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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
(725 ILCS 5/) Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963.

725 ILCS 5/Tit. II

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Tit. II heading)
TITLE II. APPREHENSION AND INVESTIGATION

725 ILCS 5/Art. 107

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 107 heading)
ARTICLE 107. ARREST

725 ILCS 5/107-1

    (725 ILCS 5/107-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-1)
    Sec. 107-1. Definitions.
    (a) A "warrant of arrest" is a written order from a court directed to a peace officer, or to some other person specifically named, commanding him to arrest a person.
    (b) A "summons" is a written order issued by a court which commands a person to appear before a court at a stated time and place.
    (c) A "notice to appear" is a written request issued by a peace officer that a person appear before a court at a stated time and place.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/107-2

    (725 ILCS 5/107-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-2)
    Sec. 107-2. Arrest by Peace Officer.
    (1) A peace officer may arrest a person when:
        (a) He has a warrant commanding that such person be
    
arrested; or
        (b) He has reasonable grounds to believe that a
    
warrant for the person's arrest has been issued in this State or in another jurisdiction; or
        (c) He has reasonable grounds to believe that the
    
person is committing or has committed an offense.
    (2) Whenever a peace officer arrests a person, the officer shall question the arrestee as to whether he or she has any children under the age of 18 living with him or her who may be neglected as a result of the arrest or otherwise. The peace officer shall assist the arrestee in the placement of the children with a relative or other responsible person designated by the arrestee. If the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe that a child may be a neglected child as defined in the Abused and Neglected Child Reporting Act, he shall report it immediately to the Department of Children and Family Services as provided in that Act.
    (3) A peace officer who executes a warrant of arrest in good faith beyond the geographical limitation of the warrant shall not be liable for false arrest.
(Source: P.A. 97-333, eff. 8-12-11.)

725 ILCS 5/107-3

    (725 ILCS 5/107-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-3)
    Sec. 107-3. Arrest by private person.
    Any person may arrest another when he has reasonable grounds to believe that an offense other than an ordinance violation is being committed.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/107-4

    (725 ILCS 5/107-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-4)
    Sec. 107-4. Arrest by peace officer from other jurisdiction.
    (a) As used in this Section:
        (1) "State" means any State of the United States and
    
the District of Columbia.
        (2) "Peace Officer" means any peace officer or member
    
of any duly organized State, County, or Municipal peace unit, any police force of another State, the United States Department of Defense, or any police force whose members, by statute, are granted and authorized to exercise powers similar to those conferred upon any peace officer employed by a law enforcement agency of this State.
        (3) "Fresh pursuit" means the immediate pursuit of a
    
person who is endeavoring to avoid arrest.
        (4) "Law enforcement agency" means a municipal police
    
department or county sheriff's office of this State.
    (a-3) Any peace officer employed by a law enforcement agency of this State may conduct temporary questioning pursuant to Section 107-14 of this Code and may make arrests in any jurisdiction within this State: (1) if the officer is engaged in the investigation of criminal activity that occurred in the officer's primary jurisdiction and the temporary questioning or arrest relates to, arises from, or is conducted pursuant to that investigation; or (2) if the officer, while on duty as a peace officer, becomes personally aware of the immediate commission of a felony or misdemeanor violation of the laws of this State; or (3) if the officer, while on duty as a peace officer, is requested by an appropriate State or local law enforcement official to render aid or assistance to the requesting law enforcement agency that is outside the officer's primary jurisdiction; or (4) in accordance with Section 2605-580 of the Department of State Police Law of the Civil Administrative Code of Illinois. While acting pursuant to this subsection, an officer has the same authority as within his or her own jurisdiction.
    (a-7) The law enforcement agency of the county or municipality in which any arrest is made under this Section shall be immediately notified of the arrest.
    (b) Any peace officer of another State who enters this State in fresh pursuit and continues within this State in fresh pursuit of a person in order to arrest him on the ground that he has committed an offense in the other State has the same authority to arrest and hold the person in custody as peace officers of this State have to arrest and hold a person in custody on the ground that he has committed an offense in this State.
    (c) If an arrest is made in this State by a peace officer of another State in accordance with the provisions of this Section he shall without unnecessary delay take the person arrested before the circuit court of the county in which the arrest was made. Such court shall conduct a hearing for the purpose of determining the lawfulness of the arrest. If the court determines that the arrest was lawful it shall commit the person arrested, to await for a reasonable time the issuance of an extradition warrant by the Governor of this State, or admit him to bail for such purpose. If the court determines that the arrest was unlawful it shall discharge the person arrested.
(Source: P.A. 98-576, eff. 1-1-14.)

725 ILCS 5/107-5

    (725 ILCS 5/107-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-5)
    Sec. 107-5. Method of arrest.
    (a) An arrest is made by an actual restraint of the person or by his submission to custody.
    (b) An arrest may be made on any day and at any time of the day or night.
    (c) An arrest may be made anywhere within the jurisdiction of this State.
    (d) All necessary and reasonable force may be used to effect an entry into any building or property or part thereof to make an authorized arrest.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/107-6

    (725 ILCS 5/107-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-6)
    Sec. 107-6. Release by officer of person arrested.
    A peace officer who arrests a person without a warrant is authorized to release the person without requiring him to appear before a court when the officer is satisfied that there are no grounds for criminal complaint against the person arrested.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/107-7

    (725 ILCS 5/107-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-7)
    Sec. 107-7. Persons exempt from arrest.
    (a) Electors shall, in all cases except treason, felony or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at election, and in going to and returning from the same.
    (b) Senators and representatives shall, in all cases, except treason, felony or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during the session of the General Assembly, and in going to and returning from the same.
    (c) The militia shall in all cases, except treason, felony, or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at musters and elections, and in going to and returning from the same.
    (d) Judges, attorneys, clerks, sheriffs, and other court officers shall be privileged from arrest while attending court and while going to and returning from court.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/107-8

    (725 ILCS 5/107-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-8)
    Sec. 107-8. Assisting peace officer). (a) A peace officer making a lawful arrest may command the aid of persons over the age of 18.
    (b) A person commanded to aid a peace officer shall have the same authority to arrest as that peace officer.
    (c) A person commanded to aid a peace officer shall not be civilly liable for any reasonable conduct in aid of the officer.
(Source: P.A. 80-360.)

725 ILCS 5/107-9

    (725 ILCS 5/107-9) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-9)
    Sec. 107-9. Issuance of arrest warrant upon complaint.
    (a) When a complaint is presented to a court charging that an offense has been committed it shall examine upon oath or affirmation the complainant or any witnesses.
    (b) The complaint shall be in writing and shall:
        (1) State the name of the accused if known, and if
    
not known the accused may be designated by any name or description by which he can be identified with reasonable certainty;
        (2) State the offense with which the accused is
    
charged;
        (3) State the time and place of the offense as
    
definitely as can be done by the complainant; and
        (4) Be subscribed and sworn to by the complainant.
    (c) A warrant shall be issued by the court for the arrest of the person complained against if it appears from the contents of the complaint and the examination of the complainant or other witnesses, if any, that the person against whom the complaint was made has committed an offense.
    (d) The warrant of arrest shall:
        (1) Be in writing;
        (2) Specify the name, sex and birth date of the
    
person to be arrested or if his name, sex or birth date is unknown, shall designate such person by any name or description by which he can be identified with reasonable certainty;
        (3) Set forth the nature of the offense;
        (4) State the date when issued and the municipality
    
or county where issued;
        (5) Be signed by the judge of the court with the
    
title of his office;
        (6) Command that the person against whom the
    
complaint was made be arrested and brought before the court issuing the warrant or if he is absent or unable to act before the nearest or most accessible court in the same county;
        (7) Specify the amount of bail; and
        (8) Specify any geographical limitation placed on the
    
execution of the warrant, but such limitation shall not be expressed in mileage.
    (e) The warrant shall be directed to all peace officers in the State. It shall be executed by the peace officer, or by a private person specially named therein, at any location within the geographic limitation for execution placed on the warrant. If no geographic limitation is placed on the warrant, then it may be executed anywhere in the State.
    (f) The warrant may be issued electronically or electromagnetically by use of a facsimile transmission machine and any such warrant shall have the same validity as a written warrant.
(Source: P.A. 86-298; 87-523.)

725 ILCS 5/107-10

    (725 ILCS 5/107-10) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-10)
    Sec. 107-10. Defective warrant.
    A warrant of arrest shall not be quashed or abated nor shall any person in custody for an offense be discharged from such custody because of technical irregularities not affecting the substantial rights of the accused.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/107-11

    (725 ILCS 5/107-11) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-11)
    Sec. 107-11. When summons may be issued.
    (a) When authorized to issue a warrant of arrest, a court may instead issue a summons.
    (b) The summons shall:
        (1) Be in writing;
        (2) State the name of the person summoned and his or
    
her address, if known;
        (3) Set forth the nature of the offense;
        (4) State the date when issued and the municipality
    
or county where issued;
        (5) Be signed by the judge of the court with the
    
title of his or her office; and
        (6) Command the person to appear before a court at a
    
certain time and place.
    (c) The summons may be served in the same manner as the summons in a civil action, except that police officers may serve summons for violations of ordinances occurring within their municipalities.
(Source: P.A. 87-574.)

725 ILCS 5/107-12

    (725 ILCS 5/107-12) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-12)
    Sec. 107-12. Notice to appear.
    (a) Whenever a peace officer is authorized to arrest a person without a warrant he may instead issue to such person a notice to appear.
    (b) The notice shall:
    (1) Be in writing;
    (2) State the name of the person and his address, if known;
    (3) Set forth the nature of the offense;
    (4) Be signed by the officer issuing the notice; and
    (5) Request the person to appear before a court at a certain time and place.
    (c) Upon failure of the person to appear a summons or warrant of arrest may issue.
    (d) In any case in which a person is arrested for a Class C misdemeanor or a petty offense and remanded to the sheriff other than pursuant to a court order, the sheriff may issue such person a notice to appear.
(Source: P.A. 83-693.)

725 ILCS 5/107-13

    (725 ILCS 5/107-13) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-13)
    Sec. 107-13. Offenses committed by corporations.
    (a) When a corporation is charged with the commission of an offense the court shall issue a summons setting forth the nature of the offense and commanding the corporation to appear before a court at a certain time and place.
    (b) The summons for the appearance of a corporation may be served in the manner provided for service of summons upon a corporation in a civil action.
    (c) If, after being summoned, the corporation does not appear, a plea of not guilty shall be entered by the court having jurisdiction to try the offense for which the summons was issued, and such court shall proceed to trial and judgment without further process.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/107-14

    (725 ILCS 5/107-14) (from Ch. 38, par. 107-14)
    Sec. 107-14. Temporary questioning without arrest. A peace officer, after having identified himself as a peace officer, may stop any person in a public place for a reasonable period of time when the officer reasonably infers from the circumstances that the person is committing, is about to commit or has committed an offense as defined in Section 102-15 of this Code, and may demand the name and address of the person and an explanation of his actions. Such detention and temporary questioning will be conducted in the vicinity of where the person was stopped.
(Source: Laws 1968, p. 218.)

