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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS
(805 ILCS 5/) Business Corporation Act of 1983.

805 ILCS 5/Art. 8

 
    (805 ILCS 5/Art. 8 heading)
ARTICLE 8. DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS

805 ILCS 5/8.05

    (805 ILCS 5/8.05) (from Ch. 32, par. 8.05)
    Sec. 8.05. Board of directors.
    (a) Except as provided in Article 2A of this Act, each corporation shall have a board of directors and the business and affairs of the corporation shall be managed by or under the direction of the board of directors.
    (b) The articles of incorporation or by-laws may prescribe qualifications for directors. A director need not be a resident of this State or a shareholder of the corporation unless the articles of incorporation or by-laws so prescribe.
    (c) Unless otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation or by-laws, the board of directors, by the affirmative vote of a majority of the directors then in office, and irrespective of any personal interest of any of its members, shall have authority to establish reasonable compensation of all directors for services to the corporation as directors, officers or otherwise, notwithstanding the provisions of Section 8.60.
(Source: P.A. 88-151.)

805 ILCS 5/8.10

    (805 ILCS 5/8.10) (from Ch. 32, par. 8.10)
    Sec. 8.10. Number, election and resignation of directors. (a) The board of directors of a corporation shall consist of one or more members. The number of directors shall be fixed by the by-laws, except the number of initial directors shall be fixed by the incorporators in the articles of incorporation or at the organizational meeting. In the absence of a by-law fixing the number of directors, the number shall be the same as that fixed in the articles of incorporation or at the organizational meeting. The number of directors may be increased or decreased from time to time by amendment to the by-laws.
    (b) The by-laws may establish a variable range for the size of the board by prescribing a minimum and maximum (which may not exceed the minimum by more than five) number of directors. If a variable range is established, the number of directors may be fixed or changed from time to time, within the minimum and maximum, by the directors or the shareholders without further amendment to the by-laws.
    (c) The terms of all directors expire at the next annual shareholders' meeting following their election unless their terms are staggered under subsection (e). The term of a director elected to fill a vacancy expires at the next annual shareholders' meeting at which his or her predecessor's term would have expired. The term of a director elected as a result of an increase in the number of directors expires at the next annual shareholders' meeting unless the term is staggered under subsection (e).
    (d) Despite the expiration of a director's term, he or she continues to serve until the next meeting of shareholders at which directors are elected. A decrease in the number of directors does not shorten an incumbent director's term.
    (e) If the board of directors consists of six or more members, in lieu of electing the membership of the whole board of directors annually, the articles of incorporation or by-laws may provide that the directors shall be divided into either two or three classes, each class to be as nearly equal in number as is possible. The term of office of directors of the first class shall expire at the first annual meeting of shareholders after their election, that of the second class shall expire at the second annual meeting after their election, and that of the third class, if any, shall expire at the third annual meeting after their election. At each annual meeting after such classification, the number of directors equal to the number of the class whose terms expire at the time of such meeting shall be elected to hold office until the second succeeding annual meeting, if there be two classes, or until the third succeeding annual meeting, if there be three classes.
    (f) If the articles of incorporation authorize dividing the shares into classes or series, the articles may also authorize the election of all or a specified number or percentage of directors by the holders of one or more authorized classes or series of shares.
    (g) A director may resign at any time by giving written notice to the board of directors, its chairman, or to the president or secretary of the corporation. A resignation is effective when the notice is given unless the notice specifies a future date. The pending vacancy may be filled before the effective date, but the successor shall not take office until the effective date.
(Source: P.A. 83-1025.)

