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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

CIVIL IMMUNITIES
(745 ILCS 10/) Local Governmental and Governmental Employees Tort Immunity Act.

745 ILCS 10/Art. I

 
    (745 ILCS 10/Art. I heading)
ARTICLE I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

745 ILCS 10/Art. I Pt. 1

 
    (745 ILCS 10/Art. I Pt. 1 heading)
PART 1. SHORT TITLE, CONSTRUCTION
AND APPLICATION OF THE ACT

745 ILCS 10/1-101

    (745 ILCS 10/1-101) (from Ch. 85, par. 1-101)
    Sec. 1-101. This Act shall be known and may be cited as the "Local Governmental and Governmental Employees Tort Immunity Act".
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/1-101.1

    (745 ILCS 10/1-101.1) (from Ch. 85, par. 1-101.1)
    Sec. 1-101.1. (a) The purpose of this Act is to protect local public entities and public employees from liability arising from the operation of government. It grants only immunities and defenses.
    (b) Any defense or immunity, common law or statutory, available to any private person shall likewise be available to local public entities and public employees.
(Source: P.A. 84-1431.)

745 ILCS 10/1-102

    (745 ILCS 10/1-102) (from Ch. 85, par. 1-102)
    Sec. 1-102. If any provision or clause of this Act or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of the Act which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this Act are declared to be severable.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/Art. I Pt. 2

 
    (745 ILCS 10/Art. I Pt. 2 heading)
PART 2. GENERAL DEFINITIONS

745 ILCS 10/1-201

    (745 ILCS 10/1-201) (from Ch. 85, par. 1-201)
    Sec. 1-201. Unless the context otherwise requires, words and terms used in this Act have the meanings ascribed to them in the following sections of this Part 2.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/1-202

    (745 ILCS 10/1-202) (from Ch. 85, par. 1-202)
    Sec. 1-202. "Employee" includes a present or former officer, member of a board, commission or committee, agent, volunteer, servant or employee, whether or not compensated, but does not include an independent contractor.
(Source: P.A. 84-1431.)

745 ILCS 10/1-203

    (745 ILCS 10/1-203) (from Ch. 85, par. 1-203)
    Sec. 1-203. "Enactment" means a constitutional provision, statute, ordinance or regulation.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/1-204

    (745 ILCS 10/1-204) (from Ch. 85, par. 1-204)
    Sec. 1-204. "Injury" means death, injury to a person, or damage to or loss of property. It includes any other injury that a person may suffer to his person, reputation, character or estate which does not result from circumstances in which a privilege is otherwise conferred by law and which is of such a nature that it would be actionable if inflicted by a private person. "Injury" includes any injury alleged in a civil action, whether based upon the Constitution of the United States or the Constitution of the State of Illinois, and the statutes or common law of Illinois or of the United States.
(Source: P.A. 84-1431.)

745 ILCS 10/1-205

    (745 ILCS 10/1-205) (from Ch. 85, par. 1-205)
    Sec. 1-205. "Law" includes not only enactments but also the case law applicable within this State as determined and declared from time to time by the courts of review of this State and of the United States.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/1-206

    (745 ILCS 10/1-206) (from Ch. 85, par. 1-206)
    Sec. 1-206. "Local public entity" includes a county, township, municipality, municipal corporation, school district, school board, educational service region, regional board of school trustees, trustees of schools of townships, treasurers of schools of townships, community college district, community college board, forest preserve district, park district, fire protection district, sanitary district, museum district, emergency telephone system board, and all other local governmental bodies. "Local public entity" also includes library systems and any intergovernmental agency or similar entity formed pursuant to the Constitution of the State of Illinois or the Intergovernmental Cooperation Act as well as any not-for-profit corporation organized for the purpose of conducting public business. It does not include the State or any office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, commission, university or similar agency of the State.
    The changes made by this amendatory Act of the 94th General Assembly do not apply to an action or proceeding accruing on or before its effective date.
(Source: P.A. 94-424, eff. 8-2-05.)

745 ILCS 10/1-207

    (745 ILCS 10/1-207) (from Ch. 85, par. 1-207)
    Sec. 1-207. "Public Employee" means an employee of a local public entity.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/1-208

    (745 ILCS 10/1-208) (from Ch. 85, par. 1-208)
    Sec. 1-208. "Regulation" means a rule, regulation, order or standard, having the force of law, adopted by an employee or agency of the United States, of the State of Illinois, or of a local public entity pursuant to authority vested by constitution, statute or ordinance in such employee or agency to implement, interpret, or make specific the law enforced or administered by the employee or agency.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/1-209

    (745 ILCS 10/1-209) (from Ch. 85, par. 1-209)
    Sec. 1-209. "Statute" means an act adopted by the General Assembly of this State or by the Congress of the United States.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/1-210

    (745 ILCS 10/1-210) (from Ch. 85, par. 1-210)
    Sec. 1-210. "Willful and wanton conduct" as used in this Act means a course of action which shows an actual or deliberate intention to cause harm or which, if not intentional, shows an utter indifference to or conscious disregard for the safety of others or their property. This definition shall apply in any case where a "willful and wanton" exception is incorporated into any immunity under this Act.
(Source: P.A. 90-805, eff. 12-2-98.)

745 ILCS 10/Art. II

 
    (745 ILCS 10/Art. II heading)
ARTICLE II - GENERAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO IMMUNITY

745 ILCS 10/Art. II Pt.1

 
    (745 ILCS 10/Art. II Pt.1 heading)
PART 1. IMMUNITY OF LOCAL PUBLIC ENTITIES

745 ILCS 10/2-101

    (745 ILCS 10/2-101) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-101)
    Sec. 2-101. Nothing in this Act affects the right to obtain relief other than damages against a local public entity or public employee. Nothing in this Act affects the liability, if any, of a local public entity or public employee, based on:
    a contract;
    b operation as a common carrier; and this Act does not apply to any entity organized under or subject to the "Metropolitan Transit Authority Act", approved April 12, 1945, as amended;
    c The "Workers' Compensation Act", approved July 9, 1951, as heretofore or hereafter amended;
    d The "Workers' Occupational Diseases Act", approved July 9, 1951, as heretofore or hereafter amended;
    e Section 1-4-7 of the "Illinois Municipal Code", approved May 29, 1961, as heretofore or hereafter amended.
    f The "Illinois Uniform Conviction Information Act", enacted by the 85th General Assembly, as heretofore or hereafter amended.
(Source: P.A. 85-922.)

745 ILCS 10/2-102

    (745 ILCS 10/2-102) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-102)
    Sec. 2-102. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a local public entity is not liable to pay punitive or exemplary damages in any action brought directly or indirectly against it by the injured party or a third party. In addition, no public official is liable to pay punitive or exemplary damages in any action arising out of an act or omission made by the public official while serving in an official executive, legislative, quasi-legislative or quasi-judicial capacity, brought directly or indirectly against him by the injured party or a third party.
(Source: P.A. 84-1431.)

