Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

(430 ILCS 30/) Illinois Hazardous Materials Transportation Act.

430 ILCS 30/1

    (430 ILCS 30/1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 700-1)
    Sec. 1. This Act shall be known and may be cited as the "Illinois Hazardous Materials Transportation Act".
(Source: P.A. 80-351.)

430 ILCS 30/2

    (430 ILCS 30/2) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 700-2)
    Sec. 2. It is the finding of the General Assembly that hazardous materials are essential for various industrial, commercial and other purposes; that their transportation is a necessary incident to their use; and that such transportation is required for the employment and economic prosperity of the People of the State of Illinois.
    It is therefore declared to be the policy of the General Assembly to improve the regulatory and enforcement authority of the Department of Transportation to protect the People of the State of Illinois against the risk to life and property inherent in the transportation of hazardous materials over highways by keeping such risk to a minimum consistent with technical feasibility and economic reasonableness.
    It is not the intent of the General Assembly to regulate the movement of hazardous materials in such quantities that would not pose a substantial danger to the public health and safety, such as fuels, fertilizer and agricultural chemicals while being used in a normal farming operation or in transit to the farm.
(Source: P.A. 80-351.)

430 ILCS 30/3

    (430 ILCS 30/3) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 700-3)
    Sec. 3. Unless the context otherwise clearly requires, as used in this Act:
    "Commerce" means trade, traffic, commerce or transportation within the State;
    "Department" means the Illinois Department of Transportation;
    "Discharge" means leakage, seepage, or other release;
    "Hazardous material" means a substance or material in a quantity and form determined by the United States Department of Transportation to be capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health and safety or property when transported in commerce;
    "Knowingly" means a person has actual knowledge of the facts giving rise to the violation or a reasonable person acting in the circumstances and exercising due care would have such knowledge;
    "Law Enforcement Officials" means the Illinois State Police or any duly authorized employees of a local governmental agency who are primarily responsible for prevention or detection of crime and enforcement of the criminal code and the highway and traffic laws of this State or any political subdivision of such State;
    "Local road" means any State or local highway except for (i) a highway with 4 or more lanes, or (ii) an interstate highway.
    "Person" means any natural person or individual, governmental body, firm, association, partnership, copartnership, joint venture, company, corporation, joint stock company, trust, estate or any other legal entity or their legal representative, agent or assigns;
    "Transports" or "transportation" means any movement of property over the highway and any loading, unloading or storage incidental to such movement.
(Source: P.A. 102-513, eff. 8-20-21.)

430 ILCS 30/4

    (430 ILCS 30/4) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 700-4)
    Sec. 4. To the extent necessary to administer this Act, the Department is authorized to:
    (a) Adopt by reference all or any portion of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations and the hazardous materials regulations of the United States Department of Transportation, as now or hereafter amended.
    (b) Conduct investigations; make reports; issue subpoenas; conduct hearings; require the production of relevant documents, records and property; take depositions; and conduct directly or indirectly research, development, demonstration and training activities.
    (c) Authorize any officer, employee or agent:
    (1) To enter upon, inspect and examine at reasonable times and in a reasonable manner, the records and properties of persons to the extent such records and properties relate to the transportation or shipment by any person of hazardous materials in commerce;
    (2) To stop and inspect any motor vehicle for any violation of this Act or the rules and regulations issued under this Act.
    Any such officer, employee or agent shall upon request display proper credentials.
    (d) Conduct a continuing review of all aspects of the transportation of hazardous materials in order to determine and recommend appropriate steps to assure the safe transportation of hazardous materials.
    (e) Administer and enforce the provisions of this Act and any rules and regulations issued under this Act.
(Source: P.A. 80-351.)

430 ILCS 30/5

    (430 ILCS 30/5) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 700-5)
    Sec. 5. The transportation of hazardous materials in commerce that are not in compliance with this Act or any rules and regulations issued under this Act is prohibited.
(Source: P.A. 80-351.)

430 ILCS 30/6

    (430 ILCS 30/6) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 700-6)
    Sec. 6. The Department may exempt any person who transports any hazardous material if such exemption is identical to an exemption issued by the Secretary of the United States Department of Transportation under Section 107 of the "Hazardous Materials Transportation Act" (49 USC 1806) or pertains to commerce not governed by the United States Department of Transportation regulations.
    The Department shall seek exemptions pursuant to the federal act for the transportation of those quantities of hazardous materials which do not pose a substantial danger to the public health and safety including fuels, fertilizers and agricultural chemicals while being used in a normal farming operation or in transit to the farm.
(Source: P.A. 80-351.)

