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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

VEHICLES
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 3 Art. I

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 3 Art. I heading)
ARTICLE I. CERTIFICATES OF TITLE

625 ILCS 5/3-100

    (625 ILCS 5/3-100) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-100)
    Sec. 3-100. Definitions. For the purposes of this Chapter, the following words shall have the meanings ascribed to them:
    "Electronic" includes electrical, digital, magnetic, optical, electromagnetic, or any other form of technology that entails capabilities similar to these technologies.
    "Electronic record" means a record generated, communicated, received, or stored by electronic means for use in an information system or for transmission from one information system to another.
    "Electronic signature" means a signature in electronic form attached to or logically associated with an electronic record.
    "Owner" means a person who holds legal document of ownership of a vehicle, limited to a certificate of origin, certificate of title, salvage certificate, or junking certificate. However, in the event a vehicle is the subject of an agreement for the conditional sale or lease thereof with the right of purchase upon performance of the conditions stated in the agreement and with an immediate right of possession vested in the conditional vendee or lessee, or in the event a mortgagor of such vehicle is entitled to possession, then such conditional vendee or lessee or mortgagor shall be deemed the owner for the purpose of this Chapter, except as provided under paragraph (c) of Section 3-118.
    "Record" means information that is inscribed, stored, or otherwise fixed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form.
    "Signature" or "signed" includes any symbol executed or adopted, or any security procedure employed or adopted, using electronic means or otherwise, by or on behalf of a person with intent to authenticate a record.
    "Vehicle" means a vehicle as defined in Section 1-217 of this Code. Unless otherwise specified, "vehicle" also means a "manufactured home" as defined in Section 1-144.03 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 98-749, eff. 7-16-14.)

625 ILCS 5/3-100.1

    (625 ILCS 5/3-100.1)
    Sec. 3-100.1. Use of electronic records.
    (a) To the extent authorized by the Secretary of State and in accordance with standards and procedures prescribed by the Secretary of State:
        (1) Certificates, certifications, affidavits,
    
applications, assignments, statements, notices, documents, and other records required under this Chapter may be created, distributed, and received in electronic form.
        (2) Signatures required under this Chapter may be
    
made as electronic signatures or may be waived.
        (3) Delivery of records required under this Chapter
    
may be made by any means, including electronic delivery.
        (4) Fees and taxes required to be paid under this
    
Chapter may be made by electronic means; provided that any forms, records, electronic records, and methods of electronic payment relating to the filing and payment of taxes shall be prescribed by the Department of Revenue.
    (b) Electronic records accepted by the Secretary of State have the same force and effect as records created on paper by writing, typing, printing, or similar means. The procedures established by the Secretary of State concerning the acceptance of electronic filings and electronic records shall ensure that the electronic filings and electronic records are received and stored accurately and that they are readily available to satisfy any statutory requirements that call for a written record.
    (c) Electronic signatures accepted by the Secretary of State shall have the same force and effect as manual signatures.
    (d) Electronic delivery of records accepted by the Secretary of State shall have the same force and effect as physical delivery of records.
    (e) Electronic records and electronic signatures accepted by the Secretary of State shall be admissible in all administrative, quasi-judicial, and judicial proceedings. In any such proceeding, nothing in the application of the rules of evidence shall apply so as to deny the admissibility of an electronic record or electronic signature into evidence on the sole ground that it is an electronic record or electronic signature, or on the grounds that it is not in its original form or is not an original. Information in the form of an electronic record shall be given due evidentiary weight by the trier of fact.
(Source: P.A. 91-772, eff. 1-1-01.)

625 ILCS 5/3-100.2

    (625 ILCS 5/3-100.2)
    Sec. 3-100.2. Electronic access; agreements with submitters.
    (a) The Secretary of State may require a licensee under Chapter 3 or 5 of this Code to submit any record required to be submitted to the Secretary of State by using electronic media deemed feasible by the Secretary of State, in addition to requiring the actual submittal of the original paper record. The Secretary of State may also allow a person or licensee to receive any record to be provided by the Secretary of State by using electronic media deemed feasible by the Secretary of State, instead of providing the original paper record.
    (b) Electronic submittal, receipt, and delivery of records and electronic signatures may be authorized or accepted by the Secretary of State, when supported by a signed agreement between the Secretary of State and the submitter. The agreement shall require, at a minimum, each record to include all information necessary to complete a transaction, certification by the submitter upon its best knowledge as to the truthfulness of the data to be submitted to the Secretary of State, and retention by the submitter of supporting records.
    (c) The Secretary of State may establish minimum transaction volume levels, audit and security standards, technological requirements, and other terms and conditions he or she deems necessary for approval of the electronic delivery process.
    (d) When an agreement is made to accept electronic records, the Secretary of State shall not be required to produce a written record for the submitter with whom the Secretary of State has the agreement until requested to do so by the submitter.
    (e) Upon the request of a lienholder submitter, the Secretary of State shall provide electronic notification to the lienholder submitter to verify the notation and perfection of the lienholder's security interest in a vehicle for which the certificate of title is an electronic record. Upon receipt of an electronic message from a lienholder submitter with a security interest in a vehicle for which the certificate of title is an electronic record that the lien should be released, the Secretary of State shall enter the appropriate electronic record of the release of lien and print and mail a paper certificate of title to the owner or lienholder at no expense. The Secretary of State may also mail the certificate to any other person that delivers to the Secretary of State an authorization from the owner to receive the certificate. If another lienholder holds a properly perfected security interest in the vehicle as reflected in the records of the Secretary of State, the certificate shall be delivered to that lienholder instead of the owner.
(Source: P.A. 97-838, eff. 7-20-12.)

625 ILCS 5/3-100.3

    (625 ILCS 5/3-100.3)
    Sec. 3-100.3. Rules. The Secretary of State may adopt rules to implement this Article.
(Source: P.A. 91-772, eff. 1-1-01.)

625 ILCS 5/3-101

    (625 ILCS 5/3-101) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-101)
    Sec. 3-101. Certificate of title required.
    (a) Except as provided in Section 3-102, every owner of a vehicle which is in this State and for which no certificate of title has been issued by the Secretary of State shall make application to the Secretary of State for a certificate of title of the vehicle.
    (b) Every owner of a motorcycle or motor driven cycle purchased new on and after January 1, 1980 shall make application to the Secretary of State for a certificate of title. However, if such cycle is not properly manufactured or equipped for general highway use pursuant to the provisions of this Act, it shall not be eligible for license registration, but shall be issued a distinctive certificate of title except as provided in Sections 3-102 and 3-110 of this Act.
    (c) The Secretary of State shall not register or renew the registration of a vehicle unless a certificate of title has been issued by the Secretary of State to the owner or an application therefor has been delivered by the owner to the Secretary of State.
    (d) Every owner of an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle purchased on or after January 1, 1998 shall make application to the Secretary of State for a certificate of title.
    (e) Every owner of a low-speed vehicle manufactured after January 1, 2010 shall make application to the Secretary of State for a certificate of title.
(Source: P.A. 96-653, eff. 1-1-10; 97-983, eff. 8-17-12.)

625 ILCS 5/3-102

    (625 ILCS 5/3-102) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-102)
    Sec. 3-102. Exclusions. No certificate of title need be obtained for:
        1. a vehicle owned by the State of Illinois; or a
    
vehicle owned by the United States unless it is registered in this State;
        2. a vehicle owned by a manufacturer or dealer and
    
held for sale, even though incidentally moved on the highway or used for purposes of testing or demonstration, provided a dealer reassignment area is still available on the manufacturer's certificate of origin or the Illinois title; or a vehicle used by a manufacturer solely for testing;
        3. a vehicle owned by a non-resident of this State
    
and not required by law to be registered in this State;
        4. a motor vehicle regularly engaged in the
    
interstate transportation of persons or property for which a currently effective certificate of title has been issued in another State;
        5. a vehicle moved solely by animal power;
        6. an implement of husbandry;
        7. special mobile equipment;
        8. an apportionable trailer or an apportionable
    
semitrailer registered in the State prior to April 1, 1998;
        9. a manufactured home for which an affidavit of
    
affixation has been recorded pursuant to the Conveyance and Encumbrance of Manufactured Homes as Real Property and Severance Act unless with respect to the same manufactured home there has been recorded an affidavit of severance pursuant to that Act.
(Source: P.A. 98-749, eff. 7-16-14; 99-78, eff. 7-20-15.)

625 ILCS 5/3-103

    (625 ILCS 5/3-103) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-103)
    Sec. 3-103. Optional certificate of title.
    (a) The owner of an implement of husbandry or special mobile equipment may apply for and obtain a certificate of title on it. All of the provisions of this chapter, except part (e) of Section 3-104, are applicable to a certificate of title so issued, except that a person who receives a transfer of an interest in the vehicle without knowledge of the certificate of title is not prejudiced by reason of the existence of the certificate, and the perfection of a security interest under this Act is not effective until the lienholder has complied with the provisions of applicable law which otherwise relate to the perfection of security interests in personal property.
    An application for an optional certificate of title must be accompanied by either an exemption determination from the Department of Revenue showing that no tax imposed under the "Use Tax Act" or the "Retailers' Occupation Tax Act" is owed by anyone with respect to that vehicle or by a receipt from the Department of Revenue showing that any tax so imposed has been paid. No optional certificate of title shall be issued in the absence of such a receipt or exemption determination.
    If the proof of payment or of nonliability is, after the issuance of the optional certificate of title, found to be invalid, the Secretary of State shall revoke the optional certificate of title and require that it be returned to him.
    (b) The owner of a manufactured home which is affixed to a permanent foundation and for which a certificate of title has not previously been issued and surrendered for cancellation may apply for a certificate of title, including, if applicable, a certificate of title issued in accordance with subsection (b) of Section 3-109, which shall be issued for the sole purpose of (i) surrendering such certificate of title for cancellation in accordance with Section 3-116.2 or (ii) satisfying the requirements of subdivision (e)(4) of Section 9-334 of the Uniform Commercial Code. The Secretary of State shall issue a certificate of title, in accordance with this Chapter, upon satisfaction of the application requirements of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 98-749, eff. 7-16-14.)

625 ILCS 5/3-104

    (625 ILCS 5/3-104) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-104)
    Sec. 3-104. Application for certificate of title.
    (a) The application for a certificate of title for a vehicle in this State must be made by the owner to the Secretary of State on the form prescribed and must contain:
        1. The name, Illinois residence and mail address of
    
the owner;
        2. A description of the vehicle including, so far as
    
the following data exists: Its make, year-model, identifying number, type of body, whether new or used, as to house trailers as defined in Section 1-128 of this Code, and as to manufactured homes as defined in Section 1-144.03 of this Code, the square footage based upon the outside dimensions excluding the length of the tongue and hitch, and, as to vehicles of the second division, whether for-hire, not-for-hire, or both for-hire and not-for-hire;
        3. The date of purchase by applicant and, if
    
applicable, the name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired and the names and addresses of any lienholders in the order of their priority and signatures of owners;
        4. The current odometer reading at the time of
    
transfer and that the stated odometer reading is one of the following: actual mileage, not the actual mileage or mileage is in excess of its mechanical limits; and
        5. Any further information the Secretary of State
    
reasonably requires to identify the vehicle and to enable him to determine whether the owner is entitled to a certificate of title and the existence or nonexistence of security interests in the vehicle.
    (a-5) The Secretary of State shall designate on the prescribed application form a space where the owner of a vehicle may designate a beneficiary, to whom ownership of the vehicle shall pass in the event of the owner's death.
    (b) If the application refers to a vehicle purchased from a dealer, it must also be signed by the dealer as well as the owner, and the dealer must promptly mail or deliver the application and required documents to the Secretary of State.
    (c) If the application refers to a vehicle last previously registered in another State or country, the application must contain or be accompanied by:
        1. Any certified document of ownership so recognized
    
and issued by the other State or country and acceptable to the Secretary of State, and
        2. Any other information and documents the Secretary
    
