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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

VEHICLES
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XIV

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. XIV heading)
ARTICLE XIV. MISCELLANEOUS LAWS

625 ILCS 5/11-1401

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1401) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1401)
    Sec. 11-1401. Unattended motor vehicles. Except for a law enforcement officer or an operator of an authorized emergency vehicle performing his or her official duties, no person driving or in charge of a motor vehicle shall permit it to stand unattended without first stopping the engine, locking the ignition, removing the key from the ignition, effectively setting the brake thereon and, when standing upon any perceptible grade, turning the front wheels to the curb or side of the highway. An unattended motor vehicle shall not include an unattended locked motor vehicle with the engine running after being started by a remote starter system.
(Source: P.A. 100-435, eff. 8-25-17.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1402

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1402) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1402)
    Sec. 11-1402. Limitations on backing. (a) The driver of a vehicle shall not back the same unless such movement can be made with safety and without interfering with other traffic.
    (b) The driver of a vehicle shall not back the same upon any shoulder or roadway of any controlled-access highway.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1403

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1403) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1403)
    Sec. 11-1403. Riding on motorcycles.
    (a) A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent and regular seat attached thereto, and such operator shall not carry any other person nor shall any other person ride on a motorcycle unless such motorcycle is designed to carry more than one person, in which event a passenger may ride upon the permanent and regular seat if designed for 2 persons, or upon another seat firmly attached to the motorcycle at the rear or side of the operator.
    (b) A person shall ride upon a motorcycle only while sitting astride the seat, facing forward, with one leg on each side of the motorcycle.
    (c) No person shall operate any motorcycle with handlebar grips higher than the height of the head of the operator when the operator is seated in the normal driving position astride that portion of the seat or saddle occupied by the operator.
    (d) The operator of any motorcycle shall keep at least one hand on a handlebar grip at all times the motorcycle is in motion.
(Source: P.A. 97-743, eff. 1-1-13.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1403.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1403.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1403.1)
    Sec. 11-1403.1. Riding on mopeds.
    (a) The operator of a moped shall ride only astride the permanent and regular seat attached thereto, and shall not permit 2 persons to ride thereon at the same time, unless the moped is designed to carry 2 persons; any moped designed for 2 persons must be equipped with a passenger seat and footrests for use of a passenger.
    (b) The provisions of Article XV shall be applicable to the operation of mopeds, except for those provisions which by their nature can have no application to mopeds.
(Source: P.A. 96-554, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1403.2

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1403.2) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1403.2)
    Sec. 11-1403.2. Operating a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel; aggravated operating a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel.
    (a) No person shall operate a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel.
    (b) Aggravated operating a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel. A person commits aggravated operating a motorcycle, motor driven cycle, or moped on one wheel when he or she violates subsection (a) of this Section while committing a violation of subsection (b) of Section 11-601 of this Code. A violation of this subsection is a petty offense with a minimum fine of $100, except a second conviction of a violation of this subsection is a Class B misdemeanor and a third or subsequent conviction of a violation of this subsection is a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 96-554, eff. 1-1-10; 97-743, eff. 1-1-13.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1403.3

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1403.3) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1403.3)
    Sec. 11-1403.3. Intercom helmets. Any driver of a vehicle defined in Section 1-145.001, 1-147, or 1-148.2 of this Code may use a helmet equipped with an electronic intercom system permitting 2-way vocal communication with drivers of any such vehicles or passengers on such vehicles.
(Source: P.A. 90-89, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1404

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1404) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1404)
    Sec. 11-1404. Special equipment for persons riding motorcycles, motor driven cycles or mopeds.
    (a) The operator of a motorcycle, motor driven cycle or moped and every passenger thereon shall be protected by glasses, goggles or a transparent shield.
    (b) For the purposes of this Section, glasses, goggles, and transparent shields are defined as follows:
    "Glasses" means ordinary eye pieces such as spectacles or sunglasses worn before the eye, made of shatter-resistant material. Shatter-resistant material, as used in this Section, means material so manufactured, fabricated, or created that it substantially prevents shattering or flying when struck or broken.
    "Goggles" means a device worn before the eyes, the predominant function of which is protecting the eyes without obstructing peripheral vision. Goggles shall provide protection from the front and sides, and may or may not form a complete seal with the face.
    "Transparent shield" means a windshield attached to the front of a motorcycle that extends above the eyes when an operator is seated in the normal, upright riding position, made of shatter-resistant material, or a shatter-resistant protective face shield that covers the wearer's eyes and face at least to a point approximately to the tip of the nose.
    (c) Contact lenses are not acceptable eye protection devices.
(Source: P.A. 96-554, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1405

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1405) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1405)
    Sec. 11-1405. Required equipment on motorcycles.
     Any motorcycle carrying a passenger, other than in a sidecar or enclosed cab, shall be equipped with footrests for such passenger.
(Source: P.A. 84-602.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1406

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1406) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1406)
    Sec. 11-1406. Obstruction of driver's view or driving mechanism. (a) No person shall drive a vehicle when it is so loaded, or when there are in the front seat such a number of persons, exceeding three, as to obstruct the view of the driver to the front or sides of the vehicle or as to interfere with the driver's control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle.
    (b) No passenger in a vehicle or streetcar shall ride in such position as to interfere with the driver's or motorman's view ahead or to the sides, or to interfere with his control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle or streetcar.
    (c) No passenger on a school bus may ride or stand in a position as to interfere with the driver's view ahead or to the side or to the rear, or to interfere with his control of the driving mechanism of the bus.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1407

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1407) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1407)
    Sec. 11-1407. Opening and closing vehicle doors. No person shall open the door of a vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless and until it is reasonably safe to do so, and can be done without interfering with the movement of other traffic, nor shall any person leave a door open on the side of a vehicle available to moving traffic for a period of time longer than necessary to load or unload passengers.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1408

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1408) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1408)
    Sec. 11-1408. Riding in towed vehicles. No person or persons shall occupy a trailer, semitrailer, farm wagon, or any other vehicle while it is being towed upon a public highway, unless:
        (1) the occupancy of the towed vehicle is necessary
    
to avoid an imminent threat to a person's safety due to extreme weather conditions or another emergency situation;
        (2) the speed of the vehicle does not exceed 15 miles
    
per hour and the vehicle is used in connection with a parade, farming-related activity, or similar activity; or
        (3) the speed of the vehicle does not exceed 15 miles
    
per hour and the passenger is over the age of 18.
(Source: P.A. 97-17, eff. 1-1-12.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1409

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1409) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1409)
    Sec. 11-1409. Driving on mountain highways. The driver of a motor vehicle traveling through defiles or canyons or on mountain highways shall hold such motor vehicle under control and as near the right-hand edge of the roadway as reasonably possible and, except when driving entirely to the right of the center of the roadway, shall give audible warning with the horn of such motor vehicle upon approaching any curve where the view is obstructed within a distance of 200 feet along the highway.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1410

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1410) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1410)
    Sec. 11-1410. Coasting prohibited.
    (a) The driver of any motor vehicle when traveling upon a down grade shall not coast with the gears or transmission of such vehicle in neutral.
    (b) The driver of a truck or bus when traveling upon a down grade shall not coast with the clutch disengaged.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1411

