Illinois General Assembly

  Bills & Resolutions  
  Compiled Statutes  
  Public Acts  
  Legislative Reports  
  IL Constitution  
  Legislative Guide  
  Legislative Glossary  

 Search By Number
 (example: HB0001)
Search Tips

Search By Keyword

Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

MENTAL HEALTH
(405 ILCS 5/) Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code.

405 ILCS 5/Ch. I

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. I heading)
CHAPTER I
SHORT TITLE AND DEFINITIONS

405 ILCS 5/1-100

    (405 ILCS 5/1-100) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-100)
    Sec. 1-100. This Act shall be known and may be cited as the "Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code".
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/1-101

    (405 ILCS 5/1-101) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-101)
    Sec. 1-101. As used in this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, the terms defined in this Chapter have the meanings ascribed to them herein.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/1-101.1

    (405 ILCS 5/1-101.1) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-101.1)
    Sec. 1-101.1. "Abuse" means any physical injury, sexual abuse, or mental injury inflicted on a recipient of services other than by accidental means.
(Source: P.A. 86-1013.)

405 ILCS 5/1-101.2

    (405 ILCS 5/1-101.2)
    Sec. 1-101.2. "Adequate and humane care and services" means services reasonably calculated to result in a significant improvement of the condition of a recipient of services confined in an inpatient mental health facility so that he or she may be released or services reasonably calculated to prevent further decline in the clinical condition of a recipient of services so that he or she does not present an imminent danger to self or others.
(Source: P.A. 91-536, eff. 1-1-00.)

405 ILCS 5/1-102

    (405 ILCS 5/1-102) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-102)
    Sec. 1-102. "Care and custody" means authorization to an appropriate person, with his consent, to provide or arrange for proper and adequate treatment of another person who is subject to involuntary admission but does not include the authority to require hospitalization of the recipient unless such authority is expressly granted by court order pursuant to Article VII of Chapter III.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/1-103

    (405 ILCS 5/1-103) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-103)
    Sec. 1-103. "Clinical psychologist" means a person licensed by the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation under the Clinical Psychologist Licensing Act.
(Source: P.A. 98-75, eff. 7-15-13.)

405 ILCS 5/1-104

    (405 ILCS 5/1-104) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-104)
    Sec. 1-104. "Facility director" means the chief officer of a mental health or developmental disabilities facility or his designee or the supervisor of a program of treatment or habilitation, or his designee. Designee may include a physician, clinical psychologist, social worker, clinical professional counselor, or nurse.
(Source: P.A. 97-753, eff. 7-6-12.)

405 ILCS 5/1-104.5

    (405 ILCS 5/1-104.5)
    Sec. 1-104.5. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 95-602, eff. 6-1-08. Repealed by P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/1-105

    (405 ILCS 5/1-105) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-105)
    Sec. 1-105. "Department" means the Department of Human Services in its capacity as successor to the Department of Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities. Unless the context otherwise requires, direct or indirect references in this Code to the programs, employees, facilities, service providers, or service recipients of the Department shall be construed to refer only to those programs, employees, facilities, service providers, or service recipients of the Department that pertain to its mental health and developmental disabilities functions.
(Source: P.A. 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

405 ILCS 5/1-106

    (405 ILCS 5/1-106) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-106)
    Sec. 1-106. "Developmental disability" means a disability which is attributable to: (a) an intellectual disability, cerebral palsy, epilepsy or autism; or (b) any other condition which results in impairment similar to that caused by an intellectual disability and which requires services similar to those required by intellectually disabled persons. Such disability must originate before the age of 18 years, be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial handicap.
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12; 97-813, eff. 7-13-12.)

405 ILCS 5/1-107

    (405 ILCS 5/1-107) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-107)
    Sec. 1-107. "Developmental disability facility" means a facility or section thereof which is licensed or operated by or under contract with the State or a political subdivision thereof and which admits persons with a developmental disability for residential and habilitation services.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/1-108

    (405 ILCS 5/1-108) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-108)
    Sec. 1-108. "Secretary" means the Secretary of Human Services.
(Source: P.A. 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

405 ILCS 5/1-109

    (405 ILCS 5/1-109) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-109)
    Sec. 1-109. "Discharge" means the full release of any person admitted or otherwise detained under this Act from treatment, habilitation, or care and custody.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/1-110

    (405 ILCS 5/1-110) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-110)
    Sec. 1-110. "Guardian" means the court appointed guardian or conservator of the person.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/1-110.5

    (405 ILCS 5/1-110.5)
    Sec. 1-110.5. "Substitute decision maker" means a person who possesses the authority to make decisions under the Powers of Attorney for Health Care Law or under the Mental Health Treatment Preference Declaration Act.
(Source: P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/1-111

    (405 ILCS 5/1-111) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-111)
    Sec. 1-111. "Habilitation" means an effort directed toward the alleviation of a developmental disability or toward increasing a person with a developmental disability's level of physical, mental, social or economic functioning. Habilitation may include, but is not limited to, diagnosis, evaluation, medical services, residential care, day care, special living arrangements, training, education, sheltered employment, protective services, counseling and other services provided to persons with a developmental disability by developmental disabilities facilities.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/1-112

    (405 ILCS 5/1-112) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-112)
    Sec. 1-112. "Hospitalization" means the treatment of a person by a mental health facility as an inpatient.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/1-113

    (405 ILCS 5/1-113) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-113)
    Sec. 1-113. "Licensed private hospital" means any privately owned home, hospital, or institution, or any section thereof which is licensed by the Department of Public Health and which provides treatment for persons with mental illness.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/1-113.5

    (405 ILCS 5/1-113.5)
    Sec. 1-113.5. "Long-acting psychotropic medications" means psychotropic medications, including but not limited to Haldol Decanoate and Prolixin Decanoate, that are designed so that a single dose will have an intended clinical effect for a period of at least 48 hours.
(Source: P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/1-114

    (405 ILCS 5/1-114) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-114)
    Sec. 1-114. "Mental health facility" means any licensed private hospital, institution, or facility or section thereof, and any facility, or section thereof, operated by the State or a political subdivision thereof for the treatment of persons with mental illness and includes all hospitals, institutions, clinics, evaluation facilities, and mental health centers which provide treatment for such persons.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/1-114.1

    (405 ILCS 5/1-114.1)
    Sec. 1-114.1. "State-operated mental health facility" means a mental health facility operated by the Department.
(Source: P.A. 88-484.)

405 ILCS 5/1-114.2

    (405 ILCS 5/1-114.2)
    Sec. 1-114.2. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 88-484. Repealed by P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/1-114.3

    (405 ILCS 5/1-114.3)
    Sec. 1-114.3. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 88-484. Repealed by P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/1-114.4

    (405 ILCS 5/1-114.4)
    Sec. 1-114.4. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 88-484. Repealed by P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/1-114.5

    (405 ILCS 5/1-114.5)
    Sec. 1-114.5. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 88-484. Repealed by P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/1-115

    (405 ILCS 5/1-115) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-115)
    Sec. 1-115. "Mental health or developmental disability services" or "services" means treatment or habilitation.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/1-116

    (405 ILCS 5/1-116) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-116)
    Sec. 1-116. "Intellectual disability" means significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning which exists concurrently with impairment in adaptive behavior and which originates before the age of 18 years.
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12.)

405 ILCS 5/1-117

    (405 ILCS 5/1-117) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-117)
    Sec. 1-117. "Minor" means a person under 18 years of age.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/1-117.1

    (405 ILCS 5/1-117.1) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-117.1)
    Sec. 1-117.1. "Neglect" means the failure to provide adequate medical or personal care or maintenance to a recipient of services, which failure results in physical or mental injury to a recipient or in the deterioration of a recipient's physical or mental condition.
(Source: P.A. 86-1013.)

405 ILCS 5/1-118

    (405 ILCS 5/1-118) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-118)
    Sec. 1-118. "Peace officer" means any sheriff, police officer, or other person deputized by proper authority to serve as a peace officer.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/1-119

    (405 ILCS 5/1-119) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-119)
    Sec. 1-119. "Person subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis" means:
        (1) A person with mental illness who because of his
    
or her illness is reasonably expected, unless treated on an inpatient basis, to engage in conduct placing such person or another in physical harm or in reasonable expectation of being physically harmed;
        (2) A person with mental illness who because of his
    
or her illness is unable to provide for his or her basic physical needs so as to guard himself or herself from serious harm without the assistance of family or others, unless treated on an inpatient basis; or
        (3) A person with mental illness who:
            (i) refuses treatment or is not adhering
        
adequately to prescribed treatment;
            (ii) because of the nature of his or her illness,
        
is unable to understand his or her need for treatment; and
            (iii) if not treated on an inpatient basis, is
        
reasonably expected, based on his or her behavioral history, to suffer mental or emotional deterioration and is reasonably expected, after such deterioration, to meet the criteria of either paragraph (1) or paragraph (2) of this Section.
    In determining whether a person meets the criteria specified in paragraph (1), (2), or (3), the court may consider evidence of the person's repeated past pattern of specific behavior and actions related to the person's illness.
(Source: P.A. 95-602, eff. 6-1-08; 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/1-119.1

    (405 ILCS 5/1-119.1)
    Sec. 1-119.1. "Person subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis" means:
        (1) A person who would meet the criteria for
    
admission on an inpatient basis as specified in Section 1-119 in the absence of treatment on an outpatient basis and for whom treatment on an outpatient basis can only be reasonably ensured by a court order mandating such treatment; or
        (2) A person with a mental illness which, if left
    
untreated, is reasonably expected to result in an increase in the symptoms caused by the illness to the point that the person would meet the criteria for commitment under Section 1-119, and whose mental illness has, on more than one occasion in the past, caused that person to refuse needed and appropriate mental health services in the community.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/1-120

    (405 ILCS 5/1-120) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-120)
    Sec. 1-120. "Physician" means any person licensed by the State of Illinois to practice medicine in all its branches and includes any person holding a temporary license, as provided in the Medical Practice Act of 1987. Physician includes a psychiatrist as defined in Section 1-121.
(Source: P.A. 85-1209.)

405 ILCS 5/1-121

    (405 ILCS 5/1-121) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-121)
    Sec. 1-121. "Psychiatrist" means a physician as defined in the first sentence of Section 1-120 who has successfully completed a residency program in psychiatry accredited by either the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education or the American Osteopathic Association.
(Source: P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00; 91-787, eff. 1-1-01.)

405 ILCS 5/1-121.1

    (405 ILCS 5/1-121.1) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-121.1)
    Sec. 1-121.1. "Psychotropic medication" means medication whose use for antipsychotic, antidepressant, antimanic, antianxiety, behavioral modification or behavioral management purposes is listed in AMA Drug Evaluations, latest edition, or Physician's Desk Reference, latest edition, or which are administered for any of these purposes. For the purposes of Sections 2-107, 2-107.1, and 2-107.2 of this Act, "psychotropic medication" also includes those tests and related procedures that are essential for the safe and effective administration of a psychotropic medication.
(Source: P.A. 89-439, eff. 6-1-96.)

405 ILCS 5/1-121.5

    (405 ILCS 5/1-121.5)
    Sec. 1-121.5. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 90-538, eff. 12-1-97. Repealed by P.A. 95-172, eff. 8-14-07.)

405 ILCS 5/1-122

    (405 ILCS 5/1-122) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-122)
    Sec. 1-122. Qualified examiner. "Qualified examiner" means a person who is:
        (a) a Clinical social worker as defined in this Act,
        (b) a registered nurse with a master's degree in
    
psychiatric nursing who has 3 years of clinical training and experience in the evaluation and treatment of mental illness which has been acquired subsequent to any training and experience which constituted a part of the degree program,
        (c) a licensed clinical professional counselor with a
    
master's or doctoral degree in counseling or psychology or a similar master's or doctorate program from a regionally accredited institution who has at least 3 years of supervised post-master's clinical professional counseling experience that includes the provision of mental health services for the evaluation, treatment, and prevention of mental and emotional disorders, or
        (d) a licensed marriage and family therapist with a
    
master's or doctoral degree in marriage and family therapy from a regionally accredited educational institution or a similar master's program or from a program accredited by either the Commission on Accreditation for Marriage and Family Therapy or the Commission on Accreditation for Counseling Related Educational Programs, who has at least 3 years of supervised post-master's experience as a marriage and family therapist that includes the provision of mental health services for the evaluation, treatment, and prevention of mental and emotional disorders.
    A social worker who is a qualified examiner shall be a licensed clinical social worker under the Clinical Social Work and Social Work Practice Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-1357, eff. 1-1-11; 97-333, eff. 8-12-11.)

405 ILCS 5/1-122.1

    (405 ILCS 5/1-122.1) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-122.1)
    Sec. 1-122.1. "Clinical social worker" means a person who (1) has a master's or doctoral degree in social work from an accredited graduate school of social work and (2) has at least 3 years of supervised post-master's clinical social work practice which shall include the provision of mental health services for the evaluation, treatment and prevention of mental and emotional disorders.
(Source: P.A. 97-333, eff. 8-12-11.)

405 ILCS 5/1-122.4

    (405 ILCS 5/1-122.4) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-122.4)
    Sec. 1-122.4. "Qualified intellectual disabilities professional" as used in this Act means those persons who meet this definition under Section 483.430 of Chapter 42 of the Code of Federal Regulations, subpart G.
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12.)

405 ILCS 5/1-123

    (405 ILCS 5/1-123) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-123)
    Sec. 1-123. "Recipient of services" or "recipient" means a person who has received or is receiving treatment or habilitation.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/1-124

    (405 ILCS 5/1-124) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-124)
    Sec. 1-124. "Responsible relative" means the spouse or, if the recipient is under 18 years of age, parent of a recipient or client receiving services in facilities or programs of the Department. However, if the definition of "responsible relative" in this Act is in conflict with the definition of "responsible relative" in any Federal statute and rules or regulations thereunder, under which the recipient or client is otherwise eligible to receive benefits, the definition of the Federal Act, rules, or regulations shall prevail.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/1-125

    (405 ILCS 5/1-125) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-125)
    Sec. 1-125. "Restraint" means direct restriction through mechanical means or personal physical force of the limbs, head or body of a recipient. The partial or total immobilization of a recipient for the purpose of performing a medical, surgical or dental procedure or as part of a medically prescribed procedure for the treatment of an existing physical disorder or the amelioration of a physical handicap shall not constitute restraint, provided that the duration, nature and purposes of the procedures or immobilization are properly documented in the recipient's record and, that if the procedures or immobilization are applied continuously or regularly for a period in excess of 24 hours, and for every 24 hour period thereafter during which the immobilization may continue, they are authorized in writing by a physician or dentist; and provided further, that any such immobilization which extends for more than 30 days be reviewed by a physician or dentist other than the one who originally authorized the immobilization.
    Momentary periods of physical restriction by direct person-to-person contact, without the aid of material or mechanical devices, accomplished with limited force, and that are designed to prevent a recipient from completing an act that would result in potential physical harm to himself or another shall not constitute restraint, but shall be documented in the recipient's clinical record.
(Source: P.A. 86-1402; 87-124.)

405 ILCS 5/1-126

    (405 ILCS 5/1-126) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-126)
    Sec. 1-126. "Seclusion" means the sequestration by placement of a recipient alone in a room which he has no means of leaving. The restriction of a recipient to a given area or room as part of a behavior modification program which has been authorized pursuant to his individual services plan shall not constitute seclusion, provided that such restriction does not exceed any continuous period in excess of two hours nor any periods which total more than four hours in any twenty-four hour period and that the duration, nature and purposes of each such restriction are promptly documented in the recipient's record.
(Source: P.A. 86-1402.)

405 ILCS 5/1-127

    (405 ILCS 5/1-127) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-127)
    Sec. 1-127. "Service provider" means any mental health or developmental disabilities facility, or any other person which is devoted in whole or part to providing mental health or developmental disabilities services.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/1-128

    (405 ILCS 5/1-128) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1-128)
    Sec. 1-128. "Treatment" means an effort to accomplish an improvement in the mental condition or related behavior of a recipient. Treatment includes, but is not limited to, hospitalization, partial hospitalization, outpatient services, examination, diagnosis, evaluation, care, training, psychotherapy, pharmaceuticals, and other services provided for recipients by mental health facilities.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/1-129

    (405 ILCS 5/1-129)
    Sec. 1-129. Mental illness. "Mental illness" means a mental, or emotional disorder that substantially impairs a person's thought, perception of reality, emotional process, judgment, behavior, or ability to cope with the ordinary demands of life, but does not include a developmental disability, dementia or Alzheimer's disease absent psychosis, a substance abuse disorder, or an abnormality manifested only by repeated criminal or otherwise antisocial conduct.
(Source: P.A. 93-573, eff. 8-21-03.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. II

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. II heading)
CHAPTER II
RIGHTS OF RECIPIENTS OF MENTAL HEALTH
AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES SERVICES

405 ILCS 5/Ch. II Art. I

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. II Art. I heading)
ARTICLE I. RIGHTS

405 ILCS 5/2-100

    (405 ILCS 5/2-100) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 2-100)
    Sec. 2-100. (a) No recipient of services shall be deprived of any rights, benefits, or privileges guaranteed by law, the Constitution of the State of Illinois, or the Constitution of the United States solely on account of the receipt of such services.
    (b) A person with a known or suspected mental illness or developmental disability shall not be denied mental health or developmental services because of age, sex, race, religious belief, ethnic origin, marital status, physical or mental disability or criminal record unrelated to present dangerousness.
(Source: P.A. 86-1416.)

405 ILCS 5/2-101

    (405 ILCS 5/2-101) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 2-101)
    Sec. 2-101. No recipient of services shall be presumed legally disabled, nor shall such person be held legally disabled except as determined by a court. Such determination shall be separate from a judicial proceeding held to determine whether a person is subject to involuntary admission or meets the standard for judicial admission.
(Source: P.A. 85-971.)

405 ILCS 5/2-101.1

    (405 ILCS 5/2-101.1)
    Sec. 2-101.1. Counseling services; consent; costs.
    (a) Any adult under guardianship may request and receive counseling services or psychotherapy. The consent of the guardian shall not be necessary to authorize counseling or psychotherapy. The adult's guardian shall not be informed, without the consent of the adult, of such counseling or psychotherapy unless the counselor or therapist believes such disclosure is necessary. If the counselor or therapist intends to disclose the fact of counseling or psychotherapy, the adult shall be so informed. However, until the consent of the adult's guardian has been obtained, counseling or psychotherapy provided to an adult under guardianship shall be limited to not more than 5 sessions, a session lasting not more than 45 minutes.
    (b) The adult's guardian shall not be liable for the costs of counseling or psychotherapy which is received by the adult without the consent of the adult's guardian.
(Source: P.A. 97-165, eff. 1-1-12.)

405 ILCS 5/2-102

    (405 ILCS 5/2-102) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 2-102)
    Sec. 2-102. (a) A recipient of services shall be provided with adequate and humane care and services in the least restrictive environment, pursuant to an individual services plan. The Plan shall be formulated and periodically reviewed with the participation of the recipient to the extent feasible and the recipient's guardian, the recipient's substitute decision maker, if any, or any other individual designated in writing by the recipient. The facility shall advise the recipient of his or her right to designate a family member or other individual to participate in the formulation and review of the treatment plan. In determining whether care and services are being provided in the least restrictive environment, the facility shall consider the views of the recipient, if any, concerning the treatment being provided. The recipient's preferences regarding emergency interventions under subsection (d) of Section 2-200 shall be noted in the recipient's treatment plan.
    (a-5) If the services include the administration of electroconvulsive therapy or psychotropic medication, the physician or the physician's designee shall advise the recipient, in writing, of the side effects, risks, and benefits of the treatment, as well as alternatives to the proposed treatment, to the extent such advice is consistent with the recipient's ability to understand the information communicated. The physician shall determine and state in writing whether the recipient has the capacity to make a reasoned decision about the treatment. The physician or the physician's designee shall provide to the recipient's substitute decision maker, if any, the same written information that is required to be presented to the recipient in writing. If the recipient lacks the capacity to make a reasoned decision about the treatment, the treatment may be administered only (i) pursuant to the provisions of Section 2-107 or 2-107.1 or (ii) pursuant to a power of attorney for health care under the Powers of Attorney for Health Care Law or a declaration for mental health treatment under the Mental Health Treatment Preference Declaration Act. A surrogate decision maker, other than a court appointed guardian, under the Health Care Surrogate Act may not consent to the administration of electroconvulsive therapy or psychotropic medication. A surrogate may, however, petition for administration of such treatment pursuant to this Act. If the recipient is under guardianship and the guardian is authorized to consent to the administration of electroconvulsive therapy or psychotropic medication pursuant to subsection (c) of Section 2-107.1 of this Code, the physician shall advise the guardian in writing of the side effects and risks of the treatment, alternatives to the proposed treatment, and the risks and benefits of the treatment. A qualified professional shall be responsible for overseeing the implementation of such plan. Such care and treatment shall make reasonable accommodation of any physical disability of the recipient, including but not limited to the regular use of sign language for any hearing impaired individual for whom sign language is a primary mode of communication. If the recipient is unable to communicate effectively in English, the facility shall make reasonable efforts to provide services to the recipient in a language that the recipient understands.
    (b) A recipient of services who is an adherent or a member of any well-recognized religious denomination, the principles and tenets of which teach reliance upon services by spiritual means through prayer alone for healing by a duly accredited practitioner thereof, shall have the right to choose such services. The parent or guardian of a recipient of services who is a minor, or a guardian of a recipient of services who is not a minor, shall have the right to choose services by spiritual means through prayer for the recipient of services.
(Source: P.A. 95-172, eff. 8-14-07.)

405 ILCS 5/2-103

    (405 ILCS 5/2-103) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 2-103)
    Sec. 2-103. Except as provided in this Section, a recipient who resides in a mental health or developmental disabilities facility shall be permitted unimpeded, private, and uncensored communication with persons of his choice by mail, telephone and visitation.
    (a) The facility director shall ensure that correspondence can be conveniently received and mailed, that telephones are reasonably accessible, and that space for visits is available. Writing materials, postage and telephone usage funds shall be provided in reasonable amounts to recipients who reside in Department facilities and who are unable to procure such items.
    (b) Reasonable times and places for the use of telephones and for visits may be established in writing by the facility director.
    (c) Unimpeded, private and uncensored communication by mail, telephone, and visitation may be reasonably restricted by the facility director only in order to protect the recipient or others from harm, harassment or intimidation, provided that notice of such restriction shall be given to all recipients upon admission. When communications are restricted, the facility shall advise the recipient that he has the right to require the facility to notify the affected parties of the restriction, and to notify such affected party when the restrictions are no longer in effect. However, all letters addressed by a recipient to the Governor, members of the General Assembly, Attorney General, judges, state's attorneys, Guardianship and Advocacy Commission, or the Agency designated pursuant to "An Act in relation to the protection and advocacy of the rights of persons with developmental disabilities, and amending Acts therein named", approved September 20, 1985, officers of the Department, or licensed attorneys at law must be forwarded at once to the persons to whom they are addressed without examination by the facility authorities. Letters in reply from the officials and attorneys mentioned above must be delivered to the recipient without examination by the facility authorities.
    (d) No facility shall prevent any attorney who represents a recipient or who has been requested to do so by any relative or family member of the recipient, from visiting a recipient during normal business hours, unless that recipient refuses to meet with the attorney.
    (e) Whenever, as the result of the closing or the reduction in the number of units or available beds of any mental health facility operated by the Department of Human Services, the State determines to enter into a contract with any mental health facility to provide hospitalization to persons who would otherwise be served by the State-operated mental health facility, the resident shall be entitled to the same rights under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 97-1007, eff. 8-17-12.)

405 ILCS 5/2-104

    (405 ILCS 5/2-104) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 2-104)
    Sec. 2-104. Every recipient who resides in a mental health or developmental disabilities facility shall be permitted to receive, possess and use personal property and shall be provided with a reasonable amount of storage space therefor, except in the circumstances and under the conditions provided in this Section.
    (a) Possession and use of certain classes of property may be restricted by the facility director when necessary to protect the recipient or others from harm, provided that notice of such restriction shall be given to all recipients upon admission.
    (b) The professional responsible for overseeing the implementation of a recipient's services plan may, with the approval of the facility director, restrict the right to property when necessary to protect such recipient or others from harm.
    (c) When a recipient is discharged from the mental health or developmental disabilities facility, all of his lawful personal property which is in the custody of the facility shall be returned to him.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/2-105

    (405 ILCS 5/2-105) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 2-105)
    Sec. 2-105. A recipient of services may use his money as he chooses, unless he is a minor or prohibited from doing so under a court guardianship order. A recipient may deposit or cause to be deposited money in his name with a service provider or financial institution with the approval of the provider or financial institution. Money deposited with a service provider shall not be retained by the service provider. Any earnings attributable to a recipient's money shall accrue to him.
    Except where a recipient has given informed consent, no service provider nor any of its employees shall be made representative payee for his social security, pension, annuity, trust fund, or any other form of direct payment or assistance.
    When a recipient is discharged from a service provider, all of his money, including earnings, shall be returned to him.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/2-106

    (405 ILCS 5/2-106) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 2-106)
    Sec. 2-106. A recipient of services may perform labor to which he consents for a service provider, if the professional responsible for overseeing the implementation of the services plan for such recipient determines that such labor would be consistent with such plan. A recipient who performs labor which is of any consequential economic benefit to a service provider shall receive wages which are commensurate with the value of the work performed, in accordance with applicable federal and state laws and regulations. A recipient may be required to perform tasks of a personal housekeeping nature without compensation.
    Wages earned by a recipient of services shall be considered money which he is entitled to receive pursuant to Section 2-105, and such wages shall be paid by the service provider not less than once a month.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/2-107

    (405 ILCS 5/2-107) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 2-107)
    Sec. 2-107. Refusal of services; informing of risks.
    (a) An adult recipient of services or the recipient's guardian, if the recipient is under guardianship, and the recipient's substitute decision maker, if any, must be informed of the recipient's right to refuse medication or electroconvulsive therapy. The recipient and the recipient's guardian or substitute decision maker shall be given the opportunity to refuse generally accepted mental health or developmental disability services, including but not limited to medication or electroconvulsive therapy. If such services are refused, they shall not be given unless such services are necessary to prevent the recipient from causing serious and imminent physical harm to the recipient or others and no less restrictive alternative is available. The facility director shall inform a recipient, guardian, or substitute decision maker, if any, who refuses such services of alternate services available and the risks of such alternate services, as well as the possible consequences to the recipient of refusal of such services.
    (b) Psychotropic medication or electroconvulsive therapy may be administered under this Section for up to 24 hours only if the circumstances leading up to the need for emergency treatment are set forth in writing in the recipient's record.
    (c) Administration of medication or electroconvulsive therapy may not be continued unless the need for such treatment is redetermined at least every 24 hours based upon a personal examination of the recipient by a physician or a nurse under the supervision of a physician and the circumstances demonstrating that need are set forth in writing in the recipient's record.
    (d) Neither psychotropic medication nor electroconvulsive therapy may be administered under this Section for a period in excess of 72 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, unless a petition is filed under Section 2-107.1 and the treatment continues to be necessary under subsection (a) of this Section. Once the petition has been filed, treatment may continue in compliance with subsections (a), (b), and (c) of this Section until the final outcome of the hearing on the petition.
    (e) The Department shall issue rules designed to insure that in State-operated mental health facilities psychotropic medication and electroconvulsive therapy are administered in accordance with this Section and only when appropriately authorized and monitored by a physician or a nurse under the supervision of a physician in accordance with accepted medical practice. The facility director of each mental health facility not operated by the State shall issue rules designed to insure that in that facility psychotropic medication and electroconvulsive therapy are administered in accordance with this Section and only when appropriately authorized and monitored by a physician or a nurse under the supervision of a physician in accordance with accepted medical practice. Such rules shall be available for public inspection and copying during normal business hours.
    (f) The provisions of this Section with respect to the emergency administration of psychotropic medication and electroconvulsive therapy do not apply to facilities licensed under the Nursing Home Care Act, the Specialized Mental Health Rehabilitation Act of 2013, or the ID/DD Community Care Act.
    (g) Under no circumstances may long-acting psychotropic medications be administered under this Section.
    (h) Whenever psychotropic medication or electroconvulsive therapy is refused pursuant to subsection (a) of this Section at least once that day, the physician shall determine and state in writing the reasons why the recipient did not meet the criteria for administration of medication or electroconvulsive therapy under subsection (a) and whether the recipient meets the standard for administration of psychotropic medication or electroconvulsive therapy under Section 2-107.1 of this Code. If the physician determines that the recipient meets the standard for administration of psychotropic medication or electroconvulsive therapy under Section 2-107.1, the facility director or his or her designee shall petition the court for administration of psychotropic medication or electroconvulsive therapy pursuant to that Section unless the facility director or his or her designee states in writing in the recipient's record why the filing of such a petition is not warranted. This subsection (h) applies only to State-operated mental health facilities.
    (i) The Department shall conduct annual trainings for all physicians and registered nurses working in State-operated mental health facilities on the appropriate use of emergency administration of psychotropic medication and electroconvulsive therapy, standards for their use, and the methods of authorization under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 97-38, eff. 6-28-11; 97-227, eff. 1-1-12; 97-813, eff. 7-13-12; 98-104, eff. 7-22-13.)

