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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

MENTAL HEALTH
(405 ILCS 5/) Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code.

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III heading)
CHAPTER III
ADMISSION, TRANSFER AND DISCHARGE
PROCEDURES FOR THE MENTALLY ILL

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. I

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. I heading)
ARTICLE I. JURISDICTION; DUTIES OF STATE'S ATTORNEY

405 ILCS 5/3-100

    (405 ILCS 5/3-100) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-100)
    Sec. 3-100. The circuit court has jurisdiction under this Chapter over persons not charged with a felony who are subject to involuntary admission. Inmates of penal institutions shall not be considered as charged with a felony within the meaning of this Chapter. Court proceedings under Article VIII of this Chapter may be instituted as to any such inmate at any time within 90 days prior to discharge of such inmate by expiration of sentence or otherwise, and if such inmate is found to be subject to involuntary admission, the order of the court ordering hospitalization or other disposition shall become effective at the time of discharge of the inmate from penal custody.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-101

    (405 ILCS 5/3-101) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-101)
    Sec. 3-101. (a) The State's Attorneys of the several counties shall represent the people of the State of Illinois in court proceedings under this Chapter and in proceedings under Section 2-107.1 in their respective counties, shall attend such proceedings either in person or by assistant, and shall ensure that petitions, reports and orders are properly prepared. Nothing herein contained shall prevent any party, including any petitioner, from being represented by his own counsel.
    (b) Any community mental health provider or inpatient mental health facility, including hospitals operated by the Department, may be represented by counsel in court proceedings under this Chapter if they are providing services or funding for services to the respondent, or if an order by the court directing said entity to provide services or funding for services to the respondent is being sought by any party.
(Source: P.A. 97-375, eff. 8-15-11.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. II

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. II heading)
ARTICLE II. GENERAL PROVISIONS

405 ILCS 5/3-200

    (405 ILCS 5/3-200) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-200)
    Sec. 3-200. (a) A person may be admitted as an inpatient to a mental health facility for treatment of mental illness only as provided in this Chapter, except that a person may be transferred by the Department of Corrections pursuant to the Unified Code of Corrections. A person transferred by the Department of Corrections in this manner may be released only as provided in the Unified Code of Corrections.
    (b) No person who is diagnosed as intellectually disabled or a person with a developmental disability may be admitted or transferred to a Department mental health facility or, any portion thereof, except as provided in this Chapter. However, the evaluation and placement of such persons shall be governed by Article II of Chapter 4 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 97-227, eff. 1-1-12.)

405 ILCS 5/3-201

    (405 ILCS 5/3-201) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-201)
    Sec. 3-201. The Department shall prescribe all forms necessary for proceedings under this Chapter, and all forms used in such proceedings shall comply substantially with the forms so prescribed. The Department shall publish all forms in electronic format and post the forms to its website.
(Source: P.A. 97-752, eff. 7-6-12.)

405 ILCS 5/3-202

    (405 ILCS 5/3-202) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-202)
    Sec. 3-202. (a) Every mental health facility shall maintain adequate records which shall include the Section of this Chapter under which the recipient was admitted, any subsequent change in the recipient's status, and requisite documentation for such admission and status.
    (b) Nothing contained in this Chapter shall be construed to limit or otherwise affect the power of any mental health facility to determine the qualifications of persons who may be permitted to admit recipients to such facility. This subsection shall not affect or limit the powers of any court to order hospitalization or admission to a program of alternative treatment as set forth in this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)

405 ILCS 5/3-203

    (405 ILCS 5/3-203) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-203)
    Sec. 3-203. Every petition, certificate and proof of service required by this Chapter shall be executed under penalty of perjury as though under oath or affirmation, but no acknowledgement is required.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-204

    (405 ILCS 5/3-204) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-204)
    Sec. 3-204. Whenever a statement or explanation is required to be given to a recipient under this Chapter and the recipient does not read or understand English, such statement or explanation shall be provided to him in a language which he understands. Such statement or explanation shall be communicated in sign language for any hearing impaired person for whom sign language is a primary mode of communication. When a statement or explanation is provided in a language other than English, or through the use of sign language, that fact and the name of the persons by whom it was provided shall be noted in the recipient's record. This Section does not apply to copies of petitions and court orders.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/3-205

    (405 ILCS 5/3-205) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-205)
    Sec. 3-205. Within 12 hours after the admission of a person to a mental health facility under Article VI or Article VII of this Chapter the facility director shall give the person a copy of the petition and a clear and concise written statement explaining the person's legal status and his right to counsel and to a court hearing. Following admission, any changes in the person's legal status shall be fully explained to him. When an explanation required by this Chapter must be given in a language other than English or through the use of sign language, it shall be given within a reasonable time before any hearing is held.
(Source: P.A. 82-205.)

405 ILCS 5/3-205.5

    (405 ILCS 5/3-205.5)
    Sec. 3-205.5. Examination and social investigation. When any person is first presented for admission to a mental health facility under Chapter III of this Code, within 72 hours thereafter, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, the facility shall provide or arrange for a comprehensive physical examination, mental examination, and social investigation of that person. The examinations and social investigation shall be used to determine whether some program other than hospitalization will meet the needs of the person, with preference being given to care or treatment that will enable the person to return to his or her own home or community.
(Source: P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/3-206

    (405 ILCS 5/3-206) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-206)
    Sec. 3-206. Whenever a person is admitted or objects to admission, and whenever a recipient is notified that his legal status is to be changed, the facility director of the mental health facility shall provide the person, if he is 12 or older, with the address and phone number of the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission. If the person requests, the facility director shall assist him in contacting the Commission.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/3-207

    (405 ILCS 5/3-207) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-207)
    Sec. 3-207. (a) Hearings under Sections 3-405, 3-904 and 3-911 of this Chapter shall be conducted by a utilization review committee. The Secretary shall appoint a utilization review committee at each Department facility. Each such committee shall consist of a multi-disciplinary group of professional staff members who are trained and equipped to deal with the clinical and treatment needs of recipients. The recipient and the objector may be represented by persons of their choice.
    (b) The committee shall not be bound by rules of evidence or procedure but shall conduct the proceedings in a manner intended to ensure a fair hearing. The committee may make such investigation as it deems necessary. A record of the proceedings shall be made and shall be kept in the recipient's record. Within 3 days of conclusion of the hearing, the committee shall submit to the facility director its written recommendations which include its factual findings and conclusions. A copy of the recommendations shall be given to the recipient and the objector.
    (c) Within 7 days of receipt of the recommendations, the facility director shall give written notice to the recipient and objector of his acceptance or rejection of the recommendations and his reason therefor. If the director of the facility rejects the recommendations or if the recipient or objector requests review of the director's decision, the director shall promptly forward a copy of his decision, the recommendations, and the record of the hearing to the Secretary of the Department for final review. The decision of the director or the decision of the Secretary of the Department, if his review was requested, shall be considered a final administrative decision.
(Source: P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/3-208

    (405 ILCS 5/3-208) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-208)
    Sec. 3-208. Whenever a petition has been executed pursuant to Section 3-507, 3-601 or 3-701, and prior to this examination for the purpose of certification of a person 12 or over, the person conducting this examination shall inform the person being examined in a simple comprehensible manner of the purpose of the examination; that he does not have to talk to the examiner; and that any statements he makes may be disclosed at a court hearing on the issue of whether he is subject to involuntary admission. If the person being examined has not been so informed, the examiner shall not be permitted to testify at any subsequent court hearing concerning the respondent's admission.
(Source: P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/3-209

    (405 ILCS 5/3-209) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-209)
    Sec. 3-209. Within three days of admission under this Chapter, a treatment plan shall be prepared for each recipient of service and entered into his or her record. The plan shall include an assessment of the recipient's treatment needs, a description of the services recommended for treatment, the goals of each type of element of service, an anticipated timetable for the accomplishment of the goals, and a designation of the qualified professional responsible for the implementation of the plan. The plan shall include a written assessment of whether or not the recipient is in need of psychotropic medications. The plan shall be reviewed and updated as the clinical condition warrants, but not less than every 30 days.
(Source: P.A. 94-1066, eff. 8-1-06.)

405 ILCS 5/3-210

    (405 ILCS 5/3-210) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-210)
    Sec. 3-210. Employee as perpetrator of abuse. When an investigation of a report of suspected abuse of a recipient of services indicates, based upon credible evidence, that an employee of a mental health or developmental disability facility is the perpetrator of the abuse, that employee shall immediately be barred from any further contact with recipients of services of the facility, pending the outcome of any further investigation, prosecution or disciplinary action against the employee.
(Source: P.A. 86-1013.)

405 ILCS 5/3-211

    (405 ILCS 5/3-211) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-211)
    Sec. 3-211. Resident as perpetrator of abuse. When an investigation of a report of suspected abuse of a recipient of services indicates, based upon credible evidence, that another recipient of services in a mental health or developmental disability facility is the perpetrator of the abuse, the condition of the recipient suspected of being the perpetrator shall be immediately evaluated to determine the most suitable therapy and placement, considering the safety of that recipient as well as the safety of other recipients of services and employees of the facility.
(Source: P.A. 86-1013.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. III

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. III heading)
ARTICLE III. INFORMAL ADMISSION

405 ILCS 5/3-300

    (405 ILCS 5/3-300) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-300)
    Sec. 3-300. Admission.
    (a) Any person desiring admission to a mental health facility for treatment of a mental illness may be admitted upon his request without making formal application therefor if, after examination, the facility director considers that person clinically suitable for admission upon an informal basis.
    (b) Each recipient admitted under this Section shall be informed in writing and orally at the time of admission of his right to be discharged from the facility at any time during the normal daily day-shift hours of operation, which shall include but need not be limited to 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Such right to be discharged shall commence with the first day-shift hours of operation after his admission.
    (c) If the facility director decides to admit a person as a voluntary recipient, he shall state in the recipient's record the reason why informal admission is not suitable.
(Source: P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. IV

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. IV heading)
ARTICLE IV. VOLUNTARY ADMISSION OF ADULTS

405 ILCS 5/3-400

    (405 ILCS 5/3-400) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-400)
    Sec. 3-400. Voluntary admission to mental health facility.
    (a) Any person 16 or older, including a person adjudicated a disabled person, may be admitted to a mental health facility as a voluntary recipient for treatment of a mental illness upon the filing of an application with the facility director of the facility if the facility director determines and documents in the recipient's medical record that the person (1) is clinically suitable for admission as a voluntary recipient and (2) has the capacity to consent to voluntary admission.
    (b) For purposes of consenting to voluntary admission, a person has the capacity to consent to voluntary admission if, in the professional judgment of the facility director or his or her designee, the person is able to understand that:
        (1) He or she is being admitted to a mental health
    
facility.
        (2) He or she may request discharge at any time. The
    
request must be in writing, and discharge is not automatic.
        (3) Within 5 business days after receipt of the
    
written request for discharge, the facility must either discharge the person or initiate commitment proceedings.
    (c) No mental health facility shall require the completion of a petition or certificate as a condition of accepting the admission of a recipient who is being transported to that facility from any other inpatient or outpatient healthcare facility if the recipient has completed an application for voluntary admission to the receiving facility pursuant to this Section.
(Source: P.A. 96-612, eff. 1-1-10; 97-375, eff. 8-15-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-401

