Illinois General Assembly

  Bills & Resolutions  
  Compiled Statutes  
  Public Acts  
  Legislative Reports  
  IL Constitution  
  Legislative Guide  
  Legislative Glossary  

 Search By Number
 (example: HB0001)
Search Tips

Search By Keyword

Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION
(710 ILCS 35/) Uniform Mediation Act.

710 ILCS 35/1

    (710 ILCS 35/1)
    Sec. 1. Title. This Act may be cited as the Uniform Mediation Act.
(Source: P.A. 93-399, eff. 1-1-04.)

710 ILCS 35/2

    (710 ILCS 35/2)
    Sec. 2. Definitions. In this Act:
        (1) "Mediation" means a process in which a mediator
    
facilitates communication and negotiation between parties to assist them in reaching a voluntary agreement regarding their dispute.
        (2) "Mediation communication" means a statement,
    
whether oral or in a record or verbal or nonverbal, that occurs during a mediation or is made for purposes of considering, conducting, participating in, initiating, continuing, or reconvening a mediation or retaining a mediator.
        (3) "Mediator" means an individual who conducts a
    
mediation.
        (4) "Nonparty participant" means a person, other than
    
a party or mediator, that participates in a mediation.
        (5) "Mediation party" means a person that
    
participates in a mediation and whose agreement is necessary to resolve the dispute.
        (6) "Person" means an individual, corporation,
    
business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity.
        (7) "Proceeding" means:
            (A) a judicial, administrative, arbitral, or
        
other adjudicative process, including related pre-hearing and post-hearing motions, conferences, and discovery; or
            (B) a legislative hearing or similar process.
        (8) "Record" means information that is inscribed on a
    
tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form.
        (9) "Sign" means:
            (A) to execute or adopt a tangible symbol with
        
the present intent to authenticate a record; or
            (B) to attach or logically associate an
        
electronic symbol, sound, or process to or with a record with the present intent to authenticate a record.
(Source: P.A. 93-399, eff. 1-1-04.)

710 ILCS 35/3

    (710 ILCS 35/3)
    Sec. 3. Scope.
    (a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b) or (c), this Act applies to a mediation in which:
        (1) the mediation parties are required to mediate by
    
statute or court or administrative agency rule or referred to mediation by a court, administrative agency, or arbitrator;
        (2) the mediation parties and the mediator agree to
    
mediate in a record that demonstrates an expectation that mediation communications will be privileged against disclosure; or
        (3) the mediation parties use as a mediator an
    
individual who holds himself or herself out as a mediator, or the mediation is provided by a person that holds itself out as providing mediation.
    (b) The Act does not apply to a mediation:
        (1) relating to the establishment, negotiation,
    
administration, or termination of a collective bargaining relationship;
        (2) relating to a dispute that is pending under or is
    
part of the processes established by a collective bargaining agreement, except that the Act applies to a mediation arising out of a dispute that has been filed with an administrative agency or court;
        (3) conducted by a judge who might make a ruling on
    
the case; or
        (4) conducted under the auspices of:
            (A) a primary or secondary school if all the
        
parties are students; or
            (B) a correctional institution for youths if all
        
the parties are residents of that institution.
    (c) If the parties agree in advance in a signed record, or a record of proceeding reflects agreement by the parties, that all or part of a mediation is not privileged, the privileges under Sections 4 through 6 do not apply to the mediation or part agreed upon. However, Sections 4 through 6 apply to a mediation communication made by a person that has not received actual notice of the agreement before the communication is made.
(Source: P.A. 93-399, eff. 1-1-04.)

