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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS
(805 ILCS 5/) Business Corporation Act of 1983.

805 ILCS 5/Art. 11

 
    (805 ILCS 5/Art. 11 heading)
ARTICLE 11. MERGER AND CONSOLIDATION -
DISSENTERS' RIGHTS

805 ILCS 5/11.05

    (805 ILCS 5/11.05) (from Ch. 32, par. 11.05)
    Sec. 11.05. Procedure for merger or consolidation. Any 2 or more corporations may merge into one of such corporations or consolidate into a new corporation in the following manner:
    The board of directors of each corporation shall, by resolution adopted by a majority vote of the members of each such board, approve a plan of merger or consolidation setting forth:
    (a) The names of the corporations proposing to merge or consolidate, and the name of the corporation into which they propose to merge, which is hereinafter designated as the surviving corporation or to consolidate, which is hereinafter designated as the new corporation.
    (b) The terms and conditions of the proposed merger or consolidation and the mode of carrying the same into effect.
    (c) The manner and basis of converting the shares of each merging or consolidating corporation into shares, obligations or other securities of the surviving or new corporation, or into shares, obligations or other securities of any other corporation which immediately before or immediately after the merger or consolidation is effected is the owner of all of the outstanding voting securities of the corporation named as the surviving or new corporation, or into cash or other property, or into any combination of the foregoing.
    (d) A statement of any changes in the articles of incorporation of the surviving corporation to be effected by such merger or a statement of the articles of incorporation of the new corporation.
    (e) Such other provisions with respect to the proposed merger or consolidation as are deemed necessary or desirable, including provisions, if any, under which the proposed merger or consolidation may be abandoned prior to the filing of articles of merger or consolidation by the Secretary of State.
(Source: P.A. 84-924.)

805 ILCS 5/11.10

    (805 ILCS 5/11.10) (from Ch. 32, par. 11.10)
    Sec. 11.10. Procedure for share exchange. A corporation may acquire all of the issued or outstanding shares of one or more classes of another corporation in the following manner:
    The board of directors of each corporation shall, by resolution adopted by a majority vote of members of each such board, approve a plan of exchange setting forth:
    (a) The name of the corporation whose shares will be acquired and the name of the acquiring corporation.
    (b) The terms and conditions of the exchange.
    (c) The manner and basis of exchanging the shares to be acquired for shares, obligations, or other securities of the acquiring corporation or for cash or other property or for any combination of the foregoing.
    (d) Other provisions considered necessary or desirable with respect to the exchange, including provisions, if any, under which the proposed exchange may be abandoned prior to the filing of articles of exchange by the Secretary of State.
    This Section does not limit the power of a corporation to acquire all or part of the shares of one or more classes of another corporation through a voluntary exchange or otherwise by agreement with the shareholders.
(Source: P.A. 85-1269.)

805 ILCS 5/11.15

    (805 ILCS 5/11.15) (from Ch. 32, par. 11.15)
    Sec. 11.15. Call of shareholders' meeting. The board of directors of each corporation, upon approving such plan of merger, consolidation or exchange, shall, if shareholders are entitled to vote on such plan, by resolution, direct that the plan be submitted to a vote at a meeting of shareholders, which may be either an annual or a special meeting. Written notice shall be given to each shareholder of record within the time and in the manner provided by this Act for the giving of notice of meetings of shareholders. Such notice, whether the meeting be an annual or special meeting, shall include a copy or a summary of the plan of merger, consolidation or exchange, as the case may be, and shall also inform the shareholders of their right to dissent in accordance with Section 11.70 and either enclose a copy of Section 11.70 or otherwise provide adequate notice of the procedure to dissent.
(Source: P.A. 83-1025.)

805 ILCS 5/11.20

    (805 ILCS 5/11.20) (from Ch. 32, par. 11.20)
    Sec. 11.20. Approval by shareholders.
    (a) A vote of the shareholders entitled to vote on the proposed plan of merger, consolidation or exchange shall be taken. The plan of merger, consolidation or exchange shall be approved upon receiving by each corporation the affirmative votes of at least two-thirds of the votes of the shares entitled to vote on the plan unless any class or series of shares of any of such corporations is entitled to vote as a class on the plan in which event, as to such corporation, the plan of merger, consolidation or exchange shall be approved upon receiving the affirmative votes of at least two-thirds of the votes of the shares of each such class or series of shares entitled to vote as a class on the plan and of the votes of the total shares entitled to vote on the plan. Any class of shares of any such corporation shall be entitled to vote as a class if the articles of incorporation so provide or if the plan of merger, consolidation or exchange, as the case may be, contains any provision which, if contained in a proposed amendment to articles of incorporation, would entitle such class of shares to vote as a class.
    (b) The articles of incorporation of any corporation may supersede the two-thirds vote requirement of this Section as to that corporation by specifying any smaller or larger vote requirement not less than a majority of the votes of the shares entitled to vote on the issue and not less than a majority of the votes of the shares of each class or series of shares entitled to vote as a class on the issue.
    (c) No vote by the shareholders of a corporation that is a surviving party to a plan of merger or that is the acquiring corporation in a plan of exchange shall be required, unless its articles of incorporation provide to the contrary, if:
        (1) the plan of merger or exchange does not amend in
    
any respect the articles of incorporation of such corporation;
        (2) each share of such corporation outstanding
    
immediately prior to the effective date of the merger or exchange has the identical designations, preferences, qualifications, limitations, restrictions and special or relative rights immediately after the effective date thereof; and
        (3) either no common shares of the surviving or
    
acquiring corporation and no shares, securities or obligations convertible into such shares are to be issued or delivered under the plan of merger or exchange, or the authorized unissued common shares of the surviving or acquiring corporation to be issued or delivered under the plan of merger or plan of exchange, plus those initially issuable upon conversion of any other shares, securities or obligations to be issued or delivered under such plan, do not exceed 20 per cent of the common shares of such corporation outstanding immediately prior to the effective date of the merger or exchange.
(Source: P.A. 89-48, eff. 6-23-95.)

