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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

VEHICLES
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.

625 ILCS 5/11-1417

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1417) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1417)
    Sec. 11-1417. Travel regulated.
    It shall be unlawful for any person to drive or cause to be driven a vehicle of any description in or upon any portion of the highway immediately after the same has been dragged and before such portion of the highway shall have partially dried out or frozen; provided, that nothing in this Section shall apply in those instances where it is impossible to drive with safety at one side of said dragged portion of the road, or where a vehicle does not make a rut on such dragged portion of the road, injurious to the work accomplished by use of the road drag or where a vehicle does not make a rut nearer than nine (9) feet from the center of the dragged portion of the road.
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1418

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1418) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1418)
    Sec. 11-1418. Farm tractor operation regulated.
    No person shall operate a farm tractor on a highway unless the tractor is being used as an implement of husbandry in connection with farming operations.
    For the purpose of this Section, use of a farm tractor as an implement of husbandry in connection with farming operations shall be deemed to include use of the tractor in connection with the transportation of agricultural products and of farm machinery, equipment and supplies as well as transportation of the implement of husbandry from its place of purchase to its place of storage, in connection with the obtaining of repairs of the implement of husbandry, and the towing of a registered truck not more than 8,000 pounds for use as return transportation after the tractor is left at the place of work or repair.
(Source: P.A. 87-1028.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1419

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1419)
    Sec. 11-1419. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 84-1308. Repealed by P.A. 98-512, eff. 1-1-14.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1419.01

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1419.01) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1419.01)
    Sec. 11-1419.01. Operating without a valid single trip permit. If a single trip permit is required by Section 13a.5 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law, a motor carrier shall not operate in Illinois without a single trip permit issued by the Department of Revenue or its agents.
    If a commercial motor vehicle is found operating in Illinois without displaying a required valid single trip permit, the operator is guilty of a petty offense as provided in Section 13a.6 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law.
(Source: P.A. 94-1074, eff. 12-26-06.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1419.02

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1419.02) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1419.02)
    Sec. 11-1419.02. Failure to display a valid motor fuel use tax license.
    (a) If required by Section 13a.4 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law, every valid motor fuel use tax license, or an authorized reproduction, shall at all times be carried in the cab of the vehicle. The operator shall display the license or reproduction upon demand of a police officer or agent of the Department of Revenue. An operator who fails to display a valid motor fuel use tax license is guilty of a petty offense as provided in Section 13a.6 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law.
    (b) As used in this Section:
    "Display" means the manual surrender of the motor fuel use tax license into the hands of the demanding officer or agent for inspection.
    "Motor fuel use tax license" means a motor fuel use tax license issued by the Department of Revenue or by any member jurisdiction under the International Fuel Tax Agreement, or a valid 30 day International Fuel Tax Agreement temporary permit.
(Source: P.A. 94-1074, eff. 12-26-06.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1419.03

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1419.03)
    Sec. 11-1419.03. Failure to Display Valid External Motor Fuel Use Tax Decals.
    (a) Except as provided in the Motor Fuel Tax Law, a motor carrier shall not operate or cause to be operated a commercial motor vehicle upon the highways of this State unless there is properly affixed to that commercial vehicle 2 valid external motor use tax decals required by Section 13a.4 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law. An operator who operates a commercial motor vehicle without 2 properly displayed valid external motor fuel use tax decals is guilty of a petty offense as provided in Section 13a.6 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law. A valid 30-day International Fuel Tax Agreement temporary permit may be displayed instead of decals during the temporary period specified on the permit.
    (b) As used in this Section:
    "Properly displayed" means 2 motor fuel use tax decals, one placed on each side of the exterior of the cab. In the case of transporters, manufacturers, dealers, or driveaway operations, the decals need not be permanently affixed but may be temporarily displayed in a visible manner on the exterior sides of the cab.
    "Commercial motor vehicle" means a motor vehicle used, designed, or maintained for the transportation of people or property and either having 2 axles and a gross vehicle weight or registered gross vehicle weight exceeding 26,000 pounds or 11,793 kilograms, or having 3 or more axles regardless of weight, or that is used in combination, when the weight of the combination exceeds 26,000 pounds or 11,793 kilograms gross vehicle weight or registered gross vehicle weight except for motor vehicles operated by this State or the United States, recreational vehicles, school buses, and commercial motor vehicles operated solely within this State for which all motor fuel is purchased within this State.
    "Motor carrier" means any person who operates or causes to be operated any commercial motor vehicle on any highway within this State.
(Source: P.A. 94-1074, eff. 12-26-06.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1419.04

