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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

MENTAL HEALTH
(405 ILCS 5/) Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code.

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. VIII

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. VIII heading)
ARTICLE VIII. COURT HEARINGS

405 ILCS 5/3-800

    (405 ILCS 5/3-800) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-800)
    Sec. 3-800. (a) Unless otherwise indicated, court hearings under this Chapter shall be held pursuant to this Article. Hearings shall be held in such quarters as the court directs. To the extent practical, hearings shall be held in the mental health facility where the respondent is hospitalized. Any party may request a change of venue or transfer to any other county because of the convenience of parties or witnesses or the condition of the respondent. The respondent may request to have the proceedings transferred to the county of his residence.
    (b) If the court grants a continuance on its own motion or upon the motion of one of the parties, the respondent may continue to be detained pending further order of the court. Such continuance shall not extend beyond 15 days except to the extent that continuances are requested by the respondent.
    (c) Court hearings under this Chapter, including hearings under Section 2-107.1, shall be open to the press and public unless the respondent or some other party requests that they be closed. The court may also indicate its intention to close a hearing, including when it determines that the respondent may be unable to make a reasoned decision to request that the hearing be closed. A request that a hearing be closed shall be granted unless there is an objection to closing the hearing by a party or any other person. If an objection is made, the court shall not close the hearing unless, following a hearing, it determines that the patient's interest in having the hearing closed is compelling. The court shall support its determination with written findings of fact and conclusions of law. The court shall not close the hearing if the respondent objects to its closure. Whenever a court determines that a hearing shall be closed, access to the records of the hearing, including but not limited to transcripts and pleadings, shall be limited to the parties involved in the hearing, court personnel, and any person or agency providing mental health services that are the subject of the hearing. Access may also be granted, however, pursuant to the provisions of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Confidentiality Act.
    (d) The provisions of subsection (a-5) of Section 6 of the Rights of Crime Victims and Witnesses Act shall apply to the initial commitment hearing, as provided under Section 5-2-4 of the Unified Code of Corrections, for a respondent found not guilty by reason of insanity of a violent crime in a criminal proceeding and the hearing has been ordered by the court under this Code to determine if the defendant is:
        (1) in need of mental health services on an inpatient
    
basis;
        (2) in need of mental health services on an
    
outpatient basis; or
        (3) not in need of mental health services.
    While the impact statement to the court allowed under this subsection (d) may include the impact that the respondent's criminal conduct has had upon the victim, victim's representative, or victim's family or household member, the court may only consider the impact statement along with all other appropriate factors in determining the:
        (i) threat of serious physical harm posed by the
    
respondent to himself or herself, or to another person;
        (ii) location of inpatient or outpatient mental
    
health services ordered by the court, but only after complying with all other applicable administrative requirements, rules, and statutory requirements;
        (iii) maximum period of commitment for inpatient
    
mental health services; and
        (iv) conditions of release for outpatient mental
    
health services ordered by the court.
    (e) Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 2-1009 of the Code of Civil Procedure, a respondent may object to a motion for voluntary dismissal and the court may refuse to grant such a dismissal for good cause shown.
(Source: P.A. 96-117, eff. 1-1-10; 97-375, eff. 8-15-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-801

    (405 ILCS 5/3-801) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-801)
    Sec. 3-801. A respondent may request admission as an informal or voluntary recipient at any time prior to an adjudication that he is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis. The facility director shall approve such a request unless the facility director determines that the respondent lacks the capacity to consent to informal or voluntary admission or that informal or voluntary admission is clinically inappropriate. The director shall not find that voluntary admission is clinically inappropriate in the absence of a documented history of the respondent's illness and treatment demonstrating that the respondent is unlikely to continue to receive needed treatment following release from informal or voluntary admission and that an order for involuntary admission on an outpatient basis is necessary in order to ensure continuity of treatment outside a mental health facility.
    If the facility director approves such a request, the petitioner shall be notified of the request and of his or her right to object thereto, if the petitioner has requested such notification on that individual recipient. The court may dismiss the pending proceedings, but shall consider any objection made by the petitioner, the respondent, or the State's Attorney and may require proof that such dismissal is in the best interest of the respondent and of the public. If voluntary admission is accepted and the petition is dismissed by the court, notice shall be provided to the petitioner, orally and in writing, of his or her right to receive notice of the recipient's discharge pursuant to Section 3-902(d).
(Source: P.A. 96-570, eff. 1-1-10; 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10; 97-375, eff. 8-15-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-801.5

