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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

VEHICLES
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.

625 ILCS 5/16-104e

    (625 ILCS 5/16-104e)
    Sec. 16-104e. Minimum penalty for traffic offenses. Unless otherwise disposed of prior to a court appearance in the same matter under Supreme Court Rule 529, a person who, after a court appearance in the same matter, is found guilty of or pleads guilty to, including any person receiving a disposition of court supervision, a violation of this Code or a similar provision of a local ordinance shall pay a fine that may not be waived. Nothing in this Section shall prevent the court from ordering that the fine be paid within a specified period of time or in installments under Section 5-9-1 of the Unified Code of Corrections.
(Source: P.A. 96-1462, eff. 1-1-11.)

625 ILCS 5/16-105

    (625 ILCS 5/16-105) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 16-105)
    Sec. 16-105. Disposition of fines and forfeitures.
    (a) Except as provided in Section 15-113 and Section 16-104a of this Act and except for those amounts required to be paid into the Traffic and Criminal Conviction Surcharge Fund in the State Treasury pursuant to Section 9.1 of the Illinois Police Training Act and Section 5-9-1 of the Unified Code of Corrections and except those amounts subject to disbursement by the circuit clerk under Section 27.5 of the Clerks of Courts Act, fines and penalties recovered under the provisions of Chapters 11 through 16 inclusive of this Code shall be paid and used as follows:
        1. For offenses committed upon a highway within the
    
limits of a city, village, or incorporated town or under the jurisdiction of any park district, to the treasurer of the particular city, village, incorporated town or park district, if the violator was arrested by the authorities of the city, village, incorporated town or park district, provided the police officers and officials of cities, villages, incorporated towns and park districts shall seasonably prosecute for all fines and penalties under this Code. If the violation is prosecuted by the authorities of the county, any fines or penalties recovered shall be paid to the county treasurer. Provided further that if the violator was arrested by the State Police, fines and penalties recovered under the provisions of paragraph (a) of Section 15-113 of this Code or paragraph (e) of Section 15-316 of this Code shall be paid over to the Department of State Police which shall thereupon remit the amount of the fines and penalties so received to the State Treasurer who shall deposit the amount so remitted in the special fund in the State treasury known as the Road Fund except that if the violation is prosecuted by the State's Attorney, 10% of the fine or penalty recovered shall be paid to the State's Attorney as a fee of his office and the balance shall be paid over to the Department of State Police for remittance to and deposit by the State Treasurer as hereinabove provided.
        2. Except as provided in paragraph 4, for offenses
    
committed upon any highway outside the limits of a city, village, incorporated town or park district, to the county treasurer of the county where the offense was committed except if such offense was committed on a highway maintained by or under the supervision of a township, township district, or a road district to the Treasurer thereof for deposit in the road and bridge fund of such township or other district; Provided, that fines and penalties recovered under the provisions of paragraph (a) of Section 15-113, paragraph (d) of Section 3-401, or paragraph (e) of Section 15-316 of this Code shall be paid over to the Department of State Police which shall thereupon remit the amount of the fines and penalties so received to the State Treasurer who shall deposit the amount so remitted in the special fund in the State treasury known as the Road Fund except that if the violation is prosecuted by the State's Attorney, 10% of the fine or penalty recovered shall be paid to the State's Attorney as a fee of his office and the balance shall be paid over to the Department of State Police for remittance to and deposit by the State Treasurer as hereinabove provided.
        3. Notwithstanding subsections 1 and 2 of this
    
paragraph, for violations of overweight and overload limits found in Sections 15-101 through 15-203 of this Code, which are committed upon the highways belonging to the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority, fines and penalties shall be paid over to the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority for deposit with the State Treasurer into that special fund known as the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority Fund, except that if the violation is prosecuted by the State's Attorney, 10% of the fine or penalty recovered shall be paid to the State's Attorney as a fee of his office and the balance shall be paid over to the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority for remittance to and deposit by the State Treasurer as hereinabove provided.
        4. With regard to violations of overweight and
    
overload limits found in Sections 15-101 through 15-203 of this Code committed by operators of vehicles registered as Special Hauling Vehicles, for offenses committed upon a highway within the limits of a city, village, or incorporated town or under the jurisdiction of any park district, all fines and penalties shall be paid over or retained as required in paragraph 1. However, with regard to the above offenses committed by operators of vehicles registered as Special Hauling Vehicles upon any highway outside the limits of a city, village, incorporated town or park district, fines and penalties shall be paid over or retained by the entity having jurisdiction over the road or highway upon which the offense occurred, except that if the violation is prosecuted by the State's Attorney, 10% of the fine or penalty recovered shall be paid to the State's Attorney as a fee of his office.
    (b) Failure, refusal or neglect on the part of any judicial or other officer or employee receiving or having custody of any such fine or forfeiture either before or after a deposit with the proper official as defined in paragraph (a) of this Section, shall constitute misconduct in office and shall be grounds for removal therefrom.
(Source: P.A. 96-34, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/16-105.5

    (625 ILCS 5/16-105.5)
    Sec. 16-105.5. Payment to municipality. All revenues derived from the issuance of citations for violations of subsection (f) of Section 3-413 of this Code or a similar local ordinance that are required to be paid to a municipality under this Code shall be deposited into the general fund of the municipality.
(Source: P.A. 90-513, eff. 8-22-97.)