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1419.04)
    Sec. 11-1419.04. Failure to carry a manifest. Any person who acts as a motor carrier and who fails to carry a manifest as provided in Section 5.5 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor. For each subsequent offense, the person is guilty of a Class 4 felony.
(Source: P.A. 89-399, eff. 8-20-95.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1419.05

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1419.05)
    Sec. 11-1419.05. A motor carrier shall not operate or cause to be operated a commercial motor vehicle upon the highways of this State with a revoked motor fuel use tax license. Any person who operates a commercial motor vehicle with a revoked motor fuel use tax license is guilty of a petty offense as provided in Section 13a.6 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law. When a commercial motor vehicle is found to be operating in Illinois with a revoked motor fuel use tax license, the vehicle shall be placed out of service and not allowed to operate in Illinois until the motor fuel use tax license is reinstated.
(Source: P.A. 91-173, eff. 1-1-00.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1420

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1420) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1420)
    Sec. 11-1420. Funeral processions.
    (a) Funeral processions have the right-of-way at intersections when vehicles comprising such procession have their headlights and hazard lights lighted, subject to the following conditions and exceptions:
        1. Operators of vehicles in a funeral procession
    
shall yield the right-of-way upon the approach of an authorized emergency vehicle giving an audible or visible signal;
        2. Operators of vehicles in a funeral procession
    
shall yield the right-of-way when directed to do so by a traffic officer;
        3. The operator of the leading vehicle in a funeral
    
procession shall comply with stop signs and traffic control signals but when the leading vehicle has proceeded across an intersection in accordance with such signal or after stopping as required by the stop sign, all vehicles in such procession may proceed without stopping, regardless of the sign or signal and the leading vehicle and the vehicles in procession shall proceed with due caution.
    (b) The operator of a vehicle not in the funeral procession shall not drive his vehicle in the funeral procession except when authorized to do so by a traffic officer or when such vehicle is an authorized emergency vehicle giving audible or visible signal.
    (c) Operators of vehicles not a part of a funeral procession may not form a procession or convoy and have their headlights or hazard lights or both lighted for the purpose of securing the right-of-way granted by this Section to funeral processions.
    (d) The operator of a vehicle not in a funeral procession may overtake and pass the vehicles in such procession if such overtaking and passing can be accomplished without causing a traffic hazard or interfering with such procession.
    (e) The lead vehicle in the funeral procession may be equipped with a flashing amber light which may be used only when such vehicle is used as a lead vehicle in such procession. Vehicles comprising a funeral procession may utilize funeral pennants or flags or windshield stickers or flashing hazard warning signal flashers to identify the individual vehicles in such a procession.
    (f) In the absence of law enforcement traffic control assistance for a funeral procession, a funeral director or his or her designee may direct traffic during a funeral procession.
(Source: P.A. 96-859, eff. 1-12-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1421

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1421) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1421)
    Sec. 11-1421. Conditions for operating ambulances and rescue vehicles.
    (a) No person shall operate an ambulance or rescue vehicle in a manner not conforming to the motor vehicle laws and regulations of this State or of any political subdivision of this State as such laws and regulations apply to motor vehicles in general, unless in compliance with the following conditions:
        1. The person operating the ambulance shall be
    
either responding to a bona fide emergency call or specifically directed by a licensed physician to disregard traffic laws in operating the ambulance during and for the purpose of the specific trip or journey that is involved;
        2. The ambulance or rescue vehicle shall be equipped
    
