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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

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CRIMINAL OFFENSES
(720 ILCS 5/) Criminal Code of 2012.

720 ILCS 5/Tit. V

 
    (720 ILCS 5/Tit. V heading)
TITLE V. ADDED ARTICLES

720 ILCS 5/Art. 36

 
    (720 ILCS 5/Art. 36 heading)
ARTICLE 36. SEIZURE AND FORFEITURE
OF VESSELS, VEHICLES AND AIRCRAFT

720 ILCS 5/36-1

    (720 ILCS 5/36-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 36-1)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 36-1. Seizure.
    (a) Any vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft may be seized and impounded by the law enforcement agency if the vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft is used with the knowledge and consent of the owner in the commission of or in the attempt to commit as defined in Section 8-4 of this Code:
        (1) an offense prohibited by Section 9-1 (first
    
degree murder), Section 9-3 (involuntary manslaughter and reckless homicide), Section 10-2 (aggravated kidnaping), Section 11-1.20 (criminal sexual assault), Section 11-1.30 (aggravated criminal sexual assault), Section 11-1.40 (predatory criminal sexual assault of a child), subsection (a) of Section 11-1.50 (criminal sexual abuse), subsection (a), (c), or (d) of Section 11-1.60 (aggravated criminal sexual abuse), Section 11-6 (indecent solicitation of a child), Section 11-14.4 (promoting juvenile prostitution except for keeping a place of juvenile prostitution), Section 11-20.1 (child pornography), paragraph (a)(1), (a)(2), (a)(4), (b)(1), (b)(2), (e)(1), (e)(2), (e)(3), (e)(4), (e)(5), (e)(6), or (e)(7) of Section 12-3.05 (aggravated battery), Section 12-7.3 (stalking), Section 12-7.4 (aggravated stalking), Section 16-1 (theft if the theft is of precious metal or of scrap metal), subdivision (f)(2) or (f)(3) of Section 16-25 (retail theft), Section 18-2 (armed robbery), Section 19-1 (burglary), Section 19-2 (possession of burglary tools), Section 19-3 (residential burglary), Section 20-1 (arson; residential arson; place of worship arson), Section 20-2 (possession of explosives or explosive or incendiary devices), subdivision (a)(6) or (a)(7) of Section 24-1 (unlawful use of weapons), Section 24-1.2 (aggravated discharge of a firearm), Section 24-1.2-5 (aggravated discharge of a machine gun or a firearm equipped with a device designed or used for silencing the report of a firearm), Section 24-1.5 (reckless discharge of a firearm), Section 28-1 (gambling), or Section 29D-15.2 (possession of a deadly substance) of this Code;
        (2) an offense prohibited by Section 21, 22, 23, 24
    
or 26 of the Cigarette Tax Act if the vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft contains more than 10 cartons of such cigarettes;
        (3) an offense prohibited by Section 28, 29, or 30
    
of the Cigarette Use Tax Act if the vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft contains more than 10 cartons of such cigarettes;
        (4) an offense prohibited by Section 44 of the
    
Environmental Protection Act;
        (5) an offense prohibited by Section 11-204.1 of the
    
Illinois Vehicle Code (aggravated fleeing or attempting to elude a peace officer);
        (6) an offense prohibited by Section 11-501 of the
    
Illinois Vehicle Code (driving while under the influence of alcohol or other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds or any combination thereof) or a similar provision of a local ordinance, and:
            (A) during a period in which his or her driving
        
privileges are revoked or suspended if the revocation or suspension was for:
                (i) Section 11-501 (driving under the
            
influence of alcohol or other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds or any combination thereof),
                (ii) Section 11-501.1 (statutory summary
            
suspension or revocation),
                (iii) paragraph (b) of Section 11-401 (motor
            
vehicle accidents involving death or personal injuries), or
                (iv) reckless homicide as defined in Section
            
9-3 of this Code;
            (B) has been previously convicted of reckless
        
homicide or a similar provision of a law of another state relating to reckless homicide in which the person was determined to have been under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, or intoxicating compound or compounds as an element of the offense or the person has previously been convicted of committing a violation of driving under the influence of alcohol or other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds or any combination thereof and was involved in a motor vehicle accident that resulted in death, great bodily harm, or permanent disability or disfigurement to another, when the violation was a proximate cause of the death or injuries;
            (C) the person committed a violation of driving
        
under the influence of alcohol or other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds or any combination thereof under Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code or a similar provision for the third or subsequent time;
            (D) he or she did not possess a valid
        
driver's license or permit or a valid restricted driving permit or a valid judicial driving permit or a valid monitoring device driving permit; or
            (E) he or she knew or should have known that the
        
vehicle he or she was driving was not covered by a liability insurance policy;
        (7) an offense described in subsection (g) of Section
    
6-303 of the Illinois Vehicle Code;
        (8) an offense described in subsection (e) of Section
    
6-101 of the Illinois Vehicle Code; or
        (9)(A) operating a watercraft under the influence of
    
alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof under Section 5-16 of the Boat Registration and Safety Act during a period in which his or her privileges to operate a watercraft are revoked or suspended and the revocation or suspension was for operating a watercraft under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof; (B) operating a watercraft under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof and has been previously convicted of reckless homicide or a similar provision of a law in another state relating to reckless homicide in which the person was determined to have been under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof as an element of the offense or the person has previously been convicted of committing a violation of operating a watercraft under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof and was involved in an accident that resulted in death, great bodily harm, or permanent disability or disfigurement to another, when the violation was a proximate cause of the death or injuries; or (C) the person committed a violation of operating a watercraft under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof under Section 5-16 of the Boat Registration and Safety Act or a similar provision for the third or subsequent time.
    (b) In addition, any mobile or portable equipment used in the commission of an act which is in violation of Section 7g of the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District Act shall be subject to seizure and forfeiture under the same procedures provided in this Article for the seizure and forfeiture of vessels or watercraft, vehicles, and aircraft, and any such equipment shall be deemed a vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft for purposes of this Article.
    (c) In addition, when a person discharges a firearm at another individual from a vehicle with the knowledge and consent of the owner of the vehicle and with the intent to cause death or great bodily harm to that individual and as a result causes death or great bodily harm to that individual, the vehicle shall be subject to seizure and forfeiture under the same procedures provided in this Article for the seizure and forfeiture of vehicles used in violations of clauses (1), (2), (3), or (4) of subsection (a) of this Section.
    (d) If the spouse of the owner of a vehicle seized for an offense described in subsection (g) of Section 6-303 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, a violation of subdivision (d)(1)(A), (d)(1)(D), (d)(1)(G), (d)(1)(H), or (d)(1)(I) of Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, or Section 9-3 of this Code makes a showing that the seized vehicle is the only source of transportation and it is determined that the financial hardship to the family as a result of the seizure outweighs the benefit to the State from the seizure, the vehicle may be forfeited to the spouse or family member and the title to the vehicle shall be transferred to the spouse or family member who is properly licensed and who requires the use of the vehicle for employment or family transportation purposes. A written declaration of forfeiture of a vehicle under this Section shall be sufficient cause for the title to be transferred to the spouse or family member. The provisions of this paragraph shall apply only to one forfeiture per vehicle. If the vehicle is the subject of a subsequent forfeiture proceeding by virtue of a subsequent conviction of either spouse or the family member, the spouse or family member to whom the vehicle was forfeited under the first forfeiture proceeding may not utilize the provisions of this paragraph in another forfeiture proceeding. If the owner of the vehicle seized owns more than one vehicle, the procedure set out in this paragraph may be used for only one vehicle.
    (e) In addition, property declared contraband under Section 40 of the Illinois Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act may be seized and forfeited under this Article.
(Source: P.A. 98-699, eff. 1-1-15; 98-1020, eff. 8-22-14; 99-78, eff. 7-20-15.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 36-1. Property subject to forfeiture.
    (a) Any vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft is subject to forfeiture under this Article if the vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft is used with the knowledge and consent of the owner in the commission of or in the attempt to commit as defined in Section 8-4 of this Code:
        (1) an offense prohibited by Section 9-1 (first
    
degree murder), Section 9-3 (involuntary manslaughter and reckless homicide), Section 10-2 (aggravated kidnaping), Section 11-1.20 (criminal sexual assault), Section 11-1.30 (aggravated criminal sexual assault), Section 11-1.40 (predatory criminal sexual assault of a child), subsection (a) of Section 11-1.50 (criminal sexual abuse), subsection (a), (c), or (d) of Section 11-1.60 (aggravated criminal sexual abuse), Section 11-6 (indecent solicitation of a child), Section 11-14.4 (promoting juvenile prostitution except for keeping a place of juvenile prostitution), Section 11-20.1 (child pornography), paragraph (a)(1), (a)(2), (a)(4), (b)(1), (b)(2), (e)(1), (e)(2), (e)(3), (e)(4), (e)(5), (e)(6), or (e)(7) of Section 12-3.05 (aggravated battery), Section 12-7.3 (stalking), Section 12-7.4 (aggravated stalking), Section 16-1 (theft if the theft is of precious metal or of scrap metal), subdivision (f)(2) or (f)(3) of Section 16-25 (retail theft), Section 18-2 (armed robbery), Section 19-1 (burglary), Section 19-2 (possession of burglary tools), Section 19-3 (residential burglary), Section 20-1 (arson; residential arson; place of worship arson), Section 20-2 (possession of explosives or explosive or incendiary devices), subdivision (a)(6) or (a)(7) of Section 24-1 (unlawful use of weapons), Section 24-1.2 (aggravated discharge of a firearm), Section 24-1.2-5 (aggravated discharge of a machine gun or a firearm equipped with a device designed or used for silencing the report of a firearm), Section 24-1.5 (reckless discharge of a firearm), Section 28-1 (gambling), or Section 29D-15.2 (possession of a deadly substance) of this Code;
        (2) an offense prohibited by Section 21, 22, 23, 24
    
or 26 of the Cigarette Tax Act if the vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft contains more than 10 cartons of such cigarettes;
        (3) an offense prohibited by Section 28, 29, or 30
    
of the Cigarette Use Tax Act if the vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft contains more than 10 cartons of such cigarettes;
        (4) an offense prohibited by Section 44 of the
    
Environmental Protection Act;
        (5) an offense prohibited by Section 11-204.1 of the
    
Illinois Vehicle Code (aggravated fleeing or attempting to elude a peace officer);
        (6) an offense prohibited by Section 11-501 of the
    
Illinois Vehicle Code (driving while under the influence of alcohol or other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds or any combination thereof) or a similar provision of a local ordinance, and:
            (A) during a period in which his or her driving
        
privileges are revoked or suspended if the revocation or suspension was for:
                (i) Section 11-501 (driving under the
            
influence of alcohol or other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds or any combination thereof),
                (ii) Section 11-501.1 (statutory summary
            
suspension or revocation),
                (iii) paragraph (b) of Section 11-401 (motor
            
vehicle accidents involving death or personal injuries), or
                (iv) reckless homicide as defined in Section
            
9-3 of this Code;
            (B) has been previously convicted of reckless
        
homicide or a similar provision of a law of another state relating to reckless homicide in which the person was determined to have been under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, or intoxicating compound or compounds as an element of the offense or the person has previously been convicted of committing a violation of driving under the influence of alcohol or other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds or any combination thereof and was involved in a motor vehicle accident that resulted in death, great bodily harm, or permanent disability or disfigurement to another, when the violation was a proximate cause of the death or injuries;
            (C) the person committed a violation of driving
        
under the influence of alcohol or other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds or any combination thereof under Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code or a similar provision for the third or subsequent time;
            (D) he or she did not possess a valid
        
driver's license or permit or a valid restricted driving permit or a valid judicial driving permit or a valid monitoring device driving permit; or
            (E) he or she knew or should have known that the
        
vehicle he or she was driving was not covered by a liability insurance policy;
        (7) an offense described in subsection (g) of Section
    
6-303 of the Illinois Vehicle Code;
        (8) an offense described in subsection (e) of Section
    
6-101 of the Illinois Vehicle Code; or
        (9)(A) operating a watercraft under the influence of
    
alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof under Section 5-16 of the Boat Registration and Safety Act during a period in which his or her privileges to operate a watercraft are revoked or suspended and the revocation or suspension was for operating a watercraft under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof; (B) operating a watercraft under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof and has been previously convicted of reckless homicide or a similar provision of a law in another state relating to reckless homicide in which the person was determined to have been under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof as an element of the offense or the person has previously been convicted of committing a violation of operating a watercraft under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof and was involved in an accident that resulted in death, great bodily harm, or permanent disability or disfigurement to another, when the violation was a proximate cause of the death or injuries; or (C) the person committed a violation of operating a watercraft under the influence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or combination thereof under Section 5-16 of the Boat Registration and Safety Act or a similar provision for the third or subsequent time.
    (b) In addition, any mobile or portable equipment used in the commission of an act which is in violation of Section 7g of the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District Act shall be subject to seizure and forfeiture under the same procedures provided in this Article for the seizure and forfeiture of vessels or watercraft, vehicles, and aircraft, and any such equipment shall be deemed a vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft for purposes of this Article.
    (c) In addition, when a person discharges a firearm at another individual from a vehicle with the knowledge and consent of the owner of the vehicle and with the intent to cause death or great bodily harm to that individual and as a result causes death or great bodily harm to that individual, the vehicle shall be subject to seizure and forfeiture under the same procedures provided in this Article for the seizure and forfeiture of vehicles used in violations of clauses (1), (2), (3), or (4) of subsection (a) of this Section.
    (d) If the spouse of the owner of a vehicle seized for an offense described in subsection (g) of Section 6-303 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, a violation of subdivision (d)(1)(A), (d)(1)(D), (d)(1)(G), (d)(1)(H), or (d)(1)(I) of Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, or Section 9-3 of this Code makes a showing that the seized vehicle is the only source of transportation and it is determined that the financial hardship to the family as a result of the seizure outweighs the benefit to the State from the seizure, the vehicle may be forfeited to the spouse or family member and the title to the vehicle shall be transferred to the spouse or family member who is properly licensed and who requires the use of the vehicle for employment or family transportation purposes. A written declaration of forfeiture of a vehicle under this Section shall be sufficient cause for the title to be transferred to the spouse or family member. The provisions of this paragraph shall apply only to one forfeiture per vehicle. If the vehicle is the subject of a subsequent forfeiture proceeding by virtue of a subsequent conviction of either spouse or the family member, the spouse or family member to whom the vehicle was forfeited under the first forfeiture proceeding may not utilize the provisions of this paragraph in another forfeiture proceeding. If the owner of the vehicle seized owns more than one vehicle, the procedure set out in this paragraph may be used for only one vehicle.
    (e) In addition, property subject to forfeiture under Section 40 of the Illinois Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act may be seized and forfeited under this Article.
(Source: P.A. 99-78, eff. 7-20-15; 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/36-1.1