    (405 ILCS 5/3-801.5)
    Sec. 3-801.5. Agreed order for admission on an outpatient basis.
    (a) At any time before the conclusion of the hearing and the entry of the court's findings, a respondent may enter into an agreement to be subject to an order for admission on an outpatient basis as provided for in Sections 3-811, 3-812, and 3-813 of this Code, provided that:
        (1) The court and the parties have been presented
    
with a written report pursuant to Section 3-810 of this Code containing a recommendation for court-ordered admission on an outpatient basis and setting forth in detail the conditions for such an order, and the court is satisfied that the proposal for admission on an outpatient basis is in the best interest of the respondent and of the public.
        (2) The court advises the respondent of the
    
conditions of the proposed order in open court and is satisfied that the respondent understands and agrees to the conditions of the proposed order for admission on an outpatient basis.
        (3) The proposed custodian is advised of the
    
recommendation for care and custody and agrees to abide by the terms of the proposed order.
        (4) No such order may require the respondent to be
    
hospitalized except as provided in subsection (b) of this Section.
        (5) No order may include as one of its conditions the
    
administration of psychotropic medication, unless the court determines, based on the documented history of the respondent's treatment and illness, that the respondent is unlikely to continue to receive needed psychotropic medication in the absence of such an order.
    (b) An agreed order of care and custody entered pursuant to this Section may grant the custodian the authority to admit a respondent to a hospital if the respondent fails to comply with the conditions of the agreed order. If necessary in order to obtain the hospitalization of the respondent, the custodian may apply to the court for an order authorizing an officer of the peace to take the respondent into custody and transport the respondent to the hospital specified in the agreed order. The provisions of Section 3-605 of this Code shall govern the transportation of the respondent to a mental health facility, except to the extent that those provisions are inconsistent with this Section. However, a person admitted to a hospital pursuant to powers granted under an agreed order for care and custody shall be treated as a voluntary recipient pursuant to Article IV of this Chapter and shall be advised immediately of his or her right to request a discharge pursuant to Section 3-403 of this Code.
    (c) If the court has appointed counsel for the respondent pursuant to Section 3-805 of this Code, that appointment shall continue for the duration of any order entered under this Section, and the respondent shall be represented by counsel in any proceeding held pursuant to this Section.
    (d) An order entered under this Section shall not constitute a finding that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis.
    (e) Nothing in this Section shall be deemed to create an agency relationship between the respondent and any custodian appointed pursuant to this Section.
    (f) Notwithstanding any other provision of Illinois law, no respondent may be cited for contempt for violating the terms and conditions of his or her agreed order of care and custody.
    (g) An order entered under this Section may be extended with the agreement of the parties for additional 180-day periods.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10; 97-375, eff. 8-15-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-802

    (405 ILCS 5/3-802) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-802)
    Sec. 3-802. The respondent is entitled to a jury on the question of whether he is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis. The jury shall consist of 6 persons to be chosen in the same manner as are jurors in other civil proceedings. A respondent is not entitled to a jury on the question of whether psychotropic medication or electroconvulsive therapy may be administered under Section 2-107.1.
(Source: P.A. 95-172, eff. 8-14-07; 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-803

    (405 ILCS 5/3-803) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-803)
    Sec. 3-803. The court may appoint one or more physicians, qualified examiners, clinical psychologists or other experts to examine the respondent and make a detailed written report of his findings regarding the respondent's condition. Any such physician or other examiner so appointed may interview by telephone or in person any witnesses or other persons listed in the petition for involuntary admission. The report shall be filed with the court and copies shall be made available to the attorneys for the parties.
(Source: P.A. 85-558.)