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1411) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1411)
    Sec. 11-1411. Following fire apparatus prohibited. The driver of any vehicle other than one on official business shall not follow any fire apparatus traveling in response to a fire alarm closer than 500 feet or stop such vehicle within 500 feet of any fire apparatus stopped in answer to a fire alarm.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1412

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1412) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1412)
    Sec. 11-1412. Crossing fire hose.
    No vehicle shall be driven over any unprotected hose of a fire department when laid down on any street, private road or driveway to be used at any fire or alarm of fire, without the consent of the fire department official in command.
(Source: P.A. 76-1736.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1412.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1412.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1412.1)
    Sec. 11-1412.1. Driving upon sidewalk. No person shall drive any vehicle upon a sidewalk or sidewalk area except upon a permanent or duly authorized temporary driveway. This Section does not apply to any vehicle moved exclusively by human power, to any electric personal assistive mobility device, nor to any motorized wheelchair. Nothing in this Section shall be deemed to limit or preempt the authority of any home rule or non-home rule unit of local government from regulating or prohibiting the use of electric personal assistive mobility devices.
(Source: P.A. 92-868, eff. 6-1-03.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1412.2

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1412.2)
    Sec. 11-1412.2. Operating an electric personal assistive mobility device on a public sidewalk. A person may not operate an electric personal assistive mobility device upon a public sidewalk at a speed greater than 8 miles per hour. Nothing in this Section shall be deemed to limit or preempt the authority of any home rule or non-home rule unit of local government from regulating or prohibiting the use of electric personal assistive mobility devices.
(Source: P.A. 92-868, eff. 6-1-03.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1413

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1413) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1413)
    Sec. 11-1413. Depositing material on highway prohibited.
    (a) No person shall throw, spill or deposit upon any highway any bottle, glass, nails, tacks, wire, cans, or any litter (as defined in Section 3 of the Litter Control Act).
    (b) Any person who violates subsection (a) upon any highway shall immediately remove such material or cause it to be removed.
    (c) Any person removing a wrecked or damaged vehicle from a highway shall remove any glass or other debris, except any hazardous substance as defined in Section 3.215 of the Environmental Protection Act, hazardous waste as defined in Section 3.220 of the Environmental Protection Act, and potentially infectious medical waste as defined in Section 3.360 of the Environmental Protection Act, dropped upon the highway from such vehicle.
(Source: P.A. 92-574, eff. 6-26-02.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1414

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1414) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1414)
    Sec. 11-1414. Approaching, overtaking, and passing school bus.
    (a) The driver of a vehicle shall stop such vehicle before meeting or overtaking, from either direction, any school bus stopped on a highway, roadway, private road, parking lot, school property, or at any other location, including, without limitation, a location that is not a highway or roadway for the purpose of receiving or discharging pupils. Such stop is required before reaching the school bus when there is in operation on the school bus the visual signals as specified in Sections 12-803 and 12-805 of this Code. The driver of the vehicle shall not proceed until the school bus resumes motion or the driver of the vehicle is signaled by the school bus driver to proceed or the visual signals are no longer actuated.
    (b) The stop signal arm required by Section 12-803 of this Code shall be extended after the school bus has come to a complete stop for the purpose of loading or discharging pupils and shall be closed before the school bus is placed in motion again. The stop signal arm shall not be extended at any other time.
    (c) The alternately flashing red signal lamps of an 8-lamp flashing signal system required by Section 12-805 of this Code shall be actuated after the school bus has come to a complete stop for the purpose of loading or discharging pupils and shall be turned off before the school bus is placed in motion again. The red signal lamps shall not be actuated at any other time except as provided in paragraph (d) of this Section.
    (d) The alternately flashing amber signal lamps of an 8-lamp flashing signal system required by Section 12-805 of this Code shall be actuated continuously during not less than the last 100 feet traveled by the school bus before stopping for the purpose of loading or discharging pupils within an urban area and during not less than the last 200 feet traveled by the school bus outside an urban area. The amber signal lamps shall remain actuated until the school bus is stopped. The amber signal lamps shall not be actuated at any other time.
    (d-5) The alternately flashing head lamps permitted by Section 12-805 of this Code may be operated while the alternately flashing red or amber signal lamps required by that Section are actuated.
    (e) The driver of a vehicle upon a highway having 4 or more lanes which permits at least 2 lanes of traffic to travel in opposite directions need not stop such vehicle upon meeting a school bus which is stopped in the opposing roadway; and need not stop such vehicle when driving upon a controlled access highway when passing a school bus traveling in either direction that is stopped in a loading zone adjacent to the surfaced or improved part of the controlled access highway where pedestrians are not permitted to cross.
    (f) Beginning with the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1985, the Secretary of State shall suspend for a period of 3 months the driving privileges of any person convicted of a violation of subsection (a) of this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance; the Secretary shall suspend for a period of one year the driving privileges of any person convicted of a second or subsequent violation of subsection (a) of this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance if the second or subsequent violation occurs within 5 years of a prior conviction for the same offense. In addition to the suspensions authorized by this Section, any person convicted of violating this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance shall be subject to a mandatory fine of $150 or, upon a second or subsequent violation, $500. The Secretary may also grant, for the duration of any suspension issued under this subsection, a restricted driving permit granting the privilege of driving a motor vehicle between the driver's residence and place of employment or within other proper limits that the Secretary of State shall find necessary to avoid any undue hardship. A restricted driving permit issued hereunder shall be subject to cancellation, revocation and suspension by the Secretary of State in like manner and for like cause as a driver's license may be cancelled, revoked or suspended; except that a conviction upon one or more offenses against laws or ordinances regulating the movement of traffic shall be deemed sufficient cause for the revocation, suspension or cancellation of the restricted driving permit. The Secretary of State may, as a condition to the issuance of a restricted driving permit, require the applicant to participate in a designated driver remedial or rehabilitative program. Any conviction for a violation of this subsection shall be included as an offense for the purposes of determining suspension action under any other provision of this Code, provided however, that the penalties provided under this subsection shall be imposed unless those penalties imposed under other applicable provisions are greater.
    The owner of any vehicle alleged to have violated paragraph (a) of this Section shall, upon appropriate demand by the State's Attorney or other designated person acting in response to a signed complaint, provide a written statement or deposition identifying the operator of the vehicle if such operator was not the owner at the time of the alleged violation. Failure to supply such information shall result in the suspension of the vehicle registration of the vehicle for a period of 3 months. In the event the owner has assigned control for the use of the vehicle to another, the person to whom control was assigned shall comply with the provisions of this paragraph and be subject to the same penalties as herein provided.
(Source: P.A. 99-740, eff. 1-1-17.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1414.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1414.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1414.1)
    Sec. 11-1414.1. School transportation of students.
    (a) Every student enrolled in grade 12 or below in any entity listed in subsection (a) of Section 1-182 of this Code must be transported in a school bus or a vehicle described in subdivision (1) or (2) of subsection (b) of Section 1-182 of this Code for any curriculum-related school activity, except a student in any of grades 9 through 12 or a student in any of grades K through 12 with an Individualized Education Plan (IEP) with a staff to student ratio of 1 to 5, and attending Acacia Academy, Alexander Leigh, Marklund, Helping Hands Center, Connections Organization, or New Horizon Academy may be transported in a multi-function school activity bus (MFSAB) as defined in Section 1-148.3a-5 of this Code for any curriculum-related activity except for transportation on regular bus routes from home to school or from school to home, subject to the following conditions:
        (i) A MFSAB may not be used to transport students
    
