Illinois Compiled Statutes
Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
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ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY415 ILCS 15/1
(415 ILCS 15/) Solid Waste Planning and Recycling Act.
(415 ILCS 15/1)
(from Ch. 85, par. 5951)
This Act shall be known and may be cited as the
Solid Waste Planning and Recycling Act.
(Source: P.A. 85-1198.)
415 ILCS 15/2
(415 ILCS 15/2)
(from Ch. 85, par. 5952)
(a) The General Assembly finds:
(1) that parts of this State have inadequate and
rapidly diminishing disposal capacity for municipal waste;
(2) that counties should have the primary
responsibility to plan for the management of municipal waste within their boundaries to insure the timely development of needed waste management facilities and programs;
(3) that waste reduction and recycling are preferable
to the disposal of municipal waste;
(4) that removing certain materials from the
municipal waste stream will decrease the flow of waste to sanitary landfills, aid in the conservation and recovery of valuable resources, conserve energy in the manufacturing process, increase the supply of reusable materials for the State's industries, and reduce substantially the need for municipal waste incineration facilities and contribute to their overall combustion efficiency, thereby resulting in a significant cost savings in the planning, construction and operation of these facilities; and
(5) that solid waste planning should be encouraged to
take place on a multi-county, regional basis and through inter-governmental cooperation agreements whereby various units of local government within a region determine the best methods and locations for disposal of solid waste. This amendatory Act of 1992 shall not be construed to impact the authority of units of local government in the siting of solid waste disposal facilities.
(b) It is the purpose of this Act to provide incentives for decreased
generation of municipal waste, to require certain counties to develop
comprehensive waste management plans that place substantial emphasis on
recycling and other alternatives to landfills, to encourage municipal
recycling and source reduction, and to promote composting of yard waste.
(Source: P.A. 87-330; 87-906.)
415 ILCS 15/3
(415 ILCS 15/3)
(from Ch. 85, par. 5953)
As used in this Act, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
"Agency" means the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency.
"Composting" means the biological process by which microorganisms
decompose the organic fraction of waste, producing a humus-like material
that may be used as a soil conditioner.
"County" means any county of the State and includes the City of Chicago.
"Department" means the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity.
"Municipal waste" means garbage, general household,
institutional and commercial waste, industrial lunchroom or
office waste, landscape waste, and construction and demolition debris.
"Person" means any individual, partnership, cooperative enterprise, unit
of local government, institution, corporation or agency, or any other legal
entity whatsoever which is recognized by law as the subject of rights and
"Recycling, reclamation or reuse" means a method, technique or
process designed to remove any contaminant from waste so as to render the
waste reusable, or any process by which materials that would otherwise
be disposed of or discarded are collected, separated or processed and
returned to the economic mainstream in the form of raw materials or products.
"Recycling center" means a facility that accepts only segregated,
nonhazardous, nonspecial, homogeneous, nonputrescible materials, such as dry
paper, glass, cans or plastics, for subsequent use in the secondary
(Source: P.A. 94-793, eff. 5-19-06.)
415 ILCS 15/4
(415 ILCS 15/4)
(from Ch. 85, par. 5954)
(a) By March 1, 1991, each county with a population of
100,000 or more and each municipality with a population of 1,000,000 or
more, and by March 1, 1995, each county with a population of less than
100,000, shall submit to the Agency an officially adopted plan for the
management of municipal waste generated within its boundaries. Such plan
shall conform with the waste management hierarchy established as State
policy in subsection (b) of Section 2 of the Illinois Solid Waste Management Act.
(b) The Agency shall review each county waste management plan to ensure
consistency with the requirements of this Act and, if warranted, return it
to the county with specific recommendations
for improving the plan within 90 days after the plan is submitted. If the
plan is returned, the county shall consider the Agency recommendations, make
any appropriate revisions, and adopt a revised plan by September 1, 1991,
or by September 1, 1995 in the case of a county with a population of less than 100,000.
(c) Each waste management plan shall contain, at a minimum, the following provisions:
(1) A description of the origin, content and weight or volume of
municipal waste currently generated within the county's boundaries, and the
origin, content, and weight or volume of municipal waste that will be
generated within the county's boundaries during the next 20 years,
including an assessment of the primary variables affecting this estimate
and the extent to which they can reasonably be expected to occur.
(2) A description of the facilities where municipal waste is currently
being processed or disposed of and the remaining available permitted capacity
of such facilities.
(3) A description of the facilities and programs that are proposed for
the management of municipal waste generated within the county's boundaries
during the next 20 years, including, but not limited to their size,
expected cost and financing method.
(4) An evaluation of the environmental, energy, life cycle cost and
economic advantages and disadvantages of the proposed waste management
facilities and programs.
(5) A description of the time schedule for the development
and operation of each proposed facility or program.
