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Illinois Compiled Statutes

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Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

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REVENUE
(35 ILCS 5/) Illinois Income Tax Act.

35 ILCS 5/Art. 9

 
    (35 ILCS 5/Art. 9 heading)
ARTICLE 9. PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION.

35 ILCS 5/901

    (35 ILCS 5/901) (from Ch. 120, par. 9-901)
    (Text of Section from P.A. 100-22)
    Sec. 901. Collection authority.
    (a) In general.
    The Department shall collect the taxes imposed by this Act. The Department shall collect certified past due child support amounts under Section 2505-650 of the Department of Revenue Law (20 ILCS 2505/2505-650). Except as provided in subsections (c), (e), (f), (g), and (h) of this Section, money collected pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act shall be paid into the General Revenue Fund in the State treasury; money collected pursuant to subsections (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act shall be paid into the Personal Property Tax Replacement Fund, a special fund in the State Treasury; and money collected under Section 2505-650 of the Department of Revenue Law (20 ILCS 2505/2505-650) shall be paid into the Child Support Enforcement Trust Fund, a special fund outside the State Treasury, or to the State Disbursement Unit established under Section 10-26 of the Illinois Public Aid Code, as directed by the Department of Healthcare and Family Services.
    (b) Local Government Distributive Fund.
    Beginning August 1, 1969, and continuing through June 30, 1994, the Treasurer shall transfer each month from the General Revenue Fund to a special fund in the State treasury, to be known as the "Local Government Distributive Fund", an amount equal to 1/12 of the net revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act during the preceding month. Beginning July 1, 1994, and continuing through June 30, 1995, the Treasurer shall transfer each month from the General Revenue Fund to the Local Government Distributive Fund an amount equal to 1/11 of the net revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act during the preceding month. Beginning July 1, 1995 and continuing through January 31, 2011, the Treasurer shall transfer each month from the General Revenue Fund to the Local Government Distributive Fund an amount equal to the net of (i) 1/10 of the net revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of the Illinois Income Tax Act during the preceding month (ii) minus, beginning July 1, 2003 and ending June 30, 2004, $6,666,666, and beginning July 1, 2004, zero. Beginning February 1, 2011, and continuing through January 31, 2015, the Treasurer shall transfer each month from the General Revenue Fund to the Local Government Distributive Fund an amount equal to the sum of (i) 6% (10% of the ratio of the 3% individual income tax rate prior to 2011 to the 5% individual income tax rate after 2010) of the net revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act upon individuals, trusts, and estates during the preceding month and (ii) 6.86% (10% of the ratio of the 4.8% corporate income tax rate prior to 2011 to the 7% corporate income tax rate after 2010) of the net revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act upon corporations during the preceding month. Beginning February 1, 2015 and continuing through July 31, 2017, the Treasurer shall transfer each month from the General Revenue Fund to the Local Government Distributive Fund an amount equal to the sum of (i) 8% (10% of the ratio of the 3% individual income tax rate prior to 2011 to the 3.75% individual income tax rate after 2014) of the net revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act upon individuals, trusts, and estates during the preceding month and (ii) 9.14% (10% of the ratio of the 4.8% corporate income tax rate prior to 2011 to the 5.25% corporate income tax rate after 2014) of the net revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act upon corporations during the preceding month. Beginning August 1, 2017, the Treasurer shall transfer each month from the General Revenue Fund to the Local Government Distributive Fund an amount equal to the sum of (i) 6.06% (10% of the ratio of the 3% individual income tax rate prior to 2011 to the 4.95% individual income tax rate after July 1, 2017) of the net revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act upon individuals, trusts, and estates during the preceding month and (ii) 6.85% (10% of the ratio of the 4.8% corporate income tax rate prior to 2011 to the 7% corporate income tax rate after July 1, 2017) of the net revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act upon corporations during the preceding month. Net revenue realized for a month shall be defined as the revenue from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act which is deposited in the General Revenue Fund, the Education Assistance Fund, the Income Tax Surcharge Local Government Distributive Fund, the Fund for the Advancement of Education, and the Commitment to Human Services Fund during the month minus the amount paid out of the General Revenue Fund in State warrants during that same month as refunds to taxpayers for overpayment of liability under the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act.
    Beginning on August 26, 2014 (the effective date of Public Act 98-1052), the Comptroller shall perform the transfers required by this subsection (b) no later than 60 days after he or she receives the certification from the Treasurer as provided in Section 1 of the State Revenue Sharing Act.
    (c) Deposits Into Income Tax Refund Fund.
        (1) Beginning on January 1, 1989 and thereafter, the
    
Department shall deposit a percentage of the amounts collected pursuant to subsections (a) and (b)(1), (2), and (3), of Section 201 of this Act into a fund in the State treasury known as the Income Tax Refund Fund. The Department shall deposit 6% of such amounts during the period beginning January 1, 1989 and ending on June 30, 1989. Beginning with State fiscal year 1990 and for each fiscal year thereafter, the percentage deposited into the Income Tax Refund Fund during a fiscal year shall be the Annual Percentage. For fiscal years 1999 through 2001, the Annual Percentage shall be 7.1%. For fiscal year 2003, the Annual Percentage shall be 8%. For fiscal year 2004, the Annual Percentage shall be 11.7%. Upon the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly, the Annual Percentage shall be 10% for fiscal year 2005. For fiscal year 2006, the Annual Percentage shall be 9.75%. For fiscal year 2007, the Annual Percentage shall be 9.75%. For fiscal year 2008, the Annual Percentage shall be 7.75%. For fiscal year 2009, the Annual Percentage shall be 9.75%. For fiscal year 2010, the Annual Percentage shall be 9.75%. For fiscal year 2011, the Annual Percentage shall be 8.75%. For fiscal year 2012, the Annual Percentage shall be 8.75%. For fiscal year 2013, the Annual Percentage shall be 9.75%. For fiscal year 2014, the Annual Percentage shall be 9.5%. For fiscal year 2015, the Annual Percentage shall be 10%. For all other fiscal years, the Annual Percentage shall be calculated as a fraction, the numerator of which shall be the amount of refunds approved for payment by the Department during the preceding fiscal year as a result of overpayment of tax liability under subsections (a) and (b)(1), (2), and (3) of Section 201 of this Act plus the amount of such refunds remaining approved but unpaid at the end of the preceding fiscal year, minus the amounts transferred into the Income Tax Refund Fund from the Tobacco Settlement Recovery Fund, and the denominator of which shall be the amounts which will be collected pursuant to subsections (a) and (b)(1), (2), and (3) of Section 201 of this Act during the preceding fiscal year; except that in State fiscal year 2002, the Annual Percentage shall in no event exceed 7.6%. The Director of Revenue shall certify the Annual Percentage to the Comptroller on the last business day of the fiscal year immediately preceding the fiscal year for which it is to be effective.
        (2) Beginning on January 1, 1989 and thereafter, the
    
Department shall deposit a percentage of the amounts collected pursuant to subsections (a) and (b)(6), (7), and (8), (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act into a fund in the State treasury known as the Income Tax Refund Fund. The Department shall deposit 18% of such amounts during the period beginning January 1, 1989 and ending on June 30, 1989. Beginning with State fiscal year 1990 and for each fiscal year thereafter, the percentage deposited into the Income Tax Refund Fund during a fiscal year shall be the Annual Percentage. For fiscal years 1999, 2000, and 2001, the Annual Percentage shall be 19%. For fiscal year 2003, the Annual Percentage shall be 27%. For fiscal year 2004, the Annual Percentage shall be 32%. Upon the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly, the Annual Percentage shall be 24% for fiscal year 2005. For fiscal year 2006, the Annual Percentage shall be 20%. For fiscal year 2007, the Annual Percentage shall be 17.5%. For fiscal year 2008, the Annual Percentage shall be 15.5%. For fiscal year 2009, the Annual Percentage shall be 17.5%. For fiscal year 2010, the Annual Percentage shall be 17.5%. For fiscal year 2011, the Annual Percentage shall be 17.5%. For fiscal year 2012, the Annual Percentage shall be 17.5%. For fiscal year 2013, the Annual Percentage shall be 14%. For fiscal year 2014, the Annual Percentage shall be 13.4%. For fiscal year 2015, the Annual Percentage shall be 14%. For all other fiscal years, the Annual Percentage shall be calculated as a fraction, the numerator of which shall be the amount of refunds approved for payment by the Department during the preceding fiscal year as a result of overpayment of tax liability under subsections (a) and (b)(6), (7), and (8), (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act plus the amount of such refunds remaining approved but unpaid at the end of the preceding fiscal year, and the denominator of which shall be the amounts which will be collected pursuant to subsections (a) and (b)(6), (7), and (8), (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act during the preceding fiscal year; except that in State fiscal year 2002, the Annual Percentage shall in no event exceed 23%. The Director of Revenue shall certify the Annual Percentage to the Comptroller on the last business day of the fiscal year immediately preceding the fiscal year for which it is to be effective.
        (3) The Comptroller shall order transferred and the
    
Treasurer shall transfer from the Tobacco Settlement Recovery Fund to the Income Tax Refund Fund (i) $35,000,000 in January, 2001, (ii) $35,000,000 in January, 2002, and (iii) $35,000,000 in January, 2003.
    (d) Expenditures from Income Tax Refund Fund.
        (1) Beginning January 1, 1989, money in the Income
    