405 ILCS 5/2-107.1

    (405 ILCS 5/2-107.1) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 2-107.1)
    Sec. 2-107.1. Administration of psychotropic medication and electroconvulsive therapy upon application to a court.
    (a) (Blank).
    (a-5) Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 2-107 of this Code, psychotropic medication and electroconvulsive therapy may be administered to an adult recipient of services on an inpatient or outpatient basis without the informed consent of the recipient under the following standards:
        (1) Any person 18 years of age or older, including
    
any guardian, may petition the circuit court for an order authorizing the administration of psychotropic medication and electroconvulsive therapy to a recipient of services. The petition shall state that the petitioner has made a good faith attempt to determine whether the recipient has executed a power of attorney for health care under the Powers of Attorney for Health Care Law or a declaration for mental health treatment under the Mental Health Treatment Preference Declaration Act and to obtain copies of these instruments if they exist. If either of the above-named instruments is available to the petitioner, the instrument or a copy of the instrument shall be attached to the petition as an exhibit. The petitioner shall deliver a copy of the petition, and notice of the time and place of the hearing, to the respondent, his or her attorney, any known agent or attorney-in-fact, if any, and the guardian, if any, no later than 3 days prior to the date of the hearing. Service of the petition and notice of the time and place of the hearing may be made by transmitting them via facsimile machine to the respondent or other party. Upon receipt of the petition and notice, the party served, or the person delivering the petition and notice to the party served, shall acknowledge service. If the party sending the petition and notice does not receive acknowledgement of service within 24 hours, service must be made by personal service.
        The petition may include a request that the court
    
authorize such testing and procedures as may be essential for the safe and effective administration of the psychotropic medication or electroconvulsive therapy sought to be administered, but only where the petition sets forth the specific testing and procedures sought to be administered.
        If a hearing is requested to be held immediately
    
following the hearing on a petition for involuntary admission, then the notice requirement shall be the same as that for the hearing on the petition for involuntary admission, and the petition filed pursuant to this Section shall be filed with the petition for involuntary admission.
        (2) The court shall hold a hearing within 7 days of
    
the filing of the petition. The People, the petitioner, or the respondent shall be entitled to a continuance of up to 7 days as of right. An additional continuance of not more than 7 days may be granted to any party (i) upon a showing that the continuance is needed in order to adequately prepare for or present evidence in a hearing under this Section or (ii) under exceptional circumstances. The court may grant an additional continuance not to exceed 21 days when, in its discretion, the court determines that such a continuance is necessary in order to provide the recipient with an examination pursuant to Section 3-803 or 3-804 of this Act, to provide the recipient with a trial by jury as provided in Section 3-802 of this Act, or to arrange for the substitution of counsel as provided for by the Illinois Supreme Court Rules. The hearing shall be separate from a judicial proceeding held to determine whether a person is subject to involuntary admission but may be heard immediately preceding or following such a judicial proceeding and may be heard by the same trier of fact or law as in that judicial proceeding.
        (3) Unless otherwise provided herein, the procedures
    
set forth in Article VIII of Chapter 3 of this Act, including the provisions regarding appointment of counsel, shall govern hearings held under this subsection (a-5).
        (4) Psychotropic medication and electroconvulsive
    
therapy may be administered to the recipient if and only if it has been determined by clear and convincing evidence that all of the following factors are present. In determining whether a person meets the criteria specified in the following paragraphs (A) through (G), the court may consider evidence of the person's history of serious violence, repeated past pattern of specific behavior, actions related to the person's illness, or past outcomes of various treatment options.
            (A) That the recipient has a serious mental
        
illness or developmental disability.
            (B) That because of said mental illness or
        
developmental disability, the recipient currently exhibits any one of the following: (i) deterioration of his or her ability to function, as compared to the recipient's ability to function prior to the current onset of symptoms of the mental illness or disability for which treatment is presently sought, (ii) suffering, or (iii) threatening behavior.
            (C) That the illness or disability has existed
        
for a period marked by the continuing presence of the symptoms set forth in item (B) of this subdivision (4) or the repeated episodic occurrence of these symptoms.
            (D) That the benefits of the treatment outweigh
        
the harm.
            (E) That the recipient lacks the capacity to make
        
a reasoned decision about the treatment.
            (F) That other less restrictive services have
        
been explored and found inappropriate.
            (G) If the petition seeks authorization for
        
testing and other procedures, that such testing and procedures are essential for the safe and effective administration of the treatment.
        (5) In no event shall an order issued under this
    
Section be effective for more than 90 days. A second 90-day period of involuntary treatment may be authorized pursuant to a hearing that complies with the standards and procedures of this subsection (a-5). Thereafter, additional 180-day periods of involuntary treatment may be authorized pursuant to the standards and procedures of this Section without limit. If a new petition to authorize the administration of psychotropic medication or electroconvulsive therapy is filed at least 15 days prior to the expiration of the prior order, and if any continuance of the hearing is agreed to by the recipient, the administration of the treatment may continue in accordance with the prior order pending the completion of a hearing under this Section.
        (6) An order issued under this subsection (a-5) shall
    
designate the persons authorized to administer the treatment under the standards and procedures of this subsection (a-5). Those persons shall have complete discretion not to administer any treatment authorized under this Section. The order shall also specify the medications and the anticipated range of dosages that have been authorized and may include a list of any alternative medications and range of dosages deemed necessary.
    (a-10) The court may, in its discretion, appoint a guardian ad litem for a recipient before the court or authorize an existing guardian of the person to monitor treatment and compliance with court orders under this Section.
    (b) A guardian may be authorized to consent to the administration of psychotropic medication or electroconvulsive therapy to an objecting recipient only under the standards and procedures of subsection (a-5).
    (c) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Section, a guardian may consent to the administration of psychotropic medication or electroconvulsive therapy to a non-objecting recipient under Article XIa of the Probate Act of 1975.
    (d) Nothing in this Section shall prevent the administration of psychotropic medication or electroconvulsive therapy to recipients in an emergency under Section 2-107 of this Act.
    (e) Notwithstanding any of the provisions of this Section, psychotropic medication or electroconvulsive therapy may be administered pursuant to a power of attorney for health care under the Powers of Attorney for Health Care Law or a declaration for mental health treatment under the Mental Health Treatment Preference Declaration Act.
    (f) The Department shall conduct annual trainings for physicians and registered nurses working in State-operated mental health facilities on the appropriate use of psychotropic medication and electroconvulsive therapy, standards for their use, and the preparation of court petitions under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 97-375, eff. 8-15-11.)

405 ILCS 5/2-107.2

    (405 ILCS 5/2-107.2) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 2-107.2)
    Sec. 2-107.2. Review; notice.
    (a) Whenever any recipient, who is receiving treatment in a residential mental health facility, has been receiving psychotropic medication or electroconvulsive therapy in that facility continuously or on a regular basis for a period of 3 months, and, if the treatment is continued while the recipient is a resident in that facility, every 6 months thereafter, for so long as the treatment shall continue, the facility director shall convene a treatment review panel to review the treatment.
    (b) At least 7 days prior to the date of the meeting, the recipient, his or her guardian, if any, and the person designated under subsection (b) of Section 2-200 shall be given written notification of the time and place of the treatment review meeting. The notice shall also advise the recipient of his or her right to designate some person to attend the meeting and assist the recipient.
    (c) If, during the course of the review, the recipient or guardian, if any, advises the committee that he no longer agrees to continue receiving the treatment, the treatment must be discontinued except that the treatment may be administered under either Section 2-107 or 2-107.1. If the recipient and guardian, if any, continues to agree to the treatment, the treatment shall be continued if the committee determines that the recipient is receiving appropriate treatment and that the benefit to the recipient outweighs any risk of harm to the recipient.
    (d) The Department shall issue rules to implement the requirements of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 95-172, eff. 8-14-07.)

405 ILCS 5/2-107.3

    (405 ILCS 5/2-107.3)
    Sec. 2-107.3. Reports. Each facility director of a State-operated mental health facility shall prepare a quarterly report stating the number of persons who were determined to meet the standard for administration of psychotropic medication or electroconvulsive therapy but for whom it was determined that the filing of such a petition was not warranted as provided for in subsection (h) of Section 2-107 of this Code and the reasons for each such determination. The Department shall prepare and publish an annual report summarizing the information received under this Section. The Department's report shall include the data from each facility filing such a report and shall separately report the data from each such facility, identified by facility.
(Source: P.A. 94-1066, eff. 8-1-06; 95-172, eff. 8-14-07.)

405 ILCS 5/2-108

    (405 ILCS 5/2-108) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 2-108)
    Sec. 2-108. Use of restraint. Restraint may be used only as a therapeutic measure to prevent a recipient from causing physical harm to himself or physical abuse to others. Restraint may only be applied by a person who has been trained in the application of the particular type of restraint to be utilized. In no event shall restraint be utilized to punish or discipline a recipient, nor is restraint to be used as a convenience for the staff.
    (a) Except as provided in this Section, restraint shall be employed only upon the written order of a physician, clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, clinical professional counselor, or registered nurse with supervisory responsibilities. No restraint shall be ordered unless the physician, clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, clinical professional counselor, or registered nurse with supervisory responsibilities, after personally observing and examining the recipient, is clinically satisfied that the use of restraint is justified to prevent the recipient from causing physical harm to himself or others. In no event may restraint continue for longer than 2 hours unless within that time period a nurse with supervisory responsibilities or a physician confirms, in writing, following a personal examination of the recipient, that the restraint does not pose an undue risk to the recipient's health in light of the recipient's physical or medical condition. The order shall state the events leading up to the need for restraint and the purposes for which restraint is employed. The order shall also state the length of time restraint is to be employed and the clinical justification for that length of time. No order for restraint shall be valid for more than 16 hours. If further restraint is required, a new order must be issued pursuant to the requirements provided in this Section.
    (b) In the event there is an emergency requiring the immediate use of restraint, it may be ordered temporarily by a qualified person only where a physician, clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, clinical professional counselor, or registered nurse with supervisory responsibilities is not immediately available. In that event, an order by a nurse, clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, clinical professional counselor, or physician shall be obtained pursuant to the requirements of this Section as quickly as possible, and the recipient shall be examined by a physician or supervisory nurse within 2 hours after the initial employment of the emergency restraint. Whoever orders restraint in emergency situations shall document its necessity and place that documentation in the recipient's record.
    (c) The person who orders restraint shall inform the facility director or his designee in writing of the use of restraint within 24 hours.
    (d) The facility director shall review all restraint orders daily and shall inquire into the reasons for the orders for restraint by any person who routinely orders them.
    (e) Restraint may be employed during all or part of one 24 hour period, the period commencing with the initial application of the restraint. However, once restraint has been employed during one 24 hour period, it shall not be used again on the same recipient during the next 48 hours without the prior written authorization of the facility director.
    (f) Restraint shall be employed in a humane and therapeutic manner and the person being restrained shall be observed by a qualified person as often as is clinically appropriate but in no event less than once every 15 minutes. The qualified person shall maintain a record of the observations. Specifically, unless there is an immediate danger that the recipient will physically harm himself or others, restraint shall be loosely applied to permit freedom of movement. Further, the recipient shall be permitted to have regular meals and toilet privileges free from the restraint, except when freedom of action may result in physical harm to the recipient or others.
    (g) Every facility that employs restraint shall provide training in the safe and humane application of each type of restraint employed. The facility shall not authorize the use of any type of restraint by an employee who has not received training in the safe and humane application of that type of restraint. Each facility in which restraint is used shall maintain records detailing which employees have been trained and are authorized to apply restraint, the date of the training and the type of restraint that the employee was trained to use.
    (h) Whenever restraint is imposed upon any recipient whose primary mode of communication is sign language, the recipient shall be permitted to have his hands free from restraint for brief periods each hour, except when freedom may result in physical harm to the recipient or others.
    (i) A recipient who is restrained may only be secluded at the same time pursuant to an explicit written authorization as provided in Section 2-109 of this Code. Whenever a recipient is restrained, a member of the facility staff shall remain with the recipient at all times unless the recipient has been secluded. A recipient who is restrained and secluded shall be observed by a qualified person as often as is clinically appropriate but in no event less than every 15 minutes.
    (j) Whenever restraint is used, the recipient shall be advised of his right, pursuant to Sections 2-200 and 2-201 of this Code, to have any person of his choosing, including the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission or the agency designated pursuant to the Protection and Advocacy for Developmentally Disabled Persons Act notified of the restraint. A recipient who is under guardianship may request that any person of his choosing be notified of the restraint whether or not the guardian approves of the notice. Whenever the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission is notified that a recipient has been restrained, it shall contact that recipient to determine the circumstances of the restraint and whether further action is warranted.
(Source: P.A. 98-137, eff. 8-2-13.)

405 ILCS 5/2-109

    (405 ILCS 5/2-109) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 2-109)
    Sec. 2-109. Seclusion. Seclusion may be used only as a therapeutic measure to prevent a recipient from causing physical harm to himself or physical abuse to others. In no event shall seclusion be utilized to punish or discipline a recipient, nor is seclusion to be used as a convenience for the staff.
    (a) Seclusion shall be employed only upon the written order of a physician, clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, clinical professional counselor, or registered nurse with supervisory responsibilities. No seclusion shall be ordered unless the physician, clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, clinical professional counselor, or registered nurse with supervisory responsibilities, after personally observing and examining the recipient, is clinically satisfied that the use of seclusion is justified to prevent the recipient from causing physical harm to himself or others. In no event may seclusion continue for longer than 2 hours unless within that time period a nurse with supervisory responsibilities or a physician confirms in writing, following a personal examination of the recipient, that the seclusion does not pose an undue risk to the recipient's health in light of the recipient's physical or medical condition. The order shall state the events leading up to the need for seclusion and the purposes for which seclusion is employed. The order shall also state the length of time seclusion is to be employed and the clinical justification for the length of time. No order for seclusion shall be valid for more than 16 hours. If further seclusion is required, a new order must be issued pursuant to the requirements provided in this Section.
    (b) The person who orders seclusion shall inform the facility director or his designee in writing of the use of seclusion within 24 hours.
    (c) The facility director shall review all seclusion orders daily and shall inquire into the reasons for the orders for seclusion by any person who routinely orders them.
    (d) Seclusion may be employed during all or part of one 16 hour period, that period commencing with the initial application of the seclusion. However, once seclusion has been employed during one 16 hour period, it shall not be used again on the same recipient during the next 48 hours without the prior written authorization of the facility director.
    (e) The person who ordered the seclusion shall assign a qualified person to observe the recipient at all times. A recipient who is restrained and secluded shall be observed by a qualified person as often as is clinically appropriate but in no event less than once every 15 minutes.
    (f) Safety precautions shall be followed to prevent injuries to the recipient in the seclusion room. Seclusion rooms shall be adequately lighted, heated, and furnished. If a door is locked, someone with a key shall be in constant attendance nearby.
    (g) Whenever seclusion is used, the recipient shall be advised of his right, pursuant to Sections 2-200 and 2-201 of this Code, to have any person of his choosing, including the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission notified of the seclusion. A person who is under guardianship may request that any person of his choosing be notified of the seclusion whether or not the guardian approves of the notice. Whenever the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission is notified that a recipient has been secluded, it shall contact that recipient to determine the circumstances of the seclusion and whether further action is warranted.
(Source: P.A. 98-137, eff. 8-2-13.)

405 ILCS 5/2-110

    (405 ILCS 5/2-110) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 2-110)
    Sec. 2-110. No recipient of services shall be subjected to any unusual, hazardous, or experimental services or psychosurgery, without his written and informed consent.
    If the recipient is a minor or is under guardianship, such recipient's parent or guardian is authorized, only with the approval of the court, to provide informed consent for participation of the ward in any such services which the guardian deems to be in the best interests of the ward.
(Source: P.A. 90-538, eff. 12-1-97.)

405 ILCS 5/2-110.1

    (405 ILCS 5/2-110.1)
    Sec. 2-110.1. Reports.
    (a) A mental hospital or facility at which electro-convulsive therapy is administered shall submit to the Department quarterly reports relating to the administration of the therapy for the purposes of reducing morbidity or mortality and improving patient care.
    (b) A report shall state the following for each quarter:
        (1) The number of persons who received the therapy,
    
including:
            (A) the number of persons who gave informed
        
consent to the therapy;
            (B) the number of persons confined as subject to
        
involuntary admission who gave informed consent to the therapy;
            (C) the number of persons who received the
        
therapy without informed consent pursuant to Section 2-107.1; and
            (D) the number of persons who received the
        
therapy on an emergency basis pursuant to subsection (d) of Section 2-107.1.
        (2) The age, sex, and race of the recipients of the
    
therapy.
        (3) The source of the treatment payment.
        (4) The average number of electro-convulsive
    
treatments administered for each complete series of treatments, but not including maintenance treatments.
        (5) The average number of maintenance
    
electro-convulsive treatments administered per month.
        (6) Any significant adverse reactions to the
    
treatment as defined by rule.
        (7) Autopsy findings if death followed within 14 days
    
after the date of the administration of the therapy.
        (8) Any other information required by the Department
    
by rule.
    (c) The Department shall prepare and publish an annual written report summarizing the information received under this Section. The report shall not contain any information that identifies or tends to identify any facility, physician, health care provider, or patient.
(Source: P.A. 90-538, eff. 12-1-97.)

405 ILCS 5/2-110.5

    (405 ILCS 5/2-110.5)
    Sec. 2-110.5. Electro-convulsive therapy for minors. If a recipient is a minor, that recipient's parent or guardian is authorized, only with the approval of the court under the procedures set out in Section 2-107.1, to provide consent for participation of the minor in electro-convulsive therapy if the parent or guardian deems it to be in the best interest of the minor. In addition to the requirements in Section 2-107.1, prior to the court entering an order approving treatment by electro-convulsive therapy, 2 licensed psychiatrists, one of which may be the minor's treating psychiatrist, who have examined the patient must concur in the determination that the minor should participate in treatment by electro-convulsive therapy.
(Source: P.A. 91-74, eff. 7-9-99.)

405 ILCS 5/2-111

    (405 ILCS 5/2-111) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 2-111)
    Sec. 2-111. A medical or dental emergency exists when delay for the purpose of obtaining consent would endanger the life or adversely and substantially affect the health of a recipient of services. When a medical or dental emergency exists, if a physician or licensed dentist who examines a recipient determines that the recipient is not capable of giving informed consent, essential medical or dental procedures may be performed without consent. No physician nor licensed dentist shall be liable for a non-negligent good faith determination that a medical or dental emergency exists or a non-negligent good faith determination that the recipient is not capable of giving informed consent.
(Source: P.A. 85-971.)

405 ILCS 5/2-112

    (405 ILCS 5/2-112) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 2-112)
    Sec. 2-112. Freedom from abuse and neglect. Every recipient of services in a mental health or developmental disability facility shall be free from abuse and neglect.
(Source: P.A. 86-1013.)

405 ILCS 5/2-113

    (405 ILCS 5/2-113) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 2-113)
    Sec. 2-113. (a) Upon admission, the facility shall inquire of the recipient if a spouse, family member, friend or an agency is to be notified of his admission to the facility. If the recipient consents to release of information concerning his admission, the facility shall immediately attempt to make phone contact with at least two designated persons or agencies or by mail within 24 hours.
    (b) Any person may request information from a developmental disability or mental health facility relating to whether an adult recipient or minor recipient admitted pursuant to Section 3-502 has been admitted to the facility. Any parties requesting information must submit proof of identification and list their name, address, phone number, relationship to the recipient and reason for the request.
    (c) The facility shall respond to the inquirer within 2 working days. If the recipient is located at the facility, the facility director shall inform the recipient of the request and shall advise the recipient that disclosure of his presence at the facility will not obligate the recipient to have contact with the inquirer. No information shall be disclosed unless the recipient consents in writing to the disclosure.
    (d) If the recipient has consented to the release of information the facility shall inform the requesting party that the recipient is located at the facility. The facility shall, with the recipient's consent, tell the requesting party how to contact the recipient.
    (e) When the recipient is not located at the facility or when the recipient does not consent in writing to release such information, the facility shall inform the consenting party that no information is available regarding that person.
    (f) Transactions pursuant to this Section shall be noted in the recipient's record.
(Source: P.A. 86-1417.)

405 ILCS 5/2-114

    (405 ILCS 5/2-114) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 2-114)
    Sec. 2-114. (a) Whenever an attorney or other advocate from the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission or the agency designated by the Governor under Section 1 of the Protection and Advocacy for Developmentally Disabled Persons Act or any other attorney advises a facility in which a recipient is receiving inpatient mental health services that he is presently representing the recipient, or has been appointed by any court or administrative agency to do so or has been requested to represent the recipient by a member of the recipient's family, the facility shall, subject to the provisions of Section 2-113 of this Code, disclose to the attorney or advocate whether the recipient is presently residing in the facility and, if so, how the attorney or advocate may communicate with the recipient.
    (b) The facility may take reasonable precautions to identify the attorney or advocate. No further information shall be disclosed to the attorney or advocate except in conformity with the authorization procedures contained in the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Confidentiality Act.
    (c) Whenever the location of the recipient has been disclosed to an attorney or advocate, the facility director shall inform the recipient of that fact and shall note this disclosure in the recipient's records.
    (d) An attorney or advocate who receives any information under this Section may not disclose this information to anyone else without the written consent of the recipient obtained pursuant to Section 5 of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Confidentiality Act.
(Source: P.A. 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)

405 ILCS 5/2-115

    (405 ILCS 5/2-115)
    Sec. 2-115. Participants in mental health courts. Subject to appropriations, the Department shall establish pilot programs to provide the clinical services necessary to serve participants in mental health courts that have been established in any judicial circuit in this State.
(Source: P.A. 92-120, eff. 1-1-02.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. II Art. II

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. II Art. II heading)
ARTICLE II. PROCEDURES

405 ILCS 5/2-200

    (405 ILCS 5/2-200) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 2-200)
    Sec. 2-200. (a) Upon commencement of services, or as soon thereafter as the condition of the recipient permits, every adult recipient, as well as the recipient's guardian or substitute decision maker, and every recipient who is 12 years of age or older and the parent or guardian of a minor or person under guardianship shall be informed orally and in writing of the rights guaranteed by this Chapter which are relevant to the nature of the recipient's services program. Every facility shall also post conspicuously in public areas a summary of the rights which are relevant to the services delivered by that facility.
    (b) A recipient who is 12 years of age or older and the parent or guardian of a minor or person under guardianship at any time may designate, and upon commencement of services shall be informed of the right to designate, a person or agency to receive notice under Section 2-201 or to direct that no information about the recipient be disclosed to any person or agency.
    (c) Upon commencement of services, or as soon thereafter as the condition of the recipient permits, the facility shall ask the adult recipient or minor recipient admitted pursuant to Section 3-502 whether the recipient wants the facility to contact the recipient's spouse, parents, guardian, close relatives, friends, attorney, advocate from the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission or the agency designated by the Governor under Section 1 of "An Act in relation to the protection and advocacy of the rights of persons with developmental disabilities, and amending Acts therein named", approved September 20, 1985, or others and inform them of the recipient's presence at the facility. The facility shall by phone or by mail contact at least two of those people designated by the recipient and shall inform them of the recipient's location. If the recipient so requests, the facility shall also inform them of how to contact the recipient.
    (d) Upon commencement of services, or as soon thereafter as the condition of the recipient permits, the facility shall advise the recipient as to the circumstances under which the law permits the use of emergency forced medication or electroconvulsive therapy under subsection (a) of Section 2-107, restraint under Section 2-108, or seclusion under Section 2-109. At the same time, the facility shall inquire of the recipient which form of intervention the recipient would prefer if any of these circumstances should arise. The recipient's preference shall be noted in the recipient's record and communicated by the facility to the recipient's guardian or substitute decision maker, if any, and any other individual designated by the recipient. If any such circumstances subsequently do arise, the facility shall give due consideration to the preferences of the recipient regarding which form of intervention to use as communicated to the facility by the recipient or as stated in the recipient's advance directive.
(Source: P.A. 95-172, eff. 8-14-07.)

405 ILCS 5/2-201

    (405 ILCS 5/2-201) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 2-201)
    Sec. 2-201. (a) Whenever any rights of a recipient of services that are specified in this Chapter are restricted, the professional responsible for overseeing the implementation of the recipient's services plan shall be responsible for promptly giving notice of the restriction or use of restraint or seclusion and the reason therefor to:
        (1) the recipient and, if such recipient is a minor
    
or under guardianship, his parent or guardian;
        (2) a person designated under subsection (b) of
    
Section 2-200 upon commencement of services or at any later time to receive such notice;
        (3) the facility director;
        (4) the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission, or the
    
agency designated under "An Act in relation to the protection and advocacy of the rights of persons with developmental disabilities, and amending Acts therein named", approved September 20, 1985, if either is so designated; and
        (5) the recipient's substitute decision maker, if any.
    The professional shall also be responsible for promptly recording such restriction or use of restraint or seclusion and the reason therefor in the recipient's record.
    (b) The facility director shall maintain a file of all notices of restrictions of rights, or the use of restraint or seclusion for the past 3 years. The facility director shall allow the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission, the agency designated by the Governor under Section 1 of "An Act in relation to the protection and advocacy of the rights of persons with developmental disabilities, and amending Acts therein named," approved September 20, 1985, and the Department to examine and copy such records upon request. Records obtained under this Section shall not be further disclosed except pursuant to written authorization of the recipient under Section 5 of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Confidentiality Act.
(Source: P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/2-202

    (405 ILCS 5/2-202) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 2-202)
    Sec. 2-202. The Secretary of Human Services and the facility director of each service provider shall adopt in writing such policies and procedures as are necessary to implement this Chapter. Such policies and procedures may amplify or expand, but shall not restrict or limit, the rights guaranteed to recipients by this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III heading)
CHAPTER III
ADMISSION, TRANSFER AND DISCHARGE
PROCEDURES FOR THE MENTALLY ILL

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. I

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. I heading)
ARTICLE I. JURISDICTION; DUTIES OF STATE'S ATTORNEY

405 ILCS 5/3-100

    (405 ILCS 5/3-100) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-100)
    Sec. 3-100. The circuit court has jurisdiction under this Chapter over persons not charged with a felony who are subject to involuntary admission. Inmates of penal institutions shall not be considered as charged with a felony within the meaning of this Chapter. Court proceedings under Article VIII of this Chapter may be instituted as to any such inmate at any time within 90 days prior to discharge of such inmate by expiration of sentence or otherwise, and if such inmate is found to be subject to involuntary admission, the order of the court ordering hospitalization or other disposition shall become effective at the time of discharge of the inmate from penal custody.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-101

    (405 ILCS 5/3-101) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-101)
    Sec. 3-101. (a) The State's Attorneys of the several counties shall represent the people of the State of Illinois in court proceedings under this Chapter and in proceedings under Section 2-107.1 in their respective counties, shall attend such proceedings either in person or by assistant, and shall ensure that petitions, reports and orders are properly prepared. Nothing herein contained shall prevent any party, including any petitioner, from being represented by his own counsel.
    (b) Any community mental health provider or inpatient mental health facility, including hospitals operated by the Department, may be represented by counsel in court proceedings under this Chapter if they are providing services or funding for services to the respondent, or if an order by the court directing said entity to provide services or funding for services to the respondent is being sought by any party.
(Source: P.A. 97-375, eff. 8-15-11.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. II

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. II heading)
ARTICLE II. GENERAL PROVISIONS

405 ILCS 5/3-200

    (405 ILCS 5/3-200) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-200)
    Sec. 3-200. (a) A person may be admitted as an inpatient to a mental health facility for treatment of mental illness only as provided in this Chapter, except that a person may be transferred by the Department of Corrections pursuant to the Unified Code of Corrections. A person transferred by the Department of Corrections in this manner may be released only as provided in the Unified Code of Corrections.
    (b) No person who is diagnosed as intellectually disabled or a person with a developmental disability may be admitted or transferred to a Department mental health facility or, any portion thereof, except as provided in this Chapter. However, the evaluation and placement of such persons shall be governed by Article II of Chapter 4 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12.)

