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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.


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705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 5

 
    (705 ILCS 405/Art. V Pt. 5 heading)
PART 5. PRETRIAL PROCEEDINGS

705 ILCS 405/5-501

    (705 ILCS 405/5-501)
    Sec. 5-501. Detention or shelter care hearing. At the appearance of the minor before the court at the detention or shelter care hearing, the court shall receive all relevant information and evidence, including affidavits concerning the allegations made in the petition. Evidence used by the court in its findings or stated in or offered in connection with this Section may be by way of proffer based on reliable information offered by the State or minor. All evidence shall be admissible if it is relevant and reliable regardless of whether it would be admissible under the rules of evidence applicable at a trial. No hearing may be held unless the minor is represented by counsel and no hearing shall be held until the minor has had adequate opportunity to consult with counsel.
    (1) If the court finds that there is not probable cause to believe that the minor is a delinquent minor it shall release the minor and dismiss the petition.
    (2) If the court finds that there is probable cause to believe that the minor is a delinquent minor, the minor, his or her parent, guardian, custodian and other persons able to give relevant testimony may be examined before the court. The court may also consider any evidence by way of proffer based upon reliable information offered by the State or the minor. All evidence, including affidavits, shall be admissible if it is relevant and reliable regardless of whether it would be admissible under the rules of evidence applicable at trial. After such evidence is presented, the court may enter an order that the minor shall be released upon the request of a parent, guardian or legal custodian if the parent, guardian or custodian appears to take custody.
    If the court finds that it is a matter of immediate and urgent necessity for the protection of the minor or of the person or property of another that the minor be detained or placed in a shelter care facility or that he or she is likely to flee the jurisdiction of the court, the court may prescribe detention or shelter care and order that the minor be kept in a suitable place designated by the court or in a shelter care facility designated by the Department of Children and Family Services or a licensed child welfare agency; otherwise it shall release the minor from custody. If the court prescribes shelter care, then in placing the minor, the Department or other agency shall, to the extent compatible with the court's order, comply with Section 7 of the Children and Family Services Act. In making the determination of the existence of immediate and urgent necessity, the court shall consider among other matters: (a) the nature and seriousness of the alleged offense; (b) the minor's record of delinquency offenses, including whether the minor has delinquency cases pending; (c) the minor's record of willful failure to appear following the issuance of a summons or warrant; (d) the availability of non-custodial alternatives, including the presence of a parent, guardian or other responsible relative able and willing to provide supervision and care for the minor and to assure his or her compliance with a summons. If the minor is ordered placed in a shelter care facility of a licensed child welfare agency, the court shall, upon request of the agency, appoint the appropriate agency executive temporary custodian of the minor and the court may enter such other orders related to the temporary custody of the minor as it deems fit and proper.
    The order together with the court's findings of fact in support of the order shall be entered of record in the court.
    Once the court finds that it is a matter of immediate and urgent necessity for the protection of the minor that the minor be placed in a shelter care facility, the minor shall not be returned to the parent, custodian or guardian until the court finds that the placement is no longer necessary for the protection of the minor.
    (3) Only when there is reasonable cause to believe that the minor taken into custody is a delinquent minor may the minor be kept or detained in a facility authorized for juvenile detention. This Section shall in no way be construed to limit subsection (4).
    (4) Minors 12 years of age or older must be kept separate from confined adults and may not at any time be kept in the same cell, room or yard with confined adults. This paragraph (4):
        (a) shall only apply to confinement pending an
    
adjudicatory hearing and shall not exceed 40 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and court designated holidays. To accept or hold minors during this time period, county jails shall comply with all monitoring standards adopted by the Department of Corrections and training standards approved by the Illinois Law Enforcement Training Standards Board.
        (b) To accept or hold minors, 12 years of age or
    
older, after the time period prescribed in clause (a) of subsection (4) of this Section but not exceeding 7 days including Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, pending an adjudicatory hearing, county jails shall comply with all temporary detention standards adopted by the Department of Corrections and training standards approved by the Illinois Law Enforcement Training Standards Board.
        (c) To accept or hold minors 12 years of age or
    
