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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

CIVIL LIABILITIES
(740 ILCS 80/) Frauds Act.

740 ILCS 80/0.01

    (740 ILCS 80/0.01) (from Ch. 59, par. 0.01)
    Sec. 0.01. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Frauds Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-1324.)

740 ILCS 80/1

    (740 ILCS 80/1) (from Ch. 59, par. 1)
    Sec. 1. That No action shall be brought, whereby to charge any executor or administrator upon any special promise to answer any debt or damages out of his own estate, or whereby to charge the defendant upon any special promise to answer for the debt, default or miscarriage of another person, or to charge any person upon any agreement made upon consideration of marriage, or upon any agreement that is not to be performed within the space of one year from the making thereof, unless the promise or agreement upon which such action shall be brought, or some memorandum or note thereof, shall be in writing, and signed by the party to be charged therewith, or some other person thereunto by him lawfully authorized.
(Source: R.S. 1874, p. 540.)

740 ILCS 80/2

    (740 ILCS 80/2) (from Ch. 59, par. 2)
    Sec. 2. No action shall be brought to charge any person upon any contract for the sale of lands, tenements or hereditaments or any interest in or concerning them, for a longer term than one year, unless such contract or some memorandum or note thereof shall be in writing, and signed by the party to be charged therewith, or some other person thereunto by him lawfully authorized in writing, signed by such party. This section shall not apply to sales for the enforcement of a judgment for the payment of money or sales by any officer or person pursuant to a judgment or order of any court in this State.
(Source: P.A. 83-346.)

740 ILCS 80/3

    (740 ILCS 80/3) (from Ch. 59, par. 3)
    Sec. 3. The consideration of any such promise or agreement need not be set forth or expressed in the writing, but may be proved or disproved by parol or other legal evidence.
(Source: R.S. 1874, p. 540.)

740 ILCS 80/8

    (740 ILCS 80/8) (from Ch. 59, par. 8)
    Sec. 8. This act shall not extend to any estate or interest in any lands, goods or chattels, or any rents, common or profit, out of the same, which shall be upon good consideration, and bona fide lawfully conveyed or assured to any person, bodies politic or corporate.
(Source: R.S. 1874, p. 540.)

740 ILCS 80/9

    (740 ILCS 80/9) (from Ch. 59, par. 9)
    Sec. 9. All declarations or creations of trusts or confidences of any lands, tenements or hereditaments, shall be manifested and proved by some writing signed by the party who is by law enabled to declare such trust, or by his last will in writing; or else they shall be utterly void and of no effect: Provided, that resulting trust or trusts created by construction, implication or operation of law, need not be in writing, and the same may be proved by parol.
(Source: R.S. 1874, p. 540.)

740 ILCS 80/10

    (740 ILCS 80/10) (from Ch. 59, par. 10)
    Sec. 10. All wills, limitations, dispositions or appointments of, or concerning any lands and tenements, or of any rent, profit, term or charge, out of the same, whereof any person, at the time of his or her decease, shall own in fee simple, in possession in reversion, or remainder, or have power to dispose of the same by his or her last will, shall be deemed and taken (only as against the person, his or her heirs, successors, executors, administrators or assigns, and every one of them, whose debts, actions, claims, estates and interests, by such will, limitation, disposition or appointment as above stated, shall, or might be in any wise disturbed, hindered, delayed or defrauded,) to be fraudulent, void and of no effect, any pretense, color, feigned or presumed consideration, or any other matter or thing to the contrary notwithstanding.
(Source: P.A. 84-551.)

740 ILCS 80/11

    (740 ILCS 80/11) (from Ch. 59, par. 11)
    Sec. 11. Any person, his heirs, legatees, representatives successors or assigns, and each of them, who have any debts, actions or claims against any person, who make any fraudulent legacy, or who has any debts, actions or claims against any person who dies intestate, and has real estate to descend according to the laws of this State, may maintain the actions which lie against representatives upon bonds, specialties, contracts and agreements against the representatives and the heirs, or against the representatives and the legatees, or may join the representatives, heir or heirs, and the legatees of such obligor, and shall not be delayed by the minority of any of the parties.
(Source: P.A. 83-388.)

740 ILCS 80/12

    (740 ILCS 80/12) (from Ch. 59, par. 12)
    Sec. 12. When any lands, tenements or hereditaments, or any rents or profits out of the same, shall descend to any heir, or be devised to any devisee, and the personal estate of the ancestor of such heir or devisor of such devisee shall be insufficient to discharge the just demands against such ancestor, or devisor's estate, such heir or devisee shall be liable to the creditor of their ancestor or devisor to the full amount of the lands, tenements or hereditaments, or rents and profits out of the same, as may descend or be devised to the said heir or devisee; and in all cases where any heir or devisee shall be liable to pay the debts of his executor or devisor, in regard of any lands, tenements or hereditaments, or any rent or profit arising out of the same, descending or being devised to him, and shall sell, alien or make over the same before any action brought, or process sued out against him, such heir at law or devisee shall be answerable for such debts to the value of the said lands, tenements and hereditaments, rents or profits so by him aliened or made over; and executions may be taken out upon any judgment so obtained against such heir or devisee, to the value of the said lands, tenements and hereditaments, rents and profits, out of the same, as if the same were his own proper debts, saving and excepting that the lands and tenements, rents and profits, by him bona fide aliened, before the action brought, shall not be liable to such execution.
(Source: R.S. 1874, p. 540.)

740 ILCS 80/14

    (740 ILCS 80/14) (from Ch. 59, par. 14)
    Sec. 14. In all cases where a judgment has been obtained against the executor or administrator of a deceased person, on a contract or undertaking on which a joint action might have been maintained against the executor or administrator, and the heir or devisee of the deceased person, if it shall appear by a judgment of record or the return of a proper officer that there is not property of the deceased person in the hands of the executor or administrator to satisfy such judgment, it shall be lawful to bring a separate suit or action against the heir or devisee on such contract or undertaking; and the judgment against the executor or administrator, if not satisfied, shall be no bar to the suit or action against the heir or devisee.
(Source: R.S. 1874, p. 540.)

740 ILCS 80/17

    (740 ILCS 80/17) (from Ch. 59, par. 17)
    Sec. 17. When any civil action other than a proceeding to probate the will of a deceased person is brought against any heir or devisee, who is a minor, the court may appoint a guardian ad litem for such minor heir or devisee and compel the person so appointed to act: Provided, that by such appointment such person shall not be rendered liable to pay any costs of the action.
(Source: P.A. 83-706.)

740 ILCS 80/18

    (740 ILCS 80/18) (from Ch. 59, par. 18)
    Sec. 18. Actions under Sections 10 to 14, both inclusive, of this Act, shall be commenced within and not after the time limited by Section 13-220 of the Code of Civil Procedure, as amended.
(Source: P.A. 82-783.)