405 ILCS 5/3-201

    (405 ILCS 5/3-201) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-201)
    Sec. 3-201. The Department shall prescribe all forms necessary for proceedings under this Chapter, and all forms used in such proceedings shall comply substantially with the forms so prescribed. The Department shall publish all forms in electronic format and post the forms to its website.
(Source: P.A. 97-752, eff. 7-6-12.)

405 ILCS 5/3-202

    (405 ILCS 5/3-202) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-202)
    Sec. 3-202. (a) Every mental health facility shall maintain adequate records which shall include the Section of this Chapter under which the recipient was admitted, any subsequent change in the recipient's status, and requisite documentation for such admission and status.
    (b) Nothing contained in this Chapter shall be construed to limit or otherwise affect the power of any mental health facility to determine the qualifications of persons who may be permitted to admit recipients to such facility. This subsection shall not affect or limit the powers of any court to order hospitalization or admission to a program of alternative treatment as set forth in this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)

405 ILCS 5/3-203

    (405 ILCS 5/3-203) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-203)
    Sec. 3-203. Every petition, certificate and proof of service required by this Chapter shall be executed under penalty of perjury as though under oath or affirmation, but no acknowledgement is required.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-204

    (405 ILCS 5/3-204) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-204)
    Sec. 3-204. Whenever a statement or explanation is required to be given to a recipient under this Chapter and the recipient does not read or understand English, such statement or explanation shall be provided to him in a language which he understands. Such statement or explanation shall be communicated in sign language for any hearing impaired person for whom sign language is a primary mode of communication. When a statement or explanation is provided in a language other than English, or through the use of sign language, that fact and the name of the persons by whom it was provided shall be noted in the recipient's record. This Section does not apply to copies of petitions and court orders.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/3-205

    (405 ILCS 5/3-205) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-205)
    Sec. 3-205. Within 12 hours after the admission of a person to a mental health facility under Article VI or Article VII of this Chapter the facility director shall give the person a copy of the petition and a clear and concise written statement explaining the person's legal status and his right to counsel and to a court hearing. Following admission, any changes in the person's legal status shall be fully explained to him. When an explanation required by this Chapter must be given in a language other than English or through the use of sign language, it shall be given within a reasonable time before any hearing is held.
(Source: P.A. 82-205.)

405 ILCS 5/3-205.5

    (405 ILCS 5/3-205.5)
    Sec. 3-205.5. Examination and social investigation. When any person is first presented for admission to a mental health facility under Chapter III of this Code, within 72 hours thereafter, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, the facility shall provide or arrange for a comprehensive physical examination, mental examination, and social investigation of that person. The examinations and social investigation shall be used to determine whether some program other than hospitalization will meet the needs of the person, with preference being given to care or treatment that will enable the person to return to his or her own home or community.
(Source: P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/3-206

    (405 ILCS 5/3-206) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-206)
    Sec. 3-206. Whenever a person is admitted or objects to admission, and whenever a recipient is notified that his legal status is to be changed, the facility director of the mental health facility shall provide the person, if he is 12 or older, with the address and phone number of the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission. If the person requests, the facility director shall assist him in contacting the Commission.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/3-207

    (405 ILCS 5/3-207) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-207)
    Sec. 3-207. (a) Hearings under Sections 3-405, 3-904 and 3-911 of this Chapter shall be conducted by a utilization review committee. The Secretary shall appoint a utilization review committee at each Department facility. Each such committee shall consist of a multi-disciplinary group of professional staff members who are trained and equipped to deal with the clinical and treatment needs of recipients. The recipient and the objector may be represented by persons of their choice.
    (b) The committee shall not be bound by rules of evidence or procedure but shall conduct the proceedings in a manner intended to ensure a fair hearing. The committee may make such investigation as it deems necessary. A record of the proceedings shall be made and shall be kept in the recipient's record. Within 3 days of conclusion of the hearing, the committee shall submit to the facility director its written recommendations which include its factual findings and conclusions. A copy of the recommendations shall be given to the recipient and the objector.
    (c) Within 7 days of receipt of the recommendations, the facility director shall give written notice to the recipient and objector of his acceptance or rejection of the recommendations and his reason therefor. If the director of the facility rejects the recommendations or if the recipient or objector requests review of the director's decision, the director shall promptly forward a copy of his decision, the recommendations, and the record of the hearing to the Secretary of the Department for final review. The decision of the director or the decision of the Secretary of the Department, if his review was requested, shall be considered a final administrative decision.
(Source: P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/3-208

    (405 ILCS 5/3-208) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-208)
    Sec. 3-208. Whenever a petition has been executed pursuant to Section 3-507, 3-601 or 3-701, and prior to this examination for the purpose of certification of a person 12 or over, the person conducting this examination shall inform the person being examined in a simple comprehensible manner of the purpose of the examination; that he does not have to talk to the examiner; and that any statements he makes may be disclosed at a court hearing on the issue of whether he is subject to involuntary admission. If the person being examined has not been so informed, the examiner shall not be permitted to testify at any subsequent court hearing concerning the respondent's admission.
(Source: P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/3-209

    (405 ILCS 5/3-209) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-209)
    Sec. 3-209. Within three days of admission under this Chapter, a treatment plan shall be prepared for each recipient of service and entered into his or her record. The plan shall include an assessment of the recipient's treatment needs, a description of the services recommended for treatment, the goals of each type of element of service, an anticipated timetable for the accomplishment of the goals, and a designation of the qualified professional responsible for the implementation of the plan. The plan shall include a written assessment of whether or not the recipient is in need of psychotropic medications. The plan shall be reviewed and updated as the clinical condition warrants, but not less than every 30 days.
(Source: P.A. 94-1066, eff. 8-1-06.)

405 ILCS 5/3-210

    (405 ILCS 5/3-210) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-210)
    Sec. 3-210. Employee as perpetrator of abuse. When an investigation of a report of suspected abuse of a recipient of services indicates, based upon credible evidence, that an employee of a mental health or developmental disability facility is the perpetrator of the abuse, that employee shall immediately be barred from any further contact with recipients of services of the facility, pending the outcome of any further investigation, prosecution or disciplinary action against the employee.
(Source: P.A. 86-1013.)

405 ILCS 5/3-211

    (405 ILCS 5/3-211) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-211)
    Sec. 3-211. Resident as perpetrator of abuse. When an investigation of a report of suspected abuse of a recipient of services indicates, based upon credible evidence, that another recipient of services in a mental health or developmental disability facility is the perpetrator of the abuse, the condition of the recipient suspected of being the perpetrator shall be immediately evaluated to determine the most suitable therapy and placement, considering the safety of that recipient as well as the safety of other recipients of services and employees of the facility.
(Source: P.A. 86-1013.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. III

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. III heading)
ARTICLE III. INFORMAL ADMISSION

405 ILCS 5/3-300

    (405 ILCS 5/3-300) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-300)
    Sec. 3-300. Admission.
    (a) Any person desiring admission to a mental health facility for treatment of a mental illness may be admitted upon his request without making formal application therefor if, after examination, the facility director considers that person clinically suitable for admission upon an informal basis.
    (b) Each recipient admitted under this Section shall be informed in writing and orally at the time of admission of his right to be discharged from the facility at any time during the normal daily day-shift hours of operation, which shall include but need not be limited to 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Such right to be discharged shall commence with the first day-shift hours of operation after his admission.
    (c) If the facility director decides to admit a person as a voluntary recipient, he shall state in the recipient's record the reason why informal admission is not suitable.
(Source: P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. IV

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. IV heading)
ARTICLE IV. VOLUNTARY ADMISSION OF ADULTS

405 ILCS 5/3-400

    (405 ILCS 5/3-400) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-400)
    Sec. 3-400. Voluntary admission to mental health facility.
    (a) Any person 16 or older, including a person adjudicated a disabled person, may be admitted to a mental health facility as a voluntary recipient for treatment of a mental illness upon the filing of an application with the facility director of the facility if the facility director determines and documents in the recipient's medical record that the person (1) is clinically suitable for admission as a voluntary recipient and (2) has the capacity to consent to voluntary admission.
    (b) For purposes of consenting to voluntary admission, a person has the capacity to consent to voluntary admission if, in the professional judgment of the facility director or his or her designee, the person is able to understand that:
        (1) He or she is being admitted to a mental health
    
facility.
        (2) He or she may request discharge at any time. The
    
request must be in writing, and discharge is not automatic.
        (3) Within 5 business days after receipt of the
    
written request for discharge, the facility must either discharge the person or initiate commitment proceedings.
    (c) No mental health facility shall require the completion of a petition or certificate as a condition of accepting the admission of a recipient who is being transported to that facility from any other inpatient or outpatient healthcare facility if the recipient has completed an application for voluntary admission to the receiving facility pursuant to this Section.
(Source: P.A. 96-612, eff. 1-1-10; 97-375, eff. 8-15-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-401

    (405 ILCS 5/3-401) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-401)
    Sec. 3-401. (a) The application for admission as a voluntary recipient may be executed by:
        1. The person seeking admission, if 18 or older; or
        2. Any interested person, 18 or older, at the request
    
of the person seeking admission; or
        3. A minor, 16 or older, as provided in Section 3-502.
    (b) The written application form shall contain in large, bold-face type a statement in simple nontechnical terms that the voluntary recipient may be discharged from the facility at the earliest appropriate time, not to exceed 5 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, after giving a written notice of his desire to be discharged, unless within that time, a petition and 2 certificates are filed with the court asserting that the recipient is subject to involuntary admission. Upon admission the right to be discharged shall be communicated orally to the recipient and a copy of the application form shall be given to the recipient and to any parent, guardian, relative, attorney, or friend who accompanied the recipient to the facility.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/3-401.1

    (405 ILCS 5/3-401.1)
    Sec. 3-401.1. Transportation to mental health facility. Upon receipt of an application for admission prepared pursuant to this Article, any licensed ambulance service may transport a recipient to a mental health facility or from one mental health facility to another. An ambulance service, acting in good faith and without negligence in connection with the transportation of recipients shall incur no liability, civil or criminal, by reason of such transportation.
(Source: P.A. 97-375, eff. 8-15-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-402

    (405 ILCS 5/3-402) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-402)
    Sec. 3-402. No physician, qualified examiner, or clinical psychologist shall state to any person that involuntary admission may result if such person does not voluntarily admit himself to a mental health facility unless a physician, qualified examiner, or clinical psychologist who has examined the person is prepared to execute a certificate under Section 3-602 and the person is advised that if he is admitted upon certification, he will be entitled to a court hearing with counsel appointed to represent him at which the State will have to prove that he is subject to involuntary admission.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-403

    (405 ILCS 5/3-403) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-403)
    Sec. 3-403. A voluntary recipient shall be allowed to be discharged from the facility at the earliest appropriate time, not to exceed 5 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, after he gives any treatment staff person written notice of his desire to be discharged unless he either withdraws the notice in writing or unless within the 5 day period a petition and 2 certificates conforming to the requirements of paragraph (b) of Section 3-601 and Section 3-602 are filed with the court. Upon receipt of the petition, the court shall order a hearing to be held within 5 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, and to be conducted pursuant to Article IX of this Chapter. Hospitalization of the recipient may continue pending further order of the court.
(Source: P.A. 88-830.)

405 ILCS 5/3-404

    (405 ILCS 5/3-404) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-404)
    Sec. 3-404. Thirty days after the voluntary admission of a recipient, the facility director shall review the recipient's record and assess the need for continuing hospitalization. The facility director shall consult with the recipient if continuing hospitalization is indicated and request from the recipient an affirmation of his desire for continued treatment. The request and affirmation shall be noted in the recipient's record. Every 60 days thereafter a review shall be conducted and a reaffirmation shall be secured from the recipient for as long as the hospitalization continues. A recipient's failure to reaffirm a desire to continue treatment shall constitute notice of his desire to be discharged.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/3-405

    (405 ILCS 5/3-405) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-405)
    Sec. 3-405. (a) If the facility director of a Department mental health facility declines to admit a person seeking admission under Articles III or IV of this Chapter, a review of the denial may be requested by the person seeking admission or, with his consent, by an interested person on his behalf. Such a request may be made on behalf of a minor presented for admission under Section 3-502, 3-503 or 3-504 by the minor's attorney, by the parent, guardian or person in loco parentis who executed the application for his admission, or by the minor himself if he is 16 years of age or older. Whenever admission to a Department facility is denied, the person seeking admission shall immediately be given written notice of the right to request review of the denial under this Section and shall be provided, if he is 12 or older, with the address and phone number of the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission. If the person requests, the facility director shall assist him in contacting the Commission. A written request for review shall be submitted to the director of the facility that denied admission within 14 days of the denial. Upon receipt of the request, the facility director shall promptly schedule a hearing to be held at the denying facility within 7 days pursuant to Section 3-207.
    (b) At the hearing the Department shall have the burden of proving that the person denied admission does not meet the standard set forth in the Section under which admission is sought or that an appropriate alternative community treatment program was available to meet the person's needs and was offered. If the utilization review committee finds that the decision denying admission is based upon substantial evidence, it shall recommend that the denial of admission be upheld. However, if it finds that the facility to which admission is sought can provide adequate and appropriate treatment for the person and no appropriate community alternative treatment is available, it shall recommend that the person denied admission be admitted. If it determines that another facility can provide treatment appropriate to the clinical condition and needs of the person denied admission, it may recommend that the Department or other agency assist the person in obtaining such treatment.
(Source: P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. V

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. V heading)
ARTICLE V. ADMISSION OF MINORS

405 ILCS 5/3-500

    (405 ILCS 5/3-500) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-500)
    Sec. 3-500. A minor may be admitted to a mental health facility for treatment of a mental illness or emotional disturbance only as provided in this Article or as provided in Sections 3-10-5 or 5-2-4 of the Unified Code of Corrections, as now or hereafter amended.
(Source: P.A. 81-1497.)

405 ILCS 5/3-501

    (405 ILCS 5/3-501) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-501)
    Sec. 3-501. (a) Any minor 12 years of age or older may request and receive counseling services or psychotherapy on an outpatient basis. The consent of his parent, guardian or person in loco parentis shall not be necessary to authorize outpatient counseling or psychotherapy. The minor's parent, guardian or person in loco parentis shall not be informed of such counseling or psychotherapy without the consent of the minor unless the facility director believes such disclosure is necessary. If the facility director intends to disclose the fact of counseling or psychotherapy, the minor shall be so informed. However, until the consent of the minor's parent, guardian or person in loco parentis has been obtained, outpatient counseling or psychotherapy provided to a minor under the age of 17 shall be limited to not more than 5 sessions, a session lasting not more than 45 minutes.
    (b) The minor's parent, guardian or person in loco parentis shall not be liable for the costs of outpatient counseling or psychotherapy which is received by the minor without the consent of the minor's parent, guardian or person in loco parentis.
(Source: P.A. 86-922.)

405 ILCS 5/3-502

    (405 ILCS 5/3-502) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-502)
    Sec. 3-502. Any minor 16 years of age or older may be admitted to a mental health facility as a voluntary recipient under Article IV of this Chapter if the minor himself executes the application. A minor so admitted shall be treated as an adult under Article IV and shall be subject to all of the provisions of that Article. The minor's parent, guardian or person in loco parentis shall be immediately informed of the admission.
(Source: P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/3-503

    (405 ILCS 5/3-503) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-503)
    Sec. 3-503. Admission on application of parent or guardian.
    (a) Any minor may be admitted to a mental health facility for inpatient treatment upon application to the facility director, if the facility director finds that the minor has a mental illness or emotional disturbance of such severity that hospitalization is necessary and that the minor is likely to benefit from inpatient treatment. Except in cases of admission under Section 3-504, prior to admission, a psychiatrist, clinical social worker, clinical professional counselor, or clinical psychologist who has personally examined the minor shall state in writing that the minor meets the standard for admission. The statement shall set forth in detail the reasons for that conclusion and shall indicate what alternatives to hospitalization have been explored.
    (b) The application may be executed by a parent or guardian or, in the absence of a parent or guardian, by a person in loco parentis. Application may be made for a minor who is a ward of the State by the Department of Children and Family Services or by the Department of Corrections.
(Source: P.A. 95-804, eff. 8-12-08.)

405 ILCS 5/3-504

    (405 ILCS 5/3-504) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-504)
    Sec. 3-504. Minors; emergency admissions.
    (a) A minor who is eligible for admission under Section 3-503 and who is in a condition that immediate hospitalization is necessary may be admitted upon the application of a parent or guardian, or person in loco parentis, or of an interested person 18 years of age or older when, after diligent effort, the minor's parent, guardian or person in loco parentis cannot be located or refuses to consent to admission. Following admission of the minor, the facility director of the mental health facility shall continue efforts to locate the minor's parent, guardian or person in loco parentis. If that person is located and consents in writing to the admission, the minor may continue to be hospitalized. However, upon notification of the admission, the parent, guardian or person in loco parentis may request the minor's discharge subject to the provisions of Section 3-508.
    (b) A peace officer may take a minor into custody and transport the minor to a mental health facility when, as a result of his personal observation, the peace officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the minor is eligible for admission under Section 3-503 and is in a condition that immediate hospitalization is necessary in order to protect the minor or others from physical harm. Upon arrival at the facility, the peace officer shall complete an application under Section 3-503 and shall further include a detailed statement of the reason for the assertion that immediate hospitalization is necessary, including a description of any acts or significant threats supporting the assertion, the time and place of the occurrence of those acts or threats, and the names, addresses and telephone numbers of other witnesses of those acts or threats.
    (c) If no parent, guardian or person in loco parentis can be found within 3 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays or holidays, after the admission of a minor, or if that person refuses either to consent to admission of the minor or to request his discharge, a petition shall be filed under the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 to ensure that appropriate guardianship is provided.
    (d) If, however, a court finds, based on the evaluation by a psychiatrist, licensed clinical social worker, licensed clinical professional counselor, or licensed clinical psychologist or the testimony or other information offered by a parent, guardian, person acting in loco parentis or other interested adults, that it is necessary in order to complete an examination of a minor, the court may order that the minor be admitted to a mental health facility pending examination and may order a peace officer or other person to transport the minor to the facility.
    (e) If a parent, guardian, or person acting in loco parentis is unable to transport a minor to a mental health facility for examination, the parent, guardian, or person acting in loco parentis may petition the court to compel a peace officer to take the minor into custody and transport the minor to a mental health facility for examination. The court may grant the order if the court finds, based on the evaluation by a psychiatrist, licensed clinical social worker, licensed clinical professional counselor, or licensed clinical psychologist or the testimony of a parent, guardian, or person acting in loco parentis that the examination is necessary and that the assistance of a peace officer is required to effectuate admission of the minor to a mental health facility.
    (f) Within 24 hours after admission under this Section, a psychiatrist or clinical psychologist who has personally examined the minor shall certify in writing that the minor meets the standard for admission. If no certificate is furnished, the minor shall be discharged immediately.
(Source: P.A. 95-804, eff. 8-12-08.)

405 ILCS 5/3-505

    (405 ILCS 5/3-505) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-505)
    Sec. 3-505. The application for admission under Section 3-503 or 3-504 shall contain in large, bold-face type a statement in simple nontechnical terms of the minor's objection and hearing rights under this Article. A minor 12 years of age or older shall be given a copy of the application and his right to object shall be explained to him in an understandable manner. A copy of the application shall also be given to the person who executed it, to the minor's parent, guardian or person in loco parentis, and attorney, if any, and to 2 other persons whom the minor may designate.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-506

    (405 ILCS 5/3-506) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-506)
    Sec. 3-506. Thirty days after the admission of a minor under Section 3-503 or 3-504, the facility director shall review the minor's record and assess the need for continuing hospitalization. The facility director shall consult with the person who executed the application for admission if continuing hospitalization is indicated and request authorization for continued treatment of the minor. The request and authorization shall be noted in the minor's record. Every 60 days thereafter a review shall be conducted and a new authorization shall be secured from the person who executed the application for as long as the hospitalization continues. Failure or refusal to authorize continued treatment shall constitute a request for the minor's discharge.
(Source: P.A. 81-799.)

405 ILCS 5/3-507

    (405 ILCS 5/3-507) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-507)
    Sec. 3-507. (a) Objection may be made to the admission of a minor under Section 3-503 or 3-504. When an objection is made, the minor shall be discharged at the earliest appropriate time, not to exceed 15 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, unless the objection is withdrawn in writing or unless, within that time, a petition for review of the admission and 2 certificates are filed with the court.
    (b) The written objection shall be submitted to the facility director of the facility by an interested person 18 years of age or older on the minor's behalf or by the minor himself if he is 12 years of age or older. Each objection shall be noted in the minor's record.
    (c) The 2 certificates which accompany the petition shall be executed pursuant to Section 3-703. Each certificate shall be based upon a personal examination and shall specify that the minor has a mental illness or an emotional disturbance of such severity that hospitalization is necessary, that he can benefit from inpatient treatment, and that a less restrictive alternative is not appropriate. If the minor is 12 years of age or older the certificate shall state whether the minor was advised of his rights under Section 3-208.
(Source: P.A. 85-643.)

405 ILCS 5/3-508

    (405 ILCS 5/3-508) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-508)
    Sec. 3-508. Whenever a parent, guardian, or person in loco parentis requests the discharge of a minor admitted under Section 3-503 or 3-504, the minor shall be discharged at the earliest appropriate time, not to exceed 5 days to the custody of such person unless within that time the minor, if he is 12 years of age or older, or the facility director objects to the discharge in which event he shall file with the court a petition for review of the admission accompanied by 2 certificates prepared pursuant to paragraph (c) of Section 3-507.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-509

    (405 ILCS 5/3-509) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-509)
    Sec. 3-509. Upon receipt of a petition filed pursuant to Section 3-507 or 3-508, the court shall appoint counsel for the minor and shall set a hearing to be held within 5 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays. The court shall direct that notice of the time and place of the hearing be served upon the minor, his attorney, the person who executed the application, the objector, and the facility director. The hearing shall be conducted pursuant to Article VIII of this Chapter. Hospitalization of the minor may continue pending further order from the court.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-510

    (405 ILCS 5/3-510) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-510)
    Sec. 3-510. (a) The court shall disapprove the admission and order the minor discharged if it determines that the minor does not have a mental illness or an emotional disturbance of such a severity that hospitalization is necessary, or if it determines that he cannot benefit from inpatient treatment, or if it determines that a less restrictive alternative is appropriate. If any of these 3 conditions is met, the court shall order the minor discharged from hospitalization.
    (b) If, however, the court finds that the minor does have a mental illness or an emotional disturbance for which the minor is likely to benefit from hospitalization, but that a less restrictive alternative is appropriate, the court may order alternative treatment pursuant to Section 3-812.
    (c) Unless the court orders the discharge of the minor, the court shall authorize the continued hospitalization of the minor for the remainder of the admission period or may make such orders as it deems appropriate pursuant to Section 3-815. When the court has authorized continued hospitalization, no new objection to the hospitalization of the minor may be heard for 20 days without leave of the court.
(Source: P.A. 86-922.)

405 ILCS 5/3-511

    (405 ILCS 5/3-511) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-511)
    Sec. 3-511. Unwillingness or inability of the minor's parent, guardian, or person in loco parentis to provide for his care or residence shall not be grounds for the court's refusing to order the discharge of the minor. In that case, a petition may be filed under the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 to ensure that appropriate care or residence is provided.
(Source: P.A. 85-1209.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. VI

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. VI heading)
ARTICLE VI. EMERGENCY ADMISSION BY CERTIFICATION

405 ILCS 5/3-600

    (405 ILCS 5/3-600) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-600)
    Sec. 3-600. A person 18 years of age or older who is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and in need of immediate hospitalization may be admitted to a mental health facility pursuant to this Article.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-601

    (405 ILCS 5/3-601) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-601)
    Sec. 3-601. Involuntary admission; petition.
    (a) When a person is asserted to be subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and in such a condition that immediate hospitalization is necessary for the protection of such person or others from physical harm, any person 18 years of age or older may present a petition to the facility director of a mental health facility in the county where the respondent resides or is present. The petition may be prepared by the facility director of the facility.
    (b) The petition shall include all of the following:
        1. A detailed statement of the reason for the
    
assertion that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis, including the signs and symptoms of a mental illness and a description of any acts, threats, or other behavior or pattern of behavior supporting the assertion and the time and place of their occurrence.
        2. The name and address of the spouse, parent,
    
guardian, substitute decision maker, if any, and close relative, or if none, the name and address of any known friend of the respondent whom the petitioner has reason to believe may know or have any of the other names and addresses. If the petitioner is unable to supply any such names and addresses, the petitioner shall state that diligent inquiry was made to learn this information and specify the steps taken.
        3. The petitioner's relationship to the respondent
    
and a statement as to whether the petitioner has legal or financial interest in the matter or is involved in litigation with the respondent. If the petitioner has a legal or financial interest in the matter or is involved in litigation with the respondent, a statement of why the petitioner believes it would not be practicable or possible for someone else to be the petitioner.
        4. The names, addresses and phone numbers of the
    
witnesses by which the facts asserted may be proved.
    (c) Knowingly making a material false statement in the petition is a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-601.1

    (405 ILCS 5/3-601.1)
    Sec. 3-601.1. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 88-484. Repealed by P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/3-601.2

    (405 ILCS 5/3-601.2)
    Sec. 3-601.2. Consent to admission by healthcare surrogate. A surrogate decision maker under the Health Care Surrogate Act may not consent to the admission to a mental health facility of a person who lacks decision making capacity. A surrogate may, however, petition for involuntary admission pursuant to this Code. This Section does not affect the authority of a court appointed guardian.
(Source: P.A. 90-538, eff. 12-1-97.)

