Illinois General Assembly - Full Text of Public Act 097-0638
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Public Act 097-0638





Public Act 097-0638
SB2502 EnrolledLRB097 13774 KTG 58332 b

    AN ACT concerning public aid.
    Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois,
represented in the General Assembly:
    Section 5. The Illinois Public Aid Code is amended by
changing Section 5-5 as follows:
    (305 ILCS 5/5-5)  (from Ch. 23, par. 5-5)
    Sec. 5-5. Medical services. The Illinois Department, by
rule, shall determine the quantity and quality of and the rate
of reimbursement for the medical assistance for which payment
will be authorized, and the medical services to be provided,
which may include all or part of the following: (1) inpatient
hospital services; (2) outpatient hospital services; (3) other
laboratory and X-ray services; (4) skilled nursing home
services; (5) physicians' services whether furnished in the
office, the patient's home, a hospital, a skilled nursing home,
or elsewhere; (6) medical care, or any other type of remedial
care furnished by licensed practitioners; (7) home health care
services; (8) private duty nursing service; (9) clinic
services; (10) dental services, including prevention and
treatment of periodontal disease and dental caries disease for
pregnant women, provided by an individual licensed to practice
dentistry or dental surgery; for purposes of this item (10),
"dental services" means diagnostic, preventive, or corrective
procedures provided by or under the supervision of a dentist in
the practice of his or her profession; (11) physical therapy
and related services; (12) prescribed drugs, dentures, and
prosthetic devices; and eyeglasses prescribed by a physician
skilled in the diseases of the eye, or by an optometrist,
whichever the person may select; (13) other diagnostic,
screening, preventive, and rehabilitative services, for
children and adults; (14) transportation and such other
expenses as may be necessary; (15) medical treatment of sexual
assault survivors, as defined in Section 1a of the Sexual
Assault Survivors Emergency Treatment Act, for injuries
sustained as a result of the sexual assault, including
examinations and laboratory tests to discover evidence which
may be used in criminal proceedings arising from the sexual
assault; (16) the diagnosis and treatment of sickle cell
anemia; and (17) any other medical care, and any other type of
remedial care recognized under the laws of this State, but not
including abortions, or induced miscarriages or premature
births, unless, in the opinion of a physician, such procedures
are necessary for the preservation of the life of the woman
seeking such treatment, or except an induced premature birth
intended to produce a live viable child and such procedure is
necessary for the health of the mother or her unborn child. The
Illinois Department, by rule, shall prohibit any physician from
providing medical assistance to anyone eligible therefor under
this Code where such physician has been found guilty of
performing an abortion procedure in a wilful and wanton manner
upon a woman who was not pregnant at the time such abortion
procedure was performed. The term "any other type of remedial
care" shall include nursing care and nursing home service for
persons who rely on treatment by spiritual means alone through
prayer for healing.
    Notwithstanding any other provision of this Section, a
comprehensive tobacco use cessation program that includes
purchasing prescription drugs or prescription medical devices
approved by the Food and Drug Administration shall be covered
under the medical assistance program under this Article for
persons who are otherwise eligible for assistance under this
    Notwithstanding any other provision of this Code, the
Illinois Department may not require, as a condition of payment
for any laboratory test authorized under this Article, that a
physician's handwritten signature appear on the laboratory
test order form. The Illinois Department may, however, impose
other appropriate requirements regarding laboratory test order
    The Department of Healthcare and Family Services shall
provide the following services to persons eligible for
assistance under this Article who are participating in
education, training or employment programs operated by the
Department of Human Services as successor to the Department of
Public Aid:
        (1) dental services provided by or under the
    supervision of a dentist; and
        (2) eyeglasses prescribed by a physician skilled in the
    diseases of the eye, or by an optometrist, whichever the
    person may select.
    Notwithstanding any other provision of this Code and
subject to federal approval, the Department may adopt rules to
allow a dentist who is volunteering his or her service at no
cost to render dental services through an enrolled
not-for-profit health clinic without the dentist personally
enrolling as a participating provider in the medical assistance
program. A not-for-profit health clinic shall include a public
health clinic or Federally Qualified Health Center or other
enrolled provider, as determined by the Department, through
which dental services covered under this Section are performed.
The Department shall establish a process for payment of claims
for reimbursement for covered dental services rendered under
this provision.
    The Illinois Department, by rule, may distinguish and
classify the medical services to be provided only in accordance
with the classes of persons designated in Section 5-2.