older, after the time period prescribed in clause (a) and (b), of this subsection county jails shall comply with all county juvenile detention standards adopted by the Department of Juvenile Justice.
    (5) If the minor is not brought before a judicial officer within the time period as specified in Section 5-415 the minor must immediately be released from custody.
    (6) If neither the parent, guardian or legal custodian appears within 24 hours to take custody of a minor released from detention or shelter care, then the clerk of the court shall set the matter for rehearing not later than 7 days after the original order and shall issue a summons directed to the parent, guardian or legal custodian to appear. At the same time the probation department shall prepare a report on the minor. If a parent, guardian or legal custodian does not appear at such rehearing, the judge may enter an order prescribing that the minor be kept in a suitable place designated by the Department of Human Services or a licensed child welfare agency. The time during which a minor is in custody after being released upon the request of a parent, guardian or legal custodian shall be considered as time spent in detention for purposes of scheduling the trial.
    (7) Any party, including the State, the temporary custodian, an agency providing services to the minor or family under a service plan pursuant to Section 8.2 of the Abused and Neglected Child Reporting Act, foster parent, or any of their representatives, may file a motion to modify or vacate a temporary custody order or vacate a detention or shelter care order on any of the following grounds:
        (a) It is no longer a matter of immediate and urgent
    
necessity that the minor remain in detention or shelter care; or
        (b) There is a material change in the circumstances
    
of the natural family from which the minor was removed; or
        (c) A person, including a parent, relative or legal
    
guardian, is capable of assuming temporary custody of the minor; or
        (d) Services provided by the Department of Children
    
and Family Services or a child welfare agency or other service provider have been successful in eliminating the need for temporary custody.
    The clerk shall set the matter for hearing not later than 14 days after such motion is filed. In the event that the court modifies or vacates a temporary order but does not vacate its finding of probable cause, the court may order that appropriate services be continued or initiated in behalf of the minor and his or her family.
    (8) Whenever a petition has been filed under Section 5-520 the court can, at any time prior to trial or sentencing, order that the minor be placed in detention or a shelter care facility after the court conducts a hearing and finds that the conduct and behavior of the minor may endanger the health, person, welfare, or property of himself or others or that the circumstances of his or her home environment may endanger his or her health, person, welfare or property.
(Source: P.A. 98-685, eff. 1-1-15.)

705 ILCS 405/5-505

    (705 ILCS 405/5-505)
    Sec. 5-505. Pre-trial conditions order.
    (1) If a minor is charged with the commission of a delinquent act, at any appearance of the minor before the court prior to trial, the court may conduct a hearing to determine whether the minor should be required to do any of the following:
        (a) not violate any criminal statute of any
    
jurisdiction;
        (b) make a report to and appear in person before any
    
person or agency as directed by the court;
        (c) refrain from possessing a firearm or other
    
dangerous weapon, or an automobile;
        (d) reside with his or her parents or in a foster
    
home;
        (e) attend school;
        (f) attend a non-residential program for youth;
        (g) comply with curfew requirements as designated by
    
the court;
        (h) refrain from entering into a designated
    
geographic area except upon terms as the court finds appropriate. The terms may include consideration of the purpose of the entry, the time of day, other persons accompanying the minor, advance approval by the court, and any other terms the court may deem appropriate;
        (i) refrain from having any contact, directly or
    
indirectly, with certain specified persons or particular types of persons, including but not limited to members of street gangs and drug users or dealers;
        (j) comply with any other conditions as may be
    
ordered by the court.
    No hearing may be held unless the minor is represented by counsel. If the court determines that there is probable cause to believe the minor is a delinquent minor and that it is in the best interests of the minor that the court impose any or all of the conditions listed in paragraphs (a) through (j) of this subsection (1), then the court shall order the minor to abide by all of the conditions ordered by the court.
    (2) If the court issues a pre-trial conditions order as provided in subsection (1), the court shall inform the minor and provide a copy of the pre-trial conditions order effective under this Section.
    (3) The provisions of the pre-trial conditions order issued under this Section may be continued through the sentencing hearing if the court deems the action reasonable and necessary. Nothing in this Section shall preclude the minor from applying to the court at any time for modification or dismissal of the order or the State's Attorney from applying to the court at any time for additional provisions under the pre-trial conditions order, modification of the order, or dismissal of the order.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-510