625 ILCS 5/16-106

    (625 ILCS 5/16-106) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 16-106)
    Sec. 16-106. For offenses committed under the provisions of this Act or the ordinances of any municipality, park district or county which involve the regulation of the ownership, use or operation of vehicles, the police officers and officials of such municipalities and park districts, and sheriffs shall, when issuing a traffic ticket, other citation, or Notice to Appear in lieu of either, in counties other than Cook, also issue written notice to the accused in substantially the following form:
AVOID MULTIPLE COURT APPEARANCES
    If you intend to plead "not guilty" to this charge, or if, in addition, you intend to demand a trial by jury, so notify the clerk of the court at least 5 days (excluding Saturdays, Sundays or holidays) before the day set for your appearance. A new appearance date will be set, and arrangements will be made to have the arresting officer present on that new date. Failure to notify the clerk of either your intention to plead "not guilty" or your intention to demand a jury trial, may result in your having to return to court, if you plead "not guilty" on the date originally set for your court appearance. Upon timely receipt of notice that the accused intends to plead "not guilty", the clerk shall set a new appearance date not less than 7 days nor more than 49 days after the original appearance date set by the arresting officer, and notify all parties of the new date and the time for appearance. If the accused fails to notify the clerk as provided above, the arresting officer's failure to appear on the date originally set for appearance may, in counties other than Cook, be considered good cause for a continuance.
(Source: P.A. 81-781.)

625 ILCS 5/16-106.3

    (625 ILCS 5/16-106.3)
    Sec. 16-106.3. Erroneous appearance date. In any case alleging a violation of this Code or similar local ordinance which would be chargeable as a misdemeanor, a case shall not be dismissed due to an error by the arresting officer or the clerk of the court, or both, in setting a person's first appearance date, subject to the right of speedy trial provided under Section 103-5 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963.
(Source: P.A. 96-694, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/16-106.5

    (625 ILCS 5/16-106.5)
    Sec. 16-106.5. Pilot project; notice of violation to owner.
    (a) A pilot project is created that shall be in operation from January 1, 2002 through December 31, 2003 in the counties of DuPage, Kendall, and Sangamon. Under the pilot project, when a traffic citation is issued for a violation of this Code to a person who is under the age of 18 years, who is a resident of the county in which the traffic citation was issued, and who is not the registered owner of the vehicle named in the traffic citation, the circuit clerk of the county in which the traffic citation was issued shall, within 10 days after the traffic citation is filed with the circuit clerk, send notice of the issuance of the traffic citation to the registered owner of the vehicle. The notice must include:
        (1) the date and time the violation was alleged to
    
have been committed;
        (2) the location where the violation was alleged to
    
have been committed;
        (3) the name of the person cited for committing the
    
alleged violation;
        (4) the violation alleged to have been committed; and
        (5) the date and time of any required court
    
appearance by the person cited for committing the alleged violation.
    (b) On or before March 31, 2004, the Department of State Police shall report to the General Assembly on the effectiveness of the pilot project.
(Source: P.A. 92-344, eff. 8-10-01.)

625 ILCS 5/16-107

    (625 ILCS 5/16-107) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 16-107)
    Sec. 16-107. Appearance of parent or guardian of minor in certain court proceedings - Judicial discretion.
    (a) Whenever an unemancipated minor is required to appear in court pursuant to a citation for violation of any Section or any subsection of any Section of this Act specified in subsection (b) of this Section, the court may require that a parent or guardian of the minor accompany the minor and appear before the court with the minor, unless, in the discretion of the court, such appearance would be unreasonably burdensome under the circumstances.
    (b) This Section shall apply whenever an unemancipated minor is charged with violation of any of the following Sections and subsections of this Act:
        1) Sections 3-701, 3-702 and 3-703;
        2) Sections 4-102, 4-103, 4-104 and 4-105;
        3) Section 6-101, subsections (a), (b) and (c) of
    
Section 6-104, and Sections 6-113, 6-301, 6-302, 6-303 and 6-304;
        4) Sections 11-203 and 11-204, subsection (b) of
    
Section 11-305, Sections 11-311, 11-312, 11-401, 11-402, 11-403, 11-404, 11-407, 11-409, 11-501, 11-502, 11-503, 11-504, 11-506, subsection (b) of Section 11-601, Sections 11-704, 11-707, 11-1007, 11-1403, 11-1404 and subsection (a) of Section 11-1414.
(Source: P.A. 95-310, eff. 1-1-08.)

625 ILCS 5/16-108

    (625 ILCS 5/16-108)
    Sec. 16-108. Claims of diplomatic immunity.
    (a) This Section applies only to an individual that displays to a police officer a driver's license issued by the U.S. Department of State or that otherwise claims immunities or privileges under Title 22, Chapter 6 of the United States Code with respect to the individual's violation of Section 9-3 or Section 9-3.2 of the Criminal Code of 2012 or his or her violation of a traffic regulation governing the movement of vehicles under this Code or a similar provision of a local ordinance.
    (b) If a driver subject to this Section is stopped by a police officer that has probable cause to believe that the driver has committed a violation described in subsection (a) of this Section, the police officer shall:
        (1) as soon as practicable contact the U.S.
    
