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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

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REVENUE
(35 ILCS 200/) Property Tax Code.

35 ILCS 200/Art. 21 Div. 7

 
    (35 ILCS 200/Art. 21 Div. 7 heading)
Division 7. Redemption procedures and notice requirements

35 ILCS 200/21-345

    (35 ILCS 200/21-345)
    Sec. 21-345. Right of redemption.
    (a) Property sold under this Code may be redeemed only by those persons having a right of redemption as defined in this Section and only in accordance with this Code.
    A right to redeem property from any sale under this Code shall exist in any owner or person interested in that property, other than an undisclosed beneficiary of an Illinois land trust, whether or not the interest in the property sold is recorded or filed. Any redemption shall be presumed to have been made by or on behalf of the owners and persons interested in the property and shall inure to the benefit of the persons having the legal or equitable title to the property redeemed, subject to the right of the person making the redemption to be reimbursed by the persons benefited. No redemption shall be held invalid by reason of the failure of the person redeeming to have recorded or filed the document evidencing an interest in the property prior to redemption, other than an undisclosed beneficiary of an Illinois land trust.
    (b) Any person who desires to redeem and does not desire to contest the validity of a petition for tax deed may redeem pursuant to this Section and related Sections of this Code without submitting a written protest under Section 21-380. This subsection (b) shall be construed as declarative of existing law and not as a new enactment.
(Source: P.A. 91-564, eff. 8-14-99.)

35 ILCS 200/21-350

    (35 ILCS 200/21-350)
    Sec. 21-350. Period of redemption. Property sold under this Code may be redeemed at any time before the expiration of 2 years from the date of sale, except that:
        (a) If on the date of sale the property is vacant
    
non-farm property or property containing an improvement consisting of a structure or structures with 7 or more residential units or that is commercial or industrial property, it may be redeemed at any time before the expiration of 6 months from the date of sale if the property, at the time of sale, was for each of 2 or more years delinquent or forfeited for all or part of the general taxes due on the property.
        (b) If on the date of sale the property sold was
    
improved with a structure consisting of at least one and not more than 6 dwelling units it may be redeemed at any time on or before the expiration of 2 years and 6 months from the date of sale. If, however, the court that ordered the property sold, upon the verified petition of the holder of the certificate of purchase brought within 4 months from the date of sale, finds and declares that the structure on the property is abandoned, then the court may order that the property may be redeemed at any time on or before the expiration of 2 years from the date of sale. Notice of the hearing on a petition to declare the property abandoned shall be given to the owner or owners of the property and to the person in whose name the taxes were last assessed, by certified or registered mail sent to their last known addresses at least 5 days before the date of the hearing.
        (c) If the period of redemption has been extended by
    
the certificate holder as provided in Section 21-385, the property may be redeemed on or before the extended redemption date.
(Source: P.A. 86-286; 86-413; 86-418; 86-949; 86-1028; 86-1158; 86-1481; 87-145; 87-236; 87-435; 87-895; 87-1189; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/21-355

    (35 ILCS 200/21-355)
    Sec. 21-355. Amount of redemption. Any person desiring to redeem shall deposit an amount specified in this Section with the county clerk of the county in which the property is situated, in legal money of the United States, or by cashier's check, certified check, post office money order or money order issued by a financial institution insured by an agency or instrumentality of the United States, payable to the county clerk of the proper county. The deposit shall be deemed timely only if actually received in person at the county clerk's office prior to the close of business as defined in Section 3-2007 of the Counties Code on or before the expiration of the period of redemption or by United States mail with a post office cancellation mark dated not less than one day prior to the expiration of the period of redemption. The deposit shall be in an amount equal to the total of the following:
        (a) the certificate amount, which shall include all
    
tax principal, special assessments, interest and penalties paid by the tax purchaser together with costs and fees of sale and fees paid under Sections 21-295 and 21-315 through 21-335;
        (b) the accrued penalty, computed through the date of
    
redemption as a percentage of the certificate amount, as follows:
            (1) if the redemption occurs on or before the
        
expiration of 6 months from the date of sale, the certificate amount times the penalty bid at sale;
            (2) if the redemption occurs after 6 months from
        
the date of sale, and on or before the expiration of 12 months from the date of sale, the certificate amount times 2 times the penalty bid at sale;
            (3) if the redemption occurs after 12 months from
        
the date of sale and on or before the expiration of 18 months from the date of sale, the certificate amount times 3 times the penalty bid at sale;
            (4) if the redemption occurs after 18 months from
        