(6) The identity of potential sites within the county where each
proposed waste processing, disposal and recycling program will be located
or an explanation of how the sites will be chosen. For any facility outside
the county that the county proposes to utilize, the plan shall explain the
reasons for selecting such facility.
(7) The identity of the governmental entity that will be responsible for
implementing the plan on behalf of the county and explanation of the legal
basis for the entity's authority to do so.
(8) Any other information that the Agency may require.
(d) Any county may delegate power to a municipality within the county or
Municipal Joint Action Agency for the specific purpose of preparing the
waste management plan or any portion thereof under this Act.
(e) Counties may, by intergovernmental agreement, jointly create and
administer their solid waste management plans, provided that such joint
plans fulfill all the requirements of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-228.)
415 ILCS 15/5
(415 ILCS 15/5)
(from Ch. 85, par. 5955)
(a) Prior to adopting a waste management plan for submission
to the Agency, the county shall form an advisory committee, which shall
include representatives from municipalities within the county, citizen
organizations, industry, the private solid waste management industry
operating within the county, local recyclers and any other persons deemed
appropriate by the county. The advisory committee shall review the plan
during its preparation, make suggestions and propose any changes it believes
(b) The county shall provide written notice to all municipalities and
interested members of the public when plan development begins and shall
provide periodic written progress reports to such entities concerning the
preparation of the plan.
(c) Prior to adoption by the governing body of the county, the county
shall submit copies of the proposed plan for review and comment to the
Agency, all municipalities within the county, all areawide planning
agencies and the county health department. The county shall also make the
proposed plan available for public review and comment. The period for
review and comment shall be 90 days. The county shall hold at least one
public hearing on the proposed plan during this period. The plan
subsequently submitted to the governing body of the county for adoption
shall be accompanied by a document containing written responses to
substantive comments made during the comment period.
(d) The governing body of the county shall adopt a plan within 60 days
from the end of the public comment period. Within 10 days of adoption,
the plan shall be submitted to the Agency for review.
(e) Each county waste management plan shall be updated and reviewed
every 5 years, and any necessary or appropriate revisions shall be
submitted to the Agency for review and comment.
(Source: P.A. 89-443, eff. 7-1-96.)
415 ILCS 15/6
(415 ILCS 15/6)
(from Ch. 85, par. 5956)
Each county waste management plan adopted under Section 4
shall include a recycling program. Such recycling program:
(1) shall be implemented throughout the county and include a time
schedule for implementation of the program.
(2) shall provide for the designation of a recycling coordinator to
administer the program.
(3) shall be designed to recycle, by the end of the third and fifth years
of the program, respectively 15% and 25% of the municipal waste generated
in the county, subject to the existence of a viable market for the recycled
material, based on measurements of recycling and waste generated in terms
of weight. The determination of recycling rate shall not include: discarded
motor vehicles, wastes used for clean fill or erosion control, or
commercial, institutional or industrial machinery or equipment.
(4) may provide for the construction and operation of one or more
recycling centers by a unit of local government, or for contracting with
other public or private entities for the operation of recycling centers.
(5) may require residents of the county to separate recyclable materials
at the time of disposal or trash pick-up.
(6) may make special provision for commercial and institutional
establishments that implement their own specialized recycling programs,
provided that such establishments annually provide written documentation to
the county of the total number of tons of material recycled.
(7) shall provide for separate collection and composting of leaves.
(8) shall include public education and notification programs to foster
understanding of and encourage compliance with the recycling program.
(9) shall include provisions for compliance, including incentives and
(10) shall include provisions for (i) recycling the collected
materials, (ii) identifying potential markets for at least 3 recyclable
(iii) promoting the use of products made from recovered or recycled
materials among businesses, newspapers and local governments in the county.
(11) may provide for the payment of recycling diversion credits to
public and private parties engaged in recycling activities.
(Source: P.A. 86-777; 87-650.)
415 ILCS 15/7
(415 ILCS 15/7)
(from Ch. 85, par. 5957)
(a) Each county shall begin implementation of its waste
management plan, including the recycling program, within one year of
adoption of the plan. The county may enter into written agreements with
other persons, including a municipality or persons transporting municipal
waste on the effective date of this Act, pursuant to which the persons
undertake to fulfill some or all of the county's responsibilities under
this Act. A person who enters into an agreement shall be responsible with
the county for the implementation of such programs.
(b) In implementing the recycling program, consideration for the
collection, marketing and disposition of recyclable materials shall be
given to persons engaged in the business of recycling within the county on
the effective date of this Act, whether or not the persons were operating
If a township within the county is operating a recycling program on the
effective date of the plan which substantially conforms with or exceeds the
requirements of the recycling program included in the plan, the township
may continue to operate its recycling program, and such operation shall
constitute, within the township, implementation of the recycling program
included in the plan. A township may at any time adopt and implement a
recycling program that is more stringent than that required by the county
waste management plan.
