Illinois General Assembly

  Bills & Resolutions  
  Compiled Statutes  
  Public Acts  
  Legislative Reports  
  IL Constitution  
  Legislative Guide  
  Legislative Glossary  

 Search By Number
 (example: HB0001)
Search Tips

Search By Keyword

Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

INSURANCE
(215 ILCS 5/) Illinois Insurance Code.

215 ILCS 5/Art. XI

 
    (215 ILCS 5/Art. XI heading)
ARTICLE XI. REINSURANCE

215 ILCS 5/173

    (215 ILCS 5/173) (from Ch. 73, par. 785)
    Sec. 173. Reinsurance authorized.
    (a) Subject to the provisions of this Article, any domestic company may, by a reinsurance agreement, accept any part or all of any risks of the kind which it is authorized to insure and it may cede all or any part of its risks to another solvent company having the power to make such reinsurance. It may take credit for the reserves on such ceded risks to the extent reinsured subject to the exceptions provided in Sections 173.1 through 173.5.
    (b) The purpose of this Article is to protect the interest of insureds, claimants, ceding insurers, assuming insurers, and the public generally. The legislature hereby declares its intent is to ensure adequate regulation of insurers and reinsurers and adequate protection for those to whom they owe obligations. In furtherance of that State interest, the legislature hereby provides a mandate that upon the insolvency of a non-U.S. insurer or reinsurer that provides security to fund its U.S. obligations in accordance with this Article, the assets representing the security shall be maintained in the United States and claims shall be filed and valued by the state insurance official with regulatory oversight, and the assets shall be distributed in accordance with the insurance laws of the state in which the trust is domiciled that are applicable to the liquidation of domestic U.S. insurance companies. The legislature declares that the matters contained in this Article are fundamental to the business of insurance in accordance with 15 U.S.C Sections 1011 through 1012.
(Source: P.A. 90-381, eff. 8-14-97.)

215 ILCS 5/173.1

    (215 ILCS 5/173.1) (from Ch. 73, par. 785.1)
    Sec. 173.1. Credit allowed a domestic ceding insurer.
    (1) Except as otherwise provided under Article VIII 1/2 of this Code and related provisions of the Illinois Administrative Code, credit for reinsurance shall be allowed a domestic ceding insurer as either an admitted asset or a deduction from liability on account of reinsurance ceded only when the reinsurer meets the requirements of paragraph (A) or (B) or (B-5) or (C) or (C-5) or (D) of this subsection (1). Credit shall be allowed under paragraph (A), (B), or (B-5) of this subsection (1) only as respects cessions of those kinds or classes of business in which the assuming insurer is licensed or otherwise permitted to write or assume in its state of domicile, or in the case of a U.S. branch of an alien assuming insurer, in the state through which it is entered and licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance. Credit shall be allowed under paragraph (B-5) or (C) of this subsection (1) only if the applicable requirements of paragraph (E) of this subsection (1) have been satisfied.
        (A) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is
    
ceded to an assuming insurer that is authorized in this State to transact the types of insurance ceded and has at least $5,000,000 in capital and surplus.
        (B) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is
    
ceded to an assuming insurer that is accredited as a reinsurer in this State. An accredited reinsurer is one that:
            (1) files with the Director evidence of its
        
submission to this State's jurisdiction;
            (2) submits to this State's authority to examine
        
its books and records;
            (3) is licensed to transact insurance or
        
reinsurance in at least one state, or in the case of a U.S. branch of an alien assuming insurer is entered through and licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance in at least one state;
            (4) files annually with the Director a copy of
        
its annual statement filed with the insurance department of its state of domicile and a copy of its most recent audited financial statement; and
            (5) maintains a surplus as regards policyholders
        
in an amount that is not less than $20,000,000 and whose accreditation has been approved by the Director.
        (B-5)(1) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance
    
is ceded to an assuming insurer that is domiciled in, or in the case of a U.S. branch of an alien assuming insurer is entered through, a state that employs standards regarding credit for reinsurance substantially similar to those applicable under this Code and the assuming insurer or U.S. branch of an alien assuming insurer:
            (a) maintains a surplus as regards policyholders
        
in an amount not less than $20,000,000; and
            (b) submits to the authority of this State to
        
examine its books and records.
        (2) The requirement of item (a) of subparagraph (1)
    
of paragraph (B-5) of this subsection (1) does not apply to reinsurance ceded and assumed pursuant to pooling arrangements among insurers in the same holding company system.
         (C)(1) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance
    
is ceded to an assuming insurer that maintains a trust fund in a qualified United States financial institution, as defined in paragraph (B) of subsection (3) of this Section, for the payment of the valid claims of its United States policyholders and ceding insurers, their assigns and successors in interest. The assuming insurer shall report to the Director information substantially the same as that required to be reported on the NAIC annual and quarterly financial statement by authorized insurers and any other financial information that the Director deems necessary to determine the financial condition of the assuming insurer and the sufficiency of the trust fund. The assuming insurer shall provide or make the information available to the ceding insurer. The assuming insurer may decline to release trade secrets or commercially sensitive information that would qualify as exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act. The Director shall also make the information publicly available, subject only to such reasonable objections as might be raised to a request pursuant to the Freedom of Information Act, as determined by the Director. The assuming insurer shall submit to examination of its books and records by the Director and bear the expense of examination.
        (2)(a) Credit for reinsurance shall not be granted
    
under this subsection unless the form of the trust and any amendments to the trust have been approved by:
            (i) the regulatory official of the state where
        
the trust is domiciled; or
            (ii) the regulatory official of another state
        
who, pursuant to the terms of the trust instrument, has accepted principal regulatory oversight of the trust.
        (b) The form of the trust and any trust amendments
    
also shall be filed with the regulatory official of every state in which the ceding insurer beneficiaries of the trust are domiciled. The trust instrument shall provide that contested claims shall be valid and enforceable upon the final order of any court of competent jurisdiction in the United States. The trust shall vest legal title to its assets in its trustees for the benefit of the assuming insurer's United States policyholders and ceding insurees and their assigns and successors in interest. The trust and the assuming insurer shall be subject to examination as determined by the Director.
        (c) The trust shall remain in effect for as long as
    