745 ILCS 10/2-103

    (745 ILCS 10/2-103) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-103)
    Sec. 2-103. A local public entity is not liable for an injury caused by adopting or failing to adopt an enactment or by failing to enforce any law.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/2-104

    (745 ILCS 10/2-104) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-104)
    Sec. 2-104. A local public entity is not liable for an injury caused by the issuance, denial, suspension or revocation of, or by the failure or refusal to issue, deny, suspend or revoke, any permit, license, certificate, approval, order or similar authorization where the entity or its employee is authorized by enactment to determine whether or not such authorization should be issued, denied, suspended or revoked.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/2-105

    (745 ILCS 10/2-105) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-105)
    Sec. 2-105. A local public entity is not liable for injury caused by its failure to make an inspection, or by reason of making an inadequate or negligent inspection, of any property, other than its own, to determine whether the property complies with or violates any enactment or contains or constitutes a hazard to health or safety.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/2-106

    (745 ILCS 10/2-106) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-106)
    Sec. 2-106. A local public entity is not liable for an injury caused by an oral promise or misrepresentation of its employee, whether or not such promise or misrepresentation is negligent or intentional.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/2-107

    (745 ILCS 10/2-107) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-107)
    Sec. 2-107. A local public entity is not liable for injury caused by any action of its employees that is libelous or slanderous or for the provision of information either orally, in writing, by computer or any other electronic transmission, or in a book or other form of library material.
(Source: P.A. 89-100, eff. 1-1-96.)

745 ILCS 10/2-108

    (745 ILCS 10/2-108) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-108)
    Sec. 2-108. A local public entity is not liable for any injury caused by the granting, or failure to grant, public welfare goods or monies.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/2-109

    (745 ILCS 10/2-109) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-109)
    Sec. 2-109. A local public entity is not liable for an injury resulting from an act or omission of its employee where the employee is not liable.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/2-111

    (745 ILCS 10/2-111) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-111)
    Sec. 2-111. Nothing contained herein shall operate to deprive any public entity of any defense heretofore existing and not described herein.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/Art. II Pt.2

 
    (745 ILCS 10/Art. II Pt.2 heading)
PART 2. IMMUNITY OF PUBLIC EMPLOYEES

745 ILCS 10/2-201

    (745 ILCS 10/2-201) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-201)
    Sec. 2-201. Except as otherwise provided by Statute, a public employee serving in a position involving the determination of policy or the exercise of discretion is not liable for an injury resulting from his act or omission in determining policy when acting in the exercise of such discretion even though abused.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/2-202

    (745 ILCS 10/2-202) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-202)
    Sec. 2-202. A public employee is not liable for his act or omission in the execution or enforcement of any law unless such act or omission constitutes willful and wanton conduct.
(Source: P.A. 84-1431.)

745 ILCS 10/2-203

    (745 ILCS 10/2-203) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-203)
    Sec. 2-203. If a public employee acts in good faith, without malice, and under the apparent authority of an enactment that is unconstitutional, invalid or inapplicable, he is not liable for any injury caused thereby except to the extent that he would have been liable had the enactment been constitutional, valid and applicable.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/2-204

    (745 ILCS 10/2-204) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-204)
    Sec. 2-204. Except as otherwise provided by statute, a public employee, as such and acting within the scope of his employment, is not liable for an injury caused by the act or omission of another person.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/2-205

    (745 ILCS 10/2-205) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-205)
    Sec. 2-205. A public employee is not liable for an injury caused by his adoption of, or failure to adopt, an enactment, or by his failure to enforce any law.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/2-206

    (745 ILCS 10/2-206) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-206)
    Sec. 2-206. A public employee is not liable for an injury caused by his issuance, denial, suspension or revocation of or by his failure or refusal to issue, deny, suspend or revoke, any permit, license, certificate, approval, order or similar authorization where he is authorized by enactment to determine whether or not such authorization should be issued, denied, suspended or revoked.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/2-207

    (745 ILCS 10/2-207) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-207)
    Sec. 2-207. A public employee is not liable for an injury caused by his failure to make an inspection, or by reason of making an inadequate or negligent inspection, of any property, other than that of the local public entity employing him, for the purpose of determining whether the property complies with or violates any enactment or contains or constitutes a hazard to health or safety.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/2-208

    (745 ILCS 10/2-208) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-208)
    Sec. 2-208. A public employee is not liable for injury caused by his instituting or prosecuting any judicial or administrative proceeding within the scope of his employment, unless he acts maliciously and without probable cause.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/2-209

    (745 ILCS 10/2-209) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-209)
    Sec. 2-209. A public employee is not liable for an injury arising out of his entry upon any property where such entry is expressly or impliedly authorized by law.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/2-210

    (745 ILCS 10/2-210) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-210)
    Sec. 2-210. A public employee acting in the scope of his employment is not liable for an injury caused by his negligent misrepresentation or the provision of information either orally, in writing, by computer or any other electronic transmission, or in a book or other form of library material.
(Source: P.A. 89-100, eff. 1-1-96.)

745 ILCS 10/2-211

    (745 ILCS 10/2-211) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-211)
    Sec. 2-211. A public employee is not liable for an injury caused by the organization, maintenance or operation of a school safety patrol as authorized by Section 10-22.28 of "The School Code", approved March 18, 1961, as heretofore or hereafter amended.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/2-212

    (745 ILCS 10/2-212) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-212)
    Sec. 2-212. The provisions of this Part 2 which define or limit the liability of a public employee in terms of his doing of an act or of his failure to act apply to public employees who function jointly, in conjunction or in collaboration with other public employees as well as to those who function singly.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/2-213

    (745 ILCS 10/2-213) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-213)
    Sec. 2-213. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a public employee is not liable to pay punitive or exemplary damages in actions brought against the employee based on an injury allegedly arising out of an act or omission occurring within the scope of employment of such an employee serving in a position involving the determination of policy or the exercise of discretion when the injury is the result of an act or omission occurring in the performance of any legislative, quasi-legislative or quasi-judicial function, even though abused.
(Source: P.A. 84-1431.)

745 ILCS 10/2-214

    (745 ILCS 10/2-214)
    Sec. 2-214. Court volunteer.
    (a) In this Section, "volunteer" means a person performing uncompensated services for a court pursuant to a court order, under a program certified by the Chief Judge of the circuit as a court volunteer program.
    (b) A volunteer is not liable for his or her act or omission in performing volunteer services pursuant to a court order, under a program certified by the Chief Judge of the circuit as a court volunteer program, unless the act or omission constitutes willful and wanton conduct.
(Source: P.A. 90-746, eff. 8-14-98.)

745 ILCS 10/Art. II Pt.3

 
    (745 ILCS 10/Art. II Pt.3 heading)
PART 3. INDEMNIFICATION OF PUBLIC EMPLOYEES

745 ILCS 10/2-301

    (745 ILCS 10/2-301) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-301)
    Sec. 2-301. Nothing in this Part 3 relieves a local public entity of its duty to indemnify or insure its employees as provided in Sections 1-4-5 and 1-4-6 of the Illinois Municipal Code, Sections 10-20.20 and 34-18.1 of The School Code, in Sections 8-20 and 8-21 of The Park District Code, in Sections 7.2 and 7.3 of "An Act in relation to the creation, maintenance, operation and improvement of the Chicago Park District", approved July 10, 1933, in Section 5-1002 of the Counties Code, and in Section 22 of "An Act in relation to the creation and management of forest preserve districts in counties having a population of less than 3,000,000", approved June 27, 1913.
(Source: P.A. 86-1387.)

