Illinois Compiled Statutes
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410 ILCS 620/3.23
(410 ILCS 620/3.23)
Legend drug prohibition.
(a) In this Section:
"Legend drug" means a drug limited by the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act to being dispensed by or upon a medical practitioner's prescription because the drug is:
(1) habit forming;
(2) toxic or having potential for harm; or
(3) limited in use by the new drug application for
the drug to use only under a medical practitioner's supervision.
"Medical practitioner" means any person licensed to practice medicine in all its branches in the State.
"Deliver" or "delivery" means the actual, constructive, or attempted transfer of possession of a legend drug, with or without consideration, whether or not there is an agency relationship.
"Manufacture" means the production, preparation, propagation, compounding, conversion, or processing of a legend drug, either directly or indirectly, by extraction from substances of natural origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis, and includes any packaging or repackaging of the substance or labeling of its container. "Manufacture" does not include:
(1) by an ultimate user, the preparation or
compounding of a legend drug for his or her own use; or
(2) by a medical practitioner, or his or her
authorized agent under his or her supervision, the preparation, compounding, packaging, or labeling of a legend drug:
(A) as an incident to his or her administering or
dispensing of a legend drug in the course of his or her professional practice; or
(B) as an incident to lawful research, teaching,
or chemical analysis and not for sale.
"Prescription" has the same meaning ascribed to it in Section 3 of the Pharmacy Practice Act.
(b) It is unlawful for any person to knowingly manufacture or deliver or possess with the intent to manufacture or deliver a legend drug of 6 or more pills, tablets, capsules, or caplets or 30 ml or more of a legend drug in liquid form who is not licensed by applicable law to prescribe or dispense legend drugs or is not an employee of the licensee operating in the normal course of business under the supervision of the licensee. Any person who violates this Section is guilty of a Class 3 felony, the fine for which shall not exceed $100,000. A person convicted of a second or subsequent violation of this Section is guilty of a Class 1 felony, the fine for which shall not exceed $250,000.
(c) The following are subject to forfeiture:
(2) all raw materials, products, and equipment of any
kind which are used, or intended for use, in manufacturing, distributing, dispensing, administering, or possessing any substance in violation of this Section;
(3) all conveyances, including aircraft, vehicles, or
vessels, which are used, or intended for use, to transport, or in any manner to facilitate the transportation, sale, receipt, possession, or concealment of any substance manufactured, distributed, dispensed, or possessed in violation of this Section or property described in paragraph (2) of this subsection (c), but:
(A) no conveyance used by any person as a common
carrier in the transaction of business as a common carrier is subject to forfeiture under this Section unless it appears that the owner or other person in charge of the conveyance is a consenting party or privy to the violation;
(B) no conveyance is subject to forfeiture
under this Section by reason of any act or omission which the owner proves to have been committed or omitted without his or her knowledge or consent; and
(C) a forfeiture of a conveyance encumbered by
a bona fide security interest is subject to the interest of the secured party if he or she neither had knowledge of nor consented to the act or omission;
(4) all money, things of value, books, records, and
research products and materials including formulas, microfilm, tapes, and data that are used, or intended to be used, in violation of this Section;
(5) everything of value furnished, or intended to be
furnished, in exchange for a substance in violation of this Section, all proceeds traceable to such an exchange, and all moneys, negotiable instruments, and securities used, or intended to be used, to commit or in any manner to facilitate any violation of this Section; and
(6) all real property, including any right, title,
and interest, including, but not limited to, any leasehold interest or the beneficial interest in a land trust, in the whole of any lot or tract of land and any appurtenances or improvements, which is used or intended to be used, in any manner or part, to commit, or in any manner to facilitate the commission of, any violation or act that constitutes a violation of this Section or that is the proceeds of any violation or act that constitutes a violation of this Section.
(d) Property subject to forfeiture under this Act may be seized under the Drug Asset Forfeiture Procedure Act. In the event of seizure, forfeiture proceedings shall be instituted under the Drug Asset Forfeiture Procedure Act.
(e) Forfeiture under this Act is subject to an 8th Amendment to the United States Constitution disproportionate penalties analysis as provided under Section 9.5 of the Drug Asset Forfeiture Procedure Act.
(f) With regard to possession of legend drug offenses only, a sum of currency with a value of less than $500 shall not be subject to forfeiture under this Act. For all other offenses under this Act, a sum of currency with a value of less than $100 shall not be subject to forfeiture under this Act. In seizures of currency in excess of these amounts, this Section shall not create an exemption for these amounts.
(f-5) For felony offenses involving possession of legend drug only, no property shall be subject to forfeiture under this Act because of the possession of less than 2 single unit doses of a legend drug. This exemption shall not apply in instances when the possessor, or another person at the direction of the possessor, is engaged in the destruction of any amount of a legend drug. The amount of a single unit dose shall be the State's burden to prove in its case in chief.
(g) If the Department suspends or revokes a registration, all legend drugs owned or possessed by the registrant at the time of suspension or the effective date of the revocation order may be placed under seal. No disposition may be made of substances under seal until the time for taking an appeal has elapsed or until all appeals have been concluded unless a court, upon application therefor, orders the sale of perishable substances and the deposit of the proceeds of the sale with the court. Upon a revocation rule becoming final, all substances are subject to seizure and forfeiture under the Drug Asset Forfeiture Procedure Act.
(j) Contraband, including legend drugs possessed without a prescription or other authorization under State or federal law, is not subject to forfeiture. No property right exists in contraband. Contraband is subject to seizure and shall be disposed of according to State law.
(k) The changes made to this Section by Public Act 100-512 and Public Act 100-699 only apply to property seized on and after July 1, 2018.
(Source: P.A. 100-512, eff. 7-1-18; 100-699, eff. 8-3-18; 100-1163, eff. 12-20-18.)