430 ILCS 30/7

    (430 ILCS 30/7) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 700-7)
    Sec. 7. This Act shall not apply to:
    (a) Natural gas pipelines;
    (b) Transportation by any individual for personal use of any firearm or any ammunition for such firearm; or
    (c) Transportation of firearms or ammunition in Commerce.
(Source: P.A. 80-351.)

430 ILCS 30/8

    (430 ILCS 30/8) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 700-8)
    Sec. 8. The Department shall cooperate with other State agencies regulating hazardous materials and may enter into interagency agreements for the purpose of administering or enforcing any provisions of this Act and the rules and regulations issued under this Act.
    All files, records and data gathered by the Department under this Act shall be made available to the Department of Public Health pursuant to the Illinois Health and Hazardous Substances Registry Act.
(Source: P.A. 83-1361.)

430 ILCS 30/9

    (430 ILCS 30/9) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 700-9)
    Sec. 9. (a) The Department is authorized to make and adopt reasonable rules and regulations and orders consistent with law necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act.
    (b) Prior to the adoption, amendment or repeal of any rule, the Department shall:
    (1) Give at least 30 days' notice of its intended action. The notice shall include a statement of either the terms or substance of the intended action or a description of the subjects and issues involved and the time, place and manner in which interested persons may present their views concerning the intended action. The notice shall be mailed to each person who has made timely request of the Department for advance notice of its rulemaking proceedings. In addition, the Department shall file such notice with the Secretary of State.
    (2) Afford all affected parties reasonable opportunity to submit data, views or arguments which may in the discretion of the Department be submitted either orally or in writing or both. The Department shall consider fully all submissions respecting the proposed rule.
    (3) If the Department finds that an emergency reasonably constituting a threat to the public interest, safety or welfare requires adoption of a rule upon fewer than 30 days' notice and states in writing its reasons for that finding, it may proceed without prior notice or hearing or upon any abbreviated notice and hearing that it finds practicable to adopt an emergency rule. The rule may be effective for a period not to exceed 120 days but the Department's authority to adopt an identical rule under paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection is not precluded.
    (c) No action by the Department to adopt, amend or repeal a rule under this Act shall be valid unless taken in substantial compliance with this Section. A proceedings to contest any rule on the ground of noncompliance with the procedural requirements of this Section must be commenced within one year from the effective date of the rule.
    (d) The Department shall file in the Office of the Secretary of State and in the Department's principal office a certified copy of each rule adopted by it.
    (e) Each rule hereafter adopted is effective 10 days after filing, except that:
    (1) If the rule specified a later date as the effective date.
    (2) Subject to applicable constitutional provisions, an emergency rule becomes effective immediately upon filing with the Secretary of State and in the Department's principal office or at a stated date less than 10 days after filing if the Department finds that this effective date is necessary because of emergency. The Department's finding and a brief statement of the reasons for such findings shall be filed with the rule. The Department shall take reasonable and appropriate measures to make emergency rules known to possible affected parties.
(Source: P.A. 80-351.)

430 ILCS 30/10

    (430 ILCS 30/10) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 700-10)
    Sec. 10. Upon a determination by the Department that the transportation of certain hazardous materials poses a threat to life and property, that such threat is susceptible to control by regulation, and that regulation by the State would be more effective in controlling the threat than federal regulation, the Department may issue regulations to control that threat. No such regulations shall be inconsistent with federal regulations unless the Department first determines that:
    (a) The inconsistent regulation affords the People of the State of Illinois a level of safety at least equal to that afforded by the federal regulations;
    (b) Increased costs and impairment of efficiency resulting from the inconsistent regulation are warranted by the measurable benefits to the People of the State of Illinois to be achieved by the regulation. Provided, no regulations issued under Section 9 of this Act shall be adopted under this Section without adequate notice to the public and an opportunity for public comment on the specific regulations proposed to be adopted. All such comments must be considered and a response prepared for the record before closing of the record and final issuance of such regulations. No regulations may take effect in less than 120 days from the closing of the record. No regulation shall take effect unless approved by the U.S. Secretary of Transportation.
(Source: P.A. 80-351.)

