Illinois Compiled Statutes
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720 ILCS 5/16-35
(720 ILCS 5/16-35)
Mandating law enforcement agencies to accept and provide
reports; judicial factual determination.
(a) A person who has learned or reasonably suspects that his or her
personal identifying information has been unlawfully used by another may
initiate a law enforcement investigation by contacting the local law
agency that has jurisdiction over his or her actual residence, which shall take
a police report of the matter, provide the complainant with a copy of that
report, and begin an investigation of the facts, or, if the suspected crime was
committed in a different jurisdiction, refer the matter to the law enforcement
agency where the suspected crime was committed for an investigation of the
(b) A person who reasonably believes that he or she is the victim of
financial identity theft may petition a court, or upon application of the prosecuting attorney or on its own motion, the court may move for an expedited
judicial determination of his or her factual innocence, where the perpetrator
the financial identity theft was arrested for, cited for, or convicted of a
crime under the victim's identity, or where a criminal complaint has been filed
against the perpetrator in the victim's name, or where the victim's identity
been mistakenly associated with a criminal conviction. Any judicial
determination of factual innocence made pursuant to this subsection may be
heard and determined upon declarations, affidavits, police reports, or other
material, relevant, and reliable information submitted by the parties or
to be part of the record by the court. If the court determines that the
or motion is meritorious and that there is no reasonable cause to believe that
the victim committed the offense for which the perpetrator of the identity
was arrested, cited, convicted, or subject to a criminal complaint in the
victim's name, or that the victim's identity has been mistakenly associated
a record of criminal conviction, the court shall find the victim factually
innocent of that offense. If the victim is found factually innocent, the court
shall issue an order certifying this determination.
(c) After a court has issued a determination of factual innocence under
this Section, the court may order the name and associated personal identifying
information contained in the court records, files, and indexes accessible by
public sealed, deleted, or labeled to show that the data is impersonated and
not reflect the defendant's identity.
(d) A court that has issued a determination of factual innocence under
this Section may at any time vacate that determination if the petition, or any
information submitted in support of the petition, is found to contain any
material misrepresentation or fraud.
(e) Except for criminal and civil actions provided for by Sections 16-30 through 16-36, or for disciplinary or licensure-related proceedings involving the violation of Sections 16-30 through 16-36, no information acquired by, or as a result of, any violation of Section 16-30 shall be discoverable or admissible in any court or other proceeding, or otherwise subject to disclosure without the express permission of any person or persons identified in that information.
(Source: P.A. 97-597, eff. 1-1-12.)