Tax Refund Fund shall be expended exclusively for the purpose of paying refunds resulting from overpayment of tax liability under Section 201 of this Act, for paying rebates under Section 208.1 in the event that the amounts in the Homeowners' Tax Relief Fund are insufficient for that purpose, and for making transfers pursuant to this subsection (d).
        (2) The Director shall order payment of refunds
    
resulting from overpayment of tax liability under Section 201 of this Act from the Income Tax Refund Fund only to the extent that amounts collected pursuant to Section 201 of this Act and transfers pursuant to this subsection (d) and item (3) of subsection (c) have been deposited and retained in the Fund.
        (3) As soon as possible after the end of each fiscal
    
year, the Director shall order transferred and the State Treasurer and State Comptroller shall transfer from the Income Tax Refund Fund to the Personal Property Tax Replacement Fund an amount, certified by the Director to the Comptroller, equal to the excess of the amount collected pursuant to subsections (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act deposited into the Income Tax Refund Fund during the fiscal year over the amount of refunds resulting from overpayment of tax liability under subsections (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act paid from the Income Tax Refund Fund during the fiscal year.
        (4) As soon as possible after the end of each fiscal
    
year, the Director shall order transferred and the State Treasurer and State Comptroller shall transfer from the Personal Property Tax Replacement Fund to the Income Tax Refund Fund an amount, certified by the Director to the Comptroller, equal to the excess of the amount of refunds resulting from overpayment of tax liability under subsections (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act paid from the Income Tax Refund Fund during the fiscal year over the amount collected pursuant to subsections (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act deposited into the Income Tax Refund Fund during the fiscal year.
        (4.5) As soon as possible after the end of fiscal
    
year 1999 and of each fiscal year thereafter, the Director shall order transferred and the State Treasurer and State Comptroller shall transfer from the Income Tax Refund Fund to the General Revenue Fund any surplus remaining in the Income Tax Refund Fund as of the end of such fiscal year; excluding for fiscal years 2000, 2001, and 2002 amounts attributable to transfers under item (3) of subsection (c) less refunds resulting from the earned income tax credit.
        (5) This Act shall constitute an irrevocable and
    
continuing appropriation from the Income Tax Refund Fund for the purpose of paying refunds upon the order of the Director in accordance with the provisions of this Section.
    (e) Deposits into the Education Assistance Fund and the Income Tax Surcharge Local Government Distributive Fund.
    On July 1, 1991, and thereafter, of the amounts collected pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act, minus deposits into the Income Tax Refund Fund, the Department shall deposit 7.3% into the Education Assistance Fund in the State Treasury. Beginning July 1, 1991, and continuing through January 31, 1993, of the amounts collected pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of the Illinois Income Tax Act, minus deposits into the Income Tax Refund Fund, the Department shall deposit 3.0% into the Income Tax Surcharge Local Government Distributive Fund in the State Treasury. Beginning February 1, 1993 and continuing through June 30, 1993, of the amounts collected pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of the Illinois Income Tax Act, minus deposits into the Income Tax Refund Fund, the Department shall deposit 4.4% into the Income Tax Surcharge Local Government Distributive Fund in the State Treasury. Beginning July 1, 1993, and continuing through June 30, 1994, of the amounts collected under subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act, minus deposits into the Income Tax Refund Fund, the Department shall deposit 1.475% into the Income Tax Surcharge Local Government Distributive Fund in the State Treasury.
    (f) Deposits into the Fund for the Advancement of Education. Beginning February 1, 2015, the Department shall deposit the following portions of the revenue realized from the tax imposed upon individuals, trusts, and estates by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act during the preceding month, minus deposits into the Income Tax Refund Fund, into the Fund for the Advancement of Education:
        (1) beginning February 1, 2015, and prior to February
    
1, 2025, 1/30; and
        (2) beginning February 1, 2025, 1/26.
    If the rate of tax imposed by subsection (a) and (b) of Section 201 is reduced pursuant to Section 201.5 of this Act, the Department shall not make the deposits required by this subsection (f) on or after the effective date of the reduction.
    (g) Deposits into the Commitment to Human Services Fund. Beginning February 1, 2015, the Department shall deposit the following portions of the revenue realized from the tax imposed upon individuals, trusts, and estates by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act during the preceding month, minus deposits into the Income Tax Refund Fund, into the Commitment to Human Services Fund:
        (1) beginning February 1, 2015, and prior to February
    
1, 2025, 1/30; and
        (2) beginning February 1, 2025, 1/26.
    If the rate of tax imposed by subsection (a) and (b) of Section 201 is reduced pursuant to Section 201.5 of this Act, the Department shall not make the deposits required by this subsection (g) on or after the effective date of the reduction.
    (h) Deposits into the Tax Compliance and Administration Fund. Beginning on the first day of the first calendar month to occur on or after August 26, 2014 (the effective date of Public Act 98-1098), each month the Department shall pay into the Tax Compliance and Administration Fund, to be used, subject to appropriation, to fund additional auditors and compliance personnel at the Department, an amount equal to 1/12 of 5% of the cash receipts collected during the preceding fiscal year by the Audit Bureau of the Department from the tax imposed by subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d) of Section 201 of this Act, net of deposits into the Income Tax Refund Fund made from those cash receipts.
(Source: P.A. 99-78, eff. 7-20-15; 100-22, eff. 7-6-17.)
 
    (Text of Section from P.A. 100-23)
    Sec. 901. Collection authority.
    (a) In general.
    The Department shall collect the taxes imposed by this Act. The Department shall collect certified past due child support amounts under Section 2505-650 of the Department of Revenue Law. Except as provided in subsections (b), (c), (e), (f), (g), and (h) of this Section, money collected pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act shall be paid into the General Revenue Fund in the State treasury; money collected pursuant to subsections (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act shall be paid into the Personal Property Tax Replacement Fund, a special fund in the State Treasury; and money collected under Section 2505-650 of the Department of Revenue Law (20 ILCS 2505/2505-650) shall be paid into the Child Support Enforcement Trust Fund, a special fund outside the State Treasury, or to the State Disbursement Unit established under Section 10-26 of the Illinois Public Aid Code, as directed by the Department of Healthcare and Family Services.
    (b) Local Government Distributive Fund.
    Beginning August 1, 1969, and continuing through June 30, 1994, the Treasurer shall transfer each month from the General Revenue Fund to a special fund in the State treasury, to be known as the "Local Government Distributive Fund", an amount equal to 1/12 of the net revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act during the preceding month. Beginning July 1, 1994, and continuing through June 30, 1995, the Treasurer shall transfer each month from the General Revenue Fund to the Local Government Distributive Fund an amount equal to 1/11 of the net revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act during the preceding month. Beginning July 1, 1995 and continuing through January 31, 2011, the Treasurer shall transfer each month from the General Revenue Fund to the Local Government Distributive Fund an amount equal to the net of (i) 1/10 of the net revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of the Illinois Income Tax Act during the preceding month (ii) minus, beginning July 1, 2003 and ending June 30, 2004, $6,666,666, and beginning July 1, 2004, zero. Beginning February 1, 2011, and continuing through January 31, 2015, the Treasurer shall transfer each month from the General Revenue Fund to the Local Government Distributive Fund an amount equal to the sum of (i) 6% (10% of the ratio of the 3% individual income tax rate prior to 2011 to the 5% individual income tax rate after 2010) of the net revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act upon individuals, trusts, and estates during the preceding month and (ii) 6.86% (10% of the ratio of the 4.8% corporate income tax rate prior to 2011 to the 7% corporate income tax rate after 2010) of the net revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act upon corporations during the preceding month. Beginning February 1, 2015 and continuing through January 31, 2025, the Treasurer shall transfer each month from the General Revenue Fund to the Local Government Distributive Fund an amount equal to the sum of (i) 8% (10% of the ratio of the 3% individual income tax rate prior to 2011 to the 3.75% individual income tax rate after 2014) of the net revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act upon individuals, trusts, and estates during the preceding month and (ii) 9.14% (10% of the ratio of the 4.8% corporate income tax rate prior to 2011 to the 5.25% corporate income tax rate after 2014) of the net revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act upon corporations during the preceding month. Beginning February 1, 2025, the Treasurer shall transfer each month from the General Revenue Fund to the Local Government Distributive Fund an amount equal to the sum of (i) 9.23% (10% of the ratio of the 3% individual income tax rate prior to 2011 to the 3.25% individual income tax rate after 2024) of the net revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act upon individuals, trusts, and estates during the preceding month and (ii) 10% of the net revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act upon corporations during the preceding month. Net revenue realized for a month shall be defined as the revenue from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act which is deposited in the General Revenue Fund, the Education Assistance Fund, the Income Tax Surcharge Local Government Distributive Fund, the Fund for the Advancement of Education, and the Commitment to Human Services Fund during the month minus the amount paid out of the General Revenue Fund in State warrants during that same month as refunds to taxpayers for overpayment of liability under the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act.
    Notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary, beginning on the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 100th General Assembly, those amounts required under this subsection (b) to be transferred by the Treasurer into the Local Government Distributive Fund from the General Revenue Fund shall be directly deposited into the Local Government Distributive Fund as the revenue is realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act.
    For State fiscal year 2018 only, notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary, the total amount of revenue and deposits under this Section attributable to revenues realized during State fiscal year 2018 shall be reduced by 10%.
    (c) Deposits Into Income Tax Refund Fund.
        (1) Beginning on January 1, 1989 and thereafter, the
    
Department shall deposit a percentage of the amounts collected pursuant to subsections (a) and (b)(1), (2), and (3), of Section 201 of this Act into a fund in the State treasury known as the Income Tax Refund Fund. The Department shall deposit 6% of such amounts during the period beginning January 1, 1989 and ending on June 30, 1989. Beginning with State fiscal year 1990 and for each fiscal year thereafter, the percentage deposited into the Income Tax Refund Fund during a fiscal year shall be the Annual Percentage. For fiscal years 1999 through 2001, the Annual Percentage shall be 7.1%. For fiscal year 2003, the Annual Percentage shall be 8%. For fiscal year 2004, the Annual Percentage shall be 11.7%. Upon the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly, the Annual Percentage shall be 10% for fiscal year 2005. For fiscal year 2006, the Annual Percentage shall be 9.75%. For fiscal year 2007, the Annual Percentage shall be 9.75%. For fiscal year 2008, the Annual Percentage shall be 7.75%. For fiscal year 2009, the Annual Percentage shall be 9.75%. For fiscal year 2010, the Annual Percentage shall be 9.75%. For fiscal year 2011, the Annual Percentage shall be 8.75%. For fiscal year 2012, the Annual Percentage shall be 8.75%. For fiscal year 2013, the Annual Percentage shall be 9.75%. For fiscal year 2014, the Annual Percentage shall be 9.5%. For fiscal year 2015, the Annual Percentage shall be 10%. For fiscal year 2018, the Annual Percentage shall be 9.8%. For all other fiscal years, the Annual Percentage shall be calculated as a fraction, the numerator of which shall be the amount of refunds approved for payment by the Department during the preceding fiscal year as a result of overpayment of tax liability under subsections (a) and (b)(1), (2), and (3) of Section 201 of this Act plus the amount of such refunds remaining approved but unpaid at the end of the preceding fiscal year, minus the amounts transferred into the Income Tax Refund Fund from the Tobacco Settlement Recovery Fund, and the denominator of which shall be the amounts which will be collected pursuant to subsections (a) and (b)(1), (2), and (3) of Section 201 of this Act during the preceding fiscal year; except that in State fiscal year 2002, the Annual Percentage shall in no event exceed 7.6%. The Director of Revenue shall certify the Annual Percentage to the Comptroller on the last business day of the fiscal year immediately preceding the fiscal year for which it is to be effective.
        (2) Beginning on January 1, 1989 and thereafter, the
    
