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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

REVENUE
(35 ILCS 520/) Cannabis and Controlled Substances Tax Act.

35 ILCS 520/1

    (35 ILCS 520/1) (from Ch. 120, par. 2151)
    Sec. 1. This Act shall be known and may be cited as the "Cannabis and Controlled Substances Tax Act".
(Source: P.A. 85-663.)

35 ILCS 520/2

    (35 ILCS 520/2) (from Ch. 120, par. 2152)
    Sec. 2. As used in this Act:
    "Cannabis" has the same meaning specified in Section 3 of the Cannabis Control Act.
    "Controlled Substance" means a drug, substance, or immediate precursor specified in Article II of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act and includes counterfeit substance as defined in Section 102 of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act.
    "Person" means any individual, corporation, limited liability company, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership or association, or any other entity.
    "Department" means the Department of Revenue.
    "Director" means the Director of the Department of Revenue.
    "Dealer" means a person who in violation of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act or the Cannabis Control Act manufactures, produces, ships, transports, imports, sells or transfers or possesses with intent to deliver to another person more than 30 grams of cannabis or more than 5 grams of any controlled substance or 5 or more dosage units of a controlled substance.
(Source: P.A. 88-480.)

35 ILCS 520/3

    (35 ILCS 520/3) (from Ch. 120, par. 2153)
    Sec. 3. The Director shall administer this Act. Payment of taxes and penalties required by this Act must be made in the form and manner required by the Department. The Department shall collect all taxes and penalties imposed by this Act. All taxes and penalties collected pursuant to this Act shall be deposited in the General Revenue Fund.
(Source: P.A. 85-1300.)

35 ILCS 520/4

    (35 ILCS 520/4) (from Ch. 120, par. 2154)
    Sec. 4. The Department shall promulgate rules necessary to enforce this Act. The Department shall adopt a uniform system of providing, affixing, and displaying official stamps, official labels, or other official indicia for cannabis and controlled substances on which the tax is imposed pursuant to this Act.
(Source: P.A. 85-663.)

35 ILCS 520/5

    (35 ILCS 520/5) (from Ch. 120, par. 2155)
    Sec. 5. No dealer may possess any cannabis or controlled substance upon which a tax is imposed by this Act unless the tax has been paid on the cannabis or controlled substance as evidenced by a stamp or other official indicia issued by the Department.
(Source: P.A. 85-663.)

35 ILCS 520/6

    (35 ILCS 520/6) (from Ch. 120, par. 2156)
    Sec. 6. Nothing in this Act may in any manner provide immunity for a dealer from criminal prosecution pursuant to Illinois law.
(Source: P.A. 85-663)

35 ILCS 520/7

    (35 ILCS 520/7) (from Ch. 120, par. 2157)
    Sec. 7. Nothing in this Act requires persons registered under the Illinois Controlled Substances Act or otherwise lawfully in possession of cannabis or a controlled substance to pay the tax required under this Act.
(Source: P.A. 85-663.)

35 ILCS 520/8

    (35 ILCS 520/8) (from Ch. 120, par. 2158)
    Sec. 8. For the purpose of calculating the tax under this Act, a gram of cannabis or other controlled substance is measured by the weight of the substance in the dealer's possession.
(Source: P.A. 85-663.)

35 ILCS 520/9

    (35 ILCS 520/9) (from Ch. 120, par. 2159)
    Sec. 9. A tax is imposed on cannabis and controlled substances at the following rates:
    (1) on each gram of cannabis, or each portion of a gram, $10;
    (2) on each gram of controlled substance, or portion of a gram, $500;
    (3) on each 50 dosage units of a controlled substance that is not sold by weight, or portion thereof, $4,000.
(Source: P.A. 88-669, eff. 11-29-94.)

35 ILCS 520/9.5

    (35 ILCS 520/9.5)
    Sec. 9.5. Sunset of exemptions, credits, and deductions. The application of every exemption, credit, and deduction against tax imposed by this Act that becomes law after the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1994 shall be limited by a reasonable and appropriate sunset date. A taxpayer is not entitled to take the exemption, credit, or deduction beginning on the sunset date and thereafter. If a reasonable and appropriate sunset date is not specified in the Public Act that creates the exemption, credit, or deduction, a taxpayer shall not be entitled to take the exemption, credit, or deduction beginning 5 years after the effective date of the Public Act creating the exemption, credit, or deduction and thereafter.
(Source: P.A. 88-660, eff. 9-16-94.)

