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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

HEALTH FACILITIES AND REGULATION
(210 ILCS 45/) Nursing Home Care Act.

210 ILCS 45/Art. II Pt. 1

 
    (210 ILCS 45/Art. II Pt. 1 heading)
PART 1. RESIDENT RIGHTS

210 ILCS 45/2-101

    (210 ILCS 45/2-101) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 4152-101)
    Sec. 2-101. No resident shall be deprived of any rights, benefits, or privileges guaranteed by law, the Constitution of the State of Illinois, or the Constitution of the United States solely on account of his status as a resident of a facility.
(Source: P.A. 81-223.)

210 ILCS 45/2-101.1

    (210 ILCS 45/2-101.1) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 4152-101.1)
    Sec. 2-101.1. Spousal impoverishment. All new residents and their spouses shall be informed on admittance of their spousal impoverishment rights as defined at Section 5-4 of the Illinois Public Aid Code, as now or hereafter amended and at Section 303 of Title III of the Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Act of 1988 (P.L. 100-360).
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07.)

210 ILCS 45/2-102

    (210 ILCS 45/2-102) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 4152-102)
    Sec. 2-102. A resident shall be permitted to manage his own financial affairs unless he or his guardian or if the resident is a minor, his parent, authorizes the administrator of the facility in writing to manage such resident's financial affairs under Section 2-201 of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 81-223.)

210 ILCS 45/2-103

    (210 ILCS 45/2-103) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 4152-103)
    Sec. 2-103. A resident shall be permitted to retain and use or wear his personal property in his immediate living quarters, unless deemed medically inappropriate by a physician and so documented in the resident's clinical record. If clothing is provided to the resident by the facility, it shall be of a proper fit.
    The facility shall provide adequate storage space for the personal property of the resident. The facility shall provide a means of safeguarding small items of value for its residents in their rooms or in any other part of the facility so long as the residents have daily access to such valuables. The facility shall make reasonable efforts to prevent loss and theft of residents' property. Those efforts shall be appropriate to the particular facility and may include, but are not limited to, staff training and monitoring, labeling property, and frequent property inventories. The facility shall develop procedures for investigating complaints concerning theft of residents' property and shall promptly investigate all such complaints.
(Source: P.A. 87-549.)

210 ILCS 45/2-104

    (210 ILCS 45/2-104) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 4152-104)
    Sec. 2-104. (a) A resident shall be permitted to retain the services of his own personal physician at his own expense or under an individual or group plan of health insurance, or under any public or private assistance program providing such coverage. However, the facility is not liable for the negligence of any such personal physician. Every resident shall be permitted to obtain from his own physician or the physician attached to the facility complete and current information concerning his medical diagnosis, treatment and prognosis in terms and language the resident can reasonably be expected to understand. Every resident shall be permitted to participate in the planning of his total care and medical treatment to the extent that his condition permits. No resident shall be subjected to experimental research or treatment without first obtaining his informed, written consent. The conduct of any experimental research or treatment shall be authorized and monitored by an institutional review board appointed by the Director. The membership, operating procedures and review criteria for the institutional review board shall be prescribed under rules and regulations of the Department and shall comply with the requirements for institutional review boards established by the federal Food and Drug Administration. No person who has received compensation in the prior 3 years from an entity that manufactures, distributes, or sells pharmaceuticals, biologics, or medical devices may serve on the institutional review board.
    The institutional review board may approve only research or treatment that meets the standards of the federal Food and Drug Administration with respect to (i) the protection of human subjects and (ii) financial disclosure by clinical investigators. The Office of State Long Term Care Ombudsman and the State Protection and Advocacy organization shall be given an opportunity to comment on any request for approval before the board makes a decision. Those entities shall not be provided information that would allow a potential human subject to be individually identified, unless the board asks the Ombudsman for help in securing information from or about the resident. The board shall require frequent reporting of the progress of the approved research or treatment and its impact on residents, including immediate reporting of any adverse impact to the resident, the resident's representative, the Office of the State Long Term Care Ombudsman, and the State Protection and Advocacy organization. The board may not approve any retrospective study of the records of any resident about the safety or efficacy of any care or treatment if the resident was under the care of the proposed researcher or a business associate when the care or treatment was given, unless the study is under the control of a researcher without any business relationship to any person or entity who could benefit from the findings of the study.
    No facility shall permit experimental research or treatment to be conducted on a resident, or give access to any person or person's records for a retrospective study about the safety or efficacy of any care or treatment, without the prior written approval of the institutional review board. No nursing home administrator, or person licensed by the State to provide medical care or treatment to any person, may assist or participate in any experimental research on or treatment of a resident, including a retrospective study, that does not have the prior written approval of the board. Such conduct shall be grounds for professional discipline by the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation.
    The institutional review board may exempt from ongoing review research or treatment initiated on a resident before the individual's admission to a facility and for which the board determines there is adequate ongoing oversight by another institutional review board. Nothing in this Section shall prevent a facility, any facility employee, or any other person from assisting or participating in any experimental research on or treatment of a resident, if the research or treatment began before the person's admission to a facility, until the board has reviewed the research or treatment and decided to grant or deny approval or to exempt the research or treatment from ongoing review.
    The institutional review board requirements of this subsection (a) do not apply to investigational drugs, biological products, or devices used by a resident with a terminal illness as set forth in the Right to Try Act.
    (b) All medical treatment and procedures shall be administered as ordered by a physician. All new physician orders shall be reviewed by the facility's director of nursing or charge nurse designee within 24 hours after such orders have been issued to assure facility compliance with such orders.
    All physician's orders and plans of treatment shall have the authentication of the physician. For the purposes of this subsection (b), "authentication" means an original written signature or an electronic signature system that allows for the verification of a signer's credentials. A stamp signature, with or without initials, is not sufficient.
    According to rules adopted by the Department, every woman resident of child-bearing age shall receive routine obstetrical and gynecological evaluations as well as necessary prenatal care.
    (c) Every resident shall be permitted to refuse medical treatment and to know the consequences of such action, unless such refusal would be harmful to the health and safety of others and such harm is documented by a physician in the resident's clinical record. The resident's refusal shall free the facility from the obligation to provide the treatment.
    (d) Every resident, resident's guardian, or parent if the resident is a minor shall be permitted to inspect and copy all his clinical and other records concerning his care and maintenance kept by the facility or by his physician. The facility may charge a reasonable fee for duplication of a record.
(Source: P.A. 99-270, eff. 1-1-16.)