the assuming insurer has outstanding obligations due under the reinsurance agreements subject to the trust. No later than February 28 of each year the trustee of the trust shall report to the Director in writing the balance of the trust and a list of the trust's investments at the preceding year-end and shall certify the date of termination of the trust, if so planned, or certify that the trust will not expire prior to the next following December 31.
        No later than February 28 of each year, the assuming
    
insurer's chief executive officer or chief financial officer shall certify to the Director that the trust fund contains funds in an amount not less than the assuming insurer's liabilities (as reported to the assuming insurer by its cedent) attributable to reinsurance ceded by U.S. ceding insurers, and in addition, a trusteed surplus of no less than $20,000,000. In the event that item (a-5) of subparagraph (3) of this paragraph (C) applies to the trust, the assuming insurer's chief executive officer or chief financial officer shall then certify to the Director that the trust fund contains funds in an amount not less than the assuming insurer's liabilities (as reported to the assuming insurer by its cedent) attributable to reinsurance ceded by U.S. ceding insurers and, in addition, a reduced trusteed surplus of not less than the amount that has been authorized by the regulatory authority having principal regulatory oversight of the trust.
        (d) No later than February 28 of each year, an
    
assuming insurer that maintains a trust fund in accordance with this paragraph (C) shall provide or make available, if requested by a beneficiary under the trust fund, the following information to the assuming insurer's U.S. ceding insurers or their assigns and successors in interest:
            (i) a copy of the form of the trust agreement
        
and any trust amendments to the trust agreement pertaining to the trust fund;
            (ii) a copy of the annual and quarterly
        
financial information, and its most recent audited financial statement provided to the Director by the assuming insurer, including any exhibits and schedules thereto;
            (iii) any financial information provided to the
        
Director by the assuming insurer that the Director has deemed necessary to determine the financial condition of the assuming insurer and the sufficiency of the trust fund;
            (iv) a copy of any annual and quarterly
        
financial information provided to the Director by the trustee of the trust fund maintained by the assuming insurer, including any exhibits and schedules thereto;
            (v) a copy of the information required to be
        
reported by the trustee of the trust to the Director under the provisions of this paragraph (C); and
            (vi) a written certification that the trust
        
fund consists of funds in trust in an amount not less than the assuming insurer's liabilities attributable to reinsurance liabilities (as reported to the assuming insurer by its cedent) attributable to reinsurance ceded by U.S. ceding insurers and, in addition, a trusteed surplus of not less than $20,000,000.
        (3) The following requirements apply to the following
    
categories of assuming insurer:
            (a) The trust fund for a single assuming insurer
        
shall consist of funds in trust in an amount not less than the assuming insurer's liabilities attributable to reinsurance ceded by U.S. ceding insurers, and in addition, the assuming insurer shall maintain a trusteed surplus of not less than $20,000,000, except as provided in item (a-5) of this subparagraph (3).
            (a-5) At any time after the assuming insurer has
        
permanently discontinued underwriting new business secured by the trust for at least 3 full years, the Director with principal regulatory oversight of the trust may authorize a reduction in the required trusteed surplus, but only after a finding, based on an assessment of the risk, that the new required surplus level is adequate for the protection of U.S. ceding insurers, policyholders, and claimants in light of reasonably foreseeable adverse loss development. The risk assessment may involve an actuarial review, including an independent analysis of reserves and cash flows, and shall consider all material risk factors, including, when applicable, the lines of business involved, the stability of the incurred loss estimates, and the effect of the surplus requirements on the assuming insurer's liquidity or solvency. The minimum required trusteed surplus may not be reduced to an amount less than 30% of the assuming insurer's liabilities attributable to reinsurance ceded by U.S. ceding insurers covered by the trust.
            (b)(i) In the case of a group including
        
incorporated and individual unincorporated underwriters:
                (I) for reinsurance ceded under reinsurance
            
agreements with an inception, amendment, or renewal date on or after January 1, 1993, the trust shall consist of a trusteed account in an amount not less than the respective underwriters' several liabilities attributable to business ceded by U.S. domiciled ceding insurers to any member of the group;
                (II) for reinsurance ceded under reinsurance
            
agreements with an inception date on or before December 31, 1992 and not amended or renewed after that date, notwithstanding the other provisions of this Act, the trust shall consist of a trusteed account in an amount not less than the group's several insurance and reinsurance liabilities attributable to business written in the United States; and
                (III) in addition to these trusts, the group
            
shall maintain in trust a trusteed surplus of which not less than $100,000,000 shall be held jointly for the benefit of the U.S. domiciled ceding insurers of any member of the group for all years of account.
            (ii) The incorporated members of the group shall
        
not be engaged in any business other than underwriting as a member of the group and shall be subject to the same level of solvency regulation and control by the group's domiciliary regulator as are the unincorporated members.
            (iii) Within 90 days after its financial
        
statements are due to be filed with the group's domiciliary regulator, the group shall provide to the Director an annual certification by the group's domiciliary regulator of the solvency of each underwriter member, or if a certification is unavailable, financial statements prepared by independent public accountants of each underwriter member of the group.
            (c) In the case of a group of incorporated
        
insurers under common administration, the group shall:
                (i) have continuously transacted an insurance
            
business outside the United States for at least 3 years immediately before making application for accreditation;
                (ii) maintain aggregate policyholders'
            
surplus of not less than $10,000,000,000;
                (iii) maintain a trust in an amount not less
            
than the group's several liabilities attributable to business ceded by United States domiciled ceding insurers to any member of the group pursuant to reinsurance contracts issued in the name of the group;
                (iv) in addition, maintain a joint trusteed
            
surplus of which not less than $100,000,000 shall be held jointly for the benefit of the United States ceding insurers of any member of the group as additional security for these liabilities; and
                (v) within 90 days after its financial
            
statements are due to be filed with the group's domiciliary regulator, make available to the Director an annual certification of each underwriter member's solvency by the member's domiciliary regulator and financial statements of each underwriter member of the group prepared by its independent public accountant.
        (C-5) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is
    
