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720 ILCS 5/17-2

    (720 ILCS 5/17-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 17-2)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 98-1125)
    Sec. 17-2. False personation; solicitation.
    (a) False personation; solicitation.
        (1) A person commits a false personation when he or
    
she knowingly and falsely represents himself or herself to be a member or representative of any veterans' or public safety personnel organization or a representative of any charitable organization, or when he or she knowingly exhibits or uses in any manner any decal, badge or insignia of any charitable, public safety personnel, or veterans' organization when not authorized to do so by the charitable, public safety personnel, or veterans' organization. "Public safety personnel organization" has the meaning ascribed to that term in Section 1 of the Solicitation for Charity Act.
        (2) A person commits a false personation when he or
    
she knowingly and falsely represents himself or herself to be a veteran in seeking employment or public office. In this paragraph, "veteran" means a person who has served in the Armed Services or Reserve Forces of the United States.
        (2.5) A person commits a false personation when he or
    
she knowingly and falsely represents himself or herself to be:
            (A) another actual person and does an act in such
        
assumed character with intent to intimidate, threaten, injure, defraud, or to obtain a benefit from another; or
            (B) a representative of an actual person or
        
organization and does an act in such false capacity with intent to obtain a benefit or to injure or defraud another.
        (3) No person shall knowingly use the words "Police",
    
"Police Department", "Patrolman", "Sergeant", "Lieutenant", "Peace Officer", "Sheriff's Police", "Sheriff", "Officer", "Law Enforcement", "Trooper", "Deputy", "Deputy Sheriff", "State Police", or any other words to the same effect (i) in the title of any organization, magazine, or other publication without the express approval of the named public safety personnel organization's governing board or (ii) in combination with the name of any state, state agency, public university, or unit of local government without the express written authorization of that state, state agency, public university, or unit of local government.
        (4) No person may knowingly claim or represent that
    
he or she is acting on behalf of any public safety personnel organization when soliciting financial contributions or selling or delivering or offering to sell or deliver any merchandise, goods, services, memberships, or advertisements unless the chief of the police department, fire department, and the corporate or municipal authority thereof, or the sheriff has first entered into a written agreement with the person or with an organization with which the person is affiliated and the agreement permits the activity and specifies and states clearly and fully the purpose for which the proceeds of the solicitation, contribution, or sale will be used.
        (5) No person, when soliciting financial
    
contributions or selling or delivering or offering to sell or deliver any merchandise, goods, services, memberships, or advertisements may claim or represent that he or she is representing or acting on behalf of any nongovernmental organization by any name which includes "officer", "peace officer", "police", "law enforcement", "trooper", "sheriff", "deputy", "deputy sheriff", "State police", or any other word or words which would reasonably be understood to imply that the organization is composed of law enforcement personnel unless:
            (A) the person is actually representing or acting
        
on behalf of the nongovernmental organization;
            (B) the nongovernmental organization is
        
controlled by and governed by a membership of and represents a group or association of active duty peace officers, retired peace officers, or injured peace officers; and
            (C) before commencing the solicitation or the
        
sale or the offers to sell any merchandise, goods, services, memberships, or advertisements, a written contract between the soliciting or selling person and the nongovernmental organization, which specifies and states clearly and fully the purposes for which the proceeds of the solicitation, contribution, or sale will be used, has been entered into.
        (6) No person, when soliciting financial
    
contributions or selling or delivering or offering to sell or deliver any merchandise, goods, services, memberships, or advertisements, may knowingly claim or represent that he or she is representing or acting on behalf of any nongovernmental organization by any name which includes the term "fireman", "fire fighter", "paramedic", or any other word or words which would reasonably be understood to imply that the organization is composed of fire fighter or paramedic personnel unless:
            (A) the person is actually representing or acting
        
on behalf of the nongovernmental organization;
            (B) the nongovernmental organization is
        
controlled by and governed by a membership of and represents a group or association of active duty, retired, or injured fire fighters (for the purposes of this Section, "fire fighter" has the meaning ascribed to that term in Section 2 of the Illinois Fire Protection Training Act) or active duty, retired, or injured emergency medical technicians - ambulance, emergency medical technicians - intermediate, emergency medical technicians - paramedic, ambulance drivers, or other medical assistance or first aid personnel; and
            (C) before commencing the solicitation or the
        
sale or delivery or the offers to sell or deliver any merchandise, goods, services, memberships, or advertisements, the soliciting or selling person and the nongovernmental organization have entered into a written contract that specifies and states clearly and fully the purposes for which the proceeds of the solicitation, contribution, or sale will be used.
        (7) No person may knowingly claim or represent that
    
he or she is an airman, airline employee, airport employee, or contractor at an airport in order to obtain the uniform, identification card, license, or other identification paraphernalia of an airman, airline employee, airport employee, or contractor at an airport.
        (8) No person, firm, copartnership, or corporation
    