725 ILCS 5/107-15

    (725 ILCS 5/107-15)
    Sec. 107-15. Fresh pursuit. When the fact that a felony has been committed comes to the knowledge of a sheriff or coroner, fresh pursuit shall be forthwith made after every person guilty of the felony, by the sheriff, coroner, and all other persons who is by any one of them commanded or summoned for that purpose; every such officer who does not do his or her duty in the premises is guilty of a Class B misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/107-16

    (725 ILCS 5/107-16)
    Sec. 107-16. Apprehension of offender. It is the duty of every sheriff, coroner, and every marshal, policeman, or other officer of an incorporated city, town, or village, having the power of a sheriff, when a criminal offense or breach of the peace is committed or attempted in his or her presence, forthwith to apprehend the offender and bring him or her before a judge, to be dealt with according to law; to suppress all riots and unlawful assemblies, and to keep the peace, and without delay to serve and execute all warrants and other process to him or her lawfully directed.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 107A

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 107A heading)
ARTICLE 107A. LINEUP AND PHOTO SPREAD PROCEDURE
(Source: P.A. 93-605, eff. 11-19-03.)

725 ILCS 5/107A-0.1

    (725 ILCS 5/107A-0.1)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 107A-0.1. Definitions. For the purposes of this Article:
        "Eyewitness" means a person viewing the lineup whose
    
identification by sight of another person may be relevant in a criminal proceeding.
        "Filler" means a person or a photograph of a person
    
who is not suspected of an offense and is included in a lineup.
        "Independent administrator" means a lineup
    
administrator who is not participating in the investigation of the criminal offense and is unaware of which person in the lineup is the suspected perpetrator.
        "Lineup" includes a photo lineup or live lineup.
        "Lineup administrator" means the person who conducts
    
a lineup.
        "Live lineup" means a procedure in which a group of
    
persons is displayed to an eyewitness for the purpose of determining if the eyewitness is able to identify the perpetrator of a crime, but does not include a showup.
        "Photo lineup" means a procedure in which photographs
    
are displayed to an eyewitness for the purpose of determining if the eyewitness is able to identify the perpetrator of a crime.
        "Sequential lineup" means a live or photo lineup in
    
which each person or photograph is presented to an eyewitness separately, in a previously determined order, and removed from the eyewitness's view before the next person or photograph is presented, in order to determine if the eyewitness is able to identify the perpetrator of a crime.
        "Showup" means a procedure in which a suspected
    
perpetrator is presented to the eyewitness at, or near, a crime scene for the purpose of obtaining an immediate identification.
        "Simultaneous lineup" means a live or photo lineup in
    
which a group of persons or array of photographs is presented simultaneously to an eyewitness for the purpose of determining if the eyewitness is able to identify the perpetrator of a crime.
(Source: P.A. 98-1014, eff. 1-1-15.)

725 ILCS 5/107A-2

    (725 ILCS 5/107A-2)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 107A-2. Lineup procedure.
    (a) All lineups shall be conducted using one of the following methods:
        (1) An independent administrator, unless it is not
    
practical.
        (2) An automated computer program or other device
    
that can automatically display a photo lineup to an eyewitness in a manner that prevents the lineup administrator from seeing which photograph or photographs the eyewitness is viewing until after the lineup is completed. The automated computer program may present the photographs to the eyewitness simultaneously or sequentially, consistent with the law enforcement agency guidelines required under subsection (b) of this Section.
        (3) A procedure in which photographs are placed in
    
folders, randomly numbered, and shuffled and then presented to an eyewitness such that the lineup administrator cannot see or know which photograph or photographs are being presented to the eyewitness until after the procedure is completed. The photographs may be presented to the eyewitness simultaneously or sequentially, consistent with the law enforcement agency guidelines required under subsection (b) of this Section.
        (4) Any other procedure that prevents the lineup
    
administrator from knowing the identity of the suspected perpetrator or seeing or knowing the persons or photographs being presented to the eyewitness until after the procedure is completed.
    (b) Each law enforcement agency shall adopt written guidelines setting forth when, if at all, simultaneous lineups shall be conducted and when, if at all, sequential lineups shall be conducted. This subsection does not establish a preference for whether a law enforcement agency should conduct simultaneous lineups or sequential lineups. Whether and when to conduct simultaneous lineups or sequential lineups is at the discretion of each law enforcement agency. If, after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly, a method of conducting a lineup different from a simultaneous or sequential lineup is determined by the Illinois Supreme Court to be sufficiently established to have gained general acceptance as a reliable method for eyewitness identifications and provides more accurate results than simultaneous or sequential lineups, a law enforcement agency may adopt written guidelines setting forth when, if at all, this different method of conducting lineups shall be used and, when feasible, the provisions of subsection (d) of this Section shall apply to the use of these methods.
    (c) On and after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly, there is no preference as to whether a law enforcement agency conducts a live lineup or a photo lineup and to the extent that the common law directs otherwise, this direction is abrogated.
    (d) If a lineup administrator conducts a sequential lineup, the following shall apply:
        (1) Solely at the eyewitness's request, the lineup
    
administrator may present a person or photograph to the eyewitness an additional time but only after the eyewitness has first viewed each person or photograph one time.
        (2) If the eyewitness identifies a person as a
    
perpetrator, the lineup administrator shall continue to sequentially present the remaining persons or photographs to the eyewitness until the eyewitness has viewed each person or photograph.
    (e) Before a lineup is conducted:
        (1) The eyewitness shall be instructed that:
            (A) if recording the lineup is practical, an
        
audio and video recording of the lineup will be made for the purpose of accurately documenting all statements made by the eyewitness, unless the eyewitness refuses to the recording of the lineup, and that if a recording is made it will be of the persons in the lineup and the eyewitness;
            (B) the perpetrator may or may not be presented
        
in the lineup;
            (C) if an independent administrator is
        
conducting the lineup, the independent administrator does not know the suspected perpetrator's identity or if the administrator conducting the lineup is not an independent administrator, the eyewitness should not assume that the lineup administrator knows which person in the lineup is the suspect;
            (D) the eyewitness should not feel compelled to
        
make an identification;
            (E) it is as important to exclude innocent
        
persons as it is to identify a perpetrator; and
            (F) the investigation will continue whether or
        
not an identification is made.
        (2) The eyewitness shall acknowledge in writing the
    
receipt of the instructions required under this subsection and, if applicable, the refusal to be recorded. If the eyewitness refuses to sign the acknowledgement, the lineup administrator shall note the refusal of the eyewitness to sign the acknowledgement and shall also sign the acknowledgement.
    (f) In conducting a lineup:
        (1) When practicable, the lineup administrator shall
    
separate all eyewitnesses in order to prevent the eyewitnesses from conferring with one another before and during the lineup procedure. If separating the eyewitnesses is not practicable, the lineup administrator shall ensure that all eyewitnesses are monitored and that they do not confer with one another while waiting to view the lineup and during the lineup.
        (2) Each eyewitness shall perform the identification
    
procedures without any other eyewitness present. Each eyewitness shall be given instructions regarding the identification procedures without other eyewitnesses present.
        (3) The lineup shall be composed to ensure that the
    
suspected perpetrator does not unduly stand out from the fillers. In addition:
            (A) Only one suspected perpetrator shall be
        
included in a lineup.
            (B) The suspected perpetrator shall not be
        
substantially different in appearance from the fillers based on the eyewitness's previous description of the perpetrator or based on other factors that would draw attention to the suspected perpetrator.
            (C) At least 5 fillers shall be included in a
        
photo lineup, in addition to the suspected perpetrator.
            (D) When practicable, at least 5 fillers shall be
        
included in a live lineup, in addition to the suspected perpetrator, but in no event shall there be less than 3 fillers in addition to the suspected perpetrator.
            (E) If the eyewitness has previously viewed a
        
photo lineup or live lineup in connection with the identification of another person suspected of involvement in the offense, the fillers in the lineup in which the current suspected perpetrator participates shall be different from the fillers used in the prior lineups.
        (4) If there are multiple eyewitnesses, subject to
    
the requirements in subsection (a) of this Section and to the extent possible, the suspected perpetrator shall be placed in a different position in the lineup or photo array for each eyewitness.
        (5) Nothing shall be communicated to the eyewitness
    
regarding the suspected perpetrator's position in the lineup or regarding anything that may influence the eyewitness's identification.
        (6) No writings or information concerning any
    
previous arrest, indictment, or conviction of the suspected perpetrator shall be visible or made known to the eyewitness.
        (7) If a photo lineup, the photograph of the
    
suspected perpetrator shall be contemporary in relation to the photographs of the fillers and, to the extent practicable, shall resemble the suspected perpetrator's appearance at the time of the offense.
        (8) If a live lineup, any identifying actions, such
    
as speech, gestures, or other movements, shall be performed by all lineup participants.
        (9) If a live lineup, all lineup participants must be
    
out of view of the eyewitness prior to the lineup.
        (10) The lineup administrator shall obtain and
    
document any and all statements made by the eyewitness during the lineup as to the perpetrator's identity. When practicable, an audio or video recording of the statements shall be made.
        (11) If the eyewitness identifies a person as the
    
perpetrator, the eyewitness shall not be provided any information concerning the person until after the lineup is completed.
        (12) Unless otherwise allowed under subsection (a) of
    
this Section, there shall not be anyone present during a lineup who knows the suspected perpetrator's identity, except the eyewitness and suspected perpetrator's counsel if required by law.
    (g) The lineup administrator shall make an official report of all lineups, which shall include all of the following information:
        (1) All identification and non-identification results
    
obtained during the lineup, signed by the eyewitness, including any and all statements made by the eyewitness during the lineup as to the perpetrator's identity as required under paragraph (10) of subsection (f) of this Section. If the eyewitness refuses to sign, the lineup administrator shall note the refusal of the eyewitness to sign the results and shall also sign the notation.
        (2) The names of all persons who viewed the lineup.
        (3) The names of all law enforcement officers and
    
counsel present during the lineup.
        (4) The date, time, and location of the lineup.
        (5) Whether it was a photo lineup or live lineup and
    
how many persons or photographs were presented in the lineup.
        (6) The sources of all persons or photographs used as
    
fillers in the lineup.
        (7) In a photo lineup, the actual photographs shown
    
to the eyewitness.
        (8) In a live lineup, a photograph or other visual
    
recording of the lineup that includes all persons who participated in the lineup.
        (9) If applicable, the eyewitness's refusal to be
    
recorded.
        (10) If applicable, the reason for any
    
impracticability in strict compliance with this Section.
    (h) Unless it is not practical or the eyewitness refuses, a video record of all lineup procedures shall be made.
        (1) If a video record is not practical or the
    