35 ILCS 520/10

    (35 ILCS 520/10) (from Ch. 120, par. 2160)
    (Text of Section from P.A. 88-669, Sec. 90-4.5)
    Sec. 10. Penalties. Any dealer violating this Act is subject to a penalty of 50% of the amount of the tax in addition to the tax imposed by this Act. The penalty shall be collected as part of the tax. In addition to the tax and penalty imposed, a dealer distributing or possessing cannabis or controlled substances without affixing the required stamps, labels, or other indicia is guilty of a Class 4 felony.
(Source: P.A. 86-380; 88-669 (Sec. 90-4.5), eff. 11-29-94.)
 
    (Text of Section from P.A. 88-669 (Sec. 90-5) and 88-679)
    Sec. 10. Penalties. Any dealer violating this Act is subject to a penalty of 2 times the amount of the tax in addition to the tax imposed by this Act. The penalty shall be collected as part of the tax. In addition to the tax and penalty imposed, a dealer distributing or possessing cannabis or controlled substances without affixing the required stamps, labels, or other indicia is guilty of a Class 4 felony.
(Source: P.A. 86-380; 88-669 (Sec. 90-5), eff. 11-29-94; 88-679, eff. 7-1-95.)

35 ILCS 520/11

    (35 ILCS 520/11) (from Ch. 120, par. 2161)
    Sec. 11. Official stamps, labels, or other indicia to be affixed to all cannabis or controlled substances shall be purchased from the Department. The purchaser shall pay 100% of face value for each stamp, label, or other indicia at the time of the purchase. The Department shall make the stamps, labels, or other indicia in denominations in multiples of $5.
(Source: P.A. 85-663.)

35 ILCS 520/12

    (35 ILCS 520/12) (from Ch. 120, par. 2162)
    Sec. 12. When a dealer purchases, acquires, transports, or imports into this State cannabis or controlled substances on which a tax is imposed and if the stamps, labels or indicia evidencing the payment of the tax have not already been affixed, the dealer shall have them permanently affixed on the cannabis or controlled substance immediately after receiving the substance. Each stamp, label or other official indicia may be used only once.
    Taxes imposed upon cannabis or controlled substances by this Act are due and payable immediately upon acquisition or possession in this State by a dealer.
(Source: P.A. 85-663.)

35 ILCS 520/13

    (35 ILCS 520/13) (from Ch. 120, par. 2163)
    Sec. 13. Neither the Director nor a public employee may reveal facts contained in a report or return required by this Act, nor can any information contained in such a report or return be used against the dealer in any criminal proceeding, unless such information has been independently obtained, except in connection with a proceeding involving taxes due under this Act from the taxpayer making the return.
(Source: P.A. 85-663.)

35 ILCS 520/14

    (35 ILCS 520/14) (from Ch. 120, par. 2164)
    Sec. 14. For the purpose of determining the correctness of any return, determining the amount of tax that should have been paid, determining whether or not the dealer should have made a return or paid taxes, or collecting any taxes under this Act, the Director may examine, or cause to be examined, any books, papers, records, or memoranda, that may be relevant to making such determinations, whether the books, papers, records, or memoranda, are the property of or in the possession of the dealer or another person. The Director may require the attendance of any person having knowledge or information that may be relevant, compel the production of books, papers, records, or memoranda by persons required to attend, take testimony on matters material to the determination, and administer oaths or affirmations. Upon demand of the Director or any examiner or investigator, a circuit court shall issue a subpoena for the attendance of a witness or the production of books, papers, records, and memoranda. Disobedience of subpoenas issued under this Act is punishable by the circuit court which issued the subpoena.
(Source: P.A. 85-663.)

35 ILCS 520/14.1

    (35 ILCS 520/14.1)
    Sec. 14.1. Enforcement by State's Attorney.
    (a) The State's Attorney of a county in which a violation of this Act is believed to have occurred may request authorization from the Attorney General to investigate the violation and enforce any tax or penalty provided in this Act. If the Attorney General approves the request, the State's Attorney shall so notify the Department and be deemed a designated agent of the Department to enforce the provisions of this Act and shall be deemed to possess all of the investigatory and enforcement authorities provided to the Department in this Act. The Director shall cooperate fully with the State's Attorney in any investigation and in all enforcement proceedings.
    (b) The State's Attorney shall notify the Director promptly of any judgment entered against any person under this Act. Thirty percent of any tax or penalty collected in an action or proceeding brought by the State's Attorney under this Act shall be remitted to the collecting county by the Department, in addition to the costs associated with the investigation and enforcement proceeding, for deposit into the county's general revenue fund.
    (c) A lien provided to the Department for the tax imposed under this Act or for a penalty or interest provided in this Act is also a lien in favor of the county in an amount equal to 30% of the judgment obtained by the State's Attorney, plus the costs associated with the investigation and enforcement proceedings.
    (d) Neither the county nor the State's Attorney is required to furnish a bond or make a deposit for or pay costs or fees of a court or court officer in a legal proceeding under this Act.
(Source: P.A. 88-669, eff. 11-29-94; 88-679, eff. 7-1-95.)

