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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

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MUNICIPALITIES
(65 ILCS 5/) Illinois Municipal Code.

65 ILCS 5/Art. 11 Div. 19

 
    (65 ILCS 5/Art. 11 Div. 19 heading)
DIVISION 19. DISPOSAL OF REFUSE, GARBAGE AND ASHES

65 ILCS 5/11-19-1

    (65 ILCS 5/11-19-1) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-19-1)
    Sec. 11-19-1. Contracts.
    (a) Any city, village or incorporated town may make contracts with any other city, village, or incorporated town or with any person, corporation, or county, or any agency created by intergovernmental agreement, for more than one year and not exceeding 30 years relating to the collection and final disposition, or relating solely to either the collection or final disposition of garbage, refuse and ashes. A municipality may contract with private industry to operate a designated facility for the disposal, treatment or recycling of solid waste, and may enter into contracts with private firms or local governments for the delivery of waste to such facility. In regard to a contract involving a garbage, refuse, or garbage and refuse incineration facility, the 30 year contract limitation imposed by this Section shall be computed so that the 30 years shall not begin to run until the date on which the facility actually begins accepting garbage or refuse. The payments required in regard to any contract entered into under this Division 19 shall not be regarded as indebtedness of the city, village, or incorporated town, as the case may be, for the purpose of any debt limitation imposed by any law.
    (a-5) If a municipality with a population of less than 1,000,000 located in a county as defined in the Solid Waste and Recycling Program Act has never awarded a franchise to a private entity for the collection of waste from non-residential locations, then the municipality may not award a franchise unless:
        (1) the municipality provides prior written notice
    
to all haulers licensed to provide waste hauling service in that municipality of the municipality's intent to issue a request for proposal under this Section;
        (2) the municipality adopts an ordinance requiring
    
each licensed hauler, for a period of no less than 36 continuous months commencing on the first day of the month following the effective date of such ordinance, to report every 6 months to the municipality the number of non-residential locations served by the hauler in the municipality and the number of non-residential locations contracting with the hauler for the recyclable materials collection service pursuant to Section 10 of the Solid Waste Hauling and Recycling Program Act; and
        (3) the report to the municipality required under
    