    (720 ILCS 5/36-1.1)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 36-1.1. Seizure.
    (a) Any property subject to forfeiture under this Article may be seized and impounded by the Director of State Police or any peace officer upon process or seizure warrant issued by any court having jurisdiction over the property.
    (b) Any property subject to forfeiture under this Article may be seized and impounded by the Director of State Police or any peace officer without process if there is probable cause to believe that the property is subject to forfeiture under Section 36-1 of this Article and the property is seized under circumstances in which a warrantless seizure or arrest would be reasonable.
    (c) If the seized property is a conveyance, an investigation shall be made by the law enforcement agency as to any person whose right, title, interest, or lien is of record in the office of the agency or official in which title or interest to the conveyance is required by law to be recorded.
    (d) After seizure under this Section, notice shall be given to all known interest holders that forfeiture proceedings, including a preliminary review, may be instituted and the proceedings may be instituted under this Article.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/36-1.2

    (720 ILCS 5/36-1.2)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 36-1.2. Receipt for seized property. If a law enforcement officer seizes property for forfeiture under this Article, the officer shall provide an itemized receipt to the person possessing the property or, in the absence of a person to whom the receipt could be given, shall leave the receipt in the place where the property was found, if possible.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/36-1.3

    (720 ILCS 5/36-1.3)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 36-1.3. Safekeeping of seized property pending disposition.
    (a) Property seized under this Article is deemed to be in the custody of the Director of State Police subject only to the order and judgments of the circuit court having jurisdiction over the forfeiture proceedings and the decisions of the State's Attorney under this Article.
    (b) If property is seized under this Article, the seizing agency shall promptly conduct an inventory of the seized property and estimate the property's value, and shall forward a copy of the inventory of seized property and the estimate of the property's value to the Director of State Police. Upon receiving notice of seizure, the Director of State Police may:
        (1) place the property under seal;
        (2) remove the property to a place designated by the
    
Director of State Police;
        (3) keep the property in the possession of the
    
seizing agency;
        (4) remove the property to a storage area for
    
safekeeping; or
        (5) place the property under constructive seizure by
    
posting notice of pending forfeiture on it, by giving notice of pending forfeiture to its owners and interest holders, or by filing notice of pending forfeiture in any appropriate public record relating to the property; or
        (6) provide for another agency or custodian,
    
including an owner, secured party, or lienholder, to take custody of the property upon the terms and conditions set by the seizing agency.
    (c) The seizing agency shall exercise ordinary care to protect the subject of the forfeiture from negligent loss, damage, or destruction.
    (d) Property seized or forfeited under this Article is subject to reporting under the Seizure and Forfeiture Reporting Act.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/36-1.4

    (720 ILCS 5/36-1.4)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 36-1.4. Notice to State's Attorney. The law enforcement agency seizing property for forfeiture under this Article shall, as soon as practicable but not later than 28 days after the seizure, notify the State's Attorney for the county in which an act or omission giving rise to the seizure occurred or in which the property was seized and the facts and circumstances giving rise to the seizure, and shall provide the State's Attorney with the inventory of the property and its estimated value. The notice shall be by the delivery of the form 4-64. If the property seized for forfeiture is a vehicle, the law enforcement agency seizing the property shall immediately notify the Secretary of State that forfeiture proceedings are pending regarding the vehicle.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/36-1.5

    (720 ILCS 5/36-1.5)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 36-1.5. Preliminary review.
    (a) Within 14 days of the seizure, the State's Attorney in the county in which the seizure occurred shall seek a preliminary determination from the circuit court as to whether there is probable cause that the property may be subject to forfeiture.
    (b) The rules of evidence shall not apply to any proceeding conducted under this Section.
    (c) The court may conduct the review under subsection (a) simultaneously with a proceeding pursuant to Section 109-1 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963 for a related criminal offense if a prosecution is commenced by information or complaint.
    (d) The court may accept a finding of probable cause at a preliminary hearing following the filing of an information or complaint charging a related criminal offense or following the return of indictment by a grand jury charging the related offense as sufficient evidence of probable cause as required under subsection (a).
    (e) Upon making a finding of probable cause as required under this Section, the circuit court shall order the property subject to the provisions of the applicable forfeiture Act held until the conclusion of any forfeiture proceeding.
    For seizures of conveyances, within 7 days of a finding of probable cause under subsection (a), the registered owner or other claimant may file a motion in writing supported by sworn affidavits claiming that denial of the use of the conveyance during the pendency of the forfeiture proceedings creates a substantial hardship. The court shall consider the following factors in determining whether a substantial hardship has been proven:
        (1) the nature of the claimed hardship;
        (2) the availability of public transportation or
    
other available means of transportation; and
        (3) any available alternatives to alleviate the
    
hardship other than the return of the seized conveyance.
    If the court determines that a substantial hardship has been proven, the court shall then balance the nature of the hardship against the State's interest in safeguarding the conveyance. If the court determines that the hardship outweighs the State's interest in safeguarding the conveyance, the court may temporarily release the conveyance to the registered owner or the registered owner's authorized designee, or both, until the conclusion of the forfeiture proceedings or for such shorter period as ordered by the court provided that the person to whom the conveyance is released provides proof of insurance and a valid driver's license and all State and local registrations for operation of the conveyance are current. The court shall place conditions on the conveyance limiting its use to the stated hardship and restricting the conveyance's use to only those individuals authorized to use the conveyance by the registered owner. The court shall revoke the order releasing the conveyance and order that the conveyance be reseized by law enforcement if the conditions of release are violated or if the conveyance is used in the commission of any offense identified in subsection (a) of Section 6-205 of the Illinois Vehicle Code.
    If the court orders the release of the conveyance during the pendency of the forfeiture proceedings, the registered owner or his or her authorized designee shall post a cash security with the Clerk of the Court as ordered by the court. The court shall consider the following factors in determining the amount of the cash security:
        (A) the full market value of the conveyance;
        (B) the nature of the hardship;
        (C) the extent and length of the usage of the
    
conveyance; and
        (D) such other conditions as the court deems
    
necessary to safeguard the conveyance.
    If the conveyance is released, the court shall order that the registered owner or his or her designee safeguard the conveyance, not remove the conveyance from the jurisdiction, not conceal, destroy, or otherwise dispose of the conveyance, not encumber the conveyance, and not diminish the value of the conveyance in any way. The court shall also make a determination of the full market value of the conveyance prior to it being released based on a source or sources defined in 50 Ill. Adm. Code 919.80(c)(2)(A) or 919.80(c)(2)(B).
    If the conveyance subject to forfeiture is released under this Section and is subsequently forfeited, the person to whom the conveyance was released shall return the conveyance to the law enforcement agency that seized the conveyance within 7 days from the date of the declaration of forfeiture or order of forfeiture. If the conveyance is not returned within 7 days, the cash security shall be forfeited in the same manner as the conveyance subject to forfeiture. If the cash security was less than the full market value, a judgment shall be entered against the parties to whom the conveyance was released and the registered owner, jointly and severally, for the difference between the full market value and the amount of the cash security. If the conveyance is returned in a condition other than the condition in which it was released, the cash security shall be returned to the surety who posted the security minus the amount of the diminished value, and that amount shall be forfeited in the same manner as the conveyance subject to forfeiture. Additionally, the court may enter an order allowing any law enforcement agency in the State of Illinois to seize the conveyance wherever it may be found in the State to satisfy the judgment if the cash security was less than the full market value of the conveyance.
(Source: P.A. 97-544, eff. 1-1-12; 97-680, eff. 3-16-12; 98-1020, eff. 8-22-14.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 36-1.5. Preliminary review.
    (a) Within 14 days of the seizure, the State's Attorney in the county in which the seizure occurred shall seek a preliminary determination from the circuit court as to whether there is probable cause that the property may be subject to forfeiture.
    (b) The rules of evidence shall not apply to any proceeding conducted under this Section.
    (c) The court may conduct the review under subsection (a) simultaneously with a proceeding pursuant to Section 109-1 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963 for a related criminal offense if a prosecution is commenced by information or complaint.
    (d) The court may accept a finding of probable cause at a preliminary hearing following the filing of an information or complaint charging a related criminal offense or following the return of indictment by a grand jury charging the related offense as sufficient evidence of probable cause as required under subsection (a).
    (e) Upon making a finding of probable cause as required under this Section, the circuit court shall order the property subject to the provisions of the applicable forfeiture Act held until the conclusion of any forfeiture proceeding.
    For seizures of conveyances, within 28 days of a finding of probable cause under subsection (a), the registered owner or other claimant may file a motion in writing supported by sworn affidavits claiming that denial of the use of the conveyance during the pendency of the forfeiture proceedings creates a substantial hardship and alleges facts showing that the delay was not due to his or her culpable negligence. The court shall consider the following factors in determining whether a substantial hardship has been proven:
        (1) the nature of the claimed hardship;
        (2) the availability of public transportation or
    
other available means of transportation; and
        (3) any available alternatives to alleviate the
    
hardship other than the return of the seized conveyance.
    If the court determines that a substantial hardship has been proven, the court shall then balance the nature of the hardship against the State's interest in safeguarding the conveyance. If the court determines that the hardship outweighs the State's interest in safeguarding the conveyance, the court may temporarily release the conveyance to the registered owner or the registered owner's authorized designee, or both, until the conclusion of the forfeiture proceedings or for such shorter period as ordered by the court provided that the person to whom the conveyance is released provides proof of insurance and a valid driver's license and all State and local registrations for operation of the conveyance are current. The court shall place conditions on the conveyance limiting its use to the stated hardship and providing transportation for employment, religious purposes, medical needs, child care, and restricting the conveyance's use to only those individuals authorized to use the conveyance by the registered owner. The use of the vehicle shall be further restricted to exclude all recreational and entertainment purposes. The court may order additional restrictions it deems reasonable and just on its own motion or on motion of the People. The court shall revoke the order releasing the conveyance and order that the conveyance be reseized by law enforcement if the conditions of release are violated or if the conveyance is used in the commission of any offense identified in subsection (a) of Section 6-205 of the Illinois Vehicle Code.
    If the court orders the release of the conveyance during the pendency of the forfeiture proceedings, the court may order the registered owner or his or her authorized designee to post a cash security with the Clerk of the Court as ordered by the court. If cash security is ordered, the court shall consider the following factors in determining the amount of the cash security:
        (A) the full market value of the conveyance;
        (B) the nature of the hardship;
        (C) the extent and length of the usage of the
    
conveyance;
        (D) the ability of the owner or designee to pay; and
        (E) other conditions as the court deems necessary to
    
safeguard the conveyance.
    If the conveyance is released, the court shall order that the registered owner or his or her designee safeguard the conveyance, not remove the conveyance from the jurisdiction, not conceal, destroy, or otherwise dispose of the conveyance, not encumber the conveyance, and not diminish the value of the conveyance in any way. The court shall also make a determination of the full market value of the conveyance prior to it being released based on a source or sources defined in 50 Ill. Adm. Code 919.80(c)(2)(A) or 919.80(c)(2)(B).
    If the conveyance subject to forfeiture is released under this Section and is subsequently forfeited, the person to whom the conveyance was released shall return the conveyance to the law enforcement agency that seized the conveyance within 7 days from the date of the declaration of forfeiture or order of forfeiture. If the conveyance is not returned within 7 days, the cash security shall be forfeited in the same manner as the conveyance subject to forfeiture. If the cash security was less than the full market value, a judgment shall be entered against the parties to whom the conveyance was released and the registered owner, jointly and severally, for the difference between the full market value and the amount of the cash security. If the conveyance is returned in a condition other than the condition in which it was released, the cash security shall be returned to the surety who posted the security minus the amount of the diminished value, and that amount shall be forfeited in the same manner as the conveyance subject to forfeiture. Additionally, the court may enter an order allowing any law enforcement agency in the State of Illinois to seize the conveyance wherever it may be found in the State to satisfy the judgment if the cash security was less than the full market value of the conveyance.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/36-1a

    (720 ILCS 5/36-1a) (from Ch. 38, par. 36-1a)
    (Section scheduled to be repealed on July 1, 2018)
    Sec. 36-1a. Rights of lienholders and secured parties. The State's Attorney shall promptly release a vessel or watercraft, vehicle or aircraft seized under the provisions of this Article to any lienholder or secured party whose right, title or interest is of record as described in Section 36-1 if such lienholder or secured party shows to the State's Attorney that his lien or secured interest is bona fide and was created without actual knowledge that such vessel or watercraft, vehicle or aircraft was used or to be used in the commission of the offense charged.
(Source: P.A. 98-699, eff. 1-1-15. Repealed by P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/36-2