805 ILCS 5/8.15

    (805 ILCS 5/8.15) (from Ch. 32, par. 8.15)
    Sec. 8.15. Quorum of directors. (a) A majority of the number of directors fixed by the by-laws, or in the absence of a by-law fixing the number of directors, the number stated in the articles of incorporation or named by the incorporators, shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business unless a greater number is specified by the articles of incorporation or the by-laws.
    (b) If a corporation has a variable range board of directors, a quorum shall consist of a majority of the directors then in office, but not less than a majority of the minimum number of directors specified for the variable range of the board unless the articles of incorporation or by-laws specify a greater number.
    (c) The act of the majority of the directors present at a meeting at which a quorum is present shall be the act of the board of directors, unless the act of a greater number is required by the articles of incorporation or the by-laws.
    (d) Unless specifically prohibited by the articles of incorporation or by-laws, members of the board of directors or of any committee of the board of directors may participate in and act at any meeting of such board or committee through the use of a conference telephone or other communications equipment by means of which all persons participating in the meeting can hear each other. Participation in such meeting shall constitute attendance and presence in person at the meeting of the person or persons so participating.
(Source: P.A. 83-1025.)

805 ILCS 5/8.20

    (805 ILCS 5/8.20) (from Ch. 32, par. 8.20)
    Sec. 8.20. Place of directors' meetings. Regular or special meetings of the board of directors may be held either within or without this State.
(Source: P.A. 83-1025.)

805 ILCS 5/8.25

    (805 ILCS 5/8.25) (from Ch. 32, par. 8.25)
    Sec. 8.25. Notice of directors' meetings. Meetings of the board of directors shall be held upon such notice as the by-laws may prescribe. Attendance of a director at any meeting shall constitute a waiver of notice of such meeting except where a director attends a meeting for the express purpose of objecting to the transaction of any business because the meeting is not lawfully called or convened. Neither the business to be transacted at, nor the purpose of, any regular or special meeting of the board of directors need be specified in the notice or waiver of notice of such meeting.
(Source: P.A. 83-1025.)

805 ILCS 5/8.30

    (805 ILCS 5/8.30) (from Ch. 32, par. 8.30)
    Sec. 8.30. Vacancies. Any vacancy occurring in the board of directors and any directorship to be filled by reason of an increase in the number of directors may be filled by election at an annual meeting or at a special meeting of shareholders called for that purpose; provided, however, the by-laws may provide a method for filling vacancies arising between meetings of shareholders by reason of an increase in the number of directors or otherwise, by director or shareholder action and, in the absence of such a provision, the board of directors may fill the vacancy. A director elected by the shareholders to fill a vacancy shall hold office for the balance of the term for which he or she was elected. A director appointed to fill a vacancy shall serve until the next meeting of shareholders at which directors are to be elected.
(Source: P.A. 83-1025.)

805 ILCS 5/8.35

    (805 ILCS 5/8.35) (from Ch. 32, par. 8.35)
    Sec. 8.35. Removal of directors. (a) One or more of the directors may be removed, with or without cause, at a meeting of shareholders by the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of the outstanding shares then entitled to vote at an election of directors, except as follows:
    (1) No director shall be removed at a meeting of shareholders unless the notice of such meeting shall state that a purpose of the meeting is to vote upon the removal of one or more directors named in the notice. Only the named director or directors may be removed at such meeting.
    (2) In the case of a corporation having cumulative voting, if less than the entire board is to be removed, no director may be removed, with or without cause, if the votes cast against his or her removal would be sufficient to elect him or her if then cumulatively voted at an election of the entire board of directors.
    (3) If a director is elected by a class or series of shares, he or she may be removed only by the shareholders of that class or series.
    (4) In the case of a corporation whose board is classified as provided in subsection (e) of Section 8.10, the articles of incorporation may provide that directors may be removed only for cause.
    (b) The provisions of subsection (a) shall not preclude the circuit court of the county in which the corporation's registered office is located from removing a director of the corporation from office in a proceeding commenced either by corporation or by shareholders of the corporation holding at least 10 percent of the outstanding shares of any class if the court finds (1) the director is engaged in fraudulent or dishonest conduct or has grossly abused his or her position to the detriment of the corporation, and (2) removal is in the best interest of the corporation. If the court removes a director, it may bar the director from reelection for a period prescribed by the court. If such a proceeding is commenced by the shareholders, they shall make the corporation a party defendant.
(Source: P.A. 84-924.)