Department shall deposit a percentage of the amounts collected pursuant to subsections (a) and (b)(6), (7), and (8), (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act into a fund in the State treasury known as the Income Tax Refund Fund. The Department shall deposit 18% of such amounts during the period beginning January 1, 1989 and ending on June 30, 1989. Beginning with State fiscal year 1990 and for each fiscal year thereafter, the percentage deposited into the Income Tax Refund Fund during a fiscal year shall be the Annual Percentage. For fiscal years 1999, 2000, and 2001, the Annual Percentage shall be 19%. For fiscal year 2003, the Annual Percentage shall be 27%. For fiscal year 2004, the Annual Percentage shall be 32%. Upon the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly, the Annual Percentage shall be 24% for fiscal year 2005. For fiscal year 2006, the Annual Percentage shall be 20%. For fiscal year 2007, the Annual Percentage shall be 17.5%. For fiscal year 2008, the Annual Percentage shall be 15.5%. For fiscal year 2009, the Annual Percentage shall be 17.5%. For fiscal year 2010, the Annual Percentage shall be 17.5%. For fiscal year 2011, the Annual Percentage shall be 17.5%. For fiscal year 2012, the Annual Percentage shall be 17.5%. For fiscal year 2013, the Annual Percentage shall be 14%. For fiscal year 2014, the Annual Percentage shall be 13.4%. For fiscal year 2015, the Annual Percentage shall be 14%. For fiscal year 2018, the Annual Percentage shall be 17.5%. For all other fiscal years, the Annual Percentage shall be calculated as a fraction, the numerator of which shall be the amount of refunds approved for payment by the Department during the preceding fiscal year as a result of overpayment of tax liability under subsections (a) and (b)(6), (7), and (8), (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act plus the amount of such refunds remaining approved but unpaid at the end of the preceding fiscal year, and the denominator of which shall be the amounts which will be collected pursuant to subsections (a) and (b)(6), (7), and (8), (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act during the preceding fiscal year; except that in State fiscal year 2002, the Annual Percentage shall in no event exceed 23%. The Director of Revenue shall certify the Annual Percentage to the Comptroller on the last business day of the fiscal year immediately preceding the fiscal year for which it is to be effective.
        (3) The Comptroller shall order transferred and the
    
Treasurer shall transfer from the Tobacco Settlement Recovery Fund to the Income Tax Refund Fund (i) $35,000,000 in January, 2001, (ii) $35,000,000 in January, 2002, and (iii) $35,000,000 in January, 2003.
    (d) Expenditures from Income Tax Refund Fund.
        (1) Beginning January 1, 1989, money in the Income
    
Tax Refund Fund shall be expended exclusively for the purpose of paying refunds resulting from overpayment of tax liability under Section 201 of this Act, for paying rebates under Section 208.1 in the event that the amounts in the Homeowners' Tax Relief Fund are insufficient for that purpose, and for making transfers pursuant to this subsection (d).
        (2) The Director shall order payment of refunds
    
resulting from overpayment of tax liability under Section 201 of this Act from the Income Tax Refund Fund only to the extent that amounts collected pursuant to Section 201 of this Act and transfers pursuant to this subsection (d) and item (3) of subsection (c) have been deposited and retained in the Fund.
        (3) As soon as possible after the end of each fiscal
    
year, the Director shall order transferred and the State Treasurer and State Comptroller shall transfer from the Income Tax Refund Fund to the Personal Property Tax Replacement Fund an amount, certified by the Director to the Comptroller, equal to the excess of the amount collected pursuant to subsections (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act deposited into the Income Tax Refund Fund during the fiscal year over the amount of refunds resulting from overpayment of tax liability under subsections (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act paid from the Income Tax Refund Fund during the fiscal year.
        (4) As soon as possible after the end of each fiscal
    
year, the Director shall order transferred and the State Treasurer and State Comptroller shall transfer from the Personal Property Tax Replacement Fund to the Income Tax Refund Fund an amount, certified by the Director to the Comptroller, equal to the excess of the amount of refunds resulting from overpayment of tax liability under subsections (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act paid from the Income Tax Refund Fund during the fiscal year over the amount collected pursuant to subsections (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act deposited into the Income Tax Refund Fund during the fiscal year.
        (4.5) As soon as possible after the end of fiscal
    
year 1999 and of each fiscal year thereafter, the Director shall order transferred and the State Treasurer and State Comptroller shall transfer from the Income Tax Refund Fund to the General Revenue Fund any surplus remaining in the Income Tax Refund Fund as of the end of such fiscal year; excluding for fiscal years 2000, 2001, and 2002 amounts attributable to transfers under item (3) of subsection (c) less refunds resulting from the earned income tax credit.
        (5) This Act shall constitute an irrevocable and
    
continuing appropriation from the Income Tax Refund Fund for the purpose of paying refunds upon the order of the Director in accordance with the provisions of this Section.
    (e) Deposits into the Education Assistance Fund and the Income Tax Surcharge Local Government Distributive Fund.
    On July 1, 1991, and thereafter, of the amounts collected pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act, minus deposits into the Income Tax Refund Fund, the Department shall deposit 7.3% into the Education Assistance Fund in the State Treasury. Beginning July 1, 1991, and continuing through January 31, 1993, of the amounts collected pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of the Illinois Income Tax Act, minus deposits into the Income Tax Refund Fund, the Department shall deposit 3.0% into the Income Tax Surcharge Local Government Distributive Fund in the State Treasury. Beginning February 1, 1993 and continuing through June 30, 1993, of the amounts collected pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of the Illinois Income Tax Act, minus deposits into the Income Tax Refund Fund, the Department shall deposit 4.4% into the Income Tax Surcharge Local Government Distributive Fund in the State Treasury. Beginning July 1, 1993, and continuing through June 30, 1994, of the amounts collected under subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act, minus deposits into the Income Tax Refund Fund, the Department shall deposit 1.475% into the Income Tax Surcharge Local Government Distributive Fund in the State Treasury.
    (f) Deposits into the Fund for the Advancement of Education. Beginning February 1, 2015, the Department shall deposit the following portions of the revenue realized from the tax imposed upon individuals, trusts, and estates by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act during the preceding month, minus deposits into the Income Tax Refund Fund, into the Fund for the Advancement of Education:
        (1) beginning February 1, 2015, and prior to February
    
1, 2025, 1/30; and
        (2) beginning February 1, 2025, 1/26.
    If the rate of tax imposed by subsection (a) and (b) of Section 201 is reduced pursuant to Section 201.5 of this Act, the Department shall not make the deposits required by this subsection (f) on or after the effective date of the reduction.
    (g) Deposits into the Commitment to Human Services Fund. Beginning February 1, 2015, the Department shall deposit the following portions of the revenue realized from the tax imposed upon individuals, trusts, and estates by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act during the preceding month, minus deposits into the Income Tax Refund Fund, into the Commitment to Human Services Fund:
        (1) beginning February 1, 2015, and prior to February
    
1, 2025, 1/30; and
        (2) beginning February 1, 2025, 1/26.
    If the rate of tax imposed by subsection (a) and (b) of Section 201 is reduced pursuant to Section 201.5 of this Act, the Department shall not make the deposits required by this subsection (g) on or after the effective date of the reduction.
    (h) Deposits into the Tax Compliance and Administration Fund. Beginning on the first day of the first calendar month to occur on or after August 26, 2014 (the effective date of Public Act 98-1098), each month the Department shall pay into the Tax Compliance and Administration Fund, to be used, subject to appropriation, to fund additional auditors and compliance personnel at the Department, an amount equal to 1/12 of 5% of the cash receipts collected during the preceding fiscal year by the Audit Bureau of the Department from the tax imposed by subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d) of Section 201 of this Act, net of deposits into the Income Tax Refund Fund made from those cash receipts.
(Source: P.A. 99-78, eff. 7-20-15; 100-23, eff. 7-6-17.)

