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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

MENTAL HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES
(405 ILCS 80/) Developmental Disability and Mental Disability Services Act.

405 ILCS 80/Art. II

 
    (405 ILCS 80/Art. II heading)
ARTICLE II

405 ILCS 80/2-1

    (405 ILCS 80/2-1) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1802-1)
    Sec. 2-1. This Article may be cited as the Home-Based Support Services Law for Adults with Mental Disabilities.
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)

405 ILCS 80/2-2

    (405 ILCS 80/2-2) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1802-2)
    Sec. 2-2. The purpose of this Article is to authorize the Department of Human Services to encourage, develop, sponsor and fund home-based and community-based services for adults with mental disabilities in order to provide alternatives to institutionalization and to permit adults with mental disabilities to remain in their own homes.
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)

405 ILCS 80/2-3

    (405 ILCS 80/2-3) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1802-3)
    Sec. 2-3. As used in this Article, unless the context requires otherwise:
    (a) "Agency" means an agency or entity licensed by the Department pursuant to this Article or pursuant to the Community Residential Alternatives Licensing Act.
    (b) "Department" means the Department of Human Services, as successor to the Department of Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities.
    (c) "Home-based services" means services provided to an adult with a mental disability who lives in his or her own home. These services include but are not limited to:
        (1) home health services;
        (2) case management;
        (3) crisis management;
        (4) training and assistance in self-care;
        (5) personal care services;
        (6) habilitation and rehabilitation services;
        (7) employment-related services;
        (8) respite care; and
        (9) other skill training that enables a person to
    
become self-supporting.
    (d) "Legal guardian" means a person appointed by a court of competent jurisdiction to exercise certain powers on behalf of an adult with a mental disability.
    (e) "Adult with a mental disability" means a person over the age of 18 years who lives in his or her own home; who needs home-based services, but does not require 24-hour-a-day supervision; and who has one of the following conditions: severe autism, severe mental illness, a severe or profound intellectual disability, or severe and multiple impairments.
    (f) In one's "own home" means that an adult with a mental disability lives alone; or that an adult with a mental disability is in full-time residence with his or her parents, legal guardian, or other relatives; or that an adult with a mental disability is in full-time residence in a setting not subject to licensure under the Nursing Home Care Act, the Specialized Mental Health Rehabilitation Act of 2013, the ID/DD Community Care Act, the MC/DD Act, or the Child Care Act of 1969, as now or hereafter amended, with 3 or fewer other adults unrelated to the adult with a mental disability who do not provide home-based services to the adult with a mental disability.
    (g) "Parent" means the biological or adoptive parent of an adult with a mental disability, or a person licensed as a foster parent under the laws of this State who acts as a foster parent to an adult with a mental disability.
    (h) "Relative" means any of the following relationships by blood, marriage or adoption: parent, son, daughter, brother, sister, grandparent, uncle, aunt, nephew, niece, great grandparent, great uncle, great aunt, stepbrother, stepsister, stepson, stepdaughter, stepparent or first cousin.
    (i) "Severe autism" means a lifelong developmental disability which is typically manifested before 30 months of age and is characterized by severe disturbances in reciprocal social interactions; verbal and nonverbal communication and imaginative activity; and repertoire of activities and interests. A person shall be determined severely autistic, for purposes of this Article, if both of the following are present:
        (1) Diagnosis consistent with the criteria for
    
autistic disorder in the current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
        (2) Severe disturbances in reciprocal social
    
interactions; verbal and nonverbal communication and imaginative activity; repertoire of activities and interests. A determination of severe autism shall be based upon a comprehensive, documented assessment with an evaluation by a licensed clinical psychologist or psychiatrist. A determination of severe autism shall not be based solely on behaviors relating to environmental, cultural or economic differences.
    (j) "Severe mental illness" means the manifestation of all of the following characteristics:
        (1) A primary diagnosis of one of the major mental
    
disorders in the current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders listed below:
            (A) Schizophrenia disorder.
            (B) Delusional disorder.
            (C) Schizo-affective disorder.
            (D) Bipolar affective disorder.
            (E) Atypical psychosis.
            (F) Major depression, recurrent.
        (2) The individual's mental illness must
    
substantially impair his or her functioning in at least 2 of the following areas:
            (A) Self-maintenance.
            (B) Social functioning.
            (C) Activities of community living.
            (D) Work skills.
        (3) Disability must be present or expected to be
    
present for at least one year.
    A determination of severe mental illness shall be based upon a comprehensive, documented assessment with an evaluation by a licensed clinical psychologist or psychiatrist, and shall not be based solely on behaviors relating to environmental, cultural or economic differences.
    (k) "Severe or profound intellectual disability" means a manifestation of all of the following characteristics:
        (1) A diagnosis which meets Classification in Mental
    