745 ILCS 10/2-302

    (745 ILCS 10/2-302) (from Ch. 85, par. 2-302)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 99-461)
    Sec. 2-302. If any claim or action is instituted against an employee of a local public entity based on an injury allegedly arising out of an act or omission occurring within the scope of his employment as such employee, the entity may elect to do any one or more of the following:
        (a) appear and defend against the claim or action;
        (b) indemnify the employee or former employee for his
    
court costs or reasonable attorney's fees, or both, incurred in the defense of such claim or action;
        (c) pay, or indemnify the employee or former employee
    
for a judgment based on such claim or action; or
        (d) pay, or indemnify the employee or former employee
    
for, a compromise or settlement of such a claim or action.
    It is hereby declared to be the public policy of this State, however, that no local public entity may elect to indemnify an employee for any portion of a judgment representing an award of punitive or exemplary damages.
(Source: P.A. 92-810, eff. 8-21-02.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 99-461)
    Sec. 2-302. If any claim or action is instituted against an employee of a local public entity based on an injury allegedly arising out of an act or omission occurring within the scope of his employment as such employee, the entity may elect to do any one or more of the following:
        (a) appear and defend against the claim or action;
        (b) indemnify the employee or former employee for his
    
court costs or reasonable attorney's fees, or both, incurred in the defense of such claim or action;
        (c) pay, or indemnify the employee or former employee
    
for a judgment based on such claim or action; or
        (d) pay, or indemnify the employee or former employee
    
for, a compromise or settlement of such a claim or action.
    It is hereby declared to be the public policy of this State, however, that no local public entity may elect to indemnify an employee for any portion of a judgment representing an award of punitive or exemplary damages.
    If an employee of a local public entity is a defendant in any criminal action arising out of or incidental to the performance of his or her duties, the local public entity shall not provide representation for the employee in that criminal action. However, the local public entity may reimburse the employee for reasonable defense costs only if the criminal action was instituted against the employee based upon an act or omission of that employee arising out of and directly related to the lawful exercise of his or her official duty or under color of his or her authority and that action is dismissed or results in a final disposition in favor of that employee.
    The provisions of indemnification, as set forth above, shall be justifiably refused by the local public entity if it is determined that there exists a current insurance policy or a contract, by virtue of which the employee is entitled to a defense of the action in question.
    Nothing in this Act shall be construed to prohibit a local public entity from providing representation to an employee who is a witness in a criminal matter arising out of that employee's employment with the local government entity.
(Source: P.A. 99-461, eff. 1-1-17.)

745 ILCS 10/Art. III

 
    (745 ILCS 10/Art. III heading)
ARTICLE III--IMMUNITY FROM LIABILITY FOR INJURY OCCURRING IN THE USE OF
PUBLIC PROPERTY

745 ILCS 10/3-101

    (745 ILCS 10/3-101) (from Ch. 85, par. 3-101)
    Sec. 3-101. As used in this Article unless the context otherwise requires "property of a local public entity" and "public property" mean real or personal property owned or leased by a local public entity, but do not include easements, encroachments and other property that are located on its property but that it does not own, possess or lease.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/3-102

    (745 ILCS 10/3-102) (from Ch. 85, par. 3-102)
    Sec. 3-102. (a) Except as otherwise provided in this Article, a local public entity has the duty to exercise ordinary care to maintain its property in a reasonably safe condition for the use in the exercise of ordinary care of people whom the entity intended and permitted to use the property in a manner in which and at such times as it was reasonably foreseeable that it would be used, and shall not be liable for injury unless it is proven that it has actual or constructive notice of the existence of such a condition that is not reasonably safe in reasonably adequate time prior to an injury to have taken measures to remedy or protect against such condition.
    (b) A public entity does not have constructive notice of a condition of its property that is not reasonably safe within the meaning of Section 3-102(a) if it establishes either:
    (1) The existence of the condition and its character of not being reasonably safe would not have been discovered by an inspection system that was reasonably adequate considering the practicability and cost of inspection weighed against the likelihood and magnitude of the potential danger to which failure to inspect would give rise to inform the public entity whether the property was safe for the use or uses for which the public entity used or intended others to use the public property and for uses that the public entity actually knew others were making of the public property or adjacent property; or
    (2) The public entity maintained and operated such an inspection system with due care and did not discover the condition.
(Source: P.A. 84-1431.)

745 ILCS 10/3-103

    (745 ILCS 10/3-103) (from Ch. 85, par. 3-103)
    Sec. 3-103. (a) A local public entity is not liable under this Article for an injury caused by the adoption of a plan or design of a construction of, or an improvement to public property where the plan or design has been approved in advance of the construction or improvement by the legislative body of such entity or by some other body or employee exercising discretionary authority to give such approval or where such plan or design is prepared in conformity with standards previously so approved. The local public entity is liable, however, if after the execution of such plan or design it appears from its use that it has created a condition that it is not reasonably safe.
    (b) A public employee is not liable under this Article for an injury caused by the adoption of a plan or design of a construction of, or an improvement to public property.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/3-104

    (745 ILCS 10/3-104) (from Ch. 85, par. 3-104)
    Sec. 3-104. Neither a local public entity nor a public employee is liable under this Act for an injury caused by the failure to initially provide regulatory traffic control devices, stop signs, yield right-of-way signs, speed restriction signs, distinctive roadway markings or any other traffic regulating or warning sign, device or marking, signs, overhead lights, traffic separating or restraining devices or barriers.
(Source: P.A. 84-1431.)

745 ILCS 10/3-105

    (745 ILCS 10/3-105) (from Ch. 85, par. 3-105)
    Sec. 3-105. (a) Neither a local public entity nor a public employee is liable for an injury caused by the effect of weather conditions as such on the use of streets, highways, alleys, sidewalks or other public ways, or places, or the ways adjoining any of the foregoing, or the signals, signs, markings, traffic or pedestrian control devices, equipment or structures on or near any of the foregoing or the ways adjoining any of the foregoing. For the purpose of this section, the effect of weather conditions as such includes but is not limited to the effect of wind, rain, flood, hail, ice or snow but does not include physical damage to or deterioration of streets, highways, alleys, sidewalks, or other public ways or place or the ways adjoining any of the foregoing, or the signals, signs, markings, traffic or pedestrian control devices, equipment or structures on or near any of the foregoing or the ways adjoining any of the foregoing resulting from weather conditions.
    (b) Without implied limitation, neither a local public entity nor a public employee is liable for any injury caused by the failure of a local public entity or a public employee to upgrade any existing street, highway, alley, sidewalk or other public way or place, or the ways adjoining any of the foregoing, or the signals, signs, markings, traffic or pedestrian control devices, equipment or structures on or near such street, highway, alley, sidewalk or other public way or place, or the ways adjoining any of the foregoing from the standards, if any, which existed at the time of the original dedication to, or acquisition of, the right of way of such street, highway, alley, sidewalk or other public way or place, or the ways adjoining any of the foregoing, by the first local public entity to acquire the property or right of way, to standards which are or may be applicable or are imposed by any government or other person or organization between the time of such dedication and the time of such injury.
    (c) Nothing in this Section shall relieve the local public entity of the duty to exercise ordinary care in the maintenance of its property as set forth in Section 3-102.
(Source: P.A. 84-1431.)

745 ILCS 10/3-106

    (745 ILCS 10/3-106) (from Ch. 85, par. 3-106)
    Sec. 3-106. Neither a local public entity nor a public employee is liable for an injury where the liability is based on the existence of a condition of any public property intended or permitted to be used for recreational purposes, including but not limited to parks, playgrounds, open areas, buildings or other enclosed recreational facilities, unless such local entity or public employee is guilty of willful and wanton conduct proximately causing such injury.
(Source: P.A. 84-1431.)

