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92_SB2090 LRB9215697RCcd 1 AN ACT concerning criminal law. 2 Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois, 3 represented in the General Assembly: 4 Section 5. The Criminal Code of 1961 is amended by 5 changing Section 9-1 as follows: 6 (720 ILCS 5/9-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 9-1) 7 Sec. 9-1. First degree Murder - Death penalties - 8 Exceptions - Separate Hearings - Proof - Findings - Appellate 9 procedures - Reversals. 10 (a) A person who kills an individual without lawful 11 justification commits first degree murder if, in performing 12 the acts which cause the death: 13 (1) he either intends to kill or do great bodily 14 harm to that individual or another, or knows that such 15 acts will cause death to that individual or another; or 16 (2) he knows that such acts create a strong 17 probability of death or great bodily harm to that 18 individual or another; or 19 (3) he is attempting or committing a forcible 20 felony other than second degree murder. 21 (b) Aggravating Factors. A defendant who at the time of 22 the commission of the offense has attained the age of 18 or 23 more and who has been found guilty of first degree murder may 24 be sentenced to death if: 25 (1) the murdered individual was a peace officer or 26 fireman killed in the course of performing his official 27 duties, to prevent the performance of his official 28 duties, or in retaliation for performing his official 29 duties, and the defendant knew or should have known that 30 the murdered individual was a peace officer or fireman; 31 or -2- LRB9215697RCcd 1 (2) the murdered individual was an employee of an 2 institution or facility of the Department of Corrections, 3 or any similar local correctional agency, killed in the 4 course of performing his official duties, to prevent the 5 performance of his official duties, or in retaliation for 6 performing his official duties, or the murdered 7 individual was an inmate at such institution or facility 8 and was killed on the grounds thereof, or the murdered 9 individual was otherwise present in such institution or 10 facility with the knowledge and approval of the chief 11 administrative officer thereof; or 12 (3) the defendant has been convicted of murdering 13 two or more individuals under subsection (a) of this 14 Section or under any law of the United States or of any 15 state which is substantially similar to subsection (a) of 16 this Section regardless of whether the deaths occurred 17 as the result of the same act or of several related or 18 unrelated acts so long as the deaths were the result of 19 either an intent to kill more than one person or of 20 separate acts which the defendant knew would cause death 21 or create a strong probability of death or great bodily 22 harm to the murdered individual or another; or 23 (4) the murdered individual was killed as a result 24 of the hijacking of an airplane, train, ship, bus or 25 other public conveyance; or 26 (5) the defendant committed the murder pursuant to 27 a contract, agreement or understanding by which he was to 28 receive money or anything of value in return for 29 committing the murder or procured another to commit the 30 murder for money or anything of value; or 31 (6) the murdered individual was killed in the 32 course of another felony if: 33 (a) the murdered individual: 34 (i) was actually killed by the defendant, -3- LRB9215697RCcd 1 or 2 (ii) received physical injuries 3 personally inflicted by the defendant 4 substantially contemporaneously with physical 5 injuries caused by one or more persons for 6 whose conduct the defendant is legally 7 accountable under Section 5-2 of this Code, and 8 the physical injuries inflicted by either the 9 defendant or the other person or persons for 10 whose conduct he is legally accountable caused 11 the death of the murdered individual; and 12 (b) in performing the acts which caused the 13 death of the murdered individual or which resulted 14 in physical injuries personally inflicted by the 15 defendant on the murdered individual under the 16 circumstances of subdivision (ii) of subparagraph 17 (a) of paragraph (6) of subsection (b) of this 18 Section, the defendant acted with the intent to kill 19 the murdered individual or with the knowledge that 20 his acts created a strong probability of death or 21 great bodily harm to the murdered individual or 22 another; and 23 (c) the other felony was one of the following: 24 armed robbery, armed violence, robbery, predatory 25 criminal sexual assault of a child, aggravated 26 criminal sexual assault, aggravated kidnapping, 27 aggravated vehicular hijacking, forcible detention, 28 arson, aggravated arson, aggravated stalking, 29 burglary, residential burglary, home invasion, 30 calculated criminal drug conspiracy as defined in 31 Section 405 of the Illinois Controlled Substances 32 Act, streetgang criminal drug conspiracy as defined 33 in Section 405.2 of the Illinois Controlled 34 Substances Act, or the attempt to commit any of the -4- LRB9215697RCcd 1 felonies listed in this subsection (c); or 2 (7) the murdered individual was under 12 years of 3 age and the death resulted from exceptionally brutal or 4 heinous behavior indicative of wanton cruelty; or 5 (8) the defendant committed the murder with intent 6 to prevent the murdered individual from testifying in any 7 criminal prosecution or giving material assistance to the 8 