Illinois Compiled Statutes
Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
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VEHICLES625 ILCS 5/11-709.1
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.
(625 ILCS 5/11-709.1)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-709.1)
Driving on the shoulder.
(a) Vehicles shall be driven on a roadway, and shall only
be driven on the shoulder for the purpose of stopping or accelerating from
a stop while merging into traffic. It shall be a violation of this Section
if while merging into traffic and while on the shoulder, the vehicle passes
any other vehicle on the roadway adjacent to it.
(b) This Section shall not apply to any authorized emergency vehicle, to any authorized transit bus, to any bicycle, to any farm tractor or implement of husbandry,
to any service vehicle while engaged in maintenance of the highway or
related work, or to any authorized vehicle within a designated construction zone.
(Source: P.A. 100-359, eff. 1-1-18
625 ILCS 5/11-709.2
(625 ILCS 5/11-709.2)
Bus on shoulder program.
(a) The use of specifically designated shoulders of roadways by transit buses may be authorized by the Department in cooperation with the Regional Transportation Authority and the Suburban Bus Division of the Regional Transportation Authority. The Department shall prescribe by rule which transit buses are authorized to operate on shoulders, as well as times and locations. The Department may erect signage to indicate times and locations of designated shoulder usage.
(Source: P.A. 98-756, eff. 7-16-14; 98-871, eff. 8-11-14; 99-78, eff. 7-20-15.)
625 ILCS 5/11-709.3
(625 ILCS 5/11-709.3)
Transit buses on shoulders - toll highways.
The Illinois State Toll Highway Authority may allow transit buses to use the shoulders of highways under its jurisdiction.
(Source: P.A. 97-292, eff. 8-11-11; 98-871, eff. 8-11-14.)
625 ILCS 5/11-710
(625 ILCS 5/11-710)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-710)
Following too closely.
(a) The driver of
a motor vehicle shall not follow another vehicle more closely
than is reasonable and prudent, having due regard for the
speed of such vehicles and the traffic upon and the condition of the highway.
(b) The driver of any truck or motor vehicle
drawing another vehicle
when traveling upon a roadway outside of a business or
residence district and which is following another truck or
motor vehicle drawing another vehicle shall,
whenever conditions permit, leave sufficient space so that
an overtaking vehicle may enter and occupy such space without
danger, except that this shall not prevent a truck or motor
vehicle drawing another vehicle from overtaking and passing
any vehicle or combination of vehicles.
(c) Motor vehicles being driven upon any roadway outside
of a business or residence district in a caravan or
motorcade whether or not towing other vehicles shall be so
operated as to allow sufficient space between each such
vehicle or combination of vehicles so as to enable any other
vehicle to enter and occupy such space without danger. This
provision shall not apply to funeral processions.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)
625 ILCS 5/11-711
(625 ILCS 5/11-711)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-711)
Restrictions on use of controlled access highway.
(a) No person may drive a vehicle onto or from any controlled access
highway except at entrances and exits established by public authority.
(b) The Department with respect to any controlled access highway under
its jurisdiction may prohibit the use of any such highways by pedestrians
(except in authorized areas or facilities), bicycles, farm tractors,
implements of husbandry, funeral processions, and any vehicle unable to
maintain the minimum speed for which the highway is posted, or other
non-motorized traffic or by any person operating a motor driven cycle. The
Department may also prohibit the use of such highway to school buses
picking up and discharging children and mail delivery vehicles picking up
or delivering mail. The Department shall erect and maintain official signs
on the controlled access highway on which such prohibitions are applicable
and when so erected no person may disobey the restrictions stated on such
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)
625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. VIII
(625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. VIII heading)
TURNING AND STARTING
AND SIGNALS ON STOPPING AND TURNING
625 ILCS 5/11-801
(625 ILCS 5/11-801)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-801)
Required position and method of turning.
(a) The driver of a vehicle intending to turn at an intersection shall do
so as follows:
(1) Both the approach for a right turn and a right turn shall be
made as close as practical to the right-hand curb or edge of the
(2) The driver of a vehicle intending to turn left at any
intersection shall approach the intersection in the extreme left-hand
lane lawfully available to traffic moving in the direction of travel of
such vehicle, and after entering the intersection, the left turn shall
be made so as to leave the intersection in a lane lawfully available to
traffic moving in such direction upon the roadway being entered.
Whenever practicable the left turn shall be made in that portion of the
intersection to the left of the center of the intersection.
(3) The Department and local authorities in their respective
jurisdictions may cause official traffic control devices to be placed
within or adjacent to intersections and thereby require and direct that
a different course from that specified in this Section be traveled by
vehicles turning at an intersection, and when such devices are so placed
no driver of a vehicle shall turn a vehicle at an intersection other
than as directed and required by such devices.
(b) Two-way left turn lanes. Where a special lane for
making left turns by drivers proceeding in
opposite directions has been indicated by official traffic-control devices:
(1) A left turn shall not be made from any other lane.