405 ILCS 5/3-804

    (405 ILCS 5/3-804) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-804)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 98-853)
    Sec. 3-804. The respondent is entitled to secure an independent examination by a physician, qualified examiner, clinical psychologist or other expert of his choice. If the respondent is unable to obtain an examination, he may request that the court order an examination to be made by an impartial medical expert pursuant to Supreme Court Rules or by a qualified examiner, clinical psychologist or other expert. Any such physician or other examiner, whether secured by the respondent or appointed by the court, may interview by telephone or in person any witnesses or other persons listed in the petition for involuntary admission. The physician or other examiner may submit to the court a report in which his findings are described in detail. Determination of the compensation of the physician, qualified examiner, clinical psychologist or other expert and its payment shall be governed by Supreme Court Rule.
(Source: P.A. 85-558.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 98-853)
    Sec. 3-804. The respondent is entitled to secure an independent examination by a physician, qualified examiner, clinical psychologist or other expert of his or her choice. If the respondent is unable to obtain an examination in an involuntary admission proceeding, a discharge proceeding under Section 3-901 of this Code, or in a proceeding under Section 2-107.1 of this Code, the respondent may request that the court order an examination to be made by a physician, qualified examiner, clinical psychologist, or other expert. Any such physician or other examiner, whether secured by the respondent or appointed by the court, may interview by telephone or in person any witnesses or other persons listed in the petition for involuntary admission, the petition for discharge under Section 3-901 of this Code, or in the petition for medication or therapy under Section 2-107.1 of this Code. The physician or other examiner may submit to the court a report in which his or her findings are described in detail. The court must determine the compensation of the examiner or other expert. The compensation must be paid by the respondent's county of residence unless the respondent is not a resident of this State, in which case the fee must be paid by the county in which the proceeding is pending.
(Source: P.A. 98-853, eff. 1-1-15.)

405 ILCS 5/3-805

    (405 ILCS 5/3-805) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-805)
    Sec. 3-805. Every respondent alleged to be subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis shall be represented by counsel. If the respondent is indigent or an appearance has not been entered on his behalf at the time the matter is set for hearing, the court shall appoint counsel for him. A hearing shall not proceed when a respondent is not represented by counsel unless, after conferring with counsel, the respondent requests to represent himself and the court is satisfied that the respondent has the capacity to make an informed waiver of his right to counsel. Counsel shall be allowed time for adequate preparation and shall not be prevented from conferring with the respondent at reasonable times nor from making an investigation of the matters in issue and presenting such relevant evidence as he believes is necessary.
    1. If the court determines that the respondent is unable to obtain counsel, the court shall appoint as counsel an attorney employed by or under contract with the Guardianship and Mental Health Advocacy Commission, if available.
    2. If an attorney from the Guardianship and Mental Health Advocacy Commission is not available, the court shall appoint as counsel the public defender or, only if no public defender is available, an attorney licensed to practice law in this State.
    3. Upon filing with the court of a verified statement of legal services rendered by the private attorney appointed pursuant to paragraph (2) of this Section, the court shall determine a reasonable fee for such services. If the respondent is unable to pay the fee, the court shall enter an order upon the county to pay the entire fee or such amount as the respondent is unable to pay.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-806

    (405 ILCS 5/3-806) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-806)
    Sec. 3-806. Presence at hearing; location.
    (a) The respondent shall be present at any hearing held under this Act unless his attorney waives his right to be present and the court is satisfied by a clear showing that the respondent's attendance would subject him to substantial risk of serious physical or emotional harm.
    (b) The court shall make reasonable accommodation of any request by the recipient's attorney concerning the location of the hearing. If the recipient's attorney advises the court that the recipient refuses to attend, the hearing may proceed in his or her absence.
    (c) No inference may be drawn from the recipient's non-attendance pursuant to either subsection (a) or (b) of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 89-439, eff. 6-1-96.)

405 ILCS 5/3-806.1

    (405 ILCS 5/3-806.1)
    Sec. 3-806.1. Video conferencing.
    (a) Notwithstanding the provisions in Section 3-806, the Illinois Supreme Court or any circuit court of this State may adopt rules permitting the use of video conferencing equipment in all hearings under this Chapter subject to the following provisions:
        (1) Such hearings are permitted if the parties,
    
including the respondent, and their lawyers, including the State's Attorney, are at a mental health facility, or some other location to which the respondent may be safely and conveniently transported, and the judge and any court personnel are in another location.
        (2) Such hearings are permitted if the respondent and
    
his or her counsel are at a mental health facility or some other location to which the respondent may be safely and conveniently transported, and all of the other participants including the judge are in another location, if, and only if, agreed to by the respondent and the respondent's counsel.
        (3) Video conferencing under this subsection (a)
    
shall not be permitted in a jury trial under Section 3-802 of this Article.
    (b) Notwithstanding the above provisions, any court may permit any witness, including a psychiatrist, to testify by video conferencing equipment from any location in the absence of a court rule specifically prohibiting such testimony.
(Source: P.A. 96-1321, eff. 1-1-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-807

