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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

CORRECTIONS
(730 ILCS 168/) Mental Health Court Treatment Act.

730 ILCS 168/1

    (730 ILCS 168/1)
    Sec. 1. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Mental Health Court Treatment Act.
(Source: P.A. 95-606, eff. 6-1-08.)

730 ILCS 168/5

    (730 ILCS 168/5)
    Sec. 5. Purposes. The General Assembly recognizes that a large percentage of criminal defendants have a diagnosable mental illness and that mental illnesses have a dramatic effect on the criminal justice system in the State of Illinois. The General Assembly also recognizes that mental illness and substance abuse problems co-occur in a substantial percentage of criminal defendants. There is a critical need for a criminal justice system program that will reduce the number of persons with mental illnesses and with co-occurring mental illness and substance abuse problems in the criminal justice system, reduce recidivism among persons with mental illness and with co-occurring mental illness and substance abuse problems, provide appropriate treatment to persons with mental illnesses and co-occurring mental illness and substance abuse problems and reduce the incidence of crimes committed as a result of mental illnesses or co-occurring mental illness and substance abuse problems. It is the intent of the General Assembly to create specialized mental health courts with the necessary flexibility to meet the problems of criminal defendants with mental illnesses and co-occurring mental illness and substance abuse problems in the State of Illinois.
(Source: P.A. 95-606, eff. 6-1-08.)

730 ILCS 168/10

    (730 ILCS 168/10)
    Sec. 10. Definitions. As used in this Act:
    "Mental health court", "mental health court program", or "program" means a structured judicial intervention process for mental health treatment of eligible defendants that brings together mental health professionals, local social programs, and intensive judicial monitoring.
    "Mental health court professional" means a member of the mental health court team, including but not limited to a judge, prosecutor, defense attorney, probation officer, coordinator, treatment provider, or peer recovery coach.
    "Pre-adjudicatory mental health court program" means a program that allows the defendant, with the consent of the prosecution, to expedite the defendant's criminal case before conviction or before filing of a criminal case and requires successful completion of the mental health court program as part of the agreement.
    "Post-adjudicatory mental health court program" means a program in which the defendant has admitted guilt or has been found guilty and agrees, along with the prosecution, to enter a mental health court program as part of the defendant's sentence.
    "Combination mental health court program" means a mental health court program that includes a pre-adjudicatory mental health court program and a post-adjudicatory mental health court program.
    "Co-occurring mental health and substance abuse court program" means a program that includes persons with co-occurring mental illness and substance abuse problems. Such programs shall include professionals with training and experience in treating persons with substance abuse problems and mental illness.
(Source: P.A. 97-946, eff. 8-13-12.)

730 ILCS 168/15

    (730 ILCS 168/15)
    Sec. 15. Authorization. The Chief Judge of each judicial circuit may establish a mental health court program, including the format under which it operates under this Act.
(Source: P.A. 95-606, eff. 6-1-08.)

730 ILCS 168/20

    (730 ILCS 168/20)
    Sec. 20. Eligibility.
    (a) A defendant, who is eligible for probation based on the nature of the crime convicted of and in consideration of his or her criminal background, if any, may be admitted into a mental health court program only upon the agreement of the prosecutor and the defendant and with the approval of the court.
    (b) A defendant shall be excluded from a mental health court program if any one of the following applies:
        (1) The crime is a crime of violence as set forth in
    
clause (3) of this subsection (b).
        (2) The defendant does not demonstrate a willingness
    
to participate in a treatment program.
        (3) The defendant has been convicted of a crime of
    
violence within the past 10 years excluding incarceration time, specifically first degree murder, second degree murder, predatory criminal sexual assault of a child, aggravated criminal sexual assault, criminal sexual assault, armed robbery, aggravated arson, arson, aggravated kidnapping, kidnapping, stalking, aggravated stalking, or any offense involving the discharge of a firearm.
        (4) (Blank).
        (5) The crime for which the defendant has been
    
convicted is non-probationable.
        (6) The sentence imposed on the defendant, whether
    
the result of a plea or a finding of guilt, renders the defendant ineligible for probation.
    (c) A defendant charged with prostitution under Section 11-14 of the Criminal Code of 2012 may be admitted into a mental health court program, if available in the jurisdiction and provided that the requirements in subsections (a) and (b) are satisfied. Mental health court programs may include specialized service programs specifically designed to address the trauma associated with prostitution and human trafficking, and may offer those specialized services to defendants admitted to the mental health court program. Judicial circuits establishing these specialized programs shall partner with prostitution and human trafficking advocates, survivors, and service providers in the development of the programs.
(Source: P.A. 97-946, eff. 8-13-12; 98-152, eff. 1-1-14; 98-538, eff. 8-23-13; 98-621, eff. 1-7-14.)

