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720 ILCS 5/12-4.4a

    (720 ILCS 5/12-4.4a)
    Sec. 12-4.4a. Abuse or criminal neglect of a long term care facility resident; criminal abuse or neglect of an elderly person or person with a disability.
    (a) Abuse or criminal neglect of a long term care facility resident.
        (1) A person or an owner or licensee commits abuse of
    
a long term care facility resident when he or she knowingly causes any physical or mental injury to, or commits any sexual offense in this Code against, a resident.
        (2) A person or an owner or licensee commits criminal
    
neglect of a long term care facility resident when he or she recklessly:
            (A) performs acts that cause a resident's life to
        
be endangered, health to be injured, or pre-existing physical or mental condition to deteriorate, or that create the substantial likelihood that an elderly person's or person with a disability's life will be endangered, health will be injured, or pre-existing physical or mental condition will deteriorate;
            (B) fails to perform acts that he or she knows or
        
reasonably should know are necessary to maintain or preserve the life or health of a resident, and that failure causes the resident's life to be endangered, health to be injured, or pre-existing physical or mental condition to deteriorate, or that create the substantial likelihood that an elderly person's or person with a disability's life will be endangered, health will be injured, or pre-existing physical or mental condition will deteriorate; or
            (C) abandons a resident.
        (3) A person or an owner or licensee commits neglect
    
of a long term care facility resident when he or she negligently fails to provide adequate medical care, personal care, or maintenance to the resident which results in physical or mental injury or deterioration of the resident's physical or mental condition. An owner or licensee is guilty under this subdivision (a)(3), however, only if the owner or licensee failed to exercise reasonable care in the hiring, training, supervising, or providing of staff or other related routine administrative responsibilities.
    (b) Criminal abuse or neglect of an elderly person or person with a disability.
        (1) A caregiver commits criminal abuse or neglect of
    
an elderly person or person with a disability when he or she knowingly does any of the following:
            (A) performs acts that cause the person's life to
        
be endangered, health to be injured, or pre-existing physical or mental condition to deteriorate;
            (B) fails to perform acts that he or she knows or
        
reasonably should know are necessary to maintain or preserve the life or health of the person, and that failure causes the person's life to be endangered, health to be injured, or pre-existing physical or mental condition to deteriorate;
            (C) abandons the person;
            (D) physically abuses, harasses, intimidates, or
        
interferes with the personal liberty of the person; or
            (E) exposes the person to willful deprivation.
        (2) It is not a defense to criminal abuse or neglect
    
of an elderly person or person with a disability that the caregiver reasonably believed that the victim was not an elderly person or person with a disability.
    (c) Offense not applicable.
        (1) Nothing in this Section applies to a physician
    
licensed to practice medicine in all its branches or a duly licensed nurse providing care within the scope of his or her professional judgment and within the accepted standards of care within the community.
        (2) Nothing in this Section imposes criminal
    
liability on a caregiver who made a good faith effort to provide for the health and personal care of an elderly person or person with a disability, but through no fault of his or her own was unable to provide such care.
        (3) Nothing in this Section applies to the medical
    
supervision, regulation, or control of the remedial care or treatment of residents in a long term care facility conducted for those who rely upon treatment by prayer or spiritual means in accordance with the creed or tenets of any well-recognized church or religious denomination as described in Section 3-803 of the Nursing Home Care Act, Section 1-102 of the Specialized Mental Health Rehabilitation Act of 2013, Section 3-803 of the ID/DD Community Care Act, or Section 3-803 of the MC/DD Act.
        (4) Nothing in this Section prohibits a caregiver
    
from providing treatment to an elderly person or person with a disability by spiritual means through prayer alone and care consistent therewith in lieu of medical care and treatment in accordance with the tenets and practices of any church or religious denomination of which the elderly person or person with a disability is a member.
        (5) Nothing in this Section limits the remedies
    
available to the victim under the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986.
    (d) Sentence.
        (1) Long term care facility. Abuse of a long term
    
