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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

CORRECTIONS
(730 ILCS 190/) Illinois Crime Reduction Act of 2009.

730 ILCS 190/1

    (730 ILCS 190/1)
    Sec. 1. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Illinois Crime Reduction Act of 2009.
(Source: P.A. 96-761, eff. 1-1-10.)

730 ILCS 190/5

    (730 ILCS 190/5)
    Sec. 5. Purpose and Definitions.
    (a) Purpose. The General Assembly hereby declares that it is the policy of Illinois to preserve public safety, reduce crime, and make the most effective use of correctional resources. Currently, the Illinois correctional system overwhelmingly incarcerates people whose time in prison does not result in improved behavior and who return to Illinois communities in less than one year. It is therefore the purpose of this Act to create an infrastructure to provide effective resources and services to incarcerated individuals and individuals supervised in the locality; to hold offenders accountable; to successfully rehabilitate offenders to prevent future involvement with the criminal justice system; to measure the overall effectiveness of the criminal justice system in achieving this policy; and to create the Adult Redeploy Illinois program for those who do not fall under the definition of violent offenders.
    (b) Definitions. As used in this Act, unless the context clearly requires otherwise:
        (1) "Assets" are an offender's qualities or
    
resources, such as family and other positive support systems, educational achievement, and employment history, that research has demonstrated will decrease the likelihood that the offender will re-offend and increase the likelihood that the offender will successfully reintegrate into the locality.
        (2) "Case plan" means a consistently updated
    
written proposal that shall follow the offender through all phases of the criminal justice system, that is based on the offender's risks, assets, and needs as identified through the assessment tool described in this Act, and that outlines steps the offender shall take and the programs in which the offender shall participate to maximize the offender's ability to be rehabilitated.
        (3) "Conditions of supervision" include
    
conditions described in Section 5-6-3.1 of the Unified Code of Corrections.
        (4) "Evidence-based practices" means policies,
    
procedures, programs, and practices that have been demonstrated to reduce recidivism among incarcerated individuals and individuals on local supervision.
        (5) "Local supervision" includes supervision in
    
local-based, non-incarceration settings under such conditions and reporting requirements as are imposed by the court or the Prisoner Review Board.
        (6) "Needs" include an offender's criminogenic
    
qualities, skills, and experiences that can be altered in ways that research has demonstrated will minimize the offender's chances of re-offending and maximize the offender's chances of successfully reintegrating into the locality.
        (7) "Risks" include the attributes of an
    
offender that are commonly considered to be those variables, such as age, prior criminal history, history of joblessness, and lack of education that research has demonstrated contribute to an offender's likelihood of re-offending and impact an offender's ability to successfully reintegrate into the locality.
        (8) "Violent offender" means a person convicted
    
of a violent crime as defined in subsection (c) of Section 3 of the Rights of Crime Victims and Witnesses Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-761, eff. 1-1-10.)

730 ILCS 190/10

    (730 ILCS 190/10)
    Sec. 10. Evidence-Based Programming.
    (a) Purpose. Research and practice have identified new strategies and policies that can result in a significant reduction in recidivism rates and the successful local reintegration of offenders. The purpose of this Section is to ensure that State and local agencies direct their resources to services and programming that have been demonstrated to be effective in reducing recidivism and reintegrating offenders into the locality.
    (b) Evidence-based programming in local supervision.
        (1) The Parole Division of the Department of
    
Corrections and the Prisoner Review Board shall adopt policies, rules, and regulations that, within the first year of the adoption, validation, and utilization of the statewide, standardized risk assessment tool described in this Act, result in at least 25% of supervised individuals being supervised in accordance with evidence-based practices; within 3 years of the adoption, validation, and utilization of the statewide, standardized risk assessment tool result in at least 50% of supervised individuals being supervised in accordance with evidence-based practices; and within 5 years of the adoption, validation, and utilization of the statewide, standardized risk assessment tool result in at least 75% of supervised individuals being supervised in accordance with evidence-based practices. The policies, rules, and regulations shall:
            (A) Provide for a standardized individual
        
case plan that follows the offender through the criminal justice system (including in-prison if the supervised individual is in prison) that is:
                (i) Based on the assets of the
            
individual as well as his or her risks and needs identified through the assessment tool as described in this Act.
                (ii) Comprised of treatment and
            
supervision services appropriate to achieve the purpose of this Act.
                (iii) Consistently updated, based on
            
program participation by the supervised individual and other behavior modification exhibited by the supervised individual.
            (B) Concentrate resources and services on
        
high-risk offenders.
            (C) Provide for the use of evidence-based
        
programming related to education, job training, cognitive behavioral therapy, and other programming designed to reduce criminal behavior.
            (D) Establish a system of graduated
        
responses.
                (i) The system shall set forth a menu
            
of presumptive responses for the most common types of supervision violations.
                (ii) The system shall be guided by the
            
model list of intermediate sanctions created by the Probation Services Division of the State of Illinois pursuant to subsection (1) of Section 15 of the Probation and Probation Officers Act and the system of intermediate sanctions created by the Chief Judge of each circuit court pursuant to Section 5-6-1 of the Unified Code of Corrections.
                (iii) The system of responses shall
            