under this Section unless the driver holds a valid school bus driver permit.
        (ii) The use of a MFSAB under this Section is subject
    
to the requirements of Sections 6-106.11, 6-106.12, 12-707.01, 13-101, and 13-109 of this Code.
    "Curriculum-related school activity" as used in this subsection (a) includes transportation from home to school or from school to home, tripper or shuttle service between school attendance centers, transportation to a vocational or career center or other trade-skill development site or a regional safe school or other school-sponsored alternative learning program, or a trip that is directly related to the regular curriculum of a student for which he or she earns credit.
    (b) Every student enrolled in grade 12 or below in any entity listed in subsection (a) of Section 1-182 of this Code who is transported in a vehicle that is being operated by or for a public or private primary or secondary school, including any primary or secondary school operated by a religious institution, for an interscholastic, interscholastic-athletic, or school-sponsored, noncurriculum-related activity that (i) does not require student participation as part of the educational services of the entity and (ii) is not associated with the students' regular class-for-credit schedule shall transport students only in a school bus or vehicle described in subsection (b) of Section 1-182 of this Code. This subsection (b) does not apply to any second division vehicle used by an entity listed in subsection (a) of Section 1-182 of this Code for a parade, homecoming, or a similar noncurriculum-related school activity.
(Source: P.A. 99-888, eff. 1-1-17.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1415

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1415) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1415)
    Sec. 11-1415. School buses stopping, loading and discharging passengers on one-way roadways on highways having 4 or more lanes. (a) A school bus traveling on a one-way roadway or a highway having 4 or more lanes for vehicular traffic shall stop for the loading or discharging of passengers only on the right side of the highway. If the highway has 4 or more lanes and permits traffic to operate in both directions, the school bus shall load or discharge only those passengers whose residences are located to the right of the highway. The routes of school buses shall be so arranged that no child shall be required to cross a highway of 4 or more lanes to board a school bus or to reach such child's residence after leaving the school bus. A school child in an urban area shall cross a highway only at a crossing for pedestrians, except as provided in paragraph (b) of this Section.
    (b) With respect to school children crossing a highway at other than a pedestrian crossing, this Section shall not apply when children are escorted or controlled by competent persons designated by the school authorities or by police officers.
(Source: P.A. 83-905.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1416

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1416) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1416)
    Sec. 11-1416. Obstructing person in highways. No person shall wilfully and unnecessarily hinder, obstruct or delay, or wilfully and unnecessarily attempt to delay, hinder or obstruct any other person in lawfully driving or traveling along or upon any highway within this State or offer for barter or sale merchandise on said highway so as to interfere with the effective movement of traffic.
(Source: P.A. 80-911.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1417

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1417) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1417)
    Sec. 11-1417. Travel regulated.
    It shall be unlawful for any person to drive or cause to be driven a vehicle of any description in or upon any portion of the highway immediately after the same has been dragged and before such portion of the highway shall have partially dried out or frozen; provided, that nothing in this Section shall apply in those instances where it is impossible to drive with safety at one side of said dragged portion of the road, or where a vehicle does not make a rut on such dragged portion of the road, injurious to the work accomplished by use of the road drag or where a vehicle does not make a rut nearer than nine (9) feet from the center of the dragged portion of the road.
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1418

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1418) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1418)
    Sec. 11-1418. Farm tractor operation regulated.
    No person shall operate a farm tractor on a highway unless the tractor is being used as an implement of husbandry in connection with farming operations.
    For the purpose of this Section, use of a farm tractor as an implement of husbandry in connection with farming operations shall be deemed to include use of the tractor in connection with the transportation of agricultural products and of farm machinery, equipment and supplies as well as transportation of the implement of husbandry from its place of purchase to its place of storage, in connection with the obtaining of repairs of the implement of husbandry, and the towing of a registered truck not more than 8,000 pounds for use as return transportation after the tractor is left at the place of work or repair.
(Source: P.A. 87-1028.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1419

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1419)
    Sec. 11-1419. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 84-1308. Repealed by P.A. 98-512, eff. 1-1-14.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1419.01

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1419.01) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1419.01)
    Sec. 11-1419.01. Operating without a valid single trip permit. If a single trip permit is required by Section 13a.5 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law, a motor carrier shall not operate in Illinois without a single trip permit issued by the Department of Revenue or its agents.
    If a commercial motor vehicle is found operating in Illinois without displaying a required valid single trip permit, the operator is guilty of a petty offense as provided in Section 13a.6 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law.
(Source: P.A. 94-1074, eff. 12-26-06.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1419.02

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1419.02) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1419.02)
    Sec. 11-1419.02. Failure to display a valid motor fuel use tax license.
    (a) If required by Section 13a.4 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law, every valid motor fuel use tax license, or an authorized reproduction, shall at all times be carried in the cab of the vehicle. The operator shall display the license or reproduction upon demand of a police officer or agent of the Department of Revenue. An operator who fails to display a valid motor fuel use tax license is guilty of a petty offense as provided in Section 13a.6 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law.
    (b) As used in this Section:
    "Display" means the manual surrender of the motor fuel use tax license into the hands of the demanding officer or agent for inspection.
    "Motor fuel use tax license" means a motor fuel use tax license issued by the Department of Revenue or by any member jurisdiction under the International Fuel Tax Agreement, or a valid 30 day International Fuel Tax Agreement temporary permit.
(Source: P.A. 94-1074, eff. 12-26-06.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1419.03

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1419.03)
    Sec. 11-1419.03. Failure to Display Valid External Motor Fuel Use Tax Decals.
    (a) Except as provided in the Motor Fuel Tax Law, a motor carrier shall not operate or cause to be operated a commercial motor vehicle upon the highways of this State unless there is properly affixed to that commercial vehicle 2 valid external motor use tax decals required by Section 13a.4 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law. An operator who operates a commercial motor vehicle without 2 properly displayed valid external motor fuel use tax decals is guilty of a petty offense as provided in Section 13a.6 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law. A valid 30-day International Fuel Tax Agreement temporary permit may be displayed instead of decals during the temporary period specified on the permit.
    (b) As used in this Section:
    "Properly displayed" means 2 motor fuel use tax decals, one placed on each side of the exterior of the cab. In the case of transporters, manufacturers, dealers, or driveaway operations, the decals need not be permanently affixed but may be temporarily displayed in a visible manner on the exterior sides of the cab.
    "Commercial motor vehicle" means a motor vehicle used, designed, or maintained for the transportation of people or property and either having 2 axles and a gross vehicle weight or registered gross vehicle weight exceeding 26,000 pounds or 11,793 kilograms, or having 3 or more axles regardless of weight, or that is used in combination, when the weight of the combination exceeds 26,000 pounds or 11,793 kilograms gross vehicle weight or registered gross vehicle weight except for motor vehicles operated by this State or the United States, recreational vehicles, school buses, and commercial motor vehicles operated solely within this State for which all motor fuel is purchased within this State.
    "Motor carrier" means any person who operates or causes to be operated any commercial motor vehicle on any highway within this State.
(Source: P.A. 94-1074, eff. 12-26-06.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1419.04

