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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY
(415 ILCS 5/) Environmental Protection Act.

415 ILCS 5/Tit. XVI

 
    (415 ILCS 5/Tit. XVI heading)
TITLE XVI. PETROLEUM UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANKS

415 ILCS 5/57

    (415 ILCS 5/57)
    Sec. 57. Intent and purpose. This Title shall be known and may be cited as the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Program (LUST). The purpose of this Title is, in accordance with the requirements of the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 and in accordance with the State's interest in the protection of Illinois' land and water resources: (1) to adopt procedures for the remediation of underground storage tank sites due to the release of petroleum and other substances regulated under this Title from certain underground storage tanks or related tank systems; (2) to establish and provide procedures for a Leaking Underground Storage Tank Program which will oversee and review any remediation required for leaking underground storage tanks, and administer the Underground Storage Tank Fund; (3) to establish an Underground Storage Tank Fund intended to be a State fund by which persons who qualify for access to the Underground Storage Tank Fund may satisfy the financial responsibility requirements under applicable State law and regulations; (4) to establish requirements for eligible owners and operators of underground storage tanks to seek payment for any costs associated with physical soil classification, groundwater investigation, site classification and corrective action from the Underground Storage Tank Fund; and (5) to audit and approve corrective action efforts performed by Licensed Professional Engineers.
(Source: P.A. 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)

415 ILCS 5/57.1

    (415 ILCS 5/57.1)
    Sec. 57.1. Applicability.
    (a) An owner or operator of an underground storage tank who meets the definition of this Title shall be required to conduct tank removal, abandonment and repair, site investigation, and corrective action in accordance with the requirements of the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Program.
    (b) An owner or operator of a heating oil tank as defined by this Title may elect to perform tank removal, abandonment or repair, site investigation, or corrective action, unless the provisions of subsection (g) of Section 57.5 are applicable.
    (c) All owners or operators who conduct tank removal, repair or abandonment, site investigation, or corrective action may be eligible for the relief provided for under Section 57.10 of this Title.
    (d) The owners or operators, or both, of underground storage tanks containing regulated substances other than petroleum shall undertake corrective action in conformance with regulations promulgated by the Illinois Pollution Control Board.
(Source: P.A. 92-554, eff. 6-24-02.)

415 ILCS 5/57.2

    (415 ILCS 5/57.2)
    Sec. 57.2. Definitions. As used in this Title:
    "Audit" means a systematic inspection or examination of plans, reports, records, or documents to determine the completeness and accuracy of the data and conclusions contained therein.
    "Bodily injury" means bodily injury, sickness, or disease sustained by a person, including death at any time, resulting from a release of petroleum from an underground storage tank.
    "Release" means any spilling, leaking, emitting, discharging, escaping, leaching or disposing of petroleum from an underground storage tank into groundwater, surface water or subsurface soils.
    "Fill material" means non-native or disturbed materials used to bed and backfill around an underground storage tank.
    "Fund" means the Underground Storage Tank Fund.
    "Heating Oil" means petroleum that is No. 1, No. 2, No. 4 - light, No. 4 - heavy, No. 5 - light, No. 5 - heavy or No. 6 technical grades of fuel oil; and other residual fuel oils including Navy Special Fuel Oil and Bunker C.
    "Indemnification" means indemnification of an owner or operator for the amount of any judgment entered against the owner or operator in a court of law, for the amount of any final order or determination made against the owner or operator by an agency of State government or any subdivision thereof, or for the amount of any settlement entered into by the owner or operator, if the judgment, order, determination, or settlement arises out of bodily injury or property damage suffered as a result of a release of petroleum from an underground storage tank owned or operated by the owner or operator.
    "Corrective action" means activities associated with compliance with the provisions of Sections 57.6 and 57.7 of this Title.
    "Occurrence" means an accident, including continuous or repeated exposure to conditions, that results in a sudden or nonsudden release from an underground storage tank.
    When used in connection with, or when otherwise relating to, underground storage tanks, the terms "facility", "owner", "operator", "underground storage tank", "(UST)", "petroleum" and "regulated substance" shall have the meanings ascribed to them in Subtitle I of the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 (P.L. 98-616), of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (P.L. 94-580); provided however that the term "underground storage tank" shall also mean an underground storage tank used exclusively to store heating oil for consumptive use on the premises where stored and which serves other than a farm or residential unit; provided further however that the term "owner" shall also mean any person who has submitted to the Agency a written election to proceed under this Title and has acquired an ownership interest in a site on which one or more registered tanks have been removed, but on which corrective action has not yet resulted in the issuance of a "no further remediation letter" by the Agency pursuant to this Title.
    "Licensed Professional Engineer" means a person, corporation, or partnership licensed under the laws of the State of Illinois to practice professional engineering.
    "Licensed Professional Geologist" means a person licensed under the laws of the State of Illinois to practice as a professional geologist.
    "Site" means any single location, place, tract of land or parcel of property including contiguous property not separated by a public right-of-way.
    "Site investigation" means activities associated with compliance with the provisions of subsection (a) of Section 57.7.
    "Property damage" means physical injury to, destruction of, or contamination of tangible property, including all resulting loss of use of that property; or loss of use of tangible property that is not physically injured, destroyed, or contaminated, but has been evacuated, withdrawn from use, or rendered inaccessible because of a release of petroleum from an underground storage tank.
    "Class I Groundwater" means groundwater that meets the Class I: Potable Resource Groundwater criteria set forth in the Board regulations adopted pursuant to the Illinois Groundwater Protection Act.
    "Class III Groundwater" means groundwater that meets the Class III: Special Resource Groundwater criteria set forth in the Board regulations adopted pursuant to the Illinois Groundwater Protection Act.
(Source: P.A. 94-274, eff. 1-1-06.)

415 ILCS 5/57.3

    (415 ILCS 5/57.3)
    Sec. 57.3. Underground Storage Tank Program. The General Assembly hereby establishes the Illinois Leaking Underground Storage Tank Program (LUST Program). The LUST Program shall be administered by the Office of the State Fire Marshal and the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency.
(Source: P.A. 88-496.)

415 ILCS 5/57.4

    (415 ILCS 5/57.4)
    Sec. 57.4. State Agencies. The Office of State Fire Marshal and the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency shall administer the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Program in accordance with the terms of this Title.
(Source: P.A. 88-496.)

415 ILCS 5/57.5

    (415 ILCS 5/57.5)
    Sec. 57.5. Underground Storage Tanks; removal; repair; abandonment.
    (a) Notwithstanding the eligibility or the level of deductibility of an owner or operator under the Underground Storage Tank Fund, any owner or operator of an Underground Storage Tank may seek to remove or abandon such tank under the provisions of this Title. In order to be reimbursed under Section 57.8, the owner or operator must comply with the provisions of this Title. In no event will an owner or operator be reimbursed for any costs which exceed the minimum requirements necessary to comply with this Title.
    (b) Removal or abandonment of an Underground Storage Tank must be carried out in accordance with regulations adopted by the Office of State Fire Marshal.
    (c) The Office of the State Fire Marshal or a designated agent shall have an inspector on site at the time of removal, abandonment, or such other times the Office of State Fire Marshal deems appropriate. At such time, the inspector shall, upon preliminary excavation of the tank site, render an opinion as to whether a release of petroleum has occurred and, if so, the owner or operator shall report the known or suspected release to the Illinois Emergency Management Agency. The owner or operator shall determine whether or not a release has occurred in conformance with the regulations adopted by the Board and the Office of the State Fire Marshal. Except that if the opinion of the Office of the State Fire Marshal inspector is that a release of petroleum has occurred and the owner or operator has reported the release to the Illinois Emergency Management Agency within 24 hours of removal of the tank, no such determination is required under this subsection. In the event the owner or operator confirms the presence of a release of petroleum, the owner or operator shall comply with Section 57.6. The inspector shall provide the owner or operator, or a designated agent, with an "Eligibility and Deductibility Determination" form. The Office of the State Fire Marshal shall provide on-site assistance to the owner or operator or a designated agent with regard to the eligibility and deductibility procedures as provided in Section 57.9. If the Office of the State Fire Marshal is not on site, the Office of the State Fire Marshal shall provide the owner or operator with an "Eligibility and Deductibility Determination" form within 15 days after receiving notice that the confirmed release was reported by the owner or operator.
    (d) In the event that a release of petroleum is confirmed under subsection (c) of this Section, the owner or operator may elect to backfill the preliminary excavation and proceed under Section 57.6.
    (e) In the event that an Underground Storage Tank is found to be ineligible for payment from the Underground Storage Tank Fund, the owner or operator shall proceed under Sections 57.6 and 57.7.
    (f) In the event that no release of petroleum is confirmed, the owner or operator shall proceed to complete the removal of the underground storage tank, and when appropriate, dispose of the tank and backfill the excavation or, in the alternate, abandon the underground storage tank in place. Either option shall be in accordance with regulations adopted by the Office of the State Fire Marshal. The owner or operator shall certify to the Office of the State Fire Marshal that the tank removal or abandonment was conducted in accordance with all applicable rules and regulations, and the Office of the State Fire Marshal shall then issue a certificate of removal or abandonment to the owner or operator. If the Office of the State Fire Marshal fails to issue a certificate of removal or abandonment within 30 days of receipt of the certification, the certification shall be considered rejected by operation of law and a final action appealable to the Board. Nothing in this Title shall prohibit the Office of the State Fire Marshal from making an independent inspection of the site and challenging the veracity of the owner or operator certification.
    (g) The owner or operator of an underground storage tank taken out of operation before January 2, 1974, or an underground storage tank used exclusively to store heating oil for consumptive use on the premises where stored and which serves other than a farm or residential unit shall not be required to remove or abandon in place such underground storage tank except in the case in which the Office of the State Fire Marshal has determined that a release from the underground storage tank poses a current or potential threat to human health and the environment. In that case, and upon receipt of an order from the Office of the State Fire Marshal, the owner or operator of such underground storage tank shall conduct removal and, if necessary, site investigation and corrective action in accordance with this Title and regulations promulgated by the Office of State Fire Marshal and the Board.
    (h) In the event that a release of petroleum occurred between September 13, 1993, and August 1, 1994, for which the Office of the State Fire Marshal issued a certificate of removal or abandonment based on its determination of "no release" or "minor release," and the Office of the State Fire Marshal subsequently has rescinded that determination and required a report of a confirmed release to the Illinois Emergency Management Agency, the owner or operator may be eligible for reimbursement for the costs of site investigation and corrective action incurred on or after the date of the release but prior to the notification of the Illinois Emergency Management Agency. The date of the release shall be the date of the initial inspection by the Office of the State Fire Marshal as recorded in its inspection log. Eligibility and deductibility shall be determined in accordance with this Title, the owner or operator must comply with the provisions of this Act and its rules, and in no case shall the owner or operator be reimbursed for costs exceeding the minimum requirements of this Act and its rules.
(Source: P.A. 92-554, eff. 6-24-02.)