the date of sale and on or before the expiration of 24 months from the date of sale, the certificate amount times 4 times the penalty bid at sale;
            (5) if the redemption occurs after 24 months from
        
the date of sale and on or before the expiration of 30 months from the date of sale, the certificate amount times 5 times the penalty bid at sale;
            (6) if the redemption occurs after 30 months from
        
the date of sale and on or before the expiration of 36 months from the date of sale, the certificate amount times 6 times the penalty bid at sale.
            In the event that the property to be redeemed has
        
been purchased under Section 21-405, the penalty bid shall be 12% per penalty period as set forth in subparagraphs (1) through (6) of this subsection (b). The changes to this subdivision (b)(6) made by this amendatory Act of the 91st General Assembly are not a new enactment, but declaratory of existing law.
        (c) The total of all taxes, special assessments,
    
accrued interest on those taxes and special assessments and costs charged in connection with the payment of those taxes or special assessments, which have been paid by the tax certificate holder on or after the date those taxes or special assessments became delinquent together with 12% penalty on each amount so paid for each year or portion thereof intervening between the date of that payment and the date of redemption. In counties with less than 3,000,000 inhabitants, however, a tax certificate holder may not pay all or part of an installment of a subsequent tax or special assessment for any year, nor shall any tender of such a payment be accepted, until after the second or final installment of the subsequent tax or special assessment has become delinquent or until after the holder of the certificate of purchase has filed a petition for a tax deed under Section 22.30. The person redeeming shall also pay the amount of interest charged on the subsequent tax or special assessment and paid as a penalty by the tax certificate holder. This amendatory Act of 1995 applies to tax years beginning with the 1995 taxes, payable in 1996, and thereafter.
        (d) Any amount paid to redeem a forfeiture occurring
    
subsequent to the tax sale together with 12% penalty thereon for each year or portion thereof intervening between the date of the forfeiture redemption and the date of redemption from the sale.
        (e) Any amount paid by the certificate holder for
    
redemption of a subsequently occurring tax sale.
        (f) All fees paid to the county clerk under Section
    
22-5.
        (g) All fees paid to the registrar of titles incident
    
to registering the tax certificate in compliance with the Registered Titles (Torrens) Act.
        (h) All fees paid to the circuit clerk and the
    
sheriff, a licensed or registered private detective, or the coroner in connection with the filing of the petition for tax deed and service of notices under Sections 22-15 through 22-30 and 22-40 in addition to (1) a fee of $35 if a petition for tax deed has been filed, which fee shall be posted to the tax judgement, sale, redemption, and forfeiture record, to be paid to the purchaser or his or her assignee; (2) a fee of $4 if a notice under Section 22-5 has been filed, which fee shall be posted to the tax judgment, sale, redemption, and forfeiture record, to be paid to the purchaser or his or her assignee; (3) all costs paid to record a lis pendens notice in connection with filing a petition under this Code; and (4) if a petition for tax deed has been filed, all fees up to $150 per redemption paid to a registered or licensed title insurance company or title insurance agent for a title search to identify all owners, parties interested, and occupants of the property, to be paid to the purchaser or his or her assignee. The fees in (1) and (2) of this paragraph (h) shall be exempt from the posting requirements of Section 21-360. The costs incurred in causing notices to be served by a licensed or registered private detective under Section 22-15, may not exceed the amount that the sheriff would be authorized by law to charge if those notices had been served by the sheriff.
        (i) All fees paid for publication of notice of the
    
tax sale in accordance with Section 22-20.
        (j) All sums paid to any county, city, village or
    
incorporated town for reimbursement under Section 22-35.
        (k) All costs and expenses of receivership under
    
Section 21-410, to the extent that these costs and expenses exceed any income from the property in question, if the costs and expenditures have been approved by the court appointing the receiver and a certified copy of the order or approval is filed and posted by the certificate holder with the county clerk. Only actual costs expended may be posted on the tax judgment, sale, redemption and forfeiture record.
(Source: P.A. 98-1162, eff. 6-1-15.)