of State reasonably requires to establish the ownership of the vehicle and the existence or nonexistence of security interests in it.
    (d) If the application refers to a new vehicle it must be accompanied by the Manufacturer's Statement of Origin, or other documents as required and acceptable by the Secretary of State, with such assignments as may be necessary to show title in the applicant.
    (e) If an application refers to a vehicle rebuilt from a vehicle previously salvaged, that application shall comply with the provisions set forth in Sections 3-302 through 3-304 of this Code.
    (f) An application for a certificate of title for any vehicle, whether purchased in Illinois or outside Illinois, and even if previously registered in another State, must be accompanied by either an exemption determination from the Department of Revenue showing that no tax imposed pursuant to the Use Tax Act or the vehicle use tax imposed by Section 3-1001 of the Illinois Vehicle Code is owed by anyone with respect to that vehicle, or a receipt from the Department of Revenue showing that any tax so imposed has been paid. An application for a certificate of title for any vehicle purchased outside Illinois, even if previously registered in another state, must be accompanied by either an exemption determination from the Department of Revenue showing that no tax imposed pursuant to the Municipal Use Tax Act or the County Use Tax Act is owed by anyone with respect to that vehicle, or a receipt from the Department of Revenue showing that any tax so imposed has been paid. In the absence of such a receipt for payment or determination of exemption from the Department, no certificate of title shall be issued to the applicant.
    If the proof of payment of the tax or of nonliability therefor is, after the issuance of the certificate of title and display certificate of title, found to be invalid, the Secretary of State shall revoke the certificate and require that the certificate of title and, when applicable, the display certificate of title be returned to him.
    (g) If the application refers to a vehicle not manufactured in accordance with federal safety and emission standards, the application must be accompanied by all documents required by federal governmental agencies to meet their standards before a vehicle is allowed to be issued title and registration.
    (h) If the application refers to a vehicle sold at public sale by a sheriff, it must be accompanied by the required fee and a bill of sale issued and signed by a sheriff. The bill of sale must identify the new owner's name and address, the year model, make and vehicle identification number of the vehicle, court order document number authorizing such sale, if applicable, and the name and address of any lienholders in order of priority, if applicable.
    (i) If the application refers to a vehicle for which a court of law determined the ownership, it must be accompanied with a certified copy of such court order and the required fee. The court order must indicate the new owner's name and address, the complete description of the vehicle, if known, the name and address of the lienholder, if any, and must be signed and dated by the judge issuing such order.
    (j) If the application refers to a vehicle sold at public auction pursuant to the Labor and Storage Lien (Small Amount) Act, it must be accompanied by an affidavit or affirmation furnished by the Secretary of State along with the documents described in the affidavit or affirmation and the required fee.
    (k) The Secretary may provide an expedited process for the issuance of vehicle titles. Expedited title applications must be delivered to the Secretary of State's Vehicle Services Department in Springfield by express mail service or hand delivery. Applications must be complete, including necessary forms, fees, and taxes. Applications received before noon on a business day will be processed and shipped that same day. Applications received after noon on a business day will be processed and shipped the next business day. The Secretary shall charge an additional fee of $30 for this service, and that fee shall cover the cost of return shipping via an express mail service. All fees collected by the Secretary of State for expedited services shall be deposited into the Motor Vehicle License Plate Fund. In the event the Vehicle Services Department determines that the volume of expedited title requests received on a given day exceeds the ability of the Vehicle Services Department to process those requests in an expedited manner, the Vehicle Services Department may decline to provide expedited services, and the additional fee for the expedited service shall be refunded to the applicant.
    (l) If the application refers to a homemade trailer, (i) it must be accompanied by the appropriate documentation regarding the source of materials used in the construction of the trailer, as required by the Secretary of State, (ii) the trailer must be inspected by a Secretary of State employee prior to the issuance of the title, and (iii) upon approval of the Secretary of State, the trailer must have a vehicle identification number, as provided by the Secretary of State, stamped or riveted to the frame.
    (m) The holder of a Manufacturer's Statement of Origin to a manufactured home may deliver it to any person to facilitate conveying or encumbering the manufactured home. Any person receiving any such Manufacturer's Statement of Origin so delivered holds it in trust for the person delivering it.
    (n) Within 45 days after the completion of the first retail sale of a manufactured home, the Manufacturer's Statement of Origin to that manufactured home must be surrendered to the Secretary of State either in conjunction with an application for a certificate of title for that manufactured home or in accordance with Section 3-116.1.
    (o) Each application for certificate of title for a motor vehicle shall be verified by the National Motor Vehicle Title Information System (NMVTIS) for a vehicle history report prior to the Secretary issuing a certificate of title.
(Source: P.A. 98-749, eff. 7-16-14; 99-414, eff. 8-20-15.)

625 ILCS 5/3-104.1

    (625 ILCS 5/3-104.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-104.1)
    Sec. 3-104.1. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 83-449. Repealed by P.A. 90-665, eff. 1-1-99.)

625 ILCS 5/3-104.5

    (625 ILCS 5/3-104.5)
    Sec. 3-104.5. Application NMVTIS warnings or errors.
    (a) Each application for a certificate of title or a salvage certificate for a motor vehicle that is verified by the National Motor Vehicle Title Information System (NMVTIS) that is returned with a warning or error shall be reviewed by the Secretary of State, or his or her designees, as to whether the warning or error warrants a change to the type of title or brand that is issued to a motor vehicle. If the Secretary needs supplemental information to verify or corroborate the information received from a NMVTIS report, then the Secretary may use any available commercial title history services or other Secretary of State resources to assist in determining the vehicle's proper designation.
    (b) Any motor vehicle application for a certificate of title or a salvage certificate that another state has previously issued a title or brand indicating that the status of the motor vehicle is equivalent to a junk vehicle, as defined in Section 1-134.1 of this Code, shall receive a title with a "prior out of state junk" brand if that history item was issued 120 months or more before the date of the submission of the current application for title.
    (c) Any motor vehicle application for a certificate of title or a salvage certificate that is returned with a NMVTIS warning or error indicating that another state has previously issued a title or brand indicating the status of the motor vehicle is equivalent to a junk vehicle, as defined in Section 1-134.1 of this Code, shall be issued a junk certificate that reflects the motor vehicle's structural history, if the previously issued title or brand from another state was issued less than 120 months before the date of the submission of the current application for title.
    (d) Any motor vehicle application for a certificate of title or a salvage certificate that is returned with a NMVTIS warning or error indicating a brand or label from another jurisdiction, that does not have a similar or comparable brand or label in this State, shall include a notation or brand on the certificate of title stating "previously branded".
    (e) Any motor vehicle that is subject to the federal Truth in Mileage Act, and is returned with a NMVTIS warning or error indicating the stated mileage of the vehicle on the application for certificate of title is 1,500 or fewer miles less than a previously recorded mileage for the vehicle, shall be deemed as having an acceptable margin of error and the higher of the 2 figures shall be indicated on the new certificate of title, if the previous mileage was recorded within 90 days of the date of the current application for title and if there are no indications of fraud or malfeasance, or of altering or tampering with the odometer.
    (f) Any applicant for a certificate of title or a salvage certificate who receives an alternative salvage or junk certificate, or who receives a certificate of title with a brand or label indicating the vehicle was previously rebuilt prior out of state junk, previously branded, or flood, may contest the Secretary's designations by requesting an administrative hearing under Section 2-116 of this Code.
    (g) The Secretary may adopt any rules necessary to implement this Section.
(Source: P.A. 99-414, eff. 8-20-15.)

625 ILCS 5/3-105

    (625 ILCS 5/3-105) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-105)
    Sec. 3-105. Examination of records.
    The Secretary of State, upon receiving application for a first certificate of title, shall check the identifying number of the vehicle shown in the application against the records of vehicles required to be maintained by Section 3-107 and against the record of stolen and converted vehicles required to be maintained by Section 4-107.
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)

625 ILCS 5/3-106

    (625 ILCS 5/3-106) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-106)
    Sec. 3-106. Certificate of title - Issuance - Records.
    (a) The Secretary of State shall file each application received and, when satisfied as to its genuineness and regularity, and that no tax imposed by the "Use Tax Act" or the vehicle use tax, as imposed by Section 3-1001 of "The Illinois Vehicle Code", or pursuant to the "Municipal Use Tax Act" or pursuant to the "County Use Tax Act" is owed as evidenced by the receipt for payment or determination of exemption from the Department of Revenue provided for in Section 3-104 of this Act, and that the applicant is entitled to the issuance of a certificate of title, shall issue a certificate of title of the vehicle.
    (b) The Secretary of State shall maintain a record of all certificates of title issued by him under a distinctive title number assigned to the vehicle; and, in the discretion of the Secretary of State, in any other method determined.
    (c) The Secretary of State shall not issue a certificate of title, including a certificate of title issued in accordance with subsection (b) of Section 3-109, to a manufactured home for which there has been recorded an affidavit of affixation pursuant to the Conveyance and Encumbrance of Manufactured Homes as Real Property and Severance Act unless with respect to the same manufactured home there has been recorded an affidavit of severance pursuant to the Conveyance and Encumbrance of Manufactured Homes as Real Property and Severance Act.
    (d) The Secretary of State shall file, upon receipt, each affidavit of affixation and each affidavit of severance relating to a manufactured home that is delivered in accordance with the Conveyance and Encumbrance of Manufactured Homes as Real Property and Severance Act, when satisfied as to its genuineness and regularity.
    (e) The Secretary of State shall maintain a record of each affidavit of affixation and each affidavit of severance filed in accordance with subsection (d) of this Section. The record shall state the name of the owner of the related manufactured home, the name of manufacturer, model year, manufacturer's serial number, and any other data the Secretary of State prescribes.
    (f) The Secretary of State shall file, upon receipt, each application for surrender of the Manufacturer's Statement of Origin relating to a manufactured home that is delivered in accordance with Section 3-116.1, when satisfied as to its genuineness and regularity.
    (g) The Secretary of State shall file, upon receipt, each application for surrender of the certificate of title relating to a manufactured home that is delivered in accordance with Section 3-116.2, when satisfied as to its genuineness and regularity.
    (h) The Secretary of State shall maintain a record, including a record in the form of a searchable electronic database accessible to the public, of each Manufacturer's Statement of Origin accepted for surrender as provided in Section 3-116.1. The record shall state the date the Manufacturer's Statement of Origin was accepted for surrender, the name of manufacturer, make, model name, model year, manufacturer's serial number, and any other data the Secretary of State prescribes.
    (i) The Secretary of State shall maintain a record, including a record in the form of a searchable electronic database accessible to the public, of each manufactured home certificate of title accepted for surrender as provided in Section 3-116.2. The record shall state the date the certificate of title was accepted for surrender, the name of manufacturer, model year, manufacturer's serial number, and any other data the Secretary of State prescribes.
(Source: P.A. 98-749, eff. 7-16-14.)