ceded to an assuming insurer that has been certified by the Director as a reinsurer in this State and secures its obligations in accordance with the requirements of this paragraph (C-5).
            (1) In order to be eligible for certification,
        
the assuming insurer shall meet the following requirements:
                (a) the assuming insurer must be domiciled
            
and licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance in a qualified jurisdiction, as determined by the Director pursuant to subparagraph (3) of this paragraph (C-5);
                (b) the assuming insurer must maintain
            
minimum capital and surplus, or its equivalent, in an amount not less than $250,000,000 or such greater amount as determined by the Director pursuant to regulation; this requirement may also be satisfied by an association, including incorporated and individual unincorporated underwriters, having minimum capital and surplus equivalents (net of liabilities) of at least $250,000,000 and a central fund containing a balance of at least $250,000,000;
                (c) the assuming insurer must maintain
            
financial strength ratings from 2 or more rating agencies deemed acceptable by the Director; these ratings shall be based on interactive communication between the rating agency and the assuming insurer and shall not be based solely on publicly available information; each certified reinsurer shall be rated on a legal entity basis, with due consideration being given to the group rating where appropriate, except that an association, including incorporated and individual unincorporated underwriters, that has been approved to do business as a single certified reinsurer may be evaluated on the basis of its group rating; these financial strength ratings shall be one factor used by the Director in determining the rating that is assigned to the assuming insurer; acceptable rating agencies include the following:
                    (i) Standard & Poor's;
                    (ii) Moody's Investors Service;
                    (iii) Fitch Ratings;
                    (iv) A.M. Best Company; or
                    (v) any other nationally recognized
                
statistical rating organization;
                (d) the assuming insurer must agree to submit
            
to the jurisdiction of this State, appoint the Director as its agent for service of process in this State, and agree to provide security for 100% of the assuming insurer's liabilities attributable to reinsurance ceded by U.S. ceding insurers if it resists enforcement of a final U.S. judgment; and
                (e) the assuming insurer must agree to meet
            
applicable information filing requirements as determined by the Director, both with respect to an initial application for certification and on an ongoing basis.
            (2) An association, including incorporated and
        
individual unincorporated underwriters, may be a certified reinsurer. In order to be eligible for certification, in addition to satisfying the requirements of subparagraph (1) of this paragraph (C-5):
                (a) the association shall satisfy its minimum
            
capital and surplus requirements through the capital and surplus equivalents (net of liabilities) of the association and its members, which shall include a joint central fund that may be applied to any unsatisfied obligation of the association or any of its members, in the amounts specified in item (b) of subparagraph (1) of this paragraph (C-5);
                (b) the incorporated members of the
            
association shall not be engaged in any business other than underwriting as a member of the association and shall be subject to the same level of regulation and solvency control by the association's domiciliary regulator as are the unincorporated members; and
                (c) within 90 days after its financial
            
statements are due to be filed with the association's domiciliary regulator, the association shall provide to the Director an annual certification by the association's domiciliary regulator of the solvency of each underwriter member; or if a certification is unavailable, financial statements, prepared by independent public accountants, of each underwriter member of the association.
            (3) The Director shall create and publish a list
        
of qualified jurisdictions, under which an assuming insurer licensed and domiciled in such jurisdiction is eligible to be considered for certification by the Director as a certified reinsurer.
                (a) In order to determine whether the
            
domiciliary jurisdiction of a non-U.S. assuming insurer is eligible to be recognized as a qualified jurisdiction, the Director shall evaluate the appropriateness and effectiveness of the reinsurance supervisory system of the jurisdiction, both initially and on an ongoing basis, and consider the rights, benefits, and extent of reciprocal recognition afforded by the non-U.S. jurisdiction to reinsurers licensed and domiciled in the U.S. A qualified jurisdiction must agree in writing to share information and cooperate with the Director with respect to all certified reinsurers domiciled within that jurisdiction. A jurisdiction may not be recognized as a qualified jurisdiction if the Director has determined that the jurisdiction does not adequately and promptly enforce final U.S. judgments and arbitration awards. The costs and expenses associated with the Director's review and evaluation of the domiciliary jurisdictions of non-U.S. assuming insurers shall be borne by the certified reinsurer or reinsurers domiciled in such jurisdiction.
                (b) Additional factors to be considered in
            
determining whether to recognize a qualified jurisdiction include, but are not limited to, the following:
                    (i) the framework under which the
                
assuming insurer is regulated;
                    (ii) the structure and authority of the
                
domiciliary regulator with regard to solvency regulation requirements and financial surveillance;
                    (iii) the substance of financial and
                
operating standards for assuming insurers in the domiciliary jurisdiction;
                    (iv) the form and substance of financial
                
reports required to be filed or made publicly available by reinsurers in the domiciliary jurisdiction and the accounting principles used;
                    (v) the domiciliary regulator's
                
willingness to cooperate with U.S. regulators in general and the Director in particular;
                    (vi) the history of performance by
                
assuming insurers in the domiciliary jurisdiction;
                    (vii) any documented evidence of
                
substantial problems with the enforcement of final U.S. judgments in the domiciliary jurisdiction; and
                    (viii) any relevant international
                
standards or guidance with respect to mutual recognition of reinsurance supervision adopted by the International Association of Insurance Supervisors or its successor organization.
                (c) If, upon conducting an evaluation under
            
this paragraph with respect to the reinsurance supervisory system of any non-U.S. assuming insurer, the Director determines that the jurisdiction qualifies to be recognized as a qualified jurisdiction, the Director shall publish notice and evidence of such recognition in an appropriate manner. The Director may establish a procedure to withdraw recognition of those jurisdictions that are no longer qualified.
                (d) The Director shall consider the list of
            
qualified jurisdictions through the NAIC committee process in determining qualified jurisdictions. If the Director approves a jurisdiction as qualified that does not appear on the list of qualified jurisdictions, then the Director shall provide thoroughly documented justification in accordance with criteria to be developed under regulations.
                (e) U.S. jurisdictions that meet the
            