805 ILCS 5/8.40

    (805 ILCS 5/8.40) (from Ch. 32, par. 8.40)
    Sec. 8.40. Committees.
    (a) If the articles of incorporation or by-laws so provide, a majority of the directors may create one or more committees, each to have one or more members, and appoint members of the board to serve on the committee or committees. A committee's members shall serve at the pleasure of the board.
    (b) Unless the appointment by the board of directors requires a greater number, a majority of any committee shall constitute a quorum and a majority of a quorum is necessary for committee action. A committee may act by unanimous consent in writing without a meeting and, subject to the provisions of the by-laws or action by the board of directors, the committee by majority vote of its members shall determine the time and place of meetings and the notice required therefor.
    (c) To the extent specified by the board of directors or in the articles of incorporation or by-laws, each committee may exercise the authority of the board of directors under Section 8.05; provided, however, a committee may not:
        (1) authorize distributions, except for dividends to
    
be paid with respect to shares of any preferred or special classes or any series thereof;
        (2) approve or recommend to shareholders any act this
    
Act requires to be approved by shareholders;
        (3) fill vacancies on the board or on any of its
    
committees;
        (4) elect or remove officers or fix the compensation
    
of any member of the committee;
        (5) adopt, amend or repeal the by-laws;
        (6) approve a plan of merger not requiring
    
shareholder approval;
        (7) authorize or approve reacquisition of shares,
    
except according to a general formula or method prescribed by the board;
        (8) authorize or approve the issuance or sale, or
    
contract for sale, of shares, except that the board may direct a committee (i) to fix the specific terms of the issuance or sale or contract for sale, including without limitation the pricing terms or the designation and relative rights, preferences, and limitations of a series of shares if the board of directors has approved the maximum number of shares to be issued pursuant to such delegated authority or (ii) to fix the price and the number of shares to be allocated to particular employees under an employee benefit plan; or
        (9) amend, alter, repeal, or take action inconsistent
    
with any resolution or action of the board of directors when the resolution or action of the board of directors provides by its terms that it shall not be amended, altered or repealed by action of a committee.
(Source: P.A. 91-464, eff. 1-1-00.)

805 ILCS 5/8.45

    (805 ILCS 5/8.45) (from Ch. 32, par. 8.45)
    Sec. 8.45. Informal action by directors. (a) Unless specifically prohibited by the articles of incorporation or by-laws, any action required by this Act to be taken at a meeting of the board of directors of a corporation, or any other action which may be taken at a meeting of the board of directors or a committee thereof, may be taken without a meeting if a consent in writing, setting forth the action so taken, shall be signed by all of the directors entitled to vote with respect to the subject matter thereof, or by all the members of such committee, as the case may be.
    (b) The consent shall be evidenced by one or more written approvals, each of which sets forth the action taken and bears the signature of one or more directors. All the approvals evidencing the consent shall be delivered to the secretary to be filed in the corporate records. The action taken shall be effective when all the directors have approved the consent unless the consent specifies a different effective date.
    (c) Any such consent signed by all the directors or all the members of a committee shall have the same effect as a unanimous vote, and may be stated as such in any document filed with the Secretary of State under this Act.
(Source: P.A. 83-1025.)

805 ILCS 5/8.50

    (805 ILCS 5/8.50) (from Ch. 32, par. 8.50)
    Sec. 8.50. Officers. A corporation shall have such officers as shall be provided in the by-laws, each of whom shall be elected by the board of directors at such time and in such manner as may be prescribed by the by-laws. Officers and assistant officers and agents as may be deemed necessary may be elected or appointed by the board of directors or chosen in such other manner as may be prescribed by the by-laws. If the by-laws so provide, any two or more offices may be held by the same person. One officer, in this Act generally referred to as the secretary, shall have the authority to certify the by-laws, resolutions of the shareholders and board of directors and committees thereof, and other documents of the corporation as true and correct copies thereof.     All officers and agents of the corporation, as between themselves and the corporation, shall have such express authority and perform such duties in the management of the property and affairs of the corporation as may be provided in the by-laws, or as may be determined by resolution of the board of directors not inconsistent with the by-laws and such implied authority as recognized by the common law from time to time.
(Source: P.A. 83-1025.)

