b) Manner of Proof. Service is proved:
        (i) by written acknowledgement signed by the person
    
served;
        (ii) in case of service by personal delivery, by
    
certificate of the attorney, or affidavit of a person, other than an attorney, who made delivery;
        (iii) in case of service by mail, by certificate of
    
the attorney, or affidavit of a person other than the attorney, who deposited the paper in the mail, stating the time and place of mailing, the complete address which appeared on the envelope, and the fact that proper postage was pre-paid; or
        (iv) in case of service by facsimile transmission, by
    
certificate of the attorney or affidavit of a person other than the attorney, who transmitted the paper via facsimile machine, stating the time and place of transmission, the telephone number to which the transmission was sent and the number of pages transmitted.
    (c) Effective date of service by mail. Service by mail is complete 4 days after mailing.
    (d) Effective date of service by facsimile transmission. Service by facsimile machine is complete on the first court day following transmission.
(Source: P.A. 99-642, eff. 7-28-16.)

705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 6

 
    (705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 6 heading)
PART 6. TRIAL

705 ILCS 405/5-601

    (705 ILCS 405/5-601)
    Sec. 5-601. Trial.
    (1) When a petition has been filed alleging that the minor is a delinquent, a trial must be held within 120 days of a written demand for such hearing made by any party, except that when the State, without success, has exercised due diligence to obtain evidence material to the case and there are reasonable grounds to believe that the evidence may be obtained at a later date, the court may, upon motion by the State, continue the trial for not more than 30 additional days.
    (2) If a minor respondent has multiple delinquency petitions pending against him or her in the same county and simultaneously demands a trial upon more than one delinquency petition pending against him or her in the same county, he or she shall receive a trial or have a finding, after waiver of trial, upon at least one such petition before expiration relative to any of the pending petitions of the period described by this Section. All remaining petitions thus pending against the minor respondent shall be adjudicated within 160 days from the date on which a finding relative to the first petition prosecuted is rendered under Section 5-620 of this Article, or, if the trial upon the first petition is terminated without a finding and there is no subsequent trial, or adjudication after waiver of trial, on the first petition within a reasonable time, the minor shall receive a trial upon all of the remaining petitions within 160 days from the date on which the trial, or finding after waiver of trial, on the first petition is concluded. If either such period of 160 days expires without the commencement of trial, or adjudication after waiver of trial, of any of the remaining pending petitions, the petition or petitions shall be dismissed and barred for want of prosecution unless the delay is occasioned by any of the reasons described in this Section.
    (3) When no such trial is held within the time required by subsections (1) and (2) of this Section, the court shall, upon motion by any party, dismiss the petition with prejudice.
    (4) Without affecting the applicability of the tolling and multiple prosecution provisions of subsections (8) and (2) of this Section when a petition has been filed alleging that the minor is a delinquent and the minor is in detention or shelter care, the trial shall be held within 30 calendar days after the date of the order directing detention or shelter care, or the earliest possible date in compliance with the provisions of Section 5-525 as to the custodial parent, guardian or legal custodian, but no later than 45 calendar days from the date of the order of the court directing detention or shelter care. When the petition alleges the minor has committed an offense involving a controlled substance as defined in the Illinois Controlled Substances Act or methamphetamine as defined in the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, the court may, upon motion of the State, continue the trial for receipt of a confirmatory laboratory report for up to 45 days after the date of the order directing detention or shelter care. When the petition alleges the minor committed an offense that involves the death of, great bodily harm to or sexual assault or aggravated criminal sexual abuse on a victim, the court may, upon motion of the State, continue the trial for not more than 70 calendar days after the date of the order directing detention or shelter care.
    Any failure to comply with the time limits of this Section shall require the immediate release of the minor from detention, and the time limits set forth in subsections (1) and (2) shall apply.
    (5) If the court determines that the State, without success, has exercised due diligence to obtain the results of DNA testing that is material to the case, and that there are reasonable grounds to believe that the results may be obtained at a later date, the court may continue the cause on application of the State for not more than 120 additional days. The court may also extend the period of detention of the minor for not more than 120 additional days.
    (6) If the State's Attorney makes a written request that a proceeding be designated an extended juvenile jurisdiction prosecution, and the minor is in detention, the period the minor can be held in detention pursuant to subsection (4), shall be extended an additional 30 days after the court determines whether the proceeding will be designated an extended juvenile jurisdiction prosecution or the State's Attorney withdraws the request for extended juvenile jurisdiction prosecution.
    (7) When the State's Attorney files a motion for waiver of jurisdiction pursuant to Section 5-805, and the minor is in detention, the period the minor can be held in detention pursuant to subsection (4), shall be extended an additional 30 days if the court denies motion for waiver of jurisdiction or the State's Attorney withdraws the motion for waiver of jurisdiction.
    (8) The period in which a trial shall be held as prescribed by subsections (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), or (7) of this Section is tolled by: (i) delay occasioned by the minor; (ii) a continuance allowed pursuant to Section 114-4 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963 after the court's determination of the minor's incapacity for trial; (iii) an interlocutory appeal; (iv) an examination of fitness ordered pursuant to Section 104-13 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963; (v) a fitness hearing; or (vi) an adjudication of unfitness for trial. Any such delay shall temporarily suspend, for the time of the delay, the period within which a trial must be held as prescribed by subsections (1), (2), (4), (5), and (6) of this Section. On the day of expiration of the delays the period shall continue at the point at which the time was suspended.
    (9) Nothing in this Section prevents the minor or the minor's parents, guardian or legal custodian from exercising their respective rights to waive the time limits set forth in this Section.
(Source: P.A. 94-556, eff. 9-11-05.)

705 ILCS 405/5-605

    (705 ILCS 405/5-605)
    Sec. 5-605. Trials, pleas, guilty but mentally ill and not guilty by reason of insanity.
    (1) Method of trial. All delinquency proceedings shall be heard by the court except those proceedings under this Act where the right to trial by jury is specifically set forth. At any time a minor may waive his or her right to trial by jury.
    (2) Pleas of guilty and guilty but mentally ill.
        (a) Before or during trial, a plea of guilty may be
    
accepted when the court has informed the minor of the consequences of his or her plea and of the maximum penalty provided by law which may be imposed upon acceptance of the plea. Upon acceptance of a plea of guilty, the court shall determine the factual basis of a plea.
        (b) Before or during trial, a plea of guilty but
    
mentally ill may be accepted by the court when:
            (i) the minor has undergone an examination by a
        
clinical psychologist or psychiatrist and has waived his or her right to trial; and
            (ii) the judge has examined the psychiatric or
        
psychological report or reports; and
            (iii) the judge has held a hearing, at which
        
either party may present evidence, on the issue of the minor's mental health and, at the conclusion of the hearing, is satisfied that there is a factual basis that the minor was mentally ill at the time of the offense to which the plea is entered.
    (3) Trial by the court.
        (a) A trial shall be conducted in the presence of the
    
minor unless he or she waives the right to be present. At the trial, the court shall consider the question whether the minor is delinquent. The standard of proof and the rules of evidence in the nature of criminal proceedings in this State are applicable to that consideration.
        (b) Upon conclusion of the trial the court shall
    
enter a general finding, except that, when the affirmative defense of insanity has been presented during the trial and acquittal is based solely upon the defense of insanity, the court shall enter a finding of not guilty by reason of insanity. In the event of a finding of not guilty by reason of insanity, a hearing shall be held pursuant to the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code to determine whether the minor is subject to involuntary admission.
        (c) When the minor has asserted a defense of
    
insanity, the court may find the minor guilty but mentally ill if, after hearing all of the evidence, the court finds that:
            (i) the State has proven beyond a reasonable
        
doubt that the minor is guilty of the offense charged; and
            (ii) the minor has failed to prove his or her
        
insanity as required in subsection (b) of Section 3-2 of the Criminal Code of 2012, and subsections (a), (b) and (e) of Section 6-2 of the Criminal Code of 2012; and
            (iii) the minor has proven by a preponderance of
        
the evidence that he was mentally ill, as defined in subsections (c) and (d) of Section 6-2 of the Criminal Code of 2012 at the time of the offense.
    (4) Trial by court and jury.
        (a) Questions of law shall be decided by the court
    
and questions of fact by the jury.
        (b) The jury shall consist of 12 members.
        (c) Upon request the parties shall be furnished with
    
a list of prospective jurors with their addresses if known.
        (d) Each party may challenge jurors for cause. If a
    
prospective juror has a physical impairment, the court shall consider the prospective juror's ability to perceive and appreciate the evidence when considering a challenge for cause.
        (e) A minor tried alone shall be allowed 7 peremptory
    
challenges; except that, in a single trial of more than one minor, each minor shall be allowed 5 peremptory challenges. If several charges against a minor or minors are consolidated for trial, each minor shall be allowed peremptory challenges upon one charge only, which single charge shall be the charge against that minor authorizing the greatest maximum penalty. The State shall be allowed the same number of peremptory challenges as all of the minors.
        (f) After examination by the court, the jurors may be
    
examined, passed upon, accepted and tendered by opposing counsel as provided by Supreme Court Rules.
        (g) After the jury is impaneled and sworn, the court
    
may direct the selection of 2 alternate jurors who shall take the same oath as the regular jurors. Each party shall have one additional peremptory challenge for each alternate juror. If before the final submission of a cause a member of the jury dies or is discharged, he or she shall be replaced by an alternate juror in the order of selection.
        (h) A trial by the court and jury shall be conducted
    
in the presence of the minor unless he or she waives the right to be present.
        (i) After arguments of counsel the court shall
    
instruct the jury as to the law.
        (j) Unless the affirmative defense of insanity has
    
been presented during the trial, the jury shall return a general verdict as to each offense charged. When the affirmative defense of insanity has been presented during the trial, the court shall provide the jury not only with general verdict forms but also with a special verdict form of not guilty by reason of insanity, as to each offense charged, and in the event the court shall separately instruct the jury that a special verdict of not guilty by reason of insanity may be returned instead of a general verdict but the special verdict requires a unanimous finding by the jury that the minor committed the acts charged but at the time of the commission of those acts the minor was insane. In the event of a verdict of not guilty by reason of insanity, a hearing shall be held pursuant to the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code to determine whether the minor is subject to involuntary admission. When the affirmative defense of insanity has been presented during the trial, the court, where warranted by the evidence, shall also provide the jury with a special verdict form of guilty but mentally ill, as to each offense charged and shall separately instruct the jury that a special verdict of guilty but mentally ill may be returned instead of a general verdict, but that the special verdict requires a unanimous finding by the jury that: (i) the State has proven beyond a reasonable doubt that the minor is guilty of the offense charged; and (ii) the minor has failed to prove his or her insanity as required in subsection (b) of Section 3-2 of the Criminal Code of 2012 and subsections (a), (b) and (e) of Section 6-2 of the Criminal Code of 2012; and (iii) the minor has proven by a preponderance of the evidence that he or she was mentally ill, as defined in subsections (c) and (d) of Section 6-2 of the Criminal Code of 2012 at the time of the offense.
        (k) When, at the close of the State's evidence or at
    
the close of all of the evidence, the evidence is insufficient to support a finding or verdict of guilty the court may and on motion of the minor shall make a finding or direct the jury to return a verdict of not guilty, enter a judgment of acquittal and discharge the minor.
        (l) When the jury retires to consider its verdict, an
    
officer of the court shall be appointed to keep them together and to prevent conversation between the jurors and others; however, if any juror is deaf, the jury may be accompanied by and may communicate with a court-appointed interpreter during its deliberations. Upon agreement between the State and minor or his or her counsel, and the parties waive polling of the jury, the jury may seal and deliver its verdict to the clerk of the court, separate, and then return the verdict in open court at its next session.
        (m) In a trial, any juror who is a member of a panel
    
or jury which has been impaneled and sworn as a panel or as a jury shall be permitted to separate from other jurors during every period of adjournment to a later day, until final submission of the cause to the jury for determination, except that no such separation shall be permitted in any trial after the court, upon motion by the minor or the State or upon its own motion, finds a probability that prejudice to the minor or to the State will result from the separation.
        (n) The members of the jury shall be entitled to take
    
notes during the trial, and the sheriff of the county in which the jury is sitting shall provide them with writing materials for this purpose. The notes shall remain confidential, and shall be destroyed by the sheriff after the verdict has been returned or a mistrial declared.
        (o) A minor tried by the court and jury shall only be
    
found guilty, guilty but mentally ill, not guilty or not guilty by reason of insanity, upon the unanimous verdict of the jury.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

705 ILCS 405/5-610

    (705 ILCS 405/5-610)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-158)
    Sec. 5-610. Guardian ad litem and appointment of attorney.
    (1) The court may appoint a guardian ad litem for the minor whenever it finds that there may be a conflict of interest between the minor and his or her parent, guardian or legal custodian or that it is otherwise in the minor's interest to do so.
    (2) Unless the guardian ad litem is an attorney, he or she shall be represented by counsel.
    (3) The reasonable fees of a guardian ad litem appointed under this Section shall be fixed by the court and charged to the parents of the minor, to the extent they are able to pay. If the parents are unable to pay those fees, they shall be paid from the general fund of the county.
    (4) If, during the court proceedings, the parents, guardian, or legal custodian prove that he or she has an actual conflict of interest with the minor in that delinquency proceeding and that the parents, guardian, or legal custodian are indigent, the court shall appoint a separate attorney for that parent, guardian, or legal custodian.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-158)
    Sec. 5-610. Guardian ad litem and appointment of attorney.
    (1) The court may appoint a guardian ad litem for the minor whenever it finds that there may be a conflict of interest between the minor and his or her parent, guardian or legal custodian or that it is otherwise in the minor's interest to do so.
    (2) Unless the guardian ad litem is an attorney, he or she shall be represented by counsel.
    (3) The reasonable fees of a guardian ad litem appointed under this Section shall be fixed by the court and charged to the parents of the minor, to the extent they are able to pay. If the parents are unable to pay those fees, they shall be paid from the general fund of the county.
    (4) If, during the court proceedings, the parents, guardian, or legal custodian prove that he or she has an actual conflict of interest with the minor in that delinquency proceeding and that the parents, guardian, or legal custodian are indigent, the court shall appoint a separate attorney for that parent, guardian, or legal custodian.
    (5) A guardian ad litem appointed under this Section for a minor who is in the custody or guardianship of the Department of Children and Family Services or who has an open intact family services case with the Department of Children and Family Services is entitled to receive copies of any and all classified reports of child abuse or neglect made pursuant to the Abused and Neglected Child Reporting Act in which the minor, who is the subject of the report under the Abused and Neglected Child Reporting Act, is also a minor for whom the guardian ad litem is appointed under this Act. The Department of Children and Family Services' obligation under this subsection to provide reports to a guardian ad litem for a minor with an open intact family services case applies only if the guardian ad litem notified the Department in writing of the representation.
(Source: P.A. 100-158, eff. 1-1-18.)

705 ILCS 405/5-615

    (705 ILCS 405/5-615)
    Sec. 5-615. Continuance under supervision.
    (1) The court may enter an order of continuance under supervision for an offense other than first degree murder, a Class X felony or a forcible felony:
        (a) upon an admission or stipulation by the
    
appropriate respondent or minor respondent of the facts supporting the petition and before the court makes a finding of delinquency, and in the absence of objection made in open court by the minor, his or her parent, guardian, or legal custodian, the minor's attorney or the State's Attorney; or
        (b) upon a finding of delinquency and after
    
considering the circumstances of the offense and the history, character, and condition of the minor, if the court is of the opinion that:
            (i) the minor is not likely to commit further
        
crimes;
            (ii) the minor and the public would be best
        
served if the minor were not to receive a criminal record; and
            (iii) in the best interests of justice an order
        
of continuance under supervision is more appropriate than a sentence otherwise permitted under this Act.
    (2) (Blank).
    (3) Nothing in this Section limits the power of the court to order a continuance of the hearing for the production of additional evidence or for any other proper reason.
    (4) When a hearing where a minor is alleged to be a delinquent is continued pursuant to this Section, the period of continuance under supervision may not exceed 24 months. The court may terminate a continuance under supervision at any time if warranted by the conduct of the minor and the ends of justice or vacate the finding of delinquency or both.
    (5) When a hearing where a minor is alleged to be delinquent is continued pursuant to this Section, the court may, as conditions of the continuance under supervision, require the minor to do any of the following:
        (a) not violate any criminal statute of any
    
jurisdiction;
        (b) make a report to and appear in person before any
    
person or agency as directed by the court;
        (c) work or pursue a course of study or vocational
    
training;
        (d) undergo medical or psychotherapeutic treatment
    
rendered by a therapist licensed under the provisions of the Medical Practice Act of 1987, the Clinical Psychologist Licensing Act, or the Clinical Social Work and Social Work Practice Act, or an entity licensed by the Department of Human Services as a successor to the Department of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse, for the provision of drug addiction and alcoholism treatment;
        (e) attend or reside in a facility established for
    
the instruction or residence of persons on probation;
        (f) support his or her dependents, if any;
        (g) pay costs;
        (h) refrain from possessing a firearm or other
    
dangerous weapon, or an automobile;
        (i) permit the probation officer to visit him or her
    
at his or her home or elsewhere;
        (j) reside with his or her parents or in a foster
    
home;
        (k) attend school;
        (k-5) with the consent of the superintendent of the
    
facility, attend an educational program at a facility other than the school in which the offense was committed if he or she committed a crime of violence as defined in Section 2 of the Crime Victims Compensation Act in a school, on the real property comprising a school, or within 1,000 feet of the real property comprising a school;
        (l) attend a non-residential program for youth;
        (m) contribute to his or her own support at home or
    
in a foster home;
        (n) perform some reasonable public or community
    
service;
        (o) make restitution to the victim, in the same
    
manner and under the same conditions as provided in subsection (4) of Section 5-710, except that the "sentencing hearing" referred to in that Section shall be the adjudicatory hearing for purposes of this Section;
        (p) comply with curfew requirements as designated by
    
the court;
        (q) refrain from entering into a designated
    
geographic area except upon terms as the court finds appropriate. The terms may include consideration of the purpose of the entry, the time of day, other persons accompanying the minor, and advance approval by a probation officer;
        (r) refrain from having any contact, directly or
    
indirectly, with certain specified persons or particular types of persons, including but not limited to members of street gangs and drug users or dealers;
        (r-5) undergo a medical or other procedure to have a
    
tattoo symbolizing allegiance to a street gang removed from his or her body;
        (s) refrain from having in his or her body the
    
presence of any illicit drug prohibited by the Cannabis Control Act, the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, unless prescribed by a physician, and submit samples of his or her blood or urine or both for tests to determine the presence of any illicit drug; or
        (t) comply with any other conditions as may be
    
ordered by the court.
    (6) A minor whose case is continued under supervision under subsection (5) shall be given a certificate setting forth the conditions imposed by the court. Those conditions may be reduced, enlarged, or modified by the court on motion of the probation officer or on its own motion, or that of the State's Attorney, or, at the request of the minor after notice and hearing.
    (7) If a petition is filed charging a violation of a condition of the continuance under supervision, the court shall conduct a hearing. If the court finds that a condition of supervision has not been fulfilled, the court may proceed to findings, adjudication, and disposition or adjudication and disposition. The filing of a petition for violation of a condition of the continuance under supervision shall toll the period of continuance under supervision until the final determination of the charge, and the term of the continuance under supervision shall not run until the hearing and disposition of the petition for violation; provided where the petition alleges conduct that does not constitute a criminal offense, the hearing must be held within 30 days of the filing of the petition unless a delay shall continue the tolling of the period of continuance under supervision for the period of the delay.
    (8) When a hearing in which a minor is alleged to be a delinquent for reasons that include a violation of Section 21-1.3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 is continued under this Section, the court shall, as a condition of the continuance under supervision, require the minor to perform community service for not less than 30 and not more than 120 hours, if community service is available in the jurisdiction. The community service shall include, but need not be limited to, the cleanup and repair of the damage that was caused by the alleged violation or similar damage to property located in the municipality or county in which the alleged violation occurred. The condition may be in addition to any other condition.
    (8.5) When a hearing in which a minor is alleged to be a delinquent for reasons that include a violation of Section 3.02 or Section 3.03 of the Humane Care for Animals Act or paragraph (d) of subsection (1) of Section 21-1 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or paragraph (4) of subsection (a) of Section 21-1 or the Criminal Code of 2012 is continued under this Section, the court shall, as a condition of the continuance under supervision, require the minor to undergo medical or psychiatric treatment rendered by a psychiatrist or psychological treatment rendered by a clinical psychologist. The condition may be in addition to any other condition.
    (9) When a hearing in which a minor is alleged to be a delinquent is continued under this Section, the court, before continuing the case, shall make a finding whether the offense alleged to have been committed either: (i) was related to or in furtherance of the activities of an organized gang or was motivated by the minor's membership in or allegiance to an organized gang, or (ii) is a violation of paragraph (13) of subsection (a) of Section 12-2 or paragraph (2) of subsection (c) of Section 12-2 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, a violation of any Section of Article 24 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, or a violation of any statute that involved the unlawful use of a firearm. If the court determines the question in the affirmative the court shall, as a condition of the continuance under supervision and as part of or in addition to any other condition of the supervision, require the minor to perform community service for not less than 30 hours, provided that community service is available in the jurisdiction and is funded and approved by the county board of the county where the offense was committed. The community service shall include, but need not be limited to, the cleanup and repair of any damage caused by an alleged violation of Section 21-1.3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 and similar damage to property located in the municipality or county in which the alleged violation occurred. When possible and reasonable, the community service shall be performed in the minor's neighborhood. For the purposes of this Section, "organized gang" has the meaning ascribed to it in Section 10 of the Illinois Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act.
    (10) The court shall impose upon a minor placed on supervision, as a condition of the supervision, a fee of $50 for each month of supervision ordered by the court, unless after determining the inability of the minor placed on supervision to pay the fee, the court assesses a lesser amount. The court may not impose the fee on a minor who is placed in the guardianship or custody of the Department of Children and Family Services under this Act while the minor is in placement. The fee shall be imposed only upon a minor who is actively supervised by the probation and court services department. A court may order the parent, guardian, or legal custodian of the minor to pay some or all of the fee on the minor's behalf.
    (11) If a minor is placed on supervision for a violation of subsection (a-7) of Section 1 of the Prevention of Tobacco Use by Minors Act, the court may, in its discretion, and upon recommendation by the State's Attorney, order that minor and his or her parents or legal guardian to attend a smoker's education or youth diversion program as defined in that Act if that program is available in the jurisdiction where the offender resides. Attendance at a smoker's education or youth diversion program shall be time-credited against any community service time imposed for any first violation of subsection (a-7) of Section 1 of that Act. In addition to any other penalty that the court may impose for a violation of subsection (a-7) of Section 1 of that Act, the court, upon request by the State's Attorney, may in its discretion require the offender to remit a fee for his or her attendance at a smoker's education or youth diversion program.
    For purposes of this Section, "smoker's education program" or "youth diversion program" includes, but is not limited to, a seminar designed to educate a person on the physical and psychological effects of smoking tobacco products and the health consequences of smoking tobacco products that can be conducted with a locality's youth diversion program.
    In addition to any other penalty that the court may impose under this subsection (11):
        (a) If a minor violates subsection (a-7) of Section 1
    
of the Prevention of Tobacco Use by Minors Act, the court may impose a sentence of 15 hours of community service or a fine of $25 for a first violation.
        (b) A second violation by a minor of subsection (a-7)
    
of Section 1 of that Act that occurs within 12 months after the first violation is punishable by a fine of $50 and 25 hours of community service.
        (c) A third or subsequent violation by a minor of
    
subsection (a-7) of Section 1 of that Act that occurs within 12 months after the first violation is punishable by a $100 fine and 30 hours of community service.
        (d) Any second or subsequent violation not within the
    
12-month time period after the first violation is punishable as provided for a first violation.
(Source: P.A. 100-159, eff. 8-18-17.)