Retardation or criteria in the current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders for severe or profound mental retardation (an IQ of 40 or below). This must be measured by a standardized instrument for general intellectual functioning.
        (2) A severe or profound level of disturbed adaptive
    
behavior. This must be measured by a standardized adaptive behavior scale or informal appraisal by the professional in keeping with illustrations in Classification in Mental Retardation, 1983.
        (3) Disability diagnosed before age of 18.
    A determination of a severe or profound intellectual disability shall be based upon a comprehensive, documented assessment with an evaluation by a licensed clinical psychologist or certified school psychologist or a psychiatrist, and shall not be based solely on behaviors relating to environmental, cultural or economic differences.
    (l) "Severe and multiple impairments" means the manifestation of all of the following characteristics:
        (1) The evaluation determines the presence of a
    
developmental disability which is expected to continue indefinitely, constitutes a substantial disability and is attributable to any of the following:
            (A) Intellectual disability, which is defined as
        
general intellectual functioning that is 2 or more standard deviations below the mean concurrent with impairment of adaptive behavior which is 2 or more standard deviations below the mean. Assessment of the individual's intellectual functioning must be measured by a standardized instrument for general intellectual functioning.
            (B) Cerebral palsy.
            (C) Epilepsy.
            (D) Autism.
            (E) Any other condition which results in
        
impairment similar to that caused by an intellectual disability and which requires services similar to those required by persons with intellectual disabilities.
        (2) The evaluation determines multiple disabilities
    
in physical, sensory, behavioral or cognitive functioning which constitute a severe or profound impairment attributable to one or more of the following:
            (A) Physical functioning, which severely impairs
        
the individual's motor performance that may be due to:
                (i) Neurological, psychological or physical
            
involvement resulting in a variety of disabling conditions such as hemiplegia, quadriplegia or ataxia,
                (ii) Severe organ systems involvement such as
            
congenital heart defect,
                (iii) Physical abnormalities resulting in the
            
individual being non-mobile and non-ambulatory or confined to bed and receiving assistance in transferring, or
                (iv) The need for regular medical or nursing
            
supervision such as gastrostomy care and feeding.
            Assessment of physical functioning must be based
        
on clinical medical assessment by a physician licensed to practice medicine in all its branches, using the appropriate instruments, techniques and standards of measurement required by the professional.
            (B) Sensory, which involves severe restriction
        
due to hearing or visual impairment limiting the individual's movement and creating dependence in completing most daily activities. Hearing impairment is defined as a loss of 70 decibels aided or speech discrimination of less than 50% aided. Visual impairment is defined as 20/200 corrected in the better eye or a visual field of 20 degrees or less. Sensory functioning must be based on clinical medical assessment by a physician licensed to practice medicine in all its branches using the appropriate instruments, techniques and standards of measurement required by the professional.
            (C) Behavioral, which involves behavior that is
        
maladaptive and presents a danger to self or others, is destructive to property by deliberately breaking, destroying or defacing objects, is disruptive by fighting, or has other socially offensive behaviors in sufficient frequency or severity to seriously limit social integration. Assessment of behavioral functioning may be measured by a standardized scale or informal appraisal by a clinical psychologist or psychiatrist.
            (D) Cognitive, which involves intellectual
        
functioning at a measured IQ of 70 or below. Assessment of cognitive functioning must be measured by a standardized instrument for general intelligence.
        (3) The evaluation determines that development is
    
substantially less than expected for the age in cognitive, affective or psychomotor behavior as follows:
            (A) Cognitive, which involves intellectual
        
functioning at a measured IQ of 70 or below. Assessment of cognitive functioning must be measured by a standardized instrument for general intelligence.
            (B) Affective behavior, which involves over and
        
under responding to stimuli in the environment and may be observed in mood, attention to awareness, or in behaviors such as euphoria, anger or sadness that seriously limit integration into society. Affective behavior must be based on clinical assessment using the appropriate instruments, techniques and standards of measurement required by the professional.
            (C) Psychomotor, which includes a severe
        
developmental delay in fine or gross motor skills so that development in self-care, social interaction, communication or physical activity will be greatly delayed or restricted.
        (4) A determination that the disability originated
    
