Illinois General Assembly - Full Text of SB3323
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Full Text of SB3323  103rd General Assembly



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1    AN ACT concerning transportation.
2    Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois,
3represented in the General Assembly:
4    Section 1. Short title. This Act may be cited as the
5Accessible Electric Vehicle Charging Station Act.
6    Section 3. Applicability. This Act does not apply to a
7charger owned by a resident of any of the following if the
8charger is not used for a commercial purpose:
9    (1) a single-family home;
10    (2) a condominium association;
11    (3) a common interest community association;
12    (4) a master association; or
13    (5) a residential housing cooperative.
14    Section 5. Definitions. As used in this Act:
15    "AC Level 2" means a charger that uses a 240-volt
16alternating-current electrical circuit to deliver electricity
17to an electric vehicle.
18    "ABA" means the federal Architectural Barriers Act of
20    "ADA" means the federal Americans with Disabilities Act of
22    "Charger" means a device with one or more charging ports



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1and connectors for charging electric vehicles. "Charger" also
2includes electric vehicle supply equipment.
3    "Charging port" means the system within a charger that
4charges an electric vehicle. A charging port may have multiple
5connectors, but it can only provide power to charge one
6electric vehicle through one connector at a time.
7    "Charging station" means one or more chargers at a common
8location. "Charging station" includes a large site, such as a
9parking lot or parking garage, that has multiple charging
11    "Charging station operator" means the entity that operates
12and maintains the chargers and supporting equipment and
13facilities at one or more charging stations. "Charging station
14operator" also includes a charging point operator.
15    "Connector" means a device that attaches electric vehicles
16to charging ports to transfer electricity.
17    "Contactless payment methods" means a secure method for
18consumers to purchase services using a debit, credit,
19smartcard, or another payment device by using radio frequency
20identification technology and near-field communication.
21    "Department" means the Department of Transportation.
22    "Direct current fast charger" or "DCFC" means a charger
23that uses a 3-phase, 480-volt alternating current electrical
24circuit to enable rapid charging through the delivery of
25direct current electricity to the electric vehicle.
26    "Electric vehicle" means an automotive vehicle that is



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1either partially or fully powered by electricity.
2    "ICT" means information and communication technology.
3    "Site" means a parcel of land bounded by a property line or
4a designated portion of a public right-of-way.
5    "Vehicle charging inlet" means the inlet on a vehicle into
6which a connector is plugged. "Vehicle charging inlet" also
7includes a charging port or charging door.
8    "Vehicle charging space" means a space to park a vehicle
9for charging. A vehicle charging space can be a marked parking
10space or an unmarked area adjacent to a charger.
11    Section 10. Accessible chargers; accessible routes.
12    (a) The Department shall ensure that charging stations in
13this State are sufficiently accessible to allow independent
14use by drivers with disabilities, including people who have
15limited or no hand dexterity, limb differences, or upper
16extremity amputations and use adaptive driving controls. A
17reasonable number of chargers, as determined by the
18Department, must have physical access for people who use
19mobility devices, such as wheelchairs, scooters, walkers, and
20canes. Chargers must have accessible communication features
21and operable parts. All chargers containing ICT that are
22developed, procured, maintained, or used by any entity within
23the State must comply with Section 508 of the Rehabilitation
24Act and have accessible ICT, including accessible hardware,
25software, and operable parts.



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1    (b) Chargers designed to serve people who use mobility
2devices must be located on an accessible route and must
4        (1) a vehicle charging space that is at least 11 feet
5    wide and 20 feet long;
6        (2) an adjoining access aisle that is at least 5 feet
7    wide;
8        (3) a clear floor or ground space at the same level as
9    the vehicle charging space and positioned for an
10    unobstructed side reach; and
11        (4) accessible operable parts, including parts on the
12    charger and connector.
13    (c) The Department shall adopt the technical requirements
14for accessible routes established by the ADA and ABA
15standards, including walking surfaces, curb ramps, and ramps.
16    Section 15. Electric vehicle charging space; access aisle.
17Charging spaces with mobility features must provide a vehicle
18space with a minimum width of at least 11 feet and a minimum
19length of at least 20 feet. Adjacent to the vehicle charging
20space shall be an access aisle that is at least 5 feet wide and
21the full length of the vehicle charging space. Where vehicle
22charging spaces are marked, access aisles shall also be marked
23to restrict parking in them. The width of the vehicle charging
24spaces and access aisles is measured to the centerline of
25markings, but it can include the full width of lines where