705 ILCS 405/5-620

    (705 ILCS 405/5-620)
    Sec. 5-620. Findings. After hearing the evidence, the court shall make and note in the minutes of the proceeding a finding of whether or not the minor is guilty. If it finds that the minor is not guilty, the court shall order the petition dismissed and the minor discharged from any detention or restriction previously ordered in such proceeding. If the court finds that the minor is guilty, the court shall then set a time for a sentencing hearing to be conducted under Section 5-705 at which hearing the court shall determine whether it is in the best interests of the minor and the public that he or she be made a ward of the court. To assist the court in making this and other determinations at the sentencing hearing, the court may order that an investigation be conducted and a social investigation report be prepared.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-622

    (705 ILCS 405/5-622)
    Sec. 5-622. Expungement review. Any minor charged with a misdemeanor offense as a first offense, regardless of the disposition of the charge, is eligible for expungement review by the court upon his or her 18th birthday or upon completion of the minor's sentence or disposition of the charge against the minor, whichever is later. Upon motion by counsel filed within 30 days after entry of the judgment of the court, the court shall set a time for an expungement review hearing within a month of the minor's 18th birthday or within a month of completion of the minor's sentence or disposition of the charge against the minor, whichever is later. No hearing shall be held if the minor fails to appear, and no penalty shall attach to the minor. If the minor appears in person or by counsel the court shall hold a hearing to determine whether to expunge the law enforcement and court records of the minor. Objections to expungement shall be limited to the following:
        (a) that the offense for which the minor was arrested
    
is still under active investigation;
        (b) that the minor is a potential witness in an
    
upcoming court proceeding and that such arrest record is relevant to that proceeding;
        (c) that the arrest at issue was for one of the
    
following offenses:
            (i) any homicide;
            (ii) an offense involving a deadly weapon;
            (iii) a sex offense as defined in the Sex
        
Offender Registration Act;
            (iv) aggravated domestic battery.
    In the absence of an objection, or if the objecting party fails to prove one of the above-listed objections, the court shall enter an order granting expungement. The clerk shall forward a certified copy of the order to the Department of State Police and the arresting agency. The Department and the arresting agency shall comply with such order to expunge within 60 days of receipt. An objection or a denial of an expungement order under this subsection does not operate to bar the filing of a Petition to Expunge by the minor under subsection (2) of Section 5-915 where applicable.
(Source: P.A. 96-707, eff. 1-1-10.)

705 ILCS 405/5-625

    (705 ILCS 405/5-625)
    Sec. 5-625. Absence of minor.
    (1) When a minor after arrest and an initial court appearance for a felony, fails to appear for trial, at the request of the State and after the State has affirmatively proven through substantial evidence that the minor is willfully avoiding trial, the court may commence trial in the absence of the minor. The absent minor must be represented by retained or appointed counsel. If trial had previously commenced in the presence of the minor and the minor willfully absents himself for 2 successive court days, the court shall proceed to trial. All procedural rights guaranteed by the United States Constitution, Constitution of the State of Illinois, statutes of the State of Illinois, and rules of court shall apply to the proceedings the same as if the minor were present in court. The court may set the case for a trial which may be conducted under this Section despite the failure of the minor to appear at the hearing at which the trial date is set. When the trial date is set the clerk shall send to the minor, by certified mail at his or her last known address, notice of the new date which has been set for trial. The notification shall be required when the minor was not personally present in open court at the time when the case was set for trial.
    (2) The absence of the minor from a trial conducted under this Section does not operate as a bar to concluding the trial, to a finding of guilty resulting from the trial, or to a final disposition of the trial in favor of the minor.
    (3) Upon a finding or verdict of not guilty the court shall enter finding for the minor. Upon a finding or verdict of guilty, the court shall set a date for the hearing of post-trial motions and shall hear the motion in the absence of the minor. If post-trial motions are denied, the court shall proceed to conduct a sentencing hearing and to impose a sentence upon the minor. A social investigation is waived if the minor is absent.
    (4) A minor who is absent for part of the proceedings of trial, post-trial motions, or sentencing, does not thereby forfeit his or her right to be present at all remaining proceedings.
    (5) When a minor who in his or her absence has been either found guilty or sentenced or both found guilty and sentenced appears before the court, he or she must be granted a new trial or a new sentencing hearing if the minor can establish that his or her failure to appear in court was both without his or her fault and due to circumstances beyond his or her control. A hearing with notice to the State's Attorney on the minors request for a new trial or a new sentencing hearing must be held before any such request may be granted. At any such hearing both the minor and the State may present evidence.
    (6) If the court grants only the minor's request for a new sentencing hearing, then a new sentencing hearing shall be held in accordance with the provisions of this Article. At any such hearing, both the minor and the State may offer evidence of the minor's conduct during his or her period of absence from the court. The court may impose any sentence authorized by this Article and in the case of an extended juvenile jurisdiction prosecution the Unified Code of Corrections and is not in any way limited or restricted by any sentence previously imposed.
    (7) A minor whose motion under subsection (5) for a new trial or new sentencing hearing has been denied may file a notice of appeal from the denial. The notice may also include a request for review of the finding and sentence not vacated by the trial court.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 7

 
    (705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 7 heading)
PART 7. PROCEEDINGS AFTER TRIAL, SENTENCING

705 ILCS 405/5-701

    (705 ILCS 405/5-701)
    Sec. 5-701. Social investigation report. Upon the order of the court, a social investigation report shall be prepared and delivered to the parties at least 3 days prior to the sentencing hearing. The written report of social investigation shall include an investigation and report of the minor's physical and mental history and condition, family situation and background, economic status, education, occupation, personal habits, minor's history of delinquency or criminality or other matters which have been brought to the attention of the juvenile court, information about special resources known to the person preparing the report which might be available to assist in the minor's rehabilitation, and any other matters which may be helpful to the court or which the court directs to be included.
    Any minor found to be guilty of a sex offense as defined by the Sex Offender Management Board Act shall be required as part of the social investigation to submit to a sex offender evaluation. The evaluation shall be performed in conformance with the standards developed under the Sex Offender Management Board Act and by an evaluator approved by the Board.
(Source: P.A. 93-616, eff. 1-1-04.)

705 ILCS 405/5-705

    (705 ILCS 405/5-705)
    Sec. 5-705. Sentencing hearing; evidence; continuance.
    (1) At the sentencing hearing, the court shall determine whether it is in the best interests of the minor or the public that he or she be made a ward of the court, and, if he or she is to be made a ward of the court, the court shall determine the proper disposition best serving the interests of the minor and the public. All evidence helpful in determining these questions, including oral and written reports, may be admitted and may be relied upon to the extent of its probative value, even though not competent for the purposes of the trial. A record of a prior continuance under supervision under Section 5-615, whether successfully completed or not, is admissible at the sentencing hearing. No order of commitment to the Department of Juvenile Justice shall be entered against a minor before a written report of social investigation, which has been completed within the previous 60 days, is presented to and considered by the court.
    (2) Once a party has been served in compliance with Section 5-525, no further service or notice must be given to that party prior to proceeding to a sentencing hearing. Before imposing sentence the court shall advise the State's Attorney and the parties who are present or their counsel of the factual contents and the conclusions of the reports prepared for the use of the court and considered by it, and afford fair opportunity, if requested, to controvert them. Factual contents, conclusions, documents and sources disclosed by the court under this paragraph shall not be further disclosed without the express approval of the court.
    (3) On its own motion or that of the State's Attorney, a parent, guardian, legal custodian, or counsel, the court may adjourn the hearing for a reasonable period to receive reports or other evidence and, in such event, shall make an appropriate order for detention of the minor or his or her release from detention subject to supervision by the court during the period of the continuance. In the event the court shall order detention hereunder, the period of the continuance shall not exceed 30 court days. At the end of such time, the court shall release the minor from detention unless notice is served at least 3 days prior to the hearing on the continued date that the State will be seeking an extension of the period of detention, which notice shall state the reason for the request for the extension. The extension of detention may be for a maximum period of an additional 15 court days or a lesser number of days at the discretion of the court. However, at the expiration of the period of extension, the court shall release the minor from detention if a further continuance is granted. In scheduling investigations and hearings, the court shall give priority to proceedings in which a minor is in detention or has otherwise been removed from his or her home before a sentencing order has been made.
    (4) When commitment to the Department of Juvenile Justice is ordered, the court shall state the basis for selecting the particular disposition, and the court shall prepare such a statement for inclusion in the record.
(Source: P.A. 94-696, eff. 6-1-06.)

705 ILCS 405/5-710

    (705 ILCS 405/5-710)
    (Text of Section from P.A. 99-628)
    Sec. 5-710. Kinds of sentencing orders.
    (1) The following kinds of sentencing orders may be made in respect of wards of the court:
        (a) Except as provided in Sections 5-805, 5-810,
    
5-815, a minor who is found guilty under Section 5-620 may be:
            (i) put on probation or conditional discharge and
        
released to his or her parents, guardian or legal custodian, provided, however, that any such minor who is not committed to the Department of Juvenile Justice under this subsection and who is found to be a delinquent for an offense which is first degree murder, a Class X felony, or a forcible felony shall be placed on probation;
            (ii) placed in accordance with Section 5-740,
        
with or without also being put on probation or conditional discharge;
            (iii) required to undergo a substance abuse
        
assessment conducted by a licensed provider and participate in the indicated clinical level of care;
            (iv) on and after the effective date of this
        
amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly and before January 1, 2017, placed in the guardianship of the Department of Children and Family Services, but only if the delinquent minor is under 16 years of age or, pursuant to Article II of this Act, a minor for whom an independent basis of abuse, neglect, or dependency exists. On and after January 1, 2017, placed in the guardianship of the Department of Children and Family Services, but only if the delinquent minor is under 15 years of age or, pursuant to Article II of this Act, a minor for whom an independent basis of abuse, neglect, or dependency exists. An independent basis exists when the allegations or adjudication of abuse, neglect, or dependency do not arise from the same facts, incident, or circumstances which give rise to a charge or adjudication of delinquency;
            (v) placed in detention for a period not to
        
exceed 30 days, either as the exclusive order of disposition or, where appropriate, in conjunction with any other order of disposition issued under this paragraph, provided that any such detention shall be in a juvenile detention home and the minor so detained shall be 10 years of age or older. However, the 30-day limitation may be extended by further order of the court for a minor under age 15 committed to the Department of Children and Family Services if the court finds that the minor is a danger to himself or others. The minor shall be given credit on the sentencing order of detention for time spent in detention under Sections 5-501, 5-601, 5-710, or 5-720 of this Article as a result of the offense for which the sentencing order was imposed. The court may grant credit on a sentencing order of detention entered under a violation of probation or violation of conditional discharge under Section 5-720 of this Article for time spent in detention before the filing of the petition alleging the violation. A minor shall not be deprived of credit for time spent in detention before the filing of a violation of probation or conditional discharge alleging the same or related act or acts. The limitation that the minor shall only be placed in a juvenile detention home does not apply as follows:
            Persons 18 years of age and older who have a
        
petition of delinquency filed against them may be confined in an adult detention facility. In making a determination whether to confine a person 18 years of age or older who has a petition of delinquency filed against the person, these factors, among other matters, shall be considered:
                (A) the age of the person;
                (B) any previous delinquent or criminal
            
history of the person;
                (C) any previous abuse or neglect history of
            
the person;
                (D) any mental health history of the person;
            
and
                (E) any educational history of the person;
            (vi) ordered partially or completely emancipated
        
in accordance with the provisions of the Emancipation of Minors Act;
            (vii) subject to having his or her driver's
        
license or driving privileges suspended for such time as determined by the court but only until he or she attains 18 years of age;
            (viii) put on probation or conditional discharge
        
and placed in detention under Section 3-6039 of the Counties Code for a period not to exceed the period of incarceration permitted by law for adults found guilty of the same offense or offenses for which the minor was adjudicated delinquent, and in any event no longer than upon attainment of age 21; this subdivision (viii) notwithstanding any contrary provision of the law;
            (ix) ordered to undergo a medical or other
        
procedure to have a tattoo symbolizing allegiance to a street gang removed from his or her body; or
            (x) placed in electronic home detention under
        
Part 7A of this Article.
        (b) A minor found to be guilty may be committed to
    
the Department of Juvenile Justice under Section 5-750 if the minor is at least 13 years and under 20 years of age, provided that the commitment to the Department of Juvenile Justice shall be made only if the minor was found guilty of a felony offense or first degree murder. The court shall include in the sentencing order any pre-custody credits the minor is entitled to under Section 5-4.5-100 of the Unified Code of Corrections. The time during which a minor is in custody before being released upon the request of a parent, guardian or legal custodian shall also be considered as time spent in custody.
        (c) When a minor is found to be guilty for an offense
    
which is a violation of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act and made a ward of the court, the court may enter a disposition order requiring the minor to undergo assessment, counseling or treatment in a substance abuse program approved by the Department of Human Services.
    (2) Any sentencing order other than commitment to the Department of Juvenile Justice may provide for protective supervision under Section 5-725 and may include an order of protection under Section 5-730.
    (3) Unless the sentencing order expressly so provides, it does not operate to close proceedings on the pending petition, but is subject to modification until final closing and discharge of the proceedings under Section 5-750.
    (4) In addition to any other sentence, the court may order any minor found to be delinquent to make restitution, in monetary or non-monetary form, under the terms and conditions of Section 5-5-6 of the Unified Code of Corrections, except that the "presentencing hearing" referred to in that Section shall be the sentencing hearing for purposes of this Section. The parent, guardian or legal custodian of the minor may be ordered by the court to pay some or all of the restitution on the minor's behalf, pursuant to the Parental Responsibility Law. The State's Attorney is authorized to act on behalf of any victim in seeking restitution in proceedings under this Section, up to the maximum amount allowed in Section 5 of the Parental Responsibility Law.
    (5) Any sentencing order where the minor is committed or placed in accordance with Section 5-740 shall provide for the parents or guardian of the estate of the minor to pay to the legal custodian or guardian of the person of the minor such sums as are determined by the custodian or guardian of the person of the minor as necessary for the minor's needs. The payments may not exceed the maximum amounts provided for by Section 9.1 of the Children and Family Services Act.
    (6) Whenever the sentencing order requires the minor to attend school or participate in a program of training, the truant officer or designated school official shall regularly report to the court if the minor is a chronic or habitual truant under Section 26-2a of the School Code. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, in instances in which educational services are to be provided to a minor in a residential facility where the minor has been placed by the court, costs incurred in the provision of those educational services must be allocated based on the requirements of the School Code.
    (7) In no event shall a guilty minor be committed to the Department of Juvenile Justice for a period of time in excess of that period for which an adult could be committed for the same act. The court shall include in the sentencing order a limitation on the period of confinement not to exceed the maximum period of imprisonment the court could impose under Article V of the Unified Code of Corrections.
    (7.5) In no event shall a guilty minor be committed to the Department of Juvenile Justice or placed in detention when the act for which the minor was adjudicated delinquent would not be illegal if committed by an adult.
    (7.6) In no event shall a guilty minor be committed to the Department of Juvenile Justice for an offense which is a Class 4 felony under Section 19-4 (criminal trespass to a residence), 21-1 (criminal damage to property), 21-1.01 (criminal damage to government supported property), 21-1.3 (criminal defacement of property), 26-1 (disorderly conduct), or 31-4 (obstructing justice), of the Criminal Code of 2012.
    (8) A minor found to be guilty for reasons that include a violation of Section 21-1.3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 shall be ordered to perform community service for not less than 30 and not more than 120 hours, if community service is available in the jurisdiction. The community service shall include, but need not be limited to, the cleanup and repair of the damage that was caused by the violation or similar damage to property located in the municipality or county in which the violation occurred. The order may be in addition to any other order authorized by this Section.
    (8.5) A minor found to be guilty for reasons that include a violation of Section 3.02 or Section 3.03 of the Humane Care for Animals Act or paragraph (d) of subsection (1) of Section 21-1 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or paragraph (4) of subsection (a) of Section 21-1 of the Criminal Code of 2012 shall be ordered to undergo medical or psychiatric treatment rendered by a psychiatrist or psychological treatment rendered by a clinical psychologist. The order may be in addition to any other order authorized by this Section.
    (9) In addition to any other sentencing order, the court shall order any minor found to be guilty for an act which would constitute, predatory criminal sexual assault of a child, aggravated criminal sexual assault, criminal sexual assault, aggravated criminal sexual abuse, or criminal sexual abuse if committed by an adult to undergo medical testing to determine whether the defendant has any sexually transmissible disease including a test for infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or any other identified causative agency of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Any medical test shall be performed only by appropriately licensed medical practitioners and may include an analysis of any bodily fluids as well as an examination of the minor's person. Except as otherwise provided by law, the results of the test shall be kept strictly confidential by all medical personnel involved in the testing and must be personally delivered in a sealed envelope to the judge of the court in which the sentencing order was entered for the judge's inspection in camera. Acting in accordance with the best interests of the victim and the public, the judge shall have the discretion to determine to whom the results of the testing may be revealed. The court shall notify the minor of the results of the test for infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The court shall also notify the victim if requested by the victim, and if the victim is under the age of 15 and if requested by the victim's parents or legal guardian, the court shall notify the victim's parents or the legal guardian, of the results of the test for infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The court shall provide information on the availability of HIV testing and counseling at the Department of Public Health facilities to all parties to whom the results of the testing are revealed. The court shall order that the cost of any test shall be paid by the county and may be taxed as costs against the minor.
    (10) When a court finds a minor to be guilty the court shall, before entering a sentencing order under this Section, make a finding whether the offense committed either: (a) was related to or in furtherance of the criminal activities of an organized gang or was motivated by the minor's membership in or allegiance to an organized gang, or (b) involved a violation of subsection (a) of Section 12-7.1 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, a violation of any Section of Article 24 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, or a violation of any statute that involved the wrongful use of a firearm. If the court determines the question in the affirmative, and the court does not commit the minor to the Department of Juvenile Justice, the court shall order the minor to perform community service for not less than 30 hours nor more than 120 hours, provided that community service is available in the jurisdiction and is funded and approved by the county board of the county where the offense was committed. The community service shall include, but need not be limited to, the cleanup and repair of any damage caused by a violation of Section 21-1.3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 and similar damage to property located in the municipality or county in which the violation occurred. When possible and reasonable, the community service shall be performed in the minor's neighborhood. This order shall be in addition to any other order authorized by this Section except for an order to place the minor in the custody of the Department of Juvenile Justice. For the purposes of this Section, "organized gang" has the meaning ascribed to it in Section 10 of the Illinois Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act.
    (11) If the court determines that the offense was committed in furtherance of the criminal activities of an organized gang, as provided in subsection (10), and that the offense involved the operation or use of a motor vehicle or the use of a driver's license or permit, the court shall notify the Secretary of State of that determination and of the period for which the minor shall be denied driving privileges. If, at the time of the determination, the minor does not hold a driver's license or permit, the court shall provide that the minor shall not be issued a driver's license or permit until his or her 18th birthday. If the minor holds a driver's license or permit at the time of the determination, the court shall provide that the minor's driver's license or permit shall be revoked until his or her 21st birthday, or until a later date or occurrence determined by the court. If the minor holds a driver's license at the time of the determination, the court may direct the Secretary of State to issue the minor a judicial driving permit, also known as a JDP. The JDP shall be subject to the same terms as a JDP issued under Section 6-206.1 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, except that the court may direct that the JDP be effective immediately.
    (12) If a minor is found to be guilty of a violation of subsection (a-7) of Section 1 of the Prevention of Tobacco Use by Minors Act, the court may, in its discretion, and upon recommendation by the State's Attorney, order that minor and his or her parents or legal guardian to attend a smoker's education or youth diversion program as defined in that Act if that program is available in the jurisdiction where the offender resides. Attendance at a smoker's education or youth diversion program shall be time-credited against any community service time imposed for any first violation of subsection (a-7) of Section 1 of that Act. In addition to any other penalty that the court may impose for a violation of subsection (a-7) of Section 1 of that Act, the court, upon request by the State's Attorney, may in its discretion require the offender to remit a fee for his or her attendance at a smoker's education or youth diversion program.
    For purposes of this Section, "smoker's education program" or "youth diversion program" includes, but is not limited to, a seminar designed to educate a person on the physical and psychological effects of smoking tobacco products and the health consequences of smoking tobacco products that can be conducted with a locality's youth diversion program.
    In addition to any other penalty that the court may impose under this subsection (12):
        (a) If a minor violates subsection (a-7) of Section 1
    
of the Prevention of Tobacco Use by Minors Act, the court may impose a sentence of 15 hours of community service or a fine of $25 for a first violation.
        (b) A second violation by a minor of subsection (a-7)
    
of Section 1 of that Act that occurs within 12 months after the first violation is punishable by a fine of $50 and 25 hours of community service.
        (c) A third or subsequent violation by a minor of
    
subsection (a-7) of Section 1 of that Act that occurs within 12 months after the first violation is punishable by a $100 fine and 30 hours of community service.
        (d) Any second or subsequent violation not within the
    
12-month time period after the first violation is punishable as provided for a first violation.
(Source: P.A. 98-536, eff. 8-23-13; 98-803, eff. 1-1-15; 99-268, eff. 1-1-16; 99-628, eff. 1-1-17.)
 