requirement for accreditation under the NAIC financial standards and accreditation program shall be recognized as qualified jurisdictions.
                (f) If a certified reinsurer's domiciliary
            
jurisdiction ceases to be a qualified jurisdiction, then the Director may suspend the reinsurer's certification indefinitely, in lieu of revocation.
            (4) If an applicant for certification has been
        
certified as a reinsurer in an NAIC accredited jurisdiction, then the Director may defer to that jurisdiction's certification and to the rating assigned by that jurisdiction if the assuming insurer submits a properly executed Form CR-1 and such additional information as the Director requires. Such assuming insurer shall be considered to be a certified reinsurer in this State but only upon the Director's assignment of an Illinois rating, which shall be made based on the requirements of subparagraph (5) of this paragraph (C-5). The following shall apply:
                (a) Any change in the certified reinsurer's
            
status or rating in the other jurisdiction shall apply automatically in Illinois as of the date it takes effect in the other jurisdiction. The certified reinsurer shall notify the Director of any change in its status or rating within 10 days after receiving notice of the change.
                (b) The Director may withdraw recognition of
            
the other jurisdiction's rating at any time and assign a new rating in accordance with subparagraph (5) of this paragraph (C-5).
                (c) The Director may withdraw recognition of
            
the other jurisdiction's certification at any time with written notice to the certified reinsurer. Unless the Director suspends or revokes the certified reinsurer's certification in accordance with item (c) of subparagraph (9) of this paragraph (C-5), the certified reinsurer's certification shall remain in good standing in Illinois for a period of 3 months, which shall be extended if additional time is necessary to consider the assuming insurer's application for certification in Illinois.
            (5) The Director shall assign a rating to each
        
certified reinsurer pursuant to rules adopted by the Department. Factors that shall be considered as part of the evaluation process include the following:
                (a) The certified reinsurer's financial
            
strength rating from an acceptable rating agency. Financial strength ratings shall be classified according to the following ratings categories:
                    (i) Ratings Category "Secure - 1"
                
corresponds to the highest level of rating given by a rating agency, including, but not limited to, A.M. Best Company rating A++; Standard & Poor's rating AAA; Moody's Investors Service rating Aaa; and Fitch Ratings rating AAA.
                    (ii) Ratings Category "Secure - 2"
                
corresponds to the second-highest level of rating or group of ratings given by a rating agency, including, but not limited to, A.M. Best Company rating A+; Standard & Poor's rating AA+, AA, or AA-; Moody's Investors Service ratings Aa1, Aa2, or Aa3; and Fitch Ratings ratings AA+, AA, or AA-.
                    (iii) Ratings Category "Secure - 3"
                
corresponds to the third-highest level of rating or group of ratings given by a rating agency, including, but not limited to, A.M. Best Company rating A; Standard & Poor's ratings A+ or A; Moody's Investors Service ratings A1 or A2; and Fitch Ratings ratings A+ or A.
                    (iv) Ratings Category "Secure - 4"
                
corresponds to the fourth-highest level of rating or group of ratings given by a rating agency, including, but not limited to, A.M. Best Company rating A-; Standard & Poor's rating A-; Moody's Investors Service rating A3; and Fitch Ratings rating A-.
                    (v) Ratings Category "Secure - 5"
                
corresponds to the fifth-highest level of rating or group of ratings given by a rating agency, including, but not limited to, A.M. Best Company ratings B++ or B+; Standard & Poor's ratings BBB+, BBB, or BBB-; Moody's Investors Service ratings Baa1, Baa2, or Baa3; and Fitch Ratings ratings BBB+, BBB, or BBB-.
                    (vi) Ratings Category "Vulnerable - 6"
                
corresponds to a level of rating given by a rating agency, other than those described in subitems (i) through (v) of this item (a), including, but not limited to, A.M. Best Company rating B, B-, C++, C+, C, C-, D, E, or F; Standard & Poor's ratings BB+, BB, BB-, B+, B, B-, CCC, CC, C, D, or R; Moody's Investors Service ratings Ba1, Ba2, Ba3, B1, B2, B3, Caa, Ca, or C; and Fitch Ratings ratings BB+, BB, BB-, B+, B, B-, CCC+, CCC, CCC-, or D.
                A failure to obtain or maintain at
            
least 2 financial strength ratings from acceptable rating agencies shall result in loss of eligibility for certification.
                (b) The business practices of the certified
            
reinsurer in dealing with its ceding insurers, including its record of compliance with reinsurance contractual terms and obligations.
                (c) For certified reinsurers domiciled in the
            
U.S., a review of the most recent applicable NAIC Annual Statement Blank, either Schedule F (for property and casualty reinsurers) or Schedule S (for life and health reinsurers).
                (d) For certified reinsurers not domiciled in
            
the U.S., a review annually of Form CR-F (for property and casualty reinsurers) or Form CR-S (for life and health reinsurers).
                (e) The reputation of the certified reinsurer
            
for prompt payment of claims under reinsurance agreements, based on an analysis of ceding insurers' Schedule F reporting of overdue reinsurance recoverables, including the proportion of obligations that are more than 90 days past due or are in dispute, with specific attention given to obligations payable to companies that are in administrative supervision or receivership.
                (f) Regulatory actions against the certified
            
reinsurer.
                (g) The report of the independent auditor on
            
the financial statements of the insurance enterprise, on the basis described in item (h) of this subparagraph (5).
                (h) For certified reinsurers not domiciled in
            
the U.S., audited financial statements (audited Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (U.S. GAAP) basis statement if available, audited International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) basis statements are allowed but must include an audited footnote reconciling equity and net income to U.S. GAAP basis or, with the permission of the Director, audited IFRS basis statements with reconciliation to U.S. GAAP basis certified by an officer of the company), regulatory filings, and actuarial opinion (as filed with the non-U.S. jurisdiction supervisor). Upon the initial application for certification, the Director shall consider the audited financial statements filed with its non-U.S. jurisdiction supervisor for the 3 years immediately preceding the date of the initial application for certification.
                (i) The liquidation priority of obligations
            
to a ceding insurer in the certified reinsurer's domiciliary jurisdiction in the context of an insolvency proceeding.
                (j) A certified reinsurer's participation in
            
any solvent scheme of arrangement, or similar procedure, that involves U.S. ceding insurers. The Director shall receive prior notice from a certified reinsurer that proposes participation by the certified reinsurer in a solvent scheme of arrangement.
            The maximum rating that a certified reinsurer may
        
be assigned shall correspond to its financial strength rating, which shall be determined according to subitems (i) through (vi) of item (a) of this subparagraph (5). The Director shall use the lowest financial strength rating received from an acceptable rating agency in establishing the maximum rating of a certified reinsurer.
            (6) Based on the analysis conducted under item
        
