Illinois Compiled Statutes
Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts
soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide
Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.
VEHICLES625 ILCS 5/11-301
(625 ILCS 5/) Illinois Vehicle Code.
(625 ILCS 5/11-301)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-301)
Department to adopt sign manual.
(a) The Department shall adopt a State manual and specifications for a
uniform system of traffic-control devices consistent with this Chapter for
use upon highways within this State. Such manual shall include the
adoption of the R 7-8 sign adopted by the United States Department of
Transportation to designate the reservation of parking
facilities for a person with disabilities.
Non-conforming signs in use prior to January
1, 1985 shall not constitute a violation during their useful lives, which
shall not be extended by other means than normal maintenance. The manual
shall also specify insofar
as practicable the minimum warrants justifying the use of the various
traffic control devices. Such uniform system shall correlate with and,
where not inconsistent with Illinois highway conditions, conform to the
system set forth in the most recent edition of the national manual on
Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways.
(b) Signs adopted by the Department to designate the reservation of
parking facilities for a person with disabilities shall also exhibit, in a
manner determined by the Department, the words "$100 Fine".
(c) If the amount of a fine is changed, the Department shall change the
design of the
signs to indicate
the current amount of the fine.
(Source: P.A. 88-685, eff. 1-24-95; 89-533, eff. 1-1-97.)
625 ILCS 5/11-301.1
(625 ILCS 5/11-301.1)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-301.1)
Beginning July 1, 1988, all signs erected and used to
designate the reservation of parking facilities for a person with disabilities
shall be in a form and manner prescribed under Section 11-301 of this Code, and
all parking spaces reserved for a person with disabilities, except those
reserving on-street parking areas, shall be at least 16 feet wide.
Non-conforming signs in use prior to July 1, 1988 shall not constitute a
violation during their useful lives, which shall not be extended by means other
than normal maintenance. Beginning October 1, 1992, all parking spaces reserved
for a person with disabilities, except those reserving on-street parking areas,
shall be at least 16 feet wide.
(Source: P.A. 87-562; 88-685, eff. 1-24-95.)
625 ILCS 5/11-302
(625 ILCS 5/11-302)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-302)
Authority to designate through highway and stop and yield
(a) The Department with reference to State highways under its
jurisdiction, and local authorities
with reference to other highways under their jurisdiction, may designate
through highways and erect stop signs or yield signs at specified entrances
thereto, or may designate any intersection as a stop intersection or as a
yield intersection and erect stop signs or yield signs at one or more
entrances to such intersection. Designation of through highways and stop or
yield intersections and the erection of stop signs or yield signs on
township or road district roads are subject to the written approval of the
county engineer or superintendent of highways.
(b) Every stop sign and yield sign shall conform to the State Manual and
Specifications and shall be located as near as practicable to the nearest
line of the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection or, if there is
no crosswalk, then as close as practicable to the nearest line of the
(c) The Department may in its discretion and when traffic conditions
warrant such action give preference to traffic upon any of the State
highways under its jurisdiction over traffic crossing or entering such
highway by erecting appropriate traffic control devices.
(Source: P.A. 93-177, eff. 7-11-03.)
625 ILCS 5/11-303
(625 ILCS 5/11-303)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-303)
The Department to place signs on all State highways.
(a) The Department shall place and maintain such traffic-control
devices, conforming to its manual and specifications on all highways
under its jurisdiction as it shall deem necessary to indicate and to
carry out the provisions of this Chapter or to regulate, warn or guide traffic. These traffic control devices shall include temporary stop signs placed as a substitute for missing or damaged permanent stop signs required by the State Manual. Temporary stop signs shall be placed in a manner to provide adequate visibility and legibility, and shall be placed within duration recommendations in the State Manual, unless circumstances require longer placement.
(b) No local authority shall place or maintain any traffic-control
device upon any highway under the jurisdiction of the Department except
by the latter's permission.
(c) The Department shall erect and maintain guide, warning and
direction signs upon highways in cities, towns and villages of which
portions or lanes of such highways are under the control and
jurisdiction of the Department or for which the Department has
(d) Nothing in this Chapter shall divest the corporate authorities
of park districts of power to prohibit or restrict the use of highways
under their jurisdiction by certain types or weights of motor vehicles
or the power of cities, villages, incorporated towns and park districts
to designate highways for one-way traffic or the power of such municipal
corporations to erect and maintain appropriate signs respecting such
(e) Nothing in this Section shall prohibit a municipality, township, or
county from erecting signs as required under the Illinois Adopt-A-Highway Act.
