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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

VEHICLES
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.

625 ILCS 5/11-313

    (625 ILCS 5/11-313) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-313)
    Sec. 11-313. Unlawful possession of highway sign or marker. The Department and local authorities, with reference to traffic control signs, signals, or markers owned by the Department or local authority, are authorized to indicate the ownership of the signs, signals, or markers in letters not less than 3/8 inch or more than 3/4 inch in height, by use of a metal stamp, etching, or other permanent means and, except for employees of the Department or local authorities, police officers, contractors and their employees engaged in a highway construction contract or work on the highway approved by the Department or local authority, it is unlawful for any person to possess such sign, signal, or marker so identified.
(Source: P.A. 91-512, eff. 8-13-99.)

625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. IV

 
    (625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. IV heading)
ARTICLE IV. ACCIDENTS

625 ILCS 5/11-401

    (625 ILCS 5/11-401) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-401)
    Sec. 11-401. Motor vehicle accidents involving death or personal injuries.
    (a) The driver of any vehicle involved in a motor vehicle accident resulting in personal injury to or death of any person shall immediately stop such vehicle at the scene of such accident, or as close thereto as possible and shall then forthwith return to, and in every event shall remain at the scene of the accident until the requirements of Section 11-403 have been fulfilled. Every such stop shall be made without obstructing traffic more than is necessary.
    (b) Any person who has failed to stop or to comply with the requirements of paragraph (a) shall, as soon as possible but in no case later than one-half hour after such motor vehicle accident, or, if hospitalized and incapacitated from reporting at any time during such period, as soon as possible but in no case later than one-half hour after being discharged from the hospital, report the place of the accident, the date, the approximate time, the driver's name and address, the registration number of the vehicle driven, and the names of all other occupants of such vehicle, at a police station or sheriff's office near the place where such accident occurred. No report made as required under this paragraph shall be used, directly or indirectly, as a basis for the prosecution of any violation of paragraph (a).
    (b-1) Any person arrested for violating this Section is subject to chemical testing of his or her blood, breath, or urine for the presence of alcohol, other drug or drugs, intoxicating compound or compounds, or any combination thereof, as provided in Section 11-501.1, if the testing occurs within 12 hours of the time of the occurrence of the accident that led to his or her arrest. The person's driving privileges are subject to statutory summary suspension under Section 11-501.1 if he or she fails testing or statutory summary revocation under Section 11-501.1 if he or she refuses to undergo the testing.
    For purposes of this Section, personal injury shall mean any injury requiring immediate professional treatment in a medical facility or doctor's office.
    (c) Any person failing to comply with paragraph (a) shall be guilty of a Class 4 felony.
    (d) Any person failing to comply with paragraph (b) is guilty of a Class 2 felony if the motor vehicle accident does not result in the death of any person. Any person failing to comply with paragraph (b) when the accident results in the death of any person is guilty of a Class 1 felony.
    (e) The Secretary of State shall revoke the driving privilege of any person convicted of a violation of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 95-347, eff. 1-1-08; 96-1344, eff. 7-1-11.)

625 ILCS 5/11-402

    (625 ILCS 5/11-402) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-402)
    Sec. 11-402. Motor vehicle accident involving damage to vehicle.
    (a) The driver of any vehicle involved in a motor vehicle accident resulting only in damage to a vehicle which is driven or attended by any person shall immediately stop such vehicle at the scene of such motor vehicle accident or as close thereto as possible, but shall forthwith return to and in every event shall remain at the scene of such motor vehicle accident until the requirements of Section 11-403 have been fulfilled. A driver does not violate this Section if the driver moves the vehicle as soon as possible off the highway to the nearest safe location on an exit ramp shoulder, a frontage road, the nearest suitable cross street, or other suitable location that does not obstruct traffic and remains at that location until the driver has fulfilled the requirements of Section 11-403. Every such stop shall be made without obstructing traffic more than is necessary. If a damaged vehicle is obstructing traffic lanes, the driver of the vehicle must make every reasonable effort to move the vehicle or have it moved so as not to block the traffic lanes.
    Any person failing to comply with this Section shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
    (b) Upon conviction of a violation of this Section, the court shall make a finding as to whether the damage to a vehicle is in excess of $1,000, and in such case a statement of this finding shall be reported to the Secretary of State with the report of conviction as required by Section 6-204 of this Code. Upon receipt of such report of conviction and statement of finding that the damage to a vehicle is in excess of $1,000, the Secretary of State shall suspend the driver's license or any nonresident's driving privilege.
    (c) If any peace officer or highway authority official finds (i) a vehicle standing upon a highway or toll highway in violation of a prohibition, limitation, or restriction on stopping, standing, or parking imposed under this Code or (ii) a disabled vehicle that obstructs the roadway of a highway or toll highway, the peace officer or highway authority official is authorized to move the vehicle or to require the operator of the vehicle to move the vehicle to the shoulder of the road, to a position where parking is permitted, or to public parking or storage premises. The removal may be performed by, or under the direction of, the peace officer or highway authority official or may be contracted for by local authorities. After the vehicle has been removed, the peace officer or highway authority official shall follow appropriate procedures, as provided in Section 4-203 of this Code.
    (d) A towing service, its officers, and its employees are not liable for loss of or damages to any real or personal property that occurs as the result of the removal or towing of any vehicle under subsection (c), as provided in subsection (b) of Section 4-213.
(Source: P.A. 97-763, eff. 1-1-13.)