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1419.04)
    Sec. 11-1419.04. Failure to carry a manifest. Any person who acts as a motor carrier and who fails to carry a manifest as provided in Section 5.5 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor. For each subsequent offense, the person is guilty of a Class 4 felony.
(Source: P.A. 89-399, eff. 8-20-95.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1419.05

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1419.05)
    Sec. 11-1419.05. A motor carrier shall not operate or cause to be operated a commercial motor vehicle upon the highways of this State with a revoked motor fuel use tax license. Any person who operates a commercial motor vehicle with a revoked motor fuel use tax license is guilty of a petty offense as provided in Section 13a.6 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law. When a commercial motor vehicle is found to be operating in Illinois with a revoked motor fuel use tax license, the vehicle shall be placed out of service and not allowed to operate in Illinois until the motor fuel use tax license is reinstated.
(Source: P.A. 91-173, eff. 1-1-00.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1420

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1420) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1420)
    Sec. 11-1420. Funeral processions.
    (a) Funeral processions have the right-of-way at intersections when vehicles comprising such procession have their headlights and hazard lights lighted, subject to the following conditions and exceptions:
        1. Operators of vehicles in a funeral procession
    
shall yield the right-of-way upon the approach of an authorized emergency vehicle giving an audible or visible signal;
        2. Operators of vehicles in a funeral procession
    
shall yield the right-of-way when directed to do so by a traffic officer;
        3. The operator of the leading vehicle in a funeral
    
procession shall comply with stop signs and traffic control signals but when the leading vehicle has proceeded across an intersection in accordance with such signal or after stopping as required by the stop sign, all vehicles in such procession may proceed without stopping, regardless of the sign or signal and the leading vehicle and the vehicles in procession shall proceed with due caution.
    (b) The operator of a vehicle not in the funeral procession shall not drive his vehicle in the funeral procession except when authorized to do so by a traffic officer or when such vehicle is an authorized emergency vehicle giving audible or visible signal.
    (c) Operators of vehicles not a part of a funeral procession may not form a procession or convoy and have their headlights or hazard lights or both lighted for the purpose of securing the right-of-way granted by this Section to funeral processions.
    (d) The operator of a vehicle not in a funeral procession may overtake and pass the vehicles in such procession if such overtaking and passing can be accomplished without causing a traffic hazard or interfering with such procession.
    (e) The lead vehicle in the funeral procession may be equipped with a flashing amber light which may be used only when such vehicle is used as a lead vehicle in such procession. Vehicles comprising a funeral procession may utilize funeral pennants or flags or windshield stickers or flashing hazard warning signal flashers to identify the individual vehicles in such a procession.
    (f) In the absence of law enforcement traffic control assistance for a funeral procession, a funeral director or his or her designee may direct traffic during a funeral procession.
(Source: P.A. 96-859, eff. 1-12-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1421

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1421) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1421)
    Sec. 11-1421. Conditions for operating ambulances and rescue vehicles.
    (a) No person shall operate an ambulance or rescue vehicle in a manner not conforming to the motor vehicle laws and regulations of this State or of any political subdivision of this State as such laws and regulations apply to motor vehicles in general, unless in compliance with the following conditions:
        1. The person operating the ambulance shall be
    
either responding to a bona fide emergency call or specifically directed by a licensed physician to disregard traffic laws in operating the ambulance during and for the purpose of the specific trip or journey that is involved;
        2. The ambulance or rescue vehicle shall be equipped
    
with a siren producing an audible signal of an intensity of 100 decibels at a distance of 50 feet from the siren, and with a lamp or lamps emitting an oscillating, rotating or flashing red beam directed in part toward the front of the vehicle, and these lamps shall have sufficient intensity to be visible at 500 feet in normal sunlight, and in addition to other lighting requirements, excluding those vehicles operated in counties with a population in excess of 2,000,000, may also operate with a lamp or lamps emitting an oscillating, rotating, or flashing green light;
        3. The aforesaid siren and lamp or lamps shall be in
    
operation at all times when it is reasonably necessary to warn pedestrians and other drivers of the approach thereof during such trip or journey;
        4. Whenever the ambulance or rescue vehicle is
    
operated at a speed in excess of 40 miles per hour, the ambulance or rescue vehicle shall be operated in complete conformance with every other motor vehicle law and regulation of this State and of the political subdivision in which the ambulance or rescue vehicle is operated, relating to the operation of motor vehicles, as such provision applies to motor vehicles in general, except laws and regulations pertaining to compliance with official traffic-control devices or to vehicular operation upon the right half of the roadway; and
        5. The ambulance shall display registration plates
    
identifying the vehicle as an ambulance.
    (b) The foregoing provisions do not relieve the driver of an ambulance or rescue vehicle from the duty of driving with due regard for the safety of all persons, nor do such provisions protect the driver from the consequences resulting from the reckless disregard for the safety of others.
(Source: P.A. 88-517.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1422

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1422) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1422)
    Sec. 11-1422. Illegal operation of an ambulance or rescue vehicle - Penalty. A person who operates an ambulance or rescue vehicle in violation of Section 11-1421 shall be subject to the penalty prescribed by the applicable law, regulation or ordinance of this State or any political subdivision thereof.
(Source: P.A. 83-831.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1423

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1423) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1423)
    Sec. 11-1423. Passengers boarding or exiting a school bus.
    (a) At all pick-up points where it is necessary for a school bus passenger to cross the roadway to board the bus, the school bus driver shall signal the awaiting passenger when it is safe to cross the roadway ahead of the bus.
    (b) At all discharge points where it is necessary for a school bus passenger to cross the roadway, the school bus driver shall direct the passenger to a point approximately 10 feet in front of the bus on the shoulder and shall then signal the passenger when it is safe to cross the roadway.
(Source: P.A. 78-1244.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1424

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1424) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1424)
    Sec. 11-1424. Operation of a religious organization bus.
    (a) No religious organization bus may be operated on any street or highway unless all passengers, except for supervisory personnel, are seated in seats permanently mounted to the vehicle, and the aisle of the bus is kept clean and open.
    (b) No religious organization bus may be operated on any street or highway while carrying more than the manufacturer's rated passenger capacity for such bus, or at a gross weight in excess of the chassis manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) or gross axle weight rating (GAWR), or in excess of the weight load ratings of the tires on such bus. For buses or tires on which the manufacturer has not shown such ratings, by a label, embossment, molding or equivalent means, the Department shall provide, or assist in obtaining, the necessary ratings and may publish such ratings.
    (c) In loading or unloading passengers, the religious organization bus driver shall stop the bus out of the lane of moving traffic at any bus stop, officially designated as such by government authorities or in a parking lane on the pavement of the highway or on the shoulder off of the highway, if wide enough to permit the safe loading or unloading of passengers. If, however, there is no such bus stop, parking lane or shoulder within 50 feet of the residence or temporary residence of the passenger transported or to be transported by the bus or within 50 feet of the religious facility, the driver may stop the bus on the pavement of the highway after activating unison amber warning lights for not less than 200 feet before the bus is brought to a stop and while passengers are being loaded or unloaded, or if the bus is equipped as a school bus and meets the requirements of Article VIII of this Act, by complying with the subsections (b), (c) and (d) of Section 11-1414.
    (d) At all pickup points where it is necessary for a religious organization bus passenger under the age of 12 years to cross the roadway to board the bus, a responsible supervisor on the bus shall personally escort the awaiting passenger when it is safe to cross the roadway ahead of the bus.
    (e) At all discharge points where it is necessary for a religious organization bus passenger under the age of 12 to cross the roadway, a responsible supervisor on the bus shall personally escort the passenger to a point approximately 10 feet in front of the bus on the shoulder and then, when it is safe to cross the roadway, across the roadway to a place of safety.
    (f) If a school bus is used by a religious organization bus for the purposes specified in subsection (a) of Section 1-111.1a and activates the visual signals as required by subsections (b), (c) and (d) of Section 11-1414 when picking up or discharging passengers, compliance with subsections (d) and (e) of this Section is optional.
(Source: P.A. 90-89, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1425