    (405 ILCS 5/3-807) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-807)
    Sec. 3-807. No respondent may be found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis unless at least one psychiatrist, clinical social worker, clinical psychologist, or qualified examiner who has examined the respondent testifies in person at the hearing. The respondent may waive the requirement of the testimony subject to the approval of the court.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10; 97-121, eff. 7-14-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-808

    (405 ILCS 5/3-808) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-808)
    Sec. 3-808. No respondent may be found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis unless that finding has been established by clear and convincing evidence.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-809

    (405 ILCS 5/3-809) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-809)
    Sec. 3-809. If the respondent is not found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis, the court shall dismiss the petition and order the respondent discharged. If the respondent is found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis, the court shall enter an order so specifying. If the court is not satisfied with the verdict of the jury finding the respondent subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis, it may set aside such verdict and order the respondent discharged or it may order another hearing.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-810

    (405 ILCS 5/3-810) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-810)
    Sec. 3-810. Before disposition is determined, the facility director or such other person as the court may direct shall prepare a written report including information on the appropriateness and availability of alternative treatment settings, a social investigation of the respondent, a preliminary treatment plan, and any other information which the court may order. The treatment plan shall describe the respondent's problems and needs, the treatment goals, the proposed treatment methods, and a projected timetable for their attainment. If the respondent is found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis, the court shall consider the report in determining an appropriate disposition.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-811

    (405 ILCS 5/3-811) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-811)
    Sec. 3-811. Involuntary admission; alternative mental health facilities.
    (a) If any person is found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis, the court shall consider alternative mental health facilities which are appropriate for and available to the respondent, including but not limited to hospitalization. The court may order the respondent to undergo a program of hospitalization in a mental health facility designated by the Department, in a licensed private hospital or private mental health facility if it agrees, or in a facility of the United States Veterans Administration if it agrees. If any person is found subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis, the court may order the respondent to undergo a program of alternative treatment; or the court may place the respondent in the care and custody of a relative or other person willing and able to properly care for him or her. The court shall order the least restrictive alternative for treatment which is appropriate.
    (b) Whenever a person is found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis, notice shall be provided to the petitioner, orally and in writing, of his or her right to receive notice of the recipient's discharge pursuant to Section 3-902(d).
    (c) An order that a person is found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis does not eliminate any obligations under the federal Emergency Medical Transport and Active Labor Act (EMTALA) of the transferring facility toward the receiving facility. Before implementing an order, the transferring facility shall notify the receiving facility of the recipient and obtain medical clearance for the recipient.
(Source: P.A. 96-570, eff. 1-1-10; 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10; 97-130, eff. 7-14-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-812

    (405 ILCS 5/3-812) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-812)
    Sec. 3-812. Court ordered admission on an outpatient basis; modification; revocation.
    (a) If a respondent is found subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis, the court may issue an order: (i) placing the respondent in the care and custody of a relative or other person willing and able to properly care for him or her; or (ii) committing the respondent to alternative treatment at a community mental health provider.
    (b) An order placing the respondent in the care and custody of a relative or other person shall specify the powers and duties of the custodian. An order of care and custody entered pursuant to this Section may grant the custodian the authority to admit a respondent to a hospital if the respondent fails to comply with the conditions of the order. If necessary in order to obtain the hospitalization of the respondent, the custodian may apply to the court for an order authorizing an officer of the peace to take the respondent into custody and transport the respondent to a mental health facility. The provisions of Section 3-605 shall govern the transportation of the respondent to a mental health facility, except to the extent that those provisions are inconsistent with this Section. No person admitted to a hospital pursuant to this subsection shall be detained for longer than 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, unless, within that period, a petition for involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and a certificate supporting such petition have been filed as provided in Section 3-611.
    (c) Alternative treatment shall not be ordered unless the program being considered is capable of providing adequate and humane treatment in the least restrictive setting which is appropriate to the respondent's condition. The court shall have continuing authority to modify an order for alternative treatment if the recipient fails to comply with the order or is otherwise found unsuitable for alternative treatment. Prior to modifying such an order, the court shall receive a report from the facility director of the program specifying why the alternative treatment is unsuitable. The recipient shall be notified and given an opportunity to respond when modification of the order for alternative treatment is considered. If the court determines that the respondent has violated the order for alternative treatment in the community or that alternative treatment in the community will no longer provide adequate assurances for the safety of the respondent or others, the court may revoke the order for alternative treatment in the community and may order a peace officer to take the recipient into custody and transport him to an inpatient mental health facility. The provisions of Section 3-605 shall govern the transportation of the respondent to a mental health facility, except to the extent that those provisions are inconsistent with this Section. No person admitted to a hospital pursuant to this subsection shall be detained for longer than 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, unless, within that period, a petition for involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and a certificate supporting such petition have been filed as provided in Section 3-611.
(Source: P.A. 98-221, eff. 1-1-14.)