    (405 ILCS 5/3-401) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-401)
    Sec. 3-401. (a) The application for admission as a voluntary recipient may be executed by:
        1. The person seeking admission, if 18 or older; or
        2. Any interested person, 18 or older, at the request
    
of the person seeking admission; or
        3. A minor, 16 or older, as provided in Section 3-502.
    (b) The written application form shall contain in large, bold-face type a statement in simple nontechnical terms that the voluntary recipient may be discharged from the facility at the earliest appropriate time, not to exceed 5 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, after giving a written notice of his desire to be discharged, unless within that time, a petition and 2 certificates are filed with the court asserting that the recipient is subject to involuntary admission. Upon admission the right to be discharged shall be communicated orally to the recipient and a copy of the application form shall be given to the recipient and to any parent, guardian, relative, attorney, or friend who accompanied the recipient to the facility.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/3-401.1

    (405 ILCS 5/3-401.1)
    Sec. 3-401.1. Transportation to mental health facility. Upon receipt of an application for admission prepared pursuant to this Article, any licensed ambulance service may transport a recipient to a mental health facility or from one mental health facility to another. An ambulance service, acting in good faith and without negligence in connection with the transportation of recipients shall incur no liability, civil or criminal, by reason of such transportation.
(Source: P.A. 97-375, eff. 8-15-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-402

    (405 ILCS 5/3-402) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-402)
    Sec. 3-402. No physician, qualified examiner, or clinical psychologist shall state to any person that involuntary admission may result if such person does not voluntarily admit himself to a mental health facility unless a physician, qualified examiner, or clinical psychologist who has examined the person is prepared to execute a certificate under Section 3-602 and the person is advised that if he is admitted upon certification, he will be entitled to a court hearing with counsel appointed to represent him at which the State will have to prove that he is subject to involuntary admission.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-403

    (405 ILCS 5/3-403) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-403)
    Sec. 3-403. A voluntary recipient shall be allowed to be discharged from the facility at the earliest appropriate time, not to exceed 5 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, after he gives any treatment staff person written notice of his desire to be discharged unless he either withdraws the notice in writing or unless within the 5 day period a petition and 2 certificates conforming to the requirements of paragraph (b) of Section 3-601 and Section 3-602 are filed with the court. Upon receipt of the petition, the court shall order a hearing to be held within 5 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, and to be conducted pursuant to Article IX of this Chapter. Hospitalization of the recipient may continue pending further order of the court.
(Source: P.A. 88-830.)

405 ILCS 5/3-404

    (405 ILCS 5/3-404) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-404)
    Sec. 3-404. Thirty days after the voluntary admission of a recipient, the facility director shall review the recipient's record and assess the need for continuing hospitalization. The facility director shall consult with the recipient if continuing hospitalization is indicated and request from the recipient an affirmation of his desire for continued treatment. The request and affirmation shall be noted in the recipient's record. Every 60 days thereafter a review shall be conducted and a reaffirmation shall be secured from the recipient for as long as the hospitalization continues. A recipient's failure to reaffirm a desire to continue treatment shall constitute notice of his desire to be discharged.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/3-405

    (405 ILCS 5/3-405) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-405)
    Sec. 3-405. (a) If the facility director of a Department mental health facility declines to admit a person seeking admission under Articles III or IV of this Chapter, a review of the denial may be requested by the person seeking admission or, with his consent, by an interested person on his behalf. Such a request may be made on behalf of a minor presented for admission under Section 3-502, 3-503 or 3-504 by the minor's attorney, by the parent, guardian or person in loco parentis who executed the application for his admission, or by the minor himself if he is 16 years of age or older. Whenever admission to a Department facility is denied, the person seeking admission shall immediately be given written notice of the right to request review of the denial under this Section and shall be provided, if he is 12 or older, with the address and phone number of the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission. If the person requests, the facility director shall assist him in contacting the Commission. A written request for review shall be submitted to the director of the facility that denied admission within 14 days of the denial. Upon receipt of the request, the facility director shall promptly schedule a hearing to be held at the denying facility within 7 days pursuant to Section 3-207.
    (b) At the hearing the Department shall have the burden of proving that the person denied admission does not meet the standard set forth in the Section under which admission is sought or that an appropriate alternative community treatment program was available to meet the person's needs and was offered. If the utilization review committee finds that the decision denying admission is based upon substantial evidence, it shall recommend that the denial of admission be upheld. However, if it finds that the facility to which admission is sought can provide adequate and appropriate treatment for the person and no appropriate community alternative treatment is available, it shall recommend that the person denied admission be admitted. If it determines that another facility can provide treatment appropriate to the clinical condition and needs of the person denied admission, it may recommend that the Department or other agency assist the person in obtaining such treatment.
(Source: P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. V

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. V heading)
ARTICLE V. ADMISSION OF MINORS

405 ILCS 5/3-500

    (405 ILCS 5/3-500) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-500)
    Sec. 3-500. A minor may be admitted to a mental health facility for treatment of a mental illness or emotional disturbance only as provided in this Article or as provided in Sections 3-10-5 or 5-2-4 of the Unified Code of Corrections, as now or hereafter amended.
(Source: P.A. 81-1497.)

405 ILCS 5/3-501

    (405 ILCS 5/3-501) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-501)
    Sec. 3-501. (a) Any minor 12 years of age or older may request and receive counseling services or psychotherapy on an outpatient basis. The consent of his parent, guardian or person in loco parentis shall not be necessary to authorize outpatient counseling or psychotherapy. The minor's parent, guardian or person in loco parentis shall not be informed of such counseling or psychotherapy without the consent of the minor unless the facility director believes such disclosure is necessary. If the facility director intends to disclose the fact of counseling or psychotherapy, the minor shall be so informed. However, until the consent of the minor's parent, guardian or person in loco parentis has been obtained, outpatient counseling or psychotherapy provided to a minor under the age of 17 shall be limited to not more than 5 sessions, a session lasting not more than 45 minutes.
    (b) The minor's parent, guardian or person in loco parentis shall not be liable for the costs of outpatient counseling or psychotherapy which is received by the minor without the consent of the minor's parent, guardian or person in loco parentis.
(Source: P.A. 86-922.)

405 ILCS 5/3-502

    (405 ILCS 5/3-502) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-502)
    Sec. 3-502. Any minor 16 years of age or older may be admitted to a mental health facility as a voluntary recipient under Article IV of this Chapter if the minor himself executes the application. A minor so admitted shall be treated as an adult under Article IV and shall be subject to all of the provisions of that Article. The minor's parent, guardian or person in loco parentis shall be immediately informed of the admission.
(Source: P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/3-503

    (405 ILCS 5/3-503) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-503)
    Sec. 3-503. Admission on application of parent or guardian.
    (a) Any minor may be admitted to a mental health facility for inpatient treatment upon application to the facility director, if the facility director finds that the minor has a mental illness or emotional disturbance of such severity that hospitalization is necessary and that the minor is likely to benefit from inpatient treatment. Except in cases of admission under Section 3-504, prior to admission, a psychiatrist, clinical social worker, clinical professional counselor, or clinical psychologist who has personally examined the minor shall state in writing that the minor meets the standard for admission. The statement shall set forth in detail the reasons for that conclusion and shall indicate what alternatives to hospitalization have been explored.
    (b) The application may be executed by a parent or guardian or, in the absence of a parent or guardian, by a person in loco parentis. Application may be made for a minor who is a ward of the State by the Department of Children and Family Services or by the Department of Corrections.
(Source: P.A. 95-804, eff. 8-12-08.)

405 ILCS 5/3-504

    (405 ILCS 5/3-504) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-504)
    Sec. 3-504. Minors; emergency admissions.
    (a) A minor who is eligible for admission under Section 3-503 and who is in a condition that immediate hospitalization is necessary may be admitted upon the application of a parent or guardian, or person in loco parentis, or of an interested person 18 years of age or older when, after diligent effort, the minor's parent, guardian or person in loco parentis cannot be located or refuses to consent to admission. Following admission of the minor, the facility director of the mental health facility shall continue efforts to locate the minor's parent, guardian or person in loco parentis. If that person is located and consents in writing to the admission, the minor may continue to be hospitalized. However, upon notification of the admission, the parent, guardian or person in loco parentis may request the minor's discharge subject to the provisions of Section 3-508.
    (b) A peace officer may take a minor into custody and transport the minor to a mental health facility when, as a result of his personal observation, the peace officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the minor is eligible for admission under Section 3-503 and is in a condition that immediate hospitalization is necessary in order to protect the minor or others from physical harm. Upon arrival at the facility, the peace officer shall complete an application under Section 3-503 and shall further include a detailed statement of the reason for the assertion that immediate hospitalization is necessary, including a description of any acts or significant threats supporting the assertion, the time and place of the occurrence of those acts or threats, and the names, addresses and telephone numbers of other witnesses of those acts or threats.
    (c) If no parent, guardian or person in loco parentis can be found within 3 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays or holidays, after the admission of a minor, or if that person refuses either to consent to admission of the minor or to request his discharge, a petition shall be filed under the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 to ensure that appropriate guardianship is provided.
    (d) If, however, a court finds, based on the evaluation by a psychiatrist, licensed clinical social worker, licensed clinical professional counselor, or licensed clinical psychologist or the testimony or other information offered by a parent, guardian, person acting in loco parentis or other interested adults, that it is necessary in order to complete an examination of a minor, the court may order that the minor be admitted to a mental health facility pending examination and may order a peace officer or other person to transport the minor to the facility.
    (e) If a parent, guardian, or person acting in loco parentis is unable to transport a minor to a mental health facility for examination, the parent, guardian, or person acting in loco parentis may petition the court to compel a peace officer to take the minor into custody and transport the minor to a mental health facility for examination. The court may grant the order if the court finds, based on the evaluation by a psychiatrist, licensed clinical social worker, licensed clinical professional counselor, or licensed clinical psychologist or the testimony of a parent, guardian, or person acting in loco parentis that the examination is necessary and that the assistance of a peace officer is required to effectuate admission of the minor to a mental health facility.
    (f) Within 24 hours after admission under this Section, a psychiatrist or clinical psychologist who has personally examined the minor shall certify in writing that the minor meets the standard for admission. If no certificate is furnished, the minor shall be discharged immediately.
(Source: P.A. 95-804, eff. 8-12-08.)

405 ILCS 5/3-505

    (405 ILCS 5/3-505) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-505)
    Sec. 3-505. The application for admission under Section 3-503 or 3-504 shall contain in large, bold-face type a statement in simple nontechnical terms of the minor's objection and hearing rights under this Article. A minor 12 years of age or older shall be given a copy of the application and his right to object shall be explained to him in an understandable manner. A copy of the application shall also be given to the person who executed it, to the minor's parent, guardian or person in loco parentis, and attorney, if any, and to 2 other persons whom the minor may designate.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-506

    (405 ILCS 5/3-506) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-506)
    Sec. 3-506. Thirty days after the admission of a minor under Section 3-503 or 3-504, the facility director shall review the minor's record and assess the need for continuing hospitalization. The facility director shall consult with the person who executed the application for admission if continuing hospitalization is indicated and request authorization for continued treatment of the minor. The request and authorization shall be noted in the minor's record. Every 60 days thereafter a review shall be conducted and a new authorization shall be secured from the person who executed the application for as long as the hospitalization continues. Failure or refusal to authorize continued treatment shall constitute a request for the minor's discharge.
(Source: P.A. 81-799.)