35 ILCS 200/21-360

    (35 ILCS 200/21-360)
    Sec. 21-360. Posting requirements. Except as otherwise provided in Section 21-355, the county clerk shall not be required to include amounts described in paragraphs (c) through (k) of Section 21-355 in the payment for redemption or the amount received for redemption, nor shall payment thereof be a charge on the property sold for taxes, unless the tax certificate holder has filed and posted with the county clerk prior to redemption and in any event not less than 30 days prior to the expiration of the period of redemption or extended period of redemption an official, original or duplicate receipt for payment of those fees, costs and expenses permitted under paragraphs (c) through (k) of Section 21-355.
(Source: P.A. 86-286; 86-413; 86-418; 86-949; 86-1028; 86-1158; 86-1481; 87-145; 87-236; 87-435; 87-895; 87-1189; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/21-365

    (35 ILCS 200/21-365)
    Sec. 21-365. Deficiency judgment. If the sold property is not redeemed, a deficiency judgment shall not be taken on account of the receivership proceedings against the owner or owners of the property. In the event that income to the receiver exceeds expenditures, net income is to be deposited with the clerk of the court ordering the tax sale and shall be distributed as determined by the court ordering the appointment of the receiver.
(Source: P.A. 86-286; 86-413; 86-418; 86-949; 86-1028; 86-1158; 86-1481; 87-145; 87-236; 87-435; 87-895; 87-1189; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/21-370

    (35 ILCS 200/21-370)
    Sec. 21-370. Redemption of forfeited property. Except as otherwise provided in Section 21-375, any property forfeited to the state may be redeemed or sold in the following manner:
    When property has been forfeited for delinquent general taxes, the person desiring to redeem shall apply to the county clerk who shall order the county collector to receive from the person the amount of the forfeited general taxes, statutory costs, interest prior to forfeiture, printer's fees due thereon and, in addition, forfeiture interest at a rate of 12% per year or fraction thereof. Upon presentation of the county clerk's order to the county collector, the collector shall receive the amount due on account of forfeited general taxes and give the person duplicate receipts, setting forth a description of the property and amount received. One of the receipts shall be countersigned by the county clerk and, when so countersigned, shall be evidence of the redemption of the property. The receipt shall not be valid until it is countersigned by the county clerk. The other receipt shall be filed by the county clerk in his or her office, and the clerk shall make a proper entry of the redemption of the property on the appropriate books in his or her office and charge the amount of the redemption to the county collector.
    In counties with 3,000,000 or more inhabitants, when property has been forfeited because of the nonpayment of delinquent special assessments, the county clerk shall collect from the person desiring to redeem the amount due on the delinquent special assessment, together with the interest, costs and penalties fixed by law, and shall issue a receipt therefor setting forth a description of the property and the amount received. The receipt shall be evidence of the redemption of the property therein described. In addition, the city comptroller or other officer designated and authorized by the city council, board of trustees or other governing body of any municipal corporation which levied any special assessment shall have power to collect the amounts due on properties which have been forfeited, and the interest and penalties due thereon, based upon an estimate of the cost of redemption computed by the county clerk and at a rate to be fixed by the city council, board of trustees or other governing body as to the interest and penalties due thereon and shall issue a receipt therefor. The person receiving the receipt shall file with the county clerk the receipt of the municipal officer that such special assessments and interest and penalties have been paid. Upon the presentation of the receipt the county clerk shall issue to the person a certificate of cancellation setting forth a description of the property, the special assessment warrant and installment, and the amount received by the municipal officer. The certificate of cancellation shall be evidence of the redemption of the property therein described. The city council, board of trustees, or other governing body may authorize the municipal officer to waive penalties for the first year in excess of 7%. The form of the receipt of redemption for filing with the county clerk shall be as prescribed by law.
    In counties with less than 3,000,000 inhabitants, when property has been forfeited in whole or in part for the non-payment of delinquent special assessments, the person desiring to redeem shall apply to the municipal collector who shall receive the amount due on the delinquent special assessment, together with the interest, costs and penalties fixed by law, and issue a certificate therefor. The recipient shall file the certificate of the municipal collector that the special assessments and the costs, interest and penalties thereon have been paid with the county clerk. The municipal collector's certificate of payment shall be filed by the county clerk in his or her office and the clerk shall make a proper entry of the redemption on the books in his or her office.
(Source: P.A. 87-669; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/21-375