State in any investigation or prosecution, either against 9 the defendant or another; or the defendant committed the 10 murder because the murdered individual was a witness in 11 any prosecution or gave material assistance to the State 12 in any investigation or prosecution, either against the 13 defendant or another; or 14 (9) the defendant, while committing an offense 15 punishable under Sections 401, 401.1, 401.2, 405, 405.2, 16 407 or 407.1 or subsection (b) of Section 404 of the 17 Illinois Controlled Substances Act, or while engaged in a 18 conspiracy or solicitation to commit such offense, 19 intentionally killed an individual or counseled, 20 commanded, induced, procured or caused the intentional 21 killing of the murdered individual; or 22 (10) the defendant was incarcerated in an 23 institution or facility of the Department of Corrections 24 at the time of the murder, and while committing an 25 offense punishable as a felony under Illinois law, or 26 while engaged in a conspiracy or solicitation to commit 27 such offense, intentionally killed an individual or 28 counseled, commanded, induced, procured or caused the 29 intentional killing of the murdered individual; or 30 (11) the murder was committed in a cold, calculated 31 and premeditated manner pursuant to a preconceived plan, 32 scheme or design to take a human life by unlawful means, 33 and the conduct of the defendant created a reasonable 34 expectation that the death of a human being would result -5- LRB9215697RCcd 1 therefrom; or 2 (12) the murdered individual was an emergency 3 medical technician - ambulance, emergency medical 4 technician - intermediate, emergency medical technician - 5 paramedic, ambulance driver, or other medical assistance 6 or first aid personnel, employed by a municipality or 7 other governmental unit, killed in the course of 8 performing his official duties, to prevent the 9 performance of his official duties, or in retaliation for 10 performing his official duties, and the defendant knew or 11 should have known that the murdered individual was an 12 emergency medical technician - ambulance, emergency 13 medical technician - intermediate, emergency medical 14 technician - paramedic, ambulance driver, or other 15 medical assistance or first aid personnel; or 16 (13) the defendant was a principal administrator, 17 organizer, or leader of a calculated criminal drug 18 conspiracy consisting of a hierarchical position of 19 authority superior to that of all other members of the 20 conspiracy, and the defendant counseled, commanded, 21 induced, procured, or caused the intentional killing of 22 the murdered person; or 23 (14) the murder was intentional and involved the 24 infliction of torture. For the purpose of this Section 25 torture means the infliction of or subjection to extreme 26 physical pain, motivated by an intent to increase or 27 prolong the pain, suffering or agony of the victim; or 28 (15) the murder was committed as a result of the 29 intentional discharge of a firearm by the defendant from 30 a motor vehicle and the victim was not present within the 31 motor vehicle; or 32 (16) the murdered individual was 60 years of age or 33 older and the death resulted from exceptionally brutal or 34 heinous behavior indicative of wanton cruelty; or -6- LRB9215697RCcd 1 (17) the murdered individual was a disabled person 2 and the defendant knew or should have known that the 3 murdered individual was disabled. For purposes of this 4 paragraph (17), "disabled person" means a person who 5 suffers from a permanent physical or mental impairment 6 resulting from disease, an injury, a functional disorder, 7 or a congenital condition that renders the person 8 incapable of adequately providing for his or her own 9 health or personal care; or 10 (18) the murder was committed by reason of any 11 person's activity as a community policing volunteer or to 12 prevent any person from engaging in activity as a 13 community policing volunteer; or 14 (19) the murdered individual was subject to an 15 order of protection and the murder was committed by a 16 person against whom the same order of protection was 17 issued under the Illinois Domestic Violence Act of 1986; 18 or 19 (20) the murdered individual was known by the 20 defendant to be a teacher or other person employed in any 21 school and the teacher or other employee is upon the 22 grounds of a school or grounds adjacent to a school, or 23 is in any part of a building used for school purposes. 24 (c) Consideration of factors in Aggravation and 25 Mitigation. 26 The court shall consider, or shall instruct the jury to 27 consider any aggravating and any mitigating factors which are 28 relevant to the imposition of the death penalty. Aggravating 29 factors may include but need not be limited to those factors 30 set forth in subsection (b). Mitigating factors may include 31 but need not be limited to the following: 32 (1) the defendant has no significant history of 33 prior criminal activity; 34 (2) the murder was committed while the defendant -7- LRB9215697RCcd 1 was under the influence of extreme mental or emotional 2 disturbance, although not such as to constitute a defense 3 to prosecution; 4 (3) the murdered individual was a participant in 5 the defendant's homicidal conduct or consented to the 6 homicidal act; 7 (4) the defendant acted under the compulsion of 8 threat or menace of the imminent infliction of death or 9 great bodily harm; 10 (5) the defendant was not personally present during 11 commission of the act or acts causing death. 