35 ILCS 5/902

    (35 ILCS 5/902) (from Ch. 120, par. 9-902)
    Sec. 902. Notice and Demand.
    (a) In general. Except as provided in subsection (b) the Director shall, as soon as practicable after an amount payable under this Act is deemed assessed (as provided in Section 903), give notice to each person liable for any unpaid portion of such assessment, stating the amount unpaid and demanding payment thereof. In the case of tax deemed assessed with the filing of a return, the Director shall give notice no later than 3 years after the date the return was filed. Upon receipt of any notice and demand there shall be paid at the place and time stated in such notice the amount stated in such notice. Such notice shall be left at the dwelling or usual place of business of such person or shall be sent by mail to the person's last known address.
    (b) Judicial review. In the case of a deficiency deemed assessed under Section 903(a)(2) after the filing of a protest, notice and demand shall not be made with respect to such assessment until all proceedings in court for the review of such assessment have terminated or the time for the taking thereof has expired without such proceedings being instituted.
    (c) Action for recovery of taxes. At any time that the Department might commence proceedings for a levy under Section 1109, regardless of whether a notice of lien was filed under the provisions of Section 1103, it may bring an action in any court of competent jurisdiction within or without this State in the name of the people of this State to recover the amount of any taxes, penalties and interest due and unpaid under this Act. In such action, the certificate of the Department showing the amount of the delinquency shall be prima facie evidence of the correctness of such amount, its assessment and of the compliance by the Department with all the provisions of this Act.
    (d) Sales or transfers outside the usual course of business-Report-Payment of Tax - Rights and duties of purchaser or transferee - penalty. If any taxpayer, outside the usual course of his business, sells or transfers the major part of any one or more of (A) the stock of goods which he is engaged in the business of selling, or (B) the furniture or fixtures, or (C) the machinery and equipment, or (D) the real property, of any business that is subject to the provisions of this Act, the purchaser or transferee of such assets shall, no later than 10 business days after the sale or transfer, file a notice of sale or transfer of business assets with the Chicago office of the Department disclosing the name and address of the seller or transferor, the name and address of the purchaser or transferee, the date of the sale or transfer, a copy of the sales contract and financing agreements which shall include a description of the property sold or transferred, the amount of the purchase price or a statement of other consideration for the sale or transfer, and the terms for payment of the purchase price, and such other information as the Department may reasonably require. If the purchaser or transferee fails to file the above described notice of sale with the Department within the prescribed time, the purchaser or transferee shall be personally liable to the Department for the amount owed hereunder by the seller or transferor but unpaid, up to the amount of the reasonable value of the property acquired by the purchaser or transferee. The purchaser or transferee shall pay the Department the amount of tax, penalties, and interest owed by the seller or transferor under this Act, to the extent they have not been paid by the seller or transferor. The seller or transferor, or the purchaser or transferee, at least 10 business days before the date of the sale or transfer, may notify the Department of the intended sale or transfer and request the Department to make a determination as to whether the seller or transferor owes any tax, penalty or interest due under this Act. The Department shall take such steps as may be appropriate to comply with such request.
    Any order issued by the Department pursuant to this Section to withhold from the purchase price shall be issued within 10 business days after the Department receives notification of a sale as provided in this Section. The purchaser or transferee shall withhold such portion of the purchase price as may be directed by the Department, but not to exceed a minimum amount varying by type of business, as determined by the Department pursuant to regulations, plus twice the outstanding unpaid liabilities and twice the average liability of preceding filings times the number of unfiled returns which were not filed when due, to cover the amount of all tax, penalty, and interest due and unpaid by the seller or transferor under this Act or, if the payment of money or property is not involved, shall withhold the performance of the condition that constitutes the consideration for the sale or transfer. Within 60 business days after issuance of the initial order to withhold, the Department shall provide written notice to the purchaser or transferee of the actual amount of all taxes, penalties and interest then due and whether or not additional amounts may become due as a result of unpaid taxes required to be withheld by an employer, returns which were not filed when due, pending assessments and audits not completed. The purchaser or transferee shall continue to withhold the amount directed to be withheld by the initial order or such lesser amount as is specified by the final withholding order or to withhold the performance of the condition which constitutes the consideration for the sale or transfer until the purchaser or transferee receives from the Department a certificate showing that no unpaid tax, penalty or interest is due from the seller or transferor under this Act.
    The purchaser or transferee is relieved of any duty to continue to withhold from the purchase price and of any liability for tax, penalty, or interest due hereunder from the seller or transferor if the Department fails to notify the purchaser or transferee in the manner provided herein of the amount to be withheld within 10 business days after the sale or transfer has been reported to the Department or within 60 business days after issuance of the initial order to withhold, as the case may be. The Department shall have the right to determine amounts claimed on an estimated basis to allow for periods for which returns were not filed when due, pending assessments and audits not completed, however the purchaser or transferee shall be personally liable only for the actual amount due when determined.
    If the seller or transferor has failed to pay the tax, penalty, and interest due from him hereunder and the Department makes timely claim therefor against the purchaser or transferee as hereinabove provided, then the purchaser or transferee shall pay to the Department the amount so withheld from the purchase price. If the purchaser or transferee fails to comply with the requirements of this Section, the purchaser or transferee shall be personally liable to the Department for the amount owed hereunder by the seller or transferor up to the amount of the reasonable value of the property acquired by the purchaser or transferee.
    Any person who shall acquire any property or rights thereto which, at the time of such acquisition, is subject to a valid lien in favor of the Department, shall be personally liable to the Department for a sum equal to the amount of taxes, penalties and interests, secured by such lien, but not to exceed the reasonable value of such property acquired by him.
(Source: P.A. 94-776, eff. 5-19-06.)

35 ILCS 5/903

    (35 ILCS 5/903) (from Ch. 120, par. 9-903)
    Sec. 903. Assessment. (a) In general. (1) Returns. The amount of tax which is shown to be due on the return shall be deemed assessed on the date of filing of the return (including any amended returns showing an increase of tax). In the event that the amount of tax is understated on the taxpayer's return due to a mathematical error, the Department shall notify the taxpayer that the amount of tax in excess of that shown on the return is due and has been assessed. Such notice of additional tax due shall be issued no later than 3 years after the date the return was filed. Such notice of additional tax due shall not be considered a notice of deficiency nor shall the taxpayer have any right of protest. In the case of a return properly filed without the computation of the tax, the tax computed by the Department shall be deemed to be assessed on the date when payment is due.
    (2) Notice of deficiency. If a notice of deficiency has been issued, the amount of the deficiency shall be deemed assessed on the date provided in section 904(d) if no protest is filed; or, if a protest is filed, then upon the date when the decision of the Department becomes final.
    (3) Federal change. If an amended return or report is filed with the Department pursuant to section 506(b), any deficiency in tax under this Act resulting therefrom shall be deemed to be assessed on the date of filing such report or amended return and such assessment shall be timely notwithstanding any other provisions of this Act.
    (4) Payments. Any amount paid as tax or in respect of tax paid under this Act, other than amounts withheld or paid as estimated tax under Articles 7 or 8, shall be deemed assessed upon the date of receipt of payment, notwithstanding any other provisions of this Act.
    (b) Limitations on assessment. No deficiency shall be assessed with respect to a taxable year for which a return was filed unless a notice of deficiency for such year was issued not later than the date prescribed in section 905.
(Source: P.A. 84-127.)

35 ILCS 5/904

    (35 ILCS 5/904) (from Ch. 120, par. 9-904)
    Sec. 904. Deficiencies and Overpayments.
    (a) Examination of return. As soon as practicable after a return is filed, the Department shall examine it to determine the correct amount of tax. If the Department finds that the amount of tax shown on the return is less than the correct amount, it shall issue a notice of deficiency to the taxpayer which shall set forth the amount of tax and penalties proposed to be assessed. If the Department finds that the tax paid is more than the correct amount, it shall credit or refund the overpayment as provided by Section 909. The findings of the Department under this subsection shall be prima facie correct and shall be prima facie evidence of the correctness of the amount of tax and penalties due.
    (b) No return filed. If the taxpayer fails to file a tax return, the Department shall determine the amount of tax due according to its best judgment and information, which amount so fixed by the Department shall be prima facie correct and shall be prima facie evidence of the correctness of the amount of tax due. The Department shall issue a notice of deficiency to the taxpayer which shall set forth the amount of tax and penalties proposed to be assessed.
    (c) Notice of deficiency. A notice of deficiency issued under this Act shall set forth the adjustments giving rise to the proposed assessment and the reasons therefor. In the case of a joint return, the notice of deficiency may be a single joint notice except that if the Department is notified by either spouse that separate residences have been established, it shall issue joint notices to each spouse.
    (d) Assessment when no protest. Upon the expiration of 60 days after the date on which it was issued (150 days if the taxpayer is outside the United States), a notice of deficiency shall constitute an assessment of the amount of tax and penalties specified therein, except only for such amounts as to which the taxpayer shall have filed a protest with the Department, as provided in Section 908.
(Source: P.A. 87-192; 87-205.)

35 ILCS 5/905

    (35 ILCS 5/905) (from Ch. 120, par. 9-905)
    Sec. 905. Limitations on Notices of Deficiency.
    (a) In general. Except as otherwise provided in this Act:
        (1) A notice of deficiency shall be issued not later
    
than 3 years after the date the return was filed, and
        (2) No deficiency shall be assessed or collected with
    
respect to the year for which the return was filed unless such notice is issued within such period.
    (b) Substantial omission of items.
        (1) Omission of more than 25% of income. If the
    
taxpayer omits from base income an amount properly includible therein which is in excess of 25% of the amount of base income stated in the return, a notice of deficiency may be issued not later than 6 years after the return was filed. For purposes of this paragraph, there shall not be taken into account any amount which is omitted in the return if such amount is disclosed in the return, or in a statement attached to the return, in a manner adequate to apprise the Department of the nature and the amount of such item.
        (2) Reportable transactions. If a taxpayer fails to
    
include on any return or statement for any taxable year any information with respect to a reportable transaction, as required under Section 501(b) of this Act, a notice of deficiency may be issued not later than 6 years after the return is filed with respect to the taxable year in which the taxpayer participated in the reportable transaction and said deficiency is limited to the non-disclosed item.
        (3) Withholding. If an employer omits from a return
    
required under Section 704A of this Act for any period beginning on or after January 1, 2013, an amount required to be withheld and to be reported on that return which is in excess of 25% of the total amount of withholding required to be reported on that return, a notice of deficiency may be issued not later than 6 years after the return was filed.
    (c) No return or fraudulent return. If no return is filed or a false and fraudulent return is filed with intent to evade the tax imposed by this Act, a notice of deficiency may be issued at any time. For purposes of this subsection (c), any taxpayer who is required to join in the filing of a return filed under the provisions of subsection (e) of Section 502 of this Act for a taxable year ending on or after December 31, 2013 and who is not included on that return and does not file its own return for that taxable year shall be deemed to have failed to file a return; provided that the amount of any proposed assessment set forth in a notice of deficiency issued under this subsection (c) shall be limited to the amount of any increase in liability under this Act that should have reported on the return required under the provisions of subsection (e) of Section 502 of this Act for that taxable year resulting from proper inclusion of that taxpayer on that return.
    (d) Failure to report federal change. If a taxpayer fails to notify the Department in any case where notification is required by Section 304(c) or 506(b), or fails to report a change or correction which is treated in the same manner as if it were a deficiency for federal income tax purposes, a notice of deficiency may be issued (i) at any time or (ii) on or after August 13, 1999, at any time for the taxable year for which the notification is required or for any taxable year to which the taxpayer may carry an Article 2 credit, or a Section 207 loss, earned, incurred, or used in the year for which the notification is required; provided, however, that the amount of any proposed assessment set forth in the notice shall be limited to the amount of any deficiency resulting under this Act from the recomputation of the taxpayer's net income, Article 2 credits, or Section 207 loss earned, incurred, or used in the taxable year for which the notification is required after giving effect to the item or items required to be reported.
    (e) Report of federal change.
        (1) Before August 13, 1999, in any case where
    
notification of an alteration is given as required by Section 506(b), a notice of deficiency may be issued at any time within 2 years after the date such notification is given, provided, however, that the amount of any proposed assessment set forth in such notice shall be limited to the amount of any deficiency resulting under this Act from recomputation of the taxpayer's net income, net loss, or Article 2 credits for the taxable year after giving effect to the item or items reflected in the reported alteration.
        (2) On and after August 13, 1999, in any case where
    