415 ILCS 5/57.6

    (415 ILCS 5/57.6)
    Sec. 57.6. Underground storage tanks; early action.
    (a) Owners and operators of underground storage tanks shall, in response to all confirmed releases, comply with all applicable statutory and regulatory reporting and response requirements.
    (b) Notwithstanding any other corrective action taken, an owner or operator may, at a minimum, and prior to submission of any plans to the Agency, remove the tank system or abandon the underground storage tank in place, in accordance with the regulations promulgated by the Office of the State Fire Marshal. The owner or operator may also remove visibly contaminated fill material and any groundwater in the excavation which exhibits a sheen. For purposes of payment for early action costs, however, fill material shall not be removed in an amount in excess of 4 feet from the outside dimensions of the tank.
(Source: P.A. 92-554, eff. 6-24-02.)

415 ILCS 5/57.7

    (415 ILCS 5/57.7)
    Sec. 57.7. Leaking underground storage tanks; site investigation and corrective action.
    (a) Site investigation.
        (1) For any site investigation activities required by
    
statute or rule, the owner or operator shall submit to the Agency for approval a site investigation plan designed to determine the nature, concentration, direction of movement, rate of movement, and extent of the contamination as well as the significant physical features of the site and surrounding area that may affect contaminant transport and risk to human health and safety and the environment.
        (2) Any owner or operator intending to seek payment
    
from the Fund shall submit to the Agency for approval a site investigation budget that includes, but is not limited to, an accounting of all costs associated with the implementation and completion of the site investigation plan.
        (3) Remediation objectives for the applicable
    
indicator contaminants shall be determined using the tiered approach to corrective action objectives rules adopted by the Board pursuant to this Title and Title XVII of this Act. For the purposes of this Title, "Contaminant of Concern" or "Regulated Substance of Concern" in the rules means the applicable indicator contaminants set forth in subsection (d) of this Section and the rules adopted thereunder.
        (4) Upon the Agency's approval of a site
    
investigation plan, or as otherwise directed by the Agency, the owner or operator shall conduct a site investigation in accordance with the plan.
        (5) Within 30 days after completing the site
    
investigation, the owner or operator shall submit to the Agency for approval a site investigation completion report. At a minimum the report shall include all of the following:
            (A) Executive summary.
            (B) Site history.
            (C) Site-specific sampling methods and results.
            (D) Documentation of all field activities,
        
including quality assurance.
            (E) Documentation regarding the development of
        
proposed remediation objectives.
            (F) Interpretation of results.
            (G) Conclusions.
    (b) Corrective action.
        (1) If the site investigation confirms none of the
    
applicable indicator contaminants exceed the proposed remediation objectives, within 30 days after completing the site investigation the owner or operator shall submit to the Agency for approval a corrective action completion report in accordance with this Section.
        (2) If any of the applicable indicator contaminants
    
exceed the remediation objectives approved for the site, within 30 days after the Agency approves the site investigation completion report the owner or operator shall submit to the Agency for approval a corrective action plan designed to mitigate any threat to human health, human safety, or the environment resulting from the underground storage tank release. The plan shall describe the selected remedy and evaluate its ability and effectiveness to achieve the remediation objectives approved for the site. At a minimum, the report shall include all of the following:
            (A) Executive summary.
            (B) Statement of remediation objectives.
            (C) Remedial technologies selected.
            (D) Confirmation sampling plan.
            (E) Current and projected future use of the
        
property.
            (F) Applicable preventive, engineering, and
        
institutional controls including long-term reliability, operating, and maintenance plans, and monitoring procedures.
            (G) A schedule for implementation and completion
        
of the plan.
        (3) Any owner or operator intending to seek payment
    
from the Fund shall submit to the Agency for approval a corrective action budget that includes, but is not limited to, an accounting of all costs associated with the implementation and completion of the corrective action plan.
        (4) Upon the Agency's approval of a corrective action
    
plan, or as otherwise directed by the Agency, the owner or operator shall proceed with corrective action in accordance with the plan.
        (5) Within 30 days after the completion of a
    
corrective action plan that achieves applicable remediation objectives the owner or operator shall submit to the Agency for approval a corrective action completion report. The report shall demonstrate whether corrective action was completed in accordance with the approved corrective action plan and whether the remediation objectives approved for the site, as well as any other requirements of the plan, have been achieved.
        (6) If within 4 years after the approval of any
    
corrective action plan the applicable remediation objectives have not been achieved and the owner or operator has not submitted a corrective action completion report, the owner or operator must submit a status report for Agency review. The status report must include, but is not limited to, a description of the remediation activities taken to date, the effectiveness of the method of remediation being used, the likelihood of meeting the applicable remediation objectives using the current method of remediation, and the date the applicable remediation objectives are expected to be achieved.
        (7) If the Agency determines any approved corrective
    
action plan will not achieve applicable remediation objectives within a reasonable time, based upon the method of remediation and site specific circumstances, the Agency may require the owner or operator to submit to the Agency for approval a revised corrective action plan. If the owner or operator intends to seek payment from the Fund, the owner or operator must also submit a revised budget.
    (c) Agency review and approval.
        (1) Agency approval of any plan and associated
    
budget, as described in this subsection (c), shall be considered final approval for purposes of seeking and obtaining payment from the Underground Storage Tank Fund if the costs associated with the completion of any such plan are less than or equal to the amounts approved in such budget.
        (2) In the event the Agency fails to approve,
    
disapprove, or modify any plan or report submitted pursuant to this Title in writing within 120 days of the receipt by the Agency, the plan or report shall be considered to be rejected by operation of law for purposes of this Title and rejected for purposes of payment from the Underground Storage Tank Fund.
            (A) For purposes of those plans as identified in
        
paragraph (5) of this subsection (c), the Agency's review may be an audit procedure. Such review or audit shall be consistent with the procedure for such review or audit as promulgated by the Board under Section 57.14. The Agency has the authority to establish an auditing program to verify compliance of such plans with the provisions of this Title.
            (B) For purposes of corrective action plans
        
submitted pursuant to subsection (b) of this Section for which payment from the Fund is not being sought, the Agency need not take action on such plan until 120 days after it receives the corrective action completion report required under subsection (b) of this Section. In the event the Agency approved the plan, it shall proceed under the provisions of this subsection (c).
        (3) In approving any plan submitted pursuant to
    
subsection (a) or (b) of this Section, the Agency shall determine, by a procedure promulgated by the Board under Section 57.14, that the costs associated with the plan are reasonable, will be incurred in the performance of site investigation or corrective action, and will not be used for site investigation or corrective action activities in excess of those required to meet the minimum requirements of this Title. The Agency shall also determine, pursuant to the Project Labor Agreements Act, whether the corrective action shall include a project labor agreement if payment from the Underground Storage Tank Fund is to be requested.
            (A) For purposes of payment from the Fund,
        
corrective action activities required to meet the minimum requirements of this Title shall include, but not be limited to, the following use of the Board's Tiered Approach to Corrective Action Objectives rules adopted under Title XVII of this Act:
                (i) For the site where the release occurred,
            
the use of Tier 2 remediation objectives that are no more stringent than Tier 1 remediation objectives.
                (ii) The use of industrial/commercial
            
property remediation objectives, unless the owner or operator demonstrates that the property being remediated is residential property or being developed into residential property.
                (iii) The use of groundwater ordinances as
            