405 ILCS 5/3-507

    (405 ILCS 5/3-507) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-507)
    Sec. 3-507. (a) Objection may be made to the admission of a minor under Section 3-503 or 3-504. When an objection is made, the minor shall be discharged at the earliest appropriate time, not to exceed 15 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, unless the objection is withdrawn in writing or unless, within that time, a petition for review of the admission and 2 certificates are filed with the court.
    (b) The written objection shall be submitted to the facility director of the facility by an interested person 18 years of age or older on the minor's behalf or by the minor himself if he is 12 years of age or older. Each objection shall be noted in the minor's record.
    (c) The 2 certificates which accompany the petition shall be executed pursuant to Section 3-703. Each certificate shall be based upon a personal examination and shall specify that the minor has a mental illness or an emotional disturbance of such severity that hospitalization is necessary, that he can benefit from inpatient treatment, and that a less restrictive alternative is not appropriate. If the minor is 12 years of age or older the certificate shall state whether the minor was advised of his rights under Section 3-208.
(Source: P.A. 85-643.)

405 ILCS 5/3-508

    (405 ILCS 5/3-508) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-508)
    Sec. 3-508. Whenever a parent, guardian, or person in loco parentis requests the discharge of a minor admitted under Section 3-503 or 3-504, the minor shall be discharged at the earliest appropriate time, not to exceed 5 days to the custody of such person unless within that time the minor, if he is 12 years of age or older, or the facility director objects to the discharge in which event he shall file with the court a petition for review of the admission accompanied by 2 certificates prepared pursuant to paragraph (c) of Section 3-507.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-509

    (405 ILCS 5/3-509) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-509)
    Sec. 3-509. Upon receipt of a petition filed pursuant to Section 3-507 or 3-508, the court shall appoint counsel for the minor and shall set a hearing to be held within 5 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays. The court shall direct that notice of the time and place of the hearing be served upon the minor, his attorney, the person who executed the application, the objector, and the facility director. The hearing shall be conducted pursuant to Article VIII of this Chapter. Hospitalization of the minor may continue pending further order from the court.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-510

    (405 ILCS 5/3-510) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-510)
    Sec. 3-510. (a) The court shall disapprove the admission and order the minor discharged if it determines that the minor does not have a mental illness or an emotional disturbance of such a severity that hospitalization is necessary, or if it determines that he cannot benefit from inpatient treatment, or if it determines that a less restrictive alternative is appropriate. If any of these 3 conditions is met, the court shall order the minor discharged from hospitalization.
    (b) If, however, the court finds that the minor does have a mental illness or an emotional disturbance for which the minor is likely to benefit from hospitalization, but that a less restrictive alternative is appropriate, the court may order alternative treatment pursuant to Section 3-812.
    (c) Unless the court orders the discharge of the minor, the court shall authorize the continued hospitalization of the minor for the remainder of the admission period or may make such orders as it deems appropriate pursuant to Section 3-815. When the court has authorized continued hospitalization, no new objection to the hospitalization of the minor may be heard for 20 days without leave of the court.
(Source: P.A. 86-922.)

405 ILCS 5/3-511

    (405 ILCS 5/3-511) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-511)
    Sec. 3-511. Unwillingness or inability of the minor's parent, guardian, or person in loco parentis to provide for his care or residence shall not be grounds for the court's refusing to order the discharge of the minor. In that case, a petition may be filed under the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 to ensure that appropriate care or residence is provided.
(Source: P.A. 85-1209.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. VI

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. VI heading)
ARTICLE VI. EMERGENCY ADMISSION BY CERTIFICATION

405 ILCS 5/3-600

    (405 ILCS 5/3-600) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-600)
    Sec. 3-600. A person 18 years of age or older who is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and in need of immediate hospitalization may be admitted to a mental health facility pursuant to this Article.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-601

    (405 ILCS 5/3-601) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-601)
    Sec. 3-601. Involuntary admission; petition.
    (a) When a person is asserted to be subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and in such a condition that immediate hospitalization is necessary for the protection of such person or others from physical harm, any person 18 years of age or older may present a petition to the facility director of a mental health facility in the county where the respondent resides or is present. The petition may be prepared by the facility director of the facility.
    (b) The petition shall include all of the following:
        1. A detailed statement of the reason for the
    
assertion that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis, including the signs and symptoms of a mental illness and a description of any acts, threats, or other behavior or pattern of behavior supporting the assertion and the time and place of their occurrence.
        2. The name and address of the spouse, parent,
    
guardian, substitute decision maker, if any, and close relative, or if none, the name and address of any known friend of the respondent whom the petitioner has reason to believe may know or have any of the other names and addresses. If the petitioner is unable to supply any such names and addresses, the petitioner shall state that diligent inquiry was made to learn this information and specify the steps taken.
        3. The petitioner's relationship to the respondent
    
and a statement as to whether the petitioner has legal or financial interest in the matter or is involved in litigation with the respondent. If the petitioner has a legal or financial interest in the matter or is involved in litigation with the respondent, a statement of why the petitioner believes it would not be practicable or possible for someone else to be the petitioner.
        4. The names, addresses and phone numbers of the
    
witnesses by which the facts asserted may be proved.
    (c) Knowingly making a material false statement in the petition is a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-601.1

    (405 ILCS 5/3-601.1)
    Sec. 3-601.1. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 88-484. Repealed by P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/3-601.2

    (405 ILCS 5/3-601.2)
    Sec. 3-601.2. Consent to admission by healthcare surrogate. A surrogate decision maker under the Health Care Surrogate Act may not consent to the admission to a mental health facility of a person who lacks decision making capacity. A surrogate may, however, petition for involuntary admission pursuant to this Code. This Section does not affect the authority of a court appointed guardian.
(Source: P.A. 90-538, eff. 12-1-97.)

405 ILCS 5/3-602

    (405 ILCS 5/3-602) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-602)
    Sec. 3-602. The petition shall be accompanied by a certificate executed by a physician, qualified examiner, psychiatrist, or clinical psychologist which states that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and requires immediate hospitalization. The certificate shall indicate that the physician, qualified examiner, psychiatrist, or clinical psychologist personally examined the respondent not more than 72 hours prior to admission. It shall also contain the physician's, qualified examiner's, psychiatrist's, or clinical psychologist's clinical observations, other factual information relied upon in reaching a diagnosis, and a statement as to whether the respondent was advised of his rights under Section 3-208.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-603

    (405 ILCS 5/3-603) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-603)
    Sec. 3-603. (a) If no physician, qualified examiner, psychiatrist, or clinical psychologist is immediately available or it is not possible after a diligent effort to obtain the certificate provided for in Section 3-602, the respondent may be detained for examination in a mental health facility upon presentation of the petition alone pending the obtaining of such a certificate.
    (b) In such instance the petition shall conform to the requirements of Section 3-601 and further specify that:
        1. the petitioner believes, as a result of his
    
personal observation, that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis;
        2. a diligent effort was made to obtain a certificate;
        3. no physician, qualified examiner, psychiatrist, or
    
clinical psychologist could be found who has examined or could examine the respondent; and
        4. a diligent effort has been made to convince the
    
respondent to appear voluntarily for examination by a physician, qualified examiner, psychiatrist, or clinical psychologist, unless the petitioner reasonably believes that effort would impose a risk of harm to the respondent or others.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-604

    (405 ILCS 5/3-604) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-604)
    Sec. 3-604. No person detained for examination under this Article on the basis of a petition alone may be held for more than 24 hours unless within that period a certificate is furnished to or by the mental health facility. If no certificate is furnished, the respondent shall be released forthwith.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-605

    (405 ILCS 5/3-605) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-605)
    Sec. 3-605. (a) In counties with a population of 3,000,000 or more, upon receipt of a petition and certificate prepared pursuant to this Article, the county sheriff of the county in which a respondent is found shall take a respondent into custody and transport him to a mental health facility, or may make arrangements with another public or private entity including a licensed ambulance service to transport the respondent to the mental health facility. In the event it is determined by such facility that the respondent is in need of commitment or treatment at another mental health facility, the county sheriff shall transport the respondent to the appropriate mental health facility, or the county sheriff may make arrangements with another public or private entity including a licensed ambulance service to transport the respondent to the mental health facility.
    (b) The county sheriff may delegate his duties under subsection (a) to another law enforcement body within that county if that law enforcement body agrees.
    (b-5) In counties with a population under 3,000,000, upon receipt of a petition and certificate prepared pursuant to this Article, the Department shall make arrangements to appropriately transport the respondent to a mental health facility. In the event it is determined by the facility that the respondent is in need of commitment or treatment at another mental health facility, the Department shall make arrangements to appropriately transport the respondent to another mental health facility. The making of such arrangements and agreements with public or private entities is independent of the Department's role as a provider of mental health services and does not indicate that the respondent is admitted to any Department facility. In making such arrangements and agreements with other public or private entities, the Department shall include provisions to ensure (i) the provision of trained personnel and the use of an appropriate vehicle for the safe transport of the respondent and (ii) that the respondent's insurance carrier as well as other programs, both public and private, that provide payment for such transportation services are fully utilized to the maximum extent possible.
    The Department may not make arrangements with an existing hospital or grant-in-aid or fee-for-service community provider for transportation services under this Section unless the hospital or provider has voluntarily submitted a proposal for its transportation services. This requirement does not eliminate or reduce any responsibility on the part of a hospital or community provider to ensure transportation that may arise independently through other State or federal law or regulation.
    (c) The transporting authority acting in good faith and without negligence in connection with the transportation of respondents shall incur no liability, civil or criminal, by reason of such transportation.
    (d) The respondent and the estate of that respondent are liable for the payment of transportation costs for transporting the respondent to a mental health facility. If the respondent is a beneficiary of a trust described in Section 15.1 of the Trusts and Trustees Act, the trust shall not be considered a part of the respondent's estate and shall not be subject to payment for transportation costs for transporting the respondent to a mental health facility under this Section except to the extent permitted under Section 15.1 of the Trusts and Trustees Act. If the respondent is unable to pay or if the estate of the respondent is insufficient, the responsible relatives are severally liable for the payment of those sums or for the balance due in case less than the amount owing has been paid. If the respondent is covered by insurance, the insurance carrier shall be liable for payment to the extent authorized by the respondent's insurance policy.
(Source: P.A. 93-770, eff. 1-1-05.)