745 ILCS 10/3-107

    (745 ILCS 10/3-107) (from Ch. 85, par. 3-107)
    Sec. 3-107. Neither a local public entity nor a public employee is liable for an injury caused by a condition of: (a) Any road which provides access to fishing, hunting, or primitive camping, recreational, or scenic areas and which is not a (1) city, town or village street (2) county, state or federal highway or (3) a township or other road district highway. (b) Any hiking, riding, fishing or hunting trail.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/3-108

    (745 ILCS 10/3-108) (from Ch. 85, par. 3-108)
    Sec. 3-108. (a) Except as otherwise provided in this Act, neither a local public entity nor a public employee who undertakes to supervise an activity on or the use of any public property is liable for an injury unless the local public entity or public employee is guilty of willful and wanton conduct in its supervision proximately causing such injury.
    (b) Except as otherwise provided in this Act, neither a local public entity nor a public employee is liable for an injury caused by a failure to supervise an activity on or the use of any public property unless the employee or the local public entity has a duty to provide supervision imposed by common law, statute, ordinance, code or regulation and the local public entity or public employee is guilty of willful and wanton conduct in its failure to provide supervision proximately causing such injury.
(Source: P.A. 90-805, eff. 12-2-98.)

745 ILCS 10/3-109

    (745 ILCS 10/3-109) (from Ch. 85, par. 3-109)
    Sec. 3-109. (a) Neither a local public entity nor a public employee is liable to any person who participates in a hazardous recreational activity, including any person who assists the participant, or to any spectator who knew or reasonably should have known that the hazardous recreational activity created a substantial risk of injury to himself or herself and was voluntarily in the place of risk, or having the ability to do so failed to leave, for any damage or injury to property or persons arising out of that hazardous recreational activity.
    (b) As used in this Section, "hazardous recreational activity" means a recreational activity conducted on property of a local public entity which creates a substantial (as distinguished from a minor, trivial, or insignificant) risk of injury to a participant or a spectator.
    "Hazardous recreational activity" also means:
        (1) Water contact activities, except diving, in
    
places where or at a time when lifeguards are not provided and reasonable warning thereof has been given or the injured party should reasonably have known that there was no lifeguard provided at the time.
        (2) Diving at any place or from any structure where
    
diving is prohibited and reasonable warning as to the specific dangers present has been given.
        (3) Animal racing, archery, bicycle racing or
    
jumping, off-trail bicycling, boat racing, cross-country and downhill skiing, sledding, tobogganing, participating in an equine activity as defined in the Equine Activity Liability Act, hang gliding, kayaking, motorized vehicle racing, off-road motorcycling or four-wheel driving of any kind, orienteering, pistol and rifle shooting, rock climbing, rocketeering, rodeo, spelunking, sky diving, sport parachuting, body contact sports (i.e., sports in which it is reasonably foreseeable that there will be rough bodily contact with one or more participants), surfing, trampolining, tree climbing, tree rope swinging where the person or persons furnished their own rope, water skiing, white water rafting, and wind surfing.
    (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a), this Section does not limit liability which would otherwise exist for any of the following:
        (1) Failure of the local public entity or public
    
employee to guard or warn of a dangerous condition of which it has actual or constructive notice and of which the participant does not have nor can be reasonably expected to have had notice.
        (2) An act of willful and wanton conduct by a public
    
entity or a public employee which is a proximate cause of the injury.
    Nothing in this subsection creates a duty of care or basis of liability for personal injury or for damage to personal property.
    (d) Nothing in this Section shall limit the liability of an independent concessionaire, or any person or organization other than the local public entity or public employee, whether or not the person or organization has a contractual relationship with the public entity to use the public property, for injuries or damages suffered in any case as a result of the operation of a hazardous recreational activity on public property by the concessionaire, person, or organization.
(Source: P.A. 89-111, eff. 7-7-95; 89-502, eff. 6-28-96.)

745 ILCS 10/3-110

    (745 ILCS 10/3-110) (from Ch. 85, par. 3-110)
    Sec. 3-110. Neither a local public entity nor a public employee is liable for any injury occurring on, in, or adjacent to any waterway, lake, pond, river or stream not owned, supervised, maintained, operated, managed or controlled by the local public entity.
(Source: P.A. 84-1431.)

745 ILCS 10/Art. IV

 
    (745 ILCS 10/Art. IV heading)
ARTICLE IV--POLICE AND CORRECTIONAL ACTIVITIES

745 ILCS 10/4-101

    (745 ILCS 10/4-101) (from Ch. 85, par. 4-101)
    Sec. 4-101. As used in this Article, "prisoner" means a person held in custody.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/4-102

    (745 ILCS 10/4-102) (from Ch. 85, par. 4-102)
    Sec. 4-102. Neither a local public entity nor a public employee is liable for failure to establish a police department or otherwise provide police protection service or, if police protection service is provided, for failure to provide adequate police protection or service, failure to prevent the commission of crimes, failure to detect or solve crimes, and failure to identify or apprehend criminals. This immunity is not waived by a contract for private security service, but cannot be transferred to any non-public entity or employee.
(Source: P.A. 84-1431.)

745 ILCS 10/4-103

    (745 ILCS 10/4-103) (from Ch. 85, par. 4-103)
    Sec. 4-103. Neither a local public entity nor a public employee is liable for failure to provide a jail, detention or correctional facility, or if such facility is provided, for failure to provide sufficient equipment, personnel, supervision or facilities therein. Nothing in this Section requires the periodic inspection of prisoners.
(Source: P.A. 84-1431.)

745 ILCS 10/4-104

    (745 ILCS 10/4-104) (from Ch. 85, par. 4-104)
    Sec. 4-104. Neither a local public entity nor a public employee acting within the scope of his employment is liable for interfering with the right of a prisoner to obtain a judicial determination or review of the legality of his confinement, but a public employee and the local public entity where the employee is acting within the scope of his employment is liable for injury proximately caused by his intentional and unjustifiable interference with such right.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/4-105

    (745 ILCS 10/4-105) (from Ch. 85, par. 4-105)
    Sec. 4-105. Neither a local public entity nor a public employee is liable for injury proximately caused by the failure of the employee to furnish or obtain medical care for a prisoner in his custody; but this Section shall not apply where the employee, acting within the scope of his employment, knows from his observation of conditions that the prisoner is in need of immediate medical care and, through willful and wanton conduct, fails to take reasonable action to summon medical care. Nothing in this Section requires the periodic inspection of prisoners.
(Source: P.A. 84-1431.)

745 ILCS 10/4-106

    (745 ILCS 10/4-106) (from Ch. 85, par. 4-106)
    Sec. 4-106. Neither a local public entity nor a public employee is liable for:
    (a) Any injury resulting from determining to parole or release a prisoner, to revoke his or her parole or release, or the terms and conditions of his or her parole or release.
    (b) Any injury inflicted by an escaped or escaping prisoner.
(Source: P.A. 98-558, eff. 1-1-14.)

745 ILCS 10/4-107

    (745 ILCS 10/4-107) (from Ch. 85, par. 4-107)
    Sec. 4-107. Neither a local public entity nor a public employee is liable for an injury caused by the failure to make an arrest or by releasing a person in custody.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/Art. V

 
    (745 ILCS 10/Art. V heading)
ARTICLE V - FIRE PROTECTION AND RESCUE SERVICES

745 ILCS 10/5-101

    (745 ILCS 10/5-101) (from Ch. 85, par. 5-101)
    Sec. 5-101. Neither a local public entity nor a public employee is liable for failure to establish a fire department or otherwise to provide fire protection, rescue or other emergency service.
    As used in this Article, "rescue services" includes, but is not limited to, the operation of an ambulance as defined in the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Systems Act.
(Source: P.A. 84-1431.)