    The Department of Healthcare and Family Services must
provide coverage and reimbursement for amino acid-based
elemental formulas, regardless of delivery method, for the
diagnosis and treatment of (i) eosinophilic disorders and (ii)
short bowel syndrome when the prescribing physician has issued
a written order stating that the amino acid-based elemental
formula is medically necessary.
    The Illinois Department shall authorize the provision of,
and shall authorize payment for, screening by low-dose
mammography for the presence of occult breast cancer for women
35 years of age or older who are eligible for medical
assistance under this Article, as follows:
        (A) A baseline mammogram for women 35 to 39 years of
        (B) An annual mammogram for women 40 years of age or
        (C) A mammogram at the age and intervals considered
    medically necessary by the woman's health care provider for
    women under 40 years of age and having a family history of
    breast cancer, prior personal history of breast cancer,
    positive genetic testing, or other risk factors.
        (D) A comprehensive ultrasound screening of an entire
    breast or breasts if a mammogram demonstrates
    heterogeneous or dense breast tissue, when medically
    necessary as determined by a physician licensed to practice
    medicine in all of its branches.
    All screenings shall include a physical breast exam,
instruction on self-examination and information regarding the
frequency of self-examination and its value as a preventative
tool. For purposes of this Section, "low-dose mammography"
means the x-ray examination of the breast using equipment
dedicated specifically for mammography, including the x-ray
tube, filter, compression device, and image receptor, with an
average radiation exposure delivery of less than one rad per
breast for 2 views of an average size breast. The term also
includes digital mammography.
    On and after January 1, 2012, providers participating in a
quality improvement program approved by the Department shall be
reimbursed for screening and diagnostic mammography at the same
rate as the Medicare program's rates, including the increased
reimbursement for digital mammography. On and after July 1,
2008, screening and diagnostic mammography shall be reimbursed
at the same rate as the Medicare program's rates, including the
increased reimbursement for digital mammography.
    The Department shall convene an expert panel including
representatives of hospitals, free-standing mammography
facilities, and doctors, including radiologists, to establish
quality standards. Based on these quality standards, the
Department shall provide for bonus payments to mammography
facilities meeting the standards for screening and diagnosis.
The bonus payments shall be at least 15% higher than the
Medicare rates for mammography.
    Subject to federal approval, the Department shall
establish a rate methodology for mammography at federally
qualified health centers and other encounter-rate clinics.
These clinics or centers may also collaborate with other
hospital-based mammography facilities.
    The Department shall establish a methodology to remind
women who are age-appropriate for screening mammography, but
who have not received a mammogram within the previous 18
months, of the importance and benefit of screening mammography.
    The Department shall establish a performance goal for
primary care providers with respect to their female patients
over age 40 receiving an annual mammogram. This performance
goal shall be used to provide additional reimbursement in the
form of a quality performance bonus to primary care providers
who meet that goal.
    The Department shall devise a means of case-managing or
patient navigation for beneficiaries diagnosed with breast
cancer. This program shall initially operate as a pilot program
in areas of the State with the highest incidence of mortality
related to breast cancer. At least one pilot program site shall
be in the metropolitan Chicago area and at least one site shall
be outside the metropolitan Chicago area. An evaluation of the
pilot program shall be carried out measuring health outcomes
and cost of care for those served by the pilot program compared
to similarly situated patients who are not served by the pilot
    Any medical or health care provider shall immediately
recommend, to any pregnant woman who is being provided prenatal
services and is suspected of drug abuse or is addicted as
defined in the Alcoholism and Other Drug Abuse and Dependency
Act, referral to a local substance abuse treatment provider
licensed by the Department of Human Services or to a licensed
hospital which provides substance abuse treatment services.
The Department of Healthcare and Family Services shall assure
coverage for the cost of treatment of the drug abuse or
addiction for pregnant recipients in accordance with the
Illinois Medicaid Program in conjunction with the Department of
Human Services.
    All medical providers providing medical assistance to
pregnant women under this Code shall receive information from
the Department on the availability of services under the Drug
Free Families with a Future or any comparable program providing
case management services for addicted women, including
information on appropriate referrals for other social services
that may be needed by addicted women in addition to treatment
for addiction.
    The Illinois Department, in cooperation with the
Departments of Human Services (as successor to the Department
of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse) and Public Health, through a
public awareness campaign, may provide information concerning
treatment for alcoholism and drug abuse and addiction, prenatal
health care, and other pertinent programs directed at reducing
the number of drug-affected infants born to recipients of
medical assistance.
