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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

MENTAL HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES
(405 ILCS 30/) Community Services Act.

405 ILCS 30/1

    (405 ILCS 30/1) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 901)
    Sec. 1. Purpose. It is declared to be the policy and intent of the Illinois General Assembly that the Department of Human Services assume leadership in facilitating the establishment of comprehensive and coordinated arrays of private and public services for persons with mental illness, persons with a developmental disability, and alcohol and drug dependent citizens residing in communities throughout the state. The Department shall work in partnership with local government entities, direct service providers, voluntary associations and communities to create a system that is sensitive to the needs of local communities and which complements existing family and other natural supports, social institutions and programs.
    The goals of the service system shall include but not be limited to the following: to strengthen the disabled individual's independence, self-esteem and ability to participate in and contribute to community life; to insure continuity of care for clients; to enable disabled persons to access needed services, commensurate with their individual wishes and needs, regardless of where they reside in the state; to prevent unnecessary institutionalization and the dislocation of individuals from their home communities; to provide a range of services so that persons can receive these services in settings which do not unnecessarily restrict their liberty; and to encourage clients to move among settings as their needs change.
    The system shall include provision of services in the areas of prevention, client assessment and diagnosis, case coordination, crisis and emergency care, treatment and habilitation and support services, and community residential alternatives to institutional settings. The General Assembly recognizes that community programs are an integral part of the larger service system, which includes state-operated facilities for persons who cannot receive appropriate services in the community.
    Towards achievement of these ends, the Department of Human Services, working in coordination with other State agencies, shall assume responsibilities pursuant to this Act, which includes activities in the areas of planning, quality assurance, program evaluation, community education, and the provision of financial and technical assistance to local provider agencies.
(Source: P.A. 88-380; 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

405 ILCS 30/2

    (405 ILCS 30/2) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 902)
    Sec. 2. Community Services System. Services should be planned, developed, delivered and evaluated as part of a comprehensive and coordinated system. The Department of Human Services shall encourage the establishment of services in each area of the State which cover the services categories described below. What specific services are provided under each service category shall be based on local needs; special attention shall be given to unserved and underserved populations, including children and youth, racial and ethnic minorities, and the elderly. The service categories shall include:
        (a) Prevention: services designed primarily to reduce
    
the incidence and ameliorate the severity of developmental disabilities, mental illness and alcohol and drug dependence;
        (b) Client Assessment and Diagnosis: services
    
designed to identify persons with developmental disabilities, mental illness and alcohol and drug dependency; to determine the extent of the disability and the level of functioning; to ensure that the individual's need for treatment of mental disorders or substance use disorders or co-occurring substance use and mental health disorders is determined using a uniform screening, assessment, and evaluation process inclusive of criteria; for purposes of this subsection (b), a uniform screening, assessment, and evaluation process refers to a process that includes an appropriate evaluation and, as warranted, a referral; "uniform" does not mean the use of a singular instrument, tool, or process that all must utilize; information obtained through client evaluation can be used in individual treatment and habilitation plans; to assure appropriate placement and to assist in program evaluation;
        (c) Case Coordination: services to provide
    
information and assistance to disabled persons to insure that they obtain needed services provided by the private and public sectors; case coordination services should be available to individuals whose functioning level or history of institutional recidivism or long-term care indicate that such assistance is required for successful community living;
        (d) Crisis and Emergency: services to assist
    
individuals and their families through crisis periods, to stabilize individuals under stress and to prevent unnecessary institutionalization;
        (e) Treatment, Habilitation and Support: services
    
designed to help individuals develop skills which promote independence and improved levels of social and vocational functioning and personal growth; and to provide non-treatment support services which are necessary for successful community living;
        (f) Community Residential Alternatives to
    
Institutional Settings: services to provide living arrangements for persons unable to live independently; the level of supervision, services provided and length of stay at community residential alternatives will vary by the type of program and the needs and functioning level of the residents; other services may be provided in a community residential alternative which promote the acquisition of independent living skills and integration with the community.
(Source: P.A. 97-1061, eff. 8-24-12.)