35 ILCS 520/15

    (35 ILCS 520/15) (from Ch. 120, par. 2165)
    Sec. 15. Lien for Tax.
    (a) In general. The Department shall have a lien for the tax herein imposed or any portion thereof, or for any penalty provided for in this Act, or for any amount of interest which may be due, upon all the real and personal property of any person assessed with a tax under this Act; however, the lien shall not be available on property which is the subject of forfeiture proceedings under the Narcotics Profit Forfeiture Act or the Criminal Code of 2012 or the Drug Asset Forfeiture Procedure Act until all forfeiture proceedings are concluded. Property forfeited shall not be subject to a lien under this Act.
    (b) Notice of lien. The lien created by assessment shall terminate unless a notice of lien is filed, as provided in Section 17 hereof, within 3 years from the date all proceedings in court for the review of such assessment have terminated or the time for the taking thereof has expired without such proceedings being instituted.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

35 ILCS 520/16

    (35 ILCS 520/16) (from Ch. 120, par. 2166)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-22)
    Sec. 16. All assessments are jeopardy assessments - lien.
    (a) Assessment. An assessment for a dealer not possessing valid stamps or other official indicia showing that the tax has been paid shall be considered a jeopardy assessment or collection, as provided by Section 1102 of the Illinois Income Tax Act. The Department shall determine and assess a tax and applicable penalties and interest according to the best judgment and information available to the Department, which amount so fixed by the Department shall be prima facie correct and shall be prima facie evidence of the correctness of the amount of tax due, as shown in such determination. When, according to the best judgment and information available to the Department with regard to all real and personal property and rights to property of the dealer, there is no reasonable expectation of collection of the amount of tax and penalty to be assessed, the Department may issue an assessment under this Section for the amount of tax without penalty.
    (b) Filing of lien. Upon issuance of a jeopardy assessment as provided by subsection (a) of this Section, the Department may file a notice of jeopardy assessment lien in the office of the recorder of the county in which any property of the taxpayer may be located and shall notify the taxpayer of such filing.
    (c) Protest. If the taxpayer believes that he does not owe some or all of the amount for which the jeopardy assessment lien against him has been filed, he may protest within 20 days after being notified by the Department of the filing of such jeopardy assessment lien and request a hearing, whereupon the Department shall hold a hearing in conformity with the provisions of Section 908 of the Illinois Income Tax Act and, pursuant thereto, shall notify the taxpayer of its decision as to whether or not such jeopardy assessment lien will be released.
    After the expiration of the period within which the person assessed may file an action for judicial review without such action being filed, a certified copy of the final assessment or revised final assessment of the Department may be filed with the Circuit Court of the county in which the dealer resides, or of Cook County in the case of a dealer who does not reside in this State, or in the county where the violation of this Act took place. The certified copy of the final assessment or revised final assessment shall be accompanied by a certification which recites facts that are sufficient to show that the Department complied with the jurisdictional requirements of the Act in arriving at its final assessment or its revised final assessment and that the dealer had this opportunity for an administrative hearing and for judicial review, whether he availed himself or herself of either or both of these opportunities or not. If the court is satisfied that the Department complied with the jurisdictional requirements of the Act in arriving at its final assessment or its revised final assessment and that the taxpayer had his opportunity for an administrative hearing and for judicial review, whether he availed himself of either or both of these opportunities or not, the court shall render judgment in favor of the Department and against the taxpayer for the amount shown to be due by the final assessment or the revised final assessment, plus any interest which may be due, and such judgment shall be entered in the judgment docket of the court. Such judgment shall bear the same rate of interest and shall have the same effect as other judgments. The judgment may be enforced, and all laws applicable to sales for the enforcement of a judgment shall be applicable to sales made under such judgments. The Department shall file the certified copy of its assessment, as herein provided, with the Circuit Court within 2 years after such assessment becomes final except when the taxpayer consents in writing to an extension of such filing period, and except that the time limitation period on the Department's right to file the certified copy of its assessment with the Circuit Court shall not run during any period of time in which the order of any court has the effect of enjoining or restraining the Department from filing such certified copy of its assessment with the Circuit Court.
    If, when the cause of action for a proceeding in court accrues against a person, he or she is out of the State, the action may be commenced within the times herein limited, after his or her coming into or returning to the State; and if, after the cause of action accrues, he or she departs from and remains out of the State, the time of his or her absence from the State, the time of his or her absence is no part of the time limited for the commencement of the action; but the foregoing provisions concerning absence from the State shall not apply to any case in which, at the time the cause of action accrues, the party against whom the cause of action accrues is not a resident of this State. The time within which a court action is to be commenced by the Department hereunder shall not run from the date the taxpayer files a petition in bankruptcy under the Federal Bankruptcy Act until 30 days after notice of termination or expiration of the automatic stay imposed by the Federal Bankruptcy Act.
    No claim shall be filed against the estate of any deceased person or any person under legal disability for any tax or penalty or part of either, or interest, except in the manner prescribed and within the time limited by the Probate Act of 1975, as amended.
    The collection of tax or penalty or interest by any means provided for herein shall not be a bar to any prosecution under this Act.
    In addition to any penalty provided for in this Act, any amount of tax which is not paid when due shall bear interest at the rate determined in accordance with the Uniform Penalty and Interest Act, per month or fraction thereof from the date when such tax becomes past due until such tax is paid or a judgment therefor is obtained by the Department. If the time for making or completing an audit of a taxpayer's books and records is extended with the taxpayer's consent, at the request of and for the convenience of the Department, beyond the date on which the statute of limitations upon the issuance of a notice of tax liability by the Department otherwise run, no interest shall accrue during the period of such extension. Interest shall be collected in the same manner and as part of the tax.