710 ILCS 35/4

    (710 ILCS 35/4)
    Sec. 4. Privilege against disclosure; admissibility; discovery.
    (a) Except as otherwise provided in Section 6, a mediation communication is privileged as provided in subsection (b) and is not subject to discovery or admissible in evidence in a proceeding unless waived or precluded as provided by Section 5.
    (b) In a proceeding, the following privileges apply:
        (1) A mediation party may refuse to disclose, and may
    
prevent any other person from disclosing, a mediation communication.
        (2) A mediator may refuse to disclose a mediation
    
communication, and may prevent any other person from disclosing a mediation communication of the mediator.
        (3) A nonparty participant may refuse to disclose,
    
and may prevent any other person from disclosing, a mediation communication of the nonparty participant.
    (c) Evidence or information that is otherwise admissible or subject to discovery does not become inadmissible or protected from discovery solely by reason of its disclosure or use in a mediation.
(Source: P.A. 93-399, eff. 1-1-04.)

710 ILCS 35/5

    (710 ILCS 35/5)
    Sec. 5. Waiver and preclusion of privilege.
    (a) A privilege under Section 4 may be waived in a record or orally during a proceeding if it is expressly waived by all parties to the mediation and:
        (1) in the case of the privilege of a mediator, it is
    
expressly waived by the mediator; and
        (2) in the case of the privilege of a nonparty
    
participant, it is expressly waived by the nonparty participant.
    (b) A person that discloses or makes a representation about a mediation communication which prejudices another person in a proceeding is precluded from asserting a privilege under Section 4, but only to the extent necessary for the person prejudiced to respond to the representation or disclosure.
    (c) A person that intentionally uses a mediation to plan, attempt to commit or commit a crime, or to conceal an ongoing crime or ongoing criminal activity is precluded from asserting a privilege under Section 4.
(Source: P.A. 93-399, eff. 1-1-04.)

710 ILCS 35/6

    (710 ILCS 35/6)
    Sec. 6. Exceptions to privilege.
    (a) There is no privilege under Section 4 for a mediation communication that is:
        (1) in an agreement evidenced by a record signed by
    
all parties to the agreement;
        (2) available to the public under the Freedom of
    
Information Act or made during a session or a mediation which is open, or is required by law to be open, to the public;
        (3) a threat or statement of a plan to inflict bodily
    
injury or commit a crime of violence;
        (4) intentionally used to plan a crime, attempt to
    
commit a crime, or to conceal an ongoing crime or ongoing criminal activity;
        (5) sought or offered to prove or disprove a claim or
    
complaint of professional misconduct or malpractice filed against a mediator;
        (6) except as otherwise provided in subsection (c),
    
sought or offered to prove or disprove a claim or complaint of professional misconduct or malpractice filed against a mediation party, nonparty participant, or representative of a party based on conduct occurring during a mediation; or
        (7) sought or offered to prove or disprove abuse,
    
neglect, abandonment, or exploitation in a proceeding in which a child or adult protective services agency is a party, unless the case is referred by a court to mediation and a public agency participates.
    (b) There is no privilege under Section 4 if a court, administrative agency, or arbitrator finds, after a hearing in camera, that the party seeking discovery or the proponent of the evidence has shown that the evidence is not otherwise available, that there is a need for the evidence that substantially outweighs the interest in protecting confidentiality, and that the mediation communication is sought or offered in:
        (1) a court proceeding involving a felony; or
        (2) except as otherwise provided in subsection (c), a
    
proceeding to prove a claim to rescind or reform or a defense to avoid liability on a contract arising out of the mediation.
    (c) A mediator may not be compelled to provide evidence of a mediation communication referred to in subsection (a)(6) or (b)(2).
    (d) If a mediation communication is not privileged under subsection (a) or (b), only the portion of the communication necessary for the application of the exception from nondisclosure may be admitted. Admission of evidence under subsection (a) or (b) does not render the evidence, or any other mediation communication, discoverable or admissible for any other purpose.
(Source: P.A. 93-399, eff. 1-1-04.)

710 ILCS 35/7

    (710 ILCS 35/7)
    Sec. 7. Prohibited mediator reports.
    (a) Except as required in subsection (b), a mediator may not make a report, assessment, evaluation, recommendation, finding, or other communication regarding a mediation to a court, administrative agency, or other authority that may make a ruling on the dispute that is the subject of the mediation.
    (b) A mediator may disclose:
        (1) whether the mediation occurred or has terminated,
    
whether a settlement was reached, and attendance;
        (2) a mediation communication as permitted under
    
Section 6; or
        (3) a mediation communication evidencing abuse,
    
neglect, abandonment, or exploitation of an individual to a public agency responsible for protecting individuals against such mistreatment.
    (c) A communication made in violation of subsection (a) may not be considered by a court, administrative agency, or arbitrator.
(Source: P.A. 93-399, eff. 1-1-04.)