405 ILCS 30/3

    (405 ILCS 30/3) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 903)
    Sec. 3. Responsibilities for Community Services. Pursuant to this Act, the Department of Human Services shall facilitate the establishment of a comprehensive and coordinated array of community services based upon a federal, State and local partnership. In order to assist in implementation of this Act, the Department shall prescribe and publish rules and regulations. The Department may request the assistance of other State agencies, local government entities, direct services providers, trade associations, and others in the development of these regulations or other policies related to community services.
    The Department shall assume the following roles and responsibilities for community services:
    (a) Service Priorities. Within the service categories described in Section 2 of this Act, establish and publish priorities for community services to be rendered, and priority populations to receive these services.
    (b) Planning. By January 1, 1994 and by January 1 of each third year thereafter, prepare and publish a Plan which describes goals and objectives for community services state-wide and for regions and subregions needs assessment, steps and time-tables for implementation of the goals also shall be included; programmatic goals and objectives for community services shall cover the service categories defined in Section 2 of this Act; the Department shall insure local participation in the planning process.
    (c) Public Information and Education. Develop programs aimed at improving the relationship between communities and their residents with disabilities; prepare and disseminate public information and educational materials on the prevention of developmental disabilities, mental illness, and alcohol or drug dependence, and on available treatment and habilitation services for persons with these disabilities.
    (d) Quality Assurance. Promulgate minimum program standards, rules and regulations to insure that Department funded services maintain acceptable quality and assure enforcement of these standards through regular monitoring of services and through program evaluation; this applies except where this responsibility is explicitly given by law to another State agency.
    (d-5) Accreditation requirements for providers of mental health and substance abuse treatment services. Except when the federal or State statutes authorizing a program, or the federal regulations implementing a program, are to the contrary, accreditation shall be accepted by the Department in lieu of the Department's facility or program certification or licensure onsite review requirements and shall be accepted as a substitute for the Department's administrative and program monitoring requirements, except as required by subsection (d-10), in the case of:
        (1) Any organization from which the Department
    
purchases mental health or substance abuse services and that is accredited under any of the following: the Comprehensive Accreditation Manual for Behavioral Health Care (Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO)); the Comprehensive Accreditation Manual for Hospitals (JCAHO); the Standards Manual for the Council on Accreditation for Children and Family Services (Council on Accreditation for Children and Family Services (COA)); or the Standards Manual for Organizations Serving People with Disabilities (the Rehabilitation Accreditation Commission (CARF)).
        (2) Any mental health facility or program licensed or
    
certified by the Department, or any substance abuse service licensed by the Department, that is accredited under any of the following: the Comprehensive Accreditation Manual for Behavioral Health Care (JCAHO); the Comprehensive Accreditation Manual for Hospitals (JCAHO); the Standards Manual for the Council on Accreditation for Children and Family Services (COA); or the Standards Manual for Organizations Serving People with Disabilities (CARF).
        (3) Any network of providers from which the
    
Department purchases mental health or substance abuse services and that is accredited under any of the following: the Comprehensive Accreditation Manual for Behavioral Health Care (JCAHO); the Comprehensive Accreditation Manual for Hospitals (JCAHO); the Standards Manual for the Council on Accreditation for Children and Family Services (COA); the Standards Manual for Organizations Serving People with Disabilities (CARF); or the National Committee for Quality Assurance. A provider organization that is part of an accredited network shall be afforded the same rights under this subsection.
    (d-10) For mental health and substance abuse services, the Department may develop standards or promulgate rules that establish additional standards for monitoring and licensing accredited programs, services, and facilities that the Department has determined are not covered by the accreditation standards and processes. These additional standards for monitoring and licensing accredited programs, services, and facilities and the associated monitoring must not duplicate the standards and processes already covered by the accrediting bodies.
    (d-15) The Department shall be given proof of compliance with fire and health safety standards, which must be submitted as required by rule.
    (d-20) The Department, by accepting the survey or inspection of an accrediting organization, does not forfeit its rights to perform inspections at any time, including contract monitoring to ensure that services are provided in accordance with the contract. The Department reserves the right to monitor a provider of mental health and substance abuse treatment services when the survey or inspection of an accrediting organization has established any deficiency in the accreditation standards and processes.
    (d-25) On and after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 92nd General Assembly, the accreditation requirements of this Section apply to contracted organizations that are already accredited.
    (e) Program Evaluation. Develop a system for conducting evaluation of the effectiveness of community services, according to preestablished performance standards; evaluate the extent to which performance according to established standards aids in achieving the goals of this Act; evaluation data also shall be used for quality assurance purposes as well as for planning activities.
    (f) Research. Conduct research in order to increase understanding of mental illness, developmental disabilities and alcohol and drug dependence.
    (g) Technical Assistance. Provide technical assistance to provider agencies receiving funds or serving clients in order to assist these agencies in providing appropriate, quality services; also provide assistance and guidance to other State agencies and local governmental bodies serving the disabled in order to strengthen their efforts to provide appropriate community services; and assist provider agencies in accessing other available funding, including federal, State, local, third-party and private resources.
    (h) Placement Process. Promote the appropriate placement of clients in community services through the development and implementation of client assessment and diagnostic instruments to assist in identifying the individual's service needs; client assessment instruments also can be utilized for purposes of program evaluation; whenever possible, assure that placements in State-operated facilities are referrals from community agencies.
    (i) Interagency Coordination. Assume leadership in promoting cooperation among State health and human service agencies to insure that a comprehensive, coordinated community services system is in place; to insure persons with a disability access to needed services; and to insure continuity of care and allow clients to move among service settings as their needs change; also work with other agencies to establish effective prevention programs.
    (j) Financial Assistance. Provide financial assistance to local provider agencies through purchase-of-care contracts and grants, pursuant to Section 4 of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 95-682, eff. 10-11-07.)