805 ILCS 5/11.25

    (805 ILCS 5/11.25) (from Ch. 32, par. 11.25)
    Sec. 11.25. Articles of merger, consolidation or exchange.
    (a) Upon such approval, articles of merger, consolidation or exchange shall be executed by each corporation and filed in duplicate in accordance with Section 1.10 of this Act and shall set forth:
        (1) The plan of merger, consolidation or exchange.
        (2) As to each corporation:
            (i) a statement that the plan was adopted at a
        
meeting of shareholders by the affirmative vote of the holders of outstanding shares having not less than the minimum number of votes necessary to adopt such plan, as provided by the articles of incorporation of the respective corporations; or
            (ii) a statement that the plan was adopted by a
        
consent in writing signed by the holders of outstanding shares having not less than the minimum number of votes necessary to adopt such plan, as provided by the articles of incorporation of the respective corporations, and in accordance with Section 7.10 of this Act.
    (b) When the provisions of this Section have been complied with, the Secretary of State shall file the articles of merger, consolidation, or share exchange.
(Source: P.A. 92-33, eff. 7-1-01.)

805 ILCS 5/11.30

    (805 ILCS 5/11.30) (from Ch. 32, par. 11.30)
    Sec. 11.30. Merger of subsidiary corporation.
    (a) Any corporation, in this Section referred to as the "parent corporation", owning at least 90% of the outstanding shares of each class of shares of any other corporation or corporations, in this Section referred to as the "subsidiary corporation", may merge the subsidiary corporation or corporations into itself or into one of the subsidiary corporations, if each merging subsidiary corporation is solvent, without approval by a vote of the shareholders of the parent corporation or the shareholders of any of the merging subsidiary corporations, upon completion of the requirements of this Section.
    (b) The board of directors of the parent corporation shall, by resolution, approve a plan of merger setting forth:
        (1) The name of each merging subsidiary corporation
    
and the name of the parent corporation; and
        (2) The manner and basis of converting the shares of
    
each merging subsidiary corporation not owned by the parent corporation into shares, obligations or other securities of the surviving corporation or of the parent corporation or into cash or other property or into any combination of the foregoing.
    (c) A copy of such plan of merger shall be mailed to each shareholder, other than the parent corporation, of a merging subsidiary corporation who was a shareholder of record on the date of the adoption of the plan of merger, together with a notice informing such shareholders of their right to dissent and enclosing a copy of Section 11.70 or otherwise providing adequate notice of the procedure to dissent.
    (d) After 30 days following the mailing of a copy of the plan of merger and notice to the shareholders of each merging subsidiary corporation, or upon the written consent to the merger or written waiver of the 30 day period by the holders of all the outstanding shares of all shares of all such subsidiary corporations, the articles of merger shall be executed by the parent corporation and filed in duplicate in accordance with Section 1.10 of this Act and shall set forth:
        (1) The plan of merger.
        (2) The number of outstanding shares of each class of
    
each merging subsidiary corporation and the number of such shares of each class owned immediately prior to the adoption of the plan of merger by the parent corporation.
        (3) The date of mailing a copy of the plan of merger
    
and notice of right to dissent to the shareholders of each merging subsidiary corporation.
    (e) When the provisions of this Section have been complied with, the Secretary of State shall file the articles of merger.
    (f) Subject to Section 11.35 and provided that all the conditions hereinabove set forth have been met, any domestic corporation may be merged into or may merge into itself any foreign corporation in the foregoing manner.
(Source: P.A. 92-33, eff. 7-1-01.)

805 ILCS 5/11.31

    (805 ILCS 5/11.31)
    Sec. 11.31. Merger of mid-tier bank holding company into subsidiary bank.
    (a) A mid-tier bank holding company may merge into its subsidiary in the following manner:
        (1) The mid-tier bank holding company shall comply
    
with the provisions of this Act with respect to the merger of domestic corporations, and the surviving subsidiary bank shall comply with the provisions of Section 30.5 of the Illinois Banking Act.
        (2) Section 11.50 of this Act shall, insofar as it is
    
applicable, apply to mergers between mid-tier bank holding companies and their subsidiary banks.
    (b) For the purpose of this Section 11.31, "mid-tier bank holding company" means a corporation (1) that owns 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of each class of stock of a State bank, (2) that has no other subsidiaries, and (3) of which 100% of the issued and outstanding shares are owned by a parent bank holding company.
(Source: P.A. 90-301, eff. 8-1-97.)

805 ILCS 5/11.32

    (805 ILCS 5/11.32)
    Sec. 11.32. Merger or conversion of trust company into a State bank.
    (a) A trust company may merge into a State bank in the following manner:
        (1) The trust company shall comply with the
    
provisions of this Act with respect to the merger of domestic corporations, and the surviving State bank shall comply with the provisions of Section 30 of the Illinois Banking Act.
        (2) Section 11.50 of this Act shall, insofar as it is
    
applicable, apply to mergers between trust companies and State banks.
    (b) Whenever a trust company shall effect a conversion into a State bank pursuant to Section 30 of the Illinois Banking Act, it shall forthwith file with the Secretary of State a copy of the certificate of conversion duly authenticated by the Commissioner of Banks and Real Estate. The filing fee shall be the same as for filing articles of merger.
    (c) For the purpose of this Section 11.32, a "trust company" means a corporation organized under this Act for the purpose of accepting and executing trusts.
(Source: P.A. 90-301, eff. 8-1-97.)