    (720 ILCS 5/36-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 36-2)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 36-2. Action for forfeiture.
    (a) The State's Attorney in the county in which such seizure occurs if he or she finds that the forfeiture was incurred without willful negligence or without any intention on the part of the owner of the vessel or watercraft, vehicle or aircraft or any person whose right, title or interest is of record as described in Section 36-1, to violate the law, or finds the existence of such mitigating circumstances as to justify remission of the forfeiture, may cause the law enforcement agency to remit the same upon such terms and conditions as the State's Attorney deems reasonable and just. The State's Attorney shall exercise his or her discretion under the foregoing provision of this Section 36-2(a) prior to or promptly after the preliminary review under Section 36-1.5.
    (b) If the State's Attorney does not cause the forfeiture to be remitted he or she shall forthwith bring an action for forfeiture in the Circuit Court within whose jurisdiction the seizure and confiscation has taken place. The State's Attorney shall give notice of seizure and the forfeiture proceeding to each person according to the following method: upon each person whose right, title, or interest is of record in the office of the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Transportation, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Agency, or any other department of this State, or any other state of the United States if the vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft is required to be so registered, as the case may be, by delivering the notice and complaint in open court or by certified mail to the address as given upon the records of the Secretary of State, the Division of Aeronautics of the Department of Transportation, the Capital Development Board, or any other department of this State or the United States if the vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft is required to be so registered.
    (c) The owner of the seized vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft or any person whose right, title, or interest is of record as described in Section 36-1, may within 20 days after delivery in open court or the mailing of such notice file a verified answer to the Complaint and may appear at the hearing on the action for forfeiture.
    (d) The State shall show at such hearing by a preponderance of the evidence, that such vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft was used in the commission of an offense described in Section 36-1.
    (e) The owner of such vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft or any person whose right, title, or interest is of record as described in Section 36-1, may show by a preponderance of the evidence that he did not know, and did not have reason to know, that the vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft was to be used in the commission of such an offense or that any of the exceptions set forth in Section 36-3 are applicable.
    (f) Unless the State shall make such showing, the Court shall order such vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft released to the owner. Where the State has made such showing, the Court may order the vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft destroyed or may order it forfeited to any local, municipal or county law enforcement agency, or the Department of State Police or the Department of Revenue of the State of Illinois.
    (g) A copy of the order shall be filed with the law enforcement agency, and with each Federal or State office or agency with which such vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft is required to be registered. Such order, when filed, constitutes authority for the issuance of clear title to such vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft, to the department or agency to whom it is delivered or any purchaser thereof. The law enforcement agency shall comply promptly with instructions to remit received from the State's Attorney or Attorney General in accordance with Sections 36-2(a) or 36-3.
    (h) The proceeds of any sale at public auction pursuant to Section 36-2 of this Act, after payment of all liens and deduction of the reasonable charges and expenses incurred by the State's Attorney's Office shall be paid to the law enforcement agency having seized the vehicle for forfeiture.
(Source: P.A. 98-699, eff. 1-1-15; 98-1020, eff. 8-22-14; 99-78, eff. 7-20-15.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 36-2. Complaint for forfeiture.
    (a) If the State's Attorney in the county in which such seizure occurs finds that the alleged violation of law giving rise to the seizure was incurred without willful negligence or without any intention on the part of the owner of the vessel or watercraft, vehicle or aircraft or any person whose right, title or interest is of record as described in Section 36-1 of this Article, to violate the law, or finds the existence of such mitigating circumstances as to justify remission of the forfeiture, he or she may cause the law enforcement agency having custody of the property to return the property to the owner within a reasonable time not to exceed 7 days. The State's Attorney shall exercise his or her discretion under this subsection (a) prior to or promptly after the preliminary review under Section 36-1.5.
    (b) If, after review of the facts surrounding the seizure, the State's Attorney is of the opinion that the seized property is subject to forfeiture and the State's Attorney does not cause the forfeiture to be remitted under subsection (a) of this Section, he or she shall forthwith bring an action for forfeiture in the Circuit Court within whose jurisdiction the seizure and confiscation has taken place by filing a verified complaint of forfeiture in the circuit court within whose jurisdiction the seizure occurred, or within whose jurisdiction an act or omission giving rise to the seizure occurred, subject to Supreme Court Rule 187. The complaint shall be filed as soon as practicable but not less than 28 days after a finding of probable cause at a preliminary review under Section 36-1.5 of this Article. A complaint of forfeiture shall include:
        (1) a description of the property seized;
        (2) the date and place of seizure of the property;
        (3) the name and address of the law enforcement
    
agency making the seizure; and
        (4) the specific statutory and factual grounds for
    
the seizure.
    The complaint shall be served upon each person whose right, title, or interest is of record in the office of the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Transportation, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Agency, or any other department of this State, or any other state of the United States if the vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft is required to be so registered, as the case may be, the person from whom the property was seized, and all persons known or reasonably believed by the State to claim an interest in the property, as provided in this Article. The complaint shall be accompanied by the following written notice:
    "This is a civil court proceeding subject to the Code of Civil Procedure. You received this Complaint of Forfeiture because the State's Attorney's office has brought a legal action seeking forfeiture of your seized property. This complaint starts the court process where the State seeks to prove that your property should be forfeited and not returned to you. This process is also your opportunity to try to prove to a judge that you should get your property back. The complaint lists the date, time, and location of your first court date. You must appear in court on that day, or you may lose the case automatically. You must also file an appearance and answer. If you are unable to pay the appearance fee, you may qualify to have the fee waived. If there is a criminal case related to the seizure of your property, your case may be set for trial after the criminal case has been resolved. Before trial, the judge may allow discovery, where the State can ask you to respond in writing to questions and give them certain documents, and you can make similar requests of the State. The trial is your opportunity to explain what happened when your property was seized and why you should get the property back."
    (c) (Blank).
    (d) (Blank).
    (e) (Blank).
    (f) (Blank).
    (g) (Blank).
    (h) (Blank).
(Source: P.A. 99-78, eff. 7-20-15; 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/36-2.1

    (720 ILCS 5/36-2.1)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 36-2.1. Notice to owner or interest holder. The first attempted service shall be commenced within 28 days of the receipt of the notice from the seizing agency by the form 4-64. If the property seized is a conveyance, notice shall also be directed to the address reflected in the office of the agency or official in which title or interest to the conveyance is required by law to be recorded. A complaint for forfeiture shall be served upon the property owner or interest holder in the following manner:
        (1) If the owner's or interest holder's name and
    
current address are known, then by either:
            (A) personal service; or
            (B) mailing a copy of the notice by certified
        
mail, return receipt requested and first class mail, to that address.
                (i) If notice is sent by certified mail and
            
no signed return receipt is received by the State's Attorney within 28 days of mailing, and no communication from the owner or interest holder is received by the State's Attorney documenting actual notice by said parties, the State's Attorney shall, within a reasonable period of time, mail a second copy of the notice by certified mail, return receipt requested and first class mail, to that address.
                (ii) If no signed return receipt is received
            
by the State's Attorney within 28 days of the second attempt at service by certified mail, and no communication from the owner or interest holder is received by the State's Attorney documenting actual notice by said parties, the State's Attorney shall have 60 days to attempt to serve the notice by personal service, which also includes substitute service by leaving a copy at the usual place of abode, with some person of the family or a person residing there, of the age of 13 years or upwards. If after 3 attempts at service in this manner, no service of the notice is accomplished, then the notice shall be posted in a conspicuous manner at this address and service shall be made by the posting.
            The attempts at service and the posting if
        
required, shall be documented by the person attempting service and said documentation shall be made part of a return of service returned to the State's Attorney.
            The State's Attorney may utilize a Sheriff or
        
Deputy Sheriff, any peace officer, a private process server or investigator, or any employee, agent, or investigator of the State's Attorney's office to attempt service without seeking leave of court.
            After the procedures are followed, service shall
        
be effective on an owner or interest holder on the date of receipt by the State's Attorney of a returned return receipt requested, or on the date of receipt of a communication from an owner or interest holder documenting actual notice, whichever is first in time, or on the date of the last act performed by the State's Attorney in attempting personal service under item (ii) of this paragraph (1). If notice is to be shown by actual notice from communication with a claimant, then the State's Attorney shall file an affidavit providing details of the communication, which shall be accepted as sufficient proof of service by the court.
            For purposes of notice under this Section, if a
        
person has been arrested for the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture, the address provided to the arresting agency at the time of arrest shall be deemed to be that person's known address. Provided, however, if an owner or interest holder's address changes prior to the effective date of the complaint for forfeiture, the owner or interest holder shall promptly notify the seizing agency of the change in address or, if the owner or interest holder's address changes subsequent to the effective date of the notice of pending forfeiture, the owner or interest holder shall promptly notify the State's Attorney of the change in address; or if the property seized is a conveyance, to the address reflected in the office of the agency or official in which title or interest to the conveyance is required by law to be recorded.
        (2) If the owner's or interest holder's address is
    
not known, and is not on record, then notice shall be served by publication for 3 successive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the county in which the seizure occurred.
        (3) Notice to any business entity, corporation, LLC,
    
LLP, or partnership shall be complete by a single mailing of a copy of the notice by certified mail, return receipt requested and first class mail, to that address. This notice is complete regardless of the return of a signed "return receipt requested".
        (4) Notice to a person whose address is not within
    
the State shall be complete by a single mailing of a copy of the notice by certified mail, return receipt requested and first class mail, to that address. This notice is complete regardless of the return of a signed "return receipt requested".
        (5) Notice to a person whose address is not within
    
the United States shall be complete by a single mailing of a copy of the notice by certified mail, return receipt requested and first class mail, to that address. This notice shall be complete regardless of the return of a signed "return receipt requested". If certified mail is not available in the foreign country where the person has an address, then notice shall proceed by publication under paragraph (2) of this Section.
        (6) Notice to any person whom the State's Attorney
    
reasonably should know is incarcerated within the State shall also include the mailing a copy of the notice by certified mail, return receipt requested and first class mail, to the address of the detention facility with the inmate's name clearly marked on the envelope.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/36-2.2

    (720 ILCS 5/36-2.2)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 36-2.2. Replevin prohibited; return of personal property inside seized conveyance.
    (a) Property seized under this Article shall not be subject to replevin, but is deemed to be in the custody of the Director of State Police subject only to the order and judgments of the circuit court having jurisdiction over the forfeiture proceedings and the decisions of the State's Attorney.
    (b) A claimant or a party interested in personal property contained within a seized conveyance may file a motion with the court in a judicial forfeiture action for the return of any personal property contained within a conveyance seized under this Article. The return of personal property shall not be unreasonably withheld if the personal property is not mechanically or electrically coupled to the conveyance, needed for evidentiary purposes, or otherwise contraband. A law enforcement agency that returns property under a court order under this Section shall not be liable to any person who claims ownership to the property if the property is returned to an improper party.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/36-2.5

    (720 ILCS 5/36-2.5)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 36-2.5. Judicial in rem procedures.
    (a) The laws of evidence relating to civil actions shall apply to judicial in rem proceedings under this Article.
    (b) Only an owner of or interest holder in the property may file an answer asserting a claim against the property in the action in rem. For purposes of this Section, the owner or interest holder shall be referred to as claimant. A person not named in the forfeiture complaint who claims to have an interest in the property may petition to intervene as a claimant under Section 2-408 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
    (c) The answer shall be filed with the court within 45 days after service of the civil in rem complaint.
    (d) The trial shall be held within 60 days after filing of the answer unless continued for good cause.
    (e) In its case in chief, the State shall show by a preponderance of the evidence that:
        (1) the property is subject to forfeiture; and
        (2) at least one of the following:
            (i) the claimant knew or should have known that
        
the conduct was likely to occur; or
            (ii) the claimant is not the true owner of the
        
property that is subject to forfeiture.
    In any forfeiture case under this Article, a claimant may present evidence to overcome evidence presented by the State that the property is subject to forfeiture.
    (f) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Section, the State's burden of proof at the trial of the forfeiture action shall be by clear and convincing evidence if:
        (1) a finding of not guilty is entered as to all
    
counts and all defendants in a criminal proceeding relating to the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture action; or
        (2) the State receives an adverse finding at a
    
preliminary hearing and fails to secure an indictment in a criminal proceeding related to the factual allegations of the forfeiture action.
    (g) If the State does not meet its burden of proof, the court shall order the interest in the property returned or conveyed to the claimant and shall order all other property in which the State does meet its burden of proof forfeited to the State. If the State does meet its burden of proof, the court shall order all property forfeited to the State.
    (h) A defendant convicted in any criminal proceeding is precluded from later denying the essential allegations of the criminal offense of which the defendant was convicted in any proceeding under this Article regardless of the pendency of an appeal from that conviction. However, evidence of the pendency of an appeal is admissible.
    (i) An acquittal or dismissal in a criminal proceeding shall not preclude civil proceedings under this Act; however, for good cause shown, on a motion by either party, the court may stay civil forfeiture proceedings during the criminal trial for a related criminal indictment or information alleging a violation of law authorizing forfeiture under Section 36-1 of this Article.
    (j) Title to all property declared forfeited under this Act vests in this State on the commission of the conduct giving rise to forfeiture together with the proceeds of the property after that time. Except as otherwise provided in this Article, any property or proceeds subsequently transferred to any person remain subject to forfeiture unless a person to whom the property was transferred makes an appropriate claim under or has their claim adjudicated at the judicial in rem hearing.
    (k) No property shall be forfeited under this Article from a person who, without actual or constructive notice that the property was the subject of forfeiture proceedings, obtained possession of the property as a bona fide purchaser for value. A person who purports to transfer property after receiving actual or constructive notice that the property is subject to seizure or forfeiture is guilty of contempt of court, and shall be liable to the State for a penalty in the amount of the fair market value of the property.
    (l) A civil action under this Article shall be commenced within 5 years after the last conduct giving rise to forfeiture became known or should have become known or 5 years after the forfeitable property is discovered, whichever is later, excluding any time during which either the property or claimant is out of the State or in confinement or during which criminal proceedings relating to the same conduct are in progress.
    (m) If property is ordered forfeited under this Article from a claimant who held title to the property in joint tenancy or tenancy in common with another claimant, the court shall determine the amount of each owner's interest in the property according to principles of property law.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/36-2.7