210 ILCS 45/2-104.1

    (210 ILCS 45/2-104.1) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 4152-104.1)
    Sec. 2-104.1. Whenever ownership of a private facility is transferred to another private owner following a final order for a suspension or revocation of the facility's license, the new owner, if the Department so determines, shall thoroughly evaluate the condition and needs of each resident as if each resident were being newly admitted to the facility. The evaluation shall include a review of the medical record and the conduct of a physical examination of each resident which shall be performed within 30 days after the transfer of ownership.
(Source: P.A. 86-1013.)

210 ILCS 45/2-104.2

    (210 ILCS 45/2-104.2) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 4152-104.2)
    Sec. 2-104.2. Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders and Department of Public Health Uniform POLST form.
    (a) Every facility licensed under this Act shall establish a policy for the implementation of practitioner orders concerning cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or life-sustaining treatment including, but not limited to, "Do-Not-Resuscitate" orders. This policy may only prescribe the format, method of documentation and duration of any practitioner orders. Any orders under this policy shall be honored by the facility. The Department of Public Health Uniform POLST form under Section 2310-600 of the Department of Public Health Powers and Duties Law of the Civil Administrative Code of Illinois, or a copy of that form or a previous version of the uniform form, shall be honored by the facility.
    (b) Within 30 days after admission, new residents who do not have a guardian of the person or an executed power of attorney for health care shall be provided with written notice, in a form and manner provided by rule of the Department, of their right to provide the name of one or more potential health care surrogates that a treating physician should consider in selecting a surrogate to act on the resident's behalf should the resident lose decision-making capacity. The notice shall include a form of declaration that may be utilized by the resident to identify potential health care surrogates or by the facility to document any inability or refusal to make such a declaration. A signed copy of the resident's declaration of a potential health care surrogate or decision to decline to make such a declaration, or documentation by the facility of the resident's inability to make such a declaration, shall be placed in the resident's clinical record and shall satisfy the facility's obligation under this Section. Such a declaration shall be used only for informational purposes in the selection of a surrogate pursuant to the Health Care Surrogate Act. A facility that complies with this Section is not liable to any healthcare provider, resident, or resident's representative or any other person relating to the identification or selection of a surrogate or potential health care surrogate.
(Source: P.A. 98-1110, eff. 8-26-14; 99-319, eff. 1-1-16.)