    If the Department determines that an amount of tax or penalty or interest was incorrectly assessed, whether as the result of a mistake of fact or an error of law, the Department shall waive the amount of tax or penalty or interest that accrued due to the incorrect assessment.
(Source: P.A. 97-1129, eff. 8-28-12.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-22)
    Sec. 16. All assessments are jeopardy assessments - lien.
    (a) Assessment. An assessment for a dealer not possessing valid stamps or other official indicia showing that the tax has been paid shall be considered a jeopardy assessment or collection, as provided by Section 1102 of the Illinois Income Tax Act. The Department shall determine and assess a tax and applicable penalties and interest according to the best judgment and information available to the Department, which amount so fixed by the Department shall be prima facie correct and shall be prima facie evidence of the correctness of the amount of tax due, as shown in such determination. When, according to the best judgment and information available to the Department with regard to all real and personal property and rights to property of the dealer, there is no reasonable expectation of collection of the amount of tax and penalty to be assessed, the Department may issue an assessment under this Section for the amount of tax without penalty.
    (b) Filing of lien. Upon issuance of a jeopardy assessment as provided by subsection (a) of this Section, the Department may file a notice of jeopardy assessment lien in the State Tax Lien Registry and shall notify the taxpayer of such filing.
    (c) Protest. If the taxpayer believes that he does not owe some or all of the amount for which the jeopardy assessment lien against him has been filed, he may protest within 20 days after being notified by the Department of the filing of such jeopardy assessment lien and request a hearing, whereupon the Department shall hold a hearing in conformity with the provisions of Section 908 of the Illinois Income Tax Act and, pursuant thereto, shall notify the taxpayer of its decision as to whether or not such jeopardy assessment lien will be released.
    After the expiration of the period within which the person assessed may file an action for judicial review without such action being filed, a certified copy of the final assessment or revised final assessment of the Department may be filed with the Circuit Court of the county in which the dealer resides, or of Cook County in the case of a dealer who does not reside in this State, or in the county where the violation of this Act took place. The certified copy of the final assessment or revised final assessment shall be accompanied by a certification which recites facts that are sufficient to show that the Department complied with the jurisdictional requirements of the Act in arriving at its final assessment or its revised final assessment and that the dealer had this opportunity for an administrative hearing and for judicial review, whether he availed himself or herself of either or both of these opportunities or not. If the court is satisfied that the Department complied with the jurisdictional requirements of the Act in arriving at its final assessment or its revised final assessment and that the taxpayer had his opportunity for an administrative hearing and for judicial review, whether he availed himself of either or both of these opportunities or not, the court shall render judgment in favor of the Department and against the taxpayer for the amount shown to be due by the final assessment or the revised final assessment, plus any interest which may be due, and such judgment shall be entered in the judgment docket of the court. Such judgment shall bear the same rate of interest and shall have the same effect as other judgments. The judgment may be enforced, and all laws applicable to sales for the enforcement of a judgment shall be applicable to sales made under such judgments. The Department shall file the certified copy of its assessment, as herein provided, with the Circuit Court within 2 years after such assessment becomes final except when the taxpayer consents in writing to an extension of such filing period, and except that the time limitation period on the Department's right to file the certified copy of its assessment with the Circuit Court shall not run during any period of time in which the order of any court has the effect of enjoining or restraining the Department from filing such certified copy of its assessment with the Circuit Court.
    If, when the cause of action for a proceeding in court accrues against a person, he or she is out of the State, the action may be commenced within the times herein limited, after his or her coming into or returning to the State; and if, after the cause of action accrues, he or she departs from and remains out of the State, the time of his or her absence from the State, the time of his or her absence is no part of the time limited for the commencement of the action; but the foregoing provisions concerning absence from the State shall not apply to any case in which, at the time the cause of action accrues, the party against whom the cause of action accrues is not a resident of this State. The time within which a court action is to be commenced by the Department hereunder shall not run from the date the taxpayer files a petition in bankruptcy under the Federal Bankruptcy Act until 30 days after notice of termination or expiration of the automatic stay imposed by the Federal Bankruptcy Act.
    No claim shall be filed against the estate of any deceased person or any person under legal disability for any tax or penalty or part of either, or interest, except in the manner prescribed and within the time limited by the Probate Act of 1975, as amended.
    The collection of tax or penalty or interest by any means provided for herein shall not be a bar to any prosecution under this Act.
    In addition to any penalty provided for in this Act, any amount of tax which is not paid when due shall bear interest at the rate determined in accordance with the Uniform Penalty and Interest Act, per month or fraction thereof from the date when such tax becomes past due until such tax is paid or a judgment therefor is obtained by the Department. If the time for making or completing an audit of a taxpayer's books and records is extended with the taxpayer's consent, at the request of and for the convenience of the Department, beyond the date on which the statute of limitations upon the issuance of a notice of tax liability by the Department otherwise run, no interest shall accrue during the period of such extension. Interest shall be collected in the same manner and as part of the tax.
    If the Department determines that an amount of tax or penalty or interest was incorrectly assessed, whether as the result of a mistake of fact or an error of law, the Department shall waive the amount of tax or penalty or interest that accrued due to the incorrect assessment.
(Source: P.A. ; 100-22, eff. 1-1-18.)