Department of State office in order to verify the driver's status and immunity, if any;
        (2) record all relevant information from any driver's
    
license or identification card, including a driver's license or identification card issued by the U.S. Department of State; and
        (3) within 5 workdays after the date of the stop,
    
forward the following to the Secretary of State of Illinois:
            (A) a vehicle accident report, if the driver was
        
involved in a vehicle accident;
            (B) if a citation or charge was issued to the
        
driver, a copy of the citation or charge; and
            (C) if a citation or charge was not issued to the
        
driver, a written report of the incident.
    (c) Upon receiving material submitted under paragraph (3) of subsection (b) of this Section, the Secretary of State shall:
        (1) file each vehicle accident report, citation or
    
charge, and incident report received;
        (2) keep convenient records or make suitable
    
notations showing each:
            (A) conviction;
            (B) disposition of court supervision for any
        
violation of Section 11-501 of this Code; and
            (C) vehicle accident; and
        (3) send a copy of each document and record described
    
in paragraph (2) of this subsection (c) to the Bureau of Diplomatic Security, Office of Foreign Missions, of the U.S. Department of State.
    (d) This Section does not prohibit or limit the application of any law to a criminal or motor vehicle violation by an individual who has or claims immunities or privileges under Title 22, Chapter 6 of the United States Code.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 16 Art. II

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 16 Art. II heading)
ARTICLE II. PARTIES IN CRIMINAL CASES

625 ILCS 5/16-201

    (625 ILCS 5/16-201) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 16-201)
    Sec. 16-201. Parties to a crime.
    Every person who commits, attempts to commit, conspires to commit, or aids, or abets in the commission of any act declared to be a crime, whether individually or in connection with one or more other persons or as principal, agent or accessory, shall be guilty of such offense, and every person who falsely, fraudulently, forcibly, or wilfully induces, causes, coerces, requires, permits, or directs another to violate any provision of this Act is likewise guilty of such offense.
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)

625 ILCS 5/16-202

    (625 ILCS 5/16-202) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 16-202)
    Sec. 16-202. Offenses by persons owning or controlling vehicles. It is unlawful for the owner, or any other person, employing or otherwise directing the driver of any vehicle to require or knowingly to permit the operation of such vehicle upon a highway in any manner contrary to law.
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 17

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 17 heading)
CHAPTER 17. ILLINOIS HIGHWAY SAFETY LAW

625 ILCS 5/17-101

    (625 ILCS 5/17-101) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 17-101)
    Sec. 17-101. Powers and duties of governor. The Governor, in addition to other duties and responsibilities conferred upon him by the constitution and laws of this State is empowered to contract and to do all other things necessary in behalf of this State to secure the full benefits available to this State under the Federal Highway Safety Act of 1966, as amended, and in so doing, to cooperate with Federal and State agencies, agencies private and public, interested organizations, and with individuals, to effectuate the purposes of that enactment, and any and all subsequent amendments thereto. The Governor is the official of this State having the ultimate responsibility for dealing with the Federal Government with respect to programs and activities pursuant to the National Highway Safety Act of 1966 and any amendments thereto. To that end he shall coordinate the activities of the Secretary of State and the State Board of Education and of any and all departments and agencies of this State and its subdivisions, relating thereto.
(Source: P.A. 81-1508.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 18a

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 18a heading)
CHAPTER 18a. ILLINOIS COMMERCIAL RELOCATION
OF TRESPASSING VEHICLES LAW

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 18a Art. I

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 18a Art. I heading)
ARTICLE I. DEFINITIONS, POLICY AND JURISDICTION

625 ILCS 5/18a-100

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-100) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-100)
    Sec. 18a-100. Definitions. As used in this Chapter: (1) "Commercial vehicle relocator" or "relocator" means any person or entity engaged in the business of removing trespassing vehicles from private property by means of towing or otherwise, and thereafter relocating and storing such vehicles;
    (2) "Commission" means the Illinois Commerce Commission;
    (3) "Operator" means any person who, as an employee of a commercial vehicle relocator, removes trespassing vehicles from private property by means of towing or otherwise. This term includes the driver of any vehicle used in removing a trespassing vehicle from private property, as well as any person other than the driver who assists in the removal of a trespassing vehicle from private property;
    (4) "Operator's employment permit" means a license issued to an operator in accordance with Sections 18a-403 or 18a-405 of this Chapter;
    (5) "Relocator's license" means a license issued to a commercial vehicle relocator in accordance with Sections 18a-400 or 18a-401 of this Chapter;
    (6) "Dispatcher" means any person who, as an employee or agent of a commercial vehicle relocator, dispatches vehicles to or from locations from which operators perform removal activities; and
    (7) "Dispatcher's employment permit" means a license issued to a dispatcher in accordance with Sections 18a-407 or 18a-408 of this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 85-923.)