745 ILCS 10/5-102

    (745 ILCS 10/5-102) (from Ch. 85, par. 5-102)
    Sec. 5-102. Neither a local public entity that has undertaken to provide fire protection service nor any of its employees is liable for an injury resulting from the failure to suppress or contain a fire or from the failure to provide or maintain sufficient personnel, equipment or other fire protection facilities.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/5-103

    (745 ILCS 10/5-103) (from Ch. 85, par. 5-103)
    Sec. 5-103. (a) Neither a local public entity, nor a public employee acting in the scope of his employment, is liable for an injury resulting from the condition of fire protection or firefighting equipment or facilities. Nothing in this section shall exonerate a public entity from liability for negligence by reason of the condition of a motor vehicle while it is traveling on public ways.
    (b) Neither a local public entity nor a public employee acting in the scope of his employment, is liable for an injury caused by an act or omission of a public employee while engaged in fighting a fire. However, this Section shall not apply if the injury is caused by the willful and wanton conduct of the public employee.
(Source: P.A. 84-1431.)

745 ILCS 10/5-104

    (745 ILCS 10/5-104) (from Ch. 85, par. 5-104)
    Sec. 5-104. Except as provided in this Article, no trustee, officer or employee of a fire protection district or fire department having a mutual aid agreement with such district, nor any such fire protection district or department, shall be liable for damage caused to bridges and roads thereon, owned by the State or by a unit of local government, when such damage is caused by fire fighting equipment crossing bridges and roads thereon, for which load limits are lower than the weight of such equipment, when responding to an alarm or returning therefrom.
(Source: P.A. 80-839.)

745 ILCS 10/5-106

    (745 ILCS 10/5-106) (from Ch. 85, par. 5-106)
    Sec. 5-106. Except for willful or wanton conduct, neither a local public entity, nor a public employee acting within the scope of his employment, is liable for an injury caused by the negligent operation of a motor vehicle or firefighting or rescue equipment, when responding to an emergency call, including transportation of a person to a medical facility.
(Source: P.A. 84-1431.)

745 ILCS 10/Art. VI

 
    (745 ILCS 10/Art. VI heading)
ARTICLE VI--MEDICAL, HOSPITAL AND PUBLIC HEALTH ACTIVITIES

745 ILCS 10/6-101

    (745 ILCS 10/6-101) (from Ch. 85, par. 6-101)
    Sec. 6-101. As used in this Article, unless the context otherwise requires:
    (a) "Medical facility" includes a hospital, infirmary, clinic, dispensary, mental institution or similar facility.
    (b) "Mental institution" means any medical facility or part of any medical facility used primarily for the care or treatment of persons committed for mental illness or addiction.
    (c) "Public health clinic" means an outpatient program conducted by a locally based not-for-profit corporation, or by any local board of health whose health department is recognized by, and has a designation status established by, the Illinois Department of Public Health and complies with the Public Health Standing Orders Act.
    (d) "Public health standing orders physician" means a person licensed to practice medicine in all its branches in Illinois and who, under an agreement with a locally based not-for-profit corporation which conducts a public health clinic which provides among its services free medical services to indigent persons unable to pay for their own medical care, or a local board of health, provides medical oversight to a public health clinic in accordance with the following:
        (1) reviews the standing orders for the public health
    
clinic and amends the standing orders from time to time in keeping with current trends in sound medical practice;
        (2) reviews the standing orders, as amended, with the
    
professional staff of the public health clinic at least once a year;
        (3) participates in a site visit of a clinic covered
    
by the standing orders periodically;
        (4) signs standing orders for medical procedures
    
conducted in the public health clinic in conformance with sound medical practice; and
        (5) is available for consultation with the
    
professional clinic staff.
    (e) The changes to this Section made by this amendatory Act of the 97th General Assembly apply only to causes of actions accruing on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 97th General Assembly.
(Source: P.A. 97-589, eff. 1-1-12.)

745 ILCS 10/6-103

    (745 ILCS 10/6-103) (from Ch. 85, par. 6-103)
    Sec. 6-103. Neither a local public entity nor a public employee acting within the scope of his employment is liable for interfering with the right of an inmate of a medical facility operated or maintained by the local public entity to obtain a judicial determination or review of the legality of his confinement but a public employee and the local public entity where the employee is acting within the scope of his employment is liable for injury proximately caused by his intentional and unjustifiable interference with such right.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/6-104

    (745 ILCS 10/6-104) (from Ch. 85, par. 6-104)
    Sec. 6-104. (a) Neither a local public entity nor a public employee is liable for an injury resulting from the policy decision to perform or not to perform any act to promote the public health of the community by preventing disease or controlling the communication of disease within the community if such decision was the result of the exercise of discretion vested in the local public entity or the public employee, whether or not such discretion was abused.
    (b) Neither a local public entity nor a public employee is liable for an injury caused by an act or omission in carrying out with due care a decision described in subdivision (a).
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/6-105

    (745 ILCS 10/6-105) (from Ch. 85, par. 6-105)
    Sec. 6-105. Neither a local public entity nor a public employee acting within the scope of his employment is liable for injury caused by the failure to make a physical or mental examination, or to make an adequate physical or mental examination of any person for the purpose of determining whether such person has a disease or physical or mental condition that would constitute a hazard to the health or safety of himself or others.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/6-106

    (745 ILCS 10/6-106) (from Ch. 85, par. 6-106)
    Sec. 6-106. (a) Neither a local public entity nor a public employee acting within the scope of his employment is liable for injury resulting from diagnosing or failing to diagnose that a person is afflicted with mental or physical illness or addiction or from failing to prescribe for mental or physical illness or addiction.
    (b) Neither a local public entity nor a public employee acting within the scope of his employment is liable for administering with due care the treatment prescribed for mental or physical illness or addiction.
    (c) Nothing in this section exonerates a public employee who has undertaken to prescribe for mental or physical illness or addiction from liability for injury proximately caused by his negligence or by his wrongful act in so prescribing or exonerates a local public entity whose employee, while acting in the scope of his employment, so causes such an injury.
    (d) Nothing in this section exonerates a public employee from liability for injury proximately caused by his negligent or wrongful act or omission in administering any treatment prescribed for mental or physical illness or addiction or exonerates a local public entity whose employee, while acting in the scope of his employment, so causes such an injury.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/6-107

    (745 ILCS 10/6-107) (from Ch. 85, par. 6-107)
    Sec. 6-107. (a) Neither a local public entity nor a public employee acting within the scope of his employment is liable for any injury resulting from determining in accordance with any applicable enactment:
        (1) Whether to confine a person for mental illness or
    
addiction.
        (2) The terms and conditions of confinement for
    
mental illness or addiction in a medical facility operated or maintained by a local public entity.
        (3) Whether to parole or release a person from
    
confinement for mental illness or addiction in a medical facility operated or maintained by a local public entity.
    A public employee is not liable for carrying out a determination described in this subdivision (a).
    (b) Nothing in this Section exonerates a public employee from liability for false arrest or false imprisonment.
(Source: P.A. 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)

745 ILCS 10/6-108

    (745 ILCS 10/6-108) (from Ch. 85, par. 6-108)
    Sec. 6-108. Neither a local public entity nor a public employee is liable for an injury caused by or to an escaping or escaped mental patient.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/6-109

    (745 ILCS 10/6-109) (from Ch. 85, par. 6-109)
    Sec. 6-109. Neither a local public entity nor a public employee acting in the scope of his employment is liable for an injury resulting from the failure to admit a person to a medical facility operated or maintained by a local public entity.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/6-110

    (745 ILCS 10/6-110) (from Ch. 85, par. 6-110)
    Sec. 6-110. Public health standing orders physicians providing medical oversight to a public health clinic in conformance with an agreement with a locally based not-for-profit corporation which conducts a public health clinic, or with a local board of health, whether compensated or not, shall be considered employees of a local public entity for the purpose of affording them the protections of this Act.
    The changes to this Section made by this amendatory Act of the 97th General Assembly apply only to causes of actions accruing on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 97th General Assembly.
(Source: P.A. 97-589, eff. 1-1-12.)