notification of an alteration is given as required by Section 506(b), a notice of deficiency may be issued at any time within 2 years after the date such notification is given for the taxable year for which the notification is given or for any taxable year to which the taxpayer may carry an Article 2 credit, or a Section 207 loss, earned, incurred, or used in the year for which the notification is given, provided, however, that the amount of any proposed assessment set forth in such notice shall be limited to the amount of any deficiency resulting under this Act from recomputation of the taxpayer's net income, Article 2 credits, or Section 207 loss earned, incurred, or used in the taxable year for which the notification is given after giving effect to the item or items reflected in the reported alteration.
    (f) Extension by agreement. Where, before the expiration of the time prescribed in this Section for the issuance of a notice of deficiency, both the Department and the taxpayer shall have consented in writing to its issuance after such time, such notice may be issued at any time prior to the expiration of the period agreed upon. In the case of a taxpayer who is a partnership, Subchapter S corporation, or trust and who enters into an agreement with the Department pursuant to this subsection on or after January 1, 2003, a notice of deficiency may be issued to the partners, shareholders, or beneficiaries of the taxpayer at any time prior to the expiration of the period agreed upon. Any proposed assessment set forth in the notice, however, shall be limited to the amount of any deficiency resulting under this Act from recomputation of items of income, deduction, credits, or other amounts of the taxpayer that are taken into account by the partner, shareholder, or beneficiary in computing its liability under this Act. The period so agreed upon may be extended by subsequent agreements in writing made before the expiration of the period previously agreed upon.
    (g) Erroneous refunds. In any case in which there has been an erroneous refund of tax payable under this Act, a notice of deficiency may be issued at any time within 2 years from the making of such refund, or within 5 years from the making of such refund if it appears that any part of the refund was induced by fraud or the misrepresentation of a material fact, provided, however, that the amount of any proposed assessment set forth in such notice shall be limited to the amount of such erroneous refund.
    Beginning July 1, 1993, in any case in which there has been a refund of tax payable under this Act attributable to a net loss carryback as provided for in Section 207, and that refund is subsequently determined to be an erroneous refund due to a reduction in the amount of the net loss which was originally carried back, a notice of deficiency for the erroneous refund amount may be issued at any time during the same time period in which a notice of deficiency can be issued on the loss year creating the carryback amount and subsequent erroneous refund. The amount of any proposed assessment set forth in the notice shall be limited to the amount of such erroneous refund.
    (h) Time return deemed filed. For purposes of this Section a tax return filed before the last day prescribed by law (including any extension thereof) shall be deemed to have been filed on such last day.
    (i) Request for prompt determination of liability. For purposes of subsection (a)(1), in the case of a tax return required under this Act in respect of a decedent, or by his estate during the period of administration, or by a corporation, the period referred to in such Subsection shall be 18 months after a written request for prompt determination of liability is filed with the Department (at such time and in such form and manner as the Department shall by regulations prescribe) by the executor, administrator, or other fiduciary representing the estate of such decedent, or by such corporation, but not more than 3 years after the date the return was filed. This subsection shall not apply in the case of a corporation unless:
        (1) (A) such written request notifies the Department
    
that the corporation contemplates dissolution at or before the expiration of such 18-month period, (B) the dissolution is begun in good faith before the expiration of such 18-month period, and (C) the dissolution is completed;
        (2) (A) such written request notifies the Department
    
that a dissolution has in good faith been begun, and (B) the dissolution is completed; or
        (3) a dissolution has been completed at the time such
    
written request is made.
    (j) Withholding tax. In the case of returns required under Article 7 of this Act (with respect to any amounts withheld as tax or any amounts required to have been withheld as tax) a notice of deficiency shall be issued not later than 3 years after the 15th day of the 4th month following the close of the calendar year in which such withholding was required.
    (k) Penalties for failure to make information reports. A notice of deficiency for the penalties provided by Subsection 1405.1(c) of this Act may not be issued more than 3 years after the due date of the reports with respect to which the penalties are asserted.
    (l) Penalty for failure to file withholding returns. A notice of deficiency for penalties provided by Section 1004 of this Act for taxpayer's failure to file withholding returns may not be issued more than three years after the 15th day of the 4th month following the close of the calendar year in which the withholding giving rise to taxpayer's obligation to file those returns occurred.
    (m) Transferee liability. A notice of deficiency may be issued to a transferee relative to a liability asserted under Section 1405 during time periods defined as follows:
        1) Initial Transferee. In the case of the liability
    
of an initial transferee, up to 2 years after the expiration of the period of limitation for assessment against the transferor, except that if a court proceeding for review of the assessment against the transferor has begun, then up to 2 years after the return of the certified copy of the judgment in the court proceeding.
        2) Transferee of Transferee. In the case of the
    
liability of a transferee, up to 2 years after the expiration of the period of limitation for assessment against the preceding transferee, but not more than 3 years after the expiration of the period of limitation for assessment against the initial transferor; except that if, before the expiration of the period of limitation for the assessment of the liability of the transferee, a court proceeding for the collection of the tax or liability in respect thereof has been begun against the initial transferor or the last preceding transferee, as the case may be, then the period of limitation for assessment of the liability of the transferee shall expire 2 years after the return of the certified copy of the judgment in the court proceeding.
    (n) Notice of decrease in net loss. On and after August 23, 2002, no notice of deficiency shall be issued as the result of a decrease determined by the Department in the net loss incurred by a taxpayer in any taxable year ending prior to December 31, 2002 under Section 207 of this Act unless the Department has notified the taxpayer of the proposed decrease within 3 years after the return reporting the loss was filed or within one year after an amended return reporting an increase in the loss was filed, provided that in the case of an amended return, a decrease proposed by the Department more than 3 years after the original return was filed may not exceed the increase claimed by the taxpayer on the original return.
(Source: P.A. 98-496, eff. 1-1-14.)

35 ILCS 5/906

    (35 ILCS 5/906) (from Ch. 120, par. 9-906)
    Sec. 906. Further Notices of Deficiency Restricted.
    If a protest has been filed with respect to a notice of deficiency issued by the Department with respect to a taxable year, and the decision of the Department on such protest has become final, the Department shall be barred from issuing a further or additional notice of deficiency for such taxable year, except in the case of fraud, mathematical error, a return that is not considered processable, as the term is defined in Section 3-2 of the Uniform Penalty and Interest Act, or as provided in section 905(d), (e), or (g).
(Source: P.A. 89-399, eff. 8-20-95.)

35 ILCS 5/907

    (35 ILCS 5/907) (from Ch. 120, par. 9-907)
    Sec. 907. Waiver of Restrictions on Assessment.
    The taxpayer at any time, whether or not a notice of deficiency has been issued, shall have the right to waive the restrictions on assessment and collection of the whole or any part of any proposed assessment under this Act by a signed notice in writing filed with the Department in such form as the Department may by forms or regulations prescribe.
(Source: P.A. 76-261.)

35 ILCS 5/908

    (35 ILCS 5/908) (from Ch. 120, par. 9-908)
    Sec. 908. Procedure on protest.
    (a) Time for protest. Within 60 days (150 days if the taxpayer is outside the United States) after the issuance of a notice of deficiency, the taxpayer may file (i) a protest against the proposed assessment with the Department or (ii) a petition with the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal, as provided in this subsection (a). Prior to July 1, 2013, a written protest against the proposed assessment shall be filed with the Department in such form as the Department may by regulations prescribe, setting forth the grounds on which such protest is based. If such a protest is filed, the Department shall reconsider the proposed assessment and, if the taxpayer has so requested, shall grant the taxpayer or his authorized representative a hearing.
    On and after July 1, 2013, all protests of a notice of deficiency that are subject to the jurisdiction of the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal shall be filed by petition pursuant to the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal Act of 2012.
    With respect to protests filed with the Department prior to July 1, 2013 that are otherwise subject to the jurisdiction of the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal, the taxpayer may elect to be subject to the provisions of the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal Act of 2012 at any time on or after July 1, 2013, but not later than 30 days after the date on which the protest was filed. If made, the election shall be irrevocable.
    (b) Notice of decision. With respect to protests filed with the Department that are not subject to the provisions of the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal Act of 2012, as soon as practicable after such reconsideration and hearing, if any, the Department shall issue a notice of decision by mailing such notice by certified or registered mail. Such notice shall set forth briefly the Department's findings of fact and the basis of decision in each case decided in whole or in part adversely to the taxpayer.
    (c) Request for rehearing. With respect to protests filed with the Department that are not subject to the provisions of the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal Act of 2012, within 30 days after the mailing of a notice of decision, the taxpayer may file with a Department a written request for rehearing in such form as the Department may by regulations prescribe, setting forth the grounds on which rehearing is requested. In any such case, the Department shall, in its discretion, grant either a rehearing or Departmental review unless, within 10 days of receipt of such request, it shall issue a denial of such request by mailing such denial to the taxpayer by certified or registered mail. If rehearing or Departmental review is granted, as soon as practicable after such rehearing or Departmental review, the Department shall issue a notice of final decision as provided in subsection (b).
    (d) Finality of decision. If the taxpayer fails to file a timely protest or petition under subsection (a) of this Section, then the Department's notice of deficiency shall become a final assessment at the end of the 60th day after the date of issuance of the notice of deficiency (or the 150th day if the taxpayer is outside the United States). If the taxpayer files a protest with the Department, and the taxpayer does not elect to be subject to the provisions of the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal Act of 2012, then the action of the Department on the taxpayer's protest shall become final:
        (1) 30 Days after issuance of a notice of decision as
    
provided in subsection (b); or
        (2) if a timely request for rehearing was made, upon
    
the issuance of a denial of such request or the issuance of a notice of final decision as provided in subsection (c).
    After the issuance of a final assessment, or a notice of deficiency which becomes final without the necessity of actually issuing a final assessment as provided in this Section, the Department, at any time before such assessment is reduced to judgment, may (subject to rules of the Department) grant a rehearing (or grant departmental review and hold an original hearing if no previous hearing in the matter has been held) upon the application of the person aggrieved. Pursuant to such hearing or rehearing, the Department shall issue a revised final assessment to such person or his legal representative for the amount found to be due as a result of such hearing or rehearing.
    If the taxpayer files a petition with the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal, or otherwise elects to be subject to the provisions of the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal Act of 2012, then the Department's decision will become final as provided in that Act.
(Source: P.A. 97-1129, eff. 8-28-12.)