with a siren producing an audible signal of an intensity of 100 decibels at a distance of 50 feet from the siren, and with a lamp or lamps emitting an oscillating, rotating or flashing red beam directed in part toward the front of the vehicle, and these lamps shall have sufficient intensity to be visible at 500 feet in normal sunlight, and in addition to other lighting requirements, excluding those vehicles operated in counties with a population in excess of 2,000,000, may also operate with a lamp or lamps emitting an oscillating, rotating, or flashing green light;
        3. The aforesaid siren and lamp or lamps shall be in
    
operation at all times when it is reasonably necessary to warn pedestrians and other drivers of the approach thereof during such trip or journey;
        4. Whenever the ambulance or rescue vehicle is
    
operated at a speed in excess of 40 miles per hour, the ambulance or rescue vehicle shall be operated in complete conformance with every other motor vehicle law and regulation of this State and of the political subdivision in which the ambulance or rescue vehicle is operated, relating to the operation of motor vehicles, as such provision applies to motor vehicles in general, except laws and regulations pertaining to compliance with official traffic-control devices or to vehicular operation upon the right half of the roadway; and
        5. The ambulance shall display registration plates
    
identifying the vehicle as an ambulance.
    (b) The foregoing provisions do not relieve the driver of an ambulance or rescue vehicle from the duty of driving with due regard for the safety of all persons, nor do such provisions protect the driver from the consequences resulting from the reckless disregard for the safety of others.
(Source: P.A. 88-517.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1422

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1422) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1422)
    Sec. 11-1422. Illegal operation of an ambulance or rescue vehicle - Penalty. A person who operates an ambulance or rescue vehicle in violation of Section 11-1421 shall be subject to the penalty prescribed by the applicable law, regulation or ordinance of this State or any political subdivision thereof.
(Source: P.A. 83-831.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1423

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1423) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1423)
    Sec. 11-1423. Passengers boarding or exiting a school bus.
    (a) At all pick-up points where it is necessary for a school bus passenger to cross the roadway to board the bus, the school bus driver shall signal the awaiting passenger when it is safe to cross the roadway ahead of the bus.
    (b) At all discharge points where it is necessary for a school bus passenger to cross the roadway, the school bus driver shall direct the passenger to a point approximately 10 feet in front of the bus on the shoulder and shall then signal the passenger when it is safe to cross the roadway.
(Source: P.A. 78-1244.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1424

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1424) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1424)
    Sec. 11-1424. Operation of a religious organization bus.
    (a) No religious organization bus may be operated on any street or highway unless all passengers, except for supervisory personnel, are seated in seats permanently mounted to the vehicle, and the aisle of the bus is kept clean and open.
    (b) No religious organization bus may be operated on any street or highway while carrying more than the manufacturer's rated passenger capacity for such bus, or at a gross weight in excess of the chassis manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) or gross axle weight rating (GAWR), or in excess of the weight load ratings of the tires on such bus. For buses or tires on which the manufacturer has not shown such ratings, by a label, embossment, molding or equivalent means, the Department shall provide, or assist in obtaining, the necessary ratings and may publish such ratings.
    (c) In loading or unloading passengers, the religious organization bus driver shall stop the bus out of the lane of moving traffic at any bus stop, officially designated as such by government authorities or in a parking lane on the pavement of the highway or on the shoulder off of the highway, if wide enough to permit the safe loading or unloading of passengers. If, however, there is no such bus stop, parking lane or shoulder within 50 feet of the residence or temporary residence of the passenger transported or to be transported by the bus or within 50 feet of the religious facility, the driver may stop the bus on the pavement of the highway after activating unison amber warning lights for not less than 200 feet before the bus is brought to a stop and while passengers are being loaded or unloaded, or if the bus is equipped as a school bus and meets the requirements of Article VIII of this Act, by complying with the subsections (b), (c) and (d) of Section 11-1414.
    (d) At all pickup points where it is necessary for a religious organization bus passenger under the age of 12 years to cross the roadway to board the bus, a responsible supervisor on the bus shall personally escort the awaiting passenger when it is safe to cross the roadway ahead of the bus.
    (e) At all discharge points where it is necessary for a religious organization bus passenger under the age of 12 to cross the roadway, a responsible supervisor on the bus shall personally escort the passenger to a point approximately 10 feet in front of the bus on the shoulder and then, when it is safe to cross the roadway, across the roadway to a place of safety.
    (f) If a school bus is used by a religious organization bus for the purposes specified in subsection (a) of Section 1-111.1a and activates the visual signals as required by subsections (b), (c) and (d) of Section 11-1414 when picking up or discharging passengers, compliance with subsections (d) and (e) of this Section is optional.
(Source: P.A. 90-89, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1425