625 ILCS 5/11-403

    (625 ILCS 5/11-403) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-403)
    Sec. 11-403. Duty to give information and render aid. The driver of any vehicle involved in a motor vehicle accident resulting in injury to or death of any person or damage to any vehicle which is driven or attended by any person shall give the driver's name, address, registration number and owner of the vehicle the driver is operating and shall upon request and if available exhibit such driver's license to the person struck or the driver or occupant of or person attending any vehicle collided with and shall render to any person injured in such accident reasonable assistance, including the carrying or the making of arrangements for the carrying of such person to a physician, surgeon or hospital for medical or surgical treatment, if it is apparent that such treatment is necessary or if such carrying is requested by the injured person.
    If none of the persons entitled to information pursuant to this Section is in condition to receive and understand such information and no police officer is present, such driver after rendering reasonable assistance shall forthwith report such motor vehicle accident at the nearest office of a duly authorized police authority, disclosing the information required by this Section.
    Any person failing to comply with this Section shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 83-831.)

625 ILCS 5/11-404

    (625 ILCS 5/11-404) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-404)
    Sec. 11-404. Duty upon damaging unattended vehicle or other property.
    (a) The driver of any vehicle which collides with or is involved in a motor vehicle accident with any vehicle which is unattended, or other property, resulting in any damage to such other vehicle or property shall immediately stop and shall then and there either locate and notify the operator or owner of such vehicle or other property of the driver's name, address, registration number and owner of the vehicle the driver was operating or shall attach securely in a conspicuous place on or in the vehicle or other property struck a written notice giving the driver's name, address, registration number and owner of the vehicle the driver was driving and shall without unnecessary delay notify the nearest office of a duly authorized police authority and shall make a written report of such accident when and as required in Section 11-406. Every such stop shall be made without obstructing traffic more than is necessary. If a damaged vehicle is obstructing traffic lanes, the driver of the vehicle must make every reasonable effort to move the vehicle or have it moved so as not to block the traffic lanes.
    (b) Any person failing to comply with this Section shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
    (c) If any peace officer or highway authority official finds (i) a vehicle standing upon a highway or toll highway in violation of a prohibition, limitation, or restriction on stopping, standing, or parking imposed under this Code or (ii) a disabled vehicle that obstructs the roadway of a highway or toll highway, the peace officer or highway authority official is authorized to move the vehicle or to require the operator of the vehicle to move the vehicle to the shoulder of the road, to a position where parking is permitted, or to public parking or storage premises. The removal may be performed by, or under the direction of, the peace officer or highway authority official or may be contracted for by local authorities. After the vehicle has been removed, the peace officer or highway authority official shall follow appropriate procedures, as provided in Section 4-203 of this Code.
    (d) A towing service, its officers, and its employees are not liable for loss of or damages to any real or personal property that occurs as the result of the removal or towing of any vehicle under subsection (c), as provided in subsection (b) of Section 4-213.
(Source: P.A. 95-407, eff. 1-1-08.)