405 ILCS 5/3-606

    (405 ILCS 5/3-606) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-606)
    Sec. 3-606. A peace officer may take a person into custody and transport him to a mental health facility when the peace officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the person is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and in need of immediate hospitalization to protect such person or others from physical harm. Upon arrival at the facility, the peace officer may complete the petition under Section 3-601. If the petition is not completed by the peace officer transporting the person, the transporting officer's name, badge number, and employer shall be included in the petition as a potential witness as provided in Section 3-601 of this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-607

    (405 ILCS 5/3-607) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-607)
    Sec. 3-607. Court ordered temporary detention and examination. When, as a result of personal observation and testimony in open court, any court has reasonable grounds to believe that a person appearing before it is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and in need of immediate hospitalization to protect such person or others from physical harm, the court may enter an order for the temporary detention and examination of such person. The order shall set forth in detail the facts which are the basis for its conclusion. The court may order a peace officer to take the person into custody and transport him to a mental health facility. The person may be detained for examination for no more than 24 hours to determine whether or not she or he is subject to involuntary admission and in need of immediate hospitalization. If a petition and certificate are executed within the 24 hours, the person may be admitted provided that the certificate states that the person is both subject to involuntary admission and in need of immediate hospitalization. If the certificate states that the person is subject to involuntary admission but not in need of immediate hospitalization, the person may remain in his or her place of residence pending a hearing on the petition unless he or she voluntarily agrees to inpatient treatment. The provisions of this Article shall apply to all petitions and certificates executed pursuant to this Section. If no petition or certificate is executed, the person shall be released.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-608

    (405 ILCS 5/3-608) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-608)
    Sec. 3-608. Upon completion of one certificate, the facility may begin treatment of the respondent. However, the respondent shall be informed of his right to refuse medication and if he refuses, medication shall not be given unless it is necessary to prevent the respondent from causing serious harm to himself or others. The facility shall record what treatment is given to the respondent together with the reasons therefor.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-609

    (405 ILCS 5/3-609) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-609)
    Sec. 3-609. Within 12 hours after his admission, the respondent shall be given a copy of the petition and a statement as provided in Section 3-206. Not later than 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, after admission, a copy of the petition and statement shall be given or sent to the respondent's attorney and guardian, if any. The respondent shall be asked if he desires such documents sent to any other persons, and at least 2 such persons designated by the respondent shall receive such documents. The respondent shall be allowed to complete no less than 2 telephone calls at the time of his admission to such persons as he chooses.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-610

    (405 ILCS 5/3-610) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-610)
    Sec. 3-610. As soon as possible but not later than 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, after admission of a respondent pursuant to this Article, the respondent shall be examined by a psychiatrist. The psychiatrist may be a member of the staff of the facility but shall not be the person who executed the first certificate. If a certificate has already been completed by a psychiatrist following the respondent's admission, the respondent shall be examined by another psychiatrist or by a physician, clinical psychologist, or qualified examiner. If, as a result of this second examination, a certificate is executed, the certificate shall be promptly filed with the court. If the certificate states that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission but not in need of immediate hospitalization, the respondent may remain in his or her place of residence pending a hearing on the petition unless he or she voluntarily agrees to inpatient treatment. If the respondent is not examined or if the psychiatrist, physician, clinical psychologist, or qualified examiner does not execute a certificate pursuant to Section 3-602, the respondent shall be released forthwith.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-611

    (405 ILCS 5/3-611) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-611)
    Sec. 3-611. Within 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, after the respondent's admission under this Article, the facility director of the facility shall file 2 copies of the petition, the first certificate, and proof of service of the petition and statement of rights upon the respondent with the court in the county in which the facility is located. Upon completion of the second certificate, the facility director shall promptly file it with the court and provide a copy to the respondent. The facility director shall make copies of the certificates available to the attorneys for the parties upon request. Upon the filing of the petition and first certificate, the court shall set a hearing to be held within 5 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, after receipt of the petition. The court shall direct that notice of the time and place of the hearing be served upon the respondent, his responsible relatives, and the persons entitled to receive a copy of the petition pursuant to Section 3-609.
(Source: P.A. 98-865, eff. 8-8-14.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. VII

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. VII heading)
ARTICLE VII. ADMISSION ON AN INPATIENT BASIS BY COURT ORDER
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-700

    (405 ILCS 5/3-700) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-700)
    Sec. 3-700. A person 18 years of age or older who is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis may be admitted to an inpatient mental health facility upon court order pursuant to this Article.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-701

    (405 ILCS 5/3-701) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-701)
    Sec. 3-701. (a) Any person 18 years of age or older may execute a petition asserting that another person is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis. The petition shall be prepared pursuant to paragraph (b) of Section 3-601 and shall be filed with the court in the county where the respondent resides or is present.
    (b) The court may inquire of the petitioner whether there are reasonable grounds to believe that the facts stated in the petition are true and whether the respondent is subject to involuntary admission. The inquiry may proceed without notice to the respondent only if the petitioner alleges facts showing that an emergency exists such that immediate hospitalization is necessary and the petitioner testifies before the court as to the factual basis for the allegations.
    (c) A petition for involuntary admission on an inpatient basis may be combined with or accompanied by a petition for involuntary admission on an outpatient basis under Article VII-A.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-702

    (405 ILCS 5/3-702) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-702)
    Sec. 3-702. (a) The petition may be accompanied by the certificate of a physician, qualified examiner, psychiatrist, or clinical psychologist which certifies that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and which contains the other information specified in Section 3-602.
    (b) Upon receipt of the petition either with or without a certificate, if the court finds the documents are in order, it may make such orders pursuant to Section 3-703 as are necessary to provide for examination of the respondent. If the petition is not accompanied by 2 certificates executed pursuant to Section 3-703, the court may order the respondent to present himself for examination at a time and place designated by the court. If the petition is accompanied by 2 certificates executed pursuant to Section 3-703 and the court finds the documents are in order, it shall set the matter for hearing.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-703

    (405 ILCS 5/3-703) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-703)
    Sec. 3-703. If no certificate was filed, the respondent shall be examined separately by a physician, or clinical psychologist, or qualified examiner and by a psychiatrist. If a certificate executed by a psychiatrist was filed, the respondent shall be examined by a physician, clinical psychologist, qualified examiner, or psychiatrist. If a certificate executed by a qualified examiner, clinical psychologist, or a physician who is not a psychiatrist was filed, the respondent shall be examined by a psychiatrist. The examining physician, clinical psychologist, qualified examiner or psychiatrist may interview by telephone or in person any witnesses or other persons listed in the petition for involuntary admission. If, as a result of an examination, a certificate is executed, the certificate shall be promptly filed with the court. If a certificate is executed, the examining physician, clinical psychologist, qualified examiner or psychiatrist may also submit for filing with the court a report in which his findings are described in detail, and may rely upon such findings for his opinion that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis. Copies of the certificates shall be made available to the attorneys for the parties upon request prior to the hearing. A certificate prepared in compliance with this Article shall state whether or not the respondent is in need of immediate hospitalization. However, if both the certificates state that the respondent is not in need of immediate hospitalization, the respondent may remain in his or her place of residence pending a hearing on the petition unless he or she voluntarily agrees to inpatient treatment.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-704

    (405 ILCS 5/3-704) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-704)
    Sec. 3-704. Examination; detention.
    (a) The respondent shall be permitted to remain in his or her place of residence pending any examination. The respondent may be accompanied by one or more of his or her relatives or friends or by his or her attorney to the place of examination. If, however, the court finds that it is necessary in order to complete the examination the court may order that the person be admitted to a mental health facility pending examination and may order a peace officer or other person to transport the person there. The examination shall be conducted at a local mental health facility or hospital or, if possible, in the respondent's own place of residence. No person may be detained for examination under this Section for more than 24 hours. The person shall be released upon completion of the examination unless the physician, qualified examiner or clinical psychologist executes a certificate stating that the person is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and in need of immediate hospitalization to protect such person or others from physical harm. Upon admission under this Section treatment may be given pursuant to Section 3-608.
    (a-5) Whenever a respondent has been transported to a mental health facility for an examination, the admitting facility shall inquire, upon the respondent's arrival, whether the respondent wishes any person or persons to be notified of his or her detention at that facility. If the respondent does wish to have any person or persons notified of his or her detention at the facility, the facility must promptly make all reasonable attempts to locate the individual identified by the respondent, or at least 2 individuals identified by the respondent if more than one has been identified, and notify them of the respondent's detention at the facility for a mandatory examination pursuant to court order.
    (b) Not later than 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, after admission under this Section, the respondent shall be asked if he desires the petition and the notice required under Section 3-206 sent to any other persons and at least 2 such persons designated by the respondent shall be sent the documents. At the time of his admission the respondent shall be allowed to complete not fewer than 2 telephone calls to such persons as he chooses.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-704.1

    (405 ILCS 5/3-704.1)
    Sec. 3-704.1. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 91-837, eff. 6-16-00. Repealed by P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-705

    (405 ILCS 5/3-705) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-705)
    Sec. 3-705. At least 36 hours before the time of the examination fixed by the court, a copy of the petition, the order for examination, and a statement of rights as provided in Section 3-205 shall be personally delivered to the person and shall be given personally or sent by mail to his attorney and guardian, if any. If the respondent is admitted to a mental health facility for examination under Section 3-704, such notices may be delivered at the time of service of the order for admission.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-706

    (405 ILCS 5/3-706) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-706)
    Sec. 3-706. The court shall set a hearing to be held within 5 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, after its receipt of the second certificate or after the respondent is admitted to a mental health facility, whichever is earlier. The court shall direct that notice of the time and place of hearing be served upon the respondent, his attorney, and guardian, if any, his responsible relatives, and the facility director. Unless the respondent is admitted pursuant to Section 3-704, he may remain at his residence pending the hearing. If, however, the court finds it necessary, it may order a peace officer or another person to have the respondent before the court at the time and place set for hearing.
(Source: P.A. 91-726, eff. 6-2-00.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. VII-A

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. VII-A heading)
ARTICLE VII-A. ADMISSION ON AN OUTPATIENT BASIS BY COURT ORDER
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-750

    (405 ILCS 5/3-750)
    Sec. 3-750. Involuntary admission on an outpatient basis. A person 18 years of age or older who is subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis may receive alternative treatment in the community or may be placed in the care and custody of a relative or other person upon court order pursuant to this Article.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-751

    (405 ILCS 5/3-751)
    Sec. 3-751. Involuntary admission; petition.
    (a) Any person 18 years of age or older may execute a petition asserting that another person is subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis. The petition shall be prepared pursuant to paragraph (b) of Section 3-601 and shall be filed with the court in the county where the respondent resides or is present.
    (b) The court may inquire of the petitioner whether there are reasonable grounds to believe that the facts stated in the petition are true and whether the respondent is subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis.
    (c) A petition for involuntary admission on an outpatient basis may be combined with or accompanied by a petition for involuntary admission on an inpatient basis under Article VII.
    (d) Notwithstanding any other provision in this Chapter, a petition may be filed under this Article prior to the expiration of an agreed order for outpatient admission issued pursuant to Section 3-801.5 of this Chapter, provided that the recipient has refused to agree to an extension of the agreed order as provided in subsection (g) of Section 3-801.5. The filing of such a petition at least 5 days prior to the expiration of such an agreed order shall continue the order in effect pending the disposition of the petition.
    (e) A petition for involuntary outpatient commitment may be filed pursuant to this Section concerning a person who has been admitted to a mental health facility on an informal basis under Section 3-300 of this Code or as a voluntary recipient under Section 3-400 of this Code provided that such a person has a documented history of illness and treatment demonstrating that he or she is unlikely to continue to receive needed treatment following release from informal or voluntary admission and that an order for alternative treatment or for care and custody is necessary in order to ensure continuity of treatment outside a mental health facility. The filing of such a petition shall not prevent the recipient from requesting and obtaining a discharge pursuant to subsection (b) of Section 3-300 or Section 3-404, nor shall it prevent the facility director from discharging the recipient pursuant to Section 3-902 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10; 97-375, eff. 8-15-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-752

    (405 ILCS 5/3-752)
    Sec. 3-752. Certificate.
    (a) The petition may be accompanied by the certificate of a physician, qualified examiner, psychiatrist, or clinical psychologist which certifies that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis. The certificate shall indicate that the physician, qualified examiner, or clinical psychologist personally examined the respondent not more than 72 hours prior to the completion of the certificate. It shall also contain the physician's, qualified examiner's, or clinical psychologist's clinical observations, other factual information relied upon in reaching a diagnosis, and a statement as to whether the respondent was advised of his or her rights under Section 3-208.
    (b) Upon receipt of the petition either with or without a certificate, if the court finds the documents are in order, it may make such orders pursuant to Section 3-753 as are necessary to provide for examination of the respondent. If the petition is not accompanied by 2 certificates executed pursuant to Section 3-753, the court may order the respondent to present himself or herself for examination at a time and place designated by the court. If the petition is accompanied by 2 certificates executed pursuant to Section 3-753 and the court finds the documents are in order, the court shall set the matter for hearing.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-753