210 ILCS 45/2-104.3

    (210 ILCS 45/2-104.3)
    Sec. 2-104.3. Serious mental illness; rescreening.
    (a) All persons admitted to a nursing home facility with a diagnosis of serious mental illness who remain in the facility for a period of 90 days shall be re-screened by the Department of Human Services or its designee at the end of the 90-day period, at 6 months, and annually thereafter to assess their continuing need for nursing facility care and shall be advised of all other available care options.
    (b) The Department of Human Services, by rule, shall provide for a prohibition on conflicts of interest for pre-admission screeners. The rule shall provide for waiver of those conflicts by the Department of Human Services if the Department of Human Services determines that a scarcity of qualified pre-admission screeners exists in a given community and that, absent a waiver of conflict, an insufficient number of pre-admission screeners would be available. If a conflict is waived, the pre-admission screener shall disclose the conflict of interest to the screened individual in the manner provided for by rule of the Department of Human Services. For the purposes of this subsection, a "conflict of interest" includes, but is not limited to, the existence of a professional or financial relationship between (i) a PAS-MH corporate or a PAS-MH agent performing the rescreening and (ii) a community provider or long-term care facility.
(Source: P.A. 96-1372, eff. 7-29-10.)

210 ILCS 45/2-105

    (210 ILCS 45/2-105) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 4152-105)
    Sec. 2-105. A resident shall be permitted respect and privacy in his medical and personal care program. Every resident's case discussion, consultation, examination and treatment shall be confidential and shall be conducted discreetly, and those persons not directly involved in the resident's care must have his permission to be present.
(Source: P.A. 81-223.)

210 ILCS 45/2-106

    (210 ILCS 45/2-106) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 4152-106)
    Sec. 2-106. (a) For purposes of this Act, (i) a physical restraint is any manual method or physical or mechanical device, material, or equipment attached or adjacent to a resident's body that the resident cannot remove easily and restricts freedom of movement or normal access to one's body. Devices used for positioning, including but not limited to bed rails, gait belts, and cushions, shall not be considered to be restraints for purposes of this Section; (ii) a chemical restraint is any drug used for discipline or convenience and not required to treat medical symptoms. The Department shall by rule, designate certain devices as restraints, including at least all those devices which have been determined to be restraints by the United States Department of Health and Human Services in interpretive guidelines issued for the purposes of administering Titles XVIII and XIX of the Social Security Act.
    (b) Neither restraints nor confinements shall be employed for the purpose of punishment or for the convenience of any facility personnel. No restraints or confinements shall be employed except as ordered by a physician who documents the need for such restraints or confinements in the resident's clinical record.
    (c) A restraint may be used only with the informed consent of the resident, the resident's guardian, or other authorized representative. A restraint may be used only for specific periods, if it is the least restrictive means necessary to attain and maintain the resident's highest practicable physical, mental or psychosocial well-being, including brief periods of time to provide necessary life-saving treatment. A restraint may be used only after consultation with appropriate health professionals, such as occupational or physical therapists, and a trial of less restrictive measures has led to the determination that the use of less restrictive measures would not attain or maintain the resident's highest practicable physical, mental or psychosocial well-being. However, if the resident needs emergency care, restraints may be used for brief periods to permit medical treatment to proceed unless the facility has notice that the resident has previously made a valid refusal of the treatment in question.
    (d) A restraint may be applied only by a person trained in the application of the particular type of restraint.
    (e) Whenever a period of use of a restraint is initiated, the resident shall be advised of his or her right to have a person or organization of his or her choosing, including the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission, notified of the use of the restraint. A recipient who is under guardianship may request that a person or organization of his or her choosing be notified of the restraint, whether or not the guardian approves the notice. If the resident so chooses, the facility shall make the notification within 24 hours, including any information about the period of time that the restraint is to be used. Whenever the Guardianship and Advocacy Commission is notified that a resident has been restrained, it shall contact the resident to determine the circumstances of the restraint and whether further action is warranted.
    (f) Whenever a restraint is used on a resident whose primary mode of communication is sign language, the resident shall be permitted to have his or her hands free from restraint for brief periods each hour, except when this freedom may result in physical harm to the resident or others.
    (g) The requirements of this Section are intended to control in any conflict with the requirements of Sections 1-126 and 2-108 of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code.
(Source: P.A. 97-135, eff. 7-14-11.)