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1425) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1425)
    Sec. 11-1425. Stop when traffic obstructed.
    (a) No driver shall enter an intersection or a marked crosswalk or drive onto any railroad grade crossing unless there is sufficient space on the other side of the intersection, crosswalk or railroad grade crossing to accommodate the vehicle he is operating without obstructing the passage of other vehicles, pedestrians or railroad trains notwithstanding any traffic-control signal indication to proceed.
    (b) No driver shall enter a highway rail grade crossing unless there is sufficient space on the other side of the highway rail grade crossing to accommodate the vehicle being operated without obstructing the passage of a train or other railroad equipment using the rails, notwithstanding any traffic-control signal indication to proceed.
    (c) (Blank).
    (d) Beginning with the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 95th General Assembly, the Secretary of State shall suspend for a period of one month the driving privileges of any person convicted of a violation of subsection (b) of this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance; the Secretary shall suspend for a period of 3 months the driving privileges of any person convicted of a second or subsequent violation of subsection (b) of this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance if the second or subsequent violation occurs within 5 years of a prior conviction for the same offense. In addition to the suspensions authorized by this Section, any person convicted of violating subsection (b) of this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance shall be subject to a mandatory fine of $500 or 50 hours of community service. Any person given a disposition of court supervision for violating subsection (b) of this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance shall also be subject to a mandatory fine of $500 or 50 hours of community service. Upon a second or subsequent violation, in addition to the suspensions authorized by this Section, the person shall be subject to a mandatory fine of $500 and 50 hours community service. The Secretary may also grant, for the duration of any suspension issued under this subsection, a restricted driving permit granting the privilege of driving a motor vehicle between the driver's residence and place of employment or within other proper limits that the Secretary of State shall find necessary to avoid any undue hardship. A restricted driving permit issued hereunder shall be subject to cancellation, revocation and suspension by the Secretary of State in like manner and for like cause as a driver's license may be cancelled, revoked or suspended; except that a conviction upon one or more offenses against laws or ordinances regulating the movement of traffic shall be deemed sufficient cause for the revocation, suspension or cancellation of the restricted driving permit. The Secretary of State may, as a condition to the issuance of a restricted driving permit, require the applicant to participate in a designated driver remedial or rehabilitative program. Any conviction for a violation of this subsection shall be included as an offense for the purposes of determining suspension action under any other provision of this Code, provided however, that the penalties provided under this subsection shall be imposed unless those penalties imposed under other applicable provisions are greater.
(Source: P.A. 95-753, eff. 1-1-09.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1426

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1426)
    Sec. 11-1426. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 95-575, eff. 8-31-07. Repealed by P.A. 96-279, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1426.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1426.1)
    Sec. 11-1426.1. Operation of non-highway vehicles on streets, roads, and highways.
    (a) As used in this Section, "non-highway vehicle" means a motor vehicle not specifically designed to be used on a public highway, including:
        (1) an all-terrain vehicle, as defined by Section
    
1-101.8 of this Code;
        (2) a golf cart, as defined by Section 1-123.9;
        (3) an off-highway motorcycle, as defined by Section
    