625 ILCS 5/3-107

    (625 ILCS 5/3-107) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-107)
    Sec. 3-107. Contents and effect.
    (a) Each certificate of title issued by the Secretary of State shall contain:
        1. the date issued;
        2. the name and address of the owner;
        3. the names and addresses of any lienholders, in
    
the order of priority as shown on the application or, if the application is based on a certificate of title, as shown on the certificate;
        4. the title number assigned to the vehicle;
        5. a description of the vehicle including, so far as
    
the following data exists: its make, year-model, identifying number, type of body, whether new or used, as to house trailers as defined in Section 1-128 of this Code, and as to manufactured homes as defined in Section 1-144.03 of this Code, the square footage of the vehicle based upon the outside dimensions excluding the length of the tongue and hitch, and, if a new vehicle, the date of the first sale of the vehicle for use;
        6. an odometer certification as provided for in this
    
Code; and
        7. any other data the Secretary of State prescribes.
    (a-5) In the event the applicant seeks to have the vehicle titled as a custom vehicle or street rod, that fact must be stated in the application. The custom vehicle or street rod must be inspected as required by Section 3-406 of this Code prior to issuance of the title. Upon successful completion of the inspection, the vehicle may be titled in the following manner. The make of the vehicle shall be listed as the make of the actual vehicle or the make it is designed to resemble (e.g., Ford or Chevrolet); the model of the vehicle shall be listed as custom vehicle or street rod; and the year of the vehicle shall be listed as the year the actual vehicle was manufactured or the year it is designed to resemble. A vehicle previously titled as other than a custom vehicle or street rod may be issued a corrected title reflecting the custom vehicle or street rod model if it otherwise meets the requirements for the designation.
    (a-10) In the event the applicant seeks to have the vehicle titled as a glider kit, that fact must be stated in the application. The glider kit must be inspected under Section 3-406 of this Code prior to issuance of the title. Upon successful completion of the inspection, the vehicle shall be titled in the following manner: (1) the make of the vehicle shall be listed as the make of the chassis or the make it is designed to resemble; (2) the model of the vehicle shall be listed as glider kit; and (3) the year of the vehicle shall be listed as the year presented on the manufacturer's certificate of origin for the chassis, unless no year is presented, then it shall be listed as the year the application was received. The vehicle identification number of the chassis shall be assigned to the engine, transmission, and rear axle if the engine, transmission, and rear axle were not previously assigned a vehicle identification number after an inspection under Section 3-406.
    (b) The certificate of title shall contain forms for assignment and warranty of title by the owner, and for assignment and warranty of title by a dealer, and may contain forms for applications for a certificate of title by a transferee, the naming of a lienholder and the assignment or release of the security interest of a lienholder.
    (b-5) The Secretary of State shall designate on a certificate of title a space where the owner of a vehicle may designate a beneficiary, to whom ownership of the vehicle shall pass in the event of the owner's death.
    (c) A certificate of title issued by the Secretary of State is prima facie evidence of the facts appearing on it.
    (d) A certificate of title for a vehicle is not subject to garnishment, attachment, execution or other judicial process, but this subsection does not prevent a lawful levy upon the vehicle.
    (e) Any certificate of title issued by the Secretary of State is subject to a lien in favor of the State of Illinois for any fees or taxes required to be paid under this Act and as have not been paid, as provided for in this Code.
    (f) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a certificate of title issued by the Secretary of State to a manufactured home is prima facie evidence of the facts appearing on it, notwithstanding the fact that such manufactured home, at any time, shall have become affixed in any manner to real property.
(Source: P.A. 98-749, eff. 7-16-14; 99-748, eff. 8-5-16.)

625 ILCS 5/3-107.1

    (625 ILCS 5/3-107.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-107.1)
    Sec. 3-107.1. Presumption of tenancy. When a certificate of title is made out to 2 or more persons, it shall be presumed that the title is held as joint tenants with right of survivorship.
(Source: P.A. 79-482; 79-512; 79-1454.)

625 ILCS 5/3-108

    (625 ILCS 5/3-108) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-108)
    Sec. 3-108. Delivery. The certificate of title shall be mailed or delivered to the first lienholder named in it or, if none, to the owner.
(Source: P.A. 91-78, eff. 7-9-99.)

625 ILCS 5/3-109

    (625 ILCS 5/3-109) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-109)
    Sec. 3-109. Registration without certificate of title; bond. If the Secretary of State is not satisfied as to the ownership of the vehicle, including, but not limited to, in the case of a manufactured home, a circumstance in which the manufactured home is covered by a Manufacturer's Statement of Origin that the owner of the manufactured home, after diligent search and inquiry, is unable to produce, or that there are no undisclosed security interests in it, the Secretary of State may register the vehicle but shall:
        (a) Withhold issuance of a certificate of title until
    
the applicant presents documents reasonably sufficient to satisfy the Secretary of State as to the applicant's ownership of the vehicle and that there are no undisclosed security interests in it;
        (b) As a condition of issuing a certificate of title,
    
require the applicant to file with the Secretary of State a bond in the form prescribed by the Secretary of State and executed by the applicant, and either accompanied by the deposit of cash with the Secretary of State or also executed by a person authorized to conduct a surety business in this State. The bond shall be in an amount equal to one and one-half times the value of the vehicle as determined by the Secretary of State and conditioned to indemnify any prior owner and lienholder and any subsequent purchaser of the vehicle or person acquiring any security interest in it, and their respective successors in interest, against any expense, loss or damage, including reasonable attorney's fees, by reason of the issuance of the certificate of title of the vehicle or on account of any defect in or undisclosed security interest upon the right, title and interest of the applicant in and to the vehicle. Any such interested person has a right of action to recover on the bond for any breach of its conditions, but the aggregate liability of the surety to all persons shall not exceed the amount of the bond. The bond, and any deposit accompanying it, shall be returned at the end of 3 years or prior thereto if (i) the vehicle is no longer registered in this State and the currently valid certificate of title is surrendered to the Secretary of State or (ii) in the case of a certificate of title to a manufactured home, the currently valid certificate of title is surrendered to the Secretary of State in accordance with Section 3-116.2; unless the Secretary of State has been notified of the pendency of an action to recover on the bond; or
        (b-5) Require the applicant to file with the
    
Secretary of State an application for a provisional title in the form prescribed by the Secretary and executed by the applicant, and accompanied by a $50 fee to be deposited in the CDLIS/AAMVAnet/NMVTIS Trust Fund. The Secretary shall designate by rule the documentation acceptable for an individual to apply for a provisional title. A provisional title shall be valid for 3 years and is nontransferable for the 3-year period. A provisional title shall be clearly marked and otherwise distinguished from a certificate of title. Three years after the issuance of a provisional title, the provisional title holder shall apply for the appropriate transferrable title in the applicant's name. If a claim of ownership for the vehicle is brought against a holder of a provisional title, then the provisional title holder shall apply for a bond under subsection (b) of this Section for the amount of time remaining on the provisional title. A provisional title holder or an individual who asserts a claim to the motor vehicle may petition a circuit court of competent jurisdiction for an order to determine the ownership of the vehicle. A provisional title shall not be available to individuals or entities that rebuild, repair, store, or tow vehicles or have a claim against the vehicle under the Labor and Storage Lien Act or the Labor and Storage Lien (Small Amount) Act.
        Security deposited as a bond hereunder shall be
    
placed by the Secretary of State in the custody of the State Treasurer.
    During July, annually, the Secretary shall compile a list of all bonds on deposit, pursuant to this Section, for more than 3 years and concerning which he has received no notice as to the pendency of any judicial proceeding that could affect the disposition thereof. Thereupon, he shall promptly send a notice by certified mail to the last known address of each depositor advising him that his bond will be subject to escheat to the State of Illinois if not claimed within 30 days after the mailing date of such notice. At the expiration of such time, the Secretary of State shall file with the State Treasurer an order directing the transfer of such deposit to the Road Fund in the State Treasury. Upon receipt of such order, the State Treasurer shall make such transfer, after converting to cash any other type of security. Thereafter any person having a legal claim against such deposit may enforce it by appropriate proceedings in the Court of Claims subject to the limitations prescribed for such Court. At the expiration of such limitation period such deposit shall escheat to the State of Illinois.
(Source: P.A. 98-749, eff. 7-16-14; 98-777, eff. 1-1-15; 99-78, eff. 7-20-15.)

625 ILCS 5/3-110

    (625 ILCS 5/3-110) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-110)
    Sec. 3-110. Refusing certificate of title. The Secretary of State shall refuse issuance of a certificate of title if any required fee is not paid or if he has reasonable grounds to believe that:
        (a) the applicant is not the owner of the vehicle;
        (b) the application contains a false or fraudulent
    
statement;
        (c) the applicant fails to furnish required
    
information or documents or any additional information the Secretary of State reasonably requires; or
        (d) the applicant has not paid to the Secretary of
    
State any fees or taxes due under this Act and have not been paid upon reasonable notice and demand.
    Except as provided in Section 3-116.2, the Secretary of State shall not refuse to issue a certificate of title to a manufactured home by reason of the fact that, at any time, in any manner, it shall have been affixed to real property.
(Source: P.A. 97-333, eff. 8-12-11; 98-749, eff. 7-16-14.)

625 ILCS 5/3-111

    (625 ILCS 5/3-111) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-111)
    Sec. 3-111. Lost, stolen or mutilated certificates. (a) If a certificate of title is lost, stolen, mutilated or destroyed or becomes illegible, the first lienholder or, if none, the owner or legal representative of the owner named in the certificate, as shown by the records of the Secretary of State, shall promptly make application for and may obtain a duplicate upon furnishing information satisfactory to the Secretary of State. The duplicate certificate of title shall contain the legend "This is a duplicate certificate and may be subject to the rights of a person under the original certificate." It shall be mailed to the first lienholder named in it or, if none, to the owner or the owner's designee.
    (b) The Secretary of State shall not issue a duplicate certificate of title to any person within 15 days after the issuance of an original certificate of title to such person.
    (c) A person recovering an original certificate of title for which a duplicate has been issued shall promptly surrender the original certificate to the Secretary of State.
    (d) An application for a duplicate certificate of title must state the current vehicle odometer reading at the time of application and that the stated odometer reading is one of the following: actual mileage, not the actual mileage or mileage is in excess of its mechanical limits.
    (e) If a Display certificate of title is lost, stolen, mutilated or destroyed or becomes illegible, the owner or legal representative of the owner named in the original Display certificate of title and in the certificate of title, as shown by the records of the Secretary of State, shall promptly make application for and may obtain a duplicate upon furnishing information satisfactory to the Secretary of State. The duplicate Display certificate of title shall contain the legend "Duplicate Display Certificate of Title." It shall be mailed to the owner or legal representative of the owner named in the original Display certificate of title and in the certificate of title. Such duplicate Display certificate of title shall be attached and displayed in the same manner and in the same place as the original Display certificate of title would have been attached and displayed had it not been lost, stolen, mutilated or destroyed or had it not become illegible.
(Source: P.A. 86-444.)

625 ILCS 5/3-111.1

    (625 ILCS 5/3-111.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-111.1)
    Sec. 3-111.1. Corrected certificates. An application for a corrected certificate of title must state the current vehicle odometer reading at the time of application and that the stated odometer reading is one of the following: actual mileage, not the actual mileage or mileage is in excess of its mechanical limits. The corrected certificate issued under this Section shall contain the notation "corrected".
(Source: P.A. 90-212, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/3-112

    (625 ILCS 5/3-112) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-112)
    Sec. 3-112. Transfer.
    (a) If an owner transfers his interest in a vehicle, other than by the creation of a security interest, at the time of the delivery of the vehicle he shall execute to the transferee an assignment and warranty of title in the space provided on the certificate of title, or as the Secretary of State prescribes, and cause the certificate and assignment to be mailed or delivered to the transferee or to the Secretary of State.
    If the vehicle is subject to a tax under the Mobile Home Local Services Tax Act in a county with a population of less than 3,000,000, the owner shall also provide to the transferee a certification by the treasurer of the county in which the vehicle is situated that all taxes imposed upon the vehicle for the years the owner was the actual titleholder of the vehicle have been paid. The transferee shall be liable only for the taxes he or she incurred while he or she was the actual titleholder of the mobile home. The county treasurer shall refund any amount of taxes paid by the transferee that were imposed in years when the transferee was not the actual titleholder. The provisions of this amendatory Act of 1997 (P.A. 90-542) apply retroactively to January 1, 1996. In no event may the county treasurer refund amounts paid by the transferee during any year except the 10 years immediately preceding the year in which the refund is made. If the owner is a licensed dealer who has purchased the vehicle and is holding it for resale, in lieu of acquiring a certification from the county treasurer he shall forward the certification received from the previous owner to the next buyer of the vehicle. The owner shall cause the certification to be mailed or delivered to the Secretary of State with the certificate of title and assignment.
    (b) Except as provided in Section 3-113, the transferee shall, promptly and within 20 days after delivery to him of the vehicle and the assigned title, execute the application for a new certificate of title in the space provided therefor on the certificate or as the Secretary of State prescribes, and cause the certificate and application to be mailed or delivered to the Secretary of State.
    (c) Upon request of the owner or transferee, a lienholder in possession of the certificate of title shall, unless the transfer was a breach of his security agreement, either deliver the certificate to the transferee for delivery to the Secretary of State or, upon receipt from the transferee of the owner's assignment, the transferee's application for a new certificate and the required fee, mail or deliver them to the Secretary of State. The delivery of the certificate does not affect the rights of the lienholder under his security agreement.
    (d) If a security interest is reserved or created at the time of the transfer, the certificate of title shall be retained by or delivered to the person who becomes the lienholder, and the parties shall comply with the provisions of Section 3-203.
    (e) Except as provided in Section 3-113 and as between the parties, a transfer by an owner is not effective until the provisions of this Section and Section 3-115 have been complied with; however, an owner who has delivered possession of the vehicle to the transferee and has complied with the provisions of this Section and Section 3-115 requiring action by him as not liable as owner for any damages thereafter resulting from operation of the vehicle.
    (f) The Secretary of State shall not process any application for a transfer of an interest in a vehicle if any fees or taxes due under this Act from the transferor or the transferee have not been paid upon reasonable notice and demand.
    (g) If the Secretary of State receives an application for transfer of a vehicle subject to a tax under the Mobile Home Local Services Tax Act in a county with a population of less than 3,000,000, such application must be accompanied by the required certification by the county treasurer or tax assessor authorizing the issuance of the title.
(Source: P.A. 92-651, eff. 7-11-02.)