    (405 ILCS 5/3-753)
    Sec. 3-753. Examination. If no certificate was filed, the respondent shall be examined separately by a physician, or clinical psychologist or qualified examiner and by a psychiatrist. If a certificate executed by a psychiatrist was filed, the respondent shall be examined by a physician, clinical psychologist, qualified examiner, or psychiatrist. If a certificate executed by a qualified examiner, clinical psychologist, or a physician who is not a psychiatrist was filed, the respondent shall be examined by a psychiatrist. The examining physician, clinical psychologist, qualified examiner or psychiatrist may interview by telephone or in person any witnesses or other persons listed in the petition for involuntary admission. If, as a result of an examination, a certificate is executed, the certificate shall be promptly filed with the court. If a certificate is executed, the examining physician, clinical psychologist, qualified examiner or psychiatrist may also submit for filing with the court a report in which his or her findings are described in detail, and may rely upon such findings for his opinion that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission. Copies of the certificates shall be made available to the attorneys for the parties upon request prior to the hearing.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-754

    (405 ILCS 5/3-754)
    Sec. 3-754. Detention.
    (a) The respondent shall be permitted to remain in his or her place of residence pending any examination. The respondent may be accompanied by one or more of his or her relatives or friends or by his or her attorney to the place of examination. If, however, the respondent refuses to cooperate with an examination on an outpatient basis, the court may order that the person be admitted to a mental health facility solely for the purpose of such examination and may order a peace officer or other person to transport the person there. The examination shall be conducted at a local mental health facility or hospital or, if possible, in the respondent's own place of residence. No person may be detained for examination under this Section for more than 24 hours. The person shall be released upon completion of the examination unless the physician, qualified examiner or clinical psychologist executes a certificate stating that the person is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and in need of immediate hospitalization to protect such person or others from physical harm and a petition is filed pursuant to Section 3-701. Upon admission under this Section, treatment may be given pursuant to Section 3-608. If the respondent is admitted on an inpatient basis, the facility shall proceed pursuant to Article VII.
    (b) Whenever a respondent has been transported to a mental health facility for an examination, the admitting facility shall inquire, upon the respondent's arrival, whether the respondent wishes any person or persons to be notified of his or her detention at that facility. If the respondent does wish to have any person or persons notified of his or her detention at the facility, the facility must promptly make all reasonable attempts to locate the individual identified by the respondent, or at least 2 individuals identified by the respondent if more than one has been identified, and notify them of the respondent's detention at the facility for a mandatory examination pursuant to court order.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-755

    (405 ILCS 5/3-755)
    Sec. 3-755. Notice. At least 36 hours before the time of the examination fixed by the court, a copy of the petition, the order for examination, and a statement of rights as provided in Section 3-205 shall be personally delivered to the person and shall be given personally or sent by mail to his or her attorney and guardian, if any. If the respondent is admitted to a mental health facility for examination under Section 3-754, such notices may be delivered at the time of service of the order for admission.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-756

    (405 ILCS 5/3-756)
    Sec. 3-756. Court hearing. The court shall set a hearing to be held within 15 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, after its receipt of the second certificate. The court shall direct that notice of the time and place of hearing be served upon the respondent, his or her attorney, and guardian, if any, and his or her responsible relatives. The respondent may remain at his residence pending the hearing. If, however, the court finds it necessary, it may order a peace officer or another person to have the respondent before the court at the time and place set for hearing.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. VIII

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. VIII heading)
ARTICLE VIII. COURT HEARINGS

405 ILCS 5/3-800

    (405 ILCS 5/3-800) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-800)
    Sec. 3-800. (a) Unless otherwise indicated, court hearings under this Chapter shall be held pursuant to this Article. Hearings shall be held in such quarters as the court directs. To the extent practical, hearings shall be held in the mental health facility where the respondent is hospitalized. Any party may request a change of venue or transfer to any other county because of the convenience of parties or witnesses or the condition of the respondent. The respondent may request to have the proceedings transferred to the county of his residence.
    (b) If the court grants a continuance on its own motion or upon the motion of one of the parties, the respondent may continue to be detained pending further order of the court. Such continuance shall not extend beyond 15 days except to the extent that continuances are requested by the respondent.
    (c) Court hearings under this Chapter, including hearings under Section 2-107.1, shall be open to the press and public unless the respondent or some other party requests that they be closed. The court may also indicate its intention to close a hearing, including when it determines that the respondent may be unable to make a reasoned decision to request that the hearing be closed. A request that a hearing be closed shall be granted unless there is an objection to closing the hearing by a party or any other person. If an objection is made, the court shall not close the hearing unless, following a hearing, it determines that the patient's interest in having the hearing closed is compelling. The court shall support its determination with written findings of fact and conclusions of law. The court shall not close the hearing if the respondent objects to its closure. Whenever a court determines that a hearing shall be closed, access to the records of the hearing, including but not limited to transcripts and pleadings, shall be limited to the parties involved in the hearing, court personnel, and any person or agency providing mental health services that are the subject of the hearing. Access may also be granted, however, pursuant to the provisions of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Confidentiality Act.
    (d) The provisions of subsection (a-5) of Section 6 of the Rights of Crime Victims and Witnesses Act shall apply to the initial commitment hearing, as provided under Section 5-2-4 of the Unified Code of Corrections, for a respondent found not guilty by reason of insanity of a violent crime in a criminal proceeding and the hearing has been ordered by the court under this Code to determine if the defendant is:
        (1) in need of mental health services on an inpatient
    
basis;
        (2) in need of mental health services on an
    
outpatient basis; or
        (3) not in need of mental health services.
    While the impact statement to the court allowed under this subsection (d) may include the impact that the respondent's criminal conduct has had upon the victim, victim's representative, or victim's family or household member, the court may only consider the impact statement along with all other appropriate factors in determining the:
        (i) threat of serious physical harm posed by the
    
respondent to himself or herself, or to another person;
        (ii) location of inpatient or outpatient mental
    
health services ordered by the court, but only after complying with all other applicable administrative requirements, rules, and statutory requirements;
        (iii) maximum period of commitment for inpatient
    
mental health services; and
        (iv) conditions of release for outpatient mental
    
health services ordered by the court.
    (e) Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 2-1009 of the Code of Civil Procedure, a respondent may object to a motion for voluntary dismissal and the court may refuse to grant such a dismissal for good cause shown.
(Source: P.A. 96-117, eff. 1-1-10; 97-375, eff. 8-15-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-801

    (405 ILCS 5/3-801) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-801)
    Sec. 3-801. A respondent may request admission as an informal or voluntary recipient at any time prior to an adjudication that he is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis. The facility director shall approve such a request unless the facility director determines that the respondent lacks the capacity to consent to informal or voluntary admission or that informal or voluntary admission is clinically inappropriate. The director shall not find that voluntary admission is clinically inappropriate in the absence of a documented history of the respondent's illness and treatment demonstrating that the respondent is unlikely to continue to receive needed treatment following release from informal or voluntary admission and that an order for involuntary admission on an outpatient basis is necessary in order to ensure continuity of treatment outside a mental health facility.
    If the facility director approves such a request, the petitioner shall be notified of the request and of his or her right to object thereto, if the petitioner has requested such notification on that individual recipient. The court may dismiss the pending proceedings, but shall consider any objection made by the petitioner, the respondent, or the State's Attorney and may require proof that such dismissal is in the best interest of the respondent and of the public. If voluntary admission is accepted and the petition is dismissed by the court, notice shall be provided to the petitioner, orally and in writing, of his or her right to receive notice of the recipient's discharge pursuant to Section 3-902(d).
(Source: P.A. 96-570, eff. 1-1-10; 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10; 97-375, eff. 8-15-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-801.5

    (405 ILCS 5/3-801.5)
    Sec. 3-801.5. Agreed order for admission on an outpatient basis.
    (a) At any time before the conclusion of the hearing and the entry of the court's findings, a respondent may enter into an agreement to be subject to an order for admission on an outpatient basis as provided for in Sections 3-811, 3-812, and 3-813 of this Code, provided that:
        (1) The court and the parties have been presented
    
with a written report pursuant to Section 3-810 of this Code containing a recommendation for court-ordered admission on an outpatient basis and setting forth in detail the conditions for such an order, and the court is satisfied that the proposal for admission on an outpatient basis is in the best interest of the respondent and of the public.
        (2) The court advises the respondent of the
    
conditions of the proposed order in open court and is satisfied that the respondent understands and agrees to the conditions of the proposed order for admission on an outpatient basis.
        (3) The proposed custodian is advised of the
    
recommendation for care and custody and agrees to abide by the terms of the proposed order.
        (4) No such order may require the respondent to be
    
hospitalized except as provided in subsection (b) of this Section.
        (5) No order may include as one of its conditions the
    
administration of psychotropic medication, unless the court determines, based on the documented history of the respondent's treatment and illness, that the respondent is unlikely to continue to receive needed psychotropic medication in the absence of such an order.
    (b) An agreed order of care and custody entered pursuant to this Section may grant the custodian the authority to admit a respondent to a hospital if the respondent fails to comply with the conditions of the agreed order. If necessary in order to obtain the hospitalization of the respondent, the custodian may apply to the court for an order authorizing an officer of the peace to take the respondent into custody and transport the respondent to the hospital specified in the agreed order. The provisions of Section 3-605 of this Code shall govern the transportation of the respondent to a mental health facility, except to the extent that those provisions are inconsistent with this Section. However, a person admitted to a hospital pursuant to powers granted under an agreed order for care and custody shall be treated as a voluntary recipient pursuant to Article IV of this Chapter and shall be advised immediately of his or her right to request a discharge pursuant to Section 3-403 of this Code.
    (c) If the court has appointed counsel for the respondent pursuant to Section 3-805 of this Code, that appointment shall continue for the duration of any order entered under this Section, and the respondent shall be represented by counsel in any proceeding held pursuant to this Section.
    (d) An order entered under this Section shall not constitute a finding that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis.
    (e) Nothing in this Section shall be deemed to create an agency relationship between the respondent and any custodian appointed pursuant to this Section.
    (f) Notwithstanding any other provision of Illinois law, no respondent may be cited for contempt for violating the terms and conditions of his or her agreed order of care and custody.
    (g) An order entered under this Section may be extended with the agreement of the parties for additional 180-day periods.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10; 97-375, eff. 8-15-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-802

    (405 ILCS 5/3-802) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-802)
    Sec. 3-802. The respondent is entitled to a jury on the question of whether he is subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis. The jury shall consist of 6 persons to be chosen in the same manner as are jurors in other civil proceedings. A respondent is not entitled to a jury on the question of whether psychotropic medication or electroconvulsive therapy may be administered under Section 2-107.1.
(Source: P.A. 95-172, eff. 8-14-07; 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-803

    (405 ILCS 5/3-803) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-803)
    Sec. 3-803. The court may appoint one or more physicians, qualified examiners, clinical psychologists or other experts to examine the respondent and make a detailed written report of his findings regarding the respondent's condition. Any such physician or other examiner so appointed may interview by telephone or in person any witnesses or other persons listed in the petition for involuntary admission. The report shall be filed with the court and copies shall be made available to the attorneys for the parties.
(Source: P.A. 85-558.)