institutional controls in accordance with Board rules.
                (iv) The use of on-site groundwater use
            
restrictions as institutional controls in accordance with Board rules.
            (B) Any bidding process adopted under Board rules
        
to determine the reasonableness of costs of corrective action must provide for a publicly-noticed, competitive, and sealed bidding process that includes, at a minimum, the following:
                (i) The owner or operator must issue
            
invitations for bids that include, at a minimum, a description of the work being bid and applicable contractual terms and conditions. The criteria on which the bids will be evaluated must be set forth in the invitation for bids. The criteria may include, but shall not be limited to, criteria for determining acceptability, such as inspection, testing, quality, workmanship, delivery, and suitability for a particular purpose. Criteria that will affect the bid price and be considered in the evaluation of a bid, such as discounts, shall be objectively measurable.
                (ii) At least 14 days prior to the date set
            
in the invitation for the opening of bids, public notice of the invitation for bids must be published in a local paper of general circulation for the area in which the site is located.
                (iii) Bids must be opened publicly in the
            
presence of one or more witnesses at the time and place designated in the invitation for bids. The name of each bidder, the amount of each bid, and other relevant information as specified in Board rules must be recorded and submitted to the Agency in the applicable budget. After selection of the winning bid, the winning bid and the record of each unsuccessful bid shall be open to public inspection.
                (iv) Bids must be unconditionally accepted
            
without alteration or correction. Bids must be evaluated based on the requirements set forth in the invitation for bids, which may include criteria for determining acceptability, such as inspection, testing, quality, workmanship, delivery, and suitability for a particular purpose. Criteria that will affect the bid price and be considered in the evaluation of a bid, such as discounts, shall be objectively measurable. The invitation for bids shall set forth the evaluation criteria to be used.
                (v) Correction or withdrawal of inadvertently
            
erroneous bids before or after selection of the winning bid, or cancellation of winning bids based on bid mistakes, shall be allowed in accordance with Board rules. After bid opening, no changes in bid prices or other provisions of bids prejudicial to the owner or operator or fair competition shall be allowed. All decisions to allow the correction or withdrawal of bids based on bid mistakes shall be supported by a written determination made by the owner or operator.
                (vi) The owner or operator shall select the
            
winning bid with reasonable promptness by written notice to the lowest responsible and responsive bidder whose bid meets the requirements and criteria set forth in the invitation for bids. The winning bid and other relevant information as specified in Board rules must be recorded and submitted to the Agency in the applicable budget.
                (vii) All bidding documentation must be
            
retained by the owner or operator for a minimum of 3 years after the costs bid are submitted in an application for payment, except that documentation relating to an appeal, litigation, or other disputed claim must be maintained until at least 3 years after the date of the final disposition of the appeal, litigation, or other disputed claim. All bidding documentation must be made available to the Agency for inspection and copying during normal business hours.
            (C) Any bidding process adopted under Board rules
        
to determine the reasonableness of costs of corrective action shall (i) be optional and (ii) allow bidding only if the owner or operator demonstrates that corrective action cannot be performed for amounts less than or equal to maximum payment amounts adopted by the Board.
        (4) For any plan or report received after June 24,
    
2002, any action by the Agency to disapprove or modify a plan submitted pursuant to this Title shall be provided to the owner or operator in writing within 120 days of the receipt by the Agency or, in the case of a site investigation plan or corrective action plan for which payment is not being sought, within 120 days of receipt of the site investigation completion report or corrective action completion report, respectively, and shall be accompanied by:
            (A) an explanation of the Sections of this Act
        
which may be violated if the plans were approved;
            (B) an explanation of the provisions of the
        
regulations, promulgated under this Act, which may be violated if the plan were approved;
            (C) an explanation of the specific type of
        
information, if any, which the Agency deems the applicant did not provide the Agency; and
            (D) a statement of specific reasons why the Act
        
and the regulations might not be met if the plan were approved.
        Any action by the Agency to disapprove or modify a
    
plan or report or the rejection of any plan or report by operation of law shall be subject to appeal to the Board in accordance with the procedures of Section 40. If the owner or operator elects to incorporate modifications required by the Agency rather than appeal, an amended plan shall be submitted to the Agency within 35 days of receipt of the Agency's written notification.
        (5) For purposes of this Title, the term "plan" shall
    
include:
            (A) Any site investigation plan submitted
        
pursuant to subsection (a) of this Section;
            (B) Any site investigation budget submitted
        
pursuant to subsection (a) of this Section;
            (C) Any corrective action plan submitted pursuant
        
to subsection (b) of this Section; or
            (D) Any corrective action plan budget submitted
        
pursuant to subsection (b) of this Section.
    (d) For purposes of this Title, the term "indicator contaminant" shall mean, unless and until the Board promulgates regulations to the contrary, the following: (i) if an underground storage tank contains gasoline, the indicator parameter shall be BTEX and Benzene; (ii) if the tank contained petroleum products consisting of middle distillate or heavy ends, then the indicator parameter shall be determined by a scan of PNA's taken from the location where contamination is most likely to be present; and (iii) if the tank contained used oil, then the indicator contaminant shall be those chemical constituents which indicate the type of petroleum stored in an underground storage tank. All references in this Title to groundwater objectives shall mean Class I groundwater standards or objectives as applicable.
    (e) (1) Notwithstanding the provisions of this Section,
    
an owner or operator may proceed to conduct site investigation or corrective action prior to the submittal or approval of an otherwise required plan. If the owner or operator elects to so proceed, an applicable plan shall be filed with the Agency at any time. Such plan shall detail the steps taken to determine the type of site investigation or corrective action which was necessary at the site along with the site investigation or corrective action taken or to be taken, in addition to costs associated with activities to date and anticipated costs.
        (2) Upon receipt of a plan submitted after activities
    
have commenced at a site, the Agency shall proceed to review in the same manner as required under this Title. In the event the Agency disapproves all or part of the costs, the owner or operator may appeal such decision to the Board. The owner or operator shall not be eligible to be reimbursed for such disapproved costs unless and until the Board determines that such costs were eligible for payment.
    (f) All investigations, plans, and reports conducted or prepared under this Section shall be conducted or prepared under the supervision of a licensed professional engineer and in accordance with the requirements of this Title.
(Source: P.A. 98-109, eff. 7-25-13.)

415 ILCS 5/57.8

    (415 ILCS 5/57.8)
    Sec. 57.8. Underground Storage Tank Fund; payment; options for State payment; deferred correction election to commence corrective action upon availability of funds. If an owner or operator is eligible to access the Underground Storage Tank Fund pursuant to an Office of State Fire Marshal eligibility/deductible final determination letter issued in accordance with Section 57.9, the owner or operator may submit a complete application for final or partial payment to the Agency for activities taken in response to a confirmed release. An owner or operator may submit a request for partial or final payment regarding a site no more frequently than once every 90 days.
    (a) Payment after completion of corrective action measures. The owner or operator may submit an application for payment for activities performed at a site after completion of the requirements of Sections 57.6 and 57.7, or after completion of any other required activities at the underground storage tank site.
        (1) In the case of any approved plan and budget for
    
which payment is being sought, the Agency shall make a payment determination within 120 days of receipt of the application. Such determination shall be considered a final decision. The Agency's review shall be limited to generally accepted auditing and accounting practices. In no case shall the Agency conduct additional review of any plan which was completed within the budget, beyond auditing for adherence to the corrective action measures in the proposal. If the Agency fails to approve the payment application within 120 days, such application shall be deemed approved by operation of law and the Agency shall proceed to reimburse the owner or operator the amount requested in the payment application. However, in no event shall the Agency reimburse the owner or operator an amount greater than the amount approved in the plan.
        (2) If sufficient funds are available in the
    
Underground Storage Tank Fund, the Agency shall, within 60 days, forward to the Office of the State Comptroller a voucher in the amount approved under the payment application.
        (3) In the case of insufficient funds, the Agency
    
shall form a priority list for payment and shall notify persons in such priority list monthly of the availability of funds and when payment shall be made. Payment shall be made to the owner or operator at such time as sufficient funds become available for the costs associated with site investigation and corrective action and costs expended for activities performed where no proposal is required, if applicable. Such priority list shall be available to any owner or operator upon request. Priority for payment shall be determined by the date the Agency receives a complete request for partial or final payment. Upon receipt of notification from the Agency that the requirements of this Title have been met, the Comptroller shall make payment to the owner or operator of the amount approved by the Agency, if sufficient money exists in the Fund. If there is insufficient money in the Fund, then payment shall not be made. If the owner or operator appeals a final Agency payment determination and it is determined that the owner or operator is eligible for payment or additional payment, the priority date for the payment or additional payment shall be the same as the priority date assigned to the original request for partial or final payment.
        (4) Any deductible, as determined pursuant to the
    
Office of the State Fire Marshal's eligibility and deductibility final determination in accordance with Section 57.9, shall be subtracted from any payment invoice paid to an eligible owner or operator. Only one deductible shall apply per underground storage tank site.
        (5) In the event that costs are or will be incurred
    
in addition to those approved by the Agency, or after payment, the owner or operator may submit successive plans containing amended budgets. The requirements of Section 57.7 shall apply to any amended plans.
        (6) For purposes of this Section, a complete
    
application shall consist of:
            (A) A certification from a Licensed Professional
        