405 ILCS 30/3.5

    (405 ILCS 30/3.5)
    Sec. 3.5. Fire inspections; authority.
    (a) Per the requirements of Public Act 96-1141, on January 1, 2011 a report titled "Streamlined Auditing and Monitoring for Community Based Services: First Steps Toward a More Efficient System for Providers, State Government, and the Community" was provided for members of the General Assembly. The report, which was developed by a steering committee of community providers, trade associations, and designated representatives from the Departments of Children and Family Services, Healthcare and Family Services, Human Services, and Public Health, issued a series of recommendations, including recommended changes to Administrative Rules and Illinois statutes, on the categories of deemed status for accreditation, fiscal audits, centralized repository of information, Medicaid, technology, contracting, and streamlined monitoring procedures. It is the intent of the 97th General Assembly to pursue implementation of those recommendations that have been determined to require Acts of the General Assembly.
    (b) For provider organizations established under this Act, the Office of the State Fire Marshal shall provide the necessary fire inspection to comply with this Act. The Office of the State Fire Marshal may enter into an agreement with another State agency to conduct this inspection if qualified personnel are employed by that agency. Code enforcement inspection of the facility by the local authority shall only occur if the local authority having jurisdiction enforces code requirements that are more stringent than those enforced by the State Fire Marshal. Nothing in this Section shall prohibit a local fire authority from conducting fire incident planning activities.
(Source: P.A. 97-321, eff. 8-12-11.)

405 ILCS 30/4

    (405 ILCS 30/4) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 904)
    Sec. 4. Financing for Community Services.
    (a) The Department of Human Services is authorized to provide financial reimbursement to eligible private service providers, corporations, local government entities or voluntary associations for the provision of services to persons with mental illness, persons with a developmental disability and alcohol and drug dependent persons living in the community for the purpose of achieving the goals of this Act.
    The Department shall utilize the following funding mechanisms for community services:
        (1) Purchase of Care Contracts: services purchased on
    
a predetermined fee per unit of service basis from private providers or governmental entities. Fee per service rates are set by an established formula which covers some portion of personnel, supplies, and other allowable costs, and which makes some allowance for geographic variations in costs as well as for additional program components.
        (2) Grants: sums of money which the Department grants
    
to private providers or governmental entities pursuant to the grant recipient's agreement to provide certain services, as defined by departmental grant guidelines, to an approximate number of service recipients. Grant levels are set through consideration of personnel, supply and other allowable costs, as well as other funds available to the program.
        (3) Other Funding Arrangements: funding mechanisms
    
may be established on a pilot basis in order to examine the feasibility of alternative financing arrangements for the provision of community services.
    The Department shall establish and maintain an equitable system of payment which allows providers to improve persons with disabilities' capabilities for independence and reduces their reliance on State-operated services.
    For services classified as entitlement services under federal law or guidelines, caps may not be placed on the total amount of payment a provider may receive in a fiscal year and the Department shall not require that a portion of the payments due be made in a subsequent fiscal year based on a yearly payment cap.
    (b) The Governor shall create a commission by September 1, 2009, or as soon thereafter as possible, to review funding methodologies, identify gaps in funding, identify revenue, and prioritize use of that revenue for community developmental disability services, mental health services, alcohol and substance abuse services, rehabilitation services, and early intervention services. The Office of the Governor shall provide staff support for the commission.
    (c) The first meeting of the commission shall be held within the first month after the creation and appointment of the commission, and a final report summarizing the commission's recommendations must be issued within 12 months after the first meeting, and no later than September 1, 2010, to the Governor and the General Assembly.
    (d) The commission shall have the following 13 voting members:
        (A) one member of the House of Representatives,
    
appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives;
        (B) one member of the House of Representatives,
    
appointed by the House Minority Leader;
        (C) one member of the Senate, appointed by the
    