805 ILCS 5/11.35

    (805 ILCS 5/11.35) (from Ch. 32, par. 11.35)
    Sec. 11.35. Merger, consolidation or share exchange of domestic and foreign corporations. One or more foreign corporations and one or more domestic corporations may be merged or consolidated or their shares exchanged in the following manner, provided such merger, consolidation or exchange is permitted by the laws of the state under which each such foreign corporation is organized:
    (a) Each domestic corporation shall comply with the provisions of this Act with respect to the merger, consolidation or exchange, as the case may be, of domestic corporations and each foreign corporation shall comply with the applicable provisions of the laws of the state under which it is organized.
    (b) If the surviving or new corporation, as the case may be, is to be governed by the laws of any state other than this State, it shall comply with the provisions of this Act with respect to foreign corporations if it is to do business in this State, and in every case it shall file with the Secretary of State of this State:
    (1) an agreement that it may be served with process in this State in any proceeding for the enforcement of any obligation of any domestic corporation which is a party to such merger or consolidation and in any proceeding for the enforcement of the rights of a dissenting shareholder of any such domestic corporation against the surviving or new corporation,
    (2) an irrevocable appointment of the Secretary of State of this State as its agent to accept service of process in any such proceeding, and
    (3) an agreement that it will promptly pay to the dissenting shareholders of any such domestic corporation the amount, if any, to which they shall be entitled under the provisions of this Act with respect to the rights of dissenting shareholders.
    The effect of such merger or consolidation shall be the same as in the case of the merger or consolidation of domestic corporations.
    (c) If the acquiring corporation in a share exchange is governed by the laws of any state other than this State, it shall comply with the provisions of this Act with respect to foreign corporations if it is to do business in this State and, in every case, it shall file with the Secretary of State of this State:
    (1) an agreement that it may be served with process in this State in any proceeding for the enforcement of the rights of a dissenting shareholder of a domestic corporation whose shares are acquired against the acquiring corporation.
    (2) an irrevocable appointment of the Secretary of State of this State as its agent to accept service of process in any such proceeding, and
    (3) an agreement that it will promptly pay to the dissenting shareholders of such domestic corporation the amount, if any, to which they shall be entitled under the provisions of this Act with respect to the rights of dissenting shareholders.
(Source: P.A. 84-1308.)

805 ILCS 5/11.37

    (805 ILCS 5/11.37) (from Ch. 32, par. 11.37)
    Sec. 11.37. Merger or consolidation of domestic or foreign corporations and domestic not for profit corporations.
    (a) One or more domestic corporations or one or more foreign corporations may merge into a domestic not for profit corporation subject to the provisions of the General Not For Profit Corporation Act of 1986, as amended, provided that in the case of a foreign corporation for profit, such merger is permitted by the laws of the State or country under which such foreign corporation for profit is organized.
    (b) Each domestic corporation shall comply with the provisions of this Act with respect to the merger of domestic corporations, each domestic not for profit corporation shall comply with the provisions of the General Not For Profit Corporation Act of 1986, as amended. With respect to merger of domestic not for profit corporations, each foreign corporation for profit shall comply with the laws of the state or country under which it is organized, and each foreign corporation for profit having authority to transact business in this State under the provisions of this Act shall comply with the provisions of this Act with respect to merger of foreign corporations for profit.
    (c) The plan of merger shall set forth, in addition to all matters required by Section 11.05 of this Act, the manner and basis of converting shares of each merging domestic or foreign corporation for profit into membership or other interests of the surviving domestic not for profit corporation, or into cash, or into property, or into any combination of the foregoing.
    (d) The effect of a merger under this Section shall be the same as in the case of a merger of domestic corporations as set forth in subsection (a) of Section 11.50 of this Act.
    (e) When such merger has been effected, the shares of the corporation or corporations to be converted under the terms of the plan cease to exist. The holders of those shares are entitled only to the membership or other interests, cash, or other property or combination thereof, into which those shares have been converted in accordance with the plan, subject to any dissenters' rights under Section 11.70 of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-66, eff. 1-1-10.)

805 ILCS 5/11.39

    (805 ILCS 5/11.39)
    Sec. 11.39. Merger of domestic corporation and limited liability company.
    (a) Any one or more domestic corporations may merge with or into one or more limited liability companies of this State, any other state or states of the United States, or the District of Columbia, if the laws of the other state or states or the District of Columbia permit the merger. The domestic corporation or corporations and the limited liability company or companies may merge with or into a corporation, which may be any one of these corporations, or they may merge with or into a limited liability company, which may be any one of these limited liability companies, which shall be a domestic corporation or limited liability company of this State, any other state of the United States, or the District of Columbia, which permits the merger pursuant to a plan of merger complying with and approved in accordance with this Section.
    (b) The plan of merger must set forth the following:
        (1) The names of the domestic corporation or
    
corporations and limited liability company or companies proposing to merge and the name of the domestic corporation or limited liability company into which they propose to merge, which is designated as the surviving entity.
        (2) The terms and conditions of the proposed merger
    
and the mode of carrying the same into effect.
        (3) The manner and basis of converting the shares of
    
each domestic corporation and the interests of each limited liability company into shares, interests, obligations, other securities of the surviving entity or into cash or other property or any combination of the foregoing.
        (4) In the case of a merger in which a domestic
    
corporation is the surviving entity, a statement of any changes in the articles of incorporation of the surviving corporation to be effected by the merger.
        (5) Any other provisions with respect to the proposed
    
merger that are deemed necessary or desirable, including provisions, if any, under which the proposed merger may be abandoned prior to the filing of the articles of merger by the Secretary of State of this State.
    (c) The plan required by subsection (b) of this Section shall be adopted and approved by the constituent corporation or corporations in the same manner as is provided in Sections 11.05, 11.15, and 11.20 of this Act and, in the case of a limited liability company, in accordance with the terms of its operating agreement, if any, and in accordance with the laws under which it was formed.
    (d) Upon this approval, articles of merger shall be executed by each constituent corporation and limited liability company and filed with the Secretary of State. The merger shall become effective for all purposes of the laws of this State when and as provided in Section 11.40 of this Act with respect to the merger of corporations of this State.
    (e) If the surviving entity is to be governed by the laws of the District of Columbia or any state other than this State, it shall file with the Secretary of State of this State an agreement that it may be served with process in this State in any proceeding for enforcement of any obligation of any constituent corporation or limited liability company of this State, as well as for enforcement of any obligation of the surviving corporation or limited liability company arising from the merger, including any suit or other proceeding to enforce the shareholders right to dissent as provided in Section 11.70 of this Act, and shall irrevocably appoint the Secretary of State of this State as its agent to accept service of process in any such suit or other proceedings.
    (f) Section 11.50 of this Act shall, insofar as it is applicable, apply to mergers between domestic corporations and limited liability companies.
    (g) In any merger under this Section, the surviving entity shall not engage in any business or exercise any power that a domestic corporation or domestic limited liability company may not otherwise engage in or exercise in this State. Furthermore, the surviving entity shall be governed by the ownership and control restrictions in Illinois law applicable to that type of entity.
(Source: P.A. 96-1121, eff. 1-1-11.)