730 ILCS 168/25

    (730 ILCS 168/25)
    Sec. 25. Procedure.
    (a) The court shall require an eligibility screening and an assessment of the defendant. An assessment need not be ordered if the court finds a valid assessment related to the present charge pending against the defendant has been completed within the previous 60 days.
    (b) The judge shall inform the defendant that if the defendant fails to meet the requirements of the mental health court program, eligibility to participate in the program may be revoked and the defendant may be sentenced or the prosecution continued, as provided in the Unified Code of Corrections, for the crime charged.
    (c) The defendant shall execute a written agreement as to his or her participation in the program and shall agree to all of the terms and conditions of the program, including but not limited to the possibility of sanctions or incarceration for failing to abide or comply with the terms of the program.
    (d) In addition to any conditions authorized under the Pretrial Services Act and Section 5-6-3 of the Unified Code of Corrections, the court may order the defendant to complete mental health or substance abuse treatment in an outpatient, inpatient, residential, or jail-based custodial treatment program. Any period of time a defendant shall serve in a jail-based treatment program may not be reduced by the accumulation of good time or other credits and may be for a period of up to 120 days.
    (e) The mental health court program may include a regimen of graduated requirements and rewards and sanctions, including but not limited to: fines, fees, costs, restitution, incarceration of up to 180 days, individual and group therapy, medication, drug analysis testing, close monitoring by the court and supervision of progress, educational or vocational counseling as appropriate and other requirements necessary to fulfill the mental health court program.
(Source: P.A. 95-606, eff. 6-1-08.)

730 ILCS 168/30

    (730 ILCS 168/30)
    Sec. 30. Mental health and substance abuse treatment.
    (a) The mental health court program may maintain or collaborate with a network of mental health treatment programs and, if it is a co-occurring mental health and substance abuse court program, a network of substance abuse treatment programs representing a continuum of treatment options commensurate with the needs of defendants and available resources.
    (b) Any substance abuse treatment program to which defendants are referred must meet all of the rules and governing programs in Parts 2030 and 2060 of Title 77 of the Illinois Administrative Code.
    (c) The mental health court program may, at its discretion, employ additional services or interventions, as it deems necessary on a case by case basis.
(Source: P.A. 95-606, eff. 6-1-08.)

730 ILCS 168/35

    (730 ILCS 168/35)
    Sec. 35. Violation; termination; discharge.
    (a) If the court finds from the evidence presented, including but not limited to the reports or proffers of proof from the mental health court professionals that:
        (1) the defendant is not performing satisfactorily in
    
the assigned program;
        (2) the defendant is not benefiting from education,
    
treatment, or rehabilitation;
        (3) the defendant has engaged in criminal conduct
    
rendering him or her unsuitable for the program; or
        (4) the defendant has otherwise violated the terms
    
and conditions of the program or his or her sentence or is for any reason unable to participate;
the court may impose reasonable sanctions under prior written agreement of the defendant, including but not limited to imprisonment or dismissal of the defendant from the program; and the court may reinstate criminal proceedings against him or her or proceed under Section 5-6-4 of the Unified Code of Corrections for a violation of probation, conditional discharge, or supervision hearing. No defendant may be dismissed from the program unless, prior to such dismissal, the defendant is informed in writing: (i) of the reason or reasons for the dismissal; (ii) the evidentiary basis supporting the reason or reasons for the dismissal; (iii) that the defendant has a right to a hearing at which he or she may present evidence supporting his or her continuation in the program. Based upon the evidence presented, the court shall determine whether the defendant has violated the conditions of the program and whether the defendant should be dismissed from the program or whether some other alternative may be appropriate in the interests of the defendant and the public.
    (b) Upon successful completion of the terms and conditions of the program, the court may dismiss the original charges against the defendant or successfully terminate the defendant's sentence or otherwise discharge him or her from the program or from any further proceedings against him or her in the original prosecution.
(Source: P.A. 95-606, eff. 6-1-08.)

730 ILCS 168/40

    (730 ILCS 168/40)
    Sec. 40. Mental health court; Kane County.
    (a) The mental health court currently operating in Kane County is directed to demonstrate the impact of alternative treatment court, crisis intervention training for first responders, and assisted outpatient treatment in reducing the number of mentally ill people admitted into the correctional system. The mental health court in Kane County is authorized to cooperate with one or more accredited mental health service providers to provide services to defendants as directed by the mental health court. The mental health court in Kane County is authorized to cooperate with one or more institutions of higher education to publish peer-reviewed studies of the outcomes generated by the mental health court.
    (b) In this Section, "accredited mental health service provider" refers to a provider of community mental health services as authorized by subsection (d-5) of Section 3 of the Community Services Act.
(Source: P.A. 97-440, eff. 1-1-12.)

730 ILCS 168/105

    (730 ILCS 168/105)
    Sec. 105. (Amendatory provisions; text omitted).
(Source: P.A. 95-606, eff. 6-1-08; text omitted.)