President of the Senate;
        (D) one member of the Senate, appointed by the
    
Senate Minority Leader;
        (E) one person with a developmental disability, or
    
a family member or guardian of such a person, appointed by the Governor;
        (F) one person with a mental illness, or a family
    
member or guardian of such a person, appointed by the Governor;
        (G) two persons from unions that represent employees
    
of community providers that serve people with developmental disabilities, mental illness, and alcohol and substance abuse disorders, appointed by the Governor; and
        (H) five persons from statewide associations that
    
represent community providers that provide residential, day training, and other developmental disability services, mental health services, alcohol and substance abuse services, rehabilitation services, or early intervention services, or any combination of those, appointed by the Governor.
    The commission shall also have the following ex-officio, nonvoting members:
        (I) the Director of the Governor's Office of
    
Management and Budget or his or her designee;
        (J) the Chief Financial Officer of the Department of
    
Human Services or his or her designee;
        (K) the Administrator of the Department of
    
Healthcare and Family Services Division of Finance or his or her designee;
        (L) the Director of the Department of Human Services
    
Division of Developmental Disabilities or his or her designee;
        (M) the Director of the Department of Human Services
    
Division of Mental Health or his or her designee; and
        (N) the Director of the Department of Human Services
    
Division of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse or his or her designee.
    (e) The funding methodologies must reflect economic factors inherent in providing services and supports, recognize individual disability needs, and consider geographic differences, transportation costs, required staffing ratios, and mandates not currently funded.
    (f) In accepting Department funds, providers shall recognize their responsibility to be accountable to the Department and the State for the delivery of services which are consistent with the philosophies and goals of this Act and the rules and regulations promulgated under it.
(Source: P.A. 96-652, eff. 8-24-09; 96-1472, eff. 8-23-10; 97-813, eff. 7-13-12.)

405 ILCS 30/4.1

    (405 ILCS 30/4.1) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 904.1)
    Sec. 4.1. Respite Services.
    (a) The Department of Human Services shall coordinate and financially assist the provision of community respite services for persons with a developmental disability. A respite service is the supplying of a substitute caregiver on a short-term basis to provide temporary relief to the usual caregiver maintaining a person with a developmental disability in his home. Respite services shall be classified as substitute care provided on any of the following bases:
        (1) hourly or daily, which may include overnight, in
    
the home of a person with a developmental disability;
        (2) daily, which shall include overnight, in a
    
community residential setting which is licensed, certified, approved or otherwise sanctioned by the Department or another State agency; or
        (3) hourly, which shall not include overnight, in a
    
community provider location.
    (b) A person is eligible for respite services if he or she is a person with a developmental disability and lives in a natural or foster family home with natural or foster family members whose care and supervision are essential to his or her well-being.
    (c) In allocating funds to community providers for respite services, the Department shall give preference to programs which serve special population groups and targeted geographic areas, as determined by the Department. In determining special population groups, the Department shall consider the adequacy of current service programs in meeting the unique needs of minority groups and persons with certain types of disabilities. In determining targeted geographic areas, the Department shall consider an area's current funding and service levels and demographic indicators of need, such as the total population, the population in poverty and the infant mortality rate.
    The Department's provision of funds to community providers shall be subject to available appropriations.
    (d) Community providers may fund respite services through monies provided by the Department, local units of government, fees and other revenue sources. Any fees charged by a community provider shall be in accordance with a sliding fee scale established by the community provider pursuant to guidelines developed by the Department. The Department's guidelines shall include, but are not limited to, the following criteria:
        (1) fees may be charged only to responsible
    
relatives, as defined in Section 1-124 of the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code;
        (2) no parent or guardian may be charged a fee for
    
respite services provided to his or her child less than 18 years of age or 18 through 21 years of age who is receiving services under the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (Public Law 94-142);
        (3) no fee may exceed the provider's cost for the
    
service;
        (4) no fee shall be charged which constitutes a
    
hardship for the respite service recipient's family or which impedes receiving needed respite services;
        (5) fee scales shall incorporate consideration of the
    
income and size of the respite service recipient's family and any unusual expenses of the family, including those relating to the medical or disabling condition of the recipient.
    (e) If a community provider has insufficient funds to provide respite services to all eligible persons, it shall give preference to those eligible persons in greatest need as defined by the Department. In defining need, the Department may consider the capacity of the person's family to provide care and the person's need for special services or programs based on such factors as functional level, medical and physical impairments and maladaptive behavior.
(Source: P.A. 88-380; 89-507, eff. 7-1-97.)