Engineer or Licensed Professional Geologist as required under this Title and acknowledged by the owner or operator.
            (B) A statement of the amounts approved in the
        
budget and the amounts actually sought for payment along with a certified statement by the owner or operator that the amounts so sought were expended in conformance with the approved budget.
            (C) A copy of the Office of the State Fire
        
Marshal's eligibility and deductibility determination.
            (D) Proof that approval of the payment requested
        
will not result in the limitations set forth in subsection (g) of this Section being exceeded.
            (E) A federal taxpayer identification number and
        
legal status disclosure certification on a form prescribed and provided by the Agency.
            (F) If the Agency determined under subsection
        
(c)(3) of Section 57.7 of this Act that corrective action must include a project labor agreement, a certification from the owner or operator that the corrective action was (i) performed under a project labor agreement that meets the requirements of Section 25 of the Project Labor Agreements Act and (ii) implemented in a manner consistent with the terms and conditions of the Project Labor Agreements Act and in full compliance with all statutes, regulations, and Executive Orders as required under that Act and the Prevailing Wage Act.
    (b) Commencement of site investigation or corrective action upon availability of funds. The Board shall adopt regulations setting forth procedures based on risk to human health or the environment under which the owner or operator who has received approval for any budget plan submitted pursuant to Section 57.7, and who is eligible for payment from the Underground Storage Tank Fund pursuant to an Office of the State Fire Marshal eligibility and deductibility determination, may elect to defer site investigation or corrective action activities until funds are available in an amount equal to the amount approved in the budget. The regulations shall establish criteria based on risk to human health or the environment to be used for determining on a site-by-site basis whether deferral is appropriate. The regulations also shall establish the minimum investigatory requirements for determining whether the risk based criteria are present at a site considering deferral and procedures for the notification of owners or operators of insufficient funds, Agency review of request for deferral, notification of Agency final decisions, returning deferred sites to active status, and earmarking of funds for payment.
    (c) When the owner or operator requests indemnification for payment of costs incurred as a result of a release of petroleum from an underground storage tank, if the owner or operator has satisfied the requirements of subsection (a) of this Section, the Agency shall forward a copy of the request to the Attorney General. The Attorney General shall review and approve the request for indemnification if:
        (1) there is a legally enforceable judgment entered
    
against the owner or operator and such judgment was entered due to harm caused by a release of petroleum from an underground storage tank and such judgment was not entered as a result of fraud; or
        (2) a settlement with a third party due to a release
    
of petroleum from an underground storage tank is reasonable.
    (d) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Title, the Agency shall not approve payment to an owner or operator from the Fund for costs of corrective action or indemnification incurred during a calendar year in excess of the following aggregate amounts based on the number of petroleum underground storage tanks owned or operated by such owner or operator in Illinois.
        Amount                                 Number of Tanks
        $2,000,000..............................fewer than 101
        $3,000,000.................................101 or more
        (1) Costs incurred in excess of the aggregate amounts
    
set forth in paragraph (1) of this subsection shall not be eligible for payment in subsequent years.
        (2) For purposes of this subsection, requests
    
submitted by any of the agencies, departments, boards, committees or commissions of the State of Illinois shall be acted upon as claims from a single owner or operator.
        (3) For purposes of this subsection, owner or
    
operator includes (i) any subsidiary, parent, or joint stock company of the owner or operator and (ii) any company owned by any parent, subsidiary, or joint stock company of the owner or operator.
    (e) Costs of corrective action or indemnification incurred by an owner or operator which have been paid to an owner or operator under a policy of insurance, another written agreement, or a court order are not eligible for payment under this Section. An owner or operator who receives payment under a policy of insurance, another written agreement, or a court order shall reimburse the State to the extent such payment covers costs for which payment was received from the Fund. Any monies received by the State under this subsection (e) shall be deposited into the Fund.
    (f) (Blank.)
    (g) The Agency shall not approve any payment from the Fund to pay an owner or operator:
        (1) for costs of corrective action incurred by such
    
owner or operator in an amount in excess of $1,500,000 per occurrence; and
        (2) for costs of indemnification of such owner or
    
operator in an amount in excess of $1,500,000 per occurrence.
    (h) Payment of any amount from the Fund for corrective action or indemnification shall be subject to the State acquiring by subrogation the rights of any owner, operator, or other person to recover the costs of corrective action or indemnification for which the Fund has compensated such owner, operator, or person from the person responsible or liable for the release.
    (i) If the Agency refuses to pay or authorizes only a partial payment, the affected owner or operator may petition the Board for a hearing in the manner provided for the review of permit decisions in Section 40 of this Act.
    (j) Costs of corrective action or indemnification incurred by an owner or operator prior to July 28, 1989, shall not be eligible for payment or reimbursement under this Section.
    (k) The Agency shall not pay costs of corrective action or indemnification incurred before providing notification of the release of petroleum in accordance with the provisions of this Title.
    (l) Corrective action does not include legal defense costs. Legal defense costs include legal costs for seeking payment under this Title unless the owner or operator prevails before the Board in which case the Board may authorize payment of legal fees.
    (m) The Agency may apportion payment of costs for plans submitted under Section 57.7 if:
        (1) the owner or operator was deemed eligible to
    
access the Fund for payment of corrective action costs for some, but not all, of the underground storage tanks at the site; and
        (2) the owner or operator failed to justify all costs
    
attributable to each underground storage tank at the site.
    (n) The Agency shall not pay costs associated with a corrective action plan incurred after the Agency provides notification to the owner or operator pursuant to item (7) of subsection (b) of Section 57.7 that a revised corrective action plan is required. Costs associated with any subsequently approved corrective action plan shall be eligible for reimbursement if they meet the requirements of this Title.
(Source: P.A. 98-109, eff. 7-25-13.)

415 ILCS 5/57.8a

    (415 ILCS 5/57.8a)
    Sec. 57.8a. Assignment of payments from the Underground Storage Tank Fund.
    (a) If the Agency has formed a priority list for payment under Section 57.8(a)(3) of this Act, an owner or operator on the priority list may assign to any bank, financial institution, lender, or other person that provides factoring or financing to an owner or operator or to a consultant of an owner or operator a full approved payment amount on the priority list for which the owner or operator is awaiting payment. The assignment must be made on an approved payment-by-approved payment basis and must be made on forms prescribed by the Agency. No assignment under this Section prevents or affects the right of the State Comptroller to make the deductions and off-sets provided in Section 10.05 of the State Comptroller Act.
    (b) The making of an assignment under this Section shall not affect an owner's or operator's right to appeal an Agency decision as provided in this Title. No assignee shall have a right to appeal an Agency decision as provided in this Title.
    (c) An owner's or operator's assignment under this Section is irrevocable and may be made to only one assignee. The State shall pay the assigned amount, subject to right of the State Comptroller to make the deductions and off-sets provided in Section 10.05 of the State Comptroller Act, to this one assignee only and shall not pay the assigned amount to any subsequent assignee of the one assignee.
    (d) The State and its officers and employees are discharged of all liability upon payment of the assigned amount to the assignee. The assignor and assignee shall hold harmless and indemnify the State and its officers and employees from all claims, actions, suits, complaints, and liabilities related to the assignment.
    (e) An assignee may use funds received for any purpose including, without limitation, paying principal, interest, or other costs due on any financing made by the assignee. To the extent an owner or operator incurs costs associated with making an assignment under this Section, the owner or operator may not seek reimbursement of those costs from the Fund.
(Source: P.A. 95-403, eff. 8-24-07.)

415 ILCS 5/57.9

    (415 ILCS 5/57.9)
    Sec. 57.9. Underground Storage Tank Fund; eligibility and deductibility.
    (a) The Underground Storage Tank Fund shall be accessible by owners and operators who have a confirmed release from an underground storage tank or related tank system of a substance listed in this Section. The owner or operator is eligible to access the Underground Storage Tank Fund if the eligibility requirements of this Title are satisfied and:
        (1) Neither the owner nor the operator is the United
    
States Government.
        (2) The tank does not contain fuel which is exempt
    
from the Motor Fuel Tax Law.
        (3) The costs were incurred as a result of a
    
confirmed release of any of the following substances:
            (A) "Fuel", as defined in Section 1.19 of the
        
Motor Fuel Tax Law.
            (B) Aviation fuel.
            (C) Heating oil.
            (D) Kerosene.
            (E) Used oil which has been refined from crude
        
oil used in a motor vehicle, as defined in Section 1.3 of the Motor Fuel Tax Law.
        (4) The owner or operator registered the tank and
    
paid all fees in accordance with the statutory and regulatory requirements of the Gasoline Storage Act.
        (5) The owner or operator notified the Illinois
    