625 ILCS 5/18a-101

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-101) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-101)
    Sec. 18a-101. Declaration of policy and delegation of jurisdiction. It is hereby declared to be the policy of the State of Illinois to supervise and regulate the commercial removal of trespassing vehicles from private property, and the subsequent relocation and storage of such vehicles in such manner as to fairly distribute rights and responsibilities among vehicle owners, private property owners and commercial vehicle relocators, and for this purpose the power and authority to administer and to enforce the provisions of this Chapter shall be vested in the Illinois Commerce Commission.
(Source: P.A. 80-1459.)

625 ILCS 5/18a-102

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-102) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-102)
    Sec. 18a-102. Local regulation. Nothing contained in this Chapter shall be construed to infringe upon the right of non-home rule units of local government to regulate the commercial relocation of vehicles in a manner consistent with, or in addition to, State or federal laws or regulations. Nothing in this Chapter shall constitute a limitation on the authority of any home rule unit; however, the provisions of this Chapter shall remain in full force and effect in home rule units notwithstanding any applicable ordinances of home rule units.
(Source: P.A. 80-1459.)

625 ILCS 5/18a-103

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-103) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-103)
    Sec. 18a-103. Review. A person aggrieved by an order of the Commission under this Chapter is entitled, in addition to any other remedy, to a review thereof by the Circuit Court in accordance with the Administrative Review Law, as amended.
(Source: P.A. 82-783.)

625 ILCS 5/18a-104

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-104) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-104)
    Sec. 18a-104. Towing performed pursuant to police order. Nothing contained in this Chapter shall be construed to regulate or otherwise affect towing performed by any relocator pursuant to the order of a law enforcement official or agency in accordance with Sections 4-201 through 4-214 of the Illinois Vehicle Code.
(Source: P.A. 80-1459.)

625 ILCS 5/18a-105

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-105) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-105)
    Sec. 18a-105. Exemptions. This Chapter shall not apply to the relocation of motorcycles.
    Such relocation shall be governed by the provisions of Section 4-203 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 95-407, eff. 1-1-08; 95-562, eff. 7-1-08.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 18a Art. II

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 18a Art. II heading)
ARTICLE II. DUTIES AND POWERS

625 ILCS 5/18a-200

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-200) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-200)
    Sec. 18a-200. General powers and duties of Commission. The Commission shall:
    (1) Regulate commercial vehicle relocators and their employees or agents in accordance with this Chapter and to that end may establish reasonable requirements with respect to proper service and practices relating thereto;
    (2) Require the maintenance of uniform systems of accounts, records and the preservation thereof;
    (3) Require that all drivers and other personnel used in relocation be employees of a licensed relocator;
    (4) Regulate equipment leasing to and by relocators;
    (5) Adopt reasonable and proper rules covering the exercise of powers conferred upon it by this Chapter, and reasonable rules governing investigations, hearings and proceedings under this Chapter;
    (6) Set reasonable rates for the commercial towing or removal of trespassing vehicles from private property. The rates shall not exceed the mean average of the 5 highest rates for police tows within the territory to which this Chapter applies that are performed under Sections 4-201 and 4-214 of this Code and that are of record at hearing; provided that the Commission shall not re-calculate the maximum specified herein if the order containing the previous calculation was entered within one calendar year of the date on which the new order is entered. Set reasonable rates for the storage, for periods in excess of 24 hours, of the vehicles in connection with the towing or removal; however, no relocator shall impose charges for storage for the first 24 hours after towing or removal. Set reasonable rates for other services provided by relocators, provided that the rates shall not be charged to the owner or operator of a relocated vehicle. Any fee charged by a relocator for the use of a credit card that is used to pay for any service rendered by the relocator shall be included in the total amount that shall not exceed the maximum reasonable rate established by the Commission. The Commission shall require a relocator to refund any amount charged in excess of the reasonable rate established by the Commission, including any fee for the use of a credit card;
    (7) Investigate and maintain current files of the criminal records, if any, of all relocators and their employees and of all applicants for relocator's license, operator's licenses and dispatcher's licenses. If the Commission determines that an applicant for a license issued under this Chapter will be subjected to a criminal history records check, the applicant shall submit his or her fingerprints to the Department of State Police in the form and manner prescribed by the Department of State Police. These fingerprints shall be checked against the Department of State Police and Federal Bureau of Investigation criminal history record information databases now and hereafter filed. The Department of State Police shall charge the applicant a fee for conducting the criminal history records check, which shall be deposited in the State Police Services Fund and shall not exceed the actual cost of the records check. The Department of State Police shall furnish pursuant to positive identification, records of conviction to the Commission;
    (8) Issue relocator's licenses, dispatcher's employment permits, and operator's employment permits in accordance with Article IV of this Chapter;
    (9) Establish fitness standards for applicants seeking relocator licensees and holders of relocator licenses;
    (10) Upon verified complaint in writing by any person, organization or body politic, or upon its own initiative may, investigate whether any commercial vehicle relocator, operator, dispatcher, or person otherwise required to comply with any provision of this Chapter or any rule promulgated hereunder, has failed to comply with any provision or rule;
    (11) Whenever the Commission receives notice from the Secretary of State that any domestic or foreign corporation regulated under this Chapter has not paid a franchise tax, license fee or penalty required under the Business Corporation Act of 1983, institute proceedings for the revocation of the license or right to engage in any business required under this Chapter or the suspension thereof until such time as the delinquent franchise tax, license fee or penalty is paid.
(Source: P.A. 93-418, eff. 1-1-04.)