405 ILCS 30/4.2

    (405 ILCS 30/4.2) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 904.2)
    Sec. 4.2. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 89-507, eff. 7-1-97. Repealed by P.A. 92-111, eff. 1-1-02.)

405 ILCS 30/4.3

    (405 ILCS 30/4.3)
    Sec. 4.3. Family Support Services Voucher Pilot Program.
    (a) In this Section:
    "Family member" means a family member as defined by rules adopted by the Department of Human Services.
    "Family support services" means the services and activities described in subsection (d).
    (b) The Department of Human Services shall establish a Family Support Services Voucher Pilot Program which shall be a conversion of the program defined in Section 4.1. The Department may establish no more than 5 pilot programs.
    (c) The purpose of the pilot program is to do the following:
        (1) Increase the number of families who are able to
    
access family support services.
        (2) Provide families with greater control over family
    
support services.
        (3) Ensure that the diverse family support services
    
needs of families can be accommodated.
        (4) Encourage a family's contribution toward payment
    
for the family support services they receive.
        (5) Serve as a pilot program to evaluate the merits
    
of a family support services voucher program in comparison to the traditional respite program.
    (d) The Department shall contract with community agencies to issue vouchers to participating families, or to employ a voucher-like method that similarly makes services available based on the choice of families. A family may use the vouchers to purchase the following services and activities or to otherwise provide for those services and activities:
        (1) Services of an in-home caregiver to supervise the
    
family member with a developmental disability in the home or in the community or both when other family members are not present.
        (2) Services of a person to accompany the family
    
member with a developmental disability on outings, community activities, and similar activities.
        (3) Registration of the family member with a
    
developmental disability in park district programs, extracurricular school activities, community college classes, and other similar types of community-based programs.
        (4) Services of home health care personnel if medical
    
training or expertise is required to meet the needs of the family member with a developmental disability.
    (e) Families may employ the following types of individuals to provide family support services:
        (1) Related family members who do not reside in the
    
same home as the family member with a developmental disability.
        (2) Friends or neighbors whom the family designates
    
as capable of meeting the needs of the family member with a developmental disability.
        (3) Individuals recruited from the community (for
    
example, church members or college students).
        (4) Individuals who work with the family member with
    
a developmental disability in a different capacity (for example, classroom aide or day program staff).
        (5) Persons whose services are contracted for through
    
a home health agency licensed under the Home Health, Home Services, and Home Nursing Agency Licensing Act.
    (f) Family support services moneys under the pilot program may not be used to purchase or provide for any of the following services or activities:
        (1) Out-of-home medical services.
        (2) Medical, therapeutic, or developmental
    
evaluations.
        (3) Any product or item (for example, sports
    
equipment, therapeutic devices, or clothing).
        (4) Family support services provided by a family
    
member whose primary residence is the same as that of the family member with a developmental disability.
        (5) Services of a person to accompany the family on
    
an overnight trip.
        (6) Any service or activity that should be provided
    
by the school in which the family member with a developmental disability is enrolled or that occurs as part of that school's typical school routine.
        (7) Child care services while the primary caretaker
    
works.
    (g) The Department of Human Services shall submit a report to the General Assembly by March 1, 2000 evaluating the merits of the pilot program.
(Source: P.A. 94-379, eff. 1-1-06.)

405 ILCS 30/4.4

    (405 ILCS 30/4.4)
    Sec. 4.4. Funding reinvestment.
    (a) The purposes of this Section are as follows:
        (1) The General Assembly recognizes that the United
    
States Supreme Court in Olmstead v. L.C. ex Rel. Zimring, 119 S. Ct. 2176 (1999), affirmed that the unjustifiable institutionalization of a person with a disability who could live in the community with proper support, and wishes to do so, is unlawful discrimination in violation of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The State of Illinois, along with all other states, is required to provide appropriate residential and community-based support services to persons with disabilities who wish to live in a less restrictive setting.
        (2) It is the purpose of this Section to help fulfill
    
the State's obligations under the Olmstead decision by maximizing the level of funds for both developmental disability and mental health services and supports in order to maintain and create an array of residential and supportive services for people with mental health needs and developmental disabilities whenever they are transferred into another facility or a community-based setting.
    (b) In this Section:
    "Office of Developmental Disabilities" means the Office of Developmental Disabilities within the Department of Human Services.
    "Office of Mental Health" means the Office of Mental Health within the Department of Human Services.
    (c) On and after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 94th General Assembly, every appropriation of State moneys relating to funding for the Office of Developmental Disabilities or the Office of Mental Health must comply with this Section.
    (d) Whenever any appropriation, or any portion of an appropriation, for any fiscal year relating to the funding of any State-operated facility operated by the Office of Developmental Disabilities or any mental health facility operated by the Office of Mental Health is reduced because of any of the reasons set forth in the following items (1) through (3), to the extent that savings are realized from these items, those moneys must be directed toward providing other services and supports for persons with developmental disabilities or mental health needs:
        (1) The closing of any such State-operated facility
    