    (705 ILCS 405/5-510)
    Sec. 5-510. Restraining order against juvenile.
    (1) If a minor is charged with the commission of a delinquent act, the court may conduct a hearing to determine whether an order shall be issued against the minor restraining the minor from harassing, molesting, intimidating, retaliating against, or tampering with a witness to or a victim of the delinquent act charged. No hearing may be held unless the minor is represented by counsel. If the court determines that there is probable cause to believe that the minor is a delinquent minor and that it is a matter of immediate and urgent necessity for the protection of a witness to or a victim of the delinquent act charged against the minor, the court may issue a restraining order against the minor restraining the minor from harassing, molesting, intimidating, retaliating against, or tampering with the witness or victim. The order together with the court's finding of fact in support of the order shall be entered of record in the court.
    (2) If the court issues a restraining order as provided in subsection (1), the court shall inform the minor of the restraining order effective under this Section.
    (3) The provisions of the restraining order issued under this Section may be continued by the court after the sentencing hearing if the court deems the action reasonable and necessary. Nothing in this Section shall preclude the minor from applying to the court at any time for modification or dismissal of the order or the State's Attorney from applying to the court at any time for additional provisions under the restraining order, modification of the order, or dismissal of the order.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-515

    (705 ILCS 405/5-515)
    Sec. 5-515. Medical and dental treatment and care. At all times during temporary custody, detention or shelter care, the court may authorize a physician, a hospital or any other appropriate health care provider to provide medical, dental or surgical procedures if those procedures are necessary to safeguard the minor's life or health. If the minor is covered under an existing medical or dental plan, the county shall be reimbursed for the expenses incurred for such services as if the minor were not held in temporary custody, detention, or shelter care.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-520

    (705 ILCS 405/5-520)
    Sec. 5-520. Petition; supplemental petitions.
    (1) The State's Attorney may file, or the court on its own motion may direct the filing through the State's Attorney of, a petition in respect to a minor under this Act. The petition and all subsequent court documents shall be entitled "In the interest of ...., a minor".
    (2) The petition shall be verified but the statements may be made upon information and belief. It shall allege that the minor is delinquent and set forth (a) facts sufficient to bring the minor under Section 5-120; (b) the name, age and residence of the minor; (c) the names and residences of his parents; (d) the name and residence of his or her guardian or legal custodian or the person or persons having custody or control of the minor, or of the nearest known relative if no parent, guardian or legal custodian can be found; and (e) if the minor upon whose behalf the petition is brought is detained or sheltered in custody, the date on which detention or shelter care was ordered by the court or the date set for a detention or shelter care hearing. If any of the facts required by this subsection (2) are not known by the petitioner, the petition shall so state.
    (3) The petition must pray that the minor be adjudged a ward of the court and may pray generally for relief available under this Act. The petition need not specify any proposed disposition following adjudication of wardship.
    (4) At any time before dismissal of the petition or before final closing and discharge under Section 5-750, one or more supplemental petitions may be filed (i) alleging new offenses or (ii) alleging violations of orders entered by the court in the delinquency proceeding.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-525

    (705 ILCS 405/5-525)
    Sec. 5-525. Service.
    (1) Service by summons.
        (a) Upon the commencement of a delinquency
    
prosecution, the clerk of the court shall issue a summons with a copy of the petition attached. The summons shall be directed to the minor's parent, guardian or legal custodian and to each person named as a respondent in the petition, except that summons need not be directed (i) to a minor respondent under 8 years of age for whom the court appoints a guardian ad litem if the guardian ad litem appears on behalf of the minor in any proceeding under this Act, or (ii) to a parent who does not reside with the minor, does not make regular child support payments to the minor, to the minor's other parent, or to the minor's legal guardian or custodian pursuant to a support order, and has not communicated with the minor on a regular basis.
        (b) The summons must contain a statement that the
    
minor is entitled to have an attorney present at the hearing on the petition, and that the clerk of the court should be notified promptly if the minor desires to be represented by an attorney but is financially unable to employ counsel.
        (c) The summons shall be issued under the seal of the
    
