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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

TOWNSHIPS
(60 ILCS 1/) Township Code.

60 ILCS 1/115-20

    (60 ILCS 1/115-20)
    Sec. 115-20. Referendum on recommended plan; petition.
    (a) If the board recommends adoption of the open space plan, or if a subsequent petition is filed by not less than 5% or 50, whichever is greater, of the registered voters of the township (according to the voting registration records at the time the petition is filed) recommending adoption of the open space plan, then the Board, within 30 days of making of the recommendation or the approval of the petition, shall file a petition with the township clerk, requesting the clerk to submit to the voters of the township the question of whether the township shall adopt the open space plan and enter upon an open space program, with the power to acquire open land by purchase, condemnation (except townships in counties having a population of more than 150,000 but not more than 250,000), or otherwise in the township and with the power to issue bonds for those purposes under this Article. Approval of a petition recommending adoption of the open space plan shall be given if the petition is determined to be valid following public notice and a hearing consistent with the requirements of Section 115-10 for the initial petition. The total amount of bonds to be issued under this Section may not exceed 5% of the valuation of all taxable property in the township and shall be set forth in the question as a dollar amount. The township clerk shall certify that proposition to the proper election officials, who shall submit the proposition to the township voters at the next regular election. The referendum shall be conducted and notice given in accordance with the general election law.
    (b) The question submitted to the voters at the election shall be in substantially the following form:
        Shall (name of township) adopt the open space plan
    
considered at the public hearing on (date) and enter upon an open space program, and shall the Township Board have the power (i) to acquire open land by purchase (insert ", condemnation," if the township is in a county having a population of more than 250,000) or otherwise, (ii) to issue bonds for open space purposes in an amount not exceeding $(amount), and (iii) to levy a tax to pay the principal of and interest on those bonds, as provided in Article 115 of the Township Code?
The votes shall be recorded as "Yes" or "No".
    (c) If a majority of the voters voting at the election on the question vote in favor of the question, the township shall thereafter adopt the open space plan recommended by the board or by the petition of the registered voters of the township and shall enter upon an open space program under this Article. If the proposition does not receive the approval of a majority of the voters voting at the election on the question, no proposition may be submitted to the voters under this Section less than 23 months after the date of the election.
    (d) If a majority of the legal voters voting at referendum in any township approved a proposition at the consolidated election in 2001 in reliance upon and consistent with this Section 115-20 as it existed prior to the effective date of Public Act 91-847, then that referendum and all actions taken in reliance thereon are hereby validated and are legally binding in all respects.
(Source: P.A. 94-622, eff. 8-18-05.)

60 ILCS 1/115-25

    (60 ILCS 1/115-25)
    Sec. 115-25. Amendments or additions to plan. If the board recommends any amendments or additions to a plan that has been adopted by a township, no property that is the subject of the amendment or addition may be acquired until the revised plan is approved by the voters at a referendum under Section 115-20 unless the amendments or additions do not provide for expenditures in excess of those provided in the original plan and do not provide for the acquisition of property other than from persons who are selling their property voluntarily.
(Source: P.A. 85-1140; 88-62.)

60 ILCS 1/115-30

    (60 ILCS 1/115-30)
    Sec. 115-30. Property within municipality; petition; referendum.
    (a) If the open space plan recommended for adoption under Section 115-20 contains property that is situated within the corporate boundaries of a municipality, the corporate authorities of the municipality may, within 30 days of the recommendation, vote to authorize the board of a township in a county having a population of more than 250,000 to acquire by condemnation property that is situated within the municipality's corporate boundaries. If the corporate authorities of the municipality fail to act within that 30 day period, then none of the property included in the open space plan that is situated within the municipality shall be acquired by the board by condemnation. The municipality's failure to act constitutes a denial of authority to acquire that property by condemnation.
    (b) If, within 30 days of the decision of the municipality to either authorize or deny the board the authority to acquire by condemnation that property included in the open space plan that is situated within the corporate boundaries of the municipality, a petition is filed with the township clerk, signed by not less than 15% of the registered voters of the municipality residing within the township (according to the voting registration records at the time the petition is filed), requesting that the question of whether the board shall be granted authority to acquire property within its corporate boundaries by condemnation be submitted to the voters of the municipality residing within the township, then the question shall be submitted to those voters in the form of a proposition. The petition shall state the public question to be submitted and contain a common description of the territory in plain and nonlegal language. The description shall describe the territory by reference to streets, natural or artificial landmarks, addresses, or any other method that would enable a voter signing the petition to be informed of the territory proposed to be acquired.
    (c) The township clerk shall certify the proposition to the proper election officials, who shall submit the proposition to the voters of the municipality who reside within the township. The referendum shall appear on the ballot at the same election as the referendum required in Section 115-20. Except as otherwise provided in this Section, the referendum shall be conducted and notice given in accordance with the general election law. The question submitted to the voters at the election shall be in substantially the following form:
        Shall the Township Board of (name of township in a
    