eyewitness refuses to allow a video record to be made:
            (A) the reasons or the refusal shall be
        
documented in the official report required under subsection (g) of this Section;
            (B) an audio record shall be made, if practical;
        
and
            (C) if a live lineup, the lineup shall be
        
photographed.
        (2) If an audio record is not practical, the reasons
    
shall be documented in the official report required under subsection (g) of this Section.
    (i) The photographs, recordings, and the official report of the lineup required by this Section shall be disclosed to counsel for the accused as provided by the Illinois Supreme Court Rules regarding discovery. All photographs of suspected perpetrators shown to an eyewitness during a lineup shall be disclosed to counsel for the accused as provided by the Illinois Supreme Court Rules regarding discovery. To protect the identity of the eyewitness and the identities of law enforcement officers used as fillers in the lineup from being disclosed to third parties, the State's Attorney shall petition the court for a protective order under Supreme Court Rule 415 upon disclosure of the photographs or recordings to the counsel of the accused.
    (j) All of the following shall be available as consequences of compliance or noncompliance with the requirements of this Section:
        (1) Failure to comply with any of the requirements of
    
this Section shall be a factor to be considered by the court in adjudicating a motion to suppress an eyewitness identification or any other motion to bar an eyewitness identification. These motions shall be in writing and state facts showing how the identification procedure was improper. This paragraph (1) makes no change to existing applicable common law or statutory standards or burdens of proof.
        (2) When warranted by the evidence presented at
    
trial, the jury shall be instructed that it may consider all the facts and circumstances including compliance or noncompliance with this Section to assist in its weighing of the identification testimony of an eyewitness.
    (k) Any electronic recording made during a lineup that is compiled by any law enforcement agency as required by this Section for the purposes of fulfilling the requirements of this Section shall be confidential and exempt from public inspection and copying, as provided under Section 7 of the Freedom of Information Act, and the recording shall not be transmitted to any person except as necessary to comply with this Section.
(Source: P.A. 98-1014, eff. 1-1-15.)

725 ILCS 5/107A-5

    (725 ILCS 5/107A-5)
    (Section scheduled to be repealed on January 1, 2015)
    Sec. 107A-5. Lineup and photo spread procedure.
    (a) All lineups shall be photographed or otherwise recorded. These photographs shall be disclosed to the accused and his or her defense counsel during discovery proceedings as provided in Illinois Supreme Court Rules. All photographs of suspects shown to an eyewitness during the photo spread shall be disclosed to the accused and his or her defense counsel during discovery proceedings as provided in Illinois Supreme Court Rules.
    (b) Each eyewitness who views a lineup or photo spread shall sign a form containing the following information:
        (1) The suspect might not be in the lineup or photo
    
spread and the eyewitness is not obligated to make an identification.
        (2) The eyewitness should not assume that the person
    
administering the lineup or photo spread knows which person is the suspect in the case.
    (c) Suspects in a lineup or photo spread should not appear to be substantially different from "fillers" or "distracters" in the lineup or photo spread, based on the eyewitness' previous description of the perpetrator, or based on other factors that would draw attention to the suspect.
(Source: P.A. 93-605, eff. 11-19-03. Repealed by P.A. 98-1014, eff. 1-1-15.)

725 ILCS 5/107A-10

    (725 ILCS 5/107A-10)
    (Section scheduled to be repealed on January 1, 2015)
    Sec. 107A-10. Pilot study on sequential lineup procedures.
    (a) Legislative intent. Because the goal of a police investigation is to apprehend the person or persons responsible for committing a crime, it is useful to conduct a pilot study in the field on the effectiveness of the sequential method for lineup procedures.
    (b) Establishment of pilot jurisdictions. The Department of State Police shall select 3 police departments to participate in a one-year pilot study on the effectiveness of the sequential lineup method for photo and live lineup procedures. One such pilot jurisdiction shall be a police district within a police department in a municipality whose population is at least 500,000 residents; one such pilot jurisdiction shall be a police department in a municipality whose population is at least 100,000 but less than 500,000; and one such pilot jurisdiction shall be a police department in a municipality whose population is less than 100,000. All such pilot jurisdictions shall be selected no later than July 1, 2004.
    (c) Sequential lineup procedures in pilot jurisdictions. For any offense alleged to have been committed in a pilot jurisdiction on or after July 1, 2004, selected lineup identification procedure shall be presented in the sequential method in which a witness is shown lineup participants one at a time, using the following procedures:
        (1) The witness shall be requested to state whether
    
the individual shown is the perpetrator of the crime prior to viewing the next lineup participant. Only one member of the lineup shall be a suspect and the remainder shall be "fillers" who are not suspects but fit the general description of the offender without the suspect unduly standing out;
        (2) The lineup administrator shall be someone who is
    
not aware of which member of the lineup is the suspect in the case; and
        (3) Prior to presenting the lineup using the
    
sequential method the lineup administrator shall:
            (A) Inform the witness that the perpetrator may
        
or may not be among those shown, and the witness should not feel compelled to make an identification;
            (B) Inform the witness that he or she will view
        
individuals one at a time and will be requested to state whether the individual shown is the perpetrator of the crime, prior to viewing the next lineup participant; and
            (C) Ask the witness to state in his or her own
        
words how sure he or she is that the person identified is the actual offender. During the statement, or as soon thereafter as reasonably possible, the witness's actual words shall be documented.
    (d) Application. This Section applies to selected live lineups that are composed and presented at a police station and to selected photo lineups regardless of where presented; provided that this Section does not apply in police investigations in which a spontaneous identification is possible and no lineup procedure is being used. This Section does not affect the right to counsel afforded by the U.S. or Illinois Constitutions or State law at any stage of a criminal proceeding.
    (e) Selection of lineups. The participating jurisdictions shall develop a protocol for the selection and administration of lineups which is practical, designed to elicit information for comparative evaluation purposes, and is consistent with objective scientific research methodology.
    (f) Training and administrators. The Department of State Police shall offer training to police officers and any other appropriate personnel on the sequential method of conducting lineup procedures in the pilot jurisdictions and the requirements of this Section. The Department of State Police may seek funding for training and administration from the Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority and the Illinois Law Enforcement Training Standards Board if necessary.
    (g) Report on the pilot study. The Department of State Police shall gather information from each of the participating police departments selected as a pilot jurisdiction with respect to the effectiveness of the sequential method for lineup procedures and shall file a report of its findings with the Governor and the General Assembly no later than September 1, 2005.
(Source: P.A. 93-655, eff. 1-20-04. Repealed by P.A. 98-1014, eff. 1-1-15.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 108

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 108 heading)
ARTICLE 108. SEARCH AND SEIZURE

725 ILCS 5/108-1

    (725 ILCS 5/108-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-1)
    Sec. 108-1. Search without warrant.
    (1) When a lawful arrest is effected a peace officer may reasonably search the person arrested and the area within such person's immediate presence for the purpose of:
        (a) protecting the officer from attack; or
        (b) preventing the person from escaping; or
        (c) discovering the fruits of the crime; or
        (d) discovering any instruments, articles, or things
    
which may have been used in the commission of, or which may constitute evidence of, an offense.
    (2) (Blank).
    (3) A law enforcement officer may not search or inspect a motor vehicle, its contents, the driver, or a passenger solely because of a violation of Section 12-603.1 of the Illinois Vehicle Code.
(Source: P.A. 93-99, eff. 7-3-03.)

725 ILCS 5/108-1.01

    (725 ILCS 5/108-1.01) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-1.01)
    Sec. 108-1.01. Search during temporary questioning.
    When a peace officer has stopped a person for temporary questioning pursuant to Section 107-14 of this Code and reasonably suspects that he or another is in danger of attack, he may search the person for weapons. If the officer discovers a weapon, he may take it until the completion of the questioning, at which time he shall either return the weapon, if lawfully possessed, or arrest the person so questioned.
(Source: Laws 1968, p. 218.)

725 ILCS 5/108-2

    (725 ILCS 5/108-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-2)
    Sec. 108-2. Custody and disposition of things seized. An inventory of all instruments, articles or things seized on a search without warrant shall be given to the person arrested and a copy thereof delivered to the judge before whom the person arrested is taken, and thereafter, such instruments, articles or things shall be handled and disposed of in accordance with Sections 108-11 and 108-12 of this Code. If the person arrested is released without a charge being preferred against him all instruments, articles or things seized, other than contraband, shall be returned to him upon release.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/108-3

    (725 ILCS 5/108-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-3)
    Sec. 108-3. Grounds for search warrant.
    (a) Except as provided in subsection (b), upon the written complaint of any person under oath or affirmation which states facts sufficient to show probable cause and which particularly describes the place or person, or both, to be searched and the things to be seized, any judge may issue a search warrant for the seizure of the following:
        (1) Any instruments, articles or things designed or
    
intended for use or which are or have been used in the commission of, or which may constitute evidence of, the offense in connection with which the warrant is issued; or contraband, the fruits of crime, or things otherwise criminally possessed.
        (2) Any person who has been kidnaped in violation of
    
the laws of this State, or who has been kidnaped in another jurisdiction and is now concealed within this State, or any human fetus or human corpse.
    (b) When the things to be seized are the work product of, or used in the ordinary course of business, and in the possession, custody, or control of any person known to be engaged in the gathering or dissemination of news for the print or broadcast media, no judge may issue a search warrant unless the requirements set forth in subsection (a) are satisfied and there is probable cause to believe that:
        (1) such person has committed or is committing a
    
criminal offense; or
        (2) the things to be seized will be destroyed or
    
removed from the State if the search warrant is not issued.
(Source: P.A. 89-377, eff. 8-18-95.)