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1425) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1425)
    Sec. 11-1425. Stop when traffic obstructed.
    (a) No driver shall enter an intersection or a marked crosswalk or drive onto any railroad grade crossing unless there is sufficient space on the other side of the intersection, crosswalk or railroad grade crossing to accommodate the vehicle he is operating without obstructing the passage of other vehicles, pedestrians or railroad trains notwithstanding any traffic-control signal indication to proceed.
    (b) No driver shall enter a highway rail grade crossing unless there is sufficient space on the other side of the highway rail grade crossing to accommodate the vehicle being operated without obstructing the passage of a train or other railroad equipment using the rails, notwithstanding any traffic-control signal indication to proceed.
    (c) (Blank).
    (d) Beginning with the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 95th General Assembly, the Secretary of State shall suspend for a period of one month the driving privileges of any person convicted of a violation of subsection (b) of this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance; the Secretary shall suspend for a period of 3 months the driving privileges of any person convicted of a second or subsequent violation of subsection (b) of this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance if the second or subsequent violation occurs within 5 years of a prior conviction for the same offense. In addition to the suspensions authorized by this Section, any person convicted of violating subsection (b) of this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance shall be subject to a mandatory fine of $500 or 50 hours of community service. Any person given a disposition of court supervision for violating subsection (b) of this Section or a similar provision of a local ordinance shall also be subject to a mandatory fine of $500 or 50 hours of community service. Upon a second or subsequent violation, in addition to the suspensions authorized by this Section, the person shall be subject to a mandatory fine of $500 and 50 hours community service. The Secretary may also grant, for the duration of any suspension issued under this subsection, a restricted driving permit granting the privilege of driving a motor vehicle between the driver's residence and place of employment or within other proper limits that the Secretary of State shall find necessary to avoid any undue hardship. A restricted driving permit issued hereunder shall be subject to cancellation, revocation and suspension by the Secretary of State in like manner and for like cause as a driver's license may be cancelled, revoked or suspended; except that a conviction upon one or more offenses against laws or ordinances regulating the movement of traffic shall be deemed sufficient cause for the revocation, suspension or cancellation of the restricted driving permit. The Secretary of State may, as a condition to the issuance of a restricted driving permit, require the applicant to participate in a designated driver remedial or rehabilitative program. Any conviction for a violation of this subsection shall be included as an offense for the purposes of determining suspension action under any other provision of this Code, provided however, that the penalties provided under this subsection shall be imposed unless those penalties imposed under other applicable provisions are greater.
(Source: P.A. 95-753, eff. 1-1-09.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1426

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1426)
    Sec. 11-1426. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 95-575, eff. 8-31-07. Repealed by P.A. 96-279, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1426.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1426.1)
    Sec. 11-1426.1. Operation of non-highway vehicles on streets, roads, and highways.
    (a) As used in this Section, "non-highway vehicle" means a motor vehicle not specifically designed to be used on a public highway, including:
        (1) an all-terrain vehicle, as defined by Section
    
1-101.8 of this Code;
        (2) a golf cart, as defined by Section 1-123.9;
        (3) an off-highway motorcycle, as defined by Section
    
1-153.1; and
        (4) a recreational off-highway vehicle, as defined by
    
Section 1-168.8.
    (b) Except as otherwise provided in this Section, it is unlawful for any person to drive or operate a non-highway vehicle upon any street, highway, or roadway in this State. If the operation of a non-highway vehicle is authorized under subsection (d), the non-highway vehicle may be operated only on streets where the posted speed limit is 35 miles per hour or less. This subsection (b) does not prohibit a non-highway vehicle from crossing a road or street at an intersection where the road or street has a posted speed limit of more than 35 miles per hour.
    (b-5) A person may not operate a non-highway vehicle upon any street, highway, or roadway in this State unless he or she has a valid driver's license issued in his or her name by the Secretary of State or by a foreign jurisdiction.
    (c) No person operating a non-highway vehicle shall make a direct crossing upon or across any tollroad, interstate highway, or controlled access highway in this State. No person operating a non-highway vehicle shall make a direct crossing upon or across any other highway under the jurisdiction of the State except at an intersection of the highway with another public street, road, or highway.
    (c-5) (Blank).
    (d) A municipality, township, county, or other unit of local government may authorize, by ordinance or resolution, the operation of non-highway vehicles on roadways under its jurisdiction if the unit of local government determines that the public safety will not be jeopardized. The Department may authorize the operation of non-highway vehicles on the roadways under its jurisdiction if the Department determines that the public safety will not be jeopardized. The unit of local government or the Department may restrict the types of non-highway vehicles that are authorized to be used on its streets.
    Before permitting the operation of non-highway vehicles on its roadways, a municipality, township, county, other unit of local government, or the Department must consider the volume, speed, and character of traffic on the roadway and determine whether non-highway vehicles may safely travel on or cross the roadway. Upon determining that non-highway vehicles may safely operate on a roadway and the adoption of an ordinance or resolution by a municipality, township, county, or other unit of local government, or authorization by the Department, appropriate signs shall be posted.
    If a roadway is under the jurisdiction of more than one unit of government, non-highway vehicles may not be operated on the roadway unless each unit of government agrees and takes action as provided in this subsection.
    (e) No non-highway vehicle may be operated on a roadway unless, at a minimum, it has the following: brakes, a steering apparatus, tires, a rearview mirror, red reflectorized warning devices in the front and rear, a slow moving emblem (as required of other vehicles in Section 12-709 of this Code) on the rear of the non-highway vehicle, a headlight that emits a white light visible from a distance of 500 feet to the front, a tail lamp that emits a red light visible from at least 100 feet from the rear, brake lights, and turn signals. When operated on a roadway, a non-highway vehicle shall have its headlight and tail lamps lighted as required by Section 12-201 of this Code.
    (f) A person who drives or is in actual physical control of a non-highway vehicle on a roadway while under the influence is subject to Sections 11-500 through 11-502 of this Code.
    (g) Any person who operates a non-highway vehicle on a street, highway, or roadway shall be subject to the mandatory insurance requirements under Article VI of Chapter 7 of this Code.
    (h) It shall not be unlawful for any person to drive or operate a non-highway vehicle, as defined in paragraphs (1) and (4) of subsection (a) of this Section, on a county roadway or township roadway for the purpose of conducting farming operations to and from the home, farm, farm buildings, and any adjacent or nearby farm land.
    Non-highway vehicles, as used in this subsection (h), shall not be subject to subsections (e) and (g) of this Section. However, if the non-highway vehicle, as used in this Section, is not covered under a motor vehicle insurance policy pursuant to subsection (g) of this Section, the vehicle must be covered under a farm, home, or non-highway vehicle insurance policy issued with coverage amounts no less than the minimum amounts set for bodily injury or death and for destruction of property under Section 7-203 of this Code. Non-highway vehicles operated on a county or township roadway at any time between one-half hour before sunset and one-half hour after sunrise must be equipped with head lamps and tail lamps, and the head lamps and tail lamps must be lighted.
    Non-highway vehicles, as used in this subsection (h), shall not make a direct crossing upon or across any tollroad, interstate highway, or controlled access highway in this State.
    Non-highway vehicles, as used in this subsection (h), shall be allowed to cross a State highway, municipal street, county highway, or road district highway if the operator of the non-highway vehicle makes a direct crossing provided:
        (1) the crossing is made at an angle of approximately
    