    (720 ILCS 5/36-2.7)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 36-2.7. Innocent owner hearing.
    (a) After a complaint for forfeiture has been filed and all claimants have appeared and answered, a claimant may file a motion with the court for an innocent owner hearing prior to trial. This motion shall be made and supported by sworn affidavit and shall assert the following along with specific facts which support each assertion:
        (1) that the claimant filing the motion is the true
    
owner of the conveyance as interpreted by case law; and
        (2) that the claimant did not know or did not have
    
reason to know the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture was likely to occur.
    (b) The claimant shall include specific facts which support these assertions in their motion.
    (c) Upon the filing, a hearing may only be conducted after the parties have been given the opportunity to conduct limited discovery as to the ownership and control of the property, the claimant's knowledge, or any matter relevant to the issues raised or facts alleged in the claimant's motion. Discovery shall be limited to the People's requests in these areas but may proceed by any means allowed in the Code of Civil Procedure.
    (d) After discovery is complete and the court has allowed for sufficient time to review and investigate the discovery responses, the court shall conduct a hearing. At the hearing, the fact that the conveyance is subject to forfeiture shall not be at issue. The court shall only hear evidence relating to the issue of innocent ownership.
    (e) At the hearing on the motion, the claimant shall bear the burden of proving each of the assertions listed in subsection (a) of this Section by a preponderance of the evidence.
    (f) If a claimant meets their burden of proof, the court shall grant the motion and order the conveyance returned to the claimant. If the claimant fails to meet their burden of proof, the court shall deny the motion and the forfeiture case shall proceed according to the Rules of Civil Procedure.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/36-3

    (720 ILCS 5/36-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 36-3)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 36-3. Exceptions to forfeiture.
    (a) No vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft used by any person as a common carrier in the transaction of business as such common carrier may be forfeited under the provisions of Section 36-2 unless it appears that (1) in the case of a railway car or engine, the owner, or (2) in the case of any other such vessel or watercraft, vehicle or aircraft, the owner or the master of such vessel or watercraft or the owner or conductor, driver, pilot, or other person in charge of such vehicle or aircraft was at the time of the alleged illegal act a consenting party or privy thereto.
    (b) No vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft shall be forfeited under the provisions of Section 36-2 by reason of any act or omission established by the owner thereof to have been committed or omitted by any person other than such owner while such vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft was unlawfully in the possession of a person who acquired possession thereof in violation of the criminal laws of the United States, or of any state.
(Source: P.A. 98-699, eff. 1-1-15.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 36-3. Exemptions from forfeiture.
    (a) No vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft used by any person as a common carrier in the transaction of business as such common carrier may be forfeited under the provisions of Section 36-2 unless the State proves by a preponderance of the evidence that (1) in the case of a railway car or engine, the owner, or (2) in the case of any other such vessel or watercraft, vehicle or aircraft, the owner or the master of such vessel or watercraft or the owner or conductor, driver, pilot, or other person in charge of such vehicle or aircraft was at the time of the alleged illegal act a consenting party or privy thereto.
    (b) No vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft shall be forfeited under the provisions of Section 36-2 of this Article by reason of any act or omission committed or omitted by any person other than such owner while such vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft was unlawfully in the possession of a person who acquired possession thereof in violation of the criminal laws of the United States, or of any state.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/36-3.1

    (720 ILCS 5/36-3.1)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 36-3.1. Proportionality. Property forfeited under this Article shall be subject to an 8th Amendment to the United States Constitution disproportionate penalties analysis, and the property forfeiture may be denied in whole or in part if the court finds that the forfeiture would constitute an excessive fine in violation of the 8th Amendment to the United States Constitution, as interpreted by case law.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/36-4

    (720 ILCS 5/36-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 36-4)
    Sec. 36-4. Remission by Attorney General. Whenever any owner of, or other person interested in, a vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft seized under the provisions of this Act files with the Attorney General before the sale or destruction of such vessel or watercraft, vehicle, or aircraft, a petition for the remission of such forfeiture the Attorney General if he finds that such forfeiture was incurred without willful negligence or without any intention on the part of the owner or any person whose right, title or interest is of record as described in Section 36-1, to violate the law, or finds the existence of such mitigating circumstances as to justify the remission of forfeiture, may cause the same to be remitted upon such terms and conditions as he deems reasonable and just, or order discontinuance of any forfeiture proceeding relating thereto.
(Source: P.A. 98-699, eff. 1-1-15.)

720 ILCS 5/36-5

    (720 ILCS 5/36-5)
    (Section scheduled to be repealed on July 1, 2018)
    Sec. 36-5. The law enforcement agency, county or sheriff not liable for stored forfeited vehicle. A law enforcement agency, county, sheriff, law enforcement officer or employee of the law enforcement agency or county sheriff shall not be civilly or criminally liable for any damage to a forfeited vehicle stored with a commercial vehicle safety relocator.
(Source: P.A. 98-1020, eff. 8-22-14. Repealed by P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/36-6

    (720 ILCS 5/36-6)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 36-6. Return of property, damages and costs.
    (a) The law enforcement agency that holds custody of property seized for forfeiture shall return to the claimant, within a reasonable period of time not to exceed 7 days unless the order is stayed by the trial court or a reviewing court pending an appeal, motion to reconsider, or other reason after the court orders the property to be returned or conveyed to the claimant:
        (1) property ordered by the court to be conveyed or
    
returned to the claimant; and
        (2) property ordered by the court to be conveyed or
    
returned to the claimant under subsection (d) of Section 36-3.1 of this Article.
    (b) The law enforcement agency that holds custody of property seized under this Article is responsible for any damages, storage fees, and related costs applicable to property returned to a claimant under this Article. The claimant shall not be subject to any charges by the State for storage of the property or expenses incurred in the preservation of the property. Charges for the towing of a conveyance shall be borne by the claimant unless the conveyance was towed for the sole reason of seizure for forfeiture. This subsection does not prohibit the imposition of any fees or costs by a home rule unit of local government related to the impoundment of a conveyance under an ordinance enacted by the unit of government.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/36-7

    (720 ILCS 5/36-7)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 36-7. Distribution of proceeds; selling or retaining seized property prohibited.
    (a) Except as otherwise provided in this Section, the court shall order that property forfeited under this Article be delivered to the Department of State Police within 60 days.
    (b) The Department of State Police or its designee shall dispose of all property at public auction and shall distribute the proceeds of the sale, together with any moneys forfeited or seized, under subsection (c) of this Section.
    (c) All monies and the sale proceeds of all other property forfeited and seized under this Act shall be distributed as follows:
        (1) 65% shall be distributed to the drug task force,
    
metropolitan enforcement group, local, municipal, county, or state law enforcement agency or agencies which conducted or participated in the investigation resulting in the forfeiture. The distribution shall bear a reasonable relationship to the degree of direct participation of the law enforcement agency in the effort resulting in the forfeiture, taking into account the total value of the property forfeited and the total law enforcement effort with respect to the violation of the law upon which the forfeiture is based. Amounts distributed to the agency or agencies shall be used, at the discretion of the agency, for the enforcement of criminal laws; or for public education in the community or schools in the prevention or detection of the abuse of drugs or alcohol; or for security cameras used for the prevention or detection of violence, except that amounts distributed to the Secretary of State shall be deposited into the Secretary of State Evidence Fund to be used as provided in Section 2-115 of the Illinois Vehicle Code.
        Any local, municipal, or county law enforcement
    
agency entitled to receive a monetary distribution of forfeiture proceeds may share those forfeiture proceeds pursuant to the terms of an intergovernmental agreement with a municipality that has a population in excess of 20,000 if:
            (A) the receiving agency has entered into an
        
intergovernmental agreement with the municipality to provide police services;
            (B) the intergovernmental agreement for police
        
services provides for consideration in an amount of not less than $1,000,000 per year;
            (C) the seizure took place within the
        
geographical limits of the municipality; and
            (D) the funds are used only for the enforcement
        
of criminal laws; for public education in the community or schools in the prevention or detection of the abuse of drugs or alcohol; or for security cameras used for the prevention or detection of violence or the establishment of a municipal police force, including the training of officers, construction of a police station, the purchase of law enforcement equipment, or vehicles.
        (2) 12.5% shall be distributed to the Office of the
    
State's Attorney of the county in which the prosecution resulting in the forfeiture was instituted, deposited in a special fund in the county treasury and appropriated to the State's Attorney for use, at the discretion of the State's Attorney, in the enforcement of criminal laws; or for public education in the community or schools in the prevention or detection of the abuse of drugs or alcohol; or at the discretion of the State's Attorney, in addition to other authorized purposes, to make grants to local substance abuse treatment facilities and half-way houses. In counties over 3,000,000 population, 25% will be distributed to the Office of the State's Attorney for use, at the discretion of the State's Attorney, in the enforcement of criminal laws; or for public education in the community or schools in the prevention or detection of the abuse of drugs or alcohol; or at the discretion of the State's Attorney, in addition to other authorized purposes, to make grants to local substance abuse treatment facilities and half-way houses. If the prosecution is undertaken solely by the Attorney General, the portion provided shall be distributed to the Attorney General for use in the enforcement of criminal laws governing cannabis and controlled substances or for public education in the community or schools in the prevention or detection of the abuse of drugs or alcohol.
        12.5% shall be distributed to the Office of the
    
State's Attorneys Appellate Prosecutor and shall be used at the discretion of the State's Attorneys Appellate Prosecutor for additional expenses incurred in the investigation, prosecution and appeal of cases arising in the enforcement of criminal laws; or for public education in the community or schools in the prevention or detection of the abuse of drugs or alcohol. The Office of the State's Attorneys Appellate Prosecutor shall not receive distribution from cases brought in counties with over 3,000,000 population.
        (3) 10% shall be retained by the Department of State
    
Police for expenses related to the administration and sale of seized and forfeited property.
    (d) A law enforcement agency shall not retain forfeited property for its own use or transfer the property to any person or entity, except as provided under this Section. A law enforcement agency may apply in writing to the Director of State Police to request that a forfeited property be awarded to the agency for a specifically articulated official law enforcement use in an investigation. The Director of State Police shall provide a written justification in each instance detailing the reasons why the forfeited property was placed into official use, and the justification shall be retained for a period of not less than 3 years.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/36-9

    (720 ILCS 5/36-9)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 36-9. Reporting. Property seized or forfeited under this Article is subject to reporting under the Seizure and Forfeiture Reporting Act.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/Art. 36.5

 
    (720 ILCS 5/Art. 36.5 heading)
ARTICLE 36.5. VEHICLE IMPOUNDMENT
(Source: P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)

720 ILCS 5/36.5-5

    (720 ILCS 5/36.5-5)
    Sec. 36.5-5. Vehicle impoundment.
    (a) In addition to any other penalty, fee or forfeiture provided by law, a peace officer who arrests a person for a violation of Section 10-9, 11-14, 11-14.1, 11-14.3, 11-14.4, 11-18, or 11-18.1 of this Code or related municipal ordinance, may tow and impound any vehicle used by the person in the commission of the violation. The person arrested for one or more such violations shall be charged a $1,000 fee, to be paid to the law enforcement agency that made the arrest or its designated representative. The person may recover the vehicle from the impound after a minimum of 2 hours after arrest upon payment of the fee.
    (b) $500 of the fee shall be distributed to the law enforcement agency whose peace officers made the arrest, for the costs incurred by the law enforcement agency to investigate and to tow and impound the vehicle. Upon the defendant's conviction of one or more of the violations in connection with which the vehicle was impounded and the fee imposed under this Section, the remaining $500 of the fee shall be deposited into the Specialized Services for Survivors of Human Trafficking Fund and disbursed in accordance with subsections (d), (e), and (f) of Section 5-9-1.21 of the Unified Code of Corrections.
    (c) Upon the presentation by the defendant of a signed court order showing that the defendant has been acquitted of all of the violations in connection with which a vehicle was impounded and a fee imposed under this Section, or that the charges against the defendant for those violations have been dismissed, the law enforcement agency shall refund the $1,000 fee to the defendant.
(Source: P.A. 97-333, eff. 8-12-11; 97-897, eff. 1-1-13; 97-1109, eff. 1-1-13; 98-463, eff. 8-16-13; 98-1013, eff. 1-1-15.)

720 ILCS 5/Art. 37

 
    (720 ILCS 5/Art. 37 heading)
ARTICLE 37. PROPERTY FORFEITURE

720 ILCS 5/37-1

    (720 ILCS 5/37-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 37-1)
    Sec. 37-1. Maintaining Public Nuisance. Any building used in the commission of offenses prohibited by Sections 9-1, 10-1, 10-2, 11-14, 11-15, 11-16, 11-17, 11-20, 11-20.1, 11-20.1B, 11-20.3, 11-21, 11-22, 12-5.1, 16-1, 20-2, 23-1, 23-1(a)(1), 24-1(a)(7), 24-3, 28-1, 28-3, 31-5 or 39A-1, or subdivision (a)(1), (a)(2)(A), or (a)(2)(B) of Section 11-14.3, of this Code, or prohibited by the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, or the Cannabis Control Act, or used in the commission of an inchoate offense relative to any of the aforesaid principal offenses, or any real property erected, established, maintained, owned, leased, or used by a streetgang for the purpose of conducting streetgang related activity as defined in Section 10 of the Illinois Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act is a public nuisance.
    (b) Sentence. A person convicted of knowingly maintaining such a public nuisance commits a Class A misdemeanor. Each subsequent offense under this Section is a Class 4 felony.
(Source: P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11; 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

720 ILCS 5/37-2

    (720 ILCS 5/37-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 37-2)
    Sec. 37-2. Enforcement of lien upon public nuisance.
    Any building, used in the commission of an offense specified in Section 37-1 of this Act with the intentional, knowing, reckless or negligent permission of the owner thereof, or the agent of the owner managing the building, shall, together with the underlying real estate, all fixtures and other property used to commit such an offense, be subject to a lien and may be sold to pay any unsatisfied judgment that may be recovered and any unsatisfied fine that may be levied under any Section of this Article and to pay to any person not maintaining the nuisance his damages as a consequence of the nuisance; provided, that the lien herein created shall not affect the rights of any purchaser, mortgagee, judgment creditor or other lien holder arising prior to the filing of a notice of such lien in the office of the recorder of the county in which the real estate subject to the lien is located, or in the office of the registrar of titles of such county if that real estate is registered under "An Act concerning land titles" approved May 1, 1897, as amended; which notice shall definitely describe the real estate and property involved, the nature and extent of the lien claimed, and the facts upon which the same is based. An action to enforce such lien may be commenced in any circuit court by the State's Attorney of the county of the nuisance or by the person suffering damages or both, except that a person seeking to recover damages must pursue his remedy within 6 months after the damages are sustained or his cause of action becomes thereafter exclusively enforceable by the State's Attorney of the county of the nuisance.
(Source: P.A. 83-358.)