(c) The Department shall assist counties in implementing recycling
programs under this Act, and may, pursuant to appropriation, make grants
and loans from the Solid Waste Management Fund to counties or other units of
local government for that purpose, to be used for capital assistance or for the payment of
recycling diversion credits or for other recycling program purposes, in
accordance with such guidelines as may be adopted by the Department.
(Source: P.A. 97-333, eff. 8-12-11.)
415 ILCS 15/8
(415 ILCS 15/8)
(from Ch. 85, par. 5958)
(a) Any municipality or combination of municipalities that
has a total population of 20,000 or more may apply to the Department for
assistance grants to operate a pilot recycling project that demonstrates
the economic feasibility and environmental benefits of a recycling method.
Population shall be determined by the most recent federal decennial census.
The pilot recycling project shall include, at a minimum, the following elements:
(1) A curbside program requiring the occupants of at least 3,000 single
family residences to separate at least 3 materials deemed appropriate by
the municipality from other solid waste generated at their residences, and
to store such material until collection; the 3 materials shall be chosen
from the following: glass, aluminum, steel and bimetallic cans, newsprint,
corrugated paper, used motor oil, plastics.
(2) A scheduled day, at least twice per month, during which separated
materials are to be placed at the curbside or a similar location for collection.
(3) A system including trucks and related equipment for collecting
recyclable materials from the curbside or similar locations at least twice
per month from each participating residence.
(4) A drop-off or buy-back center for the collection and sale or reuse
of recyclable materials, including but not limited to glass, aluminum cans
(5) Provisions for recycling of collected materials.
(6) Provisions for public education and compliance.
(b) The Department shall establish guidelines for solicitation of grants
under this Section. Applications for assistance shall be filed with the
Department on forms provided by the Department and shall set forth such
information as may be required by the Department. The Department shall
evaluate the application and notify the applicant of the qualification or
non-qualification of the application within 45 days of the deadline
established by the Department for receipt of applications.
(c) In implementing this Section, the Department shall, pursuant to
appropriation, make grants from the Solid Waste Management Fund to
municipalities with approved pilot recycling projects. Such grants shall
be limited to 50% of the project costs, not to exceed a total of $50,000 per project.
(d) No more than 25 pilot recycling project grants may be made pursuant
to this Section.
(Source: P.A. 86-256.)
415 ILCS 15/8.5
(415 ILCS 15/8.5)
The Department shall conduct a workshop
regarding the feasibility and methods of recycling in high-rise residential
and office buildings, including an explanation of financial assistance
available. The Department shall provide a report to the General Assembly on
high-rise residential and office recycling projects on or before July 1, 1994.
The report shall include, but is not limited to, a review of the volume of
materials collected and costs associated with such projects compared to other
(Source: P.A. 88-60.)
415 ILCS 15/9
(415 ILCS 15/9)
(from Ch. 85, par. 5959)
Any county or municipality may, by ordinance, provide that no
sanitary landfill facility located within the unincorporated area, if a
county, or the incorporated area, if a municipality, may accept for final
disposal at any time truckloads composed primarily of leaves generated
within the county in which the facility is located, except that leaves separated at
the source from other municipal waste may be accepted by a
sanitary landfill facility in those instances where the facility
has provided and maintains for that purpose separate composting
facilities, and the composted leaves are utilized either as part
of the final vegetative cover for the landfill, or for other uses
as a soil conditioning material.
(Source: P.A. 86-456.)
415 ILCS 15/9.5
(415 ILCS 15/9.5)
Regulation of certain pollution control facilities.
No provision of this Act shall be construed to allow any county with a population of less than 2,000,000 residents to adopt an ordinance or resolution, except an ordinance or resolution adopting a county plan in accordance with Sections 4 and 5 of this Act, or implementing a county plan in accordance with Section 7 of this Act, that requires the issuance of a permit, or that imposes regulations upon the operations of a municipal solid waste landfill unit, sanitary landfill, storage site, transfer station, or waste disposal site, as long as the facility obtains appropriate permits from the Agency in accordance with Section 39 of the Environmental Protection Act. Nothing in this amendatory Act of the 100th General Assembly shall be construed to diminish or impair any authority conferred upon a county under the Environmental Protection Act, including, but not limited to, subsection (r) of Section 4 and Section 39.2 of the Environmental Protection Act.
Nothing in this amendatory Act of the 100th General Assembly shall be construed to limit the authority of a county to prepare or adopt a county plan pursuant to and in accordance with Sections 4 and 5 of this Act, to implement a county plan in accordance with Section 7 of this Act, or to relieve a facility proposed for siting approval from demonstrating consistency with that plan as required by criterion (viii) of subsection (a) of Section 39.2 of the Environmental Protection Act.