court, attested in and signed with the name of the clerk of the court, dated on the day it is issued, and shall require each respondent to appear and answer the petition on the date set for the adjudicatory hearing.
        (d) The summons may be served by any law enforcement
    
officer, coroner or probation officer, even though the officer is the petitioner. The return of the summons with endorsement of service by the officer is sufficient proof of service.
        (e) Service of a summons and petition shall be made
    
by: (i) leaving a copy of the summons and petition with the person summoned at least 3 days before the time stated in the summons for appearance; (ii) leaving a copy at his or her usual place of abode with some person of the family, of the age of 10 years or upwards, and informing that person of the contents of the summons and petition, provided, the officer or other person making service shall also send a copy of the summons in a sealed envelope with postage fully prepaid, addressed to the person summoned at his or her usual place of abode, at least 3 days before the time stated in the summons for appearance; or (iii) leaving a copy of the summons and petition with the guardian or custodian of a minor, at least 3 days before the time stated in the summons for appearance. If the guardian or legal custodian is an agency of the State of Illinois, proper service may be made by leaving a copy of the summons and petition with any administrative employee of the agency designated by the agency to accept the service of summons and petitions. The certificate of the officer or affidavit of the person that he or she has sent the copy pursuant to this Section is sufficient proof of service.
        (f) When a parent or other person, who has signed a
    
written promise to appear and bring the minor to court or who has waived or acknowledged service, fails to appear with the minor on the date set by the court, a bench warrant may be issued for the parent or other person, the minor, or both.
    (2) Service by certified mail or publication.
        (a) If service on individuals as provided in
    
subsection (1) is not made on any respondent within a reasonable time or if it appears that any respondent resides outside the State, service may be made by certified mail. In that case the clerk shall mail the summons and a copy of the petition to that respondent by certified mail marked for delivery to addressee only. The court shall not proceed with the adjudicatory hearing until 5 days after the mailing. The regular return receipt for certified mail is sufficient proof of service.
        (b) If service upon individuals as provided in
    
subsection (1) is not made on any respondents within a reasonable time or if any person is made a respondent under the designation of "All Whom It May Concern", or if service cannot be made because the whereabouts of a respondent are unknown, service may be made by publication. The clerk of the court as soon as possible shall cause publication to be made once in a newspaper of general circulation in the county where the action is pending. Service by publication is not required in any case when the person alleged to have legal custody of the minor has been served with summons personally or by certified mail, but the court may not enter any order or judgment against any person who cannot be served with process other than by publication unless service by publication is given or unless that person appears. Failure to provide service by publication to a non-custodial parent whose whereabouts are unknown shall not deprive the court of jurisdiction to proceed with a trial or a plea of delinquency by the minor. When a minor has been detained or sheltered under Section 5-501 of this Act and summons has not been served personally or by certified mail within 20 days from the date of the order of court directing such detention or shelter care, the clerk of the court shall cause publication. Service by publication shall be substantially as follows:
            "A, B, C, D, (here giving the names of the named
        
respondents, if any) and to All Whom It May Concern (if there is any respondent under that designation):
            Take notice that on (insert date) a petition was
        
filed under the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 by .... in the circuit court of .... county entitled 'In the interest of ...., a minor', and that in .... courtroom at .... on (insert date) at the hour of ...., or as soon thereafter as this cause may be heard, an adjudicatory hearing will be held upon the petition to have the child declared to be a ward of the court under that Act. The court has authority in this proceeding to take from you the custody and guardianship of the minor.
            Now, unless you appear at the hearing and show
        
cause against the petition, the allegations of the petition may stand admitted as against you and each of you, and an order or judgment entered.
            ........................................
            Clerk
            Dated (insert the date of publication)"
        (c) The clerk shall also at the time of the
    
publication of the notice send a copy of the notice by mail to each of the respondents on account of whom publication is made at his or her last known address. The certificate of the clerk that he or she has mailed the notice is evidence of that mailing. No other publication notice is required. Every respondent notified by publication under this Section must appear and answer in open court at the hearing. The court may not proceed with the adjudicatory hearing until 10 days after service by publication on any custodial parent, guardian or legal custodian of a minor alleged to be delinquent.
        (d) If it becomes necessary to change the date set
    