805 ILCS 5/8.55

    (805 ILCS 5/8.55) (from Ch. 32, par. 8.55)
    Sec. 8.55. Removal of officers. Any officer or agent may be removed by the board of directors whenever in its judgment the best interests of the corporation will be served thereby, but such removal shall be without prejudice to the contract rights, if any, of the person so removed. Election or appointment of an officer or agent shall not of itself create contract rights.
(Source: P.A. 83-1025.)

805 ILCS 5/8.60

    (805 ILCS 5/8.60) (from Ch. 32, par. 8.60)
    Sec. 8.60. Director conflict of interest.
    (a) If a transaction is fair to a corporation at the time it is authorized, approved, or ratified, the fact that a director of the corporation is directly or indirectly a party to the transaction is not grounds for invalidating the transaction or the director's vote regarding the transaction; provided, however, that in a proceeding contesting the validity of such a transaction, the person asserting validity has the burden of proving fairness unless:
        (1) the material facts of the transaction and the
    
director's interest or relationship were disclosed or known to the board of directors or a committee of the board and the board or committee authorized, approved or ratified the transaction by the affirmative votes of a majority of disinterested directors, even though the disinterested directors be less than a quorum; or
        (2) the material facts of the transaction and the
    
director's interest or relationship were disclosed or known to the shareholders entitled to vote and they authorized, approved or ratified the transaction without counting the vote of any shareholder who is an interested director.
    (b) For purposes of this Section, a director is "indirectly" a party to a transaction if the other party to the transaction is an entity in which the director has a material financial interest or of which the director is an officer, director or general partner.
(Source: P.A. 90-421, eff. 1-1-98.)

805 ILCS 5/8.65

    (805 ILCS 5/8.65) (from Ch. 32, par. 8.65)
    Sec. 8.65. Liability of directors in certain cases.
    (a) In addition to any other liabilities imposed by law upon directors of a corporation, they are liable as follows:
        (1) The directors of a corporation who vote for or
    
assent to any distribution prohibited by Section 9.10 of this Act shall be jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of such distribution.
        (2) If a dissolved corporation shall proceed to bar
    
any known claims against it under Section 12.75, the directors of such corporation who fail to take reasonable steps to cause the notice required by Section 12.75 of this Act to be given to any known creditor of such corporation shall be jointly and severally liable to such creditor for all loss and damage occasioned thereby.
        (3) Unless dissolution is subsequently revoked
    
pursuant to Section 12.25 of this Act, the directors of a corporation that carries on its business after the filing by the Secretary of State of articles of dissolution with respect to a voluntary dissolution authorized as provided by this Act, otherwise than as necessary or appropriate to wind up and liquidate its business and affairs, shall be jointly and severally liable to the creditors of such corporation for all debts and liabilities of the corporation incurred in so carrying on its business. Directors of a corporation that carries on its business during a period of administrative dissolution shall not be liable under this paragraph (a)(3) if the Secretary of State subsequently files an application for reinstatement under subsection (c) of Section 12.45, which reinstatement shall have the effect described in subsection (d) of Section 12.45.
    (b) A director of a corporation who is present at a meeting of its board of directors at which action on any corporate matter is taken is conclusively presumed to have assented to the action taken unless his or her dissent is entered in the minutes of the meeting or unless he or she files his or her written dissent to such action with the person acting as the secretary of the meeting before the adjournment thereof or forwards such dissent by registered or certified mail to the secretary of the corporation immediately after the adjournment of the meeting. Such right to dissent does not apply to a director who voted in favor of such action.
    (c) A director shall not be liable for a distribution of assets to the shareholders of a corporation in excess of the amount authorized by Section 9.10 of this Act if he or she relied and acted in good faith upon a balance sheet and profit and loss statement of the corporation represented to him or her to be correct by the president or the officer of such corporation having charge of its books of account, or certified by an independent public or certified public accountant or firm of such accountants to fairly reflect the financial condition of such corporation, nor shall he or she be so liable if in good faith in determining the amount available for any such dividend or distribution he or she considered the assets to be of their book value.
    (d) Any director against whom a claim is asserted under this Section and who is held liable thereon, is entitled to contribution from the other directors who are likewise liable thereon.
    Any director against whom a claim is asserted for the improper distribution of assets of a corporation and who is held liable thereon, is entitled to contribution from the shareholders who knowingly accepted or received any such distribution in proportion to the amounts received by them respectively.
(Source: P.A. 98-776, eff. 1-1-15.)