(2) A vehicle shall not be driven in the lane except when preparing for
or making a left turn from or into the roadway or when preparing for or
making a U turn when otherwise permitted by law.
(c) When a motor vehicle and a mass transit bus are traveling in the
same direction on the same multi-laned highway, street or road, the
operator of the motor vehicle overtaking such bus, which is stopped at an
intersection on the right side of the roadway to receive or discharge
passengers, shall pass to the left of the bus at a safe distance and shall
not turn to the right in front of the bus at that intersection.
(Source: P.A. 85-786.)
625 ILCS 5/11-802
(625 ILCS 5/11-802)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-802)
Limitations on U turns.
(a) The driver of any vehicle shall not turn such vehicle so as to
proceed in the opposite direction unless such movement can be made in
safety and without interfering with other traffic.
(b) No vehicle shall be turned so as to proceed in the opposite
direction upon any curve, or upon the approach to or near the crest of a
grade, where such vehicle cannot be seen by the driver of any other
vehicle approaching from either direction within 500 feet.
(Source: P.A. 82-783.)
625 ILCS 5/11-803
(625 ILCS 5/11-803)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-803)
Starting parked vehicle.
No person shall start a vehicle which is stopped, standing, or parked
unless and until such movement can be made with reasonable safety.
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)
625 ILCS 5/11-804
(625 ILCS 5/11-804)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-804)
When signal required.
(a) No person may turn a vehicle at an intersection unless the vehicle
is in proper position upon the roadway as required in Section 11-801 or
turn a vehicle to enter a private road or driveway, or otherwise turn a
vehicle from a direct course or move right or left upon a roadway unless
and until such movement can be made with reasonable safety. No person may
so turn any vehicle without giving an appropriate signal in the manner
(b) A signal of intention to turn right or left when required must be
given continuously during not less than the last 100 feet traveled by the
vehicle before turning within a business or residence district, and such
signal must be given continuously during not less than the last 200 feet
traveled by the vehicle before turning outside a business or residence
(c) No person may stop or suddenly decrease the speed of a vehicle
without first giving an appropriate signal in the manner provided in this
Chapter to the driver of any vehicle immediately to the rear when there is
opportunity to give such a signal.
(d) The electric turn signal device required in Section 12-208 of this
Act must be used to indicate an intention to turn, change lanes or start
from a parallel parked position but must not be flashed on one side only on
a parked or disabled vehicle or flashed as a courtesy or "do pass" signal
to operators of other vehicles approaching from the rear. However, such
signal devices may be flashed simultaneously on both sides of a motor
vehicle to indicate the presence of a vehicular traffic hazard requiring
unusual care in approaching, overtaking and passing.
(Source: P.A. 78-1297.)
625 ILCS 5/11-805
(625 ILCS 5/11-805)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-805)
Signal by hand or arm or signal device.
Any stop or turn signal when required herein shall be given
either by means of the hand and arm or by an electric turn
signal device conforming to the requirements provided in
Section 12-208 of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 79-1069.)
625 ILCS 5/11-806
(625 ILCS 5/11-806)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-806)
Method of giving hand and arm signals.
All signals herein required given by hand and arm shall be given from
the left side of the vehicle in the following manner and such signals shall
indicate as follows:
1. Left turn - Hand and arm extended horizontally.
2. Right turn - Hand and arm extended upward, except
that a person operating a bicycle may extend the right hand and arm horizontally and to the right side of the bicycle.
3. Stop or decrease of speed - Hand and arm extended
(Source: P.A. 95-231, eff. 1-1-08.)
625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. IX
(625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. IX heading)
625 ILCS 5/11-901
(625 ILCS 5/11-901)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-901)
Vehicles approaching or entering intersection.
(a) When 2 vehicles approach or enter an intersection from different
roadways at approximately the same time, the driver of the vehicle on the
left must yield the right-of-way to the vehicle on the right.
(b) The right-of-way rule declared in paragraph (a) of this Section is
modified at through highways and otherwise as stated in this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 76-1739.)
625 ILCS 5/11-901.01
(625 ILCS 5/11-901.01)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-901.01)
Vehicles approaching or entering a "T" intersection.
The driver of a vehicle approaching the intersection of a highway from a
highway which terminates at the intersection, not otherwise regulated by
this Act or controlled by traffic control signs or signals, shall stop,
yield, and grant the privilege of immediate use of the intersection to another
vehicle which has entered the intersection from the non-terminating highway
or is approaching the intersection on the non-terminating highway in such
proximity as to constitute a hazard and after stopping may proceed when
the driver may safely enter the intersection without interference or collision
with the traffic using the non-terminating highway.
(Source: P.A. 81-860.)
625 ILCS 5/11-902
(625 ILCS 5/11-902)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-902)
Vehicle turning left.
The driver of a vehicle intending to turn to the left within an
intersection or into an alley, private road, or driveway shall yield the
right-of-way to any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction which
is so close as to constitute an immediate hazard, but said driver, having
so yielded may proceed at such time as a safe interval occurs.
(Source: P.A. 76-1586