Illinois General Assembly - Full Text of HB2123
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Full Text of HB2123  103rd General Assembly


Sen. Mary Edly-Allen

Filed: 4/20/2023





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2    AMENDMENT NO. ______. Amend House Bill 2123 by replacing
3everything after the enacting clause with the following:
4    "Section 5. The Civil Remedies for Nonconsensual
5Dissemination of Private Sexual Images Act is amended by
6changing Sections 5, 10, 15, and 25 as follows:
7    (740 ILCS 190/5)
8    Sec. 5. Definitions. As used in this Act:
9    (1) "Child" means an unemancipated individual who is less
10than 18 years of age.
11    (2) "Consent" means affirmative, conscious, and voluntary
12authorization by an individual with legal capacity to give
14    (3) "Depicted individual" means an individual whose body
15is shown, in whole or in part, in a private sexual image.
16    (4) "Dissemination" or "disseminate" means publication or



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1distribution to another person with intent to disclose.
2    (5) "Harm" means physical harm, economic harm, or
3emotional distress whether or not accompanied by physical or
4economic harm.
5    (6) "Identifiable" means recognizable by a person other
6than the depicted individual:
7        (A) from a private sexual image itself; or
8        (B) from a private sexual image and identifying
9    characteristic displayed in connection with the image.
10    (7) "Identifying characteristic" means information that
11may be used to identify a depicted individual.
12    (8) "Individual" means a human being.
13    (9) "Parent" means an individual recognized as a parent
14under laws of this State.
15    (10) "Private" means:
16        (A) created or obtained under circumstances in which a
17    depicted individual had a reasonable expectation of
18    privacy; or
19        (B) made accessible through theft, bribery, extortion,
20    fraud, voyeurism, or exceeding authorized access to an
21    account, message, file, device, resource, or property.
22    (11) "Person" means an individual, business or nonprofit
23entity, public corporation, government or governmental
24subdivision, agency, or other legal entity.
25    (12) "Sexual conduct" includes:
26        (A) masturbation;



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1        (B) genital sex, anal sex, oral sex, or sexual
2    activity; or
3        (C) sexual penetration of or with an object.
4    (13) "Sexual activity" means any:
5        (A) knowing touching or fondling by the depicted
6    individual or another person, either directly or through
7    clothing, of the sex organs, anus, or breast of the
8    depicted individual or another person for the purpose of
9    sexual gratification or arousal;
10        (B) transfer or transmission of semen upon any part of
11    the clothed or unclothed body of the depicted individual,
12    for the purpose of sexual gratification or arousal of the
13    depicted individual or another person;
14        (C) act of urination within a sexual context;
15        (D) bondage, fetish, sadism, or masochism;
16        (E) sadomasochistic abuse in any sexual context; or
17        (F) animal-related sexual activity.
18    (14) "Sexual image" means a photograph, film, videotape,
19digital recording, or other similar medium that shows or
20falsely appears to show:
21        (A) the fully unclothed, partially unclothed, or
22    transparently clothed genitals, pubic area, anus, or
23    female post-pubescent nipple, partially or fully exposed,
24    of a depicted individual; or
25        (B) a depicted individual engaging in or being
26    subjected to sexual conduct or activity.



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1(Source: P.A. 101-556, eff. 1-1-20.)
2    (740 ILCS 190/10)
3    Sec. 10. Civil action.
4    (a) Except as otherwise provided in Section 15, if a
5depicted individual is identifiable to a reasonable person and
6suffers harm from the intentional dissemination or threatened
7dissemination by a person over the age of 18 of a private or
8intentionally digitally altered sexual image without the
9depicted individual's consent, the depicted individual has a
10cause of action against the person if the person knew or
11recklessly disregarded the possibility that:
12        (1) the depicted individual did not consent to the
13    dissemination;
14        (2) the image was a private or intentionally digitally
15    altered sexual image; and
16        (3) the depicted individual was identifiable.
17    (b) The following conduct by a depicted individual does
18not establish by itself that the individual consented to the
19nonconsensual dissemination of a private sexual image that is
20the subject of an action under this Act or that the individual
21lacked a reasonable expectation of privacy:
22        (1) consent to creation of the image; or
23        (2) previous consensual disclosure of the image.
24    (c) In the case of digitally altered sexual images,
25disclosing that the images were digitally altered shall not be



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1a defense to liability. Nothing in this Act shall be construed
2to impose liability on an interactive computer service, as
3defined in 47 U.S.C. 230(f)(2), for content provided by
4another person.
5(Source: P.A. 101-556, eff. 1-1-20.)
6    (740 ILCS 190/15)
7    Sec. 15. Exceptions to liability.
8    (a) A person is not liable under this Act if the person
9proves that the dissemination of or a threat to disseminate a
10private sexual image was:
11        (1) made in good faith:
12            (A) by law enforcement;
13            (B) in a legal proceeding; or
14            (C) for medical education or treatment;
15        (2) made in good faith in the reporting or
16    investigation of:
17            (A) unlawful conduct; or
18            (B) unsolicited and unwelcome conduct; or
19        (3) related to a matter of public concern.
20    (b) Subject to subsection (c), a defendant who is a
21parent, legal guardian, or individual with legal custody of a
22child is not liable under this Act for a dissemination or
23threatened dissemination of an intimate private sexual image
24of the child.
25    (c) If a defendant asserts an exception to liability under



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1subsection (b), the exception does not apply if the plaintiff
2proves the disclosure was:
3        (1) prohibited by a law other than this Act; or
4        (2) made for the purpose of sexual arousal, sexual
5    gratification, humiliation, degradation, or monetary or
6    commercial gain.
7    (d) The dissemination of or a threat to disseminate a
8private sexual image is not a matter of public concern solely
9because the depicted individual is a public figure or the
10image is accompanied by a political message.
11(Source: P.A. 101-556, eff. 1-1-20.)
12    (740 ILCS 190/25)
13    Sec. 25. Remedies.
14    (a) In an action under this Act, a prevailing plaintiff
15may recover:
16        (1) the greater of:
17            (A) economic and noneconomic damages proximately
18        caused by the defendant's dissemination or threatened
19        dissemination, including damages for emotional
20        distress whether or not accompanied by other damages;
21        or
22            (B) statutory damages, not to exceed $10,000,
23        against each defendant found liable under this Act for
24        all disseminations and threatened disseminations by
25        the defendant of which the plaintiff knew or



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1        reasonably should have known when filing the action or
2        that became known during the pendency of the action.
3        In determining the amount of statutory damages under
4        this subsection, consideration shall be given to the
5        age of the parties at the time of the disseminations or
6        threatened disseminations, the number of
7        disseminations or threatened disseminations made by
8        the defendant, the breadth of distribution of the
9        image by the defendant, and other exacerbating or
10        mitigating factors;
11        (2) an amount equal to any monetary gain made by the
12    defendant from dissemination of the private sexual image;
13    and
14        (3) punitive damages.
15    (b) In an action under this Act, the court may award a
16prevailing plaintiff:
17        (1) reasonable attorney's fees and costs; and
18        (2) additional relief, including equitable injunctive
19    relief such as a temporary restraining order, preliminary
20    injunction, or permanent injunction ordering the defendant
21    to cease the display or disclosure of the image.
22    (c) This Act does not affect a right or remedy available
23under any other law of this State.
24(Source: P.A. 101-556, eff. 1-1-20.)".