405 ILCS 5/3-602

    (405 ILCS 5/3-602) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-602)
    Sec. 3-602. The petition shall be accompanied by a certificate executed by a physician, qualified examiner, psychiatrist, or clinical psychologist which states that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and requires immediate hospitalization. The certificate shall indicate that the physician, qualified examiner, psychiatrist, or clinical psychologist personally examined the respondent not more than 72 hours prior to admission. It shall also contain the physician's, qualified examiner's, psychiatrist's, or clinical psychologist's clinical observations, other factual information relied upon in reaching a diagnosis, and a statement as to whether the respondent was advised of his rights under Section 3-208.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-603

    (405 ILCS 5/3-603) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-603)
    Sec. 3-603. (a) If no physician, qualified examiner, psychiatrist, or clinical psychologist is immediately available or it is not possible after a diligent effort to obtain the certificate provided for in Section 3-602, the respondent may be detained for examination in a mental health facility upon presentation of the petition alone pending the obtaining of such a certificate.
    (b) In such instance the petition shall conform to the requirements of Section 3-601 and further specify that:
        1. the petitioner believes, as a result of his
    
personal observation, that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis;
        2. a diligent effort was made to obtain a certificate;
        3. no physician, qualified examiner, psychiatrist, or
    
clinical psychologist could be found who has examined or could examine the respondent; and
        4. a diligent effort has been made to convince the
    
respondent to appear voluntarily for examination by a physician, qualified examiner, psychiatrist, or clinical psychologist, unless the petitioner reasonably believes that effort would impose a risk of harm to the respondent or others.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-604

    (405 ILCS 5/3-604) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-604)
    Sec. 3-604. No person detained for examination under this Article on the basis of a petition alone may be held for more than 24 hours unless within that period a certificate is furnished to or by the mental health facility. If no certificate is furnished, the respondent shall be released forthwith.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-605

    (405 ILCS 5/3-605) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-605)
    Sec. 3-605. (a) In counties with a population of 3,000,000 or more, upon receipt of a petition and certificate prepared pursuant to this Article, the county sheriff of the county in which a respondent is found shall take a respondent into custody and transport him to a mental health facility, or may make arrangements with another public or private entity including a licensed ambulance service to transport the respondent to the mental health facility. In the event it is determined by such facility that the respondent is in need of commitment or treatment at another mental health facility, the county sheriff shall transport the respondent to the appropriate mental health facility, or the county sheriff may make arrangements with another public or private entity including a licensed ambulance service to transport the respondent to the mental health facility.
    (b) The county sheriff may delegate his duties under subsection (a) to another law enforcement body within that county if that law enforcement body agrees.
    (b-5) In counties with a population under 3,000,000, upon receipt of a petition and certificate prepared pursuant to this Article, the Department shall make arrangements to appropriately transport the respondent to a mental health facility. In the event it is determined by the facility that the respondent is in need of commitment or treatment at another mental health facility, the Department shall make arrangements to appropriately transport the respondent to another mental health facility. The making of such arrangements and agreements with public or private entities is independent of the Department's role as a provider of mental health services and does not indicate that the respondent is admitted to any Department facility. In making such arrangements and agreements with other public or private entities, the Department shall include provisions to ensure (i) the provision of trained personnel and the use of an appropriate vehicle for the safe transport of the respondent and (ii) that the respondent's insurance carrier as well as other programs, both public and private, that provide payment for such transportation services are fully utilized to the maximum extent possible.
    The Department may not make arrangements with an existing hospital or grant-in-aid or fee-for-service community provider for transportation services under this Section unless the hospital or provider has voluntarily submitted a proposal for its transportation services. This requirement does not eliminate or reduce any responsibility on the part of a hospital or community provider to ensure transportation that may arise independently through other State or federal law or regulation.
    (c) The transporting authority acting in good faith and without negligence in connection with the transportation of respondents shall incur no liability, civil or criminal, by reason of such transportation.
    (d) The respondent and the estate of that respondent are liable for the payment of transportation costs for transporting the respondent to a mental health facility. If the respondent is a beneficiary of a trust described in Section 15.1 of the Trusts and Trustees Act, the trust shall not be considered a part of the respondent's estate and shall not be subject to payment for transportation costs for transporting the respondent to a mental health facility under this Section except to the extent permitted under Section 15.1 of the Trusts and Trustees Act. If the respondent is unable to pay or if the estate of the respondent is insufficient, the responsible relatives are severally liable for the payment of those sums or for the balance due in case less than the amount owing has been paid. If the respondent is covered by insurance, the insurance carrier shall be liable for payment to the extent authorized by the respondent's insurance policy.
(Source: P.A. 93-770, eff. 1-1-05.)

405 ILCS 5/3-606

    (405 ILCS 5/3-606) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-606)
    Sec. 3-606. A peace officer may take a person into custody and transport him to a mental health facility when the peace officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the person is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and in need of immediate hospitalization to protect such person or others from physical harm. Upon arrival at the facility, the peace officer may complete the petition under Section 3-601. If the petition is not completed by the peace officer transporting the person, the transporting officer's name, badge number, and employer shall be included in the petition as a potential witness as provided in Section 3-601 of this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-607

    (405 ILCS 5/3-607) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-607)
    Sec. 3-607. Court ordered temporary detention and examination. When, as a result of personal observation and testimony in open court, any court has reasonable grounds to believe that a person appearing before it is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and in need of immediate hospitalization to protect such person or others from physical harm, the court may enter an order for the temporary detention and examination of such person. The order shall set forth in detail the facts which are the basis for its conclusion. The court may order a peace officer to take the person into custody and transport him to a mental health facility. The person may be detained for examination for no more than 24 hours to determine whether or not she or he is subject to involuntary admission and in need of immediate hospitalization. If a petition and certificate are executed within the 24 hours, the person may be admitted provided that the certificate states that the person is both subject to involuntary admission and in need of immediate hospitalization. If the certificate states that the person is subject to involuntary admission but not in need of immediate hospitalization, the person may remain in his or her place of residence pending a hearing on the petition unless he or she voluntarily agrees to inpatient treatment. The provisions of this Article shall apply to all petitions and certificates executed pursuant to this Section. If no petition or certificate is executed, the person shall be released.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-608

    (405 ILCS 5/3-608) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-608)
    Sec. 3-608. Upon completion of one certificate, the facility may begin treatment of the respondent. However, the respondent shall be informed of his right to refuse medication and if he refuses, medication shall not be given unless it is necessary to prevent the respondent from causing serious harm to himself or others. The facility shall record what treatment is given to the respondent together with the reasons therefor.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-609

    (405 ILCS 5/3-609) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-609)
    Sec. 3-609. Within 12 hours after his admission, the respondent shall be given a copy of the petition and a statement as provided in Section 3-206. Not later than 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, after admission, a copy of the petition and statement shall be given or sent to the respondent's attorney and guardian, if any. The respondent shall be asked if he desires such documents sent to any other persons, and at least 2 such persons designated by the respondent shall receive such documents. The respondent shall be allowed to complete no less than 2 telephone calls at the time of his admission to such persons as he chooses.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-610

    (405 ILCS 5/3-610) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-610)
    Sec. 3-610. As soon as possible but not later than 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, after admission of a respondent pursuant to this Article, the respondent shall be examined by a psychiatrist. The psychiatrist may be a member of the staff of the facility but shall not be the person who executed the first certificate. If a certificate has already been completed by a psychiatrist following the respondent's admission, the respondent shall be examined by another psychiatrist or by a physician, clinical psychologist, or qualified examiner. If, as a result of this second examination, a certificate is executed, the certificate shall be promptly filed with the court. If the certificate states that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission but not in need of immediate hospitalization, the respondent may remain in his or her place of residence pending a hearing on the petition unless he or she voluntarily agrees to inpatient treatment. If the respondent is not examined or if the psychiatrist, physician, clinical psychologist, or qualified examiner does not execute a certificate pursuant to Section 3-602, the respondent shall be released forthwith.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-611

    (405 ILCS 5/3-611) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-611)
    Sec. 3-611. Within 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, after the respondent's admission under this Article, the facility director of the facility shall file 2 copies of the petition, the first certificate, and proof of service of the petition and statement of rights upon the respondent with the court in the county in which the facility is located. Upon completion of the second certificate, the facility director shall promptly file it with the court. The facility director shall make copies of the certificates available to the attorneys for the parties upon request. Upon the filing of the petition and first certificate, the court shall set a hearing to be held within 5 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, after receipt of the petition. The court shall direct that notice of the time and place of the hearing be served upon the respondent, his responsible relatives, and the persons entitled to receive a copy of the petition pursuant to Section 3-609.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. VII

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. VII heading)
ARTICLE VII. ADMISSION ON AN INPATIENT BASIS BY COURT ORDER
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-700

    (405 ILCS 5/3-700) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-700)
    Sec. 3-700. A person 18 years of age or older who is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis may be admitted to an inpatient mental health facility upon court order pursuant to this Article.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-701

    (405 ILCS 5/3-701) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-701)
    Sec. 3-701. (a) Any person 18 years of age or older may execute a petition asserting that another person is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis. The petition shall be prepared pursuant to paragraph (b) of Section 3-601 and shall be filed with the court in the county where the respondent resides or is present.
    (b) The court may inquire of the petitioner whether there are reasonable grounds to believe that the facts stated in the petition are true and whether the respondent is subject to involuntary admission. The inquiry may proceed without notice to the respondent only if the petitioner alleges facts showing that an emergency exists such that immediate hospitalization is necessary and the petitioner testifies before the court as to the factual basis for the allegations.
    (c) A petition for involuntary admission on an inpatient basis may be combined with or accompanied by a petition for involuntary admission on an outpatient basis under Article VII-A.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-702

    (405 ILCS 5/3-702) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-702)
    Sec. 3-702. (a) The petition may be accompanied by the certificate of a physician, qualified examiner, psychiatrist, or clinical psychologist which certifies that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and which contains the other information specified in Section 3-602.
    (b) Upon receipt of the petition either with or without a certificate, if the court finds the documents are in order, it may make such orders pursuant to Section 3-703 as are necessary to provide for examination of the respondent. If the petition is not accompanied by 2 certificates executed pursuant to Section 3-703, the court may order the respondent to present himself for examination at a time and place designated by the court. If the petition is accompanied by 2 certificates executed pursuant to Section 3-703 and the court finds the documents are in order, it shall set the matter for hearing.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-703

    (405 ILCS 5/3-703) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-703)
    Sec. 3-703. If no certificate was filed, the respondent shall be examined separately by a physician, or clinical psychologist, or qualified examiner and by a psychiatrist. If a certificate executed by a psychiatrist was filed, the respondent shall be examined by a physician, clinical psychologist, qualified examiner, or psychiatrist. If a certificate executed by a qualified examiner, clinical psychologist, or a physician who is not a psychiatrist was filed, the respondent shall be examined by a psychiatrist. The examining physician, clinical psychologist, qualified examiner or psychiatrist may interview by telephone or in person any witnesses or other persons listed in the petition for involuntary admission. If, as a result of an examination, a certificate is executed, the certificate shall be promptly filed with the court. If a certificate is executed, the examining physician, clinical psychologist, qualified examiner or psychiatrist may also submit for filing with the court a report in which his findings are described in detail, and may rely upon such findings for his opinion that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis. Copies of the certificates shall be made available to the attorneys for the parties upon request prior to the hearing. A certificate prepared in compliance with this Article shall state whether or not the respondent is in need of immediate hospitalization. However, if both the certificates state that the respondent is not in need of immediate hospitalization, the respondent may remain in his or her place of residence pending a hearing on the petition unless he or she voluntarily agrees to inpatient treatment.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-704

    (405 ILCS 5/3-704) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-704)
    Sec. 3-704. Examination; detention.
    (a) The respondent shall be permitted to remain in his or her place of residence pending any examination. The respondent may be accompanied by one or more of his or her relatives or friends or by his or her attorney to the place of examination. If, however, the court finds that it is necessary in order to complete the examination the court may order that the person be admitted to a mental health facility pending examination and may order a peace officer or other person to transport the person there. The examination shall be conducted at a local mental health facility or hospital or, if possible, in the respondent's own place of residence. No person may be detained for examination under this Section for more than 24 hours. The person shall be released upon completion of the examination unless the physician, qualified examiner or clinical psychologist executes a certificate stating that the person is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and in need of immediate hospitalization to protect such person or others from physical harm. Upon admission under this Section treatment may be given pursuant to Section 3-608.
    (a-5) Whenever a respondent has been transported to a mental health facility for an examination, the admitting facility shall inquire, upon the respondent's arrival, whether the respondent wishes any person or persons to be notified of his or her detention at that facility. If the respondent does wish to have any person or persons notified of his or her detention at the facility, the facility must promptly make all reasonable attempts to locate the individual identified by the respondent, or at least 2 individuals identified by the respondent if more than one has been identified, and notify them of the respondent's detention at the facility for a mandatory examination pursuant to court order.
    (b) Not later than 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, after admission under this Section, the respondent shall be asked if he desires the petition and the notice required under Section 3-206 sent to any other persons and at least 2 such persons designated by the respondent shall be sent the documents. At the time of his admission the respondent shall be allowed to complete not fewer than 2 telephone calls to such persons as he chooses.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-704.1

    (405 ILCS 5/3-704.1)
    Sec. 3-704.1. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 91-837, eff. 6-16-00. Repealed by P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-705

    (405 ILCS 5/3-705) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-705)
    Sec. 3-705. At least 36 hours before the time of the examination fixed by the court, a copy of the petition, the order for examination, and a statement of rights as provided in Section 3-205 shall be personally delivered to the person and shall be given personally or sent by mail to his attorney and guardian, if any. If the respondent is admitted to a mental health facility for examination under Section 3-704, such notices may be delivered at the time of service of the order for admission.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-706

    (405 ILCS 5/3-706) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-706)
    Sec. 3-706. The court shall set a hearing to be held within 5 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, after its receipt of the second certificate or after the respondent is admitted to a mental health facility, whichever is earlier. The court shall direct that notice of the time and place of hearing be served upon the respondent, his attorney, and guardian, if any, his responsible relatives, and the facility director. Unless the respondent is admitted pursuant to Section 3-704, he may remain at his residence pending the hearing. If, however, the court finds it necessary, it may order a peace officer or another person to have the respondent before the court at the time and place set for hearing.
(Source: P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. VII-A

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. VII-A heading)
ARTICLE VII-A. ADMISSION ON AN OUTPATIENT BASIS BY COURT ORDER
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-750

    (405 ILCS 5/3-750)
    Sec. 3-750. Involuntary admission on an outpatient basis. A person 18 years of age or older who is subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis may receive alternative treatment in the community or may be placed in the care and custody of a relative or other person upon court order pursuant to this Article.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-751

    (405 ILCS 5/3-751)
    Sec. 3-751. Involuntary admission; petition.
    (a) Any person 18 years of age or older may execute a petition asserting that another person is subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis. The petition shall be prepared pursuant to paragraph (b) of Section 3-601 and shall be filed with the court in the county where the respondent resides or is present.
    (b) The court may inquire of the petitioner whether there are reasonable grounds to believe that the facts stated in the petition are true and whether the respondent is subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis.
    (c) A petition for involuntary admission on an outpatient basis may be combined with or accompanied by a petition for involuntary admission on an inpatient basis under Article VII.
    (d) Notwithstanding any other provision in this Chapter, a petition may be filed under this Article prior to the expiration of an agreed order for outpatient admission issued pursuant to Section 3-801.5 of this Chapter, provided that the recipient has refused to agree to an extension of the agreed order as provided in subsection (g) of Section 3-801.5. The filing of such a petition at least 5 days prior to the expiration of such an agreed order shall continue the order in effect pending the disposition of the petition.
    (e) A petition for involuntary outpatient commitment may be filed pursuant to this Section concerning a person who has been admitted to a mental health facility on an informal basis under Section 3-300 of this Code or as a voluntary recipient under Section 3-400 of this Code provided that such a person has a documented history of illness and treatment demonstrating that he or she is unlikely to continue to receive needed treatment following release from informal or voluntary admission and that an order for alternative treatment or for care and custody is necessary in order to ensure continuity of treatment outside a mental health facility. The filing of such a petition shall not prevent the recipient from requesting and obtaining a discharge pursuant to subsection (b) of Section 3-300 or Section 3-404, nor shall it prevent the facility director from discharging the recipient pursuant to Section 3-902 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10; 97-375, eff. 8-15-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-752

    (405 ILCS 5/3-752)
    Sec. 3-752. Certificate.
    (a) The petition may be accompanied by the certificate of a physician, qualified examiner, psychiatrist, or clinical psychologist which certifies that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis. The certificate shall indicate that the physician, qualified examiner, or clinical psychologist personally examined the respondent not more than 72 hours prior to the completion of the certificate. It shall also contain the physician's, qualified examiner's, or clinical psychologist's clinical observations, other factual information relied upon in reaching a diagnosis, and a statement as to whether the respondent was advised of his or her rights under Section 3-208.
    (b) Upon receipt of the petition either with or without a certificate, if the court finds the documents are in order, it may make such orders pursuant to Section 3-753 as are necessary to provide for examination of the respondent. If the petition is not accompanied by 2 certificates executed pursuant to Section 3-753, the court may order the respondent to present himself or herself for examination at a time and place designated by the court. If the petition is accompanied by 2 certificates executed pursuant to Section 3-753 and the court finds the documents are in order, the court shall set the matter for hearing.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-753

    (405 ILCS 5/3-753)
    Sec. 3-753. Examination. If no certificate was filed, the respondent shall be examined separately by a physician, or clinical psychologist or qualified examiner and by a psychiatrist. If a certificate executed by a psychiatrist was filed, the respondent shall be examined by a physician, clinical psychologist, qualified examiner, or psychiatrist. If a certificate executed by a qualified examiner, clinical psychologist, or a physician who is not a psychiatrist was filed, the respondent shall be examined by a psychiatrist. The examining physician, clinical psychologist, qualified examiner or psychiatrist may interview by telephone or in person any witnesses or other persons listed in the petition for involuntary admission. If, as a result of an examination, a certificate is executed, the certificate shall be promptly filed with the court. If a certificate is executed, the examining physician, clinical psychologist, qualified examiner or psychiatrist may also submit for filing with the court a report in which his or her findings are described in detail, and may rely upon such findings for his opinion that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission. Copies of the certificates shall be made available to the attorneys for the parties upon request prior to the hearing.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-754

    (405 ILCS 5/3-754)
    Sec. 3-754. Detention.
    (a) The respondent shall be permitted to remain in his or her place of residence pending any examination. The respondent may be accompanied by one or more of his or her relatives or friends or by his or her attorney to the place of examination. If, however, the respondent refuses to cooperate with an examination on an outpatient basis, the court may order that the person be admitted to a mental health facility solely for the purpose of such examination and may order a peace officer or other person to transport the person there. The examination shall be conducted at a local mental health facility or hospital or, if possible, in the respondent's own place of residence. No person may be detained for examination under this Section for more than 24 hours. The person shall be released upon completion of the examination unless the physician, qualified examiner or clinical psychologist executes a certificate stating that the person is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and in need of immediate hospitalization to protect such person or others from physical harm and a petition is filed pursuant to Section 3-701. Upon admission under this Section, treatment may be given pursuant to Section 3-608. If the respondent is admitted on an inpatient basis, the facility shall proceed pursuant to Article VII.
    (b) Whenever a respondent has been transported to a mental health facility for an examination, the admitting facility shall inquire, upon the respondent's arrival, whether the respondent wishes any person or persons to be notified of his or her detention at that facility. If the respondent does wish to have any person or persons notified of his or her detention at the facility, the facility must promptly make all reasonable attempts to locate the individual identified by the respondent, or at least 2 individuals identified by the respondent if more than one has been identified, and notify them of the respondent's detention at the facility for a mandatory examination pursuant to court order.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-755

    (405 ILCS 5/3-755)
    Sec. 3-755. Notice. At least 36 hours before the time of the examination fixed by the court, a copy of the petition, the order for examination, and a statement of rights as provided in Section 3-205 shall be personally delivered to the person and shall be given personally or sent by mail to his or her attorney and guardian, if any. If the respondent is admitted to a mental health facility for examination under Section 3-754, such notices may be delivered at the time of service of the order for admission.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-756

    (405 ILCS 5/3-756)
    Sec. 3-756. Court hearing. The court shall set a hearing to be held within 15 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, after its receipt of the second certificate. The court shall direct that notice of the time and place of hearing be served upon the respondent, his or her attorney, and guardian, if any, and his or her responsible relatives. The respondent may remain at his residence pending the hearing. If, however, the court finds it necessary, it may order a peace officer or another person to have the respondent before the court at the time and place set for hearing.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. VIII

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. VIII heading)
ARTICLE VIII. COURT HEARINGS

405 ILCS 5/3-800

    (405 ILCS 5/3-800) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-800)
    Sec. 3-800. (a) Unless otherwise indicated, court hearings under this Chapter shall be held pursuant to this Article. Hearings shall be held in such quarters as the court directs. To the extent practical, hearings shall be held in the mental health facility where the respondent is hospitalized. Any party may request a change of venue or transfer to any other county because of the convenience of parties or witnesses or the condition of the respondent. The respondent may request to have the proceedings transferred to the county of his residence.
    (b) If the court grants a continuance on its own motion or upon the motion of one of the parties, the respondent may continue to be detained pending further order of the court. Such continuance shall not extend beyond 15 days except to the extent that continuances are requested by the respondent.
    (c) Court hearings under this Chapter, including hearings under Section 2-107.1, shall be open to the press and public unless the respondent or some other party requests that they be closed. The court may also indicate its intention to close a hearing, including when it determines that the respondent may be unable to make a reasoned decision to request that the hearing be closed. A request that a hearing be closed shall be granted unless there is an objection to closing the hearing by a party or any other person. If an objection is made, the court shall not close the hearing unless, following a hearing, it determines that the patient's interest in having the hearing closed is compelling. The court shall support its determination with written findings of fact and conclusions of law. The court shall not close the hearing if the respondent objects to its closure. Whenever a court determines that a hearing shall be closed, access to the records of the hearing, including but not limited to transcripts and pleadings, shall be limited to the parties involved in the hearing, court personnel, and any person or agency providing mental health services that are the subject of the hearing. Access may also be granted, however, pursuant to the provisions of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Confidentiality Act.
    (d) The provisions of subsection (a-5) of Section 6 of the Rights of Crime Victims and Witnesses Act shall apply to the initial commitment hearing, as provided under Section 5-2-4 of the Unified Code of Corrections, for a respondent found not guilty by reason of insanity of a violent crime in a criminal proceeding and the hearing has been ordered by the court under this Code to determine if the defendant is:
        (1) in need of mental health services on an inpatient
    
basis;
        (2) in need of mental health services on an
    
outpatient basis; or
        (3) not in need of mental health services.
    While the impact statement to the court allowed under this subsection (d) may include the impact that the respondent's criminal conduct has had upon the victim, victim's representative, or victim's family or household member, the court may only consider the impact statement along with all other appropriate factors in determining the:
        (i) threat of serious physical harm posed by the
    
respondent to himself or herself, or to another person;
        (ii) location of inpatient or outpatient mental
    
health services ordered by the court, but only after complying with all other applicable administrative requirements, rules, and statutory requirements;
        (iii) maximum period of commitment for inpatient
    
mental health services; and
        (iv) conditions of release for outpatient mental
    
health services ordered by the court.
    (e) Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 2-1009 of the Code of Civil Procedure, a respondent may object to a motion for voluntary dismissal and the court may refuse to grant such a dismissal for good cause shown.
(Source: P.A. 96-117, eff. 1-1-10; 97-375, eff. 8-15-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-801

    (405 ILCS 5/3-801) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-801)
    Sec. 3-801. A respondent may request admission as an informal or voluntary recipient at any time prior to an adjudication that he is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis. The facility director shall approve such a request unless the facility director determines that the respondent lacks the capacity to consent to informal or voluntary admission or that informal or voluntary admission is clinically inappropriate. The director shall not find that voluntary admission is clinically inappropriate in the absence of a documented history of the respondent's illness and treatment demonstrating that the respondent is unlikely to continue to receive needed treatment following release from informal or voluntary admission and that an order for involuntary admission on an outpatient basis is necessary in order to ensure continuity of treatment outside a mental health facility.
    If the facility director approves such a request, the petitioner shall be notified of the request and of his or her right to object thereto, if the petitioner has requested such notification on that individual recipient. The court may dismiss the pending proceedings, but shall consider any objection made by the petitioner, the respondent, or the State's Attorney and may require proof that such dismissal is in the best interest of the respondent and of the public. If voluntary admission is accepted and the petition is dismissed by the court, notice shall be provided to the petitioner, orally and in writing, of his or her right to receive notice of the recipient's discharge pursuant to Section 3-902(d).
(Source: P.A. 96-570, eff. 1-1-10; 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10; 97-375, eff. 8-15-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-801.5

    (405 ILCS 5/3-801.5)
    Sec. 3-801.5. Agreed order for admission on an outpatient basis.
    (a) At any time before the conclusion of the hearing and the entry of the court's findings, a respondent may enter into an agreement to be subject to an order for admission on an outpatient basis as provided for in Sections 3-811, 3-812, and 3-813 of this Code, provided that:
        (1) The court and the parties have been presented
    
with a written report pursuant to Section 3-810 of this Code containing a recommendation for court-ordered admission on an outpatient basis and setting forth in detail the conditions for such an order, and the court is satisfied that the proposal for admission on an outpatient basis is in the best interest of the respondent and of the public.
        (2) The court advises the respondent of the
    
conditions of the proposed order in open court and is satisfied that the respondent understands and agrees to the conditions of the proposed order for admission on an outpatient basis.
        (3) The proposed custodian is advised of the
    
recommendation for care and custody and agrees to abide by the terms of the proposed order.
        (4) No such order may require the respondent to be
    
hospitalized except as provided in subsection (b) of this Section.
        (5) No order may include as one of its conditions the
    
administration of psychotropic medication, unless the court determines, based on the documented history of the respondent's treatment and illness, that the respondent is unlikely to continue to receive needed psychotropic medication in the absence of such an order.
    (b) An agreed order of care and custody entered pursuant to this Section may grant the custodian the authority to admit a respondent to a hospital if the respondent fails to comply with the conditions of the agreed order. If necessary in order to obtain the hospitalization of the respondent, the custodian may apply to the court for an order authorizing an officer of the peace to take the respondent into custody and transport the respondent to the hospital specified in the agreed order. The provisions of Section 3-605 of this Code shall govern the transportation of the respondent to a mental health facility, except to the extent that those provisions are inconsistent with this Section. However, a person admitted to a hospital pursuant to powers granted under an agreed order for care and custody shall be treated as a voluntary recipient pursuant to Article IV of this Chapter and shall be advised immediately of his or her right to request a discharge pursuant to Section 3-403 of this Code.
    (c) If the court has appointed counsel for the respondent pursuant to Section 3-805 of this Code, that appointment shall continue for the duration of any order entered under this Section, and the respondent shall be represented by counsel in any proceeding held pursuant to this Section.
    (d) An order entered under this Section shall not constitute a finding that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis.
    (e) Nothing in this Section shall be deemed to create an agency relationship between the respondent and any custodian appointed pursuant to this Section.
    (f) Notwithstanding any other provision of Illinois law, no respondent may be cited for contempt for violating the terms and conditions of his or her agreed order of care and custody.
    (g) An order entered under this Section may be extended with the agreement of the parties for additional 180-day periods.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10; 97-375, eff. 8-15-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-802

    (405 ILCS 5/3-802) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-802)
    Sec. 3-802. The respondent is entitled to a jury on the question of whether he is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis. The jury shall consist of 6 persons to be chosen in the same manner as are jurors in other civil proceedings. A respondent is not entitled to a jury on the question of whether psychotropic medication or electroconvulsive therapy may be administered under Section 2-107.1.
(Source: P.A. 95-172, eff. 8-14-07; 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-803

    (405 ILCS 5/3-803) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-803)
    Sec. 3-803. The court may appoint one or more physicians, qualified examiners, clinical psychologists or other experts to examine the respondent and make a detailed written report of his findings regarding the respondent's condition. Any such physician or other examiner so appointed may interview by telephone or in person any witnesses or other persons listed in the petition for involuntary admission. The report shall be filed with the court and copies shall be made available to the attorneys for the parties.
(Source: P.A. 85-558.)

405 ILCS 5/3-804

    (405 ILCS 5/3-804) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-804)
    Sec. 3-804. The respondent is entitled to secure an independent examination by a physician, qualified examiner, clinical psychologist or other expert of his choice. If the respondent is unable to obtain an examination, he may request that the court order an examination to be made by an impartial medical expert pursuant to Supreme Court Rules or by a qualified examiner, clinical psychologist or other expert. Any such physician or other examiner, whether secured by the respondent or appointed by the court, may interview by telephone or in person any witnesses or other persons listed in the petition for involuntary admission. The physician or other examiner may submit to the court a report in which his findings are described in detail. Determination of the compensation of the physician, qualified examiner, clinical psychologist or other expert and its payment shall be governed by Supreme Court Rule.
(Source: P.A. 85-558.)