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1there is no adjacent vehicle space or access aisle.
2    One access aisle may be shared by 2 vehicle charging
3spaces, or a charging space and a parking space, but overlap of
4the aisle shall be limited to 5-feet.
5    Access aisles shall not be blocked or obscured by curbs,
6wheel stops, bollards, or charging cable slack. Floor or
7ground surfaces of vehicle charging spaces and access aisles
8must comply with Section 302 of the American with Disabilities
10    The access aisle shall be connected by an accessible route
11to the clear floor or ground space at the charger. When
12charging cables are less than 10 feet, the charger must be
13positioned so that the operable parts and clear floor or
14ground space are on the same side as the access aisle.
15    Section 20. Clear floor or ground space. Chargers shall
16provide a clear floor or ground space. Clear floor or ground
17spaces must meet ADA requirements for ground and floor
18surfaces, including criteria for firmness, stability, and slip
19resistance. The clear floor or ground space must be free of
20changes in level and not sloped more than 1:48. Grass, curbs,
21wheel stops, and bollards shall not be located within the
22clear floor or ground space. Clear floor or ground space at
23chargers must be a minimum of 30 inches by 48 inches.
24Additional space may be required where the clear floor or
25ground space is confined on 3 sides and obstructed for more



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1than half the depth. Chargers shall be installed at the same
2level as the vehicle charging space and access aisle so that
3the clear floor or ground space can be placed as close as
4possible to the charger. If chargers must be installed on a
5curb, such as at on-street parking, the charger must be placed
6as close to the edge of the face of the curb as possible and no
7farther than 10 inches away from the face of the curb.
8    Section 25. Operable parts within reach range. A
9reasonable number of chargers, as determined by the
10Department, shall comply with Section 309 of the Americans
11with Disabilities Act operable parts requirements, including
12technical requirements for clear floor or ground space, reach
13ranges, and operation. Operable parts on chargers shall
14include, but are not limited to, the connector, card readers,
15electronic user interfaces, and switches and buttons,
16including the emergency start or stop button. All operable
17parts shall also meet the ADA requirements for an unobstructed
18side reach and be no higher than 48 inches above the clear
19floor or ground space and no farther than 10 inches away. An
20exception for a fuel dispenser shall not be used. Operable
21parts shall be placed at a reasonable height, as determined by
22the Department, but not less than a minimum of 15-inches from
23the base of the charger.
24    Section 30. Connectors; charging cables. Connectors must



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1allow operation with one hand and no tight grasping, pinching,
2or twisting of the wrist, and they must require no more than 5
3pounds of force to operate.
4    Lightweight charging cables, including, but not limited
5to, AC Level 2 and DCFCs shall be of sufficient length, as
6determined by the Department, to charge a vehicle with various
7charging inlet locations. Heavier and shorter DCFC cables
8shall be able to charge a vehicle positioned at least 5-feet
9away and shall be installed so that users can access the
10vehicle charging inlet, access aisle, and charger. Charging
11cables shall not block or obstruct accessible routes when
12stored or when connected to vehicles.
13    Section 35. Accessible communication features; user
15    (a) All chargers that are procured or maintained within
16the State must comply with the technical requirements for
17hardware under Section 508 federal Rehabilitation Act of 1973.
18    (b) Display screens shall:
19        (1) be visible from a point located 40 inches above
20    the clear floor or ground;
21        (2) avoid bright and rapid flashing lights;
22        (3) include at least one mode with text characters in
23    a sans serif font and have an adjustable text size or a
24    minimum character height of 3/16 inch;
25        (4) enable speech output that includes:



