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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

MUNICIPALITIES
(65 ILCS 5/) Illinois Municipal Code.

65 ILCS 5/11-20-2

    (65 ILCS 5/11-20-2) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-20-2)
    Sec. 11-20-2. The corporate authorities of each municipality may regulate the sale of all beverages and food for human consumption except the wholesale sale of alcoholic beverages and except as provided in "An Act relating to the sale of bread", approved July 9, 1959, as heretofore and hereafter amended. The corporate authorities may locate and regulate the places where and the manner in which any beverage or food for human consumption is sold and also may prescribe the loaf-weight and quality of bread.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 576.)

65 ILCS 5/11-20-3

    (65 ILCS 5/11-20-3) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-20-3)
    Sec. 11-20-3. The corporate authorities of each municipality may provide for and regulate the inspection of all food for human consumption and tobacco.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 576.)

65 ILCS 5/11-20-4

    (65 ILCS 5/11-20-4) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-20-4)
    Sec. 11-20-4. The corporate authorities of each municipality may provide for the cleansing and purification of waters, watercourses, and canals, and, when necessary to prevent or abate a nuisance, may provide for the drainage and filling of ponds on private property.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 576.)

65 ILCS 5/11-20-5

    (65 ILCS 5/11-20-5) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-20-5)
    Sec. 11-20-5. The corporate authorities of each municipality may do all acts and make all regulations which may be necessary or expedient for the promotion of health or the suppression of diseases, including the regulation of plumbing and the fixtures, materials, design and installation methods of plumbing systems subject to the provisions of the plumbing code promulgated under Section 35 of the "Illinois Plumbing License Law", approved July 13, 1953, as amended.
(Source: P.A. 83-333.)

65 ILCS 5/11-20-6

    (65 ILCS 5/11-20-6) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-20-6)
    Sec. 11-20-6. The corporate authorities of each municipality may provide for the destruction of weeds at the expense of the owners of the premises on which the weeds are growing.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 576.)

65 ILCS 5/11-20-6.5

    (65 ILCS 5/11-20-6.5)
    Sec. 11-20-6.5. Milkweed classification.
    (a) For purposes of this Section, "milkweed" means Asclepias syriaca or other native Asclepias species.
    (b) The corporate authorities of a municipality may not classify milkweed as a noxious or exotic weed.
    (c) A municipality may not classify milkweed in a manner inconsistent with this Section. This Section is a limitation under subsection (i) of Section 6 of Article VII of the Illinois Constitution on the concurrent exercise by home rule units of powers and functions exercised by the State.
(Source: P.A. 100-557, eff. 6-1-18.)

65 ILCS 5/11-20-7

    (65 ILCS 5/11-20-7) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-20-7)
    Sec. 11-20-7. Cutting and removal of neglected weeds, grass, trees, and bushes.
    (a) The corporate authorities of each municipality may provide for the removal of nuisance greenery from any parcel of private property within the municipality if the owners of that parcel, after reasonable notice, refuse or neglect to remove the nuisance greenery. The municipality may collect, from the owners of that parcel, the reasonable removal cost.
    (b) The municipality's removal cost under this Section is a lien upon the underlying parcel in accordance with Section 11-20-15.
    (c) For the purpose of this Section:
    "Removal of nuisance greenery" or "removal activities" means the cutting of weeds or grass, the trimming of trees or bushes, and the removal of nuisance bushes or trees.
    "Removal cost" means the total cost of the removal activity.
    (d) In the case of an abandoned residential property as defined in Section 11-20-15.1, the municipality may elect to obtain a lien for the removal cost pursuant to Section 11-20-15.1, in which case the provisions of Section 11-20-15.1 shall be the exclusive remedy for the removal cost.
    The provisions of this subsection (d), other than this sentence, are inoperative upon certification by the Secretary of the Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation, after consultation with the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, that the Mortgage Electronic Registration System program is effectively registering substantially all mortgaged residential properties located in the State of Illinois, is available for access by all municipalities located in the State of Illinois without charge to them, and such registration includes the telephone number for the mortgage servicer.
(Source: P.A. 95-183, eff. 8-14-07; 96-462, eff. 8-14-09; 96-856, eff. 3-1-10.)

