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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

CORRECTIONS
(730 ILCS 167/) Veterans and Servicemembers Court Treatment Act.

730 ILCS 167/1

    (730 ILCS 167/1)
    Sec. 1. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Veterans and Servicemembers Court Treatment Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-924, eff. 6-14-10.)

730 ILCS 167/5

    (730 ILCS 167/5)
    Sec. 5. Purposes. The General Assembly recognizes that veterans and active, Reserve and National Guard servicemembers have provided or are currently providing an invaluable service to our country. In so doing, some may suffer the effects of, including but not limited to, post traumatic stress disorder, traumatic brain injury, depression and may also suffer drug and alcohol dependency or addiction and co-occurring mental illness and substance abuse problems. As a result of this, some veterans or active duty servicemembers come into contact with the criminal justice system and are charged with felony or misdemeanor offenses. There is a critical need for the criminal justice system to recognize these veterans, provide accountability for their wrongdoing, provide for the safety of the public and provide for the treatment of our veterans. It is the intent of the General Assembly to create specialized veteran and servicemember courts or programs with the necessary flexibility to meet the specialized problems faced by these veteran and servicemember defendants.
(Source: P.A. 96-924, eff. 6-14-10.)

730 ILCS 167/10

    (730 ILCS 167/10)
    Sec. 10. Definitions. In this Act:
    "Combination Veterans and Servicemembers Court program" means a court program that includes a pre-adjudicatory and a post-adjudicatory Veterans and Servicemembers court program.
    "Court" means Veterans and Servicemembers Court.
    "IDVA" means the Illinois Department of Veterans' Affairs.
    "Peer recovery coach" means a volunteer veteran mentor assigned to a veteran or servicemember during participation in a veteran treatment court program who has been trained and certified by the court to guide and mentor the participant to successfully complete the assigned requirements.
    "Post-adjudicatory Veterans and Servicemembers Court Program" means a program in which the defendant has admitted guilt or has been found guilty and agrees, along with the prosecution, to enter a Veterans and Servicemembers Court program as part of the defendant's sentence.
    "Pre-adjudicatory Veterans and Servicemembers Court Program" means a program that allows the defendant with the consent of the prosecution, to expedite the defendant's criminal case before conviction or before filing of a criminal case and requires successful completion of the Veterans and Servicemembers Court programs as part of the agreement.
    "Servicemember" means a person who is currently serving in the Army, Air Force, Marines, Navy, or Coast Guard on active duty, reserve status or in the National Guard.
    "VA" means the United States Department of Veterans' Affairs.
    "VAC" means a veterans assistance commission.
    "Veteran" means a person who served in the active military, naval, or air service and who was discharged or released therefrom under conditions other than dishonorable.
    "Veterans and Servicemembers Court professional" means a member of the Veterans and Servicemembers Court team, including but not limited to a judge, prosecutor, defense attorney, probation officer, coordinator, treatment provider, or peer recovery coach.
    "Veterans and Servicemembers Court" means a court or program with an immediate and highly structured judicial intervention process for substance abuse treatment, mental health, or other assessed treatment needs of eligible veteran and servicemember defendants that brings together substance abuse professionals, mental health professionals, VA professionals, local social programs and intensive judicial monitoring in accordance with the nationally recommended 10 key components of drug courts.
(Source: P.A. 99-314, eff. 8-7-15; 99-819, eff. 8-15-16.)

730 ILCS 167/15

    (730 ILCS 167/15)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 99-807)
    Sec. 15. Authorization. The Chief Judge of each judicial circuit may establish a Veterans and Servicemembers Court program including a format under which it operates under this Act. The Veterans and Servicemembers Court may, at the discretion of the Chief Judge, be a separate court or a program of a problem-solving court, including but not limited to a drug court or mental health court. At the discretion of the Chief Judge, the Veterans and Servicemembers Court program may be operated in one county in the Circuit, and allow veteran and servicemember defendants from all counties within the Circuit to participate.
(Source: P.A. 96-924, eff. 6-14-10; 97-946, eff. 8-13-12.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 99-807)
    Sec. 15. Authorization. The Chief Judge of each judicial circuit shall establish a Veterans and Servicemembers Court program including a format under which it operates under this Act. The Veterans and Servicemembers Court may, at the discretion of the Chief Judge, be a separate court or a program of a problem-solving court, including but not limited to a drug court or mental health court. At the discretion of the Chief Judge, the Veterans and Servicemembers Court program may be operated in one county in the Circuit, and allow veteran and servicemember defendants from all counties within the Circuit to participate.
(Source: P.A. 99-807, eff. 1-1-18.)

730 ILCS 167/20

    (730 ILCS 167/20)
    Sec. 20. Eligibility. Veterans and Servicemembers are eligible for Veterans and Servicemembers Courts, provided the following:
    (a) A defendant, who is eligible for probation based on the nature of the crime convicted of and in consideration of his or her criminal background, if any, may be admitted into a Veterans and Servicemembers Court program only upon the agreement of the prosecutor and the defendant and with the approval of the Court.
    (b) A defendant shall be excluded from Veterans and Servicemembers Court program if any of one of the following applies:
        (1) The crime is a crime of violence as set forth in
    
clause (3) of this subsection (b).
        (2) The defendant does not demonstrate a willingness
    
to participate in a treatment program.
        (3) The defendant has been convicted of a crime of
    
violence within the past 10 years excluding incarceration time. As used in this Section, "crime of violence" means: first degree murder, second degree murder, predatory criminal sexual assault of a child, aggravated criminal sexual assault, criminal sexual assault, armed robbery, aggravated arson, arson, aggravated kidnapping and kidnapping, aggravated battery resulting in great bodily harm or permanent disability, stalking, aggravated stalking, or any offense involving the discharge of a firearm or where occurred serious bodily injury or death to any person.
        (4) (Blank).
        (5) The crime for which the defendant has been
    
convicted is non-probationable.
        (6) The sentence imposed on the defendant, whether
    
the result of a plea or a finding of guilt, renders the defendant ineligible for probation.
(Source: P.A. 98-152, eff. 1-1-14; 99-480, eff. 9-9-15.)