    (Text of Section from P.A. 99-879)
    Sec. 5-710. Kinds of sentencing orders.
    (1) The following kinds of sentencing orders may be made in respect of wards of the court:
        (a) Except as provided in Sections 5-805, 5-810,
    
5-815, a minor who is found guilty under Section 5-620 may be:
            (i) put on probation or conditional discharge and
        
released to his or her parents, guardian or legal custodian, provided, however, that any such minor who is not committed to the Department of Juvenile Justice under this subsection and who is found to be a delinquent for an offense which is first degree murder, a Class X felony, or a forcible felony shall be placed on probation;
            (ii) placed in accordance with Section 5-740,
        
with or without also being put on probation or conditional discharge;
            (iii) required to undergo a substance abuse
        
assessment conducted by a licensed provider and participate in the indicated clinical level of care;
            (iv) on and after the effective date of this
        
amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly and before January 1, 2017, placed in the guardianship of the Department of Children and Family Services, but only if the delinquent minor is under 16 years of age or, pursuant to Article II of this Act, a minor for whom an independent basis of abuse, neglect, or dependency exists. On and after January 1, 2017, placed in the guardianship of the Department of Children and Family Services, but only if the delinquent minor is under 15 years of age or, pursuant to Article II of this Act, a minor for whom an independent basis of abuse, neglect, or dependency exists. An independent basis exists when the allegations or adjudication of abuse, neglect, or dependency do not arise from the same facts, incident, or circumstances which give rise to a charge or adjudication of delinquency;
            (v) placed in detention for a period not to
        
exceed 30 days, either as the exclusive order of disposition or, where appropriate, in conjunction with any other order of disposition issued under this paragraph, provided that any such detention shall be in a juvenile detention home and the minor so detained shall be 10 years of age or older. However, the 30-day limitation may be extended by further order of the court for a minor under age 15 committed to the Department of Children and Family Services if the court finds that the minor is a danger to himself or others. The minor shall be given credit on the sentencing order of detention for time spent in detention under Sections 5-501, 5-601, 5-710, or 5-720 of this Article as a result of the offense for which the sentencing order was imposed. The court may grant credit on a sentencing order of detention entered under a violation of probation or violation of conditional discharge under Section 5-720 of this Article for time spent in detention before the filing of the petition alleging the violation. A minor shall not be deprived of credit for time spent in detention before the filing of a violation of probation or conditional discharge alleging the same or related act or acts. The limitation that the minor shall only be placed in a juvenile detention home does not apply as follows:
            Persons 18 years of age and older who have a
        
petition of delinquency filed against them may be confined in an adult detention facility. In making a determination whether to confine a person 18 years of age or older who has a petition of delinquency filed against the person, these factors, among other matters, shall be considered:
                (A) the age of the person;
                (B) any previous delinquent or criminal
            
history of the person;
                (C) any previous abuse or neglect history of
            
the person;
                (D) any mental health history of the person;
            
and
                (E) any educational history of the person;
            (vi) ordered partially or completely emancipated
        
in accordance with the provisions of the Emancipation of Minors Act;
            (vii) subject to having his or her driver's
        
license or driving privileges suspended for such time as determined by the court but only until he or she attains 18 years of age;
            (viii) put on probation or conditional discharge
        
and placed in detention under Section 3-6039 of the Counties Code for a period not to exceed the period of incarceration permitted by law for adults found guilty of the same offense or offenses for which the minor was adjudicated delinquent, and in any event no longer than upon attainment of age 21; this subdivision (viii) notwithstanding any contrary provision of the law;
            (ix) ordered to undergo a medical or other
        
procedure to have a tattoo symbolizing allegiance to a street gang removed from his or her body; or
            (x) placed in electronic home detention under
        
Part 7A of this Article.
        (b) A minor found to be guilty may be committed to
    
the Department of Juvenile Justice under Section 5-750 if the minor is at least 13 years and under 20 years of age, provided that the commitment to the Department of Juvenile Justice shall be made only if a term of imprisonment in the penitentiary system of the Department of Corrections is permitted by law for adults found guilty of the offense for which the minor was adjudicated delinquent. The court shall include in the sentencing order any pre-custody credits the minor is entitled to under Section 5-4.5-100 of the Unified Code of Corrections. The time during which a minor is in custody before being released upon the request of a parent, guardian or legal custodian shall also be considered as time spent in custody.
        (c) When a minor is found to be guilty for an offense
    
which is a violation of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Cannabis Control Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act and made a ward of the court, the court may enter a disposition order requiring the minor to undergo assessment, counseling or treatment in a substance abuse program approved by the Department of Human Services.
    (2) Any sentencing order other than commitment to the Department of Juvenile Justice may provide for protective supervision under Section 5-725 and may include an order of protection under Section 5-730.
    (3) Unless the sentencing order expressly so provides, it does not operate to close proceedings on the pending petition, but is subject to modification until final closing and discharge of the proceedings under Section 5-750.
    (4) In addition to any other sentence, the court may order any minor found to be delinquent to make restitution, in monetary or non-monetary form, under the terms and conditions of Section 5-5-6 of the Unified Code of Corrections, except that the "presentencing hearing" referred to in that Section shall be the sentencing hearing for purposes of this Section. The parent, guardian or legal custodian of the minor may be ordered by the court to pay some or all of the restitution on the minor's behalf, pursuant to the Parental Responsibility Law. The State's Attorney is authorized to act on behalf of any victim in seeking restitution in proceedings under this Section, up to the maximum amount allowed in Section 5 of the Parental Responsibility Law.
    (5) Any sentencing order where the minor is committed or placed in accordance with Section 5-740 shall provide for the parents or guardian of the estate of the minor to pay to the legal custodian or guardian of the person of the minor such sums as are determined by the custodian or guardian of the person of the minor as necessary for the minor's needs. The payments may not exceed the maximum amounts provided for by Section 9.1 of the Children and Family Services Act.
    (6) Whenever the sentencing order requires the minor to attend school or participate in a program of training, the truant officer or designated school official shall regularly report to the court if the minor is a chronic or habitual truant under Section 26-2a of the School Code. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, in instances in which educational services are to be provided to a minor in a residential facility where the minor has been placed by the court, costs incurred in the provision of those educational services must be allocated based on the requirements of the School Code.
    (7) In no event shall a guilty minor be committed to the Department of Juvenile Justice for a period of time in excess of that period for which an adult could be committed for the same act. The court shall include in the sentencing order a limitation on the period of confinement not to exceed the maximum period of imprisonment the court could impose under Article V of the Unified Code of Corrections.
    (7.5) In no event shall a guilty minor be committed to the Department of Juvenile Justice or placed in detention when the act for which the minor was adjudicated delinquent would not be illegal if committed by an adult.
    (7.75) In no event shall a guilty minor be committed to the Department of Juvenile Justice for an offense that is a Class 3 or Class 4 felony violation of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act unless the commitment occurs upon a third or subsequent judicial finding of a violation of probation for substantial noncompliance with court ordered treatment or programming.
    (8) A minor found to be guilty for reasons that include a violation of Section 21-1.3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 shall be ordered to perform community service for not less than 30 and not more than 120 hours, if community service is available in the jurisdiction. The community service shall include, but need not be limited to, the cleanup and repair of the damage that was caused by the violation or similar damage to property located in the municipality or county in which the violation occurred. The order may be in addition to any other order authorized by this Section.
    (8.5) A minor found to be guilty for reasons that include a violation of Section 3.02 or Section 3.03 of the Humane Care for Animals Act or paragraph (d) of subsection (1) of Section 21-1 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or paragraph (4) of subsection (a) of Section 21-1 of the Criminal Code of 2012 shall be ordered to undergo medical or psychiatric treatment rendered by a psychiatrist or psychological treatment rendered by a clinical psychologist. The order may be in addition to any other order authorized by this Section.
    (9) In addition to any other sentencing order, the court shall order any minor found to be guilty for an act which would constitute, predatory criminal sexual assault of a child, aggravated criminal sexual assault, criminal sexual assault, aggravated criminal sexual abuse, or criminal sexual abuse if committed by an adult to undergo medical testing to determine whether the defendant has any sexually transmissible disease including a test for infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or any other identified causative agency of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Any medical test shall be performed only by appropriately licensed medical practitioners and may include an analysis of any bodily fluids as well as an examination of the minor's person. Except as otherwise provided by law, the results of the test shall be kept strictly confidential by all medical personnel involved in the testing and must be personally delivered in a sealed envelope to the judge of the court in which the sentencing order was entered for the judge's inspection in camera. Acting in accordance with the best interests of the victim and the public, the judge shall have the discretion to determine to whom the results of the testing may be revealed. The court shall notify the minor of the results of the test for infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The court shall also notify the victim if requested by the victim, and if the victim is under the age of 15 and if requested by the victim's parents or legal guardian, the court shall notify the victim's parents or the legal guardian, of the results of the test for infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The court shall provide information on the availability of HIV testing and counseling at the Department of Public Health facilities to all parties to whom the results of the testing are revealed. The court shall order that the cost of any test shall be paid by the county and may be taxed as costs against the minor.
    (10) When a court finds a minor to be guilty the court shall, before entering a sentencing order under this Section, make a finding whether the offense committed either: (a) was related to or in furtherance of the criminal activities of an organized gang or was motivated by the minor's membership in or allegiance to an organized gang, or (b) involved a violation of subsection (a) of Section 12-7.1 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, a violation of any Section of Article 24 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, or a violation of any statute that involved the wrongful use of a firearm. If the court determines the question in the affirmative, and the court does not commit the minor to the Department of Juvenile Justice, the court shall order the minor to perform community service for not less than 30 hours nor more than 120 hours, provided that community service is available in the jurisdiction and is funded and approved by the county board of the county where the offense was committed. The community service shall include, but need not be limited to, the cleanup and repair of any damage caused by a violation of Section 21-1.3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 and similar damage to property located in the municipality or county in which the violation occurred. When possible and reasonable, the community service shall be performed in the minor's neighborhood. This order shall be in addition to any other order authorized by this Section except for an order to place the minor in the custody of the Department of Juvenile Justice. For the purposes of this Section, "organized gang" has the meaning ascribed to it in Section 10 of the Illinois Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act.
    (11) If the court determines that the offense was committed in furtherance of the criminal activities of an organized gang, as provided in subsection (10), and that the offense involved the operation or use of a motor vehicle or the use of a driver's license or permit, the court shall notify the Secretary of State of that determination and of the period for which the minor shall be denied driving privileges. If, at the time of the determination, the minor does not hold a driver's license or permit, the court shall provide that the minor shall not be issued a driver's license or permit until his or her 18th birthday. If the minor holds a driver's license or permit at the time of the determination, the court shall provide that the minor's driver's license or permit shall be revoked until his or her 21st birthday, or until a later date or occurrence determined by the court. If the minor holds a driver's license at the time of the determination, the court may direct the Secretary of State to issue the minor a judicial driving permit, also known as a JDP. The JDP shall be subject to the same terms as a JDP issued under Section 6-206.1 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, except that the court may direct that the JDP be effective immediately.
    (12) If a minor is found to be guilty of a violation of subsection (a-7) of Section 1 of the Prevention of Tobacco Use by Minors Act, the court may, in its discretion, and upon recommendation by the State's Attorney, order that minor and his or her parents or legal guardian to attend a smoker's education or youth diversion program as defined in that Act if that program is available in the jurisdiction where the offender resides. Attendance at a smoker's education or youth diversion program shall be time-credited against any community service time imposed for any first violation of subsection (a-7) of Section 1 of that Act. In addition to any other penalty that the court may impose for a violation of subsection (a-7) of Section 1 of that Act, the court, upon request by the State's Attorney, may in its discretion require the offender to remit a fee for his or her attendance at a smoker's education or youth diversion program.
    For purposes of this Section, "smoker's education program" or "youth diversion program" includes, but is not limited to, a seminar designed to educate a person on the physical and psychological effects of smoking tobacco products and the health consequences of smoking tobacco products that can be conducted with a locality's youth diversion program.
    In addition to any other penalty that the court may impose under this subsection (12):
        (a) If a minor violates subsection (a-7) of Section 1
    
of the Prevention of Tobacco Use by Minors Act, the court may impose a sentence of 15 hours of community service or a fine of $25 for a first violation.
        (b) A second violation by a minor of subsection (a-7)
    
of Section 1 of that Act that occurs within 12 months after the first violation is punishable by a fine of $50 and 25 hours of community service.
        (c) A third or subsequent violation by a minor of
    
subsection (a-7) of Section 1 of that Act that occurs within 12 months after the first violation is punishable by a $100 fine and 30 hours of community service.
        (d) Any second or subsequent violation not within the
    
12-month time period after the first violation is punishable as provided for a first violation.
(Source: P.A. 98-536, eff. 8-23-13; 98-803, eff. 1-1-15; 99-268, eff. 1-1-16; 99-879, eff. 1-1-17.)

705 ILCS 405/5-715

    (705 ILCS 405/5-715)
    Sec. 5-715. Probation.
    (1) The period of probation or conditional discharge shall not exceed 5 years or until the minor has attained the age of 21 years, whichever is less, except as provided in this Section for a minor who is found to be guilty for an offense which is first degree murder. The juvenile court may terminate probation or conditional discharge and discharge the minor at any time if warranted by the conduct of the minor and the ends of justice; provided, however, that the period of probation for a minor who is found to be guilty for an offense which is first degree murder shall be at least 5 years.
    (1.5) The period of probation for a minor who is found guilty of aggravated criminal sexual assault, criminal sexual assault, or aggravated battery with a firearm shall be at least 36 months. The period of probation for a minor who is found to be guilty of any other Class X felony shall be at least 24 months. The period of probation for a Class 1 or Class 2 forcible felony shall be at least 18 months. Regardless of the length of probation ordered by the court, for all offenses under this paragraph (1.5), the court shall schedule hearings to determine whether it is in the best interest of the minor and public safety to terminate probation after the minimum period of probation has been served. In such a hearing, there shall be a rebuttable presumption that it is in the best interest of the minor and public safety to terminate probation.
    (2) The court may as a condition of probation or of conditional discharge require that the minor:
        (a) not violate any criminal statute of any
    
jurisdiction;
        (b) make a report to and appear in person before any
    
person or agency as directed by the court;
        (c) work or pursue a course of study or vocational
    
training;
        (d) undergo medical or psychiatric treatment,
    
rendered by a psychiatrist or psychological treatment rendered by a clinical psychologist or social work services rendered by a clinical social worker, or treatment for drug addiction or alcoholism;
        (e) attend or reside in a facility established for
    
the instruction or residence of persons on probation;
        (f) support his or her dependents, if any;
        (g) refrain from possessing a firearm or other
    
dangerous weapon, or an automobile;
        (h) permit the probation officer to visit him or her
    
at his or her home or elsewhere;
        (i) reside with his or her parents or in a foster
    
home;
        (j) attend school;
        (j-5) with the consent of the superintendent of the
    
facility, attend an educational program at a facility other than the school in which the offense was committed if he or she committed a crime of violence as defined in Section 2 of the Crime Victims Compensation Act in a school, on the real property comprising a school, or within 1,000 feet of the real property comprising a school;
        (k) attend a non-residential program for youth;
        (l) make restitution under the terms of subsection
    
(4) of Section 5-710;
        (m) contribute to his or her own support at home or
    
in a foster home;
        (n) perform some reasonable public or community
    
service;
        (o) participate with community corrections programs
    
including unified delinquency intervention services administered by the Department of Human Services subject to Section 5 of the Children and Family Services Act;
        (p) pay costs;
        (q) serve a term of home confinement. In addition to
    
any other applicable condition of probation or conditional discharge, the conditions of home confinement shall be that the minor:
            (i) remain within the interior premises of the
        
place designated for his or her confinement during the hours designated by the court;
            (ii) admit any person or agent designated by the
        
court into the minor's place of confinement at any time for purposes of verifying the minor's compliance with the conditions of his or her confinement; and
            (iii) use an approved electronic monitoring
        
device if ordered by the court subject to Article 8A of Chapter V of the Unified Code of Corrections;
        (r) refrain from entering into a designated
    
geographic area except upon terms as the court finds appropriate. The terms may include consideration of the purpose of the entry, the time of day, other persons accompanying the minor, and advance approval by a probation officer, if the minor has been placed on probation, or advance approval by the court, if the minor has been placed on conditional discharge;
        (s) refrain from having any contact, directly or
    
indirectly, with certain specified persons or particular types of persons, including but not limited to members of street gangs and drug users or dealers;
        (s-5) undergo a medical or other procedure to have a
    
tattoo symbolizing allegiance to a street gang removed from his or her body;
        (t) refrain from having in his or her body the
    
presence of any illicit drug prohibited by the Cannabis Control Act, the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, or the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, unless prescribed by a physician, and shall submit samples of his or her blood or urine or both for tests to determine the presence of any illicit drug; or
        (u) comply with other conditions as may be ordered by
    
the court.
    (3) The court may as a condition of probation or of conditional discharge require that a minor found guilty on any alcohol, cannabis, methamphetamine, or controlled substance violation, refrain from acquiring a driver's license during the period of probation or conditional discharge. If the minor is in possession of a permit or license, the court may require that the minor refrain from driving or operating any motor vehicle during the period of probation or conditional discharge, except as may be necessary in the course of the minor's lawful employment.
    (3.5) The court shall, as a condition of probation or of conditional discharge, require that a minor found to be guilty and placed on probation for reasons that include a violation of Section 3.02 or Section 3.03 of the Humane Care for Animals Act or paragraph (4) of subsection (a) of Section 21-1 of the Criminal Code of 2012 undergo medical or psychiatric treatment rendered by a psychiatrist or psychological treatment rendered by a clinical psychologist. The condition may be in addition to any other condition.
    (3.10) The court shall order that a minor placed on probation or conditional discharge for a sex offense as defined in the Sex Offender Management Board Act undergo and successfully complete sex offender treatment. The treatment shall be in conformance with the standards developed under the Sex Offender Management Board Act and conducted by a treatment provider approved by the Board. The treatment shall be at the expense of the person evaluated based upon that person's ability to pay for the treatment.
    (4) A minor on probation or conditional discharge shall be given a certificate setting forth the conditions upon which he or she is being released.
    (5) The court shall impose upon a minor placed on probation or conditional discharge, as a condition of the probation or conditional discharge, a fee of $50 for each month of probation or conditional discharge supervision ordered by the court, unless after determining the inability of the minor placed on probation or conditional discharge to pay the fee, the court assesses a lesser amount. The court may not impose the fee on a minor who is placed in the guardianship or custody of the Department of Children and Family Services under this Act while the minor is in placement. The fee shall be imposed only upon a minor who is actively supervised by the probation and court services department. The court may order the parent, guardian, or legal custodian of the minor to pay some or all of the fee on the minor's behalf.
    (5.5) Jurisdiction over an offender may be transferred from the sentencing court to the court of another circuit with the concurrence of both courts. Further transfers or retransfers of jurisdiction are also authorized in the same manner. The court to which jurisdiction has been transferred shall have the same powers as the sentencing court. The probation department within the circuit to which jurisdiction has been transferred, or which has agreed to provide supervision, may impose probation fees upon receiving the transferred offender, as provided in subsection (i) of Section 5-6-3 of the Unified Code of Corrections. For all transfer cases, as defined in Section 9b of the Probation and Probation Officers Act, the probation department from the original sentencing court shall retain all probation fees collected prior to the transfer. After the transfer, all probation fees shall be paid to the probation department within the circuit to which jurisdiction has been transferred.
    If the transfer case originated in another state and has been transferred under the Interstate Compact for Juveniles to the jurisdiction of an Illinois circuit court for supervision by an Illinois probation department, probation fees may be imposed only if permitted by the Interstate Commission for Juveniles.
    (6) The General Assembly finds that in order to protect the public, the juvenile justice system must compel compliance with the conditions of probation by responding to violations with swift, certain, and fair punishments and intermediate sanctions. The Chief Judge of each circuit shall adopt a system of structured, intermediate sanctions for violations of the terms and conditions of a sentence of supervision, probation or conditional discharge, under this Act.
    The court shall provide as a condition of a disposition of probation, conditional discharge, or supervision, that the probation agency may invoke any sanction from the list of intermediate sanctions adopted by the chief judge of the circuit court for violations of the terms and conditions of the sentence of probation, conditional discharge, or supervision, subject to the provisions of Section 5-720 of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 99-879, eff. 1-1-17; 100-159, eff. 8-18-17.)

