Illinois Compiled Statutes
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MUNICIPALITIES65 ILCS 5/Art. 3.1 Div. 15
(65 ILCS 5/) Illinois Municipal Code.
(65 ILCS 5/Art. 3.1 Div. 15 heading)
ELECTED OFFICERS GENERALLY
65 ILCS 5/3.1-15-5
(65 ILCS 5/3.1-15-5)
(from Ch. 24, par. 3.1-15-5)
Officers to be elected.
In all cities incorporated
under this Code there shall be elected a mayor, aldermen, a city clerk, and a
city treasurer (except in the case of a city of 10,000 or fewer inhabitants
that, by ordinance, allows for the appointment of a city treasurer by the
mayor, subject to the advice and consent of the city council). In all villages
and incorporated towns, there shall be elected a president, trustees, and a
clerk, except as otherwise provided in this Code.
(Source: P.A. 87-1119; 88-572, eff. 8-11-94.)
65 ILCS 5/3.1-15-10
(65 ILCS 5/3.1-15-10)
(from Ch. 24, par. 3.1-15-10)
The chief executive officer of a
city shall be a mayor. The chief executive officer of a village shall be a
village president, who may also be called a mayor. The chief executive
officer of an incorporated town shall be a president, who may also be
called a mayor. The chief executive officer shall hold office for 4 years
and until a successor is elected and
has qualified, except in municipalities that have adopted a 2 year term as
provided in Section 3.1-10-65 and except in a village or incorporated town
that, before January 1, 1942, has adopted a 2 year term for the chief
(Source: P.A. 87-1119.)
65 ILCS 5/3.1-15-15
(65 ILCS 5/3.1-15-15)
(from Ch. 24, par. 3.1-15-15)
Holding other offices.
A mayor, president,
alderman, trustee, clerk, or
treasurer shall not hold
any other office under the municipal government during
the term of that office, except when the officer is granted a leave of absence
from that office or
except as otherwise provided in Sections 3.1-10-50, 3.1-35-135, and 8-2-9.1.
Moreover, an officer may serve as a volunteer fireman and receive compensation
(Source: P.A. 99-386, eff. 8-17-15.)
65 ILCS 5/3.1-15-20
(65 ILCS 5/3.1-15-20)
(from Ch. 24, par. 3.1-15-20)
The mayor of a city, the
president of a village or
incorporated town, the clerk, the chairman of a plan commission, and the
chairman of a zoning board of appeals of a municipality have power to
administer oaths and affirmations on all lawful occasions. The corporate
authorities by ordinance may authorize other municipal officers to
(Source: P.A. 87-1119.)
65 ILCS 5/3.1-15-25
(65 ILCS 5/3.1-15-25)
(from Ch. 24, par. 3.1-15-25)
Conservators of the peace; service of warrants.
(a) After receiving a certificate attesting to the successful completion
a training course administered by the Illinois Law Enforcement Training
Standards Board, the mayor, aldermen,
president, trustees, marshal, deputy
marshals, and policemen in municipalities shall be conservators
of the peace. Those persons and others authorized by
ordinance shall have power (i) to arrest or cause to be arrested, with or
without process, all persons who break the peace or are found violating
any municipal ordinance or any criminal law of the State, (ii) to commit
arrested persons for examination, (iii) if necessary, to detain arrested
persons in custody over night or Sunday in any safe place or until they
can be brought before the proper court, and (iv) to exercise all other
powers as conservators of the peace prescribed by the corporate authorities.
(b) All warrants for the violation of municipal ordinances or the State
criminal law, directed to any person, may be served and executed within the
limits of a municipality by any policeman or marshal of the
municipality. For that purpose, policemen and marshals have all the
common law and statutory powers of sheriffs.
(Source: P.A. 90-540, eff. 12-1-97.)