725 ILCS 5/108-4

    (725 ILCS 5/108-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-4)
    Sec. 108-4. Issuance of search warrant.
    (a) All warrants upon written complaint shall state the time and date of issuance and be the warrants of the judge issuing the same and not the warrants of the court in which he is then sitting and such warrants need not bear the seal of the court or clerk thereof. The complaint on which the warrant is issued need not be filed with the clerk of the court nor with the court if there is no clerk until the warrant has been executed or has been returned "not executed".
    The search warrant upon written complaint may be issued electronically or electromagnetically by use of a facsimile transmission machine and any such warrant shall have the same validity as a written search warrant.
    (b) Warrant upon oral testimony.
        (1) General rule. When the offense in connection with
    
which a search warrant is sought constitutes terrorism or any related offense as defined in Article 29D of the Criminal Code of 2012, and if the circumstances make it reasonable to dispense, in whole or in part, with a written affidavit, a judge may issue a warrant based upon sworn testimony communicated by telephone or other appropriate means, including facsimile transmission.
        (2) Application. The person who is requesting the
    
warrant shall prepare a document to be known as a duplicate original warrant and shall read such duplicate original warrant, verbatim, to the judge. The judge shall enter, verbatim, what is so read to the judge on a document to be known as the original warrant. The judge may direct that the warrant be modified.
        (3) Issuance. If the judge is satisfied that the
    
offense in connection with which the search warrant is sought constitutes terrorism or any related offense as defined in Article 29D of the Criminal Code of 2012, that the circumstances are such as to make it reasonable to dispense with a written affidavit, and that grounds for the application exist or that there is probable cause to believe that they exist, the judge shall order the issuance of a warrant by directing the person requesting the warrant to sign the judge's name on the duplicate original warrant. The judge shall immediately sign the original warrant and enter on the face of the original warrant the exact time when the warrant was ordered to be issued. The finding of probable cause for a warrant upon oral testimony may be based on the same kind of evidence as is sufficient for a warrant upon affidavit.
        (4) Recording and certification of testimony. When a
    
caller informs the judge that the purpose of the call is to request a warrant, the judge shall immediately place under oath each person whose testimony forms a basis of the application and each person applying for that warrant. If a voice recording device is available, the judge shall record by means of the device all of the call after the caller informs the judge that the purpose of the call is to request a warrant, otherwise a stenographic or longhand verbatim record shall be made. If a voice recording device is used or a stenographic record made, the judge shall have the record transcribed, shall certify the accuracy of the transcription, and shall file a copy of the original record and the transcription with the court. If a longhand verbatim record is made, the judge shall file a signed copy with the court.
        (5) Contents. The contents of a warrant upon oral
    
testimony shall be the same as the contents of a warrant upon affidavit.
        (6) Additional rule for execution. The person who
    
executes the warrant shall enter the exact time of execution on the face of the duplicate original warrant.
        (7) Motion to suppress based on failure to obtain a
    
written affidavit. Evidence obtained pursuant to a warrant issued under this subsection (b) is not subject to a motion to suppress on the ground that the circumstances were not such as to make it reasonable to dispense with a written affidavit, absent a finding of bad faith. All other grounds to move to suppress are preserved.
        (8) This subsection (b) is inoperative on and after
    
January 1, 2005.
        (9) No evidence obtained pursuant to this subsection
    
(b) shall be inadmissible in a court of law by virtue of subdivision (8).
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/108-5

    (725 ILCS 5/108-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-5)
    Sec. 108-5. Persons authorized to execute search warrants.
    The warrant shall be issued in duplicate and shall be directed for execution to all peace officers of the State. However, the judge may direct the warrant to be executed by any person named specially therein.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/108-6

    (725 ILCS 5/108-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-6)
    Sec. 108-6. Execution of search warrants.
    The warrant shall be executed within 96 hours from the time of issuance. If the warrant is executed the duplicate copy shall be left with any person from whom any instruments, articles or things are seized or if no person is available the copy shall be left at the place from which the instruments, articles or things were seized. Any warrant not executed within such time shall be void and shall be returned to the court of the judge issuing the same as "not executed".
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/108-7

    (725 ILCS 5/108-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-7)
    Sec. 108-7. Command of search warrant.
    The warrant shall command the person directed to execute the same to search the place or person particularly described in the warrant and to seize the instruments, articles or things particularly described in the warrant.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/108-8

    (725 ILCS 5/108-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-8)
    Sec. 108-8. Use of force in execution of search warrant.
    (a) All necessary and reasonable force may be used to effect an entry into any building or property or part thereof to execute a search warrant.
    (b) The court issuing a warrant may authorize the officer executing the warrant to make entry without first knocking and announcing his or her office if it finds, based upon a showing of specific facts, the existence of the following exigent circumstances:
        (1) That the officer reasonably believes that if
    
notice were given a weapon would be used:
            (i) against the officer executing the search
        
warrant; or
            (ii) against another person.
        (2) That if notice were given there is an imminent
    
"danger" that evidence will be destroyed.
(Source: P.A. 92-502, eff. 12-19-01.)

725 ILCS 5/108-9

    (725 ILCS 5/108-9) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-9)
    Sec. 108-9. Detention and search of persons on premises.
    In the execution of the warrant the person executing the same may reasonably detain to search any person in the place at the time:
    (a) To protect himself from attack, or
    (b) To prevent the disposal or concealment of any instruments, articles or things particularly described in the warrant.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/108-10

    (725 ILCS 5/108-10) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-10)
    Sec. 108-10. Return to court of things seized.
    A return of all instruments, articles or things seized shall be made without unnecessary delay before the judge issuing the warrant or before any judge named in the warrant or before any court of competent jurisdiction. An inventory of any instruments, articles or things seized shall be filed with the return and signed under oath by the officer or person executing the warrant. The judge shall upon request deliver a copy of the inventory to the person from whom or from whose premises the instruments, articles or things were taken and to the applicant for the warrant.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/108-11

    (725 ILCS 5/108-11) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-11)
    Sec. 108-11. Disposition of things seized. The court before which the instruments, articles or things are returned shall enter an order providing for their custody pending further proceedings.
(Source: P.A. 83-334.)

725 ILCS 5/108-12

    (725 ILCS 5/108-12) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-12)
    Sec. 108-12. Disposition of obscene material. In the case of any material seized which is alleged to have been possessed or used or intended to be used contrary to, or is evidence of a violation of, Section 11-20 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, the court before which the material is returned shall, upon written request of any person from whom the material was seized or any person claiming ownership or other right to possession of such material, enter an order providing for a hearing to determine the obscene nature thereof not more than 10 days after such return. If the material is determined to be obscene it shall be held pending further proceedings as provided by Section 108-11 of this Code. If the material is determined not to be obscene it shall be returned to the person from whom or place from which it was seized, or to the person claiming ownership or other right to possession of such material; provided that enough of the record material may be retained by the State for purposes of appellate proceedings. The decision of the court upon this hearing shall not be admissible as evidence in any other proceeding nor shall it be res judicata of any question in any other proceeding.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/108-13

    (725 ILCS 5/108-13) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-13)
    Sec. 108-13. When warrant may be executed.
    The warrant may be executed at any time of any day or night.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/108-14

    (725 ILCS 5/108-14) (from Ch. 38, par. 108-14)
    Sec. 108-14. No warrant quashed for technicality. No warrant shall be quashed nor evidence suppressed because of technical irregularities not affecting the substantial rights of the accused.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 108A

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 108A heading)
ARTICLE 108A. JUDICIAL SUPERVISION OF
THE USE OF EAVESDROPPING DEVICES

725 ILCS 5/108A-1

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-1)
    Sec. 108A-1. Authorization for use of eavesdropping device. The State's Attorney or an Assistant State's Attorney authorized by the State's Attorney may authorize an application to a circuit judge or an associate judge assigned by the Chief Judge of the circuit for, and such judge may grant in conformity with this Article, an order authorizing or approving the use of an eavesdropping device by a law enforcement officer or agency having the responsibility for the investigation of any felony under Illinois law where any one party to a conversation to be monitored, or previously monitored in the case of an emergency situation as defined in this Article, has consented to such monitoring.
    The Chief Judge of the circuit may assign to associate judges the power to issue orders authorizing or approving the use of eavesdropping devices by law enforcement officers or agencies in accordance with this Article. After assignment by the Chief Judge, an associate judge shall have plenary authority to issue such orders without additional authorization for each specific application made to him by the State's Attorney until such time as the associate judge's power is rescinded by the Chief Judge.
(Source: P.A. 92-413, eff. 8-17-01.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-2

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-2)
    Sec. 108A-2. Authorized Disclosure or Use of Information. (a) Any law enforcement officer who, by any means authorized in this Article, has obtained knowledge of the contents of any conversation overheard or recorded by use of an eavesdropping device or evidence derived therefrom, may disclose such contents to another law enforcement officer or prosecuting attorney to the extent that such disclosure is appropriate to the proper performance of the official duties of the person making or receiving the disclosure.
    (b) Any investigative or law enforcement officer who, by any means authorized in this Article, has obtained knowledge of the contents of any conversation overheard or recorded use of an eavesdropping device or evidence derived therefrom, may use the contents to the extent such use is appropriate to the proper performance of his official duties.
    (c) Admissibility into evidence in any judicial, administrative, or legislative proceeding shall be as elsewhere described in this Article.
(Source: P.A. 79-1159.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-3

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-3)
    Sec. 108A-3. Procedure for Obtaining Judicial Approval of Use of Eavesdropping Device. (a) Where any one party to a conversation to occur in the future has consented to the use of an eavesdropping device to overhear or record the conversation, a judge may grant approval to an application to use an eavesdropping device pursuant to the provisions of this section.
    Each application for an order authorizing or subsequently approving the use of an eavesdropping device shall be made in writing upon oath or affirmation to a circuit judge, or an associate judge assigned for such purpose pursuant to Section 108A-1 of this Code, and shall state the applicant's authority to make such application. Each application shall include the following:
    (1) the identity of the investigative or law enforcement officer making the application and the State's Attorney authorizing the application;
    (2) a statement of the facts and circumstances relied upon by the applicant to justify his belief that an order should be issued including: (a) details as to the felony that has been, is being, or is about to be committed; (b) a description of the type of communication sought to be monitored; (c) the identity of the party to the expected conversation consenting to the use of an eavesdropping device; (d) the identity of the person, if known, whose conversations are to be overheard by the eavesdropping device;
    (3) a statement of the period of time for which the use of the device is to be maintained or, if the nature of the investigation is such that the authorization for use of the device should not terminate automatically when the described type of communication is overheard or recorded, a description of facts establishing reasonable cause to believe that additional conversations of the same type will occur thereafter;
    (4) a statement of the existence of all previous applications known to the individual making the application which have been made to any judge requesting permission to use an eavesdropping device involving the same persons in the present application, and the action taken by the judge on the previous applications;
    (5) when the application is for an extension of an order, a statement setting forth the results so far obtained from the use of the eavesdropping device or an explanation of the failure to obtain such results.
    (b) The judge may request the applicant to furnish additional testimony, witnesses, or evidence in support of the application.
(Source: P.A. 86-391.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-4

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-4)
    Sec. 108A-4. Grounds for Approval or Authorization. The judge may authorize or approve the use of the eavesdropping device where it is found that:
    (a) one party to the conversation has or will have consented to the use of the device;
    (b) there is reasonable cause for believing that an individual is committing, has committed, or is about to commit a felony under Illinois law;
    (c) there is reasonable cause for believing that particular conversations concerning that felony offense will be obtained through such use; and
    (d) for any extension authorized, that further use of a device is warranted on similar grounds.
(Source: P.A. 79-1159.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-5