county having a population of more than 250,000) have the authority to acquire by condemnation open land that is situated within the corporate boundaries of (name of municipality) for open space purposes?
The votes shall be recorded as "Yes" or "No".
    (d) The election authority shall include on the ballot the description of the territory proposed to be acquired as set forth in the petition. If the election authority determines that the description cannot be included within the space limitations of the ballot, the election authority shall prepare large printed copies of a notice of the public question that include the description. The notice shall be prominently displayed in the polling place of each precinct in which the question is to be submitted.
    (e) If a majority of the voters voting at the election on the question vote in favor of the question, then the board may acquire by condemnation open land that is situated within the corporate boundaries of the municipality and included in the open space plan recommended for adoption under Section 115-20.
    (f) If the corporate authorities of a municipality deny the board the authority to acquire by condemnation property that is situated within the municipality's boundaries and the referendum does not appear on the ballot at the election specified in this Section, or if the proposition fails to receive the vote of a majority of the voters voting on the question, then the board may not acquire the property by condemnation.
(Source: P.A. 91-641, eff. 8-20-99.)

60 ILCS 1/115-35

    (60 ILCS 1/115-35)
    Sec. 115-35. Property contiguous to municipality; petition; referendum.
    (a) If the open space plan recommended for adoption under Section 115-20 contains property that is contiguous to the corporate boundaries of one or more municipalities, the corporate authorities of any of those municipalities may, within 30 days of the recommendation, vote to authorize the board of a township in a county having a population of more than 250,000 to acquire by condemnation property that is contiguous to the municipality's corporate boundaries. If the corporate authorities of a municipality fail to act within that 30 day period, then none of the property included in the open space plan that is contiguous to a municipality shall be acquired by the board by condemnation. The municipality's failure to act constitutes a denial of authority to acquire that property by condemnation.
    (b) If, within 30 days of the decision of the municipality to either authorize or deny the board the authority to acquire by condemnation that property included in the open space plan that is contiguous to the corporate boundaries of the municipality, a petition is filed with the township clerk, signed by not less than 15% of the registered voters of the township (according to the voting registration records at the time the petition is filed), requesting that the question of whether the board shall be granted authority to acquire property contiguous to the corporate boundaries of the municipality by condemnation be submitted to the voters of the township, then the question shall be submitted to those voters in the form of a proposition. The petition shall state the public question to be submitted and contain a common description of the territory proposed to be acquired in plain and nonlegal language. The description shall describe the territory by reference to streets, natural or artificial landmarks, addresses, or any other method that would enable a voter signing the petition to be informed of the territory proposed to be acquired.
    (c) The township clerk shall certify the proposition to the proper election officials, who shall submit the proposition to the voters of the township. The referendum shall appear on the ballot at the same election as the referendum required in Section 115-20. Except as otherwise provided in this Section, the referendum shall be conducted and notice given in accordance with the general election law. The question submitted to the voters at the election shall be in substantially the following form:
        Shall the Township Board of (name of township in a
    
county having a population of more than 250,000) have the authority to acquire by condemnation open land that is contiguous to the corporate boundaries of (name of municipality) for open space purposes?
The votes shall be recorded as "Yes" or "No".
    (d) The election authority shall include on the ballot the description of the territory proposed to be acquired as set forth in the petition. If the election authority determines that the description cannot be included within the space limitations of the ballot, the election authority shall prepare large printed copies of a notice of the public question that includes the description. The notice shall be prominently displayed in the polling place of each precinct in which the question is to be submitted.
    (e) If a majority of the voters voting at the election on the question vote in favor of the question, then the board may acquire by condemnation open land that is contiguous to the corporate boundaries of the municipality or municipalities and included in the open space plan recommended for adoption under Section 115-20.
    (f) If the corporate authorities of a municipality deny the board the authority to acquire by condemnation property that is contiguous to the municipality's boundaries and the referendum does not appear on the ballot at the election specified in this Section, or if the proposition fails to receive the vote of a majority of the voters voting on the proposition, then the board may not acquire the property by condemnation.
    (g) For purposes of this Section, "contiguous" means contiguous for purposes of annexation under Article 7 of the Illinois Municipal Code.
(Source: P.A. 91-641, eff. 8-20-99.)

60 ILCS 1/115-40

    (60 ILCS 1/115-40)
    Sec. 115-40. Later submission of proposition to include property. If in a township in a county having a population of more than 250,000 a parcel of land cannot be acquired by condemnation because it was not approved at an election under either Section 115-30 or 115-35, that parcel can again be included in a proposition only if (i) the procedures set forth in Section 115-15 relating to amendments that add property to existing open space plans have been followed and (ii) not less than 23 months have elapsed since the date of the election at which the voters failed to approve the acquisition of the parcel by condemnation.
(Source: P.A. 91-641, eff. 8-20-99.)

