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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

ANIMALS
(510 ILCS 68/) Herptiles-Herps Act

510 ILCS 68/Art. 5

 
    (510 ILCS 68/Art. 5 heading)
ARTICLE 5. INDIGENOUS OR
NATIVE HERPTILE TAXA
(Source: P.A. 98-752, eff. 1-1-15.)

510 ILCS 68/5-5

    (510 ILCS 68/5-5)
    Sec. 5-5. Possession limits.
    (a) The possession limit for indigenous amphibian and reptile taxa (excluding common snapping turtles and bullfrogs) is 8 total collectively with no more than 4 per species. Young of gravid wild-collected amphibians and reptiles shall be returned to the site of adult capture after birth.
    (b) Only residents may possess herptiles collected from the wild within this State under a valid sport fishing license; non-residents may not possess herptiles collected from the wild within this State except for scientific purposes, with a Herptile Scientific Collection permit.
    (c) All herptile species (other than bullfrogs and common snapping turtles) may be captured by hand. This shall not restrict the use of legally taken herptiles as bait by anglers. Any captured herptiles that are not to be retained in the possession of the captor shall be immediately released at the site of capture, unless taken with a lethal method such as bow and arrow, gig, spear, or pitchfork which does not permit release without harm. All common snapping turtles and bullfrogs taken for personal consumption must be kept and counted in the daily catch creel or bag. No culling of these 2 species for personal consumption is permitted.
    (d) The trier of fact may infer that a person is collecting from the wild within this State if he or she possesses indigenous reptiles or amphibians, in whole or in part, if no documentation exists stating that the animals were legally collected from the wild outside of this State.
    (e) Residents may possess a total of 8 native herp specimens collectively, with no more than 4 per species, without obtaining and possessing either a Herptile Scientific Collection permit or Herpetoculture permit from the Department, regardless of the origin of the species. A sport fishing license is required for residents to legally collect any native herp taxon on private land, with the landowner's permission. Collecting herptiles on public lands shall require additional permits.
    (f) Any resident wishing to possess more than his or her allowed possession limit shall first apply to the Department for a Herptile Scientific Collection permit or Herpetoculture permit to do so. Issuance, modification, or denial of any and all of these permits shall be at the sole discretion of the Department.
    (g) Due to the similarity of appearance (S/A) of certain intergrade or hybrid specimens, the Department retains the authority to enforce any and all provisions under this Act. Specimens determined by the Department, or its agents, to fit into this S/A category shall receive all benefits of this Act, as well as the Illinois Endangered Species Protection Act if applicable, and shall be included in an individual's overall possession limit.
(Source: P.A. 98-752, eff. 1-1-15.)

510 ILCS 68/5-10

    (510 ILCS 68/5-10)
    Sec. 5-10. Commercialization; herpetoculture.
    (a) It is unlawful to take, possess, buy, sell, offer to buy or sell or barter any reptile, amphibian, or their eggs, any resulting offspring, or parts taken from the wild in this State for commercial purposes unless otherwise authorized by law.
    (b) The trier of fact may infer that a person is collecting from the wild within this State for commercial purposes if he or she possesses indigenous reptiles or amphibians, in whole or in part, for which no documentation exists stating that the animals were legally collected from the wild outside this State.
    (c) Due to the similarity of appearance (S/A) of certain intergrade or hybrid specimens, the Department retains the authority to enforce any and all provisions under this Act. Specimens determined by the Department, or its agents, to fit into this S/A category shall receive all benefits of this Act, as well as the Illinois Endangered Species Protection Act if applicable, and shall be included in an individual's overall possession limit.
    (d) A valid, Department-issued Herpetoculture permit shall apply only to indigenous herp taxa. A Herpetoculture permit shall not be required in order to commercialize non-indigenous herp taxa except as otherwise prohibited or regulated under this Act.
    (e) Indigenous herp taxa collected from the wild in this State may not be bred unless otherwise authorized by the Department for research or recovery purposes.
(Source: P.A. 98-752, eff. 1-1-15.)

510 ILCS 68/5-15

    (510 ILCS 68/5-15)
    Sec. 5-15. Protection of habitat. Habitat features that are disturbed in the course of searching for reptiles and amphibians shall be returned to as near its original position and condition as possible, for example overturned stones and logs shall be restored to their original locations.
(Source: P.A. 98-752, eff. 1-1-15.)