210 ILCS 45/2-106.1

    (210 ILCS 45/2-106.1)
    Sec. 2-106.1. Drug treatment.
    (a) A resident shall not be given unnecessary drugs. An unnecessary drug is any drug used in an excessive dose, including in duplicative therapy; for excessive duration; without adequate monitoring; without adequate indications for its use; or in the presence of adverse consequences that indicate the drugs should be reduced or discontinued. The Department shall adopt, by rule, the standards for unnecessary drugs contained in interpretive guidelines issued by the United States Department of Health and Human Services for the purposes of administering Titles XVIII and XIX of the Social Security Act.
    (b) Psychotropic medication shall not be prescribed without the informed consent of the resident, the resident's guardian, or other authorized representative. "Psychotropic medication" means medication that is used for or listed as used for antipsychotic, antidepressant, antimanic, or antianxiety behavior modification or behavior management purposes in the latest editions of the AMA Drug Evaluations or the Physician's Desk Reference. The Department shall adopt, by rule, a protocol specifying how informed consent for psychotropic medication may be obtained or refused. The protocol shall require, at a minimum, a discussion between (i) the resident or the resident's authorized representative and (ii) the resident's physician, a registered pharmacist (who is not a dispensing pharmacist for the facility where the resident lives), or a licensed nurse about the possible risks and benefits of a recommended medication and the use of standardized consent forms designated by the Department. Each form developed by the Department (i) shall be written in plain language, (ii) shall be able to be downloaded from the Department's official website, (iii) shall include information specific to the psychotropic medication for which consent is being sought, and (iv) shall be used for every resident for whom psychotropic drugs are prescribed. In addition to creating those forms, the Department shall approve the use of any other informed consent forms that meet criteria developed by the Department.
    In addition to any other penalty prescribed by law, a facility that is found to have violated this subsection, or the federal certification requirement that informed consent be obtained before administering a psychotropic medication, shall thereafter be required to obtain the signatures of 2 licensed health care professionals on every form purporting to give informed consent for the administration of a psychotropic medication, certifying the personal knowledge of each health care professional that the consent was obtained in compliance with the requirements of this subsection.
    (c) The requirements of this Section are intended to control in a conflict with the requirements of Sections 2-102 and 2-107.2 of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code with respect to the administration of psychotropic medication.
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07; 96-1372, eff. 7-29-10.)

210 ILCS 45/2-106a

    (210 ILCS 45/2-106a)
    Sec. 2-106a. Resident identification wristlet. No identification wristlets shall be employed except as ordered by a physician who documents the need for such mandatory identification in the resident's clinical record. When identification bracelets are required, they must identify the resident's name, and the name, telephone number, and address of the facility issuing the identification wristlet.
(Source: P.A. 97-861, eff. 7-30-12.)

210 ILCS 45/2-107

    (210 ILCS 45/2-107) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 4152-107)
    Sec. 2-107. An owner, licensee, administrator, employee or agent of a facility shall not abuse or neglect a resident. It is the duty of any facility employee or agent who becomes aware of such abuse or neglect to report it as provided in "The Abused and Neglected Long Term Care Facility Residents Reporting Act".
(Source: P.A. 82-120.)

210 ILCS 45/2-108

    (210 ILCS 45/2-108) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 4152-108)
    Sec. 2-108. Every resident shall be permitted unimpeded, private and uncensored communication of his choice by mail, public telephone or visitation.
    (a) The administrator shall ensure that correspondence is conveniently received and mailed, and that telephones are reasonably accessible.
    (b) The administrator shall ensure that residents may have private visits at any reasonable hour unless such visits are not medically advisable for the resident as documented in the resident's clinical record by the resident's physician.
    (c) The administrator shall ensure that space for visits is available and that facility personnel knock, except in an emergency, before entering any resident's room.
    (d) Unimpeded, private and uncensored communication by mail, public telephone and visitation may be reasonably restricted by a physician only in order to protect the resident or others from harm, harassment or intimidation, provided that the reason for any such restriction is placed in the resident's clinical record by the physician and that notice of such restriction shall be given to all residents upon admission. However, all letters addressed by a resident to the Governor, members of the General Assembly, Attorney General, judges, state's attorneys, officers of the Department, or licensed attorneys at law shall be forwarded at once to the persons to whom they are addressed without examination by facility personnel. Letters in reply from the officials and attorneys mentioned above shall be delivered to the recipient without examination by facility personnel.
    (e) The administrator shall ensure that married residents residing in the same facility be allowed to reside in the same room within the facility unless there is no room available in the facility or it is deemed medically inadvisable by the residents' attending physician and so documented in the residents' medical records.
(Source: P.A. 81-223.)