(Source: P.A. 99-124, eff. 1-1-16
625 ILCS 5/11-304
(625 ILCS 5/11-304)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-304)
Local traffic-control devices; tourist oriented businesses
Local authorities in their
respective maintenance jurisdiction shall place and maintain such
traffic-control devices, including temporary stop signs placed as a substitute for missing or damaged permanent stop signs required by the State Manual, upon highways under their maintenance jurisdiction
as are required to indicate and carry out the provisions of this Chapter,
and local traffic ordinances or to regulate, warn, or guide traffic. All
such traffic control devices shall conform to the State Manual and
Specifications and shall be justified by traffic warrants stated in the
Manual. Temporary stop signs shall be placed in a manner to provide adequate visibility and legibility, and shall be placed within duration recommendations in the State Manual, unless circumstances require longer placement. Placement of traffic-control devices on township or road district
roads also shall be subject to the written approval of the county engineer
or superintendent of highways.
Local authorities in their
respective maintenance jurisdictions shall have the authority to install signs,
in conformance with the State Manual and specifications, alerting motorists of
the tourist oriented businesses available on roads under
local jurisdiction in rural areas as may be required to guide motorists to the
The local authorities and road district
highway commissioners shall also have the authority to sell or
lease space on these signs to the owners or operators of the businesses.
(Source: P.A. 99-124, eff. 1-1-16
625 ILCS 5/11-305
(625 ILCS 5/11-305)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-305)
Obedience to and required
traffic-control devices. (a) The driver of any vehicle
shall obey the instructions of any official
traffic-control device applicable thereto
placed or held in accordance with the provisions of this Act,
unless otherwise directed by a police officer, subject to the
exceptions granted the driver of an authorized emergency vehicle
in this Act.
(b) It is unlawful for any person to leave the roadway
and travel across private property to avoid an official
traffic control device.
(c) No provision of this Act for which official
traffic-control devices are required shall
be enforced against an alleged violator if at the time and
place of the alleged violation an official device is not in
proper position and sufficiently legible to be seen by an
ordinarily observant person. Whenever a particular section does not
state that official traffic-control devices
are required, such section shall be effective even though no devices
are erected or in place.
(d) Whenever any official traffic-control device is placed or held in
position approximately conforming to the requirements of this Act and
purports to conform to the lawful requirements pertaining to such device,
such device shall be presumed to have been so placed or held by the
official act or direction of lawful authority, and comply with the
requirements of this Act, unless the contrary shall be established by
(e) The driver of a vehicle approaching a traffic control signal on
which no signal light facing such vehicle is illuminated shall stop before
entering the intersection in accordance with rules applicable in making a
stop at a stop sign.
(Source: P.A. 84-873.)
625 ILCS 5/11-306
(625 ILCS 5/11-306)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-306)
Traffic-control signal legend.
Whenever traffic is controlled
by traffic-control signals exhibiting different colored lights or color
lighted arrows, successively one at a time or in combination, only the
colors green, red and yellow shall be used, except for special pedestrian
signals carrying a word legend, and the lights shall indicate and apply to
drivers of vehicles and pedestrians as follows:
(a) Green indication.
1. Vehicular traffic facing a circular green signal
may proceed straight through or turn right or left unless a sign at such place prohibits either such turn. Vehicular traffic, including vehicles turning right or left, shall yield the right of way to other vehicles and to pedestrians lawfully within the intersection or an adjacent crosswalk at the time such signal is exhibited.
2. Vehicular traffic facing a green arrow signal,
shown alone or in combination with another indication, may cautiously enter the intersection only to make the movement indicated by such arrow, or such other movement as is permitted by other indications shown at the same time. Such vehicular traffic shall yield the right of way to pedestrians lawfully within an adjacent crosswalk and to other traffic lawfully using the intersection.
3. Unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian-control
signal, as provided in Section 11-307, pedestrians facing any green signal, except when the sole green signal is a turn arrow, may proceed across the roadway within any marked or unmarked crosswalk.
(b) Steady yellow indication.
1. Vehicular traffic facing a steady circular yellow
or yellow arrow signal is thereby warned that the related green movement is being terminated or that a red indication will be exhibited immediately thereafter.
2. Pedestrians facing a steady circular yellow or
yellow arrow signal, unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian-control signal as provided in Section 11-307, are thereby advised that there is insufficient time to cross the roadway before a red indication is shown and no pedestrian shall then start to cross the roadway.
(b-5) Flashing yellow arrow indication.
1. Vehicular traffic facing a flashing yellow arrow
indication may cautiously enter the intersection only to make the movement indicated by the arrow and shall yield the right-of-way to other vehicles and pedestrians lawfully within the intersection or an adjacent crosswalk at the time the signal is exhibited.