625 ILCS 5/11-406

    (625 ILCS 5/11-406) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-406)
    Sec. 11-406. Duty to report accident.
    (a) The driver of a vehicle that is in any manner involved in an accident within this State, resulting in injury to or death of any person, or in which damage to the property of any one person, including himself, in excess of $1,500 (or $500 if any of the vehicles involved in the accident is subject to Section 7-601 but is not covered by a liability insurance policy in accordance with Section 7-601) is sustained, shall, as soon as possible but not later than 10 days after the accident, forward a written report of the accident to the Administrator.
    (b) Whenever a school bus is involved in an accident in this State, caused by a collision, a sudden stop or otherwise, resulting in any property damage, personal injury or death and whenever an accident occurs within 50 feet of a school bus in this State resulting in personal injury to or the death of any person while awaiting or preparing to board the bus or immediately after exiting the bus, the driver shall as soon as possible but not later than 10 days after the accident, forward a written report to the Department of Transportation. If a report is also required under Subsection (a) of this Section, that report and the report required by this Subsection shall be submitted on a single form.
    (c) The Administrator may require any driver, occupant or owner of a vehicle involved in an accident of which report must be made as provided in this Section or Section 11-410 of this Chapter to file supplemental reports whenever the original report is insufficient in the opinion of the Secretary of State or the Administrator, and may require witnesses of the accident to submit written reports to the Administrator. The report may include photographs, charts, sketches, and graphs.
    (d) Should the Administrator learn through other reports of accidents required by law of the occurrence of an accident reportable under this Article and the driver, owner, or witness has not reported as required under Subsections (a), (b) or (c) of this Section or Section 11-410, within the time specified, the person is not relieved of the responsibility and the Administrator shall notify the person by first class mail directed to his last known address of his legal obligation. However, the notification is not a condition precedent to impose the penalty for failure to report as provided in Subsection (e).
    (e) The Secretary of State shall suspend the driver's license or any non-resident's driving privilege of any person who fails or neglects to make report of a traffic accident as required or as required by any other law of this State.
(Source: P.A. 95-754, eff. 1-1-09.)

625 ILCS 5/11-407

    (625 ILCS 5/11-407) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-407)
    Sec. 11-407. Immediate notice of accident.
    (a) The driver of a vehicle which is in any manner involved in an accident described in Section 11-406 of this Chapter shall, if no police officer is present, give notice of the accident by the fastest available means of communication to the local police department if such accident occurs within a municipality or otherwise to the nearest office of the county sheriff or nearest headquarters of the Illinois State Police.
    (b) Whenever the driver of a vehicle is physically incapable of giving immediate notice of an accident as required in Subsection (a) and there was another occupant in the vehicle at the time of the accident capable of doing so, that occupant must give notice as required in Subsection (a).
(Source: P.A. 76-2163.)

625 ILCS 5/11-408

    (625 ILCS 5/11-408) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-408)
    Sec. 11-408. Police to report motor vehicle accident investigations.
    (a) Every law enforcement officer who investigates a motor vehicle accident for which a report is required by this Article or who prepares a written report as a result of an investigation either at the time and scene of such motor vehicle accident or thereafter by interviewing participants or witnesses shall forward a written report of such motor vehicle accident to the Administrator on forms provided by the Administrator under Section 11-411 within 10 days after investigation of the motor vehicle accident, or within such other time as is prescribed by the Administrator. Such written reports required to be forwarded by law enforcement officers and the information contained therein are privileged as to the Secretary of State and the Department and, in the case of second division vehicles operated under certificate of convenience and necessity issued by the Illinois Commerce Commission, to the Commission, but shall not be held confidential by the reporting law enforcement officer or agency. The Secretary of State may also disclose notations of accident involvement maintained on individual driving records. However, the Administrator or the Secretary of State may require a supplemental written report from the reporting law enforcement officer and such supplemental report shall be for the privileged use of the Secretary of State and the Department and shall be held confidential. Upon request, the Department shall furnish copies of its written accident reports to federal, State, and local agencies that are engaged in highway safety research and studies. The reports shall be for the privileged use of the federal, State, and local agencies receiving the reports and shall be held confidential.
    (b) The Department at its discretion may require a supplemental written report from the reporting law enforcement officer on a form supplied by the Department to be submitted directly to the Department. Such supplemental report may be used only for accident studies and statistical or analytical purposes, and shall be for the privileged use of the Department and shall be held confidential.
    (c) The Department at its discretion may also provide for in-depth investigations of a motor vehicle accident by individuals or special investigation groups, including but not limited to police officers, photographers, engineers, doctors, mechanics, and as a result of the investigation may require the submission of written reports, photographs, charts, sketches, graphs, or a combination of all. Such individual written reports, photographs, charts, sketches, or graphs may be used only for accident studies and statistical or analytical purposes, shall be for the privileged use of the Department and held confidential, and shall not be used in any trial, civil or criminal.
    (d) On and after July 1, 1997, law enforcement officers who have reason to suspect that the motor vehicle accident was the result of a driver's loss of consciousness due to a medical condition, as defined by the Driver's License Medical Review Law of 1992, or the result of any medical condition that impaired the driver's ability to safely operate a motor vehicle shall notify the Secretary of this determination. The Secretary, in conjunction with the Driver's License Medical Advisory Board, shall determine by administrative rule the temporary conditions not required to be reported under the provisions of this Section. The Secretary shall, in conjunction with the Illinois State Police and representatives of local and county law enforcement agencies, promulgate any rules necessary and develop the procedures and documents that may be required to obtain written, electronic, or other agreed upon methods of notification to implement the provisions of this Section.
    (e) Law enforcement officers reporting under the provisions of subsection (d) of this Section shall enjoy the same immunities granted members of the Driver's License Medical Advisory Board under Section 6-910 of this Code.
    (f) All information furnished to the Secretary under subsection (d) of this Section shall be deemed confidential and for the privileged use of the Secretary in accordance with the provisions of subsection (j) of Section 2-123 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 96-1147, eff. 7-21-10.)