705 ILCS 405/5-720

    (705 ILCS 405/5-720)
    Sec. 5-720. Probation revocation.
    (1) If a petition is filed charging a violation of a condition of probation or of conditional discharge, the court shall:
        (a) order the minor to appear; or
        (b) order the minor's detention if the court finds
    
that the detention is a matter of immediate and urgent necessity for the protection of the minor or of the person or property of another or that the minor is likely to flee the jurisdiction of the court, provided that any such detention shall be in a juvenile detention home and the minor so detained shall be 10 years of age or older; and
        (c) notify the persons named in the petition under
    
Section 5-520, in accordance with the provisions of Section 5-530.
    In making its detention determination under paragraph (b) of this subsection (1) of this Section, the court may use information in its findings offered at such a hearing by way of proffer based upon reliable information presented by the State, probation officer, or the minor. The filing of a petition for violation of a condition of probation or of conditional discharge shall toll the period of probation or of conditional discharge until the final determination of the charge, and the term of probation or conditional discharge shall not run until the hearing and disposition of the petition for violation.
    (2) The court shall conduct a hearing of the alleged violation of probation or of conditional discharge. The minor shall not be held in detention longer than 15 days pending the determination of the alleged violation.
    (3) At the hearing, the State shall have the burden of going forward with the evidence and proving the violation by a preponderance of the evidence. The evidence shall be presented in court with the right of confrontation, cross-examination, and representation by counsel.
    (4) If the court finds that the minor has violated a condition at any time prior to the expiration or termination of the period of probation or conditional discharge, it may continue him or her on the existing sentence, with or without modifying or enlarging the conditions, or may revoke probation or conditional discharge and impose any other sentence that was available under Section 5-710 at the time of the initial sentence.
    (5) The conditions of probation and of conditional discharge may be reduced or enlarged by the court on motion of the probation officer or on its own motion or at the request of the minor after notice and hearing under this Section.
    (6) Sentencing after revocation of probation or of conditional discharge shall be under Section 5-705.
    (7) Instead of filing a violation of probation or of conditional discharge, the probation officer, with the concurrence of his or her supervisor, may serve on the minor a notice of intermediate sanctions. The notice shall contain the technical violation or violations involved, the date or dates of the violation or violations, and the intermediate sanctions to be imposed. Upon receipt of the notice, the minor shall immediately accept or reject the intermediate sanctions. If the sanctions are accepted, they shall be imposed immediately. If the intermediate sanctions are rejected or the minor does not respond to the notice, a violation of probation or of conditional discharge shall be immediately filed with the court. The State's Attorney and the sentencing court shall be notified of the notice of sanctions. Upon successful completion of the intermediate sanctions, a court may not revoke probation or conditional discharge or impose additional sanctions for the same violation. A notice of intermediate sanctions may not be issued for any violation of probation or conditional discharge which could warrant an additional, separate felony charge.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-725

    (705 ILCS 405/5-725)
    Sec. 5-725. Protective supervision. If the sentencing order releases the minor to the custody of his or her parents, guardian or legal custodian, or continues him or her in such custody, the court may place the person having custody of the minor, except for representatives of private or public agencies or governmental departments, under supervision of the probation office. Rules or orders of court shall define the terms and conditions of protective supervision, which may be modified or terminated when the court finds that the best interests of the minor and the public will be served by modifying or terminating protective supervision.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-730

    (705 ILCS 405/5-730)
    Sec. 5-730. Order of protection.
    (1) The court may make an order of protection in assistance of or as a condition of any other order authorized by this Act. The order of protection may set forth reasonable conditions of behavior to be observed for a specified period. The order may require a person:
        (a) to stay away from the home or the minor;
        (b) to permit a parent to visit the minor at stated
    
periods;
        (c) to abstain from offensive conduct against the
    
minor, his or her parent or any person to whom custody of the minor is awarded;
        (d) to give proper attention to the care of the home;
        (e) to cooperate in good faith with an agency to
    
which custody of a minor is entrusted by the court or with an agency or association to which the minor is referred by the court;
        (f) to prohibit and prevent any contact whatsoever
    
with the respondent minor by a specified individual or individuals who are alleged in either a criminal or juvenile proceeding to have caused injury to a respondent minor or a sibling of a respondent minor;
        (g) to refrain from acts of commission or omission
    
that tend to make the home not a proper place for the minor.
    (2) The court shall enter an order of protection to prohibit and prevent any contact between a respondent minor or a sibling of a respondent minor and any person named in a petition seeking an order of protection who has been convicted of heinous battery or aggravated battery under subdivision (a)(2) of Section 12-3.05, aggravated battery of a child or aggravated battery under subdivision (b)(1) of Section 12-3.05, criminal sexual assault, aggravated criminal sexual assault, predatory criminal sexual assault of a child, criminal sexual abuse, or aggravated criminal sexual abuse as described in the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, or has been convicted of an offense that resulted in the death of a child, or has violated a previous order of protection under this Section.
    (3) When the court issues an order of protection against any person as provided by this Section, the court shall direct a copy of such order to the sheriff of that county. The sheriff shall furnish a copy of the order of protection to the Department of State Police within 24 hours of receipt, in the form and manner required by the Department. The Department of State Police shall maintain a complete record and index of the orders of protection and make this data available to all local law enforcement agencies.
    (4) After notice and opportunity for hearing afforded to a person subject to an order of protection, the order may be modified or extended for a further specified period or both or may be terminated if the court finds that the best interests of the minor and the public will be served by the modification, extension, or termination.
    (5) An order of protection may be sought at any time during the course of any proceeding conducted under this Act. Any person against whom an order of protection is sought may retain counsel to represent him or her at a hearing, and has rights to be present at the hearing, to be informed prior to the hearing in writing of the contents of the petition seeking a protective order and of the date, place, and time of the hearing, and to cross-examine witnesses called by the petitioner and to present witnesses and argument in opposition to the relief sought in the petition.
    (6) Diligent efforts shall be made by the petitioner to serve any person or persons against whom any order of protection is sought with written notice of the contents of the petition seeking a protective order and of the date, place and time at which the hearing on the petition is to be held. When a protective order is being sought in conjunction with a shelter care or detention hearing, if the court finds that the person against whom the protective order is being sought has been notified of the hearing or that diligent efforts have been made to notify the person, the court may conduct a hearing. If a protective order is sought at any time other than in conjunction with a shelter care or detention hearing, the court may not conduct a hearing on the petition in the absence of the person against whom the order is sought unless the petitioner has notified the person by personal service at least 3 days before the hearing or has sent written notice by first class mail to the person's last known address at least 5 days before the hearing.
    (7) A person against whom an order of protection is being sought who is neither a parent, guardian, or legal custodian or responsible relative as described in Section 1-5 of this Act or is not a party or respondent as defined in that Section shall not be entitled to the rights provided in that Section. The person does not have a right to appointed counsel or to be present at any hearing other than the hearing in which the order of protection is being sought or a hearing directly pertaining to that order. Unless the court orders otherwise, the person does not have a right to inspect the court file.
    (8) All protective orders entered under this Section shall be in writing. Unless the person against whom the order was obtained was present in court when the order was issued, the sheriff, other law enforcement official, or special process server shall promptly serve that order upon that person and file proof of that service, in the manner provided for service of process in civil proceedings. The person against whom the protective order was obtained may seek a modification of the order by filing a written motion to modify the order within 7 days after actual receipt by the person of a copy of the order.
(Source: P.A. 96-1551, Article 1, Section 955, eff. 7-1-11; 96-1551, Article 2, Section 1030, eff. 7-1-11; 97-1109, eff. 1-1-13; 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

705 ILCS 405/5-735

    (705 ILCS 405/5-735)
    Sec. 5-735. Enforcement of orders of protective supervision or of protection.
    (1) Orders of protective supervision and orders of protection may be enforced by citation to show cause for contempt of court by reason of any violation of the order and, where protection of the welfare of the minor so requires, by the issuance of a warrant to take the alleged violator into custody and bring him or her before the court.
    (2) In any case where an order of protection has been entered, the clerk of the court may issue to the petitioner, to the minor or to any other person affected by the order a certificate stating that an order of protection has been made by the court concerning those persons and setting forth its terms and requirements. The presentation of the certificate to any peace officer authorizes him or her to take into custody a person charged with violating the terms of the order of protection, to bring the person before the court and, within the limits of his or her legal authority as a peace officer, otherwise to aid in securing the protection the order is intended to afford.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-740

    (705 ILCS 405/5-740)
    Sec. 5-740. Placement; legal custody or guardianship.
    (1) If the court finds that the parents, guardian, or legal custodian of a minor adjudged a ward of the court are unfit or are unable, for some reason other than financial circumstances alone, to care for, protect, train or discipline the minor or are unwilling to do so, and that appropriate services aimed at family preservation and family reunification have been unsuccessful in rectifying the conditions which have led to a finding of unfitness or inability to care for, protect, train or discipline the minor, and that it is in the best interest of the minor to take him or her from the custody of his or her parents, guardian or custodian, the court may:
        (a) place him or her in the custody of a suitable
    
relative or other person;
        (b) place him or her under the guardianship of a
    
probation officer;
        (c) commit him or her to an agency for care or
    
placement, except an institution under the authority of the Department of Juvenile Justice or of the Department of Children and Family Services;
        (d) commit him or her to some licensed training
    
school or industrial school; or
        (e) commit him or her to any appropriate institution
    
having among its purposes the care of delinquent children, including a child protective facility maintained by a child protection district serving the county from which commitment is made, but not including any institution under the authority of the Department of Juvenile Justice or of the Department of Children and Family Services.
    (2) When making such placement, the court, wherever possible, shall select a person holding the same religious belief as that of the minor or a private agency controlled by persons of like religious faith of the minor and shall require the Department of Children and Family Services to otherwise comply with Section 7 of the Children and Family Services Act in placing the child. In addition, whenever alternative plans for placement are available, the court shall ascertain and consider, to the extent appropriate in the particular case, the views and preferences of the minor.
    (3) When a minor is placed with a suitable relative or other person, the court shall appoint him or her the legal custodian or guardian of the person of the minor. When a minor is committed to any agency, the court shall appoint the proper officer or representative of the proper officer as legal custodian or guardian of the person of the minor. Legal custodians and guardians of the person of the minor have the respective rights and duties set forth in subsection (9) of Section 5-105 except as otherwise provided by order of court; but no guardian of the person may consent to adoption of the minor. An agency whose representative is appointed guardian of the person or legal custodian of the minor may place him or her in any child care facility, but the facility must be licensed under the Child Care Act of 1969 or have been approved by the Department of Children and Family Services as meeting the standards established for such licensing. Like authority and restrictions shall be conferred by the court upon any probation officer who has been appointed guardian of the person of a minor.
    (4) No placement by any probation officer or agency whose representative is appointed guardian of the person or legal custodian of a minor may be made in any out of State child care facility unless it complies with the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children.
    (5) The clerk of the court shall issue to the guardian or legal custodian of the person a certified copy of the order of court, as proof of his or her authority. No other process is necessary as authority for the keeping of the minor.
    (6) Legal custody or guardianship granted under this Section continues until the court otherwise directs, but not after the minor reaches the age of 21 years except as set forth in Section 5-750.
(Source: P.A. 99-628, eff. 1-1-17.)

705 ILCS 405/5-745

    (705 ILCS 405/5-745)
    Sec. 5-745. Court review.
    (1) The court may require any legal custodian or guardian of the person appointed under this Act, including the Department of Juvenile Justice for youth committed under Section 5-750 of this Act, to report periodically to the court or may cite him or her into court and require him or her, or his or her agency, to make a full and accurate report of his or her or its doings in behalf of the minor, including efforts to secure post-release placement of the youth after release from the Department's facilities. The legal custodian or guardian, within 10 days after the citation, shall make the report, either in writing verified by affidavit or orally under oath in open court, or otherwise as the court directs. Upon the hearing of the report the court may remove the legal custodian or guardian and appoint another in his or her stead or restore the minor to the custody of his or her parents or former guardian or legal custodian.
    (2) If the Department of Children and Family Services is appointed legal custodian or guardian of a minor under Section 5-740 of this Act, the Department of Children and Family Services shall file updated case plans with the court every 6 months. Every agency which has guardianship of a child shall file a supplemental petition for court review, or review by an administrative body appointed or approved by the court and further order within 18 months of the sentencing order and each 18 months thereafter. The petition shall state facts relative to the child's present condition of physical, mental and emotional health as well as facts relative to his or her present custodial or foster care. The petition shall be set for hearing and the clerk shall mail 10 days notice of the hearing by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the person or agency having the physical custody of the child, the minor and other interested parties unless a written waiver of notice is filed with the petition.
    If the minor is in the custody of the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services, pursuant to an order entered under this Article, the court shall conduct permanency hearings as set out in subsections (1), (2), and (3) of Section 2-28 of Article II of this Act.
    Rights of wards of the court under this Act are enforceable against any public agency by complaints for relief by mandamus filed in any proceedings brought under this Act.
    (3) The minor or any person interested in the minor may apply to the court for a change in custody of the minor and the appointment of a new custodian or guardian of the person or for the restoration of the minor to the custody of his or her parents or former guardian or custodian. In the event that the minor has attained 18 years of age and the guardian or custodian petitions the court for an order terminating his or her guardianship or custody, guardianship or legal custody shall terminate automatically 30 days after the receipt of the petition unless the court orders otherwise. No legal custodian or guardian of the person may be removed without his or her consent until given notice and an opportunity to be heard by the court.
    (4) If the minor is committed to the Department of Juvenile Justice under Section 5-750 of this Act, the Department shall notify the court in writing of the occurrence of any of the following:
        (a) a critical incident involving a youth committed
    
to the Department; as used in this paragraph (a), "critical incident" means any incident that involves a serious risk to the life, health, or well-being of the youth and includes, but is not limited to, an accident or suicide attempt resulting in serious bodily harm or hospitalization, psychiatric hospitalization, alleged or suspected abuse, or escape or attempted escape from custody, filed within 10 days of the occurrence;
        (b) a youth who has been released by the Prisoner
    
Review Board but remains in a Department facility solely because the youth does not have an approved aftercare release host site, filed within 10 days of the occurrence;
        (c) a youth, except a youth who has been adjudicated
    
a habitual or violent juvenile offender under Section 5-815 or 5-820 of this Act or committed for first degree murder, who has been held in a Department facility for over one consecutive year; or
        (d) if a report has been filed under paragraph (c) of
    
this subsection, a supplemental report shall be filed every 6 months thereafter.
The notification required by this subsection (4) shall contain a brief description of the incident or situation and a summary of the youth's current physical, mental, and emotional health and the actions the Department took in response to the incident or to identify an aftercare release host site, as applicable. Upon receipt of the notification, the court may require the Department to make a full report under subsection (1) of this Section.
    (5) With respect to any report required to be filed with the court under this Section, the Independent Juvenile Ombudsman shall provide a copy to the minor's court appointed guardian ad litem, if the Department has received written notice of the appointment, and to the minor's attorney, if the Department has received written notice of representation from the attorney. If the Department has a record that a guardian has been appointed for the minor and a record of the last known address of the minor's court appointed guardian, the Independent Juvenile Ombudsman shall send a notice to the guardian that the report is available and will be provided by the Independent Juvenile Ombudsman upon request. If the Department has no record regarding the appointment of a guardian for the minor, and the Department's records include the last known addresses of the minor's parents, the Independent Juvenile Ombudsman shall send a notice to the parents that the report is available and will be provided by the Independent Juvenile Ombudsman upon request.
(Source: P.A. 99-628, eff. 1-1-17; 99-664, eff. 1-1-17; 100-201, eff. 8-18-17.)

705 ILCS 405/5-750

    (705 ILCS 405/5-750)
    Sec. 5-750. Commitment to the Department of Juvenile Justice.
    (1) Except as provided in subsection (2) of this Section, when any delinquent has been adjudged a ward of the court under this Act, the court may commit him or her to the Department of Juvenile Justice, if it finds that (a) his or her parents, guardian or legal custodian are unfit or are unable, for some reason other than financial circumstances alone, to care for, protect, train or discipline the minor, or are unwilling to do so, and the best interests of the minor and the public will not be served by placement under Section 5-740, or it is necessary to ensure the protection of the public from the consequences of criminal activity of the delinquent; and (b) commitment to the Department of Juvenile Justice is the least restrictive alternative based on evidence that efforts were made to locate less restrictive alternatives to secure confinement and the reasons why efforts were unsuccessful in locating a less restrictive alternative to secure confinement. Before the court commits a minor to the Department of Juvenile Justice, it shall make a finding that secure confinement is necessary, following a review of the following individualized factors:
        (A) Age of the minor.
        (B) Criminal background of the minor.
        (C) Review of results of any assessments of the
    
minor, including child centered assessments such as the CANS.
        (D) Educational background of the minor, indicating
    
whether the minor has ever been assessed for a learning disability, and if so what services were provided as well as any disciplinary incidents at school.
        (E) Physical, mental and emotional health of the
    
minor, indicating whether the minor has ever been diagnosed with a health issue and if so what services were provided and whether the minor was compliant with services.
        (F) Community based services that have been provided
    
to the minor, and whether the minor was compliant with the services, and the reason the services were unsuccessful.
        (G) Services within the Department of Juvenile
    
Justice that will meet the individualized needs of the minor.
    (1.5) Before the court commits a minor to the Department of Juvenile Justice, the court must find reasonable efforts have been made to prevent or eliminate the need for the minor to be removed from the home, or reasonable efforts cannot, at this time, for good cause, prevent or eliminate the need for removal, and removal from home is in the best interests of the minor, the minor's family, and the public.
    (2) When a minor of the age of at least 13 years is adjudged delinquent for the offense of first degree murder, the court shall declare the minor a ward of the court and order the minor committed to the Department of Juvenile Justice until the minor's 21st birthday, without the possibility of aftercare release, furlough, or non-emergency authorized absence for a period of 5 years from the date the minor was committed to the Department of Juvenile Justice, except that the time that a minor spent in custody for the instant offense before being committed to the Department of Juvenile Justice shall be considered as time credited towards that 5 year period. Upon release from a Department facility, a minor adjudged delinquent for first degree murder shall be placed on aftercare release until the age of 21, unless sooner discharged from aftercare release or custodianship is otherwise terminated in accordance with this Act or as otherwise provided for by law. Nothing in this subsection (2) shall preclude the State's Attorney from seeking to prosecute a minor as an adult as an alternative to proceeding under this Act.
    (3) Except as provided in subsection (2), the commitment of a delinquent to the Department of Juvenile Justice shall be for an indeterminate term which shall automatically terminate upon the delinquent attaining the age of 21 years or upon completion of that period for which an adult could be committed for the same act, whichever occurs sooner, unless the delinquent is sooner discharged from aftercare release or custodianship is otherwise terminated in accordance with this Act or as otherwise provided for by law.
    (3.5) Every delinquent minor committed to the Department of Juvenile Justice under this Act shall be eligible for aftercare release without regard to the length of time the minor has been confined or whether the minor has served any minimum term imposed. Aftercare release shall be administered by the Department of Juvenile Justice, under the direction of the Director. Unless sooner discharged, the Department of Juvenile Justice shall discharge a minor from aftercare release upon completion of the following aftercare release terms:
        (a) One and a half years from the date a minor is
    
released from a Department facility, if the minor was committed for a Class X felony;
        (b) One year from the date a minor is released
    
from a Department facility, if the minor was committed for a Class 1 or 2 felony; and
        (c) Six months from the date a minor is released
    
from a Department facility, if the minor was committed for a Class 3 felony or lesser offense.
    (4) When the court commits a minor to the Department of Juvenile Justice, it shall order him or her conveyed forthwith to the appropriate reception station or other place designated by the Department of Juvenile Justice, and shall appoint the Director of Juvenile Justice legal custodian of the minor. The clerk of the court shall issue to the Director of Juvenile Justice a certified copy of the order, which constitutes proof of the Director's authority. No other process need issue to warrant the keeping of the minor.
    (5) If a minor is committed to the Department of Juvenile Justice, the clerk of the court shall forward to the Department:
        (a) the sentencing order;
        (b) all reports;
        (c) the court's statement of the basis for ordering
    
the disposition;
        (d) any sex offender evaluations;
        (e) any risk assessment or substance abuse
    
treatment eligibility screening and assessment of the minor by an agent designated by the State to provide assessment services for the courts;
        (f) the number of days, if any, which the minor
    
has been in custody and for which he or she is entitled to credit against the sentence, which information shall be provided to the clerk by the sheriff;
        (g) any medical or mental health records or
    
summaries of the minor;
        (h) the municipality where the arrest of the minor
    
occurred, the commission of the offense occurred, and the minor resided at the time of commission; and
        (i) all additional matters which the court directs
    
the clerk to transmit.
    (6) Whenever the Department of Juvenile Justice lawfully discharges from its custody and control a minor committed to it, the Director of Juvenile Justice shall petition the court for an order terminating his or her custodianship. The custodianship shall terminate automatically 30 days after receipt of the petition unless the court orders otherwise.
    (7) If, while on aftercare release, a minor committed to the Department of Juvenile Justice is charged under the criminal laws of this State with an offense that could result in a sentence of imprisonment within the Department of Corrections, the commitment to the Department of Juvenile Justice and all rights and duties created by that commitment are automatically suspended pending final disposition of the criminal charge. If the minor is found guilty of the criminal charge and sentenced to a term of imprisonment in the penitentiary system of the Department of Corrections, the commitment to the Department of Juvenile Justice shall be automatically terminated. If the criminal charge is dismissed, the minor is found not guilty, or the minor completes a criminal sentence other than imprisonment within the Department of Corrections, the previously imposed commitment to the Department of Juvenile Justice and the full aftercare release term shall be automatically reinstated unless custodianship is sooner terminated. Nothing in this subsection (7) shall preclude the court from ordering another sentence under Section 5-710 of this Act or from terminating the Department's custodianship while the commitment to the Department is suspended.
(Source: P.A. 98-558, eff. 1-1-14; 99-268, eff. 1-1-16.)

705 ILCS 405/5-755

    (705 ILCS 405/5-755)
    Sec. 5-755. Duration of wardship and discharge of proceedings.
    (1) All proceedings under this Act in respect of any minor for whom a petition was filed on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1998 automatically terminate upon his or her attaining the age of 21 years except that provided in Section 5-810.
    (2) Whenever the court finds that the best interests of the minor and the public no longer require the wardship of the court, the court shall order the wardship terminated and all proceedings under this Act respecting that minor finally closed and discharged. The court may at the same time continue or terminate any custodianship or guardianship previously ordered but the termination must be made in compliance with Section 5-745.
    (3) The wardship of the minor and any legal custodianship or guardianship respecting the minor for whom a petition was filed on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1998 automatically terminates when he or she attains the age of 21 years except as set forth in subsection (1) of this Section. The clerk of the court shall at that time record all proceedings under this Act as finally closed and discharged for that reason.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 7A

 
    (705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 7A heading)
PART 7A. JUVENILE ELECTRONIC HOME DETENTION LAW
(Source: P.A. 96-293, eff. 1-1-10.)

705 ILCS 405/5-7A-101

    (705 ILCS 405/5-7A-101)
    Sec. 5-7A-101. Short title. This Part may be cited as the Juvenile Electronic Home Detention Law.
(Source: P.A. 96-293, eff. 1-1-10.)