(e) of subparagraph (5) of this paragraph (C-5) of a certified reinsurer's reputation for prompt payment of claims, the Director may make appropriate adjustments in the security the certified reinsurer is required to post to protect its liabilities to U.S. ceding insurers, provided that the Director shall, at a minimum, increase the security the certified reinsurer is required to post by one rating level under item (a) of subparagraph (8) of this paragraph (C-5) if the Director finds that:
                (a) more than 15% of the certified
            
reinsurer's ceding insurance clients have overdue reinsurance recoverables on paid losses of 90 days or more that are not in dispute and that exceed $100,000 for each cedent; or
                (b) the aggregate amount of reinsurance
            
recoverables on paid losses that are not in dispute that are overdue by 90 days or more exceeds $50,000,000.
            (7) The Director shall post notice on the
        
Department's website promptly upon receipt of any application for certification, including instructions on how members of the public may respond to the application. The Director may not take final action on the application until at least 30 days after posting the notice required by this subparagraph. The Director shall publish a list of all certified reinsurers and their ratings.
            (8) A certified reinsurer shall secure
        
obligations assumed from U.S. ceding insurers under this subsection (1) at a level consistent with its rating.
                (a) The amount of security required in order
            
for full credit to be allowed shall correspond with the applicable ratings category:
                    Secure - 1: 0%.
                    Secure - 2: 10%.
                    Secure - 3: 20%.
                    Secure - 4: 50%.
                    Secure - 5: 75%.
                    Vulnerable - 6: 100%.
                (b) Nothing in this subparagraph (8) shall
            
prohibit the parties to a reinsurance agreement from agreeing to provisions establishing security requirements that exceed the minimum security requirements established for certified reinsurers under this Section.
                (c) In order for a domestic ceding insurer to
            
qualify for full financial statement credit for reinsurance ceded to a certified reinsurer, the certified reinsurer shall maintain security in a form acceptable to the Director and consistent with the provisions of subsection (2) of this Section, or in a multibeneficiary trust in accordance with paragraph (C) of this subsection (1), except as otherwise provided in this subparagraph (8).
                (d) If a certified reinsurer maintains a
            
trust to fully secure its obligations subject to paragraph (C) of this subsection (1), and chooses to secure its obligations incurred as a certified reinsurer in the form of a multibeneficiary trust, then the certified reinsurer shall maintain separate trust accounts for its obligations incurred under reinsurance agreements issued or renewed as a certified reinsurer with reduced security as permitted by this subsection or comparable laws of other U.S. jurisdictions and for its obligations subject to paragraph (C) of this subsection (1). It shall be a condition to the grant of certification under this paragraph (C-5) that the certified reinsurer shall have bound itself, by the language of the trust and agreement with the Director with principal regulatory oversight of each such trust account, to fund, upon termination of any such trust account, out of the remaining surplus of such trust any deficiency of any other such trust account. The certified reinsurer shall also provide or make available, if requested by a beneficiary under a trust, all the information that is required to be provided under the requirements of item (d) of subparagraph (2) of paragraph (C) of this subsection (1) to the certified reinsurer's U.S. ceding insurers or their assigns and successors in interest. The assuming insurer may decline to release trade secrets or commercially sensitive information that would qualify as exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act.
                (e) The minimum trusteed surplus requirements
            
provided in paragraph (C) of this subsection (1) are not applicable with respect to a multibeneficiary trust maintained by a certified reinsurer for the purpose of securing obligations incurred under this subsection, except that such trust shall maintain a minimum trusteed surplus of $10,000,000.
                (f) With respect to obligations incurred by a
            
certified reinsurer under this subsection (1), if the security is insufficient, then the Director may reduce the allowable credit by an amount proportionate to the deficiency and may impose further reductions in allowable credit upon finding that there is a material risk that the certified reinsurer's obligations will not be paid in full when due.
            (9)(a) In the case of a downgrade by a rating
        
agency or other disqualifying circumstance, the Director shall by written notice assign a new rating to the certified reinsurer in accordance with the requirements of subparagraph (5) of this paragraph (C-5).
            (b) If the rating of a certified reinsurer is
        
upgraded by the Director, then the certified reinsurer may meet the security requirements applicable to its new rating on a prospective basis, but the Director shall require the certified reinsurer to post security under the previously applicable security requirements as to all contracts in force on or before the effective date of the upgraded rating. If the rating of a certified reinsurer is downgraded by the Director, then the Director shall require the certified reinsurer to meet the security requirements applicable to its new rating for all business it has assumed as a certified reinsurer.
            (c) The Director may suspend, revoke, or
        
otherwise modify a certified reinsurer's certification at any time if the certified reinsurer fails to meet its obligations or security requirements under this Section or if other financial or operating results of the certified reinsurer, or documented significant delays in payment by the certified reinsurer, lead the Director to reconsider the certified reinsurer's ability or willingness to meet its contractual obligations. In seeking to suspend, revoke, or otherwise modify a certified reinsurer's certification, the Director shall follow the procedures provided in paragraph (G) of this subsection (1).
            (d) For purposes of this subsection (1), a
        
certified reinsurer whose certification has been terminated for any reason shall be treated as a certified reinsurer required to secure 100% of its obligations.
                (i) As used in this item (d), the term
            