405 ILCS 5/3-804

    (405 ILCS 5/3-804) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-804)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 98-853)
    Sec. 3-804. The respondent is entitled to secure an independent examination by a physician, qualified examiner, clinical psychologist or other expert of his choice. If the respondent is unable to obtain an examination, he may request that the court order an examination to be made by an impartial medical expert pursuant to Supreme Court Rules or by a qualified examiner, clinical psychologist or other expert. Any such physician or other examiner, whether secured by the respondent or appointed by the court, may interview by telephone or in person any witnesses or other persons listed in the petition for involuntary admission. The physician or other examiner may submit to the court a report in which his findings are described in detail. Determination of the compensation of the physician, qualified examiner, clinical psychologist or other expert and its payment shall be governed by Supreme Court Rule.
(Source: P.A. 85-558.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 98-853)
    Sec. 3-804. The respondent is entitled to secure an independent examination by a physician, qualified examiner, clinical psychologist or other expert of his or her choice. If the respondent is unable to obtain an examination in an involuntary admission proceeding, a discharge proceeding under Section 3-901 of this Code, or in a proceeding under Section 2-107.1 of this Code, the respondent may request that the court order an examination to be made by a physician, qualified examiner, clinical psychologist, or other expert. Any such physician or other examiner, whether secured by the respondent or appointed by the court, may interview by telephone or in person any witnesses or other persons listed in the petition for involuntary admission, the petition for discharge under Section 3-901 of this Code, or in the petition for medication or therapy under Section 2-107.1 of this Code. The physician or other examiner may submit to the court a report in which his or her findings are described in detail. The court must determine the compensation of the examiner or other expert. The compensation must be paid by the respondent's county of residence unless the respondent is not a resident of this State, in which case the fee must be paid by the county in which the proceeding is pending.
(Source: P.A. 98-853, eff. 1-1-15.)

405 ILCS 5/3-805

    (405 ILCS 5/3-805) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-805)
    Sec. 3-805. Every respondent alleged to be subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis shall be represented by counsel. If the respondent is indigent or an appearance has not been entered on his behalf at the time the matter is set for hearing, the court shall appoint counsel for him. A hearing shall not proceed when a respondent is not represented by counsel unless, after conferring with counsel, the respondent requests to represent himself and the court is satisfied that the respondent has the capacity to make an informed waiver of his right to counsel. Counsel shall be allowed time for adequate preparation and shall not be prevented from conferring with the respondent at reasonable times nor from making an investigation of the matters in issue and presenting such relevant evidence as he believes is necessary.
    1. If the court determines that the respondent is unable to obtain counsel, the court shall appoint as counsel an attorney employed by or under contract with the Guardianship and Mental Health Advocacy Commission, if available.
    2. If an attorney from the Guardianship and Mental Health Advocacy Commission is not available, the court shall appoint as counsel the public defender or, only if no public defender is available, an attorney licensed to practice law in this State.
    3. Upon filing with the court of a verified statement of legal services rendered by the private attorney appointed pursuant to paragraph (2) of this Section, the court shall determine a reasonable fee for such services. If the respondent is unable to pay the fee, the court shall enter an order upon the county to pay the entire fee or such amount as the respondent is unable to pay.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-806

    (405 ILCS 5/3-806) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-806)
    Sec. 3-806. Presence at hearing; location.
    (a) The respondent shall be present at any hearing held under this Act unless his attorney waives his right to be present and the court is satisfied by a clear showing that the respondent's attendance would subject him to substantial risk of serious physical or emotional harm.
    (b) The court shall make reasonable accommodation of any request by the recipient's attorney concerning the location of the hearing. If the recipient's attorney advises the court that the recipient refuses to attend, the hearing may proceed in his or her absence.
    (c) No inference may be drawn from the recipient's non-attendance pursuant to either subsection (a) or (b) of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 89-439, eff. 6-1-96.)

405 ILCS 5/3-806.1

    (405 ILCS 5/3-806.1)
    Sec. 3-806.1. Video conferencing.
    (a) Notwithstanding the provisions in Section 3-806, the Illinois Supreme Court or any circuit court of this State may adopt rules permitting the use of video conferencing equipment in all hearings under this Chapter subject to the following provisions:
        (1) Such hearings are permitted if the parties,
    
including the respondent, and their lawyers, including the State's Attorney, are at a mental health facility, or some other location to which the respondent may be safely and conveniently transported, and the judge and any court personnel are in another location.
        (2) Such hearings are permitted if the respondent and
    
his or her counsel are at a mental health facility or some other location to which the respondent may be safely and conveniently transported, and all of the other participants including the judge are in another location, if, and only if, agreed to by the respondent and the respondent's counsel.
        (3) Video conferencing under this subsection (a)
    
shall not be permitted in a jury trial under Section 3-802 of this Article.
    (b) Notwithstanding the above provisions, any court may permit any witness, including a psychiatrist, to testify by video conferencing equipment from any location in the absence of a court rule specifically prohibiting such testimony.
(Source: P.A. 96-1321, eff. 1-1-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-807

    (405 ILCS 5/3-807) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-807)
    Sec. 3-807. No respondent may be found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis unless at least one psychiatrist, clinical social worker, clinical psychologist, or qualified examiner who has examined the respondent testifies in person at the hearing. The respondent may waive the requirement of the testimony subject to the approval of the court.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10; 97-121, eff. 7-14-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-808

    (405 ILCS 5/3-808) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-808)
    Sec. 3-808. No respondent may be found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis unless that finding has been established by clear and convincing evidence.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-809

    (405 ILCS 5/3-809) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-809)
    Sec. 3-809. If the respondent is not found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis, the court shall dismiss the petition and order the respondent discharged. If the respondent is found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis, the court shall enter an order so specifying. If the court is not satisfied with the verdict of the jury finding the respondent subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis, it may set aside such verdict and order the respondent discharged or it may order another hearing.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-810

    (405 ILCS 5/3-810) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-810)
    Sec. 3-810. Before disposition is determined, the facility director or such other person as the court may direct shall prepare a written report including information on the appropriateness and availability of alternative treatment settings, a social investigation of the respondent, a preliminary treatment plan, and any other information which the court may order. The treatment plan shall describe the respondent's problems and needs, the treatment goals, the proposed treatment methods, and a projected timetable for their attainment. If the respondent is found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis, the court shall consider the report in determining an appropriate disposition.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-811

    (405 ILCS 5/3-811) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-811)
    Sec. 3-811. Involuntary admission; alternative mental health facilities.
    (a) If any person is found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis, the court shall consider alternative mental health facilities which are appropriate for and available to the respondent, including but not limited to hospitalization. The court may order the respondent to undergo a program of hospitalization in a mental health facility designated by the Department, in a licensed private hospital or private mental health facility if it agrees, or in a facility of the United States Veterans Administration if it agrees. If any person is found subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis, the court may order the respondent to undergo a program of alternative treatment; or the court may place the respondent in the care and custody of a relative or other person willing and able to properly care for him or her. The court shall order the least restrictive alternative for treatment which is appropriate.
    (b) Whenever a person is found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis, notice shall be provided to the petitioner, orally and in writing, of his or her right to receive notice of the recipient's discharge pursuant to Section 3-902(d).
    (c) An order that a person is found subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis does not eliminate any obligations under the federal Emergency Medical Transport and Active Labor Act (EMTALA) of the transferring facility toward the receiving facility. Before implementing an order, the transferring facility shall notify the receiving facility of the recipient and obtain medical clearance for the recipient.
(Source: P.A. 96-570, eff. 1-1-10; 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10; 97-130, eff. 7-14-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-812

    (405 ILCS 5/3-812) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-812)
    Sec. 3-812. Court ordered admission on an outpatient basis; modification; revocation.
    (a) If a respondent is found subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis, the court may issue an order: (i) placing the respondent in the care and custody of a relative or other person willing and able to properly care for him or her; or (ii) committing the respondent to alternative treatment at a community mental health provider.
    (b) An order placing the respondent in the care and custody of a relative or other person shall specify the powers and duties of the custodian. An order of care and custody entered pursuant to this Section may grant the custodian the authority to admit a respondent to a hospital if the respondent fails to comply with the conditions of the order. If necessary in order to obtain the hospitalization of the respondent, the custodian may apply to the court for an order authorizing an officer of the peace to take the respondent into custody and transport the respondent to a mental health facility. The provisions of Section 3-605 shall govern the transportation of the respondent to a mental health facility, except to the extent that those provisions are inconsistent with this Section. No person admitted to a hospital pursuant to this subsection shall be detained for longer than 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, unless, within that period, a petition for involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and a certificate supporting such petition have been filed as provided in Section 3-611.
    (c) Alternative treatment shall not be ordered unless the program being considered is capable of providing adequate and humane treatment in the least restrictive setting which is appropriate to the respondent's condition. The court shall have continuing authority to modify an order for alternative treatment if the recipient fails to comply with the order or is otherwise found unsuitable for alternative treatment. Prior to modifying such an order, the court shall receive a report from the facility director of the program specifying why the alternative treatment is unsuitable. The recipient shall be notified and given an opportunity to respond when modification of the order for alternative treatment is considered. If the court determines that the respondent has violated the order for alternative treatment in the community or that alternative treatment in the community will no longer provide adequate assurances for the safety of the respondent or others, the court may revoke the order for alternative treatment in the community and may order a peace officer to take the recipient into custody and transport him to an inpatient mental health facility. The provisions of Section 3-605 shall govern the transportation of the respondent to a mental health facility, except to the extent that those provisions are inconsistent with this Section. No person admitted to a hospital pursuant to this subsection shall be detained for longer than 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, unless, within that period, a petition for involuntary admission on an inpatient basis and a certificate supporting such petition have been filed as provided in Section 3-611.
(Source: P.A. 98-221, eff. 1-1-14.)

405 ILCS 5/3-813

    (405 ILCS 5/3-813) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-813)
    Sec. 3-813. (a) An initial order for commitment on an inpatient basis shall be for a period not to exceed 90 days. Prior to the expiration of the initial order if the facility director believes that the recipient continues to be subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis, a new petition and 2 new certificates may be filed with the court. If a petition is filed, the facility director shall file with the court a current treatment plan which includes an evaluation of the recipient's progress and the extent to which he is benefiting from treatment. If no petition is filed prior to the expiration of the initial order, the recipient shall be discharged. Following a hearing, the court may order a second period of commitment on an inpatient basis not to exceed 90 days only if it finds that the recipient continues to be subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis. If, following a hearing, the court determines that the respondent is subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis as provided in Section 3-812, the court may order the respondent committed on an outpatient basis for a period not to exceed 180 days.
    (a-1) An initial order of commitment on an outpatient basis shall be for a period not to exceed 180 days. Prior to the expiration of the initial order, if the facility director or the custodian believes that the recipient continues to be subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis, a new petition and 2 new certificates may be filed with the court. If a petition is filed, the facility director or the custodian shall file with the court a current treatment plan which includes an evaluation of the recipient's progress and the extent to which he or she is benefiting from treatment. If no petition is filed prior to the expiration of the initial order, the recipient shall be discharged. Following a hearing, the court may order a second period of commitment on an outpatient basis not to exceed 180 days only if it finds that the recipient continues to be subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis.
    (b) Additional 180 day periods of inpatient or outpatient commitment may be sought pursuant to the procedures set out in this Section for so long as the recipient continues to meet the standard for such commitment. The provisions of this chapter which apply whenever an initial order is sought shall apply whenever an additional period of inpatient or outpatient commitment is sought.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-814