720 ILCS 5/37-3

    (720 ILCS 5/37-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 37-3)
    Sec. 37-3. Revocation of licenses, permits and certificates.
    All licenses, permits or certificates issued by the State of Illinois or any subdivision or political agency thereof authorizing the serving of food or liquor on any premises found to constitute a public nuisance as described in Section 37-1 shall be void and shall be revoked by the issuing authority; and no license, permit or certificate so revoked shall be reissued for such premises for a period of 60 days thereafter; nor shall any person convicted of knowingly maintaining such nuisance be reissued such license, permit or certificate for one year from his conviction. No license, permit or certificate shall be revoked pursuant to this Section without a full hearing conducted by the commission or agency which issued the license.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 403.)

720 ILCS 5/37-4

    (720 ILCS 5/37-4) (from Ch. 38, par. 37-4)
    Sec. 37-4. Abatement of nuisance.) The Attorney General of this State or the State's Attorney of the county wherein the nuisance exists may commence an action to abate a public nuisance as described in Section 37-1 of this Act, in the name of the People of the State of Illinois, in the circuit court. Upon being satisfied by affidavits or other sworn evidence that an alleged public nuisance exists, the court may without notice or bond enter a temporary restraining order or preliminary injunction to enjoin any defendant from maintaining such nuisance and may enter an order restraining any defendant from removing or interfering with all property used in connection with the public nuisance. If during the proceedings and hearings upon the merits, which shall be in the manner of "An Act in relation to places used for the purpose of using, keeping or selling controlled substances or cannabis", approved July 5, 1957, the existence of the nuisance is established, and it is found that such nuisance was maintained with the intentional, knowing, reckless or negligent permission of the owner or the agent of the owner managing the building, the court shall enter an order restraining all persons from maintaining or permitting such nuisance and from using the building for a period of one year thereafter, except that an owner, lessee or other occupant thereof may use such place if the owner shall give bond with sufficient security or surety approved by the court, in an amount between $1,000 and $5,000 inclusive, payable to the People of the State of Illinois, and including a condition that no offense specified in Section 37-1 of this Act shall be committed at, in or upon the property described and a condition that the principal obligor and surety assume responsibility for any fine, costs or damages resulting from such an offense thereafter.
(Source: P.A. 83-342.)

720 ILCS 5/37-5

    (720 ILCS 5/37-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 37-5)
    Sec. 37-5. Enforcement by private person.
    A private person may, after 30 days and within 90 days of giving the Attorney General and the State's Attorney of the county of nuisance written notice by certified or registered mail of the fact that a public nuisance as described in Section 37-1 of this Act, commence an action pursuant to Section 37-4 of this Act, provided that the Attorney General or the State's Attorney of the county of nuisance has not already commenced said action.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 403.)

720 ILCS 5/Art. 37.5

 
    (720 ILCS 5/Art. 37.5 heading)
ARTICLE 37.5. ANIMAL FIGHTING; FORFEITURE

720 ILCS 5/37.5-5

    (720 ILCS 5/37.5-5)
    Sec. 37.5-5. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 93-192, eff. 7-14-03. Repealed by P.A. 96-712, eff. 1-1-10.)

720 ILCS 5/37.5-10

    (720 ILCS 5/37.5-10)
    Sec. 37.5-10. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 93-192, eff. 7-14-03. Repealed by P.A. 96-712, eff. 1-1-10.)

720 ILCS 5/37.5-15

    (720 ILCS 5/37.5-15)
    Sec. 37.5-15. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 93-192, eff. 7-14-03. Repealed by P.A. 96-712, eff. 1-1-10.)

720 ILCS 5/37.5-20

    (720 ILCS 5/37.5-20)
    Sec. 37.5-20. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 93-192, eff. 7-14-03. Repealed by P.A. 96-712, eff. 1-1-10.)

720 ILCS 5/37.5-25

    (720 ILCS 5/37.5-25)
    Sec. 37.5-25. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 93-192, eff. 7-14-03. Repealed by P.A. 96-712, eff. 1-1-10.)

720 ILCS 5/37.5-30

    (720 ILCS 5/37.5-30)
    Sec. 37.5-30. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 93-192, eff. 7-14-03. Repealed by P.A. 96-712, eff. 1-1-10.)

720 ILCS 5/37.5-35

    (720 ILCS 5/37.5-35)
    Sec. 37.5-35. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 93-192, eff. 7-14-03. Repealed by P.A. 96-712, eff. 1-1-10.)

720 ILCS 5/37.5-40

    (720 ILCS 5/37.5-40)
    Sec. 37.5-40. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 93-192, eff. 7-14-03. Repealed by P.A. 96-712, eff. 1-1-10.)

720 ILCS 5/37.5-45

    (720 ILCS 5/37.5-45)
    Sec. 37.5-45. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 93-192, eff. 7-14-03. Repealed by P.A. 96-712, eff. 1-1-10.)

720 ILCS 5/Art. 38

 
    (720 ILCS 5/Art. 38 heading)
ARTICLE 38. CRIMINALLY OPERATED BUSINESSES

720 ILCS 5/38-1

    (720 ILCS 5/38-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 38-1)
    Sec. 38-1. Forfeiture of charter and revocation of certificate.
    The State's Attorney is authorized to institute civil proceedings in the Circuit Court to forfeit the charter of a corporation organized under the laws of this State or to revoke the certificate authorizing a foreign corporation to conduct business in this State. The Court may order the charter forfeited or the certificate revoked upon finding (a) that a director, officer, employee, agent or stockholder acting in behalf of the corporation has, in conducting the corporation's affairs, purposely engaged in a persistent course of intimidation, coercion, bribery or other such illegal conduct with the intent to compel other persons, firms, or corporations to deal with such corporation, and (b) that for the prevention of future illegal conduct of the same character, the public interest requires the charter of the corporation to be forfeited and the corporation to be dissolved or the certificate to be revoked.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 1222.)

720 ILCS 5/38-2

    (720 ILCS 5/38-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 38-2)
    Sec. 38-2. Enjoining operation of a business.
    The State's Attorney is authorized to institute civil proceedings in the Circuit Court to enjoin the operation of any business other than a corporation, including a partnership, joint venture or sole proprietorship. The Court may grant the injunction upon finding that (a) any person in control of any such business, who may be a partner in a partnership, a participant in a joint venture, the owner of a sole proprietorship, an employee or agent of any such business, or a person who, in fact, exercises control over the operations of any such business, has, in conducting its business affairs, purposely engaged in a persistent course of intimidation, coercion, bribery or other such illegal conduct with the intent to compel other persons, firms, or corporations to deal with such business, and (b) that for the prevention of future illegal conduct of the same character, the public interest requires the operation of the business to be enjoined.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 1222.)

720 ILCS 5/38-3

    (720 ILCS 5/38-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 38-3)
    Sec. 38-3. Institution and conduct of proceedings.) (a) The proceedings authorized by Section 38-1 may be instituted against a corporation in any county in which it is doing business and the proceedings shall be conducted in accordance with the Civil Practice Law and all existing and future amendments of that Law and the Supreme Court Rules now or hereafter adopted in relation to that Law. Such proceedings shall be deemed additional to any other proceeding authorized by law for the purpose of forfeiting the charter of a corporation or revoking the certificate of a foreign corporation.
    (b) The proceedings authorized by Section 38-2 may be instituted against a business other than a corporation in any county in which it is doing business and the proceedings shall be conducted in accordance with the Civil Practice Law and all existing and future amendments of that Law and the Supreme Court Rules now or hereafter adopted in relation to that Law.
    (c) Whenever proceedings are instituted against a corporation or business pursuant to Section 38-1 or 38-2, the State's Attorney shall give written notice of the institution of such proceedings to the corporation or business against which the proceedings are brought.
(Source: P.A. 82-783.)

720 ILCS 5/Art. 39

 
    (720 ILCS 5/Art. 39 heading)
ARTICLE 39. CRIMINAL USURY
(Repealed)
(Article heading repealed by P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11)

720 ILCS 5/39-1

    (720 ILCS 5/39-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 39-1)
    (This Section was renumbered as Section 17-59 by P.A. 96-1551.)
    Sec. 39-1. (Renumbered).
(Source: P.A. 76-1879. Renumbered by P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)

720 ILCS 5/39-2

    (720 ILCS 5/39-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 39-2)
    Sec. 39-2. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 77-2638. Repealed by P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)

720 ILCS 5/39-3

    (720 ILCS 5/39-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 39-3)
    Sec. 39-3. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 84-1004. Repealed by P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)

720 ILCS 5/Art. 42

 
    (720 ILCS 5/Art. 42 heading)
ARTICLE 42. LOOTING

720 ILCS 5/42-1

    (720 ILCS 5/42-1)
    Sec. 42-1. (Repealed).
(Source: Laws 1967, p. 2598. Repealed by P.A. 96-710, eff. 1-1-10.)

720 ILCS 5/42-2

    (720 ILCS 5/42-2)
    Sec. 42-2. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 87-1170. Repealed by P.A. 96-710, eff. 1-1-10.)

720 ILCS 5/Art. 44

 
    (720 ILCS 5/Art. 44 heading)
ARTICLE 44. TELECOMMUNICATIONS DEVICES
(Repealed)
(Source: P.A. 86-811. Repealed by P.A. 97-1109, eff. 1-1-13.)

720 ILCS 5/44-1

    (720 ILCS 5/44-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 44-1)
    Sec. 44-1. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 86-811. Repealed by P.A. 97-1109, eff. 1-1-13.)

720 ILCS 5/44-2

    (720 ILCS 5/44-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 44-2)
    (This Section was renumbered as Section 12C-65 by P.A. 97-1109.)
    Sec. 44-2. (Renumbered).
(Source: P.A. 94-556, eff. 9-11-05. Renumbered by P.A. 97-1109, eff. 1-1-13.)

720 ILCS 5/44-3

    (720 ILCS 5/44-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 44-3)
    Sec. 44-3. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07. Repealed by P.A. 97-1109, eff. 1-1-13.)

720 ILCS 5/Art. 45

 
    (720 ILCS 5/Art. 45 heading)
ARTICLE 45. DISCLOSING LOCATION
OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE VICTIM
(Repealed)
(Article heading repealed by P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11)

720 ILCS 5/45-1

    (720 ILCS 5/45-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 45-1)
    (This Section was renumbered as Section 12-3.6 by P.A. 96-1551.)
    Sec. 45-1. (Renumbered).
(Source: P.A. 88-45. Renumbered by P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)

720 ILCS 5/45-2

    (720 ILCS 5/45-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 45-2)
    (This Section was renumbered as Section 12-3.6 by P.A. 96-1551.)
    Sec. 45-2. (Renumbered).
(Source: P.A. 88-45. Renumbered by P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)

720 ILCS 5/Art. 46

 
    (720 ILCS 5/Art. 46 heading)
ARTICLE 46. INSURANCE FRAUD, FRAUD ON THE GOVERNMENT,
AND RELATED OFFENSES
(Repealed)
(Article repealed by P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11)

720 ILCS 5/Art. 47

 
    (720 ILCS 5/Art. 47 heading)
ARTICLE 47. NUISANCE

720 ILCS 5/47-5

    (720 ILCS 5/47-5)
    Sec. 47-5. Public nuisance. It is a public nuisance:
    (1) To cause or allow the carcass of an animal or offal, filth, or a noisome substance to be collected, deposited, or to remain in any place to the prejudice of others.
    (2) To throw or deposit offal or other offensive matter or the carcass of a dead animal in a water course, lake, pond, spring, well, or common sewer, street, or public highway.
    (3) To corrupt or render unwholesome or impure the water of a spring, river, stream, pond, or lake to the injury or prejudice of others.
    (4) To obstruct or impede, without legal authority, the passage of a navigable river or waters.
    (5) To obstruct or encroach upon public highways, private ways, streets, alleys, commons, landing places, and ways to burying places.
    (6) To carry on the business of manufacturing gunpowder, nitroglycerine, or other highly explosive substances, or mixing or grinding the materials for those substances, in a building within 20 rods of a valuable building erected at the time the business is commenced.
    (7) To establish powder magazines near incorporated towns, at a point different from that appointed according to law by the corporate authorities of the town, or within 50 rods of an occupied dwelling house.
    (8) To erect, continue, or use a building or other place for the exercise of a trade, employment, or manufacture that, by occasioning noxious exhalations, offensive smells, or otherwise, is offensive or dangerous to the health of individuals or of the public.
    (9) To advertise wares or occupation by painting notices of the wares or occupation on or affixing them to fences or other private property, or on rocks or other natural objects, without the consent of the owner, or if in the highway or other public place, without permission of the proper authorities.
    (10) To permit a well drilled for oil, gas, salt water disposal, or any other purpose in connection with the production of oil and gas to remain unplugged after the well is no longer used for the purpose for which it was drilled.
    (11) To construct or operate a salt water pit or oil field refuse pit, commonly called a "burn out pit", so that salt water, brine, or oil field refuse or other waste liquids may escape from the pit in a manner except by the evaporation of the salt water or brine or by the burning of the oil field waste or refuse.
    (12) To permit concrete bases, discarded machinery, and materials to remain around an oil or gas well, or to fail to fill holes, cellars, slush pits, and other excavations made in connection with the well or to restore the surface of the lands surrounding the well to its condition before the drilling of the well, upon abandonment of the oil or gas well.
    (13) To permit salt water, oil, gas, or other wastes from a well drilled for oil, gas, or exploratory purposes to escape to the surface, or into a mine or coal seam, or into an underground fresh water supply, or from one underground stratum to another.
    (14) To harass, intimidate, or threaten a person who is about to sell or lease or has sold or leased a residence or other real property or is about to buy or lease or has bought or leased a residence or other real property, when the harassment, intimidation, or threat relates to a person's attempt to sell, buy, or lease a residence, or other real property, or refers to a person's sale, purchase, or lease of a residence or other real property.
    (15) To store, dump, or permit the accumulation of debris, refuse, garbage, trash, tires, buckets, cans, wheelbarrows, garbage cans, or other containers in a manner that may harbor mosquitoes, flies, insects, rodents, nuisance birds, or other animal pests that are offensive, injurious, or dangerous to the health of individuals or the public.
    (16) To create a condition, through the improper maintenance of a swimming pool or wading pool, or by causing an action that alters the condition of a natural body of water, so that it harbors mosquitoes, flies, or other animal pests that are offensive, injurious, or dangerous to the health of individuals or the public.
    (17) To operate a tanning facility without a valid permit under the Tanning Facility Permit Act.
    Nothing in this Section shall be construed to prevent the corporate authorities of a city, village, or incorporated town, or the county board of a county, from declaring what are nuisances and abating them within their limits. Counties have that authority only outside the corporate limits of a city, village, or incorporated town.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