705 ILCS 405/5-7A-105

    (705 ILCS 405/5-7A-105)
    Sec. 5-7A-105. Definitions. As used in this Article:
    (a) "Approved electronic monitoring device" means a device approved by the supervising authority that is primarily intended to record or transmit information as to the minor's presence or nonpresence in the home. An approved electronic monitoring device may record or transmit: oral or wire communications or an auditory sound; visual images; or information regarding the minor's activities while inside the offender's home. These devices are subject to the required consent as set forth in Section 5-7A-125 of this Article. An approved electronic monitoring device may be used to record a conversation between the participant and the monitoring device, or the participant and the person supervising the participant solely for the purpose of identification and not for the purpose of eavesdropping or conducting any other illegally intrusive monitoring.
    (b) "Excluded offenses" means any act if committed by an adult would constitute first degree murder, escape, aggravated criminal sexual assault, criminal sexual assault, aggravated battery with a firearm, bringing or possessing a firearm, ammunition, or explosive in a penal institution, any "Super-X" drug offense or calculated criminal drug conspiracy or streetgang criminal drug conspiracy, or any predecessor or successor offenses with the same or substantially the same elements, or any inchoate offenses relating to the foregoing offenses.
    (c) "Home detention" means the confinement of a minor adjudicated delinquent or subject to an adjudicatory hearing under Article V for an act that if committed by an adult would be an offense to his or her place of residence under the terms and conditions established by the supervising authority.
    (d) "Participant" means a minor placed into an electronic monitoring program.
    (e) "Supervising authority" means the Department of Juvenile Justice, probation supervisory authority, sheriff, superintendent of a juvenile detention center, or any other officer or agency charged with authorizing and supervising home detention.
    (f) "Super-X drug offense" means a violation of clause (a)(1)(B), (C), or (D) of Section 401; clause (a)(2)(B), (C), or (D) of Section 401; clause (a)(3)(B), (C), or (D) of Section 401; or clause (a)(7)(B), (C), or (D) of Section 401 of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-293, eff. 1-1-10.)

705 ILCS 405/5-7A-110

    (705 ILCS 405/5-7A-110)
    Sec. 5-7A-110. Application.
    (a) Except as provided in subsection (d), a minor subject to an adjudicatory hearing or adjudicated delinquent for an act that if committed by an adult would be an excluded offense may not be placed in an electronic home detention program, except upon order of the court upon good cause shown.
    (b) A minor adjudicated delinquent for an act that if committed by an adult would be a Class 1 felony, other than an excluded offense, may be placed in an electronic home detention program.
    (c) A minor adjudicated delinquent for an act that if committed by an adult would be a Class X felony, other than an excluded offense, may be placed in an electronic home detention program, provided that the person was sentenced on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly and provided that the court has not prohibited the program for the minor in the sentencing order.
    (d) Applications for electronic home detention may include the following:
        (1) pre-adjudicatory detention;
        (2) probation;
        (3) furlough;
        (4) post-trial incarceration; or
        (5) any other disposition under this Article.
(Source: P.A. 96-293, eff. 1-1-10.)

705 ILCS 405/5-7A-115

    (705 ILCS 405/5-7A-115)
    Sec. 5-7A-115. Program description. The supervising authority may promulgate rules that prescribe reasonable guidelines under which an electronic home detention program shall operate. These rules shall include, but not be limited, to the following:
        (A) The participant shall remain within the interior
    
premises or within the property boundaries of his or her residence at all times during the hours designated by the supervising authority. Such instances of approved absences from the home may include, but are not limited to, the following:
            (1) working or employment approved by the court
        
or traveling to or from approved employment;
            (2) unemployed and seeking employment approved
        
for the participant by the court;
            (3) undergoing medical, psychiatric, mental
        
health treatment, counseling, or other treatment programs approved for the participant by the court;
            (4) attending an educational institution or a
        
program approved for the participant by the court;
            (5) attending a regularly scheduled religious
        
service at a place of worship;
            (6) participating in community work release or
        
community service programs approved for the participant by the supervising authority; or
            (7) for another compelling reason consistent with
        
the public interest, as approved by the supervising authority.
        (B) The participant shall admit any person or agent
    
designated by the supervising authority into his or her residence at any time for purposes of verifying the participant's compliance with the conditions of his or her detention.
        (C) The participant shall make the necessary
    
arrangements to allow for any person or agent designated by the supervising authority to visit the participant's place of education or employment at any time, based upon the approval of the educational institution or employer or both, for the purpose of verifying the participant's compliance with the conditions of his or her detention.
        (D) The participant shall acknowledge and participate
    
with the approved electronic monitoring device as designated by the supervising authority at any time for the purpose of verifying the participant's compliance with the conditions of his or her detention.
        (E) The participant shall maintain the following:
            (1) a working telephone in the participant's home;
            (2) a monitoring device in the participant's
        
home, or on the participant's person, or both; and
            (3) a monitoring device in the participant's home
        
and on the participant's person in the absence of a telephone.
        (F) The participant shall obtain approval from the
    
supervising authority before the participant changes residence or the schedule described in paragraph (A) of this Section.
        (G) The participant shall not commit another act that
    
if committed by an adult would constitute a crime during the period of home detention ordered by the court.
        (H) Notice to the participant that violation of the
    
order for home detention may subject the participant to an adjudicatory hearing for escape as described in Section 5-7A-120.
        (I) The participant shall abide by other conditions
    
as set by the supervising authority.
(Source: P.A. 96-293, eff. 1-1-10.)

705 ILCS 405/5-7A-120

    (705 ILCS 405/5-7A-120)
    Sec. 5-7A-120. Escape; failure to comply with a condition of the juvenile electronic home monitoring detention program. A minor charged with or adjudicated delinquent for an act that, if committed by an adult, would constitute a felony or misdemeanor, conditionally released from the supervising authority through a juvenile electronic home monitoring detention program, who knowingly violates a condition of the juvenile electronic home monitoring detention program shall be adjudicated a delinquent minor for such act and shall be subject to an additional sentencing order under Section 5-710.
(Source: P.A. 96-293, eff. 1-1-10; 97-333, eff. 8-12-11.)

705 ILCS 405/5-7A-125

    (705 ILCS 405/5-7A-125)
    Sec. 5-7A-125. Consent of the participant. Before entering an order for commitment for juvenile electronic home detention, the supervising authority shall inform the participant and other persons residing in the home of the nature and extent of the approved electronic monitoring devices by doing the following:
        (A) Securing the written consent of the participant
    
in the program to comply with the rules and regulations of the program as stipulated in paragraphs (A) through (I) of Section 5-7A-115.
        (B) Where possible, securing the written consent of
    
other persons residing in the home of the participant, including the parent or legal guardian of the minor and of the person in whose name the telephone is registered, at the time of the order or commitment for electronic home detention is entered and acknowledge the nature and extent of approved electronic monitoring devices.
        (C) Ensure that the approved electronic devices are
    
minimally intrusive upon the privacy of the participant and other persons residing in the home while remaining in compliance with paragraphs (B) through (D) of Section 5-7A-115.
(Source: P.A. 96-293, eff. 1-1-10; 97-333, eff. 8-12-11.)

705 ILCS 405/7A-120

    (705 ILCS 405/7A-120)
    (This Section was renumbered as Section 5-7A-120 in P.A. 97-333.)
    Sec. 7A-120. (Renumbered).
(Source: P.A. 96-293, eff. 1-1-10. Renumbered by P.A. 97-333, eff. 8-12-11.)

705 ILCS 405/7A-125

    (705 ILCS 405/7A-125)
    (This Section was renumbered as Section 5-7A-125 by P.A. 97-333.)
    Sec. 7A-125. (Renumbered).
(Source: P.A. 96-293, eff. 1-1-10. Renumbered by P.A. 97-333, eff. 8-12-11.)

705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 8

 
    (705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 8 heading)
PART 8. VIOLENT AND HABITUAL JUVENILE
OFFENDER PROVISIONS

705 ILCS 405/5-801

    (705 ILCS 405/5-801)
    Sec. 5-801. Legislative declaration. The General Assembly finds that a substantial and disproportionate amount of serious crime is committed by a relatively small number of juvenile offenders. Part 8 of this Article addresses these juvenile offenders and, in all proceedings under Sections 5-805, 5-810, and 5-815, the community's right to be protected shall be the most important purpose of the proceedings.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-805

    (705 ILCS 405/5-805)
    Sec. 5-805. Transfer of jurisdiction.
    (1) (Blank).
    (2) Presumptive transfer.
        (a) If the State's Attorney files a petition, at any
    
time prior to commencement of the minor's trial, to permit prosecution under the criminal laws and the petition alleges a minor 15 years of age or older of an act that constitutes a forcible felony under the laws of this State, and if a motion by the State's Attorney to prosecute the minor under the criminal laws of Illinois for the alleged forcible felony alleges that (i) the minor has previously been adjudicated delinquent or found guilty for commission of an act that constitutes a forcible felony under the laws of this State or any other state and (ii) the act that constitutes the offense was committed in furtherance of criminal activity by an organized gang, and, if the juvenile judge assigned to hear and determine motions to transfer a case for prosecution in the criminal court determines that there is probable cause to believe that the allegations in the petition and motion are true, there is a rebuttable presumption that the minor is not a fit and proper subject to be dealt with under the Juvenile Justice Reform Provisions of 1998 (Public Act 90-590), and that, except as provided in paragraph (b), the case should be transferred to the criminal court.
        (b) The judge shall enter an order permitting
    
prosecution under the criminal laws of Illinois unless the judge makes a finding based on clear and convincing evidence that the minor would be amenable to the care, treatment, and training programs available through the facilities of the juvenile court based on an evaluation of the following:
            (i) the age of the minor;
            (ii) the history of the minor, including:
                (A) any previous delinquent or criminal
            
history of the minor,
                (B) any previous abuse or neglect history of
            
the minor, and
                (C) any mental health, physical or
            
educational history of the minor or combination of these factors;
            (iii) the circumstances of the offense,
        
including:
                (A) the seriousness of the offense,
                (B) whether the minor is charged through
            
accountability,
                (C) whether there is evidence the offense was
            
committed in an aggressive and premeditated manner,
                (D) whether there is evidence the offense
            
caused serious bodily harm,
                (E) whether there is evidence the minor
            
possessed a deadly weapon;
            (iv) the advantages of treatment within the
        
juvenile justice system including whether there are facilities or programs, or both, particularly available in the juvenile system;
            (v) whether the security of the public requires
        
sentencing under Chapter V of the Unified Code of Corrections:
                (A) the minor's history of services,
            
including the minor's willingness to participate meaningfully in available services;
                (B) whether there is a reasonable likelihood
            
that the minor can be rehabilitated before the expiration of the juvenile court's jurisdiction;
                (C) the adequacy of the punishment or
            
services.
        In considering these factors, the court shall give
    
greater weight to the seriousness of the alleged offense and the minor's prior record of delinquency than to the other factors listed in this subsection.
    (3) Discretionary transfer.
        (a) If a petition alleges commission by a minor 13
    
years of age or over of an act that constitutes a crime under the laws of this State and, on motion of the State's Attorney to permit prosecution of the minor under the criminal laws, a Juvenile Judge assigned by the Chief Judge of the Circuit to hear and determine those motions, after hearing but before commencement of the trial, finds that there is probable cause to believe that the allegations in the motion are true and that it is not in the best interests of the public to proceed under this Act, the court may enter an order permitting prosecution under the criminal laws.
        (b) In making its determination on the motion to
    
permit prosecution under the criminal laws, the court shall consider among other matters:
            (i) the age of the minor;
            (ii) the history of the minor, including:
                (A) any previous delinquent or criminal
            
history of the minor,
                (B) any previous abuse or neglect history of
            
the minor, and
                (C) any mental health, physical, or
            
educational history of the minor or combination of these factors;
            (iii) the circumstances of the offense,
        
including:
                (A) the seriousness of the offense,
                (B) whether the minor is charged through
            
accountability,
                (C) whether there is evidence the offense was
            
committed in an aggressive and premeditated manner,
                (D) whether there is evidence the offense
            
caused serious bodily harm,
                (E) whether there is evidence the minor
            
possessed a deadly weapon;
            (iv) the advantages of treatment within the
        
juvenile justice system including whether there are facilities or programs, or both, particularly available in the juvenile system;
            (v) whether the security of the public requires
        
sentencing under Chapter V of the Unified Code of Corrections:
                (A) the minor's history of services,
            
including the minor's willingness to participate meaningfully in available services;
                (B) whether there is a reasonable likelihood
            
that the minor can be rehabilitated before the expiration of the juvenile court's jurisdiction;
                (C) the adequacy of the punishment or
            
services.
        In considering these factors, the court shall give
    
greater weight to the seriousness of the alleged offense, the minor's prior record of delinquency than to the other factors listed in this subsection.
    (4) The rules of evidence for this hearing shall be the same as under Section 5-705 of this Act. A minor must be represented in court by counsel before the hearing may be commenced.
    (5) If criminal proceedings are instituted, the petition for adjudication of wardship shall be dismissed insofar as the act or acts involved in the criminal proceedings. Taking of evidence in a trial on petition for adjudication of wardship is a bar to criminal proceedings based upon the conduct alleged in the petition.
    (6) When criminal prosecution is permitted under this Section and a finding of guilt is entered, the criminal court shall sentence the minor under Section 5-4.5-105 of the Unified Code of Corrections.
    (7) The changes made to this Section by this amendatory Act of the 99th General Assembly apply to a minor who has been taken into custody on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 99th General Assembly.
(Source: P.A. 99-258, eff. 1-1-16.)

705 ILCS 405/5-810

    (705 ILCS 405/5-810)
    Sec. 5-810. Extended jurisdiction juvenile prosecutions.
    (1) (a) If the State's Attorney files a petition, at any time prior to commencement of the minor's trial, to designate the proceeding as an extended jurisdiction juvenile prosecution and the petition alleges the commission by a minor 13 years of age or older of any offense which would be a felony if committed by an adult, and, if the juvenile judge assigned to hear and determine petitions to designate the proceeding as an extended jurisdiction juvenile prosecution determines that there is probable cause to believe that the allegations in the petition and motion are true, there is a rebuttable presumption that the proceeding shall be designated as an extended jurisdiction juvenile proceeding.
    (b) The judge shall enter an order designating the proceeding as an extended jurisdiction juvenile proceeding unless the judge makes a finding based on clear and convincing evidence that sentencing under the Chapter V of the Unified Code of Corrections would not be appropriate for the minor based on an evaluation of the following factors:
        (i) the age of the minor;
        (ii) the history of the minor, including:
            (A) any previous delinquent or criminal history
        
of the minor,
            (B) any previous abuse or neglect history of the
        
minor, and
            (C) any mental health, physical and/or
        
educational history of the minor;
        (iii) the circumstances of the offense, including:
            (A) the seriousness of the offense,
            (B) whether the minor is charged through
        
accountability,
            (C) whether there is evidence the offense was
        
committed in an aggressive and premeditated manner,
            (D) whether there is evidence the offense caused
        
serious bodily harm,
            (E) whether there is evidence the minor possessed
        
a deadly weapon;
        (iv) the advantages of treatment within the juvenile
    
justice system including whether there are facilities or programs, or both, particularly available in the juvenile system;
        (v) whether the security of the public requires
    
sentencing under Chapter V of the Unified Code of Corrections:
            (A) the minor's history of services, including
        
the minor's willingness to participate meaningfully in available services;
            (B) whether there is a reasonable likelihood that
        
the minor can be rehabilitated before the expiration of the juvenile court's jurisdiction;
            (C) the adequacy of the punishment or services.
    In considering these factors, the court shall give greater weight to the seriousness of the alleged offense, and the minor's prior record of delinquency than to other factors listed in this subsection.
    (2) Procedures for extended jurisdiction juvenile prosecutions. The State's Attorney may file a written motion for a proceeding to be designated as an extended juvenile jurisdiction prior to commencement of trial. Notice of the motion shall be in compliance with Section 5-530. When the State's Attorney files a written motion that a proceeding be designated an extended jurisdiction juvenile prosecution, the court shall commence a hearing within 30 days of the filing of the motion for designation, unless good cause is shown by the prosecution or the minor as to why the hearing could not be held within this time period. If the court finds good cause has been demonstrated, then the hearing shall be held within 60 days of the filing of the motion. The hearings shall be open to the public unless the judge finds that the hearing should be closed for the protection of any party, victim or witness. If the Juvenile Judge assigned to hear and determine a motion to designate an extended jurisdiction juvenile prosecution determines that there is probable cause to believe that the allegations in the petition and motion are true the court shall grant the motion for designation. Information used by the court in its findings or stated in or offered in connection with this Section may be by way of proffer based on reliable information offered by the State or the minor. All evidence shall be admissible if it is relevant and reliable regardless of whether it would be admissible under the rules of evidence.
    (3) Trial. A minor who is subject of an extended jurisdiction juvenile prosecution has the right to trial by jury. Any trial under this Section shall be open to the public.
    (4) Sentencing. If an extended jurisdiction juvenile prosecution under subsection (1) results in a guilty plea, a verdict of guilty, or a finding of guilt, the court shall impose the following:
        (i) one or more juvenile sentences under Section
    
5-710; and
        (ii) an adult criminal sentence in accordance with
    
the provisions of Section 5-4.5-105 of the Unified Code of Corrections, the execution of which shall be stayed on the condition that the offender not violate the provisions of the juvenile sentence.
Any sentencing hearing under this Section shall be open to the public.
    (5) If, after an extended jurisdiction juvenile prosecution trial, a minor is convicted of a lesser-included offense or of an offense that the State's Attorney did not designate as an extended jurisdiction juvenile prosecution, the State's Attorney may file a written motion, within 10 days of the finding of guilt, that the minor be sentenced as an extended jurisdiction juvenile prosecution offender. The court shall rule on this motion using the factors found in paragraph (1)(b) of Section 5-805. If the court denies the State's Attorney's motion for sentencing under the extended jurisdiction juvenile prosecution provision, the court shall proceed to sentence the minor under Section 5-710.
    (6) When it appears that a minor convicted in an extended jurisdiction juvenile prosecution under subsection (1) has violated the conditions of his or her sentence, or is alleged to have committed a new offense upon the filing of a petition to revoke the stay, the court may, without notice, issue a warrant for the arrest of the minor. After a hearing, if the court finds by a preponderance of the evidence that the minor committed a new offense, the court shall order execution of the previously imposed adult criminal sentence. After a hearing, if the court finds by a preponderance of the evidence that the minor committed a violation of his or her sentence other than by a new offense, the court may order execution of the previously imposed adult criminal sentence or may continue him or her on the existing juvenile sentence with or without modifying or enlarging the conditions. Upon revocation of the stay of the adult criminal sentence and imposition of that sentence, the minor's extended jurisdiction juvenile status shall be terminated. The on-going jurisdiction over the minor's case shall be assumed by the adult criminal court and juvenile court jurisdiction shall be terminated and a report of the imposition of the adult sentence shall be sent to the Department of State Police.
    (7) Upon successful completion of the juvenile sentence the court shall vacate the adult criminal sentence.
    (8) Nothing in this Section precludes the State from filing a motion for transfer under Section 5-805.
(Source: P.A. 99-258, eff. 1-1-16.)

705 ILCS 405/5-815

    (705 ILCS 405/5-815)
    Sec. 5-815. Habitual Juvenile Offender.
    (a) Definition. Any minor having been twice adjudicated a delinquent minor for offenses which, had he been prosecuted as an adult, would have been felonies under the laws of this State, and who is thereafter adjudicated a delinquent minor for a third time shall be adjudged an Habitual Juvenile Offender where:
        1. the third adjudication is for an offense occurring
    
after adjudication on the second; and
        2. the second adjudication was for an offense
    
occurring after adjudication on the first; and
        3. the third offense occurred after January 1, 1980;
    
and
        4. the third offense was based upon the commission of
    
or attempted commission of the following offenses: first degree murder, second degree murder or involuntary manslaughter; criminal sexual assault or aggravated criminal sexual assault; aggravated or heinous battery involving permanent disability or disfigurement or great bodily harm to the victim; burglary of a home or other residence intended for use as a temporary or permanent dwelling place for human beings; home invasion; robbery or armed robbery; or aggravated arson.
    Nothing in this Section shall preclude the State's Attorney from seeking to prosecute a minor as an adult as an alternative to prosecution as an habitual juvenile offender.
    A continuance under supervision authorized by Section 5-615 of this Act shall not be permitted under this Section.
    (b) Notice to minor. The State shall serve upon the minor written notice of intention to prosecute under the provisions of this Section within 5 judicial days of the filing of any delinquency petition, adjudication upon which would mandate the minor's disposition as an Habitual Juvenile Offender.
    (c) Petition; service. A notice to seek adjudication as an Habitual Juvenile Offender shall be filed only by the State's Attorney.
    The petition upon which such Habitual Juvenile Offender notice is based shall contain the information and averments required for all other delinquency petitions filed under this Act and its service shall be according to the provisions of this Act.
    No prior adjudication shall be alleged in the petition.
    (d)  Trial. Trial on such petition shall be by jury unless the minor demands, in open court and with advice of counsel, a trial by the court without jury.
    Except as otherwise provided herein, the provisions of this Act concerning delinquency proceedings generally shall be applicable to Habitual Juvenile Offender proceedings.
    (e) Proof of prior adjudications. No evidence or other disclosure of prior adjudications shall be presented to the court or jury during any adjudicatory hearing provided for under this Section unless otherwise permitted by the issues properly raised in such hearing. In the event the minor who is the subject of these proceedings elects to testify on his own behalf, it shall be competent to introduce evidence, for purposes of impeachment, that he has previously been adjudicated a delinquent minor upon facts which, had he been tried as an adult, would have resulted in his conviction of a felony or of any offense that involved dishonesty or false statement. Introduction of such evidence shall be according to the rules and procedures applicable to the impeachment of an adult defendant by prior conviction.
    After an admission of the facts in the petition or adjudication of delinquency, the State's Attorney may file with the court a verified written statement signed by the State's Attorney concerning any prior adjudication of an offense set forth in subsection (a) of this Section which offense would have been a felony or of any offense that involved dishonesty or false statement had the minor been tried as an adult.
    The court shall then cause the minor to be brought before it; shall inform him of the allegations of the statement so filed, and of his right to a hearing before the court on the issue of such prior adjudication and of his right to counsel at such hearing; and unless the minor admits such adjudication, the court shall hear and determine such issue, and shall make a written finding thereon.
    A duly authenticated copy of the record of any such alleged prior adjudication shall be prima facie evidence of such prior adjudication or of any offense that involved dishonesty or false statement.
    Any claim that a previous adjudication offered by the State's Attorney is not a former adjudication of an offense which, had the minor been prosecuted as an adult, would have resulted in his conviction of a felony or of any offense that involved dishonesty or false statement, is waived unless duly raised at the hearing on such adjudication, or unless the State's Attorney's proof shows that such prior adjudication was not based upon proof of what would have been a felony.
    (f) Disposition. If the court finds that the prerequisites established in subsection (a) of this Section have been proven, it shall adjudicate the minor an Habitual Juvenile Offender and commit him to the Department of Juvenile Justice until his 21st birthday, without possibility of aftercare release, furlough, or non-emergency authorized absence. However, the minor shall be entitled to earn one day of good conduct credit for each day served as reductions against the period of his confinement. Such good conduct credits shall be earned or revoked according to the procedures applicable to the allowance and revocation of good conduct credit for adult prisoners serving determinate sentences for felonies.
    For purposes of determining good conduct credit, commitment as an Habitual Juvenile Offender shall be considered a determinate commitment, and the difference between the date of the commitment and the minor's 21st birthday shall be considered the determinate period of his confinement.
(Source: P.A. 98-558, eff. 1-1-14.)