35 ILCS 520/17

    (35 ILCS 520/17) (from Ch. 120, par. 2167)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-22)
    Sec. 17. Filing and priority of liens.
    (a) Filing with recorder. Nothing in this Act shall be construed to give the Department a preference over the rights of any bona fide purchaser, holder of a security interest, mechanics lienholder, mortgagee, or judgment lien creditor arising prior to the filing of a regular notice of lien or a notice of jeopardy assessment lien in the office of the recorder in the county in which the property subject to the lien is located. For purposes of this section, the term "bona fide," shall not include any mortgage of real or personal property or any other credit transaction that results in the mortgagee or the holder of the security acting as trustee for unsecured creditors of the taxpayer mentioned in the notice of lien who executed such chattel or real property mortgage or the document evidencing such credit transaction. Such lien shall be inferior to the lien of general taxes, special assessments and special taxes heretofore or hereafter levied by any political subdivision of this State.
    (b) Filing with registrar. In case title to land to be affected by the notice of lien or notice of jeopardy assessment lien is registered under the provisions of "An Act concerning land titles," approved May 1, 1897, as amended, such notice shall be filed in the office of the Registrar of Titles of the county within which the property subject to the lien is situated and shall be entered upon the register of titles as a memorial of charge upon each folium of the register of titles affected by such notice, and the Department shall not have a preference over the rights of any bona fide purchaser, mortgagee, judgment creditor or other lien holder arising prior to the registration of such notice.
    (c) No recorder or registrar of titles of any county shall require that the Department pay any costs or fees in connection with recordation of any notice or other document filed by the Department under this Act at the time such notice or other document is presented for recordation.
(Source: P.A. 86-905.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-22)
    Sec. 17. Filing and priority of liens.
    (a) Filing in the State Tax Lien Registry. Nothing in this Act shall be construed to give the Department a preference over the rights of any bona fide purchaser, holder of a security interest, mechanics lienholder, mortgagee, or judgment lien creditor arising prior to the filing of a regular notice of lien or a notice of jeopardy assessment lien in the State Tax Lien Registry. For purposes of this section, the term "bona fide," shall not include any mortgage of real or personal property or any other credit transaction that results in the mortgagee or the holder of the security acting as trustee for unsecured creditors of the taxpayer mentioned in the notice of lien who executed such chattel or real property mortgage or the document evidencing such credit transaction. Such lien shall be inferior to the lien of general taxes, special assessments and special taxes heretofore or hereafter levied by any political subdivision of this State.
    (b) In case title to land to be affected by the notice of lien or notice of jeopardy assessment lien is registered under the provisions of "An Act concerning land titles," approved May 1, 1897, as amended, such notice shall also be filed in the State Tax Lien Registry, and the Department shall not have a preference over the rights of any bona fide purchaser, mortgagee, judgment creditor or other lien holder arising prior to the registration of such notice.
    (c) (Blank).
(Source: P.A. 100-22, eff. 1-1-18.)