720 ILCS 5/47-10

    (720 ILCS 5/47-10)
    Sec. 47-10. Dumping garbage. It is unlawful for a person to dump or place garbage or another offensive substance within the corporate limits of a city, village, or incorporated town other than (1) the city, village, or incorporated town within the corporate limits of which the garbage or other offensive substance originated or (2) a city, village, or incorporated town that has contracted with the city, village, or incorporated town within which the garbage originated, for the joint collection and disposal of garbage; nor shall the garbage or other offensive substance be dumped or placed within a distance of one mile of the corporate limits of any other city, village, or incorporated town.
    A person violating this Section is guilty of a petty offense.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

720 ILCS 5/47-15

    (720 ILCS 5/47-15)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 47-15. Dumping garbage upon real property.
    (a) It is unlawful for a person to dump, deposit, or place garbage, rubbish, trash, or refuse upon real property not owned by that person without the consent of the owner or person in possession of the real property.
    (b) A person who violates this Section is liable to the owner or person in possession of the real property on which the garbage, rubbish, trash, or refuse is dumped, deposited, or placed for the reasonable costs incurred by the owner or person in possession for cleaning up and properly disposing of the garbage, rubbish, trash, or refuse, and for reasonable attorneys' fees.
    (c) A person violating this Section is guilty of a Class B misdemeanor for which the court must impose a minimum fine of $500. A second conviction for an offense committed after the first conviction is a Class A misdemeanor for which the court must impose a minimum fine of $500. A third or subsequent violation, committed after a second conviction, is a Class 4 felony for which the court must impose a minimum fine of $500. A person who violates this Section and who has an equity interest in a motor vehicle used in violation of this Section is presumed to have the financial resources to pay the minimum fine not exceeding his or her equity interest in the vehicle. Personal property used by a person in violation of this Section shall on the third or subsequent conviction of the person be forfeited to the county where the violation occurred and disposed of at a public sale. Before the forfeiture, the court shall conduct a hearing to determine whether property is subject to forfeiture under this Section. At the forfeiture hearing the State has the burden of establishing by a preponderance of the evidence that property is subject to forfeiture under this Section.
    (d) The statutory minimum fine required by subsection (c) is not subject to reduction or suspension unless the defendant is indigent. If the defendant files a motion with the court asserting his or her inability to pay the mandatory fine required by this Section, the court must set a hearing on the motion before sentencing. The court must require an affidavit signed by the defendant containing sufficient information to ascertain the assets and liabilities of the defendant. If the court determines that the defendant is indigent, the court must require that the defendant choose either to pay the minimum fine of $500 or to perform 100 hours of community service.
(Source: P.A. 90-655, eff. 7-30-98; 91-409, eff. 1-1-00.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-512)
    Sec. 47-15. Dumping garbage upon real property.
    (a) It is unlawful for a person to dump, deposit, or place garbage, rubbish, trash, or refuse upon real property not owned by that person without the consent of the owner or person in possession of the real property.
    (b) A person who violates this Section is liable to the owner or person in possession of the real property on which the garbage, rubbish, trash, or refuse is dumped, deposited, or placed for the reasonable costs incurred by the owner or person in possession for cleaning up and properly disposing of the garbage, rubbish, trash, or refuse, and for reasonable attorneys' fees.
    (c) A person violating this Section is guilty of a Class B misdemeanor for which the court must impose a minimum fine of $500. A second conviction for an offense committed after the first conviction is a Class A misdemeanor for which the court must impose a minimum fine of $500. A third or subsequent violation, committed after a second conviction, is a Class 4 felony for which the court must impose a minimum fine of $500. A person who violates this Section and who has an equity interest in a motor vehicle used in violation of this Section is presumed to have the financial resources to pay the minimum fine not exceeding his or her equity interest in the vehicle. Personal property used by a person in violation of this Section shall on the third or subsequent conviction of the person be forfeited to the county where the violation occurred and disposed of at a public sale. Before the forfeiture, the court shall conduct a hearing to determine whether property is subject to forfeiture under this Section. At the forfeiture hearing the State has the burden of establishing by a preponderance of the evidence that property is subject to forfeiture under this Section. Property seized or forfeited under this Section is subject to reporting under the Seizure and Forfeiture Reporting Act.
    (d) The statutory minimum fine required by subsection (c) is not subject to reduction or suspension unless the defendant is indigent. If the defendant files a motion with the court asserting his or her inability to pay the mandatory fine required by this Section, the court must set a hearing on the motion before sentencing. The court must require an affidavit signed by the defendant containing sufficient information to ascertain the assets and liabilities of the defendant. If the court determines that the defendant is indigent, the court must require that the defendant choose either to pay the minimum fine of $500 or to perform 100 hours of community service.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/47-20

    (720 ILCS 5/47-20)
    Sec. 47-20. Unplugged well. It is a Class A misdemeanor for a person to permit a water well, located on property owned by him or her, to be in an unplugged condition at any time after the abandonment of the well for obtaining water. No well is in an unplugged condition, however, that is plugged in conformity with the rules and regulations of the Department of Natural Resources issued under Section 6 and Section 19 of the Illinois Oil and Gas Act. This Section does not apply to a well drilled or used for observation or any other purpose in connection with the development or operation of a gas storage project.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96; 89-445, eff. 2-7-96.)

720 ILCS 5/47-25

    (720 ILCS 5/47-25)
    Sec. 47-25. Penalties. Whoever causes, erects, or continues a nuisance described in this Article, for the first offense, is guilty of a petty offense and shall be fined not exceeding $100, and for a subsequent offense is guilty of a Class B misdemeanor. Every nuisance described in this Article, when a conviction for that nuisance is had, may, by order of the court before which the conviction is had, be abated by the sheriff or other proper officer, at the expense of the defendant. It is not a defense to a proceeding under this Section that the nuisance is erected or continued by virtue or permission of a law of this State.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

720 ILCS 5/Art. 48

 
    (720 ILCS 5/Art. 48 heading)
ARTICLE 48. ANIMALS
(Source: P.A. 97-1108, eff. 1-1-13.)

720 ILCS 5/48-1

    (720 ILCS 5/48-1) (was 720 ILCS 5/26-5)
    Sec. 48-1. Dog fighting. (For other provisions that may apply to dog fighting, see the Humane Care for Animals Act. For provisions similar to this Section that apply to animals other than dogs, see in particular Section 4.01 of the Humane Care for Animals Act.)
    (a) No person may own, capture, breed, train, or lease any dog which he or she knows is intended for use in any show, exhibition, program, or other activity featuring or otherwise involving a fight between the dog and any other animal or human, or the intentional killing of any dog for the purpose of sport, wagering, or entertainment.
    (b) No person may promote, conduct, carry on, advertise, collect money for or in any other manner assist or aid in the presentation for purposes of sport, wagering, or entertainment of any show, exhibition, program, or other activity involving a fight between 2 or more dogs or any dog and human, or the intentional killing of any dog.
    (c) No person may sell or offer for sale, ship, transport, or otherwise move, or deliver or receive any dog which he or she knows has been captured, bred, or trained, or will be used, to fight another dog or human or be intentionally killed for purposes of sport, wagering, or entertainment.
    (c-5) No person may solicit a minor to violate this Section.
    (d) No person may manufacture for sale, shipment, transportation, or delivery any device or equipment which he or she knows or should know is intended for use in any show, exhibition, program, or other activity featuring or otherwise involving a fight between 2 or more dogs, or any human and dog, or the intentional killing of any dog for purposes of sport, wagering, or entertainment.
    (e) No person may own, possess, sell or offer for sale, ship, transport, or otherwise move any equipment or device which he or she knows or should know is intended for use in connection with any show, exhibition, program, or activity featuring or otherwise involving a fight between 2 or more dogs, or any dog and human, or the intentional killing of any dog for purposes of sport, wagering or entertainment.
    (f) No person may knowingly make available any site, structure, or facility, whether enclosed or not, that he or she knows is intended to be used for the purpose of conducting any show, exhibition, program, or other activity involving a fight between 2 or more dogs, or any dog and human, or the intentional killing of any dog or knowingly manufacture, distribute, or deliver fittings to be used in a fight between 2 or more dogs or a dog and human.
    (g) No person may knowingly attend or otherwise patronize any show, exhibition, program, or other activity featuring or otherwise involving a fight between 2 or more dogs, or any dog and human, or the intentional killing of any dog for purposes of sport, wagering, or entertainment.
    (h) No person may tie or attach or fasten any live animal to any machine or device propelled by any power for the purpose of causing the animal to be pursued by a dog or dogs. This subsection (h) applies only when the dog is intended to be used in a dog fight.
    (i) Sentence.
        (1) Any person convicted of violating subsection (a),
    
(b), (c), or (h) of this Section is guilty of a Class 4 felony for a first violation and a Class 3 felony for a second or subsequent violation, and may be fined an amount not to exceed $50,000.
        (1.5) A person who knowingly owns a dog for fighting
    
purposes or for producing a fight between 2 or more dogs or a dog and human or who knowingly offers for sale or sells a dog bred for fighting is guilty of a Class 3 felony and may be fined an amount not to exceed $50,000, if the dog participates in a dogfight and any of the following factors is present:
            (i) the dogfight is performed in the presence of
        
a person under 18 years of age;
            (ii) the dogfight is performed for the purpose of
        
or in the presence of illegal wagering activity; or
            (iii) the dogfight is performed in furtherance of
        
streetgang related activity as defined in Section 10 of the Illinois Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act.
        (1.7) A person convicted of violating subsection
    
(c-5) of this Section is guilty of a Class 4 felony.
        (2) Any person convicted of violating subsection (d)
    
or (e) of this Section is guilty of a Class 4 felony for a first violation. A second or subsequent violation of subsection (d) or (e) of this Section is a Class 3 felony.
        (2.5) Any person convicted of violating subsection
    
(f) of this Section is guilty of a Class 4 felony. Any person convicted of violating subsection (f) of this Section in which the site, structure, or facility made available to violate subsection (f) is located within 1,000 feet of a school, public park, playground, child care institution, day care center, part day child care facility, day care home, group day care home, or a facility providing programs or services exclusively directed toward persons under 18 years of age is guilty of a Class 3 felony for a first violation and a Class 2 felony for a second or subsequent violation.
        (3) Any person convicted of violating subsection (g)
    
of this Section is guilty of a Class 4 felony for a first violation. A second or subsequent violation of subsection (g) of this Section is a Class 3 felony. If a person under 13 years of age is present at any show, exhibition, program, or other activity prohibited in subsection (g), the parent, legal guardian, or other person who is 18 years of age or older who brings that person under 13 years of age to that show, exhibition, program, or other activity is guilty of a Class 3 felony for a first violation and a Class 2 felony for a second or subsequent violation.
    (i-5) A person who commits a felony violation of this Section is subject to the property forfeiture provisions set forth in Article 124B of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963.
    (j) Any dog or equipment involved in a violation of this Section shall be immediately seized and impounded under Section 12 of the Humane Care for Animals Act when located at any show, exhibition, program, or other activity featuring or otherwise involving a dog fight for the purposes of sport, wagering, or entertainment.
    (k) Any vehicle or conveyance other than a common carrier that is used in violation of this Section shall be seized, held, and offered for sale at public auction by the sheriff's department of the proper jurisdiction, and the proceeds from the sale shall be remitted to the general fund of the county where the violation took place.
    (l) Any veterinarian in this State who is presented with a dog for treatment of injuries or wounds resulting from fighting where there is a reasonable possibility that the dog was engaged in or utilized for a fighting event for the purposes of sport, wagering, or entertainment shall file a report with the Department of Agriculture and cooperate by furnishing the owners' names, dates, and descriptions of the dog or dogs involved. Any veterinarian who in good faith complies with the requirements of this subsection has immunity from any liability, civil, criminal, or otherwise, that may result from his or her actions. For the purposes of any proceedings, civil or criminal, the good faith of the veterinarian shall be rebuttably presumed.
    (m) In addition to any other penalty provided by law, upon conviction for violating this Section, the court may order that the convicted person and persons dwelling in the same household as the convicted person who conspired, aided, or abetted in the unlawful act that was the basis of the conviction, or who knew or should have known of the unlawful act, may not own, harbor, or have custody or control of any dog or other animal for a period of time that the court deems reasonable.
    (n) A violation of subsection (a) of this Section may be inferred from evidence that the accused possessed any device or equipment described in subsection (d), (e), or (h) of this Section, and also possessed any dog.
    (o) When no longer required for investigations or court proceedings relating to the events described or depicted therein, evidence relating to convictions for violations of this Section shall be retained and made available for use in training peace officers in detecting and identifying violations of this Section. Such evidence shall be made available upon request to other law enforcement agencies and to schools certified under the Illinois Police Training Act.
    (p) For the purposes of this Section, "school" has the meaning ascribed to it in Section 11-9.3 of this Code; and "public park", "playground", "child care institution", "day care center", "part day child care facility", "day care home", "group day care home", and "facility providing programs or services exclusively directed toward persons under 18 years of age" have the meanings ascribed to them in Section 11-9.4 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 96-226, eff. 8-11-09; 96-712, eff. 1-1-10; 96-1000, eff. 7-2-10; 96-1091, eff. 1-1-11; 97-1108, eff. 1-1-13.)