90 degrees to the direction of the street, road or highway and at a place where no obstruction prevents a quick and safe crossing;
        (2) the non-highway vehicle is brought to a complete
    
stop before attempting a crossing;
        (3) the operator of the non-highway vehicle yields
    
the right of way to all pedestrian and vehicular traffic which constitutes a hazard; and
        (4) that when crossing a divided highway, the
    
crossing is made only at an intersection of the highway with another public street, road, or highway.
    (i) No action taken by a unit of local government under this Section designates the operation of a non-highway vehicle as an intended or permitted use of property with respect to Section 3-102 of the Local Governmental and Governmental Employees Tort Immunity Act.
(Source: P.A. 97-144, eff. 7-14-11; 98-567, eff. 1-1-14.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1426.2

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1426.2)
    Sec. 11-1426.2. Operation of low-speed vehicles on streets.
    (a) Except as otherwise provided in this Section, it is lawful for any person to drive or operate a low-speed vehicle upon any street in this State where the posted speed limit is 30 miles per hour or less.
    (b) Low-speed vehicles may cross a street at an intersection where the street being crossed has a posted speed limit of not more than 45 miles per hour. Low-speed vehicles may not cross a street with a speed limit in excess of 45 miles per hour unless the crossing is at an intersection controlled by a traffic light or 4-way stop sign.
    (c) The Department of Transportation or a municipality, township, county, or other unit of local government may prohibit, by regulation, ordinance, or resolution, the operation of low-speed vehicles on streets under its jurisdiction where the posted speed limit is 30 miles per hour or less if the Department of Transportation or unit of local government determines that the public safety would be jeopardized.
    (d) Upon determining that low-speed vehicles may not safely operate on a street, and upon the adoption of an ordinance or resolution by a unit of local government, or regulation by the Department of Transportation, the operation of low-speed vehicles may be prohibited. The unit of local government or the Department of Transportation may prohibit the operation of low-speed vehicles on any and all streets under its jurisdiction. Appropriate signs shall be posted in conformance with the State Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices adopted pursuant to Section 11-301 of this Code.
    (e) If a street is under the jurisdiction of more than one unit of local government, or under the jurisdiction of the Department of Transportation and one or more units of local government, low-speed vehicles may be operated on the street unless each unit of local government and the Department of Transportation agree and take action to prohibit such operation as provided in this Section.
    (e-5) A unit of local government may, by ordinance or resolution, authorize the operation of low-speed vehicles on one or more streets under its jurisdiction that have a speed limit of more than 30 miles per hour but not greater than 35 miles per hour.
    Before authorizing the operation of low-speed vehicles on any street under this subsection (e-5), the unit of local government must consider the volume, speed, and character of traffic on the street and determine whether low-speed vehicles may travel safely on that street.
    If a street is under the jurisdiction of more than one unit of government, low-speed vehicles may not be operated on the street under this subsection (e-5) unless each unit of government agrees and takes action as provided in this subsection.
    Upon the adoption of an ordinance authorizing low-speed vehicles under this subsection (e-5), appropriate signs shall be posted.
    (f) No low-speed vehicle may be operated on any street unless, at a minimum, it has the following: a parking brake, a steering apparatus, tires, a windshield that conforms to the federal vehicle safety standards on glazing materials as set forth in 49 CFR part 571.205, a vehicle identification number, seat belts, a rearview mirror, an exterior rearview mirror mounted on the driver's side of the vehicle, red reflectorized warning devices on each rear side and one on the center rear of the vehicle, a headlight that emits a white light visible from a distance of 500 feet to the front, a tail lamp that emits a red light visible from at least 100 feet from the rear, brake lights, and front and rear turn signals. When operated on a street, a low-speed vehicle shall have its headlight and tail lamps lighted as required by Section 12-201 of this Code.
    (g) A person may not operate a low-speed vehicle upon any street in this State unless he or she has a valid driver's license issued in his or her name by the Secretary of State or a foreign jurisdiction.
    (h) The operation of a low-speed vehicle upon any street is subject to the provisions of Chapter 11 of this Code concerning the Rules of the Road, and applicable local ordinances.
    (i) Every owner of a low-speed vehicle is subject to the mandatory insurance requirements specified in Article VI of Chapter 7 of this Code.
    (j) Any person engaged in the retail sale of low-speed vehicles are required to comply with the motor vehicle dealer licensing, registration, and bonding laws of this State, as specified in Sections 5-101 and 5-102 of this Code.
    (k) No action taken by a unit of local government under this Section designates the operation of a low-speed vehicle as an intended or permitted use of property with respect to Section 3-102 of the Local Governmental and Governmental Employees Tort Immunity Act.
    (l) Every owner of a low-speed vehicle which may be operated upon a highway shall secure a certificate of title and display valid registration.
(Source: P.A. 99-401, eff. 1-1-16.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1427