805 ILCS 5/11.40

    (805 ILCS 5/11.40) (from Ch. 32, par. 11.40)
    Sec. 11.40. Effective date of merger, consolidation or exchange. The merger, consolidation or exchange shall become effective upon filing of the articles of merger, consolidation or exchange by the Secretary of State or on a later specified date, not more than 30 days subsequent to the filing of the articles of merger, consolidation or exchange by the Secretary of State, as may be provided for in the plan.
(Source: P.A. 92-33, eff. 7-1-01.)

805 ILCS 5/11.45

    (805 ILCS 5/11.45)
    Sec. 11.45. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 93-59, eff. 7-1-03. Repealed by P.A. 96-1121, eff. 1-1-11.)

805 ILCS 5/11.50

    (805 ILCS 5/11.50) (from Ch. 32, par. 11.50)
    Sec. 11.50. Effect of merger, consolidation or exchange. (a) When such merger or consolidation has been effected:
    (1) The several corporations parties to the plan of merger or consolidation shall be a single corporation, which, in the case of a merger, is that corporation designated in the plan of merger as the surviving corporation, and, in the case of a consolidation, is the new corporation provided for in the plan of consolidation.
    (2) The separate existence of all corporations parties to the plan of merger or consolidation, except the surviving or new corporation, shall cease.
    (3) Such surviving or new corporation has all the rights, privileges, immunities, and powers and is subject to all the duties and liabilities of a corporation organized under this Act.
    (4) Such surviving or new corporation shall thereupon and thereafter possess all the rights, privileges, immunities, and franchises, as of a public or a private nature, of each of the merging or consolidating corporations; and all property, real, personal, and mixed, and all debts due on whatever account, including subscriptions to shares, and all other choses in action, and all and every other interest, of or belonging to or due to each of the corporations so merged or consolidated, shall be taken and deemed to be transferred to and vested in such single corporation without further act or deed; and the title to any real estate, or any interest therein, vested in any of such corporations shall not revert or be in any way impaired by reason of such merger or consolidation.
    (5) Such surviving or new corporation shall thenceforth be responsible and liable for all the liabilities and obligations of each of the corporations so merged or consolidated; and any claim existing or action or proceeding pending by or against any of such corporations may be prosecuted to judgment as if such merger or consolidation had not taken place, or such surviving or new corporation may be substituted in its place. Neither the rights of creditors nor any liens upon the property of any such corporations shall be impaired by such merger or consolidation.
    (6) In case of a merger, the articles of incorporation of the surviving corporation are deemed to be amended to the extent, if any, that changes in its articles are stated in the articles of merger; and, in the case of a consolidation, the articles of incorporation of the new corporation are set forth in the articles of consolidation.
    (b) When such merger, consolidation or exchange has been effected, the shares of the corporation or corporations to be converted or exchanged under the terms of the plan cease to exist in the case of a merger or consolidation, or are deemed to be exchanged in the case of an exchange. The holders of those shares are entitled only to the money, securities or other property into which those shares have been converted or for which those shares have been exchanged in accordance with the plan, subject to any dissenters' rights under Section 11.70 of this Act.
    (c) The merger, consolidation or exchange of shares of a corporation shall not: (i) prohibit the State from prosecuting a corporation criminally by indictment, information or complaint filed subsequent to its merger, consolidation or exchange for any offenses it committed prior thereto; or (ii) abate or suspend a criminal proceeding which is pending against a corporation on the effective date of said merger, consolidation or exchange.
    (d) Where a corporation has been criminally prosecuted pursuant to subsection (c) herein, and has been convicted and fined for a criminal offense, the surviving or new corporation shall be responsible for the payment of the fine only to the extent of any assets contributed to the merger, consolidation or exchange of shares by the convicted corporation, provided that the surviving or new corporation, at the time of acquisition, did not know, or have reason to know, of the criminal acts which were the basis for the criminal action. In the event the surviving or new corporation did know, or have reason to know, of the criminal acts which were the basis for the criminal action, it shall be responsible for the entire amount of the fine. Nothing herein shall prohibit the State from collecting a fine which was assessed against a corporation from a shareholder to the extent that the corporation may have distributed assets to the shareholder.
(Source: P.A. 85-1440.)

805 ILCS 5/11.55

    (805 ILCS 5/11.55) (from Ch. 32, par. 11.55)
    Sec. 11.55. Sale, lease, exchange, or mortgage of assets in usual and regular course of business. The sale, lease, exchange, mortgage, pledge, or other disposition of all, or substantially all, the property and assets of a corporation, when made in the usual and regular course of the business of the corporation, may be made upon such terms and conditions and for such considerations, which may consist, in whole or in part, of money or property, real or personal, including shares of any other corporation, domestic or foreign, as shall be authorized by its board of directors; and in such case no authorization or consent of the shareholders shall be required.
(Source: P.A. 83-1025.)

805 ILCS 5/11.60

    (805 ILCS 5/11.60) (from Ch. 32, par. 11.60)
    Sec. 11.60. Sale, lease or exchange of assets, other than in usual and regular course of business. A sale, lease, exchange, or other disposition of all, or substantially all, the property and assets, with or without the good will, of a corporation, if not made in the usual and regular course of its business, may be made upon such terms and conditions and for such consideration, which may consist, in whole or in part, of money or property, real or personal, including shares of any other corporation, domestic or foreign, as may be authorized in the following manner:
    (a) The board of directors shall adopt a resolution recommending such sale, lease, exchange, or other disposition and directing the submission thereof to a vote at a meeting of shareholders, which may be either an annual or a special meeting.
    (b) Written notice stating that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of such meeting is to consider the sale, lease, exchange, or other disposition of all, or substantially all, the property and assets of the corporation shall be given to each shareholder of record within the time and in the manner provided by this Act for the giving of notice of meetings of shareholders and shall also inform the shareholders of their right to dissent and either enclose a copy of Section 11.70 or otherwise provide adequate notice of the procedure to dissent. If such meeting be an annual meeting, such purpose may be included in the notice of such annual meeting.
    (c) At such meeting the shareholders entitled to vote on such matter may authorize such sale, lease, exchange, or other disposition and fix, or may authorize the board of directors to fix, any or all of the terms and conditions thereof and the consideration to be received by the corporation therefor. Such authorization shall require the affirmative vote of the holders of at least two-thirds of the outstanding shares entitled to vote on such matter unless any class or series of shares is entitled to vote as a class in respect thereof, in which event such authorization shall require the affirmative vote of the holders of at least two-thirds of the outstanding shares of each class or series of shares entitled to vote as a class on such matter, and of the total outstanding shares entitled to vote on such matter.
    (d) After such authorization by a vote of shareholders, the board of directors nevertheless, in its discretion, may abandon such sale, lease, exchange, or other disposition of assets, subject to the rights of third parties under any contracts relating thereto, without further action or approval by shareholders.
    (e) The articles of incorporation of a corporation may supersede the two-thirds vote requirement of this Section by specifying any smaller or larger vote requirement, not less than a majority of the outstanding shares entitled to vote on the matter and not less than a majority of the outstanding shares of each class of shares entitled to vote as a class on the matter.
(Source: P.A. 83-1025.)