"terminated" refers to revocation, suspension, voluntary surrender and inactive status.
                (ii) If the Director continues to assign a
            
higher rating as permitted by other provisions of this Section, then this requirement does not apply to a certified reinsurer in inactive status or to a reinsurer whose certification has been suspended.
            (e) Upon revocation of the certification of a
        
certified reinsurer by the Director, the assuming insurer shall be required to post security in accordance with subsection (2) of this Section in order for the ceding insurer to continue to take credit for reinsurance ceded to the assuming insurer. If funds continue to be held in trust, then the Director may allow additional credit equal to the ceding insurer's pro rata share of the funds, discounted to reflect the risk of uncollectibility and anticipated expenses of trust administration.
            (f) Notwithstanding the change of a certified
        
reinsurer's rating or revocation of its certification, a domestic insurer that has ceded reinsurance to that certified reinsurer may not be denied credit for reinsurance for a period of 3 months for all reinsurance ceded to that certified reinsurer, unless the reinsurance is found by the Director to be at high risk of uncollectibility.
            (10) A certified reinsurer that ceases to assume
        
new business in this State may request to maintain its certification in inactive status in order to continue to qualify for a reduction in security for its in-force business. An inactive certified reinsurer shall continue to comply with all applicable requirements of this subsection (1), and the Director shall assign a rating that takes into account, if relevant, the reasons why the reinsurer is not assuming new business.
            (11) Credit for reinsurance under this paragraph
        
(C-5) shall apply only to reinsurance contracts entered into or renewed on or after the effective date of the certification of the assuming insurer.
            (12) The Director shall comply with all reporting
        
and notification requirements that may be established by the NAIC with respect to certified reinsurers and qualified jurisdictions.
        (D) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is
    
ceded to an assuming insurer not meeting the requirements of paragraph (A), (B), or (C) of this subsection (1) but only with respect to the insurance of risks located in jurisdictions where that reinsurance is required by applicable law or regulation of that jurisdiction.
        (E) If the assuming insurer is not licensed to
    
transact insurance in this State or an accredited or certified reinsurer in this State, the credit permitted by paragraphs (B-5) and (C) of this subsection (1) shall not be allowed unless the assuming insurer agrees in the reinsurance agreements:
            (1) that in the event of the failure of the
        
assuming insurer to perform its obligations under the terms of the reinsurance agreement, the assuming insurer, at the request of the ceding insurer, shall submit to the jurisdiction of any court of competent jurisdiction in any state of the United States, will comply with all requirements necessary to give the court jurisdiction, and will abide by the final decision of the court or of any appellate court in the event of an appeal; and
            (2) to designate the Director or a designated
        
attorney as its true and lawful attorney upon whom may be served any lawful process in any action, suit, or proceeding instituted by or on behalf of the ceding company.
        This provision is not intended to conflict with or
    
override the obligation of the parties to a reinsurance agreement to arbitrate their disputes, if an obligation to arbitrate is created in the agreement.
        (F) If the assuming insurer does not meet the
    
requirements of paragraph (A) or (B) of this subsection (1), the credit permitted by paragraph (C) of this subsection (1) shall not be allowed unless the assuming insurer agrees in the trust agreements to the following conditions:
            (1) Notwithstanding any other provisions in the
        
trust instrument, if the trust fund is inadequate because it contains an amount less than the amount required by subparagraph (3) of paragraph (C) of this subsection (1) or if the grantor of the trust has been declared insolvent or placed into receivership, rehabilitation, liquidation, or similar proceedings under the laws of its state or country of domicile, the trustee shall comply with an order of the state official with regulatory oversight over the trust or with an order of a court of competent jurisdiction directing the trustee to transfer to the state official with regulatory oversight all of the assets of the trust fund.
            (2) The assets shall be distributed by and claims
        
shall be filed with and valued by the state official with regulatory oversight in accordance with the laws of the state in which the trust is domiciled that are applicable to the liquidation of domestic insurance companies.
            (3) If the state official with regulatory
        
oversight determines that the assets of the trust fund or any part thereof are not necessary to satisfy the claims of the U.S. ceding insurers of the grantor of the trust, the assets or part thereof shall be returned by the state official with regulatory oversight to the trustee for distribution in accordance with the trust agreement.
            (4) The grantor shall waive any rights otherwise
        
available to it under U.S. law that are inconsistent with the provision.
        (G) If an accredited or certified reinsurer ceases to
    
meet the requirements for accreditation or certification, then the Director may suspend or revoke the reinsurer's accreditation or certification.
            (1) The Director must give the reinsurer notice
        
and opportunity for hearing. The suspension or revocation may not take effect until after the Director's order on hearing, unless:
                (a) the reinsurer waives its right to hearing;
                (b) the Director's order is based on
            
regulatory action by the reinsurer's domiciliary jurisdiction or the voluntary surrender or termination of the reinsurer's eligibility to transact insurance or reinsurance business in its domiciliary jurisdiction or in the primary certifying state of the reinsurer under subparagraph (4) of paragraph (C-5) of this subsection (1); or
                (c) the Director finds that an emergency
            
requires immediate action and a court of competent jurisdiction has not stayed the Director's action.
            (2) While a reinsurer's accreditation or
        
certification is suspended, no reinsurance contract issued or renewed after the effective date of the suspension qualifies for credit except to the extent that the reinsurer's obligations under the contract are secured in accordance with subsection (2) of this Section. If a reinsurer's accreditation or certification is revoked, no credit for reinsurance may be granted after the effective date of the revocation, except to the extent that the reinsurer's obligations under the contract are secured in accordance with subsection (2) of this Section.
        (H) The following provisions shall apply concerning
    
concentration of risk:
            (1) A ceding insurer shall take steps to manage
        
its reinsurance recoverable proportionate to its own book of business. A domestic ceding insurer shall notify the Director within 30 days after reinsurance recoverables from any single assuming insurer, or group of affiliated assuming insurers, exceeds 50% of the domestic ceding insurer's last reported surplus to policyholders, or after it is determined that reinsurance recoverables from any single assuming insurer, or group of affiliated assuming insurers, is likely to exceed this limit. The notification shall demonstrate that the exposure is safely managed by the domestic ceding insurer.
            (2) A ceding insurer shall take steps to
        