(except corporations organized and doing business under the Pawners Societies Act) shall knowingly use a name that contains in it the words "Pawners' Society".
    (b) False personation; public officials and employees. A person commits a false personation if he or she knowingly and falsely represents himself or herself to be any of the following:
        (1) An attorney authorized to practice law for
    
purposes of compensation or consideration. This paragraph (b)(1) does not apply to a person who unintentionally fails to pay attorney registration fees established by Supreme Court Rule.
        (2) A public officer or a public employee or an
    
official or employee of the federal government.
        (2.3) A public officer, a public employee, or an
    
official or employee of the federal government, and the false representation is made in furtherance of the commission of felony.
        (2.7) A public officer or a public employee, and the
    
false representation is for the purpose of effectuating identity theft as defined in Section 16-30 of this Code.
        (3) A peace officer.
        (4) A peace officer while carrying a deadly weapon.
        (5) A peace officer in attempting or committing a
    
felony.
        (6) A peace officer in attempting or committing a
    
forcible felony.
        (7) The parent, legal guardian, or other relation of
    
a minor child to any public official, public employee, or elementary or secondary school employee or administrator.
        (8) A fire fighter.
        (9) A fire fighter while carrying a deadly weapon.
        (10) A fire fighter in attempting or committing a
    
felony.
        (11) An emergency management worker of any
    
jurisdiction in this State.
        (12) An emergency management worker of any
    
jurisdiction in this State in attempting or committing a felony. For the purposes of this subsection (b), "emergency management worker" has the meaning provided under Section 2-6.6 of this Code.
    (b-5) The trier of fact may infer that a person falsely represents himself or herself to be a public officer or a public employee or an official or employee of the federal government if the person:
        (1) wears or displays without authority any uniform,
    
badge, insignia, or facsimile thereof by which a public officer or public employee or official or employee of the federal government is lawfully distinguished; or
        (2) falsely expresses by word or action that he or
    
she is a public officer or public employee or official or employee of the federal government and is acting with approval or authority of a public agency or department.
    (c) Fraudulent advertisement of a corporate name.
        (1) A company, association, or individual commits
    
fraudulent advertisement of a corporate name if he, she, or it, not being incorporated, puts forth a sign or advertisement and assumes, for the purpose of soliciting business, a corporate name.
        (2) Nothing contained in this subsection (c)
    
prohibits a corporation, company, association, or person from using a divisional designation or trade name in conjunction with its corporate name or assumed name under Section 4.05 of the Business Corporation Act of 1983 or, if it is a member of a partnership or joint venture, from doing partnership or joint venture business under the partnership or joint venture name. The name under which the joint venture or partnership does business may differ from the names of the members. Business may not be conducted or transacted under that joint venture or partnership name, however, unless all provisions of the Assumed Business Name Act have been complied with. Nothing in this subsection (c) permits a foreign corporation to do business in this State without complying with all Illinois laws regulating the doing of business by foreign corporations. No foreign corporation may conduct or transact business in this State as a member of a partnership or joint venture that violates any Illinois law regulating or pertaining to the doing of business by foreign corporations in Illinois.
        (3) The provisions of this subsection (c) do not
    
apply to limited partnerships formed under the Revised Uniform Limited Partnership Act or under the Uniform Limited Partnership Act (2001).
    (d) False law enforcement badges.
        (1) A person commits false law enforcement badges if
    
he or she knowingly produces, sells, or distributes a law enforcement badge without the express written consent of the law enforcement agency represented on the badge or, in case of a reorganized or defunct law enforcement agency, its successor law enforcement agency.
        (2) It is a defense to false law enforcement badges
    
that the law enforcement badge is used or is intended to be used exclusively: (i) as a memento or in a collection or exhibit; (ii) for decorative purposes; or (iii) for a dramatic presentation, such as a theatrical, film, or television production.
    (e) False medals.
        (1) A person commits a false personation if he or she
    
knowingly and falsely represents himself or herself to be a recipient of, or wears on his or her person, any of the following medals if that medal was not awarded to that person by the United States Government, irrespective of branch of service: The Congressional Medal of Honor, The Distinguished Service Cross, The Navy Cross, The Air Force Cross, The Silver Star, The Bronze Star, or the Purple Heart.
        (2) It is a defense to a prosecution under paragraph
    