12 (d) Separate sentencing hearing. 13 Where requested by the State, the court shall conduct a 14 separate sentencing proceeding to determine the existence of 15 factors set forth in subsection (b) and to consider any 16 aggravating or mitigating factors as indicated in subsection 17 (c). The proceeding shall be conducted: 18 (1) before the jury that determined the defendant's 19 guilt; or 20 (2) before a jury impanelled for the purpose of the 21 proceeding if: 22 A. the defendant was convicted upon a plea of 23 guilty; or 24 B. the defendant was convicted after a trial 25 before the court sitting without a jury; or 26 C. the court for good cause shown discharges 27 the jury that determined the defendant's guilt; or 28 (3) before the court alone if the defendant waives 29 a jury for the separate proceeding. 30 (e) Evidence and Argument. 31 During the proceeding any information relevant to any of 32 the factors set forth in subsection (b) may be presented by 33 either the State or the defendant under the rules governing 34 the admission of evidence at criminal trials. Any -8- LRB9215697RCcd 1 information relevant to any additional aggravating factors or 2 any mitigating factors indicated in subsection (c) may be 3 presented by the State or defendant regardless of its 4 admissibility under the rules governing the admission of 5 evidence at criminal trials. The State and the defendant 6 shall be given fair opportunity to rebut any information 7 received at the hearing. 8 (f) Proof. 9 The burden of proof of establishing the existence of any 10 of the factors set forth in subsection (b) is on the State 11 and shall not be satisfied unless established beyond a 12 reasonable doubt. 13 (g) Procedure - Jury. 14 If at the separate sentencing proceeding the jury finds 15 that none of the factors set forth in subsection (b) exists, 16 the court shall sentence the defendant to a term of 17 imprisonment under Chapter V of the Unified Code of 18 Corrections. If there is a unanimous finding by the jury 19 that one or more of the factors set forth in subsection (b) 20 exist, the jury shall consider aggravating and mitigating 21 factors as instructed by the court and shall determine 22 whether the sentence of death shall be imposed. If the jury 23 determines unanimously, after weighing the factors in 24 aggravation and mitigation, that death is the appropriate 25 sentence
that there are no mitigating factors sufficient to26 preclude the imposition of the death sentence, the court 27 shall sentence the defendant to death. 28 Unless the jury unanimously finds, after weighing the 29 factors in aggravation and mitigation, that death is the 30 appropriate sentence, that there are no mitigating factors31 sufficient to preclude the imposition of the death sentence32 the court shall sentence the defendant to a term of 33 imprisonment under Chapter V of the Unified Code of 34 Corrections. -9- LRB9215697RCcd 1 (h) Procedure - No Jury. 2 In a proceeding before the court alone, if the court 3 finds that none of the factors found in subsection (b) 4 exists, the court shall sentence the defendant to a term of 5 imprisonment under Chapter V of the Unified Code of 6 Corrections. 7 If the Court determines that one or more of the factors 8 set forth in subsection (b) exists, the Court shall consider 9 any aggravating and mitigating factors as indicated in 10 subsection (c). If the Court determines, after weighing the 11 factors in aggravation and mitigation, that death is the 12 appropriate sentence that there are no mitigating factors13 sufficient to preclude the imposition of the death sentence, 14 the Court shall sentence the defendant to death. 15 Unless the court finds, after weighing the factors in 16 aggravation and mitigation, that death is the appropriate 17 sentence that there are no mitigating factors sufficient to18 preclude the imposition of the sentence of death, the court 19 shall sentence the defendant to a term of imprisonment under 20 Chapter V of the Unified Code of Corrections. 21 (i) Appellate Procedure. 22 The conviction and sentence of death shall be subject to 23 automatic review by the Supreme Court. Such review shall be 24 in accordance with rules promulgated by the Supreme Court. 25 (j) Disposition of reversed death sentence. 26 In the event that the death penalty in this Act is held 27 to be unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of the United 28 States or of the State of Illinois, any person convicted of 29 first degree murder shall be sentenced by the court to a term 30 of imprisonment under Chapter V of the Unified Code of 31 Corrections. 32 In the event that any death sentence pursuant to the 33 sentencing provisions of this Section is declared 34 unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of the United States or -10- LRB9215697RCcd 1 of the State of Illinois, the court having jurisdiction over 2 a person previously sentenced to death shall cause the 3 defendant to be brought before the court, and the court shall 4 sentence the defendant to a term of imprisonment under 5 Chapter V of the Unified Code of Corrections. 6 (Source: P.A. 90-213, eff. 1-1-98; 90-651, eff. 1-1-99; 7 90-668, eff. 1-1-99; 91-357, eff. 7-29-99; 91-434, eff. 8 1-1-00.) 9 Section 99. Effective date. This Act takes effect upon 10 becoming law.
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