60 ILCS 1/115-45

    (60 ILCS 1/115-45)
    Sec. 115-45. Powers of township board. In any township in which the establishment of an open space program has been authorized by the voters under this Article, the township board, to the extent necessary to carry out the purposes of this Article and in addition to any other powers, duties, and functions vested in a township by law (but subject to limitations and restrictions imposed by this or another law), has the powers enumerated in the following Sections.
(Source: P.A. 82-783; 88-62.)

60 ILCS 1/115-50

    (60 ILCS 1/115-50)
    Sec. 115-50. Study; coordinated plan. The board may study and ascertain the open space resources and outdoor recreation facilities in the township, the need for preserving those resources and providing those facilities, and the extent to which those needs are being currently met. The board may prepare and adopt a coordinated plan of areas and facilities to meet those needs.
(Source: P.A. 79-472; 88-62.)

60 ILCS 1/115-55

    (60 ILCS 1/115-55)
    Sec. 115-55. (a) The board may acquire by gift, legacy, purchase, condemnation in the manner provided for the exercise of the right of eminent domain under the Eminent Domain Act and except as otherwise provided in this subsection, lease, agreement, or otherwise the fee or any lesser right or interest in real property that is open land and may hold that property with or without public access for open space, scenic roadway, pathway, outdoor recreation, or other conservation benefits. No township in a county having a population of more than 150,000 but not more than 250,000 has authority under this Article to acquire property by condemnation, and no other township has authority under this Article to acquire by condemnation (i) property that is used for farming or agricultural purposes; (ii) property that is situated within the corporate limits of a municipality or contiguous to one or more municipalities unless approval to acquire the property by condemnation is obtained under Section 115-30 or 115-35; (iii) property upon which development has commenced; or (iv) property owned by a religious organization, church, school, or charitable organization exempt from federal taxation under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 or similar provisions of any successor law, or any other organization controlled by or affiliated with such a religious organization, church, school, or charitable organization.
    (b) For purposes of this Section:
        (1)  "Development" of property is deemed to have
    
commenced if (i) at least 30 days before the filing of a petition under Section 115-10, an application for a preliminary plan or preliminary planned unit development has been filed with the applicable governmental entity or, if neither is required, a building permit has been obtained at least 30 days before the filing of a petition under Section 115-10; (ii) mass grading of the property has commenced; and (iii) within 180 days of the date the open space plan is recommended for approval by the board under Section 115-5 or by petition of the voters under Section 115-20, 115-30, or 115-35, the installation of public improvements has commenced.
        (2) "Contiguous" means contiguous for purposes of
    
annexation under Article 7 of the Illinois Municipal Code.
        (3) Real property is deemed used for farming or
    
agricultural purposes if it is more than 10 acres in area and devoted primarily to (i) the raising and harvesting of crops, (ii) the feeding, breeding, and management of livestock, (iii) dairying, or (iv) any other agricultural or horticultural use or combination of those uses, with the intention of securing substantial income from those activities, and has been so used for the 3 years immediately preceding the filing of a condemnation action. Real property used for farming or agricultural purposes includes land devoted to and qualifying for payments or other compensation under a soil conservation program under an agreement with an agency of the federal government and also includes the construction and use of dwellings and other buildings customarily associated with farming and agricultural uses when associated with those uses.
    (c) If a township's acquisitions of open land, or interests in open land when combined with other lands in the township held for open space purposes by other governmental entities, equals 30% of the total acreage of the township, then the township may not acquire additional open land by condemnation.
    (d) Any parcel of land that is included in an open space plan adopted by a township that has not been acquired by the township under this Section within 3 years, or within 2 years with respect to existing open space programs, after the later of (i) July 29, 1988, or (ii) the date of the passage of the referendum may not thereafter be acquired by condemnation by the township under this Section, except that if an action in condemnation to acquire the parcel is filed under this Section within that 3 year or 2 year period, as applicable, the parcel may be acquired by condemnation by the township notwithstanding the fact that the condemnation action may not be concluded within the 3 year or 2 year period, as applicable. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if a parcel of land cannot be acquired by condemnation under subsection (a) because of its use for farming or agricultural purposes, the 3 year or 2 year period, as applicable, shall be tolled until the date the parcel ceases to be used for farming or agricultural purposes. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the fee or any lesser right or interest in real property that is open land may be acquired after the 3 year or 2 year period, as applicable, by any means authorized under subsection (a) other than condemnation.
(Source: P.A. 94-1055, eff. 1-1-07.)

60 ILCS 1/115-60

    (60 ILCS 1/115-60)
    Sec. 115-60. Classification of areas; structures. The board may classify, designate, plan, develop, preserve, administer, and maintain all areas, places, and facilities in which it has an interest and may construct, reconstruct, alter, and renew buildings and other structures and equip and maintain those buildings and other structures.
(Source: P.A. 79-472; 88-62.)

60 ILCS 1/115-65

    (60 ILCS 1/115-65)
    Sec. 115-65. Acceptance of money and personal property. The board may accept gifts, grants, bequests, contributions, and appropriations of money and other personal property for open space purposes.
(Source: P.A. 79-472; 88-62.)