for the developmentally disabled or mental health facility.
        (2) Reduction in the number of units or available
    
beds in any such State-operated facility for the developmentally disabled or mental health facility.
        (3) Reduction in the number of staff employed in any
    
such State-operated facility for the developmentally disabled or mental health facility.
    In determining whether any savings are realized from items (1) through (3), sufficient moneys shall be made available to ensure that there is an appropriate level of staffing and that life, safety, and care concerns are addressed so as to provide for the remaining persons with developmental disabilities or mental illness at any facility in the case of item (2) or (3) or, in the case of item (1), such remaining persons at the remaining State-operated facilities that will be expected to handle the individuals previously served at the closed facility.
    (e) The purposes of redirecting this funding shall include, but not be limited to, providing the following services and supports for individuals with developmental disabilities and mental health needs:
        (1) Residence in the most integrated setting
    
possible, whether independent living in a private residence, a Community Integrated Living Arrangement (CILA), a supported residential program, an Intermediate Care Facility for persons with Developmental Disabilities (ICFDD), a supervised residential program, or supportive housing, as appropriate.
        (2) Residence in another State-operated facility.
        (3) Rehabilitation and support services, including
    
assertive community treatment, case management, supportive and supervised day treatment, and psychosocial rehabilitation.
        (4) Vocational or developmental training, as
    
appropriate, that contributes to the person's independence and employment potential.
        (5) Employment or supported employment, as
    
appropriate, free from discrimination pursuant to the Constitution and laws of this State.
        (6) In-home family supports, such as respite services
    
and client and family supports.
        (7) Periodic reevaluation, as needed.
    (f) An appropriation may not circumvent the purposes of this Section by transferring moneys within the funding system for services and supports for the developmentally disabled and mentally ill and then compensating for this transfer by redirecting other moneys away from these services to provide funding for some other governmental purpose or to relieve other State funding expenditures.
(Source: P.A. 94-498, eff. 8-8-05.)

405 ILCS 30/4.5

    (405 ILCS 30/4.5)
    Sec. 4.5. Consultation with advisory and advocacy groups. Whenever any appropriation, or any part of an appropriation, for any fiscal year relating to the funding of (i) a State-operated facility operated by the Office of Developmental Disabilities within the Department of Human Services or (ii) a mental health facility operated by the Office of Mental Health within the Department of Human Services is reduced because of any of the reasons set forth in items (1) through (3) of subsection (d) of Section 4.4, the plan for using any savings realized from those items (1) through (3) shall be shared and discussed with advocates, advocacy organizations, and advisory groups whose mission includes advocacy for persons with developmental disabilities or persons with mental illness.
(Source: P.A. 94-498, eff. 8-8-05.)