For the purposes of this Section, "municipal solid waste landfill unit", "sanitary landfill", "storage site", "transfer station", and "waste disposal site" have the meanings provided to those terms in the Environmental Protection Act.
(Source: P.A. 100-95, eff. 8-11-17.)
415 ILCS 15/10
(415 ILCS 15/10)
(from Ch. 85, par. 5960)
Beginning January 1, 1992, no person shall offer for
sale any single use plastic bottle with a capacity of 16 fluid ounces or
more, nor any other single use rigid plastic container
with a capacity of 8 fluid ounces or more, that is not coded in a manner that
assists recyclers in sorting such containers by resin composition. The
code shall consist of a 3-sided triangular arrow with a number in the
center and letters underneath. The number and letters shall indicate the
resin from which the container is made as follows: 1 and PETE for
polyethylene terephthalate, 2 and HDPE for high density polyethylene, 3 and
V for vinyl, 4 and LDPE for low density polyethylene, 5 and PP for
polypropylene, 6 and PS for polystyrene, and 7 and Other for other
materials, including multi-layer materials. Containers with labels or base
cups of different material shall be coded by their primary, basic material.
However, this Section does not apply to the plastic casings
on lead-acid storage batteries.
(Source: P.A. 86-177; 87-650.)
415 ILCS 15/10.1
(415 ILCS 15/10.1)
(from Ch. 85, par. 5960.1)
(a) No person may sell or offer for sale at retail to consumers
in this State any beverage packaged in a plastic can unless such person has
first demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Agency that:
(1) plastic cans can be collected and recycled in a manner that will not
interfere with the processing of scrap aluminum cans; and
(2) plastic cans can be collected, processed and transported to
secondary materials markets at a cost that provides a reasonable profit to
recycling operations in the State.
(b) For the purpose of this Section, "plastic can" means a beverage
container having a capacity of 16 fluid ounces or less, composed of clear
polyethylene terephthalate thermoplastic, and where the basic structure of
the container, exclusive of the closure, also includes aluminum or steel.
(c) Any person adversely affected or threatened by a final determination
of the Agency under this Section may obtain review by filing a
petition for review with the Pollution Control Board in the manner provided
for permit appeals in the Environmental Protection Act.
(d) Any person that knowingly violates this Section shall be liable for
a civil penalty not to exceed $5,000 for each violation; such penalty may,
upon order of a court of competent jurisdiction, be made payable to the
Solid Waste Management Fund, to be used in accordance with the provisions
of the Illinois Solid Waste Management Act.
The State's Attorney or any person of the county in which the violation
occurred, or the Attorney General, at the request of the Agency or on his
own motion, may institute a civil action against any violator of this
Section. The court may award costs and reasonable attorney fees to the
State's Attorney, Attorney General, or other person who has prevailed
against a person who has committed a willful, knowing or repeated violation
of this Section.
Any funds collected in a proceeding under this subsection (d) in which
the Attorney General has prevailed shall be deposited in the Solid Waste
(Source: P.A. 86-774.)
415 ILCS 15/11
(415 ILCS 15/11)
(from Ch. 85, par. 5961)
(a) It shall be a violation of this Act for any person:
(1) To cause or assist in the violation of Section 9 or 10 of this Act or
any regulation promulgated hereunder.
(2) To fail to adhere to the schedule set forth in, or pursuant to, this
Act for adopting and reviewing a waste management plan.
(3) To fail to implement the recycling component of an adopted waste management plan.
(Source: P.A. 85-1198.)
415 ILCS 15/12
(415 ILCS 15/12)
(from Ch. 85, par. 5962)
(a) Any person that violates any provision of this Act shall
be liable for a civil penalty not to exceed $5,000 for such violation;
such penalty may, upon order of a court of competent jurisdiction, be made
payable to the Solid Waste Management Fund, to be used in accordance with
the provisions of the Illinois Solid Waste Management Act.
(b) The State's Attorney or any person of the county in which the
violation occurred, or the Attorney General, at the request of the Agency
or on his own motion, may institute a civil action against any violator of
this Act. The court may award costs and reasonable attorney fees to the
State's Attorney, Attorney General, or any person who has prevailed against
a person who has committed a willful, knowing or repeated violation of this Act.
(c) Any funds collected under subsection (b) in which the Attorney
General has prevailed shall be deposited in the Solid Waste Management Fund.
(Source: P.A. 85-1198.)
415 ILCS 15/13
(415 ILCS 15/13)
Solid Waste Hauling and Recycling Program Act.
This Act is subject to the provisions of the Solid Waste Hauling and Recycling Program Act.
(Source: P.A. 98-1079, eff. 8-26-14.)