720 ILCS 5/48-2

    (720 ILCS 5/48-2)
    Sec. 48-2. Animal research and production facilities protection.
    (a) Definitions.
        "Animal" means every living creature, domestic or
    
wild, but does not include man.
        "Animal facility" means any facility engaging in
    
legal scientific research or agricultural production of or involving the use of animals including any organization with a primary purpose of representing livestock production or processing, any organization with a primary purpose of promoting or marketing livestock or livestock products, any person licensed to practice veterinary medicine, any institution as defined in the Impounding and Disposition of Stray Animals Act, and any organization with a primary purpose of representing any such person, organization, or institution. "Animal facility" shall include the owner, operator, and employees of any animal facility and any premises where animals are located.
        "Director" means the Director of the Illinois
    
Department of Agriculture or the Director's authorized representative.
    (b) Legislative Declaration. There has been an increasing number of illegal acts committed against animal research and production facilities involving injury or loss of life to humans or animals, criminal trespass and damage to property. These actions not only abridge the property rights of the owner of the facility, they may also damage the public interest by jeopardizing crucial scientific, biomedical, or agricultural research or production. These actions can also threaten the public safety by possibly exposing communities to serious public health concerns and creating traffic hazards. These actions may substantially disrupt or damage publicly funded research and can result in the potential loss of physical and intellectual property. Therefore, it is in the interest of the people of the State of Illinois to protect the welfare of humans and animals as well as productive use of public funds to require regulation to prevent unauthorized possession, alteration, destruction, or transportation of research records, test data, research materials, equipment, research and agricultural production animals.
    (c) It shall be unlawful for any person:
        (1) to release, steal, or otherwise intentionally
    
cause the death, injury, or loss of any animal at or from an animal facility and not authorized by that facility;
        (2) to damage, vandalize, or steal any property in or
    
on an animal facility;
        (3) to obtain access to an animal facility by false
    
pretenses for the purpose of performing acts not authorized by that facility;
        (4) to enter into an animal facility with an intent
    
to destroy, alter, duplicate, or obtain unauthorized possession of records, data, materials, equipment, or animals;
        (5) by theft or deception knowingly to obtain control
    
or to exert control over records, data, material, equipment, or animals of any animal facility for the purpose of depriving the rightful owner or animal facility of the records, material, data, equipment, or animals or for the purpose of concealing, abandoning, or destroying these records, material, data, equipment, or animals; or
        (6) to enter or remain on an animal facility with the
    
intent to commit an act prohibited under this Section.
    (d) Sentence.
        (1) Any person who violates any provision of
    
subsection (c) shall be guilty of a Class 4 felony for each violation, unless the loss, theft, or damage to the animal facility property exceeds $300 in value.
        (2) If the loss, theft, or damage to the animal
    
facility property exceeds $300 in value but does not exceed $10,000 in value, the person is guilty of a Class 3 felony.
        (3) If the loss, theft, or damage to the animal
    
facility property exceeds $10,000 in value but does not exceed $100,000 in value, the person is guilty of a Class 2 felony.
        (4) If the loss, theft, or damage to the animal
    
facility property exceeds $100,000 in value, the person is guilty of a Class 1 felony.
        (5) Any person who, with the intent that any
    
violation of any provision of subsection (c) be committed, agrees with another to the commission of the violation and commits an act in furtherance of this agreement is guilty of the same class of felony as provided in paragraphs (1) through (4) of this subsection for that violation.
        (6) Restitution.
            (A) The court shall conduct a hearing to
        
determine the reasonable cost of replacing materials, data, equipment, animals and records that may have been damaged, destroyed, lost or cannot be returned, and the reasonable cost of repeating any experimentation that may have been interrupted or invalidated as a result of a violation of subsection (c).
            (B) Any persons convicted of a violation shall be
        
ordered jointly and severally to make restitution to the owner, operator, or both, of the animal facility in the full amount of the reasonable cost determined under paragraph (A).
    (e) Private right of action. Nothing in this Section shall preclude any animal facility injured in its business or property by a violation of this Section from seeking appropriate relief under any other provision of law or remedy including the issuance of a permanent injunction against any person who violates any provision of this Section. The animal facility owner or operator may petition the court to permanently enjoin the person from violating this Section and the court shall provide this relief.
    (f) The Director shall have authority to investigate any alleged violation of this Section, along with any other law enforcement agency, and may take any action within the Director's authority necessary for the enforcement of this Section. State's Attorneys, State police and other law enforcement officials shall provide any assistance required in the conduct of an investigation and prosecution. Before the Director reports a violation for prosecution he or she may give the owner or operator of the animal facility and the alleged violator an opportunity to present his or her views at an administrative hearing. The Director may adopt any rules and regulations necessary for the enforcement of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 97-1108, eff. 1-1-13.)

720 ILCS 5/48-3

    (720 ILCS 5/48-3)
    Sec. 48-3. Hunter or fisherman interference.
    (a) Definitions. As used in this Section:
        "Aquatic life" means all fish, reptiles, amphibians,
    
crayfish, and mussels the taking of which is authorized by the Fish and Aquatic Life Code.
        "Interfere with" means to take any action that
    
physically impedes, hinders, or obstructs the lawful taking of wildlife or aquatic life.
        "Taking" means the capture or killing of wildlife or
    
aquatic life and includes travel, camping, and other acts preparatory to taking which occur on lands or waters upon which the affected person has the right or privilege to take such wildlife or aquatic life.
        "Wildlife" means any wildlife the taking of which is
    
authorized by the Wildlife Code and includes those species that are lawfully released by properly licensed permittees of the Department of Natural Resources.
    (b) A person commits hunter or fisherman interference when he or she intentionally or knowingly:
        (1) obstructs or interferes with the lawful taking of
    
wildlife or aquatic life by another person with the specific intent to prevent that lawful taking;
        (2) drives or disturbs wildlife or aquatic life for
    
the purpose of disrupting a lawful taking of wildlife or aquatic life;
        (3) blocks, impedes, or physically harasses another
    
person who is engaged in the process of lawfully taking wildlife or aquatic life;
        (4) uses natural or artificial visual, aural,
    
olfactory, gustatory, or physical stimuli to affect wildlife or aquatic life behavior in order to hinder or prevent the lawful taking of wildlife or aquatic life;
        (5) erects barriers with the intent to deny ingress
    
or egress to or from areas where the lawful taking of wildlife or aquatic life may occur;
        (6) intentionally interjects himself or herself into
    
the line of fire or fishing lines of a person lawfully taking wildlife or aquatic life;
        (7) affects the physical condition or placement of
    
personal or public property intended for use in the lawful taking of wildlife or aquatic life in order to impair the usefulness of the property or prevent the use of the property;
        (8) enters or remains upon or over private lands
    
without the permission of the owner or the owner's agent, with the intent to violate this subsection;
        (9) fails to obey the order of a peace officer to
    
desist from conduct in violation of this subsection (b) if the officer observes the conduct, or has reasonable grounds to believe that the person has engaged in the conduct that day or that the person plans or intends to engage in the conduct that day on a specific premises; or
        (10) uses a drone in a way that interferes with
    
another person's lawful taking of wildlife or aquatic life. For the purposes of this paragraph (10), "drone" means any aerial vehicle that does not carry a human operator.
    (c) Exemptions; defenses.
        (1) This Section does not apply to actions performed
    
by authorized employees of the Department of Natural Resources, duly accredited officers of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, sheriffs, deputy sheriffs, or other peace officers if the actions are authorized by law and are necessary for the performance of their official duties.
        (2) This Section does not apply to landowners,
    
tenants, or lease holders exercising their legal rights to the enjoyment of land, including, but not limited to, farming and restricting trespass.
        (3) It is an affirmative defense to a prosecution for
    
a violation of this Section that the defendant's conduct is protected by his or her right to freedom of speech under the constitution of this State or the United States.
        (4) Any interested parties may engage in protests or
    
other free speech activities adjacent to or on the perimeter of the location where the lawful taking of wildlife or aquatic life is taking place, provided that none of the provisions of this Section are being violated.
    (d) Sentence. A first violation of paragraphs (1) through (8) of subsection (b) is a Class B misdemeanor. A second or subsequent violation of paragraphs (1) through (8) of subsection (b) is a Class A misdemeanor for which imprisonment for not less than 7 days shall be imposed. A person guilty of a second or subsequent violation of paragraphs (1) through (8) of subsection (b) is not eligible for court supervision. A violation of paragraph (9) or (10) of subsection (b) is a Class A misdemeanor. A court shall revoke, for a period of one year to 5 years, any Illinois hunting, fishing, or trapping privilege, license or permit of any person convicted of violating any provision of this Section. For purposes of this subsection, a "second or subsequent violation" means a conviction under paragraphs (1) through (8) of subsection (b) of this Section within 2 years of a prior violation arising from a separate set of circumstances.
    (e) Injunctions; damages.
        (1) Any court may enjoin conduct which would be in
    
violation of paragraphs (1) through (8) or (10) of subsection (b) upon petition by a person affected or who reasonably may be affected by the conduct, upon a showing that the conduct is threatened or that it has occurred on a particular premises in the past and that it is not unreasonable to expect that under similar circumstances it will be repeated.
        (2) A court shall award all resulting costs and
    
damages to any person adversely affected by a violation of paragraphs (1) through (8) or (10) of subsection (b), which may include an award for punitive damages. In addition to other items of special damage, the measure of damages may include expenditures of the affected person for license and permit fees, travel, guides, special equipment and supplies, to the extent that these expenditures were rendered futile by prevention of the taking of wildlife or aquatic life.
(Source: P.A. 97-1108, eff. 1-1-13; 98-402, eff. 8-16-13.)

720 ILCS 5/48-4

    (720 ILCS 5/48-4)
    Sec. 48-4. Obtaining certificate of registration by false pretenses.
    (a) A person commits obtaining certificate of registration by false pretenses when he or she, by any false pretense, obtains from any club, association, society or company for improving the breed of cattle, horses, sheep, swine, or other domestic animals, a certificate of registration of any animal in the herd register, or other register of any club, association, society or company, or a transfer of the registration.
    (b) A person commits obtaining certificate of registration by false pretenses when he or she knowingly gives a false pedigree of any animal.
    (c) Sentence. Obtaining certificate of registration by false pretenses is a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 97-1108, eff. 1-1-13.)

720 ILCS 5/48-5

    (720 ILCS 5/48-5)
    Sec. 48-5. Horse mutilation.
    (a) A person commits horse mutilation when he or she cuts the solid part of the tail of any horse in the operation known as docking, or by any other operation performed for the purpose of shortening the tail, and whoever shall cause the same to be done, or assist in doing this cutting, unless the same is proved to be a benefit to the horse.
    (b) Sentence. Horse mutilation is a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 97-1108, eff. 1-1-13.)

720 ILCS 5/48-6

    (720 ILCS 5/48-6)
    Sec. 48-6. Horse racing false entry.
    (a) That in order to encourage the breeding of and improvement in trotting, running and pacing horses in the State, it is hereby made unlawful for any person or persons knowingly to enter or cause to be entered for competition, or knowingly to compete with any horse, mare, gelding, colt or filly under any other than its true name or out of its proper class for any purse, prize, premium, stake or sweepstakes offered or given by any agricultural or other society, association, person or persons in the State where the prize, purse, premium, stake or sweepstakes is to be decided by a contest of speed.
    (b) The name of any horse, mare, gelding, colt or filly, for the purpose of entry for competition or performance in any contest of speed, shall be the name under which the horse has publicly performed, and shall not be changed after having once so performed or contested for a prize, purse, premium, stake or sweepstakes, except as provided by the code of printed rules of the society or association under which the contest is advertised to be conducted.
    (c) The official records shall be received in all courts as evidence upon the trial of any person under the provisions of this Section.
    (d) Sentence. A violation of subsection (a) is a Class 4 felony.
(Source: P.A. 97-1108, eff. 1-1-13.)

720 ILCS 5/48-7

    (720 ILCS 5/48-7)
    Sec. 48-7. Feeding garbage to animals.
    (a) Definitions. As used in this Section:
        "Department" means the Department of Agriculture of
    
the State of Illinois.
        "Garbage" has the same meaning as in the federal
    
Swine Health Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 3802) and also includes putrescible vegetable waste. "Garbage" does not include the contents of the bovine digestive tract.
        "Person" means any person, firm, partnership,
    
association, corporation, or other legal entity, any public or private institution, the State, or any municipal corporation or political subdivision of the State.
    (b) A person commits feeding garbage to animals when he or she feeds or permits the feeding of garbage to swine or any animals or poultry on any farm or any other premises where swine are kept.
    (c) Establishments licensed under the Illinois Dead Animal Disposal Act or under similar laws in other states are exempt from the provisions of this Section.
    (d) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to apply to any person who feeds garbage produced in his or her own household to animals or poultry kept on the premises where he or she resides except this garbage if fed to swine shall not contain particles of meat.
    (e) Sentence. Feeding garbage to animals is a Class B misdemeanor, and for the first offense shall be fined not less than $100 nor more than $500 and for a second or subsequent offense shall be fined not less than $200 nor more than $500 or imprisoned in a penal institution other than the penitentiary for not more than 6 months, or both.
    (f) A person violating this Section may be enjoined by the Department from continuing the violation.
    (g) The Department may make reasonable inspections necessary for the enforcement of this Section, and is authorized to enforce, and administer the provisions of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 97-1108, eff. 1-1-13; 98-785, eff. 1-1-15.)