625 ILCS 5/18a-201

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-201) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-201)
    Sec. 18a-201. Additional officers and employees. The Commission, for the purpose of more effectively carrying out the provisions of this Chapter, shall obtain pursuant to the provisions of the "Personnel Code" such officers and employees as it may deem necessary to carry out the provisions of this Chapter or to perform the duties and exercise the powers conferred by law upon the Commission.
(Source: P.A. 80-1459.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 18a Art. III

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 18a Art. III heading)
ARTICLE III. REQUIREMENTS AND PROHIBITIONS

625 ILCS 5/18a-300

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-300) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-300)
    Sec. 18a-300. Commercial vehicle relocators - Unlawful practices. It shall be unlawful for any commercial vehicle relocator:
        (1) To operate in any county in which this Chapter is
    
applicable without a valid, current relocator's license as provided in Article IV of this Chapter;
        (2) To employ as an operator, or otherwise so use the
    
services of, any person who does not have at the commencement of employment or service, or at any time during the course of employment or service, a valid, current operator's employment permit, or temporary operator's employment permit issued in accordance with Sections 18a-403 or 18a-405 of this Chapter; or to fail to notify the Commission, in writing, of any known criminal conviction of any employee occurring at any time before or during the course of employment or service;
        (3) To employ as a dispatcher, or otherwise so use
    
the services of, any person who does not have at the commencement of employment or service, or at any time during the course of employment or service, a valid, current dispatcher's or operator's employment permit or temporary dispatcher's or operator's employment permit issued in accordance with Sections 18a-403 or 18a-407 of this Chapter; or to fail to notify the Commission, in writing, of any known criminal conviction of any employee occurring at any time before or during the course of employment or service;
        (4) To operate upon the highways of this State any
    
vehicle used in connection with any commercial vehicle relocation service unless:
             (A) There is painted or firmly affixed to the
        
vehicle on both sides of the vehicle in a color or colors vividly contrasting to the color of the vehicle the name, address and telephone number of the relocator. The Commission shall prescribe reasonable rules and regulations pertaining to insignia to be painted or firmly affixed to vehicles and shall waive the requirements of the address on any vehicle in cases where the operator of a vehicle has painted or otherwise firmly affixed to the vehicle a seal or trade mark that clearly identifies the operator of the vehicle; and
             (B) There is carried in the power unit of the
        
vehicle a certified copy of the currently effective relocator's license and operator's employment permit. Copies may be photographed, photocopied, or reproduced or printed by any other legible and durable process. Any person guilty of not causing to be displayed a copy of his relocator's license and operator's employment permit may in any hearing concerning the violation be excused from the payment of the penalty hereinafter provided upon a showing that the license was issued by the Commission, but was subsequently lost or destroyed;
        (5) To operate upon the highways of this State any
    
vehicle used in connection with any commercial vehicle relocation service that bears the name or address and telephone number of any person or entity other than the relocator by which it is owned or to which it is leased;
        (6) To advertise in any newspaper, book, list,
    
classified directory or other publication unless there is contained in the advertisement the license number of the relocator;
        (7) To remove any vehicle from private property
    
without having first obtained the written authorization of the property owner or other person in lawful possession or control of the property, his authorized agent, or an authorized law enforcement officer. The authorization may be on a contractual basis covering a period of time or limited to a specific removal;
        (8) To charge the private property owner, who
    
requested that an unauthorized vehicle be removed from his property, with the costs of removing the vehicle contrary to any terms that may be a part of the contract between the property owner and the commercial relocator. Nothing in this paragraph shall prevent a relocator from assessing, collecting, or receiving from the property owner, lessee, or their agents any fee prescribed by the Commission;
        (9) To remove a vehicle when the owner or operator of
    
the vehicle is present or arrives at the vehicle location at any time prior to the completion of removal, and is willing and able to remove the vehicle immediately, except for vehicles that require a commercial driver's license to operate. Vehicles that require a commercial driver's license to operate shall be disconnected from the tow truck and the owner or operator shall be allowed to remove the vehicle without interference upon the payment of a reasonable service fee of not more than one-half of the posted rate of the towing service per tow vehicle on the scene and up to a maximum of 2 tow vehicles as provided in paragraph 6 of subsection (f) of Section 4-203 of this Code, for which a receipt shall be given;
        (10) To remove any vehicle from property on which
    
signs are required and on which there are not posted appropriate signs under Section 18a-302;
        (11) To fail to notify law enforcement authorities in
    
the jurisdiction in which the trespassing vehicle was removed within one hour of the removal. Notification shall include a complete description of the vehicle, registration numbers if possible, the locations from which and to which the vehicle was removed, the time of removal, and any other information required by regulation, statute or ordinance;
        (12) To impose any charge other than in accordance
    