705 ILCS 405/5-820

    (705 ILCS 405/5-820)
    Sec. 5-820. Violent Juvenile Offender.
    (a) Definition. A minor having been previously adjudicated a delinquent minor for an offense which, had he or she been prosecuted as an adult, would have been a Class 2 or greater felony involving the use or threat of physical force or violence against an individual or a Class 2 or greater felony for which an element of the offense is possession or use of a firearm, and who is thereafter adjudicated a delinquent minor for a second time for any of those offenses shall be adjudicated a Violent Juvenile Offender if:
        (1) The second adjudication is for an offense
    
occurring after adjudication on the first; and
        (2) The second offense occurred on or after January
    
1, 1995.
    (b) Notice to minor. The State shall serve upon the minor written notice of intention to prosecute under the provisions of this Section within 5 judicial days of the filing of a delinquency petition, adjudication upon which would mandate the minor's disposition as a Violent Juvenile Offender.
    (c) Petition; service. A notice to seek adjudication as a Violent Juvenile Offender shall be filed only by the State's Attorney.
    The petition upon which the Violent Juvenile Offender notice is based shall contain the information and averments required for all other delinquency petitions filed under this Act and its service shall be according to the provisions of this Act.
    No prior adjudication shall be alleged in the petition.
    (d) Trial. Trial on the petition shall be by jury unless the minor demands, in open court and with advice of counsel, a trial by the court without a jury.
    Except as otherwise provided in this Section, the provisions of this Act concerning delinquency proceedings generally shall be applicable to Violent Juvenile Offender proceedings.
    (e) Proof of prior adjudications. No evidence or other disclosure of prior adjudications shall be presented to the court or jury during an adjudicatory hearing provided for under this Section unless otherwise permitted by the issues properly raised in that hearing. In the event the minor who is the subject of these proceedings elects to testify on his or her own behalf, it shall be competent to introduce evidence, for purposes of impeachment, that he or she has previously been adjudicated a delinquent minor upon facts which, had the minor been tried as an adult, would have resulted in the minor's conviction of a felony or of any offense that involved dishonesty or false statement. Introduction of such evidence shall be according to the rules and procedures applicable to the impeachment of an adult defendant by prior conviction.
    After an admission of the facts in the petition or adjudication of delinquency, the State's Attorney may file with the court a verified written statement signed by the State's Attorney concerning any prior adjudication of an offense set forth in subsection (a) of this Section that would have been a felony or of any offense that involved dishonesty or false statement had the minor been tried as an adult.
    The court shall then cause the minor to be brought before it; shall inform the minor of the allegations of the statement so filed, of his or her right to a hearing before the court on the issue of the prior adjudication and of his or her right to counsel at the hearing; and unless the minor admits the adjudication, the court shall hear and determine the issue, and shall make a written finding of the issue.
    A duly authenticated copy of the record of any alleged prior adjudication shall be prima facie evidence of the prior adjudication or of any offense that involved dishonesty or false statement.
    Any claim that a previous adjudication offered by the State's Attorney is not a former adjudication of an offense which, had the minor been prosecuted as an adult, would have resulted in his or her conviction of a Class 2 or greater felony involving the use or threat of force or violence, or a firearm, a felony or of any offense that involved dishonesty or false statement is waived unless duly raised at the hearing on the adjudication, or unless the State's Attorney's proof shows that the prior adjudication was not based upon proof of what would have been a felony.
    (f) Disposition. If the court finds that the prerequisites established in subsection (a) of this Section have been proven, it shall adjudicate the minor a Violent Juvenile Offender and commit the minor to the Department of Juvenile Justice until his or her 21st birthday, without possibility of aftercare release, furlough, or non-emergency authorized absence. However, the minor shall be entitled to earn one day of good conduct credit for each day served as reductions against the period of his or her confinement. The good conduct credits shall be earned or revoked according to the procedures applicable to the allowance and revocation of good conduct credit for adult prisoners serving determinate sentences for felonies.
    For purposes of determining good conduct credit, commitment as a Violent Juvenile Offender shall be considered a determinate commitment, and the difference between the date of the commitment and the minor's 21st birthday shall be considered the determinate period of his or her confinement.
    (g) Nothing in this Section shall preclude the State's Attorney from seeking to prosecute a minor as a habitual juvenile offender or as an adult as an alternative to prosecution as a Violent Juvenile Offender.
    (h) A continuance under supervision authorized by Section 5-615 of this Act shall not be permitted under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 98-558, eff. 1-1-14.)

705 ILCS 405/5-821

    (705 ILCS 405/5-821)
    Sec. 5-821. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 94-574, eff. 8-12-05. Repealed by P.A. 99-258, eff. 1-1-16.)

705 ILCS 405/5-822

    (705 ILCS 405/5-822)
    Sec. 5-822. Data collection. On the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 99th General Assembly:
        (1) The Clerk of the Circuit Court of every county in
    
this State, shall track the filing, processing, and disposition of all cases:
            (a) initiated in criminal court under Section
        
5-130 of this Act;
            (b) in which a motion to transfer was filed by
        
the State under Section 5-805 of this Act;
            (c) in which a motion for extended jurisdiction
        
was filed by the State under Section 5-810 of this Act;
            (d) in which a designation is sought of a
        
Habitual Juvenile Offender under Section 5-815 of this Act; and
            (e) in which a designation is sought of a Violent
        
Juvenile Offender under Section 5-820 of this Act.
        (2) For each category of case listed in subsection
    
(1), the clerk shall collect the following:
            (a) age of the defendant and of the victim or
        
victims at the time of offense;
            (b) race and ethnicity of the defendant and the
        
victim or victims;
            (c) gender of the defendant and the victim or
        
victims;
            (d) the offense or offenses charged;
            (e) date filed and the date of final disposition;
            (f) the final disposition;
            (g) for those cases resulting in a finding or
        
plea of guilty:
                (i) charge or charges for which they are
            
convicted;
                (ii) sentence for each charge;
            (h) for cases under paragraph (c) of subsection
        
(1), the clerk shall report if the adult sentence is applied due to non-compliance with the juvenile sentence.
        (3) On January 15 and June 15 of each year beginning
    
6 months after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 99th General Assembly, the Clerk of each county shall submit a report outlining all of the information from subsection (2) to the General Assembly and the county board of the clerk's respective county.
        (4) No later than 2 months after the effective date
    
of this amendatory Act of the 99th General Assembly, the standards, confidentiality protocols, format, and data depository for the semi-annual reports described in this Section shall be identified by the State Advisory Group on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention and distributed to the General Assembly, county boards, and county clerks' offices.
(Source: P.A. 99-258, eff. 1-1-16.)

705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 9

 
    (705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 9 heading)
PART 9. CONFIDENTIALITY OF RECORDS AND EXPUNGEMENTS

705 ILCS 405/5-901

    (705 ILCS 405/5-901)
    Sec. 5-901. Court file.
    (1) The Court file with respect to proceedings under this Article shall consist of the petitions, pleadings, victim impact statements, process, service of process, orders, writs and docket entries reflecting hearings held and judgments and decrees entered by the court. The court file shall be kept separate from other records of the court.
        (a) The file, including information identifying the
    
victim or alleged victim of any sex offense, shall be disclosed only to the following parties when necessary for discharge of their official duties:
            (i) A judge of the circuit court and members of
        
the staff of the court designated by the judge;
            (ii) Parties to the proceedings and their
        
attorneys;
            (iii) Victims and their attorneys, except in
        
cases of multiple victims of sex offenses in which case the information identifying the nonrequesting victims shall be redacted;
            (iv) Probation officers, law enforcement officers
        
or prosecutors or their staff;
            (v) Adult and juvenile Prisoner Review Boards.
        (b) The Court file redacted to remove any information
    
identifying the victim or alleged victim of any sex offense shall be disclosed only to the following parties when necessary for discharge of their official duties:
            (i) Authorized military personnel;
            (ii) Persons engaged in bona fide research, with
        
the permission of the judge of the juvenile court and the chief executive of the agency that prepared the particular recording: provided that publication of such research results in no disclosure of a minor's identity and protects the confidentiality of the record;
            (iii) The Secretary of State to whom the Clerk of
        
the Court shall report the disposition of all cases, as required in Section 6-204 or Section 6-205.1 of the Illinois Vehicle Code. However, information reported relative to these offenses shall be privileged and available only to the Secretary of State, courts, and police officers;
            (iv) The administrator of a bonafide substance
        
abuse student assistance program with the permission of the presiding judge of the juvenile court;
            (v) Any individual, or any public or private
        
agency or institution, having custody of the juvenile under court order or providing educational, medical or mental health services to the juvenile or a court-approved advocate for the juvenile or any placement provider or potential placement provider as determined by the court.
    (3) A minor who is the victim or alleged victim in a juvenile proceeding shall be provided the same confidentiality regarding disclosure of identity as the minor who is the subject of record. Information identifying victims and alleged victims of sex offenses, shall not be disclosed or open to public inspection under any circumstances. Nothing in this Section shall prohibit the victim or alleged victim of any sex offense from voluntarily disclosing his or her identity.
    (4) Relevant information, reports and records shall be made available to the Department of Juvenile Justice when a juvenile offender has been placed in the custody of the Department of Juvenile Justice.
    (5) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection (5), juvenile court records shall not be made available to the general public but may be inspected by representatives of agencies, associations and news media or other properly interested persons by general or special order of the court. The State's Attorney, the minor, his or her parents, guardian and counsel shall at all times have the right to examine court files and records.
        (a) The court shall allow the general public to have
    
access to the name, address, and offense of a minor who is adjudicated a delinquent minor under this Act under either of the following circumstances:
            (i) The adjudication of delinquency was based
        
upon the minor's commission of first degree murder, attempt to commit first degree murder, aggravated criminal sexual assault, or criminal sexual assault; or
            (ii) The court has made a finding that the minor
        
was at least 13 years of age at the time the act was committed and the adjudication of delinquency was based upon the minor's commission of: (A) an act in furtherance of the commission of a felony as a member of or on behalf of a criminal street gang, (B) an act involving the use of a firearm in the commission of a felony, (C) an act that would be a Class X felony offense under or the minor's second or subsequent Class 2 or greater felony offense under the Cannabis Control Act if committed by an adult, (D) an act that would be a second or subsequent offense under Section 402 of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act if committed by an adult, (E) an act that would be an offense under Section 401 of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act if committed by an adult, or (F) an act that would be an offense under the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act if committed by an adult.
        (b) The court shall allow the general public to have
    
access to the name, address, and offense of a minor who is at least 13 years of age at the time the offense is committed and who is convicted, in criminal proceedings permitted or required under Section 5-805, under either of the following circumstances:
            (i) The minor has been convicted of first degree
        
murder, attempt to commit first degree murder, aggravated criminal sexual assault, or criminal sexual assault,
            (ii) The court has made a finding that the minor
        
was at least 13 years of age at the time the offense was committed and the conviction was based upon the minor's commission of: (A) an offense in furtherance of the commission of a felony as a member of or on behalf of a criminal street gang, (B) an offense involving the use of a firearm in the commission of a felony, (C) a Class X felony offense under the Cannabis Control Act or a second or subsequent Class 2 or greater felony offense under the Cannabis Control Act, (D) a second or subsequent offense under Section 402 of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, (E) an offense under Section 401 of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, or (F) an offense under the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act.
    (6) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to limit the use of a adjudication of delinquency as evidence in any juvenile or criminal proceeding, where it would otherwise be admissible under the rules of evidence, including but not limited to, use as impeachment evidence against any witness, including the minor if he or she testifies.
    (7) Nothing in this Section shall affect the right of a Civil Service Commission or appointing authority examining the character and fitness of an applicant for a position as a law enforcement officer to ascertain whether that applicant was ever adjudicated to be a delinquent minor and, if so, to examine the records or evidence which were made in proceedings under this Act.
    (8) Following any adjudication of delinquency for a crime which would be a felony if committed by an adult, or following any adjudication of delinquency for a violation of Section 24-1, 24-3, 24-3.1, or 24-5 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, the State's Attorney shall ascertain whether the minor respondent is enrolled in school and, if so, shall provide a copy of the sentencing order to the principal or chief administrative officer of the school. Access to such juvenile records shall be limited to the principal or chief administrative officer of the school and any guidance counselor designated by him or her.
    (9) Nothing contained in this Act prevents the sharing or disclosure of information or records relating or pertaining to juveniles subject to the provisions of the Serious Habitual Offender Comprehensive Action Program when that information is used to assist in the early identification and treatment of habitual juvenile offenders.
    (11) The Clerk of the Circuit Court shall report to the Department of State Police, in the form and manner required by the Department of State Police, the final disposition of each minor who has been arrested or taken into custody before his or her 18th birthday for those offenses required to be reported under Section 5 of the Criminal Identification Act. Information reported to the Department under this Section may be maintained with records that the Department files under Section 2.1 of the Criminal Identification Act.
    (12) Information or records may be disclosed to the general public when the court is conducting hearings under Section 5-805 or 5-810.
    (13) The changes made to this Section by Public Act 98-61 apply to juvenile court records of a minor who has been arrested or taken into custody on or after January 1, 2014 (the effective date of Public Act 98-61).
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13; 98-61, eff. 1-1-14; 98-756, eff. 7-16-14.)

705 ILCS 405/5-905

    (705 ILCS 405/5-905)
    Sec. 5-905. Law enforcement records.
    (1) Law Enforcement Records. Inspection and copying of law enforcement records maintained by law enforcement agencies that relate to a minor who has been investigated, arrested, or taken into custody before his or her 18th birthday shall be restricted to the following and when necessary for the discharge of their official duties:
        (a) A judge of the circuit court and members of the
    
staff of the court designated by the judge;
        (b) Law enforcement officers, probation officers or
    
prosecutors or their staff, or, when necessary for the discharge of its official duties in connection with a particular investigation of the conduct of a law enforcement officer, an independent agency or its staff created by ordinance and charged by a unit of local government with the duty of investigating the conduct of law enforcement officers;
        (c) The minor, the minor's parents or legal guardian
    
and their attorneys, but only when the juvenile has been charged with an offense;
        (d) Adult and Juvenile Prisoner Review Boards;
        (e) Authorized military personnel;
        (f) Persons engaged in bona fide research, with the
    
permission of the judge of juvenile court and the chief executive of the agency that prepared the particular recording: provided that publication of such research results in no disclosure of a minor's identity and protects the confidentiality of the record;
        (g) Individuals responsible for supervising or
    
providing temporary or permanent care and custody of minors pursuant to orders of the juvenile court or directives from officials of the Department of Children and Family Services or the Department of Human Services who certify in writing that the information will not be disclosed to any other party except as provided under law or order of court;
        (h) The appropriate school official only if the
    
agency or officer believes that there is an imminent threat of physical harm to students, school personnel, or others who are present in the school or on school grounds.
             (A) Inspection and copying shall be limited to
        
law enforcement records transmitted to the appropriate school official or officials whom the school has determined to have a legitimate educational or safety interest by a local law enforcement agency under a reciprocal reporting system established and maintained between the school district and the local law enforcement agency under Section 10-20.14 of the School Code concerning a minor enrolled in a school within the school district who has been arrested or taken into custody for any of the following offenses:
                (i) any violation of Article 24 of the
            
Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012;
                (ii) a violation of the Illinois Controlled
            
Substances Act;
                (iii) a violation of the Cannabis Control
            
Act;
                (iv) a forcible felony as defined in Section
            
2-8 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012;
                (v) a violation of the Methamphetamine
            
Control and Community Protection Act;
                (vi) a violation of Section 1-2 of the
            
Harassing and Obscene Communications Act;
                (vii) a violation of the Hazing Act; or
                (viii) a violation of Section 12-1, 12-2,
            
12-3, 12-3.05, 12-3.1, 12-3.2, 12-3.4, 12-3.5, 12-5, 12-7.3, 12-7.4, 12-7.5, 25-1, or 25-5 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012.
            The information derived from the law enforcement
        
records shall be kept separate from and shall not become a part of the official school record of that child and shall not be a public record. The information shall be used solely by the appropriate school official or officials whom the school has determined to have a legitimate educational or safety interest to aid in the proper rehabilitation of the child and to protect the safety of students and employees in the school. If the designated law enforcement and school officials deem it to be in the best interest of the minor, the student may be referred to in-school or community based social services if those services are available. "Rehabilitation services" may include interventions by school support personnel, evaluation for eligibility for special education, referrals to community-based agencies such as youth services, behavioral healthcare service providers, drug and alcohol prevention or treatment programs, and other interventions as deemed appropriate for the student.
            (B) Any information provided to appropriate
        
school officials whom the school has determined to have a legitimate educational or safety interest by local law enforcement officials about a minor who is the subject of a current police investigation that is directly related to school safety shall consist of oral information only, and not written law enforcement records, and shall be used solely by the appropriate school official or officials to protect the safety of students and employees in the school and aid in the proper rehabilitation of the child. The information derived orally from the local law enforcement officials shall be kept separate from and shall not become a part of the official school record of the child and shall not be a public record. This limitation on the use of information about a minor who is the subject of a current police investigation shall in no way limit the use of this information by prosecutors in pursuing criminal charges arising out of the information disclosed during a police investigation of the minor. For purposes of this paragraph, "investigation" means an official systematic inquiry by a law enforcement agency into actual or suspected criminal activity;
        (i) The president of a park district. Inspection and
    
copying shall be limited to law enforcement records transmitted to the president of the park district by the Illinois State Police under Section 8-23 of the Park District Code or Section 16a-5 of the Chicago Park District Act concerning a person who is seeking employment with that park district and who has been adjudicated a juvenile delinquent for any of the offenses listed in subsection (c) of Section 8-23 of the Park District Code or subsection (c) of Section 16a-5 of the Chicago Park District Act.
    (2) Information identifying victims and alleged victims of sex offenses, shall not be disclosed or open to public inspection under any circumstances. Nothing in this Section shall prohibit the victim or alleged victim of any sex offense from voluntarily disclosing his or her identity.
    (2.5) If the minor is a victim of aggravated battery, battery, attempted first degree murder, or other non-sexual violent offense, the identity of the victim may be disclosed to appropriate school officials, for the purpose of preventing foreseeable future violence involving minors, by a local law enforcement agency pursuant to an agreement established between the school district and a local law enforcement agency subject to the approval by the presiding judge of the juvenile court.
    (3) Relevant information, reports and records shall be made available to the Department of Juvenile Justice when a juvenile offender has been placed in the custody of the Department of Juvenile Justice.
    (4) Nothing in this Section shall prohibit the inspection or disclosure to victims and witnesses of photographs contained in the records of law enforcement agencies when the inspection or disclosure is conducted in the presence of a law enforcement officer for purposes of identification or apprehension of any person in the course of any criminal investigation or prosecution.
    (5) The records of law enforcement officers, or of an independent agency created by ordinance and charged by a unit of local government with the duty of investigating the conduct of law enforcement officers, concerning all minors under 18 years of age must be maintained separate from the records of adults and may not be open to public inspection or their contents disclosed to the public except by order of the court or when the institution of criminal proceedings has been permitted under Section 5-130 or 5-805 or required under Section 5-130 or 5-805 or such a person has been convicted of a crime and is the subject of pre-sentence investigation or when provided by law.
    (6) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection (6), law enforcement officers, and personnel of an independent agency created by ordinance and charged by a unit of local government with the duty of investigating the conduct of law enforcement officers, may not disclose the identity of any minor in releasing information to the general public as to the arrest, investigation or disposition of any case involving a minor. Any victim or parent or legal guardian of a victim may petition the court to disclose the name and address of the minor and the minor's parents or legal guardian, or both. Upon a finding by clear and convincing evidence that the disclosure is either necessary for the victim to pursue a civil remedy against the minor or the minor's parents or legal guardian, or both, or to protect the victim's person or property from the minor, then the court may order the disclosure of the information to the victim or to the parent or legal guardian of the victim only for the purpose of the victim pursuing a civil remedy against the minor or the minor's parents or legal guardian, or both, or to protect the victim's person or property from the minor.
    (7) Nothing contained in this Section shall prohibit law enforcement agencies when acting in their official capacity from communicating with each other by letter, memorandum, teletype or intelligence alert bulletin or other means the identity or other relevant information pertaining to a person under 18 years of age. The information provided under this subsection (7) shall remain confidential and shall not be publicly disclosed, except as otherwise allowed by law.
    (8) No person shall disclose information under this Section except when acting in his or her official capacity and as provided by law or order of court.
    (9) The changes made to this Section by Public Act 98-61 apply to law enforcement records of a minor who has been arrested or taken into custody on or after January 1, 2014 (the effective date of Public Act 98-61).
(Source: P.A. 98-61, eff. 1-1-14; 98-756, eff. 7-16-14; 99-298, eff. 8-6-15.)