625 ILCS 5/3-112.1

    (625 ILCS 5/3-112.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-112.1)
    Sec. 3-112.1. Odometer.
    (a) All titles issued by the Secretary of State beginning January, 1990, shall provide for an odometer certification substantially as follows:
    "I certify to the best of my knowledge that the odometer reading is and reflects the actual mileage of the vehicle unless one of the following statements is checked.
...................
    (  )  1. The mileage stated is in excess of its mechanical limits.
    (  )  2. The odometer reading is not the actual mileage. Warning - Odometer Discrepancy."
    (b) When executing any transfer of title which contains the odometer certification as described in paragraph (a) above, each transferor of a motor vehicle must supply on the title form the following information:
        (1) The odometer reading at the time of transfer and
    
an indication if the mileage is in excess of its mechanical limits or if it is not the actual mileage;
        (2) The date of transfer;
        (3) The transferor's printed name and signature; and
        (4) The transferee's printed name and address.
    (c) The transferee must sign on the title form indicating that he or she is aware of the odometer certification made by the transferor.
    (d) The transferor will not be required to disclose the current odometer reading and the transferee will not have to acknowledge such disclosure under the following circumstances:
        (1) A vehicle having a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating of
    
more than 16,000 pounds;
        (2) A vehicle that is not self-propelled;
        (3) A vehicle that is 10 years old or older;
        (4) A vehicle sold directly by the manufacturer to
    
any agency of the United States; and
        (5) A vehicle manufactured without an odometer.
    (e) When the transferor signs the title transfer such transferor acknowledges that he or she is aware that Federal regulations and State law require him or her to state the odometer mileage upon transfer of ownership. An inaccurate or untruthful statement with intent to defraud subjects the transferor to liability for damages to the transferee pursuant to the federal Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Act of 1972, P.L. 92-513 as amended by P.L. 94-364. No transferor shall be liable for damages as provided under this Section who transfers title to a motor vehicle which has an odometer reading that has been altered or tampered with by a previous owner, unless that transferor knew or had reason to know of such alteration or tampering and sold such vehicle with an intent to defraud. A cause of action is hereby created by which any person who, with intent to defraud, violates any requirement imposed under this Section shall be liable in an amount equal to the sum of:
        (1) three times the amount of actual damages
    
sustained or $1,500, whichever is the greater; and
        (2) in the case of any successful action to enforce
    
the foregoing liability, the costs of the action together with reasonable attorney fees as determined by the court.
    Any recovery based on a cause of action under this Section shall be offset by any recovery made pursuant to the federal Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act of 1972.
    (f) The provisions of this Section shall not apply to any motorcycle, motor driven cycle, moped, antique vehicle, or expanded-use antique vehicle.
    (g) The Secretary of State may adopt rules and regulations providing for a transition period for all non-conforming titles.
(Source: P.A. 97-412, eff. 1-1-12.)

625 ILCS 5/3-113

    (625 ILCS 5/3-113) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-113)
    Sec. 3-113. Transfer to or from dealer; records.
    (a) After a dealer buys a vehicle and holds it for resale, the dealer must procure the certificate of title from the owner or the lienholder. The dealer may hold the certificate until he or she transfers the vehicle to another person. Upon transferring the vehicle to another person, the dealer shall promptly and within 20 days execute the assignment and warranty of title by a dealer, showing the names and addresses of the transferee and of any lienholder holding a security interest created or reserved at the time of the resale, in the spaces provided therefor on the certificate or as the Secretary of State prescribes, and mail or deliver the certificate to the Secretary of State with the transferee's application for a new certificate, except as provided in Section 3-117.2. A dealer has complied with this Section if the date of the mailing of the certificate, as indicated by the postmark, is within 20 days of the date on which the vehicle was transferred to another person.
    (b) The Secretary of State may decline to process any application for a transfer of an interest in a vehicle if any fees or taxes due under this Code from the transferor or the transferee have not been paid upon reasonable notice and demand.
    (c) Any person who violates this Section shall be guilty of a petty offense.
    (d) Beginning January 1, 2014, the Secretary of State is authorized to impose a delinquent vehicle dealer transfer fee of $20 if the certificate of title is received by the Secretary from the dealer 30 days but less than 60 days after the date of sale. If the certificate of title is received by the Secretary from the dealer 60 days but less than 90 days after the date of sale, the delinquent dealer transfer fee shall be $35. If the certificate of title is received by the Secretary from the dealer 90 days but less than 120 days after the date of sale, the delinquent vehicle dealer transfer fee shall be $65. If the certificate of title is received by the Secretary from the dealer 120 days or more after the date of the sale, the delinquent vehicle dealer transfer fee shall be $100. All monies collected under this subsection shall be deposited into the CDLIS/AAMVAnet/NMVTIS Trust Fund.
(Source: P.A. 98-177, eff. 1-1-14.)

625 ILCS 5/3-114

    (625 ILCS 5/3-114) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-114)
    Sec. 3-114. Transfer by operation of law.
    (a) If the interest of an owner in a vehicle passes to another other than by voluntary transfer, the transferee shall, except as provided in paragraph (b), promptly mail or deliver within 20 days to the Secretary of State the last certificate of title, if available, proof of the transfer, and his application for a new certificate in the form the Secretary of State prescribes. It shall be unlawful for any person having possession of a certificate of title for a motor vehicle, semi-trailer, or house car by reason of his having a lien or encumbrance on such vehicle, to fail or refuse to deliver such certificate to the owner, upon the satisfaction or discharge of the lien or encumbrance, indicated upon such certificate of title.
    (b) If the interest of an owner in a vehicle passes to another under the provisions of the Small Estates provisions of the Probate Act of 1975 the transferee shall promptly mail or deliver to the Secretary of State, within 120 days, the last certificate of title, if available, the documentation required under the provisions of the Probate Act of 1975, and an application for certificate of title. The Small Estate Affidavit form shall be furnished by the Secretary of State. The transfer may be to the transferee or to the nominee of the transferee.
    (c) If the interest of an owner in a vehicle passes to another under other provisions of the Probate Act of 1975, as amended, and the transfer is made by a representative or guardian, such transferee shall promptly mail or deliver to the Secretary of State, the last certificate of title, if available, and a certified copy of the letters of office or guardianship, and an application for certificate of title. Such application shall be made before the estate is closed. The transfer may be to the transferee or to the nominee of the transferee.
    (d) If the interest of an owner in joint tenancy passes to the other joint tenant with survivorship rights as provided by law, the transferee shall promptly mail or deliver to the Secretary of State, the last certificate of title, if available, proof of death of the one joint tenant and survivorship of the surviving joint tenant, and an application for certificate of title. Such application shall be made within 120 days after the death of the joint tenant. The transfer may be to the transferee or to the nominee of the transferee.
    (d-5) If the interest of an owner passes to the owner's spouse or if the spouse otherwise acquires ownership of the vehicle, then the transferee shall promptly mail or deliver to the Secretary of State, proof of (i) the owner's death; (ii) the transfer or acquisition of ownership; and (iii) proof of the marital relationship between the owner and the transferee, along with the last certificate of title, if available, and an application for certificate of title along with the appropriate fees and taxes, if applicable. The application shall be made within 180 days after the death of the owner.
    (e) The Secretary of State shall transfer a decedent's vehicle title to any legatee, representative or heir of the decedent who submits to the Secretary a death certificate and an affidavit by an attorney at law on the letterhead stationery of the attorney at law stating the facts of the transfer.
    (f) Repossession with assignment of title. In all cases wherein a lienholder has repossessed a vehicle by other than judicial process and holds it for resale under a security agreement, and the owner of record has executed an assignment of the existing certificate of title after default, the lienholder may proceed to sell or otherwise dispose of the vehicle as authorized under the Uniform Commercial Code. Upon selling the vehicle to another person, the lienholder need not send the certificate of title to the Secretary of State, but shall promptly and within 20 days mail or deliver to the purchaser as transferee the existing certificate of title for the repossessed vehicle, reflecting the release of the lienholder's security interest in the vehicle. The application for a certificate of title made by the purchaser shall comply with subsection (a) of Section 3-104 and be accompanied by the existing certificate of title for the repossessed vehicle. The lienholder shall execute the assignment and warranty of title showing the name and address of the purchaser in the spaces provided therefor on the certificate of title or as the Secretary of State prescribes. The lienholder shall complete the assignment of title in the certificate of title to reflect the transfer of the vehicle to the lienholder and also a reassignment to reflect the transfer from the lienholder to the purchaser. For this purpose, the lienholder is specifically authorized to complete and execute the space reserved in the certificate of title for a dealer reassignment, notwithstanding that the lienholder is not a licensed dealer. Nothing herein shall be construed to mean that the lienholder is taking title to the repossessed vehicle for purposes of liability for retailer occupation, vehicle use, or other tax with respect to the proceeds from the repossession sale. Delivery of the existing certificate of title to the purchaser shall be deemed disclosure to the purchaser of the owner of the vehicle.
    (f-5) Repossession without assignment of title. Subject to subsection (f-30), in all cases wherein a lienholder has repossessed a vehicle by other than judicial process and holds it for resale under a security agreement, and the owner of record has not executed an assignment of the existing certificate of title, the lienholder shall comply with the following provisions:
        (1) Prior to sale, the lienholder shall deliver or
    
mail to the owner at the owner's last known address and to any other lienholder of record, a notice of redemption setting forth the following information: (i) the name of the owner of record and in bold type at or near the top of the notice a statement that the owner's vehicle was repossessed on a specified date for failure to make payments on the loan (or other reason), (ii) a description of the vehicle subject to the lien sufficient to identify it, (iii) the right of the owner to redeem the vehicle, (iv) the lienholder's intent to sell or otherwise dispose of the vehicle after the expiration of 21 days from the date of mailing or delivery of the notice, and (v) the name, address, and telephone number of the lienholder from whom information may be obtained concerning the amount due to redeem the vehicle and from whom the vehicle may be redeemed under Section 9-623 of the Uniform Commercial Code. At the lienholder's option, the information required to be set forth in this notice of redemption may be made a part of or accompany the notification of sale or other disposition required under Section 9-611 of the Uniform Commercial Code, but none of the information required by this notice shall be construed to impose any requirement under Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code.
        (2) With respect to the repossession of a vehicle
    
used primarily for personal, family, or household purposes, the lienholder shall also deliver or mail to the owner at the owner's last known address an affidavit of defense. The affidavit of defense shall accompany the notice of redemption required in subdivision (f-5)(1) of this Section. The affidavit of defense shall (i) identify the lienholder, owner, and the vehicle; (ii) provide space for the owner to state the defense claimed by the owner; and (iii) include an acknowledgment by the owner that the owner may be liable to the lienholder for fees, charges, and costs incurred by the lienholder in establishing the insufficiency or invalidity of the owner's defense. To stop the transfer of title, the affidavit of defense must be received by the lienholder no later than 21 days after the date of mailing or delivery of the notice required in subdivision (f-5)(1) of this Section. If the lienholder receives the affidavit from the owner in a timely manner, the lienholder must apply to a court of competent jurisdiction to determine if the lienholder is entitled to possession of the vehicle.
        (3) Upon selling the vehicle to another person, the
    