805 ILCS 5/11.65

    (805 ILCS 5/11.65) (from Ch. 32, par. 11.65)
    Sec. 11.65. Right to dissent. (a) A shareholder of a corporation is entitled to dissent from, and obtain payment for his or her shares in the event of any of the following corporate actions:
    (1) consummation of a plan of merger or consolidation or a plan of share exchange to which the corporation is a party if (i) shareholder authorization is required for the merger or consolidation or the share exchange by Section 11.20 or the articles of incorporation or (ii) the corporation is a subsidiary that is merged with its parent or another subsidiary under Section 11.30;
    (2) consummation of a sale, lease or exchange of all, or substantially all, of the property and assets of the corporation other than in the usual and regular course of business;
    (3) an amendment of the articles of incorporation that materially and adversely affects rights in respect of a dissenter's shares because it:
    (i) alters or abolishes a preferential right of such shares;
    (ii) alters or abolishes a right in respect of redemption, including a provision respecting a sinking fund for the redemption or repurchase, of such shares;
    (iii) in the case of a corporation incorporated prior to January 1, 1982, limits or eliminates cumulative voting rights with respect to such shares; or
    (4) any other corporate action taken pursuant to a shareholder vote if the articles of incorporation, by-laws, or a resolution of the board of directors provide that shareholders are entitled to dissent and obtain payment for their shares in accordance with the procedures set forth in Section 11.70 or as may be otherwise provided in the articles, by-laws or resolution.
    (b) A shareholder entitled to dissent and obtain payment for his or her shares under this Section may not challenge the corporate action creating his or her entitlement unless the action is fraudulent with respect to the shareholder or the corporation or constitutes a breach of a fiduciary duty owed to the shareholder.
    (c) A record owner of shares may assert dissenters' rights as to fewer than all the shares recorded in such person's name only if such person dissents with respect to all shares beneficially owned by any one person and notifies the corporation in writing of the name and address of each person on whose behalf the record owner asserts dissenters' rights. The rights of a partial dissenter are determined as if the shares as to which dissent is made and the other shares were recorded in the names of different shareholders. A beneficial owner of shares who is not the record owner may assert dissenters' rights as to shares held on such person's behalf only if the beneficial owner submits to the corporation the record owner's written consent to the dissent before or at the same time the beneficial owner asserts dissenters' rights.
(Source: P.A. 85-1269.)