405 ILCS 5/3-805

    (405 ILCS 5/3-805) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-805)
    Sec. 3-805. Every respondent alleged to be subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis shall be represented by counsel. If the respondent is indigent or an appearance has not been entered on his behalf at the time the matter is set for hearing, the court shall appoint counsel for him. A hearing shall not proceed when a respondent is not represented by counsel unless, after conferring with counsel, the respondent requests to represent himself and the court is satisfied that the respondent has the capacity to make an informed waiver of his right to counsel. Counsel shall be allowed time for adequate preparation and shall not be prevented from conferring with the respondent at reasonable times nor from making an investigation of the matters in issue and presenting such relevant evidence as he believes is necessary.
    1. If the court determines that the respondent is unable to obtain counsel, the court shall appoint as counsel an attorney employed by or under contract with the Guardianship and Mental Health Advocacy Commission, if available.
    2. If an attorney from the Guardianship and Mental Health Advocacy Commission is not available, the court shall appoint as counsel the public defender or, only if no public defender is available, an attorney licensed to practice law in this State.
    3. Upon filing with the court of a verified statement of legal services rendered by the private attorney appointed pursuant to paragraph (2) of this Section, the court shall determine a reasonable fee for such services. If the respondent is unable to pay the fee, the court shall enter an order upon the county to pay the entire fee or such amount as the respondent is unable to pay.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-806

    (405 ILCS 5/3-806) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-806)
    Sec. 3-806. Presence at hearing; location.
    (a) The respondent shall be present at any hearing held under this Act unless his attorney waives his right to be present and the court is satisfied by a clear showing that the respondent's attendance would subject him to substantial risk of serious physical or emotional harm.
    (b) The court shall make reasonable accommodation of any request by the recipient's attorney concerning the location of the hearing. If the recipient's attorney advises the court that the recipient refuses to attend, the hearing may proceed in his or her absence.
    (c) No inference may be drawn from the recipient's non-attendance pursuant to either subsection (a) or (b) of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 89-439, eff. 6-1-96.)

405 ILCS 5/3-806.1

    (405 ILCS 5/3-806.1)
    Sec. 3-806.1. Video conferencing.
    (a) Notwithstanding the provisions in Section 3-806, the Illinois Supreme Court or any circuit court of this State may adopt rules permitting the use of video conferencing equipment in all hearings under this Chapter subject to the following provisions:
        (1) Such hearings are permitted if the parties,
    
including the respondent, and their lawyers, including the State's Attorney, are at a mental health facility, or some other location to which the respondent may be safely and conveniently transported, and the judge and any court personnel are in another location.
        (2) Such hearings are permitted if the respondent and
    
his or her counsel are at a mental health facility or some other location to which the respondent may be safely and conveniently transported, and all of the other participants including the judge are in another location, if, and only if, agreed to by the respondent and the respondent's counsel.
        (3) Video conferencing under this subsection (a)
    
shall not be permitted in a jury trial under Section 3-802 of this Article.
    (b) Notwithstanding the above provisions, any court may permit any witness, including a psychiatrist, to testify by video conferencing equipment from any location in the absence of a court rule specifically prohibiting such testimony.
(Source: P.A. 96-1321, eff. 1-1-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-807

    (405 ILCS 5/3-807) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-807)
    Sec. 3-807. No respondent may be found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis unless at least one psychiatrist, clinical social worker, clinical psychologist, or qualified examiner who has examined the respondent testifies in person at the hearing. The respondent may waive the requirement of the testimony subject to the approval of the court.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10; 97-121, eff. 7-14-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-808

    (405 ILCS 5/3-808) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-808)
    Sec. 3-808. No respondent may be found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis unless that finding has been established by clear and convincing evidence.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-809

    (405 ILCS 5/3-809) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-809)
    Sec. 3-809. If the respondent is not found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis, the court shall dismiss the petition and order the respondent discharged. If the respondent is found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis, the court shall enter an order so specifying. If the court is not satisfied with the verdict of the jury finding the respondent subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis, it may set aside such verdict and order the respondent discharged or it may order another hearing.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-810

    (405 ILCS 5/3-810) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-810)
    Sec. 3-810. Before disposition is determined, the facility director or such other person as the court may direct shall prepare a written report including information on the appropriateness and availability of alternative treatment settings, a social investigation of the respondent, a preliminary treatment plan, and any other information which the court may order. The treatment plan shall describe the respondent's problems and needs, the treatment goals, the proposed treatment methods, and a projected timetable for their attainment. If the respondent is found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis, the court shall consider the report in determining an appropriate disposition.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-811

    (405 ILCS 5/3-811) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-811)
    Sec. 3-811. Involuntary admission; alternative mental health facilities.
    (a) If any person is found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis, the court shall consider alternative mental health facilities which are appropriate for and available to the respondent, including but not limited to hospitalization. The court may order the respondent to undergo a program of hospitalization in a mental health facility designated by the Department, in a licensed private hospital or private mental health facility if it agrees, or in a facility of the United States Veterans Administration if it agrees. If any person is found subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis, the court may order the respondent to undergo a program of alternative treatment; or the court may place the respondent in the care and custody of a relative or other person willing and able to properly care for him or her. The court shall order the least restrictive alternative for treatment which is appropriate.
    (b) Whenever a person is found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis, notice shall be provided to the petitioner, orally and in writing, of his or her right to receive notice of the recipient's discharge pursuant to Section 3-902(d).
    (c) An order that a person is found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis does not eliminate any obligations under the federal Emergency Medical Transport and Active Labor Act (EMTALA) of the transferring facility toward the receiving facility. Before implementing an order, the transferring facility shall notify the receiving facility of the recipient and obtain medical clearance for the recipient.
(Source: P.A. 96-570, eff. 1-1-10; 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10; 97-130, eff. 7-14-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-812

    (405 ILCS 5/3-812) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-812)
    Sec. 3-812. Court ordered admission on an outpatient basis; modification; revocation.
    (a) If a respondent is found subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis, the court may issue an order: (i) placing the respondent in the care and custody of a relative or other person willing and able to properly care for him or her; or (ii) committing the respondent to alternative treatment at a community mental health provider.
    (b) An order placing the respondent in the care and custody of a relative or other person shall specify the powers and duties of the custodian. An order of care and custody entered pursuant to this Section may grant the custodian the authority to admit a respondent to a hospital if the respondent fails to comply with the conditions of the order. If necessary in order to obtain the hospitalization of the respondent, the custodian may apply to the court for an order authorizing an officer of the peace to take the respondent into custody and transport the respondent to a mental health facility. The provisions of Section 3-605 shall govern the transportation of the respondent to a mental health facility, except to the extent that those provisions are inconsistent with this Section. No person admitted to a hospital pursuant to this subsection shall be detained for longer than 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, unless, within that period, a petition for involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and a certificate supporting such petition have been filed as provided in Section 3-611.
    (c) Alternative treatment shall not be ordered unless the program being considered is capable of providing adequate and humane treatment in the least restrictive setting which is appropriate to the respondent's condition. The court shall have continuing authority to modify an order for alternative treatment if the recipient fails to comply with the order or is otherwise found unsuitable for alternative treatment. Prior to modifying such an order, the court shall receive a report from the facility director of the program specifying why the alternative treatment is unsuitable. The recipient shall be notified and given an opportunity to respond when modification of the order for alternative treatment is considered. If the court determines that the respondent has violated the order for alternative treatment in the community or that alternative treatment in the community will no longer provide adequate assurances for the safety of the respondent or others, the court may revoke the order for alternative treatment in the community and may order a peace officer to take the recipient into custody and transport him to an inpatient mental health facility. The provisions of Section 3-605 shall govern the transportation of the respondent to a mental health facility, except to the extent that those provisions are inconsistent with this Section. No person admitted to a hospital pursuant to this subsection shall be detained for longer than 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, unless, within that period, a petition for involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and a certificate supporting such petition have been filed as provided in Section 3-611.
(Source: P.A. 98-221, eff. 1-1-14.)

405 ILCS 5/3-813

    (405 ILCS 5/3-813) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-813)
    Sec. 3-813. (a) An initial order for commitment on an inpatient basis shall be for a period not to exceed 90 days. Prior to the expiration of the initial order if the facility director believes that the recipient continues to be subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis, a new petition and 2 new certificates may be filed with the court. If a petition is filed, the facility director shall file with the court a current treatment plan which includes an evaluation of the recipient's progress and the extent to which he is benefiting from treatment. If no petition is filed prior to the expiration of the initial order, the recipient shall be discharged. Following a hearing, the court may order a second period of commitment on an inpatient basis not to exceed 90 days only if it finds that the recipient continues to be subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis. If, following a hearing, the court determines that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis as provided in Section 3-812, the court may order the respondent committed on an outpatient basis for a period not to exceed 180 days.
    (a-1) An initial order of commitment on an outpatient basis shall be for a period not to exceed 180 days. Prior to the expiration of the initial order, if the facility director or the custodian believes that the recipient continues to be subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis, a new petition and 2 new certificates may be filed with the court. If a petition is filed, the facility director or the custodian shall file with the court a current treatment plan which includes an evaluation of the recipient's progress and the extent to which he or she is benefiting from treatment. If no petition is filed prior to the expiration of the initial order, the recipient shall be discharged. Following a hearing, the court may order a second period of commitment on an outpatient basis not to exceed 180 days only if it finds that the recipient continues to be subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis.
    (b) Additional 180 day periods of inpatient or outpatient commitment may be sought pursuant to the procedures set out in this Section for so long as the recipient continues to meet the standard for such commitment. The provisions of this chapter which apply whenever an initial order is sought shall apply whenever an additional period of inpatient or outpatient commitment is sought.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-814

    (405 ILCS 5/3-814) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-814)
    Sec. 3-814. Treatment plan.
    (a) Not more than 30 days after admission under this Article, the facility director shall file with the court a current treatment plan which shall include: all the requirements listed in Section 3-209, an evaluation of the recipient's progress and the extent to which he is benefiting from treatment, the criteria which form the basis for the determination that the patient is subject to involuntary admission as defined in Section 1-119, and the specific behaviors or conditions that demonstrate that the recipient meets these criteria for continued confinement. If the facility director is unable to determine any of the required information, the treatment plan shall include an explanation of why the facility director is unable to make this determination, what the facility director is doing to enable himself or herself to determine the information, and the date by which the facility director expects to be able to make this determination. The facility director shall forward a copy of the plan to the State's Attorney, the recipient's attorney, if the recipient is represented by counsel, the recipient, and any guardian of the recipient.
    (b) The purpose of the filing, forwarding, and review of treatment plans and treatment is to ensure that the recipient is receiving adequate and humane care and services as defined in Section 1-101.2 and to ensure that the recipient continues to meet the standards for involuntary confinement.
    (c) On request of the recipient or an interested person on his behalf, or on the court's own initiative, the court shall review the current treatment plan to determine whether its contents comply with the requirements of this Section and Section 3-209. A request to review the current treatment plan may be made by the recipient, or by an interested person on his behalf, 30 days after initial commitment under Section 3-813, 90 days after the initial commitment, and 90 days after each additional period of commitment under subsection (b) of Section 3-813. If the court determines that any of the information required by this Section or Section 3-209 to be included in the treatment plan is not in the treatment plan or that the treatment plan does not contain information from which the court can determine whether the recipient continues to meet the criteria for continued confinement, the court shall indicate what is lacking and order the facility director to revise the current treatment plan to comply with this Section and Section 3-209. If the recipient has been ordered committed to the facility after he has been found not guilty by reason of insanity, the treatment plan and its review shall be subject to the provisions of Section 5-2-4 of the Unified Code of Corrections.
    (d) The recipient or an interested person on his or her behalf may request a hearing or the court on its own motion may order a hearing to review the treatment being received by the recipient. The court, the recipient, or the State's Attorney may call witnesses at the hearing. The court may order any public agency, officer, or employee to render such information, cooperation, and assistance as is within its legal authority and as may be appropriate to achieve the objectives of this Section. The court may order an independent examination on its own initiative and shall order such an evaluation if either the recipient or the State's Attorney so requests and has demonstrated to the court that the plan cannot be effectively reviewed by the court without such an examination. Under no circumstances shall the court be required to order an independent examination pursuant to this Section more than once each year. The examination shall be conducted by persons authorized to conduct independent examinations under Section 3-804. If the court is satisfied that the recipient is benefiting from treatment, it may continue the original order for the remainder of the admission period. If the court is not so satisfied, it may modify its original order or it may order the recipient discharged.
    (e) In lieu of a treatment plan, the facility director may file a typed summary of the treatment plan which contains the information required under Section 3-209 and subsection (a) of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 91-536, eff. 1-1-00.)

405 ILCS 5/3-815

    (405 ILCS 5/3-815)
    Sec. 3-815. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 86-1402. Repealed by P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-816

    (405 ILCS 5/3-816) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-816)
    Sec. 3-816. Final orders; copies; appeal.
    (a) Every final order entered by the court under this Act shall be in writing and shall be accompanied by a statement on the record of the court's findings of fact and conclusions of law. A copy of such order shall be promptly given to the recipient or his or her attorney and to the facility director of the facility or alternative treatment to which the recipient is admitted or to the person in whose care and custody the recipient is placed.
    (b) An appeal from a final order may be taken in the same manner as in other civil cases. Upon entry of a final order, the court shall notify the recipient orally and in writing of his or her right to appeal and, if he or she is indigent, of his or her right to a free transcript and counsel. The cost of the transcript shall be paid pursuant to subsection (c) of Section 3-818 and subsection (c) of Section 4-615 of this Code. If the recipient wishes to appeal and is unable to obtain counsel, counsel shall be appointed pursuant to Section 3-805.
(Source: P.A. 90-765, eff. 8-14-98.)

405 ILCS 5/3-817

    (405 ILCS 5/3-817) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-817)
    Sec. 3-817. A verbatim record shall be made of all judicial hearings held pursuant to this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-818

    (405 ILCS 5/3-818) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-818)
    Sec. 3-818. Fees; costs.
    (a) Fees for jury service, witnesses, and service and execution of process are the same as for similar services in civil proceedings.
    (b) Except as provided under subsection (c) of this Section, the court may assess costs of the proceedings against the parties. If the respondent is not a resident of the county in which the hearing is held and the party against whom the court would otherwise assess costs has insufficient funds to pay the costs, the court may enter an order upon the State to pay the cost of the proceedings, from funds appropriated by the General Assembly for that purpose.
    (c) If the respondent is a party against whom the court would otherwise assess costs and that respondent is determined by the court to have insufficient funds to pay the cost of transcripts for the purpose of appeal, the court shall enter an order upon the State to pay the cost of one original and one copy of a transcript of proceedings established under this Code. Payment of transcript costs authorized under this subsection (c) shall be paid from funds appropriated by the General Assembly to the Comptroller.
(Source: P.A. 95-146, eff. 1-1-08.)

405 ILCS 5/3-819

    (405 ILCS 5/3-819) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-819)
    Sec. 3-819. (a) In counties with a population of 3,000,000 or more, when a recipient is hospitalized upon court order, the order may authorize a relative or friend of the recipient to transport the recipient to the facility if such person is able to do so safely and humanely. When the Department indicates that it has transportation to the facility available, the order may authorize the Department to transport the recipient there. The court may order the sheriff of the county in which such proceedings are held to transport the recipient to the facility. When a recipient is hospitalized upon court order, and the recipient has been transported to a mental health facility, other than a state-operated mental health facility, and it is determined by the facility that the recipient is in need of commitment or treatment at another mental health facility, the court shall determine whether a relative or friend of the recipient or the Department is authorized to transport the recipient between facilities, or whether the county sheriff is responsible for transporting the recipient between facilities. The sheriff may make arrangements with another public or private entity including a licensed ambulance service to transport the recipient to the facility. The transporting entity acting in good faith and without negligence in connection with the transportation of recipients shall incur no liability, civil or criminal, by reason of such transportation.
    (a-5) In counties with a population under 3,000,000, when a recipient is hospitalized upon court order, the order may authorize a relative or friend of the recipient to transport the recipient to the facility if the person is able to do so safely and humanely. The court may order the Department to transport the recipient to the facility. When a recipient is hospitalized upon court order, and the recipient has been transported to a mental health facility other than a State-operated mental health facility, and it is determined by the facility that the recipient is in need of commitment or treatment at another mental health facility, the court shall determine whether a relative or friend of the recipient is authorized to transport the recipient between facilities, or whether the Department is responsible for transporting the recipient between facilities. If the court determines that the Department is responsible for the transportation, the Department shall make arrangements either directly or through agreements with another public or private entity, including a licensed ambulance service, to appropriately transport the recipient to the facility. The making of such arrangements and agreements with public or private entities is independent of the Department's role as a provider of mental health services and does not indicate that the recipient is admitted to any Department facility. In making such arrangements and agreements with other public or private entities, the Department shall include provisions to ensure (i) the provision of trained personnel and the use of an appropriate vehicle for the safe transport of the recipient and (ii) that the recipient's insurance carrier as well as other programs, both public and private, that provide payment for such transportation services are fully utilized to the maximum extent possible.
    The Department may not make arrangements with an existing hospital or grant-in-aid or fee-for-service community provider for transportation services under this Section unless the hospital or provider has voluntarily submitted a proposal for its transportation services. This requirement does not eliminate or reduce any responsibility on the part of a hospital or community provider to ensure transportation that may arise independently through other State or federal law or regulation.
    A transporting entity acting in good faith and without negligence in connection with the transportation of a recipient incurs no liability, civil or criminal, by reason of that transportation.
    (b) The transporting entity may bill the recipient, the estate of the recipient, legally responsible relatives, or insurance carrier for the cost of providing transportation of the recipient to a mental health facility. The recipient and the estate of the recipient are liable for the payment of transportation costs for transporting the recipient to a mental health facility. If the recipient is a beneficiary of a trust described in Section 15.1 of the Trusts and Trustees Act, the trust shall not be considered a part of the recipient's estate and shall not be subject to payment for transportation costs for transporting the recipient to a mental health facility under this section, except to the extent permitted under Section 15.1 of the Trusts and Trustees Act. If the recipient is unable to pay or if the estate of the recipient is insufficient, the responsible relatives are severally liable for the payment of those sums or for the balance due in case less than the amount owing has been paid. If the recipient is covered by insurance, the insurance carrier shall be liable for payment to the extent authorized by the recipient's insurance policy.
    (c) Upon the delivery of a recipient to a facility, in accordance with the procedure set forth in this Article, the facility director of the facility shall sign a receipt acknowledging custody of the recipient and for any personal property belonging to him, which receipt shall be filed with the clerk of the court entering the hospitalization order.
(Source: P.A. 93-770, eff. 1-1-05.)

405 ILCS 5/3-820

    (405 ILCS 5/3-820) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-820)
    Sec. 3-820. Domestic violence; order of protection. An order of protection, as defined in the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986, may be issued in conjunction with a proceeding for involuntary commitment if the petition for an order of protection alleges that a person who is party to or the subject of the proceeding has been abused by or has abused a family or household member. The Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986 shall govern the issuance, enforcement, and recording of orders of protection issued under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 92-16, eff. 6-28-01.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. IX

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. IX heading)
ARTICLE IX. DISCHARGE RESTORATION TRANSFER

405 ILCS 5/3-900

    (405 ILCS 5/3-900) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-900)
    Sec. 3-900. (a) Any person committed on an inpatient or outpatient basis on court order under this Chapter or under any prior statute or any person on his behalf may file a petition for discharge at any time in the court of the county where the recipient resides or is found.
    (b) The petition shall set forth: (1) the name of the recipient; (2) the underlying circumstances and date of the order; (3) a request for discharge from the order; and (4) the reasons for such request.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-901

    (405 ILCS 5/3-901) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-901)
    Sec. 3-901. (a) Upon the filing of a petition under Section 3-900 or Section 3-906, the court shall set the matter for hearing to be held within 5 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays. The court shall direct that notice of the time and place of the hearing be given to the recipient, his attorney, his guardian, the facility director, the person having care and custody of the recipient, and to at least 2 persons whom the recipient may designate.
    (b) Article VIII of this Chapter applies to hearings held under this Section. The court shall determine whether the recipient is: (i) subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis; (ii) subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis; or (iii) not subject to involuntary admission on either an inpatient or outpatient basis. If the court finds that the recipient is not subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis, the court shall enter an order so finding and discharging the recipient. If the court orders the discharge of a recipient who was adjudicated as having mental illness pursuant to any prior statute of this State or who was otherwise adjudicated to be under legal disability, the court shall also enter an order restoring the recipient to legal status without disability unless the court finds that the recipient continues to be under legal disability. A copy of any order discharging the recipient shall be given to the recipient and to the facility director.
    (b-1) If the court determines that the recipient is subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis, the court shall enter an appropriate order pursuant to Section 3-812.
    (c) If the court determines that the recipient continues to be subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis, the court may continue or modify its original order in accordance with this Act. Thereafter, no new petition for discharge may be filed without leave of court.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-902

    (405 ILCS 5/3-902) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-902)
    Sec. 3-902. Director initiated discharge.
    (a) The facility director may at any time discharge an informal, voluntary, or minor recipient who is clinically suitable for discharge.
    (b) The facility director shall discharge a recipient admitted upon court order under this Chapter or any prior statute where he is no longer subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis. If the facility director believes that continuing treatment is advisable for such recipient, he shall inform the recipient of his right to remain as an informal or voluntary recipient. If the facility director determines that the recipient is subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis, he or she shall petition the court for such a commitment pursuant to this Chapter.
    (c) When a facility director discharges or changes the status of a recipient pursuant to this Section he shall promptly notify the clerk of the court which entered the original order of the discharge or change in status. Upon receipt of such notice, the clerk of the court shall note the action taken in the court record. If the person being discharged is a person under legal disability, the facility director shall also submit a certificate regarding his legal status without disability pursuant to Section 3-907.
    (d) When the facility director determines that discharge is appropriate for a recipient pursuant to this Section or Section 3-403 he or she shall notify the state's attorney of the county in which the recipient resided immediately prior to his admission to a mental health facility and the state's attorney of the county where the last petition for commitment was filed at least 48 hours prior to the discharge when either state's attorney has requested in writing such notification on that individual recipient or when the facility director regards a recipient as a continuing threat to the peace and safety of the community. Upon receipt of such notice, the state's attorney may take any court action or notify such peace officers that he deems appropriate. When the facility director determines that discharge is appropriate for a recipient pursuant to this Section or Section 3-403, he or she shall notify the person whose petition pursuant to Section 3-701 resulted in the current hospitalization of the recipient's discharge at least 48 hours prior to the discharge, if the petitioner has requested in writing such notification on that individual recipient.
    (e) The facility director may grant a temporary release to a recipient whose condition is not considered appropriate for discharge where such release is considered to be clinically appropriate, provided that the release does not endanger the public safety.
(Source: P.A. 96-570, eff. 1-1-10; 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-903

    (405 ILCS 5/3-903) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-903)
    Sec. 3-903. (a) The facility director shall give written notice of discharge from a Department mental health facility to the recipient, his attorney, and guardian, if any, or in the case of a minor, to his attorney, to the parent, guardian, or person in loco parentis who executed the application for admission, to the resident school district when appropriate, and to the minor if he is l2 years of age or older. The notice, except that to the school district, shall include the reason for discharge and a statement of the right to object. Whenever possible, this notice shall be given at least 7 days prior to the date of intended discharge.
    (b) A recipient may object to his discharge or his attorney or guardian may object on his behalf. In the case of a minor, his attorney, the person who executed the application or the minor himself if he is 12 years of age or older may object to the discharge. Prior to discharge a written objection shall be submitted to the facility director of the mental health facility where the recipient is located. Upon receipt of an objection, the facility director shall promptly schedule a hearing to be held within 7 days at the facility pursuant to Section 3-207. No discharge shall proceed pending hearing on an objection, unless the person objecting to the discharge consents to discharge pending the outcome of the hearing.
    (c) At the hearing the Department shall have the burden of proving that the recipient meets the standard for discharge under this Chapter and under Section 15 of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Administrative Act. If the utilization review committee finds that the Department sustained its burden and that the proposed discharge is based upon substantial evidence, it shall recommend that the discharge proceed. If the utilization review committee does not so find, it shall recommend that the recipient not be discharged but it may recommend that the recipient be transferred to another mental health facility which can provide treatment appropriate to the clinical condition and needs of the recipient. It may recommend that the Department or other agency assist the person in obtaining such appropriate treatment.
(Source: P.A. 88-380; 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

405 ILCS 5/3-904

    (405 ILCS 5/3-904) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-904)
    Sec. 3-904. Any person with mental illness admitted to a facility or placed in the care and custody of another person under any prior statute of this State is subject to this Chapter and may be discharged in accordance with its provisions.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/3-905

    (405 ILCS 5/3-905) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-905)
    Sec. 3-905. Nothing in this Chapter shall deprive any person of the benefits of relief by habeas corpus. If the court issuing the order of habeas corpus grants relief, a copy of the order shall be sent to the court which entered the order of admission and the clerk of the court shall file the order in the court record.
(Source: P.A. 83-346.)

405 ILCS 5/3-906

    (405 ILCS 5/3-906) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-906)
    Sec. 3-906. (a) Any person who has been adjudicated to be a person under legal disability in any proceedings under any prior mental health statute of this State or any person on his behalf may file at any time a petition for modification of the guardianship order of the court or for restoration to legal status without disability. The petition may be filed in the court which adjudicated the person to be under legal disability or in the court of the county where he resides or is present. The petition may be accompanied by a certificate of a physician, qualified examiner, or clinical psychologist or by a notice of discharge issued pursuant to this Chapter. The certificate shall indicate the extent to which the recipient is capable of managing his person and estate. If no certificate accompanies the petition, the court may appoint a physician, qualified examiner, or clinical psychologist to examine the recipient and prepare a certificate regarding his status without disability.
    (b) The procedures for conduct of hearings set forth in Article VIII of this Chapter apply to hearings held under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/3-907

    (405 ILCS 5/3-907) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-907)
    Sec. 3-907. Any person who is under legal disability solely by reason of a court order adjudicating him mentally ill entered prior to January 1, 1964, shall be deemed to be a person under no legal disability 180 days from the effective date of this Act unless, prior to that date, a hearing is held pursuant to the provisions of the Probate Act of 1975, approved August 7, 1975, as now or hereafter amended, and a guardian is appointed.
(Source: P.A. 83-706.)