    Neither the Department of Healthcare and Family Services
nor the Department of Human Services shall sanction the
recipient solely on the basis of her substance abuse.
    The Illinois Department shall establish such regulations
governing the dispensing of health services under this Article
as it shall deem appropriate. The Department should seek the
advice of formal professional advisory committees appointed by
the Director of the Illinois Department for the purpose of
providing regular advice on policy and administrative matters,
information dissemination and educational activities for
medical and health care providers, and consistency in
procedures to the Illinois Department.
    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a health care
provider under the medical assistance program may elect, in
lieu of receiving direct payment for services provided under
that program, to participate in the State Employees Deferred
Compensation Plan adopted under Article 24 of the Illinois
Pension Code. A health care provider who elects to participate
in the plan does not have a cause of action against the State
for any damages allegedly suffered by the provider as a result
of any delay by the State in crediting the amount of any
contribution to the provider's plan account.
    The Illinois Department may develop and contract with
Partnerships of medical providers to arrange medical services
for persons eligible under Section 5-2 of this Code.
Implementation of this Section may be by demonstration projects
in certain geographic areas. The Partnership shall be
represented by a sponsor organization. The Department, by rule,
shall develop qualifications for sponsors of Partnerships.
Nothing in this Section shall be construed to require that the
sponsor organization be a medical organization.
    The sponsor must negotiate formal written contracts with
medical providers for physician services, inpatient and
outpatient hospital care, home health services, treatment for
alcoholism and substance abuse, and other services determined
necessary by the Illinois Department by rule for delivery by
Partnerships. Physician services must include prenatal and
obstetrical care. The Illinois Department shall reimburse
medical services delivered by Partnership providers to clients
in target areas according to provisions of this Article and the
Illinois Health Finance Reform Act, except that:
        (1) Physicians participating in a Partnership and
    providing certain services, which shall be determined by
    the Illinois Department, to persons in areas covered by the
    Partnership may receive an additional surcharge for such
        (2) The Department may elect to consider and negotiate
    financial incentives to encourage the development of
    Partnerships and the efficient delivery of medical care.
        (3) Persons receiving medical services through
    Partnerships may receive medical and case management
    services above the level usually offered through the
    medical assistance program.
    Medical providers shall be required to meet certain
qualifications to participate in Partnerships to ensure the
delivery of high quality medical services. These
qualifications shall be determined by rule of the Illinois
Department and may be higher than qualifications for
participation in the medical assistance program. Partnership
sponsors may prescribe reasonable additional qualifications
for participation by medical providers, only with the prior
written approval of the Illinois Department.
    Nothing in this Section shall limit the free choice of
practitioners, hospitals, and other providers of medical
services by clients. In order to ensure patient freedom of
choice, the Illinois Department shall immediately promulgate
all rules and take all other necessary actions so that provided
services may be accessed from therapeutically certified
optometrists to the full extent of the Illinois Optometric
Practice Act of 1987 without discriminating between service
    The Department shall apply for a waiver from the United
States Health Care Financing Administration to allow for the
implementation of Partnerships under this Section.
    The Illinois Department shall require health care
providers to maintain records that document the medical care
and services provided to recipients of Medical Assistance under
this Article. Such records must be retained for a period of not
less than 6 years from the date of service or as provided by
applicable State law, whichever period is longer, except that
if an audit is initiated within the required retention period
then the records must be retained until the audit is completed
and every exception is resolved. The Illinois Department shall
require health care providers to make available, when
authorized by the patient, in writing, the medical records in a
timely fashion to other health care providers who are treating
or serving persons eligible for Medical Assistance under this
Article. All dispensers of medical services shall be required
to maintain and retain business and professional records
sufficient to fully and accurately document the nature, scope,
details and receipt of the health care provided to persons
eligible for medical assistance under this Code, in accordance
with regulations promulgated by the Illinois Department. The
rules and regulations shall require that proof of the receipt
of prescription drugs, dentures, prosthetic devices and
eyeglasses by eligible persons under this Section accompany
each claim for reimbursement submitted by the dispenser of such
medical services. No such claims for reimbursement shall be
approved for payment by the Illinois Department without such
proof of receipt, unless the Illinois Department shall have put
into effect and shall be operating a system of post-payment
audit and review which shall, on a sampling basis, be deemed
adequate by the Illinois Department to assure that such drugs,
dentures, prosthetic devices and eyeglasses for which payment
is being made are actually being received by eligible
recipients. Within 90 days after the effective date of this
amendatory Act of 1984, the Illinois Department shall establish
a current list of acquisition costs for all prosthetic devices
and any other items recognized as medical equipment and
supplies reimbursable under this Article and shall update such
list on a quarterly basis, except that the acquisition costs of
all prescription drugs shall be updated no less frequently than
every 30 days as required by Section 5-5.12.