805 ILCS 5/11.70

    (805 ILCS 5/11.70) (from Ch. 32, par. 11.70)
    Sec. 11.70. Procedure to Dissent.
    (a) If the corporate action giving rise to the right to dissent is to be approved at a meeting of shareholders, the notice of meeting shall inform the shareholders of their right to dissent and the procedure to dissent. If, prior to the meeting, the corporation furnishes to the shareholders material information with respect to the transaction that will objectively enable a shareholder to vote on the transaction and to determine whether or not to exercise dissenters' rights, a shareholder may assert dissenters' rights only if the shareholder delivers to the corporation before the vote is taken a written demand for payment for his or her shares if the proposed action is consummated, and the shareholder does not vote in favor of the proposed action.
    (b) If the corporate action giving rise to the right to dissent is not to be approved at a meeting of shareholders, the notice to shareholders describing the action taken under Section 11.30 or Section 7.10 shall inform the shareholders of their right to dissent and the procedure to dissent. If, prior to or concurrently with the notice, the corporation furnishes to the shareholders material information with respect to the transaction that will objectively enable a shareholder to determine whether or not to exercise dissenters' rights, a shareholder may assert dissenter's rights only if he or she delivers to the corporation within 30 days from the date of mailing the notice a written demand for payment for his or her shares.
    (c) Within 10 days after the date on which the corporate action giving rise to the right to dissent is effective or 30 days after the shareholder delivers to the corporation the written demand for payment, whichever is later, the corporation shall send each shareholder who has delivered a written demand for payment a statement setting forth the opinion of the corporation as to the estimated fair value of the shares, the corporation's latest balance sheet as of the end of a fiscal year ending not earlier than 16 months before the delivery of the statement, together with the statement of income for that year and the latest available interim financial statements, and either a commitment to pay for the shares of the dissenting shareholder at the estimated fair value thereof upon transmittal to the corporation of the certificate or certificates, or other evidence of ownership, with respect to the shares, or instructions to the dissenting shareholder to sell his or her shares within 10 days after delivery of the corporation's statement to the shareholder. The corporation may instruct the shareholder to sell only if there is a public market for the shares at which the shares may be readily sold. If the shareholder does not sell within that 10 day period after being so instructed by the corporation, for purposes of this Section the shareholder shall be deemed to have sold his or her shares at the average closing price of the shares, if listed on a national exchange, or the average of the bid and asked price with respect to the shares quoted by a principal market maker, if not listed on a national exchange, during that 10 day period.
    (d) A shareholder who makes written demand for payment under this Section retains all other rights of a shareholder until those rights are cancelled or modified by the consummation of the proposed corporate action. Upon consummation of that action, the corporation shall pay to each dissenter who transmits to the corporation the certificate or other evidence of ownership of the shares the amount the corporation estimates to be the fair value of the shares, plus accrued interest, accompanied by a written explanation of how the interest was calculated.
    (e) If the shareholder does not agree with the opinion of the corporation as to the estimated fair value of the shares or the amount of interest due, the shareholder, within 30 days from the delivery of the corporation's statement of value, shall notify the corporation in writing of the shareholder's estimated fair value and amount of interest due and demand payment for the difference between the shareholder's estimate of fair value and interest due and the amount of the payment by the corporation or the proceeds of sale by the shareholder, whichever is applicable because of the procedure for which the corporation opted pursuant to subsection (c).
    (f) If, within 60 days from delivery to the corporation of the shareholder notification of estimate of fair value of the shares and interest due, the corporation and the dissenting shareholder have not agreed in writing upon the fair value of the shares and interest due, the corporation shall either pay the difference in value demanded by the shareholder, with interest, or file a petition in the circuit court of the county in which either the registered office or the principal office of the corporation is located, requesting the court to determine the fair value of the shares and interest due. The corporation shall make all dissenters, whether or not residents of this State, whose demands remain unsettled parties to the proceeding as an action against their shares and all parties shall be served with a copy of the petition. Nonresidents may be served by registered or certified mail or by publication as provided by law. Failure of the corporation to commence an action pursuant to this Section shall not limit or affect the right of the dissenting shareholders to otherwise commence an action as permitted by law.
    (g) The jurisdiction of the court in which the proceeding is commenced under subsection (f) by a corporation is plenary and exclusive. The court may appoint one or more persons as appraisers to receive evidence and recommend decision on the question of fair value. The appraisers have the power described in the order appointing them, or in any amendment to it.
    (h) Each dissenter made a party to the proceeding is entitled to judgment for the amount, if any, by which the court finds that the fair value of his or her shares, plus interest, exceeds the amount paid by the corporation or the proceeds of sale by the shareholder, whichever amount is applicable.
    (i) The court, in a proceeding commenced under subsection (f), shall determine all costs of the proceeding, including the reasonable compensation and expenses of the appraisers, if any, appointed by the court under subsection (g), but shall exclude the fees and expenses of counsel and experts for the respective parties. If the fair value of the shares as determined by the court materially exceeds the amount which the corporation estimated to be the fair value of the shares or if no estimate was made in accordance with subsection (c), then all or any part of the costs may be assessed against the corporation. If the amount which any dissenter estimated to be the fair value of the shares materially exceeds the fair value of the shares as determined by the court, then all or any part of the costs may be assessed against that dissenter. The court may also assess the fees and expenses of counsel and experts for the respective parties, in amounts the court finds equitable, as follows:
        (1) Against the corporation and in favor of any or
    
all dissenters if the court finds that the corporation did not substantially comply with the requirements of subsections (a), (b), (c), (d), or (f).
        (2) Against either the corporation or a dissenter and
    
in favor of any other party if the court finds that the party against whom the fees and expenses are assessed acted arbitrarily, vexatiously, or not in good faith with respect to the rights provided by this Section.
    If the court finds that the services of counsel for any dissenter were of substantial benefit to other dissenters similarly situated and that the fees for those services should not be assessed against the corporation, the court may award to that counsel reasonable fees to be paid out of the amounts awarded to the dissenters who are benefited. Except as otherwise provided in this Section, the practice, procedure, judgment and costs shall be governed by the Code of Civil Procedure.
    (j) As used in this Section:
        (1) "Fair value", with respect to a dissenter's
    
shares, means the proportionate interest of the shareholder in the corporation, without discount for minority status or, absent extraordinary circumstance, lack of marketability, immediately before the consummation of the corporate action to which the dissenter objects excluding any appreciation or depreciation in anticipation of the corporate action, unless exclusion would be inequitable.
        (2) "Interest" means interest from the effective date
    
of the corporate action until the date of payment, at the average rate currently paid by the corporation on its principal bank loans or, if none, at a rate that is fair and equitable under all the circumstances.
(Source: P.A. 94-889, eff. 1-1-07.)

805 ILCS 5/11.75

    (805 ILCS 5/11.75) (from Ch. 32, par. 11.75)
    Sec. 11.75. Business combinations with interested shareholders.
    (a) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Act, a corporation (as defined in this Section 11.75) shall not engage in any business combination with any interested shareholder for a period of 3 years following the time that such shareholder became an interested shareholder, unless (1) prior to such time the board of directors of the corporation approved either the business combination or the transaction which resulted in the shareholder becoming an interested shareholder, or (2) upon consummation of the transaction which resulted in the shareholder becoming an interested shareholder, the interested shareholder owned at least 85% of the voting shares of the corporation outstanding at the time the transaction commenced, excluding for purposes of determining the number of shares outstanding those shares owned (i) by persons who are directors and also officers and (ii) employee stock plans in which employee participants do not have the right to determine confidentially whether shares held subject to the plan will be tendered in a tender or exchange offer, or (3) at or subsequent to such time the business combination is approved by the board of directors and authorized at an annual or special meeting of shareholders, and not by written consent, by the affirmative vote of at least 66 2/3% of the outstanding voting shares which are not owned by the interested shareholder.
    (b) The restrictions contained in this Section shall not apply if:
        (1) the corporation's original articles of
    
incorporation contains a provision expressly electing not to be governed by this Section;
        (2) the corporation, by action of its board of
    
directors, adopts an amendment to its by-laws within 90 days of the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1989, expressly electing not to be governed by this Section, which amendment shall not be further amended by the board of directors;
        (3) the corporation, by action of its shareholders,
    
adopts an amendment to its articles of incorporation or by-laws expressly electing not to be governed by this Section, provided that, in addition to any other vote required by law, such amendment to the articles of incorporation or by-laws must be approved by the affirmative vote of a majority of the shares entitled to vote. An amendment adopted pursuant to this paragraph shall be effective immediately in the case of a corporation that both (i) has never had a class of voting shares that falls within any of the categories set out in paragraph (4) of this subsection (b) and (ii) has not elected by a provision in its original articles of incorporation or any amendment thereto to be governed by this Section. In all other cases, an amendment adopted pursuant to this paragraph shall not be effective until 12 months after the adoption of such amendment and shall not apply to any business combination between such corporation and any person who became an interested shareholder of such corporation on or prior to such adoption. A by-law amendment adopted pursuant to this paragraph shall not be further amended by the board of directors;
        (4) the corporation does not have a class of voting
    