35 ILCS 520/18

    (35 ILCS 520/18) (from Ch. 120, par. 2168)
    Sec. 18. Duration of Lien. The lien provided herein shall continue for 20 years from the date of filing the notice of lien under the provisions of Section 17 unless sooner released, or otherwise discharged.
(Source: P.A. 85-1300.)

35 ILCS 520/19

    (35 ILCS 520/19) (from Ch. 120, par. 2169)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-22)
    Sec. 19. Release of liens.
    (a) In general. The Department shall release all or any portion of the property subject to any lien provided for in this Act if it determines that the release will not endanger or jeopardize the collection of the amount secured thereby. The Department shall release its lien on property which is the subject of forfeiture proceedings under the Narcotics Profit Forfeiture Act, the Criminal Code of 2012, or the Drug Asset Forfeiture Procedure Act until all forfeiture proceedings are concluded. Property forfeited shall not be subject to a lien under this Act.
    (b) Judicial determination. If on judicial review the final judgment of the court is that the taxpayer does not owe some or all of the amount secured by the lien against him, or that no jeopardy to the revenue exists, the Department shall release its lien to the extent of such finding of nonliability, or to the extent of such finding of no jeopardy to the revenue.
    (c) Payment. The Department shall also release its jeopardy assessment lien against the taxpayer whenever the tax and penalty covered by such lien, plus any interest which may be due, are paid.
    (d) Certificate of release. The Department shall issue a certificate of complete or partial release of the lien:
        (1) To the extent that the fair market value of any
    
property subject to the lien exceeds the amount of the lien plus the amount of all prior liens upon such property;
        (2) To the extent that such lien shall become
    
unenforceable;
        (3) To the extent that the amount of such lien is
    
paid by the person whose property is subject to such lien, together with any interest and penalty which may become due under this Act between the date when the notice of lien is filed and the date when the amount of such lien is paid;
        (4) To the extent and under the circumstances
    
specified in this Section. A certificate of complete or partial release of any lien shall be held conclusive that the lien upon the property covered by the certificate is extinguished to the extent indicated by such certificate.
    Such release of lien shall be issued to the person, or his agent, against whom the lien was obtained and shall contain in legible letters a statement as follows:
    FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE OWNER, THIS RELEASE SHALL
    BE FILED WITH THE RECORDER OR THE REGISTRAR
    OF TITLES, IN WHOSE OFFICE, THE LIEN WAS FILED.
    (e) Filing. When a certificate of complete or partial release of lien issued by the Department is presented for filing in the office of the recorder or Registrar of Titles where a notice of lien or notice of jeopardy assessment lien was filed:
        (1) The recorder, in the case of nonregistered
    
property, shall permanently attach the certificate of release to the notice of lien or notice of jeopardy assessment lien and shall enter the certificate of release and the date in the "State Tax Lien Index" on the line where the notice of lien or notice of jeopardy assessment lien is entered; and
        (2) In the case of registered property, the Registrar
    
of Titles shall file and enter upon each folium of the register of titles affected thereby a memorial of the certificate of release which memorial when so entered shall act as a release pro tanto of any memorial of such notice of lien or notice of jeopardy assessment lien previously filed and registered.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-22)
    Sec. 19. Release of liens.
    (a) In general. The Department shall release all or any portion of the property subject to any lien provided for in this Act if it determines that the release will not endanger or jeopardize the collection of the amount secured thereby. The Department shall release its lien on property which is the subject of forfeiture proceedings under the Narcotics Profit Forfeiture Act, the Criminal Code of 2012, or the Drug Asset Forfeiture Procedure Act until all forfeiture proceedings are concluded. Property forfeited shall not be subject to a lien under this Act.
    (b) Judicial determination. If on judicial review the final judgment of the court is that the taxpayer does not owe some or all of the amount secured by the lien against him, or that no jeopardy to the revenue exists, the Department shall release its lien to the extent of such finding of nonliability, or to the extent of such finding of no jeopardy to the revenue.
    (c) Payment. The Department shall also release its jeopardy assessment lien against the taxpayer whenever the tax and penalty covered by such lien, plus any interest which may be due, are paid.
    (d) Certificate of release. The Department shall issue a certificate of complete or partial release of the lien:
        (1) To the extent that the fair market value of any
    