730 ILCS 167/25

    (730 ILCS 167/25)
    Sec. 25. Procedure.
    (a) The Court shall order the defendant to submit to an eligibility screening and an assessment through the VA, VAC, and/or the IDVA to provide information on the defendant's veteran or servicemember status.
    (b) The Court shall order the defendant to submit to an eligibility screening and mental health and drug/alcohol screening and assessment of the defendant by the VA, VAC, or by the IDVA to provide assessment services for Illinois Courts. The assessment shall include a risks assessment and be based, in part, upon the known availability of treatment resources available to the Veterans and Servicemembers Court. The assessment shall also include recommendations for treatment of the conditions which are indicating a need for treatment under the monitoring of the Court and be reflective of a level of risk assessed for the individual seeking admission. An assessment need not be ordered if the Court finds a valid screening and/or assessment related to the present charge pending against the defendant has been completed within the previous 60 days.
    (c) The judge shall inform the defendant that if the defendant fails to meet the conditions of the Veterans and Servicemembers Court program, eligibility to participate in the program may be revoked and the defendant may be sentenced or the prosecution continued as provided in the Unified Code of Corrections for the crime charged.
    (d) The defendant shall execute a written agreement with the Court as to his or her participation in the program and shall agree to all of the terms and conditions of the program, including but not limited to the possibility of sanctions or incarceration for failing to abide or comply with the terms of the program.
    (e) In addition to any conditions authorized under the Pretrial Services Act and Section 5-6-3 of the Unified Code of Corrections, the Court may order the defendant to complete substance abuse treatment in an outpatient, inpatient, residential, or jail-based custodial treatment program, order the defendant to complete mental health counseling in an inpatient or outpatient basis, comply with physicians' recommendation regarding medications and all follow up treatment. This treatment may include but is not limited to post-traumatic stress disorder, traumatic brain injury and depression.
    (f) The Court may establish a mentorship program that provides access and support to program participants by peer recovery coaches. Courts shall be responsible to administer the mentorship program with the support of volunteer veterans and local veteran service organizations, including a VAC. Peer recovery coaches shall be trained and certified by the Court prior to being assigned to participants in the program.
(Source: P.A. 99-314, eff. 8-7-15; 99-819, eff. 8-15-16.)

730 ILCS 167/30

    (730 ILCS 167/30)
    Sec. 30. Mental health and substance abuse treatment.
    (a) The Veterans and Servicemembers Court program may maintain a network of substance abuse treatment programs representing a continuum of graduated substance abuse treatment options commensurate with the needs of defendants; these shall include programs with the VA, IDVA, a VAC, the State of Illinois and community-based programs supported and sanctioned by either or both.
    (b) Any substance abuse treatment program to which defendants are referred must meet all of the rules and governing programs in Parts 2030 and 2060 of Title 77 of the Illinois Administrative Code.
    (c) The Veterans and Servicemembers Court program may, in its discretion, employ additional services or interventions, as it deems necessary on a case by case basis.
    (d) The Veterans and Servicemembers Court program may maintain or collaborate with a network of mental health treatment programs and, if it is a co-occurring mental health and substance abuse court program, a network of substance abuse treatment programs representing a continuum of treatment options commensurate with the needs of the defendant and available resources including programs with the VA, the IDVA, a VAC, and the State of Illinois.
(Source: P.A. 99-819, eff. 8-15-16.)

730 ILCS 167/35

    (730 ILCS 167/35)
    Sec. 35. Violation; termination; discharge.
    (a) If the Court finds from the evidence presented including but not limited to the reports or proffers of proof from the Veterans and Servicemembers Court professionals that:
        (1) the defendant is not performing satisfactorily in
    
the assigned program;
        (2) the defendant is not benefitting from education,
    
treatment, or rehabilitation;
        (3) the defendant has engaged in criminal conduct
    
rendering him or her unsuitable for the program; or
        (4) the defendant has otherwise violated the terms
    
and conditions of the program or his or her sentence or is for any reason unable to participate; the Court may impose reasonable sanctions under prior written agreement of the defendant, including but not limited to imprisonment or dismissal of the defendant from the program and the Court may reinstate criminal proceedings against him or her or proceed under Section 5-6-4 of the Unified Code of Corrections for a violation of probation, conditional discharge, or supervision hearing.
    (b) Upon successful completion of the terms and conditions of the program, the Court may dismiss the original charges against the defendant or successfully terminate the defendant's sentence or otherwise discharge him or her from any further proceedings against him or her in the original prosecution.
(Source: P.A. 96-924, eff. 6-14-10.)

730 ILCS 167/90

    (730 ILCS 167/90)
    Sec. 90. (Amendatory provisions; text omitted).
(Source: P.A. 96-924, eff. 6-14-10; text omitted.)

730 ILCS 167/99

    (730 ILCS 167/99)
    Sec. 99. Effective date. This Act takes effect upon becoming law.
(Source: P.A. 96-924, eff. 6-14-10.)