65 ILCS 5/11-20-8

    (65 ILCS 5/11-20-8) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-20-8)
    Sec. 11-20-8. Pest extermination; liens.
    (a) The corporate authorities of each municipality may provide pest-control activities on any parcel of private property in the municipality if, after reasonable notice, the owners of that parcel refuse or neglect to prevent the ingress of pests to their property or to exterminate pests on their property. The municipality may collect, from the owners of the underlying parcel, the reasonable removal cost.
    (b) The municipality's removal cost under this Section is a lien upon the underlying parcel in accordance with Section 11-20-15.
    (c) For the purpose of this Section:
    "Pests" means undesirable arthropods (including certain insects, spiders, mites, ticks, and related organisms), wood infesting organisms, rats, mice, and other obnoxious undesirable animals, but does not include a feral cat, a "companion animal" as that term is defined in the Humane Care for Animals Act (510 ILCS 70/), "animals" as that term is defined in the Illinois Diseased Animals Act (510 ILCS 50/), or animals protected by the Wildlife Code (520 ILCS 5/).
    "Pest-control activity" means the extermination of pests or the prevention of the ingress of pests.
    "Removal cost" means the total cost of the pest-control activity.
    (d) In the case of an abandoned residential property as defined in Section 11-20-15.1, the municipality may elect to obtain a lien for the removal cost pursuant to Section 11-20-15.1, in which case the provisions of Section 11-20-15.1 shall be the exclusive remedy for the removal cost.
    The provisions of this subsection (d), other than this sentence, are inoperative upon certification by the Secretary of the Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation, after consultation with the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, that the Mortgage Electronic Registration System program is effectively registering substantially all mortgaged residential properties located in the State of Illinois, is available for access by all municipalities located in the State of Illinois without charge to them, and such registration includes the telephone number for the mortgage servicer.
(Source: P.A. 96-462, eff. 8-14-09; 96-856, eff. 3-1-10.)

65 ILCS 5/11-20-9

    (65 ILCS 5/11-20-9) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-20-9)
    Sec. 11-20-9. The corporate authorities of each municipality may regulate and prohibit the running at large of horses, asses, mules, cattle, swine, sheep, goats, geese, and dogs, and may impose a tax on dogs.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 576.)

65 ILCS 5/11-20-10

    (65 ILCS 5/11-20-10) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-20-10)
    Sec. 11-20-10. The corporate authorities of each municipality may regulate the construction, repair, and use of cesspools, cisterns, hydrants, pumps, culverts, drains, and sewers and may regulate the covering or sealing of wells or cisterns.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 576.)

65 ILCS 5/11-20-10.5

    (65 ILCS 5/11-20-10.5)
    Sec. 11-20-10.5. Boil order; notification of certified local public health department required. If a municipality, or any department or agency of the municipality, issues a boil order, then the municipality must notify any certified local public health department that serves an area subject to the boil order as soon as is practical, but no later than 2 hours after issuing the order. In addition to the initial notice, the municipality must provide, to any affected certified local public health department, a written notification within 24 hours after issuing the boil order. The written notification must include the estimated duration of the order or warning and the geographic area covered by the order or warning.
(Source: P.A. 93-1020, eff. 8-24-04.)

65 ILCS 5/11-20-11

    (65 ILCS 5/11-20-11) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-20-11)
    Sec. 11-20-11. The corporate authorities of each municipality may adopt reasonable regulations for the control and eradication of a fungus disease of elms caused by Graphium ulmi, commonly known as Dutch elm disease or elm blight, and of other plant diseases.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 3168.)

65 ILCS 5/11-20-12

    (65 ILCS 5/11-20-12) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-20-12)
    Sec. 11-20-12. Removal of infected trees.
    (a) The corporate authorities of each municipality may provide for the treatment or removal of elm trees infected with Dutch elm disease or ash trees infected with the emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) from any parcel of private property within the municipality if the owners of that parcel, after reasonable notice, refuse or neglect to treat or remove the infected trees. The municipality may collect, from the owners of the parcel, the reasonable removal cost.
    (b) The municipality's removal cost under this Section is a lien upon the underlying parcel in accordance with Section 11-20-15.
    (c) For the purpose of this Section, "removal cost" means the total cost of the removal of the infected trees. "Treatment" means the administration, by environmentally sensitive processes and methods, of products and materials proven by academic research to protect elm and ash trees from an invasive disease in order to prevent or reverse the damage and preserve the trees.
    (d) In the case of an abandoned residential property as defined in Section 11-20-15.1, the municipality may elect to obtain a lien for the removal cost pursuant to Section 11-20-15.1, in which case the provisions of Section 11-20-15.1 shall be the exclusive remedy for the removal cost.
    The provisions of this subsection (d), other than this sentence, are inoperative upon certification by the Secretary of the Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation, after consultation with the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, that the Mortgage Electronic Registration System program is effectively registering substantially all mortgaged residential properties located in the State of Illinois, is available for access by all municipalities located in the State of Illinois without charge to them, and such registration includes the telephone number for the mortgage servicer.
(Source: P.A. 98-90, eff. 7-15-13.)

65 ILCS 5/11-20-13

    (65 ILCS 5/11-20-13) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-20-13)
    Sec. 11-20-13. Removal of garbage, debris, and graffiti.
    (a) The corporate authorities of each municipality may provide for the removal of garbage, debris, and graffiti from any parcel of private property within the municipality if the owner of that parcel, after reasonable notice, refuses or neglects to remove the garbage, debris, and graffiti. The municipality may collect, from the owner of the parcel, the reasonable removal cost.
    (b) The municipality's removal cost under this Section is a lien upon the underlying parcel in accordance with Section 11-20-15.
    (c) This amendatory Act of 1973 does not apply to any municipality which is a home rule unit.
    (d) For the purpose of this Section, "removal cost" means the total cost of the removal of garbage and debris. The term "removal cost" does not include any cost associated with the removal of graffiti.
    (e) In the case of an abandoned residential property as defined in Section 11-20-15.1, the municipality may elect to obtain a lien for the removal cost pursuant to Section 11-20-15.1, in which case the provisions of Section 11-20-15.1 shall be the exclusive remedy for the removal cost.
    The provisions of this subsection (e), other than this sentence, are inoperative upon certification by the Secretary of the Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation, after consultation with the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, that the Mortgage Electronic Registration System program is effectively registering substantially all mortgaged residential properties located in the State of Illinois, is available for access by all municipalities located in the State of Illinois without charge to them, and such registration includes the telephone number for the mortgage servicer.
(Source: P.A. 96-462, eff. 8-14-09; 96-856, eff. 3-1-10.)

