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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
(725 ILCS 5/) Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963.

725 ILCS 5/115-10.1

    (725 ILCS 5/115-10.1) (from Ch. 38, par. 115-10.1)
    Sec. 115-10.1. Admissibility of Prior Inconsistent Statements. In all criminal cases, evidence of a statement made by a witness is not made inadmissible by the hearsay rule if
    (a) the statement is inconsistent with his testimony at the hearing or trial, and
    (b) the witness is subject to cross-examination concerning the statement, and
    (c) the statement--
    (1) was made under oath at a trial, hearing, or other proceeding, or
    (2) narrates, describes, or explains an event or condition of which the witness had personal knowledge, and
    (A) the statement is proved to have been written or signed by the witness, or
    (B) the witness acknowledged under oath the making of the statement either in his testimony at the hearing or trial in which the admission into evidence of the prior statement is being sought, or at a trial, hearing, or other proceeding, or
    (C) the statement is proved to have been accurately recorded by a tape recorder, videotape recording, or any other similar electronic means of sound recording.
    Nothing in this Section shall render a prior inconsistent statement inadmissible for purposes of impeachment because such statement was not recorded or otherwise fails to meet the criteria set forth herein.
(Source: P.A. 83-1042.)

725 ILCS 5/115-10.2

    (725 ILCS 5/115-10.2)
    Sec. 115-10.2. Admissibility of prior statements when witness refused to testify despite a court order to testify.
    (a) A statement not specifically covered by any other hearsay exception but having equivalent circumstantial guarantees of trustworthiness, is not excluded by the hearsay rule if the declarant is unavailable as defined in subsection (c) and if the court determines that:
        (1) the statement is offered as evidence of a
    
material fact; and
        (2) the statement is more probative on the point for
    
which it is offered than any other evidence which the proponent can procure through reasonable efforts; and
        (3) the general purposes of this Section and the
    
interests of justice will best be served by admission of the statement into evidence.
    (b) A statement may not be admitted under this exception unless the proponent of it makes known to the adverse party sufficiently in advance of the trial or hearing to provide the adverse party with a fair opportunity to prepare to meet it, the proponent's intention to offer the statement, and the particulars of the statement, including the name and address of the declarant.
    (c) Unavailability as a witness is limited to the situation in which the declarant persists in refusing to testify concerning the subject matter of the declarant's statement despite an order of the court to do so.
    (d) A declarant is not unavailable as a witness if exemption, refusal, claim or lack of memory, inability or absence is due to the procurement or wrongdoing of the proponent of a statement for purpose of preventing the witness from attending or testifying.
    (e) Nothing in this Section shall render a prior statement inadmissible for purposes of impeachment because the statement was not recorded or otherwise fails to meet the criteria set forth in this Section.
    (f) Prior statements are admissible under this Section only if the statements were made under oath and were subject to cross-examination by the adverse party in a prior trial, hearing, or other proceeding.
(Source: P.A. 93-413, eff. 8-5-03; 93-443, eff. 8-5-03; 94-53, eff. 6-17-05.)

725 ILCS 5/115-10.2a

    (725 ILCS 5/115-10.2a)
    Sec. 115-10.2a. Admissibility of prior statements in domestic violence prosecutions when the witness is unavailable to testify.
    (a) In a domestic violence prosecution, a statement, made by an individual identified in Section 201 of the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986 as a person protected by that Act, that is not specifically covered by any other hearsay exception but having equivalent circumstantial guarantees of trustworthiness, is not excluded by the hearsay rule if the declarant is identified as unavailable as defined in subsection (c) and if the court determines that:
        (1) the statement is offered as evidence of a
    
material fact; and
        (2) the statement is more probative on the point for
    
which it is offered than any other evidence which the proponent can procure through reasonable efforts; and
        (3) the general purposes of this Section and the
    
interests of justice will best be served by admission of the statement into evidence.
    (b) A statement may not be admitted under this exception unless the proponent of it makes known to the adverse party sufficiently in advance of the trial or hearing to provide the adverse party with a fair opportunity to prepare to meet it, the proponent's intention to offer the statement, and the particulars of the statement, including the name and address of the declarant.
    (c) Unavailability as a witness includes circumstances in which the declarant:
        (1) is exempted by ruling of the court on the ground
    
of privilege from testifying concerning the subject matter of the declarant's statement; or
        (2) persists in refusing to testify concerning the
    
subject matter of the declarant's statement despite an order of the court to do so; or
        (3) testifies to a lack of memory of the subject
    
matter of the declarant's statement; or
        (4) is unable to be present or to testify at the
    
hearing because of health or then existing physical or mental illness or infirmity; or
        (5) is absent from the hearing and the proponent of
    
the statement has been unable to procure the declarant's attendance by process or other reasonable means; or
        (6) is a crime victim as defined in Section 3 of the
    
Rights of Crime Victims and Witnesses Act and the failure of the declarant to testify is caused by the defendant's intimidation of the declarant as defined in Section 12-6 of the Criminal Code of 2012.
    (d) A declarant is not unavailable as a witness if exemption, refusal, claim of lack of memory, inability, or absence is due to the procurement or wrongdoing of the proponent of a statement for purpose of preventing the witness from attending or testifying.
    (e) Nothing in this Section shall render a prior statement inadmissible for purposes of impeachment because the statement was not recorded or otherwise fails to meet the criteria set forth in this Section.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/115-10.3