35 ILCS 5/909

    (35 ILCS 5/909) (from Ch. 120, par. 9-909)
    Sec. 909. Credits and Refunds.
    (a) In general. In the case of any overpayment, the Department, within the applicable period of limitations for a claim for refund, may credit the amount of such overpayment, including any interest allowed thereon, against any liability in respect of the tax imposed by this Act, regardless of whether other collection remedies are closed to the Department on the part of the person who made the overpayment and shall refund any balance to such person or credit any balance to that person pursuant to an election under subsection (b) of this Section.
    (b) Credits against estimated tax. The Department shall prescribe regulations providing for a taxpayer election on an original return, an amended return, or otherwise for the crediting against the estimated tax for any taxable year of the amount determined by the taxpayer or the Department to be an overpayment of the tax imposed by this Act for a preceding taxable year.
    (c) Interest on overpayment. Interest shall be allowed and paid at the rate and in the manner prescribed in Section 3-2 of the Uniform Penalty and Interest Act upon any overpayment in respect of the tax imposed by this Act. For purposes of this subsection, no amount of tax, for any taxable year, shall be treated as having been paid before the date on which the tax return for such year was due under Section 505, without regard to any extension of the time for filing such return.
    (d) Refund claim. Every claim for refund shall be filed with the Department in writing in such form as the Department may by regulations prescribe, and shall state the specific grounds upon which it is founded.
    (e) Notice of denial. As soon as practicable after a claim for refund is filed, the Department shall examine it and either issue a notice of refund, abatement or credit to the claimant or issue a notice of denial. If the Department has failed to approve or deny the claim before the expiration of 6 months from the date the claim was filed, the claimant may nevertheless thereafter file with the Department a written protest in such form as the Department may by regulation prescribe, provided that, on or after July 1, 2013, protests concerning matters that are subject to the jurisdiction of the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal shall be filed with the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal and not with the Department. If the protest is subject to the jurisdiction of the Department, the Department shall consider the claim and, if the taxpayer has so requested, shall grant the taxpayer or the taxpayer's authorized representative a hearing within 6 months after the date such request is filed.
    On and after July 1, 2013, if the protest would otherwise be subject to the jurisdiction of the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal, the claimant may elect to treat the Department's non-action as a denial of the claim by filing a petition to review the Department's administrative decision with the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal, as provided by Section 910.
    (f) Effect of denial. A denial of a claim for refund becomes final 60 days after the date of issuance of the notice of such denial except for such amounts denied as to which the claimant has filed a protest with the Department or a petition with the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal, as provided by Section 910.
    (g) An overpayment of tax shown on the face of an unsigned return shall be considered forfeited to the State if after notice and demand for signature by the Department the taxpayer fails to provide a signature and 3 years have passed from the date the return was filed. An overpayment of tax refunded to a taxpayer whose return was filed electronically shall be considered an erroneous refund under Section 912 of this Act if, after proper notice and demand by the Department, the taxpayer fails to provide a required signature document. A notice and demand for signature in the case of a return reflecting an overpayment may be made by first class mail. This subsection (g) shall apply to all returns filed pursuant to this Act since 1969.
    (h) This amendatory Act of 1983 applies to returns and claims for refunds filed with the Department on and after July 1, 1983.
(Source: P.A. 97-507, eff. 8-23-11; 97-1129, eff. 8-28-12; 98-463, eff. 8-16-13; 98-925, eff. 1-1-15.)

35 ILCS 5/910

    (35 ILCS 5/910) (from Ch. 120, par. 9-910)
    Sec. 910. Procedure on Denial of Claim for Refund.
    (a) Time for protest. Within 60 days after the denial of the claim, the claimant may file (i) a protest with the Department or (ii) a petition with the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal, as provided in this subsection (a). A written protest against such denial shall be filed with the Department in such form as the Department may by regulations prescribe, setting forth the grounds on which such protest is based. If such a protest is filed, the Department shall reconsider the denial and, if the taxpayer has so requested, shall grant the taxpayer or his authorized representative a hearing. With respect to protests filed with the Department prior to July 1, 2013 that would otherwise be subject to the jurisdiction of the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal, the taxpayer may elect to be subject to the provisions of the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal Act of 2012 on or after July 1, 2013, but not later than 30 days after the date on which the protest was filed. If made, the election shall be irrevocable.
    A claimant who, on or after July 1, 2013, wishes to protest a denial that is subject to the jurisdiction of the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal shall do so by filing a petition with the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal pursuant to the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal Act of 2012.
    (b) Notice of decision. With respect to protests that are subject to the jurisdiction of the Department, if the taxpayer has not made an election to be subject to the provisions of the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal Act of 2012, then as soon as practicable after such reconsideration and hearing, if any, the Department shall issue a notice of decision by mailing such notice by certified or registered mail. Such notice shall set forth briefly the Department's findings of fact and the basis of decision in each case decided in whole or in part adversely to the claimant.
    (c) Request for rehearing. Within 30 days after the mailing of a notice of decision as provided in subsection (b), the claimant may file with the Department a written request for rehearing in such form as the Department may by regulations prescribe, setting forth the grounds on which rehearing is requested. In any such case, the Department shall, in its discretion, grant either a rehearing or Departmental review unless, within 10 days of receipt of such request, it shall issue a denial of such request by mailing such denial to the claimant by certified or registered mail. If rehearing or Departmental review is granted, as soon as practicable after such rehearing or Departmental review, the Department shall issue a notice of final decision as provided in subsection (b).
    (d) Finality of decision. If the taxpayer fails to file a timely protest or petition under subsection (a) of this Section, then the Department's notice of deficiency shall become a final assessment at the end of the 60th day after the date of issuance of the notice of deficiency. If the protest is subject to the jurisdiction of the Department, and the taxpayer does not elect to be subject to the provisions of the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal Act of 2012, then the action of the Department on the claimant's protest shall become final:
        (1) 30 days after issuance of a notice of decision as
    
provided in subsection (b); or
        (2) If a timely request for rehearing was made, upon
    
the issuance of a denial of such request or the issuance of a notice of final decision as provided in subsection (c).
    If the taxpayer files a petition with the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal, or otherwise elects to be subject to the provisions of the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal Act of 2012, then the Department's decision will become final as provided in that Act.
(Source: P.A. 97-1129, eff. 8-28-12.)

35 ILCS 5/911

    (35 ILCS 5/911) (from Ch. 120, par. 9-911)
    Sec. 911. Limitations on claims for refund.
    (a) In general. Except as otherwise provided in this Act:
        (1) A claim for refund shall be filed not later than
    
3 years after the date the return was filed (in the case of returns required under Article 7 of this Act respecting any amounts withheld as tax, not later than 3 years after the 15th day of the 4th month following the close of the calendar year in which such withholding was made), or one year after the date the tax was paid, whichever is the later; and
        (2) No credit or refund shall be allowed or made with
    
respect to the year for which the claim was filed unless such claim is filed within such period.
    (b) Federal changes.
        (1) In general. In any case where notification of an
    
alteration is required by Section 506(b), a claim for refund may be filed within 2 years after the date on which such notification was due (regardless of whether such notice was given), but the amount recoverable pursuant to a claim filed under this Section shall be limited to the amount of any overpayment resulting under this Act from recomputation of the taxpayer's net income, net loss, or Article 2 credits for the taxable year after giving effect to the item or items reflected in the alteration required to be reported.
        (2) Tentative carryback adjustments paid before
    
January 1, 1974. If, as the result of the payment before January 1, 1974 of a federal tentative carryback adjustment, a notification of an alteration is required under Section 506(b), a claim for refund may be filed at any time before January 1, 1976, but the amount recoverable pursuant to a claim filed under this Section shall be limited to the amount of any overpayment resulting under this Act from recomputation of the taxpayer's base income for the taxable year after giving effect to the federal alteration resulting from the tentative carryback adjustment irrespective of any limitation imposed in paragraph (1) of this subsection.
    (c) Extension by agreement. Where, before the expiration of the time prescribed in this section for the filing of a claim for refund, both the Department and the claimant shall have consented in writing to its filing after such time, such claim may be filed at any time prior to the expiration of the period agreed upon. The period so agreed upon may be extended by subsequent agreements in writing made before the expiration of the period previously agreed upon. In the case of a taxpayer who is a partnership, Subchapter S corporation, or trust and who enters into an agreement with the Department pursuant to this subsection on or after January 1, 2003, a claim for refund may be filed by the partners, shareholders, or beneficiaries of the taxpayer at any time prior to the expiration of the period agreed upon. Any refund allowed pursuant to the claim, however, shall be limited to the amount of any overpayment of tax due under this Act that results from recomputation of items of income, deduction, credits, or other amounts of the taxpayer that are taken into account by the partner, shareholder, or beneficiary in computing its liability under this Act.
    (d) Limit on amount of credit or refund.
        (1) Limit where claim filed within 3-year period. If
    
the claim was filed by the claimant during the 3-year period prescribed in subsection (a), the amount of the credit or refund shall not exceed the portion of the tax paid within the period, immediately preceding the filing of the claim, equal to 3 years plus the period of any extension of time for filing the return.
        (2) Limit where claim not filed within 3-year period.
    