paragraph (2) of this subsection (a-5) for the final 6 months of that 36-month period establishes that less than 50% of the non-residential locations in the municipality contract for recyclable material collection services pursuant to Section 10 of the Solid Waste Hauling and Recycling Program Act.
    All such reports shall be filed with the municipality by the hauler on or before the last day of the month following the end of the 6-month reporting period. Within 15 days after the last day for licensed haulers to file such reports, the municipality shall post on its website: (i) the information provided by each hauler pursuant to paragraph (2) of this subsection (a-5), without identifying the hauler; and (ii) the aggregate number of non-residential locations served by all licensed haulers in the municipality and the aggregate number of non-residential locations contracting with all licensed haulers in the municipality for the recyclable materials collection service under Section 10 of the Solid Waste Hauling and Recycling Program Act.
    (a-10) Beginning at the conclusion of the 36-month reporting period and thereafter, and upon written request of the municipality, each licensed hauler shall, for every 6-month period, report to the municipality (i) the number of non-residential locations served by the hauler in the municipality and the number of non-residential locations contracting with the hauler for the recyclable materials collection service pursuant to Section 10 of the Solid Waste Hauling and Recycling Program Act, (ii) an estimate of the quantity of recyclable materials, in tons, collected by the hauler in the municipality from non-residential locations contracting with the hauler for recyclable materials collection service pursuant to Section 10 of the Solid Waste Hauling and Recycling Program Act, and (iii) an estimate of the quantity of municipal waste, in tons, collected by the hauler in the municipality from those non-residential locations. All reports for that 6-month period shall be filed with the municipality by the hauler on or before the last day of the month following the end of the 6-month reporting period. Within 15 days after the last day for licensed haulers to file such reports, the municipality shall post on its website: (i) the information provided by each hauler pursuant to this subsection (a-10), without identifying the hauler; and (ii) the aggregate number of non-residential locations served by all licensed haulers in the municipality and the aggregate number of non-residential locations contracting with all licensed haulers in the municipality for the recyclable materials collection service under Section 10 of the Solid Waste Hauling and Recycling Program Act.
    A municipality subject to subsection (a-5) of this Section may not award a franchise unless 2 consecutive 6-month reports determine that less than 50% of the non-residential locations within the municipality contract for recyclable material collection service pursuant to Section 10 of the Solid Waste Hauling and Recycling Program Act.
    (b) If a municipality with a population of less than 1,000,000 has never awarded a franchise to a private entity for the collection of waste from non-residential locations, then that municipality may not award such a franchise without issuing a request for proposal. The municipality may not issue a request for proposal without first: (i) holding at least one public hearing seeking comment on the advisability of issuing a request for proposal and awarding a franchise; (ii) providing at least 30 days' written notice of the hearing, delivered by first class mail to all private entities that provide non-residential waste collection services within the municipality that the municipality is able to identify through its records; and (iii) providing at least 30 days' public notice of the hearing.
    After issuing a request for proposal, the municipality may not award a franchise without first: (i) allowing at least 30 days for proposals to be submitted to the municipality; (ii) holding at least one public hearing after the receipt of proposals on whether to award a franchise to a proposed franchisee; and (iii) providing at least 30 days' public notice of the hearing. At the public hearing, the municipality must disclose and discuss the proposed franchise fee or calculation formula of such franchise fee that it will receive under the proposed franchise.
    (b-5) If no request for proposal is issued within 120 days after the initial public hearing required in subsection (b), then the municipality must hold another hearing as outlined in subsection (b).
    (b-10) If a municipality has not awarded a franchise within 210 days after the date that a request for proposal is issued pursuant to subsection (b), then the municipality must adhere to all of the requirements set forth in subsections (b) and (b-5).
    (b-15) The franchise fee and any other fees, taxes, or charges imposed by the municipality in connection with a franchise for the collection of waste from non-residential locations must be used exclusively for costs associated with administering the franchise program.
    (c) If a municipality with a population of less than 1,000,000 has never awarded a franchise to a private entity for the collection of waste from non-residential locations, then a private entity may not begin providing waste collection services to non-residential locations under a franchise agreement with that municipality at any time before the date that is 15 months after the date the ordinance or resolution approving the award of the franchise is adopted.
    (d) For purposes of this Section, "waste" means garbage, refuse, or ashes as defined in Section 11-19-2.
    (e) A home rule unit may not award a franchise to a private entity for the collection of waste in a manner contrary to the provisions of this Section. This Section is a limitation under subsection (i) of Section 6 of Article VII of the Illinois Constitution on the concurrent exercise by home rule units of powers and functions exercised by the State.
(Source: P.A. 98-1079, eff. 8-26-14.)

65 ILCS 5/11-19-2

    (65 ILCS 5/11-19-2) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-19-2)
    Sec. 11-19-2. As used in this Division 19, the words "garbage", "refuse", and "ashes" have the following meanings: (1) "Garbage". Wastes resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking and consumption of food; wastes from the handling, storage and sale of produce. (2) "Refuse". Combustible trash, including, but not limited to, paper, cartons, boxes, barrels, wood, excelsior, tree branches, yard trimmings, wood furniture, bedding; noncombustible trash, including, but not limited to, metals, tin cans, metal furniture, dirt, small quantities of rock and pieces of concrete, glass, crockery, other mineral waste; street rubbish, including, but not limited to, street sweepings, dirt, leaves, catch-basin dirt, contents of litter receptacles, but refuse does not mean earth and wastes from building operations, nor shall it include solid wastes resulting from industrial processes and manufacturing operations such as food processing wastes, boiler-house cinders, lumber, scraps and shavings. (3) "Ashes". Residue from fires used for cooking and for heating buildings.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 576.)

65 ILCS 5/11-19-3

    (65 ILCS 5/11-19-3) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-19-3)
    Sec. 11-19-3. Whenever a city, village or incorporated town makes a contract that is authorized by this Division 19, the corporate authorities shall include in the annual appropriation ordinance for each fiscal year, an appropriation of a sum of money sufficient to pay the amount which, by the terms of the contract, is to become due and payable during the current fiscal year.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 576.)