    (725 ILCS 5/115-10.3)
    Sec. 115-10.3. Hearsay exception regarding elder adults.
    (a) In a prosecution for a physical act, abuse, neglect, or financial exploitation perpetrated upon or against an eligible adult, as defined in the Adult Protective Services Act, who has been diagnosed by a physician to suffer from (i) any form of dementia, developmental disability, or other form of mental incapacity or (ii) any physical infirmity, including but not limited to prosecutions for violations of Sections 10-1, 10-2, 10-3, 10-3.1, 10-4, 11-1.20, 11-1.30, 11-1.40, 11-1.50, 11-1.60, 11-11, 12-1, 12-2, 12-3, 12-3.05, 12-3.2, 12-3.3, 12-4, 12-4.1, 12-4.2, 12-4.5, 12-4.6, 12-4.7, 12-5, 12-6, 12-7.3, 12-7.4, 12-11, 12-11.1, 12-13, 12-14, 12-15, 12-16, 12-21, 16-1, 16-1.3, 17-1, 17-3, 17-56, 18-1, 18-2, 18-3, 18-4, 18-5, 18-6, 19-6, 20-1.1, 24-1.2, and 33A-2, or subsection (b) of Section 12-4.4a of the Criminal Code of 2012, the following evidence shall be admitted as an exception to the hearsay rule:
        (1) testimony by an eligible adult, of an out of
    
court statement made by the eligible adult, that he or she complained of such act to another; and
        (2) testimony of an out of court statement made by
    
the eligible adult, describing any complaint of such act or matter or detail pertaining to any act which is an element of an offense which is the subject of a prosecution for a physical act, abuse, neglect, or financial exploitation perpetrated upon or against the eligible adult.
    (b) Such testimony shall only be admitted if:
        (1) The court finds in a hearing conducted outside
    
the presence of the jury that the time, content, and circumstances of the statement provide sufficient safeguards of reliability; and
        (2) The eligible adult either:
            (A) testifies at the proceeding; or
            (B) is unavailable as a witness and there is
        
corroborative evidence of the act which is the subject of the statement.
    (c) If a statement is admitted pursuant to this Section, the court shall instruct the jury that it is for the jury to determine the weight and credibility to be given the statement and that, in making the determination, it shall consider the condition of the eligible adult, the nature of the statement, the circumstances under which the statement was made, and any other relevant factor.
    (d) The proponent of the statement shall give the adverse party reasonable notice of his or her intention to offer the statement and the particulars of the statement.
(Source: P.A. 97-1108, eff. 1-1-13; 97-1109, eff. 1-1-13; 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13; 98-49, eff. 7-1-13.)

725 ILCS 5/115-10.4

    (725 ILCS 5/115-10.4)
    Sec. 115-10.4. Admissibility of prior statements when witness is deceased.
    (a) A statement not specifically covered by any other hearsay exception but having equivalent circumstantial guarantees of trustworthiness is not excluded by the hearsay rule if the declarant is deceased and if the court determines that:
        (1) the statement is offered as evidence of a
    
material fact; and
        (2) the statement is more probative on the point for
    
which it is offered than any other evidence which the proponent can procure through reasonable efforts; and
        (3) the general purposes of this Section and the
    
interests of justice will best be served by admission of the statement into evidence.
    (b) A statement may not be admitted under this exception unless the proponent of it makes known to the adverse party sufficiently in advance of the trial or hearing to provide the adverse party with a fair opportunity to prepare to meet it, the proponent's intention to offer the statement, and the particulars of the statement, including the name of the declarant.
    (c) Unavailability as a witness under this Section is limited to the situation in which the declarant is deceased.
    (d) Any prior statement that is sought to be admitted under this Section must have been made by the declarant under oath at a trial, hearing, or other proceeding and been subject to cross-examination by the adverse party.
    (e) Nothing in this Section shall render a prior statement inadmissible for purposes of impeachment because the statement was not recorded or otherwise fails to meet the criteria set forth in this Section.
(Source: P.A. 94-53, eff. 6-17-05.)

725 ILCS 5/115-10.5

    (725 ILCS 5/115-10.5)
    Sec. 115-10.5. Hearsay exception regarding safe zone testimony.
    (a) In any prosecution for any offense charged as a violation of Section 407 of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, Section 55 of the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act, or Section 5-130 of the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 the following evidence shall be admitted as an exception to the hearsay rule any testimony by any qualified individual regarding the status of any property as:
        (1) a truck stop or safety rest area, or
        (2) a school or conveyance owned, leased or
    
contracted by a school to transport students to or from school, or
        (3) residential property owned, operated, and managed
    
by a public housing agency, or
        (4) a public park, or
        (5) the real property comprising any church,
    
synagogue, or other building, structure, or place used primarily for religious worship, or
        (6) the real property comprising any of the following
    
places, buildings, or structures used primarily for housing or providing space for activities for senior citizens: nursing homes, assisted-living centers, senior citizen housing complexes, or senior centers oriented toward daytime activities.
    (b) As used in this Section, "qualified individual" means any person who (i) lived or worked within the territorial jurisdiction where the offense took place when the offense took place; and (ii) is familiar with various public places within the territorial jurisdiction where the offense took place when the offense took place.
    (c) For the purposes of this Section, "qualified individual" includes any peace officer, or any member of any duly organized State, county, or municipal peace unit, assigned to the territorial jurisdiction where the offense took place when the offense took place.
    (d) This Section applies to all prosecutions pending at the time this amendatory Act of the 91st General Assembly takes effect and to all prosecutions commencing on or after its effective date.
(Source: P.A. 94-556, eff. 9-11-05.)