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1427)
    Sec. 11-1427. Illegal operation of an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle. It is unlawful for any person to drive or operate any all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle in the following ways:
    (a) Careless Operation. No person shall operate any all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle in a careless or heedless manner so as to be grossly indifferent to the person or property of other persons, or at a rate of speed greater than will permit him in the exercise of reasonable care to bring the all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle to a stop within the assured clear distance ahead.
    (b) Reckless Operation. No person shall operate any all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle in such a manner as to endanger the life, limb or property of any person.
    (c) Within any nature preserve as defined in Section 3.11 of the Illinois Natural Areas Preservation Act.
    (d) On the tracks or right of way of an operating railroad.
    (e) In any tree nursery or planting in a manner which damages or destroys growing stock, or creates a substantial risk thereto.
    (f) On private property, without the written or verbal consent of the owner or lessee thereof. Any person operating an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle upon lands of another shall stop and identify himself upon the request of the landowner or his duly authorized representative, and, if requested to do so by the landowner shall promptly remove the all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle from the premises.
    (g) Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, an owner, lessee, or occupant of premises owes no duty of care to keep the premises safe for entry or use by others for use by an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle, or to give warning of any condition, use, structure or activity on such premises. This subsection does not apply where permission to drive or operate an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle is given for a valuable consideration other than to this State, any political subdivision or municipality of this State, or any landowner who is paid with funds from the Off-Highway Vehicle Trails Fund. In the case of land leased to the State or a subdivision of the State, any consideration received is not valuable consideration within the meaning of this Section.
    Nothing in this subsection limits in any way liability which otherwise exists for willful or malicious failure to guard or warn against a dangerous condition, use, structure, or activity.
    (h) On publicly owned lands unless such lands are designated for use by all-terrain vehicles or off-highway motorcycles. For publicly owned lands to be designated for use by all-terrain vehicles or off-highway motorcycles a public hearing shall be conducted by the governmental entity that has jurisdiction over the proposed land prior to the designation.
    Nothing in this subsection limits in any way liability which otherwise exists for willful or malicious failure to guard or warn against a dangerous condition, use, structure, or activity.
    (h-1) At a rate of speed too fast for conditions, and the fact that the speed of the all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle does not exceed the applicable maximum speed limit allowed does not relieve the driver from the duty to decrease speed as may be necessary to avoid colliding with any person, vehicle, or object within legal requirements and the duty of all persons to use due care.
    (h-2) On the frozen surface of public waters of this State within 100 feet of a person, including a skater, not in or upon an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle; within 100 feet of a person engaged in fishing, except at the minimum speed required to maintain forward movement of the all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle; on an area which has been cleared of snow for skating purposes unless the area is necessary for access to the frozen waters of this State.
    (h-3) Within 100 feet of a dwelling between midnight and 6 a.m. at a speed greater than the minimum required to maintain forward movement of the all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle. This subdivision (h-5) does not apply on private property where verbal or written consent of the owner or lessee has been granted to drive or operate an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle upon the private property or frozen waters of this State.
    (i) Other Prohibitions.
        (1) No person, except persons permitted by law, shall
    
operate or ride any all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle with any firearm in his or her possession unless he or she is in compliance with Section 2.33 of the Wildlife Code.
        (2) No person shall operate any all-terrain vehicle
    
or off-highway motorcycle emitting pollutants in violation of standards established pursuant to the Environmental Protection Act.
        (3) No person shall deposit from an all-terrain
    
vehicle or off-highway motorcycle on the snow, ice or ground surface, trash, glass, garbage, insoluble material, or other offensive matter.
(Source: P.A. 90-14, eff. 9-1-97; 90-287, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1427.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1427.1)
    Sec. 11-1427.1. Operation of an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle on ice. All-terrain vehicles and off-highway motorcycles may be operated on the frozen waters of this State subject to the provisions of this Section and the rules of the Department of Natural Resources.
(Source: P.A. 90-287, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1427.2

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1427.2)
    Sec. 11-1427.2. Special all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle event. Nothing contained in Section 11-1427 or 11-1427.1 shall be construed to prohibit any local authority of this State from designating a special all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle event. In such case the provisions of Sections 11-1427 and 11-1427.1 shall not apply to areas or highways under the jurisdiction of that local authority.
(Source: P.A. 96-279, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1427.3

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1427.3)
    Sec. 11-1427.3. Rules for all-terrain vehicles and off-highway motorcycles. The Department of Natural Resources may adopt rules to implement and administer the provisions of Sections 11-1427, 11-1427.1, and 11-1427.2.
(Source: P.A. 96-279, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1427.4

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1427.4)
    Sec. 11-1427.4. Signal from officer to stop. An all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle operator, after having received a visual or audible signal from a law enforcement officer to come to a stop, may not:
    (1) operate an all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle in willful or wanton disregard of the signal to stop;
    (2) interfere with or endanger the law enforcement officer or another person or vehicle; or
    (3) increase speed or attempt to flee or elude the officer.
(Source: P.A. 90-287, eff. 1-1-98.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1427.5

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1427.5)
    Sec. 11-1427.5. Recreational off-highway vehicles. All provisions of this Code that apply to an all-terrain vehicle shall apply the same to a recreational off-highway vehicle.
(Source: P.A. 96-428, eff. 8-13-09.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1428

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1428)
    Sec. 11-1428. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 90-683, eff. 1-1-99. Repealed by P.A. 96-279, eff. 1-1-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1429

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1429)
    Sec. 11-1429. Excessive idling.
    (a) The purpose of this law is to protect public health and the environment by reducing emissions while conserving fuel and maintaining adequate rest and safety of all drivers of diesel vehicles.
    (b) As used in this Section, "affected areas" means the counties of Cook, DuPage, Lake, Kane, McHenry, Will, Madison, St. Clair, and Monroe and the townships of Aux Sable and Goose Lake in Grundy County and the township of Oswego in Kendall County.
    (c) A person that operates a motor vehicle operating on diesel fuel in an affected area may not cause or allow the motor vehicle, when it is not in motion, to idle for more than a total of 10 minutes within any 60 minute period, except under the following circumstances:
        (1) the motor vehicle has a Gross Vehicle Weight
    
Rating of less than 8,000 pounds;
        (2) the motor vehicle idles while forced to remain
    
motionless because of on-highway traffic, an official traffic control device or signal, or at the direction of a law enforcement official;
        (3) the motor vehicle idles when operating
    
defrosters, heaters, air conditioners, or other equipment solely to prevent a safety or health emergency;
        (4) a police, fire, ambulance, public safety, other
    
emergency or law enforcement motor vehicle, or any motor vehicle used in an emergency capacity, idles while in an emergency or training mode and not for the convenience of the vehicle operator;
        (5) the primary propulsion engine idles for
    
maintenance, servicing, repairing, or diagnostic purposes if idling is necessary for such activity;
        (6) a motor vehicle idles as part of a government
    
inspection to verify that all equipment is in good working order, provided idling is required as part of the inspection;
        (7) when idling of the motor vehicle is required to
    
operate auxiliary equipment to accomplish the intended use of the vehicle (such as loading, unloading, mixing, or processing cargo; controlling cargo temperature; construction operations; lumbering operations; oil or gas well servicing; or farming operations), provided that this exemption does not apply when the vehicle is idling solely for cabin comfort or to operate non-essential equipment such as air conditioning, heating, microwave ovens, or televisions;
        (8) an armored motor vehicle idles when a person
    
remains inside the vehicle to guard the contents, or while the vehicle is being loaded or unloaded;
        (9) a bus idles a maximum of 15 minutes in any 60
    
minute period to maintain passenger comfort while non-driver passengers are on board;
        (10) if the motor vehicle has a sleeping berth, when
    
the operator is occupying the vehicle during a rest or sleep period and idling of the vehicle is required to operate air conditioning or heating;
        (11) when the motor vehicle idles due to mechanical
    
difficulties over which the operator has no control;
        (12) the motor vehicle is used as airport ground
    
support equipment, including, but not limited to, motor vehicles operated on the air side of the airport terminal to service or supply aircraft;
        (13) the motor vehicle is (i) a bus owned by a public
    
transit authority and (ii) being operated on a designated bus route or on a street or highway between designated bus routes for the provision of public transportation;
        (14) the motor vehicle is an implement of husbandry
    
exempt from registration under subdivision A(2) of Section 3-402 of this Code;
        (15) the motor vehicle is owned by an electric
    
utility and is operated for electricity generation or hydraulic pressure to power equipment necessary in the restoration, repair, modification or installation of electric utility service;
        (16) the outdoor temperature is less than 32 degrees
    