1-153.1; and
        (4) a recreational off-highway vehicle, as defined by
    
Section 1-168.8.
    (b) Except as otherwise provided in this Section, it is unlawful for any person to drive or operate a non-highway vehicle upon any street, highway, or roadway in this State. If the operation of a non-highway vehicle is authorized under subsection (d), the non-highway vehicle may be operated only on streets where the posted speed limit is 35 miles per hour or less. This subsection (b) does not prohibit a non-highway vehicle from crossing a road or street at an intersection where the road or street has a posted speed limit of more than 35 miles per hour.
    (b-5) A person may not operate a non-highway vehicle upon any street, highway, or roadway in this State unless he or she has a valid driver's license issued in his or her name by the Secretary of State or by a foreign jurisdiction.
    (c) No person operating a non-highway vehicle shall make a direct crossing upon or across any tollroad, interstate highway, or controlled access highway in this State. No person operating a non-highway vehicle shall make a direct crossing upon or across any other highway under the jurisdiction of the State except at an intersection of the highway with another public street, road, or highway.
    (c-5) (Blank).
    (d) A municipality, township, county, or other unit of local government may authorize, by ordinance or resolution, the operation of non-highway vehicles on roadways under its jurisdiction if the unit of local government determines that the public safety will not be jeopardized. The Department may authorize the operation of non-highway vehicles on the roadways under its jurisdiction if the Department determines that the public safety will not be jeopardized. The unit of local government or the Department may restrict the types of non-highway vehicles that are authorized to be used on its streets.
    Before permitting the operation of non-highway vehicles on its roadways, a municipality, township, county, other unit of local government, or the Department must consider the volume, speed, and character of traffic on the roadway and determine whether non-highway vehicles may safely travel on or cross the roadway. Upon determining that non-highway vehicles may safely operate on a roadway and the adoption of an ordinance or resolution by a municipality, township, county, or other unit of local government, or authorization by the Department, appropriate signs shall be posted.
    If a roadway is under the jurisdiction of more than one unit of government, non-highway vehicles may not be operated on the roadway unless each unit of government agrees and takes action as provided in this subsection.
    (e) No non-highway vehicle may be operated on a roadway unless, at a minimum, it has the following: brakes, a steering apparatus, tires, a rearview mirror, red reflectorized warning devices in the front and rear, a slow moving emblem (as required of other vehicles in Section 12-709 of this Code) on the rear of the non-highway vehicle, a headlight that emits a white light visible from a distance of 500 feet to the front, a tail lamp that emits a red light visible from at least 100 feet from the rear, brake lights, and turn signals. When operated on a roadway, a non-highway vehicle shall have its headlight and tail lamps lighted as required by Section 12-201 of this Code.
    (f) A person who drives or is in actual physical control of a non-highway vehicle on a roadway while under the influence is subject to Sections 11-500 through 11-502 of this Code.
    (g) Any person who operates a non-highway vehicle on a street, highway, or roadway shall be subject to the mandatory insurance requirements under Article VI of Chapter 7 of this Code.
    (h) It shall not be unlawful for any person to drive or operate a non-highway vehicle, as defined in paragraphs (1) and (4) of subsection (a) of this Section, on a county roadway or township roadway for the purpose of conducting farming operations to and from the home, farm, farm buildings, and any adjacent or nearby farm land.
    Non-highway vehicles, as used in this subsection (h), shall not be subject to subsections (e) and (g) of this Section. However, if the non-highway vehicle, as used in this Section, is not covered under a motor vehicle insurance policy pursuant to subsection (g) of this Section, the vehicle must be covered under a farm, home, or non-highway vehicle insurance policy issued with coverage amounts no less than the minimum amounts set for bodily injury or death and for destruction of property under Section 7-203 of this Code. Non-highway vehicles operated on a county or township roadway at any time between one-half hour before sunset and one-half hour after sunrise must be equipped with head lamps and tail lamps, and the head lamps and tail lamps must be lighted.
    Non-highway vehicles, as used in this subsection (h), shall not make a direct crossing upon or across any tollroad, interstate highway, or controlled access highway in this State.
    Non-highway vehicles, as used in this subsection (h), shall be allowed to cross a State highway, municipal street, county highway, or road district highway if the operator of the non-highway vehicle makes a direct crossing provided:
        (1) the crossing is made at an angle of approximately
    