with the rates set by the Commission as provided in paragraph (6) of Section 18a-200 of this Chapter;
        (13) To fail, in the office or location at which
    
relocated vehicles are routinely returned to their owners, to prominently post the name, address and telephone number of the nearest office of the Commission to which inquiries or complaints may be sent;
        (13.1) To fail to distribute to each owner or
    
operator of a relocated vehicle, in written form as prescribed by Commission rule or regulation, the relevant statutes, regulations and ordinances governing commercial vehicle relocators, including, in at least 12 point boldface type, the name, address and telephone number of the nearest office of the Commission to which inquiries or complaints may be sent;
        (13.2) To fail, in the office or location at which
    
relocated vehicles are routinely returned to their owners, to ensure that the relocator's representative provides suitable evidence of his or her identity to the owners of relocated vehicles upon request;
        (14) To remove any vehicle, otherwise in accordance
    
with this Chapter, more than 15 air miles from its location when towed from a location in an unincorporated area of a county or more than 10 air miles from its location when towed from any other location;
        (15) To fail to make a telephone number available to
    
the police department of any municipality in which a relocator operates at which the relocator or an employee of the relocator may be contacted at any time during the hours in which the relocator is engaged in the towing of vehicles, or advertised as engaged in the towing of vehicles, for the purpose of effectuating the release of a towed vehicle; or to fail to include the telephone number in any advertisement of the relocator's services published or otherwise appearing on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act; or to fail to have an employee available at any time on the premises owned or controlled by the relocator for the purposes of arranging for the immediate release of the vehicle.
        Apart from any other penalty or liability authorized
    
under this Act, if after a reasonable effort, the owner of the vehicle is unable to make telephone contact with the relocator for a period of one hour from his initial attempt during any time period in which the relocator is required to respond at the number, all fees for towing, storage, or otherwise are to be waived. Proof of 3 attempted phone calls to the number provided to the police department by an officer or employee of the department on behalf of the vehicle owner within the space of one hour, at least 2 of which are separated by 45 minutes, shall be deemed sufficient proof of the owner's reasonable effort to make contact with the vehicle relocator. Failure of the relocator to respond to the phone calls is not a criminal violation of this Chapter;
        (16) To use equipment which the relocator does not
    
own, except in compliance with Section 18a-306 of this Chapter and Commission regulations. No equipment can be leased to more than one relocator at any time. Equipment leases shall be filed with the Commission. If equipment is leased to one relocator, it cannot thereafter be leased to another relocator until a written cancellation of lease is properly filed with the Commission;
        (17) To use drivers or other personnel who are not
    
employees or contractors of the relocator;
        (18) To fail to refund any amount charged in excess
    
of the reasonable rate established by the Commission;
        (19) To violate any other provision of this Chapter,
    
or of Commission regulations or orders adopted under this Chapter;
        (20) To engage in the removal of a commercial motor
    
vehicle that requires a commercial driver's license to operate by operating the vehicle under its own power on a highway without authorization by a law enforcement officer.
(Source: P.A. 99-438, eff. 1-1-16.)

625 ILCS 5/18a-301

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-301) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-301)
    Sec. 18a-301. Commercial vehicle relocators - Security requirements. Every commercial vehicle relocator shall file with the Commission and have in effect an indemnity bond or insurance policy or certificates of bonds or insurance in lieu thereof which shall indemnify or insure the relocator for its liability: (1) for injury to person, in an amount not less than $100,000 to any one person and $300,000 for any one accident; (2) in case of damage to property other than a vehicle being removed, in an amount not less than $50,000 for any one accident; and (3) in case of damage to any vehicle relocated or stored by the relocator, in an amount not less than $15,000 per vehicle. Any such bond or policy shall be issued by a bonding or insurance firm authorized to do business as such in the State of Illinois. All certificates or indemnity bonds or insurance filed with the Commission must show the coverage effective continuously until cancelled, and the Commission may require such evidence of continued validity as it deems necessary.
(Source: P.A. 85-1396.)

625 ILCS 5/18a-302

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-302) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-302)
    Sec. 18a-302. Owner or other person in lawful possession or control of private property - Right to employ relocation service. It shall be unlawful for an owner or other person in lawful possession or control of private property to remove or employ a commercial relocator to remove an unauthorized vehicle from such property unless written notice is provided to the effect that such vehicles will be removed, including the name, address and telephone number of the appropriate commercial vehicle relocator, if any. Such notice shall consist of a sign, posted in a conspicuous place in the affected area, of a size at least 24 inches in height by 36 inches in width. Such sign shall be at least 4 feet from the ground but less than 8 feet from the ground and shall be either illuminated or painted with reflective paint, or both. Such sign shall state the amount of towing charges to which the person parking may be subject. This provision shall not be construed as prohibiting any unit of local government from imposing additional or greater notice requirements.
    No express notice shall be required under this Section upon residential property which, paying due regard to the circumstances and the surrounding area, is clearly reserved or intended exclusively for the use or occupation of residents or their vehicles.
(Source: P.A. 81-332.)