take into account factors such as the severity of the current violation; the supervised individual's risk level as determined by a validated assessment tool described in this Act; the supervised individual's assets; his or her previous criminal record; and the number and severity of any previous supervision violations.
                (iv) The system shall also define
            
positive reinforcements that supervised individuals may receive for compliance with conditions of supervision.
                (v) Response to violations should be
            
swift and certain and should be imposed as soon as practicable but no longer than 3 working days of detection of the violation behavior.
        (2) Conditions of local supervision (probation
    
and mandatory supervised release). Conditions of local supervision whether imposed by a sentencing judge or the Prisoner Review Board shall be imposed in accordance with the offender's risks, assets, and needs as identified through the assessment tool described in this Act.
    (c) Evidence-based in-prison programming.
        (1) The Department of Corrections shall adopt
    
policies, rules, and regulations that, within the first year of the adoption, validation, and utilization of the statewide, standardized risk assessment tool described in this Act, result in at least 25% of incarcerated individuals receiving services and programming in accordance with evidence-based practices; within 3 years of the adoption, validation, and utilization of the statewide, standardized risk assessment tool result in at least 50% of incarcerated individuals receiving services and programming in accordance with evidence-based practices; and within 5 years of the adoption, validation, and utilization of the statewide, standardized risk assessment tool result in at least 75% of incarcerated individuals receiving services and programming in accordance with evidence-based practices. The policies, rules, and regulations shall:
            (A) Provide for the use and development of
        
a case plan based on the risks, assets, and needs identified through the assessment tool as described in this Act. The case plan should be used to determine in-prison programming; should be continuously updated based on program participation by the prisoner and other behavior modification exhibited by the prisoner; and should be used when creating the case plan described in subsection (b).
            (B) Provide for the use of evidence-based
        
programming related to education, job training, cognitive behavioral therapy and other evidence-based programming.
            (C) Establish education programs based on a
        
teacher to student ratio of no more than 1:30.
            (D) Expand the use of drug prisons, modeled
        
after the Sheridan Correctional Center, to provide sufficient drug treatment and other support services to non-violent inmates with a history of substance abuse.
        (2) Participation and completion of programming
    
by prisoners can impact earned time credit as determined under Section 3-6-3 of the Unified Code of Corrections.
        (3) The Department of Corrections shall provide
    
its employees with intensive and ongoing training and professional development services to support the implementation of evidence-based practices. The training and professional development services shall include assessment techniques, case planning, cognitive behavioral training, risk reduction and intervention strategies, effective communication skills, substance abuse treatment education and other topics identified by the Department or its employees.
    (d) The Parole Division of the Department of Corrections and the Prisoner Review Board shall provide their employees with intensive and ongoing training and professional development services to support the implementation of evidence-based practices. The training and professional development services shall include assessment techniques, case planning, cognitive behavioral training, risk reduction and intervention strategies, effective communication skills, substance abuse treatment education, and other topics identified by the agencies or their employees.
    (e) The Department of Corrections, the Prisoner Review Board, and other correctional entities referenced in the policies, rules, and regulations of this Act shall design, implement, and make public a system to evaluate the effectiveness of evidence-based practices in increasing public safety and in successful reintegration of those under supervision into the locality. Annually, each agency shall submit to the Sentencing Policy Advisory Council a comprehensive report on the success of implementing evidence-based practices. The data compiled and analyzed by the Council shall be delivered annually to the Governor and the General Assembly.
(Source: P.A. 96-761, eff. 1-1-10.)

730 ILCS 190/15

    (730 ILCS 190/15)
    Sec. 15. Adoption, validation, and utilization of an assessment tool.
    (a) Purpose. In order to determine appropriate punishment or services which will protect public safety, it is necessary for the State and local jurisdictions to adopt a common assessment tool. Supervision and correctional programs are most effective at reducing future crime when they accurately assess offender risks, assets, and needs, and use these assessment results to assign supervision levels and target programs to criminogenic needs.
    (b) After review of the plan issued by the Task Force described in subsection (c), the Department of Corrections, the Parole Division of the Department of Corrections, and the Prisoner Review Board shall adopt policies, rules, and regulations that within 3 years of the effective date of this Act result in the adoption, validation, and utilization of a statewide, standardized risk assessment tool across the Illinois criminal justice system.
    (c) The Governor's Office shall convene a Risks, Assets, and Needs Assessment Task Force to develop plans for the adoption, validation, and utilization of such an assessment tool. The Task Force shall include, but not be limited to, designees from the Department of Corrections who are responsible for parole services, a designee from the Cook County Adult Probation; a representative from a county probation office, a designee from DuPage County Adult Probation, a designee from Sangamon County Adult Probation; and designees from the Attorney General's Office, the Prisoner Review Board, the Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority, the Sentencing Policy Advisory Council, the Cook County State's Attorney, a State's Attorney selected by the President of the Illinois State's Attorneys Association, the Cook County Public Defender, and the State Appellate Defender.
    (c-5) The Department of Human Services shall provide administrative support for the Task Force.
    (d) The Task Force's plans shall be released within one year of the effective date of this Act and shall at a minimum include:
        (1) A computerized method and design to allow
    