lienholder need not send the certificate of title to the Secretary of State, but shall promptly and within 20 days mail or deliver to the purchaser as transferee (i) the existing certificate of title for the repossessed vehicle, reflecting the release of the lienholder's security interest in the vehicle; and (ii) an affidavit of repossession made by or on behalf of the lienholder which provides the following information: that the vehicle was repossessed, a description of the vehicle sufficient to identify it, whether the vehicle has been damaged in excess of 33 1/3% of its fair market value as required under subdivision (b)(3) of Section 3-117.1, that the owner and any other lienholder of record were given the notice required in subdivision (f-5)(1) of this Section, that the owner of record was given the affidavit of defense required in subdivision (f-5)(2) of this Section, that the interest of the owner was lawfully terminated or sold pursuant to the terms of the security agreement, and the purchaser's name and address. If the vehicle is damaged in excess of 33 1/3% of its fair market value, the lienholder shall make application for a salvage certificate under Section 3-117.1 and transfer the vehicle to a person eligible to receive assignments of salvage certificates identified in Section 3-118.
        (4) The application for a certificate of title made
    
by the purchaser shall comply with subsection (a) of Section 3-104 and be accompanied by the affidavit of repossession furnished by the lienholder and the existing certificate of title for the repossessed vehicle. The lienholder shall execute the assignment and warranty of title showing the name and address of the purchaser in the spaces provided therefor on the certificate of title or as the Secretary of State prescribes. The lienholder shall complete the assignment of title in the certificate of title to reflect the transfer of the vehicle to the lienholder and also a reassignment to reflect the transfer from the lienholder to the purchaser. For this purpose, the lienholder is specifically authorized to execute the assignment on behalf of the owner as seller if the owner has not done so and to complete and execute the space reserved in the certificate of title for a dealer reassignment, notwithstanding that the lienholder is not a licensed dealer. Nothing herein shall be construed to mean that the lienholder is taking title to the repossessed vehicle for purposes of liability for retailer occupation, vehicle use, or other tax with respect to the proceeds from the repossession sale. Delivery of the existing certificate of title to the purchaser shall be deemed disclosure to the purchaser of the owner of the vehicle. In the event the lienholder does not hold the certificate of title for the repossessed vehicle, the lienholder shall make application for and may obtain a new certificate of title in the name of the lienholder upon furnishing information satisfactory to the Secretary of State. Upon receiving the new certificate of title, the lienholder may proceed with the sale described in subdivision (f-5)(3), except that upon selling the vehicle the lienholder shall promptly and within 20 days mail or deliver to the purchaser the new certificate of title reflecting the assignment and transfer of title to the purchaser.
        (5) Neither the lienholder nor the owner shall file
    
with the Office of the Secretary of State the notice of redemption or affidavit of defense described in subdivisions (f-5)(1) and (f-5)(2) of this Section. The Office of the Secretary of State shall not determine the merits of an owner's affidavit of defense, nor consider any allegations or assertions regarding the validity or invalidity of a lienholder's claim to the vehicle or an owner's asserted defenses to the repossession action.
    (f-7) Notice of reinstatement in certain cases.
        (1) Subject to subsection (f-30), if, at the time of
    
repossession by a lienholder that is seeking to transfer title pursuant to subsection (f-5), the owner has paid an amount equal to 30% or more of the deferred payment price or total of payments due, the owner may, within 21 days of the date of repossession, reinstate the contract or loan agreement and recover the vehicle from the lienholder by tendering in a lump sum (i) the total of all unpaid amounts, including any unpaid delinquency or deferral charges due at the date of reinstatement, without acceleration; and (ii) performance necessary to cure any default other than nonpayment of the amounts due; and (iii) all reasonable costs and fees incurred by the lienholder in retaking, holding, and preparing the vehicle for disposition and in arranging for the sale of the vehicle. Reasonable costs and fees incurred by the lienholder include without limitation repossession and storage expenses and, if authorized by the contract or loan agreement, reasonable attorneys' fees and collection agency charges.
        (2) Tender of payment and performance pursuant to
    
this limited right of reinstatement restores to the owner his rights under the contract or loan agreement as though no default had occurred. The owner has the right to reinstate the contract or loan agreement and recover the vehicle from the lienholder only once under this subsection. The lienholder may, in the lienholder's sole discretion, extend the period during which the owner may reinstate the contract or loan agreement and recover the vehicle beyond the 21 days allowed under this subsection, and the extension shall not subject the lienholder to liability to the owner under the laws of this State.
        (3) The lienholder shall deliver or mail written
    
notice to the owner at the owner's last known address, within 3 business days of the date of repossession, of the owner's right to reinstate the contract or loan agreement and recover the vehicle pursuant to the limited right of reinstatement described in this subsection. At the lienholder's option, the information required to be set forth in this notice of reinstatement may be made part of or accompany the notice of redemption required in subdivision (f-5)(1) of this Section and the notification of sale or other disposition required under Section 9-611 of the Uniform Commercial Code, but none of the information required by this notice of reinstatement shall be construed to impose any requirement under Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code.
        (4) The reinstatement period, if applicable, and the
    
redemption period described in subdivision (f-5)(1) of this Section, shall run concurrently if the information required to be set forth in the notice of reinstatement is part of or accompanies the notice of redemption. In any event, the 21 day redemption period described in subdivision (f-5)(1) of this Section shall commence on the date of mailing or delivery to the owner of the information required to be set forth in the notice of redemption, and the 21 day reinstatement period described in this subdivision, if applicable, shall commence on the date of mailing or delivery to the owner of the information required to be set forth in the notice of reinstatement.
        (5) The Office of the Secretary of State shall not
    
determine the merits of an owner's claim of right to reinstatement, nor consider any allegations or assertions regarding the validity or invalidity of a lienholder's claim to the vehicle or an owner's asserted right to reinstatement. Where a lienholder is subject to licensing and regulatory supervision by the State of Illinois, the lienholder shall be subject to all of the powers and authority of the lienholder's primary State regulator to enforce compliance with the procedures set forth in this subsection (f-7).
    (f-10) Repossession by judicial process. In all cases wherein a lienholder has repossessed a vehicle by judicial process and holds it for resale under a security agreement, order for replevin, or other court order establishing the lienholder's right to possession of the vehicle, the lienholder may proceed to sell or otherwise dispose of the vehicle as authorized under the Uniform Commercial Code or the court order. Upon selling the vehicle to another person, the lienholder need not send the certificate of title to the Secretary of State, but shall promptly and within 20 days mail or deliver to the purchaser as transferee (i) the existing certificate of title for the repossessed vehicle reflecting the release of the lienholder's security interest in the vehicle; (ii) a certified copy of the court order; and (iii) a bill of sale identifying the new owner's name and address and the year, make, model, and vehicle identification number of the vehicle. The application for a certificate of title made by the purchaser shall comply with subsection (a) of Section 3-104 and be accompanied by the certified copy of the court order furnished by the lienholder and the existing certificate of title for the repossessed vehicle. The lienholder shall execute the assignment and warranty of title showing the name and address of the purchaser in the spaces provided therefor on the certificate of title or as the Secretary of State prescribes. The lienholder shall complete the assignment of title in the certificate of title to reflect the transfer of the vehicle to the lienholder and also a reassignment to reflect the transfer from the lienholder to the purchaser. For this purpose, the lienholder is specifically authorized to execute the assignment on behalf of the owner as seller if the owner has not done so and to complete and execute the space reserved in the certificate of title for a dealer reassignment, notwithstanding that the lienholder is not a licensed dealer. Nothing herein shall be construed to mean that the lienholder is taking title to the repossessed vehicle for purposes of liability for retailer occupation, vehicle use, or other tax with respect to the proceeds from the repossession sale. Delivery of the existing certificate of title to the purchaser shall be deemed disclosure to the purchaser of the owner of the vehicle. In the event the lienholder does not hold the certificate of title for the repossessed vehicle, the lienholder shall make application for and may obtain a new certificate of title in the name of the lienholder upon furnishing information satisfactory to the Secretary of State. Upon receiving the new certificate of title, the lienholder may proceed with the sale described in this subsection, except that upon selling the vehicle the lienholder shall promptly and within 20 days mail or deliver to the purchaser the new certificate of title reflecting the assignment and transfer of title to the purchaser.
    (f-15) The Secretary of State shall not issue a certificate of title to a purchaser under subsection (f), (f-5), or (f-10) of this Section, unless the person from whom the vehicle has been repossessed by the lienholder is shown to be the last registered owner of the motor vehicle. The Secretary of State may provide by rule for the standards to be followed by a lienholder in assigning and transferring certificates of title with respect to repossessed vehicles.
    (f-20) If applying for a salvage certificate or a junking certificate, the lienholder shall within 20 days make an application to the Secretary of State for a salvage certificate or a junking certificate, as set forth in this Code. The Secretary of State shall not issue a salvage certificate or a junking certificate to such lienholder unless the person from whom such vehicle has been repossessed is shown to be the last registered owner of such motor vehicle and such lienholder establishes to the satisfaction of the Secretary of State that he is entitled to such salvage certificate or junking certificate. The Secretary of State may provide by rule for the standards to be followed by a lienholder in order to obtain a salvage certificate or junking certificate for a repossessed vehicle.
    (f-25) If the interest of an owner in a mobile home, as defined in the Mobile Home Local Services Tax Act, passes to another under the provisions of the Mobile Home Local Services Tax Enforcement Act, the transferee shall promptly mail or deliver to the Secretary of State (i) the last certificate of title, if available, (ii) a certified copy of the court order ordering the transfer of title, and (iii) an application for certificate of title.
    (f-30) Bankruptcy. If the repossessed vehicle is the subject of a bankruptcy proceeding or discharge:
        (1) the lienholder may proceed to sell or otherwise
    
dispose of the vehicle as authorized by the Bankruptcy Code and the Uniform Commercial Code;
        (2) the notice of redemption, affidavit of defense,
    
and notice of reinstatement otherwise required to be sent by the lienholder to the owner of record or other lienholder of record under this Section are not required to be delivered or mailed;
        (3) the requirement to delay disposition of the
    
vehicle for 21 days, (i) from the mailing or delivery of the notice of redemption under subdivision (f-5)(1) of this Section, (ii) from the mailing or delivery of the affidavit of defense under subdivision (f-5)(2) of this Section, or (iii) from the date of repossession when the owner is entitled to a notice of reinstatement under subsection (f-7) of this Section, does not apply;
        (4) the affidavit of repossession that is required
    
under subdivision (f-5)(3) shall contain a notation of "bankruptcy" where the affidavit requires the date of the mailing or delivery of the notice of redemption. The notation of "bankruptcy" means the lienholder makes no sworn representations regarding the mailing or delivery of the notice of redemption or affidavit of defense or lienholder's compliance with the requirements that otherwise apply to the notices listed in this subsection (f-30), and makes no sworn representation that the lienholder assumes liability or costs for any litigation that may arise from the issuance of a certificate of title based on the excluded representations;
        (5) the right of redemption, the right to assert a
    
defense to the transfer of title, and reinstatement rights under this Section do not apply; and
        (6) references to judicial process and court orders
    
in subsection (f-10) of this Section do not include bankruptcy proceedings or orders.
    (g) A person holding a certificate of title whose interest in the vehicle has been extinguished or transferred other than by voluntary transfer shall mail or deliver the certificate, within 20 days upon request of the Secretary of State. The delivery of the certificate pursuant to the request of the Secretary of State does not affect the rights of the person surrendering the certificate, and the action of the Secretary of State in issuing a new certificate of title as provided herein is not conclusive upon the rights of an owner or lienholder named in the old certificate.
    (h) The Secretary of State may decline to process any application for a transfer of an interest in a vehicle hereunder if any fees or taxes due under this Act from the transferor or the transferee have not been paid upon reasonable notice and demand.
    (i) The Secretary of State shall not be held civilly or criminally liable to any person because any purported transferor may not have had the power or authority to make a transfer of any interest in any vehicle or because a certificate of title issued in error is subsequently used to commit a fraudulent act.
(Source: P.A. 99-260, eff. 1-1-16.)