210 ILCS 45/2-109

    (210 ILCS 45/2-109) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 4152-109)
    Sec. 2-109. A resident shall be permitted the free exercise of religion. Upon a resident's request, and if necessary at his expense, the administrator shall make arrangements for a resident's attendance at religious services of the resident's choice. However, no religious beliefs or practices, or attendance at religious services, may be imposed upon any resident.
(Source: P.A. 81-223.)

210 ILCS 45/2-110

    (210 ILCS 45/2-110) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 4152-110)
    Sec. 2-110. (a) Any employee or agent of a public agency, any representative of a community legal services program or any other member of the general public shall be permitted access at reasonable hours to any individual resident of any facility, but only if there is neither a commercial purpose nor effect to such access and if the purpose is to do any of the following:
        (1) Visit, talk with and make personal, social and
    
legal services available to all residents;
        (2) Inform residents of their rights and entitlements
    
and their corresponding obligations, under federal and State laws, by means of educational materials and discussions in groups and with individual residents;
        (3) Assist residents in asserting their legal rights
    
regarding claims for public assistance, medical assistance and social security benefits, as well as in all other matters in which residents are aggrieved. Assistance may include counseling and litigation; or
        (4) Engage in other methods of asserting, advising
    
and representing residents so as to extend to them full enjoyment of their rights.
    (a-5) If a resident of a licensed facility is an identified offender, any federal, State, or local law enforcement officer or county probation officer shall be permitted reasonable access to the individual resident to verify compliance with the requirements of the Sex Offender Registration Act, to verify compliance with the requirements of Public Act 94-163 and this amendatory Act of the 94th General Assembly, or to verify compliance with applicable terms of probation, parole, aftercare release, or mandatory supervised release.
    (b) All persons entering a facility under this Section shall promptly notify appropriate facility personnel of their presence. They shall, upon request, produce identification to establish their identity. No such person shall enter the immediate living area of any resident without first identifying himself and then receiving permission from the resident to enter. The rights of other residents present in the room shall be respected. A resident may terminate at any time a visit by a person having access to the resident's living area under this Section.
    (c) This Section shall not limit the power of the Department or other public agency, including, but not limited to, the State Long Term Care Ombudsman Program, otherwise permitted or required by federal or State law to enter and inspect a facility or communicate privately and without restriction with a resident who consents to the communication, regardless of the consent of, or withholding of consent by, a legal guardian or an agent named in a power of attorney executed by the resident.
    (d) Notwithstanding paragraph (a) of this Section, the administrator of a facility may refuse access to the facility to any person if the presence of that person in the facility would be injurious to the health and safety of a resident or would threaten the security of the property of a resident or the facility, or if the person seeks access to the facility for commercial purposes. Any person refused access to a facility may within 10 days request a hearing under Section 3-703. In that proceeding, the burden of proof as to the right of the facility to refuse access under this Section shall be on the facility.
(Source: P.A. 98-558, eff. 1-1-14; 98-989, eff. 1-1-15.)

210 ILCS 45/2-111

    (210 ILCS 45/2-111) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 4152-111)
    Sec. 2-111. A resident may be discharged from a facility after he gives the administrator, a physician, or a nurse of the facility written notice of his desire to be discharged. If a guardian has been appointed for a resident or if the resident is a minor, the resident shall be discharged upon written consent of his guardian or if the resident is a minor, his parent unless there is a court order to the contrary. In such cases, upon the resident's discharge, the facility is relieved from any responsibility for the resident's care, safety or well-being.
(Source: P.A. 81-223.)

210 ILCS 45/2-112

    (210 ILCS 45/2-112) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 4152-112)
    Sec. 2-112. A resident shall be permitted to present grievances on behalf of himself or others to the administrator, the Long-Term Care Facility Advisory Board, the residents' advisory council, State governmental agencies or other persons without threat of discharge or reprisal in any form or manner whatsoever. The administrator shall provide all residents or their representatives with the name, address, and telephone number of the appropriate State governmental office where complaints may be lodged.
(Source: P.A. 81-223.)

210 ILCS 45/2-113

    (210 ILCS 45/2-113) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 4152-113)
    Sec. 2-113. A resident may refuse to perform labor for a facility.
(Source: P.A. 81-223.)

210 ILCS 45/2-114

    (210 ILCS 45/2-114)
    Sec. 2-114. Unlawful discrimination. No resident shall be subjected to unlawful discrimination as defined in Section 1-103 of the Illinois Human Rights Act by any owner, licensee, administrator, employee, or agent of a facility. Unlawful discrimination does not include an action by any owner, licensee, administrator, employee, or agent of a facility that is required by this Act or rules adopted under this Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-1372, eff. 7-29-10.)