405 ILCS 30/4.6

    (405 ILCS 30/4.6)
    Sec. 4.6. Closure and sale of State mental health or developmental disabilities facility.
    (a) Whenever a State mental health facility operated by the Department of Human Services is closed and the real estate on which the facility is located is sold by the State, then, to the extent that net proceeds are realized from the sale of that real estate, those net proceeds must be used for mental health services or to support mental health services. To that end, those net proceeds shall be deposited into the Community Mental Health Medicaid Trust Fund. The net proceeds from the sale of a State mental health facility may be spent over a number of fiscal years and are not required to be spent in the same fiscal year in which they are deposited.
    (b) Whenever a State developmental disabilities facility operated by the Department of Human Services is closed and the real estate on which the facility is located is sold by the State, then, to the extent that net proceeds are realized from the sale of that real estate, those net proceeds must be directed toward providing other services and supports for persons with developmental disabilities needs. To that end, those net proceeds shall be deposited into the Community Developmental Disability Services Medicaid Trust Fund. The net proceeds from the sale of a State developmental disabilities facility may be spent over a number of fiscal years and are not required to be spent in the same fiscal year in which they are deposited.
    (c) The sale of a State mental health or developmental disabilities facility shall be done in accordance with applicable State laws and, if a State mental health or developmental disabilities facility to be sold has been financed or refinanced with tax-exempt bonds, applicable federal laws. In determining whether any net proceeds are realized from a sale of real estate described in subsection (a) or (b), the Division of Developmental Disabilities and the Division of Mental Health of the Department of Human Services shall each first determine the money, if any, that shall be made available for infrastructure not to exceed 25% of the proceeds of the sale of the real estate to ensure that life, safety, and care concerns are addressed so as to provide for persons with developmental disabilities or mental illness at the remaining respective State-operated facilities. That amount shall be excluded from the calculation of net proceeds by the Division of Developmental Disabilities or the Division of Mental Health, or both, of the Department of Human Services. Amounts determined by the Department for infrastructure to be necessary to ensure that life, safety, and care concerns are addressed shall be deposited, respectively, into the Community Mental Health Medicaid Trust Fund or the Community Developmental Disability Services Medicaid Trust Fund.
    (c-1) To the extent that a State mental health facility which has been closed served a geographical area, at minimum, 40% of the resulting net proceeds of its sale shall be made exclusively in the facility's geographical area. If any other State-operated mental health facility which served a specific geographic area was closed within one year before or after the closure of the facility whose sale has resulted in net proceeds under this Section, 20% of the proceeds shall be used to provide services in the geographic area of this facility. The remainder of the net proceeds may be spent anywhere in the State. All net proceeds may be used for the following mental health services and supports, to include, but not limited to:
        (1) Permanent Supportive housing.
        (2) Technology that enables behavioral health
    
providers to participate in health information exchanges.
        (3) Assertive Community Treatment and Community
    
Support Team.
        (4) Transitional living apartments.
        (5) Crisis residential services targeted at diverting
    
persons with mental illnesses from emergency departments (including peer run crisis services).
        (6) Psychiatric services.
        (7) Community mental health services targeted at
    
diverting persons with mental illness from the criminal justice system.
        (8) Individual Placement and Support and other
    
services to support employment.
        (9) Alcohol and substance abuse treatment.
    (d) The purposes for which the net proceeds from a sale of real estate as provided in subsection (b) of this Section may be used include, but are not limited to, the following:
        (1) Providing individuals with developmental
    
disabilities community–based Medicaid services and supports such as residential habilitation, day programs, supported employment, home-based supports, therapies, adaptive equipment, and home modifications.
        (2) Assisting individuals with developmental
    
disabilities through case management, service coordination, and assessments.
        (3) Strengthening the service delivery system through
    
crisis intervention services.
        (4) Enhancing the service delivery system through
    
infrastructure improvements, including technology improvements.
    (e) Whenever any net proceeds are realized from a sale of real estate as provided in this Section, the Department of Human Services shall share and discuss its plan or plans for using those net proceeds with advocates, advocacy organizations, and advisory groups whose mission includes advocacy for persons with developmental disabilities or persons with mental illness.
    (f) Consistent with the provisions of Sections 4.4 and 4.5 of this Act, whenever a State mental health facility operated by the Department of Human Services is closed, the Department of Human Services, at the direction of the Governor, shall transfer funds from the closed facility to the appropriate line item providing appropriation authority for the new venue of care to facilitate the transition of services to the new venue of care, provided that the new venue of care is a Department of Human Services funded provider or facility.
    (g) As used in this Section, the term "mental health facility" has the meaning ascribed to that term in the Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code.
(Source: P.A. 98-403, eff. 1-1-14; 98-815, eff. 8-1-14.)

405 ILCS 30/4.6a

    (405 ILCS 30/4.6a)
    Sec. 4.6a. Reduction in patient population in developmental disabilities facility. Whenever a State developmental disabilities facility operated by the Department of Human Services is scheduled to have or has a reduction in the number of individuals receiving care in an amount equal to or greater than 10% of the facility's prior highest population during the preceding 12-month period, the Department of Human Services shall file a report with the General Assembly specifying the:
        (1) Total change in resident population for the
    
facility.
        (2) Anticipated new venues for care by venue
    
category, in the aggregate, for the individuals no longer receiving care in the facility.
        (3) Estimated corresponding changes in appropriation
    
level necessary for the facility reducing population as well as additional appropriation authority required for other facilities or community care alternatives which are expected to experience an increase in the number of individuals served.
    The report required under this Section shall be given to the General Assembly within 30 days of when a decision by the Secretary of the Department of Human Services is made to decrease the population of a facility by 10% or more, or in cases where population changes are due to unplanned caseload changes, within 30 days of the actual change in population by 10% or more.
    Notwithstanding any provision of the law to the contrary, including, but not limited to, Section 13.2 of the State Finance Act, based on information contained in the reports required under this Section, the Department, at the direction of the Governor, shall transfer funds from the facility realizing a reduction in the number of individuals served to the appropriate line item providing appropriation authority for the new venues of care, as necessary to carry out the objectives of the Governor's long-term care rebalancing efforts or to otherwise facilitate the transition of services to the new venues of care, provided that the new venue of care is a Department of Human Services funded provider or facility.
(Source: P.A. 97-626, eff. 11-9-11; 97-793, eff. 7-13-12.)