before the age of 18 years.
    A determination of severe and multiple impairments shall be based upon a comprehensive, documented assessment with an evaluation by a licensed clinical psychologist or psychiatrist.
    If the examiner is a licensed clinical psychologist, ancillary evaluation of physical impairment, cerebral palsy or epilepsy must be made by a physician licensed to practice medicine in all its branches.
    Regardless of the discipline of the examiner, ancillary evaluation of visual impairment must be made by an ophthalmologist or a licensed optometrist.
    Regardless of the discipline of the examiner, ancillary evaluation of hearing impairment must be made by an otolaryngologist or an audiologist with a certificate of clinical competency.
    The only exception to the above is in the case of a person with cerebral palsy or epilepsy who, according to the eligibility criteria listed below, has multiple impairments which are only physical and sensory. In such a case, a physician licensed to practice medicine in all its branches may serve as the examiner.
    (m) "Twenty-four-hour-a-day supervision" means 24-hour-a-day care by a trained mental health or developmental disability professional on an ongoing basis.
(Source: P.A. 98-104, eff. 7-22-13; 99-143, eff. 7-27-15; 99-180, eff. 7-29-15; 99-642, eff. 7-28-16.)

405 ILCS 80/2-4

    (405 ILCS 80/2-4) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1802-4)
    Sec. 2-4. The Department shall establish a Home-Based Support Services Program for Adults with Mental Disabilities ("the Program") under this Article. The purpose of the Program is to provide alternatives to institutionalization of adults with mental disabilities and to permit these individuals to live in their own homes. The Department shall implement the purpose of the Program by providing home-based services to adults with mental disabilities who need home-based services and who live in their own homes.
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)

405 ILCS 80/2-5

    (405 ILCS 80/2-5) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1802-5)
    Sec. 2-5. The Department shall establish eligibility standards for the Program, taking into consideration the disability levels and service needs of the target population. The Department shall create application forms which shall be used to determine the eligibility of adults with mental disabilities to participate in the Program. The forms shall be made available by the Department and shall require at least the following items of information which constitute eligibility criteria for participation in the Program:
        (a) A statement that the adult with a mental
    
disability resides in the State of Illinois and is over the age of 18 years.
        (b) Verification that the adult with a mental
    
disability has one of the following conditions: severe autism, severe mental illness, a severe or profound intellectual disability, or severe and multiple impairments.
        (c) Verification that the adult with a mental
    
disability has applied and is eligible for federal Supplemental Security Income or federal Social Security Disability Income benefits.
        (d) Verification that the adult with a mental
    
disability resides full-time in his or her own home or that, within 2 months of receipt of services under this Article, he or she will reside full-time in his or her own home.
    The Department may by rule adopt provisions establishing liability of responsible relatives of a recipient of services under this Article for the payment of sums representing charges for services to such recipient. Such rules shall be substantially similar to the provisions for such liability contained in Chapter V of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code, as now or hereafter amended, and rules adopted pursuant thereto.
(Source: P.A. 98-756, eff. 7-16-14; 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)

405 ILCS 80/2-6

    (405 ILCS 80/2-6) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1802-6)
    Sec. 2-6. An application for the Program shall be submitted to the Department by the adult with a mental disability or, if the adult with a mental disability requires a guardian, by his or her legal guardian. If the application for participation in the Program is approved by the Department and the adult with a mental disability is eligible to receive services under this Article, the adult with a mental disability shall be made aware of the availability of a community support team and shall be offered case management services. The amount of the home-based services provided by the Department in any month shall be determined by the service plan of the adult with a mental disability, but in no case shall it be more than either:
        (a) three hundred percent of the monthly federal
    
Supplemental Security Income payment for an individual residing alone if the adult with a mental disability is not enrolled in a special education program by a local education agency, or
        (b) two hundred percent of the monthly Supplemental
    
Security Income payment for an individual residing alone if the adult with a mental disability is enrolled in a special education program by a local education agency.
    Upon approval of the Department, all or part of the monthly amount approved for home-based services to participating adults may be used as a one-time or continuing payment to the eligible adult or the adult's parent or guardian to pay for specified tangible items that are directly related to meeting basic needs related to the person's mental disabilities.
    Tangible items include, but are not limited to: adaptive equipment, medication not covered by third-party payments, nutritional supplements, and residential modifications.
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)

405 ILCS 80/2-7

    (405 ILCS 80/2-7) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1802-7)
    Sec. 2-7. Services supported by this Article shall be offered by community health and developmental service providers which have been approved and designated by the Department.
(Source: P.A. 86-921.)

