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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

REVENUE
(35 ILCS 200/) Property Tax Code.

35 ILCS 200/Art. 10 Div. 16

 
    (35 ILCS 200/Art. 10 Div. 16 heading)
DIVISION 16. CONSERVATION STEWARDSHIP LAW
(Source: P.A. 95-633, eff. 10-1-07.)

35 ILCS 200/10-400

    (35 ILCS 200/10-400)
    Sec. 10-400. Short title; findings and policy.
    (a) This Division may be cited as the Conservation Stewardship Law.
    (b) The General Assembly finds that it is in the best interest of this State to maintain, preserve, conserve, and manage unimproved land to assure the protection of these limited and unique environmental resources for the economic and social well-being of the State and its citizens.
    The General Assembly further finds that, to maximize voluntary taxpayer participation in conservation programs, conservation should be recognized as a legitimate land use and taxpayers should have a full range of incentive programs from which to choose.
    Therefore, the General Assembly declares that it is in the public interest to prevent the forced conversion of unimproved land to more intensive uses as a result of economic pressures caused by the property tax system at values incompatible with their preservation and management as unimproved land, and that a program should be designed to permit the continued availability of this land for these purposes.
    The General Assembly further declares that the following provisions are intended to allow for the conservation, management, and assessment of unimproved land generally suitable for the perpetual growth and preservation of such land in this State.
(Source: P.A. 95-633, eff. 10-1-07.)

35 ILCS 200/10-405

    (35 ILCS 200/10-405)
    Sec. 10-405. Definitions. As used in this Division:
    "Unimproved land" means woodlands, prairie, wetlands, or other vacant and undeveloped land that is not used for any residential or commercial purpose that materially disturbs the land.
    "Conservation management plan" means a plan approved by the Department of Natural Resources that specifies conservation and management practices, including uses that will be conducted to preserve and restore unimproved land.
    "Managed land" means unimproved land of 5 contiguous acres or more that is subject to a conservation management plan.
(Source: P.A. 95-633, eff. 10-1-07.)

35 ILCS 200/10-410

    (35 ILCS 200/10-410)
    Sec. 10-410. Conservation management plan; rules. The Department of Natural Resources shall adopt rules specifying the form and content of a conservation management plan sufficient for managed land to be valued under this Division. The rules adopted under this Section must require a description of the managed land and must specify the conservation and management practices that are appropriate to preserve and maintain unimproved land in this State and any other conservation practices.
(Source: P.A. 95-633, eff. 10-1-07.)

35 ILCS 200/10-415

    (35 ILCS 200/10-415)
    Sec. 10-415. Plan submission and review; approval.
    (a) A taxpayer requesting special valuation of unimproved land under this Division must first submit a conservation management plan for that land to the Department of Natural Resources for review. The Department of Natural Resources shall review each submitted plan for compliance with the standards and criteria set forth in its rules.
    (b) Upon approval, the Department of Natural Resources shall issue to the taxpayer a written declaration that the land is subject to a conservation management plan approved by the Department of Natural Resources.
    (c) The Department of Natural Resources shall reapprove the plan every 10 years and revise it when necessary or appropriate.
    (d) If a plan is not approved, then the Department of Natural Resources shall state the reasons for the denial and provide the taxpayer an opportunity to amend the plan to conform to the requirements of this Division. If the application is denied a second time, the taxpayer may appeal the decision to an independent 3-member panel to be established within the Department of Natural Resources.
    (e) The submission of an application for a conservation management plan under this Section or of a forestry management plan under Section 10-150 shall be treated as compliance with the requirements of that plan until the Department of Natural Resources can review the application. The Department of Natural Resources shall certify, to the Department, these applications as being approved plans for the purpose of this Division.
(Source: P.A. 95-633, eff. 10-1-07.)