625 ILCS 5/11-409

    (625 ILCS 5/11-409) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-409)
    Sec. 11-409. False motor vehicle accident reports or notices. Any person who provides information in an oral or written report required by this Code with knowledge or reason to believe that such information is false shall be guilty of a Class C misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 83-831.)

625 ILCS 5/11-410

    (625 ILCS 5/11-410) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-410)
    Sec. 11-410. When driver fails to report a motor vehicle accident. Whenever the driver of a vehicle is physically incapable of making a required written accident report and if there was another occupant in the vehicle at the time of the motor vehicle accident capable of making a written report, such occupant shall make or cause to be made such written report. If said driver fails for any reason to make such report, the owner of the vehicle involved in such motor vehicle accident, shall, as soon as practicable, make said report to the Administrator.
(Source: P.A. 83-831.)

625 ILCS 5/11-411

    (625 ILCS 5/11-411) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-411)
    Sec. 11-411. Accident report forms.
    (a) The Administrator must prepare and upon request supply to police departments, sheriffs and other appropriate agencies or individuals, forms for written accident reports as required hereunder, suitable with respect to the persons required to make such reports and the purposes to be served. The written reports must call for sufficiently detailed information to disclose with reference to a vehicle accident the cause, conditions then existing, and the persons and vehicles involved or any other data concerning such accident that may be required for a complete analysis of all related circumstances and events leading to the accident or subsequent to the occurrence.
    (b) Every accident report required to be made in writing must be made on an appropriate form approved or provided by the Administrator and must contain all the information required therein unless that information is not available.
    (c) Should special accident studies be required by the Administrator, the Administrator may provide the supplemental forms for the special studies.
(Source: P.A. 78-255.)

625 ILCS 5/11-412

    (625 ILCS 5/11-412) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-412)
    Sec. 11-412. Motor vehicle accident reports confidential. All required written motor vehicle accident reports and supplemental reports shall be without prejudice to the individual so reporting and shall be for the confidential use of the Department and the Secretary of State and, in the case of second division vehicles operated under certificate of convenience and necessity issued by the Illinois Commerce Commission, of the Commission, except that the Administrator or the Secretary of State or the Commission may disclose the identity of a person involved in a motor vehicle accident when such identity is not otherwise known or when such person denies his presence at such motor vehicle accident and the Department shall disclose the identity of the insurance carrier, if any, upon demand. The Secretary of State may also disclose notations of accident involvement maintained on individual driving records. The Department may furnish copies of its written accident reports to federal, State, and local agencies that are engaged in highway safety research and studies. Reports furnished to any agency other than the Secretary of State or the Illinois Commerce Commission may be used only for statistical or analytical purposes and shall be held confidential by that agency. No such written report shall be used as evidence in any trial, civil or criminal, arising out of a motor vehicle accident, except that the Administrator shall furnish upon demand of any person who has, or claims to have, made such a written report, or upon demand of any court, a certificate showing that a specified written accident report has or has not been made to the Administrator solely to prove a compliance or a failure to comply with the requirement that such a written report be made to the Administrator.
    The Department of Transportation at its discretion may provide for in-depth investigations of accidents involving Department employees. A written report describing the preventability of such an accident may be prepared to enhance the safety of Department employees. Such reports and any opinions expressed in the review of the accident as to the preventability of the accident shall be for the privileged use of the Department and held confidential and shall not be obtainable or used in any civil or criminal proceeding.
(Source: P.A. 95-757, eff. 7-25-08.)