diversify its reinsurance program. A domestic ceding insurer shall notify the Director within 30 days after ceding to any single assuming insurer, or group of affiliated assuming insurers, more than 20% of the ceding insurer's gross written premium in the prior calendar year, or after it has determined that the reinsurance ceded to any single assuming insurer, or group of affiliated assuming insurers, is likely to exceed this limit. The notification shall demonstrate that the exposure is safely managed by the domestic ceding insurer.
    (2) Credit for the reinsurance ceded by a domestic insurer to an assuming insurer not meeting the requirements of subsection (1) of this Section shall be allowed in an amount not exceeding the assets or liabilities carried by the ceding insurer. The credit shall not exceed the amount of funds held by or held in trust for the ceding insurer under a reinsurance contract with the assuming insurer as security for the payment of obligations thereunder, if the security is held in the United States subject to withdrawal solely by, and under the exclusive control of, the ceding insurer; or, in the case of a trust, held in a qualified United States financial institution, as defined in paragraph (B) of subsection (3) of this Section. This security may be in the form of:
        (A) Cash.
        (B) Securities listed by the Securities Valuation
    
Office of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, including those deemed exempt from filing as defined by the Purposes and Procedures Manual of the Securities Valuation Office that conform to the requirements of Article VIII of this Code that are not issued by an affiliate of either the assuming or ceding company.
        (C) Clean, irrevocable, unconditional, letters of
    
credit issued or confirmed by a qualified United States financial institution, as defined in paragraph (A) of subsection (3) of this Section. The letters of credit shall be effective no later than December 31 of the year for which filing is being made, and in the possession of, or in trust for, the ceding company on or before the filing date of its annual statement. Letters of credit meeting applicable standards of issuer acceptability as of the dates of their issuance (or confirmation) shall, notwithstanding the issuing (or confirming) institution's subsequent failure to meet applicable standards of issuer acceptability, continue to be acceptable as security until their expiration, extension, renewal, modification, or amendment, whichever first occurs.
        (D) Any other form of security acceptable to the
    
Director.
    (3)(A) For purposes of paragraph (C) of subsection (2) of this Section, a "qualified United States financial institution" means an institution that:
        (1) is organized or, in the case of a U.S. office of
    
a foreign banking organization, licensed under the laws of the United States or any state thereof;
        (2) is regulated, supervised, and examined by U.S.
    
federal or state authorities having regulatory authority over banks and trust companies;
        (3) has been designated by either the Director or the
    
Securities Valuation Office of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners as meeting such standards of financial condition and standing as are considered necessary and appropriate to regulate the quality of financial institutions whose letters of credit will be acceptable to the Director; and
        (4) is not affiliated with the assuming company.
    (B) A "qualified United States financial institution" means, for purposes of those provisions of this law specifying those institutions that are eligible to act as a fiduciary of a trust, an institution that:
        (1) is organized or, in the case of the U.S. branch
    
or agency office of a foreign banking organization, licensed under the laws of the United States or any state thereof and has been granted authority to operate with fiduciary powers;
        (2) is regulated, supervised, and examined by federal
    
or state authorities having regulatory authority over banks and trust companies; and
        (3) is not affiliated with the assuming company,
    
however, if the subject of the reinsurance contract is insurance written pursuant to Section 155.51 of this Code, the financial institution may be affiliated with the assuming company with the prior approval of the Director.
    (C) Except as set forth in subparagraph (11) of paragraph (C-5) of subsection (1) of this Section as to cessions by certified reinsurers, this amendatory Act of the 100th General Assembly shall apply to all cessions after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 100th General Assembly under reinsurance agreements that have an inception, anniversary, or renewal date not less than 6 months after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 100th General Assembly.
    (D) The Department shall adopt rules implementing the provisions of this Article.
(Source: P.A. 100-1118, eff. 11-27-18.)

215 ILCS 5/173.2

    (215 ILCS 5/173.2) (from Ch. 73, par. 785.2)
    Sec. 173.2. Reserve credit for liability assumed.
    No credit shall be allowed as an admitted asset or as a deduction from liability, to any ceding company for reinsurance unless the reinsurance is payable by the assuming company on the basis of the liability of the ceding company under the contract or contracts reinsured without diminution because of the insolvency of the ceding company.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 1077.)

215 ILCS 5/173.3

    (215 ILCS 5/173.3) (from Ch. 73, par. 785.3)
    Sec. 173.3. Payment by assuming company.
    (1) No such credit shall be allowed for reinsurance unless the reinsurance agreement provides that payments by the assuming company shall be made directly to the ceding company or to its liquidator, receiver, or statutory successor, except where the contract specifically provides another payee of such reinsurance in the event of the insolvency of the ceding company or where the assuming company with the consent of the direct insured or insureds has assumed such policy obligations of the ceding company to the payees under such policies and in substitution for the obligations of the ceding company to such payees.
    (2) Except as provided in this Section, no assuming company may pay or settle, or agree to pay or settle, any policy claim, or any portion thereof, directly to or with a policyholder of any ceding company if an Order of Rehabilitation or Liquidation has been entered against such ceding company.
(Source: P.A. 77-1329.)

215 ILCS 5/173.4

    (215 ILCS 5/173.4) (from Ch. 73, par. 785.4)
    Sec. 173.4. Assuming company may defend claims for insolvent ceding company.
    Such reinsurance agreement may provide that the liquidator or receiver of an insolvent ceding company shall give written notice of the pendency of a claim against the insolvent ceding company on the policy or bond reinsured within a reasonable time after such claim is filed in the insolvency proceeding and that during the pendency of such claim any assuming company may investigate such claim and interpose, at its own expense, in the proceeding where such claim is to be adjudicated any defense or defenses which it considers available to the ceding company or its liquidator or receiver. The expense thus incurred by the assuming company is chargeable against the insolvent ceding company as a part of the expense of liquidation to the extent of a proportionate share of the benefit which accrues to the ceding company solely as a result of the defense undertaken by the assuming company.
    Where two or more assuming companies are involved in the same claim and a majority in interest elect to interpose a defense to such claim, the expense shall be apportioned in accordance with the terms of the reinsurance agreement as though such expense had been incurred by the ceding company.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 1077.)

