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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

(20 ILCS 1807/) Illinois Code of Military Justice.

20 ILCS 1807/Pt. VI

    (20 ILCS 1807/Pt. VI heading)
(Source: P.A. 99-796, eff. 1-1-17.)

20 ILCS 1807/30

    (20 ILCS 1807/30)
    Sec. 30. Article 30. Charges and specifications.
    (a) Charges and specifications shall be signed by a person subject to this Code under oath before a commissioned officer authorized by subsection (a) of Article 136 of this Code to administer oaths and shall state:
        (1) that the signer has personal knowledge of, or has
investigated, the matters set forth therein; and
        (2) that they are true in fact to the best of the
signer's knowledge and belief.
    (b) Upon the preferring of charges, the proper authority shall take immediate steps to determine what disposition should be made thereof in the interest of justice and discipline, and the person accused shall be informed of the charges as soon as practicable.
(Source: P.A. 99-796, eff. 1-1-17.)

20 ILCS 1807/31

    (20 ILCS 1807/31)
    Sec. 31. Article 31. Compulsory self-incrimination prohibited.
    (a) No person subject to this Code may compel any person to incriminate himself or to answer any question the answer to which may tend to incriminate him.
    (b) No person subject to this Code may interrogate or request any statement from an accused or a person suspected of an offense without first informing that person of the nature of the accusation and advising that person that the person does not have to make any statement regarding the offense of which the person is accused or suspected and that any statement made by the person may be used as evidence against the person in a trial by court-martial.
    (c) No person subject to this Code may compel any person to make a statement or produce evidence before any military court if the statement or evidence is not material to the issue and may tend to degrade the person.
    (d) No statement obtained from any person in violation of this Article or through the use of coercion, unlawful influence, or unlawful inducement may be received in evidence against the person in a trial by court-martial.
(Source: P.A. 99-796, eff. 1-1-17.)

20 ILCS 1807/32

    (20 ILCS 1807/32)
    Sec. 32. Article 32. Investigation.
    (a) No charge or specification may be referred to a general or special court-martial for trial until a thorough and impartial investigation of all the matters set forth therein has been made. This investigation shall include inquiry as to the truth of the matter set forth in the charges, consideration of the form of charges, and a recommendation as to the disposition which should be made of the case in the interest of justice and discipline.
    (b) The accused shall be advised of the charges against the accused and of the right to be represented at that investigation by counsel. The accused has the right to be represented at that investigation as provided in Article 38 of this Code and in regulations prescribed under that Article. At that investigation, full opportunity shall be given to the accused to cross-examine witnesses against the accused, if they are available, and to present anything the accused may desire in the accused's own behalf, either in defense or mitigation, and the investigating officer shall examine available witnesses requested by the accused. If the charges are forwarded after the investigation, they shall be accompanied by a statement of the substance of the testimony taken on both sides and a copy thereof shall be given to the accused.
    (c) If an investigation of the subject matter of an offense has been conducted before the accused is charged with the offense, and if the accused was present at the investigation and afforded the opportunities for representation, cross-examination, and presentation prescribed in subsection (b), no further investigation of that charge is necessary under this Article unless it is demanded by the accused after the accused is informed of the charge. A demand for further investigation entitles the accused to recall witnesses for further cross-examination and to offer any new evidence in the accused's own behalf.
    (d) If evidence adduced in an investigation under this Article indicates that the accused committed an uncharged offense, the investigating officer may investigate the subject matter of that offense without the accused having first been charged with the offense if the accused:
        (1) is present at the investigation;
        (2) is informed of the nature of each uncharged
offense investigated; and
        (3) is afforded the opportunities for representation,
cross-examination, and presentation prescribed in subsection (b).
    (e) The requirements of this Article are binding on all persons administering this Code but failure to follow them does not constitute jurisdictional error.
(Source: P.A. 99-796, eff. 1-1-17.)

20 ILCS 1807/33

    (20 ILCS 1807/33)
    Sec. 33. Article 33. Forwarding of charges. When a person is held for trial by general court-martial, the commanding officer shall within 15 days after the accused is ordered into arrest or confinement, if practicable, forward the charges, together with the investigation and allied papers, to the person exercising general court-martial jurisdiction. If that is not practicable, the commanding officer shall report in writing to that person the reasons for delay.
(Source: P.A. 99-796, eff. 1-1-17.)

20 ILCS 1807/34

    (20 ILCS 1807/34)
    Sec. 34. Article 34. Advice of judge advocate and reference for trial.
    (a) Before directing the trial of any charge by general or special court-martial, the convening authority shall refer it to a judge advocate for consideration and advice. The convening authority may not refer a specification under a charge to a general or special court-martial for trial unless the convening authority has been advised in writing by a judge advocate that:
        (1) the specification alleges an offense under this
        (2) the specification is warranted by the
evidence indicated in the report of investigation under Article 32 of this Code, if there is such a report; and
        (3) a court-martial would have jurisdiction over the
accused and the offense.
    (b) The advice of the judge advocate under subsection (a) with respect to a specification under a charge shall include a written and signed statement by the judge advocate:
        (1) expressing conclusions with respect to each
matter set forth in subsection (a); and
        (2) recommending action that the convening authority
take regarding the specification.
If the specification is referred for trial, the recommendation of the judge advocate shall accompany the specification.
    (c) If the charges or specifications are not correct formally or do not conform to the substance of the evidence contained in the report of the investigating officer, formal corrections, and such changes in the charges and specifications as are needed to make them conform to the evidence, may be made.
(Source: P.A. 99-796, eff. 1-1-17.)

20 ILCS 1807/35

    (20 ILCS 1807/35)
    Sec. 35. Article 35. Service of charges. The trial counsel shall serve or caused to be served upon the accused a copy of the charges. No person may, against the person's objection, be brought to trial before a general court-martial case within a period of 60 days after the service of charges upon the accused, or in a special court-martial, within a period of 45 days after the service of charges upon the accused.
(Source: P.A. 99-796, eff. 1-1-17.)