625 ILCS 5/18a-303

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-303) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-303)
    Sec. 18a-303. Civil and Criminal liability. Nothing in this Chapter shall be construed to limit or alter the vehicle owner's civil or criminal liability for trespass. Nothing in this Chapter shall be construed to limit or alter the civil or criminal liability of any person or entity for any act or omission. All penalties accruing under this Law shall be cumulative of each other and a suit for recovery of one penalty shall not bar or affect the recovery of another penalty.
(Source: P.A. 85-923.)

625 ILCS 5/18a-304

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-304) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-304)
    Sec. 18a-304. Operators - Unlawful Practices. It shall be unlawful for any operator:
    (1) To act as an operator without a valid, current operator's employment permit.
    (2) To violate any other provision of this Chapter, or of Commission regulations or orders adopted under this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 85-923.)

625 ILCS 5/18a-305

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-305) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-305)
    Sec. 18a-305. Aiding and abetting. It shall be unlawful for any person to aid or abet in any violation of this Chapter, or of Commission regulations or orders adopted under this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 85-923.)

625 ILCS 5/18a-306

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-306) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-306)
    Sec. 18a-306. Equipment Leasing. Provisions in Section 18c-4103 of the Illinois Commercial Transportation Law, as amended, shall likewise govern equipment leasing by relocators except to the extent as otherwise provided in this Law.
(Source: P.A. 85-923.)

625 ILCS 5/18a-307

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-307) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-307)
    Sec. 18a-307. Enforcement. Provisions in Article VII of subchapter 1 of the Illinois Commercial Transportation Law, governing enforcement of the Illinois Commercial Transportation Law, shall likewise govern the enforcement of this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 85-923.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 18a Art. IV

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 18a Art. IV heading)
ARTICLE IV. LICENSES

625 ILCS 5/18a-400

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-400) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-400)
    Sec. 18a-400. Relocator's licenses - Applications, original determinations. (a) Each application for a license to operate as a commercial vehicle relocator shall be made in writing to the Commission, shall be verified under oath, shall be in such form and contain such information as the Commission may by regulation require, and shall be accompanied by the required application fee and proof of security.
    (b) Upon the filing of such application, the Commission shall, within a reasonable time, fix a time and place for public hearing thereon. At least 10 days before the hearing, the Commission shall notify the applicant and all parties of record to such proceeding of the time and place of such hearing, by mailing a notice thereof to each such party to the address of such party shown in the records of such proceeding. Any person having an interest in the subject matter may appear at the hearing in support of or in objection to the application.
    (c) The applicant shall publish a notice on a form prescribed by the Commission covering the filing of such application at least 10 days prior to the time of the initial hearing in (i) the official newspaper selected by the Department of Finance of the State of Illinois pursuant to Section 4 of the Illinois Purchasing Act, and (ii) a secular newspaper of general circulation and published in the county in the State of Illinois, wherein the applicant or applicants propose to maintain their principal office and place of business within the State of Illinois. The Commission may by regulation or otherwise order applicants to give such further notice as it deems required. The Commission may give additional notice of the filing of such application as it may deem reasonable and proper as prescribed in its rules. The Director of the Department of Finance of the State of Illinois for the purposes hereof shall over his or her signature as such Director annually and immediately upon selecting the official newspaper certify to the Illinois Commerce Commission the name and address of said newspaper, together with the date of expiration of the period of one year for which said newspaper was so selected and the Commission shall filemark each such certification as of the date it receives the same and shall keep an official file of said certifications of said Director conveniently available at its office in Springfield, Illinois; provided, however, that in any and all events and for all purposes of this Section and this Chapter, should the aforesaid Director for any reason fail to make said certification annually, the newspaper set forth in the certification aforesaid of said Director filemarked by the Commission as of the most recent date shall be the official newspaper in which publication is required hereby. In case publication is required hereby in a newspaper published in a particular county and no newspaper is so published, then and in that case publication shall be made in a newspaper published in the closest county thereto which meets the circulation requirements of this Section.
    (d) The Commission shall issue a relocator's license to any qualified applicant therefor after hearing, pursuant to an application filed, if it is found that the applicant is fit, willing and able properly to perform the service proposed and to conform to provisions of this Chapter and the requirements, rules and regulations of the Commission thereunder; otherwise such application shall be denied. The order of the Commission granting or denying a relocator's license shall set forth the specific findings of fact on which such order is based. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Chapter no such license shall be issued to any person who has failed to pay any registration fee or any tax due from such person to the State of Illinois for the privilege of operating any motor vehicle on the public highways in the State of Illinois.
    (e) Operation over the public highways of this State conducted pursuant to a relocator's license shall be in conformity with all of the laws of this State pertaining to motor vehicle operation over such public highways.
    (f) No relocator's license shall confer any proprietary or property rights in the use of the public highways.
(Source: P.A. 80-1459.)