property subject to the lien exceeds the amount of the lien plus the amount of all prior liens upon such property;
        (2) To the extent that such lien shall become
    
unenforceable;
        (3) To the extent that the amount of such lien is
    
paid by the person whose property is subject to such lien, together with any interest and penalty which may become due under this Act between the date when the notice of lien is filed and the date when the amount of such lien is paid;
        (4) To the extent and under the circumstances
    
specified in this Section. A certificate of complete or partial release of any lien shall be held conclusive that the lien upon the property covered by the certificate is extinguished to the extent indicated by such certificate.
    Such release of lien shall be issued to the person, or his agent, against whom the lien was obtained and shall contain in legible letters a statement as follows:
    FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE OWNER, THIS RELEASE SHALL
    BE FILED IN THE STATE TAX LIEN REGISTRY.
    (e) Filing. When a certificate of complete or partial release of lien issued by the Department is filed in the State Tax Lien Registry, the Department shall permanently attach the certificate of release to the notice of lien or notice of jeopardy assessment lien and shall enter the certificate of release and the date in the "State Tax Lien Index" on the line where the notice of lien or notice of jeopardy assessment lien is entered.
(Source: P.A. 100-22, eff. 1-1-18.)

35 ILCS 520/20

    (35 ILCS 520/20) (from Ch. 120, par. 2170)
    Sec. 20. Nonliability for Costs. The Department shall not be required to furnish any bond nor to make a deposit for or pay any costs or fees of any court or officer thereof in any legal proceedings pursuant to the provisions of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 85-1300.)

35 ILCS 520/21

    (35 ILCS 520/21) (from Ch. 120, par. 2171)
    Sec. 21. Claim to Property. Whenever any process, issued from any court for the enforcement or collection of any liability created by this Act, shall be levied by any sheriff or other authorized person upon any personal property, and such property shall be claimed by any person other than the defendant as exempt from enforcement of a judgment thereon by virtue of the exemption laws of this State, then it shall be the duty of the person making such claim to give notice in writing of his claim and of his or her intention to prosecute the same, to the sheriff or other person within 10 days after the making of the levy. On receiving such notice, the sheriff or other person shall proceed in accordance with the provisions of Part 2 of Article XII of the Code of Civil Procedure, as amended. The giving of such notice within the 10-day period shall be a condition precedent to any judicial action against the sheriff or other authorized person for wrongfully levying, seizing or selling the property and any such person who fails to give notice within the time shall be forever barred from bringing any judicial action against such sheriff or other person for injury or damages to or conversion of said property.
(Source: P.A. 85-1300.)

35 ILCS 520/22

    (35 ILCS 520/22) (from Ch. 120, par. 2172)
    Sec. 22. Foreclosure on Real Property. In addition to any other remedy provided for by the laws of this State, and provided that no hearing or proceedings for review provided by this Act shall be pending, and the time for the taking thereof shall have expired, the Department may foreclose in the circuit court any lien on real property for any tax or penalty imposed by this Act to the same extent and in the same manner as in the enforcement of other liens. Such proceedings to foreclose shall not be instituted more than 5 years after the filing of the notice of lien under the provisions of Section 17. The process, practice and procedure for such foreclosure shall be the same as provided in the Civil Practice Law, as amended.
(Source: P.A. 85-1300.)