    (35 ILCS 200/21-375)
    Sec. 21-375. Partial redemption of forfeited properties. In counties with less than 3,000,000 inhabitants, when forfeited taxes on a property remain unpaid for one or more years, it is permissible to pay to the county or township collector, one or more full years of back or forfeited taxes, interest prior to forfeiture, statutory costs, printers' fees, and forfeiture interest or penalties, attaching thereto beginning with the earliest year for which the taxes are unpaid. In no case shall payment on account of a designated years' taxes be accepted unless the sums due for prior years have first been paid or are tendered at the same time.
    Any person seeking to make payments under this Section shall notify the county clerk of his or her intention in person or by agent or in writing. If notice is given while the collector has possession of the collector's books, the county clerk shall prepare an addendum to be presented to the collector and attached, by the collector, to the collector's books on which the description of the property involved appears, which addendum shall become a part of the collector's books. If notice is given after the tax sale, but before receipt by the county collector of the current collector's books, the county clerk shall prepare an addendum and attach it to the Tax Judgment, Sale, Redemption, and Forfeiture record, on which the property involved appears, which addendum shall become a part of that record.
    The addendum shall show separately, for the year or years to be paid, (a) the amount of back or forfeited taxes, (b) interest prior to forfeiture, (c) statutory costs and printers' fees, and (d) forfeiture interest or penalties attaching thereto. The county clerk shall, at the same time, order the county or town collector to receive from the person the amount due on account of the taxes, for the year or years determined as provided above, of the back or forfeited taxes, interest prior to forfeiture, statutory costs, printers' fees, and forfeiture interest or penalties to date attaching to the back or forfeited taxes.
    Upon presentation of the order from the county clerk, and receipt of the addendum if the books are in the collector's possession, the collector shall receive the sum tendered on account of the taxes for the year or years designated, and make out duplicate receipts therefor. The receipts shall set forth a description of the property, the year or years paid, and the total amount received. One copy of the receipt shall be given the person making payment and, when countersigned by the county clerk, shall be evidence of the payment therein set forth. The second copy shall be filed by the county clerk in his or her office.
    If the collector's books are in the collector's possession, he or she shall enter the payment on the current collector's books or addendum, and he or she shall also enter any unpaid balance on the Tax Judgment, Sale, Redemption and Forfeiture record at the proper time.
    After the tax sale and before receipt by the county collector of the current collector's books, the county clerk shall make a proper entry on the Tax Judgment, Sale, Redemption and Forfeiture record, and shall charge the county collector with the sum received. The county clerk shall also enter any unpaid balance on the county collector's books at the proper time.
    The county collector shall distribute all sums received as required by law.
(Source: P.A. 76-2254; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/21-380

    (35 ILCS 200/21-380)
    Sec. 21-380. Redemption under protest. Any person redeeming under this Section at a time subsequent to the filing of a petition under Section 22-30 or 21-445, who desires to preserve his or her right to defend against the petition for a tax deed, shall accompany the deposit for redemption with a writing substantially in the following form:
Redemption Under Protest
Tax Deed Case No. ............................................
Vol. No. .....................................................
Property Index No.
    or Legal Description. ....................................
Original Amount of Tax $. ....................................
Amount Deposited for Redemption $. ...........................
Name of Petitioner. ..........................................
Tax Year Included in Judgment. ...............................
Date of Sale. ................................................
Expiration Date of the Period of Redemption. .................
To the county clerk of ........ County:
    This redemption is made under protest for the following reasons: (here set forth and specify the grounds relied upon for the objection)
Name of party redeeming. .....................................
Address. .....................................................
    Any grounds for the objection not specified at the time of the redemption under protest shall not be considered by the court. The specified grounds for the objections shall be limited to those defenses as would provide sufficient basis to deny entry of an order for issuance of a tax deed. Nothing in this Section shall be construed to authorize or revive any objection to the tax sale or underlying taxes which was estopped by entry of the order for sale as set forth in Section 22-75.
    The person protesting shall present to the county clerk 3 copies of the written protest signed by himself or herself. The clerk shall write or stamp the date of receipt upon the copies and sign them. He or she shall retain one of the copies, another he or she shall deliver to the person making the redemption, who shall file the copy with the clerk of the court in which the tax deed petition is pending, and the third he or she shall forward to the petitioner named therein.
    The county clerk shall enter the redemption as provided in Section 21-230 and shall note the redemption under protest. The redemption money so deposited shall not be distributed to the holder of the certificate of purchase but shall be retained by the county clerk pending disposition of the petition filed under Section 22-30.
    Redemption under protest constitutes the appearance of the person protesting in the proceedings under Section 22-30 through 22-55 and that person shall present a defense to the petition for tax deed at the time which the court directs. Failure to appear and defend shall constitute a waiver of the protest and the court shall order the redemption money distributed to the holder of the certificate of purchase upon surrender of that certificate and shall dismiss the proceedings.
    When the party redeeming appears and presents a defense, the court shall hear and determine the matter. If the defense is not sustained, the court shall order the protest stricken and direct the county clerk to distribute the redemption money upon surrender of the certificate of purchase and shall order the party redeeming to pay the petitioner reasonable expenses, actually incurred, including the cost of withheld redemption money, together with a reasonable attorneys fee. Upon a finding sustaining the protest in whole or in part, the court may declare the sale to be a sale in error under Section 21-310 or Section 22-45, and shall direct the county clerk to return all or part of the redemption money or deposit to the party redeeming.
(Source: P.A. 86-286; 86-413; 86-418; 86-949; 86-1028; 86-1158; 86-1481; 87-145; 87-236; 87-435; 87-895; 87-1189; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/21-385