720 ILCS 5/48-8

    (720 ILCS 5/48-8)
    Sec. 48-8. Service animal access.
    (a) When a person with a physical, mental, or intellectual disability requiring the use of a service animal is accompanied by a service animal or when a trainer of a service animal is accompanied by a service animal, neither the person nor the service animal shall be denied the right of entry and use of facilities of any public place of accommodation as defined in Section 5-101 of the Illinois Human Rights Act.
    For the purposes of this Section, "service animal" means a dog or miniature horse trained or being trained as a hearing animal, a guide animal, an assistance animal, a seizure alert animal, a mobility animal, a psychiatric service animal, an autism service animal, or an animal trained for any other physical, mental, or intellectual disability. "Service animal" includes a miniature horse that a public place of accommodation shall make reasonable accommodation so long as the public place of accommodation takes into consideration: (1) the type, size, and weight of the miniature horse and whether the facility can accommodate its features; (2) whether the handler has sufficient control of the miniature horse; (3) whether the miniature horse is housebroken; and (4) whether the miniature horse's presence in the facility compromises legitimate safety requirements necessary for operation.
    (b) A person who knowingly violates this Section commits a Class C misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 97-1108, eff. 1-1-13; incorporates 97-956, eff. 8-14-12; 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

720 ILCS 5/48-9

    (720 ILCS 5/48-9)
    Sec. 48-9. Misrepresentation of stallion and jack pedigree.
    (a) The owner or keeper of any stallion or jack kept for public service commits misrepresentation of stallion and jack pedigree when he or she misrepresents the pedigree or breeding of the stallion or jack, or represents that the animal, so kept for public service, is registered, when in fact it is not registered in a published volume of a society for the registry of standard and purebred animals, or who shall post or publish, or cause to be posted or published, any false pedigree or breeding of this animal.
    (b) Sentence. Misrepresentation of stallion and jack pedigree is a petty offense, and for a second or subsequent offense is a Class B misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 97-1108, eff. 1-1-13.)

720 ILCS 5/48-10

    (720 ILCS 5/48-10)
    Sec. 48-10. Dangerous animals.
    (a) Definitions. As used in this Section, unless the context otherwise requires:
        "Dangerous animal" means a lion, tiger, leopard,
    
ocelot, jaguar, cheetah, margay, mountain lion, lynx, bobcat, jaguarundi, bear, hyena, wolf or coyote. Dangerous animal does not mean any herptiles included in the Herptiles-Herps Act.
        "Owner" means any person who (1) has a right of
    
property in a dangerous animal or primate, (2) keeps or harbors a dangerous animal or primate, (3) has a dangerous animal or primate in his or her care, or (4) acts as custodian of a dangerous animal or primate.
        "Person" means any individual, firm, association,
    
partnership, corporation, or other legal entity, any public or private institution, the State, or any municipal corporation or political subdivision of the State.
        "Primate" means a nonhuman member of the order
    
primate, including but not limited to chimpanzee, gorilla, orangutan, bonobo, gibbon, monkey, lemur, loris, aye-aye, and tarsier.
    (b) Dangerous animal or primate offense. No person shall have a right of property in, keep, harbor, care for, act as custodian of or maintain in his or her possession any dangerous animal or primate except at a properly maintained zoological park, federally licensed exhibit, circus, college or university, scientific institution, research laboratory, veterinary hospital, hound running area, or animal refuge in an escape-proof enclosure.
    (c) Exemptions.
        (1) This Section does not prohibit a person who had
    
lawful possession of a primate before January 1, 2011, from continuing to possess that primate if the person registers the animal by providing written notification to the local animal control administrator on or before April 1, 2011. The notification shall include:
            (A) the person's name, address, and telephone
        
number; and
            (B) the type of primate, the age, a photograph, a
        
description of any tattoo, microchip, or other identifying information, and a list of current inoculations.
        (2) This Section does not prohibit a person who has a
    
permanent disability with a severe mobility impairment from possessing a single capuchin monkey to assist the person in performing daily tasks if:
            (A) the capuchin monkey was obtained from and
        
trained at a licensed nonprofit organization described in Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, the nonprofit tax status of which was obtained on the basis of a mission to improve the quality of life of severely mobility-impaired individuals; and
            (B) the person complies with the notification
        
requirements as described in paragraph (1) of this subsection (c).
    (d) A person who registers a primate shall notify the local animal control administrator within 30 days of a change of address. If the person moves to another locality within the State, the person shall register the primate with the new local animal control administrator within 30 days of moving by providing written notification as provided in paragraph (1) of subsection (c) and shall include proof of the prior registration.
    (e) A person who registers a primate shall notify the local animal control administrator immediately if the primate dies, escapes, or bites, scratches, or injures a person.
    (f) It is no defense to a violation of subsection (b) that the person violating subsection (b) has attempted to domesticate the dangerous animal. If there appears to be imminent danger to the public, any dangerous animal found not in compliance with the provisions of this Section shall be subject to seizure and may immediately be placed in an approved facility. Upon the conviction of a person for a violation of subsection (b), the animal with regard to which the conviction was obtained shall be confiscated and placed in an approved facility, with the owner responsible for all costs connected with the seizure and confiscation of the animal. Approved facilities include, but are not limited to, a zoological park, federally licensed exhibit, humane society, veterinary hospital or animal refuge.
    (g) Sentence. Any person violating this Section is guilty of a Class C misdemeanor. Any corporation or partnership, any officer, director, manager or managerial agent of the partnership or corporation who violates this Section or causes the partnership or corporation to violate this Section is guilty of a Class C misdemeanor. Each day of violation constitutes a separate offense.
(Source: P.A. 98-752, eff. 1-1-15; 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)

720 ILCS 5/48-11

    (720 ILCS 5/48-11)
    (This Section may contain text from a Public Act with a delayed effective date)
    Sec. 48-11. Unlawful use of an elephant in a traveling animal act.
    (a) Definitions. As used in this Section:
    "Mobile or traveling animal housing facility" means a transporting vehicle such as a truck, trailer, or railway car used to transport or house animals while traveling to an exhibition or other performance.
    "Performance" means an exhibition, public showing, presentation, display, exposition, fair, animal act, circus, ride, trade show, petting zoo, carnival, parade, race, or other similar undertaking in which animals are required to perform tricks, give rides, or participate as accompaniments for entertainment, amusement, or benefit of a live audience.
    "Traveling animal act" means any performance of animals where animals are transported to, from, or between locations for the purpose of a performance in a mobile or traveling animal housing facility.
    (b) A person commits unlawful use of an elephant in a traveling animal act when he or she knowingly allows for the participation of an African elephant (Loxodonta africana) or Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) protected under the federal Endangered Species Act of 1973 in a traveling animal act.
    (c) This Section does not apply to an exhibition of elephants at a non-mobile, permanent institution, or other facility.
    (d) Sentence. Unlawful use of an elephant in a traveling animal act is a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 100-90, eff. 1-1-18.)

720 ILCS 5/Art. 49

 
    (720 ILCS 5/Art. 49 heading)
ARTICLE 49. MISCELLANEOUS OFFENSES
(Source: P.A. 97-1108, eff. 1-1-13.)

720 ILCS 5/49-1

    (720 ILCS 5/49-1)
    Sec. 49-1. Flag desecration.
    (a) Definition. As used in this Section:
        "Flag", "standard", "color" or "ensign" shall include
    
any flag, standard, color, ensign or any picture or representation of either thereof, made of any substance or represented on any substance and of any size evidently purporting to be either of said flag, standard, color or ensign of the United States of America, or a picture or a representation of either thereof, upon which shall be shown the colors, the stars, and the stripes, in any number of either thereof, of the flag, colors, standard, or ensign of the United States of America.
    (b) A person commits flag desecration when he or she knowingly:
        (1) for exhibition or display, places or causes to be
    
placed any word, figure, mark, picture, design, drawing, or any advertisement of any nature, upon any flag, standard, color or ensign of the United States or State flag of this State or ensign;
        (2) exposes or causes to be exposed to public view
    
any such flag, standard, color or ensign, upon which has been printed, painted or otherwise placed, or to which has been attached, appended, affixed, or annexed, any word, figure, mark, picture, design or drawing or any advertisement of any nature;
        (3) exposes to public view, manufactures, sells,
    
exposes for sale, gives away, or has in possession for sale or to give away or for use for any purpose, any article or substance, being an article of merchandise, or a receptacle of merchandise or article or thing for carrying or transporting merchandise upon which has been printed, painted, attached, or otherwise placed a representation of any such flag, standard, color, or ensign, to advertise, call attention to, decorate, mark or distinguish the article or substance on which so placed; or
        (4) publicly mutilates, defaces, defiles, tramples,
    
or intentionally displays on the ground or floor any such flag, standard, color or ensign.
    (c) All prosecutions under this Section shall be brought by any person in the name of the People of the State of Illinois, against any person or persons violating any of the provisions of this Section, before any circuit court. The State's Attorneys shall see that this Section is enforced in their respective counties, and shall prosecute all offenders on receiving information of the violation of this Section. Sheriffs, deputy sheriffs, and police officers shall inform against and prosecute all persons whom there is probable cause to believe are guilty of violating this Section. One-half of the amount recovered in any penal action under this Section shall be paid to the person making and filing the complaint in the action, and the remaining 1/2 to the school fund of the county in which the conviction is obtained.
    (d) All prosecutions under this Section shall be commenced within six months from the time the offense was committed, and not afterwards.
    (e) Sentence. A violation of paragraphs (1) through (3) of subsection (b) is a Class C misdemeanor. A violation of paragraph (4) of subsection (b) is a Class 4 felony.
(Source: P.A. 97-1108, eff. 1-1-13.)

720 ILCS 5/49-1.5

    (720 ILCS 5/49-1.5)
    Sec. 49-1.5. Draft card mutilation.
    (a) A person commits draft card mutilation when he or she knowingly destroys or mutilates a valid registration certificate or any other valid certificate issued under the federal "Military Selective Service Act of 1967".
    (b) Sentence. Draft card mutilation is a Class 4 felony.
(Source: P.A. 97-1108, eff. 1-1-13.)

720 ILCS 5/49-2

    (720 ILCS 5/49-2)
    Sec. 49-2. Business use of military terms.
    (a) It is unlawful for any person, concern, firm or corporation to use in the name, or description of the name, of any privately operated mercantile establishment which may or may not be engaged principally in the buying and selling of equipment or materials of the Government of the United States or any of its departments, agencies or military services, the terms "Army", "Navy", "Marine", "Coast Guard", "Government", "GI", "PX" or any terms denoting a branch of the government, either independently or in connection or conjunction with any other word or words, letter or insignia which import or imply that the products so described are or were made for the United States government or in accordance with government specifications or requirements, or of government materials, or that these products have been disposed of by the United States government as surplus or rejected stock.
    (b) Sentence. A violation of this Section is a petty offense with a fine of not less than $25.00 nor more than $500 for the first conviction, and not less than $500 or more than $1000 for each subsequent conviction.
(Source: P.A. 97-1108, eff. 1-1-13.)

720 ILCS 5/49-3

    (720 ILCS 5/49-3)
    Sec. 49-3. Governmental uneconomic practices.
    (a) It is unlawful for the State of Illinois, any political subdivision thereof, or any municipality therein, or any officer, agent or employee of the State of Illinois, any political subdivision thereof or any municipality therein, to sell to or procure for sale or have in its or his or her possession or under its or his or her control for sale to any officer, agent or employee of the State or any political subdivision thereof or municipality therein any article, material, product or merchandise of whatsoever nature, excepting meals, public services and such specialized appliances and paraphernalia as may be required for the safety or health of such officers, agents or employees.
    (b) The provisions of this Section shall not apply to the State, any political subdivision thereof or municipality therein, nor to any officer, agent or employee of the State, or of any such subdivision or municipality while engaged in any recreational, health, welfare, relief, safety or educational activities furnished by the State, or any such political subdivision or municipality.
    (c) Sentence. A violation of this Section is a Class B misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 97-1108, eff. 1-1-13.)

720 ILCS 5/49-4

    (720 ILCS 5/49-4)
    Sec. 49-4. Sale of maps.
    (a) The sale of current Illinois publications or highway maps published by the Secretary of State is prohibited except where provided by law.
    (b) Sentence. A violation of this Section is a Class B misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 97-1108, eff. 1-1-13.)

720 ILCS 5/49-5

    (720 ILCS 5/49-5)
    Sec. 49-5. Video movie sales and rentals rating violation.
    (a) Definitions. As used in this Section, unless the context otherwise requires:
        "Person" means an individual, corporation,
    
partnership, or any other legal or commercial entity.
        "Official rating" means an official rating of the
    
Motion Picture Association of America.
        "Video movie" means a videotape or video disc copy of
    
a motion picture film.
    (b) A person may not sell at retail or rent, or attempt to sell at retail or rent, a video movie in this State unless the official rating of the motion picture from which it is copied is clearly displayed on the outside of any cassette, case, jacket, or other covering of the video movie.
    (c) This Section does not apply to any video movie of a motion picture which:
        (1) has not been given an official rating; or
        (2) has been altered in any way subsequent to
    
receiving an official rating.
    (d) Sentence. A violation of this Section is a Class C misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 97-1108, eff. 1-1-13.)

720 ILCS 5/49-6

    (720 ILCS 5/49-6)
    Sec. 49-6. Container label obliteration prohibited.
    (a) No person shall sell or offer for sale any product, article or substance in a container on which any statement of weight, quantity, quality, grade, ingredients or identification of the manufacturer, supplier or processor is obliterated by any other labeling unless the other labeling correctly restates the obliterated statement.
    (b) This Section does not apply to any obliteration which is done in order to comply with subsection (c) of this Section.
    (c) No person shall utilize any used container for the purpose of sale of any product, article or substance unless the original marks of identification, weight, grade, quality and quantity have first been obliterated.
    (d) This Section shall not be construed as permitting the use of any containers or labels in a manner prohibited by any other law.
    (e) Sentence. A violation of this Section is a business offense for which a fine shall be imposed not to exceed $1,000.
(Source: P.A. 97-1108, eff. 1-1-13.)