405 ILCS 5/3-908

    (405 ILCS 5/3-908) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-908)
    Sec. 3-908. The facility director of any Department facility may transfer a recipient to another Department facility if he determines the transfer to be clinically advisable and consistent with the treatment needs of the recipient.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/3-909

    (405 ILCS 5/3-909) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-909)
    Sec. 3-909. Alternative treatment. Any recipient hospitalized or admitted to alternative treatment or care and custody under Article VIII of this Chapter may at any time petition the court for transfer to a different facility or program of alternative treatment, to care and custody, or to the care and custody of a different person. His attorney, guardian, custodian, or responsible relative may file such a petition on his behalf. If the recipient is in a private facility, the facility may also petition for transfer. Recipients in private facilities or United States Veterans Administration facilities may petition for transfer to a mental health facility designated by the Department. Recipients may petition for transfer to a program of alternative treatment, or to care and custody. Recipients in private facilities may also petition for transfer to United States Veterans Administration facilities. Recipients in United States Veterans Administration facilities may also petition for transfer to private facilities. Recipients in Department facilities may petition for transfer to a private mental health facility, a United States Veterans Administration facility, a program of alternative treatment, or to care and custody. Admission to a United States Veterans Administration facility shall be governed by Article X of this Chapter 3. No transfers between Department facilities or between units of the same facility may be ordered under this Section. An order for hospitalization shall not be entered under this Section if the original order did not authorize hospitalization unless a hearing is held pursuant to Article VIII of this Chapter. An order of transfer entered under this Section does not eliminate any obligations under the federal Emergency Medical Transport and Active Labor Act (EMTALA) of the transferring facility toward the receiving facility. Before implementing an order of transfer, the transferring facility shall notify the receiving facility of the recipient and obtain medical clearance for the recipient.
(Source: P.A. 97-130, eff. 7-14-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-910

    (405 ILCS 5/3-910) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-910)
    Sec. 3-910. (a) Whenever a recipient who has been in a Department facility for more than 7 days is to be transferred to another facility under Section 3-908, the facility director of the facility shall give written notice at least 14 days before the transfer to the recipient, his attorney, guardian, if any, and responsible relative. In the case of a minor, notice shall be given to his attorney, to the parent, guardian, or person in loco parentis who executed the application for his admission, and to the minor himself if he is 12 years of age or older. The notice shall include the reasons for transfer, a statement of the right to object and the address and phone number of the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission. If the recipient requests, the facility director shall assist him in contacting the Commission.
    (b) In an emergency, when the health of the recipient or the physical safety of the recipient or others is imminently imperiled and appropriate care is not available where the recipient is located, a recipient may be immediately transferred to another facility provided that notice of the transfer is given as soon as possible but not more than 48 hours after transfer. The reason for the emergency shall be noted in the recipient's record and specified in the notice.
    (c) A recipient may object to his transfer or his attorney, guardian, or responsible relative may object on his behalf. In the case of a minor, his attorney, the person who executed the application for admission, or the minor himself if he is 12 years of age or older, may object to the transfer. Prior to transfer or within 14 days after an emergency transfer, a written objection shall be submitted to the facility director of the facility where the recipient is located. Upon receipt of an objection, the facility director shall promptly schedule a hearing to be held within 7 days pursuant to Section 3-207. The hearing shall be held at the transferring facility except that when an emergency transfer has taken place the hearing may be held at the receiving facility. Except in an emergency, no transfer shall proceed pending hearing on an objection.
    (d) At the hearing the Department shall have the burden of proving that the standard for transfer under Section 3-908 is met. If the transfer is to a facility which is substantially more physically restrictive than the transferring facility, the Department shall also prove that the transfer is reasonably required for the safety of the recipient or others. If the utilization review committee finds that the Department has sustained its burden and the decision to transfer is based upon substantial evidence, it shall recommend that the transfer proceed. If it does not so find, it shall recommend that the recipient not be transferred.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. X

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. X heading)
ARTICLE X. VETERANS ADMINISTRATION FACILITIES

405 ILCS 5/3-1000

    (405 ILCS 5/3-1000) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-1000)
    Sec. 3-1000. (a) A person may be admitted pursuant to any of the provisions of this Chapter to a mental health facility of the United States government when the facility determines that services for the person are available and that the person is eligible to receive them. A person so admitted is subject to the rules and regulations of the Veterans Administration or other agency of the United States government which operates the facility in which such treatment is provided.
    (b) The chief officer of such facility has with respect to a person admitted under this Chapter, the same powers and duties as the facility director.
    (c) A person employed by the Veterans Administration as a physician may perform the functions of a physician under this Act insofar as relates to a person who is or is proposed to be admitted to a Veterans Administration facility.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-1001

    (405 ILCS 5/3-1001) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-1001)
    Sec. 3-1001. The courts of this State retain jurisdiction over persons admitted under this Article for purposes of enforcing the provisions of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-1002

    (405 ILCS 5/3-1002) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-1002)
    Sec. 3-1002. Whenever any person who is a veteran and who has been previously adjudicated as having a mental illness or under legal disability is subsequently rated as being under no legal disability by the Veterans Administration, the Director of the Veterans Administration Regional Office which has so rated the veteran may notify the court which found that the person has a mental illness or under legal disability of such rating. The court may restore the person to legal status without disability on the basis of the documents filed or may order a hearing.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/3-1003

    (405 ILCS 5/3-1003) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-1003)
    Sec. 3-1003. The Veterans Administration or other agency of the United States Government may transfer any recipient admitted to it under this Article, to any other facility of the Veterans Administration or any other agency of the United States government, to any licensed private hospital which has agreed to accept the recipient or, subject to the approval of the Department, to a Department facility. The Department may transfer any recipient admitted to a Department facility, to a facility of the Veterans Administration or other appropriate agency of the United States Government, subject to eligibility and the prior approval of the agency. If a recipient transferred under this Section was admitted upon a court order, the transferring facility or agency shall give notice of the transfer to the court which entered the order of admission, and such order of admission shall continue in effect.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. IV

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. IV heading)
CHAPTER IV
ADMISSION, TRANSFER, AND DISCHARGE PROCEDURES
FOR THE DEVELOPMENTALLY DISABLED

405 ILCS 5/Ch. IV Art. I

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. IV Art. I heading)
ARTICLE I. JURISDICTION
DUTIES OF STATE'S ATTORNEY

405 ILCS 5/4-100

    (405 ILCS 5/4-100) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-100)
    Sec. 4-100. The circuit court has jurisdiction under this Chapter over persons not charged with a felony who meet the standard for judicial admission. Inmates of penal institutions shall not be considered as charged with a felony within the meaning of this Chapter. Court proceedings under Article VI of this Chapter may be instituted as to any such inmate at any time within 90 days prior to discharge of such inmate by expiration of sentence or otherwise, and if such inmate is found to meet the standard for judicial admission, the order of the court ordering hospitalization or other disposition shall become effective at the time of discharge of the inmate from penal custody.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-101

    (405 ILCS 5/4-101) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-101)
    Sec. 4-101. The State's Attorneys of the several counties shall represent the people of the State of Illinois in court proceedings under this Chapter in their respective counties, shall attend such proceedings either in person or by assistant, and shall ensure that petitions, reports and orders are properly prepared. Nothing herein contained shall prevent any party from being represented by his own counsel.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. IV Art. II

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. IV Art. II heading)
ARTICLE II. GENERAL PROVISIONS

405 ILCS 5/4-200

    (405 ILCS 5/4-200) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-200)
    Sec. 4-200. (a) A person with a developmental disability may be admitted to a facility for residential and habilitation services only as provided in this Chapter, except that a person may be transferred by the Department of Corrections pursuant to the Unified Code of Corrections, as now or hereafter amended. A person transferred by the Department of Corrections in this manner may be released only as provided in the Unified Code of Corrections.
    (b) Persons shall be admitted to Department facilities based on an assessment of their current individual needs and not solely on the basis of inclusion in a particular diagnostic category, identification by subaverage intelligence test score, or consideration of a past history of hospitalization or residential placement.
    (c) In all cases, the Department shall provide services to persons identified as having a developmental disability in the least restrictive environment as required by subsection (a) of Section 2-102 of this Code.
    (d) Except as provided in Article VI of this Chapter, nothing in this Chapter shall govern or prohibit the admission of a person with a developmental disability to nonresidential services.
(Source: P.A. 88-380; 89-439, eff. 6-1-96.)

405 ILCS 5/4-201

    (405 ILCS 5/4-201) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-201)
    Sec. 4-201. (a) An intellectually disabled person shall not reside in a Department mental health facility unless the person is evaluated and is determined to be a person with mental illness and the facility director determines that appropriate treatment and habilitation are available and will be provided to such person on the unit. In all such cases the Department mental health facility director shall certify in writing within 30 days of the completion of the evaluation and every 30 days thereafter, that the person has been appropriately evaluated, that services specified in the treatment and habilitation plan are being provided, that the setting in which services are being provided is appropriate to the person's needs, and that provision of such services fully complies with all applicable federal statutes and regulations concerning the provision of services to persons with a developmental disability. Those regulations shall include, but not be limited to the regulations which govern the provision of services to persons with a developmental disability in facilities certified under the Social Security Act for federal financial participation, whether or not the facility or portion thereof in which the recipient has been placed is presently certified under the Social Security Act or would be eligible for such certification under applicable federal regulations. The certifications shall be filed in the recipient's record and with the office of the Secretary of the Department. A copy of the certification shall be given to the person, an attorney or advocate who is representing the person and the person's guardian.
    (b) Any person admitted to a Department mental health facility who is reasonably suspected of being mildly or moderately intellectually disabled, including those who also have a mental illness, shall be evaluated by a multidisciplinary team which includes a qualified intellectual disabilities professional designated by the Department facility director. The evaluation shall be consistent with Section 4-300 of Article III in this Chapter, and shall include: (1) a written assessment of whether the person needs a habilitation plan and, if so, (2) a written habilitation plan consistent with Section 4-309, and (3) a written determination whether the admitting facility is capable of providing the specified habilitation services. This evaluation shall occur within a reasonable period of time, but in no case shall that period exceed 14 days after admission. In all events, a treatment plan shall be prepared for the person within 3 days of admission, and reviewed and updated every 30 days, consistent with Section 3-209 of this Code.
    (c) Any person admitted to a Department mental health facility with an admitting diagnosis of a severe or profound intellectual disability shall be transferred to an appropriate facility or unit for persons with a developmental disability within 72 hours of admission unless transfer is contraindicated by the person's medical condition documented by appropriate medical personnel. Any person diagnosed as severely or profoundly intellectually disabled while in a Department mental health facility shall be transferred to an appropriate facility or unit for persons with a developmental disability within 72 hours of such diagnosis unless transfer is contraindicated by the person's medical condition documented by appropriate medical personnel.
    (d) The Secretary of the Department shall designate a qualified intellectual disabilities professional in each of its mental health facilities who has responsibility for insuring compliance with the provisions of Sections 4-201 and 4-201.1.
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12.)

405 ILCS 5/4-201.1

    (405 ILCS 5/4-201.1) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-201.1)
    Sec. 4-201.1. (a) A person residing in a Department mental health facility who is evaluated as being mildly or moderately intellectually disabled, an attorney or advocate representing the person, or a guardian of such person may object to the Department facility director's certification required in Section 4-201, the treatment and habilitation plan, or appropriateness of setting, and obtain an administrative decision requiring revision of a treatment or habilitation plan or change of setting, by utilization review as provided in Sections 3-207 and 4-209 of this Code. As part of this utilization review, the Committee shall include as one of its members a qualified intellectual disabilities professional.
    (b) The mental health facility director shall give written notice to each person evaluated as being mildly or moderately intellectually disabled, the person's attorney and guardian, if any, or in the case of a minor, to his or her attorney, to the parent, guardian or person in loco parentis and to the minor if 12 years of age or older, of the person's right to request a review of the facility director's initial or subsequent determination that such person is appropriately placed or is receiving appropriate services. The notice shall also provide the address and phone number of the Legal Advocacy Service of the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission, which the person or guardian can contact for legal assistance. If requested, the facility director shall assist the person or guardian in contacting the Legal Advocacy Service. This notice shall be given within 24 hours of Department's evaluation that the person is mildly or moderately intellectually disabled.
    (c) Any recipient of services who successfully challenges a final decision of the Secretary of the Department (or his or her designee) reviewing an objection to the certification required under Section 4-201, the treatment and habilitation plan, or the appropriateness of the setting shall be entitled to recover reasonable attorney's fees incurred in that challenge, unless the Department's position was substantially justified.
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12.)

405 ILCS 5/4-202

    (405 ILCS 5/4-202) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-202)
    Sec. 4-202. The Department shall prescribe all forms necessary for proceedings under this Chapter, and all forms used in such proceedings shall comply substantially with the forms so prescribed. The Department shall publish all forms in electronic format and post the forms to its website.
(Source: P.A. 97-752, eff. 7-6-12.)

405 ILCS 5/4-203

    (405 ILCS 5/4-203) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-203)
    Sec. 4-203. (a) Every developmental disabilities facility shall maintain adequate records which shall include the Section of this Act under which the client was admitted, any subsequent change in the client's status, and requisite documentation for such admission and status.
    (b) The Department shall ensure that a monthly report is maintained for each Department mental health facility, and each unit of a Department developmental disability facility for dually diagnosed persons, which lists (1) initials of persons admitted to, residing at, or discharged from a Department mental health facility or unit for dually diagnosed persons of Department developmental disability facility during that month with a primary or secondary diagnosis of intellectual disability, (2) the date and facility and unit of admission or continuing, care, (3) the legal admission status, (4) the recipient's diagnosis, (5) the date and facility and unit of transfer or discharge, (6) whether or not there is a public or private guardian, (7) whether the facility director has certified that appropriate treatment and habilitation are available for and being provided to such person pursuant to Section 4-203 of this Chapter, and (8) whether the person or a guardian has requested review as provided in Section 4-209 of this Chapter and, if so, the outcome of the review. The Secretary of the Department shall furnish a copy of each monthly report upon request to the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission and the agency designated by the Governor under Section 1 of "An Act in relation to the protection and advocacy of the rights of persons with developmental disabilities, and amending certain Acts therein named", approved September 20, 1985, and under Section 1 of "An Act for the protection and advocacy of mentally ill persons", approved September 20, 1987.
    (c) Nothing contained in this Chapter shall be construed to limit or otherwise affect the power of any developmental disabilities facility to determine the qualifications of persons permitted to admit clients to such facility. This subsection shall not affect or limit the powers of any court to order admission to a developmental disabilities facility as set forth in this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12.)

405 ILCS 5/4-204

    (405 ILCS 5/4-204) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-204)
    Sec. 4-204. Every petition, certificate, and proof of service required by this Chapter shall be executed under penalty of perjury as though under oath or affirmation, but no acknowledgement is required.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-205

    (405 ILCS 5/4-205) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-205)
    Sec. 4-205. Whenever a statement or explanation is required to be given to the persons specified in Section 4-206, every effort shall be made to furnish such statement or explanation in a comprehensible language and in a manner calculated to ensure understanding. Such statement or explanation shall be communicated in sign language for any hearing impaired person for whom sign language is a primary mode of communication. When a statement or explanation is provided in a language other than English, or through the use of sign language, that fact and the name of the person providing it shall be noted in the client's record. This Section does not apply to copies of petitions and court orders.
(Source: P.A. 82-205.)

405 ILCS 5/4-206

    (405 ILCS 5/4-206) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-206)
    Sec. 4-206. Unless otherwise indicated, whenever notice is required under this Chapter, it shall be given pursuant to this Section. If a client is under 18 years of age, notice shall be given to his parent, guardian or person in loco parentis. If the client is 18 years of age or older, notice shall be given to the client, his guardian, if any, and any 2 other persons whom the client may designate. If the client is 18 or older but lacks sufficient capacity to understand and consent to the designation of persons to receive notice, notice shall also be sent to his nearest adult relative.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-207

    (405 ILCS 5/4-207) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-207)
    Sec. 4-207. (a) Six months prior to the eighteenth birthday of a client who is resident in a facility, the client shall be evaluated by the facility to determine whether he has the capacity to consent to administrative admission. If the client does not have such capacity or otherwise requires a guardian, his parent or another interested person shall be so notified and requested to file a petition for the appointment of a guardian. If no petition is filed, the facility director of the facility shall file such a petition.
    (b) Six months prior to the eighteenth birthday of a client who is receiving nonresidential services provided by or under contract with the Department, the client's parent or another interested person shall be notified by the facility providing the services or by the Department of the possible need and procedures for the appointment of a guardian. If such person so requests, the client shall be evaluated by the facility or the Department for the purpose of determining whether he requires a guardian and a report of the evaluation shall be provided to such person. If the report indicates that the client requires a guardian but no petition is filed by the time the client reaches 18, the facility or the Department shall file such a petition.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-208

    (405 ILCS 5/4-208) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-208)
    Sec. 4-208. Whenever a person is admitted, is denied admission, or objects to admission to a facility and whenever a client is notified that he is to be transferred or discharged or that his legal status is to be changed, the facility director of the facility shall provide the persons specified in Section 4-206 with the address and phone number of the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission. If any person so notified requests, the facility director shall assist him in contacting the Commission.
(Source: P.A. 85-1247.)

405 ILCS 5/4-209

    (405 ILCS 5/4-209) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-209)
    Sec. 4-209. (a) Hearings under Sections 4-201.1, 4-312, 4-704 and 4-709 of this Chapter shall be conducted by a utilization review committee. The Secretary shall appoint a utilization review committee at each Department facility. Each such committee shall consist of multi-disciplinary professional staff members who are trained and equipped to deal with the habilitation needs of clients. At least one member of the committee shall be a qualified intellectual disabilities professional. The client and the objector may be represented by persons of their choice.
    (b) The utilization review committee shall not be bound by rules of evidence or procedure but shall conduct the proceedings in a manner intended to ensure a fair hearing. The committee may make such investigation as it deems necessary. It may administer oaths and compel by subpoena testimony and the production of records. A stenographic or audio recording of the proceedings shall be made and shall be kept in the client's record. Within 3 days of conclusion of the hearing, the committee shall submit to the facility director its written recommendations which include its factual findings and conclusions. A copy of the recommendations shall be given to the client and the objector.
    (c) Within 7 days of receipt of the recommendations, the facility director shall give written notice to the client and objector of his acceptance or rejection of the recommendations and his reason therefor. If the facility director rejects the recommendations or if the client or objector requests review of the facility director's decision, the facility director shall promptly forward a copy of his decision, the recommendations, and the record of the hearing to the Secretary of the Department for final review. The review of the facility director's decision shall be decided by the Secretary or his or her designee within 30 days of the receipt of a request for final review. The decision of the facility director, or the decision of the Secretary (or his or her designee) if review was requested, shall be considered a final administrative decision, and shall be subject to review under and in accordance with Article III of the Code of Civil Procedure. The decision of the facility director, or the decision of the Secretary (or his or her designee) if review was requested, shall be considered a final administrative decision.
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12.)

405 ILCS 5/4-210

    (405 ILCS 5/4-210) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-210)
    Sec. 4-210. Whenever a petition has been executed pursuant to Sections 4-401 or 4-501, and prior to the examination for the purpose of certification, the person conducting this examination shall inform the person being examined in a simple comprehensible manner: that he is entitled to consult with a relative, friend, or attorney before the examination and that an attorney will be appointed for him if he desires; that he will be evaluated to determine if he meets the standard for judicial or emergency admission; that he does not have to talk to the examiner; and that any statement made by him may be disclosed at a court hearing on the issue of whether he meets the standard for judicial admission. If the respondent is not so informed, the examiner shall not be permitted to testify at any subsequent court hearing concerning the respondent's admission.
(Source: P.A. 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. IV Art. III

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. IV Art. III heading)
ARTICLE III. ADMINISTRATIVE AND TEMPORARY ADMISSION
OF THE DEVELOPMENTALLY DISABLED

405 ILCS 5/4-300

    (405 ILCS 5/4-300) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-300)
    Sec. 4-300. (a) No person may be administratively admitted to any facility including Chester Mental Health Center, unless an adequate diagnostic evaluation of his current condition has been conducted to determine his suitability for admission. Prior to an administrative admission, the person may be admitted to a facility for not more than 14 days for such evaluation.
    (b) The evaluation shall include current psychological, physical, neurological, social, educational or vocational, and developmental evaluations. It shall be conducted under the supervision of qualified professionals including at least one physician and either one clinical psychologist or one clinical social worker. Any tests which require language familiarity shall be conducted in the person's primary language.
(Source: P.A. 89-439, eff. 6-1-96.)

405 ILCS 5/4-301

    (405 ILCS 5/4-301) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-301)
    Sec. 4-301. Report and recommendation.
    (a) A report of the evaluation results shall include a description of the person's disability and need for services, if any; a description of the methods of evaluation used; an evaluation of the ability of the family to meet the needs of the person and a recommendation as to the supportive services the family may need; a recommendation as to the least restrictive living arrangement appropriate for the person; and the names and positions of the persons who conducted the evaluations.
    (b) The report shall be signed by at least one clinical psychologist or clinical social worker and one physician who have personally examined the person to be admitted. If the report does not recommend admission to a residential facility or to the facility to which admission is sought, a written explanation of the reasons therefor shall be included. A summary of the report shall be given to the person who executed the application.
(Source: P.A. 87-530.)

405 ILCS 5/4-302

    (405 ILCS 5/4-302) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-302)
    Sec. 4-302. A person with a developmental disability may be administratively admitted to a facility upon application if the facility director of the facility determines that he is suitable for admission. A person 18 years of age or older, if he has the capacity, or his guardian, if he is authorized by the guardianship order of the Circuit Court, may execute an application for administrative admission. Application may be executed for a person under 18 years of age by his parent, guardian, or person in loco parentis.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/4-303

    (405 ILCS 5/4-303) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-303)
    Sec. 4-303. (a) The application shall include the name and address of the person to be admitted; the name and address of his spouse, nearest adult relative, and guardian, or if none, friend; the name and address of the person executing the application and his relationship to the person to be admitted; and a short statement explaining the reason for the application.
    (b) The application form shall contain in large type and simple language the substance of Sections 4-302, 4-305, 4-306 and 4-700. The rights set forth in the application shall be explained to the person to be admitted if he is 12 or older and to the person who executed the application.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-304

    (405 ILCS 5/4-304) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-304)
    Sec. 4-304. A person may be admitted pursuant to the recommendation of the diagnostic report. At the time of admission, a clear written statement and oral explanation of the procedures for discharge, transfer and objection to admission shall be given to the person if he is 12 years of age or older and to the person who executed the application. Within 3 days of the admission, notice of the admission and an explanation of the objection procedure shall be sent or given to the persons specified in Section 4-206.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-305

    (405 ILCS 5/4-305) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-305)
    Sec. 4-305. (a) Any interested person on behalf of a client or a client himself if he is 12 years of age or older may object to an administrative, diagnostic or temporary admission under this Article. An objection may be made at any time following the admission, but once an objection has been heard, no subsequent objection may be made for 6 months without leave of the court.
    (b) An objection shall be submitted in writing to the facility director of the facility.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414. )

405 ILCS 5/4-306

    (405 ILCS 5/4-306) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-306)
    Sec. 4-306. (a) A client 18 years of age or over, who is not under guardianship, shall be allowed to be discharged from the facility at the earliest appropriate time, not to exceed 5 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, after he submits a written objection to the facility director, unless he either withdraws the objection in writing or unless within the 5 day period a petition and certificate conforming to the requirements of Section 4-501 are filed with the court. Upon receipt of the petition, the court shall order a hearing to be held within 5 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, and to be conducted pursuant to Article VI of this Chapter. Admission of the client may continue pending further order of the court. In all other objections to admission under this Article, paragraph (b) of this Section and Sections 4-307 and 4-308 shall apply.
    (b) Unless the objection is withdrawn in writing or the client is discharged, the facility director shall file a petition for review of the admission with the court within 5 days of submission of the objection, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays as provided in Sections 4-307 and 4-308. The facility director shall also file the report of the client's diagnostic evaluation and current habilitation plan with the court.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-307

    (405 ILCS 5/4-307) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-307)
    Sec. 4-307. Upon the filing of the petition, the court shall set a hearing to be held within 5 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays. The court shall direct that notice of the time and place of the hearing be served upon the client, his attorney, the objector, the person who executed the application, and the facility director of the facility. The hearing shall be conducted pursuant to Article VI of this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 86-820.)

405 ILCS 5/4-308

    (405 ILCS 5/4-308) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-308)
    Sec. 4-308. (a) If the court finds that the client is not a person with a developmental disability, that he is not in need of the services which are available at the facility, or that a less restrictive alternative is appropriate, it shall disapprove the admission and order the client discharged. If the client is in a Department facility and the court finds that he or she is a person with a developmental disability but that he is not in need of the services which are available at the facility or that a less restrictive alternative is appropriate, the court may order him transferred to a more appropriate Department facility. If the person who executed the application for admission objects to the transfer, the court shall order the client discharged.
    (b) Unless the court orders the discharge or transfer of the client, the facility may continue to provide the client with residential and habilitation services.
    (c) Unwillingness or inability of the client's parent, guardian or person in loco parentis to provide for his care or residence shall not be grounds for the court's refusing to order discharge. In that event, a petition may be filed under the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 or the Probate Act of 1975, approved August 7, 1975, as now or hereafter amended, to ensure that appropriate care and residence are provided.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/4-309

    (405 ILCS 5/4-309) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-309)
    Sec. 4-309. Habilitation plan.
    (a) Within 14 days of admission, the facility shall prepare a written habilitation plan consistent with the client's diagnosis and needs. The Department shall fully implement habilitation plans. Every reasonable effort shall be made to involve the client and his family in the preparation and implementation of the plans.
    (b) The habilitation plan shall describe the habilitation goals; a projected timetable for their attainment; the services to be provided; the role of the family in the implementation of the plan; and the name of the person responsible for supervising the habilitation plan.
    (c) The habilitation plan shall be reviewed regularly, but at least once every calendar month, by the person responsible for its supervision. They shall be modified when necessary. The client and the persons specified in Section 4-206 shall be informed regularly of the client's progress.
(Source: P.A. 89-439, eff. 6-1-96.)

405 ILCS 5/4-309.1

    (405 ILCS 5/4-309.1) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-309.1)
    Sec. 4-309.1. Habilitation and incentives. In accordance with Departmental powers and duties, facilities may offer incentives, including cash, to residents in connection with their habilitation plan.
(Source: P.A. 89-439, eff. 6-1-96.)

405 ILCS 5/4-309.2

    (405 ILCS 5/4-309.2) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-309.2)
    Sec. 4-309.2. Habilitation; incentives; disbursements. The Department may advance monies from its appropriations to facility directors for disbursement to residents in accordance with Section 4-309.1. The facility directors may maintain these monies in a locally held account prior to disbursements.
(Source: P.A. 89-439, eff. 6-1-96.)

405 ILCS 5/4-310

    (405 ILCS 5/4-310) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-310)
    Sec. 4-310. At least once annually the client shall be evaluated to determine his need for continued residential services. If need for continued residence is indicated, the facility director of the facility shall consult with the person who made application for the admission and shall request authorization for continued residence of the client. The request and authorization shall be noted in the client's record.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-311

    (405 ILCS 5/4-311) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-311)
    Sec. 4-311. (a) A person with a developmental disability may be temporarily admitted to a facility for respite care intended for the benefit of the parent or guardian, or in the event of a crisis, care where immediate temporary residential services are necessary, upon application by a person empowered to make application for administrative admission, if the facility director determines that the individual is suitable for temporary admission. The application shall describe the person's developmental disability and shall conform with the provisions of paragraph (a) of Section 4-301.
    (b) A temporary admission may continue for not more than 30 days. A client admitted on a temporary basis shall be provided with such services as are determined by mutual agreement between the facility director, the client, and the person executing the application.
    (c) Upon temporary admission, a clear written statement and oral explanation of the objection procedure shall be given to the client if he is 12 years of age or older. Within 3 days of a temporary admission, notice of the admission and an explanation of the objection procedure shall be sent to the persons specified in Section 4-206. An objection to temporary admission may be made and heard in the same manner as an objection to administrative admission.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/4-312

    (405 ILCS 5/4-312) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-312)
    Sec. 4-312. (a) If the facility director of a Department facility declines to admit a person seeking administrative or temporary admission under this Article, a review of the denial may be requested by the person who executed the application for admission or by the attorney or guardian of the person with a developmental disability. Whenever admission to a Department facility is denied, the person seeking admission shall immediately be given written notice of the right to request review of the denial under this Section. A written request for review shall be submitted to the facility director of the facility to which admission is sought within 14 days of the denial. Upon receipt of the request, the facility director shall promptly schedule a hearing to be held at the facility within 7 days pursuant to Section 4-209.
    (b) At the hearing the Department shall have the burden of proving that the person denied admission does not meet the standard for administrative admission. If the utilization review committee finds that the decision denying admission is based upon substantial evidence, it shall recommend that the denial of admission be upheld. However, if it finds that the facility to which admission is sought can provide adequate and appropriate habilitation for the person, it shall recommend that the person denied admission be admitted. If it determines that another facility can provide habilitation appropriate to the condition and needs of the person denied admission, it may recommend that the Department or other agency assist the person in obtaining such appropriate habilitation.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. IV Art. IV

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. IV Art. IV heading)
ARTICLE IV. EMERGENCY ADMISSION
OF THE INTELLECTUALLY DISABLED
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12.)

405 ILCS 5/4-400

    (405 ILCS 5/4-400) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-400)
    Sec. 4-400. (a) A person 18 years of age or older may be admitted on an emergency basis to a facility under this Article if the facility director of the facility determines: (1) that he is intellectually disabled; (2) that he is reasonably expected to inflict serious physical harm upon himself or another in the near future; and (3) that immediate admission is necessary to prevent such harm.
    (b) Persons with a developmental disability under 18 years of age and persons with a developmental disability 18 years of age or over who are under guardianship or who are seeking admission on their own behalf may be admitted for emergency care under Section 4-311.
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12.)

405 ILCS 5/4-401

    (405 ILCS 5/4-401) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-401)
    Sec. 4-401. A petition for emergency admission may be submitted to the facility director of a facility by any interested person 18 years of age or older. The petition shall include a detailed statement of the basis for the assertion that the respondent meets the criteria of Section 4-400 including a description of any act or significant threat supporting the assertion; the name and address of the spouse, parent, guardian, and close relative or, if none, any known friend of the respondent; a statement of the petitioner's relationship to the respondent and interest in the matter; the name, address and phone number of any witness by which the facts asserted may be proved. The petition may be prepared by the facility director of a facility.
(Source: P.A. 81-1509.)