625 ILCS 5/3-114.1

    (625 ILCS 5/3-114.1)
    Sec. 3-114.1. Transfers to and from charitable organizations. When a charitable not-for-profit organization that is exempt from federal income taxation under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code becomes the recipient of a motor vehicle by means of a donation from an individual, the organization need not send the certificate of title to the Secretary of State. Upon transferring the motor vehicle, the organization shall promptly and within 20 days execute the reassignment to reflect the transfer from the organization to the purchaser. The organization is specifically authorized to complete and execute the space reserved in the certificate of title for a dealer reassignment, not withstanding that the organization is not a licensed dealer. Nothing in this Section shall be construed to require the organization to become a licensed vehicle dealer.
(Source: P.A. 92-495, eff. 1-1-02.)

625 ILCS 5/3-115

    (625 ILCS 5/3-115) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-115)
    Sec. 3-115. Fees - Registration cards - License plates. (a) An application for a certificate of title shall be accompanied by an application for, or a transfer of, registration of the vehicle.
    (b) An application for the naming of a lienholder or his assignee on a certificate of title shall be accompanied by the required fee when mailed or delivered to the Secretary of State.
    (c) A transferor of a vehicle, other than a dealer transferring a new vehicle, shall deliver to the transferee at the time of the delivery of possession of the vehicle the properly assigned certificate of title of this vehicle.
    (d) All applications shall be accompanied with the required fee or tax.
(Source: P.A. 83-1473.)

625 ILCS 5/3-116

    (625 ILCS 5/3-116) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-116)
    Sec. 3-116. When Secretary of State to issue a certificate of title.
    (a) The Secretary of State, upon receipt of a properly assigned certificate of title, with an application for a certificate of title, the required fee and any other documents required by law, shall issue a new certificate of title in the name of the transferee as owner and mail it to the first lienholder named in it or, if none, to the owner or owner's designee.
    (b) The Secretary of State, upon receipt of an application for a new certificate of title by a transferee other than by voluntary transfer, with proof of the transfer, the required fee and any other documents required by law, shall issue a new certificate of title in the name of the transferee as owner.
    (c) Any person, firm or corporation, who shall knowingly possess, buy, sell, exchange or give away, or offer to buy, sell, exchange or give away the certificate of title to any motor vehicle which is a junk or salvage, or who shall fail to surrender the certificate of title to the Secretary of State as required under the provisions of this Section and Section 3-117.2, shall be guilty of Class 3 felony.
    (d) The Secretary of State shall file and retain for four (4) years a record of every surrendered certificate of title or proof of ownership accepted by the Secretary of State, the file to be maintained so as to permit the tracing of title of the vehicle designated therein. Such filing and retention requirements shall be in addition to and not in substitution for the recordkeeping requirements set forth in Section 3-106 of this Code, which recordkeeping requirements are not limited to any period of time.
    (e) The Secretary of State, upon receipt of an application for corrected certificate of title, with the original title, the required fee and any other required documents, shall issue a corrected certificate of title in the name of the owner and mail it to the first lienholder named in it or, if none, to the owner or owner's designee.
    (f) The Secretary of State, upon receipt of a certified copy of a court order awarding ownership to an applicant along with an application for a certificate of title and the required fee, shall issue a certificate of title to the applicant.
(Source: P.A. 98-749, eff. 7-16-14.)

625 ILCS 5/3-116.1

    (625 ILCS 5/3-116.1)
    Sec. 3-116.1. Surrender of Manufacturer's Statement of Origin to a manufactured home.
    (a) The owner (all, if more than one) of a manufactured home that is covered by a Manufacturer's Statement of Origin and that is affixed to a permanent foundation as defined in the Conveyance and Encumbrance of Manufactured Homes as Real Property and Severance Act, or which the owner intends to affix to a permanent foundation as defined in the Conveyance and Encumbrance of Manufactured Homes as Real Property and Severance Act, may surrender the Manufacturer's Statement of Origin to the manufactured home to the Secretary of State by filing with the Secretary of State an application for surrender of Manufacturer's Statement of Origin containing or accompanied by:
        (1) the name, residence, and mailing address of the
    
owner;
        (2) a description of the manufactured home including
    
the name of the manufacturer, the make, the model name, the model year, the dimensions, and the vehicle identification number of the manufactured home and whether it is new or used, and any other information the Secretary of State requires;
        (3) the date of purchase by the owner of the
    
manufactured home, the name and address of the person from whom the home was acquired, and the names and addresses of any security interest holders and lienholders in the order of their apparent priority;
        (4) a statement signed by the owner, stating either
    
(i) any facts or information known to the owner that could reasonably affect the validity of the title to the manufactured home or the existence or non-existence of a security interest in or lien on it or (ii) that no such facts or information are known to the owner;
        (5) a certified copy of the recorded affidavit of
    
affixation in accordance with the Conveyance and Encumbrance of Manufactured Homes as Real Property and Severance Act;
        (6) the original Manufacturer's Statement of Origin;
        (7) the name and mailing address of each owner of the
    
manufactured home or such owner's designee wishing to receive written acknowledgment of surrender from the Secretary of State; and
        (8) any other information and documents the Secretary
    
of State reasonably requires to identify the owner of the manufactured home and to enable him or her to determine whether the owner satisfied the requirements of the Conveyance and Encumbrance of Manufactured Homes as Real Property and Severance Act and is entitled to surrender the Manufacturer's Statement of Origin, and the existence or non-existence of security interests in or liens on the manufactured home.
    (b) When satisfied as to the genuineness and regularity of the surrender of a Manufacturer's Statement of Origin to a manufactured home, payment of any applicable fees and upon satisfaction of the requirements of subsection (a) of this Section, the Secretary of State shall (i) cancel the Manufacturer's Statement of Origin and update his or her records in accordance with the provisions of Section 3-106 and (ii) provide written acknowledgment of compliance with the provisions of this Section to each person identified on the application for surrender of Manufacturer's Statement of Origin pursuant to subsection (a)(7) of this Section.
    (c) Upon satisfaction of the requirements of this Section, a manufactured home shall be conveyed and encumbered as provided in the Conveyance and Encumbrance of Manufactured Homes as Real Property and Severance Act. If the application to surrender a Manufacturer's Statement of Origin is delivered to the Secretary of State within 60 days of recording the related affidavit of affixation with the recording officer in the county in which the real property to which the manufactured home is or shall be affixed and the application is thereafter accepted by the Secretary of State, the requirements of this Section shall be deemed satisfied as of the date the affidavit of affixation is recorded.
    (d) Upon written request by a person identified on the application for surrender of Manufacturer's Statement of Origin pursuant to subsection (a)(7) of this Section, the Secretary of State shall provide written acknowledgment of compliance with the provisions of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 98-749, eff. 7-16-14.)

625 ILCS 5/3-116.2

    (625 ILCS 5/3-116.2)
    Sec. 3-116.2. Application for surrender of title.
    (a) The owner (all, if more than one) of a manufactured home that is covered by a certificate of title, including, if applicable, a certificate of title issued in accordance with subsection (b) of Section 3-109, and that is permanently affixed to real property as defined in the Conveyance and Encumbrance of Manufactured Homes as Real Property and Severance Act, or which the owner intends to permanently affix to real property as defined in the Conveyance and Encumbrance of Manufactured Homes as Real Property and Severance Act, may surrender the certificate of title to the manufactured home to the Secretary of State by filing with the Secretary of State an application for surrender of title containing or accompanied by:
        (1) the name, residence, and mailing address of the
    
owner;
        (2) a description of the manufactured home including
    
the name of the manufacturer, the make, the model name, the model year, the dimensions, and the vehicle identification number or numbers of the manufactured home and whether it is new or used and any other information the Secretary of State requires;
        (3) the date of purchase by the owner of the
    
manufactured home, the name and address of the person from whom the home was acquired and the names and addresses of any security interest holders and lienholders in the order of their apparent priority;
        (4) a statement signed by the owner, stating either,
    
(i) any facts or information known to the owner that could reasonably affect the validity of the title to the manufactured home or the existence or non-existence of a security interest in or lien on it; or (ii) that no such facts or information are known to the owner;
        (5) a certified copy of the affidavit of affixation
    
in accordance with the Conveyance and Encumbrance of Manufactured Homes as Real Property and Severance Act;
        (6) the original certificate of title;
        (7) the name and mailing address of each owner of the
    
manufactured home or such owner's designee wishing written acknowledgment of surrender from the Secretary of State;
        (8) a release of security interests (if any) pursuant
    
to Section 3-205 of this Code; and
        (9) any other information and documents the Secretary
    
of State reasonably requires to identify the owner of the manufactured home and to enable him or her to determine whether the owner satisfied the requirements of the Conveyance and Encumbrance of Manufactured Homes as Real Property and Severance Act and is entitled to surrender the certificate of title and the existence or non-existence of security interests in or liens on the manufactured home.
    (b) The Secretary of State shall not accept for surrender a certificate of title to a manufactured home unless and until all security interests or liens perfected pursuant to Sections 3-106 and 3-202 have been released.
    (c) When satisfied as to the genuineness and regularity of the surrender of a certificate of title to a manufactured home, payment of any applicable fees and upon satisfaction of the requirements of subsections (a) and (b) of this Section, the Secretary of State shall (i) cancel the certificate of title and update his or her records in accordance with the provisions of Section 3-106 and (ii) provide written acknowledgment of compliance with the provisions of this Section to each person identified on the application for surrender of title pursuant to subsection (a)(7) of this Section.
    (d) Upon satisfaction of the requirements of this Section, a manufactured home shall be conveyed and encumbered as provided in the Conveyance and Encumbrance of Manufactured Homes as Real Property and Severance Act. If the application to surrender a certificate of title is delivered to the Secretary of State within 60 days of recording the related affidavit of affixation with the recording officer in the county in which the real property to which the manufactured home is or shall be affixed, and the application is thereafter accepted by the Secretary of State, the requirements of this Section shall be deemed satisfied as of the date the affidavit of affixation is recorded.
    (e) Upon written request by a person identified on the application for surrender of title pursuant to subsection (a)(7) of this Section, the Secretary of State shall provide written acknowledgment of compliance with the provisions of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 98-749, eff. 7-16-14.)

625 ILCS 5/3-116.3

    (625 ILCS 5/3-116.3)
    Sec. 3-116.3. Application for a certificate of title to a severed manufactured home.
    (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, where a manufactured home has been affixed to a permanent foundation, and an affidavit of affixation has been recorded as part of the real property records in the county in which the manufactured home is located in accordance with the Conveyance and Encumbrance of Manufactured Homes as Real Property and Severance Act, and where the manufactured home subsequently is detached or severed from the real property, the owner (all, if more than one) of the manufactured home shall, unless exempted by other provisions of this Code, apply for a new certificate of title by filing with the Secretary of State an application for a certificate of title to a manufactured home, to be issued in accordance with subsection (b) of Section 3-109, containing or accompanied by:
        (1) the name, residence, and mailing address of the
    
owner;
        (2) a description of the manufactured home, including
    
the name of the manufacturer, the make, the model name, the model year, the dimensions, and the vehicle identification number or numbers of the manufactured home and whether it is new or used, and any other information the Secretary of State requires;
        (3) a statement signed by the applicant, stating
    
either: (i) any facts or information known to the applicant that could reasonably affect the validity of the title of the manufactured home or the existence or non-existence of any security interest in or lien on it or (ii) that no such facts or information are known to the applicant;
        (4) a certified copy of the recorded affidavit of
    
severance provided in accordance with the Conveyance and Encumbrance of Manufactured Homes as Real Property and Severance Act; and
        (5) any other information and documents the Secretary
    
of State reasonably requires.
    (b) Upon satisfaction of the requirements of subsection (a) of this Section and subsection (b) of Section 3-109, the Secretary of State shall issue a new certificate of title pursuant to subsection (b) of Section 3-109 and update his or her records in accordance with the provisions of Section 3-106.
    (c) Immediately upon satisfaction of the requirements of this Section and thereafter, a manufactured home shall be conveyed and encumbered as personal property.
    (d) The satisfaction of the requirements of this Section with respect to a manufactured home shall have no effect on the manner in which such manufactured home is taxed pursuant to the Property Tax Code or the Mobile Home Local Services Tax Act.
(Source: P.A. 98-749, eff. 7-16-14.)