shares that is (i) listed on a national securities exchange, (ii) authorized for quotation on the NASDAQ Stock Market or (iii) held of record by more than 2,000 shareholders, unless any of the foregoing results from action taken, directly or indirectly, by an interested shareholder or from a transaction in which a person becomes an interested shareholder;
        (5) a shareholder becomes an interested shareholder
    
inadvertently and (i) as soon as practicable divests itself of ownership of sufficient shares so that the shareholder ceases to be an interested shareholder and (ii) would not, at any time within the 3 year period immediately prior to a business combination between the corporation and such shareholder, have been an interested shareholder but for the inadvertent acquisition of ownership;
        (6) the business combination is proposed prior to the
    
consummation or abandonment of and subsequent to the earlier of the public announcement or the notice required hereunder of a proposed transaction which (i) constitutes one of the transactions described in the second sentence of this paragraph; (ii) is with or by a person who either was not an interested shareholder during the previous 3 years or who became an interested shareholder with the approval of the corporation's board of directors or during the period described in paragraph (7) of this subsection (b); and (iii) is approved or not opposed by a majority of the members of the board of directors then in office (but not less than 1) who were directors prior to any person becoming an interested shareholder during the previous 3 years or were recommended for election or elected to succeed such directors by a majority of such directors. The proposed transactions referred to in the preceding sentence are limited to (x) a merger or consolidation of the corporation (except for a merger in respect of which, pursuant to subsection (c) of Section 11.20 of this Act, no vote of the shareholders of the corporation is required); (y) a sale, lease, exchange, mortgage, pledge, transfer or other disposition (in one transaction or a series of transactions), whether as part of a dissolution or otherwise, of assets of the corporation or of any direct or indirect majority-owned subsidiary of the corporation (other than to any direct or indirect wholly-owned subsidiary or to the corporation) having an aggregate market value equal to 50% or more of either the aggregate market value of all of the assets of the corporation determined on a consolidated basis or the aggregate market value of all the outstanding shares of the corporation; or (z) a proposed tender or exchange offer for 50% or more of the outstanding voting shares of the corporation. The corporation shall give not less than 20 days notice to all interested shareholders prior to the consummation of any of the transactions described in clauses (x) or (y) of the second sentence of this paragraph; or
        (7) The business combination is with an interested
    
shareholder who became an interested shareholder at a time when the restrictions contained in this Section did not apply by reason of any of the paragraphs (1) through (4) of this subsection (b), provided, however, that this paragraph (7) shall not apply if, at the time the interested shareholder became an interested shareholder, the corporation's articles of incorporation contained a provision authorized by the last sentence of this subsection (b). Notwithstanding paragraphs (1), (2), (3) and (4) of this subsection and subparagraph (A) of paragraph (5) of subsection (c), any domestic corporation may elect by a provision of its original articles of incorporation or any amendment thereto to be governed by this Section, provided that any such amendment to the articles of incorporation shall not apply to restrict a business combination between the corporation and an interested shareholder of the corporation if the interested shareholder became such prior to the effective date of the amendment.
    (c) As used in this Section 11.75 only, the term:
        (1) "Affiliate" means a person that directly, or
    
indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, or is controlled by, or is under common control with, another person.
        (2) "Associate" when used to indicate a relationship
    
with any person, means (i) any corporation, partnership, unincorporated association, or other entity of which such person is a director, officer or partner or is, directly or indirectly, the owner of 20% or more of any class of voting shares, (ii) any trust or other estate in which such person has at least a 20% beneficial interest or as to which such person serves as trustee or in a similar fiduciary capacity, and (iii) any relative or spouse of such person, or any relative of such spouse, who has the same residence as such person.
        (3) "Business combination" when used in reference to
    
any corporation and any interested shareholder of such corporation, means:
            (A) any merger or consolidation of the
        
corporation or any direct or indirect majority-owned subsidiary of the corporation with (i) the interested shareholder, or (ii) with any other corporation if the merger or consolidation is caused by the interested shareholder and as a result of such merger or consolidation subsection (a) of this Section is not applicable to the surviving corporation;
            (B) any sale, lease, exchange, mortgage, pledge,
        
transfer or other disposition (in one transaction or a series of transactions), except proportionately as a shareholder of such corporation, to or with the interested shareholder, whether as part of a dissolution or otherwise, of assets of the corporation or of any direct or indirect majority-owned subsidiary of the corporation which assets have an aggregate market value equal to 10% or more of either the aggregate market value of all the assets of the corporation determined on a consolidated basis or the aggregate market value of all the outstanding shares of the corporation;
            (C) any transaction which results in the issuance
        
or transfer by the corporation or by any direct or indirect majority-owned subsidiary of the corporation of any shares of the corporation or of such subsidiary to the interested shareholder, except (i) pursuant to the exercise, exchange or conversion of securities exercisable for, exchangeable for or convertible into shares of such corporation or any such subsidiary which securities were outstanding prior to the time that the interested shareholder became such, (ii) pursuant to a dividend or distribution paid or made, or the exercise, exchange or conversion of securities exercisable for, exchangeable for or convertible into shares of such corporation or any such subsidiary which security is distributed, pro rata to all holders of a class or series of shares of such corporation subsequent to the time the interested shareholder became such, (iii) pursuant to an exchange offer by the corporation to purchase shares made on the same terms to all holders of said shares, or (iv) any issuance or transfer of shares by the corporation, provided however, that in no case under clauses (ii), (iii) and (iv) above shall there be an increase in the interested shareholder's proportionate share of the shares of any class or series of the corporation or of the voting shares of the corporation;
            (D) any transaction involving the corporation or
        
