Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process.
Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public
soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the
Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes,
statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect.
If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has
not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already
been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes
made to the current law.
(725 ILCS 5/112A-3)
(from Ch. 38, par. 112A-3)
(a) In this Article:
"Advocate" means a person whose communications with the victim are privileged under Section 8-802.1 or 8-802.2 of the Code of Civil Procedure or Section 227 of the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986.
"Named victim" means the person named as the victim in the delinquency petition or criminal prosecution.
"Protective order" means a domestic violence order of protection, a civil no contact order, or a stalking no contact order.
(b) For the purposes of domestic violence cases, the following terms shall have the following meanings in this Article:
(1) "Abuse" means physical abuse, harassment,
intimidation of a dependent, interference with personal liberty or willful deprivation but does not include reasonable direction of a minor child by a parent or person in loco parentis.
(2) "Domestic violence" means abuse as described in
paragraph (1) of this subsection (b).
(3) "Family or household members" include spouses,
former spouses, parents, children, stepchildren, and other persons related by blood or by present or prior marriage, persons who share or formerly shared a common dwelling, persons who have or allegedly have a child in common, persons who share or allegedly share a blood relationship through a child, persons who have or have had a dating or engagement relationship, persons with disabilities and their personal assistants, and caregivers as defined in subsection (e) of Section 12-4.4a of the Criminal Code of 2012. For purposes of this paragraph (3), neither a casual acquaintanceship nor ordinary fraternization between 2 individuals in business or social contexts shall be deemed to constitute a dating relationship.
(4) "Harassment" means knowing conduct which is not
necessary to accomplish a purpose which is reasonable under the circumstances; would cause a reasonable person emotional distress; and does cause emotional distress to the petitioner. Unless the presumption is rebutted by a preponderance of the evidence, the following types of conduct shall be presumed to cause emotional distress:
(i) creating a disturbance at petitioner's place
(ii) repeatedly telephoning petitioner's place of
employment, home or residence;
(iii) repeatedly following petitioner about in a
(iv) repeatedly keeping petitioner under
surveillance by remaining present outside his or her home, school, place of employment, vehicle or other place occupied by petitioner or by peering in petitioner's windows;
(v) improperly concealing a minor child from
petitioner, repeatedly threatening to improperly remove a minor child of petitioner's from the jurisdiction or from the physical care of petitioner, repeatedly threatening to conceal a minor child from petitioner, or making a single such threat following an actual or attempted improper removal or concealment, unless respondent was fleeing from an incident or pattern of domestic violence; or
(vi) threatening physical force, confinement or
restraint on one or more occasions.
(5) "Interference with personal liberty" means
committing or threatening physical abuse, harassment, intimidation or willful deprivation so as to compel another to engage in conduct from which she or he has a right to abstain or to refrain from conduct in which she or he has a right to engage.
(6) "Intimidation of a dependent" means subjecting a
person who is dependent because of age, health, or disability to participation in or the witnessing of: physical force against another or physical confinement or restraint of another which constitutes physical abuse as defined in this Article, regardless of whether the abused person is a family or household member.
(7) "Order of protection" or "domestic violence order
of protection" means an ex parte or final order, granted pursuant to this Article, which includes any or all of the remedies authorized by Section 112A-14 of this Code.
(8) "Petitioner" may mean not only any named
petitioner for the domestic violence order of protection and any named victim of abuse on whose behalf the petition is brought, but also any other person protected by this Article.
(9) "Physical abuse" includes sexual abuse and means
(i) knowing or reckless use of physical force,
confinement or restraint;
(ii) knowing, repeated and unnecessary sleep
(iii) knowing or reckless conduct which creates
an immediate risk of physical harm.
(9.3) "Respondent" in a petition for a domestic
violence order of protection means the defendant.
(9.5) "Stay away" means for the respondent to refrain
from both physical presence and nonphysical contact with the petitioner whether direct, indirect (including, but not limited to, telephone calls, mail, email, faxes, and written notes), or through third parties who may or may not know about the domestic violence order of protection.