each of the State and local agencies and branches of government which are part of the criminal justice system to share the results of the assessment. The recommendations for the automated system shall include cost estimates, a timetable, a plan to pay for the system and for sharing data across agencies and branches of government.
        (2) A selection of a common validated tool to
    
be used across the system.
        (3) A description of the different points in
    
the system at which the tool shall be used.
        (4) An implementation plan, including training
    
and the selection of pilot sites to test the tool.
        (5) How often and in what intervals offenders
    
will be reassessed.
        (6) How the results can be legally shared with
    
non-governmental organizations that provide treatment and services to those under local supervision.
(Source: P.A. 96-761, eff. 1-1-10.)

730 ILCS 190/20

    (730 ILCS 190/20)
    Sec. 20. Adult Redeploy Illinois.
    (a) Purpose. When offenders are accurately assessed for risk, assets, and needs, it is possible to identify which people should be sent to prison and which people can be effectively supervised in the locality. By providing financial incentives to counties or judicial circuits to create effective local-level evidence-based services, it is possible to reduce crime and recidivism at a lower cost to taxpayers. Based on this model, this Act hereby creates the Adult Redeploy Illinois program for offenders who do not fall under the definition of violent offenders in order to increase public safety and encourage the successful local supervision of eligible offenders and their reintegration into the locality.
    (b) The Adult Redeploy Illinois program shall reallocate State funds to local jurisdictions that successfully establish a process to assess offenders and provide a continuum of locally based sanctions and treatment alternatives for offenders who would be incarcerated in a State facility if those local services and sanctions did not exist. The allotment of funds shall be based on a formula that rewards local jurisdictions for the establishment or expansion of local supervision programs and requires them to pay the amount determined in subsection (e) if incarceration targets as defined in subsection (e) are not met.
    (c) Each county or circuit participating in the Adult Redeploy Illinois program shall create a local plan describing how it will protect public safety and reduce the county or circuit's utilization of incarceration in State facilities or local county jails by the creation or expansion of individualized services or programs.
    (d) Based on the local plan, a county or circuit shall enter into an agreement with the Adult Redeploy Oversight Board described in subsection (e) to reduce the number of commitments to State correctional facilities from that county or circuit, excluding violent offenders. The agreement shall include a pledge from the county or circuit to reduce their commitments by 25% of the level of commitments from the average number of commitments for the past 3 years of eligible non-violent offenders. In return, the county or circuit shall receive, based upon a formula described in subsection (e), funds to redeploy for local programming for offenders who would otherwise be incarcerated such as management and supervision, electronic monitoring, and drug testing. The county or circuit shall also be penalized, as described in subsection (e), for failure to reach the goal of reduced commitments stipulated in the agreement.
    (e) Adult Redeploy Illinois Oversight Board; members; responsibilities.
        (1) The Secretary of Human Services and the
    
Director of Corrections shall within 3 months after the effective date of this Act convene and act as co-chairs of an oversight board to oversee the Adult Redeploy Program. The Board shall include, but not be limited to, designees from the Prisoner Review Board, Office of the Attorney General, Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority, and Sentencing Policy Advisory Council; the Cook County State's Attorney; a State's Attorney selected by the President of the Illinois State's Attorneys Association; the State Appellate Defender; the Cook County Public Defender; a representative of Cook County Adult Probation, a representative of DuPage County Adult Probation; a representative of Sangamon County Adult Probation; and 4 representatives from non-governmental organizations, including service providers.
        (2) The Oversight Board shall within one year
    
after the effective date of this Act:
            (A) Develop a process to solicit
        
applications from and identify jurisdictions to be included in the Adult Redeploy Illinois program.
            (B) Define categories of membership for
        
local entities to participate in the creation and oversight of the local Adult Redeploy Illinois program.
            (C) Develop a formula for the allotment of
        
funds to local jurisdictions for local and community-based services in lieu of commitment to the Department of Corrections and a penalty amount for failure to reach the goal of reduced commitments stipulated in the plans.
            (D) Develop a standard format for the local
        
plan to be submitted by the local entity created in each county or circuit.
            (E) Identify and secure resources
        
sufficient to support the administration and evaluation of Adult Redeploy Illinois.
            (F) Develop a process to support ongoing
        
monitoring and evaluation of Adult Redeploy Illinois.
            (G) Review local plans and proposed
        
agreements and approve the distribution of resources.
            (H) Develop a performance measurement
        
system that includes but is not limited to the following key performance indicators: recidivism, rate of revocations, employment rates, education achievement, successful completion of substance abuse treatment programs, and payment of victim restitution. Each county or circuit shall include the performance measurement system in its local plan and provide data annually to evaluate its success.
            (I) Report annually the results of the
        
performance measurements on a timely basis to the Governor and General Assembly.
(Source: P.A. 96-761, eff. 1-1-10.)