90 degrees to the direction of the street, road or highway and at a place where no obstruction prevents a quick and safe crossing;
        (2) the non-highway vehicle is brought to a complete
    
stop before attempting a crossing;
        (3) the operator of the non-highway vehicle yields
    
the right of way to all pedestrian and vehicular traffic which constitutes a hazard; and
        (4) that when crossing a divided highway, the
    
crossing is made only at an intersection of the highway with another public street, road, or highway.
    (i) No action taken by a unit of local government under this Section designates the operation of a non-highway vehicle as an intended or permitted use of property with respect to Section 3-102 of the Local Governmental and Governmental Employees Tort Immunity Act.
(Source: P.A. 97-144, eff. 7-14-11; 98-567, eff. 1-1-14.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1426.2

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1426.2)
    Sec. 11-1426.2. Operation of low-speed vehicles on streets.
    (a) Except as otherwise provided in this Section, it is lawful for any person to drive or operate a low-speed vehicle upon any street in this State where the posted speed limit is 30 miles per hour or less.
    (b) Low-speed vehicles may cross a street at an intersection where the street being crossed has a posted speed limit of not more than 45 miles per hour. Low-speed vehicles may not cross a street with a speed limit in excess of 45 miles per hour unless the crossing is at an intersection controlled by a traffic light or 4-way stop sign.
    (c) The Department of Transportation or a municipality, township, county, or other unit of local government may prohibit, by regulation, ordinance, or resolution, the operation of low-speed vehicles on streets under its jurisdiction where the posted speed limit is 30 miles per hour or less if the Department of Transportation or unit of local government determines that the public safety would be jeopardized.
    (d) Upon determining that low-speed vehicles may not safely operate on a street, and upon the adoption of an ordinance or resolution by a unit of local government, or regulation by the Department of Transportation, the operation of low-speed vehicles may be prohibited. The unit of local government or the Department of Transportation may prohibit the operation of low-speed vehicles on any and all streets under its jurisdiction. Appropriate signs shall be posted in conformance with the State Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices adopted pursuant to Section 11-301 of this Code.
    (e) If a street is under the jurisdiction of more than one unit of local government, or under the jurisdiction of the Department of Transportation and one or more units of local government, low-speed vehicles may be operated on the street unless each unit of local government and the Department of Transportation agree and take action to prohibit such operation as provided in this Section.
    (e-5) A unit of local government may, by ordinance or resolution, authorize the operation of low-speed vehicles on one or more streets under its jurisdiction that have a speed limit of more than 30 miles per hour but not greater than 35 miles per hour.
    Before authorizing the operation of low-speed vehicles on any street under this subsection (e-5), the unit of local government must consider the volume, speed, and character of traffic on the street and determine whether low-speed vehicles may travel safely on that street.
    If a street is under the jurisdiction of more than one unit of government, low-speed vehicles may not be operated on the street under this subsection (e-5) unless each unit of government agrees and takes action as provided in this subsection.
    Upon the adoption of an ordinance authorizing low-speed vehicles under this subsection (e-5), appropriate signs shall be posted.
    (f) No low-speed vehicle may be operated on any street unless, at a minimum, it has the following: brakes, a steering apparatus, tires, a rearview mirror, red reflectorized warning devices in the front and rear, a headlight that emits a white light visible from a distance of 500 feet to the front, a tail lamp that emits a red light visible from at least 100 feet from the rear, brake lights, and turn signals. When operated on a street, a low-speed vehicle shall have its headlight and tail lamps lighted as required by Section 12-201 of this Code.
    (g) A person may not operate a low-speed vehicle upon any street in this State unless he or she has a valid driver's license issued in his or her name by the Secretary of State or a foreign jurisdiction.
    (h) The operation of a low-speed vehicle upon any street is subject to the provisions of Chapter 11 of this Code concerning the Rules of the Road, and applicable local ordinances.
    (i) Every owner of a low-speed vehicle is subject to the mandatory insurance requirements specified in Article VI of Chapter 7 of this Code.
    (j) Any person engaged in the retail sale of low-speed vehicles are required to comply with the motor vehicle dealer licensing, registration, and bonding laws of this State, as specified in Sections 5-101 and 5-102 of this Code.
    (k) No action taken by a unit of local government under this Section designates the operation of a low-speed vehicle as an intended or permitted use of property with respect to Section 3-102 of the Local Governmental and Governmental Employees Tort Immunity Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-653, eff. 1-1-10; 96-1434, eff. 8-11-10; 97-144, eff. 7-14-11.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1427