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-5)
    Sec. 108A-5. Orders Authorizing Use of an Eavesdropping Device.
    (a) Each order authorizing or approving the use of an eavesdropping device shall specify:
        (1) the identity of the person who has consented to
    
the use of the device to monitor any of his conversations and a requirement that any conversation overheard or received must include this person;
        (2) the identity of the other person or persons, if
    
known, who will participate in the conversation;
        (3) the period of time in which the use of the device
    
is authorized, including a statement as to whether or not the use shall automatically terminate when the described conversations have been first obtained.
    (b) No order entered under this section may authorize or approve the use of any eavesdropping device for any period longer than 30 days. An initial or a subsequent extension, in no case for more than 30 days each, of an order may be granted but only upon application made in accordance with Section 108A-3 and where the court makes the findings required in Section 108A-4.
(Source: P.A. 92-413, eff. 8-17-01.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-6

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-6)
    Sec. 108A-6. Emergency Exception to Procedures. (a) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Article, any investigative or law enforcement officer, upon approval of a State's Attorney, or without it if a reasonable effort has been made to contact the appropriate State's Attorney, may use an eavesdropping device in an emergency situation as defined in this Section. Such use must be in accordance with the provisions of this Section and may be allowed only where the officer reasonably believes that an order permitting the use of the device would issue were there a prior hearing.
    An emergency situation exists when, without previous notice to the law enforcement officer sufficient to obtain prior judicial approval, the conversation to be overheard or recorded will occur within a short period of time, the use of the device is necessary for the protection of the law enforcement officer or it will occur in a situation involving a clear and present danger of imminent death or great bodily harm to persons resulting from: (1) a kidnapping or the holding of a hostage by force or the threat of the imminent use of force; or (2) the occupation by force or the threat of the imminent use of force of any premises, place, vehicle, vessel or aircraft; or (3) any violation of Article 29D.
    (b) In all such cases, an application for an order approving the previous or continuing use of an eavesdropping device must be made within 48 hours of the commencement of such use. In the absence of such an order, or upon its denial, any continuing use shall immediately terminate.
    In order to approve such emergency use, the judge must make a determination (1) that he would have granted an order had the information been before the court prior to the use of the device and (2) that there was an emergency situation as defined in this Section.
    (c) In the event that an application for approval under this Section is denied the contents of the conversations overheard or recorded shall be treated as having been obtained in violation of this Article.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-7

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-7)
    Sec. 108A-7. Retention and Review of Recordings.
    (a) The contents of any conversation overheard by any eavesdropping device shall, if possible, be recorded on tape or a comparable device. The recording of the contents of a conversation under this Article shall be done in such a way as will protect the recording from editing or other alterations.
    (b) Immediately after the expiration of the period of the order or extension or, where the recording was made in an emergency situation as defined in Section 108A-6, at the time of the request for approval subsequent to the emergency, all such recordings shall be made available to the judge issuing the order or hearing the application for approval of an emergency application.
    The judge shall listen to the tapes, determine if the conversations thereon are within his order or were appropriately made in emergency situations, and make a record of such determination to be retained with the tapes.
    The recordings shall be sealed under the instructions of the judge and custody shall be where he orders. Such recordings shall not be destroyed except upon order of the judge hearing the application and in any event shall be kept for 10 years if not destroyed upon his order.
    Duplicate recordings may be made for any use or disclosure authorized by this Article. The presence of the seal provided for in this Section or a satisfactory explanation for the absence thereof shall be a pre-requisite for the use or disclosure of the contents of the recordings or any evidence derived therefrom.
    (c) Applications made and orders granted under this Article shall be sealed by the judge. Custody of the applications and orders shall be wherever the judge requests. Such applications and orders shall be disclosed only upon a showing of good cause before a judge. Such documents shall not be destroyed except on the order of the issuing or denying judge or after the expiration of 10 years time if not destroyed upon his order.
(Source: P.A. 79-1159.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-8

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-8)
    Sec. 108A-8. Notice to Parties Overheard.
    (a) Within a reasonable time, but not later than 90 days after either the filing of an application for an order of authorization or approval which is denied or not later than 90 days after the termination of the period of an order or extension thereof, the issuing or denying judge shall cause to be served on the persons named in the order or application and such other persons in the recorded conversation as the judge may determine that justice requires be notified, a notice of the transaction involving any requested or completed use of an eavesdropping device which shall include:
    (1) notice of the entry of an order, of subsequent approval in an emergency situation, or the denial of an application;
    (2) the date of the entry, approval, or denial;
    (3) the period of the authorized use of any eavesdropping device; and
    (4) notice of whether during the period of eavesdropping devices were or were not used to overhear and record various conversations and whether or not such conversations are recorded.
    On an ex parte showing of good cause, the notice required by this subsection may be postponed.
    (b) Upon the filing of a motion, the judge may in his discretion make available to such person or his attorney for inspection such portions of the recorded conversations or the applications and orders as the judge determines it would be in the interest of justice to make available.
    (c) The contents of any recorded conversation or evidence derived therefrom shall not be received in evidence or otherwise disclosed in any trial, hearing, or other judicial or administrative proceeding unless each party not less than 10 days before such a proceeding has been furnished with a copy of the court order and accompanying application under which the recording was authorized or approved and has had an opportunity to examine the portion of the tapes to be introduced or relied upon. Such 10 day period may be waived by the judge if he finds that it was not possible to furnish the party with such information within the stated period and that the party will not be materially prejudiced by the delay in receiving such information.
(Source: P.A. 79-1159.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-9

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-9) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-9)
    Sec. 108A-9. Motion to Suppress Contents of Recording, etc.
    (a) Any aggrieved person in any judicial or administrative proceeding may move to suppress the contents of any recorded conversation or evidence derived therefrom on the grounds that:
    (1) the conversation was unlawfully overheard and recorded;
    (2) the order of authorization or approval under which the device was used or a recording made was improperly granted; or
    (3) the recording or interception was not made in conformity with the order of authorization.
    (b) Such a motion shall be made before the proceeding unless there was no previous opportunity for such motion. If the motion is granted, the contents shall be treated as having been obtained in violation of this Article. Upon the filing of such a motion, the judge may in his discretion make available to the moving party or his attorney such portions of the recorded conversation or evidence derived therefrom as the judge determines to be in the interests of justice.
(Source: P.A. 79-1159.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-10

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-10) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-10)
    Sec. 108A-10. Appeal by State. In addition to any other right to appeal, the State shall have the right to appeal from a denial of an application for an order of authorization or approval and the right to appeal the granting of a motion to suppress.
    Where the State appeals, such appeal shall be taken within 30 days after the date the order was denied or motion granted and shall be diligently prosecuted.
(Source: P.A. 79-1159.)

725 ILCS 5/108A-11

    (725 ILCS 5/108A-11) (from Ch. 38, par. 108A-11)
    Sec. 108A-11. Reports Concerning Use of Eavesdropping Devices. (a) In January of each year the State's Attorney of each county in which eavesdropping devices were used pursuant to the provisions of this Article shall report to the Department of State Police the following with respect to each application for an order authorizing the use of an eavesdropping device, or an extension thereof, made during the preceding calendar year:
    (1) the fact that such an order, extension, or subsequent approval of an emergency was applied for;
    (2) the kind of order or extension applied for;
    (3) a statement as to whether the order or extension was granted as applied for was modified, or was denied;
    (4) the period authorized by the order or extensions in which an eavesdropping device could be used;
    (5) the felony specified in the order extension or denied application;
    (6) the identity of the applying investigative or law enforcement officer and agency making the application and the State's Attorney authorizing the application; and
    (7) the nature of the facilities from which or the place where the eavesdropping device was to be used.
    (b) Such report shall also include the following:
    (1) a general description of the uses of eavesdropping devices actually made under such order to overheard or record conversations, including: (a) the approximate nature and frequency of incriminating conversations overheard, (b) the approximate nature and frequency of other conversations overheard, (c) the approximate number of persons whose conversations were overheard, and (d) the approximate nature, amount, and cost of the manpower and other resources used pursuant to the authorization to use an eavesdropping device;
    (2) the number of arrests resulting from authorized uses of eavesdropping devices and the offenses for which arrests were made;
    (3) the number of trials resulting from such uses of eavesdropping devices;
    (4) the number of motions to suppress made with respect to such uses, and the number granted or denied; and
    (5) the number of convictions resulting from such uses and the offenses for which the convictions were obtained and a general assessment of the importance of the convictions.
    (c) In April of each year, the Department of State Police shall transmit to the General Assembly a report including information on the number of applications for orders authorizing the use of eavesdropping devices, the number of orders and extensions granted or denied during the preceding calendar year, and the convictions arising out of such uses.
    The requirement for reporting to the General Assembly shall be satisfied by filing copies of the report with the Speaker, the Minority Leader and the Clerk of the House of Representatives and the President, the Minority Leader and the Secretary of the Senate and the Legislative Research Unit, as required by Section 3.1 of "An Act to revise the law in relation to the General Assembly", approved February 25, 1874, as amended, and filing such additional copies with the State Government Report Distribution Center for the General Assembly as is required under paragraph (t) of Section 7 of the State Library Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-391.)

725 ILCS 5/Art. 108B

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 108B heading)
ARTICLE 108B. ELECTRONIC CRIMINAL SURVEILLANCE

725 ILCS 5/108B-1

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-1)
    Sec. 108B-1. Definitions. For the purpose of this Article:
    (a) "Aggrieved person" means a person who was a party to any intercepted private communication or any person against whom the intercept was directed.
    (b) "Chief Judge" means, when referring to a judge authorized to receive application for, and to enter orders authorizing, interceptions of private communications, the Chief Judge of the Circuit Court wherein the application for order of interception is filed, or a Circuit Judge designated by the Chief Judge to enter these orders. In circuits other than the Cook County Circuit, "Chief Judge" also means, when referring to a judge authorized to receive application for, and to enter orders authorizing, interceptions of private communications, an Associate Judge authorized by Supreme Court Rule to try felony cases who is assigned by the Chief Judge to enter these orders. After assignment by the Chief Judge, an Associate Judge shall have plenary authority to issue orders without additional authorization for each specific application made to him by the State's Attorney until the time the Associate Judge's power is rescinded by the Chief Judge.
    (c) "Communications common carrier" means any person engaged as a common carrier in the transmission of communications by wire or radio, not including radio broadcasting.
    (d) "Contents" includes information obtained from a private communication concerning the existence, substance, purport or meaning of the communication, or the identity of a party of the communication.
    (e) "Court of competent jurisdiction" means any circuit court.
    (f) "Department" means Illinois Department of State Police.
    (g) "Director" means Director of the Illinois Department of State Police.
    (g-1) "Electronic communication" means any transfer of signs, signals, writing, images, sounds, data, or intelligence of any nature transmitted in whole or part by a wire, radio, pager, computer, or electromagnetic, photo electronic, or photo optical system where the sending and receiving parties intend the electronic communication to be private and the interception, recording, or transcription of the electronic communication is accomplished by a device in a surreptitious manner contrary to the provisions of this Article. "Electronic communication" does not include:
        (1) any wire or oral communication; or
        (2) any communication from a tracking device.
    (h) "Electronic criminal surveillance device" or "eavesdropping device" means any device or apparatus, or computer program including an induction coil, that can be used to intercept private communication other than:
        (1) Any telephone, telegraph or telecommunication
    