405 ILCS 5/4-402

    (405 ILCS 5/4-402) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-402)
    Sec. 4-402. Examination; certificate.
    (a) No person may be detained at a facility for more than 24 hours pending admission under this Article unless within that time a clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, or physician examines the respondent and certifies that he meets the standard for emergency admission.
    (b) The certificate shall contain the examiner's observations, other factual information relied upon, and a statement as to whether the respondent was advised of his rights under Section 4-503. If no certificate is executed, the respondent shall be released immediately.
(Source: P.A. 87-530.)

405 ILCS 5/4-403

    (405 ILCS 5/4-403) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-403)
    Sec. 4-403. Upon receipt of a petition and certificate prepared pursuant to this Article, a peace officer shall take a respondent into custody and transport him to a developmental disabilities facility.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-404

    (405 ILCS 5/4-404) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-404)
    Sec. 4-404. A peace officer may take a person into custody and transport him to a facility when, as a result of his personal observation, the peace officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the person meets the standard for emergency admission. Upon arrival at the facility, the peace officer shall complete a petition for emergency admission.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-405

    (405 ILCS 5/4-405) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-405)
    Sec. 4-405. When, as a result of personal observation and testimony in open court, any court has reasonable grounds to believe that a person appearing before it meets the standard for emergency admission, the court may enter an order for the temporary detention and examination of such person. The order shall set forth in detail the facts which are the basis for the court's conclusion. The court may order a peace officer to take the person into custody and transport him to a facility. The person may be detained for examination for no more than 24 hours. If a petition and certificate, as provided in this Article, are executed within the 24 hours, the person may be admitted and the provisions of this Article shall apply. If no petition or certificate is executed, the person shall be released.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-406

    (405 ILCS 5/4-406) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-406)
    Sec. 4-406. Within 12 hours after admission, the respondent shall be given a copy of the petition and an explanation of his hearing rights under Article VI of this Chapter. Within 24 hours after admission, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, a copy of the petition shall be given personally or mailed to the persons specified in Section 4-206. The respondent shall be allowed to complete no fewer than 2 telephone calls at the time of his admission to such persons as he chooses.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-407

    (405 ILCS 5/4-407) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-407)
    Sec. 4-407. (a) Within 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, after the respondent's admission under this Article, the facility director of the facility shall file with the court 2 copies of the petition and certificate and proof of service of the petition and the explanation of rights.
    (b) Upon admission under this Article, the respondent shall be evaluated pursuant to the provisions of paragraph (b) of Section 4-300. A report of the evaluation prepared pursuant to Section 4-301 shall be filed with the court not more than 7 days after the admission. Upon receipt of the report, the court shall set a hearing pursuant to Section 4-505 to determine whether the respondent meets the standard for judicial admission.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-408

    (405 ILCS 5/4-408) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-408)
    Sec. 4-408. A respondent admitted on an emergency basis shall receive habilitation appropriate to his condition. However, the respondent shall be informed of his right to refuse medication and if he refuses, medication shall not be given unless it is necessary to prevent the respondent from causing serious harm to himself or others. The facility shall record what habilitation is given to the respondent together with the reasons therefor.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. IV Art. V

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. IV Art. V heading)
ARTICLE V. JUDICIAL ADMISSION FOR THE
INTELLECTUALLY DISABLED
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12.)

405 ILCS 5/4-500

    (405 ILCS 5/4-500) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-500)
    Sec. 4-500. A person 18 years of age or older may be admitted to a facility upon court order under this Article if the court determines: (1) that he is intellectually disabled; and (2) that he is reasonably expected to inflict serious physical harm upon himself or another in the near future.
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12.)

405 ILCS 5/4-501

    (405 ILCS 5/4-501) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-501)
    Sec. 4-501. Petition; certificate.
    (a) Any person 18 years of age or older may file a petition with the court asserting that the respondent meets the standard for judicial admission as set out in Section 4-500. The petition shall be prepared according to the form specified in Section 4-401. The court may inquire of the petitioner whether there are reasonable grounds to believe that the facts presented in the petition are true and whether the respondent meets the standard for judicial admission.
    (b) The petition may be accompanied by the certificate of a clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, or physician indicating that the respondent was examined not more than 72 hours prior to the filing of the petition and certifying that he meets the standard for judicial admission. The certificate shall also set out the examiner's observations, other factual information relied upon, and a statement as to whether the respondent was advised of his rights under Section 4-210.
(Source: P.A. 87-530.)

405 ILCS 5/4-502

    (405 ILCS 5/4-502) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-502)
    Sec. 4-502. Orders; examination; setting for hearing.
    (a) When no certificate is filed with the petition, if the court finds that the petition is in order and that there is a valid reason why no certificate has been filed, it may make any orders as are necessary to provide for an examination of the respondent by a clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, or physician. If, as a result of the examination, a certificate is executed, the certificate shall be promptly filed with the court.
    (b) When a certificate is filed with the petition or is filed pursuant to this Section, if the court finds that the documents are in order, it may make any orders as are necessary to provide for a diagnostic evaluation of the respondent pursuant to paragraph (b) of Section 4-300 of this Chapter.
    (c) Upon receipt of the diagnostic report prepared pursuant to Section 4-301, the court shall set the matter for hearing pursuant to Section 4-505.
(Source: P.A. 87-530.)

405 ILCS 5/4-503

    (405 ILCS 5/4-503) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-503)
    Sec. 4-503. A copy of the petition, any order for examination or evaluation, and a statement of the respondent's hearing rights under Article VI of this Chapter shall be personally served upon the respondent and shall be given or mailed to the persons specified in Section 4-206 at least 24 hours before the court ordered examination or evaluation.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-504

    (405 ILCS 5/4-504) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-504)
    Sec. 4-504. The respondent shall be permitted to remain in his place of residence pending any examination for certification or diagnostic evaluation. He may be accompanied by one or more of his relatives or friends or by his attorney to the place of examination. If, however, the court finds that it is necessary in order to complete the examination the court may order that the person be admitted to a developmental disabilities facility pending examination and may order a peace officer or other person to transport him there. Whenever possible the examination shall be conducted at a local developmental disabilities facility. No person may be detained for examination for certification for more than 24 hours and for a diagnostic evaluation for more than 7 days.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-505

    (405 ILCS 5/4-505) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-505)
    Sec. 4-505. The court shall set a hearing to be held within 5 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, after it receives the diagnostic report. The court shall direct that notice of the time and place of the hearing be given or sent to the respondent, his attorney, the facility director of the facility, and the persons specified in Section 4-206. The facility director shall make copies of the certificate and the diagnostic report available to the attorneys for the parties upon request.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-506

    (405 ILCS 5/4-506) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-506)
    Sec. 4-506. The respondent may remain at his place of residence pending the hearing. If the court finds it necessary, it may order a peace officer or other person to have the respondent before the court at the time of the hearing.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. IV Art. VI

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. IV Art. VI heading)
ARTICLE VI. COURT HEARINGS

405 ILCS 5/4-600

    (405 ILCS 5/4-600) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-600)
    Sec. 4-600. (a) Unless otherwise indicated, hearings under this Chapter shall be held pursuant to this Article. Hearings shall be held in such quarters as the court directs. To the extent practical, hearings shall be held at the developmental disabilities facility where the respondent is located. Any party may request a change of venue transfer to any other county because of the convenience of parties or witnesses or the condition of the respondent. The respondent may have the proceedings transferred to the county of his residence.
    (b) If the court grants a continuance on its own motion or upon the motion of one of the parties, the respondent may continue to be detained pending further order of the court. Such continuance shall not extend beyond 15 days except to the extent that continuances are requested by the respondent.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-601

    (405 ILCS 5/4-601) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-601)
    Sec. 4-601. A respondent may request administrative admission at any time prior to a court order for judicial admission. If the facility director approves such a request, the court may dismiss the pending proceedings but may require proof that such dismissal is in the best interest of the respondent and of the public.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-602

    (405 ILCS 5/4-602) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-602)
    Sec. 4-602. The respondent is entitled to a jury on the question of whether he meets the standard for judicial admission. The jury shall consist of 6 persons to be chosen in the same manner as are jurors in other civil proceedings.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-603

    (405 ILCS 5/4-603) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-603)
    Sec. 4-603. Appointment of examiners; report. The court may appoint one or more clinical psychologists, clinical social workers, physicians, or other experts to examine the respondent and make a detailed written report of his or their findings regarding the respondent's condition. The report shall be filed with the court and copies shall be made available to the attorneys for the parties.
(Source: P.A. 87-530.)

405 ILCS 5/4-604

    (405 ILCS 5/4-604) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-604)
    Sec. 4-604. Independent examination. The respondent is entitled to secure an independent examination by a physician, clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, or other expert of his choice. If the respondent is unable to obtain an examination, he may request that the court order an examination to be made by an impartial medical expert pursuant to Supreme Court Rules or by a clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, or other expert. Determination of the compensation of the physician, clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, or other expert and its payment shall be governed by Supreme Court Rule.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414; 87-530.)

405 ILCS 5/4-605

    (405 ILCS 5/4-605) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-605)
    Sec. 4-605. Every respondent alleged to meet the standard for judicial admission shall be represented by counsel. If the respondent is indigent or an appearance has not been entered on his behalf at the time the matter is set for hearing, the court shall appoint counsel for him. A hearing shall not proceed when a respondent is not represented by counsel unless, after conferring with counsel, the respondent requests to represent himself and the court is satisfied that the respondent has the capacity to make an informed waiver of his right to counsel. Counsel shall be allowed time for adequate preparation and shall not be prevented from conferring with the respondent at reasonable times nor from making an investigation of the matters in issue and presenting such relevant evidence as he believes is necessary.
    1. If the court determines that the respondent is unable to obtain counsel, the court shall appoint as counsel an attorney employed by or under contract with the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission, if available.
    2. If an attorney from the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission is not available, the court shall appoint as counsel the public defender or, only if no public defender is available, an attorney licensed to practice law in this State.
    3. Upon filing with the court of a verified statement of legal services rendered by the private attorney appointed pursuant to paragraph (2) of this Section, the court shall determine a reasonable fee for such services. If the respondent is unable to pay the fee, the court shall enter an order upon the county to pay the entire fee or such amount as the respondent is unable to pay.
(Source: P.A. 85-1247.)

405 ILCS 5/4-606

    (405 ILCS 5/4-606) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-606)
    Sec. 4-606. The respondent shall be present at any hearing held under this Act unless his attorney waives his right to be present and the court is satisfied by a clear showing that the respondent's attendance would subject him to substantial risk of serious physical or emotional harm.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-607

    (405 ILCS 5/4-607) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-607)
    Sec. 4-607. Expert testimony; waiver. No respondent may be found to meet the standard for judicial admission unless at least one clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, or physician who has examined him testifies in person at the hearing. The respondent may waive the requirement of this testimony subject to the approval of the court.
(Source: P.A. 87-530.)

405 ILCS 5/4-608

    (405 ILCS 5/4-608) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-608)
    Sec. 4-608. No respondent may be found to meet the standard for judicial admission unless that finding has been established by clear and convincing evidence.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-609

    (405 ILCS 5/4-609) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-609)
    Sec. 4-609. (a) In a hearing for judicial admission, if the respondent is not found to meet the standard for judicial admission, the court shall dismiss the petition and order the respondent discharged.
    (b) If it is found that the respondent meets the standard for judicial admission, the court may order him admitted to a developmental disabilities facility designated by the Department; to a private facility, if it agrees; or to a program of nonresidential habilitation. If the court is not satisfied with the verdict of the jury finding that the respondent meets the standard for judicial admission, it may set aside such verdict and order the respondent discharged or it may order another hearing. Before disposition is determined, the court shall consider the diagnostic report and its recommendations and shall select the least restrictive alternative which is consistent with the respondent's needs.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-610

    (405 ILCS 5/4-610) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-610)
    Sec. 4-610. Nonresidential habilitation; orders; modification and revocation.
    (a) Prior to ordering admission to a program of nonresidential habilitation, the court shall ascertain that the program is capable of providing adequate and humane habilitation appropriate to the respondent's condition.
    (b) The court shall have continuing authority to modify an order for nonresidential habilitation if the respondent fails to comply with it or is otherwise found unsuitable for such habilitation. Prior to modifying such an order, the court must receive a report from the facility director specifying why the habilitation is unsuitable. The respondent shall be notified and given an opportunity to respond when modification is considered.
    (c) If the court revokes an order for nonresidential habilitation and orders admission of the respondent to a developmental disabilities facility, it may order a peace officer or other person to transport the respondent to the facility.
(Source: P.A. 89-439, eff. 6-1-96.)

405 ILCS 5/4-611

    (405 ILCS 5/4-611) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-611)
    Sec. 4-611. (a) An order for admission to a developmental disabilities facility or to a program of nonresidential habilitation shall be for a period not to exceed 180 days. Prior to the expiration of the order, if the facility director of the facility or program believes that the client continues to meet the standard for judicial admission, a new petition and certificate may be filed with the court. In the event that a new petition is filed, the facility director of the facility shall file with the court a current habilitation plan which includes an evaluation of the respondent's progress and the extent to which he is benefiting from habilitation. If no petition is filed prior to expiration of the order, the client shall be discharged. Following a hearing on the petition, the court may order an additional 180 day period of admission to a facility or to a program of nonresidential habilitation only if the client continues to meet the standard for judicial admission.
    (b) Additional 180 day periods of judicial admission may be sought pursuant to the procedures set out in this Section for so long as the client continues to meet the standard for judicial admission. The provisions of this Article which apply whenever an initial order is sought shall apply whenever an additional period of admission is sought.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-612

    (405 ILCS 5/4-612) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-612)
    Sec. 4-612. Not more than 60 days after any admission under this Article, the facility director of the facility shall file a current habilitation plan with the court which includes an evaluation of the client's progress and the extent to which he is benefiting from habilitation. The court shall review the habilitation plan. The court may order any public agency, officer, or employee to render such information, cooperation, and assistance as is within its legal authority and as may be necessary to achieve the objectives of this Section. The client or any person on his behalf may request a hearing to review the habilitation plan or the court on its own motion may order such a hearing. If the court is satisfied that the client is benefiting from habilitation, it may continue the original order for the remainder of the admission period. If the court is not so satisfied, it may modify its original order or it may order the client discharged.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-613

    (405 ILCS 5/4-613) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-613)
    Sec. 4-613. Final orders; notice; appeals.
    (a) Every final order of the court shall be in writing and shall be accompanied by a statement on the record of the court's findings of fact and conclusions of law. A copy of such order shall be promptly given to the client, his or her attorney, and the facility director of the developmental disabilities facility or program to which the respondent is admitted.
    (b) An appeal from a final order may be taken in the same manner as in other civil cases. Upon entry of a final order, the court shall notify the client of his or her right to appeal and, if he or she is indigent, of his or her right to a free transcript and counsel. The cost of the transcript shall be paid pursuant to subsection (c) of Section 3-818 and subsection (c) of Section 4-615 of this Code. If the client wishes to appeal and is unable to obtain counsel, counsel shall be appointed pursuant to the provisions of Section 4-605.
(Source: P.A. 90-765, eff. 8-14-98.)

405 ILCS 5/4-614

    (405 ILCS 5/4-614) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-614)
    Sec. 4-614. A verbatim record shall be made of all judicial hearings held pursuant to this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-615

    (405 ILCS 5/4-615) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-615)
    Sec. 4-615. Fees; costs; State funds.
    (a) Fees for jury service, witnesses, and service and execution of process are the same as for similar services in civil proceedings.
    (b) Except as provided under subsection (c) of this Section, the court may assess costs of the proceedings against the parties. If the respondent is not a resident of the county in which the hearing is held and the party against whom the court would otherwise assess costs has insufficient funds to pay the costs, the court may enter an order upon the State to pay the cost of the proceedings, from funds appropriated by the General Assembly for that purpose.
    (c) If the respondent is a party against whom the court would otherwise assess costs and that respondent is determined by the court to have insufficient funds to pay the cost of transcripts for the purpose of appeal, the court shall enter an order upon the State to pay the cost of one original and one copy of a transcript of proceedings established under this Code. Payment of transcript costs authorized under this subsection (c) shall be paid from funds appropriated by the General Assembly to the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts.
(Source: P.A. 90-765, eff. 8-14-98.)

405 ILCS 5/4-616

    (405 ILCS 5/4-616) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-616)
    Sec. 4-616. (a) When a client is admitted upon court order, the order may authorize a relative or friend of the client to transport the client to the developmental disabilities facility if such person is able to do so safely and humanely. When the Department indicates that it has transportation to the facility available, the order may authorize the Department to transport the client there. The court may order the sheriff of the county in which such proceedings are held to transport the client to the facility.
    (b) Upon the delivery of a client to a facility, in accordance with the procedure set forth in this Article, the facility director of the facility shall sign a receipt acknowledging custody of the client and for any personal property belonging to him or her, which receipt shall be filed with the clerk of the court which entered the admission order.
(Source: P.A. 83-346.)

405 ILCS 5/4-617

    (405 ILCS 5/4-617) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-617)
    Sec. 4-617. Nothing in this Chapter shall deprive any person of the benefits of relief by habeas corpus. If the court issuing the order of habeas corpus grants relief, a copy of the order shall be sent to the court which entered the order of admission and the clerk of the court shall file the order in the court record.
(Source: P.A. 83-346.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. IV Art. VII

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. IV Art. VII heading)
ARTICLE VII. DISCHARGE AND TRANSFER

405 ILCS 5/4-700

    (405 ILCS 5/4-700) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-700)
    Sec. 4-700. The person who executed the application for administrative or temporary admission may request discharge of the client so admitted at any time. The client shall be discharged within 3 days of receipt of a written request by the facility director of the developmental disabilities facility.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-701

    (405 ILCS 5/4-701) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-701)
    Sec. 4-701. (a) Any client admitted to a developmental disabilities facility under this Chapter may be discharged whenever the facility director determines that he is suitable for discharge.
    (b) Any client admitted to a facility or program of nonresidential services upon court order under Article V of this Chapter or admitted upon court order as intellectually disabled or mentally deficient under any prior statute shall be discharged whenever the facility director determines that he no longer meets the standard for judicial admission. When the facility director believes that continued residence is advisable for such a client, he shall inform the client and his guardian, if any, that the client may remain at the facility on administrative admission status. When a facility director discharges or changes the status of such client, he shall promptly notify the clerk of the court who shall note the action in the court record.
    (c) When the facility director discharges a client pursuant to subsection (b) of this Section, he shall promptly notify the State's Attorney of the county in which the client resided immediately prior to his admission to a developmental disabilities facility. Upon receipt of such notice, the State's Attorney may notify such peace officers that he deems appropriate.
    (d) The facility director may grant a temporary release to any client when such release is appropriate and consistent with the habilitation needs of the client.
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12; 98-463, eff. 8-16-13.)

405 ILCS 5/4-702

    (405 ILCS 5/4-702) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-702)
    Sec. 4-702. (a) Conditional discharge means the placement of a client out of a facility for continuing habilitation provided under supervision of the discharging developmental disabilities facility or of the Department if he was in a Department facility. The facility director may grant a conditional discharge to a client when he determines that conditional discharge is appropriate and consistent with the habilitation needs of the client.
    (b) A conditional discharge shall terminate within one year unless it is extended for one additional year. Written notice of the extension shall be given to the persons specified in Section 4-206 and to the facility, if any, where the client is residing.
    (c) A conditionally discharged client may be readmitted to the facility if the facility director determines that such readmission is consistent with the client's habilitation needs and if the court, in the event that the client was judicially admitted, or the person who executed the application for administrative admission, consents thereto.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-703

    (405 ILCS 5/4-703) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-703)
    Sec. 4-703. (a) Prior to discharge under Sections 4-701 or 4-702, the facility director shall prepare a post-discharge plan which is consistent with the client's habilitation goals. To the extent possible, the client and his family shall be consulted in the preparation and implementation of the plan.
    (b) Prior to discharge if the client is 18 years of age or older and does not have a guardian, he shall be evaluated to determine whether he requires one. If it is determined that the client requires a guardian, his parent or another interested person shall be notified and requested to file a petition for the appointment of a guardian. If no petition is filed, the facility director of the facility may file such a petition.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-704

    (405 ILCS 5/4-704) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-704)
    Sec. 4-704. (a) At least 14 days prior to the discharge of a client from a Department developmental disabilities facility under Section 4-701 or 4-702, the facility director shall give written notice of the discharge to the client, if he is 12 years of age or older, to his attorney and guardian, if any, to the person who executed the application for admission and to the resident school district when appropriate. The notice, except that to the school district, shall include the reason for the discharge and a statement of the right to object.
    (b) The client, if he is 12 years of age or older, may object to his discharge or the attorney or guardian of a client or the person who executed the application may object on behalf of a client. Prior to discharge a written objection shall be submitted to the facility director of the facility where the client is located. Upon receipt of an objection, the facility director shall promptly schedule a hearing to be held at the facility within 7 days pursuant to Section 4-209. No discharge shall proceed pending hearing on an objection, unless the person objecting to the discharge consents to discharge pending the hearing.
    (c) At the hearing the Department shall have the burden of proving that the client meets the standard for discharge under this Chapter and under Section 15 of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Administrative Act. If the utilization review committee finds that the Department has sustained its burden and that the proposed discharge is based upon substantial evidence, it shall recommend that the discharge proceed. If the utilization review committee does not so find, it shall recommend that the client not be discharged but it may recommend that the client be transferred to another facility which can provide habilitation appropriate to the condition and needs of the client. It may recommend that the Department or other agency assist the person in obtaining such appropriate habilitation.
(Source: P.A. 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

405 ILCS 5/4-705

    (405 ILCS 5/4-705) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-705)
    Sec. 4-705. Petition for discharge; examination.
    (a) At any time a person admitted by court order under Article V of this Chapter or under any prior statute or any person 18 years of age or older on his behalf may file a petition for discharge with the court.
    (b) The petition shall set forth: (1) the name of the client; (2) the events that precipitated the admission and the date of the admission order; and (3) a request for discharge and the reasons for the request. The petition shall be accompanied by the certificate of a clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, or physician stating that the client no longer meets the standard for judicial admission and specifying the reasons for that conclusion.
    (c) If the petition is not accompanied by a certificate, the court shall appoint a clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, or physician to examine the client. If the clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, or physician determines that the client does not meet the standard for judicial admission, he shall execute a certificate so stating. The client is also entitled to an independent examination pursuant to Section 4-605.
(Source: P.A. 87-530.)

405 ILCS 5/4-706

    (405 ILCS 5/4-706) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-706)
    Sec. 4-706. (a) Upon receipt of a petition for discharge, the court shall set a hearing to be held within 7 days. The court shall direct that notice of the time and place of the hearing be given to the client, the person specified in Section 4-206, and to the facility director. Article VI of this Chapter shall apply to hearings held under this Section.
    (b) If the court finds that the client does not meet the standard for judicial admission, the court shall enter an order so finding and shall order the client discharged. If the court determines that the client continues to meet the standard for judicial admission, the court may continue or modify its original order. Thereafter, no new petition for discharge may be filed for 60 days without leave of the court.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-707

    (405 ILCS 5/4-707) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-707)
    Sec. 4-707. The facility director of any Department facility may transfer a client to another Department facility if he determines that the transfer is appropriate and consistent with the habilitation needs of the client. An appropriate facility which is close to the client's place of residence shall be preferred unless the client requests otherwise or unless compelling reasons exist for preferring another facility.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-708

    (405 ILCS 5/4-708) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-708)
    Sec. 4-708. Any client admitted to a facility or to a program of nonresidential habilitation under Article V of this Chapter or his guardian, attorney, or nearest adult relative on his behalf may at any time petition the court for transfer to a different facility or program of nonresidential services. If the client is in a private facility, the facility may also petition for transfer. An order for admission to a facility shall not be entered under this Section if the original order did not authorize such admission unless a hearing is held pursuant to Article VI of this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/4-709

    (405 ILCS 5/4-709) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 4-709)
    Sec. 4-709. (a) Whenever a client who has been in a Department facility for more than 7 days is to be transferred to another facility under Section 4-707, the facility director of the facility shall give written notice at least 14 days before transfer to the client's attorney and to the persons specified in Section 4-206 of the reasons for the transfer and of the right to object. In an emergency, when the health of the client or the physical safety of the client or others is imminently imperiled and appropriate care and services are not available where the client is located, a client may be immediately transferred to another facility provided that notice is given as soon as possible but not more than 48 hours after the transfer. The reason for the emergency shall be noted in the client's record and specified in the notice.
    (b) A client may object to his transfer or his attorney or any person receiving notice under Section 4-206 may object on his behalf. Prior to transfer or within 14 days after an emergency transfer, a written objection shall be submitted to the facility director of the facility where the client is located. Upon receipt of an objection, the facility director shall promptly schedule a hearing to be held within 7 days pursuant to the procedures in Section 4-209. The hearing shall be held at the transferring facility except that when an emergency transfer has taken place, the hearing may be held at the receiving facility. Except in an emergency, no transfer shall proceed pending hearing on an objection.
    (c) At the hearing the Department shall have the burden of proving that the standard for transfer under Section 4-707 is met. If the transfer is to a facility which is substantially more physically restrictive than the transferring facility, the Department shall also prove that the transfer is reasonably required for the safety of the client or others. If the utilization review committee finds that the Department has sustained its burden and the decision to transfer is based upon substantial evidence, it shall recommend that the transfer proceed. If it does not so find, it shall recommend that the client not be transferred.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. V

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. V heading)
CHAPTER V
GENERAL PROVISIONS

405 ILCS 5/5-100

    (405 ILCS 5/5-100) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 5-100)
    Sec. 5-100. Written notice of the death of a recipient of services which occurs at a mental health or developmental disabilities facility, or the death of a recipient of services who has not been discharged from a mental health or developmental disabilities facility but whose death occurs elsewhere, shall within 10 days of the death of a recipient be mailed to the Department of Public Health which, for the primary purpose of monitoring patterns of abuse and neglect of recipients of services, shall make such notices available to the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission and to the agency designated by the Governor under Section 1 of "An Act in relation to the protection and advocacy of the rights of persons with developmental disabilities, and amending Acts therein named", approved September 20, 1985. Such notice shall include the name of the recipient, the name and address of the facility at which the death occurred, the recipient's age, the nature of the recipient's condition, including any evidence of the previous injuries or disabilities, or relevant medical conditions or any other information which might be helpful in establishing the cause of death.
    Written notice of the death of a recipient of services who was admitted by court order, and the cause thereof shall, in all cases, be mailed by the facility director to the court entering the original admission order, and if possible, to the same judge, and the time, place and alleged cause of such death shall be entered upon the docket. Such notice must be mailed within 10 days following the death of the recipient.
    In the event of a sudden or mysterious death of any recipient of services at any public or private facility, a coroner's inquest shall be held as provided by law in other cases.
    In cases where the deceased person was a recipient or client of any state facility, and the fees for holding an inquest cannot be collected out of his estate, such fees shall be paid by the Department.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/5-100A

    (405 ILCS 5/5-100A)
    Sec. 5-100A. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 89-507, eff. 7-1-97. Repealed by P.A. 96-1235, eff. 1-1-11.)

405 ILCS 5/5-101

    (405 ILCS 5/5-101) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 5-101)
    Sec. 5-101. If any recipient of services leaves a facility without being duly discharged or being free to do so, as provided in this Act, or if any resident is placed on conditional discharge or temporarily released from the facility and if such recipient is considered by the facility director to be in such condition as to require immediate detention for the protection of such recipient or other persons, then upon the request of the facility director of the facility, any peace officer shall apprehend such recipient and return him to the nearest Department facility which provides residential services. The Department shall then arrange for the return of the recipient to the appropriate facility. The cost of returning a recipient whose absence from a private facility or a Veterans Administration facility is unauthorized shall be paid by such facility. If the unauthorized absence is from a facility of the Department, such cost shall be paid by the Department in accordance with the fee schedule set forth in Section 19 of "An Act concerning fees and salaries, and to classify the several counties of the state with reference thereto", approved March 29, 1872, as now or hereafter amended.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/5-102

    (405 ILCS 5/5-102) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 5-102)
    Sec. 5-102. Persons who are not residents of this State may not be detained in any facility unless admitted thereto in accordance with the laws of this State, or of the state having jurisdiction of such persons.
    A person who is not a resident of this State and who is admitted to a Department facility for services may be returned by the Department to the state of which he is a resident, but no such person may be returned unless arrangements to receive him have been made in the state to which he is to be returned.
    The Department, subject to the approval of the Attorney General, may enter into reciprocal agreements with corresponding agencies of other states regarding the interstate transportation or transfer of recipients and may arrange with the proper officials for the acceptance, transfer and support of persons who are residents of this State but who are temporarily detained or who are receiving services in public facilities of other states in accordance with the terms of such agreements. In the case of persons brought to this State under any agreements authorized under this Section, local peace officers may upon request of the Department receive and arrange for admission of such persons pursuant to this Act.
(Source: P.A. 84-871.)