(e)(1) that the medal is used, or is intended to be used, exclusively:
            (A) for a dramatic presentation, such as a
        
theatrical, film, or television production, or a historical re-enactment; or
            (B) for a costume worn, or intended to be worn,
        
by a person under 18 years of age.
    (f) Sentence.
        (1) A violation of paragraph (a)(8) is a petty
    
offense subject to a fine of not less than $5 nor more than $100, and the person, firm, copartnership, or corporation commits an additional petty offense for each day he, she, or it continues to commit the violation. A violation of paragraph (c)(1) is a petty offense, and the company, association, or person commits an additional petty offense for each day he, she, or it continues to commit the violation. A violation of subsection (e) is a petty offense for which the offender shall be fined at least $100 and not more than $200.
        (2) A violation of paragraph (a)(1) or (a)(3) is a
    
Class C misdemeanor.
        (3) A violation of paragraph (a)(2), (a)(2.5),
    
(a)(7), (b)(2), or (b)(7) or subsection (d) is a Class A misdemeanor. A second or subsequent violation of subsection (d) is a Class 3 felony.
        (4) A violation of paragraph (a)(4), (a)(5), (a)(6),
    
(b)(1), (b)(2.3), (b)(2.7), (b)(3), (b)(8), or (b)(11) is a Class 4 felony.
        (5) A violation of paragraph (b)(4), (b)(9), or
    
(b)(12) is a Class 3 felony.
        (6) A violation of paragraph (b)(5) or (b)(10) is a
    
Class 2 felony.
        (7) A violation of paragraph (b)(6) is a Class 1
    
felony.
    (g) A violation of subsection (a)(1) through (a)(7) or subsection (e) of this Section may be accomplished in person or by any means of communication, including but not limited to the use of an Internet website or any form of electronic communication.
(Source: P.A. 96-328, eff. 8-11-09; 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11; 97-219, eff. 1-1-12; 97-597, eff. 1-1-12; incorporates change to Sec. 32-5 from 97-219; 97-1109, eff. 1-1-13.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 98-1125)
    Sec. 17-2. False personation; solicitation.
    (a) False personation; solicitation.
        (1) A person commits a false personation when he or
    
she knowingly and falsely represents himself or herself to be a member or representative of any veterans' or public safety personnel organization or a representative of any charitable organization, or when he or she knowingly exhibits or uses in any manner any decal, badge or insignia of any charitable, public safety personnel, or veterans' organization when not authorized to do so by the charitable, public safety personnel, or veterans' organization. "Public safety personnel organization" has the meaning ascribed to that term in Section 1 of the Solicitation for Charity Act.
        (2) A person commits a false personation when he or
    
she knowingly and falsely represents himself or herself to be a veteran in seeking employment or public office. In this paragraph, "veteran" means a person who has served in the Armed Services or Reserve Forces of the United States.
        (2.5) A person commits a false personation when he or
    
she knowingly and falsely represents himself or herself to be:
            (A) another actual person and does an act in such
        
assumed character with intent to intimidate, threaten, injure, defraud, or to obtain a benefit from another; or
            (B) a representative of an actual person or
        
organization and does an act in such false capacity with intent to obtain a benefit or to injure or defraud another.
        (3) No person shall knowingly use the words "Police",
    
"Police Department", "Patrolman", "Sergeant", "Lieutenant", "Peace Officer", "Sheriff's Police", "Sheriff", "Officer", "Law Enforcement", "Trooper", "Deputy", "Deputy Sheriff", "State Police", or any other words to the same effect (i) in the title of any organization, magazine, or other publication without the express approval of the named public safety personnel organization's governing board or (ii) in combination with the name of any state, state agency, public university, or unit of local government without the express written authorization of that state, state agency, public university, or unit of local government.
        (4) No person may knowingly claim or represent that
    
he or she is acting on behalf of any public safety personnel organization when soliciting financial contributions or selling or delivering or offering to sell or deliver any merchandise, goods, services, memberships, or advertisements unless the chief of the police department, fire department, and the corporate or municipal authority thereof, or the sheriff has first entered into a written agreement with the person or with an organization with which the person is affiliated and the agreement permits the activity and specifies and states clearly and fully the purpose for which the proceeds of the solicitation, contribution, or sale will be used.
        (5) No person, when soliciting financial
    