65 ILCS 5/3.1-15-30
(65 ILCS 5/3.1-15-30)
(from Ch. 24, par. 3.1-15-30)
(a) Whenever the question of
incorporation as a city under
this Code is submitted for adoption to the electors of any territory,
village, incorporated town, or city under special charter, there may be
submitted at the same time for adoption or rejection the question of
minority representation in the city council. The proposition shall be
in the following form:
Shall minority representation in the city council be
(b) If a majority of the votes cast on the question at any election are
for minority representation in the city council, the members of the city
council, except as otherwise provided, thereafter shall be elected as
provided in Section 3.1-15-35.
(c) The city council, at least 30 days before the first day fixed
by law for the filing of candidate petitions for the next general municipal
election, shall apportion the city by dividing its population,
as ascertained by an official publication of any national,
state, school, or city census, by any number not less than 2 nor more
than 6. The quotient shall be the ratio of representation in the city
council. Districts shall be formed of contiguous and compact territory
and contain, as near as practicable, an equal number of inhabitants.
(d) If a majority of the votes cast on the question at any election are
against minority representation in the city council, the members of the
city council shall be elected as otherwise provided in this Code.
(e) At any time after the incorporation of a city under this
Code, on petition of electors equal in number to one-eighth the number
of legal votes cast at the next preceding general municipal election,
the city clerk shall certify
the question of the adoption or
retention of minority representation to the proper election authority
for submission to the electors of that city. The proposition
shall be in the same form as provided in this Section, except
that the word "retained" shall be substituted for the word "adopted"
when appropriate. A question of minority representation, however, shall not be
submitted more than once within 32 months.
(f) If the city council of any city adopting minority representation
as provided in this Section has not fixed a ratio of representation and
formed the districts by the time specified in this Section, those acts
may be done by any later city council. All official acts
done and ordinances passed by a city council
elected at large by the electors of a city that has adopted a
minority representation plan shall be as valid and binding as if the
aldermen had been elected from districts.
(Source: P.A. 87-1119.)
65 ILCS 5/3.1-15-35
(65 ILCS 5/3.1-15-35)
(from Ch. 24, par. 3.1-15-35)
Aldermen under minority representation plan.
district under a minority representation plan shall be entitled to 3 aldermen.
Aldermen shall hold their offices for 4 years and until their successors have
been elected and qualified, except in cities that have adopted a 2 year term
under Section 3.1-10-65. There shall be elected in each district as many
aldermen as the district is entitled to. In all of these elections for
aldermen, each elector may cast as many votes as there are aldermen to be
elected in the elector's district, or may distribute his or her votes, or equal
parts of the votes, among the candidates as the elector sees fit. The candidate
highest in votes is elected if only one alderman is elected; the candidates
highest and next highest in votes are elected if only 2 aldermen are elected;
and the 3 highest candidates in votes are elected when 3 aldermen are elected.
Vacancies shall be filled as provided in Sections 3.1-10-50 and 3.1-10-55 by
either interim election or appointment. An appointment to fill a vacancy shall
be made within 60 days after the vacancy occurs. The requirement that an
appointment be made within 60 days is an exclusive power and function of the
State and is a denial and limitation under Article VII, Section 6, subsection
(h) of the Illinois Constitution of the power of a home rule municipality to
require that an appointment be made within a different period after the vacancy
(Source: P.A. 87-1052; 87-1119; 88-45.)
65 ILCS 5/3.1-15-40
(65 ILCS 5/3.1-15-40)
(from Ch. 24, par. 3.1-15-40)
Staggered elections under minority plans.
that adopt or have adopted the minority representation plan for the
election of aldermen and have
not already staggered the terms of their aldermen, the city council may
provide by ordinance that at any ensuing general municipal election
for city officers the aldermen in every alternate district shall be elected
for one term of 2 years and, at the expiration of that term of 2 years,
for regular terms of 4 years. This Section does not prohibit a city from
voting in favor of a 2 year term for city officers as provided in Section
3.1-10-65. The provisions of the general election law shall govern elections
under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 87-1119.)