65 ILCS 5/11-19-4

    (65 ILCS 5/11-19-4) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-19-4)
    Sec. 11-19-4. The corporate authorities of each city, village and incorporated town, whether organized under the general law or special charter, with a population of less than 500,000, may establish and maintain systems or plants, by contract or by direct provision, for the collection and disposal, treatment or recycling or solely for the collection or solely for the disposal, treatment or recycling of garbage, refuse and ashes in the city, village or incorporated town and for this purpose may levy a tax. In municipalities with a population of less than 25,001, the tax rate may not exceed .20% or the rate limit in effect on July 1, 1967, whichever is greater, of the value, as equalized or assessed by the Department of Revenue, on all of the taxable property in the city or village for the current year. In municipalities with a population of more than 25,000 the tax rate may not exceed .10% or the rate limit in effect on July 24, 1969, whichever is greater, of the value as equalized or assessed by the Department of Revenue on all of the taxable property in the city or village for the current year. The annual garbage tax shall be in addition to the amount authorized to be levied for general purposes as provided by Section 8-3-1.
    The foregoing limitations upon tax rates, insofar as they are applicable to cities, villages and incorporated towns of less than 500,000 population, may be increased or decreased under the referendum provisions of the General Revenue Law of Illinois.
    The corporate authorities may, in addition to the levy of a garbage tax, finance the establishment and maintenance of systems or plants, by contract or by direct provision, for the collection and disposal, treatment or recycling or solely for the collection or solely for the disposal, treatment or recycling of garbage, refuse and ashes by service charges to be collected from persons, firms and corporations receiving service. Such service charges shall be established as can reasonably be expected to yield revenues not in excess of contract obligations and the costs of operation, maintenance, and an adequate depreciation fund. If a city, village or incorporated town assesses a service charge, the schedule of charges shall be adopted by ordinance, and a copy of the schedule shall be furnished to each customer.
(Source: P.A. 84-963.)

65 ILCS 5/11-19-5

    (65 ILCS 5/11-19-5) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-19-5)
    Sec. 11-19-5. Every city, village or incorporated town may provide such method or methods as shall be approved by the corporate authorities for the disposition of garbage, refuse and ashes. Any municipality may provide by ordinance that such method or methods shall be the exclusive method or methods for the disposition of garbage, refuse and ashes to be allowed within that municipality. Such ordinance may be enacted notwithstanding the fact that competition may be displaced or that such ordinance may have an anti-competitive effect. Such methods may include, but need not be limited to land fill, feeding of garbage to hogs, incineration, reduction to fertilizer, or otherwise. Salvage and fertilizer or other matter or things of value may be sold and the proceeds used for the operation of the system. Material that is intended or collected to be recycled is not garbage, refuse or ashes.
(Source: P.A. 84-794.)

65 ILCS 5/11-19-6

    (65 ILCS 5/11-19-6) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-19-6)
    Sec. 11-19-6. Any city, village or incorporated town may exercise the powers granted by this Division 19 individually or jointly and cooperatively with any other one or more than one city, village or incorporated town or one or more than one county provided the conditions under which the powers are exercised are not in conflict with Sections 11-19-7 through 11-19-10.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 576.)

65 ILCS 5/11-19-7

    (65 ILCS 5/11-19-7) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-19-7)
    Sec. 11-19-7. When the corporate authorities of 2 or more cities, villages, or incorporated towns each declare by ordinance that it is in the best interests of such cities, villages, or incorporated towns to join with each other or with any one or more than one county in the collection and disposal or solely in the collection or solely in the disposal of garbage, refuse and ashes, they shall cause a contract to be prepared which shall set forth: (a) Whether the cities, villages or incorporated towns shall participate in a joint garbage department to be operated as an inter-municipal function; or whether the cities, villages or incorporated towns shall enter into a contract or contracts with a private party or parties for the collection and disposal of garbage, refuse and ashes; (b) The financial responsibilities and contributions of the respective cities, villages and incorporated towns and counties; (c) The personnel responsibilities and contributions of the respective cities, villages and incorporated towns and counties; (d) Whether the financing shall be by service charges to be collected from persons, firms, and corporations receiving service, by tax levies, or both; (e) The term of the contract which shall be not less than one year nor more than 30 years: Provided, such contract may be modified from time to time as conditions may warrant, may be extended for periods not exceeding 30 years, may be opened to admit additional cities, villages, incorporated towns or counties and may be changed to permit the withdrawal of any participant on such conditions as shall be agreed to by all of the participants; (f) If the contracting parties so desire, an undertaking that they will provide by ordinance, license, contract or other means that the methods of disposal employed within any municipality with more than 130,000 but less than 2,000,000 population, or within any municipality which is a signatory to a plan providing for the management of solid waste generated by more than one municipality or county, shall be the exclusive methods of disposal to be allowed within their respective jurisdictions, notwithstanding the fact that competition may be displaced or that such ordinance or agreement may have an anti-competitive effect; and (g) Such other provisions as shall be deemed necessary to effectuate a workable system of collection and disposal or solely of collection or solely of disposal of garbage, refuse, and ashes.
    The corporate authorities of any city, village, or incorporated town and the governing body of any county entering into any such joint exercise of powers shall appoint a committee of no more than 3 of its own members to make continuing studies of the operations of such joint exercise of powers. This committee shall also meet as necessary with the committees appointed by the other contracting parties and all of such committees shall together constitute a joint committee on garbage and refuse disposal. Such joint committee shall make recommendations necessary for the improvement of the garbage, refuse and ashes collection and disposal services or collection service or disposal service alone as the case may be, and shall prepare such rules and regulations as it may from time to time deem necessary. The corporate authorities may adopt such rules and regulations by ordinance and may provide penalties for the violation thereof. The committee chosen by each of the contracting parties shall have a single vote in all activities of the joint committee.
(Source: P.A. 84-963.)