    (405 ILCS 5/3-814) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-814)
    Sec. 3-814. Treatment plan.
    (a) Not more than 30 days after admission under this Article, the facility director shall file with the court a current treatment plan which shall include: all the requirements listed in Section 3-209, an evaluation of the recipient's progress and the extent to which he is benefiting from treatment, the criteria which form the basis for the determination that the patient is subject to involuntary admission as defined in Section 1-119, and the specific behaviors or conditions that demonstrate that the recipient meets these criteria for continued confinement. If the facility director is unable to determine any of the required information, the treatment plan shall include an explanation of why the facility director is unable to make this determination, what the facility director is doing to enable himself or herself to determine the information, and the date by which the facility director expects to be able to make this determination. The facility director shall forward a copy of the plan to the State's Attorney, the recipient's attorney, if the recipient is represented by counsel, the recipient, and any guardian of the recipient.
    (b) The purpose of the filing, forwarding, and review of treatment plans and treatment is to ensure that the recipient is receiving adequate and humane care and services as defined in Section 1-101.2 and to ensure that the recipient continues to meet the standards for involuntary confinement.
    (c) On request of the recipient or an interested person on his behalf, or on the court's own initiative, the court shall review the current treatment plan to determine whether its contents comply with the requirements of this Section and Section 3-209. A request to review the current treatment plan may be made by the recipient, or by an interested person on his behalf, 30 days after initial commitment under Section 3-813, 90 days after the initial commitment, and 90 days after each additional period of commitment under subsection (b) of Section 3-813. If the court determines that any of the information required by this Section or Section 3-209 to be included in the treatment plan is not in the treatment plan or that the treatment plan does not contain information from which the court can determine whether the recipient continues to meet the criteria for continued confinement, the court shall indicate what is lacking and order the facility director to revise the current treatment plan to comply with this Section and Section 3-209. If the recipient has been ordered committed to the facility after he has been found not guilty by reason of insanity, the treatment plan and its review shall be subject to the provisions of Section 5-2-4 of the Unified Code of Corrections.
    (d) The recipient or an interested person on his or her behalf may request a hearing or the court on its own motion may order a hearing to review the treatment being received by the recipient. The court, the recipient, or the State's Attorney may call witnesses at the hearing. The court may order any public agency, officer, or employee to render such information, cooperation, and assistance as is within its legal authority and as may be appropriate to achieve the objectives of this Section. The court may order an independent examination on its own initiative and shall order such an evaluation if either the recipient or the State's Attorney so requests and has demonstrated to the court that the plan cannot be effectively reviewed by the court without such an examination. Under no circumstances shall the court be required to order an independent examination pursuant to this Section more than once each year. The examination shall be conducted by persons authorized to conduct independent examinations under Section 3-804. If the court is satisfied that the recipient is benefiting from treatment, it may continue the original order for the remainder of the admission period. If the court is not so satisfied, it may modify its original order or it may order the recipient discharged.
    (e) In lieu of a treatment plan, the facility director may file a typed summary of the treatment plan which contains the information required under Section 3-209 and subsection (a) of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 91-536, eff. 1-1-00.)

405 ILCS 5/3-815

    (405 ILCS 5/3-815)
    Sec. 3-815. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 86-1402. Repealed by P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-816

    (405 ILCS 5/3-816) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-816)
    Sec. 3-816. Final orders; copies; appeal.
    (a) Every final order entered by the court under this Act shall be in writing and shall be accompanied by a statement on the record of the court's findings of fact and conclusions of law. A copy of such order shall be promptly given to the recipient or his or her attorney and to the facility director of the facility or alternative treatment to which the recipient is admitted or to the person in whose care and custody the recipient is placed.
    (b) An appeal from a final order may be taken in the same manner as in other civil cases. Upon entry of a final order, the court shall notify the recipient orally and in writing of his or her right to appeal and, if he or she is indigent, of his or her right to a free transcript and counsel. The cost of the transcript shall be paid pursuant to subsection (c) of Section 3-818 and subsection (c) of Section 4-615 of this Code. If the recipient wishes to appeal and is unable to obtain counsel, counsel shall be appointed pursuant to Section 3-805.
(Source: P.A. 90-765, eff. 8-14-98.)

405 ILCS 5/3-817

    (405 ILCS 5/3-817) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-817)
    Sec. 3-817. A verbatim record shall be made of all judicial hearings held pursuant to this Chapter.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-818

    (405 ILCS 5/3-818) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-818)
    Sec. 3-818. Fees; costs.
    (a) Fees for jury service, witnesses, and service and execution of process are the same as for similar services in civil proceedings.
    (b) Except as provided under subsection (c) of this Section, the court may assess costs of the proceedings against the parties. If the respondent is not a resident of the county in which the hearing is held and the party against whom the court would otherwise assess costs has insufficient funds to pay the costs, the court may enter an order upon the State to pay the cost of the proceedings, from funds appropriated by the General Assembly for that purpose.
    (c) If the respondent is a party against whom the court would otherwise assess costs and that respondent is determined by the court to have insufficient funds to pay the cost of transcripts for the purpose of appeal, the court shall enter an order upon the State to pay the cost of one original and one copy of a transcript of proceedings established under this Code. Payment of transcript costs authorized under this subsection (c) shall be paid from funds appropriated by the General Assembly to the Comptroller.
(Source: P.A. 95-146, eff. 1-1-08.)

405 ILCS 5/3-819

    (405 ILCS 5/3-819) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-819)
    Sec. 3-819. (a) In counties with a population of 3,000,000 or more, when a recipient is hospitalized upon court order, the order may authorize a relative or friend of the recipient to transport the recipient to the facility if such person is able to do so safely and humanely. When the Department indicates that it has transportation to the facility available, the order may authorize the Department to transport the recipient there. The court may order the sheriff of the county in which such proceedings are held to transport the recipient to the facility. When a recipient is hospitalized upon court order, and the recipient has been transported to a mental health facility, other than a state-operated mental health facility, and it is determined by the facility that the recipient is in need of commitment or treatment at another mental health facility, the court shall determine whether a relative or friend of the recipient or the Department is authorized to transport the recipient between facilities, or whether the county sheriff is responsible for transporting the recipient between facilities. The sheriff may make arrangements with another public or private entity including a licensed ambulance service to transport the recipient to the facility. The transporting entity acting in good faith and without negligence in connection with the transportation of recipients shall incur no liability, civil or criminal, by reason of such transportation.
    (a-5) In counties with a population under 3,000,000, when a recipient is hospitalized upon court order, the order may authorize a relative or friend of the recipient to transport the recipient to the facility if the person is able to do so safely and humanely. The court may order the Department to transport the recipient to the facility. When a recipient is hospitalized upon court order, and the recipient has been transported to a mental health facility other than a State-operated mental health facility, and it is determined by the facility that the recipient is in need of commitment or treatment at another mental health facility, the court shall determine whether a relative or friend of the recipient is authorized to transport the recipient between facilities, or whether the Department is responsible for transporting the recipient between facilities. If the court determines that the Department is responsible for the transportation, the Department shall make arrangements either directly or through agreements with another public or private entity, including a licensed ambulance service, to appropriately transport the recipient to the facility. The making of such arrangements and agreements with public or private entities is independent of the Department's role as a provider of mental health services and does not indicate that the recipient is admitted to any Department facility. In making such arrangements and agreements with other public or private entities, the Department shall include provisions to ensure (i) the provision of trained personnel and the use of an appropriate vehicle for the safe transport of the recipient and (ii) that the recipient's insurance carrier as well as other programs, both public and private, that provide payment for such transportation services are fully utilized to the maximum extent possible.
    The Department may not make arrangements with an existing hospital or grant-in-aid or fee-for-service community provider for transportation services under this Section unless the hospital or provider has voluntarily submitted a proposal for its transportation services. This requirement does not eliminate or reduce any responsibility on the part of a hospital or community provider to ensure transportation that may arise independently through other State or federal law or regulation.
    A transporting entity acting in good faith and without negligence in connection with the transportation of a recipient incurs no liability, civil or criminal, by reason of that transportation.
    (b) The transporting entity may bill the recipient, the estate of the recipient, legally responsible relatives, or insurance carrier for the cost of providing transportation of the recipient to a mental health facility. The recipient and the estate of the recipient are liable for the payment of transportation costs for transporting the recipient to a mental health facility. If the recipient is a beneficiary of a trust described in Section 15.1 of the Trusts and Trustees Act, the trust shall not be considered a part of the recipient's estate and shall not be subject to payment for transportation costs for transporting the recipient to a mental health facility under this section, except to the extent permitted under Section 15.1 of the Trusts and Trustees Act. If the recipient is unable to pay or if the estate of the recipient is insufficient, the responsible relatives are severally liable for the payment of those sums or for the balance due in case less than the amount owing has been paid. If the recipient is covered by insurance, the insurance carrier shall be liable for payment to the extent authorized by the recipient's insurance policy.
    (c) Upon the delivery of a recipient to a facility, in accordance with the procedure set forth in this Article, the facility director of the facility shall sign a receipt acknowledging custody of the recipient and for any personal property belonging to him, which receipt shall be filed with the clerk of the court entering the hospitalization order.
(Source: P.A. 93-770, eff. 1-1-05.)

405 ILCS 5/3-820

    (405 ILCS 5/3-820) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-820)
    Sec. 3-820. Domestic violence; order of protection. An order of protection, as defined in the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986, may be issued in conjunction with a proceeding for involuntary commitment if the petition for an order of protection alleges that a person who is party to or the subject of the proceeding has been abused by or has abused a family or household member. The Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986 shall govern the issuance, enforcement, and recording of orders of protection issued under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 92-16, eff. 6-28-01.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. IX

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. IX heading)
ARTICLE IX. DISCHARGE RESTORATION TRANSFER

405 ILCS 5/3-900

    (405 ILCS 5/3-900) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-900)
    Sec. 3-900. (a) Any person committed on an inpatient or outpatient basis on court order under this Chapter or under any prior statute or any person on his behalf may file a petition for discharge at any time in the court of the county where the recipient resides or is found.
    (b) The petition shall set forth: (1) the name of the recipient; (2) the underlying circumstances and date of the order; (3) a request for discharge from the order; and (4) the reasons for such request.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-901

    (405 ILCS 5/3-901) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-901)
    Sec. 3-901. (a) Upon the filing of a petition under Section 3-900 or Section 3-906, the court shall set the matter for hearing to be held within 5 days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays. The court shall direct that notice of the time and place of the hearing be given to the recipient, his attorney, his guardian, the facility director, the person having care and custody of the recipient, and to at least 2 persons whom the recipient may designate.
    (b) Article VIII of this Chapter applies to hearings held under this Section. The court shall determine whether the recipient is: (i) subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis; (ii) subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis; or (iii) not subject to involuntary admission on either an inpatient or outpatient basis. If the court finds that the recipient is not subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient or outpatient basis, the court shall enter an order so finding and discharging the recipient. If the court orders the discharge of a recipient who was adjudicated as having mental illness pursuant to any prior statute of this State or who was otherwise adjudicated to be under legal disability, the court shall also enter an order restoring the recipient to legal status without disability unless the court finds that the recipient continues to be under legal disability. A copy of any order discharging the recipient shall be given to the recipient and to the facility director.
    (b-1) If the court determines that the recipient is subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis, the court shall enter an appropriate order pursuant to Section 3-812.
    (c) If the court determines that the recipient continues to be subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis, the court may continue or modify its original order in accordance with this Act. Thereafter, no new petition for discharge may be filed without leave of court.
(Source: P.A. 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-902