430 ILCS 30/11

    (430 ILCS 30/11) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 700-11)
    Sec. 11. Any person who is determined by the Department after reasonable notice and opportunity for a fair and impartial hearing to have knowingly committed an act that is a violation of this Act or any rule or regulation issued under this Act is liable to the State for a civil penalty. Whoever knowingly commits an act that is a violation of any rule or regulation applicable to any person who transports or ships or causes to be transported or shipped hazardous materials is subject to a civil penalty of not more than $10,000 for such violation and, if any such violation is a continuing one, each day of violation constitutes a separate offense. The amount of any such penalty shall be assessed by the Department by a written notice. In determining the amount of such penalty, the Department shall take into account the nature, circumstances, extent and gravity of the violation and, with respect to a person found to have committed such violation, the degree of culpability, history of prior offenses, ability to pay, effect on ability to continue to do business and such other matters as justice may require.
    Such civil penalty is recoverable in an action brought by the State's Attorney or the Attorney General on behalf of the State in the circuit court or, prior to referral to the State's Attorney or the Attorney General, such civil penalty may be compromised by the Department. The amount of such penalty when finally determined (or agreed upon in compromise), may be deducted from any sums owed by the State to the person charged. All civil penalties collected under this Section shall be deposited in the Road Fund.
(Source: P.A. 80-351.)

430 ILCS 30/11.1

    (430 ILCS 30/11.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 700-11.1)
    Sec. 11.1. (a) Notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary, no person who provides assistance or advice in mitigating or attempting to mitigate the effects of an actual or threatened discharge of hazardous materials, or in preventing, cleaning up, or disposing of or in attempting to prevent, clean up, or dispose of any such discharge, shall be subject to civil liability or civil penalties of any type growing out of such assistance or advice.
    (b) The immunities provided in subsection (a) of this Section shall not apply to any person:
        1. whose act or omission caused in whole or in part
such actual or threatened discharge and who would otherwise be liable therefor; or
        2. who receives compensation, other than
reimbursement for out-of-pocket expenses, for services in rendering such assistance or advice.
    (c) Nothing contained in subsection (a) of this Section shall be construed to limit or otherwise affect the liability of any person for damages resulting from such person's gross negligence or from such person's reckless, wanton, or intentional misconduct.
    (d) This Section shall not apply to hazardous waste as defined in the Environmental Protection Act.
(Source: P.A. 90-655, eff. 7-30-98.)

430 ILCS 30/12

    (430 ILCS 30/12) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 700-12)
    Sec. 12. Any person who willfully violates any provision of this Act or any rule or regulation issued under this Act is guilty of a Class 3 felony and subject to a fine of not more than $25,000 for each offense. Such violation shall be prosecuted by the State's Attorney or the Attorney General at the request of the Department.
(Source: P.A. 80-351.)

430 ILCS 30/13

    (430 ILCS 30/13) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 700-13)
    Sec. 13. If the Department or such other person or agency as the Department may designate has reason to believe that an imminent hazard exists, the Department or its designee shall through the Attorney General or State's Attorney petition the circuit court for an order suspending or restricting the transportation of the hazardous material responsible for such imminent hazard, or for such other order as is necessary to eliminate or ameliorate such imminent hazard. As used in this Section, an "imminent hazard" exists if there is substantial likelihood that death, serious illness, or severe personal injury will occur prior to the completion of an administrative hearing or other formal proceeding initiated to abate the risk of such serious harm.
(Source: P.A. 80-351.)

430 ILCS 30/13.1

    (430 ILCS 30/13.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 700-13.1)
    Sec. 13.1. Multiple Apparent Violations - Court Orders. If the Department or a law enforcement official has reason to believe that a person who is transporting hazardous materials over highways in Illinois has violated the Act or any rules and regulations issued under this Act, and that person has been issued 5 notices of apparent violation within the past 12 months, the Department or law enforcement official may through the State's Attorney or Attorney General petition the circuit court for, (1) an order suspending or restricting the person from the transportation of hazardous material, or such other order as is necessary, or (2), order a civil penalty of not more than $10,000 for such violation, or order that both (1) and (2) be imposed.
(Source: P.A. 82-331.)

430 ILCS 30/14

    (430 ILCS 30/14) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 700-14)
    Sec. 14. Law enforcement officials who regulate transportation over highways shall enforce the rules and regulations issued under this Act.
(Source: P.A. 80-351.)

430 ILCS 30/15

    (430 ILCS 30/15) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 700-15)
    Sec. 15. This Act is not intended to affect any State law now in effect or intrude upon the duties and responsibilities of any State officer with respect to matters related to the subject of this Act, but in the case of any conflict relating to the transportation of hazardous materials the provisions of this Act shall control.
(Source: P.A. 80-351.)

430 ILCS 30/16

    (430 ILCS 30/16) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 700-16)
    Sec. 16. All administrative decisions of the Department under this Act shall be subject to judicial review under the Administrative Review Law, as now or hereafter amended. The term "administrative decision" is defined as in Section 3-101 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
(Source: P.A. 82-783.)