35 ILCS 520/23

    (35 ILCS 520/23) (from Ch. 120, par. 2173)
    Sec. 23. Demand and Seizure. In addition to any other remedy provided for by the laws of this State, if the tax imposed by this Act is not paid within the time required by this Act, the Department, or some person designated by it, may cause a demand to be made on the taxpayer for the payment thereof. If the demand is made before the issuance of an assessment, the demand shall inform the taxpayer that, within 5 days after the demand, he or she must either pay the tax or show the Department that the findings in the demand are erroneous. If the taxpayer does not either pay the tax or show the Department that the findings in the demand are erroneous within 5 days after the demand, the Department shall issue a jeopardy assessment under the procedures outlined in Section 16, and may issue a warrant directed to any sheriff or other person authorized to serve process, commanding the sheriff or other person to levy upon the personal property and rights to personal property (whether tangible or intangible) of the taxpayer, without exemption, found within his jurisdiction, for the payment of the amount thereof with the added penalties, interest and the cost of executing the warrant. The term "levy" includes the power of distraint and seizure by any means. In any case in which the warrant to levy has been issued, the sheriff or other person to whom the warrant was directed may seize and sell such property or rights to property. No real or personal property may be sold, however, until the time for protesting a jeopardy assessment has passed or the jeopardy assessment has otherwise become final. Such warrant shall be returned to the Department together with the money collected by virtue thereof within the time therein specified, which shall not be less than 20 nor more than 90 days from the date of the warrant. The sheriff or other person to whom such warrant is directed shall proceed in the same manner as prescribed by law in respect to the enforcement against property upon judgments by a court, and shall be entitled to the same fees for his services in executing the warrant, to be collected in the same manner.
    Any officer or employee of the Department designated in writing by the Director is authorized to serve process under this Section to levy upon accounts or other intangible assets of a taxpayer held by a financial organization, as defined in Section 1501 of the Illinois Income Tax Act. In addition to any other provisions of this Section, any officer or employee of the Department designated in writing by the Director may levy upon the following property and rights to property belonging to a taxpayer: contractual payments, accounts and notes receivable and other evidences of debt, and interest on bonds, by serving a notice of levy on the person making such payment. Levy shall not be made until the Department has caused a demand to be made on the taxpayer in the manner provided above. A lien obtained hereunder shall have priority over any subsequent lien obtained pursuant to Section 12-808 of the Code of Civil Procedure, except that liens for the support of a spouse or dependent children shall have priority over all liens obtained hereunder.
    In any case where property or rights to property have been seized by an officer of the Illinois Department of State Police, or successor agency thereto, under the authority of a warrant to levy issued by the Department of Revenue, the Department of Revenue may take possession of and may sell such property or rights to property and the Department of Revenue may contract with third persons to conduct sales of such property or rights to the property. No real or personal property may be sold, however, until the time for protesting a jeopardy assessment has passed or the jeopardy assessment has otherwise become final. In the conduct of such sales, the Department of Revenue shall proceed in the same manner as is prescribed by law for proceeding against property to enforce judgments which are entered by a circuit court of this State. If, in the Department of Revenue's opinion, no offer to purchase at such sale is acceptable and the State's interest would be better served by retaining the property for sale at a later date, then the Department may decline to accept any bid and may retain the property for sale at a later date.
(Source: P.A. 88-669, eff. 11-29-94.)

35 ILCS 520/24

    (35 ILCS 520/24) (from Ch. 120, par. 2174)
    Sec. 24. Redemption by State. The provisions of Sections 5g and 5h of the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act (relating to time for redemption by the State of real estate sold at judicial or execution sale) as in effect on the effective date of this Act, or as subsequently amended, shall apply for purposes of this Act as if such Sections were set forth herein in their entirety.
(Source: P.A. 85-1300.)

35 ILCS 520/25

    (35 ILCS 520/25) (from Ch. 120, par. 2175)
    Sec. 25. Administrative Procedure Act - Application. The Illinois Administrative Procedure Act is hereby expressly adopted and shall apply to all administrative rules and procedures of the Department of Revenue under this Act, except that: (1) subsection (b) of Section 5-10 of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act does not apply to final orders, decisions and opinions of the Department; (2) paragraph 2 of subsection (a) of Section 5-10 of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act does not apply to forms established by the Department for use under this Act; and (3) the provisions of Section 10-45 of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act regarding proposals for decision are excluded and not applicable to the Department under this Act to the extent Section 10-45 applies to hearings not otherwise subject to the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal Act of 2012.
(Source: P.A. 97-1129, eff. 8-28-12.)

35 ILCS 520/26

    (35 ILCS 520/26) (from Ch. 120, par. 2176)
    Sec. 26. Administrative Review. Except as otherwise provided in this Section, the provisions of the Administrative Review Law, and the rules adopted pursuant thereto, shall apply to and govern all proceedings for the judicial review of final administrative decisions of the Department under this Act. The term "administrative decision" is defined as in Section 3-101 of the Code of Civil Procedure. The provisions of Section 12 of the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act shall apply to dealers subject to this Act to the same extent as if such provisions were included herein.
    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the provisions of the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal Act of 2012, and the rules adopted pursuant thereto, shall apply to and govern judicial review of final administrative decisions that are subject to the Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal Act of 2012.
(Source: P.A. 97-1129, eff. 8-28-12.)