705 ILCS 405/5-910

    (705 ILCS 405/5-910)
    Sec. 5-910. Social, psychological and medical records.
    (1) The social investigation, psychological and medical records of any juvenile offender shall be privileged and shall not be disclosed except:
        (a) upon the written consent of the former juvenile
    
or, if the juvenile offender is under 18 years of age, by the parent of the juvenile; or
        (b) upon a determination by the head of the treatment
    
facility, who has the records, that disclosure to another individual or facility providing treatment to the minor is necessary for the further treatment of the juvenile offender; or
        (c) when any court having jurisdiction of the
    
juvenile offender orders disclosure; or
        (d) when requested by any attorney representing the
    
juvenile offender, but the records shall not be further disclosed by the attorney unless approved by the court or presented as admissible evidence; or
        (e) upon a written request of a juvenile probation
    
officer in regard to an alleged juvenile offender when the information is needed for screening and assessment purposes, for preparation of a social investigation or presentence investigation, or placement decisions; but the records shall not be further disclosed by the probation officer unless approved by the court; or
        (f) when the State's Attorney requests a copy of the
    
social investigation for use at a sentencing hearing or upon written request of the State's Attorney for psychological or medical records when the minor contests his fitness for trial or relies on an affirmative defense of intoxication or insanity.
    (2) Willful violation of this Section is a Class C misdemeanor.
    (3) Nothing in this Section shall operate to extinguish any rights of a juvenile offender established by attorney-client, physician-patient, psychologist-client or social worker-client privileges except as otherwise provided by law.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-915

    (705 ILCS 405/5-915)
    (Text of Section from P.A. 99-835)
    Sec. 5-915. Expungement of juvenile law enforcement and court records.
    (0.05) For purposes of this Section and Section 5-622:
        "Expunge" means to physically destroy the records and
    
to obliterate the minor's name from any official index or public record, or both. Nothing in this Act shall require the physical destruction of the internal office records, files, or databases maintained by a State's Attorney's Office or other prosecutor.
        "Law enforcement record" includes but is not limited
    
to records of arrest, station adjustments, fingerprints, probation adjustments, the issuance of a notice to appear, or any other records maintained by a law enforcement agency relating to a minor suspected of committing an offense.
    (1) Whenever a person has been arrested, charged, or adjudicated delinquent for an incident occurring before his or her 18th birthday that if committed by an adult would be an offense, the person may petition the court at any time for expungement of law enforcement records and juvenile court records relating to the incident and upon termination of all juvenile court proceedings relating to that incident, the court shall order the expungement of all records in the possession of the Department of State Police, the clerk of the circuit court, and law enforcement agencies relating to the incident, but only in any of the following circumstances:
        (a) the minor was arrested and no petition for
    
delinquency was filed with the clerk of the circuit court;
        (a-5) the minor was charged with an offense and the
    
petition or petitions were dismissed without a finding of delinquency;
        (b) the minor was charged with an offense and was
    
found not delinquent of that offense;
        (c) the minor was placed under supervision pursuant
    
to Section 5-615, and the order of supervision has since been successfully terminated; or
        (d) the minor was adjudicated for an offense which
    
would be a Class B misdemeanor, Class C misdemeanor, or a petty or business offense if committed by an adult.
    (1.5) Commencing 180 days after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly, the Department of State Police shall automatically expunge, on or before January 1 of each year, a person's law enforcement records which are not subject to subsection (1) relating to incidents occurring before his or her 18th birthday in the Department's possession or control and which contains the final disposition which pertain to the person when arrested as a minor if:
        (a) the minor was arrested for an eligible offense
    
and no petition for delinquency was filed with the clerk of the circuit court; and
        (b) the person attained the age of 18 years during
    
the last calendar year; and
        (c) since the date of the minor's most recent arrest,
    
at least 6 months have elapsed without an additional arrest, filing of a petition for delinquency whether related or not to a previous arrest, or filing of charges not initiated by arrest.
    The Department of State Police shall allow a person to use the Access and Review process, established in the Department of State Police, for verifying that his or her law enforcement records relating to incidents occurring before his or her 18th birthday eligible under this subsection have been expunged as provided in this subsection.
    The Department of State Police shall provide by rule the process for access, review, and automatic expungement.
    (1.6) Commencing on the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly, a person whose law enforcement records are not subject to subsection (1) or (1.5) of this Section and who has attained the age of 18 years may use the Access and Review process, established in the Department of State Police, for verifying his or her law enforcement records relating to incidents occurring before his or her 18th birthday in the Department's possession or control which pertain to the person when arrested as a minor, if the incident occurred no earlier than 30 years before the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly. If the person identifies a law enforcement record of an eligible offense that meets the requirements of this subsection, paragraphs (a) and (c) of subsection (1.5) of this Section, and all juvenile court proceedings related to the person have been terminated, the person may file a Request for Expungement of Juvenile Law Enforcement Records, in the form and manner prescribed by the Department of State Police, with the Department and the Department shall consider expungement of the record as otherwise provided for automatic expungement under subsection (1.5) of this Section. The person shall provide notice and a copy of the Request for Expungement of Juvenile Law Enforcement Records to the arresting agency, prosecutor charged with the prosecution of the minor, or the State's Attorney of the county that prosecuted the minor. The Department of State Police shall provide by rule the process for access, review, and Request for Expungement of Juvenile Law Enforcement Records.
    (1.7) Nothing in subsections (1.5) and (1.6) of this Section precludes a person from filing a petition under subsection (1) for expungement of records subject to automatic expungement under that subsection (1) or subsection (1.5) or (1.6) of this Section.
    (1.8) For the purposes of subsections (1.5) and (1.6) of this Section, "eligible offense" means records relating to an arrest or incident occurring before the person's 18th birthday that if committed by an adult is not an offense classified as a Class 2 felony or higher offense, an offense under Article 11 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, or an offense under Section 12-13, 12-14, 12-14.1, 12-15, or 12-16 of the Criminal Code of 1961.
    (2) Any person may petition the court to expunge all law enforcement records relating to any incidents occurring before his or her 18th birthday which did not result in proceedings in criminal court and all juvenile court records with respect to any adjudications except those based upon first degree murder and sex offenses which would be felonies if committed by an adult, if the person for whom expungement is sought has had no convictions for any crime since his or her 18th birthday and:
        (a) has attained the age of 21 years; or
        (b) 5 years have elapsed since all juvenile court
    
proceedings relating to him or her have been terminated or his or her commitment to the Department of Juvenile Justice pursuant to this Act has been terminated;
whichever is later of (a) or (b). Nothing in this Section 5-915 precludes a minor from obtaining expungement under Section 5-622.
    (2.5) If a minor is arrested and no petition for delinquency is filed with the clerk of the circuit court as provided in paragraph (a) of subsection (1) at the time the minor is released from custody, the youth officer, if applicable, or other designated person from the arresting agency, shall notify verbally and in writing to the minor or the minor's parents or guardians that the minor has a right to petition to have his or her arrest record expunged when all juvenile court proceedings relating to that minor have been terminated and that unless a petition to expunge is filed, the minor shall have an arrest record and shall provide the minor and the minor's parents or guardians with an expungement information packet, including a petition to expunge juvenile records obtained from the clerk of the circuit court.
    (2.6) If a minor is charged with an offense and is found not delinquent of that offense; or if a minor is placed under supervision under Section 5-615, and the order of supervision is successfully terminated; or if a minor is adjudicated for an offense that would be a Class B misdemeanor, a Class C misdemeanor, or a business or petty offense if committed by an adult; or if a minor has incidents occurring before his or her 18th birthday that have not resulted in proceedings in criminal court, or resulted in proceedings in juvenile court, and the adjudications were not based upon first degree murder or sex offenses that would be felonies if committed by an adult; then at the time of sentencing or dismissal of the case, the judge shall inform the delinquent minor of his or her right to petition for expungement as provided by law, and the clerk of the circuit court shall provide an expungement information packet to the delinquent minor, written in plain language, including a petition for expungement, a sample of a completed petition, expungement instructions that shall include information informing the minor that (i) once the case is expunged, it shall be treated as if it never occurred, (ii) he or she may apply to have petition fees waived, (iii) once he or she obtains an expungement, he or she may not be required to disclose that he or she had a juvenile record, and (iv) he or she may file the petition on his or her own or with the assistance of an attorney. The failure of the judge to inform the delinquent minor of his or her right to petition for expungement as provided by law does not create a substantive right, nor is that failure grounds for: (i) a reversal of an adjudication of delinquency, (ii) a new trial; or (iii) an appeal.
    (2.7) For counties with a population over 3,000,000, the clerk of the circuit court shall send a "Notification of a Possible Right to Expungement" post card to the minor at the address last received by the clerk of the circuit court on the date that the minor attains the age of 18 based on the birthdate provided to the court by the minor or his or her guardian in cases under paragraphs (b), (c), and (d) of subsection (1); and when the minor attains the age of 21 based on the birthdate provided to the court by the minor or his or her guardian in cases under subsection (2).
    (2.8) The petition for expungement for subsection (1) may include multiple offenses on the same petition and shall be substantially in the following form:
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF ......, ILLINOIS
........ JUDICIAL CIRCUIT

IN THE INTEREST OF )    NO.
                   )
                   )
...................)
(Name of Petitioner)
 
PETITION TO EXPUNGE JUVENILE RECORDS
(705 ILCS 405/5-915 (SUBSECTION 1))
Now comes ............., petitioner, and respectfully requests that this Honorable Court enter an order expunging all juvenile law enforcement and court records of petitioner and in support thereof states that: Petitioner has attained the age of ...., his/her birth date being ......, or all Juvenile Court proceedings terminated as of ......, whichever occurred later. Petitioner was arrested on ..... by the ....... Police Department for the offense or offenses of ......., and:
(Check All That Apply:)
( ) a. no petition or petitions were filed with the Clerk of the Circuit Court.
( ) b. was charged with ...... and was found not delinquent of the offense or offenses.
( ) c. a petition or petitions were filed and the petition or petitions were dismissed without a finding of delinquency on .....
( ) d. on ....... placed under supervision pursuant to Section 5-615 of the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 and such order of supervision successfully terminated on ........
( ) e. was adjudicated for the offense or offenses, which would have been a Class B misdemeanor, a Class C misdemeanor, or a petty offense or business offense if committed by an adult.
Petitioner .... has .... has not been arrested on charges in this or any county other than the charges listed above. If petitioner has been arrested on additional charges, please list the charges below:
Charge(s): ......
Arresting Agency or Agencies: ...........
Disposition/Result: (choose from a. through e., above): .....
WHEREFORE, the petitioner respectfully requests this Honorable Court to (1) order all law enforcement agencies to expunge all records of petitioner to this incident or incidents, and (2) to order the Clerk of the Court to expunge all records concerning the petitioner regarding this incident or incidents.
 
......................
Petitioner (Signature)

 
..........................
Petitioner's Street Address

 
.....................
City, State, Zip Code

 
.............................
Petitioner's Telephone Number

 
Pursuant to the penalties of perjury under the Code of Civil Procedure, 735 ILCS 5/1-109, I hereby certify that the statements in this petition are true and correct, or on information and belief I believe the same to be true.
 
......................
Petitioner (Signature)
The Petition for Expungement for subsection (2) shall be substantially in the following form:
 
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF ........, ILLINOIS
........ JUDICIAL CIRCUIT

IN THE INTEREST OF )    NO.
                   )
                   )
...................)
(Name of Petitioner)
 
PETITION TO EXPUNGE JUVENILE RECORDS
(705 ILCS 405/5-915 (SUBSECTION 2))
(Please prepare a separate petition for each offense)
Now comes ............, petitioner, and respectfully requests that this Honorable Court enter an order expunging all Juvenile Law Enforcement and Court records of petitioner and in support thereof states that:
The incident for which the Petitioner seeks expungement occurred before the Petitioner's 18th birthday and did not result in proceedings in criminal court and the Petitioner has not had any convictions for any crime since his/her 18th birthday; and
The incident for which the Petitioner seeks expungement occurred before the Petitioner's 18th birthday and the adjudication was not based upon first-degree murder or sex offenses which would be felonies if committed by an adult, and the Petitioner has not had any convictions for any crime since his/her 18th birthday.
Petitioner was arrested on ...... by the ....... Police Department for the offense of ........, and:
(Check whichever one occurred the latest:)
( ) a. The Petitioner has attained the age of 21 years, his/her birthday being .......; or
( ) b. 5 years have elapsed since all juvenile court proceedings relating to the Petitioner have been terminated; or the Petitioner's commitment to the Department of Juvenile Justice pursuant to the expungement of juvenile law enforcement and court records provisions of the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 has been terminated. Petitioner ...has ...has not been arrested on charges in this or any other county other than the charge listed above. If petitioner has been arrested on additional charges, please list the charges below:
Charge(s): ..........
Arresting Agency or Agencies: .......
Disposition/Result: (choose from a or b, above): ..........
WHEREFORE, the petitioner respectfully requests this Honorable Court to (1) order all law enforcement agencies to expunge all records of petitioner related to this incident, and (2) to order the Clerk of the Court to expunge all records concerning the petitioner regarding this incident.
 
.......................
Petitioner (Signature)

 
......................
Petitioner's Street Address

 
.....................
City, State, Zip Code
.............................
Petitioner's Telephone Number

 
Pursuant to the penalties of perjury under the Code of Civil Procedure, 735 ILCS 5/1-109, I hereby certify that the statements in this petition are true and correct, or on information and belief I believe the same to be true.
......................
Petitioner (Signature)
    (3) The chief judge of the circuit in which an arrest was made or a charge was brought or any judge of that circuit designated by the chief judge may, upon verified petition of a person who is the subject of an arrest or a juvenile court proceeding under subsection (1) or (2) of this Section, order the law enforcement records or official court file, or both, to be expunged from the official records of the arresting authority, the clerk of the circuit court and the Department of State Police. The person whose records are to be expunged shall petition the court using the appropriate form containing his or her current address and shall promptly notify the clerk of the circuit court of any change of address. Notice of the petition shall be served upon the State's Attorney or prosecutor charged with the duty of prosecuting the offense, the Department of State Police, and the arresting agency or agencies by the clerk of the circuit court. If an objection is filed within 45 days of the notice of the petition, the clerk of the circuit court shall set a date for hearing after the 45 day objection period. At the hearing the court shall hear evidence on whether the expungement should or should not be granted. Unless the State's Attorney or prosecutor, the Department of State Police, or an arresting agency objects to the expungement within 45 days of the notice, the court may enter an order granting expungement. The person whose records are to be expunged shall pay the clerk of the circuit court a fee equivalent to the cost associated with expungement of records by the clerk and the Department of State Police. The clerk shall forward a certified copy of the order to the Department of State Police, the appropriate portion of the fee to the Department of State Police for processing, and deliver a certified copy of the order to the arresting agency.
    (3.1) The Notice of Expungement shall be in substantially the following form:
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF ....., ILLINOIS
.... JUDICIAL CIRCUIT

IN THE INTEREST OF )    NO.
                   )
                   )
...................)
(Name of Petitioner)
 
NOTICE
TO:  State's Attorney
TO:  Arresting Agency

................
................

................
................
TO:  Illinois State Police

.....................

.....................
ATTENTION: Expungement
You are hereby notified that on ....., at ....., in courtroom ..., located at ..., before the Honorable ..., Judge, or any judge sitting in his/her stead, I shall then and there present a Petition to Expunge Juvenile records in the above-entitled matter, at which time and place you may appear.
......................
Petitioner's Signature
...........................
Petitioner's Street Address
.....................
City, State, Zip Code
.............................
Petitioner's Telephone Number
PROOF OF SERVICE
On the ....... day of ......, 20..., I on oath state that I served this notice and true and correct copies of the above-checked documents by:
(Check One:)
delivering copies personally to each entity to whom they are directed;
or
by mailing copies to each entity to whom they are directed by depositing the same in the U.S. Mail, proper postage fully prepaid, before the hour of 5:00 p.m., at the United States Postal Depository located at .................
.........................................

Signature
Clerk of the Circuit Court or Deputy Clerk
Printed Name of Delinquent Minor/Petitioner: ....
Address: ........................................
Telephone Number: ...............................
    (3.2) The Order of Expungement shall be in substantially the following form:
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF ....., ILLINOIS
.... JUDICIAL CIRCUIT

IN THE INTEREST OF )    NO.
                   )
                   )
...................)
(Name of Petitioner)
 
DOB ................
Arresting Agency/Agencies ......
ORDER OF EXPUNGEMENT
(705 ILCS 405/5-915 (SUBSECTION 3))
This matter having been heard on the petitioner's motion and the court being fully advised in the premises does find that the petitioner is indigent or has presented reasonable cause to waive all costs in this matter, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:
    ( ) 1. Clerk of Court and Department of State Police costs are hereby waived in this matter.
    ( ) 2. The Illinois State Police Bureau of Identification and the following law enforcement agencies expunge all records of petitioner relating to an arrest dated ...... for the offense of ......
Law Enforcement Agencies:
.........................
.........................
    ( ) 3. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk of the Circuit Court expunge all records regarding the above-captioned case.
ENTER: ......................

JUDGE
DATED: .......
Name:
Attorney for:
Address: City/State/Zip:
Attorney Number:
    (3.3) The Notice of Objection shall be in substantially the following form:
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF ....., ILLINOIS
....................... JUDICIAL CIRCUIT

IN THE INTEREST OF )    NO.
                   )
                   )
...................)
(Name of Petitioner)
 
NOTICE OF OBJECTION
TO:(Attorney, Public Defender, Minor)
.................................
.................................
TO:(Illinois State Police)
.................................
.................................
TO:(Clerk of the Court)
.................................
.................................
TO:(Judge)
.................................
.................................
TO:(Arresting Agency/Agencies)
.................................
.................................
ATTENTION: You are hereby notified that an objection has been filed by the following entity regarding the above-named minor's petition for expungement of juvenile records:
( ) State's Attorney's Office;
( ) Prosecutor (other than State's Attorney's Office) charged with the duty of prosecuting the offense sought to be expunged;
( ) Department of Illinois State Police; or
( ) Arresting Agency or Agencies.
The agency checked above respectfully requests that this case be continued and set for hearing on whether the expungement should or should not be granted.
DATED: .......
Name:
Attorney For:
Address:
City/State/Zip:
Telephone:
Attorney No.:
FOR USE BY CLERK OF THE COURT PERSONNEL ONLY
This matter has been set for hearing on the foregoing objection, on ...... in room ...., located at ....., before the Honorable ....., Judge, or any judge sitting in his/her stead. (Only one hearing shall be set, regardless of the number of Notices of Objection received on the same case).
A copy of this completed Notice of Objection containing the court date, time, and location, has been sent via regular U.S. Mail to the following entities. (If more than one Notice of Objection is received on the same case, each one must be completed with the court date, time and location and mailed to the following entities):
( ) Attorney, Public Defender or Minor;
( ) State's Attorney's Office;
( ) Prosecutor (other than State's Attorney's Office) charged with the duty of prosecuting the offense sought to be expunged;
( ) Department of Illinois State Police; and
( ) Arresting agency or agencies.
Date: ......
Initials of Clerk completing this section: .....
    (4) Upon entry of an order expunging records or files, the offense, which the records or files concern shall be treated as if it never occurred. Law enforcement officers and other public offices and agencies shall properly reply on inquiry that no record or file exists with respect to the person.
    (5) Records which have not been expunged are sealed, and may be obtained only under the provisions of Sections 5-901, 5-905 and 5-915.
    (6) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to prohibit the maintenance of information relating to an offense after records or files concerning the offense have been expunged if the information is kept in a manner that does not enable identification of the offender. This information may only be used for statistical and bona fide research purposes.
    (6.5) The Department of State Police or any employee of the Department shall be immune from civil or criminal liability for failure to expunge any records of arrest that are subject to expungement under subsection (1.5) or (1.6) of this Section because of inability to verify a record. Nothing in subsection (1.5) or (1.6) of this Section shall create Department of State Police liability or responsibility for the expungement of law enforcement records it does not possess.
    (7)(a) The State Appellate Defender shall establish, maintain, and carry out, by December 31, 2004, a juvenile expungement program to provide information and assistance to minors eligible to have their juvenile records expunged.
    (b) The State Appellate Defender shall develop brochures, pamphlets, and other materials in printed form and through the agency's World Wide Web site. The pamphlets and other materials shall include at a minimum the following information:
        (i) An explanation of the State's juvenile
    
expungement process;
        (ii) The circumstances under which juvenile
    
expungement may occur;
        (iii) The juvenile offenses that may be expunged;
        (iv) The steps necessary to initiate and complete the
    
juvenile expungement process; and
        (v) Directions on how to contact the State Appellate
    
Defender.
    (c) The State Appellate Defender shall establish and maintain a statewide toll-free telephone number that a person may use to receive information or assistance concerning the expungement of juvenile records. The State Appellate Defender shall advertise the toll-free telephone number statewide. The State Appellate Defender shall develop an expungement information packet that may be sent to eligible persons seeking expungement of their juvenile records, which may include, but is not limited to, a pre-printed expungement petition with instructions on how to complete the petition and a pamphlet containing information that would assist individuals through the juvenile expungement process.
    (d) The State Appellate Defender shall compile a statewide list of volunteer attorneys willing to assist eligible individuals through the juvenile expungement process.
    (e) This Section shall be implemented from funds appropriated by the General Assembly to the State Appellate Defender for this purpose. The State Appellate Defender shall employ the necessary staff and adopt the necessary rules for implementation of this Section.
    (8)(a) Except with respect to law enforcement agencies, the Department of Corrections, State's Attorneys, or other prosecutors, an expunged juvenile record may not be considered by any private or public entity in employment matters, certification, licensing, revocation of certification or licensure, or registration. Applications for employment must contain specific language that states that the applicant is not obligated to disclose expunged juvenile records of conviction or arrest. Employers may not ask if an applicant has had a juvenile record expunged. Effective January 1, 2005, the Department of Labor shall develop a link on the Department's website to inform employers that employers may not ask if an applicant had a juvenile record expunged and that application for employment must contain specific language that states that the applicant is not obligated to disclose expunged juvenile records of arrest or conviction.
    (b) A person whose juvenile records have been expunged is not entitled to remission of any fines, costs, or other money paid as a consequence of expungement. This amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly does not affect the right of the victim of a crime to prosecute or defend a civil action for damages.
    (c) The expungement of juvenile records under Section 5-622 shall be funded by the additional fine imposed under Section 5-9-1.17 of the Unified Code of Corrections and additional appropriations made by the General Assembly for such purpose.
    (9) The changes made to this Section by Public Act 98-61 apply to law enforcement records of a minor who has been arrested or taken into custody on or after January 1, 2014 (the effective date of Public Act 98-61).
    (10) The changes made in subsection (1.5) of this Section by this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly apply to law enforcement records of a minor who has been arrested or taken into custody on or after January 1, 2015. The changes made in subsection (1.6) of this Section by this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly apply to law enforcement records of a minor who has been arrested or taken into custody before January 1, 2015.
(Source: P.A. 98-61, eff. 1-1-14; 98-637, eff. 1-1-15; 98-756, eff. 7-16-14; 99-835, eff. 1-1-17.)
 