contributions or selling or delivering or offering to sell or deliver any merchandise, goods, services, memberships, or advertisements may claim or represent that he or she is representing or acting on behalf of any nongovernmental organization by any name which includes "officer", "peace officer", "police", "law enforcement", "trooper", "sheriff", "deputy", "deputy sheriff", "State police", or any other word or words which would reasonably be understood to imply that the organization is composed of law enforcement personnel unless:
            (A) the person is actually representing or acting
        
on behalf of the nongovernmental organization;
            (B) the nongovernmental organization is
        
controlled by and governed by a membership of and represents a group or association of active duty peace officers, retired peace officers, or injured peace officers; and
            (C) before commencing the solicitation or the
        
sale or the offers to sell any merchandise, goods, services, memberships, or advertisements, a written contract between the soliciting or selling person and the nongovernmental organization, which specifies and states clearly and fully the purposes for which the proceeds of the solicitation, contribution, or sale will be used, has been entered into.
        (6) No person, when soliciting financial
    
contributions or selling or delivering or offering to sell or deliver any merchandise, goods, services, memberships, or advertisements, may knowingly claim or represent that he or she is representing or acting on behalf of any nongovernmental organization by any name which includes the term "fireman", "fire fighter", "paramedic", or any other word or words which would reasonably be understood to imply that the organization is composed of fire fighter or paramedic personnel unless:
            (A) the person is actually representing or acting
        
on behalf of the nongovernmental organization;
            (B) the nongovernmental organization is
        
controlled by and governed by a membership of and represents a group or association of active duty, retired, or injured fire fighters (for the purposes of this Section, "fire fighter" has the meaning ascribed to that term in Section 2 of the Illinois Fire Protection Training Act) or active duty, retired, or injured emergency medical technicians - ambulance, emergency medical technicians - intermediate, emergency medical technicians - paramedic, ambulance drivers, or other medical assistance or first aid personnel; and
            (C) before commencing the solicitation or the
        
sale or delivery or the offers to sell or deliver any merchandise, goods, services, memberships, or advertisements, the soliciting or selling person and the nongovernmental organization have entered into a written contract that specifies and states clearly and fully the purposes for which the proceeds of the solicitation, contribution, or sale will be used.
        (7) No person may knowingly claim or represent that
    
he or she is an airman, airline employee, airport employee, or contractor at an airport in order to obtain the uniform, identification card, license, or other identification paraphernalia of an airman, airline employee, airport employee, or contractor at an airport.
        (8) No person, firm, copartnership, or corporation
    
(except corporations organized and doing business under the Pawners Societies Act) shall knowingly use a name that contains in it the words "Pawners' Society".
    (b) False personation; public officials and employees. A person commits a false personation if he or she knowingly and falsely represents himself or herself to be any of the following:
        (1) An attorney authorized to practice law for
    
purposes of compensation or consideration. This paragraph (b)(1) does not apply to a person who unintentionally fails to pay attorney registration fees established by Supreme Court Rule.
        (2) A public officer or a public employee or an
    
official or employee of the federal government.
        (2.3) A public officer, a public employee, or an
    
official or employee of the federal government, and the false representation is made in furtherance of the commission of felony.
        (2.7) A public officer or a public employee, and the
    
false representation is for the purpose of effectuating identity theft as defined in Section 16-30 of this Code.
        (3) A peace officer.
        (4) A peace officer while carrying a deadly weapon.
        (5) A peace officer in attempting or committing a
    
felony.
        (6) A peace officer in attempting or committing a
    
forcible felony.
        (7) The parent, legal guardian, or other relation of
    
a minor child to any public official, public employee, or elementary or secondary school employee or administrator.
        (7.5) The legal guardian, including any
    
representative of a State or public guardian, of a disabled person appointed under Article XIa of the Probate Act of 1975.
        (8) A fire fighter.
        (9) A fire fighter while carrying a deadly weapon.
        (10) A fire fighter in attempting or committing a
    
felony.
        (11) An emergency management worker of any
    
jurisdiction in this State.
        (12) An emergency management worker of any
    
jurisdiction in this State in attempting or committing a felony. For the purposes of this subsection (b), "emergency management worker" has the meaning provided under Section 2-6.6 of this Code.
    (b-5) The trier of fact may infer that a person falsely represents himself or herself to be a public officer or a public employee or an official or employee of the federal government if the person:
        (1) wears or displays without authority any uniform,
    
badge, insignia, or facsimile thereof by which a public officer or public employee or official or employee of the federal government is lawfully distinguished; or
        (2) falsely expresses by word or action that he or
    