care facility resident is a Class 3 felony. Criminal neglect of a long term care facility resident is a Class 4 felony, unless it results in the resident's death in which case it is a Class 3 felony. Neglect of a long term care facility resident is a petty offense.
        (2) Caregiver. Criminal abuse or neglect of an
    
elderly person or person with a disability is a Class 3 felony, unless it results in the person's death in which case it is a Class 2 felony, and if imprisonment is imposed it shall be for a minimum term of 3 years and a maximum term of 14 years.
    (e) Definitions. For the purposes of this Section:
    "Abandon" means to desert or knowingly forsake a resident or an elderly person or person with a disability under circumstances in which a reasonable person would continue to provide care and custody.
    "Caregiver" means a person who has a duty to provide for an elderly person or person with a disability's health and personal care, at the elderly person or person with a disability's place of residence, including, but not limited to, food and nutrition, shelter, hygiene, prescribed medication, and medical care and treatment, and includes any of the following:
        (1) A parent, spouse, adult child, or other relative
    
by blood or marriage who resides with or resides in the same building with or regularly visits the elderly person or person with a disability, knows or reasonably should know of such person's physical or mental impairment, and knows or reasonably should know that such person is unable to adequately provide for his or her own health and personal care.
        (2) A person who is employed by the elderly person or
    
person with a disability or by another to reside with or regularly visit the elderly person or person with a disability and provide for such person's health and personal care.
        (3) A person who has agreed for consideration to
    
reside with or regularly visit the elderly person or person with a disability and provide for such person's health and personal care.
        (4) A person who has been appointed by a private or
    
public agency or by a court of competent jurisdiction to provide for the elderly person or person with a disability's health and personal care.
    "Caregiver" does not include a long-term care facility licensed or certified under the Nursing Home Care Act or a facility licensed or certified under the ID/DD Community Care Act, the MC/DD Act, or the Specialized Mental Health Rehabilitation Act of 2013, or any administrative, medical, or other personnel of such a facility, or a health care provider who is licensed under the Medical Practice Act of 1987 and renders care in the ordinary course of his or her profession.
    "Elderly person" means a person 60 years of age or older who is incapable of adequately providing for his or her own health and personal care.
    "Licensee" means the individual or entity licensed to operate a facility under the Nursing Home Care Act, the Specialized Mental Health Rehabilitation Act of 2013, the ID/DD Community Care Act, the MC/DD Act, or the Assisted Living and Shared Housing Act.
    "Long term care facility" means a private home, institution, building, residence, or other place, whether operated for profit or not, or a county home for the infirm and chronically ill operated pursuant to Division 5-21 or 5-22 of the Counties Code, or any similar institution operated by the State of Illinois or a political subdivision thereof, which provides, through its ownership or management, personal care, sheltered care, or nursing for 3 or more persons not related to the owner by blood or marriage. The term also includes skilled nursing facilities and intermediate care facilities as defined in Titles XVIII and XIX of the federal Social Security Act and assisted living establishments and shared housing establishments licensed under the Assisted Living and Shared Housing Act.
    "Owner" means the owner of a long term care facility as provided in the Nursing Home Care Act, the owner of a facility as provided under the Specialized Mental Health Rehabilitation Act of 2013, the owner of a facility as provided in the ID/DD Community Care Act, the owner of a facility as provided in the MC/DD Act, or the owner of an assisted living or shared housing establishment as provided in the Assisted Living and Shared Housing Act.
    "Person with a disability" means a person who suffers from a permanent physical or mental impairment, resulting from disease, injury, functional disorder, or congenital condition, which renders the person incapable of adequately providing for his or her own health and personal care.
    "Resident" means a person residing in a long term care facility.
    "Willful deprivation" has the meaning ascribed to it in paragraph (15) of Section 103 of the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986.
(Source: P.A. 98-104, eff. 7-22-13; 99-180, eff. 7-29-15; 99-642, eff. 7-28-16.)