Emergency Management Agency of a confirmed release, the costs were incurred after the notification and the costs were a result of a release of a substance listed in this Section. Costs of corrective action or indemnification incurred before providing that notification shall not be eligible for payment.
        (6) The costs have not already been paid to the owner
    
or operator under a private insurance policy, other written agreement, or court order.
        (7) The costs were associated with "corrective
    
action" of this Act.
        If the underground storage tank which experienced a
    
release of a substance listed in this Section was installed after July 28, 1989, the owner or operator is eligible to access the Underground Storage Tank Fund if it is demonstrated to the Office of the State Fire Marshal the tank was installed and operated in accordance with Office of the State Fire Marshal regulatory requirements. Office of the State Fire Marshal certification is prima facie evidence the tank was installed pursuant to the Office of the State Fire Marshal regulatory requirements.
    (b) For releases reported prior to the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly, an owner or operator may access the Underground Storage Tank Fund for costs associated with an Agency approved plan and the Agency shall approve the payment of costs associated with corrective action after the application of a $10,000 deductible, except in the following situations:
        (1) A deductible of $100,000 shall apply when none of
    
the underground storage tanks were registered prior to July 28, 1989, except in the case of underground storage tanks used exclusively to store heating oil for consumptive use on the premises where stored and which serve other than farms or residential units, a deductible of $100,000 shall apply when none of these tanks were registered prior to July 1, 1992.
        (2) A deductible of $50,000 shall apply if any of the
    
underground storage tanks were registered prior to July 28, 1989, and the State received notice of the confirmed release prior to July 28, 1989.
        (3) A deductible of $15,000 shall apply when one or
    
more, but not all, of the underground storage tanks were registered prior to July 28, 1989, and the State received notice of the confirmed release on or after July 28, 1989.
    For releases reported on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly, an owner or operator may access the Underground Storage Tank Fund for costs associated with an Agency approved plan, and the Agency shall approve the payment of costs associated with corrective action after the application of a $5,000 deductible.
    A deductible shall apply annually for each site at which costs were incurred under a claim submitted pursuant to this Title, except that if corrective action in response to an occurrence takes place over a period of more than one year, in subsequent years, no deductible shall apply for costs incurred in response to such occurrence.
    (c) Eligibility and deductibility determinations shall be made by the Office of the State Fire Marshal.
        (1) When an owner or operator reports a confirmed
    
release of a regulated substance, the Office of the State Fire Marshal shall provide the owner or operator with an "Eligibility and Deductibility Determination" form. The form shall either be provided on-site or within 15 days of the Office of the State Fire Marshal receipt of notice indicating a confirmed release. The form shall request sufficient information to enable the Office of the State Fire Marshal to make a final determination as to owner or operator eligibility to access the Underground Storage Tank Fund pursuant to this Title and the appropriate deductible. The form shall be promulgated as a rule or regulation pursuant to the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act by the Office of the State Fire Marshal. Until such form is promulgated, the Office of State Fire Marshal shall use a form which generally conforms with this Act.
        (2) Within 60 days of receipt of the "Eligibility and
    
Deductibility Determination" form, the Office of the State Fire Marshal shall issue one letter enunciating the final eligibility and deductibility determination, and such determination or failure to act within the time prescribed shall be a final decision appealable to the Illinois Pollution Control Board.
(Source: P.A. 96-908, eff. 6-8-10.)

415 ILCS 5/57.10

    (415 ILCS 5/57.10)
    Sec. 57.10. Professional Engineer or Professional Geologist certification; presumptions against liability.
    (a) Within 120 days of the Agency's receipt of a corrective action completion report, the Agency shall issue to the owner or operator a "no further remediation letter" unless the Agency has requested a modification, issued a rejection under subsection (d) of this Section, or the report has been rejected by operation of law.
    (b) By certifying such a statement, a Licensed Professional Engineer or Licensed Professional Geologist shall in no way be liable thereon, unless the engineer or geologist gave such certification despite his or her actual knowledge that the performed measures were not in compliance with applicable statutory or regulatory requirements or any plan submitted to the Agency.
    (c) The Agency's issuance of a no further remediation letter shall signify, based on the certification of the Licensed Professional Engineer, that:
        (1) all statutory and regulatory corrective action
    
requirements applicable to the occurrence have been complied with;
        (2) all corrective action concerning the remediation
    
of the occurrence has been completed; and
        (3) no further corrective action concerning the
    
occurrence is necessary for the protection of human health, safety and the environment.
This subsection (c) does not apply to off-site contamination related to the occurrence that has not been remediated due to denial of access to the off-site property.
    (d) The no further remediation letter issued under this Section shall apply in favor of the following parties:
        (1) The owner or operator to whom the letter was
    
issued.
        (2) Any parent corporation or subsidiary of such
    
owner or operator.
        (3) Any co-owner or co-operator, either by joint
    
tenancy, right-of-survivorship, or any other party sharing a legal relationship with the owner or operator to whom the letter is issued.
        (4) Any holder of a beneficial interest of a land
    
trust or inter vivos trust whether revocable or irrevocable.
        (5) Any mortgagee or trustee of a deed of trust of
    
such owner or operator.
        (6) Any successor-in-interest of such owner or
    
operator.
        (7) Any transferee of such owner or operator whether
    
the transfer was by sale, bankruptcy proceeding, partition, dissolution of marriage, settlement or adjudication of any civil action, charitable gift, or bequest.
        (8) Any heir or devisee or such owner or operator.
        (9) An owner of a parcel of real property to the
    
extent that the no further remediation letter under subsection (c) of this Section applies to the occurrence on that parcel.
    (e) If the Agency notifies the owner or operator that the "no further remediation" letter has been rejected, the grounds for such rejection shall be described in the notice. Such a decision shall be a final determination which may be appealed by the owner or operator.
    (f) The Board shall adopt rules setting forth the criteria under which the Agency may require an owner or operator to conduct further investigation or remediation related to a release for which a no further remediation letter has been issued.
    (g) Holders of security interests in sites subject to the requirements of this Title XVI shall be entitled to the same protections and subject to the same responsibilities provided under general regulations promulgated under Subtitle I of the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 (P.L. 98-616) of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (P.L. 94-580).
(Source: P.A. 94-276, eff. 1-1-06.)

415 ILCS 5/57.11

    (415 ILCS 5/57.11)
    Sec. 57.11. Underground Storage Tank Fund; creation.
    (a) There is hereby created in the State Treasury a special fund to be known as the Underground Storage Tank Fund. There shall be deposited into the Underground Storage Tank Fund all moneys received by the Office of the State Fire Marshal as fees for underground storage tanks under Sections 4 and 5 of the Gasoline Storage Act, fees pursuant to the Motor Fuel Tax Law, and beginning July 1, 2013, payments pursuant to the Use Tax Act, the Service Use Tax Act, the Service Occupation Tax Act, and the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act. All amounts held in the Underground Storage Tank Fund shall be invested at interest by the State Treasurer. All income earned from the investments shall be deposited into the Underground Storage Tank Fund no less frequently than quarterly. In addition to any other transfers that may be provided for by law, beginning on July 1, 2018 and on the first day of each month thereafter during fiscal years 2019 and 2020 only, the State Comptroller shall direct and the State Treasurer shall transfer an amount equal to 1/12 of $10,000,000 from the Underground Storage Tank Fund to the General Revenue Fund. Moneys in the Underground Storage Tank Fund, pursuant to appropriation, may be used by the Agency and the Office of the State Fire Marshal for the following purposes:
        (1) To take action authorized under Section 57.12 to
    
recover costs under Section 57.12.
        (2) To assist in the reduction and mitigation of
    
damage caused by leaks from underground storage tanks, including but not limited to, providing alternative water supplies to persons whose drinking water has become contaminated as a result of those leaks.
        (3) To be used as a matching amount towards federal
    
assistance relative to the release of petroleum from underground storage tanks.
        (4) For the costs of administering activities of the
    
Agency and the Office of the State Fire Marshal relative to the Underground Storage Tank Fund.
        (5) For payment of costs of corrective action
    
incurred by and indemnification to operators of underground storage tanks as provided in this Title.
        (6) For a total of 2 demonstration projects in
    
amounts in excess of a $10,000 deductible charge designed to assess the viability of corrective action projects at sites which have experienced contamination from petroleum releases. Such demonstration projects shall be conducted in accordance with the provision of this Title.
        (7) Subject to appropriation, moneys in the
    