Fahrenheit or greater than 80 degrees Fahrenheit; or
        (17) the motor vehicle idles while being operated by
    
a remote starter system.
    (d) When the outdoor temperature is 32 degrees Fahrenheit or higher and 80 degrees Fahrenheit or lower, a person who operates a motor vehicle operating on diesel fuel in an affected area may not cause or allow the motor vehicle to idle for a period greater than 30 minutes in any 60 minute period while waiting to weigh, load, or unload cargo or freight, unless the vehicle is in a line of vehicles that regularly and periodically moves forward.
    (e) This Section does not prohibit the operation of an auxiliary power unit or generator set as an alternative to idling the main engine of a motor vehicle operating on diesel fuel.
    (f) This Section does not apply to the owner of a motor vehicle rented or leased to another entity or person operating the vehicle.
    (g) Any person convicted of any violation of this Section is guilty of a petty offense and shall be fined $90 for the first conviction and $500 for a second or subsequent conviction within any 12 month period.
    (h) Fines; distribution. All fines and all penalties collected under this Section shall be deposited in the State Treasury and shall be distributed as follows: (i) $50 for the first conviction and $150 for a second or subsequent conviction within any 12 month period under this Section shall be deposited into the State's General Revenue Fund; (ii) $20 for the first conviction and $262.50 for a second or subsequent conviction within any 12 month period under this Section shall be distributed to the law enforcement agency that issued the citation; and (iii) $20 for the first conviction and $87.50 for a second or subsequent conviction within any 12 month period under this Section shall be deposited into the Trucking Environmental and Education Fund.
    (i) The Trucking Environmental and Education Fund is created as a special fund in the State Treasury. All money deposited into the Trucking Environmental and Education Fund shall be paid, subject to appropriation by the General Assembly, to the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency for the purpose of educating the trucking industry on air pollution and preventative measures specifically related to idling. Any interest earned on deposits into the Fund shall remain in the Fund and be used for the purposes set forth in this subsection. Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, the Fund is not subject to administrative charges or charge-backs that would in any way transfer moneys from the Fund into any other fund of the State.
(Source: P.A. 100-435, eff. 8-25-17.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1430

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1430)
    Sec. 11-1430. Vehicle immobilization and impoundment upon certification of the Department of Healthcare and Family Services. Any municipality may provide by ordinance for a program of vehicle immobilization and impoundment in cases in which the Department of Healthcare and Family Services has certified to the municipality under Section 10-17.13 of the Illinois Public Aid Code that the registered owner of a vehicle owes past due support. The program shall provide for immobilization of any eligible vehicle upon the public way by presence of a restraint in a manner to prevent operation of the vehicle and for subsequent towing and impoundment of such vehicle solely upon the certification of past due support by the Department of Healthcare and Family Services. Further process, hearings, or redetermination of the past due support by the municipality shall not be required under the ordinance. The ordinance shall provide that the municipality may terminate immobilization and impoundment of the vehicle if the registered owner has arranged for payment of past and current support obligations in a manner satisfactory to the Department of Healthcare and Family Services.
(Source: P.A. 95-685, eff. 10-23-07.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1430.1

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1430.1)
    Sec. 11-1430.1. Vehicle immobilization for failure to pay municipal vehicle tax violation liability.
    (a) A municipality may provide by ordinance for a program of vehicle immobilization to facilitate enforcement of municipal vehicle tax liability. The program of vehicle immobilization shall provide for immobilizing an eligible vehicle upon the public way by presence of a restraint in a manner to prevent operation of the vehicle. An ordinance establishing a program of vehicle immobilization under this Section shall include the following provisions:
        (1) A vehicle shall be eligible for immobilization
    
when the registered owner of the vehicle has accumulated the number of unpaid final determinations of vehicle tax violation liability or other violation liability under subsection (c) of Section 11-208.3 of this Code, or both.
        (2) The vehicle owner shall be provided with notice
    
of the impending vehicle immobilization and the right to a hearing to challenge the validity of the action by disproving liability for unpaid final determinations of vehicle tax or other violation liability under subsection (c) of Section 11-208.3 of this Code.
        (3) The vehicle owner shall have the right to a
    
prompt hearing after a vehicle has been immobilized or subsequently towed for nonpayment of outstanding fines and penalties for which final determinations have been issued. An order issued after the hearing is a final administrative decision within the meaning of Section 3-101 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
        (4) A post-immobilization and post-towing notice
    
shall be provided to the registered owner of the vehicle advising the registered owner of the right to a hearing to challenge the validity of the impoundment.
    (b) Judicial review of final determinations of vehicle tax violations and final administrative decisions issued after hearings regarding vehicle immobilization and impoundment made under this Section shall be subject to the Administrative Review Law.
    (c) A fine, penalty, or part thereof, remaining unpaid after the exhaustion of, or the failure to exhaust, administrative remedies and the conclusion of judicial review procedures shall be a debt due and owing the municipality and, as such, may be collected in accordance with applicable law. Payment in full of any fine or penalty resulting from a vehicle tax violation shall constitute a final disposition of that violation.
(Source: P.A. 97-937, eff. 8-10-12.)

625 ILCS 5/11-1431

    (625 ILCS 5/11-1431)
    Sec. 11-1431. Solicitations at accident or disablement scene prohibited.
    (a) A tower, as defined by Section 1-205.2 of this Code, or an employee or agent of a tower may not: (i) stop at the scene of a motor vehicle accident or at or near a damaged or disabled vehicle for the purpose of soliciting the owner or operator of the damaged or disabled vehicle to enter into a towing service transaction; or (ii) stop at the scene of an accident or at or near a damaged or disabled vehicle unless called to the location by a law enforcement officer, the Illinois Department of Transportation, the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority, a local agency having jurisdiction over the highway, the owner or operator of the damaged or disabled vehicle, or the owner or operator's authorized agent, including his or her insurer or motor club of which the owner or operator is a member. This Section shall not apply to employees of the Department, the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority, or local agencies when engaged in their official duties. Nothing in this Section shall prevent a tower from stopping at the scene of a motor vehicle accident or at or near a damaged or disabled vehicle if the owner or operator signals the tower for assistance from the location of the motor vehicle accident or damaged or disabled vehicle.
    (b) A person or company who violates this Section is guilty of a Class 4 felony. A person convicted of violating this Section shall also have his or her driver's license, permit, or privileges suspended for 3 months. After the expiration of the 3-month suspension, the person's driver's license, permit, or privileges shall not be reinstated until he or she has paid a reinstatement fee of $100. If a person violates this Section while his or her driver's license, permit, or privileges are suspended under this subsection (b), his or her driver's license, permit, or privileges shall be suspended for an additional 6 months, and shall not be reinstated after the expiration of the 6-month suspension until he or she pays a reinstatement fee of $100. A vehicle owner, or his or her authorized agent or automobile insurer, may bring a claim against a company or person who willfully and materially violates this Section. A court may award the prevailing party reasonable attorney's fees, costs, and expenses relating to that action.
(Source: P.A. 99-438, eff. 1-1-16; 99-848, eff. 8-19-16; 100-201, eff. 8-18-17.)