405 ILCS 30/4.7

    (405 ILCS 30/4.7)
    Sec. 4.7. Children's Healthcare Partnership Pilot Program. The Department of Human Services shall participate in the Children's Healthcare Partnership Pilot Program established under Section 12-4.37 of the Illinois Public Aid Code and may fund the provision of community services under this Act in Sangamon County through participation in that pilot program.
(Source: P.A. 96-691, eff. 8-25-09; 96-1000, eff. 7-2-10.)

405 ILCS 30/4.8

    (405 ILCS 30/4.8)
    Sec. 4.8. Payments for community Medicaid mental health services.
    (a) No later than July 1, 2011, community Medicaid mental health services provided by a community-based provider must be billed directly to the Department of Healthcare and Family Services.
    (b) For purposes of this Section:
    "Community Medicaid mental health services" means all mental health services outlined in Section 132 of Title 59 of the Illinois Administrative Code that are funded through the Department of Human Services, eligible for federal financial participation, and provided by a community-based provider.
    "Community-based provider" means an entity enrolled as a provider pursuant to Sections 140.11 and 140.12 of Title 89 of the Illinois Administrative Code and certified to provide community Medicaid mental health services in accordance with Section 132 of Title 59 of the Illinois Administrative Code.
(Source: P.A. 96-1405, eff. 7-29-10.)

405 ILCS 30/5

    (405 ILCS 30/5) (from Ch. 91 1/2, par. 905)
    Sec. 5. This Act shall be known as the "Community Services Act".
(Source: P.A. 82-183.)

405 ILCS 30/6

    (405 ILCS 30/6)
    Sec. 6. Geographic analysis of supports and services in community settings.
    (a) For purposes of this Section:
    "Direct support professionals" means direct support workers, direct care workers, personal assistants, personal attendants, and paraprofessionals that provide assistance to individuals with developmental disabilities or mental illness in the form of daily living, and provide the habilitation, rehabilitation, and training needs of these individuals.
    "Licensed professionals" means, but is not limited to, dentists, dental hygienists, dental assistants, advanced practice nurses, licensed practical nurses, registered nurses, psychiatrists, psychologists, and qualified mental health professionals.
    "Supports and services" means direct support professionals, licensed professionals, and residential services, including, but not limited to, private residences, community-integrated living arrangements, supported residential programs, supervised residential programs, or supportive housing programs.
    (b) Long-term care rebalancing. Pursuant to Public Act 96-1501, the State of Illinois has established a long-term care rebalancing initiative. This amendatory Act of the 97th General Assembly seeks to further the goals of that initiative by ensuring that individuals with developmental disabilities or mental illness who utilize long-term care services under the medical assistance program and other long-term care related benefit programs administered by the State have meaningful access to a reasonable array of community-based and institutional program options. Furthermore, the General Assembly declares that it is the policy of the State to ensure that the clinical, habilitative, and social needs of individuals with developmental disabilities or mental illness who choose to reside in integrated community-based settings can have those needs met in integrated community-based settings. In order to meaningfully comply with this policy, the General Assembly must have an understanding of the existing capacity in integrated-community based settings, including direct support professionals and licensed professionals, such as dentists, nurses, and psychiatrists, as well as residential capacity to provide for these needs.
    (c) By no later than July 1, 2012, subject to appropriation, the Department shall conduct a geographic analysis of supports and services for individuals with developmental disabilities or mental illness. The Department may work with other State agencies to perform the geographic analysis or to gather data for purposes of performing the geographic analysis. This analysis shall also identify gaps between required supports and services by region of the State. The Department shall prepare a final report by no later than January 1, 2013 that shall be made available to the Governor and shall be presented by the Department to the appropriate standing committees in the Senate, as determined by and on a date determined by the President of the Senate, and the House of Representatives, as determined by and on a date determined by the Speaker of the House. The final report shall be made available to the public and shall be published on the Department's website in an appropriate location a minimum of one week prior to presentation of the report to the General Assembly.
(Source: P.A. 97-528, eff. 8-23-11.)