If the claim was not filed within such 3-year period, the amount of the credit or refund shall not exceed the portion of the tax paid during the one year immediately preceding the filing of the claim.
    (e) Time return deemed filed. For purposes of this section a tax return filed before the last day prescribed by law for the filing of such return (including any extensions thereof) shall be deemed to have been filed on such last day.
    (f) No claim for refund or credit based on the taxpayer's taking a credit for estimated tax payments as provided by Section 601(b)(2) or for any amount paid by a taxpayer pursuant to Section 602(a) or for any amount of credit for tax withheld pursuant to Article 7 may be filed unless a return was filed for the tax year not more than 3 years after the due date, as provided by Section 505, of the return which was required to be filed relative to the taxable year for which the payments were made or for which the tax was withheld. The changes in this subsection (f) made by this amendatory Act of 1987 shall apply to all taxable years ending on or after December 31, 1969.
    (g) Special Period of Limitation with Respect to Net Loss Carrybacks. If the claim for refund relates to an overpayment attributable to a net loss carryback as provided by Section 207, in lieu of the 3 year period of limitation prescribed in subsection (a), the period shall be that period which ends 3 years after the time prescribed by law for filing the return (including extensions thereof) for the taxable year of the net loss which results in such carryback (or, on and after August 13, 1999, with respect to a change in the carryover of an Article 2 credit to a taxable year resulting from the carryback of a Section 207 loss incurred in a taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2000, the period shall be that period that ends 3 years after the time prescribed by law for filing the return (including extensions of that time) for that subsequent taxable year), or the period prescribed in subsection (c) in respect of such taxable year, whichever expires later. In the case of such a claim, the amount of the refund may exceed the portion of the tax paid within the period provided in subsection (d) to the extent of the amount of the overpayment attributable to such carryback. On and after August 13, 1999, if the claim for refund relates to an overpayment attributable to the carryover of an Article 2 credit, or of a Section 207 loss, earned, incurred (in a taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2000), or used in a year for which a notification of a change affecting federal taxable income must be filed under subsection (b) of Section 506, the claim may be filed within the period prescribed in paragraph (1) of subsection (b) in respect of the year for which the notification is required. In the case of such a claim, the amount of the refund may exceed the portion of the tax paid within the period provided in subsection (d) to the extent of the amount of the overpayment attributable to the recomputation of the taxpayer's Article 2 credits, or Section 207 loss, earned, incurred, or used in the taxable year for which the notification is given.
    (h) Claim for refund based on net loss. On and after August 23, 2002, no claim for refund shall be allowed to the extent the refund is the result of an amount of net loss incurred in any taxable year ending prior to December 31, 2002 under Section 207 of this Act that was not reported to the Department within 3 years of the due date (including extensions) of the return for the loss year on either the original return filed by the taxpayer or on amended return or to the extent that the refund is the result of an amount of net loss incurred in any taxable year under Section 207 for which no return was filed within 3 years of the due date (including extensions) of the return for the loss year.
    (i) Periods of limitation suspended while taxpayer is unable to manage financial affairs due to disability. In the case of an individual, the running of the periods specified in this Section shall be suspended during any period when that individual is financially disabled.
    For purposes of this subsection (i), an individual is financially disabled if that individual is unable to manage his or her financial affairs by reason of a medically determinable physical or mental impairment of the individual that can be expected to result in death, or which has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than 12 months.
    An individual shall not be treated as financially disabled during any period when that individual's spouse or any other person is authorized to act on behalf of that individual with respect to financial matters.
(Source: P.A. 97-507, eff. 8-23-11; 98-970, eff. 8-15-14.)

35 ILCS 5/911.1

    (35 ILCS 5/911.1) (from Ch. 120, par. 9-911.1)
    Sec. 911.1. If the Department withholds any refund due under this Act because of any other liability to the State and if the return for which such refund is due is a joint return for a taxable year ending before December 31, 2009, the taxpayer who jointly filed such return and who is not liable to the State shall be entitled to that portion of the refund attributable to himself or herself.
(Source: P.A. 96-520, eff. 8-14-09.)

35 ILCS 5/911.2

    (35 ILCS 5/911.2)
    Sec. 911.2. Refunds withheld; tax claims of other states.
    (a) Definitions. In this Section the following terms have the meanings indicated.
    "Claimant state" means any state or the District of Columbia that requests the withholding of a refund pursuant to this Section and that extends a like comity for the collection of taxes owed to this State.
    "Income tax" means any amount of income tax imposed on taxpayers under the laws of the State of Illinois or the claimant state, including additions to tax for penalties and interest.
    "Refund" means a refund of overpaid income taxes imposed by the State of Illinois or the claimant state.
    "Tax officer" means a unit or official of the claimant state, or the duly authorized agent of that unit or official, charged with the imposition, assessment, or collection of state income taxes.
    "Taxpayer" means any individual person identified by a claimant state under this Section as owing taxes to that claimant state, and in the case of a refund arising from the filing of a joint return, the taxpayer's spouse.
    (b) In general. Except as provided in subsection (c) of this Section, a tax officer may:
        (1) certify to the Director the existence of a
    
taxpayer's delinquent income tax liability; and
        (2) request the Director to withhold any refund to
    
which the taxpayer is entitled.
    (c) Comity. A tax officer may not certify or request the Director to withhold a refund unless the laws of the claimant state:
        (1) allow the Director to certify an income tax
    
liability;
        (2) allow the Director to request the tax officer to
    
withhold the taxpayer's tax refund; and
        (3) provide for the payment of the refund to the
    
State of Illinois.
    (d) Certification. A certification by a tax officer to the Director shall include:
        (1) the full name and address of the taxpayer and any
    
other names known to be used by the taxpayer;
        (2) the social security number or federal tax
    
identification number of the taxpayer;
        (3) the amount of the income tax liability; and
        (4) a statement that all administrative and judicial
    
remedies and appeals have been exhausted or have lapsed and that the assessment of tax, interest, and penalty has become final.
    (e) Notification. As to any taxpayer due a refund, the Director shall:
        (1) notify the taxpayer that a claimant state has
    
provided certification of the existence of an income tax liability;
        (2) inform the taxpayer of the tax liability
    
certified, including a detailed statement for each taxable year showing tax, interest, and penalty;
        (3) inform the taxpayer that failure to file a
    
protest in accordance with subsection (f) of this Section shall constitute a waiver of any demand against this State for the amount certified;
        (3.5) inform the taxpayer that the refund has been
    
withheld and that the tax liability has been paid to the claimant state as provided in subsection (i) of this Section;
        (4) provide the taxpayer with notice of an
    
opportunity to request a hearing to challenge the certification; and
        (5) inform the taxpayer that the hearing may be
    
requested (i) pursuant to Section 910 of this Act, or (ii) with the tax officer, in accordance with the laws of the claimant state.
    (f) Protest of withholding. A taxpayer may protest the withholding of a refund pursuant to Section 910 of this Act (except that the protest shall be filed within 30 days after the date of the Director's notice of certification pursuant to subsection (e) of this Section).
    (g) Certification as prima facie evidence. If the taxpayer requests a hearing pursuant to Section 910 of this Act, the certification of the tax officer shall be prima facie evidence of the correctness of the taxpayer's delinquent income tax liability to the certifying state.
    (h) Rights of spouses to refunds from joint returns. If a certification is based upon the tax debt of only one taxpayer and if the refund is based upon a joint personal income tax return for a taxable year ending before December 31, 2009, the nondebtor spouse shall have the right to:
        (1) notification, as provided in subsection (e) of
    
this Section;
        (2) protest, as to the withholding of such spouse's
    
share of the refund, as provided in subsection (f) of this Section; and
        (3) payment of his or her share of the refund,
    
provided the amount of the overpayment refunded to the spouse shall not exceed the amount of the joint overpayment.
    (i) Withholding and payment of refund. Upon receipt of a request for withholding in accordance with subsection (b) of this Section, the Director shall:
        (1) withhold any refund that is certified by the tax
    
officer;
        (2) pay to the claimant state the entire refund or
    
the amount certified, whichever is less;
        (3) pay any refund in excess of the amount certified
    
to the taxpayer; and
        (4) if a refund is less than the amount certified,
    
withhold amounts from subsequent refunds due the taxpayer, if the laws of the claimant state provide that the claimant state shall withhold subsequent refunds of taxpayers certified to that state by the Director.
    (j) Determination that withholding cannot be made. After receiving a certification from a tax officer, the Director shall notify the claimant state if the Director determines that a withholding cannot be made.
    (k) Director's authority. The Director shall have the authority to enter into agreements with the tax officers of claimant state relating to:
        (1) procedures and methods to be employed by a
    
claimant state with respect to the operation of this Section;
        (2) safeguards against the disclosure or
    
inappropriate use of any information obtained or maintained pursuant to this Section that identifies, directly or indirectly, a particular taxpayer;
        (3) a minimum tax debt, amounts below which, in light
    
of administrative expenses and efficiency, shall, in the Director's discretion, not be subject to the withholding procedures set forth in this Section.
    (l) Remedy not exclusive. The collection procedures prescribed by this Section are in addition to, and not in substitution for, any other remedy available by law.
(Source: P.A. 96-520, eff. 8-14-09.)

35 ILCS 5/911.3

    (35 ILCS 5/911.3)
    Sec. 911.3. Refunds withheld; order of honoring requests. The Department shall honor refund withholding requests in the following order:
        (1) a refund withholding request to collect an unpaid
    
State tax;
        (2) a refund withholding request to collect certified
    
past due child support amounts under Section 2505-650 of the Department of Revenue Law of the Civil Administrative Code of Illinois;
        (3) a refund withholding request to collect any debt
    
owed to the State;
        (4) a refund withholding request made by the
    
Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, or his or her delegate, to collect any tax liability arising from Title 26 of the United States Code;
        (4.5) a refund withholding request made by the
    
Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, or his or her delegate, to collect any nontax debt owed to the United States as authorized under subsection (i-1) of Section 10 of the Illinois State Collection Act of 1986;
        (4.6) a refund withholding request to collect any
    
debt owed to a unit of local government, school district, or public institution of higher education collected under an intergovernmental agreement entered into under Sections 10.05 and 10.05d of the State Comptroller Act;
        (5) a refund withholding request pursuant to Section
    
911.2 of this Act; and
        (6) a refund withholding request to collect certified
    
past due fees owed to the Clerk of the Circuit Court as authorized under Section 2505-655 of the Department of Revenue Law of the Civil Administrative Code of Illinois.
(Source: P.A. 97-269, eff. 12-16-11 (see Section 15 of P.A. 97-632 for the effective date of changes made by P.A. 97-269); 97-632, eff. 12-16-11.)

35 ILCS 5/912

    (35 ILCS 5/912) (from Ch. 120, par. 9-912)
    Sec. 912. Recovery of Erroneous Refund.
    An erroneous refund shall be considered a deficiency of tax on the date made, and shall be deemed assessed and shall be collected as provided in sections 903 and 904.
(Source: P.A. 76-261.)

35 ILCS 5/913

    (35 ILCS 5/913) (from Ch. 120, par. 9-913)
    Sec. 913. Access to Books and Records. All books and records and other papers and documents which are required by this Act to be kept shall, at all times during business hours of the day, be subject to inspection by the Department or its duly authorized agents and employees.
(Source: P.A. 89-399, eff. 8-20-95; 89-711, eff. 2-14-97.)