    (Text of Section from P.A. 99-881)
    Sec. 5-915. Expungement of juvenile law enforcement and court records.
    (0.05) For purposes of this Section and Section 5-622:
        "Expunge" means to physically destroy the records and
    
to obliterate the minor's name from any official index or public record, or both. Nothing in this Act shall require the physical destruction of the internal office records, files, or databases maintained by a State's Attorney's Office or other prosecutor.
        "Law enforcement record" includes but is not limited
    
to records of arrest, station adjustments, fingerprints, probation adjustments, the issuance of a notice to appear, or any other records maintained by a law enforcement agency relating to a minor suspected of committing an offense.
    (1) Whenever any person has attained the age of 18 or whenever all juvenile court proceedings relating to that person have been terminated, whichever is later, the person may petition the court to expunge law enforcement records relating to incidents occurring before his or her 18th birthday or his or her juvenile court records, or both, but only in the following circumstances:
        (a) the minor was arrested and no petition for
    
delinquency was filed with the clerk of the circuit court; or
        (b) the minor was charged with an offense and was
    
found not delinquent of that offense; or
        (c) the minor was placed under supervision pursuant
    
to Section 5-615, and the order of supervision has since been successfully terminated; or
        (d) the minor was adjudicated for an offense which
    
would be a Class B misdemeanor, Class C misdemeanor, or a petty or business offense if committed by an adult.
    (1.5) Commencing 180 days after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly, the Department of State Police shall automatically expunge, on or before January 1 of each year, a person's law enforcement records relating to incidents occurring before his or her 18th birthday in the Department's possession or control and which contains the final disposition which pertain to the person when arrested as a minor if:
        (a) the minor was arrested for an eligible offense
    
and no petition for delinquency was filed with the clerk of the circuit court; and
        (b) the person attained the age of 18 years during
    
the last calendar year; and
        (c) since the date of the minor's most recent arrest,
    
at least 6 months have elapsed without an additional arrest, filing of a petition for delinquency whether related or not to a previous arrest, or filing of charges not initiated by arrest.
    The Department of State Police shall allow a person to use the Access and Review process, established in the Department of State Police, for verifying that his or her law enforcement records relating to incidents occurring before his or her 18th birthday eligible under this subsection have been expunged as provided in this subsection.
    The Department of State Police shall provide by rule the process for access, review, and automatic expungement.
    (1.6) Commencing on the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly, a person whose law enforcement records are not subject to subsection (1.5) of this Section and who has attained the age of 18 years may use the Access and Review process, established in the Department of State Police, for verifying his or her law enforcement records relating to incidents occurring before his or her 18th birthday in the Department's possession or control which pertain to the person when arrested as a minor, if the incident occurred no earlier than 30 years before the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly. If the person identifies a law enforcement record of an eligible offense that meets the requirements of this subsection, paragraphs (a) and (c) of subsection (1.5) of this Section, and all juvenile court proceedings related to the person have been terminated, the person may file a Request for Expungement of Juvenile Law Enforcement Records, in the form and manner prescribed by the Department of State Police, with the Department and the Department shall consider expungement of the record as otherwise provided for automatic expungement under subsection (1.5) of this Section. The person shall provide notice and a copy of the Request for Expungement of Juvenile Law Enforcement Records to the arresting agency, prosecutor charged with the prosecution of the minor, or the State's Attorney of the county that prosecuted the minor. The Department of State Police shall provide by rule the process for access, review, and Request for Expungement of Juvenile Law Enforcement Records.
    (1.7) Nothing in subsections (1.5) and (1.6) of this Section precludes a person from filing a petition under subsection (1) for expungement of records subject to automatic expungement under subsection (1.5) or (1.6) of this Section.
    (1.8) For the purposes of subsections (1.5) and (1.6) of this Section, "eligible offense" means records relating to an arrest or incident occurring before the person's 18th birthday that if committed by an adult is not an offense classified as a Class 2 felony or higher offense, an offense under Article 11 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, or an offense under Section 12-13, 12-14, 12-14.1, 12-15, or 12-16 of the Criminal Code of 1961.
    (2) Any person may petition the court to expunge all law enforcement records relating to any incidents occurring before his or her 18th birthday which did not result in proceedings in criminal court and all juvenile court records with respect to any adjudications except those based upon first degree murder and sex offenses which would be felonies if committed by an adult, if the person for whom expungement is sought has had no convictions for any crime since his or her 18th birthday and:
        (a) has attained the age of 21 years; or
        (b) 5 years have elapsed since all juvenile court
    
proceedings relating to him or her have been terminated or his or her commitment to the Department of Juvenile Justice pursuant to this Act has been terminated;
whichever is later of (a) or (b). Nothing in this Section 5-915 precludes a minor from obtaining expungement under Section 5-622.
    (2.5) If a minor is arrested and no petition for delinquency is filed with the clerk of the circuit court as provided in paragraph (a) of subsection (1) at the time the minor is released from custody, the youth officer, if applicable, or other designated person from the arresting agency, shall notify verbally and in writing to the minor or the minor's parents or guardians that if the State's Attorney does not file a petition for delinquency, the minor has a right to petition to have his or her arrest record expunged when the minor attains the age of 18 or when all juvenile court proceedings relating to that minor have been terminated and that unless a petition to expunge is filed, the minor shall have an arrest record and shall provide the minor and the minor's parents or guardians with an expungement information packet, including a petition to expunge juvenile records obtained from the clerk of the circuit court.
    (2.6) If a minor is charged with an offense and is found not delinquent of that offense; or if a minor is placed under supervision under Section 5-615, and the order of supervision is successfully terminated; or if a minor is adjudicated for an offense that would be a Class B misdemeanor, a Class C misdemeanor, or a business or petty offense if committed by an adult; or if a minor has incidents occurring before his or her 18th birthday that have not resulted in proceedings in criminal court, or resulted in proceedings in juvenile court, and the adjudications were not based upon first degree murder or sex offenses that would be felonies if committed by an adult; then at the time of sentencing or dismissal of the case, the judge shall inform the delinquent minor of his or her right to petition for expungement as provided by law, and the clerk of the circuit court shall provide an expungement information packet to the delinquent minor, written in plain language, including a petition for expungement, a sample of a completed petition, expungement instructions that shall include information informing the minor that (i) once the case is expunged, it shall be treated as if it never occurred, (ii) he or she may apply to have petition fees waived, (iii) once he or she obtains an expungement, he or she may not be required to disclose that he or she had a juvenile record, and (iv) he or she may file the petition on his or her own or with the assistance of an attorney. The failure of the judge to inform the delinquent minor of his or her right to petition for expungement as provided by law does not create a substantive right, nor is that failure grounds for: (i) a reversal of an adjudication of delinquency, (ii) a new trial; or (iii) an appeal.
    (2.7) For counties with a population over 3,000,000, the clerk of the circuit court shall send a "Notification of a Possible Right to Expungement" post card to the minor at the address last received by the clerk of the circuit court on the date that the minor attains the age of 18 based on the birthdate provided to the court by the minor or his or her guardian in cases under paragraphs (b), (c), and (d) of subsection (1); and when the minor attains the age of 21 based on the birthdate provided to the court by the minor or his or her guardian in cases under subsection (2).
    (2.8) The petition for expungement for subsection (1) may include multiple offenses on the same petition and shall be substantially in the following form:
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF ......, ILLINOIS
........ JUDICIAL CIRCUIT

IN THE INTEREST OF )    NO.
                   )
                   )
...................)
(Name of Petitioner)
 
PETITION TO EXPUNGE JUVENILE RECORDS
(705 ILCS 405/5-915 (SUBSECTION 1))
Now comes ............., petitioner, and respectfully requests that this Honorable Court enter an order expunging all juvenile law enforcement and court records of petitioner and in support thereof states that: Petitioner has attained the age of 18, his/her birth date being ......, or all Juvenile Court proceedings terminated as of ......, whichever occurred later. Petitioner was arrested on ..... by the ....... Police Department for the offense or offenses of ......., and:
(Check All That Apply:)
( ) a. no petition or petitions were filed with the Clerk of the Circuit Court.
( ) b. was charged with ...... and was found not delinquent of the offense or offenses.
( ) c. a petition or petitions were filed and the petition or petitions were dismissed without a finding of delinquency on .....
( ) d. on ....... placed under supervision pursuant to Section 5-615 of the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 and such order of supervision successfully terminated on ........
( ) e. was adjudicated for the offense or offenses, which would have been a Class B misdemeanor, a Class C misdemeanor, or a petty offense or business offense if committed by an adult.
Petitioner .... has .... has not been arrested on charges in this or any county other than the charges listed above. If petitioner has been arrested on additional charges, please list the charges below:
Charge(s): ......
Arresting Agency or Agencies: ...........
Disposition/Result: (choose from a. through e., above): .....
WHEREFORE, the petitioner respectfully requests this Honorable Court to (1) order all law enforcement agencies to expunge all records of petitioner to this incident or incidents, and (2) to order the Clerk of the Court to expunge all records concerning the petitioner regarding this incident or incidents.
 
......................
Petitioner (Signature)

 
..........................
Petitioner's Street Address

 
.....................
City, State, Zip Code

 
.............................
Petitioner's Telephone Number

 
Pursuant to the penalties of perjury under the Code of Civil Procedure, 735 ILCS 5/1-109, I hereby certify that the statements in this petition are true and correct, or on information and belief I believe the same to be true.
 
......................
Petitioner (Signature)
The Petition for Expungement for subsection (2) shall be substantially in the following form:
 
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF ........, ILLINOIS
........ JUDICIAL CIRCUIT

IN THE INTEREST OF )    NO.
                   )
                   )
...................)
(Name of Petitioner)
 
PETITION TO EXPUNGE JUVENILE RECORDS
(705 ILCS 405/5-915 (SUBSECTION 2))
(Please prepare a separate petition for each offense)
Now comes ............, petitioner, and respectfully requests that this Honorable Court enter an order expunging all Juvenile Law Enforcement and Court records of petitioner and in support thereof states that:
The incident for which the Petitioner seeks expungement occurred before the Petitioner's 18th birthday and did not result in proceedings in criminal court and the Petitioner has not had any convictions for any crime since his/her 18th birthday; and
The incident for which the Petitioner seeks expungement occurred before the Petitioner's 18th birthday and the adjudication was not based upon first-degree murder or sex offenses which would be felonies if committed by an adult, and the Petitioner has not had any convictions for any crime since his/her 18th birthday.
Petitioner was arrested on ...... by the ....... Police Department for the offense of ........, and:
(Check whichever one occurred the latest:)
( ) a. The Petitioner has attained the age of 21 years, his/her birthday being .......; or
( ) b. 5 years have elapsed since all juvenile court proceedings relating to the Petitioner have been terminated; or the Petitioner's commitment to the Department of Juvenile Justice pursuant to the expungement of juvenile law enforcement and court records provisions of the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 has been terminated. Petitioner ...has ...has not been arrested on charges in this or any other county other than the charge listed above. If petitioner has been arrested on additional charges, please list the charges below:
Charge(s): ..........
Arresting Agency or Agencies: .......
Disposition/Result: (choose from a or b, above): ..........
WHEREFORE, the petitioner respectfully requests this Honorable Court to (1) order all law enforcement agencies to expunge all records of petitioner related to this incident, and (2) to order the Clerk of the Court to expunge all records concerning the petitioner regarding this incident.
 
.......................
Petitioner (Signature)

 
......................
Petitioner's Street Address

 
.....................
City, State, Zip Code
.............................
Petitioner's Telephone Number

 
Pursuant to the penalties of perjury under the Code of Civil Procedure, 735 ILCS 5/1-109, I hereby certify that the statements in this petition are true and correct, or on information and belief I believe the same to be true.
......................
Petitioner (Signature)
    (3) The chief judge of the circuit in which an arrest was made or a charge was brought or any judge of that circuit designated by the chief judge may, upon verified petition of a person who is the subject of an arrest or a juvenile court proceeding under subsection (1) or (2) of this Section, order the law enforcement records or official court file, or both, to be expunged from the official records of the arresting authority, the clerk of the circuit court and the Department of State Police. The person whose records are to be expunged shall petition the court using the appropriate form containing his or her current address and shall promptly notify the clerk of the circuit court of any change of address. Notice of the petition shall be served upon the State's Attorney or prosecutor charged with the duty of prosecuting the offense, the Department of State Police, and the arresting agency or agencies by the clerk of the circuit court. If an objection is filed within 45 days of the notice of the petition, the clerk of the circuit court shall set a date for hearing after the 45 day objection period. At the hearing the court shall hear evidence on whether the expungement should or should not be granted. Unless the State's Attorney or prosecutor, the Department of State Police, or an arresting agency objects to the expungement within 45 days of the notice, the court may enter an order granting expungement. The clerk shall forward a certified copy of the order to the Department of State Police and deliver a certified copy of the order to the arresting agency.
    (3.1) The Notice of Expungement shall be in substantially the following form:
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF ....., ILLINOIS
.... JUDICIAL CIRCUIT

IN THE INTEREST OF )    NO.
                   )
                   )
...................)
(Name of Petitioner)
 
NOTICE
TO:  State's Attorney
TO:  Arresting Agency

................
................

................
................
TO:  Illinois State Police

.....................

.....................
ATTENTION: Expungement
You are hereby notified that on ....., at ....., in courtroom ..., located at ..., before the Honorable ..., Judge, or any judge sitting in his/her stead, I shall then and there present a Petition to Expunge Juvenile records in the above-entitled matter, at which time and place you may appear.
......................
Petitioner's Signature
...........................
Petitioner's Street Address
.....................
City, State, Zip Code
.............................
Petitioner's Telephone Number
PROOF OF SERVICE
On the ....... day of ......, 20..., I on oath state that I served this notice and true and correct copies of the above-checked documents by:
(Check One:)
delivering copies personally to each entity to whom they are directed;
or
by mailing copies to each entity to whom they are directed by depositing the same in the U.S. Mail, proper postage fully prepaid, before the hour of 5:00 p.m., at the United States Postal Depository located at .................
.........................................

Signature
Clerk of the Circuit Court or Deputy Clerk
Printed Name of Delinquent Minor/Petitioner: ....
Address: ........................................
Telephone Number: ...............................
    (3.2) The Order of Expungement shall be in substantially the following form:
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF ....., ILLINOIS
.... JUDICIAL CIRCUIT

IN THE INTEREST OF )    NO.
                   )
                   )
...................)
(Name of Petitioner)
 
DOB ................
Arresting Agency/Agencies ......
ORDER OF EXPUNGEMENT
(705 ILCS 405/5-915 (SUBSECTION 3))
This matter having been heard on the petitioner's motion and the court being fully advised in the premises does find that the petitioner is indigent or has presented reasonable cause to waive all costs in this matter, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:
    ( ) 1. Clerk of Court and Department of State Police costs are hereby waived in this matter.
    ( ) 2. The Illinois State Police Bureau of Identification and the following law enforcement agencies expunge all records of petitioner relating to an arrest dated ...... for the offense of ......
Law Enforcement Agencies:
.........................
.........................
    ( ) 3. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk of the Circuit Court expunge all records regarding the above-captioned case.
ENTER: ......................

JUDGE
DATED: .......
Name:
Attorney for:
Address: City/State/Zip:
Attorney Number:
    (3.3) The Notice of Objection shall be in substantially the following form:
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF ....., ILLINOIS
....................... JUDICIAL CIRCUIT

IN THE INTEREST OF )    NO.
                   )
                   )
...................)
(Name of Petitioner)
 
NOTICE OF OBJECTION
TO:(Attorney, Public Defender, Minor)
.................................
.................................
TO:(Illinois State Police)
.................................
.................................
TO:(Clerk of the Court)
.................................
.................................
TO:(Judge)
.................................
.................................
TO:(Arresting Agency/Agencies)
.................................
.................................
ATTENTION: You are hereby notified that an objection has been filed by the following entity regarding the above-named minor's petition for expungement of juvenile records:
( ) State's Attorney's Office;
( ) Prosecutor (other than State's Attorney's Office) charged with the duty of prosecuting the offense sought to be expunged;
( ) Department of Illinois State Police; or
( ) Arresting Agency or Agencies.
The agency checked above respectfully requests that this case be continued and set for hearing on whether the expungement should or should not be granted.
DATED: .......
Name:
Attorney For:
Address:
City/State/Zip:
Telephone:
Attorney No.:
FOR USE BY CLERK OF THE COURT PERSONNEL ONLY
This matter has been set for hearing on the foregoing objection, on ...... in room ...., located at ....., before the Honorable ....., Judge, or any judge sitting in his/her stead. (Only one hearing shall be set, regardless of the number of Notices of Objection received on the same case).
A copy of this completed Notice of Objection containing the court date, time, and location, has been sent via regular U.S. Mail to the following entities. (If more than one Notice of Objection is received on the same case, each one must be completed with the court date, time and location and mailed to the following entities):
( ) Attorney, Public Defender or Minor;
( ) State's Attorney's Office;
( ) Prosecutor (other than State's Attorney's Office) charged with the duty of prosecuting the offense sought to be expunged;
( ) Department of Illinois State Police; and
( ) Arresting agency or agencies.
Date: ......
Initials of Clerk completing this section: .....
    (4) Upon entry of an order expunging records or files, the offense, which the records or files concern shall be treated as if it never occurred. Law enforcement officers and other public offices and agencies shall properly reply on inquiry that no record or file exists with respect to the person.
    (5) Records which have not been expunged are sealed, and may be obtained only under the provisions of Sections 5-901, 5-905 and 5-915.
    (6) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to prohibit the maintenance of information relating to an offense after records or files concerning the offense have been expunged if the information is kept in a manner that does not enable identification of the offender. This information may only be used for statistical and bona fide research purposes.
    (6.5) The Department of State Police or any employee of the Department shall be immune from civil or criminal liability for failure to expunge any records of arrest that are subject to expungement under subsection (1.5) or (1.6) of this Section because of inability to verify a record. Nothing in subsection (1.5) or (1.6) of this Section shall create Department of State Police liability or responsibility for the expungement of law enforcement records it does not possess.
    (7)(a) The State Appellate Defender shall establish, maintain, and carry out, by December 31, 2004, a juvenile expungement program to provide information and assistance to minors eligible to have their juvenile records expunged.
    (b) The State Appellate Defender shall develop brochures, pamphlets, and other materials in printed form and through the agency's World Wide Web site. The pamphlets and other materials shall include at a minimum the following information:
        (i) An explanation of the State's juvenile
    
expungement process;
        (ii) The circumstances under which juvenile
    
expungement may occur;
        (iii) The juvenile offenses that may be expunged;
        (iv) The steps necessary to initiate and complete the
    
juvenile expungement process; and
        (v) Directions on how to contact the State Appellate
    
Defender.
    (c) The State Appellate Defender shall establish and maintain a statewide toll-free telephone number that a person may use to receive information or assistance concerning the expungement of juvenile records. The State Appellate Defender shall advertise the toll-free telephone number statewide. The State Appellate Defender shall develop an expungement information packet that may be sent to eligible persons seeking expungement of their juvenile records, which may include, but is not limited to, a pre-printed expungement petition with instructions on how to complete the petition and a pamphlet containing information that would assist individuals through the juvenile expungement process.
    (d) The State Appellate Defender shall compile a statewide list of volunteer attorneys willing to assist eligible individuals through the juvenile expungement process.
    (e) This Section shall be implemented from funds appropriated by the General Assembly to the State Appellate Defender for this purpose. The State Appellate Defender shall employ the necessary staff and adopt the necessary rules for implementation of this Section.
    (8)(a) Except with respect to law enforcement agencies, the Department of Corrections, State's Attorneys, or other prosecutors, an expunged juvenile record may not be considered by any private or public entity in employment matters, certification, licensing, revocation of certification or licensure, or registration. Applications for employment must contain specific language that states that the applicant is not obligated to disclose expunged juvenile records of conviction or arrest. Employers may not ask if an applicant has had a juvenile record expunged. Effective January 1, 2005, the Department of Labor shall develop a link on the Department's website to inform employers that employers may not ask if an applicant had a juvenile record expunged and that application for employment must contain specific language that states that the applicant is not obligated to disclose expunged juvenile records of arrest or conviction.
    (b) A person whose juvenile records have been expunged is not entitled to remission of any fines, costs, or other money paid as a consequence of expungement. This amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly does not affect the right of the victim of a crime to prosecute or defend a civil action for damages.
    (c) The expungement of juvenile records under Section 5-622 shall be funded by the additional fine imposed under Section 5-9-1.17 of the Unified Code of Corrections and additional appropriations made by the General Assembly for such purpose.
    (9) The changes made to this Section by Public Act 98-61 apply to law enforcement records of a minor who has been arrested or taken into custody on or after January 1, 2014 (the effective date of Public Act 98-61).
    (10) The changes made in subsection (1.5) of this Section by this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly apply to law enforcement records of a minor who has been arrested or taken into custody on or after January 1, 2015. The changes made in subsection (1.6) of this Section by this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly apply to law enforcement records of a minor who has been arrested or taken into custody before January 1, 2015.
(Source: P.A. 98-61, eff. 1-1-14; 98-637, eff. 1-1-15; 98-756, eff. 7-16-14; 99-881, eff. 1-1-17.)