2. Pedestrians facing a flashing yellow arrow
indication, unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian-control signal as provided in Section 11-307, may proceed across the roadway within any marked or unmarked crosswalk that crosses the lane or lanes used to depart the intersection by traffic controlled by the flashing yellow arrow indication. Pedestrians shall yield the right-of-way to vehicles lawfully within the intersection at the time that the flashing yellow signal indication is first displayed.
(c) Steady red indication.
1. Except as provided in paragraphs 3 and 3.5 of this
subsection (c), vehicular traffic facing a steady circular red signal alone shall stop at a clearly marked stop line, but if there is no such stop line, before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection, or if there is no such crosswalk, then before entering the intersection, and shall remain standing until an indication to proceed is shown.
2. Except as provided in paragraphs 3 and 3.5 of this
subsection (c), vehicular traffic facing a steady red arrow signal shall not enter the intersection to make the movement indicated by the arrow and, unless entering the intersection to make a movement permitted by another signal, shall stop at a clearly marked stop line, but if there is no such stop line, before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection, or if there is no such crosswalk, then before entering the intersection, and shall remain standing until an indication permitting the movement indicated by such red arrow is shown.
3. Except when a sign is in place prohibiting a turn
and local authorities by ordinance or State authorities by rule or regulation prohibit any such turn, vehicular traffic facing any steady red signal may cautiously enter the intersection to turn right, or to turn left from a one-way street into a one-way street, after stopping as required by paragraph 1 or paragraph 2 of this subsection. After stopping, the driver shall yield the right of way to any vehicle in the intersection or approaching on another roadway so closely as to constitute an immediate hazard during the time such driver is moving across or within the intersection or junction or roadways. Such driver shall yield the right of way to pedestrians within the intersection or an adjacent crosswalk.
3.5. In municipalities with less than 2,000,000
inhabitants, after stopping as required by paragraph 1 or 2 of this subsection, the driver of a motorcycle or bicycle, facing a steady red signal which fails to change to a green signal within a reasonable period of time not less than 120 seconds because of a signal malfunction or because the signal has failed to detect the arrival of the motorcycle or bicycle due to the vehicle's size or weight, shall have the right to proceed, after yielding the right of way to oncoming traffic facing a green signal, subject to the rules applicable after making a stop at a stop sign as required by Section 11-1204 of this Code.
4. Unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian-control
signal as provided in Section 11-307, pedestrians facing a steady circular red or red arrow signal alone shall not enter the roadway.
(d) In the event an official traffic control signal is
erected and maintained
at a place other than an intersection, the provisions of this Section shall
be applicable except as to provisions which by their nature can have no
application. Any stop required shall be at a traffic sign or a marking
on the pavement indicating where the stop shall be made or, in the absence
of such sign or marking, the stop shall be made at the signal.
(e) The motorman of any streetcar shall obey the above signals as applicable
(Source: P.A. 97-627, eff. 1-1-12; 97-762, eff. 7-6-12; 98-798, eff. 7-31-14.)
625 ILCS 5/11-307
(625 ILCS 5/11-307)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-307)
pedestrian-control signals exhibiting the words "Walk" or "Don't Walk" or
the illuminated symbols of a walking person or an upraised palm
are in place such signals shall indicate as follows:
(a) Walk or walking person symbol. Pedestrians facing such signal may
proceed across the
roadway in the direction of the signal, and shall be given the right of
way by the drivers of all vehicles.
(b) Don't Walk or upraised palm symbol. No pedestrian shall start to
cross the roadway in
the direction of such signal, but any pedestrian who has partly
completed his crossing on the Walk signal or walking person symbol shall
proceed to a sidewalk or
safety island while the "Don't Walk" signal or upraised palm symbol
is illuminated, steady, or
(Source: P.A. 81-553.)
625 ILCS 5/11-308
(625 ILCS 5/11-308)
(from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-308)
Whenever lane-control signals are used in conjunction with official
signs, they shall have the following meanings:
(a) Downward-pointing green arrow. A driver facing this indication
is permitted to drive in the lane over which the arrow signal is
located. Otherwise he shall obey all other traffic controls present and
follow normal safe driving practices.
(b) Red X symbol. A driver facing this indication shall not drive in
the lane over which the signal is located, and this indication shall
modify accordingly the meaning of all other traffic controls present.
Otherwise he shall obey all other traffic controls and follow normal
safe driving practices.
(c) Yellow X (steady). A driver facing this indication should
prepare to vacate the lane over which the signal is located, in a safe
manner to avoid, if possible, occupying that lane when a steady red X is
(d) Flashing yellow arrow. A driver facing this indication may use the
lane only for the purpose of approaching and making a left turn.
(Source: P.A. 81-552.)