Illinois General Assembly - Full Text of Public Act 100-0359
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Public Act 100-0359


Public Act 0359 100TH GENERAL ASSEMBLY



Public Act 100-0359
HB1784 EnrolledLRB100 07968 AXK 18043 b

    AN ACT concerning transportation.
    Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois,
represented in the General Assembly:
    Section 5. The Illinois Vehicle Code is amended by changing
Sections 11-703, 11-707, 11-709.1, and 11-1507 as follows:
    (625 ILCS 5/11-703)  (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-703)
    Sec. 11-703. Overtaking a vehicle on the left. The
following rules govern the overtaking and passing of vehicles
proceeding in the same direction, subject to those limitations,
exceptions, and special rules otherwise stated in this Chapter:
        (a) The driver of a vehicle overtaking another vehicle
    proceeding in the same direction shall pass to the left
    thereof at a safe distance and shall not again drive to the
    right side of the roadway until safely clear of the
    overtaken vehicle. In no event shall such movement be made
    by driving off the pavement or the main traveled portion of
    the roadway.
        (b) Except when overtaking and passing on the right is
    permitted, the driver of an overtaken vehicle shall give
    way to the right in favor of the overtaking vehicle on
    audible signal and shall not increase the speed of his
    vehicle until completely passed by the overtaking vehicle.
        (c) The driver of a 2 wheeled vehicle may not, in
    passing upon the left of any vehicle proceeding in the same
    direction, pass upon the right of any vehicle proceeding in
    the same direction unless there is an unobstructed lane of
    traffic available to permit such passing maneuver safely.
        (d) The operator of a motor vehicle overtaking a
    bicycle or individual proceeding in the same direction on a
    highway shall leave a safe distance, but not less than 3
    feet, when passing the bicycle or individual and shall
    maintain that distance until safely past the overtaken
    bicycle or individual.
        (d-5) A driver of a motor vehicle overtaking a bicycle
    proceeding in the same direction on a highway may, subject
    to the provisions in paragraph (d) of this Section and
    Section 11-706 of this Code, pass to the left of the
    bicycle on a portion of the highway designated as a
    no-passing zone under Section 11-707 of this Code if the
    driver is able to overtake and pass the bicycle when:
            (1) the bicycle is traveling at a speed of less
        than half of the posted speed limit of the highway;
            (2) the driver is able to overtake and pass the
        bicycle without exceeding the posted speed limit of the
        highway; and
            (3) there is sufficient distance to the left of the
        centerline of the highway for the motor vehicle to meet
        the overtaking and passing requirements under this
        (e) A person driving a motor vehicle shall not, in a
    reckless manner, drive the motor vehicle unnecessarily
    close to, toward, or near a bicyclist, pedestrian, or a
    person riding a horse or driving an animal drawn vehicle.
        (f) Every person convicted of paragraph (e) of this
    Section shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor if the
    violation does not result in great bodily harm or permanent
    disability or disfigurement to another. If the violation
    results in great bodily harm or permanent disability or
    disfigurement to another, the person shall be guilty of a
    Class 3 felony.
(Source: P.A. 95-231, eff. 1-1-08; 96-1007, eff. 1-1-11.)
    (625 ILCS 5/11-707)  (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-707)
    Sec. 11-707. No-passing zones.
    (a) The Department and local authorities are authorized to
determine those portions of any highway under their respective
jurisdictions where overtaking and passing or driving on the
left of the roadway would be especially hazardous and may by
appropriate signs or markings on the roadway indicate the
beginning and end of such zones. Upon request of a local school
board, the Department or local authority which has jurisdiction
over the roadway in question, shall determine whether a
hazardous situation exists at a particular location and
warrants a no-passing zone. If the Department or local
authority determines that a no-passing zone is warranted, the
school board and the Department or local authority shall share
equally the cost of designating the no-passing zone by signs
and markings. When such signs or markings are in place and
clearly visible to an ordinarily observant person every driver
of a vehicle shall obey the directions thereof.
    (b) Where signs or markings are in place to define a
no-passing zone as set forth in paragraph (a) no driver may at
any time drive on the left side of the roadway within the
no-passing zone or on the left side of any pavement striping
designed to mark such no-passing zone throughout its length.
    (c) This Section does not apply under the conditions
described in Section 11-701 (a) 2, subsection (d-5) of Section
11-703, nor to the driver of a vehicle turning left into or
from an alley, private road or driveway. The pavement striping
designed to mark the no-passing zone may be crossed from the
left hand lane for the purpose of completing a pass that was
begun prior to the beginning of the zone in the driver's
direction of travel.
    (d) Special speed limit areas required under Section 11-605
of this Code in unincorporated areas only shall also be
no-passing zones.
(Source: P.A. 86-471.)
    (625 ILCS 5/11-709.1)  (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-709.1)
    Sec. 11-709.1. Driving on the shoulder.
    (a) Vehicles shall be driven on a roadway, and shall only
be driven on the shoulder for the purpose of stopping or
accelerating from a stop while merging into traffic. It shall
be a violation of this Section if while merging into traffic
and while on the shoulder, the vehicle passes any other vehicle
on the roadway adjacent to it.
    (b) This Section shall not apply to any authorized
emergency vehicle, to any authorized transit bus, to any
bicycle, to any farm tractor or implement of husbandry, to any
service vehicle while engaged in maintenance of the highway or
related work, or to any authorized vehicle within a designated
construction zone.
(Source: P.A. 97-292, eff. 8-11-11.)
    (625 ILCS 5/11-1507)  (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1507)
    Sec. 11-1507. Lamps and other equipment on bicycles.
    (a) Every bicycle when in use at nighttime shall be
equipped with a lamp on the front which shall emit a white
light visible from a distance of at least 500 feet to the front
and with a red reflector on the rear of a type approved by the
Department which shall be visible from all distances from 100
feet to 600 feet to the rear when directly in front of lawful
lower beams of headlamps on a motor vehicle, except that a . A
lamp emitting a steady or flashing red light visible from a
distance of 500 feet to the rear may be used in addition to or
instead of the red reflector.
    (b) A bicycle shall not be equipped with nor shall any
person use upon a bicycle any siren. This subsection (b) does
not apply to a bicycle that is a police vehicle or fire
department vehicle.
    (c) Every bicycle shall be equipped with a brake which will
adequately control movement of and stop and hold such bicycle.
    (d) No person shall sell a new bicycle or pedal for use on
a bicycle that is not equipped with a reflex reflector
conforming to specifications prescribed by the Department, on
each pedal, visible from the front and rear of the bicycle
during darkness from a distance of 200 feet.
    (e) No person shall sell or offer for sale a new bicycle
that is not equipped with side reflectors. Such reflectors
shall be visible from each side of the bicycle from a distance
of 500 feet and shall be essentially colorless or red to the
rear of the center of the bicycle and essentially colorless or
amber to the front of the center of the bicycle provided. The
requirements of this paragraph may be met by reflective
materials which shall be at least 3/16 of an inch wide on each
side of each tire or rim to indicate as clearly as possible the
continuous circular shape and size of the tires or rims of such
bicycle and which reflective materials may be of the same color
on both the front and rear tire or rim. Such reflectors shall
conform to specifications prescribed by the Department.
    (f) No person shall sell or offer for sale a new bicycle
that is not equipped with an essentially colorless front-facing
(Source: P.A. 95-28, eff. 8-7-07.)

Effective Date: 1/1/2018