(10) "Willful deprivation" means wilfully denying a
person who because of age, health or disability requires medication, medical care, shelter, accessible shelter or services, food, therapeutic device, or other physical assistance, and thereby exposing that person to the risk of physical, mental or emotional harm, except with regard to medical care and treatment when such dependent person has expressed the intent to forgo such medical care or treatment. This paragraph (10) does not create any new affirmative duty to provide support to dependent persons.
(c) For the purposes of cases involving sexual offenses, the following terms shall have the following meanings in this Article:
(1) "Civil no contact order" means an ex parte or
final order granted under this Article, which includes a remedy authorized by Section 112A-14.5 of this Code.
(2) "Family or household members" include spouses,
parents, children, stepchildren, and persons who share a common dwelling.
(3) "Non-consensual" means a lack of freely given
(4) "Petitioner" means not only any named petitioner
for the civil no contact order and any named victim of non-consensual sexual conduct or non-consensual sexual penetration on whose behalf the petition is brought, but includes any other person sought to be protected under this Article.
(5) "Respondent" in a petition for a civil no
contact order means the defendant.
(6) "Sexual conduct" means any intentional or
knowing touching or fondling by the petitioner or the respondent, either directly or through clothing, of the sex organs, anus, or breast of the petitioner or the respondent, or any part of the body of a child under 13 years of age, or any transfer or transmission of semen by the respondent upon any part of the clothed or unclothed body of the petitioner, for the purpose of sexual gratification or arousal of the petitioner or the respondent.
(7) "Sexual penetration" means any contact, however
slight, between the sex organ or anus of one person by an object, the sex organ, mouth or anus of another person, or any intrusion, however slight, of any part of the body of one person or of any animal or object into the sex organ or anus of another person, including, but not limited to, cunnilingus, fellatio, or anal penetration. Evidence of emission of semen is not required to prove sexual penetration.
(8) "Stay away" means to refrain from both physical
presence and nonphysical contact with the petitioner directly, indirectly, or through third parties who may or may not know of the order. "Nonphysical contact" includes, but is not limited to, telephone calls, mail, e-mail, fax, and written notes.
(d) For the purposes of cases involving stalking offenses, the following terms shall have the following meanings in this Article:
(1) "Course of conduct" means 2 or more acts,
including, but not limited to, acts in which a respondent directly, indirectly, or through third parties, by any action, method, device, or means follows, monitors, observes, surveils, threatens, or communicates to or about, a person, engages in other contact, or interferes with or damages a person's property or pet. A course of conduct may include contact via electronic communications. The incarceration of a person in a penal institution who commits the course of conduct is not a bar to prosecution.
(2) "Emotional distress" means significant mental
suffering, anxiety, or alarm.
(3) "Contact" includes any contact with the victim,
that is initiated or continued without the victim's consent, or that is in disregard of the victim's expressed desire that the contact be avoided or discontinued, including, but not limited to, being in the physical presence of the victim; appearing within the sight of the victim; approaching or confronting the victim in a public place or on private property; appearing at the workplace or residence of the victim; entering onto or remaining on property owned, leased, or occupied by the victim; or placing an object on, or delivering an object to, property owned, leased, or occupied by the victim.
(4) "Petitioner" means any named petitioner for the
stalking no contact order or any named victim of stalking on whose behalf the petition is brought.
(5) "Reasonable person" means a person in the
petitioner's circumstances with the petitioner's knowledge of the respondent and the respondent's prior acts.
(6) "Respondent" in a petition for a civil no
contact order means the defendant.
(7) "Stalking" means engaging in a course of conduct
directed at a specific person, and he or she knows or should know that this course of conduct would cause a reasonable person to fear for his or her safety or the safety of a third person or suffer emotional distress. "Stalking" does not include an exercise of the right to free speech or assembly that is otherwise lawful or picketing occurring at the workplace that is otherwise lawful and arises out of a bona fide labor dispute, including any controversy concerning wages, salaries, hours, working conditions or benefits, including health and welfare, sick leave, insurance, and pension or retirement provisions, the making or maintaining of collective bargaining agreements, and the terms to be included in those agreements.
(8) "Stalking no contact order" means an ex parte or
final order granted under this Article, which includes a remedy authorized by Section 112A-14.7 of this Code.
(Source: P.A. 100-199, eff. 1-1-18; 100-597, eff. 6-29-18.)