    The rules and regulations of the Illinois Department shall
require that a written statement including the required opinion
of a physician shall accompany any claim for reimbursement for
abortions, or induced miscarriages or premature births. This
statement shall indicate what procedures were used in providing
such medical services.
    The Illinois Department shall require all dispensers of
medical services, other than an individual practitioner or
group of practitioners, desiring to participate in the Medical
Assistance program established under this Article to disclose
all financial, beneficial, ownership, equity, surety or other
interests in any and all firms, corporations, partnerships,
associations, business enterprises, joint ventures, agencies,
institutions or other legal entities providing any form of
health care services in this State under this Article.
    The Illinois Department may require that all dispensers of
medical services desiring to participate in the medical
assistance program established under this Article disclose,
under such terms and conditions as the Illinois Department may
by rule establish, all inquiries from clients and attorneys
regarding medical bills paid by the Illinois Department, which
inquiries could indicate potential existence of claims or liens
for the Illinois Department.
    Enrollment of a vendor that provides non-emergency medical
transportation, defined by the Department by rule, shall be
conditional for 180 days. During that time, the Department of
Healthcare and Family Services may terminate the vendor's
eligibility to participate in the medical assistance program
without cause. That termination of eligibility is not subject
to the Department's hearing process.
    The Illinois Department shall establish policies,
procedures, standards and criteria by rule for the acquisition,
repair and replacement of orthotic and prosthetic devices and
durable medical equipment. Such rules shall provide, but not be
limited to, the following services: (1) immediate repair or
replacement of such devices by recipients without medical
authorization; and (2) rental, lease, purchase or
lease-purchase of durable medical equipment in a
cost-effective manner, taking into consideration the
recipient's medical prognosis, the extent of the recipient's
needs, and the requirements and costs for maintaining such
equipment. Such rules shall enable a recipient to temporarily
acquire and use alternative or substitute devices or equipment
pending repairs or replacements of any device or equipment
previously authorized for such recipient by the Department.
    The Department shall execute, relative to the nursing home
prescreening project, written inter-agency agreements with the
Department of Human Services and the Department on Aging, to
effect the following: (i) intake procedures and common
eligibility criteria for those persons who are receiving
non-institutional services; and (ii) the establishment and
development of non-institutional services in areas of the State
where they are not currently available or are undeveloped.
    The Illinois Department shall develop and operate, in
cooperation with other State Departments and agencies and in
compliance with applicable federal laws and regulations,
appropriate and effective systems of health care evaluation and
programs for monitoring of utilization of health care services
and facilities, as it affects persons eligible for medical
assistance under this Code.
    The Illinois Department shall report annually to the
General Assembly, no later than the second Friday in April of
1979 and each year thereafter, in regard to:
        (a) actual statistics and trends in utilization of
    medical services by public aid recipients;
        (b) actual statistics and trends in the provision of
    the various medical services by medical vendors;
        (c) current rate structures and proposed changes in
    those rate structures for the various medical vendors; and
        (d) efforts at utilization review and control by the
    Illinois Department.
    The period covered by each report shall be the 3 years
ending on the June 30 prior to the report. The report shall
include suggested legislation for consideration by the General
Assembly. The filing of one copy of the report with the
Speaker, one copy with the Minority Leader and one copy with
the Clerk of the House of Representatives, one copy with the
President, one copy with the Minority Leader and one copy with
the Secretary of the Senate, one copy with the Legislative
Research Unit, and such additional copies with the State
Government Report Distribution Center for the General Assembly
as is required under paragraph (t) of Section 7 of the State
Library Act shall be deemed sufficient to comply with this
    Rulemaking authority to implement Public Act 95-1045, if
any, is conditioned on the rules being adopted in accordance
with all provisions of the Illinois Administrative Procedure
Act and all rules and procedures of the Joint Committee on
Administrative Rules; any purported rule not so adopted, for
whatever reason, is unauthorized.
(Source: P.A. 96-156, eff. 1-1-10; 96-806, eff. 7-1-10; 96-926,
eff. 1-1-11; 96-1000, eff. 7-2-10; 97-48, eff. 6-28-11.)
    Section 99. Effective date. This Act takes effect January
1, 2012.

Effective Date: 1/1/2012