625 ILCS 5/3-117.1

    (625 ILCS 5/3-117.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-117.1)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 99-932)
    Sec. 3-117.1. When junking certificates or salvage certificates must be obtained.
    (a) Except as provided in Chapter 4 of this Code, a person who possesses a junk vehicle shall within 15 days cause the certificate of title, salvage certificate, certificate of purchase, or a similarly acceptable out of state document of ownership to be surrendered to the Secretary of State along with an application for a junking certificate, except as provided in Section 3-117.2, whereupon the Secretary of State shall issue to such a person a junking certificate, which shall authorize the holder thereof to possess, transport, or, by an endorsement, transfer ownership in such junked vehicle, and a certificate of title shall not again be issued for such vehicle.
    A licensee who possesses a junk vehicle and a Certificate of Title, Salvage Certificate, Certificate of Purchase, or a similarly acceptable out-of-state document of ownership for such junk vehicle, may transport the junk vehicle to another licensee prior to applying for or obtaining a junking certificate, by executing a uniform invoice. The licensee transferor shall furnish a copy of the uniform invoice to the licensee transferee at the time of transfer. In any case, the licensee transferor shall apply for a junking certificate in conformance with Section 3-117.1 of this Chapter. The following information shall be contained on a uniform invoice:
        (1) The business name, address and dealer license
    
number of the person disposing of the vehicle, junk vehicle or vehicle cowl;
        (2) The name and address of the person acquiring the
    
vehicle, junk vehicle or vehicle cowl, and if that person is a dealer, the Illinois or out-of-state dealer license number of that dealer;
        (3) The date of the disposition of the vehicle, junk
    
vehicle or vehicle cowl;
        (4) The year, make, model, color and description of
    
each vehicle, junk vehicle or vehicle cowl disposed of by such person;
        (5) The manufacturer's vehicle identification number,
    
Secretary of State identification number or Illinois Department of State Police number, for each vehicle, junk vehicle or vehicle cowl part disposed of by such person;
        (6) The printed name and legible signature of the
    
person or agent disposing of the vehicle, junk vehicle or vehicle cowl; and
        (7) The printed name and legible signature of the
    
person accepting delivery of the vehicle, junk vehicle or vehicle cowl.
    The Secretary of State may certify a junking manifest in a form prescribed by the Secretary of State that reflects those vehicles for which junking certificates have been applied or issued. A junking manifest may be issued to any person and it shall constitute evidence of ownership for the vehicle listed upon it. A junking manifest may be transferred only to a person licensed under Section 5-301 of this Code as a scrap processor. A junking manifest will allow the transportation of those vehicles to a scrap processor prior to receiving the junk certificate from the Secretary of State.
    (b) An application for a salvage certificate shall be submitted to the Secretary of State in any of the following situations:
        (1) When an insurance company makes a payment of
    
damages on a total loss claim for a vehicle, the insurance company shall be deemed to be the owner of such vehicle and the vehicle shall be considered to be salvage except that ownership of (i) a vehicle that has incurred only hail damage that does not affect the operational safety of the vehicle or (ii) any vehicle 9 model years of age or older may, by agreement between the registered owner and the insurance company, be retained by the registered owner of such vehicle. The insurance company shall promptly deliver or mail within 20 days the certificate of title along with proper application and fee to the Secretary of State, and a salvage certificate shall be issued in the name of the insurance company. Notwithstanding the foregoing, an insurer making payment of damages on a total loss claim for the theft of a vehicle shall not be required to apply for a salvage certificate unless the vehicle is recovered and has incurred damage that initially would have caused the vehicle to be declared a total loss by the insurer.
        (1.1) When a vehicle of a self-insured company is to
    
be sold in the State of Illinois and has sustained damaged by collision, fire, theft, rust corrosion, or other means so that the self-insured company determines the vehicle to be a total loss, or if the cost of repairing the damage, including labor, would be greater than 50% of its fair market value without that damage, the vehicle shall be considered salvage. The self-insured company shall promptly deliver the certificate of title along with proper application and fee to the Secretary of State, and a salvage certificate shall be issued in the name of the self-insured company. A self-insured company making payment of damages on a total loss claim for the theft of a vehicle may exchange the salvage certificate for a certificate of title if the vehicle is recovered without damage. In such a situation, the self-insured shall fill out and sign a form prescribed by the Secretary of State which contains an affirmation under penalty of perjury that the vehicle was recovered without damage and the Secretary of State may, by rule, require photographs to be submitted.
        (2) When a vehicle the ownership of which has been
    
transferred to any person through a certificate of purchase from acquisition of the vehicle at an auction, other dispositions as set forth in Sections 4-208 and 4-209 of this Code, a lien arising under Section 18a-501 of this Code, or a public sale under the Abandoned Mobile Home Act shall be deemed salvage or junk at the option of the purchaser. The person acquiring such vehicle in such manner shall promptly deliver or mail, within 20 days after the acquisition of the vehicle, the certificate of purchase, the proper application and fee, and, if the vehicle is an abandoned mobile home under the Abandoned Mobile Home Act, a certification from a local law enforcement agency that the vehicle was purchased or acquired at a public sale under the Abandoned Mobile Home Act to the Secretary of State and a salvage certificate or junking certificate shall be issued in the name of that person. The salvage certificate or junking certificate issued by the Secretary of State under this Section shall be free of any lien that existed against the vehicle prior to the time the vehicle was acquired by the applicant under this Code.
        (3) A vehicle which has been repossessed by a
    
lienholder shall be considered to be salvage only when the repossessed vehicle, on the date of repossession by the lienholder, has sustained damage by collision, fire, theft, rust corrosion, or other means so that the cost of repairing such damage, including labor, would be greater than 33 1/3% of its fair market value without such damage. If the lienholder determines that such vehicle is damaged in excess of 33 1/3% of such fair market value, the lienholder shall, before sale, transfer or assignment of the vehicle, make application for a salvage certificate, and shall submit with such application the proper fee and evidence of possession. If the facts required to be shown in subsection (f) of Section 3-114 are satisfied, the Secretary of State shall issue a salvage certificate in the name of the lienholder making the application. In any case wherein the vehicle repossessed is not damaged in excess of 33 1/3% of its fair market value, the lienholder shall comply with the requirements of subsections (f), (f-5), and (f-10) of Section 3-114, except that the affidavit of repossession made by or on behalf of the lienholder shall also contain an affirmation under penalty of perjury that the vehicle on the date of sale is not damaged in excess of 33 1/3% of its fair market value. If the facts required to be shown in subsection (f) of Section 3-114 are satisfied, the Secretary of State shall issue a certificate of title as set forth in Section 3-116 of this Code. The Secretary of State may by rule or regulation require photographs to be submitted.
        (4) A vehicle which is a part of a fleet of more than
    
5 commercial vehicles registered in this State or any other state or registered proportionately among several states shall be considered to be salvage when such vehicle has sustained damage by collision, fire, theft, rust, corrosion or similar means so that the cost of repairing such damage, including labor, would be greater than 33 1/3% of the fair market value of the vehicle without such damage. If the owner of a fleet vehicle desires to sell, transfer, or assign his interest in such vehicle to a person within this State other than an insurance company licensed to do business within this State, and the owner determines that such vehicle, at the time of the proposed sale, transfer or assignment is damaged in excess of 33 1/3% of its fair market value, the owner shall, before such sale, transfer or assignment, make application for a salvage certificate. The application shall contain with it evidence of possession of the vehicle. If the fleet vehicle at the time of its sale, transfer, or assignment is not damaged in excess of 33 1/3% of its fair market value, the owner shall so state in a written affirmation on a form prescribed by the Secretary of State by rule or regulation. The Secretary of State may by rule or regulation require photographs to be submitted. Upon sale, transfer or assignment of the fleet vehicle the owner shall mail the affirmation to the Secretary of State.
        (5) A vehicle that has been submerged in water to the
    
point that rising water has reached over the door sill and has entered the passenger or trunk compartment is a "flood vehicle". A flood vehicle shall be considered to be salvage only if the vehicle has sustained damage so that the cost of repairing the damage, including labor, would be greater than 33 1/3% of the fair market value of the vehicle without that damage. The salvage certificate issued under this Section shall indicate the word "flood", and the word "flood" shall be conspicuously entered on subsequent titles for the vehicle. A person who possesses or acquires a flood vehicle that is not damaged in excess of 33 1/3% of its fair market value shall make application for title in accordance with Section 3-116 of this Code, designating the vehicle as "flood" in a manner prescribed by the Secretary of State. The certificate of title issued shall indicate the word "flood", and the word "flood" shall be conspicuously entered on subsequent titles for the vehicle.
        (6) When any licensed rebuilder, repairer, new or
    
used vehicle dealer, or remittance agent has submitted an application for title to a vehicle (other than an application for title to a rebuilt vehicle) that he or she knows or reasonably should have known to have sustained damages in excess of 33 1/3% of the vehicle's fair market value without that damage; provided, however, that any application for a salvage certificate for a vehicle recovered from theft and acquired from an insurance company shall be made as required by paragraph (1) of this subsection (b).
    (c) Any person who without authority acquires, sells, exchanges, gives away, transfers or destroys or offers to acquire, sell, exchange, give away, transfer or destroy the certificate of title to any vehicle which is a junk or salvage vehicle shall be guilty of a Class 3 felony.
    (d) Any person who knowingly fails to surrender to the Secretary of State a certificate of title, salvage certificate, certificate of purchase or a similarly acceptable out-of-state document of ownership as required under the provisions of this Section is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor for a first offense and a Class 4 felony for a subsequent offense; except that a person licensed under this Code who violates paragraph (5) of subsection (b) of this Section is guilty of a business offense and shall be fined not less than $1,000 nor more than $5,000 for a first offense and is guilty of a Class 4 felony for a second or subsequent violation.
    (e) Any vehicle which is salvage or junk may not be driven or operated on roads and highways within this State. A violation of this subsection is a Class A misdemeanor. A salvage vehicle displaying valid special plates issued under Section 3-601(b) of this Code, which is being driven to or from an inspection conducted under Section 3-308 of this Code, is exempt from the provisions of this subsection. A salvage vehicle for which a short term permit has been issued under Section 3-307 of this Code is exempt from the provisions of this subsection for the duration of the permit.
(Source: P.A. 97-832, eff. 7-20-12.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 99-932)
    Sec. 3-117.1. When junking certificates or salvage certificates must be obtained.
    (a) Except as provided in Chapter 4 of this Code, a person who possesses a junk vehicle shall within 15 days cause the certificate of title, salvage certificate, certificate of purchase, or a similarly acceptable out of state document of ownership to be surrendered to the Secretary of State along with an application for a junking certificate, except as provided in Section 3-117.2, whereupon the Secretary of State shall issue to such a person a junking certificate, which shall authorize the holder thereof to possess, transport, or, by an endorsement, transfer ownership in such junked vehicle, and a certificate of title shall not again be issued for such vehicle.
    A licensee who possesses a junk vehicle and a Certificate of Title, Salvage Certificate, Certificate of Purchase, or a similarly acceptable out-of-state document of ownership for such junk vehicle, may transport the junk vehicle to another licensee prior to applying for or obtaining a junking certificate, by executing a uniform invoice. The licensee transferor shall furnish a copy of the uniform invoice to the licensee transferee at the time of transfer. In any case, the licensee transferor shall apply for a junking certificate in conformance with Section 3-117.1 of this Chapter. The following information shall be contained on a uniform invoice:
        (1) The business name, address and dealer license
    
number of the person disposing of the vehicle, junk vehicle or vehicle cowl;
        (2) The name and address of the person acquiring the
    
vehicle, junk vehicle or vehicle cowl, and if that person is a dealer, the Illinois or out-of-state dealer license number of that dealer;
        (3) The date of the disposition of the vehicle, junk
    
vehicle or vehicle cowl;
        (4) The year, make, model, color and description of
    
each vehicle, junk vehicle or vehicle cowl disposed of by such person;
        (5) The manufacturer's vehicle identification number,
    