405 ILCS 80/2-8

    (405 ILCS 80/2-8) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1802-8)
    Sec. 2-8. Services provided by the Department under the Program shall be denied:
        (a) if the adult with a mental disability no longer
    
meets the eligibility criteria,
        (b) if the adult with a mental disability submits
    
false information in an application or reapplication for participation in the Program, or
        (c) if the adult with a mental disability fails to
    
request or access any services after 120 days. Prior to making the decision, if the adult with mental disabilities has failed to request or access any services within 90 days, the Department shall give written notice to the person who signed the application that participation in the Program will be denied if services are not requested or accessed within 30 days.
    Whenever services provided by the Department under the Program are denied for the reasons in paragraphs (a), (b), or (c) of this Section, the Department shall give written notice of the decision and the reasons for denial of services to the person who signed the application. Such notice shall contain information on requesting an appeal under Section 2-13.
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)

405 ILCS 80/2-9

    (405 ILCS 80/2-9) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1802-9)
    Sec. 2-9. Reapplication for participation in the Program shall be made annually.
(Source: P.A. 86-921.)

405 ILCS 80/2-10

    (405 ILCS 80/2-10) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1802-10)
    Sec. 2-10. Before eligible adults with mental disabilities receive services under this Article, they shall maximize use of other services provided by other governmental agencies, including but not limited to educational and vocational services.
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)

405 ILCS 80/2-11

    (405 ILCS 80/2-11) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1802-11)
    Sec. 2-11. The Department, as successor to any agreements between the Department of Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities and the Department of Rehabilitation Services for the provision of training, employment placement, and employment referral services for the adults with mental disabilities served under this Article, shall carry out the responsibilities, if any, incurred by its predecessor agencies under those agreements.
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)

405 ILCS 80/2-12

    (405 ILCS 80/2-12) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1802-12)
    Sec. 2-12. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 86-921. Repealed by P.A. 92-111, eff. 1-1-02.)

405 ILCS 80/2-13

    (405 ILCS 80/2-13) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1802-13)
    Sec. 2-13. If the Department denies an application for participation in the Program or denies services as provided in Section 2-8, the Department shall give written notice of the denial to the person who signed the application. The person who signed the application may appeal the Department's denial within 20 days after receipt of the Department's written notice by mailing a written appeal request to the Department. The Department's denial of an appeal shall constitute a final administrative decision. Final administrative decisions shall be subject to judicial review exclusively as provided in the Administrative Review Law, as now or hereafter amended, except that any petition for judicial review of a final administrative decision by the Department under this Article shall be filed within 30 days after receipt of notice of the Department's final administrative decision. The term "administrative decision" has the meaning ascribed to it in Section 3-101 of the Code of Civil Procedure, as now or hereafter amended.
(Source: P.A. 86-921; 87-1158.)

405 ILCS 80/2-14

    (405 ILCS 80/2-14) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1802-14)
    Sec. 2-14. The Department shall make available financial assistance to adults with a developmental disability to effectuate implementation of the Developmental Disabilities Services Plan developed under Article I of this Act. The Department shall develop a plan and rules for making home-based services uniformly available to eligible adults throughout the State to the extent that appropriations allow.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 80/2-15

    (405 ILCS 80/2-15) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1802-15)
    Sec. 2-15. The Department shall have all powers and duties necessary to implement this Article.
(Source: P.A. 86-921.)

405 ILCS 80/2-16

    (405 ILCS 80/2-16) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 1802-16)
    Sec. 2-16. The Department shall adopt rules pursuant to the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act to implement the Home-Based Support Services Program for Adults with Mental Disabilities. The rules shall include the intake procedures, application process and eligibility requirements for adults with mental disabilities who apply for services under the Program.
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)

405 ILCS 80/2-17

    (405 ILCS 80/2-17)
    Sec. 2-17. Transition from special education.
    (a) If a person receiving special educational services under Article 14 of the School Code at a school in this State has severe autism, severe mental illness, a severe or profound intellectual disability, or severe and multiple impairments and is not over 18 years of age but is otherwise eligible to participate in the Program, the person shall be determined eligible to participate in the Program, subject to the availability of funds appropriated for this purpose, when he or she becomes an adult and no longer receives special educational services.
    (b) The Department shall implement this Section for fiscal years beginning July 1, 1996 and thereafter.
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12.)