65 ILCS 5/11-19-8

    (65 ILCS 5/11-19-8) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-19-8)
    Sec. 11-19-8. If a city, village or incorporated town exercises the powers granted by this Division 19 jointly and cooperatively with another city, village or incorporated town or county and it is agreed pursuant to the provisions of Section 11-19-7 that there shall be a joint garbage department to be operated as an intermunicipal function, employees assigned to such department shall nevertheless be considered employees of the appropriate individual city, village or incorporated town. The administrative head or superintendent of any such joint department shall be an employee of and shall be appointed by the mayor or president of the largest city, village or incorporated town participating in the joint department, but such appointment shall be subject to confirmation by the joint committee on operations provided for in Section 11-19-7. Any rights, privileges or benefits, civil service status, pensions or otherwise, existing or hereinafter created, appertaining to any municipal employee assigned to any joint garbage department shall continue to exist as rights, privileges or benefits without regard to such assignment and as if this amendatory act of 1957 had not been adopted.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 576.)

65 ILCS 5/11-19-9

    (65 ILCS 5/11-19-9) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-19-9)
    Sec. 11-19-9. Except as otherwise provided in Section 11-19-10, whenever a city, village or incorporated town exercises the powers granted by this Division 19 jointly and cooperatively with any other city, village or incorporated town or county, all proceeds of tax levies, service charges, sales or other income shall be placed in the treasury of the city, village or incorporated town levying the tax or assessing the service charge or making the sale, as the case may be.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 576.)

65 ILCS 5/11-19-10

    (65 ILCS 5/11-19-10) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-19-10)
    Sec. 11-19-10. Every city, village, and incorporated town may acquire by purchase, gift or condemnation any real property within or without the corporate limits of such city, village or incorporated town for the purpose of providing facilities for the disposal of garbage, refuse and ashes. In all cases where property is acquired or sought to be acquired by condemnation, the procedure shall be, as nearly as may be, like that provided for the exercise of the right of eminent domain under the Eminent Domain Act. In any village containing a population of less than 15,000 where the property sought to be acquired is to be used for a refuse derived fuel system and for industrial development that will utilize steam and electricity derived from such system, such property may be acquired pursuant to the "quick-take" procedures prescribed in Section 7-103 of such Code (now Article 20 of the Eminent Domain Act) if such procedures are commenced on or before June 30, 1987. As used herein, "refuse derived fuel system" means a facility designed to convert refuse and other waste materials into steam and electricity to be used for industrial development and other commercial purposes.
    If a city, village or incorporated town joins with one or more than one other city, village or incorporated town or county in the exercise of the powers granted by this section, (a) any real property purchased shall be taken in the names of the contracting cities, villages, incorporated towns, and counties, if any; (b) in case of condemnation, the city, village or incorporated town in which the real property lies, or the city, village or incorporated town nearest to the area of the real property to be condemned, shall institute condemnation proceedings; Provided, (1) any real property so acquired shall be held in trust by such city, village or incorporated town for the benefit of the contracting cities, villages, incorporated towns, and counties, all of which shall bear the expense of condemnation according to agreement; (2) when real property acquired by condemnation is no longer used for joint disposal of garbage, refuse and ashes, it shall be sold by the city, village or incorporated town in whose name it is held and the proceeds shall be distributed to the contracting cities, villages, incorporated towns, and counties as their interests shall appear. Any improvements existing on real property jointly acquired by purchase, gift or condemnation for garbage, refuse and ashes disposal purposes which cannot be used for such purposes may be disposed of in such manner as is mutually agreeable to the cities, villages, incorporated towns, and counties involved.
(Source: P.A. 94-1055, eff. 1-1-07.)