Underground Storage Tank Fund may also be used by the Department of Revenue for the costs of administering its activities relative to the Fund and for refunds provided for in Section 13a.8 of the Motor Fuel Tax Act.
    (b) Moneys in the Underground Storage Tank Fund may, pursuant to appropriation, be used by the Office of the State Fire Marshal or the Agency to take whatever emergency action is necessary or appropriate to assure that the public health or safety is not threatened whenever there is a release or substantial threat of a release of petroleum from an underground storage tank and for the costs of administering its activities relative to the Underground Storage Tank Fund.
    (c) Beginning July 1, 1993, the Governor shall certify to the State Comptroller and State Treasurer the monthly amount necessary to pay debt service on State obligations issued pursuant to Section 6 of the General Obligation Bond Act. On the last day of each month, the Comptroller shall order transferred and the Treasurer shall transfer from the Underground Storage Tank Fund to the General Obligation Bond Retirement and Interest Fund the amount certified by the Governor, plus any cumulative deficiency in those transfers for prior months.
    (d) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this Section, the Underground Storage Tank Fund is not subject to administrative charges authorized under Section 8h of the State Finance Act that would in any way transfer any funds from the Underground Storage Tank Fund into any other fund of the State.
    (e) Each fiscal year, subject to appropriation, the Agency may commit up to $10,000,000 of the moneys in the Underground Storage Tank Fund to the payment of corrective action costs for legacy sites that meet one or more of the following criteria as a result of the underground storage tank release: (i) the presence of free product, (ii) contamination within a regulated recharge area, a wellhead protection area, or the setback zone of a potable water supply well, (iii) contamination extending beyond the boundaries of the site where the release occurred, or (iv) such other criteria as may be adopted in Agency rules.
        (1) Fund moneys committed under this subsection (e)
    
shall be held in the Fund for payment of the corrective action costs for which the moneys were committed.
        (2) The Agency may adopt rules governing the
    
commitment of Fund moneys under this subsection (e).
        (3) This subsection (e) does not limit the use of
    
Fund moneys at legacy sites as otherwise provided under this Title.
        (4) For the purposes of this subsection (e), the term
    
"legacy site" means a site for which (i) an underground storage tank release was reported prior to January 1, 2005, (ii) the owner or operator has been determined eligible to receive payment from the Fund for corrective action costs, and (iii) the Agency did not receive any applications for payment prior to January 1, 2010.
    (f) Beginning July 1, 2013, if the amounts deposited into the Fund from moneys received by the Office of the State Fire Marshal as fees for underground storage tanks under Sections 4 and 5 of the Gasoline Storage Act and as fees pursuant to the Motor Fuel Tax Law during a State fiscal year are sufficient to pay all claims for payment by the fund received during that State fiscal year, then the amount of any payments into the fund pursuant to the Use Tax Act, the Service Use Tax Act, the Service Occupation Tax Act, and the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act during that State fiscal year shall be deposited as follows: 75% thereof shall be paid into the State treasury and 25% shall be reserved in a special account and used only for the transfer to the Common School Fund as part of the monthly transfer from the General Revenue Fund in accordance with Section 8a of the State Finance Act.
(Source: P.A. 100-587, eff. 6-4-18; 101-10, eff. 6-5-19.)

415 ILCS 5/57.12

    (415 ILCS 5/57.12)
    Sec. 57.12. Underground storage tanks; enforcement; liability.
    (a) Notwithstanding any other provision or rule of law, the owner or operator, or both, of an underground storage tank shall be liable for all costs of investigation, preventive action, corrective action and enforcement action incurred by the State of Illinois resulting from an underground storage tank. Nothing in this Section shall affect or modify in any way:
        (1) The obligations or liability of any person under
    
any other provision of this Act or State or federal law, including common law, for damages, injury or loss resulting from a release or substantial threat of a release as described above; or
        (2) the liability of any person under this Section
    
for costs incurred by the State of Illinois for preventive action, corrective action and enforcement action that are not paid with monies from the Underground Storage Tank Fund.
    (b) Nothing in this Section shall affect or modify in any way the obligations or liability of any person under any other provision of this Act or State or federal law, including common law, to investigate, respond to, remediate, or clean up a release of a regulated substance from an underground storage tank.
    (c) The Agency has the authority to do either of the following:
        (1) Provide notice to the owner or operator, or both,
    
of an underground storage tank whenever there is a release or substantial threat of a release of petroleum from such tank. Such notice shall include the identified investigation or response action and an opportunity for the owner or operator, or both, to perform the response action.
        (2) Undertake investigative, preventive or corrective
    
action whenever there is a release or a substantial threat of a release of petroleum from an underground storage tank.
    (d) If notice has been provided under this Section, the Agency has the authority to require the owner or operator, or both, of an underground storage tank to undertake preventive or corrective action whenever there is a release or substantial threat of a release of petroleum from such tank.
    (e) The Director of the Agency is authorized to enter into such contracts and agreements as may be necessary, and as expeditiously as necessary, to carry out the Agency's duties or responsibilities under this Title.
    (f) (1) The owner or operator, or both, of an underground storage tank may be liable to the State of Illinois for punitive damages in an amount at least equal to, and not more than 3 times, the amount of any costs incurred by the State as a result of the State's response to a release or a substantial threat of a release of petroleum from the underground storage tank if the owner or operator failed, without sufficient cause, to respond to a release or a substantial threat of a release of a regulated substance from the underground storage tank upon, or in accordance with, a notice issued by the Agency under this Section.
    (2) The punitive damages imposed under this subsection (f) shall be in addition to any costs recovered from that person pursuant to this Section and in addition to any other penalty or relief provided by this Act, or any other law.
    (g) The standard of liability under this Section is the standard of liability under Section 22.2(f) of this Act.
    (h) Neither the State of Illinois, nor the Director of the Agency, nor any State employee shall be liable for any damages or injuries arising out of or resulting from any action taken under this Section.
    (i) The costs and damages provided for in this Section may be imposed by the Board or the Circuit Court in an action brought before the Board or the Circuit Court in accordance with Title VIII of this Act, except that Section 33(c) of this Act shall not apply to the action. Costs recovered pursuant to this Section shall be deposited in the fund from which the monies were expended. Damages recovered under this Section shall be deposited in the Underground Storage Tank Fund.
(Source: P.A. 88-496; 89-428, eff. 1-1-96; 89-457, eff. 5-22-96.)

415 ILCS 5/57.12A

    (415 ILCS 5/57.12A)
    Sec. 57.12A. Lender liability; definitions.
    (a) Notwithstanding any other provision or rule of law, the term "owner" or "operator" does not include a holder who, without participating in the management of a facility, underground storage tank, or underground storage tank system, holds any indicia of ownership primarily to protect its security interest in the facility, underground storage tank, or underground storage tank system.
    (b) As used in this Section, and notwithstanding any other provision or rule of law:
        (1) "Underground Storage Tank technical standards"
    
refers to the underground storage tank preventative and operating requirements under the rules promulgated under subsection (a) of Section 57.1 of this Title.
        (2) Petroleum production, refining, and marketing.
            (A) "Petroleum production" means the production
        
of crude oil or other forms of petroleum as well as the production of petroleum products from purchased materials.
            (B) "Petroleum refining" means the cracking,
        
distillation, separation, conversion, upgrading, and finishing of refined petroleum or petroleum products.
            (C) "Petroleum marketing" means the distribution,
        
transfer, or sale of petroleum or petroleum products for wholesale or retail purposes.
        (3) "Indicia of ownership" means evidence of a
    
secured interest, evidence of an interest in a security interest, or evidence of an interest in real or personal property securing a loan or other obligation, including any legal or equitable title to real or personal property acquired incident to foreclosure or its equivalents. Evidence of such interests includes, but is not limited to, mortgages, deeds of trust, liens, surety bonds, and guarantees of obligations, title held pursuant to a lease financing transaction in which the lessor does not select initially the leased property (lease financing transaction), legal or equitable title obtained pursuant to foreclosure, and their equivalents. Evidence of such interests also includes assignments, pledges, or other rights to or other forms of encumbrance against property that are held primarily to protect a security interest. A person is not required to hold title or a security interest in order to maintain indicia of ownership.
        (4) A "holder" is a person who maintains indicia of
    
ownership (as defined in item (3) of subsection (b)) primarily to protect a security interest (as defined in item (6)(A) of subsection (b)) in a petroleum underground storage tank or underground storage tank system. "Holder" includes the initial holder; any subsequent holder; a guarantor of an obligation; a surety; any other person who holds ownership indicia primarily to protect a security interest; or a receiver or other person who acts on behalf or for the benefit of a holder.
        (5) A "borrower", "debtor", or "obligor" is a person
    
whose underground storage tank or underground storage tank system is encumbered by a security interest. These terms may be used interchangeably.
        (6) "Primarily to protect a security interest" means
    
that the holder's indicia of ownership are held primarily for the purpose of securing payment or performance of an obligation.
            (A) "Security interest" means an interest in a
        
petroleum underground storage tank or underground storage tank system or in the facility or property on which the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system is located, created, or established for the purpose of securing a loan or other obligation. Security interests include but are not limited to mortgages, deeds of trusts, liens, and title pursuant to lease financing transactions. Security interests may also arise from transactions such as sale and leasebacks, conditional sales, installment sales, trust receipt transactions, certain assignments, factoring agreements, accounts receivable financing arrangements, and consignments, if the transaction creates or establishes an interest in an underground storage tank or underground storage tank system or in the facility or property on which the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system is located, for the purpose of securing a loan or other obligation.
            (B) "Primarily to protect a security interest",
        
as used in this Section, does not include indicia of ownership held primarily for investment purposes, nor ownership indicia held primarily for purposes other than as protection for a security interest. A holder may have other, secondary reasons for maintaining indicia of ownership, but the primary reason why ownership indicia are held must be as protection for a security interest.
    (c) Participation in management.
    The term "participating in the management of an underground storage tank or underground storage tank system" means that the holder is engaging in acts of petroleum underground storage tank or underground storage tank system management, as defined herein.
        (1) Actions that are participation in management
    