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1427)
    Sec. 11-1427. Illegal operation of an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle. It is unlawful for any person to drive or operate any all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle in the following ways:
    (a) Careless Operation. No person shall operate any all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle in a careless or heedless manner so as to be grossly indifferent to the person or property of other persons, or at a rate of speed greater than will permit him in the exercise of reasonable care to bring the all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle to a stop within the assured clear distance ahead.
    (b) Reckless Operation. No person shall operate any all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle in such a manner as to endanger the life, limb or property of any person.
    (c) Within any nature preserve as defined in Section 3.11 of the Illinois Natural Areas Preservation Act.
    (d) On the tracks or right of way of an operating railroad.
    (e) In any tree nursery or planting in a manner which damages or destroys growing stock, or creates a substantial risk thereto.
    (f) On private property, without the written or verbal consent of the owner or lessee thereof. Any person operating an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle upon lands of another shall stop and identify himself upon the request of the landowner or his duly authorized representative, and, if requested to do so by the landowner shall promptly remove the all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle from the premises.
    (g) Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, an owner, lessee, or occupant of premises owes no duty of care to keep the premises safe for entry or use by others for use by an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle, or to give warning of any condition, use, structure or activity on such premises. This subsection does not apply where permission to drive or operate an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle is given for a valuable consideration other than to this State, any political subdivision or municipality of this State, or any landowner who is paid with funds from the Off-Highway Vehicle Trails Fund. In the case of land leased to the State or a subdivision of the State, any consideration received is not valuable consideration within the meaning of this Section.
    Nothing in this subsection limits in any way liability which otherwise exists for willful or malicious failure to guard or warn against a dangerous condition, use, structure, or activity.
    (h) On publicly owned lands unless such lands are designated for use by all-terrain vehicles or off-highway motorcycles. For publicly owned lands to be designated for use by all-terrain vehicles or off-highway motorcycles a public hearing shall be conducted by the governmental entity that has jurisdiction over the proposed land prior to the designation.
    Nothing in this subsection limits in any way liability which otherwise exists for willful or malicious failure to guard or warn against a dangerous condition, use, structure, or activity.
    (h-1) At a rate of speed too fast for conditions, and the fact that the speed of the all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle does not exceed the applicable maximum speed limit allowed does not relieve the driver from the duty to decrease speed as may be necessary to avoid colliding with any person, vehicle, or object within legal requirements and the duty of all persons to use due care.
    (h-2) On the frozen surface of public waters of this State within 100 feet of a person, including a skater, not in or upon an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle; within 100 feet of a person engaged in fishing, except at the minimum speed required to maintain forward movement of the all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle; on an area which has been cleared of snow for skating purposes unless the area is necessary for access to the frozen waters of this State.
    (h-3) Within 100 feet of a dwelling between midnight and 6 a.m. at a speed greater than the minimum required to maintain forward movement of the all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle. This subdivision (h-5) does not apply on private property where verbal or written consent of the owner or lessee has been granted to drive or operate an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle upon the private property or frozen waters of this State.
    (i) Other Prohibitions.
        (1) No person, except persons permitted by law, shall
    
operate or ride any all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle with any firearm in his or her possession unless he or she is in compliance with Section 2.33 of the Wildlife Code.
        (2) No person shall operate any all-terrain vehicle
    
or off-highway motorcycle emitting pollutants in violation of standards established pursuant to the Environmental Protection Act.
        (3) No person shall deposit from an all-terrain
    
vehicle or off-highway motorcycle on the snow, ice or ground surface, trash, glass, garbage, insoluble material, or other offensive matter.
(Source: P.A. 90-14, eff. 9-1-97; 90-287, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1427.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1427.1)
    Sec. 11-1427.1. Operation of an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle on ice. All-terrain vehicles and off-highway motorcycles may be operated on the frozen waters of this State subject to the provisions of this Section and the rules of the Department of Natural Resources.
(Source: P.A. 90-287, eff. 1-1-98.)