35 ILCS 5/914

    (35 ILCS 5/914) (from Ch. 120, par. 9-914)
    Sec. 914. Conduct of Investigations and Hearings. For the purpose of administering and enforcing the provisions of this Act, the Department, or any officer or employee of the Department designated, in writing, by the Director may hold investigations and hearings concerning any matters covered by this Act that are not otherwise delegated to the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal, and may examine any books, papers, records or memoranda bearing upon such matters, and may require the attendance of any person, or any officer or employee of such person, having knowledge of such matters, and may take testimony and require proof for its information. In the conduct of any investigation or hearing, neither the Department nor any officer or employee thereof shall be bound by the technical rules of evidence, and no informality in any proceeding, or in the manner of taking testimony, shall invalidate any order, decision, rule or regulation made or approved or confirmed by the Department. The Director, or any officer or employee of the Department authorized by the Director shall have power to administer oaths to such persons. The books, papers, records and memoranda of the Department, or parts thereof, may be proved in any hearing, investigation, or legal proceeding by a reproduced copy thereof or by a computer print-out of Department records, under the certificate of the Director. If reproduced copies of the Department's books, papers, records or memoranda are offered as proof, the Director must certify that those copies are true and exact copies of such records on file with the Department. If computer print-outs of records of the Department are offered as proof, the Director must certify that those computer print-outs are true and exact representations of records properly entered into standard electronic computing equipment, in the regular course of the Department's business, at or reasonably near the time of the occurrence of the facts recorded, from trustworthy and reliable information. Such reproduced copy shall, without further proof, be admitted into evidence before the Department or in any legal proceeding.
(Source: P.A. 97-1129, eff. 8-28-12.)

35 ILCS 5/915

    (35 ILCS 5/915) (from Ch. 120, par. 9-915)
    Sec. 915. Immunity of Witnesses.
    No person shall be excused from testifying or from producing any books, papers, records or memoranda in any investigation or upon any hearing, when ordered to do so by the Department or any officer or employee thereof, upon the ground that the testimony or evidence, documentary or otherwise, may tend to incriminate him or subject him to a criminal penalty, but no person shall be prosecuted or subjected to any criminal penalty for, or on account of, any transaction made or thing concerning which he may testify or produce evidence, documentary or otherwise, before the Department or an officer or employee thereof; provided, that such immunity shall extend only to a natural person who, in obedience to a subpoena, gives testimony under oath or produces evidence, documentary or otherwise, under oath. No person so testifying shall be exempt from prosecution and punishment for perjury committed in so testifying.
(Source: P.A. 76-261.)

35 ILCS 5/916

    (35 ILCS 5/916) (from Ch. 120, par. 9-916)
    Sec. 916. Production of Witnesses and Records.
    (a) Subpoenas. The Department or any officer or employee of the Department designated in writing by the Director, shall at its or his or her own instance, or on the written request of any other party to the proceeding, issue subpoenas requiring the attendance of and the giving of testimony by witnesses, and subpoenas duces tecum requiring the production of books, papers, records or memoranda. All subpoenas and subpoenas duces tecum issued under this Act may be served by any person of full age.
    (b) Fees. The fees of witnesses for attendance and travel shall be the same as the fees of witnesses before a Circuit Court of this State, such fees to be paid when the witness is excused from further attendance. When the witness is subpoenaed at the instance of the Department or any officer or employee thereof, such fees shall be paid in the same manner as other expenses of the Department, and when the witness is subpoenaed at the instance of any other party to any such proceeding the Department may require that the cost of service of the subpoena or subpoenas duces tecum and the fee of the witness be borne by the party at whose instance the witness is summoned. In such case, the Department, in its discretion, may require a deposit to cover the cost of such service and witness fees. A subpoena or subpoena duces tecum so issued shall be served in the same manner as a subpoena issued out of a court.
    (c) Judicial enforcement. Any Circuit Court of this State, upon the application of the Department or any officer or employee thereof, or upon the application of any other party to the proceeding may, in its discretion, compel the attendance of witnesses, the production of books, papers, records or memoranda and the giving of testimony before the Department or any officer or employee thereof conducting an investigation or holding a hearing not otherwise delegated to the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal, by an attachment for contempt, or otherwise, in the same manner as production of evidence may be compelled before the Court.
(Source: P.A. 97-1129, eff. 8-28-12.)

35 ILCS 5/917

    (35 ILCS 5/917) (from Ch. 120, par. 9-917)
    Sec. 917. Confidentiality and information sharing.
    (a) Confidentiality. Except as provided in this Section, all information received by the Department from returns filed under this Act, or from any investigation conducted under the provisions of this Act, shall be confidential, except for official purposes within the Department or pursuant to official procedures for collection of any State tax or pursuant to an investigation or audit by the Illinois State Scholarship Commission of a delinquent student loan or monetary award or enforcement of any civil or criminal penalty or sanction imposed by this Act or by another statute imposing a State tax, and any person who divulges any such information in any manner, except for such purposes and pursuant to order of the Director or in accordance with a proper judicial order, shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor. However, the provisions of this paragraph are not applicable to information furnished to (i) the Department of Healthcare and Family Services (formerly Department of Public Aid), State's Attorneys, and the Attorney General for child support enforcement purposes and (ii) a licensed attorney representing the taxpayer where an appeal or a protest has been filed on behalf of the taxpayer. If it is necessary to file information obtained pursuant to this Act in a child support enforcement proceeding, the information shall be filed under seal.
    (b) Public information. Nothing contained in this Act shall prevent the Director from publishing or making available to the public the names and addresses of persons filing returns under this Act, or from publishing or making available reasonable statistics concerning the operation of the tax wherein the contents of returns are grouped into aggregates in such a way that the information contained in any individual return shall not be disclosed.
    (c) Governmental agencies. The Director may make available to the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States or his delegate, or the proper officer or his delegate of any other state imposing a tax upon or measured by income, for exclusively official purposes, information received by the Department in the administration of this Act, but such permission shall be granted only if the United States or such other state, as the case may be, grants the Department substantially similar privileges. The Director may exchange information with the Department of Healthcare and Family Services and the Department of Human Services (acting as successor to the Department of Public Aid under the Department of Human Services Act) for the purpose of verifying sources and amounts of income and for other purposes directly connected with the administration of this Act, the Illinois Public Aid Code, and any other health benefit program administered by the State. The Director may exchange information with the Director of the Department of Employment Security for the purpose of verifying sources and amounts of income and for other purposes directly connected with the administration of this Act and Acts administered by the Department of Employment Security. The Director may make available to the Illinois Workers' Compensation Commission information regarding employers for the purpose of verifying the insurance coverage required under the Workers' Compensation Act and Workers' Occupational Diseases Act. The Director may exchange information with the Illinois Department on Aging for the purpose of verifying sources and amounts of income for purposes directly related to confirming eligibility for participation in the programs of benefits authorized by the Senior Citizens and Persons with Disabilities Property Tax Relief and Pharmaceutical Assistance Act. The Director may exchange information with the State Treasurer's Office and the Department of Employment Security for the purpose of implementing, administering, and enforcing the Illinois Secure Choice Savings Program Act. The Director may exchange information with the State Treasurer's Office for the purpose of administering the Uniform Disposition of Unclaimed Property Act or successor Acts.
    The Director may make available to any State agency, including the Illinois Supreme Court, which licenses persons to engage in any occupation, information that a person licensed by such agency has failed to file returns under this Act or pay the tax, penalty and interest shown therein, or has failed to pay any final assessment of tax, penalty or interest due under this Act. The Director may make available to any State agency, including the Illinois Supreme Court, information regarding whether a bidder, contractor, or an affiliate of a bidder or contractor has failed to file returns under this Act or pay the tax, penalty, and interest shown therein, or has failed to pay any final assessment of tax, penalty, or interest due under this Act, for the limited purpose of enforcing bidder and contractor certifications. For purposes of this Section, the term "affiliate" means any entity that (1) directly, indirectly, or constructively controls another entity, (2) is directly, indirectly, or constructively controlled by another entity, or (3) is subject to the control of a common entity. For purposes of this subsection (a), an entity controls another entity if it owns, directly or individually, more than 10% of the voting securities of that entity. As used in this subsection (a), the term "voting security" means a security that (1) confers upon the holder the right to vote for the election of members of the board of directors or similar governing body of the business or (2) is convertible into, or entitles the holder to receive upon its exercise, a security that confers such a right to vote. A general partnership interest is a voting security.
    The Director may make available to any State agency, including the Illinois Supreme Court, units of local government, and school districts, information regarding whether a bidder or contractor is an affiliate of a person who is not collecting and remitting Illinois Use taxes, for the limited purpose of enforcing bidder and contractor certifications.
    The Director may also make available to the Secretary of State information that a corporation which has been issued a certificate of incorporation by the Secretary of State has failed to file returns under this Act or pay the tax, penalty and interest shown therein, or has failed to pay any final assessment of tax, penalty or interest due under this Act. An assessment is final when all proceedings in court for review of such assessment have terminated or the time for the taking thereof has expired without such proceedings being instituted. For taxable years ending on or after December 31, 1987, the Director may make available to the Director or principal officer of any Department of the State of Illinois, information that a person employed by such Department has failed to file returns under this Act or pay the tax, penalty and interest shown therein. For purposes of this paragraph, the word "Department" shall have the same meaning as provided in Section 3 of the State Employees Group Insurance Act of 1971.
    (d) The Director shall make available for public inspection in the Department's principal office and for publication, at cost, administrative decisions issued on or after January 1, 1995. These decisions are to be made available in a manner so that the following taxpayer information is not disclosed:
        (1) The names, addresses, and identification numbers
    
of the taxpayer, related entities, and employees.
        (2) At the sole discretion of the Director, trade
    
secrets or other confidential information identified as such by the taxpayer, no later than 30 days after receipt of an administrative decision, by such means as the Department shall provide by rule.
    The Director shall determine the appropriate extent of the deletions allowed in paragraph (2). In the event the taxpayer does not submit deletions, the Director shall make only the deletions specified in paragraph (1).
    The Director shall make available for public inspection and publication an administrative decision within 180 days after the issuance of the administrative decision. The term "administrative decision" has the same meaning as defined in Section 3-101 of Article III of the Code of Civil Procedure. Costs collected under this Section shall be paid into the Tax Compliance and Administration Fund.
    (e) Nothing contained in this Act shall prevent the Director from divulging information to any person pursuant to a request or authorization made by the taxpayer, by an authorized representative of the taxpayer, or, in the case of information related to a joint return, by the spouse filing the joint return with the taxpayer.
(Source: P.A. 99-143, eff. 7-27-15; 99-571, eff. 7-15-16; 100-47, eff. 8-11-17.)

35 ILCS 5/918

    (35 ILCS 5/918) (from Ch. 120, par. 9-918)
    Sec. 918. Place of Hearings. All hearings provided for in this Act and not otherwise delegated to the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal with respect to or concerning a taxpayer having his residence or commercial domicile in this State shall be held at the Department's office nearest to the location of such residence or domicile, except that if the taxpayer has his residence or commercial domicile in Cook County, such hearing shall be held in Cook County. If the taxpayer does not have his residence or commercial domicile in this State, such hearing shall be held in Cook County.
(Source: P.A. 97-1129, eff. 8-28-12.)