Secretary of State identification number or Illinois Department of State Police number, for each vehicle, junk vehicle or vehicle cowl part disposed of by such person;
        (6) The printed name and legible signature of the
    
person or agent disposing of the vehicle, junk vehicle or vehicle cowl; and
        (7) The printed name and legible signature of the
    
person accepting delivery of the vehicle, junk vehicle or vehicle cowl.
    The Secretary of State may certify a junking manifest in a form prescribed by the Secretary of State that reflects those vehicles for which junking certificates have been applied or issued. A junking manifest may be issued to any person and it shall constitute evidence of ownership for the vehicle listed upon it. A junking manifest may be transferred only to a person licensed under Section 5-301 of this Code as a scrap processor. A junking manifest will allow the transportation of those vehicles to a scrap processor prior to receiving the junk certificate from the Secretary of State.
    (b) An application for a salvage certificate shall be submitted to the Secretary of State in any of the following situations:
        (1) When an insurance company makes a payment of
    
damages on a total loss claim for a vehicle, the insurance company shall be deemed to be the owner of such vehicle and the vehicle shall be considered to be salvage except that ownership of (i) a vehicle that has incurred only hail damage that does not affect the operational safety of the vehicle or (ii) any vehicle 9 model years of age or older may, by agreement between the registered owner and the insurance company, be retained by the registered owner of such vehicle. The insurance company shall promptly deliver or mail within 20 days the certificate of title along with proper application and fee to the Secretary of State, and a salvage certificate shall be issued in the name of the insurance company. Notwithstanding the foregoing, an insurer making payment of damages on a total loss claim for the theft of a vehicle shall not be required to apply for a salvage certificate unless the vehicle is recovered and has incurred damage that initially would have caused the vehicle to be declared a total loss by the insurer.
        (1.1) When a vehicle of a self-insured company is to
    
be sold in the State of Illinois and has sustained damaged by collision, fire, theft, rust corrosion, or other means so that the self-insured company determines the vehicle to be a total loss, or if the cost of repairing the damage, including labor, would be greater than 70% of its fair market value without that damage, the vehicle shall be considered salvage. The self-insured company shall promptly deliver the certificate of title along with proper application and fee to the Secretary of State, and a salvage certificate shall be issued in the name of the self-insured company. A self-insured company making payment of damages on a total loss claim for the theft of a vehicle may exchange the salvage certificate for a certificate of title if the vehicle is recovered without damage. In such a situation, the self-insured shall fill out and sign a form prescribed by the Secretary of State which contains an affirmation under penalty of perjury that the vehicle was recovered without damage and the Secretary of State may, by rule, require photographs to be submitted.
        (2) When a vehicle the ownership of which has been
    
transferred to any person through a certificate of purchase from acquisition of the vehicle at an auction, other dispositions as set forth in Sections 4-208 and 4-209 of this Code, a lien arising under Section 18a-501 of this Code, or a public sale under the Abandoned Mobile Home Act shall be deemed salvage or junk at the option of the purchaser. The person acquiring such vehicle in such manner shall promptly deliver or mail, within 20 days after the acquisition of the vehicle, the certificate of purchase, the proper application and fee, and, if the vehicle is an abandoned mobile home under the Abandoned Mobile Home Act, a certification from a local law enforcement agency that the vehicle was purchased or acquired at a public sale under the Abandoned Mobile Home Act to the Secretary of State and a salvage certificate or junking certificate shall be issued in the name of that person. The salvage certificate or junking certificate issued by the Secretary of State under this Section shall be free of any lien that existed against the vehicle prior to the time the vehicle was acquired by the applicant under this Code.
        (3) A vehicle which has been repossessed by a
    
lienholder shall be considered to be salvage only when the repossessed vehicle, on the date of repossession by the lienholder, has sustained damage by collision, fire, theft, rust corrosion, or other means so that the cost of repairing such damage, including labor, would be greater than 33 1/3% of its fair market value without such damage. If the lienholder determines that such vehicle is damaged in excess of 33 1/3% of such fair market value, the lienholder shall, before sale, transfer or assignment of the vehicle, make application for a salvage certificate, and shall submit with such application the proper fee and evidence of possession. If the facts required to be shown in subsection (f) of Section 3-114 are satisfied, the Secretary of State shall issue a salvage certificate in the name of the lienholder making the application. In any case wherein the vehicle repossessed is not damaged in excess of 33 1/3% of its fair market value, the lienholder shall comply with the requirements of subsections (f), (f-5), and (f-10) of Section 3-114, except that the affidavit of repossession made by or on behalf of the lienholder shall also contain an affirmation under penalty of perjury that the vehicle on the date of sale is not damaged in excess of 33 1/3% of its fair market value. If the facts required to be shown in subsection (f) of Section 3-114 are satisfied, the Secretary of State shall issue a certificate of title as set forth in Section 3-116 of this Code. The Secretary of State may by rule or regulation require photographs to be submitted.
        (4) A vehicle which is a part of a fleet of more than
    
5 commercial vehicles registered in this State or any other state or registered proportionately among several states shall be considered to be salvage when such vehicle has sustained damage by collision, fire, theft, rust, corrosion or similar means so that the cost of repairing such damage, including labor, would be greater than 33 1/3% of the fair market value of the vehicle without such damage. If the owner of a fleet vehicle desires to sell, transfer, or assign his interest in such vehicle to a person within this State other than an insurance company licensed to do business within this State, and the owner determines that such vehicle, at the time of the proposed sale, transfer or assignment is damaged in excess of 33 1/3% of its fair market value, the owner shall, before such sale, transfer or assignment, make application for a salvage certificate. The application shall contain with it evidence of possession of the vehicle. If the fleet vehicle at the time of its sale, transfer, or assignment is not damaged in excess of 33 1/3% of its fair market value, the owner shall so state in a written affirmation on a form prescribed by the Secretary of State by rule or regulation. The Secretary of State may by rule or regulation require photographs to be submitted. Upon sale, transfer or assignment of the fleet vehicle the owner shall mail the affirmation to the Secretary of State.
        (5) A vehicle that has been submerged in water to the
    
point that rising water has reached over the door sill and has entered the passenger or trunk compartment is a "flood vehicle". A flood vehicle shall be considered to be salvage only if the vehicle has sustained damage so that the cost of repairing the damage, including labor, would be greater than 33 1/3% of the fair market value of the vehicle without that damage. The salvage certificate issued under this Section shall indicate the word "flood", and the word "flood" shall be conspicuously entered on subsequent titles for the vehicle. A person who possesses or acquires a flood vehicle that is not damaged in excess of 33 1/3% of its fair market value shall make application for title in accordance with Section 3-116 of this Code, designating the vehicle as "flood" in a manner prescribed by the Secretary of State. The certificate of title issued shall indicate the word "flood", and the word "flood" shall be conspicuously entered on subsequent titles for the vehicle.
        (6) When any licensed rebuilder, repairer, new or
    
used vehicle dealer, or remittance agent has submitted an application for title to a vehicle (other than an application for title to a rebuilt vehicle) that he or she knows or reasonably should have known to have sustained damages in excess of 33 1/3% of the vehicle's fair market value without that damage; provided, however, that any application for a salvage certificate for a vehicle recovered from theft and acquired from an insurance company shall be made as required by paragraph (1) of this subsection (b).
    (c) Any person who without authority acquires, sells, exchanges, gives away, transfers or destroys or offers to acquire, sell, exchange, give away, transfer or destroy the certificate of title to any vehicle which is a junk or salvage vehicle shall be guilty of a Class 3 felony.
    (d) Any person who knowingly fails to surrender to the Secretary of State a certificate of title, salvage certificate, certificate of purchase or a similarly acceptable out-of-state document of ownership as required under the provisions of this Section is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor for a first offense and a Class 4 felony for a subsequent offense; except that a person licensed under this Code who violates paragraph (5) of subsection (b) of this Section is guilty of a business offense and shall be fined not less than $1,000 nor more than $5,000 for a first offense and is guilty of a Class 4 felony for a second or subsequent violation.
    (e) Any vehicle which is salvage or junk may not be driven or operated on roads and highways within this State. A violation of this subsection is a Class A misdemeanor. A salvage vehicle displaying valid special plates issued under Section 3-601(b) of this Code, which is being driven to or from an inspection conducted under Section 3-308 of this Code, is exempt from the provisions of this subsection. A salvage vehicle for which a short term permit has been issued under Section 3-307 of this Code is exempt from the provisions of this subsection for the duration of the permit.
(Source: P.A. 99-932, eff. 6-1-17.)

625 ILCS 5/3-117.2

    (625 ILCS 5/3-117.2) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-117.2)
    Sec. 3-117.2. Junk Vehicle Notification. Beginning July 1, 1989 a person licensed as a scrap processor pursuant to Section 5-301 of this Code who acquires a properly assigned Certificate of Title, a Salvage Certificate, a Certificate of Purchase, or a similarly acceptable out-of-state document of ownership pursuant to Section 5-401.3 of this Code, shall within 15 days of acquiring such document, submit it to the Secretary of State along with a Junk Vehicle Notification, the form and manner for which shall be as prescribed by Secretary of State rule or regulation. A scrap processor who acquires the above named documents of ownership pursuant to Section 5-401.3 shall not be required to apply for or obtain a junking certificate. The information contained on a Junk Vehicle Notification shall be duly recorded by the Secretary of State upon the receipt of such Notification. The Secretary of State shall not again issue a Certificate of Title or Salvage Certificate for any vehicle listed on a Junk Vehicle Notification.
(Source: P.A. 85-1204.)

625 ILCS 5/3-118

    (625 ILCS 5/3-118) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-118)
    Sec. 3-118. Application for salvage or junking certificate; contents.
    (a) An application for a salvage certificate or junking certificate shall be made upon the forms prescribed by the Secretary of State and contain:
        1. The name and address of the owner;
        2. A description of the vehicle including, so far as
    
the following data exists: its make, year-model, identifying number, type of body, whether new or used;
        3. The date of purchase by applicant; and
        4. Any further information reasonably required by
    
the Secretary of State.
    (b) The application for salvage certificate must also contain the current odometer reading and that the stated odometer reading is one of the following: actual mileage, not the actual mileage or mileage is in excess of its mechanical limits.
    (b-5) Each application for a salvage certificate for a motor vehicle shall be verified by the National Motor Vehicle Title Information System (NMVTIS) for a vehicle history report prior to the Secretary issuing a salvage certificate.
    (c) A salvage certificate may be assigned to any person licensed under this Act as a rebuilder, automotive parts recycler, or scrap processor, or to an out-of-state salvage vehicle buyer. A salvage certificate for a vehicle that has come from a police impoundment may be assigned to a municipal fire department. A junking certificate may be assigned to anyone. The provisions for reassignment by dealers under paragraph (a) of Section 3-113 shall apply to salvage certificates, except as provided in Section 3-117.2. A salvage certificate may be reassigned to one other person to whom a salvage certificate may be assigned pursuant to this Section.
(Source: P.A. 99-414, eff. 8-20-15.)

625 ILCS 5/3-118.1

    (625 ILCS 5/3-118.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 3-118.1)
    Sec. 3-118.1. Whenever a certificate of title is issued for a vehicle with respect to which a salvage certificate has been previously issued, the new certificate of title shall bear the notation "REBUILT". However, insurance companies or persons licensed under Section 5-301 who are also licensed as a used vehicle dealer under Section 5-102 of this Code may exchange a salvage certificate for a certificate of title which does not bear the notation "REBUILT" when there is submitted with the application satisfactory proof that the salvage certificate was obtained because of a claim of total loss from theft and the vehicle was recovered without structural damage caused by collision, fire, flood, theft, rust, or corrosion. The Secretary may adopt rules governing the issuance of titles authorized under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 89-189, eff. 1-1-96.)