745 ILCS 10/Art. VIA

 
    (745 ILCS 10/Art. VIA heading)
ARTICLE VIA. PUBLIC AND COMMUNITY SERVICE PROGRAMS

745 ILCS 10/6A-101

    (745 ILCS 10/6A-101)
    (This Section was added by P.A. 89-7, which has been held unconstitutional)
    Sec. 6A-101. Definitions. As used in this Article, "public or community service" means uncompensated labor for a non-profit organization or public body whose purpose is to enhance physical or mental stability, environmental quality or the social welfare and which agrees to accept public or community service from offenders or those adjudged liable for civil violations of a local public entity and to report on the progress of the public or community service to the court.
(Source: P.A. 89-7, eff. 3-9-95.)

745 ILCS 10/6A-105

    (745 ILCS 10/6A-105)
    (This Section was added by P.A. 89-7, which has been held unconstitutional)
    Sec. 6A-105. Exemption from liability. Neither a local public entity nor a public employee acting within the scope of his or her employment is liable for any injury or loss a person might receive while performing public or community service as ordered by the court, nor shall a local public entity or a public employee acting within the scope of his or her employment be liable for any tortious acts of any person performing public or community service for a violation of a penal, quasi-criminal, or civil ordinance of a local public entity, except for willful and wanton misconduct or gross negligence on the part of the local public entity or public employee.
(Source: P.A. 89-7, eff. 3-9-95.)

745 ILCS 10/Art. VII

 
    (745 ILCS 10/Art. VII heading)
ARTICLE VII--TORT LIABILITY UNDER
AGREEMENTS BETWEEN LOCAL PUBLIC ENTITIES

745 ILCS 10/7-101

    (745 ILCS 10/7-101) (from Ch. 85, par. 7-101)
    Sec. 7-101. When permitted by law to transfer any of its functions or services to, to lease its property to or to perform any function, service or act with or for any other local public entity or employee thereof by agreement with such other local public entity, a local public entity may agree with the other entity as to the manner in which liability for an injury resulting from such function, service or act is to be allocated or shared. Such agreement may be expressed by resolution, contract, lease, ordinance or in any other manner provided by law.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/7-102

    (745 ILCS 10/7-102) (from Ch. 85, par. 7-102)
    Sec. 7-102. As part of any agreement under this Article, the local public entities may provide for contribution or indemnification by any or all of the local public entities that are parties to the agreement upon any liability arising out of the performance of the agreement.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/7-103

    (745 ILCS 10/7-103) (from Ch. 85, par. 7-103)
    Sec. 7-103. This Article applies to any agreement between local public entities whether entered into before or after the effective date of this Act. Nothing in this Article affects the right of recovery of a person injured by a local public entity or by its employee.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/Art. VIII

 
    (745 ILCS 10/Art. VIII heading)
ARTICLE VIII--ACTIONS AGAINST LOCAL PUBLIC ENTITIES AND PUBLIC
EMPLOYEES--LIMITATIONS, NOTICE

745 ILCS 10/8-101

    (745 ILCS 10/8-101) (from Ch. 85, par. 8-101)
    Sec. 8-101. Limitation.
    (a) No civil action other than an action described in subsection (b) may be commenced in any court against a local entity or any of its employees for any injury unless it is commenced within one year from the date that the injury was received or the cause of action accrued.
    (b) No action for damages for injury or death against any local public entity or public employee, whether based upon tort, or breach of contract, or otherwise, arising out of patient care shall be brought more than 2 years after the date on which the claimant knew, or through the use of reasonable diligence should have known, or received notice in writing of the existence of the injury or death for which damages are sought in the action, whichever of those dates occurs first, but in no event shall such an action be brought more than 4 years after the date on which occurred the act or omission or occurrence alleged in the action to have been the cause of the injury or death.
    (c) For purposes of this Article, the term "civil action" includes any action, whether based upon the common law or statutes or Constitution of this State.
    (d) The changes made by this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly apply to an action or proceeding pending on or after this amendatory Act's effective date, unless those changes (i) take away or impair a vested right that was acquired under existing law or (ii) with regard to a past transaction or past consideration, create a new obligation, impose a new duty, or attach a new disability.
(Source: P.A. 93-11, eff. 6-4-03.)

745 ILCS 10/8-103

    (745 ILCS 10/8-103) (from Ch. 85, par. 8-103)
    Sec. 8-103. If the notice under Section 8-102 is not served as provided therein, any such civil action commenced against a local public entity, or against any of its employees whose act or omission committed while acting in the scope of his employment as such employee caused the injury, shall be dismissed and the person to whom such cause of injury accrued shall be forever barred from further suing.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2983.)

745 ILCS 10/Art. IX

 
    (745 ILCS 10/Art. IX heading)
ARTICLE IX--PAYMENT OF CLAIMS AND JUDGMENT

745 ILCS 10/9-101

    (745 ILCS 10/9-101) (from Ch. 85, par. 9-101)
    Sec. 9-101. As used in this Article:
    (a) "Board" means the governing body of a local taxing entity.
    (b) "Fiscal year" means the fiscal year prescribed for a local public entity or adopted by the local public entity as authorized by law.
    (c) "Local taxing entity" means a local public entity that has the power to levy or have levied on its behalf taxes or assessments upon property within the territory of the entity.
    (d) "Tort judgment" means a final judgment founded on an injury, as defined by this Act, proximately caused by a negligent or wrongful act or omission of a local public entity or an employee of a local public entity while acting within the scope of his employment.
    (e) "Settlement" means a payment based on an injury or event which a local public entity reasonably believes might have been caused by a negligent or wrongful act or omission of the local public entity or an employee while acting within the scope of his employment.
    (f) "Claims service" means any arrangement whereby skilled personnel are employed or retained to investigate, settle, or defend an injury or event which is alleged to have been caused by, or which a local public entity reasonably believes might have been caused by, a negligent or wrongful act or omission of the local public entity or an employee while acting within the scope of his employment. The term "claims service" shall include, but not be limited to, loss control before or after an injury or event and the retention of independent legal counsel for purposes of defending claims under this Act.
(Source: P.A. 80-1341.)

745 ILCS 10/9-102

    (745 ILCS 10/9-102) (from Ch. 85, par. 9-102)
    Sec. 9-102. A local public entity is empowered and directed to pay any tort judgment or settlement for compensatory damages (and may pay any associated attorney's fees and costs) for which it or an employee while acting within the scope of his employment is liable in the manner provided in this Article. All other provisions of this Article, including but not limited to the payment of judgments and settlements in installments, the issuance of bonds, the maintenance of rates and charges, and the levy of taxes shall be equally applicable to judgments or settlements relating to both a local public entity or an employee and those undertakings assumed by a local public entity in intergovernmental joint self-insurance contracts. A local public entity may make payments to settle or compromise a claim or action which has been or might be filed or instituted against it when the governing body or person vested by law or ordinance with authority to make over-all policy decisions for such entity considers it advisable to enter into such a settlement or compromise.
(Source: P.A. 92-810, eff. 8-21-02.)