instrument, equipment or facility, or any component of it, furnished to the subscriber or user by a communication common carrier in the ordinary course of its business, or purchased by any person and being used by the subscriber, user or person in the ordinary course of his business, or being used by a communications common carrier in the ordinary course of its business, or by an investigative or law enforcement officer in the ordinary course of his duties; or
        (2) A hearing aid or similar device being used to
    
correct subnormal hearing to not better than normal.
    (i) "Electronic criminal surveillance officer" means any law enforcement officer or retired law enforcement officer of the United States or of the State or political subdivision of it, or of another State, or of a political subdivision of it, who is certified by the Illinois Department of State Police to intercept private communications. A retired law enforcement officer may be certified by the Illinois State Police only to (i) prepare petitions for the authority to intercept private communications in accordance with the provisions of this Act; (ii) intercept and supervise the interception of private communications; (iii) handle, safeguard, and use evidence derived from such private communications; and (iv) operate and maintain equipment used to intercept private communications.
    (j) "In-progress trace" means to determine the origin of a wire communication to a telephone or telegraph instrument, equipment or facility during the course of the communication.
    (k) "Intercept" means the aural or other acquisition of the contents of any private communication through the use of any electronic criminal surveillance device.
    (l) "Journalist" means a person engaged in, connected with, or employed by news media, including newspapers, magazines, press associations, news agencies, wire services, radio, television or other similar media, for the purpose of gathering, processing, transmitting, compiling, editing or disseminating news for the general public.
    (m) "Law enforcement agency" means any law enforcement agency of the United States, or the State or a political subdivision of it.
    (n) "Oral communication" means human speech used to communicate by one party to another, in person, by wire communication or by any other means.
    (o) "Private communication" means a wire, oral, or electronic communication uttered or transmitted by a person exhibiting an expectation that the communication is not subject to interception, under circumstances reasonably justifying the expectation. Circumstances that reasonably justify the expectation that a communication is not subject to interception include the use of a cordless telephone or cellular communication device.
    (p) "Wire communication" means any human speech used to communicate by one party to another in whole or in part through the use of facilities for the transmission of communications by wire, cable or other like connection between the point of origin and the point of reception furnished or operated by a communications common carrier.
    (q) "Privileged communications" means a private communication between:
        (1) a licensed and practicing physician and a patient
    
within the scope of the profession of the physician;
        (2) a licensed and practicing psychologist to a
    
patient within the scope of the profession of the psychologist;
        (3) a licensed and practicing attorney-at-law and a
    
client within the scope of the profession of the lawyer;
        (4) a practicing clergyman and a confidant within the
    
scope of the profession of the clergyman;
        (5) a practicing journalist within the scope of his
    
profession;
        (6) spouses within the scope of their marital
    
relationship; or
        (7) a licensed and practicing social worker to a
    
client within the scope of the profession of the social worker.
    (r) "Retired law enforcement officer" means a person: (1) who is a graduate of a police training institute or academy, who after graduating served for at least 15 consecutive years as a sworn, full-time peace officer qualified to carry firearms for any federal or State department or agency or for any unit of local government of Illinois; (2) who has retired as a local, State, or federal peace officer in a publicly created peace officer retirement system; and (3) whose service in law enforcement was honorably terminated through retirement or disability and not as a result of discipline, suspension, or discharge.
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-1.5

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-1.5)
    Sec. 108B-1.5. Retired law enforcement officer. Nothing in this Article authorizes a retired law enforcement officer to display or use a firearm at any time.
(Source: P.A. 92-863, eff. 1-3-03.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-2

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-2)
    Sec. 108B-2. Request for application for interception.
    (a) A State's Attorney may apply for an order authorizing interception of private communications in accordance with the provisions of this Article.
    (b) The head of a law enforcement agency, including, for purposes of this subsection, the acting head of such law enforcement agency if the head of such agency is absent or unable to serve, may request that a State's Attorney apply for an order authorizing interception of private communications in accordance with the provisions of this Article.
    Upon request of a law enforcement agency, the Department may provide technical assistance to such an agency which is authorized to conduct an interception.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-2a

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-2a) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-2a)
    Sec. 108B-2a. Authorized disclosure or use of information. (a) Any law enforcement officer who, by any means authorized in this Article, has obtained knowledge of the contents of any conversation overheard or recorded by use of an eavesdropping device or evidence derived therefrom, may disclose such contents to another law enforcement officer or prosecuting attorney to the extent that such disclosure is appropriate to the proper performance of the official duties of the person making or receiving the disclosure.
    (b) Any investigative officer, including any attorney authorized by law to prosecute or participate in the prosecution of offenses enumerated in Section 108B-3 of this Act or law enforcement officer who, by any means authorized in this Article, has obtained knowledge of the contents of any conversation overheard or recorded by use of an eavesdropping device or evidence derived therefrom, may use the contents to the extent such use is appropriate to the proper performance of his official duties.
    (c) Admissibility into evidence in any judicial, administrative, or legislative proceeding shall be as elsewhere described in this Article.
(Source: P.A. 85-1203.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-3

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-3)
    Sec. 108B-3. Authorization for the interception of private communication.
    (a) The State's Attorney, or a person designated in writing or by law to act for him and to perform his duties during his absence or disability, may authorize, in writing, an ex parte application to the chief judge of a court of competent jurisdiction for an order authorizing the interception of a private communication when no party has consented to the interception and (i) the interception may provide evidence of, or may assist in the apprehension of a person who has committed, is committing or is about to commit, a violation of Section 8-1(b) (solicitation of murder), 8-1.2 (solicitation of murder for hire), 9-1 (first degree murder), 10-9 (involuntary servitude, involuntary sexual servitude of a minor, or trafficking in persons), paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of subsection (a) of Section 11-14.4 (promoting juvenile prostitution), subdivision (a)(2)(A) or (a)(2)(B) of Section 11-14.3 (promoting prostitution), 11-15.1 (soliciting for a minor engaged in prostitution), 11-16 (pandering), 11-17.1 (keeping a place of juvenile prostitution), 11-18.1 (patronizing a minor engaged in prostitution), 11-19.1 (juvenile pimping and aggravated juvenile pimping), or 29B-1 (money laundering) of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, Section 401, 401.1 (controlled substance trafficking), 405, 405.1 (criminal drug conspiracy) or 407 of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act or any Section of the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, a violation of Section 24-2.1, 24-2.2, 24-3, 24-3.1, 24-3.3, 24-3.4, 24-4, or 24-5 or subsection 24-1(a)(4), 24-1(a)(6), 24-1(a)(7), 24-1(a)(9), 24-1(a)(10), or 24-1(c) of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 or conspiracy to commit money laundering or conspiracy to commit first degree murder; (ii) in response to a clear and present danger of imminent death or great bodily harm to persons resulting from: (1) a kidnapping or the holding of a hostage by force or the threat of the imminent use of force; or (2) the occupation by force or the threat of the imminent use of force of any premises, place, vehicle, vessel or aircraft; (iii) to aid an investigation or prosecution of a civil action brought under the Illinois Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act when there is probable cause to believe the interception of the private communication will provide evidence that a streetgang is committing, has committed, or will commit a second or subsequent gang-related offense or that the interception of the private communication will aid in the collection of a judgment entered under that Act; or (iv) upon information and belief that a streetgang has committed, is committing, or is about to commit a felony.
    (b) The State's Attorney or a person designated in writing or by law to act for the State's Attorney and to perform his or her duties during his or her absence or disability, may authorize, in writing, an ex parte application to the chief judge of a circuit court for an order authorizing the interception of a private communication when no party has consented to the interception and the interception may provide evidence of, or may assist in the apprehension of a person who has committed, is committing or is about to commit, a violation of an offense under Article 29D of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012.
    (b-1) Subsection (b) is inoperative on and after January 1, 2005.
    (b-2) No conversations recorded or monitored pursuant to subsection (b) shall be made inadmissible in a court of law by virtue of subsection (b-1).
    (c) As used in this Section, "streetgang" and "gang-related" have the meanings ascribed to them in Section 10 of the Illinois Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-710, eff. 1-1-10; 96-1464, eff. 8-20-10; 97-897, eff. 1-1-13; 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-4

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-4)
    Sec. 108B-4. Application for order of interception.
    (a) Each application for an order of authorization to intercept a private communication shall be made in writing upon oath or affirmation and shall include:
        (1) the authority of the applicant to make the
    
application;
        (2) the identity of the electronic criminal
    
surveillance officer for whom the authority to intercept a private communication is sought;
        (3) the facts relied upon by the applicant including:
            (i) the identity of the particular person, if
        
known, who is committing, is about to commit, or has committed the offense and whose private communication is to be intercepted;
            (ii) the details as to the particular offense
        
that has been, is being, or is about to be committed;
            (iii) the particular type of private
        
communication to be intercepted;
            (iv) except as provided in Section 108B-7.5, a
        
showing that there is probable cause to believe that the private communication will be communicated on the particular wire or electronic communication facility involved or at the particular place where the oral communication is to be intercepted;
            (v) except as provided in Section 108B-7.5, the
        
character and location of the particular wire or electronic communication facilities involved or the particular place where the oral communication is to be intercepted;
            (vi) the objective of the investigation;
            (vii) a statement of the period of time for which
        
the interception is required to be maintained, and, if the objective of the investigation is such that the authorization for interception should not automatically terminate when the described type of communication has been first obtained, a particular statement of facts establishing probable cause to believe that additional communications of the same type will continue to occur;
            (viii) a particular statement of facts showing
        
that other normal investigative procedures with respect to the offense have been tried and have failed, or reasonably appear to be unlikely to succeed if tried, or are too dangerous to employ;
        (4) where the application is for the extension of an
    
order, a statement of facts showing the results obtained from the interception, or a reasonable explanation of the failure to obtain results;
        (5) a statement of the facts concerning all previous
    
applications known to the applicant made to any court for authorization to intercept a private communication involving any of the same facilities or places specified in the application or involving any person whose communication is to be intercepted, and the action taken by the court on each application;
        (6) a proposed order of authorization for
    
consideration by the judge; and
        (7) such additional statements of facts in support of
    
the application on which the applicant may rely or as the chief judge may require.
    (b) As part of the consideration of that part of an application for which there is no corroborative evidence offered, the chief judge may inquire in camera as to the identity of any informant or request any other additional information concerning the basis upon which the State's Attorney, or the head of the law enforcement agency has relied in making an application or a request for application for the order of authorization which the chief judge finds relevant to the determination of probable cause under this Article.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-5