pre-foreclosure.
        Participation in the management of an underground
    
storage tank or underground storage tank system means, for purposes of this Section, actual participation in the management or control of decision making related to the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system by the holder and does not include the mere capacity or ability to influence or the unexercised right to control underground storage tank or underground storage tank system operations. A holder is participating in management, while the borrower is still in possession of the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system encumbered by the security interest, only if the holder either:
            (A) exercises decision making control over the
        
borrower's environmental compliance, such that the holder has undertaken responsibility for the borrower's underground storage tank or underground storage tank system management; or
            (B) exercises control at a level comparable to
        
that of a manager of the borrower's enterprise, such that the holder has assumed or manifested responsibility for the overall management of the enterprise encompassing the day-to-day decision making of the enterprise with respect to (i) environmental compliance, or (ii) all, or substantially all, of the operational (as opposed to financial or administrative) aspects of the enterprise other than environmental compliance.
        (2) Actions that are not participation in management
    
pre-foreclosure.
        (A) Actions at the inception of the loan or other
    
transaction. No act or omission prior to the time that indicia of ownership are held primarily to protect a security interest constitutes evidence of participation in management within the meaning of this Section. A prospective holder who undertakes or requires an environmental investigation of the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system in which indicia of ownership are to be held or requires a prospective borrower to clean up contamination from the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system or to comply or come into compliance with any applicable law or regulation is not by that action considered to be participating in the management of the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system.
        (B) Loan policing and workout. Actions that are
    
consistent with holding ownership indicia primarily to protect a security interest do not constitute participation in management for purposes of this Section. The authority for the holder to take such actions may, but need not, be contained in contractual or other documents specifying requirements for financial, environmental, and other warranties, covenants, conditions, representations, or promises from the borrower. Loan policing and workout activities cover and include all such activities up to foreclosure or its equivalents, exclusive of any activities that constitute participation in management.
            (i) Policing the security interest or loan. A
        
holder who engages in policing activities prior to foreclosure shall remain within the exemption provided that the holder does not by such actions participate in the management of the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system as provided in item (1) of subsection (c). Such actions include, but are not limited to, requiring the borrower to clean up contamination from the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system during the term of the security interest; requiring the borrower to comply or come into compliance with applicable federal, State, and local environmental and other laws, rules, and regulations during the term of the security interest; securing or exercising authority to monitor or inspect the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system in which indicia of ownership are maintained or the borrower's business or financial condition during the term of the security interest; or taking other actions to adequately police the loan or security interest (such as requiring a borrower to comply with any warranties, covenants, conditions, representation, or promises from the borrower).
            (ii) Loan workout. A holder who engages in
        
workout activities prior to foreclosure or its equivalents will remain within the exemption of this Section provided that the holder does not by such action participate in the management of the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system as provided in item (1) of subsection (c). For purposes of this Section, "workout" refers to those actions by which a holder, at any time prior to foreclosure or its equivalents, seeks to prevent, cure, or mitigate a default by the borrower or obligor; or to preserve, or prevent the diminution of, the value of the security. Workout activities include, but are not limited to, restructuring or renegotiating the terms of the security interest; requiring payment of additional rent or interest; exercising forbearance; requiring or exercising rights under an assignment of accounts or other amounts owing to an obligor; requiring or exercising rights under an escrow agreement pertaining to amounts owing to an obligor; providing specific or general financial or other advice, suggestions, counseling, or guidance; and exercising any right or remedy the holder is entitled to by law or under any warranties, covenants, conditions, representations, or promises from the borrower.
        (3) Foreclosure on an underground storage tank or
    
underground storage tank system and participation in management activities; post-foreclosure.
            (A) Foreclosure. Indicia of ownership that are
        
held primarily to protect a security interest include legal or equitable title acquired through or incident to foreclosure or its equivalents. For purposes of this Section, the term foreclosure or its equivalents includes purchase at foreclosure sale; acquisition or assignment of title in lieu of foreclosure; termination of a lease or other repossession; acquisition of a right to title or possession; an agreement in satisfaction of the obligation; or any other formal or informal manner by which the holder acquires title to or possession of the secured underground storage tank or underground storage tank system. The indicia of ownership held after foreclosure continues to be maintained primarily as protection for a security interest provided that the holder undertakes to sell, re-lease an underground storage tank or underground storage tank system held pursuant to a lease financing transaction, or otherwise divest itself or the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system in a reasonably expeditious manner, using whatever commercially reasonable means are relevant or appropriate with respect to the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system, taking all facts and circumstances into consideration, and provided that the holder did not participate in management, as defined in item (1) of subsection (c), prior to foreclosure or its equivalents. For purposes of establishing that a holder is seeking to sell, re-lease an underground storage tank or underground storage tank system held pursuant to a lease financing transaction, or divest an underground storage tank or underground storage tank system in a reasonably expeditious manner, the holder may use whatever commercially reasonable means as are relevant or appropriate with respect to the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system, or may employ the means specified in item (3)(B) of subsection (c). A holder that outbids, rejects, or fails to act upon a written bona fide, firm offer of fair consideration for the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system, as provided in item (3)(B) of subsection (b), is not considered to hold indicia of ownership primarily to protect a security interest.
        (B) Holding foreclosed property for disposition and
    
liquidation. A holder who did not participate in management prior to foreclosure or its equivalents may sell, re-lease an underground storage tank or underground storage tank system held pursuant to a lease financing transaction, liquidate, wind up operations, and take measures to preserve, protect, or prepare the secured underground storage tank or underground storage tank system prior to sale or other disposition. The holder may conduct these activities without voiding the exemption, subject to the requirements of this Section.
            (i) A holder establishes that the ownership
        
indicia maintained following foreclosure or its equivalents continue to be held primarily to protect a security interest by listing, within 12 months from the time that the holder acquires marketable title, the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system or the facility or property on which the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system is located, with a broker, dealer, or agent who deals with the type of property in question or by advertising the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system as being for sale or disposition on at least a monthly basis in either a real estate publication or a trade or other publication suitable for the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system in question, or a newspaper of general circulation (defined as one with a circulation over 10,000, or one suitable under any applicable federal, State, or local rules of court for publication required by court order or rules of civil procedure) covering the area in which the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system is located.
            If the holder fails to act diligently to acquire
        
marketable title, the 12 month period begins to run on the date of the judgment of foreclosure or its equivalents.
            (ii) A holder that outbids, rejects, or fails to
        
act upon an offer of fair consideration for the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system or the facility or property on which the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system is located establishes by such outbidding, rejection, or failure to act, that the ownership indicia in the secured underground storage tank or underground storage tank system are not held primarily to protect the security interest, unless the holder is required, in order to avoid liability under federal or State law, to make a higher bid, to obtain a higher offer, or to seek or obtain an offer in a different manner.
        (A) "Fair consideration", in the case of a holder
    
maintaining indicia of ownership primarily to protect a senior security interest in the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system, is the value of the security interest as defined in this item (3)(B)(iii)(A) of subsection (c). The value of the security interest is calculated as an amount equal to or in excess of the sum of the outstanding principal, or comparable amount in the case of a lease that constitutes a security interest, owed to the holder immediately preceding the acquisition of full title (or possession in the case of an underground storage tank or underground storage tank system subject to a lease financing transaction) pursuant to foreclosure or its equivalents, plus any unpaid interest, rent, or penalties (whether arising before or after foreclosure or its equivalents), plus all reasonable and necessary costs, fees, or other charges incurred by the holder incident to workout, foreclosure or its equivalent, retention, preserving, protecting, and preparing the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system prior to sale, re-lease of an underground storage tank or underground storage tank system held pursuant to a lease financing transaction or other disposition plus environmental investigation and corrective action costs incurred under any federal, State or local rule or regulation less any amounts received by the holder in connection with any partial disposition of the property and any amounts paid by the borrower subsequent to the acquisition of full title (or possession in the case of an underground storage tank or underground storage tank system subject to a lease financing transaction) pursuant to foreclosure or its equivalents. In the case of a holder maintaining indicia of ownership primarily to protect a junior security interest, fair consideration is the value of all outstanding higher priority security interests plus the value of the security interest held by the junior holder, each calculated as set forth in the preceding sentence.
        (B) "Outbids, rejects, or fails to act upon an offer
    
of fair consideration" means that the holder outbids, rejects, or fails to act upon within 90 days of receipt of a written, bona fide, firm offer of fair consideration for the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system received at any time after 6 months following foreclosure or its equivalents. A "written, bona fide, firm offer" means a legally enforceable, commercially reasonable, cash offer solely for foreclosed underground storage tank or underground storage tank system, including all material terms of the transaction, from a ready, willing, and able purchaser who demonstrates to the holder's satisfaction the ability to perform. For purposes of this provision, the 6 month period begins to run from the time that the holder acquires marketable title; otherwise, provided that the holder, after the expiration of any redemption or other waiting period provided by law, acted diligently to acquire marketable title; otherwise, the 6 month period begins to run on the date of foreclosure or its equivalents.
    (d) Ownership of an underground storage tank and underground storage tank system.
        (1) Ownership of an underground storage tank or
    