745 ILCS 10/9-103

    (745 ILCS 10/9-103) (from Ch. 85, par. 9-103)
    Sec. 9-103. (a) A local public entity may protect itself against any property damage or against any liability or loss which may be imposed upon it or one of its employees for a tortious act under Federal or State common or statutory law, or imposed upon it under the Workers' Compensation Act, the Workers' Occupational Diseases Act, or the Unemployment Insurance Act by means including, but not limited to, insurance, individual or joint self-insurance, including all operating and administrative costs and expenses directly associated therewith, claims services and risk management directly attributable to loss prevention and loss reduction, legal services directly attributable to the insurance, self-insurance, or joint self-insurance program, educational, inspectional, and supervisory services directly relating to loss prevention and loss reduction, or participation in a reciprocal insurer as provided in Sections 72, 76 and 81 of the Illinois Insurance Code. Insurance shall be carried with a company authorized by the Department of Insurance to write such insurance coverage in Illinois.
    (a-5) A local public entity may individually or jointly self-insure provided it complies with any other statutory requirements specifically related to individual or joint self-insurance by local public entities. Whenever the terms "self-insure" or "self-insurance" are utilized within this Act, such term shall apply to both individual and joint self-insurance. The expenditure of funds of a local public entity to protect itself or its employees against liability is proper for any local public entity. A local public entity that has individually self-insured may establish reserves for expected losses for any liability or loss for which the local public entity is authorized to purchase insurance under this Act. The decision of the local public entity to establish a reserve and the amount of the reserve shall be based on reasonable actuarial or insurance underwriting evidence. Property taxes shall not be levied or extended if the effect is to increase the reserve beyond 125% of the actuary's or insurance underwriter's estimated ultimate losses at the 95% confidence level. Certification of the amount of the reserve shall be made by the independent auditor, actuary, or insurance underwriter and included in an annual report. The annual report shall also list all expenditures from the reserve or from property taxes levied or extended for tort immunity purposes. Total claims payments and total reserves must be listed in aggregate amounts. All other expenditures must be identified individually. A local public entity that maintains a self-insurance reserve or that levies and extends a property tax for tort immunity purposes must include in its audit or annual report any expenditures made from the property tax levy or self-insurance reserve within the scope of the audit or annual report.
    (b) A local public entity may contract for or purchase any of the guaranteed fund certificates or shares of guaranteed capital as provided for in Section 56 of the Illinois Insurance Code. The expenditure of funds of the local public entity for said contract or purchase is proper for any local public entity.
    (c) Any insurance company that provides insurance coverage to a local public entity shall utilize any immunities or may assert any defenses to which the insured local public entity or its employees are entitled. Public entities which are individually or jointly self-insured shall be entitled to assert all of the immunities provided by this Act or by common law or statute on behalf of themselves or their employees unless the local public entities shall elect by action of their corporate authorities or specifically contract to waive in whole or in part such immunities.
    (d) Within 30 days after January 1, 1991, and within 30 days after each January 1 thereafter, local public entities that are individually or jointly self-insured to protect against liability under the Workers' Compensation Act and the Workers' Occupational Diseases Act shall file with the Illinois Workers' Compensation Commission a report indicating an election to self-insure.
(Source: P.A. 93-721, eff. 1-1-05.)

745 ILCS 10/9-104

    (745 ILCS 10/9-104) (from Ch. 85, par. 9-104)
    Sec. 9-104. (a) Subject to subsection (b) of this Section, if a local public entity does not pay a tort judgment during the fiscal year in which it becomes final and if, in the opinion of its governing body, the payment of the judgment creates an unreasonable financial hardship for the local public entity it shall pay the balance of the judgment, with interest thereon, in installments.
    (b) The court which enters judgment shall order that the governing body pay the judgment, with interest thereon, in not exceeding 10 annual installments if both of the following conditions are satisfied:
    (1) The governing body of the local public entity has adopted an ordinance or resolution finding that an unreasonable hardship will result unless the judgment is paid in installments.
    (2) The court, after hearing, has found that payment of the judgment in installments as ordered by the court is necessary to avoid an unreasonable hardship.
    (c) Each installment payment shall be of an equal portion of the principal of the judgment except that where a judgment is $500,000 or more the court may, upon a showing by the plaintiff of an extraordinary need for immediate funds in order to secure medical necessities immediately after judgment including, but not limited to, equipment, supplies, medication, residence or other items, order that unequal payments of the principal of the judgment be made in proportions to be determined by the court, but in no event shall any increase in a payment cause such payment to be greater than 50% of the judgment. The local public entity, in its discretion, may prepay any one or more installments or any part of an installment.
    (d) A local public entity shall have the power to enter into a settlement agreement subject to a term not to exceed the period of years negotiated by the parties.
(Source: P.A. 84-1431.)

745 ILCS 10/9-105

    (745 ILCS 10/9-105) (from Ch. 85, par. 9-105)
    Sec. 9-105. The board of a local taxing entity may, instead of following the procedure under subdivision (b) of Section 9-104 or when it considers the action advisable, issue general obligation or revenue bonds without referendum for the purpose of creating a reserve for or for the payment of any cost, liability or loss against which such entity may protect itself or self-insure pursuant to Section 9-103 or for the payment of which such entity may levy a tax pursuant to Section 9-107, including any or all tort judgments or settlements entered against or entered into by the entity or by or against another local public entity or an employee of that other public entity while acting within the scope of employment, either individually or where the local public entities have joined in an intergovernmental joint self-insurance contract which among other undertakings authorizes each local public entity to utilize its funds to protect, wholly or partially, any other local public entity or its employees against liability or loss in accordance with the intergovernmental contract. Such bonds may be issued in an amount necessary to fund a reserve created for any or all of the above described purposes including the discharge of obligations under such judgments or settlements. Such bonds shall not be considered debt under any statutory limitation, and may be issued in an amount, including existing indebtedness, in excess of any heretofore or hereafter imposed statutory limitation as to debt but subject to constitutional limits.
    Any bonds issued under this Section as limited bonds as defined in Section 3 of the Local Government Debt Reform Act shall comply with the requirements of the Bond Issue Notification Act.
(Source: P.A. 89-655, eff. 1-1-97.)

745 ILCS 10/9-106

    (745 ILCS 10/9-106) (from Ch. 85, par. 9-106)
    Sec. 9-106. A local public entity that derives revenue for its maintenance and operation from rates and charges made for services or facilities it provides shall in each fiscal year make rates and charges or both, or otherwise provide funds, in an amount sufficient to pay all its tort judgments and settlements in accordance with this Article and its obligations under the Workers' Compensation Act, the Workers' Occupational Diseases Act and the Unemployment Insurance Act.
(Source: P.A. 82-783.)