65 ILCS 5/11-20-14

    (65 ILCS 5/11-20-14)
    Sec. 11-20-14. Companion dogs; restaurants. Notwithstanding any other prohibition to the contrary, a municipality with a population of 1,000,000 or more may, by ordinance, authorize the presence of companion dogs in outdoor areas of restaurants where food is served, if the ordinance provides for adequate controls to ensure compliance with the Illinois Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, the Food Handling Regulation Enforcement Act, the Sanitary Food Preparation Act, and any other applicable statutes and ordinances. An ordinance enacted under this Section shall provide that: (i) no companion dog shall be present in the interior of any restaurant or in any area where food is prepared; and (ii) the restaurant shall have the right to refuse to serve the owner of a companion dog if the owner fails to exercise reasonable control over the companion dog or the companion dog is otherwise behaving in a manner that compromises or threatens to compromise the health or safety of any person present in the restaurant, including, but not limited to, violations and potential violations of any applicable health code or other statute or ordinance. An ordinance enacted under this Section may also provide for a permitting process to authorize individual restaurants to permit dogs as provided in this Section and to charge applicants and authorized restaurants a reasonable permit fee as the ordinance may establish.
    For the purposes of this Section, "companion dog" means a dog other than a service dog assisting a person with a disability.
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15.)

65 ILCS 5/11-20-15

    (65 ILCS 5/11-20-15)
    Sec. 11-20-15. Lien for removal costs.
    (a) If the municipality incurs a removal cost under Section 11-20-7, 11-20-8, 11-20-12, or 11-20-13 with respect to any underlying parcel, then that cost is a lien upon that underlying parcel. This lien is superior to all other liens and encumbrances, except tax liens and as otherwise provided in subsection (c) of this Section.
    (b) To perfect a lien under this Section, the municipality must, within one year after the removal cost is incurred, file notice of lien in the office of the recorder in the county in which the underlying parcel is located or, if the underlying parcel is registered under the Torrens system, in the office of the Registrar of Titles of that county. The notice must consist of a sworn statement setting out:
        (1) a description of the underlying parcel that
    
sufficiently identifies the parcel;
        (2) the amount of the removal cost; and
        (3) the date or dates when the removal cost was
    
incurred by the municipality.
    If, for any one parcel, the municipality engaged in any removal activity on more than one occasion during the course of one year, then the municipality may combine any or all of the costs of each of those activities into a single notice of lien.
    (c) A lien under this Section is not valid as to: (i) any purchaser whose rights in and to the underlying parcel arose after the removal activity but before the filing of the notice of lien; or (ii) any mortgagee, judgment creditor, or other lienor whose rights in and to the underlying parcel arose before the filing of the notice of lien.
    (d) The removal cost is not a lien on the underlying parcel unless a notice is personally served on, or sent by certified mail to, the person to whom was sent the tax bill for the general taxes on the property for the taxable year immediately preceding the removal activities. The notice must be delivered or sent after the removal activities have been performed, and it must: (i) state the substance of this Section and the substance of any ordinance of the municipality implementing this Section; (ii) identify the underlying parcel, by common description; and (iii) describe the removal activity.
    (e) A lien under this Section may be enforced by proceedings to foreclose as in case of mortgages or mechanics' liens. An action to foreclose a lien under this Section must be commenced within 2 years after the date of filing notice of lien.
    (f) Any person who performs a removal activity by the authority of the municipality may, in his or her own name, file a lien and foreclose on that lien in the same manner as a municipality under this Section.
    (g) A failure to file a foreclosure action does not, in any way, affect the validity of the lien against the underlying parcel.
    (h) Upon payment of the lien cost by the owner of the underlying parcel after notice of lien has been filed, the municipality (or its agent under subsection (f)) shall release the lien, and the release may be filed of record by the owner at his or her sole expense as in the case of filing notice of lien.
    (i) For the purposes of this Section:
    "Lien cost" means the removal cost and the filing costs for any notice of lien under subsection (b).
    "Removal activity" means any activity for which a removal cost was incurred.
    "Removal cost" means a removal cost as defined under Section 11-20-7, 11-20-8, 11-20-12, or 11-20-13.
    "Underlying parcel" means a parcel of private property upon which a removal activity was performed.
    "Year" means a 365-day period.
    (j) This Section applies only to liens filed after August 14, 2009 (the effective date of Public Act 96-462).
    (k) This Section shall not apply to a lien filed pursuant to Section 11-20-15.1.
(Source: P.A. 96-462, eff. 8-14-09; 96-856, eff. 3-1-10; 96-1000, eff. 7-2-10.)