she is a public officer or public employee or official or employee of the federal government and is acting with approval or authority of a public agency or department.
    (c) Fraudulent advertisement of a corporate name.
        (1) A company, association, or individual commits
    
fraudulent advertisement of a corporate name if he, she, or it, not being incorporated, puts forth a sign or advertisement and assumes, for the purpose of soliciting business, a corporate name.
        (2) Nothing contained in this subsection (c)
    
prohibits a corporation, company, association, or person from using a divisional designation or trade name in conjunction with its corporate name or assumed name under Section 4.05 of the Business Corporation Act of 1983 or, if it is a member of a partnership or joint venture, from doing partnership or joint venture business under the partnership or joint venture name. The name under which the joint venture or partnership does business may differ from the names of the members. Business may not be conducted or transacted under that joint venture or partnership name, however, unless all provisions of the Assumed Business Name Act have been complied with. Nothing in this subsection (c) permits a foreign corporation to do business in this State without complying with all Illinois laws regulating the doing of business by foreign corporations. No foreign corporation may conduct or transact business in this State as a member of a partnership or joint venture that violates any Illinois law regulating or pertaining to the doing of business by foreign corporations in Illinois.
        (3) The provisions of this subsection (c) do not
    
apply to limited partnerships formed under the Revised Uniform Limited Partnership Act or under the Uniform Limited Partnership Act (2001).
    (d) False law enforcement badges.
        (1) A person commits false law enforcement badges if
    
he or she knowingly produces, sells, or distributes a law enforcement badge without the express written consent of the law enforcement agency represented on the badge or, in case of a reorganized or defunct law enforcement agency, its successor law enforcement agency.
        (2) It is a defense to false law enforcement badges
    
that the law enforcement badge is used or is intended to be used exclusively: (i) as a memento or in a collection or exhibit; (ii) for decorative purposes; or (iii) for a dramatic presentation, such as a theatrical, film, or television production.
    (e) False medals.
        (1) A person commits a false personation if he or she
    
knowingly and falsely represents himself or herself to be a recipient of, or wears on his or her person, any of the following medals if that medal was not awarded to that person by the United States Government, irrespective of branch of service: The Congressional Medal of Honor, The Distinguished Service Cross, The Navy Cross, The Air Force Cross, The Silver Star, The Bronze Star, or the Purple Heart.
        (2) It is a defense to a prosecution under paragraph
    
(e)(1) that the medal is used, or is intended to be used, exclusively:
            (A) for a dramatic presentation, such as a
        
theatrical, film, or television production, or a historical re-enactment; or
            (B) for a costume worn, or intended to be worn,
        
by a person under 18 years of age.
    (f) Sentence.
        (1) A violation of paragraph (a)(8) is a petty
    
offense subject to a fine of not less than $5 nor more than $100, and the person, firm, copartnership, or corporation commits an additional petty offense for each day he, she, or it continues to commit the violation. A violation of paragraph (c)(1) is a petty offense, and the company, association, or person commits an additional petty offense for each day he, she, or it continues to commit the violation. A violation of subsection (e) is a petty offense for which the offender shall be fined at least $100 and not more than $200.
        (2) A violation of paragraph (a)(1), (a)(3), or
    
(b)(7.5) is a Class C misdemeanor.
        (3) A violation of paragraph (a)(2), (a)(2.5),
    
(a)(7), (b)(2), or (b)(7) or subsection (d) is a Class A misdemeanor. A second or subsequent violation of subsection (d) is a Class 3 felony.
        (4) A violation of paragraph (a)(4), (a)(5), (a)(6),
    
(b)(1), (b)(2.3), (b)(2.7), (b)(3), (b)(8), or (b)(11) is a Class 4 felony.
        (5) A violation of paragraph (b)(4), (b)(9), or
    
(b)(12) is a Class 3 felony.
        (6) A violation of paragraph (b)(5) or (b)(10) is a
    
Class 2 felony.
        (7) A violation of paragraph (b)(6) is a Class 1
    
felony.
    (g) A violation of subsection (a)(1) through (a)(7) or subsection (e) of this Section may be accomplished in person or by any means of communication, including but not limited to the use of an Internet website or any form of electronic communication.
(Source: P.A. 97-219, eff. 1-1-12; 97-597, eff. 1-1-12; incorporates change to Sec. 32-5 from 97-219; 97-1109, eff. 1-1-13; 98-1125, eff. 1-1-15.)