    (405 ILCS 5/3-902) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-902)
    Sec. 3-902. Director initiated discharge.
    (a) The facility director may at any time discharge an informal, voluntary, or minor recipient who is clinically suitable for discharge.
    (b) The facility director shall discharge a recipient admitted upon court order under this Chapter or any prior statute where he is no longer subject to involuntary admission on an inpatient basis. If the facility director believes that continuing treatment is advisable for such recipient, he shall inform the recipient of his right to remain as an informal or voluntary recipient. If the facility director determines that the recipient is subject to involuntary admission on an outpatient basis, he or she shall petition the court for such a commitment pursuant to this Chapter.
    (c) When a facility director discharges or changes the status of a recipient pursuant to this Section he shall promptly notify the clerk of the court which entered the original order of the discharge or change in status. Upon receipt of such notice, the clerk of the court shall note the action taken in the court record. If the person being discharged is a person under legal disability, the facility director shall also submit a certificate regarding his legal status without disability pursuant to Section 3-907.
    (d) When the facility director determines that discharge is appropriate for a recipient pursuant to this Section or Section 3-403 he or she shall notify the state's attorney of the county in which the recipient resided immediately prior to his admission to a mental health facility and the state's attorney of the county where the last petition for commitment was filed at least 48 hours prior to the discharge when either state's attorney has requested in writing such notification on that individual recipient or when the facility director regards a recipient as a continuing threat to the peace and safety of the community. Upon receipt of such notice, the state's attorney may take any court action or notify such peace officers that he deems appropriate. When the facility director determines that discharge is appropriate for a recipient pursuant to this Section or Section 3-403, he or she shall notify the person whose petition pursuant to Section 3-701 resulted in the current hospitalization of the recipient's discharge at least 48 hours prior to the discharge, if the petitioner has requested in writing such notification on that individual recipient.
    (e) The facility director may grant a temporary release to a recipient whose condition is not considered appropriate for discharge where such release is considered to be clinically appropriate, provided that the release does not endanger the public safety.
(Source: P.A. 96-570, eff. 1-1-10; 96-1399, eff. 7-29-10; 96-1453, eff. 8-20-10.)

405 ILCS 5/3-903

    (405 ILCS 5/3-903) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-903)
    Sec. 3-903. (a) The facility director shall give written notice of discharge from a Department mental health facility to the recipient, his attorney, and guardian, if any, or in the case of a minor, to his attorney, to the parent, guardian, or person in loco parentis who executed the application for admission, to the resident school district when appropriate, and to the minor if he is l2 years of age or older. The notice, except that to the school district, shall include the reason for discharge and a statement of the right to object. Whenever possible, this notice shall be given at least 7 days prior to the date of intended discharge.
    (b) A recipient may object to his discharge or his attorney or guardian may object on his behalf. In the case of a minor, his attorney, the person who executed the application or the minor himself if he is 12 years of age or older may object to the discharge. Prior to discharge a written objection shall be submitted to the facility director of the mental health facility where the recipient is located. Upon receipt of an objection, the facility director shall promptly schedule a hearing to be held within 7 days at the facility pursuant to Section 3-207. No discharge shall proceed pending hearing on an objection, unless the person objecting to the discharge consents to discharge pending the outcome of the hearing.
    (c) At the hearing the Department shall have the burden of proving that the recipient meets the standard for discharge under this Chapter and under Section 15 of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Administrative Act. If the utilization review committee finds that the Department sustained its burden and that the proposed discharge is based upon substantial evidence, it shall recommend that the discharge proceed. If the utilization review committee does not so find, it shall recommend that the recipient not be discharged but it may recommend that the recipient be transferred to another mental health facility which can provide treatment appropriate to the clinical condition and needs of the recipient. It may recommend that the Department or other agency assist the person in obtaining such appropriate treatment.
(Source: P.A. 88-380; 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

405 ILCS 5/3-904

    (405 ILCS 5/3-904) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-904)
    Sec. 3-904. Any person with mental illness admitted to a facility or placed in the care and custody of another person under any prior statute of this State is subject to this Chapter and may be discharged in accordance with its provisions.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/3-905

    (405 ILCS 5/3-905) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-905)
    Sec. 3-905. Nothing in this Chapter shall deprive any person of the benefits of relief by habeas corpus. If the court issuing the order of habeas corpus grants relief, a copy of the order shall be sent to the court which entered the order of admission and the clerk of the court shall file the order in the court record.
(Source: P.A. 83-346.)

405 ILCS 5/3-906

    (405 ILCS 5/3-906) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-906)
    Sec. 3-906. (a) Any person who has been adjudicated to be a person under legal disability in any proceedings under any prior mental health statute of this State or any person on his behalf may file at any time a petition for modification of the guardianship order of the court or for restoration to legal status without disability. The petition may be filed in the court which adjudicated the person to be under legal disability or in the court of the county where he resides or is present. The petition may be accompanied by a certificate of a physician, qualified examiner, or clinical psychologist or by a notice of discharge issued pursuant to this Chapter. The certificate shall indicate the extent to which the recipient is capable of managing his person and estate. If no certificate accompanies the petition, the court may appoint a physician, qualified examiner, or clinical psychologist to examine the recipient and prepare a certificate regarding his status without disability.
    (b) The procedures for conduct of hearings set forth in Article VIII of this Chapter apply to hearings held under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/3-907

    (405 ILCS 5/3-907) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-907)
    Sec. 3-907. Any person who is under legal disability solely by reason of a court order adjudicating him mentally ill entered prior to January 1, 1964, shall be deemed to be a person under no legal disability 180 days from the effective date of this Act unless, prior to that date, a hearing is held pursuant to the provisions of the Probate Act of 1975, approved August 7, 1975, as now or hereafter amended, and a guardian is appointed.
(Source: P.A. 83-706.)

405 ILCS 5/3-908

    (405 ILCS 5/3-908) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-908)
    Sec. 3-908. The facility director of any Department facility may transfer a recipient to another Department facility if he determines the transfer to be clinically advisable and consistent with the treatment needs of the recipient.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/3-909

    (405 ILCS 5/3-909) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-909)
    Sec. 3-909. Alternative treatment. Any recipient hospitalized or admitted to alternative treatment or care and custody under Article VIII of this Chapter may at any time petition the court for transfer to a different facility or program of alternative treatment, to care and custody, or to the care and custody of a different person. His attorney, guardian, custodian, or responsible relative may file such a petition on his behalf. If the recipient is in a private facility, the facility may also petition for transfer. Recipients in private facilities or United States Veterans Administration facilities may petition for transfer to a mental health facility designated by the Department. Recipients may petition for transfer to a program of alternative treatment, or to care and custody. Recipients in private facilities may also petition for transfer to United States Veterans Administration facilities. Recipients in United States Veterans Administration facilities may also petition for transfer to private facilities. Recipients in Department facilities may petition for transfer to a private mental health facility, a United States Veterans Administration facility, a program of alternative treatment, or to care and custody. Admission to a United States Veterans Administration facility shall be governed by Article X of this Chapter 3. No transfers between Department facilities or between units of the same facility may be ordered under this Section. An order for hospitalization shall not be entered under this Section if the original order did not authorize hospitalization unless a hearing is held pursuant to Article VIII of this Chapter. An order of transfer entered under this Section does not eliminate any obligations under the federal Emergency Medical Transport and Active Labor Act (EMTALA) of the transferring facility toward the receiving facility. Before implementing an order of transfer, the transferring facility shall notify the receiving facility of the recipient and obtain medical clearance for the recipient.
(Source: P.A. 97-130, eff. 7-14-11.)

405 ILCS 5/3-910

    (405 ILCS 5/3-910) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-910)
    Sec. 3-910. (a) Whenever a recipient who has been in a Department facility for more than 7 days is to be transferred to another facility under Section 3-908, the facility director of the facility shall give written notice at least 14 days before the transfer to the recipient, his attorney, guardian, if any, and responsible relative. In the case of a minor, notice shall be given to his attorney, to the parent, guardian, or person in loco parentis who executed the application for his admission, and to the minor himself if he is 12 years of age or older. The notice shall include the reasons for transfer, a statement of the right to object and the address and phone number of the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission. If the recipient requests, the facility director shall assist him in contacting the Commission.
    (b) In an emergency, when the health of the recipient or the physical safety of the recipient or others is imminently imperiled and appropriate care is not available where the recipient is located, a recipient may be immediately transferred to another facility provided that notice of the transfer is given as soon as possible but not more than 48 hours after transfer. The reason for the emergency shall be noted in the recipient's record and specified in the notice.
    (c) A recipient may object to his transfer or his attorney, guardian, or responsible relative may object on his behalf. In the case of a minor, his attorney, the person who executed the application for admission, or the minor himself if he is 12 years of age or older, may object to the transfer. Prior to transfer or within 14 days after an emergency transfer, a written objection shall be submitted to the facility director of the facility where the recipient is located. Upon receipt of an objection, the facility director shall promptly schedule a hearing to be held within 7 days pursuant to Section 3-207. The hearing shall be held at the transferring facility except that when an emergency transfer has taken place the hearing may be held at the receiving facility. Except in an emergency, no transfer shall proceed pending hearing on an objection.
    (d) At the hearing the Department shall have the burden of proving that the standard for transfer under Section 3-908 is met. If the transfer is to a facility which is substantially more physically restrictive than the transferring facility, the Department shall also prove that the transfer is reasonably required for the safety of the recipient or others. If the utilization review committee finds that the Department has sustained its burden and the decision to transfer is based upon substantial evidence, it shall recommend that the transfer proceed. If it does not so find, it shall recommend that the recipient not be transferred.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. X

 
    (405 ILCS 5/Ch. III Art. X heading)
ARTICLE X. VETERANS ADMINISTRATION FACILITIES

405 ILCS 5/3-1000

    (405 ILCS 5/3-1000) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-1000)
    Sec. 3-1000. (a) A person may be admitted pursuant to any of the provisions of this Chapter to a mental health facility of the United States government when the facility determines that services for the person are available and that the person is eligible to receive them. A person so admitted is subject to the rules and regulations of the Veterans Administration or other agency of the United States government which operates the facility in which such treatment is provided.
    (b) The chief officer of such facility has with respect to a person admitted under this Chapter, the same powers and duties as the facility director.
    (c) A person employed by the Veterans Administration as a physician may perform the functions of a physician under this Act insofar as relates to a person who is or is proposed to be admitted to a Veterans Administration facility.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-1001

    (405 ILCS 5/3-1001) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-1001)
    Sec. 3-1001. The courts of this State retain jurisdiction over persons admitted under this Article for purposes of enforcing the provisions of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 80-1414.)

405 ILCS 5/3-1002

    (405 ILCS 5/3-1002) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-1002)
    Sec. 3-1002. Whenever any person who is a veteran and who has been previously adjudicated as having a mental illness or under legal disability is subsequently rated as being under no legal disability by the Veterans Administration, the Director of the Veterans Administration Regional Office which has so rated the veteran may notify the court which found that the person has a mental illness or under legal disability of such rating. The court may restore the person to legal status without disability on the basis of the documents filed or may order a hearing.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)

405 ILCS 5/3-1003

    (405 ILCS 5/3-1003) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 3-1003)
    Sec. 3-1003. The Veterans Administration or other agency of the United States Government may transfer any recipient admitted to it under this Article, to any other facility of the Veterans Administration or any other agency of the United States government, to any licensed private hospital which has agreed to accept the recipient or, subject to the approval of the Department, to a Department facility. The Department may transfer any recipient admitted to a Department facility, to a facility of the Veterans Administration or other appropriate agency of the United States Government, subject to eligibility and the prior approval of the agency. If a recipient transferred under this Section was admitted upon a court order, the transferring facility or agency shall give notice of the transfer to the court which entered the order of admission, and such order of admission shall continue in effect.
(Source: P.A. 88-380.)