710 ILCS 35/8

    (710 ILCS 35/8)
    Sec. 8. Confidentiality. Unless subject to the Open Meetings Act or the Freedom of Information Act, mediation communications are confidential to the extent agreed by the parties or provided by other law or rule of this State.
(Source: P.A. 93-399, eff. 1-1-04.)

710 ILCS 35/9

    (710 ILCS 35/9)
    Sec. 9. Mediator's disclosure of conflicts of interest; background.
    (a) Before accepting a mediation, an individual who is requested to serve as a mediator shall:
        (1) make an inquiry that is reasonable under the
    
circumstances to determine whether there are any known facts that a reasonable individual would consider likely to affect the impartiality of the mediator, including a financial or personal interest in the outcome of the mediation and an existing or past relationship with a mediation party or foreseeable participant in the mediation; and
        (2) disclose any such known fact to the mediation
    
parties as soon as is practical before accepting a mediation.
    (b) If a mediator learns any fact described in subsection (a)(l) after accepting a mediation, the mediator shall disclose it as soon as is practicable.
    (c) At the request of a mediation party, an individual who is requested to serve as a mediator shall disclose the mediator's qualifications to mediate a dispute.
    (d) A person that violates subsection (a), (b), or (g) is precluded by the violation from asserting a privilege under Section 4.
    (e) Subsections (a), (b), (c), and (g) do not apply to an individual acting as a judge.
    (f) This Act does not require that a mediator have a special qualification by background or profession.
    (g) A mediator must be impartial, unless after disclosure of the facts required in subsections (a) and (b) to be disclosed, the parties agree otherwise.
(Source: P.A. 93-399, eff. 1-1-04.)

710 ILCS 35/10

    (710 ILCS 35/10)
    Sec. 10. Participation in mediation. An attorney or other individual designated by a party may accompany the party to and participate in a mediation. A waiver of participation given before the mediation may be rescinded.
(Source: P.A. 93-399, eff. 1-1-04.)

710 ILCS 35/11

    (710 ILCS 35/11)
    Sec. 11. Relation to Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act. This Act modifies, limits, or supersedes the federal Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act, 15 U.S.C. Section 7001 et seq., but this Act does not modify, limit, or supersede Section 101(c) of that Act or authorize electronic delivery of any of the notices described in Section 103(b) of that Act.
(Source: P.A. 93-399, eff. 1-1-04.)

710 ILCS 35/12

    (710 ILCS 35/12)
    Sec. 12. Uniformity of application and construction. In applying and construing this Act, consideration must be given to the need to promote uniformity of the law with respect to its subject matter among States that enact it.
(Source: P.A. 93-399, eff. 1-1-04.)

710 ILCS 35/13

    (710 ILCS 35/13)
    Sec. 13. Severability clause. If any provision of this Act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or applications of this Act which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this Act are severable.
(Source: P.A. 93-399, eff. 1-1-04.)

710 ILCS 35/16

    (710 ILCS 35/16)
    Sec. 16. Application to existing agreements or referrals.
    (a) This Act governs a mediation pursuant to a referral or an agreement to mediate made on or after January 1, 2004.
    (b) On or after January 1, 2004, this Act governs an agreement to mediate whenever made.
(Source: P.A. 93-399, eff. 1-1-04.)

710 ILCS 35/90

    (710 ILCS 35/90)
    Sec. 90. (Amendatory provisions; text omitted).
(Source: P.A. 93-399, eff. 1-1-04; text omitted.)

710 ILCS 35/99

    (710 ILCS 35/99)
    Sec. 99. Effective date. This Act takes effect January 1, 2004.
(Source: P.A. 93-399, eff. 1-1-04.)