405 ILCS 5/3-813

    (405 ILCS 5/3-813) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-813)
    Sec. 3-813. (a) An initial order for commitment on an inpatient basis shall be for a period not to exceed 90 days. Prior to the expiration of the initial order if the facility director believes that the recipient continues to be subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis, a new petition and 2 new certificates may be filed with the court. If a petition is filed, the facility director shall file with the court a current treatment plan which includes an evaluation of the recipient's progress and the extent to which he is benefiting from treatment. If no petition is filed prior to the expiration of the initial order, the recipient shall be discharged. Following a hearing, the court may order a second period of commitment on an inpatient basis not to exceed 90 days only if it finds that the recipient continues to be subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis. If, following a hearing, the court determines that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis as provided in Section 3-812, the court may order the respondent committed on an outpatient basis for a period not to exceed 180 days.
    (a-1) An initial order of commitment on an outpatient basis shall be for a period not to exceed 180 days. Prior to the expiration of the initial order, if the facility director or the custodian believes that the recipient continues to be subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis, a new petition and 2 new certificates may be filed with the court. If a petition is filed, the facility director or the custodian shall file with the court a current treatment plan which includes an evaluation of the recipient's progress and the extent to which he or she is benefiting from treatment. If no petition is filed prior to the expiration of the initial order, the recipient shall be discharged. Following a hearing, the court may order a second period of commitment on an outpatient basis not to exceed 180 days only if it finds that the recipient continues to be subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis.
    (b) Additional 180 day periods of inpatient or outpatient commitment may be sought pursuant to the procedures set out in this Section for so long as the recipient continues to meet the standard for such commitment. The provisions of this chapter which apply whenever an initial order is sought shall apply whenever an additional period of inpatient or outpatient commitment is sought.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-814