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1            (A) an option for display screens to provide
2        speech output that is capable of full and independent
3        use by individuals with vision impairments;
4            (B) coordination with information displayed on the
5        display screen;
6            (C) capabilities that allow for pausing and
7        repeating; and
8            (D) volume controls; and
9        (5) include Braille instructions for initiating the
10    speech output function.
11    (c) Input controls shall include:
12        (1) a label on keys and visual controls with high
13    contrast;
14        (2) a control that is tactically discernible;
15        (3) a QWERTY layout when alphabetical keys are
16    provided;
17        (4) a 2-second delay before input of a key is
18    repeated; and
19        (5) a visual, auditory, or tactile alert that notifies
20    the user when a timed response is required and gives the
21    user an opportunity to indicate more time is needed.
22    (d) If the charger requires the user to have an NFC
23keychain card or other physical token that requires a
24particular orientation for its use, then the card or token
25must provide a tactically discernible orientation.



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1    Section 40. Contactless payment systems; customer service.
2    (a) Registration and payment card readers shall be
3compatible with contactless payment systems, shall be
4tactically discernible, and shall provide visual and audible
6    (b) Charging station operators shall provide customer
7service, help support, or other mechanisms to report outages,
8malfunctions, obstructed chargers, and other issues.
9    Section 45. Electric vehicle charging station location
10within a site. A charging station must connect to an
11accessible route that leads to an accessible entrance of the
12building or facilities on the same site. Additionally, the
13accessible chargers shall be on the shortest accessible route
14to the accessible entrance relative to other chargers at the
15same charging station.
16    Charging stations in parking garages must provide an
17accessible route that connects to the accessible pedestrian
18entrance of the parking garage. Additionally, a minimum
19vertical clearance of 98 inches must be maintained throughout
20the vehicular route to the accessible vehicle charging space
21and access aisle.
22    Sites with charging stations as the primary purpose shall
23include accessible routes that connect to any amenities on the
24site and, if provided, a sidewalk in the public right-of-way.
25    Charging stations added to existing sites must comply with



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1the ADA and ABA requirements for alterations and additions. In
2alterations, compliance with the ADA and ABA standards is
3required to the maximum extent feasible. If charging stations
4are added to an existing site, they must connect to an
5accessible route and a reasonable number of chargers, as
6determined by the Department, must comply with Section 309 of
7the Americans with Disabilities Act and have a clear floor or
8ground space and operable parts within reach range.
9    Section 50. Electric vehicles charging stations at
10residential facilities. Shared or common-use chargers located
11at residential facilities in the State must be accessible.
12Chargers that are designated to specific residential units
13shall provide the appropriate accessibility features. When
14residential facilities designate parking spaces to each
15residential unit, the parking space for the mobility
16accessible unit must be an accessible parking space. A charger
17provided for a mobility accessible residential unit must have
18a charging space with accessible mobility features. A charger
19provided for a communication accessible residential unit must
20have a charger with accessible communication features.
21    Section 51. Enforcement. The Attorney General shall have
22the authority to enforce this Act. The Attorney General may
23investigate any complaint or reported violation of this Act
24and, if necessary to ensure compliance, may do any or all of



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1the following:
2        (1) Conduct an investigation to determine if a
3    violation of this Act exists. This includes the power to:
4            (A) require an individual or entity to file a
5        statement or report in writing under oath or
6        otherwise, as to all information the Attorney General
7        may consider;
8            (B) examine under oath any person alleged to have
9        participated in or with knowledge of the violations;
10        and
11            (C) issue subpoenas or conduct hearings in aid of
12        any investigation.
13        (2) Bring an action for an injunction to halt
14    construction or alteration of any electric vehicle
15    charging station or to require compliance with this Act by
16    any electric vehicle charging station that has been or is
17    being constructed or altered in violation of this Act.
18        (3) Bring an action for mandamus.
19        (4) Bring an action for penalties as follows: any
20    owner of an electric vehicle charging station in violation
21    of this Act is subject to civil penalties in a sum not to
22    exceed S250 per day, and each day the owner is in violation
23    of this Act constitutes a separate offense.
24        (5) Bring an action for any other appropriate relief,
25    including, but not limited to, in lieu of a civil action,
26    the entry of an assurance of voluntary compliance with the



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1    individual or entity deemed to have violated this Act.
2    Section 55. Rules. The Department shall adopt rules to
3implement and administer this Act.