625 ILCS 5/18a-401

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-401) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-401)
    Sec. 18a-401. Relocator's licenses - Expiration and renewal. All relocator's licenses shall expire 2 years from the date of issuance by the Commission. The Commission may temporarily extend the duration of a license for the pendency of a renewal application until formally approved or denied. Upon filing, no earlier than 90 days nor later than 45 days prior to such expiration, of written application for renewal, verified under oath, in such form and containing such information as the Commission shall by regulation require, and accompanied by the required application fee and proof of security, the Commission shall, unless it has received information of cause not to do so, renew the license. If the Commission has information of cause not to renew such license, it shall so notify the applicant, and shall hold a hearing as provided for in Section 18a-400. The Commission may at any time during the term of the license make inquiry into the management, conduct of business, or otherwise to determine that the provisions of this Chapter 18A and the regulations of the Commission promulgated thereunder are being observed.
(Source: P.A. 82-616.)

625 ILCS 5/18a-402

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-402) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-402)
    Sec. 18a-402. Relocator's license - Transfer. A relocator's license is not transferable.
(Source: P.A. 80-1459.)

625 ILCS 5/18a-403

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-403) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-403)
    Sec. 18a-403. Operator's or dispatcher's employment permits - Applications, original determinations. (1) Each application for an operator's or dispatcher's employment permit shall be made in writing to the Commission, shall be acknowledged before a notary public, shall be in such form and shall contain such information as the Commission may by regulation require, and shall be accompanied by the required application fee and proof, in a form prescribed by the Commission, that the operator applicant has a valid driver's license issued by the Secretary of State.
    (2) Upon the filing of such application, the Commission shall conduct an investigation of the criminal record, if any, of the applicant. The Commission shall, within 3 working days, issue to any new applicant for an employment permit a provisional operator's or dispatcher's employment permit unless the Commission finds that the applicant has committed an offense for which the permit could be revoked under Section 18a-404 of this Chapter. This provisional employment permit shall be valid for a period of 1 year unless suspended or revoked by order of the Commission. At the end of 1 year, the provisional permit shall automatically become permanent unless the permit was revoked by order of the Commission during the preceding year. The permanent permit shall remain valid unless suspended or revoked by order of the Commission under this law.
    (3) The permit shall identify the operator or dispatcher by name and address, and shall identify the relocator by which the operator or dispatcher will be employed by name, address and relocator's permit number. The permit shall be valid only when the operator or dispatcher is employed by the relocator identified thereon.
     Operation over the public highways of this State conducted pursuant to an operator's license issued under the provisions of this Section shall be in conformity with all the laws of this State pertaining to motor vehicle operation over such public highways.
(Source: P.A. 85-923.)

625 ILCS 5/18a-404

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-404) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-404)
    Sec. 18a-404. Operator's and dispatcher's employment permits - Revocation.
    (1) The Commission shall suspend or revoke the permit of an operator if it finds that:
        (a) The operator or dispatcher made a false statement
    
on the application for an operator's or dispatcher's employment permit;
        (b) The operator's or dispatcher's driver's license
    
issued by the Secretary of State has been suspended or revoked;
        (c) The operator or dispatcher has been convicted,
    
during the preceding 5 years, of any criminal offense of the State of Illinois or any other jurisdiction involving any of the following, and the holder does not make a compelling showing that he is nevertheless fit to hold an operator's license:
            (i) Bodily injury or attempt to inflict bodily
        
injury to another;
            (ii) Theft of property or attempted theft of
        
property; or
            (iii) Sexual assault or attempted sexual assault
        
of any kind; or
        (d) The operator or dispatcher has, during the
    
preceding 5 years, violated this Chapter, Commission regulations or orders, or any other law affecting public safety, and the holder does not make a compelling showing that he or she is nevertheless fit to hold an operator's license.
    (2) The Commission, upon notification and verification of any conviction described in this Section, of any person to whom license has been issued, occurring within the 5 years prior to such issuance or any time thereafter, shall immediately suspend the employment permit of such person, and issue an order setting forth the grounds for revocation. The person and his employer shall be notified of such suspension. Such person shall not thereafter be employed by a relocator until a final order is issued by the Commission either reinstating the employment permit, upon a finding that the reinstatement of an employment permit to the person constitutes no threat to the public safety, or revoking the employment permit.
    (3) If the employment permit is revoked, the person shall not thereafter be employed by a relocator until he obtains an employment permit license under Article IV of this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 94-895, eff. 1-1-07; 95-331, eff. 8-21-07.)

625 ILCS 5/18a-405

    (625 ILCS 5/18a-405) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 18a-405)
    Sec. 18a-405. Operator's employment permits - Expiration and renewal. All operator's employment permits shall expire 2 years from the date of issuance by the Commission. The Commission may temporarily extend the duration of an employment permit for the pendency of a renewal application until formally approved or denied. Upon filing, no earlier than 90 nor later than 45 days prior to such expiration, of written application for renewal, acknowledged before a notary public, in such form and containing such information as the Commission shall by regulation require, and accompanied by the required fee and proof of possession of a valid driver's license issued by the Secretary of State, the Commission shall, unless it has received information of cause not to do so, renew the applicant's operator's employment permit. If the Commission does not renew such employment permit, it shall issue an order setting forth the grounds for denial. The Commission may at any time during the term of the employment permit make inquiry into the conduct of the permittee to determine that the provisions of this Chapter 18A and the regulations of the Commission promulgated thereunder are being adhered to.
(Source: P.A. 97-813, eff. 7-13-12.)