    (405 ILCS 5/3-814) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-814)
    Sec. 3-814. Treatment plan.
    (a) Not more than 30 days after admission under this Article, the facility director shall file with the court a current treatment plan which shall include: all the requirements listed in Section 3-209, an evaluation of the recipient's progress and the extent to which he is benefiting from treatment, the criteria which form the basis for the determination that the patient is subject to involuntary admission as defined in Section 1-119, and the specific behaviors or conditions that demonstrate that the recipient meets these criteria for continued confinement. If the facility director is unable to determine any of the required information, the treatment plan shall include an explanation of why the facility director is unable to make this determination, what the facility director is doing to enable himself or herself to determine the information, and the date by which the facility director expects to be able to make this determination. The facility director shall forward a copy of the plan to the State's Attorney, the recipient's attorney, if the recipient is represented by counsel, the recipient, and any guardian of the recipient.
    (b) The purpose of the filing, forwarding, and review of treatment plans and treatment is to ensure that the recipient is receiving adequate and humane care and services as defined in Section 1-101.2 and to ensure that the recipient continues to meet the standards for involuntary confinement.
    (c) On request of the recipient or an interested person on his behalf, or on the court's own initiative, the court shall review the current treatment plan to determine whether its contents comply with the requirements of this Section and Section 3-209. A request to review the current treatment plan may be made by the recipient, or by an interested person on his behalf, 30 days after initial commitment under Section 3-813, 90 days after the initial commitment, and 90 days after each additional period of commitment under subsection (b) of Section 3-813. If the court determines that any of the information required by this Section or Section 3-209 to be included in the treatment plan is not in the treatment plan or that the treatment plan does not contain information from which the court can determine whether the recipient continues to meet the criteria for continued confinement, the court shall indicate what is lacking and order the facility director to revise the current treatment plan to comply with this Section and Section 3-209. If the recipient has been ordered committed to the facility after he has been found not guilty by reason of insanity, the treatment plan and its review shall be subject to the provisions of Section 5-2-4 of the Unified Code of Corrections.
    (d) The recipient or an interested person on his or her behalf may request a hearing or the court on its own motion may order a hearing to review the treatment being received by the recipient. The court, the recipient, or the State's Attorney may call witnesses at the hearing. The court may order any public agency, officer, or employee to render such information, cooperation, and assistance as is within its legal authority and as may be appropriate to achieve the objectives of this Section. The court may order an independent examination on its own initiative and shall order such an evaluation if either the recipient or the State's Attorney so requests and has demonstrated to the court that the plan cannot be effectively reviewed by the court without such an examination. Under no circumstances shall the court be required to order an independent examination pursuant to this Section more than once each year. The examination shall be conducted by persons authorized to conduct independent examinations under Section 3-804. If the court is satisfied that the recipient is benefiting from treatment, it may continue the original order for the remainder of the admission period. If the court is not so satisfied, it may modify its original order or it may order the recipient discharged.
    (e) In lieu of a treatment plan, the facility director may file a typed summary of the treatment plan which contains the information required under Section 3-209 and subsection (a) of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 91-536, eff. 1-1-00.)

405 ILCS 5/3-815

    (405 ILCS 5/3-815)
    Sec. 3-815. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 86-1402. Repealed by P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-816

    (405 ILCS 5/3-816) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-816)
    Sec. 3-816. Final orders; copies; appeal.
    (a) Every final order entered by the court under this Act shall be in writing and shall be accompanied by a statement on the record of the court's findings of fact and conclusions of law. A copy of such order shall be promptly given to the recipient or his or her attorney and to the facility director of the facility or alternative treatment to which the recipient is admitted or to the person in whose care and custody the recipient is placed.
    (b) An appeal from a final order may be taken in the same manner as in other civil cases. Upon entry of a final order, the court shall notify the recipient orally and in writing of his or her right to appeal and, if he or she is indigent, of his or her right to a free transcript and counsel. The cost of the transcript shall be paid pursuant to subsection (c) of Section 3-818 and subsection (c) of Section 4-615 of this Code. If the recipient wishes to appeal and is unable to obtain counsel, counsel shall be appointed pursuant to Section 3-805.
(Source: P.A. 90-765, eff. 8-14-98.)

405 ILCS 5/3-817

    (405 ILCS 5/3-817) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-817)
    Sec. 3-817. A verbatim record shall be made of all judicial hearings held pursuant to this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-818

    (405 ILCS 5/3-818) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-818)
    Sec. 3-818. Fees; costs.
    (a) Fees for jury service, witnesses, and service and execution of process are the same as for similar services in civil proceedings.
    (b) Except as provided under subsection (c) of this Section, the court may assess costs of the proceedings against the parties. If the respondent is not a resident of the county in which the hearing is held and the party against whom the court would otherwise assess costs has insufficient funds to pay the costs, the court may enter an order upon the State to pay the cost of the proceedings, from funds appropriated by the General Assembly for that purpose.
    (c) If the respondent is a party against whom the court would otherwise assess costs and that respondent is determined by the court to have insufficient funds to pay the cost of transcripts for the purpose of appeal, the court shall enter an order upon the State to pay the cost of one original and one copy of a transcript of proceedings established under this Code. Payment of transcript costs authorized under this subsection (c) shall be paid from funds appropriated by the General Assembly to the Comptroller.
(Source: P.A. 95-146, eff. 1-1-08.)