510 ILCS 68/5-20

    (510 ILCS 68/5-20)
    Sec. 5-20. Taking of endangered or threatened species.
    (a) No person shall take or possess any of the herptiles listed in the Illinois Endangered Species Protection Act or subsequent administrative rules, except as provided by that Act.
    (b) Any Department-permitted threatened or endangered (T/E) herptile species shall be exempt from an individual's overall possession under the permitting system set forth in this Act. However, any and all T/E specimens shall be officially recorded with the Department's Endangered Species Conservation Program. Any species occurring on the federal T/E list also requires a Department permit for possession, propagation, sale, or offer for sale unless otherwise permitted through the Department.
    (c) Due to the similarity of appearance (S/A) of certain intergrade or hybrid specimens, the Department retains the authority to enforce any and all provisions under this Act. Specimens determined by the Department, or agents, to fit into this S/A category shall receive all benefits of this Act, as well as the Illinois Endangered Species Protection Act if applicable, and shall be included in an individual's overall possession limit.
    (d) Federally licensed exhibits shall not be exempt from the Illinois Endangered Species Protection Act.
    (e) Any changes in T/E permit numbers for herptiles by current, existing permit holders shall be reported to the Department in writing no later than the first business day after that change occurred. Requests for permits by any resident acquiring a T/E species who is not permitted shall not be issued after-the-fact.
    (f) Annual reports are due by January 31 of each year for the preceding year's activities. Failure to submit the annual report by the due date shall result in a permit violation.
    (g) An annual fee for herptile T/E species permits, per permittee, shall be set by administrative rule. All fees for herptile T/E species permits shall be deposited into the Wildlife Preservation Fund.
    (h) Procedures for acquisition, breeding, and sales of T/E herptile species shall be set forth in administrative rule.
    (i) Record keeping requirements for T/E herptile species shall be set forth in administrative rule.
(Source: P.A. 98-752, eff. 1-1-15.)

510 ILCS 68/5-25

    (510 ILCS 68/5-25)
    Sec. 5-25. Taking of snakes. Unless otherwise provided in this Act, any non-threatened or non-endangered snake may be taken by the owners or bona fide tenants of lands actually residing on the lands and their children, parents, brothers, and sisters permanently residing with them.
(Source: P.A. 98-752, eff. 1-1-15.)

510 ILCS 68/5-30

    (510 ILCS 68/5-30)
    Sec. 5-30. Taking of turtles or bullfrogs; illegal devices.
    (a) No person shall take turtles or bullfrogs by commercial fishing devices, including dip nets, hoop nets, traps, or seines, or by the use of firearms, airguns, or gas guns. Turtles may be taken only by hand or means of hook and line.
    (b) Bullfrog; common snapping turtle; open season.
        (1) All individuals taking bullfrogs shall possess a
    
valid sport fishing license and may take bullfrogs only during the open season to be specified by administrative rule. Bullfrogs may only be taken by hook and line, gig, pitchfork, spear, bow and arrow, hand, or landing net.
        (2) The daily catch limit and total possession limit
    
for all properly licensed persons shall be specified by administrative rule.
        (3) All persons taking common snapping turtles shall
    
possess a valid sport fishing license and may take common snapping turtles only during the open season to be specified by administrative rule. Common snapping turtles (Chelydra serpentina) may be taken only by hand, hook and line, or bow and arrow, except in the counties listed in Section 5-35 where bowfishing for common snapping turtles is not allowed.
        (4) The daily catch limit and total possession limit
    
for all properly licensed persons shall be specified by administrative rule.
    (c) The alligator snapping turtle (Macrochelys temminckii) is protected and may not be taken by any method including, but not limited to, any sport fishing method.
(Source: P.A. 98-752, eff. 1-1-15.)

510 ILCS 68/5-35

    (510 ILCS 68/5-35)
    Sec. 5-35. Areas closed to the taking of reptiles and amphibians.
    (a) Unless otherwise allowed by law or administrative rule, the taking of reptiles and amphibians at any time and by any method is prohibited in the following areas:
    The LaRue-Pine Hills or Otter Pond Research Natural Area
    
in Union County. The closed area shall include the Research Natural Area as designated by the U.S. Forest Service and the right-of-way of Forest Road 345 with Forest Road 236 to the intersection of Forest Road 345 with the Missouri Pacific railroad tracks. Unless otherwise authorized, possession of any collecting equipment is prohibited within the closed area.
    (b) In the following counties bowfishing for common snapping turtles is not permitted: Randolph, Perry, Franklin, Hamilton, White, Gallatin, Saline, Williamson, Jackson, Union, Johnson, Pope, Hardin, Massac, Pulaski, and Alexander, or in any additional counties added through administrative rule.
    (c) Collection of wild turtles for races or other types of events involving congregating and gathering numbers of wild turtles is prohibited in counties where ranavirus has been documented. Inclusion on the county list shall be determined by rule.
(Source: P.A. 98-752, eff. 1-1-15.)

510 ILCS 68/5-40

    (510 ILCS 68/5-40)
    Sec. 5-40. Translocation and release of herptiles.
    (a) Except as provided for in subsection (a) of Section 5-5, no herptile indigenous species may be moved, translocated, or populations repatriated within this State without approval of the Department, after review of a proposal complete with long-term monitoring plan at least 5 years post-release.
    (b) It shall be unlawful to intentionally or negligently release any non-indigenous herptile species into this State.
(Source: P.A. 98-752, eff. 1-1-15.)