215 ILCS 5/173.5

    (215 ILCS 5/173.5) (from Ch. 73, par. 785.5)
    Sec. 173.5. Crediting of commissions from cancellable reinsurance.
    Where the parties to a reinsurance contract cancel such contract within 90 days of its effective date without providing for a runoff of the reinsurance in force at the date of cancellation, credit for commission shall be allowed on the financial statement of the ceding company only for that amount of such commission as is actually earned. In the case of any cancellation of reinsurance contracts involving more than 20% of the ceding company's premiums in force, the ceding company shall notify the Director thereof in writing, stating the estimated amount of gross unearned premiums and return commissions involved.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 1077.)

215 ILCS 5/174

    (215 ILCS 5/174) (from Ch. 73, par. 786)
    Sec. 174. Kinds of agreements requiring approval.
    (1) The following kinds of reinsurance agreements shall not be entered into by any domestic company unless such agreements are approved in writing by the Director:
        (a) Agreements of reinsurance of any such company
    
transacting the kind or kinds of business enumerated in Class 1 of Section 4, or as a Fraternal Benefit Society under Article XVII, a Mutual Benefit Association under Article XVIII, a Burial Society under Article XIX or an Assessment Accident and Assessment Accident and Health Company under Article XXI, cedes previously issued and outstanding risks to any company, or cedes any risks to a company not authorized to transact business in this State, or assumes any outstanding risks on which the aggregate reserves and claim liabilities exceed 20 percent of the aggregate reserves and claim liabilities of the assuming company, as reported in the preceding annual statement, for the business of either life or accident and health insurance.
        (b) Any agreement or agreements of reinsurance
    
whereby any company transacting the kind or kinds of business enumerated in either Class 2 or Class 3 of Section 4 cedes to any company or companies at one time, or during a period of six consecutive months more than twenty per centum of the total amount of its previously retained unearned premium reserve liability.
        (c) (Blank).
    (2) An agreement which is not disapproved by the Director within thirty days after its submission shall be deemed approved.
(Source: P.A. 98-969, eff. 1-1-15.)

215 ILCS 5/174.1

    (215 ILCS 5/174.1) (from Ch. 73, par. 786.1)
    Sec. 174.1. Kinds of Agreements Prohibited. No domestic stock company with less than $5,000,000 capital and surplus nor domestic mutual or reciprocal company with less than $5,000,000 surplus may assume as reinsurance any of the kind or kinds of businesses enumerated in Class 2 or Class 3 of Section 4 of this Code, except Class 2(a), and except for facultative reinsurance of specific risks and assumption of risks from companies subject to "An Act relating to local, mutual district, county and township insurance companies", approved March 13, 1936, as amended. If approval of the Director is obtained prior to the reinsurance assumption, this prohibition shall not apply to any company organized and authorized to do business in Illinois between July 1, 1981, and June 30, 1983, until January 1, 1989.
(Source: P.A. 84-671.)

215 ILCS 5/175

    (215 ILCS 5/175) (from Ch. 73, par. 787)
    Sec. 175. Conditions for approval.
    Any reinsurance agreement requiring the written approval of the Director under section 174 shall be approved by him if the terms thereof do not injuriously affect the rights of policyholders of any of the companies which are parties thereto. If the Director refuses to approve any such agreement, he shall grant the company a hearing upon request.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 1077.)

215 ILCS 5/176

    (215 ILCS 5/176) (from Ch. 73, par. 788)
    Sec. 176. Pending actions.
    Whenever a company agrees to assume and carry out directly with the policyholder any of the policy obligations of the ceding company under a reinsurance agreement, any claim existing or action or proceeding pending arising out of such policy, by or against the ceding company with respect to such obligations may be prosecuted to judgment as if such reinsurance agreement had not been made, or the assuming company may be substituted in place of the ceding company.
(Source: Laws 1937, p. 696.)

215 ILCS 5/177

    (215 ILCS 5/177) (from Ch. 73, par. 789)
    Sec. 177. Transfer of deposits.
    The provisions of section 170 applicable to the transfer of deposits of legal reserves on policies of merged or consolidated companies shall apply to the transfer of deposits of such reserves of a ceding company in the case of a reinsurance agreement, and for the purposes of determining the conditions and requirements for such transfer the assuming company shall be regarded as a surviving or new company and the ceding company shall be regarded as a company that has been merged or consolidated.
(Source: Laws 1937, p. 696.)

215 ILCS 5/178

    (215 ILCS 5/178)
    Sec. 178. (Repealed).
(Source: Laws 1937, p. 696. Repealed by P.A. 98-692, eff. 7-1-14; 98-969, eff. 1-1-15.)

215 ILCS 5/179

    (215 ILCS 5/179) (from Ch. 73, par. 791)
    Sec. 179. Payment of fees to officer or director prohibited.
    (1) No director or officer of any company, party to a reinsurance agreement, except as fully expressed in the reinsurance agreement, shall receive any fee, commission, other compensation or valuable consideration whatever, directly or indirectly, for in any manner aiding, promoting or assisting in the negotiation of such reinsurance agreement.
    (2) Any person violating the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 77-2699.)

215 ILCS 5/179a

    (215 ILCS 5/179a)
    Sec. 179a. Managing general agent prohibition.
    (a) No managing general agent, as defined in Section 141a, shall receive any compensation or remuneration for, or in any manner profit from, obtaining or arranging reinsurance for a domestic company with respect to business underwritten by that managing general agent.
    (b) Any person violating the provisions of this Section is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 88-364.)

215 ILCS 5/179b

    (215 ILCS 5/179b)
    Sec. 179b. Reinsurance committee. Each domestic company that cedes any reinsurance must establish and maintain a reinsurance committee with not fewer than 3 members, at least one of which must be a member of the company's board of directors. The committee shall review and approve all treaty reinsurance placements and review and approve guidelines for facultative placements for the company, with the exception of a reinsurance agreement in which the aggregate premium ceded in any one year is less than 1% of the company's annual gross written premium. The committee shall give special attention to reinsurers' financial strength and performance record.
(Source: P.A. 88-364.)