805 ILCS 5/8.70

    (805 ILCS 5/8.70) (from Ch. 32, par. 8.70)
    Sec. 8.70. Kickbacks, bribes, etc. -Liability of officers or directors. Any Corporate director or officer who commits commercial bribery or commercial bribe receiving as defined in Article 29A of the Criminal Code of 2012, shall be liable to the corporation which he or she serves as officer or director for treble damages, based on the aggregate amount given or received plus attorneys' fees. A conviction in a criminal proceeding for a commercial bribery or commercial bribe receiving shall be deemed prima facie evidence of the convicted director's or officer's liability under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

805 ILCS 5/8.75

    (805 ILCS 5/8.75) (from Ch. 32, par. 8.75)
    Sec. 8.75. Indemnification of officers, directors, employees and agents; insurance.
    (a) A corporation may indemnify any person who was or is a party, or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or completed action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative (other than an action by or in the right of the corporation) by reason of the fact that he or she is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of the corporation, or who is or was serving at the request of the corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, against expenses (including attorneys' fees), judgments, fines and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred by such person in connection with such action, suit or proceeding, if such person acted in good faith and in a manner he or she reasonably believed to be in, or not opposed to the best interests of the corporation, and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe his or her conduct was unlawful. The termination of any action, suit or proceeding by judgment, order, settlement, conviction, or upon a plea of nolo contendere or its equivalent, shall not, of itself, create a presumption that the person did not act in good faith and in a manner which he or she reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the corporation or, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, that the person had reasonable cause to believe that his or her conduct was unlawful.
    (b) A corporation may indemnify any person who was or is a party, or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or completed action or suit by or in the right of the corporation to procure a judgment in its favor by reason of the fact that such person is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of the corporation, or is or was serving at the request of the corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, against expenses (including attorneys' fees) actually and reasonably incurred by such person in connection with the defense or settlement of such action or suit, if such person acted in good faith and in a manner he or she reasonably believed to be in, or not opposed to, the best interests of the corporation, provided that no indemnification shall be made with respect to any claim, issue, or matter as to which such person has been adjudged to have been liable to the corporation, unless, and only to the extent that the court in which such action or suit was brought shall determine upon application that, despite the adjudication of liability, but in view of all the circumstances of the case, such person is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnity for such expenses as the court shall deem proper.
    (c) To the extent that a present or former director, officer or employee of a corporation has been successful, on the merits or otherwise, in the defense of any action, suit or proceeding referred to in subsections (a) and (b), or in defense of any claim, issue or matter therein, such person shall be indemnified against expenses (including attorneys' fees) actually and reasonably incurred by such person in connection therewith, if the person acted in good faith and in a manner he or she reasonably believed to be in, or not opposed to, the best interests of the corporation.
    (d) Any indemnification under subsections (a), (b), or (c) (unless ordered by a court) shall be made by the corporation only as authorized in the specific case, upon a determination that indemnification of the present or former director, officer, employee or agent is proper in the circumstances because he or she has met the applicable standard of conduct set forth in subsections (a), (b), or (c). Such determination shall be made with respect to a person who is a director or officer of the corporation at the time of the determination: (1) by the majority vote of the directors who are not parties to such action, suit or proceeding, even though less than a quorum, (2) by a committee of such directors, even though less than a quorum, designated by a majority vote of such directors, (3) if there are no such directors, or if such directors so direct, by independent legal counsel in a written opinion, or (4) by the shareholders.