35 ILCS 200/10-420

    (35 ILCS 200/10-420)
    Sec. 10-420. Special valuation of managed land; exceptions.
    (a) In all counties, except for Cook County, beginning with assessments made in 2008 and thereafter, managed land for which an application has been approved under Section 10-415 that contains 5 or more contiguous acres is valued at 5% of its fair cash value.
    (b) The special valuation under this Section does not apply to (i) any land that has been assessed as farmland under Sections 10-110 through 10-145, (ii) land valued under Section 10-152 or 10-153, (iii) land valued as open space under Section 10-155, (iv) land certified under Section 10-167, or (v) any property dedicated as a nature preserve or a nature preserve buffer under the Illinois Natural Areas Preservation Act and assessed in accordance with subsection (e) of Section 9-145.
(Source: P.A. 95-633, eff. 10-1-07.)

35 ILCS 200/10-425

    (35 ILCS 200/10-425)
    Sec. 10-425. Certification.
    (a) The Department of Natural Resources shall certify to the Department a list of applications approved under Section 10-415. This list must contain the following information for each approved application:
        (1) the name and address of the taxpayer;
        (2) the county in which the land is located;
        (3) the size and each property index number or
    
legal description of the land that was approved; and
        (4) copies of the taxpayer's approved conservation
    
management plan.
    (b) Within 30 days after the receipt of this information, the Department shall notify in writing the chief county assessment officer of each parcel of land covered by an approved conservation management plan and application. The chief county assessment officer shall determine the valuation of the land as otherwise permitted by law and as required under Section 10-420 of this Division, and shall list them separately.
(Source: P.A. 95-633, eff. 10-1-07.)

35 ILCS 200/10-430

    (35 ILCS 200/10-430)
    Sec. 10-430. Withdrawal from special valuation.
    (a) If any of the following events occur, then the Department of Natural Resources shall withdraw all or a portion of the land from special valuation:
        (1) the Department of Natural Resources determines,
    
based on field inspections or from any other reasonable evidence, that the land no longer meets the criteria under this Division; or
        (2) the failure of the taxpayer to respond to a
    
request from the Department of Natural Resources or the chief county assessment officer of each county in which the property is located for data regarding the use of the land or other similar information pertinent to the continued special valuation of the land.
    (b) A determination by the Department of Natural Resources to withdraw land from the special valuation under this Act is effective on the following January 1 of the assessment year in which the withdrawal occurred.
    (c) The Department of Natural Resources shall notify the chief county assessment officer and the Department in writing of any land withdrawn from special valuation. Upon withdrawal, additional taxes must be calculated as provided in Section 10-445.
(Source: P.A. 95-633, eff. 10-1-07.)

35 ILCS 200/10-435

    (35 ILCS 200/10-435)
    Sec. 10-435. Recapture.
    (a) If, in any taxable year that the taxpayer receives a special valuation under Section 10-470, the taxpayer does not comply with the conservation management plan, then the taxpayer shall, by the following September 1, pay to the county treasurer the difference between: (i) the taxes paid for that year and; (ii) what the taxes for that year would have been based on a valuation otherwise permitted by law.
    (b) If the amount under subsection (a) is not paid by the following September 1, then that amount is considered to be delinquent property taxes.
    (c) If a taxpayer who currently owns land in (i) a forestry management plan under Section 10-150 or (ii) land registered or encumbered by conservation rights under Section 10-166 that would qualify for the tax assessment under this Division, then the taxpayer may apply for reassessment under this Division and shall not be penalized for doing so.
(Source: P.A. 95-633, eff. 10-1-07.)

35 ILCS 200/10-440

    (35 ILCS 200/10-440)
    Sec. 10-440. Sale or transfer of unimproved land. The sale or transfer of unimproved land does not affect the valuation of the land, unless there is a change in the use of the land or the acreage requirement is no longer met. Any tract of land containing less than 5 acres after a sale or transfer may be reclassified by the chief county assessment officer and valued as otherwise permitted by law. The taxpayer and the Department of Natural Resources may revise a conservation management plan whenever there is a change in the ownership of the affected land.
(Source: P.A. 95-633, eff. 10-1-07.)

35 ILCS 200/10-445

    (35 ILCS 200/10-445)
    Sec. 10-445. Rules. The Department of Natural Resources shall adopt rules to implement and administer this Act.
(Source: P.A. 95-633, eff. 10-1-07.)