for the hearing in order to comply with this Section, notice of the resetting of the date must be given, by certified mail or other reasonable means, to each respondent who has been served with summons personally or by certified mail.
        (3) Once jurisdiction has been established over a
    
party, further service is not required and notice of any subsequent proceedings in that prosecution shall be made in accordance with provisions of Section 5-530.
        (4) The appearance of the minor's parent, guardian or
    
legal custodian, or a person named as a respondent in a petition, in any proceeding under this Act shall constitute a waiver of service and submission to the jurisdiction of the court. A copy of the petition shall be provided to the person at the time of his or her appearance.
(Source: P.A. 90-590, eff. 1-1-99; 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)

705 ILCS 405/5-530

    (705 ILCS 405/5-530)
    Sec. 5-530. Notice.
    (1) A party presenting a supplemental or amended petition or motion to the court shall provide the other parties with a copy of any supplemental or amended petition, motion or accompanying affidavit not yet served upon that party, and shall file proof of that service, in accordance with subsections (2), (3), and (4) of this Section. Written notice of the date, time and place of the hearing, shall be provided to all parties in accordance with local court rules.
    (2)(a) On whom made. If a party is represented by an attorney of record, service shall be made upon the attorney. Otherwise service shall be made upon the party.
    (b) Method. Papers shall be served as follows:
        (1) by delivering them to the attorney or party
    
personally;
        (2) by leaving them in the office of the attorney
    
with his or her clerk, or with a person in charge of the office; or if a party is not represented by counsel, by leaving them at his or her residence with a family member of the age of 10 years or upwards;
        (3) by depositing them in the United States post
    
office or post-office box enclosed in an envelope, plainly addressed to the attorney at his or her business address, or to the party at his or her business address or residence, with postage fully pre-paid; or
        (4) by transmitting them via facsimile machine to the
    
office of the attorney or party, who has consented to receiving service by facsimile transmission. Briefs filed in reviewing courts shall be served in accordance with Supreme Court Rule.
            (i) A party or attorney electing to serve
        
pleading by facsimile must include on the certificate of service transmitted the telephone number of the sender's facsimile transmitting device. Use of service by facsimile shall be deemed consent by that party or attorney to receive service by facsimile transmission. Any party may rescind consent of service by facsimile transmission in a case by filing with the court and serving a notice on all parties or their attorneys who have filed appearances that facsimile service will not be accepted. A party or attorney who has rescinded consent to service by facsimile transmission in a case may not serve another party or attorney by facsimile transmission in that case.
            (ii) Each page of notices and documents
        
transmitted by facsimile pursuant to this rule should bear the circuit court number, the title of the document, and the page number.
    (c) Multiple parties or attorneys. In cases in which there are 2 or more minor-respondents who appear by different attorneys, service on all papers shall be made on the attorney for each of the parties. If one attorney appears for several parties, he or she is entitled to only one copy of any paper served upon him or her by the opposite side. When more than one attorney appears for a party, service of a copy upon one of them is sufficient.
    (3)(a) Filing. When service of a paper is required, proof of service shall be filed with the clerk.
    (b) Manner of Proof. Service is proved:
        (i) by written acknowledgement signed by the person
    
served;
        (ii) in case of service by personal delivery, by
    
certificate of the attorney, or affidavit of a person, other than an attorney, who made delivery;
        (iii) in case of service by mail, by certificate of
    
the attorney, or affidavit of a person other than the attorney, who deposited the paper in the mail, stating the time and place of mailing, the complete address which appeared on the envelope, and the fact that proper postage was pre-paid; or
        (iv) in case of service by facsimile transmission, by
    
certificate of the attorney or affidavit of a person other than the attorney, who transmitted the paper via facsimile machine, stating the time and place of transmission, the telephone number to which the transmission was sent and the number of pages transmitted.
    (c) Effective date of service by mail. Service by mail is complete 4 days after mailing.
    (d) Effective date of service by facsimile transmission. Service by facsimile machine is complete on the first court day following transmission.
(Source: P.A. 99-642, eff. 7-28-16.)