    (e) Expenses (including attorney's fees) incurred by an officer or director of the corporation in defending a civil or criminal action, suit or proceeding may be paid by the corporation in advance of the final disposition of such action, suit or proceeding upon receipt of an undertaking by or on behalf of such director or officer to repay such amount if it shall ultimately be determined that such person is not entitled to be indemnified by the corporation as authorized in this Section. Such expenses (including attorney's fees) incurred by former directors and officers or other employees and agents of the corporation or by persons serving at the request of the corporation as directors, officers, employees or agents of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise may be so paid on such terms and conditions, if any, as the corporation deems appropriate.
    (f) The indemnification and advancement of expenses provided by or granted under the other subsections of this Section shall not be deemed exclusive of any other rights to which those seeking indemnification or advancement of expenses may be entitled under any by-law, agreement, vote of shareholders or disinterested directors, or otherwise, both as to action in his or her official capacity and as to action in another capacity while holding such office. A right to indemnification or to advancement of expenses arising under a provision of the articles of incorporation or a by-law shall not be eliminated or impaired by an amendment to such provision after the occurrence of the act or omission that is the subject of the civil, criminal, administrative or investigative action, suit or proceeding for which indemnification or advancement of expenses is sought, unless the provision in effect at the time of such act or omission explicitly authorizes such elimination or impairment after such act or omission has occurred.
    (g) A corporation may purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of any person who is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of the corporation, or who is or was serving at the request of the corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, against any liability asserted against such person and incurred by such person in any such capacity, or arising out of his or her status as such, whether or not the corporation would have the power to indemnify such person against such liability under the provisions of this Section.
    (h) If a corporation indemnifies or advances expenses to a director or officer under subsection (b) of this Section, the corporation shall report the indemnification or advance in writing to the shareholders with or before the notice of the next shareholders meeting.
    (i) For purposes of this Section, references to "the corporation" shall include, in addition to the surviving corporation, any merging corporation (including any corporation having merged with a merging corporation) absorbed in a merger which, if its separate existence had continued, would have had the power and authority to indemnify its directors, officers, and employees or agents, so that any person who was a director, officer, employee or agent of such merging corporation, or was serving at the request of such merging corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, shall stand in the same position under the provisions of this Section with respect to the surviving corporation as such person would have with respect to such merging corporation if its separate existence had continued.
    (j) For purposes of this Section, references to "other enterprises" shall include employee benefit plans; references to "fines" shall include any excise taxes assessed on a person with respect to an employee benefit plan; and references to "serving at the request of the corporation" shall include any service as a director, officer, employee or agent of the corporation which imposes duties on, or involves services by such director, officer, employee, or agent with respect to an employee benefit plan, its participants, or beneficiaries. A person who acted in good faith and in a manner he or she reasonably believed to be in the best interests of the participants and beneficiaries of an employee benefit plan shall be deemed to have acted in a manner "not opposed to the best interest of the corporation" as referred to in this Section.
    (k) The indemnification and advancement of expenses provided by or granted under this Section shall, unless otherwise provided when authorized or ratified, continue as to a person who has ceased to be a director, officer, employee, or agent and shall inure to the benefit of the heirs, executors, and administrators of that person.
    (l) The changes to this Section made by this amendatory Act of the 92nd General Assembly apply only to actions commenced on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 92nd General Assembly.
(Source: P.A. 97-881, eff. 8-2-12.)

805 ILCS 5/8.85

    (805 ILCS 5/8.85) (from Ch. 32, par. 8.85)
    Sec. 8.85. In discharging the duties of their respective positions, the board of directors, committees of the board, individual directors and individual officers may, in considering the best long term and short term interests of the corporation, consider the effects of any action (including without limitation, action which may involve or relate to a change or potential change in control of the corporation) upon employees, suppliers and customers of the corporation or its subsidiaries, communities in which offices or other establishments of the corporation or its subsidiaries are located, and all other pertinent factors.
(Source: P.A. 86-126.)