underground storage tank system for purposes of corrective action. A holder is not an "owner" of a petroleum underground storage tank or underground storage tank system for purposes of compliance with the corrective action requirements of Section 57.12 of this Act, provided the person:
            (A) does not participate in the management of the
        
underground storage tank or underground storage tank system as defined in subsection (c); and
            (B) does not engage in petroleum production,
        
refining, and marketing.
        (2) Ownership of an underground storage tank or
    
underground storage tank system for purposes of the underground storage tank technical standards. A holder is not an owner of a petroleum underground storage tank or underground storage tank system for purposes of the underground storage tank technical standards provided that the holder:
            (A) does not participate in the management of the
        
underground storage tank or underground storage tank system as defined in subsection (c); and
            (B) does not engage in petroleum production,
        
refining, and marketing.
    (e) Operating an underground storage tank or underground storage tank system.
        (1) Operating an underground storage tank or
    
underground storage tank system prior to foreclosure. A holder, prior to foreclosure or its equivalents, is not an operator of a petroleum underground storage tank or underground storage tank system for purposes of compliance with the corrective action requirements of Section 57.12 of this Act, or any other provision of this Act or of State or federal law, provided the holder is not in control of or does not have responsibility for the daily operation of the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system.
        (2) Operating an underground storage tank or
    
underground storage tank system after foreclosure.
        (A) A holder who has not participated in management
    
prior to foreclosure and who acquires a petroleum underground storage tank or underground storage tank system through foreclosure or its equivalents is not an operator of the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system for purposes of compliance with the corrective action requirements under Section 57.12 of this Act, or any other provision of this Act or of State or federal law, provided that the holder within 15 days following foreclosure or its equivalents, empties all of its underground storage tanks and underground storage tank systems so that no more than 2.5 centimeters (one inch) of residue, or 0.3% by weight of the total capacity of the underground storage tank system, remains in the system; leaves vent lines open and functioning; and caps and secures all other lines, pumps, manways, and ancillary equipment.
        (B) In addition, the holder shall either:
            (i) "permanently" close the underground storage
        
tank or underground storage tank system in accordance with the regulations of the Office of the State Fire Marshal (41 Illinois Administrative Code Part 170, as amended); or
            (ii) "temporarily" close the underground storage
        
tank or underground storage tank system in accordance with the applicable provisions of the regulations of the Office of the State Fire Marshal (41 Illinois Administrative Code Part 170.620 and 170.670, as amended).
        (C) A holder who acquires a petroleum underground
    
storage tank or underground storage tank system through foreclosure or its equivalents is not an "operator" of the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system for purposes of this Act, the first 15 days following foreclosure or its equivalents, provided the holder complies with item (2) of Section (e).
    (f) Actions taken to protect human health and the environment. A holder is not considered to be an operator of an underground storage tank or underground storage tank system or to be participating in the management of an underground storage tank or underground storage tank system solely on the basis of undertaking actions under a federal or State law or regulation, provided that the holder does not otherwise participate in the management or daily operation of the underground storage tank or underground storage tank system. Such actions include, but are not limited to, release reporting, release response and corrective action, temporary or permanent closure of an underground storage tank or underground storage tank system, underground storage tank upgrading or replacement, and maintenance of corrosion protection. A holder who undertakes these actions must do so in compliance with the applicable requirements of this Act.
    (g) Financial responsibility. A holder is exempt from the requirement to demonstrate financial responsibility under any State law or rule, provided the holder:
        (1) does not participate in the management of the
    
underground storage tank or underground storage tank system as defined in subsection (c);
        (2) does not engage in petroleum production,
    
refining, and marketing as defined in item (2) of subsection (b); and
        (3) complies with the requirements of subsection (e).
(Source: P.A. 89-200, eff. 1-1-96; 89-626, eff. 8-9-96.)

415 ILCS 5/57.13

    (415 ILCS 5/57.13)
    Sec. 57.13. Underground Storage Tank Program; transition. This Title applies to all underground storage tank releases for which a No Further Remediation Letter is issued on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly, provided that (i) costs incurred prior to the effective date of this amendatory Act shall be payable from the UST Fund in the same manner as allowed under the law in effect at the time the costs were incurred and (ii) releases for which corrective action was completed prior to the effective date of this amendatory Act shall be eligible for a No Further Remediation Letter in the same manner as allowed under the law in effect at the time the corrective action was completed.
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07; 96-908, eff. 6-8-10.)

415 ILCS 5/57.14

    (415 ILCS 5/57.14)
    Sec. 57.14. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 91-357, eff. 7-29-99. Repealed by P.A. 91-798, eff. 7-9-00.)

415 ILCS 5/57.14A

    (415 ILCS 5/57.14A)
    Sec. 57.14A. Rules.
    (a) The Agency shall propose and the Board shall adopt amendments to the rules governing the administration of this Title to make the rules consistent with the provisions herein.
    (b) Until such time as the amended rules required under this Section take effect, the Agency shall administer this Title in accordance with the provisions herein.
(Source: P.A. 92-554, eff. 6-24-02.)

415 ILCS 5/57.15

    (415 ILCS 5/57.15)
    Sec. 57.15. Authority to audit. The Agency has the authority to audit all data, reports, plans, documents and budgets submitted pursuant to this Title. If the data, report, plan, document or budget audited by the Agency pursuant to this Section fails to conform to all applicable requirements of this Title, the Agency may take appropriate actions.
(Source: P.A. 88-496.)

415 ILCS 5/57.16

    (415 ILCS 5/57.16)
    Sec. 57.16. Severability. The provisions of this Title are severable under Section 1.31 of the Statute on Statutes.
(Source: P.A. 88-496.)

415 ILCS 5/57.17

    (415 ILCS 5/57.17)
    Sec. 57.17. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 88-496. Repealed by P.A. 98-822, eff. 8-1-14.)

415 ILCS 5/57.18

    (415 ILCS 5/57.18)
    Sec. 57.18. Additional remedial action required by change in law; Agency's duty to propose amendment. If a change in State or federal law requires additional remedial action in response to releases for which No Further Remediation Letters have been issued, the Agency shall propose in the next convening of a regular session of the current General Assembly amendments to this Title to allow owners and operators to perform the additional remedial action and seek payment from the Fund for the costs of the action.
(Source: P.A. 96-908, eff. 6-8-10.)

415 ILCS 5/57.19

    (415 ILCS 5/57.19)
    Sec. 57.19. Costs incurred after the issuance of a No Further Remediation Letter. The following shall be considered corrective action activities eligible for payment from the Fund even when an owner or operator conducts these activities after the issuance of a No Further Remediation Letter. Corrective action conducted under this Section and costs incurred under this Section must comply with the requirements of this Title and Board rules adopted under this Title.
        (1) Corrective action to achieve residential property
    
remediation objectives if the owner or operator demonstrates that property remediated to industrial/commercial property remediation objectives pursuant to subdivision (c)(3)(A)(ii) of Section 57.7 of this Act is being developed into residential property.
        (2) Corrective action to address groundwater
    
contamination if the owner or operator demonstrates that action is necessary because a groundwater ordinance used as an institutional control pursuant to subdivision (c)(3)(A)(iii) of Section 57.7 of this Act can no longer be used as an institutional control.
        (3) Corrective action to address groundwater
    
contamination if the owner or operator demonstrates that action is necessary because an on-site groundwater use restriction used as an institutional control pursuant to subdivision (c)(3)(A)(iv) of Section 57.7 of this Act must be lifted in order to allow the installation of a potable water supply well due to public water supply service no longer being available for reasons other than an act or omission of the owner or operator.
        (4) The disposal of soil that does not exceed
    
industrial/commercial property remediation objectives, but that does exceed residential property remediation objectives, if industrial/commercial property remediation objectives were used pursuant to subdivision (c)(3)(A)(ii) of Section 57.7 of this Act and the owner or operator demonstrates that (i) the contamination is the result of the release for which the owner or operator is eligible to seek payment from the Fund and (ii) disposal of the soil is necessary as a result of construction activities conducted after the issuance of a No Further Remediation Letter on the site where the release occurred, including, but not limited to, the following: tank, line, or canopy repair, replacement, or removal; building upgrades; sign installation; and water or sewer line replacement.
        (5) The disposal of water exceeding groundwater
    
remediation objectives that is removed from an excavation on the site where the release occurred if a groundwater ordinance is used as an institutional control pursuant to subdivision (c)(3)(A)(iii) of Section 57.7 of this Act, or if an on-site groundwater use restriction is used as an institutional control pursuant to subdivision (c)(3)(A)(iv) of Section 57.7, and the owner or operator demonstrates that (i) the excavation is located within the measured or modeled extent of groundwater contamination resulting from the release for which the owner or operator is eligible to seek payment from the Fund and (ii) disposal of the groundwater is necessary as a result of construction activities conducted after the issuance of a No Further Remediation Letter on the site where the release occurred, including, but not limited to, the following: tank, line, or canopy repair, replacement, or removal; building upgrades; sign installation; and water or sewer line replacement.
(Source: P.A. 96-908, eff. 6-8-10.)