    (35 ILCS 200/21-385)
    Sec. 21-385. Extension of period of redemption. The purchaser or his or her assignee of property sold for nonpayment of general taxes or special assessments may extend the period of redemption at any time before the expiration of the original period of redemption, or thereafter prior to the expiration of any extended period of redemption, for a period which will expire not later than 3 years from the date of sale, by filing with the county clerk of the county in which the property is located a written notice to that effect describing the property, stating the date of the sale and specifying the extended period of redemption. If prior to the expiration of the period of redemption or extended period of redemption a petition for tax deed has been filed under Section 22-30, upon application of the petitioner, the court shall allow the purchaser or his or her assignee to extend the period of redemption after expiration of the original period or any extended period of redemption, provided that any extension allowed will expire not later than 3 years from the date of sale. If the period of redemption is extended, the purchaser or his or her assignee must give the notices provided for in Section 22-10 at the specified times prior to the expiration of the extended period of redemption by causing a sheriff (or if he or she is disqualified, a coroner) of the county in which the property, or any part thereof, is located to serve the notices as provided in Sections 22-15 and 22-20. The notices may also be served as provided in Sections 22-15 and 22-20 by a special process server appointed by the court under Section 22-15.
(Source: P.A. 91-209, eff. 1-1-00; 91-554, eff. 8-14-99.)

35 ILCS 200/21-390

    (35 ILCS 200/21-390)
    Sec. 21-390. Effect of receipt of redemption money, forfeiture, withdrawal or return of certificate. The receipt of the redemption money on any property by any purchaser or assignee, on account of any forfeiture or withdrawal, or the return of the certificate of purchase, withdrawal or forfeiture for cancellation, shall operate as a release of the claim to the property under, or by virtue of, the purchase, withdrawal or forfeiture. However, when a certificate of purchase has been recorded in the office of the county recorder by any city, incorporated town or village with 1,000,000 or more inhabitants in which the property is situated, the recording of a certificate by the County Clerk, reciting the cancellation of the certificate of purchase on the tax judgment, sale, redemption and forfeiture record, shall operate as a release of the lien of the city, incorporated town, or village under the certificate of purchase.
(Source: P.A. 83-358; 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/21-395

    (35 ILCS 200/21-395)
    Sec. 21-395. County clerk to pay successor redemption money collected. At the expiration of his or her term of office, the county clerk shall pay over to the successor in office all moneys in his or her hands received for redemption from sale for taxes on property.
(Source: Laws 1939, p. 886; P.A. 88-455.)

35 ILCS 200/21-397

    (35 ILCS 200/21-397)
    Sec. 21-397. Notice of order setting aside redemption. In counties with 3,000,000 or more inhabitants, if an order is entered setting aside a redemption made within the time allowed by law after a petition for tax deed has been filed, the holder of the certificate of purchase shall mail a copy of the order within 7 days of entry of the order by registered or certified mail to the county clerk, to the person who made the redemption, and to all parties entitled to notice of the petition under Section 22-10, 22-15, or 22-25. The order shall provide that any person who was entitled to redeem may pay to the county clerk within 30 days after the entry of the order the amount necessary to redeem the property from the sale as of the last day of the period of redemption. The county clerk shall make an entry in the annual tax judgment, sale, redemption, and forfeiture record reflecting the entry of the order and shall immediately upon request provide an estimate of the amount required to effect a redemption as of the last date of the period of redemption. If the amount is paid within 30 days after entry of the order, then the court shall enter an order declaring the taxes to be paid as if the property had been redeemed within the time required by law and dismissing the petition for tax deed. A tax deed shall not be issued within the 30-day period. Upon surrender of the certificate of purchase, the county clerk shall distribute the funds deposited as if a timely redemption had been made. This Section applies to all redemptions that occur after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 91st General Assembly.
(Source: P.A. 91-564, eff. 8-14-99.)