405 ILCS 5/5-103

    (405 ILCS 5/5-103) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 5-103)
    Sec. 5-103. The Department, or any health officer of this State or any municipality where any person subject to involuntary admission or who meets the standard for judicial admission may be, may inquire into the manner in which any such person who is not a recipient of services in a state facility is cared for and maintained. Whenever the Department has reason to believe that any person asserted or adjudged to be subject to involuntary admission or to meet the standard for judicial admission is confined and may be wrongfully deprived of his liberty, or is cruelly, negligently or improperly treated, or that inadequate provision is made for his care, supervision and safekeeping, it may ascertain the facts or may order an investigation of the facts. The Department, or any duly authorized representative of the Department, may at any time visit and examine the persons in any place to ascertain if persons subject to involuntary admission or who meet the standard for judicial admission are kept therein. The Secretary, or any duly authorized representative of the Department conducting the investigation, may administer oaths and issue subpoenas requiring the attendance of and the giving of testimony by witnesses and subpoenas duces tecum requiring the production of books, papers, records, or memoranda. All subpoenas issued under this Act may be served by any person 18 years of age or older. The fees of witnesses for attendance and travel are the same as the fees of witnesses before the circuit courts of this State. Such fees are to be paid when the witness is excused from further attendance. When the witness is subpoenaed at the instance of the Department or any officer or employee thereof, such fees shall be paid in the same manner as other expenses of the Department, and when the witness is subpoenaed at the instance of any other party to any such proceeding the Department may require that the cost of service of the subpoena and the fee of the witness be borne by such party. In such case the Department, in its discretion, may require a deposit to cover the cost of such service and witness fees. A subpoena issued under this Section must be served in the same manner as a subpoena issued out of a court.
    Any court of this State, upon the application of the Department or any officer or employee thereof may compel the attendance of witnesses, the production of books, papers, records, or memoranda and the giving of testimony before the Department or any officer or employee thereof conducting an investigation or holding a hearing authorized by this Act, by an attachment for contempt, or otherwise, in the same manner as production of evidence may be compelled before that court. The Department or any officer or employee thereof, or any party interested in an investigation or hearing before the Department, may cause the depositions of witnesses residing within or without the State to be taken in the manner prescribed by law for like depositions in civil actions in courts of this State and, to that end, compel the attendance of witnesses and the production of books, papers, records or memoranda.
    Whenever the Department undertakes an investigation into the general management and administration of any facility, it may give notice to the Attorney General who shall appear personally or by an assistant and examine witnesses who may be in attendance and otherwise represent the Department in such investigation.
    Any recipient's records or confidential communications disclosed under this Section or under proceedings pursuant thereto shall not lose their confidential and privileged character as established by the "Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Confidentiality Act", enacted by the 80th General Assembly; such records or confidential communications shall not be utilized for any other purpose nor be redisclosed or otherwise discoverable except in connection with such investigation and proceedings pursuant thereto.
(Source: P.A. 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

405 ILCS 5/5-104

    (405 ILCS 5/5-104) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 5-104)
    Sec. 5-104. The Department may prescribe and publish rules and regulations to carry out the purposes of this Act and to enforce the provisions this Act and may alter, amend and supplement such rules and regulations relating to this Act; but any person affected adversely by any order or ruling of the Department is entitled to review as provided in Section 6-100 of this Act. Pending final decision on such review, the acts, orders and rulings of the Department shall remain in full force and effect unless modified or suspended by order of court pending final judicial decision thereof.
    The provisions of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act are hereby expressly adopted and shall apply to all administrative rules and procedures of the Department under this Act, except that in case of conflict between the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act and this Act the provisions of this Act shall control, and except that Section 5-35 of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act relating to procedures for rule-making does not apply to the adoption of any rule required by federal law in connection with which the Department is precluded by law from exercising any discretion.
    As part of such rules and regulations, the Department shall require that any State operated facility and any community agency, whether public or private, which provides mental health or developmental disabilities services to any person shall, with respect to such person, use a uniform case opening form approved by the Department. The form shall require that such person's Social Security number be obtained and stated among other information requested. The facility or agency may assign a case number to each recipient of its services, and that number shall be provided to the Department on any reports requested by the Department.
(Source: P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/5-105

    (405 ILCS 5/5-105) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 5-105)
    Sec. 5-105. Each recipient of services provided directly or funded by the Department and the estate of that recipient is liable for the payment of sums representing charges for services to the recipient at a rate to be determined by the Department in accordance with this Act. If a recipient is a beneficiary of a trust described in Section 15.1 of the Trusts and Trustees Act, the trust shall not be considered a part of the recipient's estate and shall not be subject to payment for services to the recipient under this Section except to the extent permitted under Section 15.1 of the Trusts and Trustees Act. If the recipient is unable to pay or if the estate of the recipient is insufficient, the responsible relatives are severally liable for the payment of those sums or for the balance due in case less than the amount prescribed under this Act has been paid. If the recipient is under the age of 18, the recipient and responsible relative shall be liable for medical costs on a case-by-case basis for services for the diagnosis and treatment of conditions other than that child's handicapping condition. The liability shall be the lesser of the cost of medical care or the amount of responsible relative liability established by the Department under Section 5-116. Any person 18 through 21 years of age who is receiving services under the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (Public Law 94-142) or that person's responsible relative shall only be liable for medical costs on a case-by-case basis for services for the diagnosis and treatment of conditions other than the person's handicapping condition. The liability shall be the lesser of the cost of medical care or the amount of responsible relative liability established by the Department under Section 5-116. In the case of any person who has received residential services from the Department, whether directly from the Department or through a public or private agency or entity funded by the Department, the liability shall be the same regardless of the source of services. The maximum services charges for each recipient assessed against responsible relatives collectively may not exceed financial liability determined from income in accordance with Section 5-116. Where the recipient is placed in a nursing home or other facility outside the Department, the Department may pay the actual cost of services in that facility and may collect reimbursement for the entire amount paid from the recipient or an amount not to exceed those amounts determined under Section 5-116 from responsible relatives according to their proportionate ability to contribute to those charges. The liability of each responsible relative for payment of services charges ceases when payments on the basis of financial ability have been made for a total of 12 years for any recipient, and any portion of that 12 year period during which a responsible relative has been determined by the Department to be financially unable to pay any services charges must be included in fixing the total period of liability. No child is liable under this Act for services to a parent. No spouse is liable under this Act for the services to the other spouse who wilfully failed to contribute to the spouse's support for a period of 5 years immediately preceding his or her admission. Any spouse claiming exemption because of wilful failure to support during any such 5 year period must furnish the Department with clear and convincing evidence substantiating the claim. No parent is liable under this Act for the services charges incurred by a child after the child reaches the age of majority. Nothing in this Section shall preclude the Department from applying federal benefits that are specifically provided for the care and treatment of a disabled person toward the cost of care provided by a State facility or private agency.
(Source: P.A. 87-311; 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/5-106

    (405 ILCS 5/5-106) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 5-106)
    Sec. 5-106. The rate at which sums for the services to recipients in a mental health or developmental disabilities program of the Department is calculated by the Department is the average per capita cost of the services to all such recipients, such cost to be computed by the Department on the general average per capita cost of operation of all State facilities for the fiscal year immediately preceding the period of State care for which the rate is being calculated, except the Department may, in its discretion, set the rate at a lesser amount than such average per capita cost. The Department in its rules and regulations may establish a maximum rate not to exceed the rate set by the Office of Health Finance for the cost of services furnished to persons in mental health or developmental disabilities programs involving residential care. If a recipient is placed in a residential program or facility outside the Department, the ability of responsible relatives to pay these costs shall be determined under Section 5-116 of this Act. The Department may supplement the contribution of these persons to private facilities after all other sources of income have been utilized, provided responsible relatives do not contribute to actual cost of services in excess of amounts charged to responsible relatives as established under Section 5-116 of this Act. The Department shall make an annual report to the Commission on Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities setting forth proposed changes in rules and regulations relating to Sections 5-105 through 5-115 and summarizing all amounts expended by the Department on behalf of recipients in private facilities. The Department may pay the actual costs of services or maintenance in such facility and may collect reimbursement for the entire amount paid from the recipient, or an amount not to exceed the amount listed in Section 5-106 of this Act from responsible relatives according to their proportionate ability to contribute to such charges. Lesser or greater amounts may be accepted by the Department when conditions warrant such action or when offered by persons not liable under this Act. The amounts so received shall be deposited with the State Treasurer and placed in the Mental Health Fund.
(Source: P.A. 83-578.)

405 ILCS 5/5-107

    (405 ILCS 5/5-107) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 5-107)
    Sec. 5-107. Remittances from intermediary agencies under Title XVIII of the Federal Social Security Act for services to persons in State facilities shall be deposited with the State Treasurer and placed in the Mental Health Fund. Payments received from the Department of Healthcare and Family Services under Title XIX of the Federal Social Security Act for services to persons in State facilities shall be deposited with the State Treasurer and shall be placed in the General Revenue Fund.
    The Auditor General shall audit or cause to be audited all amounts collected by the Department.
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07.)

405 ILCS 5/5-107.1

    (405 ILCS 5/5-107.1) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 5-107.1)
    Sec. 5-107.1. Remittances from or on behalf of licensed long-term care facilities through Department of Healthcare and Family Services reimbursement and monies from other funds for Day Training Programs for clients with a developmental disability shall be deposited with the State Treasurer and placed in the Mental Health Fund.
    The Auditor General shall audit or cause to be audited all amounts collected by the Department.
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07.)

405 ILCS 5/5-107.2

    (405 ILCS 5/5-107.2) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 5-107.2)
    Sec. 5-107.2. The Department shall charge, collect and receive fees or money equivalent to the cost of providing Department personnel, equipment, commodities and services to other agencies and branches of State government, units of local government or the federal government, on such terms and conditions as in the judgment of the Secretary are in the best interest of the State.
    All services provided by the Department shall be conducted pursuant to contracts in accordance with the Intergovernmental Cooperation Act.
(Source: P.A. 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

405 ILCS 5/5-108

    (405 ILCS 5/5-108) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 5-108)
    Sec. 5-108. The Department may investigate the financial condition of each person liable under this Act, may make determinations of the ability of each such person to pay sums representing services charges, and for such purposes may set a standard as a basis of judgment of ability to pay under Section 5-116 of this Act. The Department shall by rule make provisions for unusual and exceptional circumstances in the application of such standard. The Department may issue to any person liable under this Act a statement of amount due as treatment charges requiring him to pay monthly, quarterly or otherwise as may be arranged, an amount not exceeding that required under this Act, plus fees to which the Department may be entitled under the Act.
    Whenever an individual is covered, in part or in whole, under any type of insurance arrangement, private or public for services provided by the Department, the proceeds from such insurance shall be considered as part of the individual's ability to pay, notwithstanding that the insurance contract was entered into by a person other than the individual or notwithstanding that the premiums for such insurance were paid for by a person other than the individual.
(Source: P.A. 83-578.)

405 ILCS 5/5-108.1

    (405 ILCS 5/5-108.1)
    Sec. 5-108.1. Exemption from charges. Any recipient of services who is participating in a research program conducted by the Psychiatric Institute located at 1601 West Taylor Street, Chicago, Illinois, under an intergovernmental agreement between the Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois and the Department shall not be liable for any charges as set forth in Sections 5-105, 5-106, and 5-107 of this Act. This exemption shall apply only to those charges incurred for services rendered at the Psychiatric Institute located at 1601 West Taylor Street, Chicago, Illinois.
(Source: P.A. 89-552, eff. 7-26-96.)

405 ILCS 5/5-108.2

    (405 ILCS 5/5-108.2)
    Sec. 5-108.2. Exemption from charges; veterans. Any veteran who receives services provided by a State mental health facility that are not covered by the veteran's existing insurance plan shall not be liable for any charges as set forth in Sections 5-105, 5-106, and 5-107 of this Code. For purposes of this Section, "veteran" means an Illinois resident who is a veteran as defined under subsection (h) of Section 1491 of Title 10 of the United States Code.
(Source: P.A. 96-1013, eff. 7-8-10.)

405 ILCS 5/5-109

    (405 ILCS 5/5-109) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 5-109)
    Sec. 5-109. No admission of a recipient in a State facility may be limited or conditioned in any manner by the financial status or ability to pay of the recipient, the estate of the recipient, or any responsible relative of the recipient.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/5-110

    (405 ILCS 5/5-110) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 5-110)
    Sec. 5-110. Services charges against responsible relatives take effect on the date of admission or acceptance of the recipient for services or as soon thereafter as each responsible relative's financial ability during the period which the recipient receives services subjects him to liability for charges as required under this Act. Payment in full by a responsible relative of established services charges as provided in this Act constitutes full discharge of the liability of such responsible relative, unless there has been material misrepresentation in revealing the extent of financial resources.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/5-111

    (405 ILCS 5/5-111) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 5-111)
    Sec. 5-111. Any person who has been issued a Notice of Determination of sums due as services charges may petition the Department for a review of that determination. The petition must be in writing and filed with the Department within 90 days from the date of the Notice of Determination. The Department shall provide for a hearing to be held on the charges for the period covered by the petition. The Department may after such hearing, cancel, modify or increase such former determination to an amount not to exceed the maximum provided for such person by this Act. The Department at its expense shall take testimony and preserve a record of all proceedings at the hearing upon any petition for a release from or modification of such determination. The petition and other documents in the nature of pleadings and motions filed in the case, a transcript of testimony, findings of the Department, and orders of the Secretary constitute the record. The Secretary shall furnish a transcript of such record to any person upon payment therefor of 75 per page for each original transcript and 25 per page for each copy thereof. Any person aggrieved by the decision of the Department upon such hearing may, within 30 days thereafter, file a petition with the Department for review of such decision by the Board of Reimbursement Appeals. The Board of Reimbursement Appeals may approve action taken by the Department or may remand the case to the Secretary with recommendations for redetermination of charges.
(Source: P.A. 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

405 ILCS 5/5-112

    (405 ILCS 5/5-112) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 5-112)
    Sec. 5-112. A Board of Reimbursement Appeals, consisting of 3 persons appointed by the Governor, is created to review decisions of the Department under Sections 5-105 through 5-115 of this Act. Board members shall serve for terms of 3 years commencing January l of the year their appointment becomes effective and continuing until their successors are appointed and qualified. All Board members appointed under law prior to the effective date of this Act shall serve until the expiration of the terms for which they were appointed and until their successors are appointed and qualified. All Board members shall take and subscribe to the constitutional oath of office and file it with the Secretary of State. They shall receive no compensation but the Department shall reimburse them for expenses necessarily incurred in the performance of their duties. Persons appointed as Board members may have no other connection or duties with the Department.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/5-113

    (405 ILCS 5/5-113) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 5-113)
    Sec. 5-113. Upon receiving a petition for review under Section 5-111, the Department shall thereupon notify the Board of Reimbursement Appeals which shall render its decision thereon within 30 days after the petition is filed and certify such decision to the Department. Concurrence of a majority of the Board is necessary in any such decision. Upon request of the Department, the State's Attorney of the county in which a responsible relative or a recipient who is liable under this Act for payment of sums representing services charges resides, shall institute appropriate legal action against any such responsible relative, or the recipient, or within the time provided by law shall file a claim against the estate of such recipient who fails or refuses to pay those charges. The court shall order the payment of sums due for services charges for such period or periods of time as the circumstances require, except that no responsible relative may be held liable for charges for services furnished to a recipient if such charges were assessed more than 5 years prior to the time the action is filed; but such 5 year limitation does not apply to the liability of a recipient or recipient's estate. Such order may be entered against any or all such defendants and may be based upon the proportionate ability of each defendant to contribute to the payment of sums representing services charges including the actual charges for services in facilities outside the Department where the Department has paid such charges. Orders for the payment of money may be enforced by attachment as for contempt against the persons of the defendants and, in addition, as other judgments for the payment of money, and costs may be adjudged against the defendants and apportioned among them.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/5-114

    (405 ILCS 5/5-114) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 5-114)
    Sec. 5-114. A decedent's representative who has actual knowledge that the decedent has been a recipient in a State facility shall notify the Department of the death of the decedent and, if the representative has been appointed by a court, shall furnish the Department with a copy of his letters of office. Within the time allowed by law for the filing of claims, the Department may file a claim against the decedent's estate for any balance due for services charges by the decedent while a recipient. Such claim shall be allowed and paid as other lawful claims against the estate. Nothing contained in this Section imposes upon the legal representative any personal liability for the payment of any amount so due or claimed to be due.
    As used in this Section, " representative" means executor or administrator of the decedent's estate or anyone holding assets of the decedent.
(Source: P.A. 83-388.)

405 ILCS 5/5-115

    (405 ILCS 5/5-115) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 5-115)
    Sec. 5-115. In case any recipient, the estate of any recipient, or the responsible relatives of such recipient are unable to pay the services charges for the recipient provided for by this Act, then the cost of services of such recipient shall be borne by the State, but the cost of clothing, transportation and other incidental expenses not constituting any part of the services shall be defrayed at the expense of the recipient, or the estate of the recipient, or the responsible relatives of the recipient, or of the county of his residence, except that the county is not required to defray expense of clothing. No child is liable under this Act for clothing, transportation, or other incidental expenses of a parent and no spouse is liable under this Act for clothing, transportation or other incidental expenses of a spouse who wilfully failed to contribute to the spouse's support for a period of 5 years immediately preceding the maintenance, such spouse being in need of support or maintenance for hospitalization, however. No parent is liable under this Act for the services charges incurred by a child after such child reaches the age of majority.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/5-116

    (405 ILCS 5/5-116) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 5-116)
    Sec. 5-116. Standard and Regulations for Determining Ability to Support. The Department shall establish a standard by which shall be measured the ability of responsible relatives to provide support, and shall implement the standard by rules governing its application. The standard and the rules shall take into account the buying and consumption patterns of self-supporting persons of modest income, present or future contingencies having direct bearing on maintenance of the relative's self-support status and fulfillment of his obligations to his immediate family, and any unusual or exceptional circumstances including estrangement or other personal or social factors, that have a bearing on family relationships and the relative's ability to meet his support obligations. The standard shall be recomputed periodically to reflect changes in the cost of living and other pertinent factors.
(Source: P.A. 83-578.)

405 ILCS 5/5-117

    (405 ILCS 5/5-117) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 5-117)
    Sec. 5-117. The Attorney General shall defend all civil actions and proceedings against any employee or agent of the Department arising out of official duties in connection with the apprehension, transportation, examination, services, detention or discharge of any individual under this Act, in any of the courts of this State or in federal court.
(Source: P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. VI

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. VI heading)
CHAPTER VI
MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

405 ILCS 5/6-100

    (405 ILCS 5/6-100) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 6-100)
    Sec. 6-100. Judicial proceedings conducted pursuant to this Act shall be conducted in accordance with the Civil Practice Law, except to the extent the provisions of this Act indicate to the contrary or are inconsistent, in which case this Act governs.
(Source: P.A. 82-783.)

405 ILCS 5/6-101

    (405 ILCS 5/6-101) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 6-101)
    Sec. 6-101. Any person affected by a final administrative decision of the Department or the Board of Reimbursement Appeals, pursuant to this Act, may have such decisions reviewed only under and in accordance with the Administrative Review Law, as now or hereafter amended. The Administrative Review Law, as amended, and the rules adopted pursuant thereto, apply to and govern all proceedings for the judicial review of final administrative decisions of the Department hereunder. The term "administrative decision" is defined as in Section 3-101 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
(Source: P.A. 82-783.)

405 ILCS 5/6-102

    (405 ILCS 5/6-102) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 6-102)
    Sec. 6-102. Any person who conspires unlawfully to cause, or unlawfully causes, any person to be adjudicated as subject to involuntary or judicial admission or as a person under legal disability or to be detained at, or admitted to any mental health facility or developmental disabilities facility, or any person who receives or detains a person with mental illness or person with a developmental disability, contrary to this Act, or any person who maltreats a person with mental illness or person with a developmental disability, or any person who knowingly aids, abets or assists or encourages a person with mental illness or person with a developmental disability to be absent without permission from any facility or custodian in which or by whom such person is lawfully detained, or any person who violates any provision contained in this Act or rule or regulation of the Department issued under this Act commits a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/6-103

    (405 ILCS 5/6-103) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 6-103)
    Sec. 6-103. (a) All persons acting in good faith and without negligence in connection with the preparation of applications, petitions, certificates or other documents, for the apprehension, transportation, examination, treatment, habilitation, detention or discharge of an individual under the provisions of this Act incur no liability, civil or criminal, by reason of such acts.
    (b) There shall be no liability on the part of, and no cause of action shall arise against, any person who is a physician, clinical psychologist, or qualified examiner based upon that person's failure to warn of and protect from a recipient's threatened or actual violent behavior except where the recipient has communicated to the person a serious threat of physical violence against a reasonably identifiable victim or victims. Nothing in this Section shall relieve any employee or director of any residential mental health or developmental disabilities facility from any duty he may have to protect the residents of such a facility from any other resident.
    (c) Any duty which any person may owe to anyone other than a resident of a mental health and developmental disabilities facility shall be discharged by that person making a reasonable effort to communicate the threat to the victim and to a law enforcement agency, or by a reasonable effort to obtain the hospitalization of the recipient.
    (d) An act of omission or commission by a peace officer acting in good faith in rendering emergency assistance or otherwise enforcing this Code does not impose civil liability on the peace officer or his or her supervisor or employer unless the act is a result of willful or wanton misconduct.
(Source: P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/6-103.1

    (405 ILCS 5/6-103.1)
    Sec. 6-103.1. Adjudication as a mentally disabled person. When a person has been adjudicated as a mentally disabled person as defined in Section 1.1 of the Firearm Owners Identification Card Act, including, but not limited to, an adjudication as a disabled person as defined in Section 11a-2 of the Probate Act of 1975, the court shall direct the circuit court clerk to notify the Department of State Police, Firearm Owner's Identification (FOID) Office, in a form and manner prescribed by the Department of State Police, and shall forward a copy of the court order to the Department no later than 7 days after the entry of the order. Upon receipt of the order, the Department of State Police shall provide notification to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System.
(Source: P.A. 97-1131, eff. 1-1-13; 98-63, eff. 7-9-13.)

405 ILCS 5/6-103.2

    (405 ILCS 5/6-103.2)
    Sec. 6-103.2. Developmental disability; notice. For purposes of this Section, if a person is determined to be developmentally disabled as defined in Section 1.1 of the Firearm Owners Identification Card Act by a physician, clinical psychologist, or qualified examiner, whether practicing at a public or by a private mental health facility or developmental disability facility, the physician, clinical psychologist, or qualified examiner shall notify the Department of Human Services within 24 hours of making the determination that the person has a developmental disability. The Department of Human Services shall immediately update its records and information relating to mental health and developmental disabilities, and if appropriate, shall notify the Department of State Police in a form and manner prescribed by the Department of State Police. Information disclosed under this Section shall remain privileged and confidential, and shall not be redisclosed, except as required under subsection (e) of Section 3.1 of the Firearm Owners Identification Card Act, nor used for any other purpose. The method of providing this information shall guarantee that the information is not released beyond that which is necessary for the purpose of this Section and shall be provided by rule by the Department of Human Services. The identity of the person reporting under this Section shall not be disclosed to the subject of the report.
    The physician, clinical psychologist, or qualified examiner making the determination and his or her employer may not be held criminally, civilly, or professionally liable for making or not making the notification required under this Section, except for willful or wanton misconduct.
(Source: P.A. 98-63, eff. 7-9-13.)

405 ILCS 5/6-103.3

    (405 ILCS 5/6-103.3)
    Sec. 6-103.3. Clear and present danger; notice. If a person is determined to pose a clear and present danger to himself, herself, or to others by a physician, clinical psychologist, or qualified examiner, whether employed by the State, by any public or private mental health facility or part thereof, or by a law enforcement official or a school administrator, then the physician, clinical psychologist, qualified examiner shall notify the Department of Human Services and a law enforcement official or school administrator shall notify the Department of State Police, within 24 hours of making the determination that the person poses a clear and present danger. The Department of Human Services shall immediately update its records and information relating to mental health and developmental disabilities, and if appropriate, shall notify the Department of State Police in a form and manner prescribed by the Department of State Police. Information disclosed under this Section shall remain privileged and confidential, and shall not be redisclosed, except as required under subsection (e) of Section 3.1 of the Firearm Owners Identification Card Act, nor used for any other purpose. The method of providing this information shall guarantee that the information is not released beyond that which is necessary for the purpose of this Section and shall be provided by rule by the Department of Human Services. The identity of the person reporting under this Section shall not be disclosed to the subject of the report. The physician, clinical psychologist, qualified examiner, law enforcement official, or school administrator making the determination and his or her employer shall not be held criminally, civilly, or professionally liable for making or not making the notification required under this Section, except for willful or wanton misconduct. This Section does not apply to a law enforcement official, if making the notification under this Section will interfere with an ongoing or pending criminal investigation.
    For the purposes of this Section:
        "Clear and present danger" has the meaning ascribed
    
to it in Section 1.1 of the Firearm Owners Identification Card Act.
        "School administrator" means the person required to
    
report under the School Administrator Reporting of Mental Health Clear and Present Danger Determinations Law.
(Source: P.A. 98-63, eff. 7-9-13.)

405 ILCS 5/6-104

    (405 ILCS 5/6-104) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 6-104)
    Sec. 6-104. Unless otherwise specifically provided elsewhere by law, nothing contained in this Act or in any Act amendatory thereof affects or impairs the validity of any act done or right accruing, accrued, acquired, or any order, judgment or status established prior to the enactment of this Act or prior to the enactment of any Act amendatory thereof, and, as to any persons admitted or committed pursuant to any Act in effect prior to the effective date of this Act, the provisions of any such prior Act shall continue to govern, except where there are express provisions in this Act relating to such persons.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/6-104.3

    (405 ILCS 5/6-104.3)
    Sec. 6-104.3. Comparable programs for the services contained in the Specialized Mental Health Rehabilitation Act of 2013. The Division of Mental Health of the Department of Human Services shall oversee the creation of comparable programs for the services contained in the Specialized Mental Health Rehabilitation Act of 2013 for community-based providers to provide the following services:
        (1) triage center;
        (2) crisis stabilization; and
        (3) transitional living.
    These comparable programs shall operate under the regulations that may currently exist for such programs, or, if no such regulations are in existence, regulations shall be created. The comparable programs shall be provided through a managed care entity, a coordinated care entity, or an accountable care entity. The Department shall work in concert with any managed care entity, care coordination entity, or accountable care entity to gather the data necessary to report and monitor the progress of the services offered under this Section. The services to be provided under this Section shall be subject to a specific appropriation of the General Assembly for the specific purposes of this Section.
    The Department shall adopt any emergency rules necessary to implement this Section.
(Source: P.A. 98-104, eff. 7-22-13.)

405 ILCS 5/6-105

    (405 ILCS 5/6-105) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 6-105)
    Sec. 6-105. The provisions for repeal contained in this Act do not in any way affect an offense committed, an act done, a penalty, punishment or forfeiture incurred, or a claim, right, power or remedy accrued under any law in force prior to the effective date of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/6-106

    (405 ILCS 5/6-106) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 6-106)
    Sec. 6-106. The "Mental Health Code of 1967", approved August 14, 1967, as amended, is repealed.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/6-107

    (405 ILCS 5/6-107) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 6-107)
    Sec. 6-107. This Act takes effect January 1, 1979.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)