any direct or indirect majority-owned subsidiary of the corporation which has the effect, directly or indirectly, of increasing the proportionate share of the shares of any class or series, or securities convertible into the shares of any class or series, of the corporation or of any such subsidiary which is owned by the interested shareholder, except as a result of immaterial changes due to fractional share adjustments or as a result of any purchase or redemption of any shares of any class or series not caused, directly or indirectly, by the interested shareholder; or
            (E) any receipt by the interested shareholder of
        
the benefit, directly or indirectly (except proportionately as a shareholder of such corporation) of any loans, advances, guarantees, pledges, or other financial benefits (other than those expressly permitted in subparagraphs (A) through (D) of this paragraph (3)) provided by or through the corporation or any direct or indirect majority owned subsidiary; or
            (F) any receipt by the interested shareholder of
        
the benefit, directly or indirectly, (except proportionately as a shareholder of such corporation) of any assets, loans, advances, guarantees, pledges or other financial benefits (other than those expressly permitted in subparagraphs (A) through (D) of this paragraph (3)) provided by or through any "defined benefit pension plan" (as defined in Section 3 of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act) of the corporation or any direct or indirect majority owned subsidiary.
        (4) "Control", including the term "controlling",
    
"controlled by" and "under common control with", means the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a person, whether through the ownership of voting shares, by contract or otherwise. A person who is the owner of 20% or more of the outstanding voting shares of any corporation, partnership, unincorporated association, or other entity shall be presumed to have control of such entity, in the absence of proof by preponderance of the evidence to the contrary. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a presumption of control shall not apply where such person holds voting shares, in good faith and not for the purpose of circumventing this Section, as an agent, bank, broker, nominee, custodian or trustee for one or more owners who do not individually or as a group have control of such entity.
        (5) "Corporation" means a domestic corporation that:
            (A) has any equity securities registered under
        
Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 or is subject to Section 15(d) of that Act; and
            (B) either
                (i) has its principal place of business or
            
its principal executive office located in Illinois; or
                (ii) owns or controls assets located within
            
Illinois that have a fair market value of at least $1,000,000, and
            (C) either
                (i) has more than 10% of its shareholders
            
resident in Illinois;
                (ii) has more than 10% of its shares owned by
            
Illinois residents; or
                (iii) has 2,000 shareholders resident in
            
Illinois.
        The residence of a shareholder is presumed to be the
    
address appearing in the records of the corporation. Shares held by banks (except as trustee, executor or guardian), securities dealers or nominees are disregarded for purposes of calculating the percentages and numbers in this paragraph (5).
        (6) "Interested shareholder" means any person (other
    
than the corporation and any direct or indirect majority-owned subsidiary of the corporation) that (i) is the owner of 15% or more of the outstanding voting shares of the corporation, or (ii) is an affiliate or associate of the corporation and was the owner of 15% or more of the outstanding voting shares of the corporation at any time within the 3 year period immediately prior to the date on which it is sought to be determined whether such person is an interested shareholder; and the affiliates and associates of such person, provided, however, that the term "interested shareholder" shall not include (x) any person who (A) owned shares in excess of the 15% limitation set forth herein as of, or acquired such shares pursuant to a tender offer commenced prior to the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1989 or pursuant to an exchange offer announced prior to the aforesaid date and commenced within 90 days thereafter and either (I) continued to own shares in excess of such 15% limitation or would have but for action by the corporation or (II) is an affiliate or associate of the corporation and so continued (or so would have continued but for action by the corporation) to be the owner of 15% or more of the outstanding voting shares of the corporation at any time within the 3-year period immediately prior to the date on which it is sought to be determined whether such a person is an interested shareholder or (B) acquired said shares from a person described in (A) above by gift, inheritance or in a transaction in which no consideration was exchanged; or (y) any person whose ownership of shares in excess of the 15% limitation set forth herein is the result of action taken solely by the corporation, provided that such person shall be an interested shareholder if thereafter such person acquires additional shares of voting shares of the corporation, except as a result of further corporate action not caused, directly or indirectly, by such person. For the purpose of determining whether a person is an interested shareholder, the voting shares of the corporation deemed to be outstanding shall include shares deemed to be owned by the person through application of paragraph (9) of this subsection, but shall not include any other unissued shares of such corporation which may be issuable pursuant to any agreement, arrangement or understanding, or upon exercise of conversion rights, warrants or options, or otherwise.
        (7) "Person" means any individual, corporation,
    
partnership, unincorporated association or other entity.
        (7.5) "Shares" means, with respect to any
    
corporation, capital stock and, with respect to any other entity, any equity interest.
        (8) "Voting shares" means, with respect to any
    
corporation, shares of any class or series entitled to vote generally in the election of directors and, with respect to any entity that is not a corporation, any equity interest entitled to vote generally in its election of the governing body of the entity.
        (9) "Owner" including the terms "own" and "owned"
    
when used with respect to any shares means a person that individually or with or through any of its affiliates or associates:
            (A) beneficially owns such shares, directly or
        
indirectly; or
            (B) has (i) the right to acquire such shares
        
(whether such right is exercisable immediately or only after the passage of time) pursuant to any agreement, arrangement or understanding, or upon the exercise of conversion rights, exchange rights, warrants or options, or otherwise; provided, however, that a person shall not be deemed the owner of shares tendered pursuant to a tender or exchange offer made by such person or any of such person's affiliates or associates until such tendered shares is accepted for purchase or exchange; or (ii) the right to vote such shares pursuant to any agreement, arrangement or understanding; provided, however, that a person shall not be deemed the owner of any shares because of such person's right to vote such shares if the agreement, arrangement or understanding to vote such shares arises solely from a revocable proxy or consent given in response to a proxy or consent solicitation made to 10 or more persons; or
            (C) has any agreement, arrangement or
        
understanding for the purpose of acquiring, holding, voting (except voting pursuant to a revocable proxy or consent as described in clause (ii) of subparagraph (B) of this paragraph), or disposing of such shares with any other person that beneficially owns, or whose affiliates or associates beneficially own, directly or indirectly, such shares.
    (d) No provision of a certificate of incorporation or by-law shall require, for any vote of shareholders required by this Section a greater vote of shareholders than that specified in this Section.
    (e) The provisions of this Section 11.75 are severable and any provision held invalid shall not affect or impair any of the remaining provisions of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 93-59, eff. 7-1-03.)