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-5)
    Sec. 108B-5. Requirements for order of interception.
    (a) Upon consideration of an application, the chief judge may enter an ex parte order, as requested or as modified, authorizing the interception of a private communication, if the chief judge determines on the basis of the application submitted by the applicant, that:
        (1) There is probable cause for belief that (A) the
    
person whose private communication is to be intercepted is committing, has committed, or is about to commit an offense enumerated in Section 108B-3, or (B) the facilities from which, or the place where, the private communication is to be intercepted, is, has been, or is about to be used in connection with the commission of the offense, or is leased to, listed in the name of, or commonly used by, the person; and
        (2) There is probable cause for belief that a
    
particular private communication concerning such offense may be obtained through the interception; and
        (3) Normal investigative procedures with respect to
    
the offense have been tried and have failed or reasonably appear to be unlikely to succeed if tried or too dangerous to employ; and
        (4) The electronic criminal surveillance officers to
    
be authorized to supervise the interception of the private communication have been certified by the Department.
    (b) In the case of an application, other than for an extension, for an order to intercept a communication of a person or on a wire communication facility that was the subject of a previous order authorizing interception, the application shall be based upon new evidence or information different from and in addition to the evidence or information offered to support the prior order, regardless of whether the evidence was derived from prior interceptions or from other sources.
    (c) The chief judge may authorize interception of a private communication anywhere in the judicial circuit. If the court authorizes the use of an eavesdropping device with respect to a vehicle, watercraft, or aircraft that is within the judicial circuit at the time the order is issued, the order may provide that the interception may continue anywhere within the State if the vehicle, watercraft, or aircraft leaves the judicial circuit.
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-6

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-6) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-6)
    Sec. 108B-6. Privileged communications. Nothing in this Article shall be construed to authorize the interception, disclosure or use of information obtained from privileged communications.
(Source: P.A. 85-1203.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-7

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-7) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-7)
    Sec. 108B-7. Contents of order for use of eavesdropping device.
    (a) Each order authorizing the interception of a private communication shall state:
        (1) the chief judge is authorized to issue the order;
        (2) the identity of, or a particular description of,
    
the person, if known, whose private communications are to be intercepted;
        (3) the character and location of the particular wire
    
communication facilities as to which, or the particular place of the communications as to which, authority to intercept is granted;
        (4) a particular description of the type of private
    
communication to be intercepted and a statement of the particular offense to which it relates;
        (5) the identity and certification of the electronic
    
criminal surveillance officers to whom the authority to intercept a private communication is given and the identity of the person who authorized the application; and
        (6) the period of time during which the interception
    
is authorized, including a statement as to whether or not the interception shall automatically terminate when the described communication has been first obtained.
    (b) No order entered under this Section shall authorize the interception of private communications for a period of time in excess of that necessary to achieve the objective of the authorization. Every order entered under this Section shall require that the interception begin and terminate as soon as practicable and be conducted in such a manner as to minimize the interception of communications not otherwise subject to interception. No order, other than for an extension, entered under this Section may authorize the interception of private communications for any period exceeding 30 days. Extensions of an order may be granted for periods of not more than 30 days. No extension shall be granted unless an application for it is made in accordance with Section 108B-4 and the judge makes the findings required by Section 108B-5 and, where necessary, Section 108B-6.
    (c) Whenever an order authorizing an interception is entered, the order shall require reports to be made to the chief judge who issued the order showing what progress has been made toward achievement of the authorized objective and the need for continued interception. The reports shall be made at such intervals as the judge may require.
    (d) An order authorizing the interception of a private communication shall, upon request of the applicant, direct that a communications common carrier, landlord, owner, building operator, custodian, or other person furnish the applicant forthwith all information, facilities and technical assistance necessary to accomplish the interception unobtrusively and with a minimum of interference with the services that the carrier, owner, building operator, landlord, custodian, or person is affording the person whose communication is to be intercepted. The obligation of a communications common carrier under the order may include conducting an in-progress trace during an interception. Any communications common carrier, landlord, owner, building operator, custodian, or person furnishing the facilities or technical assistance shall be compensated by the applicant at the prevailing rates.
    (e) A communications common carrier, landlord, owner, building operator, custodian, or other person who has been provided with an order issued under this Article shall not disclose the existence of the order of interception, or of a device used to accomplish the interception unless:
        (1) he is required to do so by legal process; and
        (2) he has given prior notification to the State's
    
Attorney, who has authorized the application for the order.
    (f) An order authorizing the interception of a private communication shall, upon the request of the applicant, authorize the entry into the place or facilities by electronic criminal surveillance officers as often as necessary for the purpose of installing, maintaining or removing an intercepting device where the entry is necessary to conduct or complete the interception. The chief judge who issues the order shall be notified of the fact of each entry prior to entry, if practicable, and, in any case, within 48 hours of entry.
    (g)  (1) Notwithstanding any provision of this Article, any chief judge of a court of competent jurisdiction to which any application is made under this Article may take any evidence, make any finding, or issue any order to conform the proceedings or the issuance of any order to the Constitution of the United States, or of any law of the United States or to the Constitution of the State of Illinois or to the laws of Illinois.
    (2) When the language of this Article is the same or similar to the language of Title III of P.L. 90-351 (82 Stat. 211 et seq., codified at, 18 U.S.C. 2510 et seq.), the courts of this State in construing this Article shall follow the construction given to Federal law by the United States Supreme Court or United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-7.5

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-7.5)
    Sec. 108B-7.5. Applicability.
    (a) The requirements of subdivisions (a)(3)(iv) and (a)(3)(v) of Section 108B-4, subdivision (1)(b) of Section 108B-5, and subdivision (a)(3) of Section 108B-7 of this Article relating to the specification of the facilities from which, or the place where, the communication is to be intercepted do not apply if:
        (1) in the case of an application with respect to the
    
interception of an oral communication:
            (A) the application is by the State's Attorney,
        
or a person designated in writing or by law to act for the State's Attorney and to perform his or her duties during his or her absence or disability;
            (B) the application contains a full and complete
        
statement as to why such specification is not practical and identifies the person committing the offense and whose communications are to be intercepted;
            (C) the judge finds that such specification is
        
not practical; and
            (D) the order sought is in connection with an
        
investigation of a violation of Article 29D of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012.
        (2) in the case of an application with respect to a
    
wire or electronic communication:
            (A) the application is by the State's Attorney,
        
or a person designated in writing or by law to act for the State's Attorney and to perform his or her duties during his or her absence or disability;
            (B) the application identifies the person
        
believed to be committing the offense and whose communications are to be intercepted and the applicant makes a showing that there is probable cause to believe that the person's actions could have the effect of thwarting interception from a specified facility;
            (C) the judge finds that such showing has been
        
adequately made;
            (D) the order authorizing or approving the
        
interception is limited to interception only for such time as it is reasonable to presume that the person identified in the application is or was reasonably proximate to the instrument through which such communication will be or was transmitted; and
            (E) the order sought is in connection with an
        
investigation of a violation of Article 29D of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012.
    (b) An interception of a communication under an order with respect to which the requirements of subdivisions (a)(3)(iv) and (a)(3)(v) of Section 108B-4, subdivision (1)(b) of Section 108B-5, and subdivision (a)(3) of Section 108B-7 of this Article do not apply by reason of this Section shall not begin until the place where the communication is to be intercepted is ascertained by the person implementing the interception order. A provider of wire or electronic communications service that has received an order as provided for in subdivision (a)(2) may upon notice to the People move the court to modify or quash the order on the ground that its assistance with respect to the interception cannot be performed in a timely or reasonable fashion. The court shall decide such a motion expeditiously.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-8

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-8) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-8)
    Sec. 108B-8. Emergency use of eavesdropping device.
    (a) Whenever, upon informal application by the State's Attorney, a chief judge of competent jurisdiction determines that:
        (1) there may be grounds upon which an order could be
    
issued under this Article;
        (2) there is probable cause to believe that an
    
emergency situation exists with respect to the investigation of an offense enumerated in Section 108B-3; and
        (3) there is probable cause to believe that a
    
substantial danger to life or limb exists justifying the authorization for immediate interception of a private communication before formal application for an order could with due diligence be submitted to him and acted upon; the chief judge may grant oral approval for an interception, without an order, conditioned upon the filing with him, within 48 hours, of an application for an order under Section 108B-4 which shall also recite the oral approval under this Section and be retroactive to the time of the oral approval.
    (b) Interception under oral approval under this Section shall immediately terminate when the communication sought is obtained or when the application for an order is denied, whichever is earlier.
    (c) In the event no formal application for an order is subsequently made under this Section, the content of any private communication intercepted under oral approval under this Section shall be treated as having been obtained in violation of this Article.
    (d) In the event no application for an order is made under this Section or an application made under this Section is subsequently denied, the judge shall cause an inventory to be served under Section 108B-11 of this Article and shall require the tape or other recording of the intercepted communication to be delivered to, and sealed by, the judge. The evidence shall be retained by the court, and it shall not be used or disclosed in any legal proceeding, except a civil action brought by an aggrieved person under Section 14-6 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, or as otherwise authorized by the order of a court of competent jurisdiction. In addition to other remedies or penalties provided by law, failure to deliver any tape or other recording to the chief judge shall be punishable as contempt by the judge directing the delivery.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-9

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-9) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-9)
    Sec. 108B-9. Recordings, records and custody.
    (a) Any private communication intercepted in accordance with this Article shall, if practicable, be recorded by tape or other comparable method. The recording shall, if practicable, be done in such a way as will protect it from editing or other alteration. During an interception, the interception shall be carried out by an electronic criminal surveillance officer, and, if practicable, such officer shall keep a signed, written record, including:
        (1) the date and hours of surveillance;
        (2) the time and duration of each intercepted
    
communication;
        (3) the parties, if known, to each intercepted
    
conversation; and
        (4) a summary of the contents of each intercepted
    
communication.
    (b) Immediately upon the expiration of the order or its extensions, the tapes and other recordings shall be transferred to the chief judge issuing the order and sealed under his direction. Custody of the tapes, or other recordings, shall be maintained wherever the chief judge directs. They shall not be destroyed except upon an order of a court of competent jurisdiction and in any event shall be kept for 10 years. Duplicate tapes or other recordings may be made for disclosure or use under paragraph (a) of Section 108B-2a of this Article. The presence of the seal provided by this Section, or a satisfactory explanation for its absence, shall be a prerequisite for the disclosure of the contents of any private communication, or evidence derived from it, under paragraph (b) of Section 108B-2a of this Article.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-10

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-10) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-10)
    Sec. 108B-10. Applications, orders, and custody.
    (a) Applications made and orders granted under this Article for the interception of private communications shall be sealed by the chief judge issuing or denying them and held in custody as the judge shall direct. The applications and orders shall be kept for a period of 10 years. Destruction of the applications and orders prior to the expiration of that period of time may be made only upon the order of a court of competent jurisdiction. Disclosure of the applications and orders may be ordered by a court of competent jurisdiction on a showing of good cause.
    (b) The electronic criminal surveillance officer shall retain a copy of applications and orders for the interception of private communications. The applications and orders shall be kept for a period of 10 years. Destruction of the applications and orders prior to the expiration of that period of time may be made only upon an order of a court of competent jurisdiction. Disclosure and use of the applications and orders may be made by an electronic criminal surveillance officer only in the proper performance of his official duties.
    (c) In addition to any other remedies or penalties provided by law, any violation of this Section shall be punishable as contempt of court.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-11

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-11) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-11)
    Sec. 108B-11. Inventory.
    (a) Within a reasonable period of time but not later than 90 days after the termination of the period of the order, or its extensions, or the date of the denial of an application made under Section 108B-8, the chief judge issuing or denying the order or extension shall cause an inventory to be served on any person:
        (1) named in the order;
        (2) arrested as a result of the interception of his
    
private communication;
        (3) indicted or otherwise charged as a result of the
    
interception of his private communication;
        (4) whose private communication was intercepted and
    
who the judge issuing or denying the order or application may in his discretion determine should be informed in the interest of justice.