405 ILCS 5/3-819

    (405 ILCS 5/3-819) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-819)
    Sec. 3-819. (a) In counties with a population of 3,000,000 or more, when a recipient is hospitalized upon court order, the order may authorize a relative or friend of the recipient to transport the recipient to the facility if such person is able to do so safely and humanely. When the Department indicates that it has transportation to the facility available, the order may authorize the Department to transport the recipient there. The court may order the sheriff of the county in which such proceedings are held to transport the recipient to the facility. When a recipient is hospitalized upon court order, and the recipient has been transported to a mental health facility, other than a state-operated mental health facility, and it is determined by the facility that the recipient is in need of commitment or treatment at another mental health facility, the court shall determine whether a relative or friend of the recipient or the Department is authorized to transport the recipient between facilities, or whether the county sheriff is responsible for transporting the recipient between facilities. The sheriff may make arrangements with another public or private entity including a licensed ambulance service to transport the recipient to the facility. The transporting entity acting in good faith and without negligence in connection with the transportation of recipients shall incur no liability, civil or criminal, by reason of such transportation.
    (a-5) In counties with a population under 3,000,000, when a recipient is hospitalized upon court order, the order may authorize a relative or friend of the recipient to transport the recipient to the facility if the person is able to do so safely and humanely. The court may order the Department to transport the recipient to the facility. When a recipient is hospitalized upon court order, and the recipient has been transported to a mental health facility other than a State-operated mental health facility, and it is determined by the facility that the recipient is in need of commitment or treatment at another mental health facility, the court shall determine whether a relative or friend of the recipient is authorized to transport the recipient between facilities, or whether the Department is responsible for transporting the recipient between facilities. If the court determines that the Department is responsible for the transportation, the Department shall make arrangements either directly or through agreements with another public or private entity, including a licensed ambulance service, to appropriately transport the recipient to the facility. The making of such arrangements and agreements with public or private entities is independent of the Department's role as a provider of mental health services and does not indicate that the recipient is admitted to any Department facility. In making such arrangements and agreements with other public or private entities, the Department shall include provisions to ensure (i) the provision of trained personnel and the use of an appropriate vehicle for the safe transport of the recipient and (ii) that the recipient's insurance carrier as well as other programs, both public and private, that provide payment for such transportation services are fully utilized to the maximum extent possible.
    The Department may not make arrangements with an existing hospital or grant-in-aid or fee-for-service community provider for transportation services under this Section unless the hospital or provider has voluntarily submitted a proposal for its transportation services. This requirement does not eliminate or reduce any responsibility on the part of a hospital or community provider to ensure transportation that may arise independently through other State or federal law or regulation.
    A transporting entity acting in good faith and without negligence in connection with the transportation of a recipient incurs no liability, civil or criminal, by reason of that transportation.
    (b) The transporting entity may bill the recipient, the estate of the recipient, legally responsible relatives, or insurance carrier for the cost of providing transportation of the recipient to a mental health facility. The recipient and the estate of the recipient are liable for the payment of transportation costs for transporting the recipient to a mental health facility. If the recipient is a beneficiary of a trust described in Section 15.1 of the Trusts and Trustees Act, the trust shall not be considered a part of the recipient's estate and shall not be subject to payment for transportation costs for transporting the recipient to a mental health facility under this section, except to the extent permitted under Section 15.1 of the Trusts and Trustees Act. If the recipient is unable to pay or if the estate of the recipient is insufficient, the responsible relatives are severally liable for the payment of those sums or for the balance due in case less than the amount owing has been paid. If the recipient is covered by insurance, the insurance carrier shall be liable for payment to the extent authorized by the recipient's insurance policy.
    (c) Upon the delivery of a recipient to a facility, in accordance with the procedure set forth in this Article, the facility director of the facility shall sign a receipt acknowledging custody of the recipient and for any personal property belonging to him, which receipt shall be filed with the clerk of the court entering the hospitalization order.
(Source: P.A. 93-770, eff. 1-1-05.)

405 ILCS 5/3-820

    (405 ILCS 5/3-820) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-820)
    Sec. 3-820. Domestic violence; order of protection. An order of protection, as defined in the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986, may be issued in conjunction with a proceeding for involuntary commitment if the petition for an order of protection alleges that a person who is party to or the subject of the proceeding has been abused by or has abused a family or household member. The Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986 shall govern the issuance, enforcement, and recording of orders of protection issued under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 92-16, eff. 6-28-01.)