745 ILCS 10/9-107

    (745 ILCS 10/9-107) (from Ch. 85, par. 9-107)
    Sec. 9-107. Policy; tax levy.
    (a) The General Assembly finds that the purpose of this Section is to provide an extraordinary tax for funding expenses relating to (i) tort liability, (ii) liability relating to actions brought under the federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 or the Environmental Protection Act, but only until December 31, 2010, (iii) insurance, and (iv) risk management programs. Thus, the tax has been excluded from various limitations otherwise applicable to tax levies. Notwithstanding the extraordinary nature of the tax authorized by this Section, however, it has become apparent that some units of local government are using the tax revenue to fund expenses more properly paid from general operating funds. These uses of the revenue are inconsistent with the limited purpose of the tax authorization.
    Therefore, the General Assembly declares, as a matter of policy, that (i) the use of the tax revenue authorized by this Section for purposes not expressly authorized under this Act is improper and (ii) the provisions of this Section shall be strictly construed consistent with this declaration and the Act's express purposes.
    (b) A local public entity may annually levy or have levied on its behalf taxes upon all taxable property within its territory at a rate that will produce a sum that will be sufficient to: (i) pay the cost of insurance, individual or joint self-insurance (including reserves thereon), including all operating and administrative costs and expenses directly associated therewith, claims services and risk management directly attributable to loss prevention and loss reduction, legal services directly attributable to the insurance, self-insurance, or joint self-insurance program, and educational, inspectional, and supervisory services directly relating to loss prevention and loss reduction, participation in a reciprocal insurer as provided in Sections 72, 76, and 81 of the Illinois Insurance Code, or participation in a reciprocal insurer, all as provided in settlements or judgments under Section 9-102, including all costs and reserves directly attributable to being a member of an insurance pool, under Section 9-103; (ii) pay the costs of and principal and interest on bonds issued under Section 9-105; (iii) pay judgments and settlements under Section 9-104 of this Act; (iv) discharge obligations under Section 34-18.1 of the School Code; (v) pay judgments and settlements under the federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 and the Environmental Protection Act, but only until December 31, 2010; (vi) pay the costs authorized by the Metro-East Sanitary District Act of 1974 as provided in subsection (a) of Section 5-1 of that Act (70 ILCS 2905/5-1); and (vii) pay the cost of risk management programs. Provided it complies with any other applicable statutory requirements, the local public entity may self-insure and establish reserves for expected losses for any property damage or for any liability or loss for which the local public entity is authorized to levy or have levied on its behalf taxes for the purchase of insurance or the payment of judgments or settlements under this Section. The decision of the board to establish a reserve shall be based on reasonable actuarial or insurance underwriting evidence and subject to the limits and reporting provisions in Section 9-103.
    If a school district was a member of a joint-self-health-insurance cooperative that had more liability in outstanding claims than revenue to pay those claims, the school board of that district may by resolution make a one-time transfer from any fund in which tort immunity moneys are maintained to the fund or funds from which payments to a joint-self-health-insurance cooperative can be or have been made of an amount not to exceed the amount of the liability claim that the school district owes to the joint-self-health-insurance cooperative or that the school district paid within the 2 years immediately preceding the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 92nd General Assembly.
    Funds raised pursuant to this Section shall only be used for the purposes specified in this Act, including protection against and reduction of any liability or loss described hereinabove and under Federal or State common or statutory law, the Workers' Compensation Act, the Workers' Occupational Diseases Act and the Unemployment Insurance Act. Funds raised pursuant to this Section may be invested in any manner in which other funds of local public entities may be invested under Section 2 of the Public Funds Investment Act. Interest on such funds shall be used only for purposes for which the funds can be used or, if surplus, must be used for abatement of property taxes levied by the local taxing entity.
    A local public entity may enter into intergovernmental contracts with a term of not to exceed 12 years for the provision of joint self-insurance which contracts may include an obligation to pay a proportional share of a general obligation or revenue bond or other debt instrument issued by a local public entity which is a party to the intergovernmental contract and is authorized by the terms of the contract to issue the bond or other debt instrument. Funds due under such contracts shall not be considered debt under any constitutional or statutory limitation and the local public entity may levy or have levied on its behalf taxes to pay for its proportional share under the contract. Funds raised pursuant to intergovernmental contracts for the provision of joint self-insurance may only be used for the payment of any cost, liability or loss against which a local public entity may protect itself or self-insure pursuant to Section 9-103 or for the payment of which such entity may levy a tax pursuant to this Section, including tort judgments or settlements, costs associated with the issuance, retirement or refinancing of the bonds or other debt instruments, the repayment of the principal or interest of the bonds or other debt instruments, the costs of the administration of the joint self-insurance fund, consultant, and risk care management programs or the costs of insurance. Any surplus returned to the local public entity under the terms of the intergovernmental contract shall be used only for purposes set forth in subsection (a) of Section 9-103 and Section 9-107 or for abatement of property taxes levied by the local taxing entity.
    Any tax levied under this Section shall be levied and collected in like manner with the general taxes of the entity and shall be exclusive of and in addition to the amount of tax that entity is now or may hereafter be authorized to levy for general purposes under any statute which may limit the amount of tax which that entity may levy for general purposes. The county clerk of the county in which any part of the territory of the local taxing entity is located, in reducing tax levies under the provisions of any Act concerning the levy and extension of taxes, shall not consider any tax provided for by this Section as a part of the general tax levy for the purposes of the entity nor include such tax within any limitation of the percent of the assessed valuation upon which taxes are required to be extended for such entity.
    With respect to taxes levied under this Section, either before, on, or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1994:
        (1) Those taxes are excepted from and shall not be
    
included within the rate limitation imposed by law on taxes levied for general corporate purposes by the local public entity authorized to levy a tax under this Section.
        (2) Those taxes that a local public entity has levied
    
in reliance on this Section and that are excepted under paragraph (1) from the rate limitation imposed by law on taxes levied for general corporate purposes by the local public entity are not invalid because of any provision of the law authorizing the local public entity's tax levy for general corporate purposes that may be construed or may have been construed to restrict or limit those taxes levied, and those taxes are hereby validated. This validation of taxes levied applies to all cases pending on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1994.
        (3) Paragraphs (1) and (2) do not apply to a hospital
    
organized under Article 170 or 175 of the Township Code, under the Town Hospital Act, or under the Township Non-Sectarian Hospital Act and do not give any authority to levy taxes on behalf of such a hospital in excess of the rate limitation imposed by law on taxes levied for general corporate purposes. A hospital organized under Article 170 or 175 of the Township Code, under the Town Hospital Act, or under the Township Non-Sectarian Hospital Act is not prohibited from levying taxes in support of tort liability bonds if the taxes do not cause the hospital's aggregate tax rate from exceeding the rate limitation imposed by law on taxes levied for general corporate purposes.
    Revenues derived from such tax shall be paid to the treasurer of the local taxing entity as collected and used for the purposes of this Section and of Section 9-102, 9-103, 9-104 or 9-105, as the case may be. If payments on account of such taxes are insufficient during any year to meet such purposes, the entity may issue tax anticipation warrants against the current tax levy in the manner provided by statute.
(Source: P.A. 95-244, eff. 8-17-07; 95-723, eff. 6-23-08.)

745 ILCS 10/Art. X

 
    (745 ILCS 10/Art. X heading)
ARTICLE X--REPEALER; EFFECTIVE DATE

745 ILCS 10/10-101

    (745 ILCS 10/10-101) (from Ch. 85, par. 10-101)
    Sec. 10-101. The following Acts and parts of Acts are repealed:
    Sections 1-4-1, 1-4-2, 1-4-3, of the "Illinois Municipal Code", approved May 29, 1961, as amended;
    Section 3a, (Immunity) as added by House Bill No. 1640 of the Seventy-First General Assembly, of "An Act to provide for the creation and management of forest preserve districts and repealing certain acts therein named", approved June 27, 1913, as amended;
    "An Act relating to damages recoverable in actions for torts of park districts", approved July 9, 1959, as amended;
    Section 2a as added by Act approved July 22, 1959 of "An Act in relation to the creation, maintenance, operation and improvement of the Chicago Park District", approved July 10, 1933, as amended;
    Section 23 of the "Chicago Regional Port District Act", approved June 6, 1951, as amended;
    Section 26 of the "Waukegan Port District Act", approved June 30, 1955 as amended;
    Section 25 of the "Joliet Regional Port District Act", approved July 6, 1957, as amended;
    Section 26 of the "Tri-City Regional Port District Act", approved April 1, 1959, as amended;
    Section 26 of the "Seneca Regional Port District Act", approved August 9, 1961, as amended;
    Section 26 of the "Shawneetown Regional Port District Act", approved August 9, 1961, as amended;
    Section 30 of the "Southwest Regional Port District Act", approved August 9, 1961, as amended;
    Section 8.5a of the "Housing Authorities Act", approved March 19, 1934, as amended.
(Source: P.A. 87-895.)