 
    (b) The inventory under this Section shall include:
        (1) notice of the entry of the order or the
    
application for an order denied under Section 108B-8;
        (2) the date of the entry of the order or the denial
    
of an order applied for under Section 108B-8;
        (3) the period of authorized or disapproved
    
interception; and
        (4) the fact that during the period a private
    
communication was or was not intercepted.
    (c) A court of competent jurisdiction, upon filing of a motion, may in its discretion make available to those persons or their attorneys for inspection those portions of the intercepted communications, applications and orders as the court determines to be in the interest of justice.
    (d) On an ex parte showing of good cause to a court of competent jurisdiction, the serving of the inventories required by this Section may be postponed for a period not to exceed 12 months.
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-12

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-12) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-12)
    Sec. 108B-12. Approval, notice, suppression.
    (a) If an electronic criminal surveillance officer, while intercepting a private communication in accordance with the provision of this Article, intercepts a private communication that relates to an offense other than an offense enumerated in Section 108B-3 of the Act, or relates to an offense enumerated in Section 108B-3 but not specified in the order of authorization, the State's Attorney, or a person designated in writing or by law to act for him, may, in order to permit the disclosure or use of the information under Section 108B-2a of this Act, make a motion for an order approving the interception. The chief judge of a court of competent jurisdiction shall enter an order approving the interception if he finds that at the time of the application, there existed probable cause to believe that a person whose private communication was intercepted was committing or had committed an offense and the content of the communication relates to that offense, and that the communication was otherwise intercepted in accordance with the provisions of this Article.
    (b) An intercepted private communication, or evidence derived from it, may not be received in evidence or otherwise disclosed in an official proceeding unless each aggrieved person who is a party in the official proceeding, including any proceeding before a legislative, judicial, administrative or other governmental agency or official authorized to hear evidence under oath or other person taking testimony or depositions in any such proceeding, other than a grand jury, has, not less than 10 days before the official proceeding, been furnished with a copy of the court order, and the accompanying application, under which the interception was authorized or approved. The 10 day period may be waived by the presiding official if he finds that it was not practicable to furnish the person with the information 10 days before the proceeding, and that the person will not be or has not been prejudiced by delay in receiving the information.
    (c) An aggrieved person in an official proceeding may make a motion under this Section to suppress the contents of an intercepted private communication, or evidence derived from it, on the grounds that:
        (1) the communication was unlawfully intercepted;
        (2) the order of authorization or approval under
    
which it was intercepted is insufficient on its face; or
        (3) the interception was not made in conformity with
    
the order of authorization or approval or at the time of the application there was not probable cause to believe that the aggrieved person was committing or had committed the offense to which the content of the private communication relates.
    (d) If a motion under this Section duly alleges that the evidence sought to be suppressed in an official proceeding, including a grand jury, has been derived from an unlawfully intercepted private communication, and if the aggrieved person who is a party has not been served with notice of the interception under this Section, the opponent of the allegation shall, after conducting a thorough search of its files, affirm or deny the occurrence of the alleged unlawful interception, but no motion shall be considered if the alleged unlawful interception took place more than 5 years before the event to which the evidence relates.
    (e) Where a motion is duly made under this Section prior to the appearance of a witness before a grand jury, the opponent of the motion may make such applications and orders as it has available to the chief judge of a court of competent jurisdiction in camera, and if the judge determines that there is no defect in them sufficient on its face to render them invalid, the judge shall inform the witness that he has not been the subject of an unlawful interception. If the judge determines that there is a defect in them sufficient on its face to render them invalid, he shall enter an order prohibiting any question being put to the witness based on the unlawful interception.
    (f) Motions under this Section shall be made prior to the official proceeding unless there was no opportunity to make the motion or unless the aggrieved person who is a party was not aware of the grounds for the motion. Motions by co-indictees shall, on motion of the People, be heard in a single consolidated hearing.
    (g) A chief judge of a court of competent jurisdiction, upon the filing of a motion by an aggrieved person who is a party under this Section, except before a grand jury, may make available for inspection by the aggrieved person or his attorney such portions of the intercepted private communications, applications and orders or the evidence derived from them as the judge determines to be in the interest of justice.
    (h) If a motion under this Section is granted, the intercepted private communication, and evidence derived from it, may not be received in evidence in an official proceeding, including a grand jury.
    (i) In addition to any other right of appeal, the People shall have the right to appeal from an order granting a motion to suppress if the official to whom the order authorizing the interception was granted certifies to the court that the appeal is not taken for purposes of delay. The appeal shall otherwise be taken in accordance with the law.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-13

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-13) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-13)
    Sec. 108B-13. Reports concerning use of eavesdropping devices.
    (a) Within 30 days after the expiration of an order and each extension thereof authorizing an interception, or within 30 days after the denial of an application or disapproval of an application subsequent to any alleged emergency situation, the State's Attorney shall report to the Department of State Police the following:
        (1) the fact that such an order, extension, or
    
subsequent approval of an emergency was applied for;
        (2) the kind of order or extension applied for;
        (3) a statement as to whether the order or extension
    
was granted as applied for was modified, or was denied;
        (4) the period authorized by the order or extensions
    
in which an eavesdropping device could be used;
        (5) the offense enumerated in Section 108B-3 which is
    
specified in the order or extension or in the denied application;
        (6) the identity of the applying electronic criminal
    
surveillance officer and agency making the application and the State's Attorney authorizing the application; and
        (7) the nature of the facilities from which or the
    
place where the eavesdropping device was to be used.
    (b) In January of each year the State's Attorney of each county in which an interception occurred pursuant to the provisions of this Article shall report to the Department of State Police the following:
        (1) a general description of the uses of
    
eavesdropping devices actually made under such order to overhear or record conversations, including: (a) the approximate nature and frequency of incriminating conversations overheard, (b) the approximate nature and frequency of other conversations overheard, (c) the approximate number of persons whose conversations were overheard, and (d) the approximate nature, amount, and cost of the manpower and other resources used pursuant to the authorization to use an eavesdropping device;
        (2) the number of arrests resulting from authorized
    
uses of eavesdropping devices and the offenses for which arrests were made;
        (3) the number of trials resulting from such uses of
    
eavesdropping devices;
        (4) the number of motions to suppress made with
    
respect to such uses, and the number granted or denied; and
        (5) the number of convictions resulting from such
    
uses and the offenses for which the convictions were obtained and a general assessment of the importance of the convictions.
    On or before March 1 of each year, the Director of the Department of State Police shall submit to the Governor a report of all intercepts as defined herein conducted pursuant to this Article and terminated during the preceding calendar year. Such report shall include:
        (1) the reports of State's Attorneys forwarded to the
    
Director as required in this Section;
        (2) the number of Department personnel authorized to
    
possess, install, or operate electronic, mechanical, or other devices;
        (3) the number of Department and other law
    
enforcement personnel who participated or engaged in the seizure of intercepts pursuant to this Article during the preceding calendar year;
        (4) the number of electronic criminal surveillance
    
officers trained by the Department;
        (5) the total cost to the Department of all
    
activities and procedures relating to the seizure of intercepts during the preceding calendar year, including costs of equipment, manpower, and expenses incurred as compensation for use of facilities or technical assistance provided to or by the Department; and
        (6) a summary of the use of eavesdropping devices
    
pursuant to orders of interception including (a) the frequency of use in each county, (b) the frequency of use for each crime enumerated in Section 108B-3 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963, as amended, (c) the type and frequency of eavesdropping device use, and (d) the frequency of use by each police department or law enforcement agency of this State.
    (d) In April of each year, the Director of the Department of State Police and the Governor shall each transmit to the General Assembly reports including information on the number of applications for orders authorizing the use of eavesdropping devices, the number of orders and extensions granted or denied during the preceding calendar year, the convictions arising out of such uses, and a summary of the information required by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section.
    The requirement for reporting to the General Assembly shall be satisfied by filing copies of the report with the Speaker, the Minority Leader and the Clerk of the House of Representatives and the President, the Minority Leader and the Secretary of the Senate and the Legislative Research Unit, as required by Section 3.1 of the General Assembly Organization Act, and filing such additional copies with the State Government Report Distribution Center for the General Assembly as is required under paragraph (t) of Section 7 of the State Library Act.
(Source: P.A. 85-1203; 86-1226; 86-1475.)

725 ILCS 5/108B-14

    (725 ILCS 5/108B-14) (from Ch. 38, par. 108B-14)
    Sec. 108B-14. Training.
    (a) The Director of the Illinois Department of State Police shall:
        (1) Establish a course of training in the legal,
    
practical, and technical aspects of the interception of private communications and related investigation and prosecution techniques;
        (2) Issue regulations as he finds necessary for the
    
training program;
        (3) In cooperation with the Illinois Law Enforcement
    
Training Standards Board, set minimum standards for certification and periodic recertification of electronic criminal surveillance officers as eligible to apply for orders authorizing the interception of private communications, to conduct the interceptions, and to use the private communications or evidence derived from them in official proceedings; and
        (4) In cooperation with the Illinois Law Enforcement
    
Training Standards Board, revoke or suspend the certification of any electronic criminal surveillance officer who has violated any law relating to electronic criminal surveillance, or any of the guidelines established by the Department for conducting electronic criminal surveillance.
    (b) The Executive Director of the Illinois Law Enforcement Training Standards Board shall:
        (1) Pursuant to the Illinois Police Training Act,
    
review the course of training prescribed by the Department for the purpose of certification relating to reimbursement of expenses incurred by local law enforcement agencies participating in the electronic criminal surveillance officer training process, and
        (2) Assist the Department in establishing minimum
    
standards for certification and periodic recertification of electronic criminal surveillance officers as being eligible to apply for orders authorizing the interception of private communications, to conduct the interpretations, and to use the communications or evidence derived from them in official proceedings.
(Source: P.A. 92-854, eff. 12-5-02.)